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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, December 23, 1886, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036143/1886-12-23/ed-1/seq-4/

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Ije îîîffltliî
R. E. FISK. -
- - Editor
K EM mption ol rac k rates is reported all
along the line.
The Senate to-day passed a bill repeal
ing the tenure oi' office act by a vote of !»0
to Si.
Minister Anderson shocks King Chris
tians Court by his habit of shoveling iood
with his knife.
We are not of the opinion of a leading
Democrat, that Governor Hauser was in
vited to resign.
We have tried with poor success to feel
bad over the shooting of the Morman
Dalton at I'arowan.
Haiseb was the best liked ol any citi
zen appointee that ever tilled the Executive
chair in anv Territorv.
The. South Carolina cotton growers do ;
The President put his veto upon Ma
ginnis with all the apparent zest that he
did upon the Manitoba.
The advance in railroad freights between
Chicago and New York is the usual thing
when the lakes and canals are frozen up.
Coi.. Beoadwatee seems to have been
the only one who was convinced beyond a
reasonable doubt of Maginnis' appoint
ment. He wagered and lost money on it.
Sl'EAKlNt. of the Helena water kickers,
the Inter-Mountain says: "They are men
who are interested in the old water works
that have l>een robbing that town so long.
We shall be glad to have the trade
dollar episode done with, but there was
no obligation or justice in paying the pres
ent speculative holders any more than the
bullion value.
Some Democrats are so uncharitable as
to insinuate that Go\ernor Hauser put up
a game on Maginnis— that while lie wanted
to get out he wasn't in earnest in desiriDg
the Major to get in.
The true inwardness ot Broad watei's
feelings about now would be worth while
to get at. We think that Broad thinks
that Hauser "threw the lash" to him pretty
lively in the governorship deal.
not propose to have any Knights of Labor
skulking around on their sacred soil. The
idea of a strike in cotton picking time is
enough to draw and cock every revolver in
the State. _
We think that whatever executive sug
gestions and recommendations are made to
the Legislature will have to come from
Acting Governor Webb. The Kentucky
man will stay away long enough to shirk
that job,sure.
Theough a sewer as dirty as their water
mains the ,monopoly continue their mud
throwing at the City Council. The more
Mack-guardism and abuse from the monop
oly mouthpiece, the higher grows the Al
dermen in the estimation of the people.
Any one who pictures Delegate Toole as
shedding torrents of tears 1 cause the
Kentuckian got there instead of Martin
shouldn't unnecessarily waste his emotions
on that supposition. Jo. isn't weeping
over any little political trip-up of the kind.
The story of destitution, sickness and
suifering in the city of Detroit is enough
to send a blush of shame and a pang of re
gret through the whole civilized world.
Let every one keep an open, searching eye
to see that similar cases do not occur in
his vicinit y.
Advices from the Cascade tunnel on the
Northern Pacific show good progress on
the great bore, but of more immediate in
terest is the announcement that through
connection by means of a switch-back over
the mountains will be made by April next.
The trip to Puget Sound and Alaska will
be the proper thing for next summer's
heated term.
80 i AK as expressions of opinion have
l>een made in either House of Congress,
there is a general agreement that there
should be some reduction ot duties, but the
trouble is in telling where to apply the re
duction. We prefer the proposition of
Sherman to any other, that it should be
on sugar and confined to those nations that
do not impose an export duty, so that
what reduction is made will be to the bene
fit of our own people, allowing a corres
ponding l*onnty upon all sugar* made in
this countrv.
It is a proper distinction to make in im
posing a lower tax upon liquors made from
perishable fruits. We believe it would
prove a measure of practical temperance
to encourage to a reasonable degree the
making of pure wine, and we should have
little objection to any kind of pure liquors
made from any kind of fruit. It is these
\ iie conc-octions of high wines and drugs
of all sorts that create diseased appetites
and make men crazy. So far as intemper
ance is concerned it will always exist in
everything, and it will require more than
civil law to eradicate it.
The Liquor Dealers Association at Louis
ville has.-hown good sense in approving of
a moderate license system and its strict en
forcement, the preventing of sales to
minors, closing saloons on Sundays and the
refusal of In enses to disorderly houses. If
these rank abases are cut ofi' there will be
a moderation of the attacks and of the leg
islation lo remove evils that cannot other
wise Ite controlled. It is a great deal bet
ter for liquor men to unite to correct con
fessed abuse-. It there is a line of com
1 parative safety, it is for the interest of a
maioritv to find and follow it.
