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FISK BROS. - - - Publishers. B. E. FISK, - - - - - - Editor THURSDAY, APRIL 7, 1887. With all the passes called in and the scalper's commissions cut off, the people ( in see a good, healthy margin for the re duction of passenger rates. RECENT wool sales in London show an I imjiroved market for sellers. Though there is to l>c no continental war this year, there are more people to wi ar clothes, and the world's sheep ranges are not extending. Tiie distance between the ends of the track at the Cascade range on the North- ä ern Pacific ä reported as only eight miles, and the work on the switch-back is well advanced and will be completed by the end of next month. Apkii, comes in smiling as if no foolish ness were intended. 3 he great work of the season begins in dead earnest to-day. If any one in Montana is idle this season it will not be for want of opportunity to work and make money. The administration of President Adams gives good satisfaction to the Union Pacific stockholders as is evidenced by his re election and the conferring upon him larger discretionary powers in the negotiations or refunding the company's debt to the government_ The condition of the province of New' Poundland is extremely deplorable. Dis asters of every kind, in quick succession, have'overw helmed the people, and it is re- } ported that advances from the provincial j t reasury, to save the people from starvation, leave a deficit in the annual revenues of j three-quarters of a million. — The reduction of our public debt for the month of March is approximately esti mated at $12,000,000, ami the saving of interest on this sum, at 1» per cent., would be the handsome little pile of $360,066. ; We have seen it stated in recent Eastern j papers that the last of our extended 1» per cents would be paid oil' in May. The work of finishing the court house is progressing rapidly, without and within The outside pointing of the granite walls ' with red mortar adds a tasty finish. The | putting in place of the heavy oak balusters in the interior halls and stairways pro duces a moat agreeable effect. The whole finish 1 of the structure looks as it it were good for a thousand years. Dakota last year built and ironed T79 milts of railroad and graded 341 more, in all 1,020 miles. That was a pretty fair record, but Montana will do considerable better this year. The assessment of Da kota last year showed property valuation of$132,063,905, an amount greater than any one often States, but if the market value of a few of our principal mines had been added to our list it would have ex ceeded th it of Dakota. John G. Saxe, whose death is recorded to-day, had almost passed from the public mind, but there was a time w hen he was in his prime that he was estimated one of the wittiest writers of the country and a poet of some prominence, in his peculiar veiu. He was born at Highgate, Yt., in 1^16. graduated from Middleburg college, studied and practiced law, edited the Bur lington Sentinel, and was a favorite lecturer aud writer lor magazines for many years. He was a life-long Democrat, and was once the candidate of his party for Governor. We hope our City Council will take no backward steps in regard to the character of the buildings erected in our city. As the city becomes more compactly built the danger of lire increases. Veneered houses may be a trifle cheaper in first cost, but they are not as safe, comfortable and dura ble as solid walls. We are subject to high winds and long seasons of dry weather. Even with the abundant supply of water that is promised our risks will be heavy though we use and insist upon every pre caution. The stronger and safer we build the less we shall have to pay for insurance and the smaller will be our loss by fire. No one^will share these benefits more than those of small means. Advance, but never retreat. _ The death of such a public benefactor as Paul Tulane, of New Orleans, the founder of Tulane University for Louisiana, is de fserving of notice, and his memory should lie everywhere and forever held in honor. As millionaires multiply in this country, we hope the noble example of John Hop kins, Leland Stanford, Paul Tulane, and a. score of others we might name in the same connection, will become contagious. We cannot conceive of a nobler monument that any man can erect to keep his mem ory from perishing than a richly endowed institution of learning. Montana has a niche in the temple of fame for that one of her sons who will step to the front in answer to such a call. lx 1850 the wealth of the United States was estimated at $7,135,780,228' In the next ten years it more than doubled. Be tween 1860 and 1870, notwstanding the cost and waste of the great civil war, the aggregate wealth of the country rose from sixteen to thirty billions. In the last decade the increase was less [rapid, show ing an increase of only about fourteen billions. It is but fair to say that the esti mate of 1870 showed the inflation of prices that took place during the war and this disappeared during the next decade. The real wealth of the country came nearer be ing doubled in the last decade than in the previous one when the war cost six bil lions. Our present rate of increase is about $3,500,000 per day and the aggregate is upward of sixty billions. By the end of the century this aggregate wealth will reach eighty and possibly ninety billions. If the South should really wake up to im prove its possiblities this increase might be still greater. I ä Those