FISK BROS. - - - Publishers.
R. E. FISK,......Editor
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17,1887.
When* we come to hear of him later, it
will turn out, plausibly enough, that
Fields, of Maryland, just appointed to re
lieve Major Lincoln as Indian Agent at
Fort Belknap, 'Tout in the wah" with the
Confederate brethren. In the great ma
jority of cases our Indian Agencies are
among the "fat takes'' awarded to ex
confederates throughout the Northwest.
We are proud of one act of our legisla
ture, in passing the law increasing the
rights of married women in the matter ol
property. This old relic .of feudalism and
barbarism has outlived its usefulness, if it
ever had any. Women are entitled to the
enjoyment of the same rights as men, and
married women to the same as unmarried
OL'K Democratic cotemporarv, the Great
Falls Tribune, laments the goinj of Gov.
Hauser and bewails the coming of his
successor. Remarks the Tribune :
"His (Hausers) administration has been
such as to cause the people to regret his re
tirement. It is not only a credit to the
Governor, but demonstrates the utter folly
and diabolism of importing some super
annuated politician to govern this Terri
Temperance people generally will ex
ult that the strike has extended to the em
ployes of breweries aud they will hope to
see the strike extended to that larger class
of employes, the drinkers. It would be
the most sensible strike ever made in the
whole history of strikes. It would All the
land with plenty, every home and heart
with rejoicing. It would empty our jails,
workhouses and poor houses, cut oil half
the expenses of our courts, All our savings
banks and make us as a nation stronger
and richer, within ten years time, than all
the rest of the world together.
President Broadwater, of the Mon
tana Central, yesterday received a message,
signed "Toole and Maginnis," stating that
the House, by unanimous consent, con
curred in the Senate amendment to the
right-of-way bill admitting the Manitoba
through the northern Indian reservations.
This action disposes of the bill so far as
Congress is concerned, and the signature of
the President is now the only thing re
quired to make it a law. That Cleveland
will approve it without delay there seems
to be not the remotest doubt.
There is nothing but news of losses
and suffering coming in from the ranges
regarding the effects of the late unprece
dented storm, severe cold and deep snow.
There is a general disposition to make the
best of it, bat that is bad enough. There
is no use of trying to measure the losses
yet, for they are not over with and will
not be fully known till the rounding up
time comes. With the lengthened days
and advanced season we ought to expect
deliverance soon from further great loss.
The next calamity on the programme will
be from Hoods.
Estimates of the Woolston water works,
which the people of Helena are earnestly
co-operating to secure, contemplate an ex
penditure of between four and Ave hun
dred thousand dollars. Water consumers
in every part of the city are personally in
teresting themselves and giving every pos
sible encouragement to the projector to
proceed with his plant and put it in com
plete operation this year. Contracts for
the new water supply already amount up
into the hundreds, and these are being
added to largely every day. If the citi
zens of Helena keep on as they have begun,
they will secure the Woolston works be
yond any and all peradventure before the
autumn of 1887 is ended.
The programme of a gymnasium con
ducted in connection with the Y. M. C. A.
is presented to the Helena public to-day
and deserves general attention. It is
something that is needed very much.
Physical culture and daily exercise are
much neglected, and our people suffer
thereby in many ways, Ball clubs, skating
rinks and all the other organizations for
combined amusement aud exercise are
litful and uncertain. We need some place
where we can get our daily rations of ex
ercise whatever may be the state of the
weather or the walking outside. It looks
to us as if a little organizing and directing
talent and study would bring such an in
stitution into successful and permanent
being, with the best results and separate
from all demoralizing inüuences.
The speech of Hartington in the British
Parliament shows that on all questions ol
internal policy he is as illiberal as any of
the Tories and more so than many of them.
Anyone who pretends to be a statesman,
and has nothing better to offer in remedy
of internal discontent and complaiuts than
emigration, is a very poor sort of a states
man. The proper work of a British states
man is to increase the population of the
British isles and to make contented, pros
perous, skilled laborers. The time is com
ing and that before long when every con
siderable colony of Great Britain will be
come an independent nation as mnch
as the United States. All that
can uphold the name of the British
Empire l>eyond another centnry will be
conAned to the British Isles. The very
prosperity of her great colonies is hasten
ing the day when they will drop off as
ripened fruit The only policy deserving
the name and worthy of the consideration
of a British statesman is one that shall pro
vide for an increased population at home
and for their prosperity, contented and in
telligent loyalty. All legislation that is
principally concerned with the interest and
proAts of British landlords is legislation
for the ultimate overthrow of British power
We never could see any sound or solid
reason for the outcry against convict labor,
and we believe those who raise this cry
are mistaken in their general judgment.
