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FISK BROS. Publishers. R. E. FISK,......Editor THURSDAY, APRIL 14, 1887. The President has promised Governor Church, of Dakota that he will appoint Dakotians to office and will be guided in his selections by Church's advice. Very likely the same rule will be applied to other Territories and it would work well. The London millers in recent asssem blage have resolved that free trade is a humbug that has reduced agriculture in England to a ruinous hobby instead ot a protitable occupation. Many of the flour ing mills are already closed and all of the others are working on half time. Minne apolis is the trouble. The addition of lighting rods to our ( ourt House was certainly a wise meas ure of security and it has added even to the appearance of the structure and its finish. It will not only add to the secu rity of the Court House itself but to all other buildings within a w ide surrounding portion of the city. Wichita, Kansas, is having about as great a abooin relatively as any city in the country. It is to be a great railroad cen ter having live already completed, two more have their tracks laid, and still three more are surveyed and will soon begin con struction. Real estate transfers have ag gregated two millions a week for the past month. There are 1,200 houses under contract for erection and it is expected that lour millions will be spent in building this season. j I Th e construction of the Manitoba road w ill prove a barrier to Indian raids from the North into the Judith and Musselshell valleys this season, which the residents will appreciate. The people generally in those sections seem to have little faith in the pretection of the troops. After the losses of the winter the stockmen are not in humor to tolerate Indian raids, but will settle the raiders in severalty whenever they are found marauding. i ( It is not yet decided whether the pro hibition amendment in Michigan is carried or defeated. Its strength lies mostly in the country which is the last to be heard from. If defeated the result rests with j the temperance voters, for it is fair to say that a large share of the best temperance j people think more real prohibition can lie practically secured through high license than by nominal prohibition, which in many localities will be free rum. We are very decidedly of the opinion that a com bination of high license and local option will prove the best practical check upon intemperance of anything yet devised in the present state of local development. The national railroad commission is overwhelmed with business and its first decision will be watched with great in terest. The roads have put themselves in shape to comply substantially with the law and increase their profits. Many are pleading exceptional torms in the way of low through rates to meet competition. It seems strange to us that so few railroad companies seem to think it possible to conform the local rates to the law, though confident that it would soon lead to such an increase of local business that they would be less and less dependent upon through traffic for support. Let them make the trial and prepare for a surprise. Gov. Leslie has issued a proclamation setting apart the 17th of May, prox., for Arl>or Day, in accordance with the pro visions of an act passed by our last Legis lature. We sincerely hope all the people of Montana will enter into the spirit and carry out the purpose of this act. With proper eelection of trees and preparation of grounds and attention afterwards, there is not a doubt that trees of many kinds both ornamental and useful, can be grown on our city lots and on our ranches, that in a lew years will beautify the face of our country, give us shade, fruit, song birds, fuel, protection from drouth, wind, and in many other ways minister to our com fort and use. Italy with an area of only 114,380 Square miles, which is 32,000 square miles less than Montana, has a population of ;50,u00,O00, nearly one half as much as the whole United States. The debt of Italy is at present twice as large as crura. While our national revenues ex ceed our expenditures $100,000,000 an nually, those of Italy fall short of expen ditures by about $20,000,000 in the most prosperous years. Such a costly, exhaus tive struggle to maintain its place among the great powers of Europe is leading to bankruptcy and ruin as fast as possible and the end cannot be far off'. There is one possible hope of escape and it is »mating that Italian statesmen do not seize upon it at once. Dreams of imperial ambition must be dismissed, nine-tenths of its armies should he disbanded and its soldiers dismissed to engage in some pro ductive industry. In this way the bur dens of debt and taxation may be gradually lifted, and its half-starved peo ple might be better fed aud regain a ful ler physical development. The Alps with the Mediterranean and Adriatic are the natural boundaries and defences of the country. Natural jealousy of France, Ger many and Austria would be a better se curity against invasion than all the arm ies and navies that drain the resources of the country and take the bread from the months of its