who attempt to apologise for the j comparative slow growth of the South in I l)oth population and wealth since the war, \ by maintaining that the natural resources , of the country are inferior, do the South great injustice. It is full of resources of j great variety and of surpassing richness, , ljoth agricultural and mineral. Tennessee has about the same area as Pennsylvania. She has coal fields and iron mines as rich and extensive, agricultural lands as abun dant and as productive, with even a more favorable climate. In only one respect has Pennsylvania any natural advantage, and that is in location in being nearer the sea board and eastern markets. There is no reason, except in the character of the in habitants why Pennsylvania should have three times the population and more than ten times the wealth of Tennessee. And if the people of Tennessee listen to the gospel according to John Sherman, so re cently proclaimed in Nashville, in less time than has already elapsed since the war, they may be as rich and populous and i thrifty as those of Pennsylvania are to day. These comparisons could be extended to every State of both sections. There is Dakota, struggling against every disadvan tage of situation and climate, that has grown up entirely since the war closed. By the census of 1860, her population was less than 5,000, and now her population is two-thirds as much as that of South Caro lina, and her wealth, which has been cre ated entirely out of and on her own soil, j surpasses that of a State that has a hun- j dred years the start of her in the race of development. Suppose the South lost j everything in the war, there has been time enough since to have created ten times the wealth they now possess. We say the trouble is in the people and not in the j country. It needs general.intelligence, en- j terprise, co-operation of all classes for the | general good, instead of a smothered war j of races aud general shiftlessness, improvi- j deuce and wastefulness. Instead of vio lence and injustice, there must be the peace that comes from fair treatment aud the confidence and ambition that comes from mutual respect and helpfulness. Though there has been some talk that . a western man might be appointed to sue- , c u ed Manning and the names of Pendleton and Thurman were suggested as possibili- j ties, we never believed that Cleaveland would look beyond New York for the per son|[to control the financial policy of the administration. On these questions Cleve land has expressed his views often and i emphatically, and it could not be expected ; that he would introduce any discordant 1 element into his cabinet. While Fair child is understood to hold the same views as his predecessor, he has been less out- j spoken in their maintenance and has ! shown a greater readiness to yield grace- J fully to the wishes of a majority in Con- | gress upon questions of reducing the bonds and carrying out in good faith the I silver coinage. Manning and Jordan started in much too vigorously to force their peculiar views upon their own party and the country and failed to make an impression. The posi tions became difficult and unpleasant and thay have retired disappointed. New York is the conceded money center of the coun try, but it has been taught for once that it does not enjoy the full confidence of the West or South in its peculiar views on , many financial questions. The belie! is quite prevalent that the moneyed men of New York take their views too much at second hand from continental bankers and bond holders, who have a mortgage on every government in Europe and are in the habit of dictating all the financial policies, carefully guarding their own interests and profits. Before another twenty-five years pass New York may become the money center of the world, provided its great op erators learn to be more independent and improve their opportunities. The constitutionality of our commer cial travelers' license tax is to be consid ered again to-day, and the result will be noted with a great deal of interest by our merchants especially. It is held by some that the latest decision of the Supreme Court goes much further than any former one and covers our law which imposes the tax on traveling salesmen in Montana as well as upon those coming from outside. It will come up for hearing before Judge Wade, who has already delivered the opinion of our Supreme Court under the decisions hertofore made by the national Supreme Court, and it will be thoroughly and impartially considered and adjudged. If it shall be held that the tax is unconsti tutional, it would be rank injustice upon our home merchants to make them pay a license tax. We should certainly favor the calling of an extra session of our Legislature to repeal this tax. They could provide some means to reduce the cost of supporting the insane enough to cover any shortage in our revenues. The only ground on which we have advocated this tax on commercial travelers was that our own merchants had to pay a license tax. If one goes, both should go. We cannot in good law afford to love our neighbors better than ourselves. Those who neglect to provide for their own households are on high authority accounted as having denied the faith. _ President Adams gives it as his opinion that the interstate commerce law will lead to the consolidation of many ! smaller roads into larger companies. Such ; is the tendency, irrespective of the new law. It is a tendency that profits both the public and the stockholders. It is a ! more legitimate method of