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From the Dally Herald of November 22. OIK COUNT* ASSESSMENT. The Taxable Wealth of Lewis and Clarke County Shown by the Assessor's Hook« to be About »8,000,000. Though the courtesy of our efficient county Assessor, Mr. Wm. II. Guthrie, the llEBALD has obtained the toolings of the assessment roll for 188G. Exclusive of the supplementary assessment yet to be made the county wealth ligures up this year at $7,1)29,200. This is an increase of nearly $.700,000 over last year's returns, the total footings for 18S5 being $7,461,070. When lirst figured up this year's assessment ex ceeded eight millions, but subsequent re ductions in some cases brought down the total to the amount given above. Still it is a large showing and lays over that of any other county in the Territory, Silver Low ranking next with an assessment of a little over seven millions. The supple mental assessment will raise the total to over eight millions. Following is a list of the amount and value of the different kinds of assessable property in Lewis and Clarke county for 188«: No. Value. Acres land.. ............... 13,110 $ 934,930 Improvements on land 473,690 Town lot-.......................... 5,917 1.370,658 Improvements on same . 1.391,505 Amount of merchandise Capital emploved in man 785,815 ufacturcs........................ 67,800 Kliecp................................ 12 850 64,305 Mules and asse- ............... 30ti 19,995 Stallions.......... 143 31,140 N\ ork horses..... 2,488 148.995 Stock horses................ 7,09*.* 198,510 1 horoughred cattle.......... 31 2.725 Dairy cows........................ 1,835 63.770 Mock rattle....................... 11,972 005,230 Oxen......................... 105 5,245 Hogs 1,307 8,200 Vehicles....... 1,283 71 446 Money........................ 130,520 Credits .................... 575,740 Watches and clock-. 431 12.7 44 Jewelrv anil plate..... 22,205 Musical instruments 191 24,330 Household furniture...... 50,940 Shares of stock. 4,300 Hay............................... 15 280 Harness......................... 21,.882 All other property....... 1,199,385 Total assessment.. $7,929,205 ♦ ♦ A Close Result in County Politics. An analysis of the vote for county officers in Montana at the late election is interesting in the light of the large major ity the Democratic candidate for Delegate swung in this Territory. Before the elec tion a general opinion prevailed that the j.olitical parties in Montana had pretty evenly divided forces, hut since the 2d of November very few have been heard to give utterance to this seutiment. A glance at the result on county tickets, which, though not always a test of politics, gen erally show the plainest demarcation Ire tween party lines, would seem to indicate tl.at the opinion prevalent before election was based upon substantial grounds. The following table, combined from official returns by Col. Wheeler, shows the number of candidates for couuty offices elected by each party at the last election: Counties. Beaverhead............. Chotenu................... Rep. ............... 4 Dem. 10 ,8 1 >awson................... ...... 9 1 Deer Lodge.............. ................... 5 6 !• erg us................ s 4 t Jallatin................... * 4 4 I,ewi- and Clarke.... 5 Madison................... ................... X :> .Meagher.................. ................. 5 G Missoula.................. ................... 2 10 Silver Bow.............. *9 4 Yellowstone............ ................... 6 6 Totals............. ................... 80 SO Not in Good Form. Mr Van Cleve, of Minnesota, asked and was granted permission to address the Council on the water question Saturday night. What he had to say was submitted in writing, and be read from manuscript a statement which, to say the least, neither Councilmeu or citizens thought touched in the best of good taste. By implication the Council was in part responsible for a fruitless journey of 12,000 miles, made for the purpose of competing for Helena's water plant. Dr. Cole was named as one who hail deceived and misrepresented him, and Woolston was ''a very smart man to come here and get a city as large as Helena to give him a contract without any compe tition." Mr. Van Cleve was, so to speak, displeased with pretty much everything and everybody. As a matter of tact the city authorities bad uo part in inlluencing the gentleman's trip, the disappointment of which appeared to so work upon and worry him. The retlection upon so good and highly respected citizen as Dr. Cole was gratuitous and wholly unjustified by auy word or act of that gentleman, as he took prompt occasion to most effectually convince the Council and citizen spectators assembled in the chamber. Mr. Van C'leve's paper made anything but a favor able impression within and without the Council. His assiduous consultatiou3 with the old water monopolists and protracted conferences with the Seventh ward derelict occasioned distrust in advance and con firmed many in the suspicion of a connect ing link between the local marplots schem ing to defeat and drive away the only man who has appeared here through the years prepared aud in earnest to give Helena a modern water system commensurate with its wants. A plausable theory is that Mr. Van Cleve was moved to much of the ill temper of his communication by his un fortunate association and intimacy with persons here who have oppressed and fleeced the community, and who easily enough may have influenced the tenor and