Newspaper Page Text
DEAD LETTER OFFICE.
WHAT IS DONE WITH MISDIRECTEED MAIL MATTER. , c. m fTl .• /j At 'jr TTi« Museum and the Main ORice De scribed—Some Examples of tlio Inge nuity of Clerks and the Careless Way I.etter Writers Address Their Missives. [Special Correspondence ] Wasiiixgtox, Feb. 7.—Of tlio 50,000,000 people in the United States, one-tenth every year are made aware of the presence in Wash ington of the dead letter ofliee by receiving Jotters 1 »earing its ominous, triangular stamp. Fernaps, ■ f there.50,000,000 not over one-tenth ever visit 'd Washington. Rut of those who came, few went away without visit ing the dead letter office, for it is one of the most interest ing of all the sights in this great capital. The dead letter office is poked oft in the second and third stories of the north east corner of the department build ing. Mr. Bail'd, the jy *r ; superintendent, and Jsjj*bis assistant, Mr. ^M'^^ÖPen-y, with their aman ucnscä occupy ELJlJ a large, pleasant office on the second floor corridor, easily A dead LLTii.r. cleiik. accessible to the public, and at tlio head of the stairway from the F street entrance is the little museum of the dead letter ofliee, always open and visited daily by hundreds. But the ollico itself, • where scores of busy clerks arc all »lay open ing, examining and readdressing stray let ters, is shut under lock and key. Curious outsiders who wish to view the penetralia of the office, must go to Mr. Baird and get a per mit. Then with an attendant all there is behind the locked door can be seen. It would be a good thing for those who visit the dead letter office to realize some thing of its importance by comparative study of the postal systems of the world. Few Americans really know how great a thing the , postoflice establishment of the United States is. For instance, the United States has more poitofliees than all the countries of Europe, nearly four times as many as great Britain or Germany, nine times as many as Austria , or France. British India, with 2.V>,000,000 of : j »copie, has but 0,121 ]>ostofTices. '1 ho United I States, with 50,152,000 people, lias 53,014 post offices of all kinds. Germany, with her 45, 000,000 j>eople, has but 15,428. Great Britain, for 35,900,000 people, has 10,434. Ilayti, probably, has fewer postoflices than any I other country in the world, there 1 eing hut three for 550,000 people. lu tho United States there is a (»ostoffice for every 1,002 people. But aside from these statistics in re gard to population our postal system in the ] United States covers more ground than any other in the world. For instance, vve have 117,000 miles of railway service, more than all the rest of tho world together. llow many letters does tho gentle reader suppose all the people on this planet send in a single , vear? The actual statistics are not known, | the total being reached approximately by , postal statisticians. There were carried in the mails of the world in 1S86 the enormous number of 11, «410, 000,000 pieces of mail mat ter, of which the mails of the U nited States carried one-third and the mails of all Europe nearly two thirds. So you see it is reason able to suppose that this demi letter office is quite an affair. y H . ¥ % t 44 <07 (x y//v MB CORNER IN JIC SEC if. The first, perhaps tho most interesting, thing you see about the dead letter office is tho museum. Such a collection of curiosities was perhaps never anywhere else gotten to gether. Nothing so much resembles it as the exhibition of tho handiwork of the inmates of a lunatic asylum. Here are put in glass cases a thousand and one things that cannot be returned to their owners. There are a dozen bottles of snake3 preserved in alcohol, tho reptiles having been sent through the mail alive. Lizards, horned toads, butter flies, mice, and on one occasion even a live canary, have found their way to the dead letter offico. Here are collections of all sorts. There is a largo case of coins, in which nearly every rare coin, both ancient and modern, known to numismatics is to l»e seen. The cowboy of the west could easily equip himself out of this museum. There are re volvers of every pattern conceivable, bull dogs, self cockers, six shooters, Colt's, der ringors, vest pockets, to say nothing of pocket rifles and rifle canes. Of huuting knives and daggers there are enough to stock a frontier outfitting store. There are tools, chisels, hatchets, hammers, buck saws, planes. Even a grocer could make a pretty handsome start with what is to be found in this museum. He would have big boxes of raisins, figs, jars of honey, cans of baking powder and other things too numerous to mention. The quan tity of fancy work in the way of things that women crochet, knit, paint, embroider, patch, quilt, and in a hundred other ingenious ways devise, would make a fortune for a