Newspaper Page Text
% m 4 Volume xxi. Helena, Montana, Thursday, December 23, 1886. No. s Month* H.tIXlecKln ^jcralil. R. E. FISK D. W. F1SK, ». J. FISK, Publisher s nml Proprictorg. Lärmst Circulation of any Paper in Montana -û-- Rates of Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD: Oi:f Vcfct in ndranm).............................$3 00 - x * , in advance) ............................... ] 75 I Three Month*, (in advance)....!...................... ] no ' When not paid for in advance the ra*e will be Four Hollars per yearl Foetale, in all cases. Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: city Subscriber*.deliveredbycarrier $1.00a month One Year, by mail, 'in advance)................. §'.* 00 j sii Month*, by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00 Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 250 *#"All communications should be addressed to FISK BROS., Publisher«, Helena, Montana. the school marm. Oh, School Marm ! Thou t. ho teacbest the young idea How to scoot, and spankest the erstwhile Festive small boy with a hand that taketh the trick; Who also lam met h him with a hickory switch And crowneth him by laying the weight Of a ruler upon his shoulders, Oh: Thou art a daisy : '1 hou makest him the national emblem— Red, white and blue — Thou furnisbefh the stripes. And he seetb the stars. Oh, School Marm 1 We couldn't do without thee, And we don't want to try ! Thou art lovely and accomplished Above all women, and if thou art Not married, it is because thou art Too smart to be caught that way : All school marms are women, But all women are not school marms, And. angels pedagogic. That s where thou hast the bulge on thy sisters! Oh, School Alarm! Thou mayest not get much pay here below. But cheap education is a national specialty, And thou wilt get thy reward in heaven; The only draw hack being that thou stayest there When thou goest after it, and we, Who remain iiere below for our reward, Miss you like thunder. School Alarm,if there is anything we can do for you, Call on us ! Apply early, and avoid the rush. Office hours from 8 a. m. to 5 p. m. AVe were a schoolboy once ourself. And can show the marks of it. • Washington Critic. A VERY BUSY WOMAN. bhe pronounced in sounding platitude Her universal gratitude. For men of every latitude From the tropics to the pioles; She felt a consanguinity, A sisterly affinity, A kind of kith-and-kiuity For all these foreign souls. Tor < 'aledonian Highlanders. For brutal South Sea Islanders, For wet. and moist, and dry-landers, For Gentile, Greek and Jew ; For Finns and for Siberians, For Arabs and Algerians, For Terra-del-Fuegians, She was in a constant stew. O. It worried A!i«s Sophronia, liest the men of Patagonia, Should all die v it2i the pneumonia, With the phthisic, or chills; Yes, indeed, she worried dailj", L st a croup» or cold should waylay Some poor Soudanese or Afalay, Hying for the lack of pills. And she toiled on without measure. And w ith most unstinted pleasure. For the good of Central Asia, And the Pagan p*eople there; But meantime her little sister, l>k'd of a neglected blister, Put Sophronia hardly missed her. For sic- had no time to spare. - S. W. Foss in Tid Bits. THE DRUMMER. Tlie drummer saw an EZ w ay When he SAs to sell; He spread - before you an K.V Of samples that XL. ' ___ Then talks and talks with NRG - * Until you HZ grow, _•«. ' And, feeling he's your NAIE, An IC manner show. » , You say you don't want NE thing; No PT he displays, Then, getting mail, say UL fling Him out in KC stays. *»'• n, 11 SQ then to take a ''smile" Ar.d tell HS nut tale V . And thus LA your anger while Jn PC he makes a sale. t ]f von should CK place to hide With give he'll C\>. too, Ar»l when at EV leaves your side ^ U He's sold his goods -JtC. A drummer eannot CA snub , | Ar.d will Xy's a kick, , , Like YZ dorsn t fear a club And to UE w ill stick. » ** O. «hat 11EK drummer shows And w hat an IN jaw. nv saves 1.1 sense for he knows That BT can the law. - 11. C. Lodge in Detroit Free Press. AN ANNUAL CHESTNUT. The man stands on the tipsy box. With all his reason fled. And glares up at the stovepipe joint lie bolds above his head. His hands arc black with polish paste. „ His face tatooed with soot; And down his arms and down his back Sharp pains uunumbered shoot. Ten thousand w ays, ten thousand times, He's tried to make a fit; Tie more of ways and times he's tried. The more he is from it. JIis wife and children are outside. All pietrified with fear. Awaiting the catastrophe That comes this time of year. Then comes a burst of adjectives. And then a madman's roar. And a man and box with earthquake *b cka. And stovepipe, flood the floor. , * . * * • * The doctor comes with arnica And little blister cup; The tinner comes, as usual. And puts the stovepipe up. „ —Omaha Sunday Bee. economical Travel in England. People travel economically in England. On the London and Northwestern railway during the six months ending with June, 1SS6, ~'5, 14$,5(11 passengers were carried. Of these 22,457,620 traveled third class, 1,681,401 sec ond class and 9S6,592 first class. The same proportions characterize the travel on all the other roads.