substance of his remarks. For his own personal good—and xve certainly have no reason to wish him other than well we should hope he might not soon or ever ap l>ear liefore a public body to the disadvan tage he did the other night. First Acquitted. '\ he first verdict for acquittal, this term of court, was returned this morning in the ca9c of Territory rs. Kay Wright, charged with horse stealing. Defendant was in dicted jointly with Big Charlie, alias Charles Watts, lor stealing three horses from Luther Barrott on the Mussleshell. A. J. Craven was assigned to defend W right and demanded a separate trial. He was assisted in the trial by S. A. Balliet. The theory of the defense was that W right sup posed that the horses taken belonged to his comrade. Watts, since Watts had them with him at the Bird Tail last talk Good character was also proven. The jury re tired at 12:30 Saturday p. m. and was out until 5 p. m. Sunday. Counsel for defense are l>eing congratulated by the Bar tor hax ing broken the continuous line ot convic tions. Kcal Estate Transfer Frauk D. Cooper has purchased ol M m A. Chessman two lots on Helena avenue, corner of Fourteenth street., lor $b,i • The sale was made through 1 orter Math's agency. Mr. Cooper expects to build on his property next spring. From the Dallv Herald of November 23. APPROVED BY THE MAVOR. The Water Works Ordinance Re« ceives Ilis Signature and Becomes a La xv. All day yesterday His Honor, Mayor Kleinschmidt, forsook his regular avoca tions and devoted his time to scrutinizing the water works ordinance as passed by the Council Saturday night, to ascertain if any flaw existed in its construction or if there existed the shadow of a doubt that the Council had acted illegally or beyond their powers in passing such an ordinance. In this task he was assisted by the best legal talent in the city, going to several diflerent attorneys to obtain opinions upon the question. The Mayor has the power of veto and upon him as well as the Coun cil rests the responsibility of all legisla tion. Hence he wished to satisfy himself beyond question that all was right before affixing his signature—the only remaining requisite for its becoming a law. The sub ject was canvassed in all its bearings and towards the close of the afternoon the Mayor had completed his investigations and thoroughly satisfied himself that no reason existed why he should not endorse the action of the great majority of the al dermen by granting his approval to the or dinance. Late in the afternoon he gave it j his approval by affixing his signature and the city's contract with Woolston for water works has become a law under the title of ! "Ordinance No. 93." By its terms Mr. Woolston has forty days in which to give the required bond of $20,000 for the faithful performance of his contract. A Card from Aldenmtu Iloxvey. Editor Herald: —I notice in the morn ing paper what purports to he au interview with Alderman Lockey as to an attempt to bribe him by Mr. Woolston, in which interview I am represented as making some arrangements with Mr. Woolston in regard to the running of mains to my property, etc., etc. I take this opportunity to state publicly that the whole matter, so far as my name is connected with any arrangements at any time for the running of pipes and mains to benefit my property, or to benefit me per sonally in auy way, shape, or form, is false and I have so stated to the grand jury, ■•w I do know that Mr. Woolston offered to go before the grand jnry and make a state ment as to certain matters Alderman Lockey had named to him, but was not called to make the statement. Kespect fully, r'h. howey. A Card from Aldrrmuu llohnck. To tlie Editor of tlie Herald : My attention is called to a so ealled interview printed in to-day's Independent by K. Lockey, in which he tries to convey the idea tnat Mr. Woolston approached me corruptly in alleged offers to lay water mains to benefit my town lot property. I desire to say that the statements of said Lockey are without the semblaneeof truth so far as they refer to me ; that Mr. Wools ton, in my judgment, is an honorable and ! honest man, and that he never broached in any manner any kind of reward or made a promise or proposition in that direction to ; inlluence any actiou on the water ques- ' tion. As I testified before the grand jury, when the map or chart of mains was looked over, I suggested, in the interest of many residents, that a main ought to lie run on Ninth avenue, a thickly inhabited street. It is wholly and utterly false, as Lockey : words it for Woolston, that he (Woolston) j ever made auy arrangements with me to ! provide a main ou Montana avenue to , Grand avenue additiou. It is a pure fabri cation—a lie out of whole cloth. Lockey may speak for himself, hut he is no witness 1 to testify concerning others. RICHARD HORACE. "Dirk" at liis Devotions. That considerable number of our people somewhat acquainted with the mental eccentricities of Alderman Lockey do not marvel at the absurdities with which hi3 contiibuted interview' published in the morning paper abounds. The time chosen for a public statement incriminating Mr. Woolston in an alleged corrupt approach upon Mr. Lockey immediately follows his (Woolston 's) departure from the city, that gentleman having left for the west by last night's train. So far as others are impl i cated by Lockey—Aldermen Howey and Hoback—both give him the lie with such point and potency as the case requires. The improbability, the incredibility of Dick's story is strengthened by the fact that he utterly neglected to hint at the matter when conrronted by his constituents in public meeting, or lisped a word of it in the Council chamber. As a grand jury sharp he endeavored to smirch Mr. Woolston and Councilmeu, but the ready, volunteer witness was held to be less credible even than usual, and to this circumstance and the quality and kind of testimony he had to submit nobody was seriously hurt. As tlie sayiDg goes, "He went for wool (or Woolston) and came hack shorn." Alderman Lockey, for a sea son, should now cultivate the privacy of his hack room. THE ANACONDA RESUMES. Thirteen Furnaces and the Old Con centrator Started up To-day Other Notes. [special to the herald.] Bitte, November 23.