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As wc understand the action of the Knights of Labor with reference to con vict labor, the point is well taken and worthy of consideration. If the opposi tion were general to all labor of pris oners we should certainly object on principle, for we believe that convicts should work, as well for their own good as to relieve the State from the burden of their support. Hut the contract sys tem is open to many insuperable objec tions. We know that in many parts of the country it i> grossly abused. Cruel ties and hardships are imposed upon convicts that are revolting to humanity. If we want to restore manhood we must employ humane and manly means. It is equally objectionable if the con tractor is allowed to give any considera tions in form to stimulate greater indus try, skill and care among the prisoners. All must be treated with equal and uniform consideration. In order that prisoners might be encouraged and rewarded for well doing, regular current wages should be paid based upon the value of the work done. Accounts -hould be kept with each one, and after deducting the cost of maintenance, the rest of the wages should be at the dispo tion of the prisoner. If the prisoner had a family or friends, it might on his order go them, and another portion go to his own use in innocent luxuries, or the amount deposited to his credit, so that he might have capital when he came out of prison with which to start life anew. Whatever profit there is in the labor of prisoners should go to relieve the burdens of the state for supporting prisoners or to themselves. If a prison contractor hires his labor cheaper than other men, he can under sell them in the market, and that tends to reduce the wages of those engaged in that line of business and thus works them an injury. In the proposed business of stone quar rying or building public buildings, it seems as if these were the very things needed that would give full, steady em ployment for many years to come. We want buildings for a penitentiary that shall belong to Montana as a Terri torv and as a State. We need an insane asylum also at once, and before these buildings are finished we shall need uni versity, blind, deaf and dumb, inebriate buildings, and reformatories for children and women. In fact we can be sure of having work of this kind always, without looking any further. It would be wise to locate our peniten tiary at some point such as Hillings, having first secured title by gift, pur chase or grant from the government of suitable grounds and enough quarry to suffice for all time. Then a competent superintendent should be employed on good salary, with enough assistants to lay out and instruct in the work. In a few vears we would have some of the most substantial and commodious public buildings in the country at a fair cost. No one would be injured and every one would be benefitted. Many are indulging high hopes of the beneficial etfects of a European war upon the business of this country. The first effects of such a war would be injurious to us ia many waj's. It is much to be feared that it would interrupt railroad building for the coming season in Montana. Capi tal would hold ofT to see if there might not lie more profitable investments. Amer ican securities now held in Europe would lie sent home to be sold, and these would have to be taken care of by home capital. For a time there would be a depression in prices of such securities that would inter fere with marketing any new ones. For this year at any rate we do not want to see any European war. We want to see another thousand miles of railroad in Mon tana before there is any diversion, and we would like to see our stock interests have at least one year to make a partial re covery from the losses of the present winter. A European war would enhance the price of stock, but a good part of ours seems likely to be beyond resurrection. In two weeks from next Friday the present Congress will expire by limitation Few, if any, of the main appropriation bills are through both houses, and there are many serious ditferences to be adjusted. It seems as if there could be little hope for anything else. With the prospects of an European war, we think it is of the first importance to establish government shops and yards to make the most effective guns and war ships, not that there is any danger of being drawn into the war, but for the purpose of assertion and defense of neutral rights. It looW like criminal neglect that the House does not act upon the pending reciprocity treaties, and the insertion of the transfer of the Surveyor Generals' offices to Washington into a gen eral appropriation bill looks like an at tempt to bulldoze the Senate into ac quiesence in a most objectionable piece of centralization. We have faith, however, that the scheme will fail. The Senate seems to consider the matter of national defense with some broad states manlike views that do not appear in the House. Some precautionary defense we need as a measure of peace, not of war. We are not afraid of war with any nation in the world, but when one is obliged to associate with bullies, it is prudent to be ready to parry or inflict a blow. France and Ger' many are glaring at each other over a very thin partition wall and each is ready, with all the