—New York Tribune. ME ADAMS FAMILY. : ' ' as CUAS. FRANCIS ADAMS. TF ASHÏNGTON, Dec. 6.—The death of Charles Francis Adams recalls a story of his boyhood. The incident occurred during the visit of La fayette to this country while John Quincy Adams was president. A reception was given at the White House in honor of Lafayette, and during the evening the great Frenchman paid particular attention to Charles Francis Adams and his brother. 1 le evi dently ad mired the two boys greatly, and lie told Mrs. Adams as much, saying: "Madam, I admire your sons very much. And I remember that their grandfather was president of the United States and that their lather is now the president." Here the marquis hesi tated, ami Mrs. Adams smilingly urged him to go on. He then said: 'Well, then, remember ing all this, remembering the temptations of ambition to which these boys are liable, I Leg you to impress upon their minds that they must not expect to succeed to the presidential chair unless they do so at the call of the people." Mrs. Adams told Lafayette that she would do as he wished, and she had a hearty laugh over his anxiety. The truth is that his French nature and education taught him to fear usurpation, and I doubt not the possibil ity of the Adams family becoming the royal one of the United States went through his mind. The Adams family has been one of the most remarkable of the United States. It is a family, I judge, which has succeeded more through hard work, temperance and economy than through great natural ability. The first we hear of the Adams family in the United States is that they came to New Eng land shortly after the landing of the Pil grims. In 1030 they owned land near Boston and were plain farmers. The first of these Adams farmers left an estate of about $400. His descendants held to the land which he bad settle 1, and this land forms a part of the Adams estates to-day. John Adams' lather died in 1760, leaving property worth §0,500. John Adams made some money at the law. Hesa\ el dur ing bis whole life, and his letiers i< bis wife Al>igail| are full of sen tences remarking upon the beauties of in lustry and household econo my. During the Revolution he wrote to her often that their expenses ought to be cut down to the lowest John adams. point, and that it was only by frugality thak they could succeed. He lived very plainly, lunching invariably on oat cake and lemonade, and he kept himself free from doctor bills by early morning walks and abstemious habits. He left a nice little inheritance to John Quincy Adams, and what was better he saw that John Quincy Adams had a salary from the government during the greater part of his early life. At 15 be made him his pri vate secretary as minister to Russia, and in stilled into his mind that patriotism was not only noble, but if properly worked it might be made to pay both in money and in fame. John Quincy Adams learned this lesson well, and it is estimated that he received in salaries during his long term of public life more than $500,000. He kept up at the same time the abstemious habits of his father, and the tra ditions of Washington are that he used to go to bed at 9 o'clock and rise at daybreak ; that be always took a bath in the Potomac at sun rise and" a long walle after it. Charles Francis Adams married a fortune in addition to the nice little sum left by John Quincy Adams. Like bis father the most of his boyhood was spent abroad, and when bis father was minis ter to Russia he took Charles Francis to St. Petersburg with him. lie afterward was sent to school in London, studied law in Washington when his father was president, an«l had a term also in the law office of Dan iel Webster at Boston. At 22 he married the daughter of a millionaire, and the Adams family is now perhaps one of the richest in the country. It owns interests of many kinds, lias n great part of the stock of some of the great copper mines of Lake Superior, and its safes are well filled with railroad stocks and government bonds. Intellectual economy made the Adamses powerful as thinkers. N6ne of them ever al lowed a thought,an opinion or an experience to go to waste. John Adams, the first president, made numerous notes in his reading, and be jotted down the thoughts and doings of the day in 1 is diary before lie went to bed. John Quincy Adams kept a diary throughout bis whole life, and it was the data