The very terms used show confusion to
start with. Convict labor is contrasted
with honest labor. There is no ground
for any such pretended contrast. All
labor is honest and honorable. In the
case of some convicts, perhaps, the first
honest labor of their lives is done in
prison. These men ought to have learned
and done honest labor before, and they
never would have been in prison. Those
who have short terms to serve, by being
taught some useful trade in prison, may
support themselves by honest labor when
It is the generally accepted truth that
all public taxes and burdens of every
kind are ultimately paid by labor. If
these convicts can be made to do enough ]
work to pay the cost of their support, it J
lightens the burden that labor will have
to bear. At all events it is as much for
the interest of laboring men as any
others that convicts should so far as pos
sible contribute by their labor to the
cost of their support and education in
some useful trade.
We know beyond all doubt that it is
better in every way that convicts should
labor. It is better for them physically ;
it is better for them morally. If pris
ons are intended for torture, then close,
solitary confinement with ungovernable
passions and morbid fancies is the
proper thing. It comes nearest our
ideas of hell of anything on earth. But
the more reasonable and humane con
ception of punishment by imprisonment !
is to secure the safety of society, first by
keeping the criminal away from oppor
tunity to commit crime, and next to root
out the disposition to crime by a reform
Of all the familiar and most prolific
sources of crime, idleness and want of
some useful and gainful occupation are
classed as the foremost. It is therfore
making our prisons nurseries of
rather than reformation, if they encour
age idleness and neglect to instruct in
some useful trades.
As to the merits of the particular
scheme of employing our prisoners in
the work of stone quarrying and build
ing a penitentiary at Billings, we are
not fully informed and desire more in
The only thing that laboring men have
the right to complain of in connection |
with the labor of prisoners, is that the
product of their labor should not be
allowed to cut down the price of the
fruit ot other labor. If it is contracted
out, this is liable to be done. Hence
there is good ground against contracting
prison labor. It would require argu
ment to convince us that any contract
scheme would be justifiable. Yet if
Montana could use the labor of its con
victs directly to build its penitentiaries,
asylums and public buildings of all
kinds, not simply hiring them out to
contractors, but giving them fair, cur
rent wages and crediting them with all
thev earned above the cost of their board
be a wise scheme.
and keeping, it strikes us that it would J
The Manitoba right of way bill has
again passed both houses of Congress and
has reached the President's hands, the
point where it encountered difficulty and
defeat last year. A better fortune is hoped
this time, but still we are anxious. As we
saw no good reason for the President to
veto the bill last year, we can see no great
change of circumstances on which to ex
pect a more favorable issue now. Those
who have better opportunities to judge,
think the bill will be approved. It ought
to be without hesitation, and so ought it to
have been approved last year. We have
many reasons to think that the administra
tion generally is hostile to our section of
the country and looks with no favor upon
any measures that tend to develop its re
sources and increase its population. Many
of the reasons assigned for the last veto
would be just as good to-day. It is possi
ble that the President has better informed
himself as to the propriety of the measure
and become and convinced that the reasons
then given for his veto are not good. The
Indian commission has since negotiated a
treaty releasing most if not all the country
to be traversed by the road from reserva
tion, but the treaty has not been ratified,
and may not even have been reported to
the government. There was no opposition
or remonstrance last year on the part of
the Indians, or the staunchest advocates of
Indians' rights. Notwithstanding the veto,
the company pushed forward its work from
both ends, showing, in spite of the reasons
assigned by the President, that it had the
ability and confidence to carry through its
work, though there was but little popula
tion along its line through Northern Mon
tana. It would be simply an outrage to
veto the bill now, it was not much less an
outrage to veto it before. But the North
west has become accustomed to outrages of
this sort and may continue to expect them.
The construction of this northern road will
lead to the settlement of the adjacent
country, both in Dakota and Montana, and
will hasten the day when both mast be ad
mitted as States, however mnch the ad
ministration dislikes or opposes.