studied assurances of peaceful intent, to spring at each others throat. If it comes, it looks as if it wonld be a war of extermination. England has Kussia to dread and Ireland to conciliate. When Europe is all ablaze with war neutral rights will have little respect unless we back our demands with a show of ability and determination to insist upon respect being paid them. j j NOAII WEBSTER. In our city library there is an inter esting life of Noah Webster, by Scud der. It will do every American's heart good to read it, though possibly the reader will close the book with a very much changed idea of the great lexico grapher. Webster was in Yale college during the revolutionary war, and when Washington passed through on his way north to take command of the army, headed the students' escort with his fife. Webster was a schoolmaster through all his early life, and issued the first edition of his spelling book in 1783. It was the 1 first of a series of works designed to make our country independent of Eng land in letters as well as otherwise. That little spelling book has had a wonderful career. The income from it was Web ster's chief support during the twenty years he was at work on his great dic tionary. Somewhere about sixty mil lions of spellers have been print ed. It is not as well known that Noah Webster procured the intro duction of copy right laws in this country after a good deal of time, money and labor spent thereon. Webster was a very industrious and rather a vain person, full of schemes, very few of which succeeded. He published a re vised and amended edition of the Bible, which never gained popular favor. Webster was the author of a school his tory of the United States, and of several school readers. He wrote a great deal for the press on all sorts of subjects. Literature was not profitable business in the early days of the Republic. If Noah Webster was underrated in his day, his works have survived those of all his compeers and competitors. His great dictionary was first issued in 1828, in two quarto volumes, at a cost of $20, which would be twice as much, if we allow for the relative value of money. The Messrs. Merriam, of Springfield. Massachusetts, publishers of the diction ary, have a copy of every edition printed. The present unabridged has very little likeness to the original. It is like the boy's knife after it had several new blades and handles, and still it is Web ster's Dictionary and the grandest monu ment a man ever erected. Thebe are meritorious considerations for the passage of the independent school district bill that we trust will carry the bill through without opposition. The main considerations in its favor are that it provides for an increased number of trus tees in the larger cities. It provides that in such independent districts the trustees shall appoint the clerk and fix his compen sation ; and it further provides that the teachers employed in such schools shall be examined by the superintendent and shall not require a county superintendent's cer tificate. To these leading features may be added that it provides for the introduction of manual training. And another feature ought to be provided—evening schools for adults. The statement of these provisions ought to be argument enough in favor of the measure. It antagonizes no one or anything, merely giving greater powers than the general law where they are needed and does not force these upon any district against iis will. The examina tions of the county superintendents must under the general law become uniform, but in a district like Helena, a teacher might be excellent for primary work and not be able to pass examination generally. It will commend itself to every one s good sense that all that should be required of any teacher is qualifications for the work to be done. In the matter of the district clerk, it would be better if this were al ways filled by appointment of the trustees. The clerk should not hold ofiice by a title independent of the trustees, and his com pensation should not be confined to a single service as now, but depend upon the dis charge of the general duties. Without in creasing the expense to any district, the compensation could be better distributed. Of especial importance is the feature allow ing manual training and evening schools. The law is general, in that it allows any district so to organize when it has sufficient population. It only makes a change where change is needed. We hope all consumers, whose interests are directly at stake in procuring the com plete water supply proposed by Mr. Wool ston, will promptly co-operate with that gentleman and become promoters at once of his most important enterprise by enter ing into contracts on the liberal basis of rates he has established. Mr. Woolston has but limited time at his disposal for the canvas of the city. If his projected works are to be realized our people must come forward and bear out their words by acts. An all important acquisition is the pro posed water plant, and it depends altogeth er upon the citizens of Helena whether their greatest need is to be supplied or al lowed to go by default. Step forward, citi zens, and without delay help by your names and contracts to get the water sup ply- _ The heavy work of our legislators has yet to be done and the close of the session