contained in this that often enabled him to make such wonderful speeches on the floors of congress. The Hon. Harvey Wattcrson, the father of Henry Wattcrson, was in congress with John Quincy Adams during his last veal's, and he tells me that Adams seemed to know every thing, and to have his knowledge always at his tongue's end. John Quincy Adams put down the minutest occurrences in his diary. He wroto out the table gossip of every dinner he attended, and one of the Bayards I think it was Secretary Bayards grandfather changed his boarding place because he did not like to sit at the same table with John Quincy Adams and feel that every remark he made would soon be recorded in black and white to rise up against him in the future. I under stand that the Ad amses of to-day still keep up their diaries, and if so, a publication of the whole would form a very spicy and interesting story of certain parts of American history. John Ad ams was not thought a valuable * catch about Boston at the time be was married. He was law student, with a big head," both as'to size and pride, at the time he courted his wife, who was the daughter of a clergyman. His wife s father onoSsed the match, and when it was consum considered that his daughter had Scried bemata her. Abigail Adams was fully tfas equal of John in ability. Her let 31 % ABIGAIL ADAMS. ft short, fat, dumpy ters show her to be a woman of broad mind and of literary tastes. She knew as much about politics as did her husband, and I dcubt not she advised him as to many of his state papers. Her pictures represent her as a very pretty young woman, and John Adams loved her dearly. He addressed her in Lis letters, even after Lis marriage, as "my dearest friend," and she, in signing her letters to him, used the name "Portia," after the custom of the times, when every writer had his Latin nom de plume. Abigail Adams was the first lady of the A\ hite House. She came to it when it was still unfinished, and she dried her clothes in the Fast Room. It was to her that John Quincy owed much of his ability, and when she died he paid one of the prettiest tributes to her that son ever paid to mother. At this time—it was in 1818—John Quincy Adams wrote: "My mother was an angel upon earth. She was a minister of blessing to all human be ings within her sphere of action. Her heart was the abode of heavenly purity. Fbe had no feelings but of kindness and beneficence; yet her mind was as firm as her temper was mild and gentle. She had known sorrow, but her sorrow was silent. She had completed within less than a month of her 74th year. Had she lived to the age of the patriarchs every day of her life would have been filled with clouds of goodness and of love. She had been fifty-four years the delight of my father's heart. If there is existence and ret ribution lieyond the grave my mother is Lapp}-. But if virtue alone is happiness be low, never was existence upon earth more Llesscd than hers. She was married at 20 and had live children—three sons and two daughters. Two only of the sons have sur vived her. Her attention to the domestic economy of the family was unrivaled—rising with the dawn and superintending the house hold concerns with indefatigable and all fore seeing care. She was an ardent patriot, ami the earliest lessons of unbounded devotion to the cause of their country that her children received were from her. She was always cheerful, never frivolous; she had neither gall nor guile." John Adams, Charles Francis Adams'great grandfather, was a very vain man. II thought himself a greater man than Gen. Washington, and to a friend who, in speak ing of some public matter, said: "Gen. Wash ington and you did so and so," he sternly in terrupted: "You should not say Washington and Adams, hut rather Adams and Washing ton, for it was John Adams who made Gen. Washington." When John Adams was inaugurated as president he was bewildered to see the audience weeping over Washington's re tirement and paying no attention to his successor. He thought, I doubt not, that he was the greatest man of his time, and pitied the public for its want of appreciation. He was not a great man in small tilings, and he acted like a boy w hen Jefferson came here to be inaugurated. The night before the inauguration he packed up his traps and left Washington, lie would not stop to see his conqueror throned, and thougli in after life he became good friend? with Jefferson, at this time he thought very hard of him because the pi-ople had elected liim president in his place. None of the Adamses, as far as I can learn, seem to have appreciated that this life w a» made for anything else than hard and con tinuous work. You find them seldom joking, and John Quincy Adams, notwith standing his great advantages, had little aptitude for