children. Much as Italians love their sunny and historic land, the cry for bread is imperious and will drive them into flight to save their existence. A very large emigration is now going from Italy to South America and might be induced to settle our Southern States if any eff ort were made to secure it. A GENERAL KICK. It is not unexpected that the enforce ment of the inter-State commerce law should produce a general kick from those whose toes or corns are stepped on. It was not proposed or passed as a meausure to increase the revenues of the j railroads, but the latter seem to have caught that idea and are applying it in I- such a way. By the abolition of all free passes it was expected to accom plish two things—first, to prevent this in indirect purchase of influence and favors from members of legislatures and others in influential and official positions; and second, by cutting olf such a vast amount of uon-paying business, to en able the roads to make a reduction in regular rates, of which all might enjoy the advantage. It is too soon to tell the result. The railroads have not yet reduced their rates, aud possibly they do not intend to do so. Should this be the case, the public will get no benefit from the law, except in the satisfaction that the majority may feel that the more favored ones under the old system have now to pay as much as the rest. The railroads will get all the benefit from the change. Those who paid before will travel just as much and pay as before, and many who before traveled on free parses will now have to pay. After;a fair trial of the law, perhaps the roads will reduce the regular rates with the view; to increase business in a general and legitimate way. This re duction of rates has been going on over every line in the counfry from the first and we see no reason why it should not continue. As railroad consolidation goes on, the cost of administration is di minished. The cost of construction and repairs is also being steadily reduced, and with this, too, the cost of operation. Independent of all these rea-ons which allow a reduction of rates without di minishing profits, there is the ground business principle that there is more money to be made by doing a large bus iness on a smaller margin of profit, than a small business on a larger margin of profit. As the season advances and the railroads ascertain the results of a gen eral application of the law, we believe there will be a reduction of rates. It is unfair to expect results in advance of the causes that produce them. The kicking so far all comes from those whose passed have been cancelled. It in So as j raises a great noise but the general pub j lie is not particularly disquieted over thi- part of the result. When it comes to the long and short haul feature of the law the case is different. Instead of reducing the short haul rates to correspond with the long haul rates, the railroads either increase the long haul rates so as to maintain the short rates at the old standard, or they petition the commission to use their dis of is cretionary powers to absolve them from the application of the law. Tho com mission has temporarily granted this absolution to the southern roads, and now every other road in the country pre sents a similar demand, and the com mission will stand charged with partiali ty or will have to grant the request. Sea board cities and those situated on the lakes and navigable rivers have an ad vantage over the interior cities in this, that if the railroad rates are increased they can find relief throughjwater trans portation. Chicago already sees its perilous situation. The competition of the St. Marie route would carry all the l'acific commerce away from that city. In summer it will go to Duluth aud the lakes, and by the time the lake The prophets are at work in full force in framing winning tickets for the next Presi and river navigation closes the bridge over the St. Marie river will give an out let for it through Canada, beyond the reach of the inter-state law. Such a result which seems inevitable, will make Chicago the chief seat of complaint and trouble to the commis sion. Its powerful combination of rail road interests is not to be easily con quered or circumvented and we have hopes that it will be strong enough to keep down the long haul rates and give the rest of the country reduced short haul rates. The law was intended to help the country as distinguished from the cities and if it does this it will be a general benefit to tbe country, for the tendency is too great to stimulate the growth of cities at the expense of the country. The cities have advantages enough without this of cheaper rates to insure them steady growth. Give the country a fair and equal show and it will be better for evervbodv. dential election. One enthusiastic, recon structed Georgian writes to the Inter Ocean to suggest Robert Lincoln and Joshua Hill for the Republicans. Another has sug guested General Sheridan and Senator Hawley. Certainly the Republicans will not lack for candidates with Blaine, Sher man, Allison, Edmunds and Ingalls. Among the Democrats the figuring is con fined principally to the second place, The office holders are discreet enough to say little about the first place. But back of that it is considered necessary to Demo cratic success to carry New York, and to do so that State mast furnish the head of the ticket. After the next Presidential elec tion New York will cease to be the pivotal State. The center of population is travel ing west at an accelerated pace. And it is our opinion that the West will both name and elect the next President. Diplomatic Proposals. Paris, April 8.