— The Anaconda is starting up without trouble. Thirteen furnaces were started to-day and also the old concentrator. Two hundred men are at work and the full force will he em ployed within a week. Ore trains started yesterday. It is re liably reported that the Montana Copper Company will soon resume. The Bluebird company's 60 stamp silver mill, the finest in the world, started yester day and will be dropping on ore by the 28th inst. Married. At the Catholic church this morn ing, at 8 o'clock, Mr. Edward Kagen and Miss Gurnett were united in the holy lionds of wedlock. The bridegroom is a prosperous young cattle king of Fergus county, and the bride is a daughter of Mr. P. Gurnett, of the Missouri valley, and is an estimable and accomplished young lady. Their many friends wish them a happy journey through life. Special Taxes Collected. The Assessor's rolls tor 1886 show the following number of persons trom whom special taxes were collected and the amounts: No . pewona. Amount Special poor tax.................. 1.*^ Special load tax .............. 1 * ! [ : | From the Daily Herald of November 24. 1866—1880. The Hebald cordially greets its thous ands of friends on this its twenty-first an niversary. The publishers cordially ex press to every reader and patron the good feeling and kindly greeting which time and again have come to them. A span of two decades brings The Hebald to legal age. Notably, for the period of its publication it has never missed a number. Its twenty full volumes are a complete record of every material occurrence and event in the history of Montana for that time. Growth, constant, steady and healthful, has advanced Helena from the straggling mining camp of 1866 to the pretentious metropolis of 1886. Brick, iron and stone blocks are reared where log cabins stood before, and palatial residences occupy the sites of former tents and dugouts | The Hebald, No. I, Vol. XXI, will he issued from the press and distributed to the people November 2;7th. This means that Thanksgiving day, 1886, marks The Herald's Twenty-first Birth Day. The anniversary dawns at an auspicious season and with gratitude for various blessings we celebrate the occasion with contented and thankful hearts. Elsewhere is copied portions of the more interesting contents of the first number of The Herald, issued in November, 1866. People xvhn were patrons of the paper then appear in the paper as patrons to-day. The personal features have not in the loDg in terval so much changed that those who used to be talked about are to any less ex tent talked about now. The people have prospered. The Her ald has prospered with them. It has helped its friends and its friends have helped it. No newspaper of the Territories has met with greater or more uniform favor. Its editor is the same as at the start. Its Droprietors have been connected by busi ness ties from nearly the beginning. The foreman of the office—W illiatu McClatchey—has held his position for twenty consecutive years and has never lost a day's work on the paper. Judge Cornelius Hedges, associate editor, has been connected with the paper for a period covering more than one-half its existence. FIGHTING THE PEOPLE. 'I he Water Monopolists Enter Appli- j cation for an Injunction as Pre paratory to Contesting the Right of the City to Con tract lor Water Works. On Monday, the 22d inst., a complaint was tiled with the clerk of the District Court setting forth that the City Council had acted lieyond their powers in passing the water ordinance and praying for the issuance of an order to restrain that body from entering into the proposed contract with Woolston. The title of this new action is : \VM. DAVENPORT, 1V.M. C. CHILD, TIIOS. C. POWER AND BOBT. S. HALE, plaintiffs, vs. Theodore H. Kleinschmidt, Mayor ; John K. Watson, John Stedman, Diehard Lockey, Wm. H. DeWitt, Wm. J. Bickett, Kichard Hoback, Wm. Lorey, ! Peter O'Connor, Joseph Gans, Robert H. Howey. Thomas Duignan, Wm. Muth, John I Saul, Herman Richter, Aldermen, compris- j ing the City Council of the City of Helena, j and George F. Woolston, defendants. Following is a SYNOPSIS OF THE COMPLAINT: That the plaintiffs are citizens and tax payers representing an aggregation of ' property valued at $250,000. That the defendants named (except Woolston) are the duly elected Mayor aud Board ol Aider men of this municipality. That the as sessed valuation of the city's taxable property is $5,000,000 and that the city 's indebtedness, bonded and otherwise, is $34.500. That under the United States law no municipality of a Territory has the right to become indebted in any amount exceeding 4 percent, of the value of its tax- , able property. That the water ordinance re- J cently passed by the City Council creates an \ indebtedness which, including that j now existing, will