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FISK BROS. - - - Publishers. R. E. FISK,......Editor THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17,1887. When* we come to hear of him later, it will turn out, plausibly enough, that Fields, of Maryland, just appointed to re lieve Major Lincoln as Indian Agent at Fort Belknap, 'Tout in the wah" with the Confederate brethren. In the great ma jority of cases our Indian Agencies are among the "fat takes'' awarded to ex confederates throughout the Northwest. We are proud of one act of our legisla ture, in passing the law increasing the rights of married women in the matter ol property. This old relic .of feudalism and barbarism has outlived its usefulness, if it ever had any. Women are entitled to the enjoyment of the same rights as men, and married women to the same as unmarried women. OL'K Democratic cotemporarv, the Great Falls Tribune, laments the goinj of Gov. Hauser and bewails the coming of his successor. Remarks the Tribune : "His (Hausers) administration has been such as to cause the people to regret his re tirement. It is not only a credit to the Governor, but demonstrates the utter folly and diabolism of importing some super annuated politician to govern this Terri tory.'' Temperance people generally will ex ult that the strike has extended to the em ployes of breweries aud they will hope to see the strike extended to that larger class of employes, the drinkers. It would be the most sensible strike ever made in the whole history of strikes. It would All the land with plenty, every home and heart with rejoicing. It would empty our jails, workhouses and poor houses, cut oil half the expenses of our courts, All our savings banks and make us as a nation stronger and richer, within ten years time, than all the rest of the world together. President Broadwater, of the Mon tana Central, yesterday received a message, signed "Toole and Maginnis," stating that the House, by unanimous consent, con curred in the Senate amendment to the right-of-way bill admitting the Manitoba through the northern Indian reservations. This action disposes of the bill so far as Congress is concerned, and the signature of the President is now the only thing re quired to make it a law. That Cleveland will approve it without delay there seems to be not the remotest doubt. There is nothing but news of losses and suffering coming in from the ranges regarding the effects of the late unprece dented storm, severe cold and deep snow. There is a general disposition to make the best of it, bat that is bad enough. There is no use of trying to measure the losses yet, for they are not over with and will not be fully known till the rounding up time comes. With the lengthened days and advanced season we ought to expect deliverance soon from further great loss. The next calamity on the programme will be from Hoods. Estimates of the Woolston water works, which the people of Helena are earnestly co-operating to secure, contemplate an ex penditure of between four and Ave hun dred thousand dollars. Water consumers in every part of the city are personally in teresting themselves and giving every pos sible encouragement to the projector to proceed with his plant and put it in com plete operation this year. Contracts for the new water supply already amount up into the hundreds, and these are being added to largely every day. If the citi zens of Helena keep on as they have begun, they will secure the Woolston works be yond any and all peradventure before the autumn of 1887 is ended. The programme of a gymnasium con ducted in connection with the Y. M. C. A. is presented to the Helena public to-day and deserves general attention. It is something that is needed very much. Physical culture and daily exercise are much neglected, and our people suffer thereby in many ways, Ball clubs, skating rinks and all the other organizations for combined amusement aud exercise are litful and uncertain. We need some place where we can get our daily rations of ex ercise whatever may be the state of the weather or the walking outside. It looks to us as if a little organizing and directing talent and study would bring such an in stitution into successful and permanent being, with the best results and separate from all demoralizing inüuences. The speech of Hartington in the British Parliament shows that on all questions ol internal policy he is as illiberal as any of the Tories and more so than many of them. Anyone who pretends to be a statesman, and has nothing better to offer in remedy of internal discontent and complaiuts than emigration, is a very poor sort of a states man. The proper work of a British states man is to increase the population of the British isles and to make contented, pros perous, skilled laborers. The time is com ing and that before long when every con siderable colony of Great Britain will be come an independent nation as mnch as the United States. All that can uphold the name of the British Empire l>eyond another centnry will be conAned to the British Isles. The very prosperity of her great colonies is hasten ing the day when they will drop off as ripened fruit The only policy deserving the name and worthy of the consideration of a