will be around before it can possibly be finished. We make no complaints, but on the contrary freely concede that Montana never had a more industrious set of legis lative workers. Much of the apparent waste of time in open session has been to allow committee work and has not been wasted. Still it remains true that there is more work already laid out to be done than can well be finished in the days that remain. Sexator Dolph intimates that the reason of delay in coming to an agreement on any N. P. forfeiture bill has been to give that road time to complete its work. It virtually is completed so far as any for feiture can justly apply. The just and proper thing for Congress to do is to make the surveys that were promised and are needed. The purpose of the road is to aid the settlement of the country and for this purpose also the surveys are needed. ST. VALENTINE'S DAY. This 14th day of February has long been consecrated in the tradition and usages of the nations on the continent, especially among the French and Eng lish, to the exchange of love messages and tokens among the young men and maidens. We are sorry to say that the pretty custom has largely degenerated into a promiscuous sending of horrid caricatures, more fitted to provoke dis gust than mirth. In the French provin ces of Lorraine and Maine it was the custom of the young of both sexes to meet on the eve of St. Valentine and draw lots for mates and those thus drawn were held for a year to be under obligations of service and attention. It led to many unions for life and was al together an admirable custom. It used i ' to be said that on this day birds choose i their mates. This would hardly be true of Montana under the most favorable circumstances of ordinary years. It is likely that this anniversary was of heathen origin and we often think that the modern mode of its observance shows a tendency to re turn to original principals, for we can hardly conceive of anything more heathenish than most of the pictures displayed and exchanged at this time. It is pleasing to observe that a better taste is seeking to asssert itself in the beautiful missives that are now offered as a choice to the taste of our tender youth. We hope our dealers will aid to intro duce the change. It offers a fine field for the cultivation and employment of real artistic taste and the souvenirs of the day will grace the walls and center tables of our homes and furnish elevat ing and instructive pleasure all the year j around. We appeal to all classes of our readers to help on this reform of good taste and repudiate these cheap, horrid caricatures that have intruded themselves to the perversion and demoralization of this pretty festival anniversary. A LAW AT LAST. We confess that we feel relieved of a great burden of anxiety to hear the Presi dent has signed the bill granting the right of way through northern Montana for the Manitoba railroad. And now, if the finan ces and business interests of the country are not temporarily upset by a war in Europe, we may certainly expect that Mr. Hill will make good his promise to bring > his cars into Helena by next autumn over line of road. The only contin hia own line of road, genev to his promise has been removed. We venture to say there will be some of the liveliest railroad construction through northern Montana ever recorded in this age of marvels. And we may easily believe that the Northern Pacific will be glad to transport the iron for work at this end of the line on the most liberal terms. Ke newed work on the Manitoba road will in sure equal energy on the part of the North ern and Union ,Pacific roads, and all over our wide Territory the whistle, smoke column and the jarring tread of the locomotive will become fa miliar before this season ends. Everything will feel the reviving touch and spring to new life, except the poor cattle, horses and sheep that have been laid out by the blasted blizzards. We shall not be com pelled another winter to pay $20 a ton lor hard coal or still higher for the poorer sub stitutes. Our friends at Benton can have a more comfortable game of freeze out than they have had this winter. There will be three competing lines that our citi zens can avail themselves of between us and the great East, with moderate rates for travel or transportation. The Northern Pacific will be over the Cascade range, and the Oregon & California line will be com pleted, so that there will be as many avail able routes to the Pacific, whether we wish to strike it at Puget Sound, the mouth ot the Columbia, or the Golden Gate. , 1 1 Kextukians are mustering and march ing upon Washington in strong force for ! the offices. Among the crowd daily way laying Beck and Blackburn is a Bourbon brigade stronger in numbers than from any any part of the South. Ex-Senators, > J J 1 , ,. . . , ! ex-Representatives, and ex-politicians of all grade and conditions are seeking places ranging from cabinet portfolios down to clerkships. W. C. Owens, ex-speaker of the Kentucky house of representatives, and ex-U. S. Senator J. S. Williams are fiercely contesting for one of the railroad commi8sioner8hips under the inter-state commerce law. An ex-Congressman wants a Territoritorial Judgeship, and another is making a bold fight for a foreign mis sion. A score of young Kentucky "bloods' want