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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, December 23, 1886, Image 2

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036143/1886-12-23/ed-1/seq-2/

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Written for the Herald.1
"Peace on Earth, Good Will Toward
Winfield Chester sat, alone and lonely,
in his luxurious library that cold and
cloudy afternoon of December 21th.
He knew, as a fact, that to-morrow
would be Christmas, but that word had no
pleasant meaning for him. On the con
trary, as the thought crossed his mind, he
Downed and shook his head, and turned
resolutely to his writing.
But once intruded the thought would
not be banished, and with a sigh of im
patience he left his table and threw him
self into a big arm-chair before the cheer
ful fire of tlif open grate.
Then with his massive gray head lean
ing back on the rich cushions, and a wist
ful expression creeping into his stern,
dark eyes, be gave himself up to retro
He ga/ed steadily in the grate, and
picture after picture formed in the glaring
fire—a panorama of years agone.
A little girl—a fairy-like creature—ap
pears, and a sweet, childish voice says :
"To-morrow will be Christmas, papa !
Get me a wax doll, bigger than cousin
The picture fades—the voice dies away,
and he sees a brilliantly lighted Christmas
tree, and winsome Winnie ecstatic over the
gorgeous doll, as she exhibits it to papa
and mama.
Scene after scene in successive years, as
Winnie grows into a bdsy school girl, and
then a gay young lady of society, comes up
before him.
At last he sees the elegant house ablaze
with light one Christmas eve, and Winnie,
the sweet young hostess, fair as a snow
wreath, in a rich, white costume. But the
scene lades almost instantly, and there
comes to hi3 heart, with almost the first
intensity of grief, the knowledge that
Winnie, the*pride of the circle, is gone—
has left her home, even during the gaities ,
of her Christmas party—has joined her
fate with that of one her parents could not
approve. I
There are no more scenes of pleasure— !
the parents hearts are broken! The gen
tle mother dies, and the father, lonely and
alone, has for ten years found Christmas i
time a season of bitter memories.
.Still he sits and broods, forgetful of time, i
neglecting to count hi? blessings and share
them with others less fortunate. I,ike too
many others, he has grown hard and selfish
in grief.
"Dinner, sir!'' announces John, respect- ;
fully, opening the door.
And so Winfield leaves the fire pictures
and their stories, and passes into the
beautiful dining-room, where a liouquet of
conservatory roses makes the air fragrant,
and the table, covered with shining
damask and glittering with china and
sibver, is laid for one.
The choice viands scarcely tempt the
appetite of the lonely man, and John and
the cook see with consternation their best
dishes barely touched.
"Will you have the sleigh, sir?'' ventures
John, as Mr. Chester rises from the table.
"No, I think not. It is too stormy to
take the horses out for a drive. I may
walk out soon."
And so he does, for the silence and
memories of the library are unendurable.
With his heavy fur coat and cap] he can
defy Arctic weather, and he finds, on
reaching the street, that the wind is not
blowing so much, and it is not so cold, but
the snow is coming down in light, feathery
He wanders aimlessly along quiet streets,
chosen because he does not want to meet
any acquaintances. He cannot banish
thought. He feels his heart asking for the
erring daughter he has never forgiven.
"Disobedience and deception !" he thinks,
"and how I loved her !"
Suddenly his mediations are interrupted
by a burst of music. He glances up and
finds himself opposite St. Mark's and the
choir are practicing the anthem for Christ
mas service. Some one passes in and he
catches a glimpse of evergreen wreaths
and llower adorned chancel and the music
sounds sweet and seductive. < Ä >uiet] v he
enters and take a seat.
"Glory to God in the Highest !" sounds
dear and sweet from the soprano soloist."
"Glory to God in the Highest !" softly
echoes the rich contralto.
The bass and tenor join in and then the
full chorus swells grandly the grand music
and grander words.
Mr. Chester closes his eyes and lancies
the soul-stirring harmony issues from a
company of bright ones, such as announced
the Great Gift, eighteen centuries ago.
But now the character of the music is
changed, and the softened listener bears—
"l'eace on earth : good will to men !" iu
solo, duet and chorus, and for the first time
in his life Mr. Chester appreciates Christ's
mission on earth. Not only a [Savior—not
alone to show God's glory, but to bring
peace—to show good will, and He is our
And as he sat and thought, while the
music carried him nearer heaven than he
has ever been before — "If I could find
Winnie," he thinks, "1 would forgive her."
