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FISK BROS. - - - Publishers.
R. E. FISK,......Editor THURSDAY, JANUARY 6, 1887. A GREAT LITERARY TREAT. Bret Harte's Latest and Most Facinating Romance. THo Story of a Mine.' The attention of readers is called to the oreat Serial Romance commenced in the current number of The Weekly Herald entitled "The Story of a Mine," the latest and one of the very best literary achievements of the eminent [and univer sally popular author, Bret Harte. Six broad columns of the first page of this the first issue of The Herald for the New Year are occupied with the opening chapters of this absorbing story. The pub lication will be continued in successive numbers to the close, in installments of about six columns a week, running through the mouths of January and February, and reaching the concluding chapters not later than the first of March. It is entirely safe to predict that the in terest of thousands of readers will be en listed in this graphic narration of western mining life—the cleverest of the kind at tempted by the versatile writer. Com plete the story contains thirty-two illus trations by the best artists. The whole is protected by copy-right and the exclusive newspaper franchise for Montana vests in The Herald. Other serials—the best performances of American and English authors—will fol low through the year. The Weekly Herald has for twenty years held the first place in the preference of the people of Montana. It is the larg est family newspaper of the Territory, and conceded by everybody the handsomest and most popular of all. Annual subscrip tion price, $3, payable in advance. Silver bars are stationary at 991. Michael Davitt was married this morning to his'California girl. The confession of Cook implicates Froth ingham in the Missouri express robbery. The funerol obsequies of Senator Logan transpired to-day, a full report of which will be found in to-day's Herald report. Of the hundred prescriptions sent the President to stop his rheumatics he is said to have adopted one from a Kentuckian. This circumstance has doubled the con sumption of "sour mash" in Washington. Mb. Woolston has forwarded to Mayor Kleinschmidt the required $25,000 bond in the matter of the Helena Water works franchise. We are advised, too, that the mains and all the material necessary to the plant are in course of manufacture and that shipments of the same will commence at an early day. The "wily Woolston'" is a worker. He means business and no one should forget it. Gov. Hacser will doubtless at once ad dress himself to the preparation of his message, and be in time to mature his sug gestions and recommendations to the Legislative Assembly. We much mistake if the Governor does not avail himself of the opportunity to emphasize the views heretofore expressed on the land and silyer questions, and give those subjects a con spicuous place among other commanding Territorial topics to be discussed. The Pinkerton detectives have achieved a great success in ferreting out the ex press robbery, recovering most of the money and securing the robbers. It is evi dent that the express agent Frothingbam was one of the conspirators and as such is most a u *lty of all of them. For him there should be no sympathy or clemency. When a trusted and paid guardian of others wealth becomes a traitor as well as robber it is a double crime and should be punished accordingly._ There is no doubt that the salary bill for the county officials has worked a loss and a burden on many of the counties. In a tew it has proved a considerable saving. We still think the principle of paying sal aries instead of fees is the correct one. The trouble was that the representatives of many counties to whom it was left to name the amounts, placed them too high. It should have been a fixed principle to make the salary less than the probable amount of fees, for a fixed salary is more available to any officer than even a larger sum of one uncertain and irregular. The proper thing would seem to be to cut down the salaries within the ascertained limits of the receipts from fees. The Maverick National Hank, of Pos ton, is a most notable financial success. Its career has been one of continued pros perity under the management of its presi dent, Mr. Asa P. Potter, a man of rare financial ability and sagacity, and of quick and unerring judgment. Previous to Mr. Potter's taking the presidency the de posits were about $300,000, while now they are over $10,000,000. The hank con trols the sale of Government bonds in Bos ton, and is the only institution in that city making telegraphic transfers of money to all points. Its connections are world-wide and the hank stands in the front rank of the great monied institutions of the coun try. FAREWELL TO 1886. As the fleeting years round to a close, we always feel a pang at parting with them. Other years may have been fuller of blessings and less calamitous, but 1886 has had its own peculiar experi ences which will forever hold a conse crated niche in memory's Pantheon. A year's life in this last quarter of the nineteenth century is worth a thousand years before the flood or any century since. Though the span of life has been cut down to three score and ten and