From the Dally Herald of November 22.
OIK COUNT* ASSESSMENT.
The Taxable Wealth of Lewis and
Clarke County Shown by the
Assessor's Hook« to be
Though the courtesy of our efficient
county Assessor, Mr. Wm. II. Guthrie, the
llEBALD has obtained the toolings of the
assessment roll for 188G. Exclusive of the
supplementary assessment yet to be made
the county wealth ligures up this year at
$7,1)29,200. This is an increase of nearly
$.700,000 over last year's returns, the total
footings for 18S5 being $7,461,070. When
lirst figured up this year's assessment ex
ceeded eight millions, but subsequent re
ductions in some cases brought down the
total to the amount given above. Still it
is a large showing and lays over that of
any other county in the Territory, Silver
Low ranking next with an assessment of a
little over seven millions. The supple
mental assessment will raise the total to
over eight millions.
Following is a list of the amount and
value of the different kinds of assessable
property in Lewis and Clarke county for
Acres land.. ...............
Improvements on land
Improvements on same .
Amount of merchandise
Capital emploved in man
Mules and asse- ...............
N\ ork horses.....
1 horoughred cattle..........
Watches and clock-.
Jewelrv anil plate.....
Shares of stock.
All other property.......
A Close Result in County
An analysis of the
officers in Montana at the
interesting in the light of the large major
ity the Democratic candidate for Delegate
swung in this Territory. Before the elec
tion a general opinion prevailed that the
j.olitical parties in Montana had pretty
evenly divided forces, hut since the 2d of
November very few have been heard to
give utterance to this seutiment. A glance
at the result on county tickets, which,
though not always a test of politics, gen
erally show the plainest demarcation Ire
tween party lines, would seem to indicate
tl.at the opinion prevalent before election
was based upon substantial grounds.
The following table, combined from
official returns by Col. Wheeler, shows the
number of candidates for couuty offices
elected by each party at the last election:
!• erg us................
I,ewi- and Clarke....
Mr Van Cleve,
of Minnesota, asked
was granted permission to address the
Council on the water question Saturday
night. What he had to say was submitted
in writing, and be read from manuscript a
statement which, to say the least, neither
Councilmeu or citizens thought touched
in the best of good taste. By implication
the Council was in part responsible for a
fruitless journey of 12,000 miles, made for
the purpose of competing for Helena's
water plant. Dr. Cole was named as one
who hail deceived and misrepresented him,
and Woolston was ''a very smart man to
come here and get a city as large as Helena
to give him a contract without any compe
tition." Mr. Van Cleve was, so to speak,
displeased with pretty much everything
and everybody. As a matter of tact the
city authorities bad uo part in inlluencing
the gentleman's trip, the disappointment
of which appeared to so work upon and
worry him. The retlection upon so good
and highly respected citizen as Dr. Cole
was gratuitous and wholly unjustified by
auy word or act of that gentleman, as he
took prompt occasion to most effectually
convince the Council and citizen spectators
assembled in the chamber. Mr. Van
C'leve's paper made anything but a favor
able impression within and without the
Council. His assiduous consultatiou3 with
the old water monopolists and protracted
conferences with the Seventh ward derelict
occasioned distrust in advance and con
firmed many in the suspicion of a connect
ing link between the local marplots schem
ing to defeat and drive away the only man
who has appeared here through the years
prepared aud in earnest to give Helena a
modern water system commensurate with
its wants. A plausable theory is that Mr.
Van Cleve was moved to much of the ill
temper of his communication by his un
fortunate association and intimacy with
persons here who have oppressed and
fleeced the community, and who easily
enough may have influenced the tenor and
substance of his remarks. For his own
personal good—and xve certainly have no
reason to wish him other than well we
should hope he might not soon or ever ap
l>ear liefore a public body to the disadvan
tage he did the other night.
'\ he first verdict for acquittal, this term
of court, was returned this morning in the
ca9c of Territory rs. Kay Wright, charged
with horse stealing. Defendant was in
dicted jointly with Big Charlie, alias
Charles Watts, lor stealing three horses
from Luther Barrott on the Mussleshell.
A. J. Craven was assigned to defend W right
and demanded a separate trial. He was
assisted in the trial by S. A. Balliet. The
theory of the defense was that W right sup
posed that the horses taken belonged to
his comrade. Watts, since Watts had them
with him at the Bird Tail last talk Good
character was also proven. The jury re
tired at 12:30 Saturday p. m. and was out
until 5 p. m. Sunday. Counsel for defense
are l>eing congratulated by the Bar tor hax
ing broken the continuous line ot convic
Kcal Estate Transfer
Frauk D. Cooper has purchased ol M m
A. Chessman two lots on Helena avenue,
corner of Fourteenth street., lor $b,i •
The sale was made through 1 orter
Math's agency. Mr. Cooper expects to
build on his property next spring.
