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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, November 25, 1886, Image 4

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tfVÜlcchlu ^jcralil. :
FISK BROS. - - - Publishers.
S. E. FISK,......Editor
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1886.
THANKSGIVING.
Proclamation l>> the President.
Washington, November 1.—It has long been
the < ustom of the i«eople of the I'nited States on
a day in each year, especially set apart for that
purpose by their Chief Executive, to acknowl
edge the goodness and mercy of God and to in
voke His continued care and protection.
In observance of euch custom, I, Grover
Cleveland, President of the United States, do
hereby designate and set apart Thursday, the
J5th day of November, instant, to be observed
and kept as a day of thanksgiving and prayer.
On that day let all our people forego their ac
customed employments and assemble in their
usual places of worship to give thanks to the
Ituler of the Universe for our continued enjoy
ment of the blessings of a free government;
for the renewal of business prosperity through
out our land ; for the return which has rewarded
the lal>or of those who till the soil, and for our
progress as a people in all that makes a nation
great. And while we contemplate the infinite
power of God in the earthqaske, flood and
storm, let the grateful hearts of those who have
been shielded from harm through His mercy be
turned in sympathy and kindness toward those
who have suffered through His visitations. Let
us ?also in the midst of our thanksgiving re
memlier the poor and needy with cheerful gifts
and alms, so t hat our service may, by deeds of
charity, be made acceptable in the sight of the
Lord.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my
hand and caused the seal of the United States to
1 h.' affixed. Done at the city of Washington this
first day of November, in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and eighty-six, and
of the Independence of the United States of
America the one hundred and eleventh.
(Signed) GROVKK CLEVELAND.
Ily the President—
T. F. Bayaud, Secretary of State.
TERRITORY OK MONTANA.
THANKSGIVING. PROCLAMATION—BY THk]'GOV
ERNOR. ______
In conformity with the proclamation of the
President of the United Slates, and in accord
ance with the long established usage, I, Samuel
T. Hauser, Governor of the Territory of Mon
tana, do designate Thursday, the 25th «lay of
November, lssti. usa day of public thanksgiving
and prayer, and do earnestly reeommeixl an ob
servance of the same by the people of the Terri
tory.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my
hand and caused the seal of the Territory of
Montana to be affixed. Done at Helena, the
capital, this 12th day of November, in the year
of our Ixiril one thousand eight hundre«! and
eighty-six.
By the Governor:
I.Seal. I 8. T. HAUSER.
Attest : Wm. B. Webb, Secretary of Montana.
The cattlemen in convention take issus
with Sparks and endorse Gov. Hauser.
Whales: "I don't know why Aider
man Lockey went hack on the Seventh
Ward."
Helena will carry out its water project
There can be no obstacle placed in the
way to prevent it.
The water charter, as we understand,
has been completed and ready for the ac
tion of the Council.
As Alderman Stedman aptly stated the
case at the Seventh Ward meeting: ''We
contracted tor water with the old company.
Why not contract with the new ?"
Instead of Montana being visited with
exceptionally severe weather, it would
seem that other sections to the east, west
and even south have suffered much worse.
Judge Sterling's argument on the
water question trenchantly expressed the
conviction not only of the Seventh Ward
ers, but the great mass of the people of
Helena.
There is but one expression by the citi
zens of the Seventh Ward, and that is if
Alderman Lockey refuses to obey the in
structions of his constituents on the water
question, he shall immediately tender his
resignation._
"1 endorse the City Council in
what has been done on the Woolston water
proposition," said Chairman Craven at the
Seventh Ward mass meeting last evening.
With a solitary exception so said every
man of the seventy odd present.
St. Paul Globe : Helena is to have a
water works. Old-time Montanians regard
this as a dangerous innovation. They can't
understand the necessity of going to all
that trouble and expense to secure a fluid
which kas so little to recommend it.
What has become of those Indian com
missioners that were to treat for the re
duction of our great northern reserva
tions? Isn't it time they were on the ground
if anything is to be accomplished to clear
the way for the Manitoba road next
Spring ? _
The Fiftieth Congress will have a smat
tering of Republicon Representatives from
States south of the Fotomac. Of these
Virginia has elected the largest number,
seven : North Carolina and Kentucky each
three: West Virginia, two: Tennessee
two; Missouri, two ; South Carolina, one.
The total is twenty, or double the number
that are in the present Congress.
!
I
In view of the unanimous action taken
by the Seventh Ward people at their mass
meeting Wednesday night, Alderman
hotkey caunot fail to understand that,con
forming to the expressed wishes of his con
stituents, he has the choice of doing one
of two things. He must either change his
position on the water question to the side
of his people and the Council majority, or
lie must forthwith tender the resignation
of his Aldermanic trust.
