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The Opium Assessment Case. Washington', March 8. —The Treasury Department has received an appeal from the action of the collector of customs at 8an Francisco in assessing duty at the rate of $10 per pound on certain imported opium which the appellant claims to be crude opium, containing less than 9 per cent of morphia. Samples of the importa tion were submitted to the chemical ex perts of the department of agriculture, who after a careful analysis, reported that the articles consist mostly of opium gum, con taining 6.38 per cent of morphia, the per centage of moisture being 21.10 per cent. The chemical experts in the office of the United .States appraiser at New York also corroborated this analysis. The New York appraiser in his report says the sample does not indicate that it has been subjected to any special prepara tion and gives his opinion that it is crude India opium which fully meets the descrip tion of the Bengal opium as given in the U. S. Dispensatory. Acting Secretary Fairchild in a letter to the collector at San Francisco on the subject says that the representations of the appellant appear to be correct, that the opium is crude, that is ; less than 9 per cent of morphia, and also that it is not entitled to entry. The collector is instructed to be governed by articles lb and 11 of custums registra- j tions of l~- i and others, which reouire ex jiortion ot opium within six months after March 7th or else its destruction. In the old interference case between J. W. McDonough, Elisha Gray, T. A. Edison and Alexander Graham Bell, McDonough has tiled with the Commissioner of Patents a petition asking for an order reopening interference and for leave to furnish fur ther proof in regard to the operativencss of his telephone. Upon receiving this peti tion an order was made by the Commis sioner directing that all parties to the pro ceedings should be served with a notice of the pendency of this petition, and that a final hearing and disposition thereof would be made on the 17th inst. In this case McDonough was awarded priority of in vention by the examiner in chief of inter ferences to the telephone receiver, but this decision was subsequently reversed by the Commissioner. It. K. MANAGERS Fivi I'liing» Inter. to Conform State Law. to the Chicago, March 8.—A hundred or more general managers and railroad officials, representing lines embraced in the Central Traffic Association, met here to-day for the purpose of outlining a general policy for the future government of the roads. Com missioner Blanchard opened the proceed ings by making a short address, counseling harmony, unanimity of action and strict oliedience to the new law. A vote was then taken on the reports re garding the Mississippi river, and the majority report was adopted with two dis senting votes. A committee was appointed to arrange rates in conformity with the basing rates agreed upon. This disposed of, a committee of fifteen was named by the chair to arrange a re port as to the propriety of coutinumg the Central Traffic Association. Both commit tees will report to-morrow. The authorized schedule shall be subject to a charge of not less than 12 per cent, of the lowest unlimited first class rate for each 100 pounds, provided, however that a not less charge than 25 cents shall be made in any case. No single package of baggage of more than 250 pounds shall be checked as baggage by any of these lines except for ship emigrants. It was resolved that accommodations of second class passengers be referred to the general passenger agents for a further re port, with a recommendation, if possible, that they make a report abolishing second class tickets. A committee of thirteen was appointed to consider the issue of mileage tickets and report to-morrow. Appointments. WASHINGTON, March 7.—The President hha appointed John B. Sacket to be post master at Buffalo, N. Y. Washington, March 7.—Among the Presidential postmasters appointed to-day was John McGonigle, San Buena Ventura, California, vice Mrs. Jennie Goodwin re signed. Washington, March 8.