pooling. It re duces the cost of administration and superintendence. It divides the risks and losses until they become imperceptible, aud makes many weak roads strong with out diminishing the strength of the stronger ones. President Adams says it is easier to manage a large road than a small one. Would this principle hold good if all the roads in the country were consolidated under one management and the mileage increased tenfold? Oub City Council will soon be called upon to vote a right of way through a por tion of the city limits for the Montana Cen tral. We have sought to inform ourselves on the exact line proposed to be traversed, the considerations both favorable and ad verse, and the general wishes and interests of our citizens. The more we study the proposition, the more advantageous it seems, and the objectsons fade out entirely. We concede that it would be for the inter est of those owning property north of the Northern Pacific read bed if the Montana Central were forced to find its way out in that direction, but for all the corporate interests of the city, nine-tenths of its prop erty holders and ninety-nine hundredths of > the present residents of the city the entry of this road into the heart of the city lim its and its passage through would be an advantage cheaply purchased, if in ad dition to the privilege asked, a hand some bonus were demanded. The only serious objection could be about the cross ing of so busy, and thronged a thoroughfare as that between the city an J the N. I'. Depot. But this crossing is planned to spau with a bridge the intersection of the j principal roads, providing that all the travel and traffic may pass undisturbed i and uninterrupted underneath. To every one on the west side of ! town and no less to every cne south of the I proposed route, and to every piece of prop erty it will be a convenience and clear pecunsary advantage to have the new depot near the foot of Maiu street. We i are sure the City Council will make no mistake and but fairly represent the inter- j ests of the city and the wishes of the citi- j zens in granting the franchise asked for. Tennessee Democrats are apparently troubled by the general favor with which Senator Sherman's speech has been receiv ed by the people of the State and have applied to Speaker Carlisle to come down and answer it. The old whig portion of the present Democratic party has never given j up its protective convictions and in recent j conventions of the party, the divisions over this issue have been close and the t controversy has waxed hot. It would not take much to turn the whole protection wing of the democracy squarely over on to the Republican platform. It would be a boom for a new South that would have some significance and is one of the possi bilities of the near future. North Carolina 1 and the two Virginias would follow suit almost immediately. In fact we should not be suprised to see either of these States lead oil'in the new departure. De mocracy, discredit, dissension, despondency and decline seem to be natural allies at the South, and the better people look on in despair at any deliverance lrom this dia bolical dilemma from the degenerate de mocracy. _ While the Canadians are discussing the mobilization of their militia . and fitting out war ships to capture Yankee fishing smacks a cold sheet is laid over the coun try from Ottawa to Halifax, burying traffic and transportation under five feet of snow. It is a timely suggestion for them to keep cool aud not take off their coats too soon. A hundred and fifty thousand militia may seem a formidible army across the line. It certainly will be a formidable host for the depleted Canadian treasury to think of supporting in the field. New Y'ork State ; alone could more than match the whole ol Canada, in men or money. Full one-third of the Dominion population are of French descent and owe a very loose and cool allegiance to the British connection. An other large contingent of the Canadian population is Irish, and it takes several generations to make an enthusiastic, loyal Briton of an Irishman. When our cavalry company is organized and equipped in Helena there will be no serious cause to tear an invasion from Whoop Up. The last opinion of the Supreme Court of the United States, in accordance with which Judge Wade pronounced our drum mer license law unconstitutional, goes much further than any former opinion. Indeed, our law was framed with these former decisions in full sight and obviated all the objections made to former laws on the subject. And in this late decision there is a very strong dissent made by more than a respectable minority of the court. It is law, however, and we must abide by and conform to it. But it would be a double outrage to continue this license tax on our merchants under the altered circumstances. They are [virtually bound and left to be despoiled by outsiders. We hope it will lead to a repeal of all license taxes on any legitimate and useful busi ness, even if we have to cut down expenses in other directions. There is one very simple way in which this can be done, and we hope to see it accomplished before long through an extra session of the legislature. We commend the opinion of our County Attorney Wallace, rendered in response to the application of County Clerk Frederick. It is the most reasonable and natural in terpretation of the law, and beyond all controversy was the intent of the legisla ture, which is the criterion by which all laws are to be interpreted. We have no disposition to lay any more mistakes and neglects to the carelessness of our legisla ture than they are properly chargeable with. In the composition and organiza tion of such bodies the laws in process of enactment have to pass through many in experienced hands, and we have always thought and find new reasons every year to believe that the safest and best way to avoid much uncertainty, imperfection, liti gation and loss of revenue is to have a competent legal officer to examine meas ures on their passage through the legisla ture and correct any discoverable imperfec tions. _ Land Office Decision. Washington, April 1.