The testimony of ex-Alderman Full
graff, of New York city, in relation to the
cases of wholesale bribery in the disposal
of railroad franchises, discloses such rotten
ness in the administration of the affairs
of the principal city in the country that
it is an occasion for general humiliation
and is enough to justify revolution. If it
is said that these indicted aldermen are no
worse than their predecessors, or than the
new board just elected, or than a majority
of the voters of New Vor',, city, then we
say that no such people ought to have the
power to govern themselves. Hut we do
not believe the charge. There are plenty
of honest and incorruptible people in New
York city, and they deserve the sympathy
and assistance of all honest men in and
out of the State to shake themselves free
from the grasp of the plunderers. It is a
case that calls for revolution, for the ob
literation ol' party lines, a division of hon
est men against thieves till this issue is
SGt'ed.
DEATH OF EX-PRESIDENT
ARTHUR.
Notwithstanding the generally known
fact that ex-President Arthur has long
been in poor health the announcement
of his death on yesterday took the
country by surprise and the expressions
of sorrow and regret are almost univer
sal. Chester Allan Arthur was born
October 5, 1830, and judged by years
was in the prime of ripened manhood.
The country is familiar with the record
of his early life. It was one of struggle
for self-support and education. He
studied law in New York City with ex
.Fudge Culver and was there admitted
to the bar. ,His early reputation was
won in connection with the Lemmon's
slave case in 1852. In the early years
of the war, as Quartermaster General
of the State of New York, under Gover
nor Morgan, he performed most valu
able services. He was appointed Collec
tor of New York by President Grant in
1871 and reappointed in 1875. Presi
dent Hayes'suspended him from office
for active participation in political
organization.
Up to the time of President Garfield's
death Arthur was regarded chiefly as
Conkling's man, and at the time of Gar
field's assassination was in Albany seek
ing to secure Conkling's re-election.
The sense of coming responsibilities
seemed to have wrought an entire
change in the man. In the most trying
circumstances in which a man was ever
placed, he bore himself so discreetly
that no person in the country could find
fault, and when in September, 1881, the
death of his chief rested upon him the
responsibilities of the highest station in
the world, he still continued to show
that greatness of chai'acter which won
the admiration of the world. He proved
himself a greater man than hi< most in
timate and admiring friends had ever
taken him to be. No man in our polit
ical history ever was placed in a more
delicate and difficult position. Instead
of being the subordinate of a faction, he
advanced in the face of the strongest
temptations and over almost insuperable
difficulties, almost unaided, by his own
inherent and instinctive good taste and
strong sense, to be the President not
only of the whole Republican party but
of the whole country. Every one ex
pected that he would prove a John
Tyler or an Andrew Johnson, and as
the days wore into weeks and months
and years, and still the same delicacy and
good taste characterized all his private
and official acts as while Garfield lay
dying, there was a general reversion of
opinions, and admiration took the
place of doubt and anxiety.
Guiteau's pistol shot struck Arthur as
much as it did Garfield, but while it ex
tinguished the life of the one it thor
oughly changed the life of the other.
There was ever a shade of melancholy
over Arthur's life thereafter. He seems
to have heard a call from an unseen
world that summoned him to new duties
and endowed him with a new spirit to
meet them. Personal resentments as
well as subordinate following, all disap
peared from his life.
We had formed a high admiration for
the man who had borne himself so
meekly and grandly through such an
ordeal. We had hoped that his years
would be. spared to the allotted three
score and ten. We felt that in coming
struggles and complications he was one
of those great reserves that might be
summoned again to guide the country's
councils either in or out of office.
The past few months seem to hayc re
moved our great political and war chiefs
at an alarming rate. Grant, McClellan,
Hancock, Seymour and Tilden have all
gone from a narrow spot, but they have
left an aching void through the whole
country.
The lesson teaches us that we are not
to rely upon great men and past achieve
ments. The nation survives, and its in
terests are growing in volume and im
portance. The great work of guiding
the destinies of this nation must rest
as a constant responsibility upon the
whole people, and cannot be delegated
to a few, however great and worthy to
be trusted.
Thankful that Providence gave us
Chester A. Arthur for the crisis that he
met so nobly and successfully, we drop
! our tears of affection on his bier and
I will cherish his memory with reverent
love. _
ENTITLED TO STATEHOOD.
The total Delegate vote of Montana at
the recent election exceeded 32,000, as
against 20,000 in 1884—a gain in two
years ol' upwards of 5,000. Adopting
the ratio of five persons to each voter—
the average of the whole country which
casts 12,000,(t00 votes to the estimated
00,000,000 people—and Montana has
a present population of upwards of
100,000. By general rule and precedent
this Territory is now clearly entitled to
admission into the sisterhood of States.