positions in the departments, and Beck is daily bulldozing the secretaries in their behalf. We would call attention of our legis lators to the imperative necessity of an entire revision of our Probate law. We have been following the legislation of California without regard to the fact that the jurisdiction of our Probate Courts is a very restricted one under the organic act and Congressional legislation subsequent. Powers and duties have been assigned to these courts that they cannot exercise. The trouble is snch as would jastify an extra session to remedy, and by no means should this one pass without having some thing done. The power of setting apart homesteads where this has not been done by parties in their life time should be con ferred upon the District Court, if it is desir ed to be exercised at all. It is a good time to start on a trip to the North Pole and we hope Mac will have a good time and find the pole in place. As he goes under American newspaper aus pices, we have more faith in success than if it were a government enterprise. We trust that he has instructions to unfurl the stars and stripes from the tip-top of the pole. We presume the idea of starting now is that the cold weather is all away from home. THE PENALTY OF CRIME. We are both surprised and pained to observe on the part of some members of the house in our legislature opposition to the measure to punish seduction by fine and imprisonment. If it were a mere matter of morale, as some flippantly observe, it is not beneath the attention of sober-minded, far-seeing law makers. But it is a still more serious matter. It goes to the very fountain head of social and civil life. The sad case of suicide within a few days past in our city—one of the fallen angels of Wood street—is, or ought to be enough to startle society from its strange and fatal lethargy over crimes that can culminate in such suicidal tragedies. Some vile seducer sacrificed that life, once pure and inno cent, fitted to adorn some bright and happy borne. How any one can look calmly and unfeelingly upon such wrecks and think lightly of such crimes that lead to them we cannot imagine. Even murder is less of a crime. There is no right-minded parent or brother who would not rather see bis daughter or sister struck dead before his eyes than to see her robbed of that which gives life and value to a woman. We may Ire told that the civii law awards dam ages for such offenses. All the money in the world could not pay the damages in one single case of the kind. Besides these offenses are committed most often by those who cau pay nothing, and those who could be made to pay can easily escape. It is already the unwritten law that the seducer may be shot with im punity. To prevent these frequent fatal tragedies is the business of the law, so far as possible. There is no protection offered by the law, and hence the necessity to seek it outside or let the greatest crimes known tit h e 0 f w ^ a t ought to be done to protect to society go entirely unpunished. It ' ought to make one blush scarlet to assert that legislation has anywhere done one female virtue. Put all other crimes to gether and we doubt if they can equal in horror and evil consequences the sin of those unpunished crimes that yearly con sign to a living death thousands of our fairest daughters and sisters. Well might one who studied our statute books exclaim that they were but a travesty on justice and wisdom in providing so poorly for the protection of that which is worth more than life, limb or property. While we do not expect at once to see our ideas of prison reform generally adopt ed, we do believe that the tendency is in the direction we have traced and that it will come in time. The whole theory of I ■ ; ! ! nunishment for criminals has undergone a * omplete chaD ge. The idea of personal au ff er i n g } torture, or disgrace inflicted upon criminals is out of place and unworthy ot consideration. The only pertinent ques tions are how to protect society best and reform the criminal. Conceding that con victs should be employed at some produc tive industry, we shall soon thereafter reach the further conclusion that faithful, skillful and valuable labor cannot be ex pected unless some hope or share of reward is set before the convict. What we mean by paying convicts wages is paying what the work done is worth in the general market, deducting all proper charges for court expenses and support. The prisoner should have the rest of his earnings in some way as a stimulus for doing earnest and good work. The apprehension that any one will commit crime in order to get such a position is certainly gauzy. We are promised another bond call of ten millions and that all the balance of the extended threes will be called in by mid summer. So it goes. European nations spending all they can extort in taxes and bor rowing from money lenders in preparation for war, while we are wiping out our war debt, pensioning our discharged soldiers, buildiog cities, peopling new states and piling up wealth in every direction. With such lines of divergence the old and the new world will soon be wide apart. The Mormon brethren were successful at the Ogden municipal election yesterday by a slender majority. The Gentiles forced the fight and came within a few scores of votes of carrying their ticket to triumph. _ ...... .. ... . ... , . pates that the question will be settled be e ___^_______ rrv,„* Minister West says there will be no war about the fisheries and even antici fore Congress adjourns. That will be in about two weeks. The perfection and passage of good registration, insane asylum and peniten tiary laws involve enough work for a whole session, and yet these are but a tithe of the bills pressing for consideration. The municipal election in Philadelphia is bad medicine for the Democrats. No Montanian will regret the with drawal ot Manning from the Treasury Departmen t. _ A Break in Oil. Pittsburg, February 15.