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Kiom the Dallv Herald of March 7. SCHOOL BOY DAYS. Teaching the Young Idea at Mon terey Seventy Years Ago. The following interesting account of school life at Monterey, California, 1817-18, is taken from Hubert Howe Bancroft 's History of California : It would seem that, with here and there a point of resemblance, the Monterey s< hoo), in comparison with even the moat primitive backwoods establishment of the Atlantic States at the same epoch, was a very rude institution, worthy of no praise but for the fact that human beings did there learn to read and write. Hade benches extended along the sides of a long, low, adobe room, with dirty, uupainted walls. On a platform at one end sat the soldier master, of fierce and warlike mein, clad in fantastic, greasy garments, with lenule in hand. On the wall over his head, or just at one side, was a great, green cross and the picture of a saint, to which each boy came on entering the room to say a bendito aloud. Then he approached the platform to salate the master by kissing his hand and receive a bellowed permis sion to take his seat, which he did by throwing his hat on a pile in the corner; and, as soon as a large boy had shown him the place, began to read his lesson as loud as his throat and lungs would permit; or, it learning to write, he ruled a sheet of paper w ith a piece of lead, and went to the master for quill and copy. At a certain hour the copies were examined, and the ferrule was in constant motion at that hour. "Here's a blow, you young rascal.'' 'TardoD, master : I will doit better to morrow." "Hold out your hand." Thus ran the usual preliminary conver sation. A more terrible implement of tor tuie than the ferule, however, lay on the master's table—a hempen scourge of many iron pointed lashes, held in reserve for serious offences, such as laughing aloud, runuing in the street, playing truant, spil ling ink. or worst of all failing to know the Christian doctrine. The guilty child was stripped of his shirt, often his only garment, and stretched on a bench with a handker chief stalled in his mouth to receive the dread inlliction. The course of study was six months or a year of primer, or A B C, six months of the Christian caton.or second liook, a mass of stupid and worse than useless study ; reading manuscript letters of officers, padres, old women, or the mas ter himself; writing from eight grades of copies, from straight marks to words; and finally the four rules of arithmetic, with more doctrina Christiana. This lastall-iui portant branch was learned chiefly from Kipada's catechism, the bete noir of every Spanish child, to be learned entire by Heart, and recited in a monotnous sing song—a perpetual torment, every page of which involved more than one scourging. .Saturday was a day of examination and especial torture, when each pupil had to tell all he knew of Hipada, unless good luck or a kind providence sent an ever welcome broken head, fever, or cholera morbus as a temporary respite. Mothers sometimes showed sympathy for a child's sufferings, but fathers never. On the arrival of a ship it was custom ary to let children run down to the shore. Once at such a time, despite the master's warning to be careful, the gatra was left open, and the room was found occupied by hens, which had overturned divers ink l»ottles and made sad work with some neatly copied habilitado's accounts, which were to have been sent to Mexico. Of course a general application of the scourge was in order. The big boys were called on for the usual assistance in holding the feet of the first victims, but they flatly refused and drove the master from the room. This unparalleled revolt created a commotion at the provincial capital, but Sola, the Gover nor, settled the trouble and restored order by pardoning the boys on promise of good behavior. FROM FROM FERGUS. stock Losses Beyond the Belt Range --•Disappearing Snow and Bright Prospects---A New Bank. Lewistown, M. T., March 4.—Special Herald correspondence.—It was a ques tion last month with the cattle men in this vicinity whether the severe weather or they would break first. For the last few days the snow has been rapidly disappear iug, to the great satisfaction of every one, and if the stock men put force enough on the ranges to keep their cattle out on the benches, where there is now plenty of ex nosed feed, no further or very little addi tional loss need be apprehended. So far about 25 per cent, of cattle and 1U per cent, of sheep is a fair estimate of the loss in these industries in Fergus county. Where sheep men were provided with liay, no ex ceptional loss is reported, except in one or two cases where they "piled," which hap pens frequently in cold weather and when provided with poor sheds. It does not ap pear to be of any use to interview stock men on their probable or approximate losses, owing no doubt to the fact that they do not know themselves. The proposed banking house of this place, to be started by J. H. Moe, of the White Sulphur Springs bank, and associates of Helena and this county, will be a great ac commodation to the people of Fergus couty. A SHORT TERM " ill be Kecordcd for the March Ses sion of Court. At Id o'clock this morning the March term of the District Court for Lewis and Clarke »ounty was convened by Judge Wade. There was a good attendace of the bar aud ofiicers. The opening proceedings "ere short. All the civil cases on the calendar, of which there are a large num ber, were continued for the term, the Chief Justice thinking proper, inasmuch as his term of office had expired, to allow the trial of these cases to devolve upon his successor. The United States trial jury was discharged, leaving only the Terri torial bodies, grand and petit, to sit during the term. Criminal and divorce cases will demand a consideration, and a week or ten days will be devoted to them. The term will ]>e a short one. Adjournment of Cases. 