In round numbers the basis of represen
tation in Congress is 152,000, Montana's
vote exceeding that figure by 8,000. Let
us in.
We admire independence and there are
cases in which a representative may per
haps be justified in resisting and refusing
the instructions of his constituents, but
when, after a personal hearing in his own
defence the representative is unanimously
condemned, it becomes such an extreme
case he may well reconsider his position
and conform to the wishes of his constitu
ents or he should rcsigr.
The orchards about Walla Walla, Wash
ington Territory, have this year matured
two croj s of apples, and many of the trees
were recently in blossom making a fruit
effort for the third time in a single season
A COUNTY AUDITOR.
The experience of the county of Lewis
and Clarke and the developments of the
Roberts case, it seem3 to us, show the
necessity of having a county auditor,
whose special and sole duty it shall be
to make a personal examination of the
accounts of all officials within the
county, at least once every quarter.
We have ou several occasions before
argued the necessity for creating such
an office, and now on the eve of the
meeting of our legislature, and with the
light ot our experience, it seems to be
proper to urge it again and insist that in
some form it shall be provided for The
objections to be met are that it will cre
ate a new office and a new salary is to
be provided for, that our County Com
missioners are now required to do this
duty and that generally they have dis
charged the dutv well. In answer we
say that the duty of auditing accounts
and examining books is by its very
nature one that requires to be performed
by a single person, and one specially
adapted to the discharge of the duty
and acting under official responsibility.
If done by a board, it necessarily de
volves upon a single member of the
board, or it has to be delegated by them
to some special expert. County Com
missioners are not generally elected with
special reference to their expertness as
accountants. Thev have such a variety
to
is
of other duties to perform and interests
to represent that this particular and very
important duty is generally overlooked
in the choice of Commissioners.
If the work of auditing is done thor
oughly, as it should be done if attempted
at all, whether done by the full board of
commissioners, or by the chairman of
the board, or by the employment of an
expert, the cost will generally be as
much as if an officer specially elected
for the business were charged with this
duty. If the work is done as the law
contemplates and as the security of pub
lic interests demands, it will cost as
much in one way as the other. Perhaps
in some counties, where accounts are
small, it will not be necessary to elect
a separate officer, but the dutv should be
specially devolved upon some one desig- j
nated officer, and some special compen
sation allowed.
Mills, in the last issue of the North
West, suggests that there should be some
Territorial or county officer for this pur
pose, an inspector of accounts. We do
not care for the name, but the duty
should be done and specially charged
with its attendant responsibility and
some adequate compensation upon some I
one. The general designation of auditor
is the more common and we see no occa
sion to change, though a rose would be
just as sweet under anv other name.
Such an officer exists in nearly every
State in the country aud in nearly every
county. It is as essential to have some
one to examine accounts as it is to have
accounts kept. Honest officers would
welcome the most thorough inspection
and in the case of any other, it is cer
tainly required. There is more need of
it now than ever, since the change has
been made from paying officers by fees !
to that of paying fixed salaries. This .
auditor should ha\e power to require :
books to be kept suitable in form to show |
all official transactions.
In the larger counties we are satisfied
that a special officer should be provided
tor this business who could devote his
whole time and attention to it.
In the smaller counties the duty
should be required to be done just as
thoroughly, but by some single officer,
it might be by the chairman of the
board of commissioners, or by the l'ro
bate Judge or by the County Attorney.
The main thing is to have it done,
thoroughly done, by some responsible
officer, who should be properly com
pensated and could be held responsible
for the results.
Opportunity for dishonesty frequently i
leads to it, and the only real security for j
the public is not on official bonds, but j
by frequent settlements and constant j
watch to prevent loss before it occurs.
We hope the vast and growing im- !
portance of this matter will lead to its
«encrai consideration by the press so
that when the legislature assembles,
there will be no possibility of the mat
ter being neglected.
