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SOI THERY MONTANA HOUSES.
The Ueceiit Exhibition at Twin Bridges, Madison County* The annual show of stallions for 1887 in Southern Montana, was held at Twin Bridges, Madison county, on .Satarday, May 7, and was largely attended and more Stahles were represented than at any pre eeding exhibition. The list of horses paraded is thus mentioned by the Madi sonian : By Al. Barker—Prince, gray, Percherou Norman, ' years old. weight 1.6.70 pounds, sired by Mauldin's Vidal ; dam (Jueen Anuie. By 1'. A. Largey—Cleal, a Cleveland hay. 7 years old, 1,400 i>ounds. Also, Brown Doc., 9 years old, 1,500 pounds; Gray Pruning, 15-16 Norman, 5 years old, 17] hands, 1,330 pounds. This horse showed as line as any one on the grounds, and took third ribbon for draft horses. Also, "U. S.,'' iron gray, ; Norman, 3 years old, 1,400 pounds, sired by Montague 1,387. By Chas. Mahon—Johnny, a flue brown horse, of Morgan-Messenger stock, 1,150 pounds. By[John Wilhart—Glen Lee, full blooded Clyde, bay, 4 years old, 1,550 pounds, a line [stylish colt; also, Stonewall, bay, of Lexington stock, 12 years old, 1,075 pounds. By Jacob Wyrouck—Mont Blanc, im ported Percheron-Norman, dark iron gray, 5 years old, 1,800 pounds. This horse was l)ought of James Mauldin, Willowburn Tartu, for $2,000, and took the blue ribbon in the draft horse class. By W. Nyhart—Gleugarry, full-bred Clyde, bright bay, 5 years old, 1,800 pounds, a She, stylish colt, very active. Took red ribbon in draft horse class. Also, Enoch, hall-breed Norman, black gray, 5 years old, 1,550 pounds. By Henry Tomas—Golddust, 9 years old, 1,250 pounds; sired by Lexington Gold dust; dam by Kentucky Hunter, she by Old Hunter. Took red ribbon in roadster class. By Parmeter & Mullinix—Whip 4 years old, 1,350 pouuds. Sired by Kentucky Whip, he by Old Kentucky Whip; dam, a Morgan mare. Took red ribbon as a gen eral purpose colt. By S. K. Kiddle—Columbus, 8 years old, sired by Schilling Horse, he by Anthony Wayne ; dam, a line American mare. This was a very tine animal, and as perfect in symmetry as a picture. By Kiley Thompson—Prince of Wales, a Cleveland bay, 9 years old, 1,300 pounds; sired by lmp. Duke of Normady. Also, Gloster, 4 years old ; sire Tempest, he by Almont: Uuui r._v Commodore Belmont. Took blue ribbon ru roadster class. By the Falkner estate—Grover, steel gray colt (sired by Enoch, above named > 3 years old, 1,535 pounds : animal of line style and one which will develop into a 2,000 pound horse. By J. B Brandes —Dick Turpin, 8 years old, 1,555 pounds; sired by an Oregon Hambletouian : dam, an Oregon mare. Took blue riblnm in the general purpose class. ByF.T. Counter—Cooper bottom, roan English draft horse, 2 years old, HP, hands high, 1,100 pounds, a very line colt. By E. M. Bollinger—A tine bay Lexing ton horse, 16 hands high (name unknown), 1,250, pouuds. Took 3d ribbon in the gen eral purpose class. J. M. Page exhibited a line horse of Nor man and trotting stock, the name and his tory of which our reporter could not learn. The exhibition was a success in every respect, and Judge Lott, in inaugurating this annual display at the "Bridges,"' is entitled to much praise for his enterprize, and the honor of giving an impetus to the breeding of line horses iu Southern Mon tana. Another report thus refers to the exhibi tion: The heavy draft horses were most numerous, and embraced all degrees of blood, from the large lsOO-pound Clydes dale and Percheron thoroughbred to the small half and three-quarter blood crossed with all the good bloods of all strains. Mr. Nyhart's bay Clydesdale with legs and feet to carry his 1800 i>ounds will rank among the best of his class anywhere, while Judge Lott's short-legged Banker, of the same blood, will pull a load which would sur prise the umtiated. Mr. Wvnch showed a dark gray Pen heron with silver streaked mane and tail from Willowburn farm of Mr. Mauldin, which for solid proportions and handsome appearance cannot be beaten —and carried the blue ribbon for his class. Koadsters were the next most numerous class; Cleveland Bays, Kentucky Whips, crosses of Hambletonian and Gold Dust stock were among the exhibits, and creditable to their owners as well as to the county and show. The general purpose horses and roadsters were so intermingled that it was hard to tell the one from the other. Dick Kiddle's black Hamble ouian,tall and leggy shows the distinctive marks of his race. Steve Mullins Kentucky whip, four-year bid, 1350 pounds weight, 16; hands high, handsome as a picture, bids fair to eclipse most hoises of his class. Dick Turban, of Madison, was perhaps the horse among all classes there of which no man found a fault. Al Parker's seven-year-old, 1530 pound dapple gray Percheron, lor solid, hard muscle which stuck out all around, short legs and heavy l>ody, cannot be beat for his weight at a hard pull. Our Nexv Electricians. Esler, l.ysinger A Co., the parties who have just secured from our City Council a franchise for conducting an arc and incan descent light system in Helena, are already interested in a similar plant in Bozeman, which has been lately put in and works to the satisfaction of all concerned. Mr Frank Esler, one of the firm, is the mining man of Bozeman and a brother of A. M. Esler, of Helena. Mr. Lysinger, we be lieve is a Pittsburg