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TO ADVERTISE THE CITY.
PROPOSITION SUBMITTED TO AND ACCEPTED BY THE HELENA BOARD OF TRADE. \ii Important Matter Acted l.pon which Will Meet With Hearty and General Approval. Business car of the Northwest Magazine. Principal Office, St. Paul, Minn. Helena, June 22, 18*7. A. J. Davidson, Baq.. President Hoard of Trade. Helena, Mont. Dear Sir: —We beg leave to call the attention of the Board of Trade to a project which we trust will enlist its attention and moral support. Jt is proposed to devote the September number of the Northwest Magazine to Helena and the surrounding mining]camps and Territory. The number will contain forty-eight pages and will be fully illustrated with from thirty to forty new illustrations]; will contain a series of general articles from the pen of Mr. E. \ . Smalley and will endeavor to set out and make known to the outside world those special features that are so largely con tributing to Helena's splendid growth and development. We shall endeavor to give the number an historical tinge, thereby showing what has been accomplished here in a single generation. 3 he illustrations will cover a new general view of the city, several street scenes, pictures of promi nent public buildings, business blocks, private ^residences and portraits of repre sentative citizens and mining scenes at Marysville, Wickes and Rimini. We shall try to make it the most artistic number ever issued from our office. Coming on the 1st of September, at a time when the various branch lines of rail roads now under construction will be com pleted, and at a time when in a measure the attention of the country will be turned this way, it seems to us the most befitting time for a jubilee number. The cir culation of the Northwest Magazine is 26, 000 copies monthly, of which number the major portiou circulates east ot the Mis souri river. 5V e ask ol the Board ol 3 rade as a body no financial assistance or no large order for copies, a course sometimes pursued by publications of doubtful merit and circulation. Should our work seem sitisfatory to you after our publication has been placed in your hands you can thon decide the ques tion of ordering copses. All we ask is U>r moral support and en dorsement of tbc Board of Trade as a body and the individual support of its members in the carrying out of a project that we know' will tie benelicial to Helena. Trusting that your honorable body may see fit to give our request favorable con sideration, we remain, Yours respectfully, THE NORTHWEST MAGAZINE. Her II. P. Harboi u, Business Manager. Helena, M. T., June 23, 18*7. II. I'. BARBOUR, Esq., Business Manager of the Northwest Magazine: Sir: —Your communication of the 22d inst. to the President ot the Helena Board of Trade, in which you propose to devote the September number (48 pages) of your popular Northwest Magazine to Helena and the surrounding mining camps, illustrated, so as to cover a general view of the city, with street scenes, pictures ol prominent public buildings, business blocks, private residences and portraits of representative citizens, having been referred to the execu tive committee of the Board, I have been instructed to report to you that your prop osition meets with the hearty approval of the Helena Board of Trade through the official action of the executive committee, which desire to express to you their ap preciation of the project submitted and their approbation of the artistic and valua ble contents of the illustrated number of the Northwest for June 1887. The Board, thefore, commends your work to our citizens as one that will no doubt prove greatly beneficial to the improvement and growth of Helena as a vigorous, pro gressive city, and one also that will re dound to the advancement of the indi vidual and business firms that will pat ronize your September number and sup port your proposition. Respectfully yours, R. C. WALKER, Secretary Board of Trade. SMELTING AT MINNEAPOLIS. A New Market lor Montana Orcs-- Works Now Under Construction. At the time ot the formation of the Hotter Mining, Smelting & Refining Co. at Minneapolis the Herald mentioned the inauguration of the new enterprise and ex plained the details of the Rotter process of smelting, which, it is claiiued, will play a revolutionary part in simplilying and cheapening the reduction of the precious metal ores. Mr. Thomas G. Merrill, of * Helena, is the president of this company and with him are associated some of the wealthiest men in Minneapolis. , Lately a new company called the Minneapolis Smelting Syndicate, has been formed at that place with a large capital, for the pur pose of putting up an extensive smelting plant there for the treatment of ores from all parts of the country. In this syndicate are such men as Messrs. A. J. Boardman, W. S. King, R. B. Laugdon, John S. Pills bury. Emerson Cole, E. J. Davenport and Mr. Cheever, who are among the most prominent citizens of the place and represent unlimited millions of capital. From the Rotter Com pany they have secured the right to use their process, on payment of a stipulated royalty, and the works will be built on this system and under the direct supervis ion of Mr. Rotter, the inventor of the pro cess. The proposed works are now under construction, and will be finished and in operation by September 1st. They will give the Rotter process a practical test that will forever establish its use and efficiency. Under this system it is claimed that re fractory ores can be treated for about one fourth of the present cost. When com pleted Minneapolis will be able to offer the greatest inducement to ore producers to have their ores treated in that city, and the works will give to Montana a new market for her ores, nearer and more satis factory than any now available. A New Company. Articles of incorporation were to-day filed with the Territorial Secretary of the St. Louis Mining and Milling Company of Montana, composed of leading capitalists of St. Louis, Mo., and William Mayger, one of Montana's earliest pioneers. The capital