social life. In his diary he says that he knows nothing about the art of conversation, that he is by nature a silent animal, and t h a t his dear mother's constant / ,5s. lesson in childhood JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. that little children should be seen and not heard had confirmed him in whal he had then thought was a bad habit. While lie was at Ghent, making tht treaty of peace in connection with Henry Clay and Albert Gallatin, be made an after dinner speech, in w hich he accused Clay of trying to kiss a chambermaid. This is tin only instance in w hich I remember lie at tempted the frivolous, and this time he wa; wofully worsted by Clay. Clay sat directly opposite him at the table. It was at the din ner given in honor of the treaty after its con ditions had been decided upon. Clay was astounded at Adams' speech. It came froit a source entirely unexpected, and during it he felt at a loss as to how to respond. As he looked into John Quincy Adams' cold face, however, and noted a tear trembling upon his eyelid from his constitutional infirmity of sore eyes, his reply flashed across his electric brain. As soon as Adams had taken his seat and the laughter had subsided he arose and said : "I plead guilty to the gentleman's in dictment. What Mr. Adams has said is all true, but it is only a part of the truth. It is true that the chambermaid was pretty. It is true that her eyes were diamonds and her lips were cherries. It is true that, filled with admiration, I attempted to embrace her and offered to her five francs for a single kiss from her rosy lips. But it is also true—and this the gentleman has not told you—that she rudely repulsed ine, and asked me whether I thought she was a fool to let an ugly fellow like me have a kiss lor a few francs when the nice little gentleman across the hall—and here Clay jxiinted to Mr. Adams—had just offered her four times as much." The joke was upon Adams, and he took it so much to heart that lie would not speak to Clay for days. He became reconciled, how ever, before" the commissioners left for Amer ica, and ten years later we find Clay his sec retary of state. Shaking of John Quincy Adams' diaries and his habit of saving everything for future use, an incident occurred at Ghent which illustrates this attribute of his nature. The American commissioners—Adams, Bayard, Clay and Gallatin—met with closed doors in a chamber of the hotel, and before proceeding to business they agreed that every proposition should be in writing and that the mover should sign his name. After several days of conference the provisions of the treaty were decided upon and the session came to a close. As the commissioners were about to leave, John Quincy Adams, looking at the paper scattered about the room, said "it was a pity to lose so much stationer}', and that he would gather it up." The others went out, Clay re marking as he did so: "Let the Yankee in dulge his economical propensities." But Adams bad a far different idea than was sup posed. He wanted the notes, not the paper. Ho saved them all, and when he came back to America he knew more about the treaty than all the rest of the commissioners put together. Clay had a great fear of Adams' magazine of facts. He once said that "a man is a born fool who engages in a controversy with John Quincy Adams on a question of fact I doubl whether he was ever mistaken in his life. And then, if he happens to be in doubt about anything, there is his inevitable diary, in which he h&s recorded everything that has occurred sinoo the adoption of the federal constitution. " Clay wept as he stood holding the hand of John Quincy Adams during one of his last hours, when he lay dying in the Capitol. Adams was unconscious, anil he eou.J not know the honor paid him. His death forms one of the most remarkable reminiscences of the congressional halls. He had been for years one of the marked figures of the house. The only ex-president who has ever sat upon the floors of congress-, Lis great age and his wonderful career made him a striking ligure. Always in his seat during both day and night sessions, he was as' active a member as tha youngest of tha representatives, and he had arisen to present some petitions at the mo ment when death struck its first blow. It came in the form of apoplexy, and at first John Quincy Adams tried to withstand it. He grasped hold of his desk, but he could not support himself, and Representative Fisher, of Ohio, caught him in his arms. The cry went up: "Adams is dying!" and it w-as even so. He was carried out and laid upon a sofa in the speaker's room. As lie fell back upon the cushion lie uttered his last words. They were: "This is the last of earth. Iamcontent." By this time both houses had adjourned, and the news had been