It is not so long ago that any one forgets
the scheme instigated and carried to the
last extremity to defeat or to delay the j
construction ol the new court house. That
conspiracy, conceived and chiefly directed
by one who was selfishly interested and
disappointed in the site, misled and de
ceived numbers of our best citizens, to their
sincere regret most frankly and openly ex
pressed since. The same tactics, or schemes
having much the same resemblance, are
again instituted by the same party to de
I lay and, if possible, defeat a water system
for the realization of which the citizens of
Helena and the Common Council are rela
tively one. As the county in the one in
stance was made the victim of thousands
! of dollars of expense, and the public ofli
i cials pursued to the limit that vcDgence
; could go, so now it is undertaken to in
volve, if possible, the city in a bill of costs
: and impose upon the municipal authorities
all the tribulations that malice can sug
gest Clearly the people of Helena have
no sympathy with and can have no hand
in proceedings intended to cheat them of
the great boon so loDg and earnestly prayed
; for. 'It is monopoly now against the
I masses, as it was signally one against the
multitude a short time ago. The people
must stand firm and together. Deliverance,
if we mistake not, is near. Public pests
must he swept away—public benefactors
must take their place. If we haye to fight
on, let us stand square in line and fight
like men to the end.
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It is usual to have a consolation race to
close fairs and racing assemblages, and the
recent meeting of the Iroquois club seems
to have been devised in the same spirit.
Those who were not too badly beaten
found their voice. Among them was Mr. !
Carlisle, who took occasion to state his re
form views in a chastened and moderate
form that shows that the elections made a
good impression on his mird and that he is
capable of learning. He takes special
pains to say that no one wants free trade,
nor to destroy any home industries. This
is a good deal to concede. All that the re
formers want is an evening up or down of
the inequalities of the taritf. We all want
the government honestly and economically
administered. Just how much revenue
we shall need is a question to be settled
after our debt is paid. The friends and
advocates of protection have been steadily
reducing and removing duties and internal
revenue taxes ever since the war and will
continue to do so. The people have in
reserve a great many objects that
they are waiting to accomplish when
the revenues and redaction ol the debt will
warrant it. Among these the ownership
of the telegraph, the improvement of the
Mississippi and the extinction of illiteracy.
They are all projects that interest every
one in the country and the people are wait
ing anxiously for a chance to see them real
ized. We are still importing too much of
things that it would be better to grow and
make at home. We cannot be a truly in
dependent nation as long as we are de
pendent for any of the great necessaries of
if
is
life upon foreign products and commerce.
Mr. Sparks was also one of those who im
proved the occasion to defend himself and
air his plans and ambitions. We think too
that be is learning something, for he did
not make any threats of suspending the
laws of the country. As to his dealings
with the land grant roads, we dc not care
how strictly he keeps them within the
narrowest legal bounds of their rights, nor
do we care how carefully he works to de
feat fraud, provided he does not prevent
the advance of settlement and impose
hardships on honest settlers, which he has
been doing.
We regard it as a serious mistake in the
administration to suspend the calls for re
deeming government bonds and devote the
accumulating surplus to prepayment of
j intere8t not yet due . It seem3 t0 us alt0 _
gether in the interest of the bond-holders
and not ot the people who pay taxes and
interest. The banks that hold these bonds
that are liable to call are working desper
ately to retain them and prevent their pay
ment. They would like to reduce the
revenues of the goverment, and failing in
this would like to increase the expendi
tures so that there should be no surplus to
I apply to payment of the debt. But nine
tenths or more of the people want the debt
paid as fast as possible and thus remove
the mortgage on their property. We have
no ill will to the national banks and do
not want to see them driven out of busi
uesss, but our duty and interests are im
perative to extinguish our debt as rapidly
as possible so that we can command the
full resources of the government
for works of general utility, and
reduce taxation. Really we can see
no use for banks of issue much
longer. They can confine them
selves to the business of discounts, deposits
! and exchange The national g 0ver nment
. g^ould f urn i s h all the money, both coin
: and currenc y. It is the best way, if oth
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j
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ers were available, but under the circum
stances it is fast becoming the only possi
ble method. We can have a currency
based on coin or bullion deposits, which is
better even than bonds, and that is what
will meet in the fullest sense the demands
for the liest currency in the world. There
is no need that all our precious metals be
coined, for bullion is just as good for all
practical purposes. Let us get our debt
out of the way and have but one kind of
money and that issued only by the govern
ment upon deposits of coin or bullion. We
can freely and safely use all the products
of our mines, both gold and silver. Our
paper currency, thus issued, would be the
best in the world and good all over the
world.
j are to adopt, as we clearly should, the
Senator Beck ha3 announced his in
tention of advocating the loan of the sur
plus revenues on security of national bonds
rather than buying them in at a premium.