British statesman is one that shall pro vide for an increased population at home and for their prosperity, contented and in telligent loyalty. All legislation that is principally concerned with the interest and proAts of British landlords is legislation for the ultimate overthrow of British power and influence. CONVICT LABOR. We never could see any sound or solid reason for the outcry against convict labor, and we believe those who raise this cry are mistaken in their general judgment. The very terms used show confusion to start with. Convict labor is contrasted with honest labor. There is no ground for any such pretended contrast. All labor is honest and honorable. In the case of some convicts, perhaps, the first honest labor of their lives is done in prison. These men ought to have learned and done honest labor before, and they never would have been in prison. Those who have short terms to serve, by being taught some useful trade in prison, may support themselves by honest labor when released. It is the generally accepted truth that all public taxes and burdens of every kind are ultimately paid by labor. If these convicts can be made to do enough ] work to pay the cost of their support, it J lightens the burden that labor will have to bear. At all events it is as much for the interest of laboring men as any others that convicts should so far as pos sible contribute by their labor to the cost of their support and education in some useful trade. We know beyond all doubt that it is better in every way that convicts should labor. It is better for them physically ; it is better for them morally. If pris ons are intended for torture, then close, solitary confinement with ungovernable passions and morbid fancies is the proper thing. It comes nearest our ideas of hell of anything on earth. But the more reasonable and humane con ception of punishment by imprisonment ! is to secure the safety of society, first by keeping the criminal away from oppor tunity to commit crime, and next to root out the disposition to crime by a reform of character. Of all the familiar and most prolific sources of crime, idleness and want of some useful and gainful occupation are classed as the foremost. It is therfore making our prisons nurseries of rather than reformation, if they encour age idleness and neglect to instruct in some useful trades. As to the merits of the particular scheme of employing our prisoners in the work of stone quarrying and build ing a penitentiary at Billings, we are not fully informed and desire more in formation. The only thing that laboring men have the right to complain of in connection | crime j with the labor of prisoners, is that the product of their labor should not be allowed to cut down the price of the fruit ot other labor. If it is contracted out, this is liable to be done. Hence there is good ground against contracting prison labor. It would require argu ment to convince us that any contract scheme would be justifiable. Yet if Montana could use the labor of its con victs directly to build its penitentiaries, asylums and public buildings of all kinds, not simply hiring them out to contractors, but giving them fair, cur rent wages and crediting them with all thev earned above the cost of their board be a wise scheme. and keeping, it strikes us that it would J The Manitoba right of way bill has again passed both houses of Congress and has reached the President's hands, the point where it encountered difficulty and defeat last year. A better fortune is hoped this time, but still we are anxious. As we saw no good reason for the President to veto the bill last year, we can see no great change of circumstances on which to ex pect a more favorable issue now. Those who have better opportunities to judge, think the bill will be approved. It ought to be without hesitation, and so ought it to have been approved last year. We have many reasons to think that the administra tion generally is hostile to our section of the country and looks with no favor upon any measures that tend to develop its re sources and increase its population. Many of the reasons assigned for the last veto would be just as good to-day. It is possi ble that the President has better informed himself as to the propriety of the measure and become and convinced that the reasons then given for his veto are not good. The Indian commission has since negotiated a treaty releasing most if not all the country to be traversed by the road from reserva tion, but the treaty has not been ratified, and may not even have been reported to the government. There was no opposition or remonstrance last year on the part of the Indians, or the staunchest advocates of Indians' rights. Notwithstanding the veto, the company pushed forward its work from both ends, showing, in spite of the reasons assigned by the President, that it had the ability and confidence to carry through its work, though there was but little popula tion along its line through Northern Mon tana. It would be simply an outrage to veto the bill now, it was not much less an outrage to veto it before. But the North west has become accustomed to outrages of this sort and may continue to expect them. The construction of this northern road will