1 he notice that all the civil cases pend ing onr District Court were continued lor the term was so worded that it might he interred that Judge Wade declined to do the work for his successor. But the hu t was that Judge Wade acted on the petition of all the principal practicing law - ** r ' < the bar, aud we presume they were ' h.etly moved thereto by the expectation 'fiat the next term would be held amid le luxurious surroundings of the new court house. Important to Ladies. A discovery by which the difficulties» 1 1 ' a and suffering incident to child bearing Iir"\> r< j? IDe ' stan, P for particulars to ' J5 ' D - üaker, Box 104. Buffalo, X. Y. * ! 1 j From the Dally Herald of March 8. COUNTY AFFAIRS. Judgments Rendered in Court--* Doings of the Commissioners. In the District Court this morning judg ments were rendered by default in four cases. In the case of J. W. Seligman & Co. vs. the Gregory Mining Co., for attachment, the default of the defendants was entered and judgment rendered in favor of the plaintiffs for $65,650. This is the result of the Gregory affair that created such ex citement in the latter part of January. Seligman & Co, as readers of the Herald will remember, then advanced the funds necessary to pay the wages due the em ployes of the company, in order to effect the release of A. J. Seligman, who was captured and held by the miners. The Seligmans brought suit and have been awarded damages in the snm above named. The other judgments were as follows: Kobert P. Menefee vs. T. W. Warren, attachment; judgment by default against defendant for $1,946.35 damages and $12.05 costs. Sarah E. Stevenson vs. Samuel H. Steven son ; default of defendant entered ; cause beard ; divorce granted. K. S. Hamilton vs. Margaret P.roderick, contract ; judgment for plaintiff by deiault for $229.92, attorney's fees $40, and costs $10.75. COUNTY HOARD. \ esterdav the Board of County Com missioners met in regular session. The Treasurer's quarterly report was ex amined at length and approved. The reports of other county officers were examined and approved, showing fees turned in as follows: Probate J udge..........................................J 4n 20 Ex-Sheriff .............................................. X25 54 Sheriff.................................... 504 75 < 'ounty Recorder...................................... 1,851 .85 Ex-Probate Judge.................................... 149 15 District Clerk........................................... 747 g<j The annual statement of receipts and exDenditures was examined and ordered printed. The family of Mr. Lees was transferred from school district lb to school district 5. The Board will he in session until Satur day. DISTURBED. The Chief Justice Appointment Still in Doubt. Helena Democrats consider it an ill omen that Delegate Toole should leave Washington before the settlement of the Chief Justice appointment. The report goes that the matter is seriously compli cated by the number of Territorial appli cants, although Delegate Toole is under stood to have distinctly signified his prefer ence for a particular one on the list, who is strongly endorsed by the Bar of this Dis trict. Texas influence is exerted in behalf of Judge McLeary, who wants to come up from below to the head of the Bench, in which case Mr. Armstrong, Speaker of the Assembly, or Lawyer Savage, would be willing to accept McLeary's place, it is said, if such an arrangement would prove to be agreeable. Then, again, the At torney General is credited with a candi date of his own whom he would much like to make Chief Justice. Michigan, too, has a candidate, and we presume other States have precincts yet to report. It is a pretty big sized scramble, and there is little won der the President is upset and knows not whom to choose. Toole's departure with out bringing Cleveland to a decision looks very much as though an outsider would get the plumb. FATAL ACCIDENT. Two Men on the Montana Central Killed by an Explosion. A dispatch received here to-day states that a fatal accident occured on the Mon tana Central this morning. The particu lars are meagre, advices having to go by courier to Fort Shaw and thence by wire to Helena. The scene of the accident, which was a powder explosion, was at Kirkendall & McCune's camp at a rock cut on the line of the railroad six miles this side of (ireat Falls. Geo. Lawrence, the foreman, and Clay Archer, one of the men employed, were instantly killed. Thomas Moore, another employe, was wounded, but how seriously is not known. Y. M. C. A. Lecture. At a regular meeting of the board of directors of the Yonng Men's Christian As sociation it was decided to postpone the regular monthly meeting of the associa tion from Friday, the 11th, to Thursday, the 17th. It was also decided to request Dr. E. S. Kellogg to repeat the lecture given before the association on February 18th. This is done to give the young men who did not hear the talk, the oppor tunity of doing so. Dr. Kellogg has con sented to comply with the request, and as Dr. C. K. Ccle expects to he absent from the city on the date, k is announced he would give a talk, and Has of necessity re quested that it be postponed. Dr. Kellogg will give his talk on that date, March 18. A Fortunate Stockgrower. A large woolgrower is Len Lewis, of »Smith River valley, Meagher county. His several docks of sheep number 20,000 head. All ot his bands went through the winter in good shape, with the exception of one, which was caught out in a severe blizzard and to save the