exceed that limit. | That said Mayor and Aldermen will, unless j restrained by the court, grant the defend- j ant Woolston all the rights and privileges j set forth in the ordinance and that they threaten to do so. That said Kleinschmidt and others did pass the act whereby the contract was awarded to Woolston without publishing any notice whatever, by means of which any competitive bids might he had or entertained, but on the contrary, said Mayor and Councilmen refused and neglected to receive lower bids for furnishing water and hydrants for said city of Helena ; that said Mayor aud Councilmen are proceeding to, and will enter into said contract unless re strained; that said defendant, Woolston, is fully cognizant of these facts and that plaintiffs have no other plain or adequate remedy at law than to apply to this court. THE PRAYER. Wherefore, the plaintiffs pray that said j Woolston be enjoined and restrained from accepting said contract, and that the city j council be enjoined and restrained from in any manner carrying out the provisions of said contract or issuing any warrants or obligations of the city on account thereof, and that said ordinance he declared nnll and void and that plaintiffs have and re cover such other relief as may be just and equitable, and that in the meantime a tem porary restraining order issue, the same to be in full force and effect until the final hearing of this cause. The subdued boast of the opponents of the city that they had "corralled', all the lawyers in the city is shown to have some foundation in the array of attorneys' names signed to the complaint as counsel lor the plaintiffs. They are B. Platt Carpenter Sanders, Cnllen & Sanders, Bullard & Bar hour, E. W. & J. K. Toole & Wm. Wallace, Jr. The complaint is subscribed and sworn to by R. S. Hale, one of the plain tiffs. It was filed with the clerk of court at 10 o'clock in the evening of Monday November 22d, and yesterday papers were placed in the hands of the sheriff for service, summoning the defendants to ap pear and answer to the complaint. —The letter of Ruth McAlpin, published ! in the Herald a few weeks ago, suggest- : ing the advisability of joiuing the fortunes of maiden ladies in the East with Montana ; bachelors, has elicited several inquiries from wifeless men in the Territory and the 1 Herald has already sent numerous re plies to the said w. m. giving the address of the lair Ruth, xvho is filled with such benevolent sentiments towards her sex. REPORT OF THE GRAND JURY, i The Territorial Body Present the Result of their Labors for This Term to the Court. Remissness ot Justices and a Bad Odor at the Poor Farm Made Perceptible. Saturday afternoon in the District Court the Territorial Grand Jnry made a report of their three week's wrork as follows: GRAND JURY REPORT. To the Honorable, the Judge of the Third Judicial District of the Territory of 3Ion tana. The Territorial Grand Jury for the No vember term, 1886, respectfnlly submits the following report : We have made diligent inquiry into thirty-two cases which were brought to our notice and made return of onr findings to the court. A few of these cases lacked the necessary prosecution, the complaining witnesses being absent in some, and ma terial witnesses in others. This, seeming ly, arises from negligence on the part of committing magistrates to compel material witnesses to enter into recognizances for their appearance before the district court in cases where commitments are made. < >ccasionally instances have come under our observation xvhich would indicate a disposition on the part of justices of the peace to SHIRK THE RESPONSIBILITY of making final disposition of cases where their jurisdiction is ample, aud the evi dence is insufficient to convict on a graver charge in the district court. Whether this disposition arises from ignorance of the extent of their jurisdiction or lack of confidence in their ability to judiciously determine these cases, the expense to the county is inevitably the same. As a step towards economy, we should urge on all justices of the peace to exercise their functions to the full extent of their jurisdiction in all cases where the evidence would not insure a conviction for a crime in the district court, hut would be conclu sive as to a misdemeanor. In our investigation we have noticed that it is customary with justices of the peace to allow transgressors of the laxv to make complaint against themselves and then enter judgment against them, 'i l is prac tice, if not unlawful, is at least reprehensi ble and meets with our hearty condemna tion. Investigation has also developed the ex istence of a disposition on the part of a few to avail themselves of a criminal proceeding to establish the ownership of some particu lar kind of property to which they cau lay claim. The property in dispute is usually a water right, or a domestic animal of the equine or bovine species. When the dis putants are acting in good faith, as far as a grand jury can determine, responsi hie civ illy, and, as it were, fixtures in the com munity, by reason of their surroundings, we deem it prudent to withhold criminal proceedings until the ownership to the property is established in a civil action. Criminal intent, which constitutes the es sential element in this class of proceed ings, is so at variance with attending cir cumstances and so improbable that there is uo ground upon which to rest an accu sation, much less an indictment. As a cor rective in this matter we believe that the assessment