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MEN WHO WILL ADMINISTER THE INTERSTATE COMMERCE LAW. Fortralts and Short lîioçrapliioal Skrtrlirt of Messrs. Cooley, Morrison, i Sohooniuaker, Walker and Bragg—A Hoard Composed Entirely of Lawyers. The question of most intense interest just now to railroad managers, and indeed to the great mass of Americans, whose prosperity depends so largely on railroads, i« as to the practical operation of the interstate com merce bill. And it is not to l»e wondered at that opinions vary, from the warmest eulogy to the most extravagant denunciation; for the act is not only a novelty in American legislation, but its provisions are so complex that the w isest lawyers differ radically as to their proper construction, and the most ex perienced managers are hopelessly at sea as to their practical effect. While the bill contains many regulating provisions, public interest centers chiefly on Uvo. One prohibits what is called "pooling;" the other forbids discrimination in charges, other than that corresponding with distance, between long and short hauls. In other words, a railroad company is forbidden, some slight exceptions aside, to charge more than one-tenth as much for hauling a ton 100 miles as for hauling it 1,000 miles. It has long been the cause of angry complaint that com peting lines between cities 500, 1,000 or 1,500 miles apart hauled freight at a bare margin altove cost and indemnified themselves by j extortionate charges between adjacent points where there was no competition. Against this alleged abuse section 4 of the bill is aimed, and there the controversy will arise; for the section is confessedly am- i biguous, and contains exceptions and reserva tions on which lawyers may exercise their ingenuity at great length. The commission eismust decide upon the force and effect of this and other important sections; and it is reasonably certain the matter will go before the Federal courts and must lie finally passed upon by the supreme court before its mean ing will be generally accepted. Judge Thomas M. Cooley, of Michigan; lion. William R. Morrison, of Illinois; Hon. Augustus Sehoonmaker, of New York; Hon. Aldace T. Walker, of Vermont, and Gen. W. L. Bragg, of Alabama, appointed by Presi dent Cleveland to execute this law, are all lawyers noted for their experience in ques tions affecting railroads. WILLIAM R. MORRISON. THOMAS M. COOLEY | ALDACE T. WALKER. W. L. BRAGG. AUGUSTUS SCHOONMAKER. Thomas M. Cooley was born in Attica, N. Y., Jan. 0, 1824, and after acquiring a fair education studied law at Palmyra, and re moved to Michigan, where he served as dep uty clerk and register in chancery. In 1857 he was chosen by the legislature to compile the laws of Michigan, and did tho work with such ability tliat he was immediately after named to organize the law department of the state university at Ann Arbor. He was the first professor appointed to deliver lectures on law in that de]iartment, and also served as reporter of the supreme court, In 1804 he was elected justice of the supreme court of Michigan, a place he filled for twenty-one years with marked ability. His work entitled, "Constitutional Limitations of Legislative Powers in the States," ranks among the great American legal classics. In JSS6, Judge Gresham, of the United States circuit court for the circuit including Indiana, appointed him receiver of the Wabash Rail way company, and he was engaged in that work when named as commissioner. His ap pointment as receiver was regarded as the best that could have been made, and his present appointment gives equal satisfaction. He is a man of austere morals, strictly tem perate, an indefatigable worker and in poli tics a Republican. William R. Morrison's career as a lead ing Democratic congressman is too recent and well known to require detail. He was born in Monroe county, Illinois, Sept. 14, 1825; graduated at McKendell college in that state, entered soon after on the practice of law and served four terms in the Illinois legis lature. Ho has served eight terms in the national house of representatives. He and Judge Cooley are therefore men of national reputation and tho most widely known mem bers of the commission. Augustus Scboonmaker has so far only a state reputation, but in New York he ranks high as lawyer, legislator and judge. He was born March 2, 1828, in Kingston, N. Y. ; ob tained only a good, common school education, and was admitted to the bar in 1853. Ten years after ho was elected judge of the court for Ulster county and filled that place eight years. In 1875 he was elected to the state senate as a Democrat, and in 1877 was chosen attorney general over Lyman Tremaine by a majority of 11,541. In 1879 he was defeated for the same office by Hamilton Ward. He has taken a rather active part in politics and served as delegate to three national Demo cratic conventions. Aldace T. Walker is a native of Vermont, and is 47 years old. In 