man of iong ex perience in this line of business. The new company propose to introduce the incan descent light into Helena, and from the patrons that have already signified their partiality to the new light there is little doubt that it will soon grow into popular favor as a method of illumination both for business houses and private residences. Mr. Esler will be in Helena Saturday to complete arrangements and accept the franchise on liehalf of the company. Jones and Small. [F. H. in Minneapolis Tribune. ] The slang whang doodle style of ora tory and buncombe of these puipit clowns, while attracting a certain class, who, be cause curious and eager, as children be come when half man, hairy woman or the six- legged pig is advertised to be shown at a dime museum, the rational, hard thinking, naturally pure and refined classes remain away as form a pest house or brawl dive. Noise, loud talking, abuse, insolence, condemnatory and vituperative language, as "you old hog, you,'' "you vile, sinner, you," or "you ought to be ducked a few times in hell," and the like, certainly does neither church nor the cause of Christ any good, but there exists a grave question whether great discredit is not re flected upon the parties responsible for their presence. If religion has an up lifting, elevating '.and refining influence upon human character, causing one's thoughts to dwell upon God and the sub lime and glorious qualities and virtues of his divine mind, then Jones and Small had Itetter acquire an additional supply be fore assuming the role of teacher. WARRING I PON THE SETTLERS. When the land department first began its warfare upon those cutting timber upon the public domain, and all the bus iness of getting titles to land was sus pended till the cases of alleged fraud were examined, some allowance was made for ignorance and super-heated zeal of new officials. It was hoped and gener ally expected that when the higher of ficials should become better acquainted with the facts that this persecution would cease. Unfortunately this is not proving true. No matter how many times Sparks has been overruled, he still holds his position, and worse still clings to his original idea that every one who seeks to get title to land is a fraud, and that every one cutting timber on public lands is a trespasser, although the law of 1878 was passed for the very' purpose of grant ing this right and removing the color of illegality. The narrow interpretation and con struction given by the department to the law of 1878, restricting the cutting of timber to those doing it for their own individual use, is equavalent to a repeal of the law. In its effects it is worse than a repeal. Every mine owner or citizen wishing to put up a house, can not own a saw mill and ox train, and cut, saw and haul his own timbers and lumber. »Such was never the intention of the law and no court in the world would so construe it. The Northern Pacific was doing a ser vice to the people of Montana in cutting and putting upon our market the timber growing upon its own lands. But the government agents have warred upon it in every way and form, as if it were guilty of crime in cutting it- own timber. »Sparks in-ists still against all the repre seutations of tho-e living in this country j and all the rulings and decisions of courts, that the land grant of the North- j ern Pacific west of Bismarck is forfeited and that the company has not even a color of title to any part of the land through Montana. Compelled by the decisions of the Supreme Court to re gard the government in default for not having surveyed its laud- according to contract agreement, he has gone to work in such a niggardly way to procure the survey, that no one can be found to do it at the price offered. This is no ex cuse for having these surveys neglected. It was not agreed that the surveys should not be made unless it could be done at a certain price, too low for any reputable or competent surveyor to un dertake it. The surveys were to be made as the road advanced, no matter what the cost. The Northern Pacific has been built through Montana for four years, and still the surveys are not made. The company has earned its lands and wants some use and benefit from them. In cutting its timber and putting it on our markets it was getting some benefit for j itself and doing some service to our people. It is a good thing for the coun- j try to have the timber near the railroad cut out. It prevents timber fires from locomotive sparks. It is amazing to us j how any grand jury in Montana, under j any array of official influence, could j have been buldozed into finding any in dictment for any cutting of timber that has been done in Montana. We know that no petit jury, before whom the law ; and the facts were fairly presented, would ever find a verdict of guilty. But without even getting a case before a court or jury, the government can har rass the men engaged in the business so as to drive them out of it. This has been done, and we are all suffering in conse quence. Every man who buys a board or a stick of wood has to pay more for it on account of the government perse cution. It has been supposed generally that governments were instituted among men to protect the people, not to prosecute them, to aid in the settlement and de velopemeut of the country and not to