church fair. Here are swords, flags, skulls, boxes of cigars, packages of tobacco, gold rings, pins, bracelets, steel traps, jack knives, bibles, por traits, some of them hand painted and a cent ury old. In short, all sorts and kinds of things. The main office is a huge room two stories high, with an iron gallery, reached by spiral stairs, running around its four sides. Here sit at long tables the clerk3 who open and classify tho letters. Hero the aim of every body is to clear up the day's work and keep even with the 16,000 dead letters that are re ceived daily. Ten thousand letters every day are opened and sent back to the senders. Last year in this room there was found in dead letters over $1,500,000 in cash, drafts, checks and money orders, which but for the skill and honesty of these clerks would hardly have gone back to the owners through whose carelessness n w as lost Tons upon tons of parcels are opencil here daily. Just before Christmas an immense amount of this kind of mail matter is received. It comes mainly from New York city, and consists of matter sent by foreigners living in this country to their friends in tho old country. The senders are usually ignorant people, who do not know that the things they are sending back to the old home are dutiable in tho country to w hich they are going, and so their packages quickly find their wav to the dead letter office. These things are sorted out and packed away in long, dark storage rooms in the basement, all properly classified and accounted for. At the end of tho yea» they are sold at public auction, and an account kept of the proceeds of tho sale, so that if at any time the owners can identify the package the government will pay him exactly the sum which the article brought at tho auction. Down in these vaults there are stored away, like Egyptian mummies aw aiting the last trump, over three tons of photographs and daguerreotyi>es. In the year $1,675 worth of postage stamps was received in dead letters and destroyed. There were received 10,000 magazines, illustrated papers and Christmas cards, all of which wepe given to charitable institutions in Wash ington, as they could not be restored to the owners. No letters are opened unless it is necessary to do so to find out where they came from. Between 75,000 and SO,000 letters are returned each year unopened, when to the ordinary observer they seem utterly unintelligible in their addresses. Some of these are very in teresting. For instance, the following letter Is received : Mr. Mai k Smith, Discing Sun, Eculdcr Co., Colo rado. As there is no such office in Colorado as Rising Sun, but is a place called Sunshine in Boulder county, the letter is sent there and finds Mr. Mark Smith promptly. r "■iHT Mïfïïï i m r»£ k ïf vl-T'v. u i'yVn La hîliiipt üiii iti Hi lltllll ii si r.-'t 1 MAIN OFFICE. It is not so easy to determine where to send the following: Dr. Jackson, Our Home on tlie Hillside, New York. There is one clerk in the office who remem bers that tho sanitarium at Dansville, N. Y., is sometimes called "Our Homo on the Hill side," and there Dr. Jackson is found. Sometimes letter writers make very strange slips. A letter is addressed to: Mr. Matthew Brown, Niagara, Trat Co., Kansas. As there is no such place as Niagara in Kan sas. tho letter is sent to Saratoga, Prat coun ty, with a special request to the postmaster at that place for information as to where mail addressed "Niagara" should be sent. Matthew Brown lives in Saratoga, the postmaster knows him, the letter is delivered, and the dead letter office in duo time notified of the fact. The ingenuity of the emyloyes is sometimes taxed to the utmost, as in this letter: Mrs. Ellen Clark, care Ida M. Jones, Brunswick. As there is no state given, this letter soon finds its way to the dead letter office. As tho words "care Ida M. Jones" are not directly under the principal address, it is taken for granted that they refer to some sailing vessel, and that it was sent from New York where it was postmarked, to some port on the Atlan tic coast. The only Brunswick that can I« found on the coast is in Georgia. The letter is sent there, and Mrs. Ellen Clark receives it. A letter addressed: Miss Annie Olennon. -113 St. Mary's street. New York City, Can find neither street nor person in the metropolis. There is no such street in New York state, nor indeed, in any city in the Union except Kan Antonio, Tex. There are plenty of streets named St. Mary, but none named St. Mary's. The letter is sent to San Antonio, and delivered to Miss Glennon, at 413 St. Mary's street A letter was addressed to Miss M. E. Adams, care Drexcl, Morgan & Co., Ixjudon, England. Miss Adams having left London, this was forwarded by Drexel, Morgan & Co. to ber supposed address in New York city, 711 North Eighth street. There being no North Eighth street in New