lives of the shepherds, had to be abandoned during the severest of the storm and some 1,600 animals perished. Len considers himself, all things considered, very fortunate. Of 1,500 head of pilgrim cattle only a very small per cent was lost, but to many be fed hay and cared for the animals as carefully as he did his sheep. Feeling pretty well off Len has started on a trip east on pleasure and business intent, He intends to buy and ship a couple of car loads of Percheron-Norman stallions. What Meaneth This? Anaconda Review : Official information has been received in Anaconda that owing to the failure of Congress to pass the fund ing bill, the Union Pacific has abandoned all construction work of all classes for the sea«on, save only the work now' being don« in fButte. There will absolutely be no railroad building in Montana this year by the Union Pacific. The widening of the gauge between Pocatello and »Silver Bow will probably be completed, but the branch from Anaconda to Philipsburg, and from Missoula up the Bitter Root are indefinite ly postponed, and all construction engineers are laid off. —The Montana Sampling Works, under the management of Sam Silverman, have been doiug a big business. »Since their in corporation a month age the profits have been sufficient to insure a satisfactory dividend to the stockholders. From the Dally Herald of March 9. BUILDING BOUM. 'VW Some ofHelena's Projected Improve ments for 1887. Helena's bnilding enterprises for the season of 1887 are many and promise to exceed in number and cost those of any preceding year. Inquiries instituted by Herald reporters elicit information of a multitude of projects matured and matur ing for improvements in this line. Gans & Klein are planning for an ele vation of their block, corner of Main and Broadway, to a four story structure for the better accommodation of their nnmerons business departments. H. C. Wallace and Morris Bros, are medi tating a handsome addition to their ad joining business properties on Main street, a few doors above the intersection of Broad way. Zimmerman & Schwab have plans for a substantial aud attractive four floor ad dition to the Cosmopolitan, which will make that hotel the largest in Montana. A steam elevator, steam heating, hot and cold water and all the other modern im provements of a first class public house are contemplated by the wide awake pro prietors. John H. Ming, who has rehabitated his burned building on Upper Main street, will erect this season twenty cottages for resi dence purposes on property owned by him on the west side of the city. C. W. Turner has architects at work drafting the plans for an elegant mansion on the property recently purchased of Col. Hundly on Fwingj street, corner of Eighth avenue. James M. Hyan will build two brick flats of two stories each, on eligible resi dence proper ty located at the head of Rod Dey street. David Blacker will erect on Sixth ave nue, west of Kodney street, three separate cottage homes, planned after elegant mod els of architecture. Marcus Lissner, proprietor of the Inter national, will rebuild the burned annex on Bridge street, making a larger and finer addition to the hotel than that recently de stroyed. Mr. L. Auerbach will add to his many building improvements one or more floors to two of his business properties on Main street. T. C. Power and associates have in view the erection of a magnificent block on the corner of Main and Price streets, part of which is to contain an opera house sur passing anything in that line yet built in Montana. The above are but a few of the great number of building projects intended for Helena the present year. We lack time and space to enumerate others to-day. "DR. JEKYLL." The Lnie George C.* Randolph, Butte Said to Have Been its Author. ot It is stated that the late George C. Ran dolph, who suicided in this city last week, says the Butte Inter Mountain , was the author of the plot and manuscript of the popular and weird romance entitled, "The Strange Story of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde." This assertion is corroberated on good authority. The man who claims to have written the work was once a room mate of Mr. Randolph's in St. Lonis. The latter left the manuscript in his trunk during a protracted absence, and gave no thought to it on his return. He shortly afterwards came to Montana, and he heard no more of his story until he saw it pub lished with the above title and with but immaterial changes in the details of the plot and language. The fact that Mr. Randolph had strong literary instincts and was just the man to have wrought so strange a romance gives some color of plausibility to this statement. The N. P. Accident. A St. Paul dispatch of the 5th inst. says : The Northern Pacific train derailed at New York Mills arrived here at 1 a. m., and it appears that the accident was more serious than at first reported. Seven cars rolled down a seven foot embankment and twelve persons were more or less injured, none fatally. A number were left at the Fargo hospital. J. J. Shotwell, of Fargo, had his shoulder dislocated. Col. A. D. Collier, of Sioux Falls, suffered severe sprains. Brake man M. Moran bad scalp wounds. Mrs. A. T. Lewis, of Sitka, Alaska, had a narrow escape from being crushed to death by a fence post, upon which the sleeper was im paled. PEESOMAL. —A. B. Hammond, of the Missoula Mer cantile Co., arrived in the Capital this morning. —Our enterprising townsman, Daniel C. Corbin, is expected to arrive from New York the last of the week. -Captain Wm. Harmon, a prominent merchant and stock man of Miles City, is at the Grand Central. —C. W' Turner, Esq., of the law firm of Kinsley & Turner, has been commissioned a Brigadier on the staff' of