The rehearsal is over, and quietly he
slips out, as he entered. Still aimlessly he
crosses several streets and comes on a busy
thoroughfare gay with artistically arranged
windows and crowded with happy people,
buying gifts for loved ones.
Mechanically he steps before an espe
cially attractive)window made more splen
did *bv the gas jets burning in profusion
amidst the lovely things.
"1'lease, sir, are you Mr. Santa Claus ?"
Mr. Chester started, as a tiny hand
touched his fur coat, sprinkled with lleecy
Hakes, and the childish voice asked the
pleading question.
"Not exactly, little one," he answered
in tones so gentle he surprised himself.
Then he looked closer at the little girl,
as she pushed back a stray curl and started
with an exclamation of surprise—incredu
lous surprise. For the child is the picture
of his Winnie at her age, only Winnie was
always clad in rich, dainty apparel, while
this little one was barely covered with a
scanty cotton dress and laded shawl.
"Who are you ? What is your name,
my dear ?" he asks in sudden hope.
"Clara Car le ton is my name. Mamma
says it was her mamma's name. "
"So it was, my dear," said Mr. Chester
"Where is your mamma and papa ?"
"Papa is dead and mama is home. She
sews for people and gets awful tired and
has pain in her side. She sent me to buy
a loaf of bread with our last five cent
piece, and that's why I hoped you was Mr.
Kauta Claus, 'cause I wanted to tell him
to briug us a Christmas dinner, and mam
ma some shoes, and me a pretty doll and
some candy. But I must get the bread
and hurry home."
"Stop a minute, little Clara," cried Mr.
Chester. " I am not Santa Claus, but I can
help him, so wait for me, and I'll go home
with you. "
He stepped into the store and purchased
a beautifully dressed doll and a choice
package of conlectionery; then taking the
wondering child by the hand stopped at a
shoe store and let her select shoes for
mamma. Stopping again at a bakery he
fresh rolls and
had a basket
delicate cakes.
"Now for home," said he, in suppressed
So the child led him into dark, dirty
streets, and into a crowded tenement, far
up, over rickety stairs.
Softly opening the door Clara darted
into a small, comfortless room, and tri
umphantly carried basket and bundles to
the weary woman who was straining her
eyes over her work at the poor little
Mr. Chester gazed through the opening
door. Could that wan, spiritless woman
lie his brilliant Winnie? Even so. He
could recognize her features and expres
He heard her say in startled tones,
i "What have you got, dear?"
"A gentleman gave them to me, mamma
i —a friend of Mr. Santa Claus, he said—
isn't he good ? He came with me—ah !
there he is!" she added as Mr. Chester
stepped into the room.
Mrs. Carleton glanced up, a look of al
most incredulous surprise came over her
face—she clasped her hands and tottered
weakly forward.
"Winnie!" came simultaneously from
their lips.
And then they sat down and the father
drew from the suflering woman the story
of her life during the past tan years.
"It is all over," cried the old gentleman."
"Von shall go home at once, and I shall
think little Clara is my Winnie of aid. "
He left her to procure a carriage, while
she packed up her few possessions worth
taking with her
On Christmas night, in the luxurious
library, no longer lonely, were gathered
Mr. Chester, his daughter, and little Clara.
An evergreen tree loaded with pretty
things stood on one side of the grate, and
the little girl with gleelul laugh plucked
the fruit and screamed with delight over
the treasures, while grandpa leaned back
iu his big chair and smiled in content, and
the happy daughter, at the organ, softly
played harmonious strains that finally
drifted into a grand old anthem, and she
sang the heartfelt words, "Glory to God in
the highest, and on earth peace, good will
toward men." DEL.
is Pinned
Little One's Stockin',
to the Wall."
As birds to sun-land wing their
way in blithesome bevies and
with song, so from the gift-band,
Christmas Day, flow tokens that
life's joys prolong. The sea
sons symbol, like a charm, wish
and delight is interlocking: and
plainest gifts the heart will warm
he they but found within a stock
ing! Time can destroy the
dearest whim ; the sweetest joy
age can bedim: hut on life's
way all love to pause each year
a day with Santa Claus. Tho"
heads he bowed with weight
of years, and onward
crowd life 's sad ding
cares, the memory turns
at Christmas tide in
grooves of chi Id
hood joys to glide.