Yesterday was a bad day for Mon
tana. The sudden, unexpected news
that Governor Hauser had resigned was
received with universal regret by Re
publicans almost a? much as by Demo
crats. In him every citizen of Montana
felt that our Territory had an executive
intimately acquainted and identified
with its every interest.
So far as the emoluments of office
were concerned every one know that
there was nothing in them but sacrifice for
him. We presumed it would be a poor i
day for Hauser when he could not make
more than his year's salary would
amount to. Rut he took a just pride in
seeing the fame and fortunes of Mon
tana stand high and the interests of her
citizen- protected and advanced.
No man from outside the Territory, ;
uo matter who he is. however able, fam
ous or powerful, can pos*ibly serve our
interests, no matter how devotedly he
may endeavor to do so, like one who has
grown up with those interests, who
knows every l*asine*s man in the Terri
tory. The new appointee may be a very
able man of unblemished character, but
he is an entire stranger to Montana, to
her people, industries and interest.-. He
will appear among us. if he accepts, at
the opening of a session of our Legisla
ture. when it would naturally be expect
ed that he should advise and recommend
such legislation as our circumstances
need. And never before was there a
time when advice and counsel were so
much needed as now, when it is neces
sary to legislate under the restrictions of
the recent act of Congress. Of course
in this emergency our new Governor,
with the best intention- and exertion-,
will not be able to a-i-t at all. The
situation may be beyond any one s aid,
but. to say the least, no Legislatnrt ever
! before was chosen to perform a harder
ta.-k or needed more the assistance of an
experienced, resolute executive.
If this change had been postponed till
our I.egi-lature adjourned it would have
been less of a misfortune. As it is it
amounts to a public calamity and will
be quite generailv so regarded. If it is
true that this resignation, as some think,
was requested on account of the indepen
dent positions assumed *o manfully by
the Governor on the matters of land
policy and silver legislation in bis
j annual report, there will be a good deal
I of indignation over the change. If the
j resignation was wholly voluntarv and in
; pursuance of a campaign arrangement,
to give way to Maginnis, it was sadly
marred in the execution by Cleveland's
refusal to be made a party of the scheme.
The President seems to be very inde
pendent in his fancies and proves always
a very unreliable element in any arrange
ment. The large Democratic majority
in Montana seems to Lave been squan
dered, so far as influencing the Adminis
If the combined influence of Hauser,
Toole and Maginnis himself could not
secure the appointment of the latter for
the place left vacant for him especially,
it must be that there is something that
has beer, done to raise the President's
ire, and it bodes no good to the success
of the new right of way bill for the
Manitoba road.
Every one speaks well of the new ap
pointee a- a man of high character and
fair abilities He i* no *uch man as our
former Kentucky governor, Green Clay
Smith. He may be sure that our people
burying other di-appointment* and re
grets, will give him a respectful greeting
and not hold him responsible for their
disappointments. Till as a State we be
come masters of our own destinies, we
must expect a succession of such disap
pointments. The ways of civil service
reform are past finding out.
i w jjj 0Qe 0 f first questions asked
whether the municipality has clear legal
power to issue bonds. If there is any
doubt of this power the bonds could not
It is hard to see how the appeal of the
water case can occasion any further delay
in giving the city an adequate supply of
pure water. The Supreme Court will meet
in January, and the case will then be dis
posed of. In any possible view of the case,
it ought to go to the Supreme Court for an
interpretation that shall be binding all
over the Territory, and one that could
satisfy any foreign investors and money
lenders. If we choose to build water
works of our own and have to sell bonds,
be sold at all at any price. It is equally
important to have such a decision of the
full court before we can make a strong ap
peal to Congress to relax the limitations
they have imposed on Territorial Legisla
tures, municipalities, etc. If the full court
holds with Jndge Wade that the city
cannot make any such contract with any
water company, and that the Legislature
cannot confer such power, then we must
look for help from one of two sources—
either get Congress to repeal or modify its
limitation act, or our own Legislature to
grant ns with all other cities in Montana
the right to issue bonds to the fall extent
of the four per cent, limit to supply them
selves with water. Then we can adver
tise and find out if any one will build our
works aDd furnish the supply for what we
are allowed to pay. In either case the de
cision of the fall Bench is absolutely neces
sary as the basis of future action. We
i think the City Attorney, after the full
presentatiou of the case already made, is
fully equal to the task ot getting it before
the Supreme Court on its merits, the city,
by the decision, being unable to employ
additional counsel.