From the Dallv Herald of November 23.
APPROVED BY THE MAVOR.
The Water Works Ordinance Re«
ceives Ilis Signature and Becomes
a La xv.
All day yesterday His Honor, Mayor
Kleinschmidt, forsook his regular avoca
tions and devoted his time to scrutinizing
the water works ordinance as passed by
the Council Saturday night, to ascertain if
any flaw existed in its construction or if
there existed the shadow of a doubt that
the Council had acted illegally or beyond
their powers in passing such an ordinance.
In this task he was assisted by the best
legal talent in the city, going to several
diflerent attorneys to obtain opinions upon
the question. The Mayor has the power
of veto and upon him as well as the Coun
cil rests the responsibility of all legisla
tion. Hence he wished to satisfy himself
beyond question that all was right before
affixing his signature—the only remaining
requisite for its becoming a law. The sub
ject was canvassed in all its bearings and
towards the close of the afternoon the
Mayor had completed his investigations
and thoroughly satisfied himself that no
reason existed why he should not endorse
the action of the great majority of the al
dermen by granting his approval to the or
dinance. Late in the afternoon he gave it
j his approval by affixing his signature and
the city's contract with Woolston for water
works has become a law under the title of
! "Ordinance No. 93."
By its terms Mr. Woolston has forty
days in which to give the required bond of
$20,000 for the faithful performance of his
A Card from Aldenmtu Iloxvey.
Editor Herald: —I notice in the morn
ing paper what purports to he au interview
with Alderman Lockey as to an attempt
to bribe him by Mr. Woolston, in which
interview I am represented as making some
arrangements with Mr. Woolston in regard
to the running of mains to my property,
I take this opportunity to state publicly
that the whole matter, so far as my name
is connected with any arrangements at any
time for the running of pipes and mains to
benefit my property, or to benefit me per
sonally in auy way, shape, or form, is false
and I have so stated to the grand jury, ■•w
I do know that Mr. Woolston offered to
go before the grand jnry and make a state
ment as to certain matters Alderman
Lockey had named to him, but was not
called to make the statement.
A Card from Aldrrmuu llohnck.
To tlie Editor of tlie Herald :
My attention is called to a so ealled
interview printed in to-day's Independent
by K. Lockey, in which he tries to convey
the idea tnat Mr. Woolston approached me
corruptly in alleged offers to lay water
mains to benefit my town lot property. I
desire to say that the statements of said
Lockey are without the semblaneeof truth
so far as they refer to me ; that Mr. Wools
ton, in my judgment, is an honorable and !
honest man, and that he never broached in
any manner any kind of reward or made a
promise or proposition in that direction to ;
inlluence any actiou on the water ques- '
tion. As I testified before the grand jury,
when the map or chart of mains was looked
over, I suggested, in the interest of many
residents, that a main ought to lie run on
Ninth avenue, a thickly inhabited street.
It is wholly and utterly false, as Lockey :
words it for Woolston, that he (Woolston) j
ever made auy arrangements with me to !
provide a main ou Montana avenue to ,
Grand avenue additiou. It is a pure fabri
cation—a lie out of whole cloth. Lockey
may speak for himself, hut he is no witness 1
to testify concerning others.
"Dirk" at liis Devotions.
That considerable number of our people
somewhat acquainted with the mental
eccentricities of Alderman Lockey do not
marvel at the absurdities with which hi3
contiibuted interview' published in the
morning paper abounds. The time chosen
for a public statement incriminating Mr.
Woolston in an alleged corrupt approach
upon Mr. Lockey immediately follows his
(Woolston 's) departure from the city, that
gentleman having left for the west by last
night's train. So far as others are impl i
cated by Lockey—Aldermen Howey and
Hoback—both give him the lie with such
point and potency as the case requires. The
improbability, the incredibility of Dick's
story is strengthened by the fact that he
utterly neglected to hint at the matter
when conrronted by his constituents in
public meeting, or lisped a word of
it in the Council chamber. As a
grand jury sharp he endeavored to smirch
Mr. Woolston and Councilmeu, but the
ready, volunteer witness was held to be
less credible even than usual, and to this
circumstance and the quality and kind of
testimony he had to submit nobody was
seriously hurt. As tlie sayiDg goes, "He
went for wool (or Woolston) and came
hack shorn." Alderman Lockey, for a sea
son, should now cultivate the privacy of
his hack room.
THE ANACONDA RESUMES.
Thirteen Furnaces and the Old Con
centrator Started up To-day
[special to the herald.]
Bitte, November 23.— The Anaconda is
starting up without trouble. Thirteen
furnaces were started to-day and also the
old concentrator. Two hundred men are
at work and the full force will he em
ployed within a week.