Gov. Leslie. —John R. Watson, alderman of the Fourth ward, is again able to attend to business, after a long and severe illness. —Captain James H. Mills, editor of the New Northwest, came over from Deer Lodge Saturday and spent a day in the Capital. —Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Hunt havegone to housekeeping, having rented one of the houses in the Ryan Block on Pearl street. —President Broadwater, of the Montana Central, is in St. Paul conferring withCnief Hill, of the Manitoba, on railroad subjects. —Misses Annie and Maggie Alderson, of Bozeman, daughters of the Representative from Gallatin, are visiting friends in the Capital for a few days. —Banker Hauser will leave again for New York on Thursday to be absent sever al weeks on business connected with his several railroad projects. —Two well known railroad men, Joe. A. McConnell, of the Albert Lea route, and C. J. Broughton, of the Chicago & Atlantic road, are at the Grand Central. —Major Bates, Paymaster U. S. A., and escort nnder command of Lieut. McCain, of the Third Infantry, left this morning for Forts Shaw and Assiuahoine. —Mr. A. B. Gates leaves for the East, Tuesday morning, accompanied by Mrs. Gates and little one, who are to visit for a while at the old home in Ohio. Mr. Gates will spend part of March in New York, co operating with Mr. Woolston, in the im portant enterprise, already entered upon in good earnest, of putting in the new com petitive water plant for Helena. He will return early in April, at which time the first installment of mains will have come to hand, and the work started of laying the pipe through the streets of the city. Where the 202«! Grand Time Will Be. The Two-hundred-and-second Grand Monthly Distribution of The Louisiana State Lottery will take place at New Orleans. La., on Tuesdav March 5, 1887, when 8.35,(XX> will be scattered till over the world in sums from SRO.OOO downward Tickets cost 810; tenths. *1. For information apply to M. A. Dauphin, New Orleans, La. THE PRINTING BILL. Provisions of the Measure as it Passed the Legislature. Section 1. It shall be the duty of the county treasurer of each county in the Ter ritory to make and present to the board of country commissioners of the respective counties, on the first day of the regular sessions of said boards in March, Jane, September and December, a detailed state ment of the licenses issued by the said treasurers during thé quarter preceding such report, which statement shall show the parties to whom licenses have been granted, the business or occupation intended to be carried on and for which the same was issued, and the amonnt paid by each person, association, co-partnership, or cor poration therefor; said statement shall also show in detail, from personal knowl edge, and from the records of his office, the names of parties doing business without a license, the nature of said business and the place where conducted. The commissioners shall also add to said list for publication the names of such other persons as they may know are doing business in the county without a license ; and if at the next regu lar meeting the treasurer has not collected such licenses or proceeded so to do, as pro vided by law, or given good reasons why the same have not been collected, the com missioners shall deduct the amounts of such licenses from the salary of said treas urer. Sec. 2. It shall he the duty of the hoard of county commissioners of each county in the Territory , on the presentation to them of the treasurer's report mentioned in the preceding section, to order the same or a synopsis thereof, published one time in the newspaper which has contracted to do the legal advertising of said connty ; provided that the price paid for said printing and publishing shall not exceed ten cents for erch license so published : and provided further that preference shall be given to one of the papers published at the county seat in the publication of the matter men tioned in this section. Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of the County Clerk of each county in ihe Terri tory, within five days after the adjourn ment of the Board of County Commission ers, to furnish the newspaper doing the legal advertising in that county a synopsis of the proceedings of the meeting of the Board, together with a list of tde bills allowed and warrants ordered drawn there* for at that meeting ; said list to contain the name of the person in whose favor the allowed, services or the materials for which such bill is allowed, and the amount thereof, which synopsis and list of bills shall be published in said newspaper one time ; provided that the price paid for such publishing shall pot exceed one cent per word for the synopsis and seven cents for each bill so published and provided farther that preference shall he given to one of the papers published at the county seat in the publication of the matter mentioned in this section. Sec. 4. It shall he the duty of the County Clerk of each county in the Terri tory to make out and present to the County Commissioners of their respective counties, at the regular spring term in each year, a full and complete statement of the financial condition of their respective counties for the fiscal year preceding March 1st, which statement shall show : 1st. The amount of moneys, if any, on hand, as shown by the statement of the previous year. 2d. The amount of moneys received by the Treasurer for taxes on real and per sonal property. 3d. The amount of monies received by him for fines, penalties and forfeitures. 4th. The amount of moneys received by him for licenses. 5th. The amount of moneys received from all other sources. 