of costs to the complaining wit ness would be most efficacious. We are convinced that much of the ex pense attending prosecutions arises from the NEGLECT OF THE COMMITTING MAGIS TRATE to discriminate between material and im- | material witnesses. It is too frequently 1 found that the names of witnesses who know nothing about the case are indorsed on the complaint when commitment is had and subsequently these witnesses are • brought from far and near, ostensibly to give evidence before the grand jury, but in reality to swell the expenses of litigation , and bleed the public treasury. In regard to the condition of the county offices we can only say that no instance of delinquency on the part of the officials has come to our knowledge. A thorough in vestigation into the affairs of the county would consume much time and require the employment of experts, at great ex- ; pense, without, as we believe, any corres ponding benefit to the people at this time. 1 Our examination of THE NEW COURT HOUSE building being unavoidably superficial, we ! are unable to give an intelligent opinion with regard to its construction being strict ly in accordance with the requirements of the contract. We saw nothing, however, either in the exterior or interior appear- ; ance of the edifice that would excite sus picion that the contractor was not endeav- ; oring to meet the terms of his agreement xvith the county. We visited the county jail and found its , conditions clean and orderly, and tlie pris oners properly fed and clothed. The pres- j ent system of lighting and heating the building is very defective and should be remedied at au early day. The county poor house was visited and the methods used in the management of that establishment inquired into by us. We found that the inmates were much better cared for and are better satisfied than they were in their old quarters, but still we think there is room for improve ment. We believe the ventilation is not as perfect as the requirements of this class of institutions demand. An offensive odor pervades the entire building, that might be abated by keeping the different apartments in a more cleanly condition. There are too many of the inmates crowded into the same room while other rooms remain va cant. The sick or convalescent should he kept apart from those who are well as much as possible, and the laws of health more rigidly enforced. We call the atten tion of the physician in charge to these matters, believing it to he his duty to visit the poor house regularly, and see that the evils complained of are remedied. 8. C. GILPATR1CK, Foreman. D. J. Hooan, Clerk. Through Refrigerator Shipments. Helena, November 23,1886. To the Editor of the Herald. As an item of iterest to Helena ship pers, I would be glad if you would kindly inform them through the columns of your paper that the N. P. R. R, with a view to stimulating business in perishable freights, has decided that during the winter months it will allow carload shipments to run through without transfer in foreign re frigerator cars, provided, of course, that these cars are in such condition as to pass inspection at our eastern terminus. If merchants here will take pains to im press on shippers the necessity of seeing that the cars are in good order before leaving starting points, they will avoid any risk occasioned by transfer in cold weather. Yours trulv. A. L. HTOKES, Generl Agent. i A REQUIREMENT OF THE COUNTRY. The Addition of a Bullion Refinery to the Helena Assay Office. | 1 • , ; 1 ! ; ; , j Mine and Mill Owners Petitioning the Treasury Department for the Es tablishment of Such an Institution. Last Friday the promotors of a scheme, which, if successful, will give a great stim ulus to the mining industry in the North west, put their heads together, so to speak, and gave form to their ideas in the follow ing PETITION TO THE TREASURY DEPART MENT : To the Honorable the Secretary of the Treas ury and the. Director of the Mint : Gentlemen :—The undersigned mine owners, superintendents and producers of gold and silver bullion would most earn estly and respectfully pray that you will at once take such steps and make such rec ommendations to the congress of the United \ States as will cause to be erected an addi- ; tion to the present assay office in Helena, j Montana, of a refinery for the purpose of : separating gold and silver and reducing our product to the shape ot mint bars. The production of the country tributary to that assay office was over eighteen mil lions of dollars ($18.000,000) of gold and silver for the year 1885, which will largely increase and we make this petition in order that the mining industry may be re lieved of some of its burdens and given such fair and equitable conveniences as are extended by the government to the mere depositors of bulliou at eastern mints and assay offices, for the reasons : That our bars may be put in shape to make them marketable here, iu order that we may obtain money on our product with out unnecessary expense and delay. Our distance from the nearest refinery causes us at least one month's delay in obtaining our returns. The transportation charges which we are compelled to pay are onerous in the ex treme and are largely computed upon the base metals in the bars, which would be entirely eliminated by proper conveniences here. Transportation is also calculated on gold in silver bars, which, if separated there from, would be marketed here at its full viJih .vithout such cost. The addition to the plaut and to the ^resent force in