; V ; ' Then hang
the stockings—
great and small
Our Chimney
sprite will
know them
all! He reads
the wish in
every mind,
and tries the
w i s h e d-f or aye to
find. Yes! hang
the stockin g—young
and old ! Let Saint
Nick 's legends
be retold! Let
old heads
play the Christ
mas parts,
Which p r ove
that naught
can age
t s !
The Christmas Tree.
mas tree
so bright
and green,
awaits Old
Santa Claus.
And the chim
ney place all swept
and clean gapes wide
its ponderous jaws.
The little stockings are
all hung up, and baby's
just makes four. Won t
( fid Santa Claus he surprised
when he finds there is one
more ! Thei's an elegant
place up in the tree to hang
Johnny's gun, and a place for
May and one for Kate to leave
their dolls upon. But for little baby
blue eyes a lower branch he must
choose, where she may reach and find
the place he's hung her first new
shoes. Turn down the light a little, now,
so Old Santa Claus can see. And
baby and all must go to bed and
be as good as good can be.
and to-morrow morn get up
early, after a long night's
to the
Who will get the first peep.
Thk Atchison, Topeka & Santa EeJ rail
road is going to have its own line to Chi
cago. It is curious to watch the tendency
of growth in railroad matters. Once get a
strong, thrifty stock well rooted and it
grows rapidly and in all sorts of directions,
so that the original name loses all signifi
cance. Within a few years no one need be
surprised at hearing of this A., T. & S. F.
road down in South America and the other
end up in Alaska. It takes a railroad to
build a railroad. It hat all the skill, con
veniences and appliances for the purpose.
It can do the work more cheaply and
speedily and set the new road to work at
once on a self-sustaining basis.
From Mr. Toole's account it appears
that the President paid no attention to the
request of Governor Hauser as to the time
set for the acceptance of his resignation,
But we hear uow that an arrangement has !
been effected with the Governor's suc- ,
cessor by which he consents to remain j
awav till after the legislative message has
gone iu, Territorial appointments made,
and some other trilling matters are attend-j
ed tc. Evidently Leslie has more consid-;
eration for Montana than Cleveland.
Though not particularly inclined to
national jealousy, we confess to feeling
our suspicions not a little stirred to read
that the King of the Sandwich islands
has placed a loan of $2,000,00(1 in Lon
don. It is almost equivalent to saying
that he has sold the islands to the
British. It is the practical theory of
the British constitution that government
I exists for the purpose of caring for the
I national creditors. Some enterprising
British traders in their private capacity
I once started a trading factory on the
i coast of India and the vast British In
dian empire is the outgrowth. So the
great Australian continent, with its
several colonies already grown to the
statue of nations, is the outgrowth of a
mere penal settlement. This idea that
the possession of a country and its politi
cal control are but incidents of
debt is well illustrated in England's
present position in [ Egypt. England
took the country tor debt, and somehow
she is always likely to keep it for debt,
for the debt can easily be so managed as
to grow, and if the reason for the first
occupation was good, the same reason
justifies perpetual possession. The Eng
lish government is understood to be
general endorser for all her money
lenders. There is no country or ruler
on the face of the earth, no matter how
near bankruptcy, aud oftentimes the
better for that reason, but English
money lenders are ready to lend money
on magnificent margins of profit. When
default is made in payment the claim is
turned over to the government for col
lection, and the result is that the gov
ernment takes all that the creditor has
got, country, government, people and
all, giving them a chance to work it out
if they are smarter and stronger than
the British Government. The case of
the Mexican peon i- an apt illustration.
If Mexico had not been under the lee
border of the Fnited States, it would
have been occupied by British troops
and officials long ago. They are only
waiting for an opportunity. They have
as much patience as a mule waiting to
kick an unsuspicious youth in an un
guarded moment. Englishmen never
cancel any bonds, however desperate
they may look to the ordinary business
eye. The annual interest is as scrupu
lously counted on the Confederate bonds
as if there was a certainty that it would
be paid on request.
England wants the Sandwich islands
for commercial purposes, not for the
people there or what grows there, but
as a home and coaling station when the
commerce of the Pacific Ocean has
grown many fold aud the United States
wakes from its long slumber to find that
every available station for steam
commerce is preoccupied.
Any time these past fifty years we
might have had these inlands for the
taking. They have been offered us on
our own terms and without any terms.