lead to the settlement of the adjacent country, both in Dakota and Montana, and will hasten the day when both mast be ad mitted as States, however mnch the ad ministration dislikes or opposes. Hon. Joe E. Brown, of Beaverhead, was twice tendered the office of Territorial Treasurer by Gov. Haaser. Mr. Brown's name was on the original list of appoint ments, but that gentleman appeared in person in Helena to prevent the nomina tion, refusing absolutely all overtures of the Governor in the matter. Brown is an old time friend of Hauser's, but too well off and with too many business affairs to warrant his acceptance of a meagre salaried office like that of Treasurer. The alleged remonstrance from Beaverhead against his appointment is said to have had no founda tion in fact. NATIONAL STRENGTH. Edward Atkinscn has a valuable ar ticle in the February Century on "The Relative Strength and Weakness of Nations" that will repay study. It starts with a comparative view of the standing armies of the several countries in Europe and the United States. In this test of strength our country is at the foot of the list, with only 1 to 322, while poor Italy stands at the head with 1 to 71, and in all Europe it is 1 to 16.13. That is, in a general way, Europe has twenty times as many men in standing armies as the United States. When we consider that the best able bodied men are required for the army, that instead of producing wealth they are consuming all the time, it is easy to reach the conclusion that this is a con suming source of national weakness. More than four millions of men, the best Mood and strength of the nations, are in army and navy. At the rate of pro duction that is allowed to each able bodied man in this country, $600 per annum, these men could pro duce $2,400,000,000. This must be added to the actual cost of maintain ing armies as the negative part of the cost. Can it be doubted which is gain ing and which is wasting strength ? Can it be wondered at that we are growing richer so fast and rapidly becoming a nation of millionaires? In the United States the estimated product per capita of population is $200, in England $175, in France $120, in Germany $100, and in Italy only $80. Yet the proportion of national taxation to estimated product is only 21 per cent, ! in the United States. It is three times | ceases ? greater in England and six times greater in France, and about the same in Italy. Not only is the average product so much less in Europe, but the proportion of taxation to this smaller production is from three to six times as great. Our people talk of heavy taxation a great deal, but the burden of taxation in Ger many is ten times as heavy, and in j F rance and Italy very much greater than that. Is it any wonder that there is popular discontent, socialism, nihil ism, and revolution in all its forms and stages? The wonder is that everybody does not revolt or emigrate. And this is the condition of Europe in time of peace. What will it be in time of war, when the expenses are doubled and all the resources are called into service and the work of production almost We doubt if many of our people have soberly and seriously considered the awful condition of affairs in Europe. There are only two wavs out of the di lemma for Europe, either general dis armament or a radical revolution with a repudiation of national burdens. Of course the best and only honorable way is to disarm and devote the resources now squandered to removing the debts and popular burdens. And yet there is neither prospect nor hope of such a course being taken. The way of ruin has been taken and the only question is one of time it will take to complete it. It almost seems as if general war J all( j even death would be a mercy and relief to the masses of Europe. There is nothing in Europe or in any government of Europe to excite our envy or fear, but plenty to call for sor row and sympathy. We wish every reader, every school child, every working man, yes, and every body else, would make a serious study of this article. It would promote contentment with our own lot, a firmer resolution to adhere to a steady policy of peace, and cultivate the arts of peace. While husbanding and multiplying our own resources, the wealth of all the rest of the world will come to us of its own accord. "While Europe is engaging in the game of mutual bluff and armament, there is apparently a sympathentic feeling on this side of the Atlantic, and our enterprising news mongers are diligently searching for some casus belli. We have generally noticed that when a person wants a fight, he does not have to search far or wait long to be accommodated. If we want an Indian war there is a chance now with the Navajos. If we can seriously work ourselves up to fear what Canada, with English backing, might be disposed to do, we could bring on a war from that direction possibly. Men generally like to talk warlike and impress themselves with their own prowess, but cool reason declares all war to be a mixture of folly and brutality. There is not the remotest chance of war with Canada, and money spent on inland defenses along the border would be a pure waste of money. England might possibly send a fleet of war vessels up the Wel land