— Matthew A) Manning, of West Virginia, has been ap pointed Chief of Division in the pension office. Walter Jordan, of Fort Belknap, Dakota, has been appointed appraiser of the right of way of the St. Paul, Minneapolis & Mani toba railway through the Fort Bertbold and Blackfeet Indiau reservations. The President to-day appointed Lieut. A. Ehwinger, of New York, to be United States consul at CieDfuegos, rice W, A. Pierce, suspended; and Gebhard Reed, of New York, to be United States consul at Barbadoes, rice Robert G. Holley, sus pended. These appointments were made during the session of Congress, but failed of con firmation. I The Appropriations. New York, March 8.— A statement of the footing of the appropriation bills passed at the last session of Congress has been completed by the clerks of the Senate and House committees on appropriations. It is as follows: Agricultural. $1,028,730 ; army, $23,724,718; diplomatic and consular, $1, 429,942 ; District ol Columbia, $4,265,890 ; Indian, $5,226,679 ; legislative, $20,701,221; military academy, $419,936; navy, $25, 753,165; pensions, $76,252,500; post office, $55,694,650 ; sundry civil, $22,382,490 ; Mexican pensions deficiency, $6,000,000 ; public j rinting deficiency, $107,000 ; mis cellaneous appropriations, (estimated) $3, 500,IKK). Total of actual appropriations, $247,387,144. The river and harbor bill, which was not signed, appropriated $9,213,800, and the deficiency which did not pass, though it was agreed upon in conference and carried an appropriation of $4,275,023. Supposed Internal Machine. Washington, March 8. —A package has been delivered at the dead letter office, which was mailed in Boston and addressed to the Prince of Wales, London, England. It was held for postage. When opened it was found to contain a brass figure of Christ, evidently detached from a small crucifix, and in it was a small glass tube containing a white liquid and having two wires running through it and projected from both end-* A paper enclosed con tained an incoherent sentence. The dead letter officia!» were apprehensive that the glass tube might be an infernal machine, as it was carefully packed in cotton, and they are trying to find some one who will test the qualities of the liquid. Serious Riot. Galway, March —During the riot in this city last night, while the troops were confined in their barracks,a thousand men beat and kicked a dozen soldiers found straggling iu the streets and chased them into the barracks. They afterwards stoned the windows of the barracks. BOWERY F1KE. Panic on the Elevated Road Several Lives Lost. and New Yoke, March 8.—The large tailor I ing establishment of Nicol, the tailor, on Bowery, was destroyed by fire this morn ing. The fire caused a blockade on the Third Avenue elevated road, which ex tended far up above Fourteenth street. The conductor of a train which was blockaded a few hundred feet from the Fourteenth street station notified his passengers that they could leave the train and walk over the narrow plaDk along side of the track, and thus make their way to the station. A number availed themselves ; j ot the dangerous privilege and an awtul accident was the result. In some manner the panic was started on the narrow walk far above the street and a number of persons were flung to the pavement below. It is stated that seven were killed and many injured. The official report of the accident shows that three persons were killed and seven others badly injured. It appears that a number of passengers left one of the trains at 17th street and started to walk along the narrow foot path at the side of the track to the station at 14th street. While doing so the blockade was relieved and the trains began to start. The motion shook the pathway to such an extent that a num- ; her of passengers were thrown down to the 1 street below with the result as stated. The narrow platform from which the people fell was about two and a half feet wide. It is used by the trackmen when on duty and above Fourth street is not provided with hand rails. When the pas sengers left the blocked cars and took to the platform the gatemen of the trains offered no objection as they ought to have done. DESTRUCTIVE FIRE. Two Block» of Business Houses (.one Up in Smoke. Portland, Oregon, March 8. —A special to the Oreyonian from Walla Walla, Wash- j ington Territory, says : A fire this morn- j ing destroyed two frame blocks on Main I street, between 3d and 4th streets, and to ! Pose street on the west. The buildings j were mostly old ones but they were in a | good locality and there were numerous suc cessful small stores in them. The total ; loss is $125,000; insurance $40,000. The principle losers are F. K. Straight, jewelry, ! $24,000. J. Schwarz, building