—The Pope has forward ed to the French government proposals, aiming to bring about an understanding with France in reference to the establish ment of diplomatic relations between the Vatican and China. IM MIGRATION. Yesterday's arrival of immigrants at Castle Garden is reported at 4,273, the largest ever noted for a single day at this season of the year. We used to note these arrivals with pride and satis faction. but we do so now with more alloy of anxiety and regret. They are coming too fast for us to properly take care of and make into good citizens. They come in such swarms aud at once join other swarms of the same nationali ty, forming entire foreign communities in this country, with all their conti nental ideas and associations. They will make good American citizens in time, but not so readily as if they came in smaller numbers and were more scat tered among our native population. We have no idea or wish to prevent any one of these exiles from coming. So long as they are healthy, honest and industrious they are material for the building of our nation. Even if they bring nothing but their willing hearts and strong arms, they are more precious than cargoes of gold and silver. In 1882 this immigration amounted to 800, 000. An if each only brought on an average $100, it would amount to $80, 000,000, and the annual earnings of these people would certainly amount to as much more. It really amounts to a great deal more. We sometimes envy Europe for her accumulated treasures of art and costly structures, but they are all of less real value than the immi ; grants that come to us every year. They may be rough, uncut diamonds but they are capable of being fashioned into gems of the rarest beauty and of inestimable value. Our country is not aggressive in arms, our army and navy are ridiculously small. We are not like England, ex tending our conquests iu every quarter of the globe, annexing islands and main land and subjugating uncivilized and half civilized peoples. But we are not the less, iu fact the greatest nation of conquerors in the world. The nations, and the best of them at that, are com ing to us to be conquered. Without the cost to us of a dollar the nations of Europe are coming to our shores and surrendering themselves, not as unwill ing tributary subjects to be kept under restraint by standing armies, but what is vastly better, cheerfully accepting our laws, adapting themselves to our institu tions, aiding us by their daily toil to develop the resources of a country larger and richer than the whole continent of Europe. We shall before many years have more Germans than Germany, j more Scandinavie than Scandinavia, I more English,Scotch and Irish than the British Isles. Compared with such conquests as we are making, those of Alexander, Cæsar and Napoleon are small and ephemeral. Ours are substantial aud lasting. The dross of I 1 , Europe becomes refined gold in the cru cible of these free States. As it costs us nothing to make these conquests it costs us nothing to maintain them. We build no forts to keep foreign subjects in awe We extort no servile impositions from grudging tributaries, yet they contribute to our wealth more than the millions of England's Indian tributaries, or all the hundreds of millions of toiling Asiatics put together. Our deserts, wildernesses and desolate mountain regions, which were, and would otherwise remain worth less, under the magic touch of this eman cipated, willing, resolute toil of hardy European immigrants, are becoming gar dens of plenty aud mines of untold wealth. No nation before ever piled U P * ealth our P eo P le are doing every day and year. One and a half billions is a low estimate, of our annual growth in wealth alone. And what has made it grow, except that which Europe and America both regarded as worthless, not long since. But better than this mate rial wealth are the millions of thrifty, intelligent, self-respecting, independent citizens, which our laws, schools, news papers, institutions are making. It is not foreign commotion or fears of war, or even heavy taxation alone that drives this increasing immigration to our shores. Europe is overpopulated. Between 1870 and 1880, the population of Europe increased some 20,000,000 be sides all those that came to America. Europe could spare two millions every year and still go on increasing. The soil of Europe will not support all that are born upon it. They would have to fight and destroy one another, if there were not some outlet. It is the Emi gration that keeps Europe from wars and enables its poor people to live as well as they du. The millions of Europeans now in this country are drawing others after them by the letters they write, the remit tances