It is becoming difficult to keep track of
the Territorial Governors, owing to the
President's habit of changing them so
often. Wyoming has had as many as
three Governors in as many months, and
Montana has experienced an equal num
ber of changes during the current year.
The House has passed a bill in ac
cordance with the recommendation of
the President, providing for the allot
ment of lands in severalty to the Indians
and conferring citizenship on such as
accept their allotments and adopt habits
of civilization.
This is good as far as it goes, but it
seems as if something more were needed.
We doubt very much if the Indians
generally will dissolve their tribal rela
tions and accept lands in severalty with
out some substantial inducements. The
offer of citizenship will hardly be re
garded as a great boon by a majority of j
the Indians. It is of doubtful value to ;
the negro even in section* where the j
negroes are in a majority. And in the j
case of the Indians they are not numer- j
ous enough by any concentration of ;
votes to influence legislation. Whether
citizenship is a blessing depends upon a
degree of intelligence that is able to dis- !
cern its value and u-e its privileges to
So long as any considerable portion of
the Indians are supported in idleness in
the vicinity of others who would be dis- j
posed to do something for themselves we
think the whole attempt will break :
down. The industrious would be ridi
culed and their work destroyed or con
sumed by the idlers.
The teaching that the Indians need
first is instructisn in the art* of living,
not in books. They need to be taught
how to cultivate lands, to rai*e *tock, to
build themselves houses and to acquire
all the useful trade-.
If they can see present advantage*
flowing from thi* new way of living they
will adopt it and go on. Hundreds of
thou*and- of dollar* have been spent on
Indian schools and for farmers and
black-mith- among them that have been
completely wasted either because the
right sort of men have not been em
ployed or the right method- have not
been u-ed to apply in*truction.
Z It must be understood at the start
that no amount of effort and expense
will civilize an Indian again-: his will.
The hearty co-operation of every Indian
is needed to the success of the scheme.
Those who have no disposition to be
civilized should be kept apart from the
rest and not allowed to interfere or
associate with them. There should be
I strong inducements and encouragements
held out to the industrious, while the
idle ones should only be supplied with
the merest necessaries of life and made
to understand that they will get no mote
till they earn it for themselves.
The method of taking the children
when the parents will con-ent and edu
cating them to some u-eful trade at
Eastern schools, such as Carlisle and j
Hampton, and having them placed out
among good families, where they *ee the
effects of' civilization, seem- to be one of ■
the most effectual mean- of practical
Rut this i- only a slow and partial l
method of reaching a whole tribe. It seems
to us that in every tribe there should be i
a little colony of suitable white men ein- j
ployed, representing the various trades,
who should be not only instructors, but
should open and cultivate model farms
and have shops where the various kind* |
of work are done. Thi- will cost money ,
and require persistent, patient effort con
tinued through a term of vear-. Some ;
i'jrm ot *impie self-government suited
to their wants should be tried before the
Indian* were subjected to the intricate
and incomprehensible form* of civilized
If a general and earnest effort is
made we are sure that it would succeed.
It will cost something for a time and a
good deal more than has ever before
been expended, but co*t what it may it
is our dutv and intere*t a- a nation to do
it as well.
The Indian- may fade away in civi
lizing. but they are disappearing now
and the proper kind of civilization
would improve them physically, as well
as mentally and morally. It i* n<> -mall
matter to civilize a savage, to teach
habits of industry and forethought to j
those who have only been accu*tomcd
to exertion under the spur of necessity
of some sort.
This action of Congres* will amount
to nothing unless a good deal more goes
with it, and the matter of civilization is
entrusted to men who ha\e their heart
in it and are provided with ample means
to carry it out on a general scale to in
clude everv Indian in the countrv.
It is pleasing to note the energy with
which the present Congress has entered
upon its work, not only in the consider
ation of pending measures but in the ad
vancement of the appropriation bills. If
it holds out as industriously as it has be
gun the country will have something to
be thankful for when March comes. In
stead of keeping measures back, as is nsnal,
every one seems anxious to advance them,
« It is a good thing that a new party has
made its appearance, and its luture growth
and operations depend upon whether the
old parties will do what they have under
taken and the country expects. If they
hesitate they will be pushed aside.