Hon. Joe E. Brown, of Beaverhead,
was twice tendered the office of Territorial
Treasurer by Gov. Haaser. Mr. Brown's
name was on the original list of appoint
ments, but that gentleman appeared in
person in Helena to prevent the nomina
tion, refusing absolutely all overtures of
the Governor in the matter. Brown is an
old time friend of Hauser's, but too well
off and with too many business affairs to
warrant his acceptance of a meagre salaried
office like that of Treasurer. The alleged
remonstrance from Beaverhead against his
appointment is said to have had no founda
tion in fact.
Edward Atkinscn has a valuable ar
ticle in the February Century on "The
Relative Strength and Weakness of
Nations" that will repay study. It
starts with a comparative view of the
standing armies of the several countries
in Europe and the United States. In
this test of strength our country is at
the foot of the list, with only 1 to 322,
while poor Italy stands at the head with
1 to 71, and in all Europe it is 1 to 16.13.
That is, in a general way, Europe has
twenty times as many men in standing
armies as the United States.
When we consider that the best able
bodied men are required for the army,
that instead of producing wealth they
are consuming all the time, it is easy to
reach the conclusion that this is a con
suming source of national weakness.
More than four millions of men, the best
Mood and strength of the nations, are in
army and navy. At the rate of pro
duction that is allowed to each able
bodied man in this country, $600
per annum, these men could pro
duce $2,400,000,000. This must be
added to the actual cost of maintain
ing armies as the negative part of the
cost. Can it be doubted which is gain
ing and which is wasting strength ? Can
it be wondered at that we are growing
richer so fast and rapidly becoming a
nation of millionaires?
In the United States the estimated
product per capita of population is $200,
in England $175, in France $120, in
Germany $100, and in Italy only $80.
Yet the proportion of national taxation
to estimated product is only 21 per cent,
! in the United States. It is three times
| ceases ?
greater in England and six times greater
in France, and about the same in Italy.
Not only is the average product so much
less in Europe, but the proportion of
taxation to this smaller production is
from three to six times as great. Our
people talk of heavy taxation a great
deal, but the burden of taxation in Ger
many is ten times as heavy, and in
j F rance and Italy very much greater
than that. Is it any wonder that there
is popular discontent, socialism, nihil
ism, and revolution in all its forms and
stages? The wonder is that everybody
does not revolt or emigrate. And this
is the condition of Europe in time
of peace. What will it be in time of
war, when the expenses are doubled and
all the resources are called into service
and the work of production almost
We doubt if many of our people have
soberly and seriously considered the
awful condition of affairs in Europe.
There are only two wavs out of the di
lemma for Europe, either general dis
armament or a radical revolution with a
repudiation of national burdens. Of
course the best and only honorable way
is to disarm and devote the resources
now squandered to removing the debts
and popular burdens. And yet there is
neither prospect nor hope of such a
course being taken. The way of ruin
has been taken and the only question is
one of time it will take to complete
it. It almost seems as if general war
J all( j even death would be a mercy and
relief to the masses of Europe.
There is nothing in Europe or in any
government of Europe to excite our
envy or fear, but plenty to call for sor
row and sympathy.
We wish every reader, every school
child, every working man, yes, and
every body else, would make a serious
study of this article. It would promote
contentment with our own lot, a firmer
resolution to adhere to a steady policy
of peace, and cultivate the arts of peace.
While husbanding and multiplying our
own resources, the wealth of all the rest
of the world will come to us of its own
"While Europe is engaging in the game
of mutual bluff and armament, there is
apparently a sympathentic feeling on this
side of the Atlantic, and our enterprising
news mongers are diligently searching for
some casus belli. We have generally noticed
that when a person wants a fight, he does
not have to search far or wait long to be
accommodated. If we want an Indian war
there is a chance now with the Navajos.
If we can seriously work ourselves up to
fear what Canada, with English backing,
might be disposed to do, we could bring on
a war from that direction possibly. Men
generally like to talk warlike and impress
themselves with their own prowess, but
cool reason declares all war to be a mixture
of folly and brutality. There is not the
remotest chance of war with Canada, and
money spent on inland defenses along the
border would be a pure waste of money.
England might possibly send a
fleet of war vessels up the Wel
land canal to the great lakes, if we could
be kept in ignorance of the movement and
did not offer any resistance, but neither of
these contingencies are possibilities. We
do not want war with Canada because we
do not want the country at present, and
war would force us to take and keep it.