1861 he entered the army as a lieutenant and rose to be lieu tenant colonel. He then studied law in the office of Judge Edmunds, now senator from tliut state, and after practicing a few years in New York city, returned to Rutland, Vermont, where he resides. He has won a very high reputation as a railroad lawyer, and is the author of the Vermont railroad commission bill, adopted in 1S8G. He is an active und enthusiastic Republican, and Ids appointment is said to be offensive to the Democratic leaders of his state, who allege that he was chosen at the instance of Senator Edmunds. Gen. Walter L. Bragg is the only southern member of t he commission. He was born in Alabama in 1838, but resided in Arkansas from 1843 to 1861. He was educated at Har vard university and Cambridge Law school; and after the war settled in Alabama in the practice of the law. In 1881 he was made president of the Alabama state railroad com mission, and during his four years in that office adjusted many questions concerning the power of the state and tlie rights of railroads, his decisions giving great satisfaction to the people, but not to the companies. He was one of the first six>keu of as a member of the national commission, and a powerful light was made against his appointment; but President Cleveland made a careful examina tion of his work in Alabama and pronounced Auin eminently qualified for the place. She Trusted the Lord. m First Christian Lady—Ise gwine terchutch to tank de Laud dey ain't no mo' erfquakes. Ain't y o' gwine, too, my sister? Second Lady—No, no, my sister, I no gwinel Will you attend de brick cliutch? First Lady—Do brick cliutch fu' tru', but don' yo' trus' do Laud ? Second Lady—I trus' de I-and, aw my sis tar, I trus' uni, but I aeber fool wid um.— Ufa. WASHINGTON LETTER. A CORRESPONDENT DESCRIBES A PRESIDENTIAL RECEPTION. Hoit tlie IVople of This Blessed Beptlb» lie I'lork to the Executive Mansion to Behold the I'irst Man and tlie First Lady of tlie Land. [Special Correspondence.] Washington, March 2$.— People who never saw a White House reception—and I supposa that not half a million of our fifty millions ever did—think they would like to. and main - think they could not see enough of them. Weil, they could. There are thousands of good people here at the capital who could see the«e big social affairs as often as they chose to walk a few blocks from their fire sides, and they never see one after they have seen their filmst. Still, it is a scene that one may well endure something in order to behold at least oncai It is worth an American's interest liecause it is an entertainment given at the first mansion of the land to the people. No citizen of any other land enjoys an equal honor. In the first place these receptions are always given in the White House, and that venerable old mansion w as designed by its architect, Hoban, for the purpose. It may be said that ho did not succeed, but he did not know how large and populous our country would in time be come, nor how tho old house would be thronged when tho people want to pay their respects to the man the}' have chosen to be president, in common with many other in stitutions founded by the men who made our system of government, the White House has turned out to be a very different thing from w hat it was intended. It is a grand old saying, of which English speaking people are very proud, that "every man's home is his castle." But here is an exception in the White House. The president of the United States is invited to enter it and make it his home, but not to imagine for a mo ment that it is by any means his castle. His front door may be opened by the hum blest bootblack in the nation, if he be clean and decent, at any hour of the day, and al most any hour of the night. Everybody may wijie his feet on the beautiful carpets in his parlor or even on the lace curtains that trail on the floor, if he so please. All day long, every day in the week, men, women and children straggle in and out of the famous east room, which, although it is not exactly the parlor of the president's house (for he has several other parlors to which the public has the entree only on stated occasions), yet was intended originally as the parlor of the house, and corresponds to what in nine-tenths of the homes in this country is the parlor. ... Aêîi lr ■ « m «II Jah m i - u ___ AT THE RECEPTION. This house, in which the head of the nation lives, is unlike any other house in another respect. The tide of humanity that rolls into it at one of these big receptions enters not by the door, but by a window. The double doors under the big porch are kept closed. This is necessary in order to have a place for tho marine band in the hall. A bridge reaches from one of tho windows in the offico hall, over tho basement area, to tho walk. Over this is stretched an awning which extends also some distance along the walk. On rainy nights this is something of a convenience— not to