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FISK BROS. Publishers. R. E. FISK,......Editor THURSDAY, MARCH 10 1887. The President signed the bill granting right of way to the Rocky Fork & Cooke City Railway Company. The river and harbor bill and the bill to annex part of Idaho to Washington Terri tory were among the list passing both houses of Congress, but failed to become laws for want of the President's signature. Governor Hill, is said to be in search ol a paper that will sustain the relations of an organ to his political aspirations. The New York Sun would suit him, bat the controlling interest, valued at a million dollars, is not attainable within his per sonal means. Hill's ambition may be reached through a Democratic syndicate, the formation of which is now thought of The election of a Democratic Senator for New Jersey almost entirely by Repub lican votes is one of those political riddles that we have not satisfactorily solved. There have been many cases in which a few votes from the opposite party have .settled long pending contests, but we do not remember a single other one in which the •Senator elect owed the majority of his sup port to the opposite party. BLACKBURN, of Kentucky made an awkward attempt to belittle Senator Hoar, of Massachusetts, by contrasting him with Webster and Choate. He was not con scious, perhaps, that this sort of compari son would provoke others to measure him. by Clay and Crittenden, very much to his disadvantage. Hoar may not be the equal of Webster in many things, but Blackburn falls much further short of being a Clay in any respect_ The outbreak of war in Afghanistan is likely to be more significant and serious than it looks. It is no doubt instigated on one side or the other, or both, by Russian and British intrigue, and can hardly reach any end without involving the main actors, who are now out of sight. Russia is in Central Asia in force to stay. She is crowd ing east, west and south. Russia will soon be in undisputed control of all those regions from whence, in centuries past, have issued the conquerors of India, China, Turkey and even Europe and Africa. President Cleveland may perhaps •deserve some thanks for not vetoing the anti-polygamy bill, but he missed the higher credit that he would have been en titled to had he promptly approved such a righteous bill. It is the best bill that this Congress has passed, and in our rejoicing over it we are ready to forget many other things deserving of censure. Heretofore, as in the familiar example in Webster's spelling book, Congress has only pelted the institution with wisps of straw and pieces of turf, but now it has taken up a stone that will bring the boy out of the apple tree in short order. Next to the curse of slavery and inferior to it only in dimen sions, the blot of polygamy has been the greatest disgrace of our country. The sudden resignation of representa tive Muth leaves Lewis and Clarke county but partially represented at a time when the most important legislation is pending and there is no chance to till the vacancy. We have great respect for Mr. Muth, and believe that he would make a good Terri torial examiner under the pending bill, that may or may not become a law, but it is imposing something of a burden and loss upon the people of this county to hold a special election or go unrepresented. We may not have any call for an extra session, and yet the next two years are going to be more crowded with events than any forme ones. It may turn out best for all con cerned, but it is no matter of congratula tion or unalloyed satisfaction yet. For years our best citizens of all parties have recognized the necessity of a registra tion law as a protection of the ballot, the recognized source of all political right and power. In our country where the ballot is so general it needs to be the more strict ly guarded. It is folly, verging upon in sanity, to leave this fundamental right so loosely guarded. The reasons offered on the score of cost and trouble, proceed upon the theory that this right is not worth guarding. All our efforts to make our voters intelligent and independent will amount to little so long as the doors to perjury and fraud are left wide open with out a sentinel. When the responsibility for the defeat rests upon the shoulders of one man it becomes a burden oi crushing weight, and we pity the man who under takes to ca rry it. ____ Rather than have our Territorial con victs maintained in idleness, we would much prefer to see them quarrying stone at Billings on a contract that would give the Territory $150 each year to repay an expenditure of $'273.75. Though we con fess that the terms do not altogether suit us, and we think that the allowance per diem for support ought to be reduced as the term advances and the number of pris oners increases. But the matter of the in sane asylum is the greatest extravagance that any State ever indulged in. There are many inmates of the asylums, as we are credibly informed, who do work enough for the contractors to more than pay the cost of their keeping, and yet the Territory is paying in addi tion for their weekly support and care a liberal amount. We do not complain be cause these inmates are kept employed, that is right. But in such cases the Terri tory should not be charged for their sup port. The money spent for the support of the insane in the past ten years would have paid for good grounds and