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Helena, Montana, Thursday, March 3, 1887. No. 14 <ri|cttlcclilii Jerald. ». E. FISK D. W. FISK, ». J. FISK, Publishers and Proprietors. Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana --O-— Rates of Subscription. WEEKLY^HERALD : One Year. (In advance) .............................S3 00 Hi* Month«. (In advance)............................... 1 <5 Three Months, (In advance)..........................• 1 00 When not paid for in advance the ra»e will he Four Dollars per yeari Postage, in all cases, Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: CitySubscribers.dellveredbycarrier SI ,O0a month One Year, bv mail, (in advance)................. 80 00 Hi* Months, by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00 Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 2W If not paid in advance, SKJ per annum. communications should be addressed to FISK BKOS., Publishero, Helena, Montana. The V. A. S. E. [( ommunicated. | From the maddening crowd they stand apart. Those maidens four, and the work of art ; And none could tell by sight alone In which had culture ripest grown. The Gotham maiden, fair to see. The Philadelphia pedigree. The Boston mind of azure hue. Or the soulful soul of Kalamazoo. For all loved art in a seemly way With an earnest soul and a capital A. Long they worshipped, but no one broke The sacred silence until up spoke The bashful soul from the nameless place, Who, blushing, said, "What a lovely rase !" Over their faces a sad smile flew, And they edged away from Kalamazoo, But <iotham's haughty soul was stirred To crush the stranger with one small word, And deftly hiding reproof in praise, She cries, " 'Tis indeed a lovely raze !" But short her unworthy triumph when The lofty one from the house of Penn, With consciousness of two grand papas. Exclaims, "It is <iuite a lovely valis!" And glances around with an anxious thrill. Awaiting the wortl from Beacon Hill. But the Boston maid spoke courteously And gently murmurs, "Oh. pardon me, 1 didn't catch your remark because I was so entranced with that lovely muse f touch; or not tobog—shahs PEAKE ON ICE. Toliog. or not tolwig ; that is the question ; Whether 'tis wiser in a man to shullle O'er slides and sliienps of uneleaned'sidewalks. Or to take sled against a hill of ice, sir, And by a scoot down, get there! To slide, to slip; To soar; and, by that slip, to reach the end. The wind up, and the thousand bruising bumps That flesh is prone to—'tis a combustication Devoutly to be dished ! To slide, to slip: To slip! Perchance to flop; aye, there's the rub ; For in that slip down hill what scrapes may come; When we have scratched up all this mortal hide, And skinned our paws ; there's the respect 1 hat makes calamity of that long slide ; For who would hear the cuts and smarts of coasts ; The steerer s wrong, the starter's stupidity, The pangs of o'erturned loads, the crushed up sleigh, The twenty-five cents out, and the smarts That patient merit bears when sweet girls snicker. When he himself might his quietus take Off a tologgan? Who would ride a sled To scoot and gasp under a hrose blanket. But that the dread of not being fashionable— That awful bete noir, fram whose frown No tobogganer returns—masters the hill. And makes us rather take the ills we fear. Than fly in haste from the toboggan slide ! THE MODEL AMERICAN GIRL. A practical, plain young girl; Not afraid-of-the-rain young girl; A poetical posy, A ruddy and rosy, A btlper-of-self young girl. At honie-in-her-place young girl; A never-will-lace young girl; A toiler serene, A life pure and clean, A princess-of-peace young girl* \ A wear-lier-own-hair young girl; A free-from-a-stare young girl; Improves every hour, No sickly sunflower, A wealth-of-rare-sense young girl. rienty-room-in-her-shoes young girl; No indulger-in-blues young girl; Not a bang on her brow. To fraud not a bow, She's a just-what-she-seems young girL Not a reader-of-trash young girl ; Not a cheap-jewel-flash young girl; Not a sipper of rum, Not a chewer of gum, A marvel-of-sense young girl. An early-retiring young girl; An active, aspiring young girl; A morning ariser, A dandy despiser, A progressive American girl. A lover of prose young girl; Not a turn-up-your-nose young girls Not given to splutter, Not "utterly utter." But a matter-of-fact young girl. A rightly ambitious young girl ; lted bps most-delicious young girl; A sparkling clear eye. That says "I will try," A sure to-succeed young girl. An honestly-courting young girl; A never-secn-flirting young girl; A quiet and pure. An honest, demure, A fit-for a wife young girl. A sought-everywhere young girl; A future-most-fair young girl; An ever discreet. We too seldom meet Tliis queen-among-queons young girl. — Virgil A. Pinklev in Brooklyn Citizen. v •# A Mistake. My car, you know, was number thirty; And by the crossing she would wait; When streets were dry or streets were dirty. Each day I found her sure as fate. Ah, me, with what a pretty motion She waved her dainty little glove! I loved at sight; and I'd a notion That she returned my ardent love. I grew to look with heart