We want all the surplus of wealth and
population for years to come to settle and
develop our Territories into States. We
have better use for all our energies and re
sources for a few more years than to invest
them in war for any purpose with any
country or nation in the world. Canada is
coming to us as fast as she can and as fast
as we should wish. The longer we wait
the easier will be the terms of acquisition.
We do not object to engaging in the rival
ry to make the most effective weapons, for
we can sell them at a good profit if we do
not care to use them.
K. ot L. Purchase.
Philadelphia, February 12. — The
Knights of Labor have purchased property
on North Broad street for $65,000. It will
be fitted up with offices to be occupied as
general headquarters of the order of the
United States and Canada.
The season for excursions of capitalists
seeking investments has naturally opened
earlier at the South than in our section,
but what is taking place there we shall
soon witness in our own section. We have
neither envy nor fear over the result. New
Mexico and Arizona have resources that
we hope to see fully developed, but that
they have anything superior or equal to
Montana in any direction we do not be
lieve. The present exceptionally hard
winter may give a black eye to our stock
interests in the opinion of those who form
hasty judgments, but it will only teach
our own stock-growers to carry on the bus
iness in future more prudently. Winter is
the best season of the year in the southern
Territories, but no country will be Anally
judged by a single season, but by the
whole round of the seasons and by a suc
cession of years. Capitalists may prefer the
southern routes, but immigrants will pre
fer the northern ones, and between the
two we prefer the latter. The great im
migration to this country comes from
Northern Europe and prefers our cooler
climate and more abundant water supply.
Capitalists do not lead, but have to follow
emigration. We have no great admiration
for blizzards, but after all they are no
worse than the sand storms that prevail
along the Southern Pacific. If we have
more cold weather, so also do we have
more forest and coal. Our great mines,
when once fairly opened, can be worked as
well in the winter as summer. If we are
compelled to exercise more prudence iu
anticipation of severe winters, it is a
faculty that yields good returns from
We do not anticipate any general resis
ance on the part of the railroads to the
inter-state commerce bill. There are
many features of the bill that will need
interpretation in court, but no final de
cisions can be expected till at least two
sessions of Congress have intervened, and
the remedy will come through legislation
before it can be administered by the courts, i
The fact is that railroads have been
If the railroads should attempt any gen
eral resistance or evasion of the law, it will
arouse public sentiment to demand more
severe laws in terms so clear that they will
not need interpretation in court. It is not
policy for the railroads to provoke such a
contest. If in good faith they try to carry
out the spirit as well as the letter of the
law and find that it works disastrously,
they can appeal with good hope of being
heard to the justice of Congress. To at
tempt to defy government and
public opinion is a losing game. The
same amount of money and effort expend
ed in honest attempts to conform to gov
ernment regulations and to conciliate pub
lic opinion will pay much better dividends,
and there will be enough roads to adopt
this policy to prove its truth to all the
too much managed with reference to stock
market manipulations and not enough to
build up the business of the roads and the
country on sound business principles. If
the roads were managed simply to increase
business and legitimate profits, money
could be made and business increased a
hundredfold in a few years. The time has
gone by when corporations can hope to
control the government and the policy of
antagonizing it will be suicidal.
The Helena Critic, published by the
High School Superintendent, teachers and
pupils, and devoted to the educational
interests of the city and Territory, makes
its first appearance to the public in a most
attractive and promising shape. It shows
its credentials and raison d'etre and chal
lenges attention and support upon its
merits, which are numerous and substan
tial. There is plenty of room for it and
work to be done. We hope to see the
school furnished with means to do all the
work, even to type setting and press work.
It would be a proper part of the manual
training that should form a permanent
part of the public school course. As a
means to teach spelling, writing, punctu
ation, while giving familiarity with one of
the best trades in the world, there is noth
ing better than the conduct of such a school
paper. Every feature of the Critic com
mends itself. Hereafter we presume there
will be more opportunity for the children
to appear as the corps of editors and con
tributors as it becomes organized. The
Critic is entitled to liberal support and
High license went booming through
the Minnesota Senate—26 ayes to 19 nays.