buildings, at least as good as the contractors have ac quired by the profits on their contract. This is a business matter that involves more money than anything before our legislature. NEWFOUNDLAND. The Newfoundland legislature has adopted an address to the imperial gov ernment that has produced a sensation and is likely to be followed by additional sensations. It is well known that this insular province is not a member of the Dominion confederation. It refused to go into the scheme with the other prov inces and stands aloof in its indepen dence, except so far as it is under the general imperial government as the Do minion, Australian and other colonial dependencies are subject to a negative on all their legislation from the impe rial government. This negative, it seems, has been applied to certain legislation that was designed to protect the island fisheries. It is a very unusual thing for the imperial government to interfere in this way, and if Newfoundland were a more important and powerful province, it would not probably have occurred. As it is, the whole population of the prov ince is less than 200,000, and their condi tion is not a prosperous one. The island has an area of 40,000 square miles, but one-third of this is covered with lakes and the soil is barren and the climate is unfavoràble to successful agriculture. The press and people, we are told, are generally discussing the benefits of an nexation to the United States. We must not be misled by this, but consider that it is the trump card that all the British provinces on this continent at times threaten to use in order to force the imperial government to withdraw objections or make new concessions to retain their allegiance. The question of annexation can have no special interest and importance to us, apart from the annexation of all British America some time, and that time will be some time in the future. In this case it is going to take three to make a bar gain—the provinces, Great Britain and the United States. This annexation talk is going to go on for a long time be fore it will ever become serious enough to consider on its merits. As it now looks to us, the people of the British provinces are not serious in their talk, but the time will come when they will be in dead earnest, when the shack les of an extravagant Dominion govern ment become intolerable, when Great Britain will be more than willing to part with its unprofitable suzeranity, and the last party to consider the matter serious ly will be the United States. Our coun try has enough on its hands for the next generation to settle up and develope our own wilderness, to assimilate the foreign elements that have come to us by immi gration and annexation and emanci pation. Foreign complications may an ticipate the coming of the time. If Great Britain should really become in volved in a desperate struggle with Russia or other continental powers, it might be that this transfer would be voluntarily made sooner. The fact is that our interests are all opposed to encourage or hasten this consumma tion. There is no danger of any one carrying off the north part of our con tinent. Whehter it forms part of onr great Republic within ten or a hundred years is a matter of indifference. It will be ours as soon as we want it. Just now we would prefer British Co lumbia to any other part of the Domin ion, so as to connect our Alaskan posses sions with the rest of the country. And we have an idea that within another generation the Pacific coast fisheries will be more important and productive than those of the Atlantic, which all the na tions of the Europe swarm over and are exhausting, A brainy people like our own require plenty of fish diet and our Pacific coast must furnish it chiefly. Before our paper goes to press to-day the 49th Congress will have come to an end and passed into history. With its two branches controlled by different political parties, nothing in the way of political legislation was to have been expected. It may be owing somewhat to our political sympathies but we cannot help contrasting the action of the two houses on all the leading national issues to the infinite credit of the Senate. The promptness with which the Senate has confirmed the parti san nominations is in brilliant contrast to the illiberal partisanship of the House in refusing to admit Dakota. The contemptible spirit of miscalled economy that has characterized the con duct of the appropriation committees of the House in some of the most important matters is almost beneath contempt, as in the land surveys, postoffice service and other minor and major matters. Let us be thankful that some little has been done to rehabilitate our navy, through the determ ined insistance of the Senate. It causes a transient gleam of satisfaction also to know that the retaliation bill has gone through at the last moment, and if the Canadians indulge any further in the pastime of seizing our fishing ves sels they can be made to take their own medicine ad nauseam. While other nations are increasing their standing armies, we have been showering increased benefits upon those who have served us in the past. The Mexican veter ans have been pensioned at last, and but for the Presidential veto a larger measure of justice would have been awarded for the services and sacrifices rendered in our great war for union and emancipation. In the next Congress the parties will be still more closely divided. This fact and the inevitable preparation for the next Presi dential contest will give us poor prospect of its accomplishing as much as the Con gress just closed. However, the country grows and prospers in spite of Congress. Clarke's Fork K. K. Bill Passes. Washington, March 4.