maintain it as a howling wilderness. If this timber is not used it will be de stroyed by fires. Does our government | prefer to see it all destroyed rather than made serviceable to the development of the country ? The worse rack-renting, evicting land lord in Ireland would com pare favorably with the actual conduct of the United States government «as at present administered in some of its de partments. On the most trivial pretexts, where there is not a suspicion of fraud, appli cants for land titles are compelled by the score and hundreds to go through all the trouble and expense o making proofs f second time, with no better as surance of getting a title then. It all looks like a deliberate warfare upon our people, and so far as we can see and hear it is the same all over the whole country. Under pretense of pre venting wrongs, hundreds ot greater and more grievous wrongs are perpetrated. Theke is no reason for people in any part of Montana being unduly excited over the presence and operations of railroad sur veyors. There are a good many lines run that never are built. Montana is going to be gridironed with railroads before many years. There are three of the largest and strongest corporations in the country now here, picking upThe spoil. There will be as many more in here within three years more. They are coming for business. They are after our cattle, grain, wool, and above all after the product of our mines., the most profitable and durable business for rail roads in the world. We don't know of anything particularly over on the Pacific coast to draw railroads thither, but there is plenty on the way and all along the way. New Northwest : He LEX A has now ten railw'ays either completed, under construc tion, or projected. She is vindicating her claim as the Denver of Montana. ARBOR DAY When our Governor appointed the 17th day of May for Arbor Day, many, and ourselves among the number, thought it was too late in the season, and so we think still for the average season, but it looks as if the Governor must have had some'warning of the kind of season we were to have and postponed it till after the bi-weekly snow storms were over. To most of our people Arbor Day will come like a prize elephant in a gift en terprise. They will hardly know what to do with it. The fundamental idea is to devote the day to setting out trees and cultivate a general taste in this direction. There are some far-sighted enough to sec that our country is being stripped of its forests at a rate that will soon leave it bald headed. The fate of countries turned into deserts from being lands flowing with milk and honey, like Palestine, is held up as a warning against this folly of stripping the earth of its foliage and doing nothing to re pair the waste. With a wanton folly, whose magnitude we are but partially beginning to realize, we have been cut ting, burning, wasting and destroying our forests as if they were a nuisance. The work of the spoiler is visible all over the land, till it seems as if the forests had literally fled to the moun tains to escape exterminating persecu tion. Th's first stage of extreme lolly has been passed. There is too much money value now in forest trees to permit the cutting and burning of timber merely to clear the land for cultivation. Human cupidity has come to the rescue, though late in the day. Still, in another form and for other purposes the work of de struction goes on. The railroads have been great destroyers of our forests. Thousands of acres are stripped every year to furnish ties and over a large part of the country wood is still used as fuel for the locomotives. This is an age of steam and machinery and fuel is in de mand at a ratio that will soon exhaust both forests and mines. It is time to call a halt and consider whither we are drifting, and what will be the result and whether there are any remedies. The remedy is plain enough, near at hand, and neither difficult nor doubtful. If for every tree that is cut down, another is planted, the loss is made good and deforestization ceases. If for every tree that is cut down or de stroyed, two others are planted, the work of destruction is'not only stayed, but that of repair is begun. It is about as good a way as any to begin our observance of this anniversary to study up the question, using our own experience and observation, as far as they will go, and supplementing them by reading and a good deal of common sense thinking. Think of all the uses for trees that your own reason and expe rience can sugge-t. Think of all the varieties of trees you have ever seen or heard of and their comparative uses and values. Think of trees as a matter ol taste, their beauty of form, ramification and foliage. Think of them from the point of utility, for their fruits, their rel ative value for fuel, for lumber' for their hardness, their durability, their rapidity of growth, the conditions most favorable to their growth, the proper time to plant and transplant and how to protect them from danger and damage. It is a fruitful and pleasant subject branching out in all directions, and every one who takes it in hand will find it growing in interest and proportions. The subject lias its quacks and leeches, like every other, swindling agents are prowling about the country, showing pictures of rose bu-hes that will bear a dozen varieties