York city, it was sent to tho dead letter office. As Eighth street, in Philadelphia runs north and south, the letter was sent there, and Miss Adams was found at 711. Very often letters find their proper destina tion purely by accident. For instance, one came to the office a short time ago addressed : Miss Minnie D. Ilannighan, Iauchs Hotel, N. Y. There happened to bo a clerk in the office who remembered that there was a Iauch's hotel at Long Branch, N. J., and there the letter found Miss Hannighan. Perhaps the funniest incident of the kind is connected with a letter addressed: Miss Maggie Smith, P. O. Box 1.10, Virginia. The postmark on this letter is New York, and tho handwriting is evidently that of a person of culture. An expert in the dead letter office hail by chance two years pre viously received a letter from Miss Maggie Smith, of Alexandria, Va., making inquiries with regard to a French governess whom she wished to send to her sister in New York. At a venture tbo letter is sent to Miss Maggie Smith, of Alexandria, for whom the writer intended it. It seems strange that the postmaster at De catur, Ga.. should uot have known where to send a letter addressed Miss II. E. Alexander. E. V. But be did not, and it came to the dead let ter office. Tho ready witted clerk into whose hands it fell knew, wbat the postmaster did not, that E. V. stool for en ville. The letter was returned to Decatur, and delivered to the addressee. Often letters are received where the writer has forgotten to complete the address. Here is one: Tbil Dickel, 2517 F The clew by which the proper destination of this letter was found seems queer, but it is reasonable. Tho writer began the address too far to tho left if he intended to write 2517 F street, and as there is no such number on F street in Washington, it was taken for granted that the writer had started to write some name and had forgotten to finish it There are very few streets in the United States that have so high a number as 2517. Among them is Franklin avenue, in Philadelphia, and the letter was sent there and found Mr. DickeL One of the best examples of this "blind reading," as it is called, is the following: Miss Margaret Jopling, No. 3 Calver'y Tarade, Tupbri This letter bore a five cent stamp. The In ference of course was that it was destined for some foreign place. It was sent to Tunbridge, Wales, which was where the writer intended it to go. One day a letter came to the office marked: Mr. Thomas Madden, St. Francis River, Ark. lu care of Bridge Watchman. There is no such place as St. Francis River in Arkansas, and while the handwriting of this address was quite legible and neat, it seemed impossible to say where this letter should go. There is a St. Francis river in Arkansas, which is three or four hundred miles long. Where the Memphis and Missouri River railroad crosses it there is a notably long bridge. Tho letter was sent to a watch man on this bridge at a venture. It proved to be the right place. Some addresses are found in the most ar bitrary way imaginable. A letter addressed to 1151 Atmest., New Jersey, would have had a mighty poor chance of reaching its destination bad it not been known in the office that Camden is the only city in that state, out of eight that have Anne streets, where the numbers run as high as 1151. The only Virginia street in New York state is in Buffalo. The only Scher merhorn street in the United States is in Brooklyn; the only Hopper street in the United States is in Utiea. A knowledge of these facts has saved many a letter from destruction. Of course a knowledge of foreign languages is a necessity with many of tho employes of tho dead letter office. A let ter came there the other day addressed to Cuyo Ilueso, Fla. This caused a good deal of study until a clerk who knew Spanish looked at it and recog nized it as Castilian for Key "West. Tbs work on this kind of mail is called "blind reading," and most of it is done by Mrs. Collins, probably the best expert who has ever held a desk in the ofliee. None of tho letters handled by tho "blind readers" are opened unless it is absolutely necessary. The specimens given above are only a few of the 77,018 returned unopened during the past year to the senders who incorrectly addressed them. It must be remembered that there is a good deal of foreign dead mail mat ter handled in the work of tho office. Last year 387,963 pieces of such matter was sent to the countries from which it came. The diffi culty found in sending foreign dead letters to the proper addresses in this country can bo appreciated from tho fact that but 1S,9SG pieces of this kind of mail could be forwarded to correct addresses in this country. Uther countries returned to the dead letter office during the year 204,000 letters and parcels originating in this country. Only 5 per cent, of all tho