6th. Said statement shall also show the amount of money paid out during the year from the different funds of the county. The total of the several amounts of moneys paid out shall be deducted from the sums of moneys on hand at the beginning of the previous year and moneys received during said year by the County Treasurer, and the balance shall be struck. 7tb. Said statement shall also show the assessed valuation of all the real and per sonal property lor that year, the rate of taxation, the assessed valuation of real and personal property on which taxes have not been paid : the total delinquent taxes for that year, and for each three preceding years. »Sec. 5. The facts thus ascertained, and the statements thus made out, shall be made out in duplicate—one copy of which shall he filed in the office of the County Treasurer, and one copy sent to the Terri torial Aditor ; said statement shall also be reported in fall in the journal of the pro ceedings of the Connty Commissioners, and shall be published for one week in the newspaper that has contracted to do the public printing in said county—said pub lishing to be doDe at not to exceed contract rates. Sec. 6. If there is no paper published in the county, or if the paper published therein refuse for any reason to publish the statements and lists provided for in preceding sections of this act, the Board of County Commissions may, in its discretion, have said statements and lists published in some paper in an adjoining county at rates not exceeding the rates specified in the preceding sections ; or may direct the county clerk to prepare and post copies of such statements and lists in three public places in the county. Sec. 8. Any County Commissioner, County Clerk or County Treasurer who shall neglect or fail to comply with the provisions of this act, without just cause, shall upon conviction be fined not less than $100 nor more than $500; and such con viction shall work a forfeiture of office. Sec. 7. That it is hereby made the duty of the County Commissioners of the several counties in the Territory of Mon tana to contract with some newspaper, published within the connty, to do and perform all the printing for which said counties may be chargeable, including all legal advertising required by law to be made, blanks, blank books and official publications, at not exceeding the following prices : For every folio of one hundred words, or fraction thereof, not exceeding one dollar and fifty cents shall be paid for the first insertion thereof, and fifty cents per folio of one hundred words for each subse quent insertion required by law to he made ; and three figures or fraction thereof, shall connt as one word. For rale and figure work not exceeding two dollars per folio of one hundred words, or fraction thereof, and fifty cents per folio one hun dred words, for each subsequent insertion thereof required by law to be made. Printed blanks, required by law to be printed for the several counties, shall be lurnished at the following rates: For blanks cut from fiat cap paper measurment fourteen by seventeen inches in size and weighing not less than sixteen pounds to the ream, as follows: For eighth sheets, printed on one side, $3.00 for the first hundred copies, and thir ty cents for each subsequent hundred copies; and. twenty cents additional per hundred if bound. For eighth sheets, printed on both sides $4 50 for the first hundred copies, and fifty, cents for each subsequent hundred copies. For quarter sheets printed on one side, $4.00 for the first hundred copies, and forty cents for each subsequent hundred copies ; and thirty-five cents additional per hun .dred if hound. For quarter sheets printed on troth sides, $6 00 lor the first hnndred copies, and sixty cents for each subsequent hundred C »pies. For half sheets printed on one side, $7 50 for the first hnndred copies, and seventy cents for each subsequent hundred copies, and fifty cents for each additional hundred if bonnd. For half sheets printed on both sides, $12.00 for the first hnndrd copies, and eighty cents for each subsequent hundred copies. For whole sheets printed on one side, $11.00 for the first hnndred copies, and $1.00 for each subsequent hnndred copies, and sixty cents additional per hundred if bound. For whole sheets printed on both sides, $18.00 for the first hnndred copies, and $1.25 for each subsequent hnndred copies. When any number of blanks enumerated in the above schedule exceeding one thousand shall be ordered the price shall be pro rata of the average price of the first thousand. County warrants with stubs, printed on bond paper, twenty-five dollars per thou sand. Road tax receipts, special poor tax receipts, or other blanks that are required to be numbered and perforated, three dol lars per thousand additional. For blank books * Medium, 13x18 inches.................... Ç3 (X) psr quire Double cap, 14x17 inches............... 3 00 " Demy, 10x16 inches........................ 2 50 " Uap, 8x14 inches............................. 2 OO " The above prices are for books of six or more qnires, eighty pages to the quire. For books ot less than six quires not more than fifteen per cent, shall be added to the above prices. Books with printed headings one dollar and fifty cents per quire additional for each and every form. Fifteen per cent, addi tional for hooks of less than six quires. All other blanks or printing not herein provided for shall be furnished and paid for at not to exceed the rates herein pro vided for similar blanks or printing. Sec. 9. Sections numbered 363, 374 and 375, of the 5th division of the revised statutes of Montana, and all other acts or parts of acts in conflict with the provisions of this act, be and the same are hereby re pealed. Sec. 10. This act shall take effect from and after its passage. CASCADE COUNTY. Clioteau Citizen in Favor of the Bill Pending Before the Legislature. Fort Benton, March 2,1887.