shelter all who come, for it could cover not fifty of tho 10,000 people who some* times press into tho AVhite House at a singlo reception, but it serves to give people a little chance to get less wet than they would be just before entering. The crowd begins to gather early. Sometimes a long string of early birds lines the curving sidewalk that leads to the White House porch. First come first served is here, as elsewhere, the great American precept. At 7 o'clock there are usually enough on hand to satisfy any ordinary host By 8 o'clock the Marine band, resplendent in red flannel and brass buttons, marches in. These brilliantly uniformed fellows are all enlisted men, who get $21 a month. The leader, Sousa, also an enlisted man, gets $90 a month. This famous band first performed at the White House on New Year's day, 1822, and has made music at every great entertainment, levee, reception, funeral or parade held at the capital since it was organized. Its origin was a funny one. Some of our ships, cruising in the Mediterranean in the early years of this century, picked up a lot of Italians who were playing on tlie streets of a little seacoast town. They were kept on shipboard for their music, and on reaching this country were sent to the capital to play at parties and balls. This little handful of Italians was the nucleus of the Marine band. Some of the descend ants of these musicians are now among the wealthiest professional and business men at the capital. The members of the band live in the Marine barracks, are allowed to marry, keep shops and stores and play at the theatres and at private parties, when not required for official occasions. The band always plays at a presidential reception the original state tune of "Hail Columbia," the music of which was written in Washington's first term by Pfyles, the leader of the only orchestra in New York at the time. In John Adams' time Judge Hopkinson wrote "Hail Colum bia" and put it to Pfyles'tune. Up to that time the music was known as "The Presi dent's March." There are of course many kinds of recep tions at the White House. We are thinking now particularly of those to which the public are invited. There are especial receptions for the diplomatic representatives of foreign governments, officers of the army and navy, judges of the supreme court, senators and members of congress. These affairs are very brilliant. The diplomats attend decked out in their court uniforms, 6ome of which are magnificently emblazoned with gold lace. The dapper Japanese, the Chinaman, wear ing his stiff, rich silks, tho Turk in his red turban, are there observed and observing. These receptions, exclusive as they are, take on the greatest importance in the eyes of society people. The presence of so many foreigners tends to reduce conversation to a minimum. Although the numlier of people |n attendance is limited, the mansion is gener ally crowded. The ladies are there, and the magnificence of their toilets is something that it would take a cross between 8 hakes peare and Worth to describei The president's receptions are announced through the newspapers. When it is stated that they are public no further invitation is necessary. All strangers at the capital are at liberty to call. Etiquette prescribes no part.eular dress. You will see all colors, all styles, all degrees of wear and tear. The public reception is no respecter of persons. Children go, old men who can stand the strain of waiting are there, and our colored brethren come also. The hours are from 8 to 10 p.m., but they lengthen out to 11 and sometimes 12. At 8 o'clock, wheu the door keepel's at the window receive the word to admit the wait ing throng, the White House and the grounds present a busy and exciting scene. The curved carriage way, from gate to gate, is covered with carriages and cabs, packed away side by side, while a continuous stream of other cabs and carriages rolls and rattles in one gate and out the other, while Pennsyl vania avenue, in front of the White House, is packing full of vehicles. J AFTER TIIE RECEPTION. It takes quite a number of well trained at j tendants to manage the immense crowds, j These at the window, who admit the throng j pressing over the bridge, are tall, sturdy fel ! lows, who can in a moment bar the way and stem tlie oncoming tide. They stand back until thirty or forty people have entered the house, when they cut off the stream of hu manity'. In this way all the evening they keep the crowd from overflowing all control, and make it possible for every one to spend some time in the AVhite House and then de part, making room for those who are still waiting. Various ways of handling the crowd after it has entered the building have been followed. The usual course is to send the stream of callers up the office stairs into the main hall on the second floor, down its length to the private staircase, down again to the main hall on the first floor, along to the door of tho red