Ik there are any kinds of foreign grown
wool necessarv for American manufactur
ers to have to carry on their business suc
cessfully it seems as if the proposition of
rM-,-.----~ -i.—s— -
Senator Blair would cover it. allowing a
rebate on all the products so used when
manufactured for export. We certainly
want to increase and extend our manu
factures by every means in the world, be
cause they furnish employment for men
and capital and give us our l»est home
markets for the products of our soil. But
so long as we import so large a share of
woolen goods, our manuracturers are Dot
pining for foreign trade. j

The defeat of the Clarke's hork rail
road right of way bill in the House was
simply a piece of ignorant blundering
not to be expected from sensible business
men intent upon all legitmate measures
for developing the resources of the co«n
try. Here is a large, rich mining dis
trict whose development would add mil
lions to the wealth of the country, effect
ually *ealed up, for reasons that we *k>
not believe have been publicly stated.
The pretext of opposition is that it
might set fire to the woods, scare the
~ame and prove a bad precedent to other I
roads that want to gain admission to the
Park. We confess that we can not enter
into the spirit of these esthetic Congress
men who imagine that railroad- are go
ing to destroy the beauty or mar any of
the attractions of tne National Paik.
We are sure that we are as eager as any
oue living to have the Park preserved,
beautified and made the center of at
traction for the world. Ret it is on such
an enormou* scale for a park that it
needs railroads through it to render its
beauties approachable in order that they
may be enjoyable. No one who has ever
yet visited the 1'ark has ever seen a tithe
of its area and attraction*, and never
will till there i- some speedier, cheaper
and more convenient way of getting
around and through it. tar from
keeping railroads out, we should cer
tainly l'avor the government's building
a railroad through it a* the only effec
tual way of rendering it generally ac
cessible. We might as well say that
horses and vehicles and human beings
will scare the game ami therefore seal it
up again*t visitation. People do not go j
to the Park to *ee game. They can see !
more of that in a second rate menagerie
than they ever will in the Park. Nor
do we believe people are so fond of i
being crowded and jerked around in
stage coaches that they will deliberately
prefer them to roomy, easy-gliding rail
coache* that will enable them within
moderate limits of time and expense to ;
reach the distant scenes and centers of
real interest.
Rut this is aside from the question, I
which i-, -hall an important, valuable
mining district be sealed up because the
only, or at lea*t the most available route
to it lies along a corner of the Park, that
otherwise would never be seen or vi-ited. j
We pride ourselves on being a practical, I
sensible people, quick to see an advan- '
tage and a profit, but here is a mining
,. c . . , . , , • ,
district ot immense value whose riches
have been brought to light by adventur
ous prospectors, now proposed to be shut
out from profitable occupation and de
velopment on account of the scruples of
some fal*e taste. Why, if such mines of
wealth existed in England there would
not be a day's delay in opening a way to
them, if it had to go through the center of
Windsor ca*tle.
We cannot help but think of those
poor, hardy miners who have clung to
this show of a fortune through weary
years of hard-hip and self-denial in hope
of realizing some small portion of the
wealth they have brought to light, now
compelled to -ee another adjourn
ment of their oft deferred hopes.
It i* too bad. in every way,
shape and form. There is no
decent excuse for it. There are thou
sands of cogent, clamorous reasons for
granting the right of way. We want
the wealth that is stored away in these
mines. Are we afraid of getting rich
too fast \If we had the power, we would
make every American citizen a million
aire. There is good u-e to be made of
every dollar of all the wealth that the
world contain-, and we need not check
it- production.
We wish Cox had staid in Turkey. It
i- a great deal better place than Amer
ica for those of his taste and ideas.
Against all the good he ha* ever done
or can do. would not offset the heavy
hearted disappointment of those Clarke's
Fork miners, who will have just cause
to curse him as long a- he or thev live.
The stock panic is laid by some to the
action of the committee in Congress
agreeing upon the inter-State commerce
bill with the prohibition of pooling. It is
thought that without this arrangement
there would lie such a cutting of rates that
none of the roads will be able to pay divi
dends. and thus tbe stocks will be rendered
worthless. This may not be the explana
tion. bat the wild rush to sell is evidently
connected in some way with the bill be
fore Congress. Possibly it may be intend
ed to influence the action of Congress.
Tbe determination of Congress to take the
matter in hand is evident, and m fact
. . , • •
under recent decisions of the Supreme
Court has become absolutely necessary.