to very few reaches that limit, yet the means of production, inter-communi cation, travel, transportation, exchange of news have so multiplied that more of life Jis crowded into every day than, a few centuries ago, marked a whole life time. Human nature is the same and so is the world, but the conditions of life are so wonderfully changed that it seems like a new world and a new iife to which we wake every morning. On the whole and comparatively speaking the closing vear t has not been one of abounding prosperity. The ele ments seem to have been in a continual state of disturbance. Destructive storms have swept over land and sea, causing great havoc and loss of life and property and filling thousands of hearts with dread and many homes with desolation. We have had drouth, Hoods, earthquakes and destructive fires in more than aver age frequency and extent, but after and above all the world has strided forward grandly and steadily in progress of the highest type. If we have not learned to control the elements and prevent their destructive visitations, we have learned to alleviate distress and repair the loss that they oc casion more promptly and generously. Such is the expanding area now occu pied by civilization and protective in dustry, that there is always plenty some where and the means and disposition to share with those in want. It is the grandest feature of modern civilization that its sympathies are so quick and its generous charities so organized and abundant and aggres sive that extreme poverty and distress are almost unknown. The compara tively poor are perhaps as numerous as ever, but it is true also that even our paupers fare better now than even princes once did. General and indi vidual wealth is increasing at such a rate as never before was known in the history of the world. In the United States there are more millionaires than in all the rest of the world together, and our national increase of wealth, even in years of less than ordinary prosperity, is counted by the millions every, day. Our rate of national growth is now about a million and a half every year and in every two years we add to our population as much as it all amount ed to when we began our independent national existence. The vast, wild west ern waste of desert and mountain that a few years ago was regarded as a barren incumbrance to the country is fast be coming populous and productive. For Montana the past year has been a hard and discouraging one lor all oui leading interests and industries. Drouth has parched our ranges, the prices of stock have shown a decline, though the cost of maintenance has greatly in creased. Our mining interests have fared as badly, for the prices of our metal pro ducts have ranged very low, leaving little margin for profit. Yet withal the annual assessment shows a fair increase, and this result at tained in a year so generally unfavor able may well inspire our confidence in the future. We have gone back in nothing and gone forward in much. We are one year nearer Statehood and inde pendence. Compared with the general spirit of discouragement and consequent inactivity that existed a few years ago in Montana, there is a wonderful change to hope, enterprise and vigorous life. Our waiting is over, the gray dawn is breaking into glorious sunrise. The raw material of wealth in such profusion about us is being fashioned into for tunes. The year past after all has dealt with us kindly and deserves an affec tionate farewell and remembrance. The cattle growers have sent to both Houses of Congress an urgent appeal for a more stringent law to deal with the cattle plague than is contained in the pending bill. No doubt they are right in saying that the quickest and most heroic treat ment will lie the cheapest in the end, but there is a vast amount of State right inde pendence and jealousy that it is not wise to arouse and array in opposition. The vast stock interests in the Territories is mostly without representation in Congress. In those States and sections where the stock interest is a subordinate one, there will be opposition to extreme measures or to appropriations adequate to the emer gency and value of the property involved. An attempt to secure too much may result in losing all._ Look to the M ater. Fast side consumers complained the other day of the quantity of water doled out to them. Since then the supply has been increased, but the quality is bad. The fluid is repulsive to the taste and smell. The Herald suggests that the Health Board investigate and report. This was done once before, and the water condemned as a nuisance. It would seem as if some stagnant, stinking pool had been tapped and empted into the blufl" reservoir. If that is a tact and the water is as impure and offensive as stated, it is the duty of the authorities to examine and let the pub lic know. Let the investigation be fair and tull and the report honest and fearless. Died. New York, December 30.