room, through this room into the blue room where the president receives, thence into the green room and the east room. Each person is presented to the presi dent by the marshal of the district, to whom the caller has first announced his name. Then he is presented to Mrs. Cleveland by the superintendent of public grounds and build ings. At present both these officials bear the name of Wilson. The former is always a resident of the district, the latter is an army officer detailed for this duty. Tlie ladies who assist at these receptions are the wives of cab inet ministers, or, in their absence, whoever of their household is there to represent them. The room back of the line, in which stand the president and his wife and the ladies assist ing, is filled with ladies and gentlemen who have been specially invited to the reception. In the east room there is a general com mingling of everybody. The main hall and the east room are beautifully decorated with flowers and palms. All the evening they aro densely crowded with people who really seem to be enjoying themselves in observation of these present and conversation upon every thing of interest. This, of course, is the pleasantest part of the reception. The long hours of waiting are past, the stiff and stale form of being presented to the president is over, and one has time to catch his breath and chat a little if he pleases. There are celebrities all about you—generals and judges, authors and inventors, philanthropists and multi millionaires. It is like any other mass of Americans: the rich, tha poor, the fashion able, the common, the titled, the obscure, the vulgar, the cultured, the learned, the ignor ant—these are all here. The faces are various and the most of them unknown to us, but to one who has spent a year or two in AVashing ton they seem quite familiar. Even if we do not know the names we know the faces, and if we do not know the faces we know the types. By listening one may learn more. For instance, listen I Two well dressed ladies in street dress aro talking at our left. "What a jam!" "Oh, it's nothing to the Democratic from Away Back. The Courier-Journal belongs to this class. It is a Democrat dyed in the wool, a yard wide, and warranted not to fade. It is a Democrat, and not afraid or ashamed of its Democracy. It is a Democrat from the head waters of bell for sartin and the forks of way back. It can drink out of a tin cup, but pre fers a gourd. It can wear a biled shirt, but prefers homespun. It looks back to the days of the log rolling, the quiltin' and the fish fry as the halcyon days of the republic, and would restore the simple morality which doubted the virtue of making money by swindling and the wisdom of inventions designed to increase the population by steam. It is sometimes called a Bourbon ; and, if to be this is to be a Bourbon, then Bourbon it is, and we are proud of the title. And, please God, we shall try and keep the old log heap burning on the hill—with light for the blind and warmth for the chilled—through the long, dark night of cowardice, ignorance and disaffection.—Louisville Courier-Journal. There were 500 more marriages in New York city in 18SG than in 1885. Not less than 1,590 widowers were married again, the number being 345 in excess of the widows. About 3,000 of the brides were under 20years of age. Only one man was married for the fourth time, and only one for the fifth time. —Harper'*, Bazar. "What a jam!" "Oh, it's nothing to the last one." "Who are those horrid people yon der?" "That man with tho lop eye?" "Yes, and the girl with the bony neck." "Those are the AVillowwigs." "You don't say. Why he's literary." "Yes, and that's his daughter she's engaged to Lieut. Fortune, and they are going to build here next year." "Isn't Mrs. Cleveland entrancing?" "Lovely; and she don't give in to fashion, either." "Her neck, you mean?" "Yes." "But she might." "Yes, she has a magnificent neck." "AA'hy do we always call it neck?" "Even when we mean almost half the body." "Hush!" "These are the Highcheeks; he used to keep a saloon." "And she took in washing." "But they've got 40,000,000 now." "They' show very' little of their vulgar beginnings." " AVhen their mouths aro shut." "Did >'ou see them in their box at the opera last night?" "Did you ever see such a dis play? I know he was tipsy." "Well if she wasn't!" "Look there!" "It's Congressman Van Gelt." "He can hardly write his name, and never makes a speech, because he can't read it." "His wife has gold teeth. Did you ever notice? Tho whole set is built of solid gold on the old roots." "She must be a bril liant conversationalist." "Yes, wheu she opens her mouth wide." This is enough to show that human nature is a good deal the same here as elsewhere. The assemblage gradually pours itself out through the arched doorway, through which for eighty odd years so many presidents have passed to greet their callers daily or semi weekly. In the main hall the throng