To-day a large majority of our people
think the possession of the Sandwich
islands is scarcely more than a private
affair of Claus »Spreckles. It is a great
mistake, and when we come to think of
a steam navy in dead earnest, we shall
find ourselves effectually shut out and
all distant ports of the world locked
against us._
Probably Thoma- Jefferson is more
famous for being the author of the Dec
laration of Independence than anything
else in hi> long and eventful public ca
reer. But it has often seemed to us that
The Herald's illustrated correspondence,
as also its humorous and solid articles of
the same class, are pleasant features of the
present as of previous numbers. This de
partaient of the paper is popular with
everybody and its continuance may be ex
pected throgh the coming year, along with
the framer of the present constitution of
the United States performed a still more
wonderful achievement, all things con
sidered. We doubt if there are many
who can tell who wrote the constitution.
In our recent reading of the life of Joel
Barlow, one of the new books in our city
library, the credit of that work is giyen
to Abraham Baldwin, a brother of Bar
low' wife, and it is engraved upon the
tomb stone that marks the author's grave
in Washington City. Baldwin was a
native of Connecticut, was chaplain in
the army during the last years of the
revolution; afterwards >tudied law, re
moved to Georgia and represented that
»State in Congress. He was on the com
mittee to draft a constitution and to him
was assigned the work of giving it shape
and form. He died in Washington just
at the close of a session of Congress,
at the age of f»2, universally
mourned and profoundly respected by all
liwo knew him. Macon of North Car
olina said that he was one of the great
est men that have ever lived. Yet we
have closely searched several encyclo
pedias, Appleton's among the rest, in
vain to find even a mention of his name.
Surely the man who drafted the Consti
tution of the United States ought to be
known and honored universally in the
land that has so wonderfully prospered
under such a fundamental law.
The centennial anniversary of this
great work is close at hand. We pro
pose that enough of the surplus be used
to erect a suitable monument to perpet
uate the fame of Abraham Baldwin, the
author of the United States Constitu
tion. _
A Christmas Story, by "Del." one of
the Herald's best lady contributors,
is in season and will interest rnaor readers.
other improvements. The Weekly Her
ai.d is the largest and conceded the hand
somest aud best family journal of the
We hardly expected that Morrison
would bring forward his tariff reform
schemejso soon in the session, nor did we
expect that it would be so rudely and
unceremoniously bounced on its first ap
pearance. We are glad of the result,
not for the reason that we oppose con
sideration or even a reduction ol duties
on some articles of import, but because
we believe it would be a waste ol time
needed for other things to attempt con
sideration at this short session.
The terrible calamity of a surplus
revenue has not come yet. It is only
anticipated. There are still between
sixty and seventy million of outstand
ing 3 per cents to call in and pay off.
We hope Congress at the present
session will conclude to give a gold and
silver basis to our greenbacks and that
would dispose of another year's surplus.
Another Congress has been elected,
fresher from the people, to which the
consideration of this tariff question more
properly belongs. There will be time
then for all who want to make speeches
and records for the presidential contest.
Certainly there is no use for consider
ation unless it is likely to lead to some
result, and no one expects this. 1 f noth
ing else were considered in the House
for the rest of the session it is doubtful
; if a measure could be got through, aud
i no one expects that the Senate would
I be likely to agree with the House, and
j possibly the President would disagree
! with both.
Certainly there are very many meas
ures of greater [»resent importance that
need the attention of Congress.
We do not regard the vote on con
sideration any test of the vote on the
final action of the House on such a
measure as Morrison has to propose.
His inca>ure would be beaten by lorty or
fiftv votes if it ever came to an issue
The leading article in the November
number of the Criminal Lair Magazine is
by Judge Wade on the subject of "Opin
ions and Impressions of Jurors." It is one
of the greatest clangers that impairs the
usefulness and threatens the very exist
ence of our jury system. The practice of
excluding from the jury box any person
who has formed or expressed any sort of ;
an opinion from reading some newspaper !
account, has been carried to such an ex- j
trerne that in one case cited six thousand
jurymen had to be summoned and out of i
four thousand examined only ten were ac- I
cepted. It is not so much the enormous |
cost aud the long delay as the fact that :
the administrât:. n of our criminal law in
the most difficult cases falls into the hands
of the most ignorant and sluggish portion
of our body politic, on those who
lack the capacity and inclination to
form a sound and intelligent opinion.
Happily the legislatures of several States,
Montana among the rest, have stepped in
and given some safe restrictions upon this
extreme interpretation. A juror is held
competent if he swears that, notwith
standing an impression formed from hear
ing of the case or reading, he can render a
verdict unprejudiced, according to the
evidence offered in court. It was such
conservative legislation that rescued the
jury system from impending destruction.