and saloon, j $13,000. J. S. Cox, general merchandise, j $13,000. City Hall, $12,000. Besides these there were twenty others, with losses run ning from $500 to $5,000. The remains of two human beings were found in the ruins. One is known to be John Bell, a butcher, and the other is unknown, probably a Chinaman. The fire is of incendiary origin. BELLIGERANT HALF BREEDS. Defiant Attitude Toward Dakota Of ficers. j : j retook the Bismarck, March 8. —Governor Church this morning wired Adjutant General Tyner, at Fargo, to send some one to inves tigate the threatened outbreak of half breeds and Indians in Roulette county, Turtle Mountain district. The trouble was occasioned by an attempt to collect taxes from the half-breeds by detaining their stock, whereupon they came armed to St. Johns, several hundred strong, and stock. Many of,these Indians were with Riel in the late Cauadian out break, and tronble is feared as they get whisky. Governor Church has also given General Dennis instructions to see that the militia are in condition to move at a mo ment's notice, and great excitement pre vails in the ranks. The Governor this afternoon received an I answer from Adjutant General Tyner, saying that he had wired persons at Devil's Lake to investigate and would himself take the next train north. Mr. Makee, of Dunseith, writes a letter urging the organization of a cavalry com pany immediately. A Devil's Lake special says : The tronble will probably be settled without the use of troops. Major C. Ramsie, the Devil's Lake Indian agenl, has gone to the mountains. At last accounts the breeds were in pos session of their stock, which they recap tured from the sheriff. MONTANA REGENT. A Heavy Racing Challenge. Memphis, March 8.— John D. Morris owner of Montana Regent, is in Memphis with his entire stable of horses recently purchased at Lexington, Ky. The chal lenge of E. J. Baldwin, made to James Murphy, k Morris' trainer, through the Spirit of the Times to match Volante against Montana Regent for from $5,000 to $20,000 has been shown Morris. When asked by the Associated Press reporter what reply he would make to Baldwin, Mr. Morris said : "The horse and money are both here and if Mr. Baldwin desires a race of 2] miles for $10,000, he can be accommo dated, the race to come off during the spring meeting of the Memphis Jockey Club which begins April 25th and contin ues one week. Col. H. A. Montgomery, president of the Jockey Club, will give to the winner of this match, if made, the finest cup that was ever rnn for in Ameri ca. ___ Arrested lor Bribery. Denver, March 7.— W. H. Aker, Ser geant-at-Arms of the House of Representa tives, was arrested this morning on a warrant charged with attempting bribery. There is now before the Honse bills to regulate irrigating ditch companies, pawn brokers and one for high license on retail liqnor dealers. It is alleged that Aker offered one member one hundred dollars if be wonld cast a vote against these meas ures. It is also stated that Aker is only one member of a combination of seven formed to defeat these bills, the other six being members of the house and senate. Resignation. Washington, March 8.—Last evening Arthur MacArthur, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the District of Col ombia, at present holding the criminal court, banded in his resignation to the President, to take effect April 1st. This action was entirely unexpected by mem bers of the bar. Capsized in the Sound. New Haven, Conn., March 8 —The schooner Ellen Terry capsized ofl' Pond Point, Milford, to-day, and a son of Capt. Osborn was drowned. The crew were picked up by a tug and brought to this city. Rumor Confirmed. San Francisco, March 7.— Col. C. F. Crocker, one of the principal shareholders of the Pacific Improvement company, to day confirmed the statement telegraphed Saturday that the city railroad had been purchased by that company. He added that the Pacific Improvement company had also secured a controlling interest in the Geary street cable line and the Central Railroad which operates Turk street. j j BASE BALL. Doings of the National Leagne>-Sale ot Franchises. New York, March 8.