they make, the examples of suc cess they offer, so unattainable at home. Every stranger who comes to our shores, finds here some relative or friend, who gives him the benefit of his experience. It is not so hard, or lonely or long a struggle as it was formerly to become Americanized and to reach a condition of comfortable independence. Rough and poor as the condition of some of these immigrants seems to us, they are in comparative luxury to the condition they left at home. This is a fruitful and interesting subject of study. The drummers would be happy now but for the inter-State railroad bill, which makes them pay full fare and has raised the rates of transportation. Larse Arrival of Emigrants. New York, April 8—Four thousand two hundred and seventy-three emigrants were landed to day at Castle Garden. This is the largest Dumber iu one day at this season of the year since Castle Garden was first used as the reception place for •migrants. Albeady the name of the "Manitoba" has become familiar over on Puget Sound, and the conviction is ripening that the great northern line is coming through by the Lewis and CJarke pass, or some other, and will find a shorter route than ehe one j taken by the Northern Pacific. We have little doubt that this will prove to be the case and that the Northern Pacific will not l»e the northernmost of the transcontinen tal roads. Very soon Montana will have continuous railroad connection extending from as far north as Fort Assinal»oine south through the Territory, connecting Benton, Great Falls, Helena, Butte and other points on to Salt Lake, giving each of these cities connection by all the main lines to the Pacific coast from Puget Sound to San Francisco. The advantages of the great land grant roads, the Union and the Northern Pacific, will be largely counter balanced by those built later, in being able to select routes of easier grades and cheaper construction and shorter distance. At the same time the later roads have the further advantage of reduced cost ot construction and of steel rails, which almost equal the advantages secured by the subsidies en ; joyed by the earlier roads. But another railroad feature is assuming prominence and cannot escape notice. A great north and south line that shall stretch from the Dominion to the City of Mexico will soon he in existence as a common feeder to all the transcontinental lines, besides having a large through trade of its own in exchang ing the products of different latitudes. The great Rocky Mountain chain, the true vertebral column of the continent, stored throughout its entire length with exhaust less stoiea of precious and useful metals, is j I I going to be some time the m rf i important part of this country, with railroad lines 1 north and south on either base, and lateral ones extending east and west to both oceans. The Rocky Mountains already loom up as a rival to the great valley of , the Mississippi in wealth and population. The record of fire losses for March was by several millions larger than in any former year and points to the fact that our rapidly growing country builds too hastily to pay proper attention to security and durability. The great fire losses are in the cities, and the main growth of the country in wealth, population and business is in the larger cities. As these become more compactly built, and the houses are run up to greater height, thisdanger increases. It requires as an antidote that greater care should be taken to build more securely. Instead of relaxing the stringency of fire regulations and narrowing the limits, they should everywhere and all the time be made more secure and extended. It is a mistaken idea that such relaxation is a proper concession to those of small means. These are the ones that always suffer most by any extensive fire. Men of larger wealth have diversity of investments and generally keep insured. The people of Helena have suffered enough from fires to have learned wisdom and we hope they will apply their lessons ot instruction to such good purpose as to purchase future exemption. In this connection the folly of laying out such a city without providing some parks becomes painfully apparent. In times of great fires these parks become places of refuge and points of advantage to rally and stay the further progress ot flames. It would pay now to buy up some blocks and have them vacated for public parks. If this is not done there is no alter native but to increase the estringency of fire regulations and allow the erection of noth ing but substantially fire-proof structures with non-combustible roofs, cornices and 'porches. Better grow slower, have fewer and smaller houses, than live in con stant terror of increasing danger. of is on on of The brave aûd sensible words of Grand Master Powderly at Harrisburg are what we expected from what he has lie fore said and done. He recognizes the danger of having the labor movement identified with that of the socialists. It is not a slight or imaginary danger and many there were who thought Mr. Powderly made or came very near mak ing the same mistake in aiding the can vass of Henry George for Mayor of New York last year. George insists that he