—Gen. W. W. Loring Pasha, formerly of the United States army, and ot the confederate army, and later commander of the Lo: ing corps in the Egyptian army, died of neutuonL. at the St Denis Hotel to night. PEACE OR WAR? . The general peace that pervades the world at present may be termed rather an armistice than anything else. M hen we look at the mutual armaments of the nations of Europe and still more at the contentions of governments and the mutual jealousies of nations, there is very little sign of peace and very little hope that a general conflict of arms can be postponed for another year. There is no longer any harmony of principles or unity of action among the great pow ers of Europe. Between England and Rus sia there has long been a growing diver gance of anything like cordial relations. Russia has never forgotten or forgiven her humiliation in the Crimean war nor England's interference to wrest from her the fruits of her Turkish conquests. Russia has pushed her Asiatic conquests up to the very gates of India and there is no longer a neutral belt to keep the great contestants for Asiatic supremacy from coming into direct collision any day. France and Germany mutually dis trust and hate one another. But for fear of France it is probable that an alliance might be made between England, Ger many and Austria. But Germany is afraid to become involved in any war with Russia, knowing that it would be a signal for Fiance to strike her on the other side. Besides the Emperor and Bismarck are getting old and hardly feel like facing such a tremendous crisis as a general European war. Austria and England are the only powers in Europe that could be brought together in any cordial alliance by simi larity ot interests. But Austria is a very weak power in proportion to her nominal size and strength. The incon gruous elements of the Austrian Empire would dissolve at a touch. England could only aid her with subsidies and it is very doubtful if the English people would vote the subsidies needed to keep Austrian armies in the field. Austria has made a deadly enemy of Russia by her selfi-h grasping at the provinces that Russian arms wrested from the feeble grip of Turkey. At the present moment Russia is preparing for a blow at Austria that fills her court and people with consternation. So long as Germany and England were allies and backers, Austria was very bold, but when it comes to the pinch Germany and England both hold back and Austria is left helpless to ac cept humiliating terms of accommoda tion or certain defeat in arms. Considering the enormous co>t of modern warfare and the heavy indebted ness of all the continental governments save Germany, it might seem as if this fact would prevent war. It would sure ly necessitate a short war, and the long est purse would decide the contest as much as the size of armies or the weight of metal. Germany has the advantage, and her shrewd Chancellor means to keep out of the tight till the others are engaged and exhausted. The tendencies and indications are all for war, and there seems to be no alliance possible that is able and dis posed to command peace. It is a great question how such a war will affect the United States. There is no danger of our becoming involved in it. As the great neutral nation it would give us an opportunity to control the commerce of the world if we were prepared to take it. But it would re quire a strong navy to protect it and make our neutral flag respected. While war was going on over all lands and seas it would not do to be so unarmed as to court the insolence and spoliation of the chief contending parties. At such a time and with such prospects it is child ish to mourn over a little surplus in the treasury. A crisis may be on us any day, beyond our control, that will call for an expenditure of hundreds of millions. A continental war would be a harvest time for the United States in every re spect, provided we have the reapers to gather it in and the garners to store it. And while we do not wish for such a war, it is folly to close our eyes to the multiplying signs of its coming, or to neglect to put ourselves in position to gather the harvests that will be within our grasp. Knowing the opportunities that the United Startes would enjoy and anxious to secure our friendship as well as to diminish her exposed flanks, it would not surprise us if England would voluntarily offer to give us the Dominion, while its people would be equally as anxious to escape the hazards and cost of war. Such an accession to our area, with all the other advantages of trade and commerce, would see our power and wealth as a nation doubled in ten years. With a suitable navy and a change of our navigation and ship ping laws to suit the emergency, we should soon have three-fourths of the ocean commerce covered by our flag. A general European war would con cern us mightily. It would make a mar ket for all our products and manv of our manufactures, till nearly all the hard cash of Europe was in our coffers. Both before and alter the war there would be a great emigration to this country and an influx of capital by those who desired to put their wealth beyond the reach of capture and confiscation. Even if this continental war does not come next year, it is coming all the same, and will be on hand before we could create an adequate navv even if we wem to work at once and with the utmost energy. Public Debt Reduction. Washington, December 31.