— Editor Herald :—As one who has been a resident of Fort Benton for several years and who is largely interested in real estate in Ben ton, I trust the hill pending for the crea tion of a new county, with Great Falls for the county seat, will become a law. This, in my opinion, is not only for the interest of the inhabitants of the new county, but is greatly to the advantage of those living in the remaining portion of the county. Any one who will examine care fully the annual statement of Choteau county for the last ten years will see that the larger portion of thé expense is caused by the immense area of Choteau county and the consequent large mileage. »Scarce ly a term of court has ever been held where witnesses and jurors have not come distances ranging from 25 to 150 miles. This causes great hardship to the parties and great expense to the county which would be done away with were Choteau county divided into smaller counties. The debt of Choteau county is not caused so much by public buildings or improve ments, but almost entirely by this exces sive mileage. The same is true of portions of Meagher and Lewis and Clarke counties. To reach the county seat of Lewis and Clarke county persons must travel from sixty to one hundred miles, and to reach White Sulphur Springs they must travel, three-fourths of the year, either byway of the Judith Gap or by Helena. In some cases it is obligatory to travel from two hundred to two hundred and fifty miles. Moreover, under the rulings of Wm. A. J. Sparks, in order to prove up on land a set tler in the proposed county has to travel from fifty to two hundred and fifty miles, taking his witnesses with him, a hardship which wonld be obviated by this bill. In the coming season there is every assurance that two hundred miles of railroad will be liable to taxation in the old county, doub ling the amount of assessable property and bringing into Northern Montana a large population. There is also every reason to believe that the Indian reservation north of us will he cut down the coming year, making the area os Choteau county as large as some States which are divided into fifty counties. Within the next year the immense Indian reservation north of us will un doubtedly be opened, while this summer will see two or three railroads at Great Falls. These measures will bring a large pepulation into this, the richest portion of Northern Montana. The coming of rail roads will briDg the criminal classes in the vicinity of Great Falls, which will cause great expense to the counties of Meagher, Lewis and Clarke and Choteau for the transportation of prisoners and witnesses unless this measure becomes a law. It is for the interest of the remaining portions of the county and should become a law. TAXPAYER. District Court. The following proceedings were had this , Knight vs. McDougald; judgment by ; default for $76.50 damages and $12.35 costs. : Knight vs. McDougald; judgment by ' default for $370.18 damages and $14.95 , costs. i Jacoby & Saul vs. Gebhardt; motion to quash summons overruled ; answer by 12th. ! Adjourned until to-morrow. morning : Corbin vs. Foote ; leave to answer by 14th. U. S. vs. Deamey ; judgment by consent for plaintiff' as prayed for. Goodrich vs. Goodrich ; time for answer extended to 14th. Murphy vs. Capital Milling Co.; judg ment by default for $416.08 damages and $14 costs. Cole vs. Child; defendant has ten days to answer. —New Northwest : A little bit of the atrical gossip gathered en route is that Chas. W. Couldock, the talented veteran of the American stage, who has now been an actor for over fifty years, is to have a mag nificent testimonial benefit at the Academy of Music, New York, May 10, 1887, in which the most noted actors and actresses of the day will participate. It would be an appreciated and worthily bestowed compliment if his friends in Montana should delegate some Montanian in New York to attend and present him with "a Montana boquet"—with a memento in it. We recollect an occasion in the Virginia City theatre, twenty years ago, when Col, W. F. Sanders presented his estimable daughter, Eliza Couldock, with a gold nugget as large as a lady's watch. Has Montana forgotten the grand old man ? TOWN AND TERRITORY. —The output of the Elkhorn company last month was $78,000. —John F. Patterson tells the Benton Press that out of 7,500 sheep he will lose only 300 head. ™—The Empire Mining Co. produced $16, 500 during February—the result of the work of 15 stamps on 485 tons of ore. —Veterinary Snrgeon Holloway has caused a number of horses, near Stillwater. Yellowstone valley, ascertained to be af fected with glanders, to be shot. — R. P. Stoat was yesterday appointed one of the assistants in the department of M. A. Meyendorff, Melter of the U. S. As say Office, and has entered upon his duties. —The usual number of divorce cases occupy space in the court calendar for this term. A few have already been disposed of and there are ten others ready for trial. —A car load of ore from the Peerless Jennie mine, recently sampled at the Mon tana Sampling Works, sold for $7,000—at the rate of between $400 and $500 per ton. MacAllister, the wizard, was overhanled by an officer at Silver Bow Friday and re quired to pnngle $23.50, due for board, which he was leaving Butte without pay ing. —The grand jury of Silver Bow connty found a true bill against the Miner editor, Daniel Searles, for criminal libel, based on the recent scandalous attack on Gay X. Piatt, local editor of the Inter Mountain. —Territorial Treasurer Preuitt filed his bond yesterday in the required sum of $150,000. The sureties are C. A. Broad