is not a socialist, but bis land views are such as to lead to that end almost necessarily. In the late contest in Chicago Henry George was out there speaking and work ing for the success of the socialist ticket over whose defeat Powderly very properly and emphatically exults. There must have been a change of opinion on the part of one or both these men since the New Yoik elections. It was easy to see from the first that there could be no co-operation between these men, for Powderly is a pro tectionist and sees clearly the necessity for this in order to maintain the wages of our laboring classes as against the poorly fed and poorer paid labor of the continent, while George is a roaring free trader and wants us to shape our legislation for the benefit of the laboring men all over the world as much as those in the United States and relatively to the disadvantage of those in this country. We say to the laboring men of Europe, Come to America if you want the benefit of our laws and to be benefitted and better paid and better educated. If the labor move ment is kept from shipwreck, we believe it will be due to the prudence of Powderly in keeping it from demoralizing alliances. And the worst alliance in the world is that pestiferous, continental weed of socialism, which pronounces all property to be rob bery aDd would set up the tyranny of the riotous rabble in the place of orderly gov ernment that respects rights of property and person together. Trotting Stallion Dead. Pittsburg, April 8.— R. H. Hacke's 5 year-old trottiDg stallion Prince Harold, by Harold, dam Winnie Nutt, by Nutwood, died suddenly this morning of colic. Prince Harold was one of the most promis ing animals in Hacke's stable. Secret Treaty. London, April 8. —A Berlin correspond ent of the Daily Times says that a secret treaty bas been concluded between Sweden and Germany against Russia. United In Mulhall's "Balance-Sheet of the World," issued in 1880, is given the amount of food consumed by each inhabitant an nually for all the principal countries of Europe and the United States. For the States it is 40j bushels of grain and 120 pounds of meat. The average for Europe is only 17; bushels of grain and 57] pounds of meat. If our people con sume more than twice as much food as thœe of Europe, either we eat more than is necessary and waste a good deal, or the people of Europe are underfed. It has often been remarked that many a family on the continent could be fairly supported on what is wasted by many a family in this country. But this is not true as a rule. If we allow 20 per cent, for waste it still leaves the average consumption in this country greater than in the best fed nation of Europe. There is a vast difference in this respect in the countries of Europe. While in Great Britain the consumption is 20.02 bushels of grain and 119.10 pounds of meat, in Sweden and Norway it is only 12.05 bushels of grain and 51.10 pounds of meat, and in poor Italy it is only 9 62 bush els ol grain and 20.80 pounds of meat. The Italians are the heaviest taxed and worst fed people in Europe. It is no won der that these half-starved people cannot do a half day's work even though they work from fourteen to sixteen hours per day. People so poorly fed cannot do the work of those well fed, but they must have a stunted physical developement. They cannot have the energy or endurance of those who are better developed on a more liberal diet. This accounts in a large raeasnre for the superiority of British troops, and would be shown yet more clearly if our own troops were ever brought in conflict with European soldiers. As a nation we are just as truly and directly preparing for war when we are reducing our national debt, accumulating private wealth, and building up good physical constitutions of our men, as it we were drilling soldiers in camps, building ships and forts and manufacturing arms. We are storing war resources that cannot lie supplied by money. The worst impoverish ment that Europe is now suffering from is the physical degeneracy of its half-starved I>eople. __ The second recent attempt on the life of the Czar was more serious than the first, from the fact that it was made by an army officer. Hitherto the army has been con sidered loyal to the person of the Emperor, but if this confidence is lost there is safety nowhere. The Czar has recently done good service to Europe and the world in avoiding a continental war. The more the facts come out it appears that the de cided stand taken by the Russian Emper or, that he would not be indifferent in sr ch a conflict, nor permit Germany to overwhelm France, did more to allay and avert present danger than all other causes combined. More than to Emperor William or Bismarck, or the Rope the world owes to the Russian Czar, and there is no reason why any American should applaud his would-be assassins These discontented spirits that plot assas sinations day and night are just as fero cious in free America as they are in auto cratic Russia. Their hostility is to all government of any form. Wild, unchecked license to rob and destroy without any ap parent thought or purpose beyond seems to be the only common bond of action. The