—The pub lic debt statement Monday will probably show a reduction of eight million dollars. AIMS OF BOSTON GffilS. HOW THE HUB'S SURPLUS WOMEN MANAGE TO LIVE. They U ould Kattier Wait on Other Women Behind the Counter Than in the Kitchen-Their Self Reliance Growing—The Girls of the Future. [Special Correspondence.! Boston, Dec. 30.—There is said to be a pressing demand in Boston, as elsewhere, for "good girls'' to work at domestic service in families. Such may get from $3 to $4 per week, board included. Most American girls do not like to work in families. They like better to enter stores as clerks. They would rather wait on the mistress behind the counter at less wages than at her house. There is still a stain attacked to "going out as help." The American girl is told that all honest labor is honorable, and that she can elevate and dignify her calling as hired assistant in the family. But she does not take the idea. It's too much to expect of her. The theory is good, and true. But the general practice in society does not point that way. Besides, good mistresses and house keepers are as scarce as "good girls." The mistress may have her moods, her tenses and tempers as well as the girl. Human imper fection dwells in the parlor as well as attic. The good girl is expected to "put up" w ith the mistress' "out of sorts" spells. The good mistress cannot, of course, "put up" with the girl's changes of temper-ature and variations of compass. Ladies in Boston speak depre catingly of the tendency of girls to seek the ill-paid |>ositions in shops and stores rather than accept better paid positions in families, where they could have a "good home." But the girl lias also her idea as to a "good home." It may differ from that of the mistress. The girl, for instance, may want to go out every night, when her day's work is done. The mistress may be able so to do. IVe are all imbued with a terribly troublesome, turbu lent desire for freedom. It extends to maid, master and mistress. In the girl s estimate, among other things a good home implies some freedom, recreation and change. If you are "free, white and 20 or 21," do you want your going out to see your chums lim ited to one evening a week? I have beard ladies blazing away at the folly and extrava gance of girls of lowly estate a few hours after losing an amount equal to a girl's six months' wages in stock gambling. How hard it is for any of us to find that jewel consist ency, and wear it consistently after we have found it. The female stage supernumerary gets $.1 per week. Out of this she must in part furnish her costume. For time and labor pre viously expended, at rehearsals before the play is put on, she gets nothing. Preparatory to a spectacular piece I have seen eighty supernumeraries "rehearsing" for two weeks from 8 in the evening till 2 in the morning. Next morning rehearsals were called for at 10 and might last till 2 in the afternoon. Re hearsal for the supernumerary means three hours of waiting to one of doing. She may also have the opportunity of realizing the temper of an irritable stage manager without being his w ife. Swearing at the girls is as common on the stages of some theaters as sw'earing at the boys on the decks of some merchantmen. All stage managers, how ever, are not alike. Some are swine and some are gentlemen. The majority of girls who go on the stage in this humble capacity never make up their minds to do anything. They have no special aim save to get on the stage and "drift." Consequently, as in the other walks of life, they drift. A purpose in any lifo is what the burning glass is to light. It brings one's strength to a focus and sets at least some part of the world on fire. No aim less life ever sets the world on lire. When a girl on the stage begins to do anything well, she begins to manage the manager. She waits less and drudges less, and if she be w ise and her pretty little head doesn't run away with her (as in two-thirds of these cases it does) she may have an assured position and a fair salary. But there are all sorts of slips 'twixt cup and lip. The decorative art line seems pretty full here. In all manner of show windows are seen specimens of painting from female hands. There are paintings on plaques, on shells, on academic board framed and un framed. These are left on sale, and often are not sold. There are so many here w ho "paint" as to give rise to the expression, "Everybody paints." Now everybody does not paint. But more do paint than ever painted before. Rarely do I find here a private family but some member thereof "paints." One trouble is there is too much paint and too little push. There is more room here for this artistic talent could it lie applied to other fields. Few men are now needed who could give suggestions to [»copie in the matter of furnishing and decorating houses. There is still left in Boston an immature element sud denly risen to wealth and having more money than taste. These need artistic women to set their house in order, and such women could find a profitable calling here, were she first to resolve in mind that she would never cease pushing until she did find it. There are men here who would flatten out immediately were they to lose the wives they bully and think the weaker vessels. They are as dependent on them as is your big brute of a boy, who