—Oil broke heavily to 601 cents per barrel to-day. —Mr. Woolston, in a communication to day, makes one of those forcible rejoinders to certain published statements of the Hel ena Water Company, characteristic of- the man. The water monopoly seems a good deal exasperated that failure has so Ihr attended all efforts to get rid of Woolston. That gentleman seems fully determined, with the co-operation of the generality of citi zens, to give Helena the comprehensive water works promised. Contracts for the new supply are increasing, and subscrip tions are averaging more than a thousand dollars a day. —Fergus County Argus : The deficiency in appropriations for the surveyor general's office, unless it is supplied, will cause great hardship to those settlers who have taken up homes on lands, the survey of which has not been approved. Last summer Mr. Stafford surveyed seven townships, not one of which has been approved or even exam ined, we believe, for want of help in the surveyor general's office at Helena. On these seven townships there are at least five hundred settlers, who are greatly in convenienced by the delay. This is in Fergus county only, while a similar state of affairs exists in nearly every county in the Territory. It is to be hoped that Sur veyor General Green will be successful in obtaining an appropriation for his office. INVENTIVE WONDER. The Louisville Courier Journal of recent date gives an account of a new invention in the process of tempering steele, by a young blacksmith of that city, which if it realized the claims made for it, will revo lutionize the world, its industries and the art of war. The tests were made in the presence of one of the Journal's staff. A drill made by the process penetrated a steel safe plate, warranted to resist any burglar drill for twelve hours, in forty minutes, and a pen-knife tempered by the process cut the stem of a steel key easily and afterwards cut hairs as readily. The process is inexpensive, and hardness and elasticity is secured by the same process,' le. ides it does not require much labor. The inventor claims to be able to make a steel plate so hard and elastic that it will turn a ball of the heaviest cannon ever | constructed. The inventor also has a pro cess of turning iron into steel at small ex pense. The process is yet a secret and has not been patented, but a company has been organized to introduce and work the invention. It comes at an opportune moment, just as Congress has seriously ad dressed itself to the matter of creating a navy and making big guns and fortifi cations. If these anticipations are realized on further experiment, it may enable us to build steel ships as cheap as England and give us the supremacy of ocean commerce. In fact.no limits can be set to the value of the invention and the revolution it will inaugurate. Damascus blades will no longer be a historical wonder or a myth. Possibly the nations of Europe wili ad journ the final conflict in arms till this new invention has borne fruits. Our j government, at least, should own the right to use the new process in the manufacture of rilled ordnance, war vessels and forti fications. We remember the Keeley motor, however, and will hold our enthusiasm in check. _ A Steamship Ashore. New York, February Iff—The Guion liae steamship "Wisconsin," from Liverpool for New York, at a short outer bar, fifteen miles east of Fire Island, is stranded. The vessel was discovered at 8:35 this morning, when the fog that had prevailed during the night lifted. She is hard on the beach and a heavy sea is running. No communi cation has yet been had with the vessel from the beach, but her passengers and mails are stated to be safe. Later—The steamer Wisconsin lost her rudder and rudder post but otherwise she is in good condition. She was floated at 2:40 this afternoon and proceeded to New York. I The Michigan Floods. LYONS, Mich., February 16.—The water is gradually receding, but this fact gives no comfort, inasmuch as the coming of the gorged waters from above will undoubtedly cause the flood to become greater ard more disastrous than has yet been seen. The river still plows through the business part of the yillage, and the losses are aug menting hourly. This morning it is freez ing and the water is three inches lower. An attempt to break the gorge with dyna mite proved a failure. Austrian Military Enrollment. Yienna, February 16.—The questions asked the government in the Keichrath yesterday in relation to the proposed credit for military purposes elicited the informa tion that Hungary would only enroll in Landsturms such men as already had a military training or were likely to make good soldiers. Exemptions in the Aus trian enrollment of men under the age of 42 years would be almost universal. Ex officers up to the age of 60 years would also be enrolled. Men who are only fitted for ambulance or ofiice work will be ex empted. An Irish Conflict. DUBLIN, February 16.