It virtually amounts to the same thing ;
and the purchase would be better than the
loan. But there is no surplus yet. There
are $64,000,000 of extended bonds that can
yet be called in and paid off. And so long
as we have about $350,000,000 of paper
money in circulation, we need not mourn
if we have a coin dollar in the treasury for
every paper dollar iu circulation. If we
policy that the government supply all the
paper money that the people may need, we
should have but one kind. Our greenbacks
should be put upon the same solid basis as
all the rest of our currency, gold or silver
certificates. But why not devote our
accumulating revenues to some of the many
purposes that will benefit all the people, as
our postoffice system does. National
aid to education will do this. Ko will the
assumption of the telegraph and the tele
phone. So would the assumption of the
savings bank system, nor would it be
beyond the reasonable demands to devise
some national system of life insurance, so
as to make this provision for the young and
the dependent portion of society general
and within the reach of all on the most
favorable terms. We have said nothing
about building a navy and arming our sea
coast, for these matteis, though to many
seeming of the first importance, we would
subordinate to other things. We are not
in any danger of attack from any quarter
and we have no ambition to engage in ag
gressive wars. We would prefer to spend
every dollar that a navy would cost in
establishing steamship lines to the coun
! tries on this continent. And we would
much prefer to spend on good practical,
! manual training education every dollar
j that it would cost to line our wide stretch
j of sea coast with big guns.
The Spanish government has recently
resolved upon the establishment of three
lines of steamers of 4,000 tons each to run
three times a month between Spain and
the islands of Cuba and Porto Rico : also a
second line to run between Havana and
Mexico and the Central American States,
and a third line to run to all the South
American ports on the Atlantic and Pa
cific coasts, with liberal subsidies to each
for carrying the mails. It strikes us that
if such a government as that of Spaine,
almost bankrupted with debt and short of
resources, can afford to subsidize lines of
steamers, the United States can much bet- i
ter afford to do it and has mach more to
gain by it. So far at least as Mexico, Cen
tral and South America are concerned,
Spain can have no advantage over the
United States, but in every respect we
should have advantage over Spain. Nearly
every nation in Europe is seeking to culti- '
vate a trade that concerns us more than it !
does Europe. It is suicidal folly for us to
allow a diversion of that trade. We can
find there profitable markets for our manu
factures, we consume their products and
we have the capital to baild the railroads
that shall develop the country. The day
is fast approaching when the emigration
from Europe will be ponring into South
America as it is now pouring into this
country, and it is of the first importance
that we should get such an influence there
as to give cast and tone to the institutions
and policy of those countries.
At the Colored State Industrial Associa
tion fair at Raleigh, North Carolina, held
one week ago to-day, Senator Blair gave
the address, being introduced by John
Nichols, Congressman elect. The substance
of the address was to urge upon his hear
ers, most of whom were blacks, to get land
and education as the only sure means to
become independent and prosperous. This
was the eighth annual State fair by the
colored people of North Carolina, and was
superior in all respects to any former ex
hibition. It shows by substantial evi
dence the great progress that has been
made, and encourages the hope of still
greater progress. The advice of Senator
Blair for the colored people to get land, to
live upon it and to cultivate it industrious
ly and intelligently is just what the col
ored people, South, North, East and West,
need above all things. They are too much
inclined to flock to the larger cities and
towns, where they get demoralized very
rapidly. _
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It strikes us that the petition business
mistakes its vocation when it aims to in
fluence the action of courts by outside
considerations. If a person convicted has
had an unfair trial, is the victim of pre
judice and injustice, or the verdict is con
trary to law and evidence, the courts will
always listen to such considerations pre
sented by counsel, but we never heard be
fore of such a motion being based on the
petition of sympathizing friends in the
vague hope that another trial might result
in an acquittal or disagreement. It would
be about as proper for a counsel in making
his final plea to the jury to present such a
petition from the public. When jurors
perform au unwelcome duty fearlessly they
deserve to be sustained by public opinion
and should not lie indirectly condemned.
There is a proper time and place for peti
tions for clemency, but if we have laws
let us sustain them, enforce and respect
them. _
In no spirit of revenge, but in vindica
tion of law and order, we say the convict
ed anarchists in Chicago should pay the
penalty of violated law. Our first sympa
thies go out to the innoceut victims of that
terrible crime, and next our sympathies
are reserved for those who are exposed to
repetitious of such crimes. If we expect
officers to do their duty we must reward
them and stand by them and not expose
them to greater peril. It is not an ordi
nary crime. It is one vastly more serious
than ordinary murder. Those who lead
others into such enormous crimes are not
deserving objects of sympathy. The
laboring men of Chicago have no worse
enemies than the anarchists, and they will
make a serious blunder in bestowing aDy
expressions of sympathy on them.