nmil matter handled in tho offico is actually destroyed because nobody can be found to claim it. No letter contain ing a valuable inclocure is ever destroyed. J. A. Tucesdell. THE LATE A. A. UPCHURCH. Founder of tlie Order of tlie A. O. U. W. J. J. Upchurch, founder of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, who died at Steelville, Mo., on the 18th of January, aged 67 years, was buried on the following Sunday in St. Louis with impressive ceremonies. The body lay in state at the Masonic Temple and thousands came to view it. At 1 o'clock tho officers of the An cient Order of United Workmen assembled at the ball, and the mem bers of the various lodges completely filled the great Todge room. Crowds gathered in the streets in the vicinity, ren dering them almost impassable. Grand Master Workman H. L. Rodgers A A t-'FCHrRCH. opened tho services with an address and was followed by the Rev. John D. \ ineil, past grand master and grand receiver of the Ancient Order of United AVorkmen, who preached the funeral sermon. Dr. Vincil spoke of the life of the deceased, and dwelt upon the wonderful work accom plished by him in organizing the order. It was founded in 1808 at Meadvillc, Pa., and now numbers 175,000 members. $350,000,000 are pledged for the charitable objects which were the reason of its existence. No simpler, gent 1er, grander man ever lived than Mr. J. J. Upchurch. It was announced that a monument would be erected to his memory'. The remains were interred in tho Bellefon taine cemetery. An immense procession fol lowed the funeral and was a testimonial c-f tlie esteem and admiration entertained for Mr. Upchurch. -ÄX G * ^ Vvg ■ »! w ->■ "MOTHER BICKERDYKE." m The Famous Hospital Kurse of the Civil War. "Why don't you write something about 'Mother Biekerdyke? " was an inquiry put to a New York reporter by an old army captain recently. This resulted in an inquiry as to who "Mother Bickerdye" might be. Said the captain: "There are few soldiers who served in the western army w ho have not heard of or known Mother Biekerdyke. In the early months of the war she was the only woman nurse in the large hospital at Cairo, Ills. Eho was a woman of strong character, fino ex ecutive ability, much energy and reserve force in emergencies. The hospital at Cairo bad becotno noto rious for the incom petency and intem perance of the sur geons in charge. 3 T h e y neglected 5 their patients and spent their nights MARY A. BICKERDYKE. ill riotOUS living, breaking open the stores and rifling tho re frigerators and pantries of the deiicucies that were furnished by'the sanitary commission for the sick. Mother Biekerdyke stcxxl this for two or three weeks and then appealed to Ulysses K. Grant, then colonel of the Twenty ffi-st Illinois volunteers, to whom she pre ferred charges against the surgeons. G rant was astounded. AVitb a determination to make certain of tho situation he put on citi zen's clothes one evening and went down to the hospital, where ho saw enough to confirm the worst statements that had l>eon made to him by the faithful nurse. There was prompt action tho next day. The surgeons were dis missed and tho hospital was reorganized. From that time Mother Biekerdyke alum's had access to Grant, and her recommenda tions were generally carried out. As he rose in position in the army her power in tho hos pitals became greater and greater, until she overshadowed all with whom she came in contact. She remained in tho volunteer nurse service until the close of the war. If she could be induced to write ber exj»erienees they would prove as interesting as any chap ters of tho great rebellion." A volume might be added to the captain's brief story of Mother Bickerdyke's army work. AVhat many old soldiers, who were the recipients of her kind services in their day of misfortune, would like to know is: what has become of Mother Biekerdyke since the war? It would bo a hard task to follow her, so unostentatiously has her work been car ried on, but she bas been engaged in philan thropic work until she has become too feeble to help others than herself. Her marvelous ability was called upon during tho Chicago fire, and since then through suffering occa sioned by the grasshopper plagues, droughts, forest fires and other public calamities. She brought carloads of seeds and food from tho east to suffering Kansas on several occasions. In the intervals she has maintained herself by r acting os matron, nurse and housekeeper in charitable institutions. The soldiers of the west proposed to tax themselves ten cents a year to maintain her above want, but she refused to accept the money. For eighteen years there was an ap plication for a (tension for her pigeon holed in Washington, but last year it was granted, allowing her $2.5 a month. Now, at tho ago of 74, she earns the balance of her living in the Stin Francisco mint, her home being at 2244 Mission street. To an acquaintance she said not Imig «g<>: "Good-by! I shall be mustered out before long and shall not see you here again. But we shall find one another sometime, somewhere!" Heading Her Off. Pretty Country Girl (looking ever menu)— How would stewed terrapin do, Charley? Charley, her city cousin (in alarm)—Oh, we don't want anything stewed, Fannj'. Better take something nice to order—French chops, for instance.