— In the House, Nelson of Minnesota, moved to suspend the rules and pass the bill granting the Clarke s Fork & Cooke City railroad company the right of way through the Crow reservation, in Montana. Agreed to and the bill passed. KENNEDY'S KICK. Councilman Kennedy may have some reasonable objections to the registration bill now before the Legislature and ap parently dependent upon his vote for final disposal. There may be imper fections in the bill, and some expense and inconvenience to result, but it has come to the issue now of this or nothing, and on such a proposition there ought not to be any hesitation. We be lieve that nine-tenths of the Republi cans and more than half of the Demo crats in the Territory are in favor of a registration law, and while some would prefer a different one. they would all prefer this one to none at all. In such a situation of affairs Mr. Kennedy ought to waive to some extent his personal views and concede something to the general wishes of the party he claims in part to represent. What has come over the Democracy to lead to such a general party opposition in the Council to this bill we cannot conceive. There is not to be any election this year. While there is to be an army of graders in the Ter ritory, the great body of these men will have gone elsewhere before election oc curs. The character of the population that will come to settle within the next few years is more likely to have Republican sympathies. We care little for the fate of this bill on mere political grounds, but on the score of honest elections and that Montana shall be ruled by Monta nians we do care a great deal about having a registration of voters. No State that ever adopted the lav.' once, ever repealed it. All parties recognize its value, stand by it and only seek to make it more perfect. President Cleveland besides vetoing 132 bills, most of which were private pen sion bills, virtually vetoed 50 more by failing to sign or return them within the time limited by law. Among these meas ures thus indirectly vetoed are some of the greatest importance. The river and harbor bill involved the expenditure of about $10,000,000. Many items were meritorious, but with these were associated many others of doubtful utility. If we did not have so good a prospect of general activity and prosperity in railroad building we should regret the failure of this bill still more Railroads are of more use and greater con venience than rivers and it is certain that we have never yet found out the vrey of improving the navigation of rivers so as to do much good. For instance, there is the great Mississippi. Millions have been spent on it that have done no good what ever. Nor do we believe there is any use to attempt to do anything except on a grand and permanent system that.may cost a hundred millions or more. We are surprised that the President should have pocketed the labor arbitration bill. He certainly showed no disposition to gain the favor of the labor organizations. Among the measures thus defeated we have some satisfaction, that the pan-handle of Idaho was not attached to Washington, not through any hostility or jealousy of our sister Territory, but because it would havç been an outrage to disregard the wishes of the people most directly inter ested. _ IE the criticisms of Senator Hoar upon the action of Speaker Carlisle was in some measure unjust, the replies of Beck and Blackburn were still more out of place and propriety. As to the outrageous injustice of keeping back tbe main appropriation bills till the closing hours of the session and then presenting the co ordinate branch of Congress the alternative of passing them unconsidered or the stoppage of all public business or the still worse ailliction of an extra session of Congress, the words of Senator Hoar will find a hearty endorse ment with increased emphasis all over this country. The Massachusetts Senator may have had in mind some ruling of Speaker Carlisle on a tariff bill that gave him special cause of complaint, bnt we will say this that judged by his general conduct we have admired and freely approve Carlisle's fairness in his most difficult position' It has often been remarked that the rules of procedure in our National House of Representatives are calculated to obstruct rather than facilitate the transaction of public business. The Speaker is not to blame f or this, and when forty frantic men are yelling at the same instant and swinging their arms like a windmill in a gale, our compassion is aroused for the poor Speaker, who has to make some choice without de liberation and is bound to disappoint the other thirty-nine. Any apparent arbitrari ness in the Speaker under such circum stances is a misfortune of the situation tion that is unavoidable. When we see what may be done in Con gress in a few hours when brought face to face with final adjaurnment, we sometimes wish the sessions could be limited to a single week. Thousands of bills will per ish, of course, and among this vast amount of chaff there will be some grains of wheat. This session has been on the whole a profit able one for legislation. Foremost in the