canal to the great lakes, if we could be kept in ignorance of the movement and did not offer any resistance, but neither of these contingencies are possibilities. We do not want war with Canada because we do not want the country at present, and war would force us to take and keep it. We want all the surplus of wealth and population for years to come to settle and develop our Territories into States. We have better use for all our energies and re sources for a few more years than to invest them in war for any purpose with any country or nation in the world. Canada is coming to us as fast as she can and as fast as we should wish. The longer we wait the easier will be the terms of acquisition. We do not object to engaging in the rival ry to make the most effective weapons, for we can sell them at a good profit if we do not care to use them. K. ot L. Purchase. Philadelphia, February 12. — The Knights of Labor have purchased property on North Broad street for $65,000. It will be fitted up with offices to be occupied as general headquarters of the order of the United States and Canada. The season for excursions of capitalists seeking investments has naturally opened earlier at the South than in our section, but what is taking place there we shall soon witness in our own section. We have neither envy nor fear over the result. New Mexico and Arizona have resources that we hope to see fully developed, but that they have anything superior or equal to Montana in any direction we do not be lieve. The present exceptionally hard winter may give a black eye to our stock interests in the opinion of those who form hasty judgments, but it will only teach our own stock-growers to carry on the bus iness in future more prudently. Winter is the best season of the year in the southern Territories, but no country will be Anally judged by a single season, but by the whole round of the seasons and by a suc cession of years. Capitalists may prefer the southern routes, but immigrants will pre fer the northern ones, and between the two we prefer the latter. The great im migration to this country comes from Northern Europe and prefers our cooler climate and more abundant water supply. Capitalists do not lead, but have to follow emigration. We have no great admiration for blizzards, but after all they are no worse than the sand storms that prevail along the Southern Pacific. If we have more cold weather, so also do we have more forest and coal. Our great mines, when once fairly opened, can be worked as well in the winter as summer. If we are compelled to exercise more prudence iu anticipation of severe winters, it is a faculty that yields good returns from cultivation_ We do not anticipate any general resis ance on the part of the railroads to the inter-state commerce bill. There are many features of the bill that will need interpretation in court, but no final de cisions can be expected till at least two sessions of Congress have intervened, and the remedy will come through legislation before it can be administered by the courts, i The fact is that railroads have been If the railroads should attempt any gen eral resistance or evasion of the law, it will arouse public sentiment to demand more severe laws in terms so clear that they will not need interpretation in court. It is not policy for the railroads to provoke such a contest. If in good faith they try to carry out the spirit as well as the letter of the law and find that it works disastrously, they can appeal with good hope of being heard to the justice of Congress. To at tempt to defy government and public opinion is a losing game. The same amount of money and effort expend ed in honest attempts to conform to gov ernment regulations and to conciliate pub lic opinion will pay much better dividends, and there will be enough roads to adopt this policy to prove its truth to all the rest. too much managed with reference to stock market manipulations and not enough to build up the business of the roads and the country on sound business principles. If the roads were managed simply to increase business and legitimate profits, money could be made and business increased a hundredfold in a few years. The time has gone by when corporations can hope to control the government and the policy of antagonizing it will be suicidal. The Helena Critic, published by the High School Superintendent, teachers and pupils, and devoted to the educational interests of the city and Territory, makes its first appearance to the public in a most attractive and promising shape. It shows its credentials and raison d'etre and chal lenges attention and support upon its merits, which are numerous and substan tial. There is plenty of room for it and work to be done. We hope to see the school furnished with means to do all the work, even to type setting and press work. It would be a proper part of the manual training that should form a permanent part of the public school course. As a means to teach spelling, writing, punctu ation, while giving familiarity with one of the best trades in the world, there is noth ing better than the conduct of such a school paper. Every feature of the Critic com mends itself. Hereafter we presume there will be more opportunity for the