—The second day's session of the National Base Ball League was finished this evening. The St. Louis club accepted the offer of $12,000 for its franchise, and the Indianapolis club was then formally admitted. The players over whom there has been so much discussion will all go to the new club, and Indianapo lis cannot sell them to any other club for a year. The League offered Kansas City $6,000 for its franchise and players. Kan sas City will give their answer to the League to-morrow. The League afterwards offered the Cowboys $4,000 for McQueeny, Bassett, Donnelly, Whitney, Myers and Kandenburg, and $3,500 for five, without Kandenburg, but they refused to take it The Indianapolis club will get the follow ing players : Myers, Hackett and Graves, catchers ; Healey, Kirby, Boyle and Weid man, pitchers ; Thomberg, first base ; Bas sett, second base ; Denny, third base ; Glasscock, short stop ; Cahill, right field ; Seery, center filed; McGeachy, left field. The Washington club will get Whitney, pitcher; A1 Myers, second base ; Donnelly, third base; O'Brien, catcher. The schedule was discussed and several changes made, and several were presented, but its completion was postponed till to morrow. DESPERATE CONVICTS. Method Adopted to Subdue Them. Lancaster, Pa., March 8. —Mr. Watson and Arthur Green, desperate Welsh Moun tain thieves confined in the Lancaster county prison,became rebellious this morn ing and threatened to brain any person who entered their cell with big oak sticks) which they had broken from carpet looms. The keeper thrust a pistol into the cell to intimidate them when they knocked the weapon from his hand and secured it. They have since held possession of the cell, threatening to shoot any person who comes near, and all attempts to dislodge them have failed. An effort will be made to starve them out. DECREE OF SALE. A Big Kailroad Suit Disposed of. Cleveland, March 8. —The decree which provides for the final disposition of the New York, Chicago & St. Louis railway was entered in the State Circuit Court to day. Mr. Sherman, counsel for the Central Trust Co. of New York, drafted the decree and it was approved by all interested. When the subject was called up in the Circuit Court to-day all the parties to the great suit were represented. The decree, as approved by the court, provides for the sale of the road at a price not less than $18,000,000, and then the various claims will be paid. , ! THE FACTS. English Sensations Exploded. London, March 9. —Commander Chad wick, U. S. Naval attache in London had an interview this morning with Vice Admiral Wm. Graham, controller of the navy at the admirality office, in relation to the statements that Draughtsman Terry who had been dismissed from the Chatham navy yard had revealed the secrets of naval designs to the American legation. The comptroller said that these were mere ly newspaper assertions and that as far as it connected anybody in the legation with ihe dockyards treachery they were entirely false. All that the admirality knew was that Terry had sold to private persons the designs which he bad gained possession of by reason ot his position in the govern ment employ, while the secretary of the American legation has confirmed and em phasized the denials that any British naval plans had been obtained by underhand methods. Hard Work to Wind Up a Trayer. Representative W. W. Rice, of Massachu setts, being called upon for a few feeble re marks at the end of a dinner last week, said that the presiding genius reminded him ot a Methodist convert down in Maine. He had been anything but a praying man, yet when he bad once joined the church the brethren thought he ought to te praying all the time. He was very slow to set about it. In fact, be positively refused in much fear and trembling. But after awhile, by dint of assiduity and dexterous tact, his near neighbor and close friend got him up in a prayer meeting one night. Once up he prayed as though he could not stop. Ho prayed for the universe, the world, America, the United States, the state of Maine and the county of Aroostook, not for getting the good people of Bangor. He prayed for the church—universal, militant and triumphant, general and particular, abroad and at home. He prayed for every body in bis own congregation, present or absent, collectively and individually; he began to repeat himself. At last ho turned to his friend and said in a loud whisper: "It's easy enough to pray, but it's mighty hard to peter it out right." The Quality of Mercy. The little brindle mule in the »ugh lead slipped on the icy pavement, and Mr. Bergh's best man was on the spot. "Take that mule and have him sharpened before you drive him another foot." "He is sharpened, " said the driver, "rougher than a file. Look at them hind shoes—corks on 'em that 'ud wedge a hole through an ice house." The officer lifted a hoof to see, and straightway looked over the top of a four story building. Buzz ingly ran the word through the telephone: "One of your men has been nearly killed by a mule." Tenderly back came the muffled order: "See if the mule is hurt, and if it is arrest the man."