granting of a constitutional form of govern ment, which is a pretended aim of Rus sian nihilism, would hardly cure the dis ease, which, under other forms and names, is as rampant in Germany, France, Eng land and the United States as in Russia. be ! The action taken by the Chicago & Al ton road in regard to passes is proving rather aggravating to a number ol West ern roads. When the inter-state com merce bill was passed the railroads quietly took advantage of the points that could be construed as being in in their favor, and began at once to prepare for the with drawal of all passes. While some railway managers admitted they could not see how the government could prevent the owner of a road from giving a pass to a friend, they quite generally sent out letters ask ing that all annual passes be returned by April 1st. The Alton road, while ceasing the comparatively indiscriminate issue of passes, decided that, for the present at least, it would not refuse to issue passes to reputable members of the press, and would not, lor the present at least, ask the news papers to return their passes. Other lines are incensed at this, but the Alton manage ment says that it reserves the right to issue press passes if it sees fit. W e hear of continental syndicates tender ing the Chinese government fabulous sums of money to build railroads with. It has been a favorite subject with the officials of that country to hold out to the representa tives of the western powers these grand schemes of internal improvement that China had resolved soon to undertake. They are all illusions. The Chinese will build their own railroads wheu they are built. They will make their own rails, their own cars and engines, and run them, too. Shrewd fellows are those Chinamen. Give them an engine, a car, steamboat or anything else and they can soon duplicate it. They become skillful mechanics, learn quick, are patient, industrious, and self-reliant. We are not sure that the Chinese want railroads, but when they do we are sore they will furnish at home all the skill, labor and material to construct them. There are a great many Chinamen who have been educated in this country and Enrope in all of the arts, and many of these are at home now instructing others. They pay high salaries to a few men to teach them the more difficnlt arts, bat it is for the instruction and not the simple services rendered. They will not long hire at great wages what they can do themselves so much cheaper. Bine Laws to be Revived. Washington, April 8.— The Commis sioners of the District of Columbia have decided to revive the blue laws on Sunday next. MICHIGAN ELECTION. Alleged Heavy Frauds Michigan. in Northern Detroit, Mich., April 8.—It now seems certain that the prohibitory amendment has been defeated by 3,800 votes, or 300 more than reported by the Associated Press Tuesday night. Several towns are yet to be heard from, but they will not materially change this. Milwaukee, April 8.—A Marquette, Mich., dispatch says: There is great ex citement all over the Northern Mieh : gan peninsula over alleged frauds in the recent election, which decides the fate of the prohibitory amendment. The Irou wood authorities are reported to have sought legal advice, it being charged that voters by hundreds were imported from Wisconsin to vote against the amendment. The frauds are all claimed to have occurred in Gogebec couDty. That the most whole sale frauds were carried on there seems ap parent. Revised returns cut down the vote against the amendment to 845, al lowing Bessemer nearly 1,900. If Besse mer county is thrown out, and there is no doubt of the contest, the State has cer tainly carried the amendment. THE OCEAN YACHT RACE. A Statement by Captain Samuels. New York, April 8.—Captain Samuels, of the schooner yacht Dauntless, which was defeated by the Coronet in the race across the Atlantic, arrived here to-day. He sailed from Queenstown on Wednesday of last week. Captain Samuels says, with regard to the reported trouble : "The en tire story is a complete fabrication. My relations with Mr. Colt were of the pleas antest nature throughout the entire trip, and nothing occurred to mar the friendly feelings that exist between us. My only reason for leaving him was that I had fulfilled my engagement entered into with the owner ot the Dauntless and there was no reason for my remaining aboard any longer. The trip across was the worst that I have ever experienced in all my travels. The sailors were not dry a moment from the time that we left New York until after we dropped anchor in Cork Harbor." When asked to give his opinion as to the cause of the Dauntless' defeat, Captain Samuels replied that the Coronet was much the better boat, and the Dauntless was fairly outsailed. "The Coronet," he continued, "is a mag nificent craft, and I knew it would be a hard race before we started. My idea in letting the Coronet take the lead was to prevent every one from being discouraged before the yachts got out of sight, as they would have been had I taken the lead. I didn't give up the race until I heard the Coronet was nearly twenty-tours ot us. ahead MARVELOUS CHANGES. What the Future will be to Those Who Kefuse to Beliere. Is this country unconsciously under going a wonderful change, is the change to take place before we are aware of the fact, and when it ha? taken place will we wonder why we did not see it before it Was too late ? Those that see the changes early avail themselves early, and thereby receive benefit. The shrew 1 iron "-en the iron interest transferred nom Pittsburg and Pennsylvania to Birmingham, Alabama, and iii his far-sightedness sees the fur naces in Pennsylvania torn down and deserted for this new and prolific field. It is claimed by the iron men of Ala bama that the low price at which iron can be produced there will revolutionize the iron interests of the world. 