It fixes a thousand dollar minimum for
cities of over ten thousand people; five
hundred for cities of less population than
that. In the house, where a substantially
identical bill passed the committee of the
whole by a large majority, the senate bill
as passed was immediately put through its
first and second readings, with the con
currence of the opposition, and was made
the special order for next Wednesday. The
bill is to take effect on July 1, 1887. But
there is nothing in its provisions which
will terminate at that date licenses already
issned in St. Paul on or about the first of
January for one year, so that practically
it will not go into effect in St. Paul till
December 31st, 1887, when, under the city
ordinance, all liquor licenses expire.
The water question is not the only one
of first class importance to the citizens of
Helena, but the fuel question is of equal
importance. Unless we can have better
supplies at much cheaper rates the luture
growth of our city will be seriously stunted.
It is with this in view that we welcome
most heartily the construction of new and
competing lines of railroad to the coal
fields that lie around us in all directions.
Some part of the present cost is exceptional
and temporary, bat after making all due
allowance for this there is ruin and death
to us in the cost of fuel. To say nothing
of the possibility of starting any manufac
turing industry that requires steam power,
it is not possible for our city to achieve a
natural and healthy growth as a residence
and commercial city unless this prime
necessary of life, fuel, can be supplied in
better quality and at better prices.
f Written for the Herald. |
"They Come! They Come."
BY REV. F. D. KELSEY.
God is known by his people, and by the
testimony of scripture to be one who hears
prayers ; therefore is it that David says in
one of his psalms : "O thou that hearest
prayer, unto thee shall all flesh come."
They come in their weaknesses and sick
nesses; they come in their tears andin
their wounds ; the lepers come, the blind
come, the dumb come, the possessed of
devils come, the widow of Nain comes, the
Mary and Martha of Lazarus come ; the
woman of Samaria and the vile woman of
the city come; Matthew and Zacheus
come ; Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea
come—the polished citizens of Europe, the
wild tribes of Africa, the civilized heathen
of Asia, and the barbarians of the Sea
come. Differ as men and nations may, in
this they all agree—they have aching
hearts, sin-stained souls and furnace fires
of trials to pass through—one and all lift
high their palms to the skies imploring
the God of heaven to hear their prayers.
Unto him all flesh comes.
To the angels this world must look like
one vast hospital, in which the poor, the
unfortunate, and the vicious are to be
found, all imploring the good Physician
for healing : the moral and the consequent
physical evils have seized upon all. "There
is none good, no not one;" "all have sinned
and come short of the glory of God."
Hence are they in tears and groans
beseeching in heaven for mercy
and relief. Hence is it the pious of all
lands appreciate the words of David :
"Bless the Lord, O my soul, and forget not
all his benefits, who forgiveth all thine
iniquities, who bealeth all thy diseases."
Who can estimate the blessings unto
this troubled, suffering wotld the privilege
and faith in prayer has brought ? It is as in
a stormy, dreary day, a riff is seen in the
clouds and the bright sun streams forth,
beautifying even the storm clouds of black
Pray—if thou wouldst, withlthirsty soul
Kind crystal streams to quench thy e re;
The desert rock of sorrow opes.
Touched by the wondrous rod of prayer.
Pray—if thou wouldst, with hopefulness
Life's Marah-streams to drink prepare ;
-woe's bitterest waters thou mayest quaff
( haoged by the sweetening branch of prayer
They come, the nations come : the mil
lions come and go away blessing this God
of Israel, this Refuge and Strength, this
Helper of the distrest—they come; do we
come, too ? Are we not distressed, are we
not troubled, are we not burdened, are we
not like sheep needing this Shepherd ?
We need to come in prayer to God, be
cause of our frailties; he will strengthen
us as he has strengthened the weak of all
ages to do valiant service. We need to
come in prayer to God, for even in our
purest, noblest work, "Paul may plant
and Apollos may water, but God only
giveth the increase ;" we need to come in
prayer that we may get that peculiar
spirituality by which alone spiritual suc
cess can come. We need to come to
God in many an hour of trial and
trouble when it seems as though man and
nature were against us, times when it is
unspeakably blessed to be sure that the
eternal God is our refuge and underneath
are the everlasting arms. We need also to
pray, lest we enter into temption in this
world of guilt, deceit and godlessness.
We need to pray if we intend to keep up
the flame of a religious, pious, godly life.
The law of gravitation is downwards.
Only by the wings of prayer and faith can
we fly skyward, heavenward, homeward.
Who goes to bed, and does not pray.
Makeih two nights to every day.