a-beating To see her standing coyly there, And passion thrilled my tender greeting Whene'er 1 murmured "Miss, your fare!" But now I vainly try to blot her __ From out a heart of miseree. For she was but a female spotter— Sit still, my soul—she spotted me. —Sun and Voice. h-ivc V< vL I,latea bon bon tra - ys . w »th tongs, lunch». " rU lntroduced at the fashionable •HuT 0 PartlCS NcW York with undoubt THE MOODY SCHOOLS. UNIQUE INSTITUTIONS AT NORTH FIELD, MASS. The House in Which Mr. Moody Wat Horn—His Fiftieth Birthday Celebrated at the Admirable Schools He Has Founded. One of the most unique and successful sys tems of education for the youth of both sexes is in operation on the banks of the Con necticut river at Northficld, Mass. This sys tem is due to the energy nnd ability of Dwiglit L. Moody, the evangelist, and it seems fitting and praiseworthy that he should have returned to the spot where his own youthful studies were pursued to put his idea as regards the education of t ho young into practical shape. Mr. Moody was born at Nortbfleld, Feb. 5, 1807. At the age of 4 years he lost bis father, and the mother had a hard struggle to provide for her family and give them the simplest elements of an educa tion. In liis 17th year he went to Boston and found employment in the shoe store of his maternal uncles, Lemuel and Samuel Holton. Two years later he went to Chicago, where he was again employed as a salesman. Here, as in Boston, he showed unusual capacity for business, and, in fact, throughout liis whole career his executive ability has been very great. In all bis plans bis head and heart have been enthusiastically enlisted, and bis efforts have been rewarded with uniform suc cess. His appearance is that of the prosper ous man of business, and despite the wear and tear of his manner of life he has been growing stouter year by year. È / i 0 •it ■V 'Jl' ^ ' i: MOODY S BIRTHPLACE. Northfield is situated at a point where three states—Massachusetts, Vermont and New Hampshire—meet and where the scenery begins to show evidence of the mountainous character that it obtains farther north. The project of the Moody schools was broached by their founder in 1871), and his troops of friends in Europe and America stood ready with pecuniary aid. Mr. Moody had very clear ideas of what he wanted; to make the Bible the foundation of all culture, to prepare young men and women for life by combining classical and industrial education —these were his objects. He Las succeeded admirably, for there are now many more ap plicants for admittance than the schools can accommodate. The points of difference between the Moody schools and other institutions of learning with the same or similar avowed objects are many and interesting. In the first place Mr. Moody has acquired sufficient land to enable him to put into practice any plan he might afterward wish to take advantage of; so that the grounds of the giris' seminary comprise 250 acres, and those of the boys' school 400. In both schools a rigorous exclusion of appli cants, who seem from habit or otherwise to be unfit for admission, is exercised. In tbo seminary girls w ishing to enter must be 15 years of age and in good health. at -JL A RECITATION HALL. This last stipulation is very necessary, as they are expected "to perform all the work of a house under the supervision of a matron." There are two courses of study, each cover ing three years. In the Latin course Cicero, Cæsar and Virgil are read, while English composition is a prominent feature of both courses. Greek, French and German are elective studies, as is also trigonometry, while algebra and geometry are required from all. In every class the Bible is a text book. The whole cost of board and tuition for a year is $100. Though others have failed in the com bination of household and school duties, Mr. Moody seems to have struck the golden mean in not making the exercises of the one branch so heavy as to prevent the proper operation of those of the other. The hoys' school is four miles distant from the site of the girls' seminary, and is named Mount Hermon. It is just as rigorously selective as that of the girls, the trustees stat ing that "lazy, disorderly or vicious hoys will not ho received knowingly, or long re tained if received ignorantly." Pupils must be 10 years of age, and are received on pro bation only. Here are some of the questions proposed to the candidates for admission: "Has the candidate shown an ambition to ex cel in anything?" "Has be formed any pur pose in life?" "What are bis prominent traits of character ?" "Has he had any had compan ionships?" "Why do you wish to send him to this school?" It will be seen that the exami nations are of the most searching kind, and they will effectually debar from membership any one who lias no real interest in his own culture and advancement. The boys are also required to work on the farm two or three hours each day, and to turn their hands to all varieties of field labor and to the care of live stock. This department of the work is under the supervision of a practical farmer. 13 IS ! 19 91 DORMITORY. The buildings are well and solidly built, with a view to the picturesque as well as to «.