—In the ex-parte case of Todd Knopple, on the appeal from the Mexican commission, the general land office sustained the decision of the local land office at Lamar, Col. Acting Secre tary Muldrow holds that a qualified pre empter who has a decided right of filing and perfecting an entry on the Osage trust and diminished reserved lands in Kansas under the act of May 28,1880, has ex hausted his pre-emption right to other lands. This affirms previous decisions. REPUBLICAN CITY CONVENTION. A Full Attendance of Delegates, and the Delegates Full of Enthusiasm. Davis for .Mayor, Barden for Treas urer and Kuntz for Police Magistrate. Every seat in the court room of the old | court house was occupied last night quite ' a while before the time for the opening of the convention arrived, and when 8 o'clock struck and Judge Joseph Davis, chairman 1 of the city central committee, advanced to the chair to call the convention to order, even the aisles were crowded by an assemblage of interested persons, who : could find no room in the oVerfiowing benches. Judge Davis read the call for the convention and stated its object. After a few preliminary remarks, be then called the first order ol business—the election of , a temporary chairman. Z. T. Burton nominated A. J. Seligman. A. J. Fisk nominated A. M. Holter. The ayes and noes were called for. W. i N. Baldwin and Joseph Kenck were ap pointed secretaries pro tan. Mr. Holter then declined the nomination. The vote j was taken, however, by ayes and noes and Mr. Seligman was elected—the vote stand ing 46 lor and 18 against. Mr. Seligman was declared elected, escorted to the chair and introduced to the convention amid loud applause. Mr. Seligman spoke his thanks briefiy and proceeded to business. John N. Heldt was elected secretary pro tern. Judge Sterling moved that the first delegates named on the list of each ward's representation, as published iu the Hekai.d, be declared a committee on cre dentials. Salhinger objected to having a newspaper name the committee and moved to amend by instructing the chairman to appoint a committee on credentials consisting of one from each ward. Amendment carried. The chairman appointed the following as credential committee: W. H. Guthrie, E. W. Beattie, J. N. Kenck, J. 4L Witmer, Daniel Fraser, G. F. Hart, R. A. Craig. On permanent organization aud order of business the following committee were appointed, one from each ward: B. H. Tatern, I. Salhinger, M. A. Witmer, W. N. Baldwin, Z. T. Burton, K. H. Howey, R. Lockey. On platform and resolutions a commit tee of one lrom each ward was appointed as follows: Wm. Lorey, E D. Weed, B. F. Wood man, J. P. Wool man, H. H. Guthrie, W. H. Cameron, E. W. Craven. A recess of ten minutes was taken to give the committees tune to work. permanently organized. On coming to order the committee on credentials reported those entitled to seats in the convention. The committee, on permanent organiza tion reported as follows: PERMANENT OFFICERS. For President, A. J. Seligman. For Secretary, J. N. Heldt. For Assistant Secretary, W. F. Franklin. The usual order of business was recom mended. The report was unanimously adopted. Woolman moved to empower the chair man of each ward delegation to cast the vote of the delegation. Burton moved to amend by instructing each delegate to cast his own ballot. After discussion the amendment prevailed. FOR MAYOR. Moved and carried that the convention proceed to a formal ballot for a candidate tor Mayor. Howey and Lorey were ap pointed tellers. The chair declared nomi nations iu order. Mr. I. Salhinger arose and nominated Judge Joseph Davis in a ringing speech, delivered in the happiest strain of popular assembly oratory. The nomination was seconded by A. J. Craven and E. D. Weed in short, neat speeches. I*. J. I'errine nominated Dr. C. K. Cole. A. J. Fisk nominated S. H. Crounse. The nominations were declared closed and a ballot was taken, with the following result: Davis 46, Cole 11, Crounse 12, blank 1—total 70. The result was received with great ap plause, aud on motion of Fisk the nomina tion of Davis was made unanimous. To the loud calls for Davis, that gen tleman responded with a few remarks, thanking the convention for the honor, pledging hard work during the campaign and if elected promising to work for the best interests of the city. CITA' TREASURER. For City Treasurer Judge Sterling nominated for the Republican candidate, Mr. Richard Barden. It was received with applause, and as no other nominations were made, Barden was declared the nominee by acclamation. POLICE MAGISTRATE. For a candidate for this office A. J. Fisk nominated Anton Kuntz. Mr. Witmer nominated B. F. Woodman. The first ballot resulted as follows: Kuntz, 31 ; Woodman, 34; blank, 3—total, 68. There being no choice a second ballot was taken, resulting : Kuntz, 37 ; Wood man, 25; blank, 1—total, 63. The result was announced by the chair man and Kuntz was declared the nomi nee. On motion the nomination was made unanimous. The City Central Committee for the en suing year was elected as follows : Chairman— E. D Weed. Secretary— Z. T. Burton. Members—The several chairmen of each of the different ward committees. The election of a Treasurer was left with the committee itself. PLATFORM AND RESOLUTIONS. The committee on platform and resolu tions reported the following, which were unanimously adopted : REPUBLICAN CITY PLATFORM. 