These fluctuating fortunes from its earliest
dawn to recent days are graphically set
forth by Judge Wade, and the cardinal
decisions cited that mark the extreme
swing of the pendulum. The article
shows careful study and strong convictions.
Wherever the legislatures have not adopt
ed the restrictions upon the right of chal
lenge for cause, this article furnishes the
grounds for early action.
The best news that reaches us to-day is
j that from the Indian Commission, which
seems to be coming in our direction and
has had a satisfactory settlement with the
Gros Ventres, Mandans and Arickarees at
Fort Berthold. We see the policy that is i
sought to be carried out. There is to be a
good broad line of separation between the
reservations and the northern lioundary
line The cession of all north of the 48
parallel will give a wide belt for white set
tlement between our own and the Cana
dian Indians which is quite essential for
the preservation of peace and the success
of any earnest, general effort for civiliza
tion. When these and other Indians have
been settled in severalty it will show how
much, or rather how little, land is neces
sary to maintain civilized Indians, and
there will be further reductions. If any
considerable degree of success attends
these civilizing efforts, the time will come
when it would be better to consolidate the
fragments of tribes and the separate reser
vations. No one State ought to have more
than one Indian reservation and that if
possible to be separated from the rest by
some natural mountain barriers so that ac
cess and intercourse might be restricted.
Members of the Helena Bar are signers j
to a paper asking the appointment of W. »
E. Cullen, Esq., to succeed Chief Justice j
Wade, whose fourth term expires by limi- j
tation in February next. A second aspi- j
rant is said to lie Judge McLearv, of the ;
First District, who is credited with having j
canvassed many lawyers with a view to i
their acquiescence in his promotion. Still :
a third candidate is reported in the person
of lawyer Underwood, of Little Rock, Ar
kansas, a supposed prolege of Attorney
General Garland. Undoubtedly the Helena
Bar has the calibered men in Cullen,
Clayberg, Johnson and others, but the
main thing is to agree and unite upon some
one of them. Unless this is done the
chances, we think, favor a foreign appoint
ment. It is the general expectation that j
Judge Wade will serve through to the end j
of his term and round out his full sixteen ;
years in the judicial harness.
Butte Inter Mountain : Hereafter when j
Broadwater and the ex-Governor meet it :
| will require a spirit thermometer to deter- ;
mine how coldly they will gaze on each ■
other. The mercury freezes somewhere in
j the fifties. j
j and corporations,
Territorial officers are closer and more in
From our outside positions, viewing the
situation from general principles, we would
uow, a3 we have otten before done, advice
the people of Dakota to dismiss the idea
of division and accept earlier admission.
But it is a question that com erns the peo
ple living in Dakota very much and us
very little. If Dakota were equally divid
ed, it would make two States with an area
of about 75,000 square miles, each about
the size of Nebraska and nearly ten times
the size of Massachusetts. Either part
i would be larger than New York, the Em
I pire State of the North, or than Georgia,
j the Empire State of the South. There are
i seven States in the Union with a larger
j area than these halves of Dakota, but in
! the case of most of them they contain
more waste land and will never be as
densely or as evenly populated. We think
if Dakota's longest dimension had been
east aud west, like that of Montana,
division never would' have been thought
of. All or most of the commun na
tion is by east and west lines, and
this will continue to be the case
! for all time, though it would iorm no in
! superable barrier. The impression is
j sought to be made that this division sen
! tirnent is the work of politicians. But
those who make this assertion also claim
that the whole population is principally
composed of politicians. There is no rea
son to believe that there is a greater per
cent of politicians among the people of
Dakota than in other States and Terri
tories. We insist that the jieople of a pro
posed new State have the best right to be
heard in fixing their own boundaries. The
eastern half of Dakota would be larger
than a half dozen Eastern States, and there
would be less ground for complaint on the
score of inequality than now exists be
tween New York and Rhode Island or
Delaware. On general principles we think
large .States are more united and less ex
posed to capture and conquest bv factions
Our judgment is that
Dakota has the first and best claim
for immediate admission, either as one or
two States, as her own people shall de
cide. _
The Senate, it is thought, will deliber
ate for some time over a good many of the
President's recent nominations. Among
others the Gubernatorial appointments
for Montana, Dakota and Wyoming will
probably not be considered till well along
in January and final action may be de
layed a month later. The rule is that
alien appointees to the Territories are
slow to seek their posts until they are
satisfied they will be confirmed. We are
already apprized that Leslie will be in no
hurry to assume the executive functions
and that Hauser will not be called upon to
turn over the governorship to his successor
till a month and a half lienee. In his
message Governor Hauser will doubtless
emphasize some of the views heretofore
expressed in his annual report on the sil
ver, land, and other important questionSj
and much weight will be attached to his
suggestions and recommendations sub
mitted to the Legislature. It i3
stated by those very close to
the Governor and enjoy iDg his con
fidence in business and other relations,
that partisan considerations will cut little
figure in his choice of Territorial officers.