Ore trains started yesterday. It is re
liably reported that the Montana Copper
Company will soon resume.
The Bluebird company's 60 stamp silver
mill, the finest in the world, started yester
day and will be dropping on ore by the
At the Catholic church this morn ing, at
8 o'clock, Mr. Edward Kagen and Miss
Gurnett were united in the holy lionds of
The bridegroom is a prosperous young
cattle king of Fergus county, and the
bride is a daughter of Mr. P. Gurnett, of
the Missouri valley, and is an estimable
and accomplished young lady. Their
many friends wish them a happy journey
Special Taxes Collected.
The Assessor's rolls tor 1886 show the
following number of persons trom whom
special taxes were collected and the
amounts: No . pewona. Amount
Special poor tax.................. 1.*^
Special load tax .............. 1 *
From the Daily Herald of November 24.
The Hebald cordially greets its thous
ands of friends on this its twenty-first an
niversary. The publishers cordially ex
press to every reader and patron the good
feeling and kindly greeting which time and
again have come to them.
A span of two decades brings The
Hebald to legal age. Notably, for the
period of its publication it has never
missed a number. Its twenty full volumes
are a complete record of every material
occurrence and event in the history of
Montana for that time.
Growth, constant, steady and healthful,
has advanced Helena from the straggling
mining camp of 1866 to the pretentious
metropolis of 1886. Brick, iron and stone
blocks are reared where log cabins stood
before, and palatial residences occupy the
sites of former tents and dugouts |
The Hebald, No. I, Vol. XXI, will he
issued from the press and distributed to
the people November 2;7th. This means
that Thanksgiving day, 1886, marks The
Herald's Twenty-first Birth Day. The
anniversary dawns at an auspicious season
and with gratitude for various blessings
we celebrate the occasion with contented
and thankful hearts.
Elsewhere is copied portions of the more
interesting contents of the first number of
The Herald, issued in November, 1866.
People xvhn were patrons of the paper then
appear in the paper as patrons to-day. The
personal features have not in the loDg in
terval so much changed that those who
used to be talked about are to any less ex
tent talked about now.
The people have prospered. The Her
ald has prospered with them. It has
helped its friends and its friends have
helped it. No newspaper of the Territories
has met with greater or more uniform favor.
Its editor is the same as at the start. Its
Droprietors have been connected by busi
ness ties from nearly the beginning.
The foreman of the office—W illiatu
McClatchey—has held his position for
twenty consecutive years and has never
lost a day's work on the paper. Judge
Cornelius Hedges, associate editor, has been
connected with the paper for a period
covering more than one-half its existence.
FIGHTING THE PEOPLE.
'I he Water Monopolists Enter Appli- j
cation for an Injunction as Pre
paratory to Contesting the
Right of the City to Con
tract lor Water Works.
On Monday, the 22d inst., a complaint
was tiled with the clerk of the District
Court setting forth that the City Council
had acted lieyond their powers in passing
the water ordinance and praying for the
issuance of an order to restrain that body
from entering into the proposed contract
with Woolston. The title of this new
action is :
\VM. DAVENPORT, 1V.M. C. CHILD, TIIOS. C.
POWER AND BOBT. S. HALE,
plaintiffs, vs. Theodore H. Kleinschmidt,
Mayor ; John K. Watson, John Stedman,
Diehard Lockey, Wm. H. DeWitt, Wm. J.
Bickett, Kichard Hoback, Wm. Lorey, !
Peter O'Connor, Joseph Gans, Robert H.
Howey. Thomas Duignan, Wm. Muth, John I
Saul, Herman Richter, Aldermen, compris- j
ing the City Council of the City of Helena, j
and George F. Woolston, defendants.
Following is a
SYNOPSIS OF THE COMPLAINT:
That the plaintiffs are citizens and tax
payers representing an aggregation of '
property valued at $250,000. That the
defendants named (except Woolston) are
the duly elected Mayor aud Board ol Aider
men of this municipality. That the as
sessed valuation of the city's taxable
property is $5,000,000 and that the city 's
indebtedness, bonded and otherwise, is
$34.500. That under the United States
law no municipality of a Territory has the
right to become indebted in any amount
exceeding 4 percent, of the value of its tax- ,
able property. That the water ordinance re- J
cently passed by the City Council creates an \
indebtedness which, including that j
now existing, will exceed that limit. |
That said Mayor and Aldermen will, unless j
restrained by the court, grant the defend- j
ant Woolston all the rights and privileges j
set forth in the ordinance and that they
threaten to do so. That said Kleinschmidt
and others did pass the act whereby the
contract was awarded to Woolston without
publishing any notice whatever, by means
of which any competitive bids might he
had or entertained, but on the contrary,
said Mayor and Councilmen refused
and neglected to receive lower bids
for furnishing water and hydrants
for said city of Helena ; that said
Mayor aud Councilmen are proceeding to,
and will enter into said contract unless re
strained; that said defendant, Woolston, is
fully cognizant of these facts and that
plaintiffs have no other plain or adequate
remedy at law than to apply to this court.