No one State can legislate to cover con
tracts of transportation beyond its own
borders, and no power to do so resides any
where except in Congress. There is un
doubtedly a feeling in railroad circles that
when Congress once begins to take the
matter in hand, it will impose restrictions
that, will revolutionize the present methods
of doing business and make it less profit
able to the great inside operators.
IT . _ • *- . . ..
Go\. Hai sEB s resignation, as stated in
a Washington dispatch, contemplated ae
ceptance after the close of the coming
legislative session—some time in February.
or March, for instance. That is Delegate
Toole's story, we believe, who tells that
he had been to the White House in behalf
0j - ji a gi nn ig. ant i was g j ven to understand
he W0Q]dbe geenlater on, before a
nomination was made. If Toole tells us a
straight story, the President tricked him
as liadly on the Governorship as he is
charged with doing on the Manitoba bill.
If Congress adjourns without doing
something for Dakota, there is likely to be
an independent movement of large propor
tions and in dead earnest, and we should
heartily applaud such movement.
terea | from either the United State» or
We are glad to see this eewrse
Cam. Eads has notified the House com- !
mittee on commerce that he only desire» a j
charter for his ship canal company. By
this we infer that those interested with
and by him in the scheme are satisfied to
up the money and construct the reed
without any subsidy or guarantee of ra
adopted on many grounds. Congress will
probably make more fuss over granting
the small dole of assistance asked than it
would to squander ten times that sob ou
a navv that would not be ot one-tenth the
benefit to our commerce. Government aid
would involve government inspection, in- !
terference. fuss and feathers, till the delay i
and increased cost would amount to more ,
than any assistance rendered. If Capt. '
Eads had started out as he now proposes. |
his road would have been well advanced j
to completion by this time. At any rate,
with live men, unencumbered, pushing the 1
scheme and putting in their own
money, we have much more confidence
of the earlier and cheaper construction of
the work. We have enough confidence in
its success to believe that the work will be
completed and paying dividends before the
water ever runs through the Panama
canal. It is by a shorter and healthier -
route ,1'or our commerce with the Pacific
coast, either south or north, but it is the
latter that chefly concerns us. Wonder if
there are any cranks in congress who will
refuse to grant a charter? Very likely.
Any man who would refuse a right of way
for a railroad through a waste and worth
less wilderness so that it might be opened
up to occupation and production, might l>e
eonnted on as sure to throw obstructions
in the way of any similar enterprise. There
are lots of congressmen who devote tbem
selves so exclusively to the interests of
their little districts that they cannot see
one of national importance.
The action of the Northern Pacific in
announcing a reduction of rates over all its
main and branch lines will be hailed by
our people as a wise and proper course of
action. In some instances the old rates
have been as high as the stage fare used
to be and there was disappointment and
dissatisfaction. Many people, without
much thought seem to think that railroad
rates ought to be as cheap in Montana as
in the thickly settled eastern States, where
business is a hundred fold greater and the
cost of running trains is so much less,
esj>ecially in the matter of luel. Let U3 be
reasonable and make due allowance for
extra cost and smaller receipts. Let us
congratulate ourselves too that our great j
mainline has reached a paving basis, and ;
, . , „ !
as business and travel along the line in- '
creases further redactions will come and
before our country is settled and developed
like the older eastern States we shall have !
... , . .,
as liberal r ates as they now ep.io y.
Let .us say that public sentiment quite
sustains the Mayor and Common Council j
in their estimate of the Helena Water
Company. Alderman btedmaD makes no
mistake in characterizing the monopoly as
"One of the very worst ever known."
His colleagues are of the same opinion,
and back of them the great body of rate
racked water consumers of Helena. No
people have ever suffered and so loDg en
dured such impositions and extortions as
hare l>een practiced upon this community.
If possible, within'its emasculated province
and power, the council should devise some
means of protecting the citizen* from the
outrageous exactions which have been re
sumed with whetted ferocity upon hun
dreds of victims within the past few days.