on a single stalk, and all sorts of hybrids and exitocs that show finely in pictures. »Save your money and save your self-respect and save yourselves from disappointment by trusting to your own good native sense. Think of the soil, latitude, altitude, and climate you have to do with. There is vegetation suited to every habitable spot on earth, and the thing is to find out what will best suit the spot you may selected to improve. Failures must be expected after all your best study and care. Do not give up until you heve succeeded. Trees, shrubs and vegetation can be naturalized and acclimated like human beings. In cities and towns where there is often a scarcity of water for drinking purposes it is a difficult matter to seri ously think of cultivating trees, but if we are ever to become a great city we shall have to have a better supply. A great share of the waste water and dirty water about a place might be utilized to promote the growth of vegetation and the premises be healthier in every way by such a disposition and arrangement. It would be a good celebration of the day to think about some city parks and how they might be set like emeralds in the dreary, dusty waste of our city streets and bare walls. They could be covered with green sward, planted with ever greens and watered by fountains (when we get our water supply.) By all means cur schools should teach the benefit of tree planting and train up a generation that shall repair the dam age and correct the errors of their fathers. Inter Mountain : We commend our esteemed cotemporaries, the Heeald and Independent, for the courage they display in denouncing the lot jumpers who are now raiding Helena real estate. It is only when home interests are at stake that the value and usefulness of the local press are recognized. But after the excitement blows over the citizens of the Capital will doubtless resume the practice of sending ing east for their job work. The great Pennsylvania railroad is going to increase it 9 plant by laying a third and fourth rail as soon as it can be done. There are more ways than one for railroads to grow. The most common one is by exten sion. Every short line is ambitious to be come transcontinental and you will find the word Pacific dovetailed into the title of scores ol these pretentious little organi zations. Others grow by branch construc tion, adding fruit producing limbs to feed the main trunk. And still others paral lel their own lines. These parallel lines are the cheapest in the world, involving no cost for right of way and a minimum for construction. With two tracks four times as much business can be done as with one, and with four tracks sixteen times as much as with two. There would be two tracks for freight, one used only for trains moving in a given direction. A con tinuous line of trains could thus l>e em ployed with no interference or danger of collision. All of our great main lines will thus be completed and equipped some day. It is as good as attending a circus to road the testimony of Kussell Sage before the railroad commission. The available information acquired is very little. These kings of the stock ljoards rarely appear in front of any movement they direct. Like good generals, they operate in the rear and through lieutenants. They manipulate a deal, rake in the swag and are off before the public even knows what has been going on. They cover up their trails so that they can t even find them themselves. They never kill the goose that lays golden eggs. They squeeze her pretty hard sometimes, but as soon as there is much fluttering and squawking they retire and assume an air of injured innocence that wouM deceive the very elect. When the investigation closes, we will venture to say that all the testimony gathered will show that these deals that put millions into the pockets of a few men will appear to have been made against their advice and interests at the urgent solicitation of others, and mainly for public good and interest. Out of a colored population of 6,000,000 in this country, according to the latest statistics, about 1,000,000 are enjoying some school privileges. We rather think, con sidering all the circumstances, that the negroes in the United .States can show about as good a record of advancement in improved education, morality and thrifty habits, self-support and accumulation of property as most of the nations of the world. We fancy the colored problem will work itself clear if let alone. We have more anxiety about the southern whites. There is a white element in the »South more hopelessly degraded and dehuman ized than the blacks. The blacks have ad vanced greatly in all respects during slavery and since slavery was abolished, but the cracker, clay-eater variety ol whites is a melancholy case of unmistakeable de generacy and it is doubtful if this de generacy can be stayed short of complete extinction._ We know of no more striking exem plification of idiotic folly and outrageous injustice that characterizes the conduct of certain officials than the following : The government wharf at Fort Wayne, Detroit, recently caught fire and would have been destroyed, entailing a heavy loss, had not Col. l'oe, in charge, hired a tug boat, con veniently at hand, to extinguish it. The charge, was $46, which the Colonel paid and included in his account with proper