children to appear as the corps of editors and con tributors as it becomes organized. The Critic is entitled to liberal support and universal favor. High license went booming through the Minnesota Senate—26 ayes to 19 nays. It fixes a thousand dollar minimum for cities of over ten thousand people; five hundred for cities of less population than that. In the house, where a substantially identical bill passed the committee of the whole by a large majority, the senate bill as passed was immediately put through its first and second readings, with the con currence of the opposition, and was made the special order for next Wednesday. The bill is to take effect on July 1, 1887. But there is nothing in its provisions which will terminate at that date licenses already issned in St. Paul on or about the first of January for one year, so that practically it will not go into effect in St. Paul till December 31st, 1887, when, under the city ordinance, all liquor licenses expire. The water question is not the only one of first class importance to the citizens of Helena, but the fuel question is of equal importance. Unless we can have better supplies at much cheaper rates the luture growth of our city will be seriously stunted. It is with this in view that we welcome most heartily the construction of new and competing lines of railroad to the coal fields that lie around us in all directions. Some part of the present cost is exceptional and temporary, bat after making all due allowance for this there is ruin and death to us in the cost of fuel. To say nothing of the possibility of starting any manufac turing industry that requires steam power, it is not possible for our city to achieve a natural and healthy growth as a residence and commercial city unless this prime necessary of life, fuel, can be supplied in better quality and at better prices. f Written for the Herald. | "They Come! They Come." BY REV. F. D. KELSEY. God is known by his people, and by the testimony of scripture to be one who hears prayers ; therefore is it that David says in one of his psalms : "O thou that hearest prayer, unto thee shall all flesh come." They come in their weaknesses and sick nesses; they come in their tears andin their wounds ; the lepers come, the blind come, the dumb come, the possessed of devils come, the widow of Nain comes, the Mary and Martha of Lazarus come ; the woman of Samaria and the vile woman of the city come; Matthew and Zacheus come ; Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea come—the polished citizens of Europe, the wild tribes of Africa, the civilized heathen of Asia, and the barbarians of the Sea come. Differ as men and nations may, in this they all agree—they have aching hearts, sin-stained souls and furnace fires of trials to pass through—one and all lift high their palms to the skies imploring the God of heaven to hear their prayers. Unto him all flesh comes. To the angels this world must look like one vast hospital, in which the poor, the unfortunate, and the vicious are to be found, all imploring the good Physician for healing : the moral and the consequent physical evils have seized upon all. "There is none good, no not one;" "all have sinned and come short of the glory of God." Hence are they in tears and groans beseeching in heaven for mercy and relief. Hence is it the pious of all lands appreciate the words of David : "Bless the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits, who forgiveth all thine iniquities, who bealeth all thy diseases." Who can estimate the blessings unto this troubled, suffering wotld the privilege and faith in prayer has brought ? It is as in a stormy, dreary day, a riff is seen in the clouds and the bright sun streams forth, beautifying even the storm clouds of black and chill. Pray—if thou wouldst, withlthirsty soul Kind crystal streams to quench thy e re; The desert rock of sorrow opes. Touched by the wondrous rod of prayer. Pray—if thou wouldst, with hopefulness Life's Marah-streams to drink prepare ; -woe's bitterest waters thou mayest quaff ( haoged by the sweetening branch of prayer They come, the nations come : the mil lions come and go away blessing this God of Israel, this Refuge and Strength, this Helper of the distrest—they come; do we come, too ? Are we not distressed, are we not troubled, are we not burdened, are we not like sheep needing this Shepherd ? We need to come in prayer to God, be cause of our frailties; he will strengthen us as he has strengthened the weak of all ages to do valiant service. We need to come in prayer to God, for even in our purest, noblest work, "Paul may plant and Apollos may water, but God only giveth the increase ;" we need to come in prayer that we may get that peculiar spirituality by which alone spiritual suc cess can come. We need to come to God in many an hour of trial and trouble when it seems as though man and nature were against us, times when it is unspeakably blessed to be sure that the eternal God is our refuge and underneath are the everlasting arms. We need also to pray, lest we enter into temption in this world of guilt, deceit and godlessness. We need to pray if we intend to keep up the flame of a religious, pious, godly life. The law of gravitation