«.fnrt Thev are heated by steam and have hot and cold water on every floor. The hoys are divided into groups of about twenty, under the care of two ladies, forming a num ber of distinct families. This is very much of an improvement over the usual dormitory system, where from fifty to seventy-five boys are huddled together on one large floor, and their very number prevents the constant care and supervision to which boys and girls are accustomed in the home, but miss so sadly in the school COQUELIN, THE FRENCH ACTOR. He Is Soon Coming to This Country to he Seen and Heard. Coquelin is to make his appearance in New York in the immediate future. Coquelin is an actor from tho Comedie Française cele brated in his own country to greatness, and already in this to the point of being the sub ject of seven magazine pages by Henry James. One may read them through and gather therefrom an idea that M. Coquelin is no end of a figure in his profession, with a repertory as long as the tail of a comet ; but as for getting any impression of the man from those seven pages, that is something nobody can do, not even a Hindu adept who goes around in Lis astral body and finds out all things. Two things one can learn from Mr. James' article, however. First, that he began to be educated in dramatic taste seventeen years ago when he first saw Coquelin act. Second, that Coquelin has a voice. It must he a very remarkable voice, because it isn't sweet, but it is extraordinarily clear, firm and ringing, and seems to have a peculiar power to carry. Mr. James says that as he wrote he seemed to hear it ascend like a rocket (which goes up with a long iizz-z-z, as everybody knows,) to the great, hushed dome of the the ater of the Rue de Richelieu, and that it then vibrated and lashed the air at a great rate. It seemed to proceed from some mechanism still more scientific than the human throat. Surely a man with a voice like that will be an ob ject of interest in this country, i:o matter w hat h e says. We are all much interested in new inventions, and some of us will be greatly interested in fi n d i n g out whether Coquelin has put inside of M ' c°QVElin. him a "mechanism more scientific than the human throat." If it should be discovered that he has he will draw like a knockdown between editors. Coquelin, as he is written about, is all art ist. If he is known to any one in the more natural character of man and citizen, nobody has said anything about it yet. In the liegin ning of his life he was Benoit Constant Co quelin; but he has dropped the first name and is simply Constant Coquelin now. Ho was born on the 23d of January, 1841, at Bou logne-sur-mer, and bis father was a respect able baker. Ho is, then, 4t) years old. Not young as the world rates age, and not old as the stage rates it. The land of the footlights knows no old age for its great people. Genius can throttle Time, the enemy, and live to the last in an atmosphere of deathless youth. He laments that the beautiful art of the actor is perishable—even more so than the painter's. This he calls the misfortune of his craft, as it is cheated thereby of the supreme consolation of unappreciated genius, the ap peal to posterity. He says; "However, mis fortune though it be, it is no degradation. We are to be pitied for it, that is all. Love us the more for it, dear, charitable 'public, since you are at once our present and our future, and our immortality dies with the echo of your applause." M. Coquelin has the sensible idea of genius, too. He believes it is closely related to per sistence and hard work, and that inspiration is wrought out and not waited for. He says: "Nothing is more likely to produce inspira tion than good, hard, preparatory work." He has carried out his theory ; he has worked in has carried out his theory ; he has worked in cessantly. He was admitted to the Comedie Française when hut 21 years of age, and be came a sociétaire at 24, all of which meant that he had paid for these privileges in the coin of eternal vigilance. His claims to public homage, do not, it is said, lie in the usual stock of famous ac tors. He isn't young, beautiful, or insinuating. It is all a question of talent, of execution. He doesn't depend upon good looks, picturesque ness of appearance, or splendid stage clothes. He isn't even romantic looking in any par ticular. At first sight he seems formed only for the broadest comedy. Mr. James says he is an image of success as well as of resolution. It came to him the first time he trod the stage. He has yet to meet defeat He has an immense repertory, as well as a "telling" voice, and in the United States he will be likely to find plenty of elbow room for both. _ He Never Reached the "Amen," A saintly individual who tried to offer up a prayer at the meeting of his creditors in Queen Victoria street, New York, not long ago, did not get as far as "Amen" on that occasion. Among his creditors was a rough Scotchman, who, as soon as he got over the amazement at the coolness of the proceedings, shouted out: "Sit doon, ye dommed infernal heepocreet. If ye say anither wurd to the Almighty in my presence dom me if I dinna kick ye." The creditors roared, the petitioner sat down, nnd the business of the meeting proceeded in the manner usual on such oc casions.