Evidently the water cormorants con
strue the recent court decision
as surrendering up our citizens as
their legitimate prey, and former robl>eries
are renewed and prosecuted relentlessly
and without remorse. The grievance is
intolerable, and in some way must lie re
The Toole Democrats appear wonder
fully complaisant with respect to the
Leslie appointment. We hear of few pro
tests except those emanating from the
Maginnis-Broadwater wing. These latter
are angry and bitterly denounce the Pres
ident. They claim to have cast the heft
of the Democratic vote in central, north
ern and eastern Montana and made possi
ble the considerable majority which en
dorsed the administration. The treatment
of this faction of the Democracy, it must
be confessed, has been rather rough. They
were cuffed before the election in the veto
of the Manitoba bill, and they are kicked
after tbe election in the "veto" of Magin
nis. "I am thinking it served us jjist
right," said a Maginnis man this morning:
"we eat dirt and dirt is what we ought to
Senator Beck Touches for Leslie. Ac
counting for the appointment of his con
stituent, the Senator says he had the en
, , , ... „ , . ,
dorsement of the solid Kentucky delega
. T .
tion. It would lie interesting to know
how Beck and his colleagues come to find
out about the Governorship vancaney. The
matter was supposed to be guarded and in
the exclusive keeping of those friendly to
Maginnis,. Somehow the secret crept out.
the Kentuckians rallied upon the White
House, and Leslie, who had been in Wash
ington waiting for a place since the Demo
cratic start, got the appointment. Toole
and Hauser may have done all they prom
ised and all they could for Maginnis, but,
... tt -j . - . . ,
with the I resident in the way, they simply
couldn't deliver the goods.
--------- -------------
^ r a b° u f come to this, that any candi
date for the Bal garian v .rone proposed by
the ot ^ er P° wers 18 ac acceptaWe to Rns
S13: aad V1C€ versa - R doesn t seem to have
occarred that it might be quite a 3 well to :
let the Bulgarians choose one of their own ;
race to be president for a limited term.
This idea, so natural, simple and sensible,
does not even seem to be regarded as pos
Bnlgarians to choose one of themselves
who would not be worth a hundred times
as much as any foreign prince, and it would
not cost a thousandth part as much. What
blessed fools men are to pay such high
figures lor such worthless princely wares !
_ ^ _
sible. Y'et it would be impossible for the
[Written for the Harald ;
Any student of chemistry is well aware
of the existence of certain tests for the
different substances in nature. Some liquid
is brought to the chemist and be is asked
what is this liquid ?• H« will take it to
his laboratory, and in a few hours be can
tell you not only what that liquid is, bu t
each one of its composition?, and the
quantity of each in the liquid.
A citizen dies under suspicious circum
stances ; suspicion rests in the minds of
men that he has been poisoned ; the stom
ach of the dead is taken to a chemist, and
tests are 9 ° t delicate and accurate that
he can certainly state whether the man
was poisoned and just what the poison was.
For instance, if a porcelain dish be held
up against a flamewhi^arsenic isbmn-|
ing there will be deposited on the dish a !
thin but bright metallic mirror. This is
an exceedingly delicate test, and an ex
tremely small quantity of arsenic will
show itself as a deposit. A widely used
school chemistry remarks concerning the
use of this test m the case of examination
of a stomach supposed to have been pois
oned with arsenic: "We can imagine with
what care a chemist would conduct the
examination, and with what intense anx
iety he would watch the porcelain dish as
the flame played upon it. hesitating and
dreading the issue as he felt the life of a
fellow being trembling upon the result of
his experiment*'
his experiment."
The system of double entry bookkeep- .
ing, universally adopted is on the principle
of tests; every entry has a check on its
own records, and if at any point a mistake
is made it must appear elsewhere in
such shape as to attract immediate atten
tion. No business house doing any sort of
an important business would once think
of doing without these tests and checks.
Go into one of the Butte smelters and
any observant eye will catch sight, all
over the building, of tbe long tubes used
by the company's chemist for taking sam
ples of every outpouring of the metal.
Here in our own assay ofiice every bar of
precious metal is chemically tested at two
diagonal corners, and then tested again at
the East, and the tests are so carefully
made as to defy appreciation in the minds
of those who are unaccustomed to tbe
niceties of chemistry.
In schools, academies, colleges and uni
versities are certain tests of the students,
called examinations. These examinations
are much dreaded and much needed in or
der to weed oat the unworthy ones and to
exercise the studious and reward each as
he deserves.
All life is a flerv trial and a struggle for
the survival of the fittest. In business men
are constantly weighed in balances : the
energetic, persevering, economical, faithlul
ones are rewarded with success, and the
unfaithful, careless, heedless and slack ones
reap a reward of sorrow and disappoint
Everywhere and at all times we are met
w j7h 0 p t h e quality of our manhood,
and of our work. He that is found faithful ,
the least is called up higher, and those
who fail are called upon to step down and
y 0T oug ht men to grumble and repine
that they reap as they sow, and by their
fruits are they known. As in chemistry,
smelting, assaying, bookkeeping and bnsi
ne ss testg are cons tantly being resorted to,
to check mistakes and correct errors and
th ; quality of work done, so in
a n departments of life, and especially the
religious, these tests of the quality and
quantity of results are to be expected.