is downwards. Only by the wings of prayer and faith can we fly skyward, heavenward, homeward. Who goes to bed, and does not pray. Makeih two nights to every day. ***** I value prayer so That were I to leave all but one, Wealth, fame, endowments, virtues, all should go ; I and dear Prayer would together dwell. And quickly gain, for each inch lost, an ell. Dear Christian worker, however zealous you may be in the work for the Master, you especially need the "Sweet Hour of Prayer." "These two, work and prayer, action and contemplation,''says an author of England, "are twin sisters ; each pines without the other ; we are ever tempted to cultivate one or the other disproportion ately. Let us imitate Him who sought the mountain top as His refreshment after toil." An earnest, aged minister of the gospel once testified to a young minister: "My young friend, the mistake of my life has been that I have not prayed more. I fell into the commou error of most ministers ; I studied and preached ; I worked and worried too much, and I prayed too little. Could I live my life over again, I would be more with God and less with men." "O, Thou that hearest prayer, unto Thee shall all flesh come," and among them come we. TnE President's veto of the service pen sion bill is a long, rambling and rather un intelligible document as it comes to us. Its reasoning is not good. The President says in effect that it is ten or fifteen years too soon to consider such a bill, that we have already done more for our soldiers than any other nation in all the annals of time. It virtually concedes the justice of the measure, but vetces it because we have never before done so well for soldiers of other wars. In answef we say that never before have soldiers done better service for the nation and the world. But our main replv would be based principally upon the fact that we are better able to do jus tice than ever before. The postpone ment in former cases was for want of ability. We have no such excuse now. We have an overflowing treasury and wealth without limit. We fear the President underestimates the services of the Union soldiers. The amount of money paid in pensions is to be judged by the size of the army employed, the value of the services rendered and the preserit ability of the country to pay the proposed pensions. A Butte correspondent in a few lines addressed to the Herald, speaks a good word for Governor Leslie. The writer is well and favorably known to many of our readers. Southern born, he was an officer in the Confederate army, and fought through to the close at Appomattox. Since the war his politics has been Republican, and he has steadfastly adhered to the party of purpose and progress. Our own impres sions of the new Governor, to the extent that we have been able to form them, are to Leslie's credit We think he intends to serve the Territory faithfully and be a Governor for the whole people, as he de clares. He is a man of ability and his reputation for integrity has never to our knowledge been questioned. It Minnesota. Cold. St. Paul, February 12.— The mercury dropped to zero last night, and it is very cold throughout the Northwest. The tele graph wires both east and west are down, owing to a heavy coating of frozen sleet, and telegraphic communication in all direc tions is seriously delayed. WATER WORKS. It Our people Want Them They Must Say So. Helena, February 11,1887. Editor Herald:—A few words of plain English are necessary in explanation ol the plans and possibilities of the water business. I learn that some property own ers are holding ofl', thinking that when my works are in they may get water a little cheaper on account of the competition be tween me and the present companies. If there aie many of this kind I shall never build the works. I shali not go ahead this summer unless I get enough contracts to show an income which will justify the ex penditure of four or five hundred thousand dollars. If people think that I can influ ence eastern capitalists to invest their money here on mere promises or anything short of absolute contracts, they are mis taken—it cannot be done. Eastern people are just like your business men. Before they send their money thousands ot miles away they want to know what they are to get. Certainly if people are afraid to egree with me, that when I have construct ed water works, given them a good supply of pure water, all without cost to them, that they will take the water at the low prices I make, I am atraid to spend that much money and take the risk. And do these property owners want to taue the risk of losing a work of this kind, which will reduce insurance, increase the value of their property and put their city on a safe basis for now and the future ? So far as water is concerned, for the chance of getting something for less than it is worth for a few years, I cannot think you have many of that kind. If you have you will certainly loose my water works and have the chance of takiDg the present water at the present prices forever. For certainly you will then be in the hands of monopoly. Besides I pledge the hundreds, who have already sigued contracts with me that they will be protected aud no one shall ever have water less than the price I