thinks he runs the universe, while, were not bis fond aud foolish mother looking out for his clothes and his feed, he would be as ragged as any tramp and as starved as the guest at some New England country hotels after supper. What is the outcome of the surplus woman here? With all the pain and privation ac companying the condition of affairs there is good working out of it. More women in Bos ton than perhaps in any other American city are being taught to depend on themselves and their own powers. More women here than elsewhere are, through these hard paths, be ing taught the error of marrying simply for a home and an assured support. Women here are commencing to find out that their "rights" are their own powers; that talent, executive ability* and other forces of mind, of which the many now know little, belong to woman as much as to man. They are finding out that actresses in the drama of life are as necessary as actors, and that the play cannot go on without them. There is to-day in Boston a generation of younger women, whose charac ter being shajted by the present condition of affairs, have determined almost unconsciously to "paddle their own canoes." The influ ence of these girls will be felt ten years hence. The girl to-day of 15 or 20 is to be in 1S0G the woman of 2->or 50, and a great advance over her sex of that age to-day. There will bo a great awakening for the masculines when a few more women prove their ability to man age large business operations. No man can do it. Every woman who manages well her household governs well a small empire. As she can govern well under the roof of a dwell ing house, she can also under that of store, office or workshop. Her mistake in the past has been that of asking her "rights" of man. He has none to give her. When she finds out her power and uses it he must give all that rightfully belong; to her. __Frextice Mulforb. A Wise Sentinel. In the barrack room: Officer of instruction —When you are on sentry duty and you see a general coming what do you do? Recruit—Present arms. Officer—And if a group of drunken persons walk past, what do you then? Recruit—Present arms. Office''—What! Whvso? Recruit—There maybe a general among them. — Prom the German. CAPITOL SKETCHES. PEN PICTURES OF STATESMEN CAUGHT ON THE FLY. Sam Cox and Morrison—Randall's Goat. Carlisle and Hewitt—Susan B. Anthony at Washington — Senator Sherman'« Rambos Apples—Civil Service Oberley. [Special Correspondence.! Washington, Dec. 20.—The first few days of the congressional session have developed little of note. There has been the usual handshaking and the usual swapping of lies among the members as to their successes and defeats. Morrison, Carlisle and Sam Cor have been the centers of attraction, and it was quite a scene when Cox and Morrison met for the first time. They stood in front of the speaker's chair. Morrison was rather stiff and straight, but as soon as he saw'Cox his eye brightened, and when it caught that of the ex-Turkish minister the latter jumped toward him and gave him one of the old fashioned hand shakes that he learned when he was a boy at Zanesville seeking his first political honors. Sam Cox is one öf tiie most nervous and most enthusiastic of public men. He bubbles over with good feeling, and though he has a frame under medium height his heart is as big as the Capitol dome. He is looking very well, and his Turkish trip has undoubtedly agreed with him. His fellow members crowd around and ask him ques tions about Turkey, and I notice their in quiries turn more to the social life of the Mohammedans and to the beauties of the harems than to our political relations with the sultan. Cox is delighted at being back in congress. He will make some good speeches during the session, and were it not that he has the reputation of never being serious he would l>e the free trade leader as Morrison's successor. 5 v § MORRISON AND COX. Morrison keeps a stiff upper iip in talking about his defeat. I never saw him look better, and his defeat has brought out the braver elements of his nature. He was a good soldier during the war and was, as the saying is, shot all to pieces. He even now suffers from bis wounds, and I am told that the reason be has not a better voice for speakiDg comes from wounds that he re ceived in battle. I don't think lie has made the best of leaders. He has not enough ag gressiveness about him, and 8am Randall with his minority has, by his superior tactics, o;ten got the advantage of him. Morrison taough an able man is not one of command ing presence. He hesitates a little when he speaks, and lie is as bashful as a schoolboy. Randall bears everything before him, and his big iron jaw rises and falls with the force of a Corliss engine. This engine is Randall's will, which never swerves, and which by brutish persistency often conquers. He works quickly, too, and Randall wants everything done at the minute. I saw him standing at the door of his committee room yesterday, and as I passed a poorly dressed woman with a little hoy at her side came up and addressed him. She said: "I would like to see Mr. Randall." "I am Mr. Randall," was the response. The poor woman hesitated and said: "I would like to have a little talk with you, and to know when