satisfaction it affords us is the anti-Mor mon bill, from which we confidently hope the final death blow at this twin relic of barbarism. The inter-state commerce bill is one of the most important measures that any Congress has ever passed, but it can only be told on trial how much benefit has been accomplished or is possible to ac complish by legislation of this sort. Within another day this Congress will have ex pired and soon thereafter it will be possi ble to snm np what it has accomplished. We shall probably have as much occasion to commend it for what it has not done as for what it has done. It has let the tariff alone and we hope left no occasion for an extra session. The petition from the New York Chamber of Commerce expresses the general sentiment of the country in regard ing an extra session as a calamity but little less than a foreign war. At this writing it looks as if all the appropriation bills would get through in some shape. THE GREAT MUGWUMP ACT. The Missoula Member Votes With the Democrats and Kille the Registra tion Law. A memorable scene was enacted in the Council chamber of the Legislative Assem bly of Montana this morning. It happen ed under order of business of the third reading of bills. When this order was reached President Hickman announced the first bill on the file to be House bill No. 26, the famed registration bill, the progress of which thousands of our people have watched with eager interest, the hopes of all whose hearts are set on an honest ballot in Montana being centred upon its enact ment into a law. A breathless hush fell upon the Council as the title of the bill was called. Those in the lobby leaned forward in their chairs, absorbed in the proceedings. Members on the floor suffered their countenances to assume an expression of thoughtful gravity and awaited with evident interest the reading of the bill. It was generally understood that the Repub licans would support aid the Democrats oppose it. Once before this week it had come up for passage but had been post poned until to-day on the request of Kennedy, Republican member from Mis soula, who gave his follow partisans to un derstand that he would support the bill on its final passage. The clerk began to read the bill at 11 o'clock. The first section was nor finished when Collins, (Democrat) from Choteau, moved to suspend the rules, dispense with further reading and place the bill on its final passage. This motion carried, and deeper interest settled upon the body. The clerk was instructed to call the roll. As the call proceeded each member stood firm ly by his party's position, the Republicans voting aye and the Democrats no, until the name of Kennedy was called, when, with his fingers nervously twisting the ends of his carmine moustache, the gentleman from Missoula raised his head a little and enunciated a vigorous "no." Every one took a deep breath of relief from sus pense. The die had been cast. The Demo crats felt that their minority had been made a majority by a mugwump vote and the Republicans knew they had been be trayed by one of their own party, and their hopes of a registration law were doomed. The vote proceeded and ended. President Hickman saw that the bill was lost and when his turn came voted in the negative. He favored the measure, but as it was lost anyway he voted no in order to place himself in a position to move a reconsideration of the bill. He declared the bill lost, and at the same time gave notice that he would move for reconsideration. Collins jumped up to move that Hick mans motion be laid on the table, but as a tie vote confronted him on this proposition he did not lormulate the motion. Kennedy and Hickman excepted, the Council was evenly divided on the measure, the Democrats voting unanimously against it and the Republicans for it. Following is the vote as recorded : Ayes—Batchelder. Holliday, Pardee, Rickards and Waters—5. Noes—Collins, Cardwell, Hundley, Ken nedy, Sutherlin, Thompson and Mr. Presi dent—7. The President's negative vote has al ready been explained. Mr. Kennedy was approached by the HERALD representative and asked lor an explanation of bis opposition to the meas ure. He said he did not care to give any, but being pressed stated that he believed the law too costly, too cumbersome and of no use to tbe Territory. He said he would have favored Mantle's bill, with some amendments, but did not think Montana needed a registration law. MANITOBA'S MARCH. rom the Plains of Dakota to Base ol the Rocky Mountains i Less than Eight Months. the Every obstacle seems now removed that has heretofore hindered work on the Mani toba line of road, aud we are told that work has already been begun, with such an accumulation of material that there can hardly be an interruption of the most rapid railroad work ever done in this country. The proposition is to lay five miles per day on an average. If we leave March out of account, and begin the reckoning with April, there will be between that date and the last of October 214 days, and at the rate of five miles per day it would give time to lay 1,000 miles of track and more than cover the unfinished portion of the main line and its branches. The route is all thoroughly surveyed and the estimates of work made. Men of tried skill and energy, with ample experience and ready means, are in charge. There is no doubt about being able to get all the hands needed, even to the extent of a hundred thousand, if