the Assay < >ffice would be a small item in comparison with the bene fits to be derived therefrom, and for this your petitioners will ever pray, etc. WHO signs it. To this document the signatures of all the prominent miniDg men of Montana will be so icited. Governor Hauser, C. A. Broad water aud other influential men of mines of the Capital have placed their names to it and pledged their hearty support of the project. This morning M. A. Meyen dorff, melter in the Helena Assay Office, returned from Butte with the petition where he obtained the signatures of Hon. W. A. Clark, Marcus Daly and other mining operators and owners of note. Several proprietors of quartz mines and placer diggings outside of these cities haye also signed the paper. The benefit such an institution would be to the whole Terri tory. and in fact the whole mining region j of the Northwest, is so patent that every ; mine and mill owner within reach of the influence of it will sign his name to the petilion and do all he can to further the project. The enterprise is set on foot by several experienced mining men of Helena, amongst whom Superintendent Braden of the Assay Office, is prominent. Delegate Toole will doubtless favor the measure and use his influence to aid it in Corgress. Be sides the benefit it would be to the coun try at large in securing a home market for bullion, it would be a great help to our own fair city in its prosperous march of progress and would effect the erection by | the government of a $50,000 or $100,000 building in connection with the Assay Office already located in Helena. The enterprise is young but promises speedy development into successful ma turity. FORESTRY. The Mission of Commissioner Ensign, j of Colorado. The Herald had the pleasure yesterday eveuing of a call from Edgar T. Ensign« Commissioner of Colorado and Agent of the United States Department of Agriculture. Mr. Edgar in the past few years has ac complished great good by the creation in his State of a strong moral sentiment in favor of forestry—the protection of timber growths from fire ravages and the preser vation of immature trees from the incon siderate havoc of the axmen. Trees that have reached the maximum of growth were better felled and applied to the uses of man than to stand aud become worth- } less by the gradual process of decay. In connection with his government agency, j Mr. Ensign is commissioned to a wide jurisdiction comprehending, besides his own State, the Territories of New Mexico, Wyoming, Utah, Idaho and Montana. The present, we believe, is his first trip of ob servation taking him so far west and north as this Territory and onr adjoining neigh bor of Idaho. His purpose is to enlist the general interest of settlers, miners, railroad companies and all others concerned in the adoption of certain rules or lines of policy looking to forest protection and preserva tion. He believes in educating the masses to the importance of this matter and to secure the voluntary co-operation of the people to something approaching syste matic plans for snbdning forest fires and preventing the destruction of the younger forest growths. Mr. Ensign is an intelli gent gentlemen, fully versed in the subject of forestry to which he is laboring to secure a wider and more general stady and application. Two or more of his official reports have been published, and another for the carrent year will soon be issned under the auspices of his State. Mr. En sign leaves for Denver to-morrow. A Quiet Marriage. This morning, at 6 o'clock, Major R. C. Walker, of this city, and Miss Elizabeth Wheelan, of Cleveland, Ohio, were quietly married at a nnptial mass celebrated by Bishop Brondel. The ceremony was per formed at the Cathedral and only the im mediate relatives of the contracting parties were present. After the ceremony the party partook of the wedding breakfast, which was served at the Merchants Hotel, and shortly thereafter the bridal conple left on the Montana Union train for San Francisco and other points on the coast, to be absent about two months. —John Ticknor, formerly of Helena and well remembered as an exceptional base ballist, a short time ago fell down two flights of stairs in a hotel at Syracuse, X. Y., where he was acting as clerk. He sus tained a fracture of the ska .1 and several minor injuries. It was theught immedi ately after the accident that there was a chance for his rocovery. \ ; j : j ; | j } j TOWN AND TEBBITOBY. —Beaverhead's official majority for Toole is 127. —The assessed valuation of Missonla county this year is $2,342,380, a falling off of nearly $200,000 from last year's returns. —Inter Mountain: Last night (the 21st) was the coldest of the season in Butte. The thermometer at different points indi cated temperatures ranging from sixteen to thirty-two degrees below zero. —Miner: General Agent Dawson, of the Montana Union, Utah & Northern and Northern Pacific, says the receipts of his office are from $300,000 to $400.000 per month. During the past month the freight receipts were the largest since the road came into Batte. Hew North-West : Mr. John O Neill, who has so long successfully conducted the Gar rison Hotel, has branched out and has leased the New Eating House being con structed for the Montana Union Railway Co. at Silver Bow Junction, which bids fair to be a favorable point for business in that line. —The jury in the case of the Territory vs. Kay Wright, for grand larceny, after be ing out 24 hours, came to an agreement yesterday evening at 5 o'clock and ren