—Burdette. The Possibilities of Pulp. A writer in a Canadian paper, speaking of the possibilities of pulp as a substitute for lumber in the manufacture of furniture and other articles, now exclusively made of wood, calls attention to the resources afforded by northern Canada for the best pulp making woods. It is found that in some localities the forests are now at the best age for pulp ing purposes, and capable of yielding from 40 to 120 cords per acre, if the whole of the timber were utilized. By mixing the pulp with clays, steatite, asbestos, plumbago, mica, etc., substances of every possible color and compactness may be produced. — Boston Transcript. Histrionic Acerbity. Swell Actor (meeting swell actress at pho tographers)—I know you. are after that last one of me, aren't you, Miss Slasher? Swell Actress—You are a perfect mind reader, Mr. De Bloak. I've got to play Des demona next week, you know, and I want something that will give me a pained expres sion every time I look at it—Tid Bits. The Calhoun Statue. Haenisch's bronze statue of John C. Cal houn will be unveiled at Charleston, S. C., in April The pedestal is in place, and the statue has reached Marion square, where it is to stand, but tho four bronze figures of jus tice, truth, history and the constitution are still to be cast in Italy.—Chicago Herald. Live Stock. Chicago, March 2.—Cattle—Receipts, 8,000; slow and rather weak; one car fancy steers, 5.50 ; shipping steers, 950 to 1500 pounds, 3.50(5 5; stocke» and feeders. 2 65(5 390. Sheep—Receipts, 6,000 ; strong ; natives, 3(54.90: western, 3.50(54.75; Texans, 2.50(5,4.25; lambs, 4.7505.60. Chicago, March 3.—Cattle — Receipts 6000; strong. Fancy steers 5025; ship ping steera 3.4005 ; stocke» and feeders 2.5003.50. Sheep—Receipts 7000 ; steady. Natives 3.504 90 ; western 3.5004.75 ; Texans 2.50 4.25 ; lambs 405.75. Chicago, March 4.—Cattle—Receipts 5.000 ; brisk and ten cents higher ; ship ping steera, 950 to 1500 lbs., 3.5005.60 Stockers and feeders, 2.5004 ; Texas cattle, 2.3003.50. Sheep—receipts 6,000, steady ; natives, 304.90; western, 3.750475; Texans, 2. 750,4 ; lambs 4.5005.50. Chicago, March 7.—Cattle — Receipts 7.000 bead; shipping steera 3.5005.10; Stockers and feeders 2.8003.90 ; through Texas cattle 2.2503.30. Sheep—Receipts 8,000 head ; a shade lower; natives 304.90 ; western 304.70; Texans 2.2504 ; lambs 405.50. Chicago, March 8.—Cattle—Receipts, 7.000 ; slow ; a shade weaker ; shipping steers, 950 to 1500 lbs., 3 5005.00 ; stockers and feeders, 2.5004.10. Sheep—Receipts, 7,000 ; a shade lower ; , natives, 3.0003.90 ; western, 2 550 4.70 ; ! Texans, 2 2504.00 ; lambs, 4.0005.50. A Drovers' Journal special cablegram from London quotes the general market for cattle weak, best American steers sell ing for Hi] cents per pound, estimated dead weight. Wool Market. Boston, March 4.—Wool is in good de mand. Ohio and Pennsylvation X fleeces 32033; XX 34035; Michigan extra, 310 32; Ohio and Delaware, 36037; Michigan, 34035; washed Kentucky combing,30032. Territory wools : Medium, 230 25 ; fine 18028 ; choice valley Oregon, 250 26, and eastern 16022. Unwashed Ohio wool, 261 ; super pulled wools and choice delaine, 38 042; fair to good, 30035 ; combing, 320 10. Philadelphia, March 4.—Wool is quiet. Ohio, PanDsylvania and West Virginia, 33 0,39; New York, Michigan, Indiana and Western, 300 38 ; fine washed delaine, 36 036} ; medium and coarse washed comb ings and delaine, 38039 ; tub.washed, 38 041; medium unwashed combing and de laine. 30031 ; coarse, 29030; Eastern Ore gon, 16022; Valley Oregon, 21037 ; New Mexican and Colorado, 16022. Boston, March 8.—Wool is iu fair de mand and prices are firm. Ohio and Penn sylvania X lleeces, 32033 ; do XX 34035. Michigan extra 31032. Ohio delaine 36 0s7 ; Michigan do 34035; pulled wools, choice and super fine, 38042 ; fair to good, super, 300 35; extra pulled 27032. Dry Goods. New York, March 8.