you can s[<are the time." It was in the thick of the day's business, but Randall immediately answered with a stately bow, "Now, madam." He knew if he put off the meeting the interview would prob ably never occur. He is one of the busiest men in congress and gets rid of a greater amount of work by doing the things which he has to do the moment they come up. Still Randall is not well. lie has had sev eral attacks of the gout during the past year, and he sometimes moves around as though be were walking on eggs. He is very plain in his habits, simple in his dress, and is not a winer nor a diner. How his gout has devel oped to iLs present proportions is a question, but it is probably largely hereditary. Speaker Carlisle is looking much better during the past few days than he has looked for some time. He is of the same type as Randall, save that Randall s face appears to have been cut out with one of the sharpest of nature's sculptor's chisels, while Carlisle's might have been molded with a hatchet. It is a rough, honest face, sallow in complexion and free from whiskers or moustache. Both Carlisle and Randall are always smoothly shaven, both stand six feet in their stockings, and both wear black broadcloth suits with double breasted frock coats. Neither is very particular al»out his clothes, and the queer black neckties which each affects look as if they made their own toilets. Carlisle has a high, broad forehead, and from under this looks out, a pair of honest, gray eyes. There is little of the politician about him, but much of the statesman. He makes a good presiding officer, and is noted for the justice of his de cisions. Sitting in the chair with his gavel in his band he is as unassuming as any man in congress, and though he has many favors to give he is impartial in their distribution. His friends do not apprehend much trouble from his contest with Thoebe, and they say that they expect to re-elect him to the speakership of the Fiftieth congress. w// ii■ SPEAKER CARLISLE. Abram S. Hewitt, the congressman who has been elected mayor of New York city, has been regularly in his seat during the past week. He is a nervous, active little fellow, with silvery hair, rather thin at the top, with a full beard of the same color, and with rest less eyes of bluish gray. His face is rather intellectual, but it bears the marks of care and ill health. Hewitt sleeps no better now than he has for years past, and he trots about from one room of his big house to another in his nightgown wrestling with the fiend in sémina. He is an erratic sort of a fellow, and is apt to have two or three different notions upon the same subject during the same week. He has had considerable trouble during his congressional terms, but on the whole he has made an able congressman, and he is aman of mu 'h more than ordinary ability. He is a millionaire who puts in as many hours of hard work as a day laborer, and though he has a bank account made up of a large part of Peter Cooper's fortune he dresses in com mon business clothes and does not put on as much airs as a $1,000 clerk. _ ____ \ MR. MANDEBSOX AND MISS ANTHONY. The woman's rights advocates are already on the ground, and coming from the house to the senate to-day I saw Susan B. Anthony talking earnestly with Senator Manderson, of Nebraska. They were standing in the shadow of Garfield's statue in Statuary ball, and Manderson was quietly listening to Susan s eloquent words upon the wrongs of her sex. Manderson is of medium height, and hi3 rotund form was clad (in a black suit, with a Prince Albert coat. He looked at Susan as she talked, and Susan was putting in some of her best work. I have never seen Miss Anthony look better. She was dressed m a rich black silk, and over her shoulders was thrown an old fashioned camel's hair shawl. She looked at Manderson through a pair of gold rimmed spectacles, and she emphasized her words now aud then with a bob of her black waterfall, which, by tbe way, is now getting its first gray strands. Miss Anthony began life as a school teacher at $8 a month. She taught fifteen years, and in that time was able to save only $300. She has been advocating woman's rights for over thirty years, and she has sjieiit the best part of her lifo at it. Until lately, I think, she bad no money but that which she made in lectur ing. She drew good houses as a lecturer, and spent all of her profits for the advancement of woman's rights. She Is now in comfort able circumstances, mainly from a bequest of $20,000 from one of her fellow workers. She comes to Washington every winter, and she is satisfied that the woman rights cause is steadily gaining favor, and that woman will eventually be the political equal of man. Congressman Felton's private secretary, Mr. Quantrell, is an old friend of Atkins Lawrence, tbe actor, who is starring the country with Miss Viola Allen in the play, "A Wall Street Bandit." Lawrence, during his engagement here last week, was anxious to see the sights, and Quantrell took him and Miss Allen, and the two little tots of children who figure in one of the Black Friday scenes, with him over the Capitol. After visiting the senate chamber they went into the lobby back of it, and upon Lawrence saying that he would like toseo the vice-president's room, Quantrell opened the door aud peeped in. Senator Sherman was seated at the big desk in the vice-president's room. He caught Quantrell'» eye and asked bitn to come in. sjr\ Mi A /?