—New York Sun. CANADA'S PARLIAMENTARY LEADERS » The Two Men Who Are Contending for the Dominion Premiership. The parliament of the Dominion of Canada has l»een dissolved and a new election or dered The Conservatives, under the leader ship of the present premier, Sir John Mac donald, feel confident that the elections will result in a vindication of tho government's policy, while Mr. Edward Blake, who is the standard bearer of the Liberals, is equally sanguine of victory for his party'. The northwest territories will enjoy the right of franchise for the first time, and it is claimed by tho Conservatives that Sir John's prompt and decisive conduct during the Louis Riel half-breed rebellion fully justifies them in ex pecting that section's support at the polls. In the maritime provinces—Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, etc.—the vote will Le ex ceedingly close, both parties claiming them. The new parliament w ill convene on April 7. upon which date the writ ordering tho elec tion has been made returnable. The new franchise will for the first time be tested. It is equivalent almost to universal sufferage. Sir Johu Alexander Macdonald, the Con servative leader, was born at Kingston, Up per Canada, Jan. 11,1S15. He was educated at the grammar schools of his na 1 ive place, and was admitted to tho bar at the age of 20 years. llis first appearance in tho political arena oc curred in 1844, in which year lie was elected to parlia ment from Kings ton as a Conserva sir John a. Macdonald. Five. Through the various official grades liis career has been upward and on ward, until to-day he is the responsible head of tho government of Canada. Sir John's great abilities were never more strikingly manifested than while he was minister of jus tice and attorney general of the Dominion. He has been honored by degrees t'ro:n Oxford and other universities. Hon. Edward Blake's father, Hon. AViiliam Hume Blake, was a very distingui-lied law yer, having been at one time chancellor of Upper Canada. The subject of this sketch first, saw the light at Middlesex, Out., Oct. 13, 1833. He graduated from the Toronto uni versity with high honora in 1857. Ho first entered polities ns a member for South Bruce, in the Ontario assembly, 1867, acting as leader of the Oppo sition for several years, sented tho same constituency in the Dominion parliament. In 1871 he succeeded Hon. John Macdonald as premier of t he Ontario legisla ture. He was minister of justice and presi dent of council of the Mackenzie ministry. Temporary ill health compelled him to refuse two very important offices w hich were ten dered him. Mr. Blake is an Indepcndeiit Liberal in polities, and it is universally con ceded that he is the brainiest man in the Do minion parliament. The Liberals follow his lend whout question. m BLAKE. Ho has also repre l' rayer Before tlie Battle. Judge O. A. Lochrane, of Georgia, is cred ited with the following: "Governor Gordon, Senator Colquitt and Gen. Penning were to gether in the southern army. The first two are very religious and always engaged in prayer before going into a battle. One day just before the Federal troops were about to charge, Gens. Gordon and Colquitt started toward a little log cabin. On the way they met Gen. Benning, and they asktsl him to join them in the cabin. He supposed they were going in there to take a drink and fol lowed them. 'Give me a drink quick, 1 said Gen. Benning, 'as there is no time to lose.' 'We did not come here to drink,' said Gen. Gordon; 'we came here to pray.' 'Oh, ex cuse me,' said Benning, as he hurried out of the cabin. His conduct horrified the generals. They could not understand how a man could be so indifferent on the eve of what promised to be a very fierce battle. After having prayed fervently they went into the conflict full of confidence. AA'hen the battle was over it was found that both Gens. Gordon and Colquitt had been' seriously injured, while Gen. Benning had not received a scratch."