dered a verdict which was sealed and given to the clerk of court. It will be read to-morrow morning when court con venes. —Denton Press: Several loads of mer chandise for our business men arrived from Helena to-day ; also a few loads of coal. It is the general cry that freight teams are scarce and bard to get. A great many more teams than are in this section could have constant employment here and at fair figures. —Katie Putnam, answering the request of prominent citizens that she return to Helena and accept a benefit at their hands, says her engagements preclude present compliance, but that on her return from the Coast she will be pleased to stop at Helena and accept the tendered courtesy for which she expresses her thanks. —The special postal delivery system that went into effect in Helena the 1st of October was about as brilliant a success as in Butte. Siuce it went into effect there have been fifteen letters received here wi U special delivery stamps on them, and for delivering them an impecunious messenger boy received the munificent sum ot $1.20. Ouite a mouth's work. Yellowstone Journal : Late reports fn m Washington announce that the President will soon declare by proclamation the es tablishment of a military reservation con taining thirty-six miles, or one township, surrounding Fort Custer, on the Big Horn river, in the Crow Indian reservation, Mon tana. He will at the same time make in investigations of the reservations of three and one-half square miles of land for the establishment of a national cemetery upon the site of the Custer bat ili grounds. —Secretary Webb has perfected negotia tions for legislative rooms by securing the two adjoining, commodious apartments on Clore street known as "Encore" and "Irisli American" halls. He has leased the two for 60 days from the 11th of January, Ihe date of aasemblage of the legislature. The Irish-American hall will probably be used as the Council chamber and the Encore hall for the House. A door will probably be cut through the partition to connect the two apartments. —About $10,000 (509 ounces) of Cu-or d'Alene gold dust was deposited at the U. i S. Assay Office this morning for melting and casting into bars. The "dust" from this section is all coarse and the lot re ferred to bad plenty of nuggets varying in value from a half dollar to twenty dollars. The gold is generally mixed with quartz and beautiful specimens, which are of fre quent occurrence, go remorselessly into the nielters furnace together with the plainer but no less valuable dust. This gold comes to the Helena banks and from there goes to the Assay Office. HALF WAY. The Manitoba Advance Toward Mon tana. The Minnesota & Montana road is com pleted and in operation to Mouse river, 527 miles, being half the distance between St. Paul and Helena. A substantial bridge, eleven hundred feet in length, is in course i of construction across the Mouse, and the roadbed west of that river, ready lor ties aud rails, has been advanced well along toward the Missouri, near Fort Buford. From this direction grading work has ad vanced during the summer and autumn months about one hundred miles, covering the distance between Helena and Great Falls, the work as yet incomplete, being mostly confined to tunnel and rock cutting, which will be wholly finished during tlie present winter. At this time there remains little more than four hundred miles of road-bed to be built to connect the easi and west ends. The interval crosses a country decidedly favorable to rapid rail road construction, and we can see nothing to prevent the completion of the entire road by November, 1887. We confidently look for the entrance of Manitoba trains into Helena before the close of next year. This will certainly be assured should arrangements be cairied out for the dc- , livery of rails and other material over the Northern Pacific, by which track-laying could be prosecuted from the Montana end] 1 We have some reason to think that such an arrangement will be consummated to 1 the advantage both of the Manitoba and the Northern Pacific. Ekland-Ottmau. Yesterday evening Mr. Andrew Ekland, of Prickly Pear Velley, and Mrs. Mary M. Ottman, of Park City, were joined in wed lock at the Episcopal rectory, Rev. F. T. Webb performing the ceremony. The bride and groom are well known and universally liked in the community. The former is the daughter of a well-to-do family of Park City and an estimable lady. The latter is a former machinist but now a prosperous ranchman of the valley. Both have resided years in the Territory and have a large circle of friends. The Herald extends congratulations. A Butte View of the Water Racket. j ' 1 1 j Unter Mountain.] They are still having fun at Helena over the Woolston water works question. The kickers still kick, and new propositions are coming in from every direction at the average rate of one a day. Woolston's proposition seems fair enough, the price reasonable, and after all the cursing which the old water companies have been sub jected to daring the summer by the uni versal vox popttli, it seems strange that sensible people that have no axes to grind would oppose the enterprise. Another Slur from the Minneapolis Dictator. I Billings Gazette.] H. S. VanCleve, of Minneapolis, is in town visiting his brother, Paul L. Van Cleve. He has been up at Helena, looking into the waterworks scheme, and has de cided that Helena wants to emulate New York in the war of a boodle gang. i i , 1 1 PERSONAL, Jno. J. Schmidt, of Elkhorn, is at the Merchants. —A. M. Thornburg