Wherefore, the plaintiffs pray that said j
Woolston be enjoined and restrained from
accepting said contract, and that the city j
council be enjoined and restrained from in
any manner carrying out the provisions of
said contract or issuing any warrants or
obligations of the city on account thereof,
and that said ordinance he declared nnll
and void and that plaintiffs have and re
cover such other relief as may be just and
equitable, and that in the meantime a tem
porary restraining order issue, the same to
be in full force and effect until the final
hearing of this cause.
The subdued boast of the opponents of
the city that they had "corralled', all the
lawyers in the city is shown to have some
foundation in the array of attorneys' names
signed to the complaint as counsel lor the
plaintiffs. They are B. Platt Carpenter
Sanders, Cnllen & Sanders, Bullard & Bar
hour, E. W. & J. K. Toole & Wm. Wallace,
Jr. The complaint is subscribed and
sworn to by R. S. Hale, one of the plain
tiffs. It was filed with the clerk of court
at 10 o'clock in the evening of Monday
November 22d, and yesterday papers were
placed in the hands of the sheriff for
service, summoning the defendants to ap
pear and answer to the complaint.
—The letter of Ruth McAlpin, published !
in the Herald a few weeks ago, suggest- :
ing the advisability of joiuing the fortunes
of maiden ladies in the East with Montana ;
bachelors, has elicited several inquiries
from wifeless men in the Territory and the 1
Herald has already sent numerous re
plies to the said w. m. giving the address
of the lair Ruth, xvho is filled with such
benevolent sentiments towards her sex.
REPORT OF THE GRAND JURY, i
The Territorial Body Present the
Result of their Labors for This
Term to the Court.
Remissness ot Justices and a Bad
Odor at the Poor Farm Made
Saturday afternoon in the District Court
the Territorial Grand Jnry made a report
of their three week's wrork as follows:
GRAND JURY REPORT.
To the Honorable, the Judge of the Third
Judicial District of the Territory of 3Ion
The Territorial Grand Jury for the No
vember term, 1886, respectfnlly submits
the following report :
We have made diligent inquiry into
thirty-two cases which were brought to
our notice and made return of onr findings
to the court. A few of these cases lacked
the necessary prosecution, the complaining
witnesses being absent in some, and ma
terial witnesses in others. This, seeming
ly, arises from negligence on the part of
committing magistrates to compel material
witnesses to enter into recognizances for
their appearance before the district court
in cases where commitments are made.
< >ccasionally instances have come under
our observation xvhich would indicate a
disposition on the part of justices of the
SHIRK THE RESPONSIBILITY
of making final disposition of cases where
their jurisdiction is ample, aud the evi
dence is insufficient to convict on a graver
charge in the district court. Whether
this disposition arises from ignorance of
the extent of their jurisdiction or lack of
confidence in their ability to judiciously
determine these cases, the expense to the
county is inevitably the same.
As a step towards economy, we should
urge on all justices of the peace to exercise
their functions to the full extent of their
jurisdiction in all cases where the evidence
would not insure a conviction for a crime
in the district court, hut would be conclu
sive as to a misdemeanor.
In our investigation we have noticed
that it is customary with justices of the
peace to allow transgressors of the laxv to
make complaint against themselves and then
enter judgment against them, 'i l is prac
tice, if not unlawful, is at least reprehensi
ble and meets with our hearty condemna
Investigation has also developed the ex
istence of a disposition on the part of a few
to avail themselves of a criminal proceeding
to establish the ownership of some particu
lar kind of property to which they cau lay
claim. The property in dispute is usually
a water right, or a domestic animal of the
equine or bovine species. When the dis
putants are acting in good faith, as far as a
grand jury can determine, responsi hie civ
illy, and, as it were, fixtures in the com
munity, by reason of their surroundings,
we deem it prudent to withhold criminal
proceedings until the ownership to the
property is established in a civil action.
Criminal intent, which constitutes the es
sential element in this class of proceed
ings, is so at variance with attending cir
cumstances and so improbable that there
is uo ground upon which to rest an accu
sation, much less an indictment. As a cor
rective in this matter we believe that the
assessment of costs to the complaining wit
ness would be most efficacious.
We are convinced that much of the ex
pense attending prosecutions arises from
NEGLECT OF THE COMMITTING MAGIS
to discriminate between material and im- |
material witnesses. It is too frequently 1
found that the names of witnesses who
know nothing about the case are indorsed
on the complaint when commitment is had
and subsequently these witnesses are •
brought from far and near, ostensibly to
give evidence before the grand jury, but in
reality to swell the expenses of litigation ,
and bleed the public treasury.