— New Orleans Times-Democrat. A BRIGHT RAILROAD MAN. 1 Henry Monetf, Newly Appointed New York Central Fassenger Agent—His Predecessor. Daniel M. Kendrick, the late general pas senger agent of the New York Central rail road, was born in Cambridge, Mass., Sept. 1, 1S46. In 1872 be entered the service of the Paris and Decatur railroad, and continued with that road until May 31,1877, first as clerk in the auditor's office and later as gen eral passenger and ticket agent. June 1, 1887, ho became southwestern passenger agent of the Cleveland. Columbus, Cincinnati and In dianapolis and Indianapolis ami St Louis railroads. On Jan. 1, 1S7S. be was made general west ern passenger agent of tho same roads, which posi tion he held till Feb. 3, 1SS0, when he was made gen eral passenger agent of the In U.dianapolis and St Louis railroad. Jan. 1, 18S1, he went to the Dela ware and Hudson company as general passenger __and ticket agent, DANIEL M. KENDRICK. ^ filled so well as to attract the attention of the New York Ceutral and Hudson River rail road authorities, who made him their general passenger and ticket agent, the position he held at his death. Henry Monett, newly appointed general passenger agent of the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad company, is, like his predi'cessor, a young man. Ho was born in Columbus, O., Dec. 3, 1853. At the age of Hi lie entered the office of the Pitts burg, Cincinnati and SL Louis railway at Columbus, and remained with that company for thirteen years. During that time he was rate and division clerk, chief clerk general passenger department, assistant general pas senger agent and chief assistant general passenger agent. July 1, 1882, he became general passenger agent of the New York, Chicago and St. Louis railway, and on March 1, 18S3, was made general passenger agent of the New York, West Shore and Buffalo rail wav, in which p»osition he has continued to the present time. His experience ill develop ing the passenger traffic of new roads is con siderable, and his ability is shown by his suc cess in the Nickel Plate and AVest Shore railways. How to Keep Healthy. A New Hampshire woman, aged 80 years, when asked recently how she had kept her self so vigorous and healthy, replied: "By never allowing myself to fret over things I cannot help, by taking a nap and some times two every day of my life, by never taking my washing, ironing and baking to bed with mo, and by oiling all the various wheels of a busy lifo w ith an implicit faith that there is a brain and a heart to this great universe, and that I could trust them both. —Chicago Times. MRS. LOUISA KNAPP MRS. KNAPP. A Popular Woman Editor—What Sh« Has Accomplished—Her Large Salary. [Special Correspondence.] New York, Feb. 7. —AYhen such highly esteemed American writers as Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, Rose Terry Cooke, Marion llarland. Jennie J une, Harriet Prescot Spof forJ, Josiah Allen's AVife, Christine Terhune Herrick and Mary Abbott Rand become not only the leading, but, all of them, regular contributors to an illustrated monthly, that periodical must have rare special attractions and unusually strong claims upon the edu cated women of this country. To secure and retain these favorite authors, as members of her corps of entertain ing instructors, is the task to which Mrs. Louisa Knapp has devoted herself. Fully appreciating the necessities and practical economy of American house holds, she knew that her thousands of readers in every section of this land of homes would be best ed i fi e d and amused by those to whoso pen labor none were strangers. As editor of Tho Ladies' Home Journal, she determined, at tho outset, to have at her command the best writings by her own sex that money would purchase. Mi's. Knapp is both clever and liberal. As a practical housekeeper she knows to a nicety what interests and moves practical, energetic women. Louisa Knapp was born in Boston. Mass., thirty-five years ago. She became the wife of a newspaper publisher, and in 1876 re moved with her husband to Philadelphia, where her first editorial labor was to take charge of the household department of an ag ricultural journal. This paper was entitled Tue Tribune and Farmer. Her original single column of spaco was gradually ex tended to a whole page, and so thoroughly was her work done that more than 40,000 women subscribers wore added to that (publi cation's list of regular patrons. Tho first number of the magazine which she now edits was issued in Deceml>er, 1S83, and from the first its success was an accom plished fact. Kbo draws a salarj' of $5,000 per annum. Her rare intuition and administrative force have been chief factors in her success. Her literary work is done at an elegantly ap pointed home in Camden, N. J. Her corre spondence with prominent authors is steadily maintained, and its results are apparent in each new issue of The ladies' Homo Journal. Allan Forman. ELBP.IDGE G. SPAULDING, A ii tli and of the Legal Tender Act Greenback Currency. On the 28th of December, 1861, the banks and the treasury of the United States sus pended specie payments. Two clays later Representative E. G. Spaulding, of New York, the chairman of the ways and means committee, introduced