—l'ittsburg Commercial Gazette. Another Black. As those who have been to his office know, Gen. Black, commissioner of pensions, has a pure Ethiopian, with unchangeable skin, for his doorkee;>er, and a very good doorkeeper be is. Recently Congressman O'Donnell went up to the commissioner's office, and meeting the black man at the door, he stopped. "Are you Gen. Black?" he said, banter ingly. "No. sail," replied the doorkeeper, "I's not Gen. Black. I's jis' plain, common black, sah. Gen. Black's inside, sah." The congressman gave the doorkeeper a cigar and went inside.—Washington Critic. The Meaning of Senator Vest's Boast. Perhaps Senator Vest, of Missouri, is right in bis opinion that "five worlds in arms could not whip the United States on lier own soil," hut we fondly cherish the hope that Brother Vest's remark is not designed as a challenge to the universe. In the interest of peace, we trust it is meant simply as a warning which belligerent planets with a disposition to swoop out of their orbits and bump up against the earth will have the sense to heed.—Phi lad el nhla Fresi GENERAL j FREMONT. THE GREAT AMERICAN PATHFINDER AND THE WORK OF HIS LIFE. _I_ The Overland Way from Sea to Sea—The General's Anti-Slavery Views—His Rec ord as a Soldier During the Civil War. Mrs. Fremont. u Gen. John C. Fremont will be a figure in history long after others now standing in tho glare of popular interest shall have passed away. He was the first Republican candidate for the presidency, and in days before the war he threw his whole influence against the exten sion of slavery and in favor of free labor. Gen. Fre mont has written "Memoirs of My Life," and Bedford, Clark & Co. have just issued the first volume of it. In this splendidly il lustrated and most entertaining book general fremont. we find the events of his busy career narrated with the charm of ease and simplicity. Gen. Fremont is known as the great American pathfinder as well as a distin guished soldier. When quite young he went to the South American coast as teacher on board a United States sloop of w ar. Re turning ho went as an assistant engineer of the United States topographical corps for a projected railway from Charleston to Cin cinnati, and later under the same commander made a military reoonnoissance of the Cherokee country in North Carolina, Ten nessee and Georgia. He says: "The acci dent of this employment curiously began a period of years of like work for me among similar scenes. Here I found the path which I was destined to walk. Through many of the years to come tho occu pation of my prime of life w as to be among Indians and in waste places." But it was in exploring tho Rocky mountains to examine the South Pass, and the unknown region be tween the Rocky mountains and the Pacific ocean that he earned the name of the great pathfinder. His book describes the regions traversed as they then were, when to cross the Rocky mountains meant a long experience in hunger, thirst, hardship, danger and possible death. His narratives of these expeditions cover broad regions of country and half a cent ury of time. Millions of people now occupy tho ground where he then encountered only wild animals and wild men. Out of these expe ditions came the seizure of California in 1846. His third exploring party was merged in a battalion which did its part in wresting Cali fornia from Mexico. Gen. Fremont's wife, Jessie Benton Fre mont, well known as a contributor to literary magazines, is the daughter of the famous Col. Ben ton, whose statue in St. Louis hears on its pedestal the prophetic words which Fremont en abled him to make true, "There is the east; there is the road to India." Among the por traits in Fremont's book and here re produced, is one of Thomas Jefferson, Mrs. fremont. copied from a copy of the original by Gilbert Stuart. It is given because Jefferson's in copied from a copy of the original by Gilbert Stuart. It is given because Jefferson's in tention to secure for his country the Asiatic trade by an overland route across the conti nent directly governed and colored tho lives of Fremont, his wife and Col. Benton. This longheadedness of Jefferson secured to us "the country from sea to sea—from tho Atlantic to the Pacific—and upon a breadth equal to the length of the Mississippi, and embracing the whole temperate zone." Napoleon, fear ing that the English would forcibly take the French possessions in America, sold Louisi ana to the United States for $15,000.000, a sum less than the revenue which has since been collected on its soil in a single month in time of great public peril. Accord ing to President Jefferson, Lousiana stretched as far to the northward as the Lako of the Woods; toward the west as far as the Rio Grande in the lower part, and in the up per part to the main chain of the mountains dividing the waters of the Pacific from the w aters of the Atlantic. The country thus ac quired to-day forms the states of Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Minnesota, west