soon resolves itself into a procession, with a current set in toward the con servatory'. It is here the president, they say, told his love to pretty Miss Folsom. In sooth all these rooms are rich in associations. In the east room, we just left, Nellie Grant was married. There the body of Lincoln lay the day after he was struck down. There even staid John Quincy Adams danced with Dolly Madison. There Jackson exercised his hounds. There Tad Lincoln played horse with his father. There the little Lamont girls aired their dollies during their sojourn iu the White House in the summer of 1885. At length the stream of people winds its way back through the main hall and out through Louis Tiffany's artistic glass parti tion into the ante hall, and once again out under the portico into the fresh aiT. It has been a long, tedious, exciting evening. Y'our spine feels as if it would drop out, your bead aches, your legs are numb with hours of standing. Once is enough! John Aye. THE DEAD PASTOR. Soma Stories About the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher. [Special Correspondence ] New York, March 14. —The newspapers will be full of stories about Henry Ward Beecher for weeks. Here is one he once told of himself: At one time the faculty decided that the religious tone of the Amherst college, where he studied, needed to be raised, and resolved upon a visitation of the students in their room for that purpose. One day he saw Professor Burgess, an immensely tall man, making his way up stairs toward his (Beecher's) room,and, anticipating a visit from him, he hustled all his chairs but one, the legs of which had been shortened one-half, into his wood closet. Seated with a bo"k, on his low chair, he bade the professor come in, and of course proffered him the seat. Back ing up before it, the tall professor stooped and began sounding for it, and at length suc ceeded in touching bottom and settled down, bringing his knees quite up into his face and presenting altogether a very comical aspect. For himself, repressing his risibilities with an j iron nerve, Mr. Beecher said he stood and ' meekly awaited the expected homily. But j the professor, under the circumstances, proved 1 unequal to it, and after a moment's inspeo j tion of his knees burst into a loud laugh, in which Beecher heartily joined him, and, with the remark that he believed he would call again, he struggled to a perpendicular and bowed bimself out. Joe Howard, writing for a New York paper over a year ago, told this story; "Beecher was always a great swimmer. There was in those days near Fulton ferry a huge floating bath house kept by an old time exhorter named Gray. Thitb er Mr. Beecher used to go in his younger days, with head long jump, plunge deep into the East river waves, spouting and puffing with all the energy of a full developed whale, an expert swimmer, a diver better than any boy in the City of Churches. The price for a bath was a shilling, and I shall never forget the odd sensation I experienced one day when, meet ing the dominie in the street, he asked if 1 would go down to the ferry and take a bath. I was about 8 years old, and not overburdened with spending money, and blnntly told him 1 would like to go first rate but I hadn't got the shilling. A quizzical look spread all over his ruddy face as, laughingly, he took me by the hand and said: 4 Come along; when you ask a young lady to take icecream with you you don't expect her to pay for it, do y< u?' " Beecher's habit of reading when traveling on railroad trains favored both his eyes and his brain. He did not ]>ore over a book con stantly', but satisfied himself with leisurely references to it. After reading not to exceed a l>age and a lialf he used to drop the booll into bis lap and rest in reflection and window gazing for a few minutes before Le resumed his reading. This process of bool, study wai gone over with uniform exactin'* had enough "inwardly digested," a doze till refreshed and then book again. They say that he had little idea of the value of money, and a well known writer tells this story to back it dp: '•I was passing the office of J. B. Ford & Co., when they were his publishers years ago, and Samuel Wilkinson, one of the firm, called me in to show me the proofs of the illustrations of the first volume of the 'Life of Christ,' on which Mr. Beecher was then engaged. 