The one great test of Christian life as
given by our Master is "Ye shall know
them by their fruits ; do men gather !
grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? even
so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit:
but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit
—wherefore by their fruits ye shall know
Tests are needed ; tests are abundant on
all sides everywhere. No man need fear a
test if his soul be pure ; but no man can
escape these tests, these judgments for the
deeds done. For a while he may conceal
his sins, but like murder, they will come
out into the light of day, and no help for
it; ultimately men shall be known for
their true worth. And the final test of all
comes when at the great judgment day we
shall stand before the dread tribunal to be
tried for the deeds done in the body:
happy they to whom it shall be said :
"Well done, good and faithful servant."
The conviction of Mc' t »uaid. the boodle
alderman, on his second trial, was almost
unexpected and ought to be noticed to the
credit of the New York jury. There is ;
some evidence that the mass of people in
New Y'ork city is not wholly dead to
honesty and virtue. It has seemed as if
New Y'ork was beyond the hope of reform,
thoroughly venal and altogether besotted
in vice. But within a year past there
have been more encouraging flashes of in
dependence in politics and justice in the :
courts and honesty in the government
than for vears before.
Thebe may never be the same need of
the tenure ot office law as there was when i
it had its birth, but we are not of those
who think it has survived its usefulness.
It ought to stay on the statute l>ooks as a
wholesome check upon one man power,
and the time may come when it would be
much needed and will be very difficult to
get two-thirds of both houses to put it
back. It is not in the way of any one ex- j
ercising the duties of the Presidential office |
m wor thy manner and spirit .
of our Maine and Massachusetts fishermen
. , . . , j - . -
would take in hand the development of
oar Alaskan fisheries. There are fortunes
in it and the Pacific waters are less danger
Texas Cattle Disease.
Washington, December IS.— Commis
It is said that the New Brunswick fisher
men are going to emigrate to the Pacific
coast. The past few years have been very
destructive and discouraging, aggravated
the past season by the suicidal course of
the Dominion government. We wish some
, sioner Coleman of the Department of Agri
culture has received the following telegram
from his agent at Dallas. Texas, relative to
the recent outbreak of the cattle disease in
that State :
ff. amiaed all , case ^
belonging to various parties ^ ^n^hïlocal
ity. In Betterton's herd we found remain
: three of the original six head suffering
; from J tQb f rc , Qlosi , s > ^ Uled one most . d !?*
eased and found the left lung, especially
the middle lobe, extensively ard unmis
takably affected with tuberculosis, in all
stages of development, besides the mesen
tr * c 8 land3 were tuberculosis, the liver
healthy, the spleen slightly engorged, ab
normally of a dark blueish tinge, and the
right kidney slightly congested. Of thirty
one registered Jerseys brought here six
have died. One was killed to-day. Seven
ot twelve examined were affected with
tuberculosis. Have seen no evidence of
contagious pleuro-pnenmonia."
Mattera and Things Municipal, not For
getting the Water Question.
An Appeal to the Sapneme- Court De
cided. Upon.
Pursuant to adjournment last night the
City Council convened for th» transaction
of unfinished buaines». Mayor Klein
schmidt and eight of the aldermen were
The Mayor made remarks upon several
matters that demanded attention. Among
others he stated that he had ordered a
warrant drawn for $900 in payment of a
note given during the last administration
for the purchase of hose for the fire de
The cost of beating
witk a suggestion
.junction case, and recommended it to the
consideration of the Council. Upon this
the City
steam from the engine house might be
made available at les» expense, was men
tioned and the matter referred to the com
mittee on public buildings.
The fact that the law required a stand
ing committee on tbe public library was
noted and Aldermen Stedman, Muth and
Lockey were appointed such committee.
This important topic was not disregard
ed and the Mayor referred to tne decision
of Judge Wade, recently made in the in
question Alderman Muth submitted the
lollowing resolution and moved its adop
Whebeas, In the case of Win. Davenport
et al. vs. the City of Helena, the decision
of his Honor, Judge Wade, is so stringent
in its interpretation of the powers of the
City Council under existing laws of the
United States and of the Territory of
Montana, and.