of the Mississippi; Colorado, north of the Arkansas, besides the Indian territory, and the territories of Dakota, Wyoming and Montana, and it also secured to us our possession of Oregon. Fremont, after three expeditions to the great west in a governmental capac ity, resigned bis commission as lieutenant colonel, and in 1848, started on • fourth expedition at his own expense. With thirty-three men and 120 mules he made his way through the coun try of numerous hostile Indian tribes. His object was to find a prac ticable passage to California. The party encountered horrible suffering, THOMAS JEFFERSON, and a portion of them were driven to cannibalism. All of bis animals and many of his men perished. He finally discovered a route which conducted him to Sacramento in the spring of 1849. He decided to live in California, and was sent as one of the two senators to represent the new state in the United States. In drawing lots for the terms of the respective senators, Fremont drew the short term, ending March 4,1851. The senate remained in session but three weeks after the admission of California. During that time Fremont devoted himself to the interests of the state he represented. He went to Europe and was received with dis tinction by men eminent in letters and science. He made another expedition to California in the fall of 1853, under govermental au thority, enduring great hardships. This time his party lived on horseflesh fifty days. After his defeat in the presidential contest of 1856 be again visited Europe, and when the civil war broke out he was made a major general and assigned to the command of the western district. He was relieved from his command before many months for issuing an order emancipating the slaves in his district. Three tlis later be was aocointed commander of the mountain district of Virgin.a. Kentucky and Tennessee. He fought Gen. Jackson at Cross Keys, in June, 1862, and soon after re signed because he did not care to serve under Pope, whom he ranked. He took no further part in the war. A small faction of Republicans, dissatisfied with President Lincoln, met at Cleveland in 1864 and nominated Fremont for president He accepted, but learning that the movement was likely to prove insignificant, he withdrew. MME. ADELINA PATTI. SR w* An Assassin Attempts Her Fife and that of John C. Flood. In these days of dynamite and cranks, no one can tell where next the combination cf the two may bring about a disaster, or who may fall a victim to it. It is seldom though that the combination works against itself as successfully as it did the other night in San Francisco, when a crank brought a bomb to the Grand opera house with the supposed in tention of murdering Mme. Patti at the close of the performance. The bomb exploded in the hands of the assassin and prevented what might have been a terrible c a tas trophe. It was learned, after the Ladlv m n n g 1 e d crank was taken into custody, that he had designs on J. C. Flood's life r.s well as on Patti's. He had been heard to say during the performance, "Patti sings well to night, but she shall never sing again." But why murder a woman who has brought joy and pleasure to so many during the past thirty years? A man must have reached the superlative degree of cranki ness to wish her voice silenced. Though Adelina Maria Clorinda Patti was horn in Madrid, in 1843, her family moved to New York the following year. It was there that her early musical training was received, so she may be claimed an an American. Her brother-in-law was Maurice Strakosch, and it was ho who first brought her before the pub lic in New York, in 1859. She had sung in concerts from the age of 8. In 1861 she sang in Italian opera in London, and immediately won a success which has made her a prime favorite with the English public since. In 18C2 she captured the Parisian hearts, and in 1870 she visited Russia, and her voice so cap tivated the emperor that he decorated her with a title, and appointed her first singer at the im perial court. In 1868 Mine. Patti was married to the Marquis de Caux, but the noble was un worthy of her, and they were legally sep arated. Mme. Patti's sister, Carlotta, is also gifted with a beautiful voice. It is described as the highest soprano ever known, reaching to G sharp in alt. Her powers of execution are also extraordinary, hut owing to a slight lameness »he has refrained from exhibiting her talents on the stage and has confined them to concerts. MME. PATTI. FIFTY YEARS A QUEEN. A Tower to Commemorate Victoria's Jubilee. On the 28th of June, 1S37, Victoria was crowned queen of England. If she lives un til the same date this year there will he an extensive celebration of the event of her golden jubilee as queen. Preparations for this event have already begun, and it is ex pected the demonstrations throughout Great Britain and the colonies will be very grand and imposing. It is proposed that there shall be erected in London, besides other monu ments to mark the event, a giant tower, to be used as an observatory, where natives and visitors can get a bird's eye view of the great est city in the world. The tower is