In regard to the condition of the county
offices we can only say that no instance of
delinquency on the part of the officials has
come to our knowledge. A thorough in
vestigation into the affairs of the county
would consume much time and require
the employment of experts, at great ex- ;
pense, without, as we believe, any corres
ponding benefit to the people at this time. 1
Our examination of
THE NEW COURT HOUSE
building being unavoidably superficial, we !
are unable to give an intelligent opinion
with regard to its construction being strict
ly in accordance with the requirements of
the contract. We saw nothing, however,
either in the exterior or interior appear- ;
ance of the edifice that would excite sus
picion that the contractor was not endeav- ;
oring to meet the terms of his agreement
xvith the county.
We visited the county jail and found its ,
conditions clean and orderly, and tlie pris
oners properly fed and clothed. The pres- j
ent system of lighting and heating the
building is very defective and should be
remedied at au early day.
The county poor house was visited and
the methods used in the management of
that establishment inquired into by us.
We found that the inmates were much
better cared for and are better satisfied
than they were in their old quarters, but
still we think there is room for improve
ment. We believe the ventilation is not
as perfect as the requirements of this class
of institutions demand. An offensive odor
pervades the entire building, that might be
abated by keeping the different apartments
in a more cleanly condition. There are too
many of the inmates crowded into the
same room while other rooms remain va
cant. The sick or convalescent should he
kept apart from those who are well as
much as possible, and the laws of health
more rigidly enforced. We call the atten
tion of the physician in charge to these
matters, believing it to he his duty to visit
the poor house regularly, and see that the
evils complained of are remedied.
8. C. GILPATR1CK, Foreman.
D. J. Hooan, Clerk.
Through Refrigerator Shipments.
Helena, November 23,1886.
To the Editor of the Herald.
As an item of iterest to Helena ship
pers, I would be glad if you would kindly
inform them through the columns of your
paper that the N. P. R. R, with a view to
stimulating business in perishable freights,
has decided that during the winter months
it will allow carload shipments to run
through without transfer in foreign re
frigerator cars, provided, of course, that
these cars are in such condition as to pass
inspection at our eastern terminus.
If merchants here will take pains to im
press on shippers the necessity of seeing
that the cars are in good order before
leaving starting points, they will avoid
any risk occasioned by transfer in cold
A. L. HTOKES, Generl Agent.
i A REQUIREMENT OF THE COUNTRY.
The Addition of a Bullion Refinery to the
Helena Assay Office.
Mine and Mill Owners Petitioning the
Treasury Department for the Es
tablishment of Such an
Last Friday the promotors of a scheme,
which, if successful, will give a great stim
ulus to the mining industry in the North
west, put their heads together, so to speak,
and gave form to their ideas in the follow
PETITION TO THE TREASURY DEPART
To the Honorable the Secretary of the Treas
ury and the. Director of the Mint :
Gentlemen :—The undersigned mine
owners, superintendents and producers of
gold and silver bullion would most earn
estly and respectfully pray that you will
at once take such steps and make such rec
ommendations to the congress of the United \
States as will cause to be erected an addi- ;
tion to the present assay office in Helena, j
Montana, of a refinery for the purpose of :
separating gold and silver and reducing
our product to the shape ot mint bars.
The production of the country tributary
to that assay office was over eighteen mil
lions of dollars ($18.000,000) of gold and
silver for the year 1885, which will largely
increase and we make this petition in
order that the mining industry may be re
lieved of some of its burdens and given
such fair and equitable conveniences as are
extended by the government to the mere
depositors of bulliou at eastern mints and
assay offices, for the reasons :
That our bars may be put in shape to
make them marketable here, iu order that
we may obtain money on our product with
out unnecessary expense and delay. Our
distance from the nearest refinery causes
us at least one month's delay in obtaining
The transportation charges which we are
compelled to pay are onerous in the ex
treme and are largely computed upon the
base metals in the bars, which would be
entirely eliminated by proper conveniences
Transportation is also calculated on gold
in silver bars, which, if separated there
from, would be marketed here at its full
viJih .vithout such cost.
The addition to the plaut and to the
^resent force in the Assay < >ffice would be
a small item in comparison with the bene
fits to be derived therefrom, and for this
your petitioners will ever pray, etc.
WHO signs it.
To this document the signatures of all the
prominent miniDg men of Montana will be
so icited. Governor Hauser, C. A. Broad
water aud other influential men of mines
of the Capital have placed their names to
it and pledged their hearty support of
the project. This morning M. A. Meyen
dorff, melter in the Helena Assay Office,
returned from Butte with the petition
where he obtained the signatures of Hon.
W. A. Clark, Marcus Daly and other
mining operators and owners of note.