'We have seen the grain-growing cen ters of this country shifted to the West. We have seen the pork-packing industry flit from Cincinnati to Chicago, and from thence to Kansas City and Omaha. Southern cotton mills undersell New England and American markets, and challenge the world. We have seen and are seeing all this We have seen and are seeing take place before our eyes, and know that other changes are taking place equally as prominent, and we wonder as we behold them. Ten years ago the ili um anee companies only required an analysis of the fluids when they were taking insurance for very large amounts. To-day no first-class company will insure ary amount unless they have a rigid analysis of the fluids passed, and if any traces of certain disorders are apparent, tbe application is rejected. In their re ports they show that the death of sixty of every 100 people in this country, is due either directly or indirectly to such disorders. The Brompton Hospital for Consumptives, London. England, reports that sixty of every 1»K) victims of con sumption also have serious disorders of the kidneys. * HP Among scientists for the treatment of this dread malady the question is being discussed : ,» " Is not this disorder the real cause of consumption!" *T Ten years ago the microscope was something seldom found in a physician's office; now every physician of standing has one and seldom visits his patients without calling for a sample of fluids for examination. Wb} h; all this? Is it possible that we of the present generation are to die of diseases caused by kidney disorders ? or shall we master the cause by Warner's safe cure, the only recognized specific, and thus remove the effects? It isestab liehed beyond a doubt that a very large percentage of deaths in tin? country are traceable to diseased kidneys. For years the proprietors of Warner's safe cure have been insisting that there is no sound health when the kidneys arc dis eased, and they enthusiastically press their specific for this terrible disorder upon public attention. We are con tinually hearing its praises sounded. This means wonders ! Cannot the proprietors of this great remedy, who have been warning us of tbe danger, tell us how to avoid a disease that at first is so unimportant, and is so fatal in its termination? Are we to hope against hope, and wait without our re ward ? The most significant of all changes, however, that we of to-day can note is this radical change of view to which the public has been educated : It was form erly thought that the kidneys were of very small importance ; to-day, we be lieve, it is generally admitted that there can be no Buch thing as sound health in any organ if they are in the least degree deranged. Boynton's H ater Journey. Sing Sing, N. Y., April 8.—Captain Boynton arrived here this evening at 7:15 o'clock, after swimming 12 miles against the tide, and put up for the night. He was quite ill and had to have medical as sistance. He wiii start from Sing Sing in the morning to continue to Yorkers, where he will make a short stop, and then pro ceed to Spnyten Dnivil, where he will re main until Sunday evening. The distance from there to the Battery is 14 miles. He expects to reach the Battery at 3:30 o'clock S unday, afternoon. HAUSER ON HELENA. Enthusiastic Over the Railroad and Property Boom - - T he Northern Pacific to Rush Construction. Ex-Governor Hauser returned from New York last evening, and one glance at his preoccupied brow this morning was suffi cient to tell the Herald reporter, who waited upon him for an interview, that he had come back with information ci im portance to Helena and Montana. At least the reporter fancied so and tackled his ex-Excelleney for a few pointers upon the future policy of the Northern Pacific with regard to BUILDING BRANCH ROADS. "Well," said Mr. Hauser, "they are going to push construction in Montana and will open up some great works within four months. All the branch lines pro jected in this Territory, including the Bit ter Root, Drummond and Philipsburgh, Helena Sc Northern, Helena »i Boulder Valley, which is to be extended to Butte, Marysville line—in fact on all the branches now projected work will be vig orusly prosecuted and completed this sea son. Besides these there are two or three new lines—two certainly and perhaps three—that have not yet been spoken of publicly in Montana, which will be inau gurated this season and very likely com pleted." "I presume one of these projects is the railroad to Red