stock of the company is placed at $5,000,000, and is organized to work the St. Louis lode, being the adjoining claim to the Drum Lummon on the south and one of the most promising pieces of property on Cruse Mountain. The incor porators are M. J. Hartnett, Charles T. Remme and Wm. Mayger. The best guarantee of success the man agement could give its stockholders is the entrusting its entire charge with Mr. May ger, who, it is well known, has been thor ough identified with the mining interests in the vicinity of the company's new pui chase THE VICTORIAN JUBILEE. The papers are now full of the details of the great jubilee going on in England and wherever loyal Englishmen are dis persed all over the globe, over the com pletion of fifty years reign of Queen Victoria. It is an event that is rare and worthy of commemoration. It has only occurred three times before in all the long history ot English royal lines. For Queen Victoria personally we and every American have sincere and high respect for her womanly virtues, and especially for her friendship at a time when we had few friends among royal personages and even among the nobility and commercial classes of Eng land. So far as England is concerned the fifty years of Victoria's reign has been a prosperous one. The country has grown in more than population and wealth. As a constitu tional monarch Victoria has been a model one. In her name the English people have more and more become their own rulers. We believe that it has been a good thing for England that even her nominal ruler has been a queen rather than a king and also that her reign has been so long. It is not possible that auv king could have done as well, and still harder for any future king, after so long a period of popular and responsible government. It is a perversion of the occasion to praise everything English and laud the English government as the greatest, best and most powerful in the world. England's government of Ireland and of India are not deserving of commen dation. But the fault is not chargeble to the Queen. Within the past few years England's power on the continent and among the nations of the world has greatly declined and unfortunately for a general and hearty celebration of jubilee year, the present responsible government of Eng land is one of the weakest io her Ion," history, it has shown itseil insensible to the great interests of the country at home and abroad. At a time when it requires union and energy at home in order to face and deal with dangers abroad, the people are becoming more radically divided than ever before. There is but one possible way for Eng land to regain and retain the rank of a first-class power, and that is by making the people of all the divisions of the kingdom more united and prosperous. We hope Victoria will vet live long enough to see some measure of justice done to Ireland. It would be the richest jewel that she could leave to her suc cessor. _ Not long since Gen. Rosser acquired con siderable notoriety by a fierce onslaught upon (Jen. Sheridan, denouncing him for his alleged wanton cruelties in the Shen andoah valley. Gen. Rosser, in St. Raul, talks quite differently. He says he has no hatred of northern soldiers and only ob jects to Sheridan for his needless cruelty. To his interviewers he goes much further into general politics and says that the Democratic party at the north is not at all what the South likes. He says it contains all the worst elements, all the nihilism, anarchism, socialism, whiskey ism and every other ism, while the Republican party con tains all the liest elements, all the business and energy of the country. He says the new South wants business and is going to have it and is going with the party that pretects business and home industries. He thinks John Sherman would carry Virginia and North Carolina and have a large vote all over the South. There is an article in July Harper, jrst received, that emphasises this same idea that the new South has gone to work in earnest on business princi ples, studying economy, developing home industries and making money. The result will be just what it has been at the North. The South has all the resources of wealth and when developed by the same energy, skill and persistency as they have been at the North the prosperity that will follow will soon transform the entire section. The old free trade doctrines were suited only to the condition of the South under slave labor, which could only raise the raw pro ducts of the soil and send them abroad for manufacture. The time has come when these preducts will mostly be worked up where they are produced with ten times the profit. It will not be many years be fore large portions of the South will be more eager for protection than any part of New England or Renusylvania. The Herald's report about the district clerk matter is termed by the Democratic paper il au attack on Judge McConnell." A statement of alleged facts in the news department can hardly amount to that. Not only from Democratic sources is the Herald convinced of Democratic disap pointment and displeasure at the reject ing of Mr. Marshall, but also of the chagrin and mortification of other Demo crats growing out of similar treatment of Mr. Martin, after that gentleman had been promised the office, as stated. The ap pointment of Mr. Keerl, who already had a snug berth under the government, was a surprise to Democrats, but Surveyor Gen eral Green, who is credited with bringing that about, is elated, as the occurrence gives him the chance of again asserting his independence by calling another clerk from the States to his employ ment. The hub-bub in the Demo cratic camp is considerable, and it don't need the Herald to tell it. The perfidy of the organ, we think, exasperates the j party as much as the alleged deceit of Judge McConnell. Dakota has two hundred and fifty j newspapers, one thousand postoffice?, five thousand teachers, one million dollars in vested in churches and one hundred thou sand Republicans ! The affluent leisure of Hugh McQuaid threatens to be disturbed by