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:
AlmrjIaN Stedman : It is well known
we all want water. There is no question
about that. The question is as to its cost ;
and from all the information I can gather,
and statistics, I must say that the Wools
ton proposition is cheap and reasonable. I
am satisfied that no water supply can be
brought here for less than from $300,000 to
$500,000. I was convinced of this before I
ever saw Woolston. He does not come
here for nothing, though his price is not
exorbitant. The old companies are strain
ing every nerve to secure all the water,
Suppose you run Woolston out ; matters
will again run in the old groove. The
Council accepted the proposition believing
it to be lair. The old companies did not
treat the Council lair. They got Wools
ton's proposition and then tried to bid
under it. _
Alderman Muth : There is no oppo
sition on the water question except from
the old companies. Every disinterested
citizen and tax-payer is iu favor of the
Woolston proposition. If Woolston could
by aDy possible means be crowded to the
wall we simply gravitate back into the
hands of the old companies. They would
brag about running Woolston out and they
would run every body else out. They
went to their utmost to bulldoze the coun
cil and get Woolston out of the field. The
contract that we make will be bindin». It
is being drawn by Mr. G'layberg. It will
I* jus. to us aud fair to Wools«»». It will
lie cheap for the city. The council will
not be bulldozed or threatened bv
body.
any
Said JohnS. M. Neill: "The Seventh
Ward sent Lockey to the Council, lie was
sent there to represent us. He should be
instructed to vote in our behalf and with
the Council in favor of the Woolston
proposition. Alderman Lockey was so
instructed by resolution, with but a single,
solitary voice in the negative.
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Have I Them i
[For the Herald.]
BY KEY. F. D. KELSEY.
The important question when discussing
the practical tests and evidences of Chris
tian experience is, have I these evidences
of Christianity in my soul and life ? Others
have a fortune: have I a fortune? Others
have treasure laid up in heaven ; have I
such a treasure ? Much is said in these
days about a practical education, in con
trast with ideal and literary education.
The meaning is that when a boy receives
an education he may be able to use it in
practical 1 ife. If he study language, let it
be German or French, and so studied that
the educated iuan can use German or
French in business ; if he study, mathe
matics, it shall be some form of applied
mathematics, so that when finished it shall
, be in constant use in business. Now re
ligious questions are of small value if
merely theological or scholastic ; but when
brought down to onr individual hearts and
lives, to the duties, cares, burdens and per
1 plexities of every day life, religion becomes
; of supreme value as an applied science.
1 So when we ask what are the evidences
that a man is a Christian we may answer
; by a dozen statements, all true and valu
! able ; but all may be ideal, theoretical,
theological and like a beautiful rainbow
away up in the clouds, by fable alone con
taining gold for the people. When a man
goes a step further and asks, ''Have I these
evidences of Christian experience in my life
and soul," he has asked the sensible and
manly question of a practical man.
Poetry and dreams and idealistic
theories may have their esteemed
places, but in religious matters dying,
perishing men need something jwactical.
So having studied and discovered a valua
ble force like electricity, the practical men,
like Morse and Ldison and Bell, set them
selves about to apply the valuable dis
covery and make it useful in the machines
for telegraphy, lamps and motors to benefit
needy men' So if we know what are the
signs, tests and evidences of a real Chris
tian, the practical, sensible man asks fur
ther: L)o I possess these evidences: do I
show signs ot a Christian life ; do I mani
fest a redeemed soul ; do I, can I, endure
ths tests of a legitimate Christian hone and
faith ?
If a man can truly say, after a rational,
candid, sensible investigation, I am a
Christian, he ought to be the happiest mor
tal living ! Thanks be to God that, where'
as ye were servants of sin ye became
oliedient from the heart.
God be thanked, whereas I was dead,
now am I alive, and the life I now live I
live in the son of God !
"Thanks be to God who giveth us the
victory through Jesus Christ our Lord."
Art tliou weary, art thou languid, art thou sore
d ist rest?
; Come to me, saith One. and coming be at rest.
Hath he marks to lead me to him, if he be my
guide?
: In his feeet and lian«Ia are wound prints, and
his side.
Is there diadem, as monarch, that his brow
adorns?
Yes' a crown in very surety, hut of thorns !
If I find him, if I follow, what his guenlon here ?
Many a sorrow, many a labor, many a tear !
If I stilt hold closely to him, » hat will he at
last ?
Sorrow vanquished. labor ende«l. Jordan passe«!.
If I ask him to receive me, will he say me nay ?
Not till earth and not till heaven pass away.
Tending, following, keeping, struggling, is he
sure to bless?
Angels, prophets, martys, Christians, auswer
"Yes."
Havel—what? The evidences within
you of a "like precious faith," anil blessed
hope as that of the Christian ?
Not Intoxicated as Reported.