to be erected on ground belonging to the Marquis of (Salisbury, near Trafalgar square. But the object of its construction is not altogether the glory of the queen, for it is proposed to charge admission to it, and it is expected it will be a very profitable enterprise. I SI EXTERIOR VIEW. SECTION. The illustrations give at a glance the ap pearance and plan of the structure. The height of the tower will be 420 feet above the pavement. It will be circular in form, con structed of red and white brick and stone. The outer wall will be seven feet thick at the bottom and two feet thick at the top. The diameter of the tower will be sixty feet at the bottom and one-half that diameter at the top. There will be elevators to raise pas sengers to the summit, and for those who will not trust these mechanical contrivances there will be two sets of stone steps provided be tween the outer and inner walls whereon they can ascend or descend on foot. Outside galleries will be constructed half way up the structure and around the top. Here will he a restaurant and smoking room with accommodation for about 600 people at one time. There was a tower of observation some what on the same plan at the centennial ex hibition at Philadelphia Now Paris is about constructing a similar tower to be nearly 1,000 feet high, but both Paris and London possess a drawback to the use of such a tower, and that is fog. L nless they can abolish Lon don fog by an act of parliament the proposed Victoria Memorial tower will he useless much of the time. ORGANIZED INDUSTRY. WHAT THERE IS IN IT FOR THE ARMY OF WORKINGWOMEN. Wliat Women Are Doing and What They May Do in the Way of Work that Is Remunerative—-Some Information that Is Worth Pondering. [Special Correspondence.] New York, Feb. 14. —The best and most significant movement that has ever taken place among workingwomen has been ac complished in Chicago by the incorporation of "The Girl's Co-operative Clothing Manu factory." Sixty girls, expert workers, it is stated, have combined together, hired a large room, fitted it up with thirty sewing ma chines—secured the patronage of a certain number of dealers and gone to work for themselves. They agree to draw moderate wages weekly and divide the surplus at tho end of the year. This is a start in the right direction; this solves the problem of the "Working Girls," so far as the sixty are con cerned, and the example will he priceless to thousands of others. By this act they have shown an intelligent comprehension of the situation and of the way to better it for themselves and others. By it they at once raise themselves from the position of power less and dejiendent employes to independent workers, with proprietary interests, and an incentive to raising and maintaining a higher standard of work. No pemiament improve ment can take place in working conditions un less this necessity is recognized. The one diffi culty in regard to trades unions is that they put good and bad workers on a level, and de mand the wages for them, whether the work is done or not done, or done well or ill. It is greatly to he hoped that the conscience of workingwomen will prevent their accept ance of this false fundamental basis. The co operative principle is more dignified, more honest, and therefore more honorable. There are no "prisoners of poverty" in this country among those who know how and are willing to do good work, unless they suffer from the taint of vice or inherited disease. But the good worker has a right to improve liis or her own condition by every possible means. We have a right to look forward to cumulative compensation for days and hours of toil; to the building up of a home; to its enlargement; to the gratifies'' in of tastes and a provision for old age. iere are em ployers who endeavor to secure these rewards to the worker, hut they are the exception, not the rule. The average employer uses the best years of a man's or woman's life, gather', the results, like grain, into his own barns and holdings, fattens his own children upon it, who are educated to despise the labor that enriched them, and turns the laborer adrift when he no longer serves his purpose. Co-operatiun is the only guarantee for the working man and woman ; the only one for the purchasers of the products of labor. The association of young workingwomen upon this basis is full of promise for their future; and replies to the suggestion made in a debate the other day by a club of ladies, that the the other day by a club of ladies, that the "working girl"—by which was meant shop girls, factory girls and the like—should take refuge from the injustice practiced upon them in their present position in the kitchens of the well to do classes—that is, he employed by the women instead of the men. With all duo respect to the good intentions of the ladies in the case, it is doubtful if this would not he, at least and literally, jumping out of the fire into the frying pan. Domestic service with us, as, indeed, most other things now and always, is in a transi tion stage. It retains, however, more of the feudal elements than any other form of paid labor; the very word servant, from servi