vouchers. But the item was disallowed by the auditing office at Washington, it being held that proposals for extinguishing the fire should have been first invited by «adver tisement. If there is a bigger fool in the world than that government auditor we j don't want to know it. There are some officials, however, engaged in construing our timl*er laws that would give that audi tor a close race for the championship. The French government is engaged in the lucrative business of selling crown jewels. It is a shrewd, sensible move. The money invested in these jewels has j lain idle a long time, they yield no income ; and are not even rising in value. The crown business is not as good as it used to be, and the prospects for the future are i still worse. There are crowns now waiting for a taker, and a good many more held by an uncertain and uncomfortable tenure that the holders would be glad to be rid of. No one will henceforth seek the French crown for the jewelry appurtenant. It iseasy to see that the market has to be handled very prudently so as not to overstock it. We should not be at all surprised if mast of the royal jewelry of Europe yet found its way over to America. They are a gen eral appendage of great wealth, and we have wealthier people in America than any among the kings and Emperors of Europe. The Globe-Democrat says the most for midable menace to the interstate com merce bill, or at least the 4th section of it, is a combination between the Vanderbilt roads and the Canadian Pacific. Freight thus brought from all points on the Pacific coast could be taken at the northern line of the State and taken to New York City, and being only transported through a single State it would be beyond the reach and application of the national law, and therefore a rate could be given that would drive other roads out of competition. But other roads will not thus Ire driven out of business. They can carry through freights just a3 cheap as this combination, and what is more, they can carry local freights at just as cheap rates and make still more money out of it. The Germans have one school for every 700 inhabitants, and the cost is 38 cents for each inhabitant. France has now one school for every 500 inhabitants, at a cost of 29 cents per inhabitant. In this respect France is ahead of England and every na tion on the continent. Poor Russia has only one school for every 2,300 inhabi tants. _ The weather reports indicate in parts of the country dryer and hotter weather than usual. It is safe to say that Montana is not suffering in either of these respects. CONTROLLING THE SILVER MARKET. It is very important news that comes from New York, that the new Western National Bank, of which Manning and Jordan are the chief representatives, is organizing to gain the control of the silver market and transfer it from Lon don to New York. It is spoken of as a sure thing to succeed, and that nothing remains to be done but settle upon the form of the certificate. Now it strikes us at first glance that this is entering upon business that properly belongs to the government and that it will never do to allow the use of silver, both for money and as a specula tive commodity, at the same time. Jor dan proposes to do away with silver as money except for subsidiary coin, de prive it of its legal tender quality except in very small amounts. He even goes so far as to say that the coinage of silver dollars is contributing so much to its disuse. He will not delude the friends of silver by any such sophistry. Our government already is issuing silver cer tificates against the deposit of coined silver dollars, and this is the only kind of silver certificate that ought to be al lowed. If silver is to be used at all as money it must have a fixed value and no one but the government can fix that value. It needs yery little perception to convince any one that Manning and .Iordan's scheme is to demoralize silver and make it the football of gambling speculations, ft is something that the intelligent people of this country will never consent to for a moment. If there are to be any certificates issued on the deposit of silver bullion, they must be issued by the government at a fixed value. We see no particular use of coining all the silver that is produced or that is needed for the people's use as money, but the time has come when the government should decide upon its course and take all the silver as well as gold that is offered and issue certificates therefor. If these certificates are to cir culate for money, especially if they are to have any legal tender quality, they must be issued by the government alone and at a fixed value. It may flatter some to think of the silver market of the world being trans ferred from London to New York, but it will be a disastrous day for this coun try if Manning and Jordan's scheme is realized. We would see silver certifi cates scrambling in the market along with wheat, corn, coal oil and whisky certificates. If Cleveland is to lend the support and favor of his administration to such a scheme, he will go under and out of sight very quickly. The Philadelphia street railroads re cently reduced the trip fare from 6 to 5 cents, and the increase of fares the first month was 678,218. It has always seemed strange to us that railroads are so reluctant to reduce fares. It always results