Whebeas, Under said decision there
exists a reasonable doubt as to the legality
of any action of this Council, therefore,
be it,
Eesolrul , That the city attorney be in
structed, and is hereby instructed, to take
such steps as may be necessary to appeal
from said decision.
The resolution was read and before ac
tion was taken on it Alderman Lockey in
troduced a substitute for it as follows :
Whebeas, Upon the application o: tax
payers in the suit of William Davenport
et al. versus Theodore H. Kleinsehmidt,
Mayor, et al. in the District Court of the
Third Judicial District of the Territory of
Montana, in and for the county of I.ewis
and Clarke, an injunction was recently
issued enjoining and restraining the city
of Helena and the officers thereof from in
any maaner carrying out the terms or pro
visions of ordinance No. !*J, "To provide
the city with water lor tire, sewerage and
, other purposes, or Irom ■"
any manner
carrying out the contract proposed by and
embraced in said ordinance : and
Whebeas, A motion for the dissolution of
said injunction submitted in behalf of a
portion of the defendants in said suit was
on the day of December, l- 1 -'!, after a
full and exhaustive argument overruled by
the said court and the said injunction w.i*
by the said court continued and now re
mains in force : and
Whebeas, It is conclusively established
by the decision of the court in said suit
that the said ordinance is null and void
and that said city has not the power to
make a contract such as is contemplated
by said ordinance and in tbe manner pro
vided in said ordinance : and
Whefeas, The said decision of said court
is evidently a true interpretation of the
law upon the questions involved in said
suit ; now, therefore, be it
Bcsolvea, That a further continuation
of litigation of the matters and question
involved in said suit will tend only to de
lay the city in its efforts to procure an
abundant supply of pure water for the
use of said city and its inhabitants, and
will entail a large expenditure of public
funds without the accomplishment of any
good purpose.
EesolveiJ, That the City Attorney be and
he is hereby instructed not to take 3 dv
appeal from the said decision, and he is
further instructed to take such steps as
will accept such decision as final, a* to the
questions thereby determined.
Speeches were made pro and con upon
the subject of taking an appeal, mostly
pro. Stedman and Howey spoke against
the substitute and in favor of Math's reso
i Q tion. The former was logical and clear
headed as usual and presented the case in a
nutshell. "Either, " said he. "Jndge Wade's
decision was wrong or the laws under
which it was given were outrageous and
the law creating our city governmen t was
a terrible bangle." The Helena Water
Company he stigmatized as "the most in
famous monopoly ever known, and ii any
help could be gained by appealing to a
higher court that course should certainly
be pursued.
Alter the discussion a vote was taken on
the substitute, which was lost by a large
majority. Muth's resolution was then
voted upon and adopted. Aldermen Lockey
and j>j c fcett casting the only negative vote*,
The City Attorney was accordingly in
structed to perfect the appeal to the
Supreme Court.
From the mysterious depths of his desk
the clerk, on request of the Mayor, then
drew forth a report from the committee on
ordinances. The committee apparently
have a sense of humor for they presented
a rare document for adoption as au ordi
nance. They had evidently studied Judge
YVade's decision and conscientiously gone
to work to carry out its provisions. I mier
the decision the Council is compelled to
advertise all contracts involving $1(X' or
more, but the mode of advertising is left
for ihem to determine. Accordingly the
ordinance provided, as the simplest and
least expensive method, that the means o:
advertising all such contracts should be by
i costing or bulletening a notice in the city
^ ^ a period " of not Jess than
one hour. Some of the aldermen did not
consider this exactly the proper thing, and
put forth various demurrers to it in the
I gbape of different amendments. Alter the
ordinance had been thoroughly discussed
and amended in some particulars, it wa
I put to a vote, all voting lor it but Alder
men Connor. Bickett aDd Lockey. As the
vote was not large enough to perfect t*
passage. Alderman Muth moved that 1
ordinance be referred again to the ordi
nance committee. Notwithstanding
Lockey s opposition the motion wasc.;.
The Council resolved upon tbe passage
of an ordinance for the registration o. i *.
The report of the fire department recom
mending the acceptance of lot 1. j
____ Thi« i« the proDert? ©nereti
______ „
was adopted. This is the property
gratuitously by the Northern " '
road Company to the fire departmen. t ^
its erection of a new engine house -
not less than ÿl, 000. The der ' " .; 0IJ
dered to advertise for bids for tae eir ^
of such a building in accordant. " 1 ^
plans and specifications turn.*
led by the

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