telegraphed all over the Union. Mr. Adams lay unconscious for several days and then died. His funeral was that of a president. He lay in state in the Capitol, and his remains were viewed by thou sands. The funeral ceremonies were cele brated in the presence of the army and navy in full uniform, the supreme court in their gowns, of the diplomats in full dress, of the president and his cabinet, of congress, and, in fact, of all of Washington's then great men. The body was first carried to the Congres sional cemetery, the funeral car of President Harrison being used, and this was drawn by six white horses. It afterward lay in state in Faneuil hall, in Boston, and was finally in terred in the family vaults at Quincy. Frank G. Carpenter. HENRY M. STANLEY. Arrival of tlie Noted Fxplorer Who Wants to Cross Africa Again. HENRY M. STANLEY. 1 he picture befe given of the African ex plorer w ill present hirn to our readers in a new face. The jiortrait of him familiar to most people is that of a worn, thin liy.king voting man with white hair and a black mustache. He showed in every feature the perils he had passed. Here, however, we have a handsome, well fed man, who looks as if the world went very well with him. Let us hope it does. There is nobody in America who tries to belittle the services Stanley performed for geog raphy. It took the savants of Europe to do that. Stanley has just arrived in his own country', to make a tour of lecturing this winter. May he be successful. He is a brave man and true. Besides that, he is a newspaper man, aud these deserve success in their undertakings if anybody does. They mostly work hard enough. It is said Stan ley's hair turned from white to dark again after he got rested from his Congo explora tion. A romantic history is Stanley's. An orphan asylum in the Old World is hardly the place whence genius aid fame would take their rise, yet thence stjMN Stanley'. He was born in Denbigh, Walds, and his original name was John Rowlands. He hail a right to change it if lie wanted to, and he did so. Stanley was the name of a New' Orleans merchant for whom tne boyà worked. When lie was 13 years old he left tlie orphan asylum in Wales and started ouC to shift for himself. He shipped as cabin» my' from Liverpool to New Orleans, and thu4 be first came to America. Few men have had so adventurous a life. During the war lie served both in the Con federate and th«$ Union armies. Then he wandered away to find Livingstone, and in another journey explored the Congo. Those are his two greatest exploits. After he found Livingstone, Quean Victoria presented to the nameless orphan Welsh boy' a gold snuff box. His Congo explorations opened up to civilized man a water w ay nearly 6.000 miles Jong, through a rich aujl populous country. YPSILANTI, MICHIGAN. The Interesting Circumstances Unde* Which tlie City Was Named. About eighteen y'ears ago the minister of Greece, in Washington, addressed a letter tc the mayor of Yp^lanti Mich., asking how it was that that city bore the name of one of the most illustrious familiœ of Greece. The re ply of the mayor, only recently pub lished, will satisfy an inquiry tln*i has burdened mom minds than that of the Grecian min ister. It was: That during the Greece revolution in 1S22 or 1823, tho city pf gen. yfsilanti. Nauplia, in the [Photo, by Stevenson. ] Peloponnessus, vias besieged by a large body of Turks. Gen. Ypsilanti, a famous Greek chieftain, selected a picked body ol Greek warriors, who made a sortie from the fortess, during the night, fell like a thunder bolt on tlie camp of the Turks, killing hun dreds of them, and created such a panic that the Turkish pasha raised the siege of Nauplia on the next day, and that part of Greece was liberated from tho presence of the Turks. When the news of this glorious deed of arms reached a new town in Michigan, it created such an enthusiasm, that a meeting of citi zens was called, and it unanimously decided to call the town "Ypsilanti," in honor of the great general This matter has just been recalled and made public through the presentation to the city of Ypsilanti of an engraving of the general, alter whom the city was named, by D. M. Boltassi, consul general of Greece, in New York. - -t - --- — President Dwight, of Y'ale, says; "My an swer to the question how I was educated end* where it began; I had the right niothtr." ra»*-* COL. WILLIAM A. STONE, The United States Attorney Wr.o was Removed for Pernicious Activity, No two candiilafes in the late elections have attracted such w idespread attention by their success or defeat as has been given to the two United States attorneys who were re moved by the president for activity in politics during tlie late canvass. One of these men, Col. M. H. Benton, lias since been reinstated. The other, CoL