—A conflict oc curred to-day between a party of forty po lice on their way to execute a number of eviction orders an$l part of the population of Dinglein. County Kerry. The people barricaded the roads and in some cases building stone walls abrossthem. The po lice were at first driven away, but re formed and then charged with batons and clubbed rifles upon the populace, compell ing them, after a severe struggle, to give way. A number of men and women were injured. The Turpie Case. Washington, February 16 .—In the Senate to-day the presiding officer laid before the Senate what purported to be the credentials of David Turpie, elected Sena- tor from the State of Indiana for six years, commencing March 4, 1887. The certifi- cate is signed by the Governor, whose signature is certified to by the Secretary of State. It was referred, on motion of Hoar, to the committee on privileges and elec- tions. ------- The Queen's Jubilee. Lisbon, February 16.—In all the chief cities of India to-day imposing fetes are being held in commemoration of the Queen's jubilee. The celebration will last three days in all the Christian churches, and in the native temples and mosques thanksgiving services have been held. A number of prisoners, who have been held in duress for debt or for offenses against civil or military law, were set free at day light. _^ ^__ Texas Business Suspension. Galveston, February 15.—Tho whole sale dry goods, boot and shoe house of Block, Oppenheimer & Co. filed for record this morning a transfer of their entire stock and also their business premises in payment of obligations to local creditors. These local debts aggregate $225,000, chiefly owing to banks and local capitalists, vobo endorsed for the firm. The stock was invoiced, aggregating $204,000. The total liabilities of the firm will reach $750,000, nearly all of which, except that secured as above, is owing in New York. Packed Juries. London, February 16.—Sixty British members of the house of commons at a conference to-day adopted a resolution to call the attention of parliament next week to the alleged packing of juries in the cases against the Nationalists in Ireland. Chicago Market. Chicago, February 16 —Wheat—Weak ; cash 721 ; March 72; ; May 81 3-16 ; June 80" Corn—Weak; cash 33;; March 74; May 79 3-16. Oats—Weak ; cash 234 j May 28ij. Pork—Firm ; cash 14.27'. ; March 14.271 ; May 14.45. Lard—Firm ; cash 6.97 j- ; March 6.97 ; May 7.121. Whiskey, 18. ; ! 1 j SOME PLEASANT READING. from One of the Herald's Literary Stall. Reviews Montana seems trying this winter to de serve the reputation eastern people have always given her, and cold and snow will serve as a conversational topic for a long time. I presume city people pity those who, at this season, are isolated on lonely ranches. I cannot speak for others, but in some respects this is to üs a pleasant time. The "head of the house," after doing the outdoor work, spends his time with the family—playing with baby, reading and studying. Every day repeats the quiet leisure, and during the long evenings we read and live in a world of history or im agination. * * We are reading the serial, "Life of Abra ham Lincoln," in the Century, and all are interested, from "the man of the house down to the eight-year-cld boy, who lis tens in absorbed interest and exclaims in enthusiasm, "If Hetry Clay was alive I would vote for him, 'cause he was Abra ham Lincoln's maD !" We are all interested, too, in the Irishman's method of making John People rest, and wonder who Mr. Stockton will make his "Hundredth Man. *' * The Brooklyn Magazine, of which we have a few numbers, furnishes a great deal of pleasant reading. I wonder if that peri* v odical has many subscribers in the West • It is an admirable publication. * * But when the railroad is blockaded days at a time and the mails are all behind hand, we have to tall back on the books. We have spent a couple of delightful even ings with a volume by Edward Casswell, entitled "Let it Alone and it Won't Hurt You." The sentiment of the title is one often expressed by people who drink and want to fight off the teetotalers, but the story mentioned, with its true and varied incidents, proves it false. Indeed, we all know the suffering victims of drink are often those who never touch it themselves. This book is extremely entertaining, with interesting plot, varied, well sustained characters, bright conversations and sound arguments. The scene is laid in New \ ork City, in the Northwestern Canadian prov inces during Kiel's rebellion, and at Ocean Grove during a national temperance con vention. It is a volume suitable for homei Sunday-school or city library. It is pub lished by the National Temperance Pub lishing House, 58 Keade street, New York City. . I - From the same house comes a set of four beautifully embossed rose cards, on each of which is printed a sentiment of the gifted and popular Frances Willard. These cards would be suitable gifts for Sunday School or day school. They pub lish a collection of strong and forcible lectures on "Kum," by Talmage. Tem