***** I value prayer so
That were I to leave all but one,
Wealth, fame, endowments, virtues, all should
I and dear Prayer would together dwell.
And quickly gain, for each inch lost, an ell.
Dear Christian worker, however zealous
you may be in the work for the Master,
you especially need the "Sweet Hour of
Prayer." "These two, work and prayer,
action and contemplation,''says an author
of England, "are twin sisters ; each pines
without the other ; we are ever tempted to
cultivate one or the other disproportion
ately. Let us imitate Him who sought the
mountain top as His refreshment after toil."
An earnest, aged minister of the gospel
once testified to a young minister: "My
young friend, the mistake of my life has
been that I have not prayed more. I fell
into the commou error of most ministers ;
I studied and preached ; I worked and
worried too much, and I prayed too little.
Could I live my life over again, I would be
more with God and less with men." "O,
Thou that hearest prayer, unto Thee shall
all flesh come," and among them come we.
TnE President's veto of the service pen
sion bill is a long, rambling and rather un
intelligible document as it comes to us. Its
reasoning is not good. The President says
in effect that it is ten or fifteen years too
soon to consider such a bill, that we have
already done more for our soldiers than
any other nation in all the annals of time.
It virtually concedes the justice of the
measure, but vetces it because we have
never before done so well for soldiers of
other wars. In answef we say that never
before have soldiers done better service for
the nation and the world. But our main
replv would be based principally upon the
fact that we are better able to do jus
tice than ever before. The postpone
ment in former cases was for want of
ability. We have no such excuse now. We
have an overflowing treasury and wealth
without limit. We fear the President
underestimates the services of the Union
soldiers. The amount of money paid in
pensions is to be judged by the size of the
army employed, the value of the services
rendered and the preserit ability of the
country to pay the proposed pensions.
A Butte correspondent in a few lines
addressed to the Herald, speaks a good
word for Governor Leslie. The writer is
well and favorably known to many of our
readers. Southern born, he was an officer
in the Confederate army, and fought
through to the close at Appomattox. Since
the war his politics has been Republican,
and he has steadfastly adhered to the party
of purpose and progress. Our own impres
sions of the new Governor, to the extent
that we have been able to form them, are
to Leslie's credit We think he intends to
serve the Territory faithfully and be a
Governor for the whole people, as he de
clares. He is a man of ability and his
reputation for integrity has never to our
knowledge been questioned.
St. Paul, February 12.— The mercury
dropped to zero last night, and it is very
cold throughout the Northwest. The tele
graph wires both east and west are down,
owing to a heavy coating of frozen sleet,
and telegraphic communication in all direc
tions is seriously delayed.
It Our people Want Them They Must
Helena, February 11,1887.
Editor Herald:—A few words of plain
English are necessary in explanation ol
the plans and possibilities of the water
business. I learn that some property own
ers are holding ofl', thinking that when my
works are in they may get water a little
cheaper on account of the competition be
tween me and the present companies. If
there aie many of this kind I shall never
build the works. I shali not go ahead this
summer unless I get enough contracts to
show an income which will justify the ex
penditure of four or five hundred thousand
dollars. If people think that I can influ
ence eastern capitalists to invest their
money here on mere promises or anything
short of absolute contracts, they are mis
taken—it cannot be done. Eastern people
are just like your business men. Before
they send their money thousands ot miles
away they want to know what they are
to get. Certainly if people are afraid to
egree with me, that when I have construct
ed water works, given them a good supply
of pure water, all without cost to them,
that they will take the water at the low
prices I make, I am atraid to spend that
much money and take the risk. And do
these property owners want to taue the
risk of losing a work of this kind, which
will reduce insurance, increase the value
of their property and put their city on a
safe basis for now and the future ? So far
as water is concerned, for the chance of
getting something for less than it is worth
for a few years, I cannot think you have
many of that kind. If you have you will
certainly loose my water works and have
the chance of takiDg the present water at
the present prices forever. For certainly
you will then be in the hands of monopoly.
Besides I pledge the hundreds, who have
already sigued contracts with me that they
will be protected aud no one shall ever
have water less than the price I make
them. The facts are, I am now making
low prices—less than 1 would make if I
was sure ol a sufficient income. You can
contract now as low as you will ever be
able to, and the prices are as low as any
city iu the West has and as low as most
eastern cities enjoy. Do not lose an im
portant work oi' this kind by attempting
to get water for less than it is worth and
thus lose all. My works are a certainty if
the people come up and contract. Let them
meet me as early as possible. I shall be
obliged to close the work up soon.