1 had admired a great many of the prints when AVilkinson, coming to a new one, suddenly snatched it up and exclaimed : 'Fee that nowl There is an illustration of Mr. Beecher's ig norance of the value of money. That steel plate cost $400 and he has made a correction which compels the re-engraving of the whole.' It was the title page, beautifully executed on steel. It read, as engraved, 'Life of Jesus Christ by Henry AVard Beecher,' etc. But on the margin was written in cramped characters, to be inserted after 'Jesus' and before 'Christ' a comma and the word 'the,' the latter looking so like a capital 'H' that I read it so aloud; whereupon AA'ilkinson laughingly explained what it was. Beecher laughed over it a year or two later when I told him of it, and admitted that the idea of the peculiar title had come to him after the volume had been written, and he at once adopted it without the slightest thought of the cost to his publishers." But everybody agreed that he was a great preacher. AV'alter AVibebly. When hf went into ■nt to thf HANS VON BULOW. Shut Out of Had First Night—His Temper. [Special Correspondence ] London, March 7. —They produced Bu fer's new opera, "Merlin" in Berlin the other night, and it was a great success. But there was not more interest in the performance itself than in the treatment that was accorded Hans Von Bulow, the celebrated pianist. For they wouldn't let him in, and this in spite of the fact that he had a ticket, the same as everybody else who wanted to get in. AA T by did they do this? Be £ cause he had criti ^cised the manage ment of the thea tre. Von Bulow has a very trenchant HANS von bulow. pen and a very keen tongue, and he is always gettmg into trouble. During the latter part of 1884 he made a public exhibition of himself in Vienna. At a concert attended by the leading members of the aristocracy he stepped forward to the front of the platform, and, taking from his pocket The Fremdenblatt, addressed the audience in a tone of mingled ill temper and irony. He said that the journal in question had found fault with his previous rendering of Beethoven's "Egmont," and that, as he would not like to wrong the great composer again, his orchestra would play instead the "Academical Overture" of the Austrian Brahms. The public indignantly protested, and called for Beethoven's overture, which, after some hesitation on the part of Herr von Bulow, was produced. Brahms' "Academi cal Overture" was then expected, but Herr von Bulow, after putting on his overcoat, once more addressed the audience. "I can not render it on the pianoforte," he said, "and my musicians are too tired to play it them selves." It would be difficult to descrilie the angry feeling roused among the public of Vienna at that time by Herr von Bulow's behavior. It is questionable whether he will ever be asked to play in Vienna again. The Wrong Man's Deal. It is Mr. Blumenthal's deal, and Mr. Cohen polishes his glasses hurriedly with a view to making a careful survey of the shuffle. Mr. Blumenthal's friend, Mr. Dinkelstein, consid ers it an appropriate occasion for a remark: "Mister Cohen, I heart you vas a cood chudeh of diamonds. Vill you gincHy look at dis chenuine blue vite, soffen carat"- "Ox guse me," replies Mr. Cohen without remov ing his eyes from the pack, "I giffs no atten tion to diamonds on Chakey Blumenthal's deal. I vas lookin' for glubs."—New York Sun. The Unsatisfied Wail. Soon the frost will have taken Its grip from the earth. And the spring time awaken Birds, flowers and mirth; No more on the paving AVe'll drop with a thud; Instead, we'll be raving— "Great Cæsar, what mud!" —Boston Budget. On an average 30,000 books a year are now published. JENNY JUNE. She Wonders If Education Teaches Us Anything After All. [Special Correspondence.] New York, March 14. —Does education teach us anything? I begin to doubt it, and I think it would at any rate be a fair question for a debating society. Men and women learn all sorts of things nowadays, but they do not seem to think of applying what they have learned, or at least what they have been taught, to the circumstances of every day life. We study equations and the calculus, but we have not learned to number our houses so that they can lie seen, even in broad daylight. We talk about ventilation, but we shut our selves up in furnace heated houses or stove heated rooms, c es .lent cracks or crevices that admit a breath ot fresh air, and discuss the latest scientific developments in sanitation in rooms that ars filled with atmospheric malaria. Our street cars and public buildings have still no means of changing the air or ad mitting it from outside but by opening win dows and making a draught, which is death to nervous and sensitive people. The Nineteenth Century club of New York, the latest exponent and collective represen tative of modern thought and culture, asks for "evening dress," upon its cards of Invitation, from women, to whom evening dress means the lowest of low necked bodices and no sleeves at all. This in a public art gallery where the meetings are held, which will hold 700 or 800 people, and where the only means of ventilation which has ever been tried is that of laboriously and with much noise opening great sliding windows, which pour in a perfect blast, and are then as labori ously ground back into place, and the room again made a hermetically sealed can. It is said that one lady is dying of pneumonia from these severe alternations, but more, one would suppose, would die of asphyxia. It is curious, but there is