William A. Stone, remains removed as an example to other office hold-, ers, as there appears to be an efforc made in some quarters to make an issue of his case. His portrait and sketch of his life, which is now for the first tune given, may prove of interest. KC m COL. WILLIAM A. STONE. Col. Stone was born in Tioga county, Fa., about forty years ago. He worked on a farm and attended school during the w inter until the late war broke out, when, though only e bout 16 years of age, he enlisted in the army and went to the front with the Army of the Fotomac. He participated in a number of battles, and was promoted for bravery on the field to a commissioned otficership in his com pany. At the close of the war lie attended a normal school at Tioga, Fa., after which he taught school, read law-, was admitted to the bar, and subsequently elected district attor ney' of his native county, which position he resigned to go to Pittsburg, w here, in 1S78, he hung up Lis shingle and soon enjoyed a lucrative practice. Ho was appointed United States attorney for the western district of Pennsylvania by President Hayes, and reap pointed by President Arthur. Mr. Stone is 6 feet 4 inches in height, w eighs 240 pounds and is a decided blonde in appear ance. He is married and has a house full of children. DR. TANNER'S RIVAL. Merlatti, an Italian fainter, Undertakes a Fifty Hays' Fast. On Oct. 27 last, Merlatti, a young Italian painter, began a fast of fifty days. It will end on l)e<\ 17. It is a mere test of individual endurance, on a par with our bridge jump ing, but Merlatti is tlie sensation of Pari.«, and his effort is closely watched by the scien tific men of Europe. A Paris paper thus de scribes him: ".Seated, or rather stretched, upon a long chair of red rep, with heavy fringes, he spends much of the day reading with the greatest interest the new spapers, in which every' morning the public is kept in formed of the slightest incidents of his daily life, lie is a man of about 22 years, of slight figure, dark skin and 1 »cardless, very nervous, and who talks with volu bility and energetic gesticulations. Not far from liim is a sofa transformed into a sort of judicial bench, where the watchers sit, relieving each other everv six hours. Many visitors are introduced from time to time, an-1 engage in conver sation with the faster. He is very willing to tal c, and replies to all the questions that are put to him. His fast is simply the result of a bet. Merlatti formerly' lived for some time in London. AYhile there be and some of his friends once got into a discus sion as to the length of time a mail could survive without nourish ment. Some of them wagered that they could go with out food for four, MERLATTI. five or six days; others for an entire week. Merlatti offered to bet that he could fast thirty-six days. He won his bet, he says, without suffering in the slightest degree. His present undertaking does not frighten him at all. He has a good stomach and unlimited courage, and he feels certain of winning. The only nourishment that he takes is pure water, a decanter filled with which is always standing on his mantel piece. When he began bis fast he occu pied a modest little apartment in the Rue Tronchet. Now, however, he is lodged in more spacious quarters in the Grand hotel, where he occupies handsomely furnished apartments on the first floor. It is here Mer latti receives those who come to see him— physicians, scientists and journalists of all nationalities. Moody's Chicago Church Hunied. »raunt so p^îiiïi CHICAGO AVENUE OR MOODY'S CHURCH. The friends of Dwight L. Moody, the cele brated evangelist, were pained to hear that the church for which he had collected $100, 100 from all parts of the globe w as destroyed. The fire was caused by an overheated flue, and will only cause a temporary inconven ience to the congregation, as, although the interior w as destroyed, the loss will be but $20,000, w hile the insurance is $60,000 on the building. Moody's c hurch was begun in 1873 and fin ished in tw o years. The main auditorium had a seating capacity- of 2,000, while the lecture room would accommodate about 900 more. CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS. St. Louis to Have the Firs t Statue of Him in America. Once there was a man named Christopher Columbus. He bad some connection with America in its so-called early days, but the people of the United States know very little about him. Probably he was not much of a man anyhow. He was only a common mechanic—a greasy wool carder. If he had lived in our time lie could have been a Knight of Labor, and then his vote would Lave counted for something. Congressmen would have been proud to clasp the noble palm of a soldier in the great army of those who consti tute the pride