in the house the legal tender act, which passed both houses and was approved by President Lincoln Feb. 25, 1862. This act authorized the issue of green backs, which, though devised r.s a war measure, have been found a convenient form of currency since. Mr. Spaulding is now nearly 80 years old. He lives in Buffalo,and is said to lx- worth $10, 000,0)0. His career has been a notable one. He was born in Cayuga county, N. Y., and was educated at the Auburn academy. AA'hen his school days were over, he taught school, then udied law and .vas finally admit ted to the bar. In 1834 he removed to E. G. Spaulding. Buffalo and prac ticed in in tho supreme court of New York in 1S36. Tho same year he was ap pointed city clerk of Buffalo; five years later he was elected an alderman, and in 1S47 mayor of the city* of Buffalo. The next year found him in the slate assembly, and tho fol low ing year a representative in the Thirty first congress. He also serve» 1 in the Thirty sixth and Thirty-seventh congresses. He was elected state treasurer of New York in 1S53. Df late years he has been a bank president. m \ m mm Again Senator from Nebraska. Algernon S. Paddock has once more been chosen to represent Nebraska in the United States senate. He was born in Glenn's Palls, N. Y., in 1830. In 1S57 he removed to Nebraska and took up a residence at Fort Calhoun, near which he pre-empt ed 100 acres of land, which he j et owns. AA'hen the Republi can party was o: ganized he was a delegate to the first regular Republican territorial conven tion and was a dele gate to the convcn- a. faddock. tion which nominated Abraham Lincoln. He afterwards made many speeches in various states in support of Mr. Lincoln. In 1861 the president appointed him secretary of the territory of Nebraska and at times he became the acting governor. Ho was appointed governor of AA'voining terri tory in 1318, but declined the office. He has been engaged in the manufacture of hydrau lic cement at Beatrice, Neb., and lias always taken a lively interest in the internal im provements of his adopted state. He had a large fortune, but lieing of a speculative turn be dipped into AA'all street on a (jointer given him by Jay Gould. As one of his friends puts it: "Gould told him when to go in, but neglected to tell him when to drop out of AVall street." The result was he lost heavily. He is yet a wealthy man, however. Origin of the Toboggan. An Interruption. Here is the report from The Buffalo Courier of a saving of another Buffalo youngster, belonging on Niagara street, not a great way from Jersey street. This juvenile, aged 4 years and 6 months, on Monday evening after donning his nightgown, located in a warm corner by the stove to comfortably say bis prayers. He got along nicely until al most through, but concluded thus: "God bless papa and mamma, and make—please wait a minute till I kick Vio. " Little sister Violet had interrupted the little brother's devotional exercise by. tickling the bottom of his bare feet with a broom splint.—New York Bun. uj Ail mean«. Ring out. wild bells, tbc chestnut crew. The feeble quip, the ancient pun. The jokes well known to ev'ry one. Ring out the old: Ring in the new A. P. CURTIN. Jackson Street, near Postoffice. FURNITURE! Three spacious Warerooms filled with all kinds of Kitchen, Parlor and Chamber Furniture, Office Desks, Pictures, Wall Paper and Carpets. Purchases of the manufacturers direct in large quantities. Established 1864. A. G. CLA8KE. THOMAS CONRAD. J. C. CURTIN. CLUE, CONRAD & CURTIN. Importers of and Jobbers and Bétail Dealers in Heavy Shelf and Building HARDWARE. SOLE AGENTS FOR THE Celebrated "Superior" and Famous Acorn COOKING AND HEATING STOVES, AND W. G. Fisber's Cincinnati Wrought Iron Ranges for Hotels and Family Use. --o-- Iron, Steel, Horse and Mule Shoes, Nails, Mill Supplies, Hoes, Belt ing, Force and Lift Pumps, Cutlery, House Furnishing Goods, Centennial Réfrigéra Lors, lee Chests, Ice Cream Freezers, Water Coolers Etc., Etc. to llic t'lty are respect fui I.v invited to eall an*l Examine our Goods and prices before pnrchiwing. ALL ORDRES RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION AND SHIPMENT. CLARKE, CONRAD & CURTIN, 32 and 34'«laln Street,.....Helena, M. T. SANDS BROS. New Arrival of WALL PAPER, CARPETS, ^3STX> HOUSE FU RNISHIN G GOODS. We carry the largest line of the above stock in Mon tana. Orders receive prompt attention. SANDS RROS. A A for Infants and Children. "Cattori, is so well adapted to children that I Castor!, cures Colic, Constipation, [recommend it as superior to any prescription I Semite, di known to me. ' H. A. Archer, M. D., I ^^estioiu 111 So. Oxford St, Brooklyn, N. Y. | Without injurious medication. Tax Ckmtacb Company, 182 Fulton Street. N. Y. BURPEE'S I and Flower Poultry. It j FLOWKRS, addresa on a SEEDS, LEE^H FARM ANNUAL FOR 1887 Will b*> sent FItEK to »11 who write for it. It is » Handsome Book of 128 payes» yith bun dreds of illustration*. Thret* ('olorcd t'lntfts and tells all about THE BEST Garden, 1-nrin Bulba, Plant», Thoroughbred Stork and Enne.v describes RAKE NOVELTIES in VEGETABLES and of real Value« which cannot be obtainrni elsewhere. Send postal for the moat complete Catalogue published, to BURPEE Sl CO., PHILADELPHIA, PA. w 3 m-feb !0 Manning'» Resignation. WASHINGTON, February 14.