■ = SHERMAN AND HIS APPLE. Quantrell then brought in Lawrence and the party and introduced them to tbe senator. Lawrence, like most actors, was exceedingly fresh and not at ail abashed. He got it through his head somehow that it was Gen. Sherman, instead of the senator, who was re ceiving him. It may be be thought the two were one and the same person. At any rate, he made himself much at home, and before he left offered Mr. Sherman a ticket to his play. Sherman promised to come and see him, but would not accept the ticket. In the meantime Lawrence had introduced Miss Viola Allen and the two children. The dig nified Ohio senator was much pleased with the little ones, and when Lawrence got them to recite in their childish treble their parts of the play his blue eyes smiled and he was de lighted. He jumped from his seat and walked over to a closet in which hangs the extrava gant $14 mirror which John Adams bought, and opening the door took out a round, old fashioned basket filled with apples. He fin gered over these until be had picked out a half dozen of the best, and, bringing them forth, he passed them around to the company, saying: "I want to give you each an Ohio apple. These arc Rambos—Rambos from Ohio!" The children were delighted, and so were Atkins Lawrence and Viola Allen. Bidding the senator good day they went on through the Capitol munching their apples and consid ering the event, I doubt not, ono of the great ones of their lives. Civil Service Commissioner Oberley is one of the most popular men of the new adminis tration. Of good height, be has a form well rounded enough for that of a supreme judge, and his head is a big round one of the old colo nial type. His face is full and smoothly shaven, his eyes are blue and they look fiercely out from under rather heavy brows. When he talks he wrinkles his forehead, and at the corner of his eyes you will see a smile come and go, tempering their fierceness, and his words are ground out in a sort of drawl, which is a cross between Mark Twain's nasal twang and Senator Edmunds' angriest growl. Oberley possesses a good deal of humor, and be tells a funny story as well as any man in Washington. His dry way of talking adds til the wit of his stories, and I s a mighty good hand at a dinner, and not a bad one at a lunch. He has had a career, too, and has worked himself to his present position from a printer's c*ae. At the time the war broke out he was one of the editors and proprietors of a news paper in Memphis which was making for its three partners about $650 a week. The edi tors were, however, all Union men, and the war destroyed their business. Oberley then became a typesetter in Memphis, and was working on "Hardie's Tactics" at the time Sumter was fired upon. He had made no secret of his Union sentiments, and ono day while he was standing at the case a policeman tapped him on the shoulder and said that the vigilance committee would like to see him. After a short examination they gave bim just five hours to get out of the town, and bo came north on the last steamer that left Mem phis. ^ He settled in Illinois, worked a while at Cairo, and finally became editor of an Illi nois paper. He made himself so popular that he was elected a member of the legislature, dm and I was much amused tbe other night a ' hearing him tell some of his ' gislative e* D . iences. One of the stories has been told b* fore, but never rightly, and it win bear r«r„! tition as coining from Oberley's own i,. , Said he: "I was much impressed with the dignity 0 f being a legislator, and I supposed all of t| j4 members of the legislature were great rne I approached the state house with fear 5r , j trembling. I watched the other fellows an 1 took my seat resolving to be quiet until [ tad sized up the mighty material surrounding me. The house was called to order. [ waited anxiously for tbe first speech. At on the other side of the hall 1 saw a man bà gin to get up. It seemed to me tbac it took bim a very long time to rise. He pulled himself cutjof his chair aud went on and on up ward until he tow ered over the whole assemblage. Hook ed at him with awe, and asked my neighbor as to who 1X1 he might be. !| e replied: 'Why!that is Jones, of jo Da- no ink. viess county.' 'lie ought to be called Lor,» Jones!' said I. "My fellow member laughed, and repeated this remark, and from it 'Long Jones' got his title. He is now a prominent politician in the state of Illinois, and ia known every where as 'Long Jones.' "'Well, after Jones bad risen to bis six feet four inches be threw out his long arm, which it seemed to me was of the same length as his body, at the speaker, and with Jovian brews said in stentorian tones: "'Mr. Speaker, there are no ink ia tha bottles!' And with that he sat down. "Two full minutes elapse' 1 before another member rose to make a speech. At last tbs** was a stir on the other side of the ball fini I Jones, and a little bit of a black eyed, blx: whiskered, under sized, nervous man poppe up out of Lis seat. He threw his band at tho speaker, and in a jerky treble cried out: " 'Mister S|ieaker, tho gentleman has said they are no ink in the bottles. Tbe gentle man are mistaken. They are ink in tlJ bottles, but it are froze.' "After these two speeches." concluded Mi Oberley, "I thought that I was equal to tin average legislator in grammar if m nothin. , else, and 1 nevermore had any fear of tho ordinary country statesman." Frank G. Carpenter. Shall XVe Travel Through the Air' ' London, Sept. 23.