of a free and glorious country. But Columbus could not vote for a congress man and h# never went on strike. It is said that this common sort of person was the man who first found out there was a western continent. He thought there must be something on this side to balance the other side of the world, or eLse that half would fall off. If the old man had it to do over again, probably he wouldn't discover America. Nothing satisfac tory to him ever came of it. Sor row and disgust pursued Cris to the end of his days. Queen Isabella's titled lords snublied him, and thought he had very poor man ners indeed. Whiie lie was on his third voyage to America those jealous of his fame at home raised bad stories about him, and the king of Spain or dered him to be sent home in chains. That was part of the pay he got for discovering America. He didn't even get tho conti nent named for statue of Columbus. Bj ra , That poor satisfaction w as stolen from him. He died so poor that he couldn't have paid for a doctor's prescription to go out of the world respecta bly ■ »n. And if be had knovfn beforehand about Washington city and the United states congressmen, he certainly never would have discovered America. He would have minded his business an» l kept his eye on the wool carding line. So far as is known there is not in North America this day a single monument to Cris. Our country treats him as everybody else did. One in St. Louis will be finished by 1892 and dedicated ou the 400th anniversary of the dis covery of San Salvador. Thus St. Louis w ill be the first to build a statue to the man who was the greatest crank of his time. The statue is the outcome of a movement on the part of St. Louis citizens. It is to lie cast at the great government bronze foundry in Munich, as the Cincinnati fountain was. The same artist also designed it, Ferdinand von Mueller himself. It is to bo of heroic size, standing ten feet high. In it Christopher the Crank is supposed to lie standing at the prow of his vessel, beholding the first sight of land. The monument wiM be set up in Tower Grove park, and will Lave a pedestal designed by Professor Rohuieis, of Munich. Slï % Tlie Late Kx-Governor Flielps of Missouri. Ex-Governor John S. Phelps, who died re cently in the Sister's hospital at St. Ixiuis, was in his seventies, and had been one of the most impor tant citizens of his adopted state. He came to Missouri from tlie east in 1837 and settled in Springfield, in the south west era por tion of the state, and was elected to the legislature ir. 1S42 and to con gress in 1844. He served eighteen jonv s. phelps. years in congress and for seven terms was chairman of the ways and means committee. He left congress in 1802 to enter the Union army as color.tl of a Missouri regiment which was employed in the home guard service. In 1S7C he was elected governor of Missouri as a Democrat aud served four years. He was governor during the big strike of 1877. The Thing He was Most in Nrwl of. Applicant—I'd like a—a—a—pl-place in— the—the—postoffice. Postmaster—Ah, indeed! Have yon any preference? Applicant—The—the—im-imniediate de-de livery de-department, sir.—Pittsburg Chron icle. WILLIAM A. WHEELER. The Thirtieth Vice-President of tlie United States. William A. Wheeler, who is now reported quite ill at his home in Malone, Franklin county, N. Y., was the thirtieth vice-presi dent of the LTiited Plates, l«-ing declared elected on the same ticket as Rutherford B. Haves in 1876. He was bora in Malone, N. Y., sixty-six years ago. and choosing the law for his pro fession, studied, was admitted an t for a number o f years practiced la w in his native vil lage. Somewhat early in li/e he turned his atten tion to public af airs, and was elect ed a member of the state assembly) in 18.50, serving' two years. In 1857 and 1858 he was a member of william a. wheeler. the upper house of the state legis lature, and in I860 was sent to congress. He filled no other public position until 1876. In the meantime he entered the bank ing business in bis native place, and for some time was president of the Ogdetisburg and Rouse's Point Railroad company. The circumstances attendant and following the election of 1876, by which, through the electoral »commission, Mr. Wheeler was made vice-president, are too well remembered to need recitation here. Since his retirement from the high position he was then elevated to Mr. Wheeler has lived very quietly at Malone. The New Go* ernor of Colorado. In the presidential election of 1884 the state of Colorado gave Mr. Blaine the largest ma jority, in proportion to the total vote, of any of the Republican states.. At the late election the Demo cratic candidate for governor, Mr. Alva Adams, was elected by about 1,500 ma jority'. This change in the political