necessary. Such a work as this, which is proposed tor our interests and benefit, is one of the grandest that will distinguish the year we have entered upon, no matter what may occur in any other part of the world. Such victories of peace are greater than any of war. With this thousand miles of railroad completed the wealth of our Terri tory will be doubled aud the future of Montana will rest secure on the most sub stantial basis of any portion of the coun try. Of tbe two things left to our choice, Statehood or this railroad, much as we want Statehood, we would not hesitate to prefer the railroad for our first choice and present benefit. Statehood will soon come as a consequence. The railroad will benefit everybody and everything and as sure our future wealth, growth and pro gress in all directions. The passage through the House yester day by a Dearly unanimous vote of the two measures that Mrs. Packard came to urge is something more creditable than even those who advocated and voted for those bills now suppose. It does away with one of the greatest absurdities of the common law, which was capable of being converted into an engine of oppression that would disgrace the worst tyranny that ever ex isted. The bill for the protection of insane patients was equally necessary. There have been hundreds of cases where persons perfectly sane have been immured in mad houses and driven insane by cruel treat ment. Personal liberty is too precious a thing to be left in jeopardy, as it has been in this matter. Mrs Packard deserves the grateful remembrance of all the present and future generations of onr people for her efforts to protect others from suffering as she has and for not resting content with her own personal deliverance, but persever ing in her endeavors to secure the deliver ance of others and making future outrages of this kind impossible. Signed the Bill. Washington, March 4. —The President approved the bill appropriating $350,000 for the purchase of a site for the San Francisco postoffice. [Written for the Herald. | The Reason Why. BY REV. F. D. KELSEY. The scriptures give us tbe reason why Christian people should count it all joy when they fall iinto diverse temptations. Tney say, "count it all joy," because, "Knowing this, that the trying of yonr faith worketh patience ; bnt let patience have her perfect work, that ye may be per. feet and entire, wanting nothing." The object is a completed, finished, well de veloped character ; not a life whose brain is cultivated at the expense of the heart, nor the heart at the expense of the brain ; not a life whose development is all in any one line, but a life well rounded, and, like a good education, full and varied, and a compacted whole, whose parts fit perfectly together like dissected pictures whose parts must all be present and properly adjusted ere the picture stands out a finished pro duct. A finished education ! What vast at tainments are included nowadays in an education ! Languages and sciences and arts and histories and mathematics and literatures, domestic and foreign, tradts and specialties, any one of which has now so'grown like a mighty oak that a lifetime is needed for proficiency in it Yet an education is not complete until a man is an intelligent observer and student in all ihe»e departments. Blind Tom was ex ceedingly proficient in the playing of the piano. Time and again has be been tested by professors high in their art, but Blind Tom would follow them after once hearing a most difficult composition and repeat upon his piano what they had played. But while Blind Tom was a prodigy in music he was not an educated man. He was an anomaly. He was developed in musical lines all out of proportion. He was not a well balanced mind—a genius in the art of mimicry and repetition in music. He was not even passably informed on other subjects. In like manner men have been abnorm ally developed in mathematics. For in stance, Zerah Coleman, born in 1804, in Vermont, the wonder of the whole world in mathematics. His knowledge of num bers was apparently instinctive. At six years of age he would answer instantly aud correctly such questions as, 13x97 =? Ans. 1261. He created a sensation all over the world in all the great capitals of Amer ica and Europe. Once being asked what are the number of seconds in 2,000 years, he readily answered 63,072,000,000. In an other public entertainment he was asked by a stranger : "Suppose I have a cornfield in which are seven acres, having seventeen rows to each acre, sixty-four hills to each row, eight ears on a hill, and one hundred and fifty kernels on each ear, how many kernels in the cornfield ?" He readily gave the accurate answer of 9,139 200 ker nels. Asked what sum multiplied by it self will produce 998,001, he replied in four seconds 999; and in twenty seconds produced the correct answer to "How many days and hours have elapsed since the Christian era began? This mathematical wonder of a boy as tonished tbe world, and yet this prodigy all his life failed to attain to eminence in anything or to use his wonderful gift to any advantage. He was not well rounded or balanced. His gift gives us a glvmpse of what the mind of man might become, if all his faculties could be emancipated, like this Coleman's mind for arithmetic. Better far a mind symmetrically de veloped and well balanced than to have an experience of great and pre-eminent dis tinction in one range. The