make them. The facts are, I am now making low prices—less than 1 would make if I was sure ol a sufficient income. You can contract now as low as you will ever be able to, and the prices are as low as any city iu the West has and as low as most eastern cities enjoy. Do not lose an im portant work oi' this kind by attempting to get water for less than it is worth and thus lose all. My works are a certainty if the people come up and contract. Let them meet me as early as possible. I shall be obliged to close the work up soon. Respectfully, GEO. F. WOOLSTON. MRS. SMITH'S BONNET. A Poem by the Late General Logan. [Brooklyn Magazine.! If the fact that he late General John A. Logan had a decided likeness for poetry, and that he himself at intervals indulged in writing impromptu verses, never be came public knowledge, it was not a secret among his most intimate friends. The in stances are several when, in an idle mo ment, he would take up an old scrap of paper and carelessly write thereon some lines in rhyme. Often these poetical efforts were of a humorous character; at other times they would assume a thought ful or sorrowful Dature. General Logan almost invariably destroyed the verses after he had written them, but two or three were secured by friends and are still held by them. Through the courtesy of a prominent Washington lady, we are enabled to make public one of General Logan's humorous pieces of verse. The lines which we print below were written in honor of a new bon net, in which the owner appeared on a cer tain occasion before General Logan at his house. It is related that the soldier was sitting at his desk when his friend entered. Turning to greet her, he immediately ob served the headgear, and wheeling around in his chair, he hurriedly indicted the fol lowing lines. The verse was written by General Logan without the alliteration of but one word : TO MRS. SMITH'S BONNET. Ye muses, attend, Inspire ye iny sonnet While I speak of the beauty Of Mrs. Smith's bonnet. Shades of the night. Gather ye and remain. And bless that dear bonnet. Which from Paris came. O don't I well remember In times that have gone by. How just such another bonnet Caught the flashing of my eye : That bonnet was the magic Which drew from me a sigh, As the little beauty in it Went tripping lightly by. The same dark lace. With streaks of red. And "tliingembobs" perched On the top of her bead— The same jaunty air. too. As she went up the lane. My dear Mrs. Smith Brings to me again. O bonnet from Paris, You are welcome e'er more From the land of Napoleon To Columbia's shore ! And when you are kicked Out of fashion and mind. I'll sit myself down And forever repine. ON THE BOARDS. Some ol the Requirements of a Suc cesstul Actress. The requirements for young women who adopt the stage are serious and potent factors in one's career. Talent is always appreciated when it has its opportunity ; of genius there is no question ; but even with great talent the absence of what is termed stage appearance is almost fatal. Georgia Cayvan enumerates these as the principal equipments to asssured success : A strong physique. An unimpaired digestion. A slender figure. A marked face. Strong features. A carrying voice, A lack of real leeling. An abundance of pretended feeling. Much magnetism. Great fascination of manner. Purity of speech. Elocution to a degree. A general knowledge of history. A good general education. A general knowledge of costuming. A practical knowledge of economy iu dress. An artistic knowledge of the effects of distance. Considerable business faculty. Unflagging industry. Undaunted ambition. Utter lack of sensitiveness. A capacity for taking pains. Au absolute and undisputed devotion to the theatre. An unwedded life. An ability to distinguish criticism from abuse or fulsome gush. A readiness to profit thereby. Some genius of advertising. A quickness at seizing opportunities. An adeptness at making yourself neces sary. A well-defined specialty. A good memory. Good luck. Quick study. Talent. PROPOSED GYMNASIUM. Plans of the Young Men's Christian Association. The question of a gymnasium in connec tion with the Young Men's Christian Asso ciation of this city has for some time been agitated amoDg the young men of the city and a large number have agreed to become members, at a fee of twelve dollars per year. Enough can lie raised in this way to meet the running expenses. The diffi culty that now arises is to meet the first costj which will be about twelve hundred dollars. For this a complete set of gym nasium apparatus and good bath rooms can be put up. The reading room of the asso ciation has furnished a place of resort for voung me» to spend their leisure hours, and many have availed themselves of the privilege, but there are numbers of young men who are confined through the day and do not feel like spending their evenings reading, but want and need some kind of systematic exercise, so the cry comes for a gymnasium. There are many boys, from ten years old and upward, who are confined in school through the day and should have systematic exercises. Many boys have weak chests or limbs that could be made as sfong as the other members of their bodies by a course of systematic exercise. Through