Several proprietors of quartz mines and
placer diggings outside of these cities haye
also signed the paper. The benefit such an
institution would be to the whole Terri
tory. and in fact the whole mining region j
of the Northwest, is so patent that every ;
mine and mill owner within reach of the
influence of it will sign his name to the
petilion and do all he can to further the
The enterprise is set on foot by several
experienced mining men of Helena,
amongst whom Superintendent Braden of
the Assay Office, is prominent. Delegate
Toole will doubtless favor the measure and
use his influence to aid it in Corgress. Be
sides the benefit it would be to the coun
try at large in securing a home market for
bullion, it would be a great help to our
own fair city in its prosperous march of
progress and would effect the erection by |
the government of a $50,000 or $100,000
building in connection with the Assay
Office already located in Helena.
The enterprise is young but promises
speedy development into successful ma
The Mission of Commissioner Ensign, j
The Herald had the pleasure yesterday
eveuing of a call from Edgar T. Ensign«
Commissioner of Colorado and Agent of the
United States Department of Agriculture.
Mr. Edgar in the past few years has ac
complished great good by the creation in
his State of a strong moral sentiment in
favor of forestry—the protection of timber
growths from fire ravages and the preser
vation of immature trees from the incon
siderate havoc of the axmen. Trees that
have reached the maximum of growth
were better felled and applied to the uses
of man than to stand aud become worth- }
less by the gradual process of decay. In
connection with his government agency, j
Mr. Ensign is commissioned to a wide
jurisdiction comprehending, besides his
own State, the Territories of New Mexico,
Wyoming, Utah, Idaho and Montana. The
present, we believe, is his first trip of ob
servation taking him so far west and north
as this Territory and onr adjoining neigh
bor of Idaho. His purpose is to enlist the
general interest of settlers, miners, railroad
companies and all others concerned in the
adoption of certain rules or lines of policy
looking to forest protection and preserva
tion. He believes in educating the masses
to the importance of this matter and to
secure the voluntary co-operation of the
people to something approaching syste
matic plans for snbdning forest fires and
preventing the destruction of the younger
forest growths. Mr. Ensign is an intelli
gent gentlemen, fully versed in the subject
of forestry to which he is laboring to
secure a wider and more general stady and
application. Two or more of his official
reports have been published, and another
for the carrent year will soon be issned
under the auspices of his State. Mr. En
sign leaves for Denver to-morrow.
A Quiet Marriage.
This morning, at 6 o'clock, Major R. C.
Walker, of this city, and Miss Elizabeth
Wheelan, of Cleveland, Ohio, were quietly
married at a nnptial mass celebrated by
Bishop Brondel. The ceremony was per
formed at the Cathedral and only the im
mediate relatives of the contracting parties
were present. After the ceremony the
party partook of the wedding breakfast,
which was served at the Merchants Hotel,
and shortly thereafter the bridal conple
left on the Montana Union train for San
Francisco and other points on the coast, to
be absent about two months.
—John Ticknor, formerly of Helena and
well remembered as an exceptional base
ballist, a short time ago fell down two
flights of stairs in a hotel at Syracuse, X.
Y., where he was acting as clerk. He sus
tained a fracture of the ska .1 and several
minor injuries. It was theught immedi
ately after the accident that there was a
chance for his rocovery.
TOWN AND TEBBITOBY.
—Beaverhead's official majority for Toole
—The assessed valuation of Missonla
county this year is $2,342,380, a falling off
of nearly $200,000 from last year's returns.
—Inter Mountain: Last night (the 21st)
was the coldest of the season in Butte.
The thermometer at different points indi
cated temperatures ranging from sixteen
to thirty-two degrees below zero.
—Miner: General Agent Dawson, of
the Montana Union, Utah & Northern and
Northern Pacific, says the receipts of his
office are from $300,000 to $400.000 per
month. During the past month the freight
receipts were the largest since the road
came into Batte.
Hew North-West : Mr. John O Neill, who
has so long successfully conducted the Gar
rison Hotel, has branched out and has
leased the New Eating House being con
structed for the Montana Union Railway
Co. at Silver Bow Junction, which bids fair
to be a favorable point for business in that
—The jury in the case of the Territory
vs. Kay Wright, for grand larceny, after be
ing out 24 hours, came to an agreement
yesterday evening at 5 o'clock and ren
dered a verdict which was sealed and
given to the clerk of court. It will be
read to-morrow morning when court con
—Denton Press: Several loads of mer
chandise for our business men arrived
from Helena to-day ; also a few loads of
coal. It is the general cry that freight
teams are scarce and bard to get. A great
many more teams than are in this section
could have constant employment here and
at fair figures.
—Katie Putnam, answering the request
of prominent citizens that she return to
Helena and accept a benefit at their hands,
says her engagements preclude present
compliance, but that on her return from
the Coast she will be pleased to stop at
Helena and accept the tendered courtesy
for which she expresses her thanks.