a great deal of fact in imagination. I never go into a street car that I do not find its atmos phere so bad that I want to get out of it as quickly as possible. There are ventilators, but not one is ever opened. Twice every day Isay to a con ductor: "Please open some of those ventilators, the air in this car is poisonous." He perhaps opens one, or two—generally on the same side—with a jerk, and some rheumatic person glares at me, but I feel happy, all the same, for I know the air of that car will be better when I leave it than when I entered it. The work of the imagination is seen in the con viction of the rheumatic individual that he is suffering from that purification of the air. If be had not seen it, if a certain amount of ventilation was effected as a matter of course, he would simply feel the beneficial effect of it and not dream of injury; but it is the revolu tionary aspect, the sight of fresh air, which frightens him. It is hardly to be believed h}w many people still sleep with their windows closed tightly, and rendered even more deadly with weather strips. They may read all the books on sanitary science, attend courses of lectures on hygiene, know Professor Huxley by heart— it does not make a particle of difference, they stick to their habits and their traditions, in spite of what they know. If we are to look for education and its re sults anywhere outside academy walls, it should lie in such well dressed anl refined looking assemblages of people as are seen at tlie Metropolitan opera house and the best theatres. Yet the interruptions, the parade, the talking, the laughter interpolated upon the performance by ignorant idiots, who have not brains enough to understand the artistic interest or sense to appreciate the rights of others, are daily subjects of complaint, and have become a real dread to those who go with a serious purpose. The well merited re buke which came from Miss Genevieve Ward to a theatre party who occupied a stage box during her engagement in Philadelphia shows that other cities besides New York are afflicted with this class of illiteracy. Great artists, accustomed to respectful treatment, and absorbed in their work, are startled from it as by a shock, or confused by the giggling and irrelevant sounds which have nothing to do with the work in hand. Miss AA'ard stopped her speech while such an unseemly exhibition and disturbance was in progress, and, addressing herself to the delinquents, said sweetly: "I am really afraid we are dis turbing you. Shall we go on?" A few such lessons might teach even ignorance itself something; but few artists have the presence of mind of this highly trained and experi enced actress. Jenny June. WASHINGTON NOTES. Something About Three Very Rich Statesmen. [Special Correspondence.! Washington, March 22.—I saw some $125,000,000 leaning against a section of the senate wall, not larger than four feet wide and six feet high, not long ago. The wall stood tho weight very well, and the two men who represented it did not appear to be heavily burdened. They were Leland Stan ford, of California, who is said to b9 worth $75,000,000, and James G. Fair, of Nevada, who is said to lie worth $50,000,000, The two millionaires were talking earnestly together. Stanford had his hands in his pockets, and Fair was fingering his black watch chain. The immense wealth of the two men was not shown by their clothes. Neither of them wore pui ple or fine linen, and their two suits together cost probably not more than $70. They wore no jewelry, and I noted that Stanford's eyeglasses were rimmed with black rubber. They had good, strong faces, and that of Fair was rather intellectual and clas sic. Fair is the grayer headed man of the two, and his hair and beard are now of a dark iron gray. Stanford's hair is dark brown and his beard has a reddish tinge. Both men are tall and well made. Both have good physiques, and I doubt not both sleep well of nights. A generation ago neither was making over $1,500 a year, and now each of them must have an income of more than that a day. Verily, tlie truth of great fortunes is stranger than the fictions of Monte Christo. Speaking of Senator Fair, I saw his suc cessor. William M. Stewart, the other day. He does not look much like his picture, and his hair is now as white as snow. His beard is a great long bunch of frosted silver, and the top of his head bids fair to become bald if the thinning process continues to go on with advancing years. Nevertheless, Senator Stewart is a fine looking man. He is fully six feet tall, is as straight as a Norwegian pine, and weighs, I should judge, nearly 200 pounds. He has a rosy, fair complexion, blue eyes, which look out under white brows, and regular features. I saw him talking with Senator Fair and I noted that the two men were of about the same build. Senator Stewart is now 00 years old, and it is a gener ation since he was elected to the senate as the first senator from Nevada