perance speakers and workers will find at this house all the papers, tracts, books, cards and statistics needed to aid in the important labor, which is greatly needed in our beau tiful West. Speaking of Frances Willard reminds me I have read a book of hers for girls, en titled, "How to Win," published in elegant style by Funk & Wagnalls, of New York. It is intended by the author to do lor girls what Prof. Matthews' "Getting on in the World" does for boys. The writer im parts her own ambition and enthusiasm to her readers. Girls who read it are glad they are girls, with all the glorious oppor tunities and possibilities Miss Willard ; points out. Girls, get it, read it, and be inspired to noblest aims ! At Ai. A peculiar but entertaining book is pub lished by Brenton Bros., of New \ ork, en titled, "Dollars and Sense." An intelligent reader can guess at the moral from the title, but no one could guess the story, as it is entirely out of the common sort of fiction. There are good descriptions of society as it exists.in England and America. Yarious games are minutely described and several enjoyable jokes are introduced. We follow the heroine's agitations with inter est and are glad she at last makes herself happy by an abrupt dismissal of dollars in favor of sense. I wonder if many of the Herald readers have seen Kev. M. T. Lamb's new work, "The Golden Bible." It is a faithful re view of the Book of Mormon, to discover internal evidences of its.genuineness as the word of God. Mr. Lamb is a thorough student, and this book is conceded by all readers and critics to be the best thing out on this question. Ward A Drummond, of New York, publish it. * * I want to recommend a little volume entitled, "New Every Morning," to the girls. It is compiled for their benefit by Anna H. Ryder, and publi°hed by D. ! Lotbrop & Co. It is suitable tor a holiday, 1 birthday or Easier gift. The selecrions for each day are from the best authors and refer to subjects of vital importance in the character and habits of girls. j ■ I I j I j , Everybody knows of Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, and all have read something from her pen. but have you read "the Madona of the Tubs?" It is a simple little story of a summer in a fisherman's village, which was growing into a summer resort. It is beautifully illustrated by eminent artists, and story and pictures appeal powerfully to the sympathies and prove the world is all akin. Helen Ritter and her wash woman are subject to the same emotions, and experience teaches them both the same lesson. Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, publish it in the most tasteful style. The same firm publish the lovely, popular, poet's calendars. Mine is Mrs. Whitney's, and one of her sentences each day to ponder over is a preventive of blues. I have been surprised to see the adver tisments of John B. Alden ot New 5. ork. I mean to send him an order. Think of a set of Irving in nine volumes, bound in half morocco, for $5. Standard histories and encyclopedias are offered correspond ingly low. Study clubs and libraries with a little money can procure treasures. I am glad I live in the last half of the Ninteenth Century. F. A. R. The Philadelphia Vote. Philadelphia, February 16.—The vote in full here yesterday was as follows: Fitler, republican, 90,497; Keim, demoj crat, 62,204; Phillip, labor, 1,644. Fitter's plurality, 28,293. Credit Approved. Pesth, February 15. —The military com mittee of the lower house of the Hungarian Diet, approved the credit of 7,460,000 florins asked by the government for national defense. Business Failure. Buffalo, February 16.—Brock & Wie ner, wholesale clothing manufacturers, made a general assignment to-day. Lia bilities $200,000. West Virginia Senator. Charleston, W. Va., February 15.— Two ballots for United States Senator were taken to-day. In the last one, one of the Camden Democrats bolted and voted for Judge Johnson, causing surprise and much speculation. Attack on Non-Union Men. Jersey City, February 15.—The strik ing freight handlers who were employed here by the Erie Railroad Co. to-day sent a committee to wait upon Superintendent Barrett and arbitrate the present differ ences. Supt. Barrett informed the com mittee that there were no vacancies and that no employment could at present be given by the company. Several encounters occurred in H >boken this afternoon between the non-union longshoremen and strikers. A mob of the strikers congregated at the Wilson Line's dock and assaulted four of the new men with clubs. One of the men was cut under the eye by a cotton hook. The police re serves were called out to prevent further trouble. A short time afterwards a long shoreman employed on the Thingvalla line's dock was beaten by the strikers with clubs. A gang of Italians and Bohemians, employed at the Sixth street docks, were attacked and driven into a neighboring house, where one of their number drew a revolver and held the strikers at bay. Situation oT the Strike in Brooklyn. New York, February 15.