1. The republicans of the City of Hel ena, in convention assembled, declare their abiding faith in the Republican party, which by its protection to home industry, its promotion of internal improvements and its wise administration of government for a quarter of a century, has largely in creased the compensation of labor, fostered a spirit of enterprise and guided the coun try in a career of nnparalelled prosperity. 2. It is their aim to provide and main tain pare and economical home govern ment, and make Helena the most health ful and attractive city of the Territories. To this end they are in favor of officers en titled the confidence of the people; of an nnlimited supply of pure water; of a proper system of swerage; of every needed im provement to the streets and public places; and of whatever will promote the growth and prosperity of the city, and they are unalterably opposed to all monopolies, and to the conferment of rights, privileges or franchises in disregard of the public inter ests. 3 To the electors of Helena they commend the ticket this day nominated, and also the excellent list of Republican nominees for aldermen, as true representatives of the views and principles above set forth, and they call upon all persons, irrespective of party, who may be interested in the growth and welfare of the city, to give a cordial support to the names thus presented for election on Monday next 1 ! I , | ' 1 : , i j Resolved, That we commend the admin istration of Hon. Theodore H. Klein schmidt for its faithful, prudent and effi cient services in behalf of good govern ment and needed works of public improve ment. All business being concluded with the adoption of the platform the convention, on motion, adjourned sine die. THE MONTANA CENTRAL. A Depot Right in the Heart of the | City— »The Wiekes Tunnel to be Constructed on a New Plan. In ihe course of recent conversations with Col. J. T. Dodge, Chief Engineer of the Montana Central, a reporter of the Herald gained several scraps of informa- 1 tion with regard to the future operations of that company that will be of interest to the general public. THE DEPOT. First, regarding the depot, about the location of which there has been so much | speculation, a site has been selected that j will place it right in the heart of the city ; and not five minutes' walk from the center j of business. As the main line from the ! north approaches the city it turns at Ten Mile aud runs parallel with the Northern , Pacific across the northern part of the city, j whence it continues on to Butte. Near the cemetery, however, on the west side, a spur turns off', doubles Capitol Hill aud proceeds up the west margin of Last j Chance gulch to the junction of Helena ■ avenue aud Main street, iu which imme diate vicinity the passenger depot will be | located. The freight house will he placed some few hundred feet further down. This will bring the passenger station close to the Gebauer & Yergy planing mill—a poiut easy of access from all parts of the city, j Part of this line into town has already been graded and the balance will be com pleted as soon as the right ot way is pro- , cured from the city. THE WICKES TUNNEL. A deal of interest centers in the big tunnel which is to pierce the mountains 1 near Wickes on the Butte branch of the road. This tunnel will be 6,150 feet or ! over a mile long—larger than any on the Northern Pacific, with the exception of the ; I Cascade tunnel, now building, which will , be 9,000 feet loDg. Larson, Keefe & Co., who have the contract for the whole work oa the Butte line except track laying, aie to bore this tremendous hole in the moun tains. By the terms of their contract they , are to complete the work by May 15th, 1888, and in order to do this they will be gin operations at once. A plant that will cost $40,000 or $50,000 to start with, iuclud- I ing machinery for compressed air drills, ! electric lights and ventilation, will he ! placed on the site as soon as possible, and work will he commenced and prosecuted from both ends of the tunnel. Chief En gineer Dodge bas so arranged the grades that the tunnel will slope slightly from about the middle towards both ends, in suring natural drainage and precluding any trouble from water. The character of the ground is similar The character of the ground is similar to that of the surrounding country and the contractors expect to encounter granite, soft rock, earth and perhaps a few silver leads in the progress of the work, as the ; neighboring country is rich in mineral, and : the tunnel is close to the famous Comet and Alta mines. To present all possibili- ' ty, however, of litigatory complications, the company expressly require in the specifications of the contract that the con tractors must waive all right to any min- . eral discoveries they may make in the ! • prosecution of the work. A NEW SYSTEM OF TUNNELING. In this tunnel Col. Dodge intends to put : to practical test in this country the system of driving tunnels with bottom heading, used successfully of late years on European works. Hitherto in this