We are advised that the gentlemen now
holding ihe offices of Treasurer, Auditor
and Superintendent of Publie Instruction
are so highly estimated by the Governor
for their worth and the efficiency and in
tegrity with which they have discharged
their trusts that all three may be continued
in place. Should Gov. Hauser follow in
this matter his own good judgment and
decline to yield to partisan ap]<eals, he
will pursue the course indicated and keep
in the public service tried and experienced
officers, whose qualifications and deservings
everybody concede. These appointments
the Republican Council would promptly
confirm. No Democrat could consistently
object, as on every material issue affecting
the vital interests of Montana, the present
an( ^ promises all dwelt upon the advan
harmony with the Governor than most
aspirants of Democratic pretentions.
De Lessefs informs the French Geo
graphical Society that the Panama canal
will Ire open for traffic in 1889. This ex
pression is a tritle ambiguous. There Las
been a sight of trafficiog already done on
the canal, according to pretty reliable testi
mony. Another very significant remark
escapes the great canal digger. He says
the locks will not be done by that time, but
boats will be able to pass through. What
has become of the idea of a sea level canal ?
It was for this purpose that the narrowest
part of the isthmus was chosen, though the
climate was so deadly, the approaches so
inadequate and insecure. If a ship canal
with locks had been at first contemplated
Panama would never have been chosen.
There are at least two well known better
routes, and for less money than has already
been expended at Panama such a ship
«anal by the Nicaragua route might have
been in working order. Possibly De
Lesseps will explain that locks are only to
be used for a time, till the excavations on
sea level are being made, just as switch
backs over mountains are temporary ar
rangements while tunnels are being bored.
It shows a change of base on the part of
De Lesseps certainly, for his earlier plans
tages of a sea-level canal.
The canal across the isthmus of Corinth
is to be completed the coming year. It
will make an island of the Pulofonnesus
and is expected to give a great impetus to
Greek life and commerce both on land and
It was on motion of Springer that the
f° r admission of TV ashington and
- Iontana was amended so as to require the
con3t ^ ut ' ons aJ°P(®d under an enabling
ac ^ submitted to Congress for
final approval, instead of allowing the
work to be completed by an executive
proclamation as usual. It is easy to see
that Springer's purpose i3 to multiply de
lays and obstacles. The granting of an
enabling act amounts to little if there is
still to be a further contest for admission.
Low license, the "sports," and the
monopoly combined pulled Lissner through
Leslie wanted an office. He asked for
a judgeship. The President plugged the
first hole with him that was empty.
Until the White House has another
tenant Montana's ex-Delegate will keep
aloof from its inhospitable threshold.
"Any man to beat Cleveland !" will be
the war cry of the Montana delegation in
the next National Democratic Convention.
To its many thousands of readers the
Herald sends out its holiday greeting. A
merry Chistmas—a merry Christmas to
one and all.
Ox motion of Toole to-day the House
bill passed granting the St. Paul, Minne
apolis & Manitoba railroad company the
right of way through the Indian reserva
tions in Northern Montana and Northern
Synchronously messages like these
are supposed to have tlitted over the New
York and Washington wires:
Broad to Mac: "Grove threw the lash
to us lots.''
Mac to Broad: "Yes, were licked, but
the day will come when we can lick the
man that licked us."
The President's objection to Maginuis
was his employment by the Manitoba
j railroad. If we recollect aright the Major
j in the late i >elegate contest objected to
j Sanders because he was in the employ of
the Northern Pacific. Cleveland doubtless
, thought it a poor rule that wouldn't apply
to one case as well as the ether.
We see by the reports from central
Europe that all the railroads entering
Berlin are blocked with snow, while out
here iu Montana outside building opera
tions are still going on, our sheets are dry
and dusty. But for the short hours of
daylight the weather seems more like late
autumn than mid-winter.