- The proprie tora of storehouses in Brooklyn have a large number of non-union men, whom they refuse to discharge, and it is neces sary to keep the police on duty to protect them. Two or three hundred of the strik ers were set to work, but they were not recognized as union men. There is trouble with the United States weigher's laborers iu Brooklyn now, and three or four hundred of them were stand ing about the docks to-day. When they went out with the 'longshoremen the gov ernment allowed four laborers at each scale, but when they were about to return to work on Monday, they louud the gov ernment had cut down the force and would only employ two laborers at each scale, so the men refused to go to work at all. A large body of police have been kept on duty to preserve the peace in the eastern district. ^ ^ Labor in New York. New York, February' 15.—The business of the steamship and railroad companies at the piers along river front has assumed its normal condition, and freight is being moved as systematically as before the big strike. Many of the old hands have got back to work, and the Italians who took the places of the strikers are now accus tomed to the work, and the employers say they are as good as the old hand, except that they do not understand the language. The men acknowledge they are beaten, and some of them are severe in denunciation of the action of their leaders. Unlawful Fences. Washington, February 15.—In answer to the House resolution, the Secretary of the Interior has procured and fonvarded. the opinion of the Attorney General, to the effect that the fencing of contiguous sec tions of railroad lands in such a way as prevent the passage between of settlers upon government sections is, as the law now stands, clearly' unlawful. River and Harbor Appropriation. Washington, February 15.—The Sen ate committee on commerce has concluded its labors on the river and harbor bill, which will be reported to-morrow. The details of the bill are not accessible to night. The following, however, are tue totals of the leading items which were in creased by the committee : Cascades of the Columbia, $150,000 ; mouth of the Columbia, $300,000. Millions Wanted. Vienna, February 15.—The govern ment has produced a bill in the Reichrath appropriating 12,000,000 florins for the equipment of the landwehrand landsturm. Panic in F gypt. London, February 15.—A panic has been caused in financial circles at Cairo by the withdrawal of the annual subvention of £240.000 for the expenses of the Egyp tian army. Under Discussion. Washington, February 15.—The fish ery retaliatory bill was again discussed to day by the House committee on foreign affairs. No conclusion w r as reached, but it is expected that a vote on the pending bill will be taken to morrow. Suicide. Lancaster, Pa., February 15.— Wm. A. Wilson, a prominent member of the Lan caster bar and well known political speaker, committed suicide this morning by shoot ing himself. He is believed to have been insane. —-—---------— A Statistical Telegrapher. [Buffalo Express. 1 "Son," said the man who furnishes the city editor with cigars, "I want to give you a few figures that will astonish you. Seven hours a night has been my average at the telegraph desk"—he is the press operator —"which makes 2,555 hours I have spent the past year receiving the news from al> over this world. During this time thcic have come in over this wire and been tran scribed by me 3,412,900 words. The tele grapher's average is five motions of the fingers to a letter, and five letters to the word. Now, I have been makiDg experi ments—you know I write a rather large hand—and this is the result reduced to figures: In writing out all that stuft' I have made 85,322,500 motions, straighten out all the curves and crooks and flourishes and for each word written I have made lines which will average five inches in length. This will make an aggregate of 17,064,.500 inches, 1,447,042 feet, or about 275 miles. The average number of words received each night was 9,350 ; the aver age number of movements 233,750; and the distance traveled by the arm nearly three-quarters of a mile. Why, my boy, I begin to feel as though I had seen con siderable of the world after all, that I m quite a goer." Bat the Man with the Hair on His Whiskers was only reminked of the imperishable statistics in the pro hibition almanac which show how the prices of two beers a day would eventually extinguish the national debt, or how soon the potations of the "average tippler" would fill a canal on which a grain-laden pro peller might float to New \ ork. Liszt's ltebuke to David. A pupil of Liszt relates the following anec dote: "On one occasion the master and sev eral of us from Weimar were spending the evening with Ferdinand David, who desired to try a new composition through with the master. 'You will find the piano part,'said he, as he touched the music with his bow. 'very difficult' We all felt indignant »6 David's arrogance, but Liszt said nothing. The piece began with a broad, majestic move ment ; the piano part grew more and more brilliant. 1 lavid's face changed expression a; though some important fact were da»nin„ upon him, and finally lie stopp'd playing a together. 'Why,' he gasped, 'he is playing the violin part too!' Liszt continued w ithout noticing tho mortifiod violinist, and broug i the piece to a magnificent close. It was a rebuke that David never forgot. "-Boston T r.msr ript._____ llis Mind Was Sordid. Wife (enjoying her dinner)— What can bo more delicious than a nice canvasback.' Husband—A greenback, my dear, a green back.—The Rambler.