Scriptures testify that God'3 deal ings with his people are to be explained on the ground of discipline, education and development. "Count it all joy wheD ye fall into diverse temptations, knowing this, that the trying ol your faith worketh patience. But let patience have her per fect work, that ye may be perfect and en tire, wanting nothing." The Christian, therefore, is to look upon his sufferings, disappointments, afflictions, difficulties and trials, not in the light of judgment to be grieved over, but in the light of a joyful education in which he sees delight, blessing and happiness ; each sea son of storm, each experience of distress, each provoking upheaval, each astounding reversal, he looks upon as a renewed evi dence of God's shaping, educating hand ; each a token of new honors, new blessings, new powers and higher acquisitions; and in these things he counts it all joy to be disciplined, trained, educated, developed. "Michael Angelo, when once remon strated with for beginning his work with bold strokes, breaking large pieces from the marble block, replied, T see an angel within and hasten to set it free." Some obscure poet has said coacerniDg this incident in Angelo's life : '•Patience," the Master said, "e'en now mine eyes Within the stone the imprisoned angel see; Patience, ye shall behold its form arise ; 1 only haste to set the angel free. "Full well I know I stand Beneath the Master's hand. The imperfect semblance of what I must he. Patient I would abide. Letting his love decide, Who only smiles to set the angel free." Our lives have much of imperfection, mystery and suffering in them ; but can we not see what a mighty difference there is between those who have and those who have not faith in God, who maketh all things work together for good to them that love God ? The Christian often is as dole ful and inconsolable as the man of the world, but it is to the Christian's shame, disgrace and loss that it is so; for by taith he can, does and will count it all joy when he falls into diverse temptation. We have again occasion to rejoice that the two houses of Congress could not agree upon a repeal of the pre-emption, tirpber cnltnre and desert land laws. A majority of both houses have long been in favor of this repeal, but disagreement has arisen over the question whether allegations of fraud should be summarily disposed of by the land commissioner or go into the courts. The Senate has insisted that such controversies can only be properly consid ered and settled where parties can be con fronted with their accusers and testimony can be sifted and rebutted. The disagree ment on this point has settled into greater solidity and wider divergence than one year ago. So long as Sparks, however, uses all his powers to prevent surveys and the acquisition of titles, it does not matter much what the laws are. There will be some surveying done within railroad grant limits, which will afford ns some advantage. Under more favorable circumstances we might expect a large permanent settlement this season. But the treaties with the northern Indians have not yet been acted upon, and there can be no settlement along the line of most of tbe Manitoba road. In spite of every thing we shall have a great accession to onr permanent population in the older sec tions of the Territory. There will be a great deal more work done in the opening of gold mines, and scarcely less in the opening of coal mines. W hile the ex perience of this winter will stimulate as never before the fencing of lands and the raising of grain and hay for winter feeding FINAL HOURS. Closing up Business in the Senate. Washington, March 4. —This morning at 5 o'clock, Plomb, from the conference committee on the District of Colombia appropriation bill, reported that the com mittee had been unable to agree. He moved that the Senate insist on its disa greement, and asked a farther conference. So ordered. He also presented a conference report on the bill for the relief of settlers and purchasers of public lands in Kansas and Nebraska. Agreed to. Also a con ference report of the postoffice appropria^ tion bill, the Senate receding from the Senate amendment for a mail steamer service to South America. Agreed to. The deficiency bill being again taken up an item, on motion of Dawes, was inserted to pay the Choctaw Indians $2,858,000, the amount of the judgment of the Supreme Court at the October term, 1886. Finally the bill and amendments were reported to the Senate. On demand of McPherson the yeas and nays were taken on one of the Pacific rail road amendments aud it was agreed to, yeas 27, nays 17. Morgan moven to insert a provision lor fifty copyists for the pension office, and made an effective appeal on behalf of the many respectable and educated, but poor women who are seeking government em ployment in Washington, but cannot get it or r — „ ------...---- „ —, „ under civil service rules. After discussion d .1_________i_:j *1.