opinion of the citi zens of Colorado is largely duo to thej personal popularity' ! of Mr. Adams, whose jiortrait is given. Mr. Adams was the Democratic candidate for governor of Colorado in 1884 and was beaten by about 3,000 vote«, while President Cleveland was defeated by nearly 9,000 on the same ticket. This year Mr. Adams was again put in nomination and was successful. Governor-elect Adams is but 36 years old and was born in Iowa county, Wis. His father was a country merchant and gave his son a common school education. In 1871 young Adams started out to "hoe his own row." He settled in Colorado and worked for wages for awhile. Later he en gaged in the hardware business, which has been bis business since. In 1872 be married and has a boy 11 years old. In 1876 Mr. Adams was elected to the first state legisla ture, that lieing the only office he has held. IK ALVA ADAMS. A Lost Heir. The gentleman whose portrait here appears is the subject of a romantic story. His name is Courtland Symmes. Eighty years ago his grandmother, a beautiful girl, Mary Symmes, married Hugh Moore, a rich merchant of Cincinnati in its early days. Miss Symmes was the sister of John Cleves Symmes, who promulgated the theory that tho earth was hollow, and in its interior, from pole to pole, ran a wide open space, hundreds of miles across, in which seas washed continents and isl ands smiled with verdure. This sup posed hollowness was called Symmes' Hole. Mary Symmes and Hugh Moore had many children. One of them, a young man, deter mined to man y a beautiful girl of Hamilton, O. His parents opposed it violently. There upon young Moore married the girl anyhow, like a man, and went with her south to Georgia. There he changed his name, owing to the bitterness of the family quarrel. He became Courtland Symmes, taking the name of his mother. The man whose picture here appears is the son of this Courtland Symmes, and named for him. He now brings suit to recover his father's share of the estates left by Hugh Moore in Ohio. He is 32 years old, and is judge of the court for the district of Bruns wick, Ga. He is the y'oungest judge ever ap pointed in the state. THE NEW DRESS FOR WOMEN. COURTLAND SYMMES. Annie Jenuess Miller's Design for a Hy gienic Feminine Costume. Mrs. Annie Jenness Miller is a graceful, bright young woman, who thinks for herself. She is an elocutionist to begin—a good reader and speaker. She has lectured successfully on various topics, some of them as bright and breezy as herself. One of these lectures is entitled, "Open the Windows and Let the Sunlight In." Her maiden name was Annie Jenness, a Boston girl, until a fortunate Indiana mer chant captured her and made her Mrs. Miller. Before her marriage she lectured under the auspices of the Redpath Literary Bureau, of Boston, which was itself a credit to her ability. Being married, and happily at that, I she yet had no intention of "settling down," as women are expected to do. On the con trary. she is still lieai-d from, very much alive and very much in earnest. Fashionable women's existence, likewise that of many un fashionable ones, bas been a pilgrim age through avale of tears for several years past. The great weight of their cloth dresses and huge cush ioned bustles is something terrible to think of. Steels were put into their dress skirts to make them stand out. The weight of the goods crushed the cor ners of these steels and drove them into the flesh of women's backs, till in some <ases the skin was actu ally scraped off their bodies as they walked. This was a frightful state of affairs, but women put up with it for the sake of being "stylish," the more fools they. It was not only gowns made by novices in which the steels in tho skirt thus scratched and scraped, but those from the hands of the very highest high art manufacturers. Mrs. Miller has enthusiastically set about remedying matters. She has aimed to pro duce a feminine dress which shall be free from bustles, bones, corsets, steels and even petti coats, and yet look pretty and "stylish." How well she has succeeded you see from the picture. It represents Mrs. Jenness Miller heiself in her new costume. It is attractive an I artistic, something like the ancient Greek dress for women and having a Grecian bor der. It looks very well, one must grant, on Mrs. Miller, w ho is tall and slender. But alas! alas! .Suppose a 200-pound lady should indue herself in the new artistic cos tume. Would she not look like a beer hogs head with the American flag spread around it? Go to! One fears it won t do for fat women. ,T THE NEW COSTUME. The old-fashioned colored wafers for seal ing envelopes, 1776 style, are again com ing into use among the leaders of New York fashion. Maj. Gen. Pope who is now on the retired list, has located in St. Louis.