in an increase of business and its profits, too. It is the most legitimate, honest, honorable and beneficent way for railroads to make money that ever was devised. There is no law to prevent it, and yet it seems to be the last thing to be thought of. We sup pose if it was necessary to get a govern ment permit and pay a large sum of money to acquire this privilege of increasing busi ness and profits by reducing rates and fares, there would be a great rush and clamor made over it. Yet it is open for all and there are fortunes in it, without any takers. _ If our government ever wakes up to the egregious folly of preventing railroads in the National Park and to every interesting point in it, there would soon be a thousand visitors where there is one now, and the railroads would be thronged with passen gers coming from all parts of the world. There might just as well be a hundred thousand visitors in the Park every day as a single hundred, and this would be the cise with proper facilities. There could be a hundred thousand people put into the Park and no two in sight of one another It is time somebody was waking up to the size of the thing that is called the National Park. Some evidently think it might all be covered with a bell-glass receiver and put in a band-box. If the idea is to have it seen and enjoyed by as few as possible at the utmost cost and inconvenience, it is being carried out to the letter. The great Chicago strike is against Monday for pay day. There are some ot the best reasons for having Monday for pay day, and sensible, prudent working men prefer it. If paid on »Saturday, it is all spent on Sunday and the workman in most cases spends some of it foolishly, and is worse fitted for work on Monday morn ing than if he had spent a sober day of rest. Lord Lansdowne, as Governor General of Canada, receives a salory of $50,000, as much as the President of the United States receives. It is none of our business, per haps, but it looks like an outrage to saddle the support of such an expensive represent ative of royalty upon a people fewer in numbers than the popnlation of New York State, already crushed to death by the bur den of taxation. It turns out, as suspected, that the re port that Montaniaus intended to create a great copper smelting plant at ' Duluth has no foundation in fact. The Herald's supposition that the announcement was an expedient adopted to boom the Zenith City is fully confirmed by disclaimers from Daly, Clark and others directing the cop per industry in Montana. This is about the first day that it could really be affirmed that summer weather was at hand. It is the kind of weather that we needed ten days ago, and it would have saved us many more lambs, calves and colts. The ground is in such splendid condition for moistnre that the growth of grass becomes almost visible with the sunshine and warmth. The crisis has come for the French cab inet and we know ot no better purpose over which the Assembly should strike than the proposition to inertase taxation. The French people are taxed higher than they can or ought to stand now. True, there is a more important question back of this, and that is the one of expenditures. If the Assembly votes appropriations for expenditures beyond the limits of the rev enue, the fault rests on it rather than on the ministry. There is only one effectual reform that either the Assembly or the ministry can make, and that is to reduce the army and navy expenses and turn in all that is thus saved to a reduction of the debt. It looks to ns as if it would be just as well practically for the people of France to be eat up by the German armies «~»s by their own. It is something more than an ordinary ministerial crisis. No ministry that can be appointed can keep up credit and meet expenses without increased taxa tion, and the latter is also impossible to bear. It would seem as if the French might and would repudiate their debt, if they can neither pay principal nor interest, and yet this is impossible again, for the Freneh owe the whole of their debt at home, and nearly every one has a portion of it. The taxes go from one hand to the other. It is a melancholly realization of perpetual motion. Mn. Wm. O'Brien had a red hot time yesterday at Toronto. The city officials refused him the use of any of the public balls, and he had to speak in the open air. There was an organized gang of rowdies on hand to break up the meeting. It did not succeed, and probably all the opposi tion only served to gain friends for O'Brien and the cause he represents. The authori ties of Toronto seemed to have used no exertions to prevent a disturbance. It cannot escape notice that the Irish and their friends have become the party of law and order in Ireland and in all the British colonies. They are moving forward grand ly as if they had a winning cause, conli- ! dent of final success and sure of the sym pathy of the world. The Independent article elsewhere re ferred to by a correspondent strongly re sembles an abortive effusion from the same I source in the same paper two or more years ag), which one of the Herald's constribu tingstaft'effectually and crushingly disposed of at the time. It is politless to protest against these revampings of the old race chesnuts. It appears to be a periodical pastime, and no one should deny the ven erable