—The special postal delivery system
that went into effect in Helena the 1st of
October was about as brilliant a success as
in Butte. Siuce it went into effect there
have been fifteen letters received here wi U
special delivery stamps on them, and for
delivering them an impecunious messenger
boy received the munificent sum ot $1.20.
Ouite a mouth's work.
Yellowstone Journal : Late reports fn m
Washington announce that the President
will soon declare by proclamation the es
tablishment of a military reservation con
taining thirty-six miles, or one township,
surrounding Fort Custer, on the Big Horn
river, in the Crow Indian reservation, Mon
tana. He will at the same time make in
investigations of the reservations of
three and one-half square miles of
land for the establishment of a national
cemetery upon the site of the Custer bat
—Secretary Webb has perfected negotia
tions for legislative rooms by securing the
two adjoining, commodious apartments on
Clore street known as "Encore" and "Irisli
American" halls. He has leased the two
for 60 days from the 11th of January, Ihe
date of aasemblage of the legislature. The
Irish-American hall will probably be used
as the Council chamber and the Encore
hall for the House. A door will probably
be cut through the partition to connect the
—About $10,000 (509 ounces) of Cu-or
d'Alene gold dust was deposited at the U. i
S. Assay Office this morning for melting
and casting into bars. The "dust" from
this section is all coarse and the lot re
ferred to bad plenty of nuggets varying in
value from a half dollar to twenty dollars.
The gold is generally mixed with quartz
and beautiful specimens, which are of fre
quent occurrence, go remorselessly into the
nielters furnace together with the plainer
but no less valuable dust. This gold comes
to the Helena banks and from there goes
to the Assay Office.
The Manitoba Advance Toward Mon
The Minnesota & Montana road is com
pleted and in operation to Mouse river,
527 miles, being half the distance between
St. Paul and Helena. A substantial bridge,
eleven hundred feet in length, is in course i
of construction across the Mouse, and the
roadbed west of that river, ready lor ties
aud rails, has been advanced well along
toward the Missouri, near Fort Buford.
From this direction grading work has ad
vanced during the summer and autumn
months about one hundred miles, covering
the distance between Helena and Great
Falls, the work as yet incomplete, being
mostly confined to tunnel and rock cutting,
which will be wholly finished during tlie
present winter. At this time there remains
little more than four hundred miles of
road-bed to be built to connect the easi
and west ends. The interval crosses a
country decidedly favorable to rapid rail
road construction, and we can see nothing
to prevent the completion of the entire
road by November, 1887. We confidently
look for the entrance of Manitoba trains
into Helena before the close of next year.
This will certainly be assured should
arrangements be cairied out for the dc- ,
livery of rails and other material over the
Northern Pacific, by which track-laying
could be prosecuted from the Montana end] 1
We have some reason to think that such
an arrangement will be consummated to 1
the advantage both of the Manitoba and
the Northern Pacific.
Yesterday evening Mr. Andrew Ekland,
of Prickly Pear Velley, and Mrs. Mary M.
Ottman, of Park City, were joined in wed
lock at the Episcopal rectory, Rev. F. T.
Webb performing the ceremony. The
bride and groom are well known and
universally liked in the community. The
former is the daughter of a well-to-do
family of Park City and an estimable
lady. The latter is a former machinist
but now a prosperous ranchman of the
valley. Both have resided years in the
Territory and have a large circle of friends.
The Herald extends congratulations.
A Butte View of the Water Racket.
They are still having fun at Helena over
the Woolston water works question. The
kickers still kick, and new propositions are
coming in from every direction at the
average rate of one a day. Woolston's
proposition seems fair enough, the price
reasonable, and after all the cursing which
the old water companies have been sub
jected to daring the summer by the uni
versal vox popttli, it seems strange that
sensible people that have no axes to grind
would oppose the enterprise.
Another Slur from the Minneapolis
I Billings Gazette.]
H. S. VanCleve, of Minneapolis, is in
town visiting his brother, Paul L. Van
Cleve. He has been up at Helena, looking
into the waterworks scheme, and has de
cided that Helena wants to emulate New
York in the war of a boodle gang.
Jno. J. Schmidt, of Elkhorn, is at the
—A. M. Thornburg has returned from a
business trip toBozeman.
—Saly Raunheim, the Montana Copper
Co.'s superintendent, is at the Cosmopoli
—Thomas Riley, of the wholesale liquor
firm of Riley iS: Dillou. Omaha, is at the
— Chas. J. Mooie, of Portland, and W.
P. Swinton, of Chester. England, were
among yesterday's arrivals at the Mer
—Albeit Laib, the traveling salesman
with Ben Harris, has resigned liis position
there and will shortly enter business for
—John Maguire was one of the Batte
arrivals at the Cosmopolitan this morning.