« 0*7 1 the motion was laid on the table—yeas 27, nays 16. Finally, at 5:15 o'clock, the bill was passed and a message to that effect was sent to the House. Allison presented a conference report on the legislative, executive and judicial bill, an agreement being reached on all points except as to clerks for Senators. He moved that the Senate insist. So ordered. Other House bills were taken from the calendar aud passed, all of minorj im portance. The Senate at 6 a. m. went into secret session. The doors were re-opened at 10 a. m., the Senate having in the meantime taken a two hours' recesä. The first business done was the presenta tion by Plumb of tbe conference report on the District of Columbia appropriation bill. The report was read and agreed to. Tbe next business was the presentation by Dawes of the conference report on the fortification bill. It was that the conferees had not been able to agree. Dawes said it was with infinite regret that the Senate conferees were obliged to make this report. They had conceded very much in order to reach a conclusion, aud to save the essence aud vitality of a measure needed to protect the coast. Another of the conferees said he desired 1o emphasize this most extraordinary con dition of thiDgs. IN THE HOUSE. After an All Night Session. Washington, March 4.—At 5 o'clock this morning the effects of a sixteen hour ! session were visible in the appearance of remnants of documents and reports. The atmosphere in the House was very impure and oppressive and was well impregnated with tobacco smoke, notwithstanding the repeated appeals of the »Speaker to the members requesting them to observe the rule which prohibits smoking on the floor. A few minutes after 5 Blouat, of Georgia, announced that the conference committee on the postoffice appropriation bill had reached an agreement by the recession of the Senate conférés from the subsidy amendment. The report was agreed to thus disposing of the bill finally. The legislative bill came from the Sen ate about 6 o'clock and it was explained that the point of difference remaining be tween the houses was the item for secre taries for Senators. Holman moved that the House recede from its disagreement to the senatorial amendment. Holman's motion received a majority vote, but Taulbee made a point of no quorum, which consumed the time until 7:30, when his opposition was with drawn and the motion declared carried, passing the legislative appropriation bill. Although the deficiency bill had not reached the House, yet, on the motion of Long, of Massachusetts, the Senate amend ments were non concurred in and the Speaker was authorized to ^ipoint a con ference committee. The conference report on the bill amend ing 5,191, and 5,192 of the revised statutes, was agreed to. As early as 7 o'clock spectators began to occupy the gallery and an hour before the expiration of the Forty-ninth Congress by limitation at least 2,000 persons were present. The House adjourned sine die at SOI. ______ ^ DIDN'T FASS. Appropriation Bills that Failed to Become Laws. • Washington, March 4. —The President and his Cabinet reached the Capital at 12 o'clock actual time. The clocks of the two 1 houses were set back The Senate adjourned, without day, at 1 11-55 a. m. »Senate time, 12:04 actual time. The deficiency bill failed for want of time to engross it. The fortifications bill was abandoned in conference. "POCKET"VETO. _ Cleveland Kills the River and Harbor Bill. Washington, March 4.— The river and harbor bill failed to receive the President's signature. It reached him several days ago. It was a "pocket" veto. Confirmations. Washington, March 4. —The Senate confirmed the following nominations : Arthur K. Delanea, of Wisconsin, to be collector of customs for the district of Alas ka. The Senate confirmed the nominations of Capt, A. A. Greely to Vie brigadier gener al and James M. Trotter to be recorder of ! deeds for the District of Columbia. No Special Senate Session. Washington, March 4.—It is said a the White House that there is no probabil ity of a special session of the Senate being called. , _ Approved by the President. Washintgon, March 3.—The President to-day approved the act to authorize the President of the United States to protect and defend the rights of American fishing vessels, American fishermen, trading and other vessels in the British dominions of North America. Also the Indian appro priation bill ; to establish agricultural ex perimental stations in connection with the colleges established ander the act of July, 1862 ; the act to provide for the location and erection of a branch home for disabled volunteer soldiers west of the Rocky Moun tains, and the act relating to contested elections. Ex-Judge Dead. San Francisco, March 3.—»Sam Bell McKee, ex-Justice of the Supreme Court of California, died at his residence, in Oakland, this morniDg. adjournment of Some Interesting Facts in the Session. CONGRESS. Regard to Washington, March 4.— Congress, which ended its existence at noon to-day, has afforded a striking illustration of the constant increase of the volume of legisla tion demanding the attention of Congress, which has been going on for the last three or more Congresses. More bills were intro duced in both house ; more committee re ports ; more bills passed ; more became laws, and more were vetoed than ever be fore. Most of these measure were of com paratively small importance, such as the bills granting private pensions and special relief, authorizing the erection of bridges, granting rights of way, and the like. But many, not only of the bills and reports presented, bat of the laws enacted, were of general interest and importance. A num ber of the bills enacted into laws were old and familiar claimants for legislative favors. In this category belong the presi dential succession bill, the electoral count bill, the inter-state commerce bill and the bill for the