Salt Lake Trihune: it seems that
Commissioner Sparks has got in his work
once more and has caused the Democratic
governor of Montana to be removed. Mon
tana people will not take kindly to this
We take it to be an intimation that there
is no intention of admitting Montana into
the union during the life of the present
: administration.
Oil: people remember »Sparks' threat
wired from Washington during the late
campaign. Was Hauser the offender
whose head was to be chopped off ? Did
Sparks have anything to do with hurrying
the Governor's resignation, and after that,
of precipitating the appointment of his
successor before the time stipulated? It
looks a little that way.
If the bounding, bouncing William
Springer has any good, wholesome, satis
factory reasons for opposing the settlement
i with the Union Pacific railroad on the
j plan proposed, we hope he will concentrate
! his energies into making as cogent and
i comprehensive statement of them as possi
! Lie, and then subside. His filibustering
I ought to be squelched.
Mi:. Fenn, who was outvoted for alder
I man, tells the Herald that he is not an
I employe of Mr. Tatem's, nor has he been
! for a year or more. He is a skilled mechanic,
i an intelligent working man, and on the
water question, while committed to no one
man or scheme, holds subelantially the
same views as every householder and con
sumer in Helena. In the Council he
would have been a valuable member.
Salt Lake Tribune: Governor Hauser
is a good man and good governor, but his
party, in Montana last summer, iu solemn
convention, endorsed the present adminis
tration, including Mr. »Sparks and all his
foolishness and meanness. That is the way
people are generally served when they
knowingly do a wrong thing. The course
of the present administration toward all
the Territories has been one of persecu
tion and imbecility.
Candidate Fenn estimates that at
least 150 non-residents were mustered last
Saturday to vote against him, and that the
register, if examined, will show more than
that number of names nowhere found on
the list of water consumers. We are told
that that the Fisher House was given as
the lodging place of a great part of these
"voters," the last one of whom was utiliz
ed for the Democratic candidate. A regis
try law is what îlelena wants.
After to-day Congress will have a two
week's recess and when it reassembles there
will be just two months for work. Judg
ing by what has been done there is pros
pect of much being accomplished. The
work of committees will all be done up
and little left but voting on measures
already matured and amply considered.
There is hope too that the temptation for
long speeches is out of the way. The elec
tion of members is settled and it is too soon
to plan for the next.
In the Sixth ward, if there was any
where an anti-water man he couldn't Ire
found, and the monopoly wisely refrained
from trying to oppose Mr. Thieme, the Re
publican candidate for Alderman. With
no other incentive to attend the polls than
to show how they stood on the water ques
tion and to attest their approval of Aider
man Howey's course and Mr. Thieme's de
termination to act and vote with him on
the water issue, seventy-five of the electors
attended the election and cast their ballots
one way and as a solid whole.
The dirty Campbell divorce case is over
and let us be thankful that the Christmas
atmosphere is not to be tainted with its
pollution. Though the parties have been
acquitted of the grosser crime mutually
charged, the front and back doors and
windows have all been thrown open lor
the greedy, scandal-loving public to look
upon as disgraceful and disgusting scenes
oi shame, degradation and misery in
palaces as ever are found in the dirtiest
and meanest hovels of the poor.
Interstate Commerce Hill.
Washington, December 21.—-The de
bate on the inter-state commerce bill pro
ceeded, and Wilson < la) continued. He
represented the railroad system of the
country as having steadily and unreason
ably refused to recognize the simplest busi
ness demands, and as having worked out
a line of action for itself which had ex
cited the resentment of almost every in
terest which it had been created to serve.
It had made itself an inte*ueddler in al
most every department of the Imsiness. It
refused to admit that it had been created
to serve the proper purposes and interest-»
of society, and it had assumed to control
and direct those interests. Managers of
the transportation system, while admitting
great defects in it, had resolutely opposed
all efforts of the State and national gov
ernments to project and establish reform»..
The adoption of the conference report,
while it would not accomplish all that he
should like, would afford the country an
opportunity to test a regulative remedv,
uniess the bill should be vetoed by the
ITesident. There must lie immediate an !
affirmative action. Congress r ust enact
laws for the regulation of inter-state com
merce, and (by experience under its ad
ministration) come to the knowledge of
the right or wrong of the matter iu the
war of opinion now obstructing the wa
NothiDg said Mr. Wilson) had done more
to demoralize railroad managers, officer
and agents than pools. It had come to K
expected, indeed, that the pool of to-day
would be diregartled by some of its mem
bers to-ruorrow, and this came to be the
basis of hope of reward by railroad officer
and agents for successfully enlarging their
business by violation of such arguments.