Says the Sun River Sun : Jack Mc-
Donald, the popular stage driver on the
Helena and Flat creek run of the H. & B.
line, came in Tuesday from Mitchell's with
Mrs. Lyons, the lady who had her arm
broken in the recent accident, whom he
was taking to Great Falls. Jack has al-
most entirely recovered from the blow of
the box which struck him in the back as
the coach went over and injured his spiue.
He says the cause of the accident was the
breaking of straps on the hind hoot when
they were on a side hill, causing the coach
to sway and topple over. He was not in-
toxicated and clid not miss the brake and
fall off as reported : but had his foot on
the brake when the coach went over, and
the lines in his hands when struck in the
back by a heavy box, which nearly broke
him in two. He was thrown some dis-
tance, or he must have been crushed un-
der the wagon. Jack will go back on to
his old run in a few days.
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Where the Legislature Meets.
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Up to the present time the court house
contractors have been fully satisfied that
they could complete the legislative halls in
time for the meeting of the legislature, but
the failure to obtaiu finisbiD» materials at
the iimè specified aud other considerations
have forced them to abandon the idea. Yes
terday Major Palmer notified Secretary
Webb that, though still possible, the making
ready for occupancy of the legislative halls
by the 11th of January, the time of com
mencing, was a matter of doubt, and that
perhaps it would be better if he would
look elsewhere for the preliminary apart
ments. Accordingly Mr. Webb has made
overtures to the Irish-American and En
core clubs to obtain a lease ot their halls
for the use of the legislature. These halls
occupy the second stories of adjoining
buildings, on Clore street, and being of
commodious dimensions, centrally located
and contiguous, are admirably adapted to
the purposes. The negotiations have not
yet been closed, bnt there is small doubt
that they will be brought'o a successful
and satisfactory issue.
Must be Fun for the Chessmen.
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Says the Inter Mountain: Dr. Holmes
and Mr. John Noyes played a match game
of chess Tuesday evening at the residence
of Mr. and Mrg. J. T. lialdwiu, the chess
board being a checkered canvass stretched
upon the floor of one of the par ors, and
the chessmen being represented by lad es
and gentlemen who walked from square
to square as instructed by the players. Mr.
Noyes won the game.
A Wealthy Alliance.
It is generally understood that the prime
object ot the Hon. A. J. Seligman's visit to
New Tork at present is matrimony. In
is announced that he will in the
fact it
Sew L'iris.,' 'ot BnSk"» 1 * *'*" b7
Billings Gazette: We understand that
proceedings are being initiated to contest
the election of Hon. Ela C. Waters as
joint councilman for Dawson and Yellow
stone counties. The chief ground we are
informed is that the poll books of Reed's
Crossing precinct do not show as required
y law that the judges of election were
duly sworn. The same informality is siad
to exist in several precincts of Dawson
county. M e would think however that
unless fraud were shown that such an in
formality would not affect the election.
MINING MINI 1 ES.
of
to
Two New Companies at Helena--«
Promising Strike in the Kaput
Tran»it-«-Tlie Bluebird amt
Hickey Mines Bonded.
THE LADY LEITH.
In the Secretary's oflice yesterday was
filed the certificate of incorporation of the
Lady Leith Gold and Silver Mining Co.
The incorporators and trustee* for the first
three months are Chas. B. Leith, Catharine
Leith, Wilbur F. Sanders, Edmond J. A.
Yanaase, Joseph O'Neill and James Blake.
The capital stock is $1,0<X),0<>0, divided
into $2 shares. The company is formed to
purchase, work and develop mining prop
erties in Lewis and Clarke and Jefferson
counties, and the principal place of busi
ness is to be at Helena. The mines of the
company are located south of Helena, be
tween the Vaughn group and the Gregory.
THE STERLING GOLD UO.
The Sterling Gold Mines (Limited), says
the London Mining Journal, has been
formed with a capital of IT00,000 in AT
shares, to further develop the Bald Butte
group of gold mines and mineral claims,
near Helena, Montana, and about four
miles from the Drum Lumon mine. Sep
tember reports from the mine state that it
is now netting $6,000 per month, .equal to
14 per cent, on the paid up capital now
asked for, and thu with an old 10-stamp
mill. Responsible mining authorities sav
that the ore will be available to an un
known depth, and that the property may
prove as valuable as its neighbor, the Drum
Dummon. Four of the five properties form
ing this group are respectively 500 feet
wide by 1,500 feet long, and are known as
the Sterling, Albion, Kenawha and Gen
essee ; the other, which is called the Black
Douglas, is 600 feet wide by 1,500 feet long.
In addition, there is a mill site of live acres,
upon which there is a 10-stamp mill recent
ly completed and in running order. The
mines, that is the Sterling and Albion, and
the three mineral claims, exclusive of the
mill site, cover about 3,000,000 square feet
of contiguous surface, the whole l>eing
secured under indisputable and unencum
bered titles. The purchase money is £65.