relief of Fitz John Porter. The Forty-ninth Congress commenced session on the 4th day of December, 18*5, and was in session until the 5th of August, when it adjourned until December 6th. and continued in session until its close to d covering a total period ot 10 months J ' . ° ______ ., • . ■ and 26 days. Of this time the Senate was in session 224 days and the House 251 days. There were introduced in the House during this time 11,258 bills and 263 joint resoutions, on which over 5,000 reports were made, being several thousand more bills and over a thousand more reports than were made in the Forty-eighth Con gress, which had. in its turn, beaten the record. In tbe Senate there were introduced 3,357 bills and 118 joint resolutions, on which 1,988 written reports were made, being up vards of 500 more bills and over 400 more reports than on record-breaking the 48tli Congress. The total number of laws enacted was approximately 1,391, of which 1,053 originated in the House and 338 in the Senate. Two hundred and sixty-four of these became laws by ex piration. Fifty bills failed to become laws owing to the adjournment of Con gress, one of them at the close of the first session. There were 132 bills vetoed by the President, or 21 more instances of the exercise of the presidential prerogative of the veto than had occurred from the foun dation of the government down to the be ginning of this Congress. Of the vetoed bills 94 originated in the House and 38 in the Senate. The death roll of this Congress was also an extraordinary one, comprising the un precedented number of thirteen names in the House and Senate. Of the 1033 House bills which became aws, 275 were of a more or less public na ture. Of the remaining 778 bills, granting pensions or relief to specially designated persons, 156 became laws without the ap pr °yJ h ° f tota/n^iber of bills which passed the g enate 320 became laws, including 115 of a public character and 206 of a strictly private nature. The 92 House bills vetoed included 87 private bills and six bills ol' a public na ture. The Senate bills vetoed were 39 in num ber, 11 being of a public and 2* of a private character. Fifty bills, in addition to those which became laws and those vetoed, were sent to the President, but were "pocketed'' by him on the adjournment of Congress, and therefore failed. The Northern Pacific forfeiture bill and the bill for the repeal of the pre-emption, homestead, timber culture and desert land laws were in conference for a long while, but the differences proved irreconcileable. Owing to the failure of the deficiency hill, the recent act of Congress extending iDg the free delivery system to cities aDd towns having not less than 10,000 inhabi tants or a postal revenue of not less than $10,000 becomes inoperative until the be ginning of the next fiscal year, when the regular appropriation act goes into effect. The effect of the failure of the deficiency bill will be more serious than is generally believed, inasmuch as it contained a press ing demand for postal cards, stamps and other items connected with the postal ser vice, the denial of which, it is expected, will seriously embarrrass the department and the public. The legal machinery of government will also be materially dis arranged during the remainder of the fiscal year, as no money will be available for jurors', witnesses', or marshals' fees, and many prisoners, notable those confined at Fort Smith, Ark., cannot be tried for months to come. A number of soldiers' claims, aggregating $700,000, which had been certified by the treasury, will also fail of settlement. numbering lof'in all. Does it Mean Pendleton Î Washington, March 3.—It is stated at the White House that Secretary Manning's successor will not be appointed for several days vet. This is regarded as unfavorable to tlie promotion of Assistant Secretary Fairchilds. Last Batch ol Nomiutions. Washington, March 3.—The President sent the following nominations to the Sen ate to-day : Thos. W. Burchmill. of Colorado, to l>e Receiver of Public Moneys at Leadville, Colo. Monroe L. Allison, of Colorado, to be Receiver of Public Moneys at Gunnison, Colo. John R. Whiteside, of Dakota, to lie Register oi' the Land Office at Deadwood, Dak. Frank W. Bean, of Idaho, to be Register of the Land Office at Black foot, Idaho. Cleveland's Vetoes. Washington, March 5. —Enough papers to fill a half bushel basket, all of them Presidential vetoes of House bills, lay in a pile on the floor of tbe clerk's office iu the House wing of the Capitol this morning, Called For. Washington, March 5.—The Comp troller of the Currency has called for a state ment of the condition of the national banks at the close of business on March 1th. Woman Snflrage. Providence, March 4.—The resolution to submit to the people a constitutional amendment providing for woman soflrage was carried iu the House to-day by a vote of 52 to 7. Ex-Congressman Dead. Detroit, Mich., March 4 .—Ex-Congress* man Edward Breitung, of Negaunee, Mich-» died at Eastman, Ga., last night. e leaves an estate valued at from five to si' million dollars. To End April ith. Philadelphia, March 3.—The genera! freight department of the Penns' Irani* railroad say that, owing to the ?P era *j°° of the inter-state law, all existing tracts, tarilf rates and special rates lor transportation of all classes ot r e < which, by their terms do not sooner e 1 will cease and terminate April Itb.