country the prac tice has obtained in works of this descrip tion of driving tunnels with a top heading first. That is, the face of the rock would be attacked first at the top and a compart ment half the size of the tunnel would be blasted out. Then the drils are trans ferred to the bench thus formed and henceforth work would be prosecuted by two sets of drills, one operating at the top and one at the bottom. The Colonel pro poses to reverse this order and drive the bottom headings first, as fast as the rock j is taken out it is hauled toward the mouth of the tunnel and dumped on one side. On the other side a timbered passage way is made, through which all the work will he done. The work will advance in sections of about 2U0 feet. As soon as this distance is made the drills are directed to the re maining rock at the top. This is cleared away and the process begun over again. Besides saving time it is claimed this sys tem reduces expense. Another item is that the heavy blasting charges, in place of being put in at the top at the risk of in jnring the roof, are exploded at the bottom. This loosens the rotk above at the'same time and it takes only slight charges to com plete its dislodgement. With this process it is possible to make an advance of over 600 feet a month with two sets of drills wherasthe greatest under the other method rarely exceeded 200 feet. As it will be the first tunnel in this coun try constructed on this principle its pro gress will be watched with interest in the engineer circles of the United States. Condition of Ex-Secretary Manning. New York, April 1.— A Washington special to the Post says : A gentleman of this city who has had special reason to in terest himself in the condition of Secretary Manning's health has received personal advices from England, confirming the worst reports yet published. His informant as serts that the Ex-Secretary was not only not improved by his voyage but is dicided ly worse to-day than he was before he sailed, worse even than when he landed in England. His friends have little hope of his recovery. Public Debt Statement. Washington, April 1— The following debt statement was issued to-day: Inter est bearing debt, principal, $1,162,571,112; Interest, $11,713,241; total, $1,174,284,253. Debt on which the interest has ceased since ma'urity, principal, $6,926,275; in terest, $198,717; total, $7.124 992. Debt bearing no interest, $586,798,267 ; total debt, principal, $1.692,295,650; interest, $11,911,859; total, $1,708,207,513. Amount available for redaction ot debt, $398,123, 971 ; less reserve held for redemption of United States bonds, 100,000,000. Net cash in the treasury, $21,859,963; deb», less cash in the treasury, April 1, 1887, $1,318,223,555; decrease of debt during the month of March, $12,808.467; unavailable for reduction of debt, $26,752,672. Total cash in treasury as shown by the treasur er's general accounts, $453,117,086. Mint Coinage. Washington, April 1.—The coinage of the mints for the month of March was $5,195,906, of which $3,040,390 was in standard silver dollars. Appointments. Washington, April 1.—The President to day appointed Martin V. Montgomery, of Michigan, ta be Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the District of Colum bia, to succeed Justice Mac Arthur, retired. | j ; j ! , j j ■ | j , ; , I ! ! CHICAGO MAYORALTY. Statement from a Leading Socialist. Chicago, April 1.—Emissaries from so cialistic headquarters have had frequent communication with Mayor Harrison to day, and they now boldly assert that they can show a list of 40,000 pledged voters lor the socialistic ticket. Joe Greenhut, the leading light of the socialists and a city employe under Harri son, says: "History is being made very fast just now. You see, Chicago is a Eu ropean colony. The masses are day labor ers, who do not own their business. Three hundred firms employ one hundred and fifty thousand workmen within teu miles of the city hall. It is distinctly a capital istic city. Here the fight is to be made between labor and capital. They are now face to face and the time lias come. Har rison is playing a peculiar part. He was never elected by the Democrats. The so cialists elected him. He has been honest enough to at last acknowledge it. The tables have been changed and the socialists have their own ticket. The Democrats are asked to get out of the way. The mayor is in a place to help them. It has been done, and the Democrats will now return the compliment by voting the socialist ticket. This is the understanding. The present holders of appointive office will not be disturbed. On Tuesday next all the wheel horses of the Demix racy will vote | our ticket, knowing they will share in the benefits. The campaign will cost nothing, and their old enemies, the Repub licans, will go down before the fusion ticket. Talk about the Irish, I tell you that coercion bill is making Irishmen into wild socialists every day. We will carry every Irish ward in Chicago. By next Sunday the people may become desperate for fear of the socialists. The citizens may rise up iu a day and compel all party lines to be dropped, aud demand a union of all citizens to defeat the socialists. If they become alarmed at the commune they may do it. This is a contest between the American commune and capital. It is irresistible. No Candidates in the I- leid. Chicago, April 1.