GEO. F. WOOLSTON.
MRS. SMITH'S BONNET.
A Poem by the Late General Logan.
If the fact that he late General John
A. Logan had a decided likeness for poetry,
and that he himself at intervals indulged
in writing impromptu verses, never be
came public knowledge, it was not a secret
among his most intimate friends. The in
stances are several when, in an idle mo
ment, he would take up an old scrap of
paper and carelessly write thereon some
lines in rhyme. Often these poetical
efforts were of a humorous character; at
other times they would assume a thought
ful or sorrowful Dature. General Logan
almost invariably destroyed the verses
after he had written them, but two or
three were secured by friends and are still
held by them.
Through the courtesy of a prominent
Washington lady, we are enabled to make
public one of General Logan's humorous
pieces of verse. The lines which we print
below were written in honor of a new bon
net, in which the owner appeared on a cer
tain occasion before General Logan at his
house. It is related that the soldier was
sitting at his desk when his friend entered.
Turning to greet her, he immediately ob
served the headgear, and wheeling around
in his chair, he hurriedly indicted the fol
lowing lines. The verse was written by
General Logan without the alliteration of
but one word :
TO MRS. SMITH'S BONNET.
Ye muses, attend,
Inspire ye iny sonnet
While I speak of the beauty
Of Mrs. Smith's bonnet.
Shades of the night.
Gather ye and remain.
And bless that dear bonnet.
Which from Paris came.
O don't I well remember
In times that have gone by.
How just such another bonnet
Caught the flashing of my eye :
That bonnet was the magic
Which drew from me a sigh,
As the little beauty in it
Went tripping lightly by.
The same dark lace.
With streaks of red.
And "tliingembobs" perched
On the top of her bead—
The same jaunty air. too.
As she went up the lane.
My dear Mrs. Smith
Brings to me again.
O bonnet from Paris,
You are welcome e'er more
From the land of Napoleon
To Columbia's shore !
And when you are kicked
Out of fashion and mind.
I'll sit myself down
And forever repine.
ON THE BOARDS.
Some ol the Requirements of a Suc
The requirements for young women who
adopt the stage are serious and potent
factors in one's career. Talent is always
appreciated when it has its opportunity ; of
genius there is no question ; but even with
great talent the absence of what is termed
stage appearance is almost fatal. Georgia
Cayvan enumerates these as the principal
equipments to asssured success :
A strong physique.
An unimpaired digestion.
A slender figure.
A marked face.
A carrying voice,
A lack of real leeling.
An abundance of pretended feeling.
Great fascination of manner.
Purity of speech.
Elocution to a degree.
A general knowledge of history.
A good general education.
A general knowledge of costuming.
A practical knowledge of economy iu
An artistic knowledge of the effects of
Considerable business faculty.
Utter lack of sensitiveness.
A capacity for taking pains.
Au absolute and undisputed devotion to
An unwedded life.
An ability to distinguish criticism from
abuse or fulsome gush.
A readiness to profit thereby.
Some genius of advertising.
A quickness at seizing opportunities.
An adeptness at making yourself neces
A well-defined specialty.
A good memory.
Plans of the Young Men's Christian
The question of a gymnasium in connec
tion with the Young Men's Christian Asso
ciation of this city has for some time been
agitated amoDg the young men of the city
and a large number have agreed to become
members, at a fee of twelve dollars per
year. Enough can lie raised in this way
to meet the running expenses. The diffi
culty that now arises is to meet the first
costj which will be about twelve hundred
dollars. For this a complete set of gym
nasium apparatus and good bath rooms can
be put up. The reading room of the asso
ciation has furnished a place of resort for
voung me» to spend their leisure hours,
and many have availed themselves of the
privilege, but there are numbers of young
men who are confined through the day and
do not feel like spending their evenings
reading, but want and need some kind of
systematic exercise, so the cry comes for a
gymnasium. There are many boys,
from ten years old and upward,
who are confined in school through
the day and should have systematic
exercises. Many boys have weak chests
or limbs that could be made as sfong as
the other members of their bodies by a
course of systematic exercise. Through
out the United States gymnasiums are
being placed ia connection with the Young
Men's Christian Associations by the busi
ness men as business investments, as the
young men who spend their evenings in
the gymnasiums are able to give better
service to their employers.