tude, serf and serfdom, indicating the sub jective attitude which seems to belong to it. But this is purely iilusory, the outgrowth of tradition and customs, but not warranted by the actual facts as they exist to-day. The vulgar, unthinking housekeeper ranks herself mistress, her domestic as maid or servant, but the subordinate is not infrequently the better off and more independent of the two. She has it in her power to create perpetual dis comfort in the household, and to cause it at the most inopportune moment, and if she con ceives herself badly treated, or her vested rights infringed upon, arms akimbo and sud den, unannounced exit are her methods of self-assertion, of saying: "I am not serf, or servant, I will do your work as well as I can, within reasonable hours and for fair pay, but I do not belong to you ; you do not own me, and must not call upon me from early in the morning until late at night, as if I was slave or bondswoman ; and if I live in your house you must treat me like a human being, and not like a creature of a different order." That is what domestic service is coming to —a business—the business of house work; and the sooner the better. Already ladies who occupy small apartments or flats are glad to make an arrangement by which* com petent woman comes in the morning, does the work of the day and leaves at night. There are slight inconveniences attending such an arrangement, but it is much better than living in hot water and without any domestic assistance at alL Rich people can offer inducement in higher wages and luxu rious homes for over hours of work, and tho poorer part of the community must be con tent to accept and teach the ignorant and in competent in return for their willingness to work long hours and for smaller pay. When they are no longer ignorant and have become competent they have a perfect right to look for a better and less exacting field of labor. The trouble with, and in regard to, help in the household, arises principally from selfish ness, a want of consideration and failure to recognize the force of new conditions on the part of employers, and the inability to express clearly and without heat and violence, what they feel on the part of the ignorant em ployed. Experience and necessity in time teach even those who are most unwilling to learn; but they could save themselves and others much trouble by' a clearer view and quicker acceptance of the situation. The business policy which housework is beginning to assume is a good thing in many ways; it will compel Letter system and order in detail of domestic life; it will make women less selfish and irksome in their de mands upon others, and more self-reliant; it will oblige them to regulate their domestic concerns with more regard to the convenience and hours of paid workers, and avoid bur dens and responsibilities which they are not willing to assume, and which cannot l>e trans ferred to other shoulders. It will naturally be some time before this change takes place in its entirety; but it is the movement and the working towards it which creates most of the troubles which every one experiences ui sees, more or less; and the acceptance of the facts, the regula tion of ones life in accordance with the awakening spirit of the time, saves friction if not conflict. Then, is it not something to rejoice at, that labor is finding a higher level —that the process is eternally going on which liberates the mind, the soul, the will of the real man, as well as his body. Should we not he thankful to aid this effort toward freedom and more perfect development, even if it is only by a simple recognition of human rights and fcy taking our own burdens upon our own shoulders; and if we cannot walk in the front ranks and lead the march of the verities, at least let as keep step lest we stand in the way of the living God. The patriarchal argument has lost its force with working people, because the patriarchal idea simply attaches to service with the ma jority of employers ; it does not hind them any more to the care and protection of the employed. In great cities, and under the new social and economic conditions, it is hardly possible that it should; but there is nothing to prevent the kindly man or woman from putting the widest and highest inter pretation upon his or her own duties, while recognizing other people's rights. The diffi culty with the majority is that they demand the patriarchal service, whilo taking every advantage of the needs of those they employ, and deliberately shirking patriarchal respon sibility. I .ess generosity, more justice, is the need of the hour. Nothing is more common than the willingness to give $5 of the $50 which has been unjustly gained or withheld. Fay what is due, and let every man and wo man be his or her own almoner. In the meantime, if talk was work there would l»e no difficulty in having plenty of it done. Never was so much said upon a sub ject—never was there more difficulty in find ing those who have been properly trained to any kind of work. The individual worker has given place to machinery and corpora tions; if the latter have no souls the former have no recognizable