Then comes the rate war ami consequent
loss of revenue. Under the present sys
tem, however, these losses were unloaded
on the business of the intermediate or local
points. This practice was in itself au out
rage and a most fruitful source of com
plaint on the part of the people. A vast
amount of the railroad traffic of the coun
try was done at rales less than half of
those charged on business between local
points. That was an iniquity which ought
not to be tolerated, and which the pending
bill, (if it becomes a lawj would prevent.
The people were willing that railroad com
panies should prosper and should lie rea
sonably paid for their services : but they
did not recognize them as their masters,
for they knew that railroad companies
were created to be servants, aud it might
be set down as one of the things irrevoc
ably settled upon that public demands
which had induced the reporting of the
present bill, would not cease until justice
was entrenched ia the transportation sys
tem of the country. As an illustration of
the injustice of the present system, he
stated that on the 10th of this month corn
was selling in Western Iowa (where it had
been a good crop) at from 20 to 25 cents a
bushel, in Chicago at 36 cents a bushel,
and in southeastern Iowa, where the crop
had been a failure, at 40 and 15 cents a
bnshel,so that western Iowa corn was being
sold in Chicago at from three to six cents a
bushel less than in eastern towns. Congress
he said, had debated upon this subject
for ten years. Now let it act.
Mr. Camden said he regarded the bill
as a wise and conservative measure : that
the country demanded the passage of some
such bill and that it was the duty of Con
gress to act upon it.
Mr.Cullom said he would ask the Senate
to resume consideration of the bill im
mediately upon reassembling after recess.
Railway Suit Ended.
Washington, December 21.—Acting
Secretary Fairchild has accepted the offer
of the Nashville, Chatanooga & St. Louis
railway to pay the sum of $153,603 in com
promise of the claim of the United States
against the company in the middle district
of Tennassee founded on certain matured
and unpaid interest coupons of bonds is
sued by the company and held by the
United States. The bonds iu question, 512
in number and secured by mortgage, were
transferred to the United States by the
State of Tennessee for certain Indian trust
funds held by the United States and loaned
to the State. The unpaid coupons were
those due from January 1, 1861 to January
1, 1876. In 1880 suit was brought to re
cover the amount of these coupons as well
as the interest, which exceeds the face
value of the coupons. The defendant in
terposed the plea of statute of limitation
and the court sustained the plea. This
decision was, however, reversed by the
U. S. Supreme Court on a writ of error and
the case was remanded to the court below,
where it is now pending. The offer to
compromise contemplates the payment of
the total in six monthly installments of
$25,600 each. Its acceptance was recom
mended by the U. »S. Attorney and by
Judge McCue, »Solicitor of the Treasury.
Fair thinking men of both parties
hold stoutly to the opinion that no wiser
act could characterize the administration
of Governor Hauaer than the making of
the appointments suggested in these
columus yesterday. The fidelity to their
responsible trusts of Messrs. Weston, Wool
man and Wylie commend these officer
above one and all of the considerable army
of partisan place-seeker- »ho have noth
ing of their qualifications or fitness iu
other respects for the positions the present
occupants adorn. Governor Hauser up to
this time has quite as little obtruded poli
tics into his office as the gentlemen who
have continued from a previous adminis
tration to serve under him, and the patent
fact that in all matters and issues material
to the interests of the Territory and its
people the officers named have been and
remain in happy accord with the Governor
and opposed to the prints and politicians
who sided with Cleveland and Sparks as
against Hauser, make almost imperative
their recognition in the direction pointed
out. Capable, experienced, prompt and
thorough in the discharge of every duty,
these servants of the Territory should and
very likely will be required to remain at
their posts.___
The Inter Ocean of the 18th ins», has a
long, interesting account of the Gogebic
iron mines in Northern ÜV isconsin. These
mines are of immense extent, size and
richness. Though less than two years
since they were discovered they are said to
have already developed more wealth than
the gold mines of California. Nearly
every business and professional man m
Milwaukee has made a fortune in tue
stocks of the several mines included in the
discovery. The ores are very rich in metain
iron, 65 per cent., while the phosphorus u

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