The apparatus proposed lor the gymna
sium is to be modern and first-class in
every respect. The instruction is to be
given by a trained man and one of a good
character, so that mothers may have do
fear to place their sons in his company and
under his instruction. At a meeting of the
board of directors of the association it was
decided to lay the matter before the busi
ness men of the city and ascertain if they
were willing to meet the first cost of the
"The Helena Critic" is the title of a
handsome semi-monthly paper conducted
by teachers and pupils of the High school,
the first number of which was issued yes
terday. It is a four column paged folio,
devoted chiefly to educational matters, aud
intended to some extent to enlist the in
terest of advanced pupils in journalistic
instruction. AmoDg the youthful contri
butions to the Critic's local department we
seem to discover numbers whom the fu
ture may advance to the reportorial helm
of the more pretentious daily papers of the
Report not Credited.
Washington, February 11. —Represen
tative Weaver, of Iowa, states that he has
received word from the President that he
has directed Secretary Manning to obey
the law concerning one and two dollar U.
S. notes and to issue the same ; that the
order was emphatic and was given to Man
ning orally, but that it would be reduced
to writing and delivered to the Secretary
to day. Weaver also states ihat some
days ago, at his request, a consultation
concerning this matter was held at which
Speaker Carlisle, Morrison, Weaver,
Warner, Mills and Wilkins were conferees.
Mr. Payson, of Illinois and Brumm, of
Pennsylvania, were also consulted by
Weaver, as were also several members of
Congress. The opinion seemed to be
unanimous that the law had been violated,
and Carlisle was requested to bring the
matter to the attention of the President.
One of these gentlemen is authority for
the statement that when the Presidents
attention was called to the matter he very
promptly declared that the Treasurer was
wrong, and hence his tender as above
At the White House no information iu
regard to the foregoing was obtainable ex
cept that the President has "written no
such letter to the Secretary." Beyond this
statement the President remarked that he
did not care to say anything on the
Treasurer Jordan said that he did not
care to say anything on the subject. Jor
dan said that no instructions of a change
of the present practices in regard to the
redemption and issuance of United States
notes had reached his office.
Secretary Manning said to an Associated
Press reporter this evening that nothing
had been said to him by the President on
the above mentioned subject.
Rights of Way Granted.
Washington, February 11.—Mander
son, from the committee on military affairs,
reported the bill granting the Salt Lake &
Fort Douglass Railway Co. the right ot
way across the Fort Douglass military
The Senate bill to authorize the Billings,
Clark's Fork & Cooke City Railway
Co. to construct and operate a railway
through the Crow Indian reservation was
The Senate bill granting the Utah
Midland Railway Co. the right of way
through the Uncompabgre and Uintah
reservations, in Utah, was passed.
Oyer llic Veto.
SALEM. Ure , February 12.—The legisla
ture to-day passed a bill authorizing the
Oregon Railway and Navigation compauy
to construct a bridge at Portland. The
billjpassed both house» last week and wa
vetoed by Governor Pennoyer. Yesterday
in the Senate the bill was passed over the
veto by a vote of 25 to 5. This morning it
passed the House by a vote of 51 to 8. To
day's action is final. The matter has at
tracted wide interest because upon the
passage of the bill depended the construc
tion of the depot in Portland.
Recoinage of Trade Dollars.
Washington, February 12. —The House
has agreed to the amendment to the Senate
trade dollar bill, providing that the re
coinage of trade dollars recoined uDder
this act shall not be considered as part of
the silver bullion required to l>e purchased
and coined under the provisions of the
Bland law, as the amended bill was passed.
The bill of $1,000 rendered the city by
Messrs. Carter & Ciayberg for satisfaction
in full of legal services in drafting papers
and for argument before the courts in the
water cases, seems a reasonable charge, and
we have no doubt the municipal authori
ties will promptly come to a settlement on
that basis. Agreeable to promise, Mr.
Woolston notified the Council at the ses
sion last evening that he was ready to pay
his equitable share of the expenses, and in
his quick, off-hand manner of approaching
business matters tendered his check for
$250, which was accepted. In this connec
tion we think City Attorney Botkin Fair 1 %
entitled to some additional compensation
for the extra labor that devolved upon
him in the case, and for which the small
salary he otherwise more than earns is no
compensation at all.
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