water, D. A. G. Floweree, Jno. C. Curtin, Jno. Kinna, Thos. Cruse and W. B. Hund ley. —The gambling bill as passed by this legislature is the subject of much comment in sporting circles. Well known "dealers" say it will shut out all games now dealt in the city except faro—the redoubtable Tiger. —The Governor does not sign bills half fast enough for the anxiety and impatience of the legislators. He gives each bill an exhaustive examination and the time thus spent is lamented by our lightning striking Solons. —Bitter Root valley is rapidly settling up. Last week two parties ot immigrants, seventeen from Alabama and fourteen from Missouri, arrived and settled in the yalley. They will be entitled to vote at the next election. — W. J. Penrose, editor of the Batte Mining Journal, has passed several days in the city. The Governor has named him to the Council as one of the Arbitration Com mission provided for in the act recently put upon our statute books. —The Cascade county bill was amended in the House this morning, delaying its provisions from taking effect until Decem ber, 1888. It is thought this will settle most of the objections, and if its former friends stick to it in this form it will pass. —James Sullivan and W. G. Prenitt took possession of the office of Territorial Audi tor and Treasurer on Saturday, the offices to which they were respectively appointed by Governor Hauser. Their accession to office was marked by a Mumm's extra dry accompaniment. —Major A. E. Bates, Paymaster U. »S. A., arrived last evening from St. Paul, under special orders from General Ruger, for the purpose of making the payment at Fort Shaw and Fort Assinaboine. This is made necessary by the illness of Major Blaine, who is unable to make the trip. —Benton Press: J. C. Duff, of the wool growing Arm of Locher & Duff', Perrys bnrg, who came in on the 14th ult badly frozen, is domiciled at the Pacific Hotel. He is getting along as well as could be ex pected. The amputation of a portion of both feet will be necessary in a few days —James Sullivan has sold to Robert Williams his barber shop on upper Main street and the latter as proprietor will have charge of the business in futnre. Mr. Sul livan for the ensuing two years will devote himself to the duties of Territorial Audi tor, which office he entered upon on Satur day last. —S. A. Sweeney, stock inspector for Choteau county, has been succeeded by Wm. Thomas. The new appointment was made in deference to the wishes of the people of that county, who desired one of their own residents to fill the place—not because Mr. Sweeney was incompetent or unsatisfactory. —Among arrivals by the Northern Pa cific yesterday evening were ex-Governor Hauser, E. W. Knight, cashier of the First National Bank, and Mrs. Knight. Mr. Knight, who went away the fore part of winter for change of climate and recupera tion, returns, we are glad to hear, in im proved health and prepared to resume his cashier duties. —Leon La Croix has been appointed deputy district court clerk by Mr. B. H. Tatern, clerk of court, to fill the position formerly occupied by Mr. C. G. Reynolds, who is now in the East. Leon has had long experience in the office and takes hold of the work with a full understand ing of what it demands. He will make an efficient deputy. —Capt. Wm. E. Parnell of the 1st cavalry having been found, by an army retiring board incapacitated for active service, was placed on the retired list on the 11th inst. He was captain of F troop stationed at Fort Assinaboine. Lieutenant P. S. Bomus and à. C. Robertson are the other officers of the same troop. The retirement of Capt. Parnell promotes Lieut. _ F. K. W'ark to , captain, and places Lieut. Bomus an the head of the list of 1st lieutenants of that regiment. —Contracts lor the Woolston water sup ply continue to be made by consumers throughout the city, the number of patrons pledged having now grown to a formidable list and the aggregate subscriptions swelled to an amount exceeding $12,000 of annual income. The canvass will be proceeded with the present week by Messrs. Crounse, Sterling and others. The last amonnt of material for the new plant is all under contract and the manufacturing work is being spurred ahead by the unflagging energy which has characterized Mr. Wool ston from the start. The first train load of water mains will be shipped in time for ■ delivery at Helena by April 1st. -—* Imported Wool. Washington, March 8. —An application was received recently by the Treasury De partment for an allowance of damage on importation of wool, notwithstanding that the application for such allowance was not made within ten days from the date of landing. The importers represented that they were prevented from filing an applica tion within the required time by reason of delay in transferring the merchandise from the import vessel to the bonded lighter, and to delay in unloading from the lighter because of bad weather and the strike of longshoremen. The application was denied by Acting Secretary Fairchild because he did not think the reasons cited sufficient to authorize him to disregard the plain pro visions of the law governing allowances for damage. WOOL INDUSTRY. A Petition for Reclassification. Chicago, March 8 .