in 1864. He served then twelve years and he left the senate to re side in San Francisco. He lives very finely there and is a man of wealth. His house, which the Chinese legation occupies here, is a castle iu appearance, and it rents for a sum equal to the salary of the chief justice of the United States. Senator Stewart is a man of much education and culture. He is a graduate of Yale, and western men tell me he is one of the finest lawyers on the Pacific coast. He is a self made man, and began life as a farmer's boy in New Y'ork. He taught school for the money which sent him to college, and went west at the beginning of the gold fever anil made a fortune. He lost this and made another, and repeated the ex perience several times since then, though his wealth at present is said to be much less than when he was in the senate before, and when he built the palace which is so valuable now, but which was so long known as Stew art's folly. He wll be an important addition to the Republican side of the chamber,_and will. I doubt not, be one of the leading social entertainers' ■ he next season. J'URx. I * |0lD CAÜl ONLY IN DR.PRICES SPECIAL flAVORIHÇ NATURAL FRUIT FLAVORS MOST PERFECT MADE. Prepared with strict regard to Purity, Strength, and Healthfulness. Dr. Price's Baking Powder contains no Ammonia, Lime, Alum or Phosphates. Dr. Price's Extracts, Vanilla, Lemon, Orange, etc., flavor deliciously. Price Baking Powder Co. OHIOAGO. ST. LOUIS. and ■Flower SEEDS Poultry owe RS addresö W ATLEE ANNUAL FOR 1887 Will be sent FKEK to all who write for it. It is a Handsome Book of 128 nage«, with hun dreds of illustrations. Three Uolored Plate«, and tells all about TIIK BEST Harden, Farm Bulbs, Plants. Thoroughbred Stork and Fauev describes KARR NOVELTIES in VEGETABLES and ll value, which cannot be obtained elsewhere. Send for the most complete Catalogne published, to BURPEE & CO- PHILADELPHIA. PA. w 3 m-feb !0 Established 1864. A. G. CLARKE. THOMAS CONRAD. J. C. CURTIN. CLARKE, CONRAD & CURTIN Importers of and Jobbers and Bétail Dealers in Heavy Shelf and Building HARDWARE. SOLE AGENTS FOR THE Celebrated "Superior" and Famous Acorn COOKING AND HEATING STOVES, AND W. G. Fisiier's Cincinnati WronUt Iron Ranges for Hotels and Family Use. --o--- Iron, Steel, Horse and Mule Shoes, Nails, Mill Supplies, Hoes, Belt ing, Force and Lift Pumps, Cutlery, House Furnishing Goods, Centennial Réfrigéra Lors, lee Chests, Ice Cream Freezers, Water Coolers Etc., Etc. Vlaifor« Iq the City are respeetfnlly invilrtl to call nn*l Examine onr Good« anti price« betöre purchasing. ALL ORDRES RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION AND SHIPMENT. CLARKE, CONRAD & CURTIN, 32 and 34 Main Street, - Helena, M. T. What Mr. Beyer says:,,:; .Catalog^ Please :ccpt my best thanks for the splendid seeds received from your firni. It would be a rather lm«thy list if 1 should name all, but will say that amongst 3â first, and 3 second premiums awarded me at our fairs in Northern Indiana and Southern Michigan 2k first premiums were for vege tables raised from jour seeds. What firm can beat ' August Beyer, So. Bend, Ind. 1 of this quality I am now ready to sell to every one who tills a farm or plants a garden, sending them FREI! my Vegetable and Flower Seed « 'atalocue, for 1MS7. Old customers need not write for it. 1 catalogne this season the native Wild potato. JAS. J. II. (iREBORV, Seed Grower, Marblehead,Mass. wlteow-feblO 'this? SANDS BROS. New Arrival of WALL PAPER, CARPETS, AND HOUSE FU RNISHIN G GOODS. We carry tlie largest line of the above stock in Mon tana. Orders receive prompt attention. SANDS BROS. A. P. CURTIN. Jackson Street, near Postoffice. FURNITURE! Three spacious Warerooms filled with all kinds of Kitchen, Parlor and Chamber Furniture, Office Desks, Pictures, Wall Paper and Carpets. Purchases of the manufacturers direct in large quantities. Irish Holdings. London, March 31.—In the House of Lords to-night Earl Cardigan (Conserva tion) presented a bill providing for the pur chase of Irish holdings, or, in other words for the abolition of the system of owner ship created by the act of 1881. It was proposed, he said, to admit lease-holders to the benefit act of 1881. [Cheers] Lease holders whose leases have expired prior to 1881 (numbering 160,000) were to be admitted to the benefit act of 1881 in the same manner as those whose leases expired in that year. Expelled front Germany. Paris, April 3.—Antoine, protes tor del egate to Reichstag, who was expelled from Germany, has arrived at Pagni. In an interview to-day, he said : "I was sitting in Cafe Turc at Metz, as was my custom at 10 o'clock at night, when a detective en teral, glanced around and departed. Then a sub-inspector of police entered, placed me under arrest and informed me that I mnst leave the country immediately. The police accompanied me to my home where I bade adieu to my wife and family and did not leave me until I was on the fron tier.