bodies, and re quire only a little experience, no train ing or education. General knowledge is undoubtedly more diffused, hut the special ignorance of to-day would put to shame the middle ages. Tho state needs to come to the rescue, since trades will not admit of learners, and tho efforts made by individuals are after all but drops in the bucket. The talk may not, however, he so fruitless as it seems if it educates public opinion to growing necessities. Our system of public schools has grown into cumulative provision for the children of tbo rich or well to do, instead of aids to the development and train lllg Ul l/IIC P»)GI. li m* t mw the children to tho primary school—and it must bo remembered that the cleanliness, the decent clothing, the regularity, all require effort on the part of those whose habits are often the opposite of cleanly and regular— there js nothing subsequently to supplement the tm-eo R's and make the girl or boy more useful in the home or in the shop. At a recent meeting of the New York almmeeof such colleges as Vassar,Wellesley, the Boston university, the University of Michigan, Cornell and others, the young women discussed the question of employment for educated women, outside that of teaching, which is overstocked. They had with them a woman job printer and a woman dentist, the only representatives of these occupations in New York who are masters, not journeymen. found that architecture, real estate and They found that architecture, real estate and business of various kinds offered fair oppor tunities, provided the requisite preparatory training was obtained and the work con ducted on true business principles. There must be some love of work for work's sake by those who would succeed in it ; and while women can never hope to compete with men on their own ground of acquisition and appropriation, there is a world of hand in dustry open to them, in which, though there may be less of possible profit, there is in finitely more of real achievement and enjoy ment. Machine labor must always present a certain uniform and monotonous character; hand work alone is capable of natural di versity and expression. Skilled work of this kind always commands its price, and many women have made an independent position by becoming tho centers of such industries. Organized industry is inevitable in these days of rapidly growing populations and sharp competition; the question is shall it be organized by industry itself, for its own benefit, or shall this industry he employed for the benefit and profit of others? People with or without an idea press to the crowded cities, when all they need is to dig and build at home. Every city was once a waste, once a hamlet, once a little village, once a town of moderate size and proportions unknown beyond its own limits. Instead of adding to this overgrowth, create centers of industry in your own town and neighborhood. Train your own workers, foster home indus tries, develop home resources. All over the country isolated women are begging to know in what profitable way they can use their leisure hours—an hour snatched now and then from house work, the care of children or the labors of the farm. Singly they can do noth ing that would do more than add the merest occasional and uncertain pittance to their re sources; but if some wise and energetic woman would combine these neighborhood forces in the raising of silk, in the produc tion of a single vegetable—say cabbage or onions, for which the region became famous—industries would be built up like that of cheese and fruit canning by men. A jam as well known as Scotch mar malade or English raspberry jam would make the fortune of a district; and what is it to prevent another from establishing a repu tation for hand knitting, investigating mod ern methods, looking up best patterns and materials, and utilizing the labor of old and young in a diversity of beautiful and useful articles? Industry is to go forward, not hack. Organization is its source of strength and progressive development. We are not to spend our force fighting the inevitable or be wailing that which is gone, not to return ; but use the energy we possess to a*sist the inarch of events and keep our place .n the ranks or we shall inevitably fall by the wayside or bring up the inglorious rear; and the woman of the future is not to do either. Jenny June. A Hopeless Case. In a certain city in Connecticut there lived a very s nail boy with a liberal share of small "original sins." It is charged that one day he was playing in front of the house and over heard some street gamin using slang expres sions profusely. "Mamma, mamma, what's a gone sucker?" Now, mamma did notiu the least know, but as her son had been dis obeying her that morning she took the ad vantage of the opportunity to point a good moraL "A gone sucker, my son? Why, it means a naughty little boy who doesn't mind his mother." That night, as Johnnie was saying his prayers, the full measure of his sin seemed to occur to him with awful signifi cance, and stopping short the usual petition he cried out in the abandonment of his re morse. "O Lord, I'm a gone sucker!"—Har per's Monthly.