— The Wool Mer chants Association of Chicago have sub mitted to the joint western classification committee a memorial and petition for the re-classification of wool, so as to place it in a third class, it having been rated here tofore as first class freight. The petition has been signed by the wool merchants of Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Louis, Louisville, Indianapolis, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Detroit and other smaller distributing points in the West ; also by the Wool merchants of Boston, New York and Philadelphia and of the of wool growers and shippers from interior points throughout the West have already signed the petition. These numerous petitioners, it is claimed, represent an annual handling of more than one hundred million pounds of wool. It is urged that the wool grow ing industry has been, during the past few years, greatly depressed and in many sec tions has proved disastrous. The decline in the value of wool during the past 15 years has been from 65, 60, 50 and 40 cents to 30,25, 20 and 15 cents per pound. The entire clip of the United States during the past two years has not paid to the wool growers an average price exceeding 17 cents per pound. For this reason the clip has been reduced, as variously estimated, from 70,000,000 to 25,000,000 pounds dur ing the past year, whereas, had the busi ness shown no actual loss the natural in crease would have been from 15 to 25 per cent annually. Should the petition be granted it is claimed that it would give new life to the discouraged growers and do much to invigorate this languishing in dustry of the West. B. A O. CONTROL. Reports that Disturb Baltimorean*. ( . ^ ea ^ 1 °8 manufacturers country In addition thousands Baltimore, March 9. —Robert Garrett, President of the Baltimore à Ohio railroad, was seen to-day. He had nothing to say in regard to the reported arrangement for the transfer of the control of that road to a syndicate representing the Reading and Richmond Terminal and other companies in New York. The New York Times' statement, which appears to he authority, has created a sen sation here. The city, as a corporation, is largely interested in the B. à O., and there are private interests which are opposed to the control of the road going out of Balti more hands. The Baltimore & Ohio road has been looked upon as a Baltimore enter prise, and while Garrett has preserved a reticence as to everything that has been rumored, there are many who fear there is truth in the statements published. There is a conviction here that if the road is allowed to pass into other bands, the ex press and telegraph business will pass with it. COMBINATION. Consolidating Grout Railroad Prop erties. New York, March 9.—The Evening Post, in its financial article, says the attention of the street and general public has been con centrated upon the progress of the scheme for the amalgamation of half a dozen great railroad properties, under control of the Richmond Terminal syndicate, with so much skepticism about its success that even when it was openly and positively stated by members of the syndicate that they had acquired control of the Baltimore & Ohio, speculators and others apparently waited for further developments to show the extent of the whole scheme before taking much interest in the market. The prevailing belief is that a settlement of the telegraph war will be one of the results of the Jersey Central, Reading, Baltimore «S Ohio and Richmond Terminal combination. It is acknowledged that the Baltimore & Ohio would like to part with its telegraph prop erty, which in the present state of war is unprofitable. SWINDLED CAPITALISTS. Gone to Join the Canadian Colony. Boston, March 9. —William C. Hickman, originally of Philadelphia hut lately of Boston, bas joined the American colony in Canada, after having, it is alleged, swind led a number of Boston capitalists out of between $30,000 and $40,000. Hickman claimed to have a formula for the manu facture of an3 article he called sngarine ont of common starch. Sugarine was to take the place of ordinary sugar to which it was equal in all respects, according to Hickman's story. Sugarine could be made for 11 cents per pound and sold readily for 5-j cents. Several capitalists became in terested and furnished considerable sums of money, which, it is said, Hickman per verted to his own use. When he found he could no longer blindfold his dupes he left the city for Montreal, where he now is. Hickman is said to be very well connected in Philadelphia. School Convention. Washington, March 8. —A convention of the National Department of Superin trndence will be held at the National Museum on the 15th inst., and three ses sions will he held on the 15th, 16th and 17th. The members of this body are the superintendents of all schools in all parts of the country, and papers of importance will be presented by Fred McCampbell, of Oakland, Cal ; Dr. A. J. Rickoff, LeKoy D. Brown, Columbus, Ohio; J. W. Hol ooina, of the Indiana schools ; Warren Eastman, of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, aud Representative McKinley, of Ohio. The officers are as follows : Charles S. Voting, of Carson City, Neva da, president. N. C. Dougherty, of Peoua, 111., vice president. Charles C. Davidson, ot Alliance, Ohio, secretary. W. H. Powell, oi" this city, chairman of the local committee. Going to Europe. Ai\ ashington, March 8 —-Secretary Man ning has arranged to make a trip to Europe for the benefit of his health. He will leave Washington Thmaday for New York and take a steamer sailing ' from there on Tuesday next. He will l>e accompanied by his wife and family and Treasurer Jordan. The latter is now in New York but will re turn to Washington prior to his departure for Europe. MARnuar). GEL9THORPE—N ASTON—By Rev F D Kelsey, W. H. Gelsthorp. , >1. D.. and Mias FI » Nuston. lxrth of Rimini. Many and beautiful were the valuable presents bestowed upon this yoimg and popular couple» and the best of wishes accompany them from all who know them. BORISt. BERNARD.— In Helena. Mardi 3d, 1887 to the wife of Chas. Bernard, a son. UTsn. ~~ AMACKER.-In Helena. Mardi 9, 1887, Ameiiu infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Amaeker. '