has returned from a business trip toBozeman. —Saly Raunheim, the Montana Copper Co.'s superintendent, is at the Cosmopoli tan. —Thomas Riley, of the wholesale liquor firm of Riley iS: Dillou. Omaha, is at the Merchants. — Chas. J. Mooie, of Portland, and W. P. Swinton, of Chester. England, were among yesterday's arrivals at the Mer chants. —Albeit Laib, the traveling salesman with Ben Harris, has resigned liis position there and will shortly enter business for himself. —John Maguire was one of the Batte arrivals at the Cosmopolitan this morning. He returns to-night and will shortly leave for San Francisco. —Citizens of Benton are talking of or ganizing a mounted force to prevent In dian depredations and punish the perpe trators when any are committed. —Mrs. J. C. Ricker has returned to Hel ena. after spending the summer in New England. She is accompanied by her daughter, Miss Allie, who was attending school in the east. —Mrs. L. H. Wilson and three children, the family of Mr. Wilson, manager of Schultz & Co.'s shoe store, returned home last evening after spending the summer aud fall in Arkansas SPARKS CHUCKLING Over the Result in Montana-*-IIow Toole's Election is Looked at in \\ ashingtor.. ~pe< ial Cor. Inter Mountain. Washington, November 19. —The elec tion of Delegate Toole was announced here semi-officially before the closing of the polls on electiou day and the "glad tidings ' we re confirmed by a dispatch to Commis sioner Sparks the day following. Although aware that Montana is a Territory of such j magnificent distances as to preclude the possibility of obtaining auy definite knowl edge as to the result at the time mentioned, yet it was assumed to lie substantially time for the workers in fraud generally to kuow ' what they were about. As the mother told her daughter who 1 clandestinely married a worthless fellow, 1 "as you have made your bed vou must lie j in it," so I will say the same to the people of Montana in selecting Mr. Toole as a delegate to represent them in the fiftieth congress. If they could have seen how jubilant Commissioner Sparks was over the result. I think there would be a revulsion of feeling. The people of Montana alone have endorsed the present administration at the polis —in every other Territory, as in every State, its policy has been rebuked. True the Democrats still have a majority in the house of representatives, but that is so small, we have the authority of Joe Blackburn for saying iu a disgusted mo ment when counting up the results of the electiou, that the Republicans can carry any measure they please by placing a ket tle of sour mash iu the lobby. Two Mlingle Makers from M i i.( ■; » Michigan. Chas. ,T. Herrmann, tlie holder of one-tifih of the First Prize, Ticket No. 26,412, costing 81, drawing 875.000 in The Louisiana State l ottery and his employer, \Y m . II. Brown President of the Lewis I,. Arms Shingle and Lumber Co. at Muskegon. Mich., visited the Company. They were politely received by M. A. Dauphin, when a check for 815,000 was rtady for them, which was paid by the N. O. National Bank. Messrs Brown and Herrmann are intelligent business men, controlling a mill which turns out annu ally so.uoc.000 shingles, to say nothing of dressed lumber.—New Orleans Picayune, Oct. 23. LIST OK LETTERS Remaining In the Post Office at Helena. Lewis H«ei Clarke County. Montana Territory, on the 21th day of November. 1886. When called for please say "advertised." Aekelmire Charley Broadwater Samuel Breck Charles Brown Harry Break Mr and Mrs Boos John Boyle Patrick J Bourke J Belelot Aniiic Bennett John Barber Nathan Barnieoat William Bal'*y J C Christensen Peter Dolan James J'orley William Dolan Christopher Dougla- F H Day Julius B Foss John C 3 Grindley D L Gillispiê H > Gtllam KW Gering Fred Hamilton James 2 Hassmana George Huup Jno Hyde Frank 8 Hyde Frank Mitchell John McWilliams William McAlpin Walter Noble W J Ogilvie D Oliver Henry X Parker James A Part ridge A S Perry Charles Petraseh G Planzer Martin Picquett E C Pusey W I, Kannev Morris Richard W H Roddy Patrick Rodgers Alex Reilly Lee Kober A Roberts James Robson Albert W Ryan Thomas Sheridan R B Shea Mo*ty Siebrecht Henry Sims Eugene Sinder John Skeels O W Simpkins James Jonsson Snikhow l'ors-Silverbach Charles teini Jones M Jeonimv Charley Jackson William Jones Evan Kiilfeather FMward Lawrson Andrew Lallier Eugene Larson Andrew Langton J D Lyons Michael Masham J H Menard Israel Murphy John Murphy Peter Snigle Joen Smith Sherman Smith John A Smith Ed R Stuart J E Stewart James M Stevens Charlie Stemple J A Sullivan J J Timmons William Tuck Mark Thomns John Wagner Herman Wilkinson Allen M Wilson Cnas LADIES LIST. Minner Mary Miss Murphy Nellie Miss Poirier A Mrs Pence G W Mrs Peterson Mary Mis Robins Rosie Miss Story Rose Mi-s Smith Mason Mrs Warner Helen Mrs Barrett R A Mrs Brown Jessie Cox Annie Miss Casto Della 2 Ellis J Mrs Gibbons Sadie E Mrs Hayes Cecil Miss Johnson Julia A Mrs Laughlin Josie Miss 2 Needham M A Mrs C. D. CURTIS. Postmaster. BORN. PARENT.—in Prickly Pear Valley, November 17,I8M6, to the wife of Ed ward Parent, a daugh ter. TRADE \«Y;/ MARK. iTAR RK. coughCure Free from Oplatrs, Lnietics and Fois r " iuRE. O KCts. PROMPT. At ÜKU'HiiarH and Dealers. THE CHARLES A. VOLl.L! K CO., 11.4 MINORE, MD ÇT JACOBS QII THE GREAT GERMan b For Pain Cures Rheumatism. Neuralgia. Itjc kai h,-, hr. Toothache. Siiraln., Ilrul-c., flf.,ftr. PKIt'K. FIFTY « ENTS. AT DIM l.lllsTS AMI DKAUCRSt THE Hi A.ILLS A. VOt.EI.EK « <»., Il ItTIJIORI., HU.