—The Cook county Democratic club, an organization occupy ing the middle ground between the silk stocking and short-hair elements of the party, held a meeting to-night, which was presided over by Charles Kern, and at which it was expected that an anti-Harri son Democrat would be named for mayor or the Republican nominee, Roche, en dorsed. Nothing of either kind was at tempted, and the meeting adjourned with out transacting any important business. The Democratic south town convention assembled to-night, but failed to put for ward any candidates for town officers, or to do anything else. So great is the con fusion in Democratic circles that in a num ber of wards there are no Democratic can didates for places as aldermen. I J I I I ! I ! j ! ! j Reception of Herr Most. New York, April 1.—Herr Most, the anarchist, was released from the peniten- tiary on Blackwell's Island early this morning. On his arrival at the foot of East 52nd street, he was greeted by a young woman and a number of his sym- pathizers. A big crowd was on the river hank aud followed Most and his friends to Second avenue, where they esconsed them- selves in a beer saloon. - + + --- A LESSON WITH MORAL.«-' Wlien Will Our Kye* he Openert tu tt Great National Calamity? The year 1886 played sad havoc with many prominent men of our country. Many of them died w ithout warning, passing away apparently in the full Hush of life. Others were sick but a comparatively short time. We turn to our tiles and are astonished to find that most of them died of apoplexy, of paralysis, of nerv ous prostration, of malignant blood humor, o' Bright's disease, of heart dis ease, of kidney disease, of rheumatism or of pneumonia. It is singular that most of our promi nent men die of these disorders. Any journalist who watches the telegraph re ports, will he astonished at the number of prominent victims of these disorders. Many statements have appeared in our paper with others to the effect that the diseases that carried off so many promi nent men in 18S6, are really one disease, taking different names according to the location of the fatal effects. When a valuable horse perishes, it becomes the nine days'talk of the sport ing world, and yet thousands of ordinary horses ate dying every day, their aggre gate loss is enormous, and yet tueir death creates no comment. 8o it is with individuals. The cause of death of prominent men creates com ment, especially when it can be shown that one unsuspected disease carries off most of them, and yet "vast numbers of ordinary men and women die before their time every [year from the same cause.'' It is said if the blood is kept free from uric acid, that heart disease, paralysis, nervous prostration, pneumonia,rheuma tism, and many cases of consumption, would never be known. This uric acid, we are told, is the waste of the system, and it is the duty of the kidneys to re move this waste.' ' Z We are told that if the kidneys are maintained in perfect heaiih, the uric, kidney, acid is kept out of the biood, and these sudden and universal diseases caused by uric acid will, in a large measure disappear. But how shall this be done ? It is folly to treat effects. If there is any known way of getting at the cause, that way should be known to the public. We be lieve that Warner's safe cure, of which so much has been written, and so much talked of by the public generally, is now recognized by impartial physicians and the public as the one specific for such diseases. Because public attention lias been di rected to this great remedy by means of advertising, some persons have not be lieved in the remedy. We cannot see how Mr. Warner could immediately benefit the public in any other way, and his valuable specific should not be con demned because some nostrums have come before the public in the same way, any more than that all doctors should be condemned because so many of them are incompetent. It is astonishing what good opinions you hear on every side, of that great remedy, and public opinion thus based upon an actual experience, has all the weight and importance of absolute truth. At this time of the year, the uric acid in the blood invites" pneumonia and rheumatism, and there is no*, a man who does not dread tliese inom»teisot disease ; but he need have ne fear )f them we are told, if he rid the Liood of the uric acid cause. These words an, str ng, and may sound like an advertisement, and be re- jected as such by unthinking people, but we believe they are the truth, and as such should be spoken by every truth- loving newspaper. --- 't ?ilV [Written for the Herald ] The God Mammon. BY REV. F. D. KELSEY. The successful men of business are few in comparison to the great number who make the attempt. The worshippers of this god of riches, this mammon of wealth, are tobe numbered by the million, who sacri fice on his rapacious al*ars values infinitely above and beyond what they will ever re ceive from him. A few are his favorites, but the many are doomed to the agony of failure and disappointment. They serve him as slaves serve a rich master, but the slaves live in huts and are social outcasts who are not allowed the privilege of the castle or the palace. They toil for their master and for a reward are buffeted and chided and whipped to bed in pain aud sorrow and disappointment. These times display many honored names wrecked and ruined by a service of the god mammon. They thought them st ives good tuen. They tried to unite the service of God with the love of mammon, and the result has been a valley of dis grace and a river of tears. "Ye cannot serve God aud mammon." "Seek ye tirst the kingdom of God aud his righteous ness." The God of heaven and holiness will re ward