latitudinarian the harmless indul gence of getting out every few years and airing himself on his antiquated slave time hobby. _ The Yaque Indians in Sonora are brave, Industrious and smart. They boast that the Spaniards never conquered them. They have a festival in »September every year of l>urning Cortez in effigy, after riddling it with bullets and dragging it around in the dirt. From Las Cruces, New Mexico, is re ported a rich mining discovery on the Bronito river, 125 northeast. A gold bear ing lode has been opened in which, it is re ported, that more than a million dollars worth of ore is in sight. The Bonito is a branch of the Pecos, flowing into northern Texas. _ The Massachusetts legislature has estab lished the first Monday in »September as "Labor Holiday," giving it all the dignity and incidents of other legal holidays. It would .seem to us much better to have imitated New York and passed the Satur day half holiday and thus let labor have a breath of free, pure air every week. General Kosser, of Yirginia, accom plished one thing by helloing at Sheridan. He will advertise the fact that there was a man by the name of Kosser, and that he still lives. Kosser illustrates the couplet— "He who lights and runs away May live to run anotherday." Some of the building improvements in Southern California are extensive and costly, l'assadena is to have a $100,000 opera house and Los Angeles a grand depot, to be erected by the »Santa Fe Com pany at an expense of $150,000. Minneapolis Tribune • Mr. Blaine was the strongest candidate who could, have been named by the Kepublicans in 1884, and he has gained rather than lost since that time. To present appearances, he will be the strongest candidate in 1888. There are 65,000 people in Europe who hold tickets to America and are only wait ing for ships to bring them over. About 55,000 of them will begin the work of re modeling the government the morning af ter their arrival. High license has passed the last stage of progress in Pennsylvania and become a law by the Governor's signature. It is the best practical measure of prohibition yet discovered._ It is said that Attorney General Gar land is an applicant for appointment to the »Supreme Bench in place of Justice Woods, deceased. If so, he will probably get it, though Texas is in the field with a favorite. The Century Magazine has increased its circulation 30,000 since it began the publi cation of the life of Lincoln. Its monthly issue is expected soon to reach 300,000. Senator Clark's "Shack." A Butte citizen looking around Helena to-day for a select residence site, stopped to admire Sam Word's splendid mansion. "How does Clark's honse compare with that?" asked the real estate dealer. "Well, William's shack is small but rice—a trifle larger than Sam's kitchen, perhaps—aljout the size and style of a junior senator, I should say,'' was the an swer. A Grist of Southern Appointments. Washington, May 18— The following appointments have been made in the gen eral land office : George K. Bradford, of Louisiana, and Kichard C. Wintersmith, of Kentucky, to be fraudulent land entry agents ; John Mason, of Virginia, and Arthur Grabowsky, of Georgia, to be tim ber depredation agents. RIGHT OF WAY APPRAISALS. Report of the Commission on the Montana Central Route Through the City. The commission appointed last month by the court to award damages to owners of land along the line of the Montana Central as projected through north Helena this morning filed with the clerk of court the result of their investigations in a lengthy report. The awards, however, have not yet been paid into court. Following is a list of the damages awarded and the owners of the property so a «esse (1 : Northern Pacific Railroad Co..............990 On " " " " 100 on " " " " 630 00 " " " " 593 00 " " " ................. 6Î0 00 " ** " " 562 00 " " " ................. 510 00 •• " " " 536 25 " " " " 271 25 " " •• " 164 72 Taylor, Wright A Galloway.................. 453 00 \\. S. Paynter and estate of A. F. Williams.............................................. 392 00 W. S. Paynter and estate of A. F. Williams............................................. 276 00 Same, or Chessman A Getchell.............. 312 00 M. C. By., Davis and estate of W. Dewar.................................................. 625 00 M. C. By. and L. Davis........................... 3,526 5o Gas Company......................................... 1,120 On Elizabeth Norton.................................... 725 00 Hohack, Cannon, D. W. and A. J. Fisk.. 42 90 Sarah F. Wilson...................................... 125 00 Lawrence Dilwortli............................... 850 00 W. B. Keed............................................. 375 DO Wharton MeKnight................................ 1.275 00 L. Dilworth,............................................ 1,0« 0 00 J. L. Kuntz............................................. 175 on Jacob Aratz............................................. 150 00 Joseph Davis.......................................... 150 On Thos. B. Beed........................................ 60 01) W. C. Lynne................................. too Oo J. W. Hooper.......................................... 110 00 J. W. Flynn......................................... 125 on J. W. Flynn............................................ '225 on Jas. Johnson.......................................... 175 oo T. J. Duignan........................................ 125 Ui T. J. Duignan........................................ 125 00 T. J. Duignan.................................... 175 00 Geo. W. Cumming, trustee.................... 100 00 A. O. Canfield......................................... 100 Ui ( lias. B. Lee........................................... 100 00 C. B. Newbury....................................... 350 oo J. 1). Tietjen.......................................... 350 On Homer Hewins..................................... 371 17 Bradford A Floyd-Jones........................ 217 00 E. W. Knight............ 9» 00 Kleinschmidt »V Harrison....................... 182 Hu J. H. Man love........................................ 25 UO C. K. Cole............................................... 135 40 C. K. < 'ole............................................... 112 05 Total. (Signed ..........................$21,098 20 W. A. CHESSMAN. J. B. WILSON. JOHN STKDMAN. BEATTIE VS. BEATTIE. The Defendants File «'i Demurrer t«» the Complaint and a Motion to Strike Out. The defendants in the case of Margaret C. Beattie vs. E. W. Beattie et al. yester day tiled with the Clerk of the District Court two papers called forth by the com plaint, instituting the suit over the Beattie estate. One is a demurrer to the com plaint and states, in usual form, simply that "now come the defendants in the above entitled action and demur to the complaint of the plaintiff on tile herein, for reason that said complaint does not state facts sufficient to constitute a cause of action." The other document is a volumin ous motion to strike out portions of the complaint and, like the demurrer, is signed by Wade, Toole & Wallace, San ders Cullen & Sanders and Bullard & Bar bour, attorneys for the defendants. The motion opens by asking that tbe following passages be stricken out as re dundant and irrelevant: "That she was never permitted by said executors to act with them or otherwise as executrix of said last will and that all papers, books, property and things belong ing or relating to said estate of said Alex ander H. Beattie, deceased, iu her posses sion or under her control, were demanded trom her by the said Edward W. Beattie, immediately after the funeral of her de ceased husband and before tbe probate of said will, and taken from her by said exe cutors before tbe appraisement of said estate." "And the plaintiff avers that such inven tories were made without her aid, assist ance or knowledge and thet she was never consulted by said Edward W. Beattie ami George D. Beattie in that regard, and knew not of their contents till long after May 9, 1885." Then follow quotations from tbe balance of the complaint either by reference or citation. Scarce a subdivision or paragraph in the complaint that is not objected to on the same grounds, irrelevancy and redun dancy, and in fact, were the motion to strike out sustained in toto there would be very little or no material allegations left in that document. This constitutes the first move of the de fendants in the matter and will be tbe grounds for the first argument before the court. It will Ire the last development iu the case until court meets in July, when the demurrer and motion to strike out, filed to-day, will come up for argument before Chief Justice McConnell. TRAIN WRECKERS Summarily Dealt With by Mexico. St. Louis, May 18.—A special from the City of Mexico says : A week ago a train on the Mexican National railroad ran over and killed a Mexican near Patsecuaro The friends of the dead man undertook to re taliate and put a big rock on the track at a curve. The engine of a passenger train struck it and the American engineer was injured and the Mexican fireman killed. The Jefe Politico sent a squad of Mexican gen d'armes with instructions to bring in every person suspected of any complicity whatever. Thirty-three arrests were made. An investigation resulted iu the selection of three victims and sentence was imme diately passed. Shortly after sunrise yes terday morning the three were marched to the scene of the disaster, stood up liefere an adobe wall and shot by a file of soldiers. The corpses lay for some time where they fell as a warning against more train wreck ing and were buried near the scene of the wreck. News comes from Mazatlan that two Americans assassinated Enrique Nassau, tbe manager of the Hacienda Tomil. The Americans were placed under arrest and conducted under military escort to the city where they are awaiting trial. Taking iu a few Feeders. Chicago, May 18.—The annual meeting of the stockhloders of the G'., B. & <«>. K. K Co. was held in this city to day. The old Board of Directors were elected for the ensuing year, and the action of the directors in regard to aiding the construction ol and leasing and purchasing the following rail roads and their branches— Galesburg »v .Rio, Nebraska & Colorado, Omaha & North Platte, Grand Island & Wyoming Central. Republican Valley & Wyoming, Oxford *v Kansas, Chicago, Nebraska & Kansas. Ke publican Valley, Kansas & Southwestern, Beaver Valley & Eastern Colorado— was ratified by the unanimous vote of all stock represented at the meeting. Death of a Senator's Mile. Washington, May 18.— Mary Mont gomery Gibson, the wife of U. S. »Senator Gibson,died last evening.