out the United States gymnasiums are being placed ia connection with the Young Men's Christian Associations by the busi ness men as business investments, as the young men who spend their evenings in the gymnasiums are able to give better service to their employers. The apparatus proposed lor the gymna sium is to be modern and first-class in every respect. The instruction is to be given by a trained man and one of a good character, so that mothers may have do fear to place their sons in his company and under his instruction. At a meeting of the board of directors of the association it was decided to lay the matter before the busi ness men of the city and ascertain if they were willing to meet the first cost of the gymnasium. Educational Organ. "The Helena Critic" is the title of a handsome semi-monthly paper conducted by teachers and pupils of the High school, the first number of which was issued yes terday. It is a four column paged folio, devoted chiefly to educational matters, aud intended to some extent to enlist the in terest of advanced pupils in journalistic instruction. AmoDg the youthful contri butions to the Critic's local department we seem to discover numbers whom the fu ture may advance to the reportorial helm of the more pretentious daily papers of the Territory. Report not Credited. Washington, February 11. —Represen tative Weaver, of Iowa, states that he has received word from the President that he has directed Secretary Manning to obey the law concerning one and two dollar U. S. notes and to issue the same ; that the order was emphatic and was given to Man ning orally, but that it would be reduced to writing and delivered to the Secretary to day. Weaver also states ihat some days ago, at his request, a consultation concerning this matter was held at which Speaker Carlisle, Morrison, Weaver, Warner, Mills and Wilkins were conferees. Mr. Payson, of Illinois and Brumm, of Pennsylvania, were also consulted by Weaver, as were also several members of Congress. The opinion seemed to be unanimous that the law had been violated, and Carlisle was requested to bring the matter to the attention of the President. One of these gentlemen is authority for the statement that when the Presidents attention was called to the matter he very promptly declared that the Treasurer was wrong, and hence his tender as above stated At the White House no information iu regard to the foregoing was obtainable ex cept that the President has "written no such letter to the Secretary." Beyond this statement the President remarked that he did not care to say anything on the subject. Treasurer Jordan said that he did not care to say anything on the subject. Jor dan said that no instructions of a change of the present practices in regard to the redemption and issuance of United States notes had reached his office. Secretary Manning said to an Associated Press reporter this evening that nothing had been said to him by the President on the above mentioned subject. of to Rights of Way Granted. Washington, February 11.—Mander son, from the committee on military affairs, reported the bill granting the Salt Lake & Fort Douglass Railway Co. the right ot way across the Fort Douglass military reservation, Utah. The Senate bill to authorize the Billings, Clark's Fork & Cooke City Railway Co. to construct and operate a railway through the Crow Indian reservation was passed. The Senate bill granting the Utah Midland Railway Co. the right of way through the Uncompabgre and Uintah reservations, in Utah, was passed. Oyer llic Veto. SALEM. Ure , February 12.—The legisla ture to-day passed a bill authorizing the Oregon Railway and Navigation compauy to construct a bridge at Portland. The billjpassed both house» last week and wa vetoed by Governor Pennoyer. Yesterday in the Senate the bill was passed over the veto by a vote of 25 to 5. This morning it passed the House by a vote of 51 to 8. To day's action is final. The matter has at tracted wide interest because upon the passage of the bill depended the construc tion of the depot in Portland. Recoinage of Trade Dollars. Washington, February 12. —The House has agreed to the amendment to the Senate trade dollar bill, providing that the re coinage of trade dollars recoined uDder this act shall not be considered as part of the silver bullion required to l>e purchased and coined under the provisions of the Bland law, as the amended bill was passed. The bill of $1,000 rendered the city by Messrs. Carter & Ciayberg for satisfaction in full of legal services in drafting papers and for argument before the courts in the water cases, seems a reasonable charge, and we have no doubt the municipal authori ties will promptly come to a settlement on that basis. Agreeable to promise, Mr. Woolston notified the Council at the ses sion last evening that he was ready to pay his equitable share of the expenses, and in his quick, off-hand manner of approaching business matters tendered his check for $250, which was accepted. In this connec tion we think City Attorney Botkin Fair 1 % entitled to some additional compensation for the extra labor that devolved upon him in the case, and for which the small salary he otherwise more than earns is no compensation at all.