his children with unspeakably bless ed rewards. The god of mammon de ceives, betrays and abuses his devotees, re warding with wealth one here, one there, but to the many giving only a slave's doom. Dickens' characters of Little Nell anil her grandfather are typical of sorrow, ruin and death, which follow iu the wake ot oue of mammon's slaves. It, will be remembered how he was in fatuated with the gaming table, and while loving his daughter aud deceiving himself with the specious delusion that it was all for the love he bore her aud his determina tion to win her a fortune, he spent every penny his hands could clutch at the gam ing table—pennies needed even for bread. The outcome of it all was a river of tears when poor little Nell lay dying from ex posure and weariness anil hunger. Little Nell and her weak-minded grandfather are typical of Mammon's treatment, brutal treatment of his slaves. They do not all die the death of little Nell, but they do sutler disappointments and curses innum erable; curses which are little suspected or recognized until the final outcome is seen. Cover up the tfiorus with roses as we may, the thorns are there with bitter sting, and when the roses fade the thorns remain— the roses are tor a day, the thorns abide. Why, then, all this scramble after the God of Mammon? Why this laying on Ins altar our time, affection, hopes and des tinies. Suppose we succeed—only about 3 per cent, ol merchants make a success— suppose we succeed, anil gain the whole world ? What then ? Was Alexander a happy mau, when be had at and under his feet the whole world ? Are our richest men our happiest men ? Suppose in the acquisition of riches we should do as so many have done, lose manliness, lose integrity, lose conscience and peace of mind, lose uprightness and at last lose our own souls; what shall it profit a man, if he gain the whole world aud lose his own soul, or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul ?" Why will meu seek to serve the god of this world and to lay up treasures here, which are sure to prove either unsatisfac tory when obtained, or a delusion in the pursuit? The God of heaven has wealth, which is satisfactory when obtained, and sure to be obtained, not by a favored few, but by all who seek and serve. The God ot Heaven makes no slaves—henceforth I call you not servants; for the servaut knoweth not what his lord doeth ; but I have called you friends;" aud in many other places he calls us sons; we are con tinually spoken of as the children of God. And all we, who have taken the God of heaven as our master, can testify to the jovfulness of our experience and the brightness of our outlook upon the future. The God of Mammon disappoints or curses us; the God of heaven never disappoints ami always blesses—why then should we blast our lives by the service of the God of Mammon? Come, lay yourselves on God's altar ; come ye out auil be ye separate from the world, let your eye be single aud your hearts undivided ; "ye cannot serve God and Mammon." Seek ye first the kingdom of God and his righteousness. "How excellent is thy loving kindness, O, God ! therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy wings. They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house, anil thou shalt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures." The Coercion Bill. London, April 1.— Gladstone rose and walked alone down into the opposition lobby, all the members of the opposition standing and cheering him as he did so. On returning to the house he was again loudly cheered. The motion for cloture was carried by a vote of 361 to 253, aud the first reading of the bill was agreed to without division. Parnell's speech, which was one of the best he ever made, and was an unusually fiery peroration. He commenced to speak in solemn tones, almost causing a sensa tion. Gladstone's whole opposition fre quently applauded his remarks. The op position consider Balfour's case pulverized by his speech. Fatal Bailroad Accident. GALVESTON, April 1.—A special from San Antonio, Texas, to the News says: Last night, while Assistant General Man ager Knitschnitt and party were traveling over the Southern Pacific railway on a tour of inspection, the special train which car ried them was ditched east of this city. The accident was caused by a broken wheel. The car occupied by the railway men was turned upside down. Mr. Knits chnitt and Superintendent Adams received severe cuts about the head, and a brake man was serously, if not fatally, injured. The Fisheries Trouble. Ottawa, April 1.— W. F. Whitcher, ex Commissioner of Fisheries, publishes a letter endorsing the opinion of Hon. Win. McDougall, in regard to the construction to be placed upon that part of the treaty of 1878, covering the rights of American fishermen in Canadian ports. Whitcher says that such a thing as preventing the people from selling bait to Americans or preventing the latter from purchasing it was never contemplated. What the trainers of the treaty designed to do was to prevent American fishermen from fishing for bait with seins or otherwise within the three mile limit. Burned to Death. Fort Bidwell, Cal., March 31.—J. B. Bolin's residence at Cedarville, this county was destroyed by fire last night. Bolin was absent at the time; his wife, three boys and two girls were asleep when the fire began. The girls escaped, hut the three boys, aged seven, teu anil filteeu were burned to death. Mrs. Bolin " .is seriously injured trying to rescue the children and is in a precarious condition.