— bry Goods — Nearly 5,000 packages were exported to 31 foreign markets in the past week. Busi ness to day was of a steady character ot late resorts, and with agents and jobbers a good trade was in motion. Prices are very steady. Crop Review. Chicago, March 6.—The following crop summary will be printed in this week's issue of the Farmers Review: Thus far the reports from the winter wheat l>elt in dicate that the crop is emerging from win ter in better shape than last year. The crop is not assured from resulting damage of storms and bad weather and still has to pass through a critical period, bnt as a whole the outlook must be regarded as more favorable than at the beginning of March of last year. The extremely mild weather of the opening days of last week, followed by cold weather, cansed some in jury in Illinois and Indiana. Twenty three Illinois counties this week report wheat as looking well, while in White, Brown and Johnson counties some injury is reported. Thirteen counties in Indiana make very favorable returns. In Michigan and Wisconsin the outlook is regarded as very favorable. Nearly all the Wisconsin fields had an ample snow covering since last November. The weather has been un favorable in Ohio. The season is well ad vanced in Missouri and spring plowing has commenced. There is no change in the tenor of reports from Kansas. Fully one half the connties report a very poor out look for wheat. Committee Fail to Agree. Washington, March 3.—The conference committees on the bill repealing the pre emption, timber culture and desert land laws have failed to agree, and will so report to their respective houses. Verdict lor Dr. Bird. London, March 3.—In the suit for libel brought by Dr. Bird, family physician of Lady Colin Campbell, against Dr. Belder mao, editor of Life, for publishing, under an official caption, an article imputing to Dr. Bird improper relations with bis patient, defendant was to-day convicted. German Elections. Beklin, March 4.—The complete returns are as follows: Conservatives, 81; Impe- rialists, 39 ; National Liberals, 100 ; New German Liberals, 34; Centreists, 97; Foies, 15 ; Protestors, 15 ; Socialists, 11 ; Guelphs 4; Danes, 1. - » ♦ Trade Dollars Redemption. Washington, March 7.—Acting Secre tary Fairchild to-day made arrangements for the redemption of trade dollars at all the sub-treasuries. This will include the treasury at Washington. A circular on the subject will be issued this afternoon. Turned Over for Punishment. Los Angeles, March 7.—Gen. Miles, last night, received a telegram from Captain Lawton, stating that the troops were camped near Nogales, bat be anticipated no trouble. The Mexican authorities re gret tbe the outrage, and have arrested all the offenders but one and tamed them over to the American authorities. Advance in Price of Wheat. San Francisco, March 7.—Saturday's advance in wheat has been maintained. The rise of live cents per cental is believed to be permanent, and is due chiefly to the small quantity of wheat on hand in the State, which at the present time does not exceed for expott 3,200,000 bnshels. There is a disengaged tonnage list in port for nearly twice that quantity. SUSPENSIONS. Bu»iness Revulsions in New Bruns wick. St. John, X. B.. March 8.—The suspen sion of the Maritime bank of Xew Bruns wick has been followed announcement of the failures J. Stewart and of Guy this city, two of the largest lumber firms in thir province. Tbe news of tnese fail ures has caused a great sensation and perfect panic prevails in business circles. d by the startling; ilures of R A and B. Evans & Co., of ..rl X CAPT. EADS' SHIPWAY. Comparisons Between It and the Isth mian Canals. Capt. Eads, who is now at Nassau, is jubi lant over the senate's action in passing the bill authorizing the construction pf his pet scheme, a ship railway across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, and well he may be. Whether the enterprise will be a successful one in case it is carried on to completion is, of course, still a matter of debate, but no one will dis- ! agree with the statement that it is a grand I conception and that the captain's plans are singularly ingenious and complete. If it be successful there is no doubt but tbe world will be the gainer by it, tbe United States most of all. The interoceanic communication that will be afforded by the Eads ship railway will open for us the door of the Gulf of Mexico into tbe vast domain of the Pacific ocean, with all its great