Bluff' ?" said the reporter inquisitively. "One of these new projects," replied the ex-Governor, "is—nothing. The fact is, we are not ready to make public anything concerning them, more than that they are in contemplation." Mr. Hauser said he would remain here about two weeks in order to get these new projects started, and then he will join his family in California for a short time, when he will return to Helena for the season, or as he expressed it himself, "to stay with the boys during the summer." HELENA BOOMING. The ex-Governor said never, in the course of his various and frequent visits to the East, had he heard Helena spoken of so freauently and so favorably. Her fame is widespread and from New York to St. Paul capitalists and business men were continually making inquiries about Montana's fair capital, with the view of emigrating and investing their means. Oar real estate boom has travelled to the East and the people who made money on property in Duluth and Min neapolis are now turning their eyes towards Helena, which they think will be the next point struck by the boom. Mr. Hauser grows enthusiastic when discoursing upon Helena and her pros pects, but the interview was brief and the reporter bad not the opportunity to ex tract his predictions as to the future great ness of our promising city. HOW DOUGLASS DIED. Suspicious Drowning at the Hot Springs in Salt Lake. The Salt Lake Tribune details the cir cumstances surrounding the sudden death of W. A. Douglass, the Leadville railroad contractor, whose demise was spoken of in the Herald a few days ago. Douglass, after business reverses at home and dis appointment at not getting a contract on the Montana Central, which he came here to bid upon, sought solace in the flowing bowl and commenced drinking, a vice that he abandoned seven years ago. He left here on a drunk and arrived in Salt Lake last Friday in such an intoxicated state that he fell out of the 'bus on reaching his hotel. There he kept up his spree and got in with some hard characters. With one of these, a hack driver, he entered upon a grand drunk, spending money lavishly and falling into all sorts of extravagances, on Sunday he went with the hackman to Buck's Hot Springs, a popular resort near Annual ROD AND GUN CLUB. Shoot Yc> on Buck's Hot Springs, a popular resort near Salt Lake, where he went into the plunge bath, whence he was taken oat dead a few hours latter. The hackman testified that he was not with Douglas all the time and only returned to find him struggling in the water in a death agony. The Coroner's jury held an inquest upon the body and ordered an autopsy, suspect ing that there had been foul play in the matter. Mr. Douglass' son, a young man who ac companied his father to Helena, remained here after the latter's departure, but left for Salt Lake Monday upon receiving news of his death. He, the son, dissipated greatly while in Helena and squandered a large amount of money. Meeting--The terdav. The Helena Rod and Gun Club held its annual meeting last night at the office of Bullard & Barbour, President T. H. Klein schmidt in the chair. For the season's shoot it was decided to take the ground oc cupied last year, just east of Dry Gulch. The Executive Committee was instructed to have erected a suitable building, and to make all arrangements for the convenieuce and comfort of the club when on the grounds. The following officers were elected for the following year: President—A. J. Fisk. Vice-President—M. H. Bryan. Treasurer—John Worth. Secretary— T. C. Patrick. At the weekly shoot yesterday afternoon the following score was made: Worth ........ 1 001000111011110111 1—13 ( lewell..........0 0 1 0 0 0 0 U 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1— ■"> Fisk ...............0 llOllllOllliOlllOl 1—I* Bryan ............1 0001 10000001000010 1— « Balliett...........0 0 0 o 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 (>- ■> Turner ............0 0 001000010111001101—' Slusher ...........0 1100110 0 110011 1000 1—in Cronin ............0 0 000 1 0001110001110 1— * FreyschlaK.....0 000111100011011001 1—10 08th Anniversary I. O. O. F. The Odd Fellows of Helena are prepar ing to celebrate the 68th anniversary ol their order, April 26th, on a grand scale. The programme will embrace a street parade in the afternoon at 2:30 of all mem bers of the order in uniform and regalia. They will conclude in the evening with a complimentary banquet and ball at the K. of L. Hall. All visiting, as well as resi dent brothers, are requested to apply in person to K. H. Beckwith, secretary ol the executive '»mmittee. for tickets for the baDquet, as no one will be admitted with out tickets. All visiting brothers iD goot standing are entitled to tickets tree. The.' are also requested to present themselves a the I. O. O. F. hall at 2 o'clock p. m-> on April 26th, to take part in the parade. - conspicuous feature of the parade wil the canton of chevaliers, the Lew mm ar - degree of the order. The line ol man will be published in due time. Against Coercion. London, April 9—The anti-coercmo meeting to be held in Hyde Park jlonda. promises to be the largest out door p° cal meeting ever held in London.