—Like perpetual mo tion, the problem of air navigation :» ons that will not down. Come to think of it se. riously, there is no reason to doubt that aerial navigation will lie finally accomplished. Mer» difficult knots than that have been untied bv the ingenuity of man. There are those who say that whatever can be dreamed of as a possibility by the mind can be wrought out in matter as fact. If this be true we shall surely have air boats before many years. Cranks and scientists have been working at the thin* for a long time. Meanwhile a French aeronaut actually ha* steered a balloon from Cherbourg to London, and alighted a few miles from where lie meant to stop. That fact adds to the prob ability that the w hole task of air sailing «ill be studied out. It is true the French aero naut was a good while going from Cherlour* to London, and the wind was not blowing much. If it had been, he would have been at its mercy and alighted where it [»leased to set him down. But this proves it can be done. If an air ship can be steered in a calm it can be in a wind, or man's brains have been given to him in vain. The old spherical balloon pattern lias b'en departed from in recent air ship building. The idea is now to make the general contour of bag and car conform to the general shape of the body of a bird. Then the problem shapes itself like tnis: Have a gas bag of .suffi cient buoyancy to bear the whole weight of the machine up in the air in all winds asrf weathers. Then inside the boat have a pro oelling engine and a steering apparatus» drive the balloon forward. IVhen that is thought out, balloon steering will lie accom plished. If stored electricity can lie utilized as a motor, air ships can sail around th« world. John Stetson. Colorado's Peculiar Winds. "Well, no," said the Coloradan, "we don't have any winds to amount to anything, but it blows a few minutes there now and then. The winds are peculiar, too; I never saw any thing like them anywhere else. They art) what you might call discriminating breezes I've seen a man go along the street, and it would be blowing a hurricane on one side of him; and on the other side it would be a dead calm. I've seen a mule stand braced against the wind blowing behind her, with her tail blown right up straight, and one ear put away ahead of her nose, while the ear on tin other side would be in a natural, calm posi tion, and that side of the beast would !» sweating! It will take tbe skin off one side of your face and not touch the other. I saw» man with whiskers get one side of his fan shaved by a wind like that, as clean as an" barber could do it. A small boy and a dog were walking up the street with him at tha time, and they each lost one ear. I've seen a man lose one leg of his pants and a coat tail, and get his hat knocked all over on one sue. They don't do any particular dam age, tt*a winds, but they are as peculiar ns can be! - Descendant of S. W. in Salt Lake Tribune The Wolf and the Peasant-A Fable. A pieasant who w as on watch w hile bu flock of goats were feeding discovered a" - prowling about and fired upon him. lb* wolf, who narrowly escaped being hit. ad vanced in great indignation and demanded: "By what right do you fire upon me with out having seen me commit some overt act "My dear sir," replied the peasant as be proceeded to reload bis gun, "the liest time ' fire at a wolf is before he has killed }' our goats." MORA L. Arrest your burglar before he burgle* Detroit F ree Press. Art In Chicago. Two gaudily attired ladies were observed recently inspecting the colossal statue Schiller, of whi( h Chicago is pardona.-.' proud. "What a remarkably large man he w have liet-n," said one, craning her neck ?-• gazing up at the flow ing locks and promiw 11 - nose of the figure. "Yes," replied the other, w ith the eon.e scending air of one imparting know l - "The Scotch are always iarco men. Det' A Narrow Escape. Harrison Sniiler had lieen up before a ■ mittee of members of the African church to which he belonged, on the > a e of appropriating hams from smoke 0 ' As there was not evidence enough to con ' he was acquitted, principally on his timony. After the investigation was Harrison met the preac-her w ho had pr and remarked: "I say, pahson, it» 111 lucky foh me dat I got 'quitted dis n» wn "It am, suah. I hope you wuz 'quitteu es'ly, Harrison?" .. . ^ " 'Deed I wuz, suah ; but it's a pow thing dar wasn't anything said ei bou though. "—Merchant Traveler. A Breaded Birework. ^ "You shall not mako fireworks in ^ house," said an irato red nosed P a 'T his 10-year-old boy. angry at vour having bought tins Q of gunpowder, and I will set RVf * against it." "Oh, please don t, pa the trembling boy, with tears m • „ "or we shall both be blown to blue bla* Shrill cries!—Judge.