and increasing commerce. The Pacific coast of tbe United States. Mexico and South America, and India, C n'na, Japan and Aus tralasia will then be brought near us, and will pour into the lap of the United States their j important com mercial products. Even should the ! project of cutting : the Panama isth- I mus be successful, i the Tehuantepec ! route being over J 1,SOO miles shorter j to San Francisco, ' ROUTE OF EADS SHIPWAY. and tho &hip raü . j way requiring for its construction not a quarter of the probable expenditure on the I Panama canal, it will be able to control the larger part of the commerce. Without giving at this time a detailed de scription of the proposed plans, it should be stated that the earlier plans have been greatly modified. Instead of being drawn up an in cline, the vessels are to bo raised by a vertical lift on a floating pontoon, a system of hydrau lic rams taking the vessel under the keel and bilges and supporting it in a natural and un strained position, so that the vessel is vir tually water borne through the lifting, trans porting and lowering process. Three tracks, each of the standard gauge of four feet eight and one-half inches, will be laid on a solid roadbed, constructed of excellent materials, in the most thorough manner. The carriage le* X A < Çeii CENTRAL AMERICA, MEXICO AND THE GULF, that carries the vessel is most ingeniously con structed. Tho immense weight of the maxi mum load is so evenly distributed as not to bring upon any one wheel a strain of eight tons, which is less than that borne by wheels on ordinary railroads. Any irregularities in the track will be overcome by powerful springs placed over each pair of wheels and allowing a movement of five inches. The people living on the isthmus are favorably inclined and even enthusiastic for the rail way. The bill as passed incorporates Capt. Eads and eighty others as a body politic, under the title of the Atlantic and Pacific Ship Railway company; tho stock is not to exceed $100,000.000, and when 10 per cent, of it is subscribed and paid for a meeting of stockholdera is to be held in New York and Washington to elect directors. If this is not accomplished in two years the charter is to expire by limitation. The maps given with this show the routes of the Panama and Nicaragua canals and the Eads railway, and will l>e interesting for comparison. The Panama canal project, which is now being pushed forward under M. de Lesseps' supervision, is too well under stood to need further description. The scheme for opening the Nicaragua canal to navigation provides for a harbor at Brito on the Pacific coast; a canal 16% miles long, thence to Lake Nicaragua with a rise of 107 feet, which is to be overcome by ten locks; an open passage through Lake Nicara gua 66 miles In length; 63 miles of slack water navigation in the San Juan river, se cured by the construction of four dams at Castillo, Balas and Machuca rapids, and at the mouth of the Ban Carlos, respectively, around the upper three of which are to be constructed short sections of canal whose ' united length is miles; a canal about 43 miles in length leading from the basin formed i by the lower dam directly to Greytovvn; and j lastly, the formation of a harbor at that ! place. SUMMARY. .-Miles of--, Slack Canal. Lake, water. T'l. Pacific to Lake Nicaragua. 10.33 — — 16.33 Lake Nicaragua ......... — 50.30 — 50.50 San Juan River............ 3.51 — 03.02 60.53 San Juan River to Greyt'n. 41.90 — — 41.90 Totals...................01.74 50.50 03.02 181.20 The general design of this route is essen tially the same as that adopted by O. W. Childs in his survey of 1857. Tho lake and the river are both made use of as far as possi ble, and w here tbe latter becomes too much obstructed by sand deposits to admit of its further use, which occurs at the mouth of the San Carlos, the first large tributary re ceived after leav ing the lake, it is boldly abandoned and a canal is run Sx PROPOSED NICARAGUA CANAL. and tbe lowlands by the most direct route to Greytown. So far there seems to be no choice, nature having marked the route which must be pursued. Between the lake and the Pacific coast, how ever, the route to be followed lias not been so easily determined. Examinations of routes to the sea by the valleys of the Lapoa, Lajas, Del Medio, Gonzalez and Oehomongo rivers, 6how that the choice lay between tbe route by __ - ___ _ through the