—Secretary Manning called at the White House this afternoon and placed his resignationn in the hands of the President to take effect upon the appointment and qualification of his 8ncces8or. This action is taken in order to allow Manning to accept the presi dency of the Western National Bank of the city of New York. His letter of resig nation will not be made public for some days. It is stated at the White House that no appointment will be made to the office and Manning will continue to act as secretary for several weeks. Secretary Manning left Washington this afternoon for Albany. He expects to return to Wash ington on Friday or Saturday. Land Office Decision. Washington, February 14.—In the case ofWm. Burlingame vs. the Southern Pa cific railroad, Acting Secretary Muldrow, reversing the decision of the former Com missioner General of the Land Office, has decided that lands lying within the "Han cock survey,jTajuata Kancho," in Southern California, which survey became final in 1860, though included within the petition for confirmation and afterwards included within the survey of said Kancho by Han sel in 1868, which survey was finally re jected in 1872, passed to the railroad^com pany under its grant, which attached April 3. 1671._____ The Approdriation Hills. Washington, February 10.—Nineteen working days remain to the present Con gress. Thirteen of the 14 annual .appro priation bills (including the river and harbor bill) are not yet ready to present, 10 remain to be acted upon by the Senate, 9 require the action ot the Senate com mittees, 5 have not passed the House and 2 have yet to make tbeir initial step from the House to the committee. To these the last year's fortification bill has yet to remain longer in conference. Pension Payments. Washixtgon, February 10.— The Com missioner of Pensions has to-day filed a requisition for $18,780,500 with which to make the payment of pensions due March 4 next. This will be the largest payment for current pensions made in any month in the history of the government. Price ol Consols. London, February 1".—Consols closed at 100 3-16 for money and 100£ for account The War Outlook. Berlin, February 11.—The Krevst Zei tung says: The danger oi war will not cease until stable conditions are estab lished in France. The Kölnische Zeitung says one-third of the army is already armed with repeating rifles, and by the end of the month 250,000 men will be competently drilled. The National Gazette attributes the con duct of the French Chamber of Dep"*ies in postponing debate on the French mili tary bill to a desire on the part of France to defer diecussion on her military affairs until after the German elections. Military Measures Stayed. Paris, Feb. 11.—The military measures of General Boulanger have been stayed. The peaceful assurances of the French gov ernment are over estimated, as the govern ing powers of France have but a slight hold over the nation. Bo far as Germany 's preparations go, nothing can be founded upon the calling out of reserves. The fact that seventy thonsand reserves are under drill will not hasten the mobilizing of the army in a single quarter. Th a Lachter icten says: It bas been de cided at Paris to discontinue the dispatch of reinforcements to the frontier until the 21st inst. General Boulanger has promised his colleagues that he will order no more war preparation without their approval. The Bourse is weak. Russians have gone down J, and international securities 1-20. Extensive Sale of Land. Santa Anna, Cal., February 13.—Not withstanding contrary reports, it is posi tively affirmed that the famons San Joa quin ranch, containing 400,000 acres, has been sold to a syndicate representing the Southern Railroad Company, for$1,250,000. Vice President Smith, of the Santa Fe railway, is reported a9 saying that the purchase of the property would not inter fere with the construction of his road to San Diego, as the matter bad been settled with the trustees of the estate some time ago. "Varnell's Amendment Rejected. LONDON, February 11.—Parnell's amend ment to the address in reply to the (jueen s speech was rejected by a vote of 3.>2 to 246. __ 'I he 'I inres' Opinion. London, February 12.—The 7iw«s,com menting on the vote on Parnell s amend ment, says : The united forces ot the Sep- aratists only succeeded in showing that they are in a hopeless minority.