He returns to-night and will shortly leave
for San Francisco.
—Citizens of Benton are talking of or
ganizing a mounted force to prevent In
dian depredations and punish the perpe
trators when any are committed.
—Mrs. J. C. Ricker has returned to Hel
ena. after spending the summer in New
England. She is accompanied by her
daughter, Miss Allie, who was attending
school in the east.
—Mrs. L. H. Wilson and three children,
the family of Mr. Wilson, manager of
Schultz & Co.'s shoe store, returned home
last evening after spending the summer
aud fall in Arkansas
Over the Result in Montana-*-IIow
Toole's Election is Looked at
in \\ ashingtor..
~pe< ial Cor. Inter Mountain.
Washington, November 19. —The elec
tion of Delegate Toole was announced here
semi-officially before the closing of the
polls on electiou day and the "glad tidings '
we re confirmed by a dispatch to Commis
sioner Sparks the day following. Although
aware that Montana is a Territory of such
j magnificent distances as to preclude the
possibility of obtaining auy definite knowl
edge as to the result at the time mentioned,
yet it was assumed to lie substantially time
for the workers in fraud generally to kuow
' what they were about.
As the mother told her daughter who
1 clandestinely married a worthless fellow,
1 "as you have made your bed vou must lie
j in it," so I will say the same to the people
of Montana in selecting Mr. Toole as a
delegate to represent them in the fiftieth
congress. If they could have seen how
jubilant Commissioner Sparks was over the
result. I think there would be a revulsion
of feeling. The people of Montana alone
have endorsed the present administration
at the polis —in every other Territory, as
in every State, its policy has been rebuked.
True the Democrats still have a majority
in the house of representatives, but that is
so small, we have the authority of Joe
Blackburn for saying iu a disgusted mo
ment when counting up the results of the
electiou, that the Republicans can carry
any measure they please by placing a ket
tle of sour mash iu the lobby.
Two Mlingle Makers from M i i.( ■; »
Chas. ,T. Herrmann, tlie holder of one-tifih of
the First Prize, Ticket No. 26,412, costing 81,
drawing 875.000 in The Louisiana State l ottery
and his employer, \Y m . II. Brown President of
the Lewis I,. Arms Shingle and Lumber Co. at
Muskegon. Mich., visited the Company. They
were politely received by M. A. Dauphin, when
a check for 815,000 was rtady for them, which
was paid by the N. O. National Bank. Messrs
Brown and Herrmann are intelligent business
men, controlling a mill which turns out annu
ally so.uoc.000 shingles, to say nothing of dressed
lumber.—New Orleans Picayune, Oct. 23.
LIST OK LETTERS
Remaining In the Post Office at Helena. Lewis
H«ei Clarke County. Montana Territory, on the
21th day of November. 1886. When called for
please say "advertised."
Break Mr and Mrs
Boyle Patrick J
Bal'*y J C
Dougla- F H
Day Julius B
Foss John C 3
Grindley D L
Gillispiê H >
Hamilton James 2
Hyde Frank 8
Noble W J
Oliver Henry X
Parker James A
Part ridge A S
Picquett E C
Pusey W I,
Richard W H
Robson Albert W
Sheridan R B
Skeels O W
Jonsson Snikhow l'ors-Silverbach Charles
Langton J D
Masham J H
Smith John A
Smith Ed R
Stuart J E
Stewart James M
Stemple J A
Sullivan J J
Wilkinson Allen M
Minner Mary Miss
Murphy Nellie Miss
Poirier A Mrs
Pence G W Mrs
Peterson Mary Mis
Robins Rosie Miss
Story Rose Mi-s
Smith Mason Mrs
Warner Helen Mrs
Barrett R A Mrs
Cox Annie Miss
Casto Della 2
Ellis J Mrs
Gibbons Sadie E Mrs
Hayes Cecil Miss
Johnson Julia A Mrs
Laughlin Josie Miss 2
Needham M A Mrs
C. D. CURTIS. Postmaster.
PARENT.—in Prickly Pear Valley, November
17,I8M6, to the wife of Ed ward Parent, a daugh
TRADE \«Y;/ MARK.
Free from Oplatrs, Lnietics and Fois r "
iuRE. O KCts.
At ÜKU'HiiarH and Dealers.
THE CHARLES A. VOLl.L! K CO., 11.4 MINORE, MD
ÇT JACOBS QII
Cures Rheumatism. Neuralgia.
Itjc kai h,-, hr. Toothache.
Siiraln., Ilrul-c., flf.,ftr.
PKIt'K. FIFTY « ENTS.
AT DIM l.lllsTS AMI DKAUCRSt
THE Hi A.ILLS A. VOt.EI.EK « <»., Il ItTIJIORI., HU.
xml | txt