val ley, the swamps the Rio Lajas and that by the Bio Del Medio. Ten locks on each side will effect the descent to the sea; those on the Pacific side being dis tributed over the distance of 16 miles be tween the lake and the ocean, with a tide lock in addition at Brito; and those on tbe Atlantic side being placed, one at each of the three upper dams, and the remaining seven distributed over the 42 miles of canal which would l>e between the San Carlos and Greytown. The dams by which it is proposed to secure slack water navigation In the San Juan ap pear to be well placed, and are calculated to raise the water from 19 to 27 feet; their heights will vary from 21 to 34 feet, depend ing upon the depth of water in which they are to be built. x ne course of true love may be traced in the eight letters produced at the hearing of a breach of promise case. The first letter com menced: "Dear Mr. Smith," then followed "My Dear John," then "My Darling John." "My Own Darling Jack," My Darling John," "Dear John," "Dear Sir," "Sir," and all w« orer Jackson (Ga.) Times. Wine has never been so cheap in Italy as at present. At Yillacidro, in Sardinia, white wine is selling at the rate of five cents a gallon. 1 1 ; j ; ! I j ! : I i ! J j ' j I j.836111SWIFT'S SPECIFIC.! 111886 s s s s s s s s s s s s A REMEDY NOT FOR A DAY, BUT FOR üa?" 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St. Louis, March 8.— Articles of incor poration of the Wabash railroad under the Dame of the Wabash Western railway were filed with the Secretary of State at Jefferson City to-day. Tbe incor porators are Thomas H. Hubbard and O. I). , As hl e y. of New York, E. T. Wells, of Hart f or( ] Conn., and A. A. Tallmage, and Jas. F. Howe, of St. Louis. The capital stock is $30.000,000. Withdraws from the Pool. Chicago, March 8.—The Illinois Central Railroad Company gave notice to-day oi its withdrawal from all pools. This action western pools, and is supposed to mean a hurried collapse of all these combinations, und that the roads will be compelled to ake independent action in regard to the interstate railway law. Texas Legislation. Austin, Tex., March 8. —In tbe Senate to-day the House bill to prevent pooling by railroads and providing for the punish ment of railroad officials violating the same by a fine of from $5,000 to $20,000 and imprisonment for from six months to two years, was passed without debate. The bill requiring railway companies operating lines in Texas to give thirty days notice of a reduction of wages was also passed. Dismissed From Service---British Army Estimates. London, March 8. —A draughtsman i i a . .i , named Terry, employed at the Chatham dock yards, has been publicly dismissed for seliiog information. The army estima'.es, which have just been issued, amount to AT8,393,800, being an increase oi £160.700. Fatal Accident. Chicago, March 8. —A terrible accident occurred at tbe North Chicago rolling mills, at about 4:30 o'clock this afternoon. At that boar the belt on a big fly-wheel in the machine shop became loose and a minute later the fiy-wheel flew into pieces, hnge fragments of tbe iron being hurled in every direction. The workmen, of whom there were a large number in the room, were strack by the flying missiles, and one of them, Frederick Allen, was so badly in jured that he cannot live. Allen was stmk in the breast by a huge chunk of iron, in flicting a horrible wound in tbe breast which left his heart and limgs exposed. Frightful Explosion---Nine Persons Killed and Wonnded. Detroit. March 8. —A special to the Free Press from Ithica, Mich., says: A boiler in W. F. Thompson's tube factory exploded this afternoon with terrific force. Four men were killed and five seriously injured. New Telegraph Line. Washington, March 8. —Henry C. Hall, U. S. Minister to Central America, informs the .Secretary of State that on February 5th direct telegraphic communication was formally inaugurated and opened between Guatemala and Mexico by the extension of Mexican laud lines to Guatemala. This arrangement places Mexico in close com munication with Guatemala and other Central American States. The lines in all are owned and managed by the govern ments and intercommunicate at a uniform rate. Khode Island Nominations. 1'konidence, March 8.— The State con vention to-day made the following nomi nations: For Governor John T. Davis, ot Pawtucket; for Lieutenant Governor S. K. Honey, of Newport.