000 ; A'38,000 in cash and £27,000 in sha: «
leaving £35,000 for working capital.
THE BLUEBIRD AND HICKEY UNDER BOND.
Mr. F. M. Chadbourne, ol' the Empire
Co. has succeeded in securing a bond on
the Bluebird and Hickey mines, near the
Gloster, in the interests of English capital
ists. The amount of the bond is $ 55,000
and the duration until the first of January.
STRIKE IN THE RAPID TRANSIT.
Mr. L. Wottrich, one of the stockholders
with Morris Sands, 'Adolph and Herman
Tonu and Geo. Voss, in the Rapid Transit
Mining Company, was in the city yester
day to have some assaying done of ore
from a new strike in the Silver Star
lead, one ol the company's mines.
This mine is in the white quartz belt just
north of the Drum Lummon, and in it
last Thursday was struck a body of rich
ore of as yet unknown dimensions. Assays
from it show an average of $63 ( er ton and
some of the quartz is exceeuingly rich,
carrying free gold in visible quantities and
ranging way up in the thousands per ton.
The Rapid Transit Company is ot recent
organization and is capitalized at one mil
lion.
A PROSPEROUS INDUSTRY.
Slaughtering and Packing Houses.
A morning ride in almost any direction
from Helena at this season of the year,
especially when the sun is bright and the
air crisp and sharp, is a pleasant recreation
that few people enjoy, because it requires
of most people a heroic resolve to get out
of Vied with the early bird. A reporter is
the exception to the sluggards, especially
one of the HERALD staff, who, at an early
hour to-day, accepted a seat with D. J.
Arnold behind a span of livery horses lor a
drive to the stock yards of DeWitt &
Arnold, situated on the Overland road, a
short two miles from the city.
While the establishment embraces stock
yards, it is a ranch as well, of 80 acres, ad
jacent to a line mountain range, all under
fence and improved. Messrs. DeWitt &
Arnold have just completed a substantial
stone building, which they use for a
slaughter house, dead .house and hangiDg.
capable of holding 75 beeves, 300 sheep
and 100 hogs. This building is the em
porium, as it were, of an extensive corral
where fat cattle, sheep and hogs come to
the "bull ring" by three separate avenues,
and which is capable of holding a whole
train load of stock.
This morning a half dozen men, under
the direction of L. S. Arnold and C. W.
Wood as head butchers, were killing and
dressing hogs at the rate of 50 a day, some
of which, the heaviest, are to oe packed ;
the others, young, were for their retail
market, oq Bridge street.
AS an adjunct of this slaughtering busi
ness is that of canning Montana lard for
street, under ihc direction of Charles llag
gamaD, where all the leaf lard is prepared
and rendered into buckets and tubs, and
which, when thus prepared, largely takes
the place of fresh butter in culinary aflairs.
FAT CATTLE.
When a shipment of fat cattle arrives on
the DeWitt & Arnold ranch their facilities
are such that the whole number, should
that be hundreds, may be slaughtered at
once and hung, thus maintaing their fat
ness until re«iuired for the butcher's block.
A portion of the stone building will be
used as a packinghouse, where the heaviest
pork will be salted and cured, thus "saving
their own bacon."
The ranch is supplied with an abund-
ance of pure water from a living spring,
which flows to the surface near by. The
ranch is outfitted with an excellent bam,
i grain house and tenement houses for the
j employes, and lays directly east of ibe
city, scarce two miles out, and from which,
es
to
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the
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as
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I were it not tor an intervening hill, there
j would be a grand view of the city. The
I property some day will be one of the valu
I able tracts outlaying where town lots will
I be sold by the front foot.
Thus situated, and with facilities that may
i be enlarged from time to time, there is eu
| couraging prospects that DeW itt & Arnold
' will deserve to continue as they are at
1 present considered, one of the large enter
i prising firms of Helena who prosper by
their own industry and square dealing.
Their retail "Rialto meat market, on
Bridge street, that is always supplied with
the best beef, muttOD, venison, pork fish,
veal, sausages, spare ribs, back-bones and
premium fresh lard. Free delivery wagon,
under charge of that polite rustler, John
Keller, who is ever ready to take an ouhr
and fill it on the square.
Died.
Elmira, N. Y.,November 2b.—John At*
not, jr., member of congress and a million
aire banker, died this morning at his hon»
in this city, at the age ol 36 years.
Appointment.
Washington, November 20.-The pres
ident to-day appointed John T. Core\,
California, to be United States attorney »
the northern district of California.

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