an engage ment to spell one of Helena's editors whom Democrats declare must have a rest THE INDEMNITY LANDS. As expected the land grant roads have made answer to the call of the Secreary of the Interior to show cause why the land in the indemnity limits should not be thrown open to settlement with some show of merit in their objection. The government has been aud still is in fault by its failure to survey the lands so that these selections could be made and losses ascertained. The fault is not in the In- ; terior Department but in Congress in failing to provide for the survey of the public lands. This refusal has been in tentional and not simply a matter of oversight and neglect, There is a gen eral desire among the people of the old States and their representaves to keep the railroads from get ting possession of the lands that they claim to have earned, and besides this an ill-defined sentiment that if the lands are surveyed they will be fraudulently acquired by cattle syndicates. There is a great deal of sectional jealousy mixed up with ignorance and misrepresenta tion in the matter. There is jealousy not only in the South but in the East and over a large part of the West also over the growth of the new Northwest and an apparent desire to retard its settlement and developement. The loss of sectional influence and fear of politi cal consequences inspire much of this re fusal to provide for the survey of lands. While Sparks has come in for most of the cursing and complaint, his action is but the reflection of the same spirit that prevails in Con gress. The very purpose for which land grants were made to railroads, was to secure the settlement and improve ment of lands Jtliat before were worth less and inaccessible. Now the main desire seems to be to prevent the settle ment for which the price lias been paid. The spirit is as mean as it is short sighted. Those who suffer most are the constituents of these very opposing con gressmen. They are coming west to secure lands, and find no lands to be had and every obstacle thrown in the way of their acquiring land. The same law exists now under which all the western States were settled and titles are acquired now in the same way and just as honestly as ever before in sections where the land was ten times as valuable. Still in the pres ent case, and so far as Montana is con cerned, we approve the action of the Secretary. There seems no good reason for keeping back the lands in the in demnity limity from settlement. There are lands enough to more than make good the losses within the grant, and we see no reason why the railroads should have the first pick of the indemnity lands. We think settler- should have the first consideration, and our general public interests require that no obstacle should be put in the way of any who want to acquire title to lands and im prove them._ Every new connection that we gain by rail or wire to any part of the world is a matter of congratulation, and though we now have very little connection with British northwest or the Canadian Pacific, it will not always be so. Telegraphic connection with the Canadian I'acific, just opened, gives us another connection with the en tire world east, west, north and south, and should other connections for any season fail us temporarily, we have this one to fall back upon for general news. It gives us also some benefit of competition, the re sults of which we shall certainly feel aud be beuetitted by. As the Manitoba road advances the northern line will come into more prominent service and give us daily tidings of the advance. As the precursor of a northern connection by rail with the Canadian Racitic we are by no means as sanguine. If the people of Manitoba will not be allowed to build south to connect with the Northern Ratifie branch at the line, we may be sore that no branch to con nect with Montana will be allowed. How ever, this condition of things will not al ways continue, and some time there will be a great northern line reaching to Athabaska, the Yukon and Hudson's Bay. and stretch ing southward by way of Helena to Mexico and the Isthmus. j j While at White Sulphur Springs re cently the most absorbing topic of conver sation was the development of a rich mine in the Castle Mountains, about fifteen miles distant. At a depth of eighty feet there was an eight foot vein of lead matter that would average $50 per ton. The lead i6 evidently a strong and rich one in its pres ent stage of development and may prove, as was confidently asserted, a second Drum Lnmon or Granite Mountain. Shonld it prove even half as rich as reported it will soon pay for the construction of a railroad, and that is what the people of the Springs want most just now. It is told of Associate Justice Field, of California, that he recently applied in San Francisco for a round trip ticket to Port land, and that the agent in handing him the ticket also handed him a pen to sign his name, as the custom is, and the Judge refused to do so, saying there was no law that required it. The agent then asked the name, and finding whom he had to deal with, insisted no further. What is law for Judge Field is law for every other citizen. Some people will open their eyes wide to hear that a Chinaman, Yau Rho Lee, has carried off the highest honors at Yale College. It is not, however, the first case, but it is generally true that young China men placed in competion with oar best scholars easily hold their own, and it points to a fact that the time is coming, when China adopts western ideas and habits, that she will become a power in the world. The Bar of Helena backed Dan Marshall for clerk. But the lawyers don't seem to count any more than the rest of the folks. THE COLLEGE OF MONTANA. We are in receipt of the fourth an nual catalogue of the College of Mon tana, in Deer Lodge. The catalogue is beautifully printed at the New North west office, and contains ex cellent cuts of the college buildings. A careful pe rusal of the contents will satisfy any one that we have here an institution that we may be proud of and that we ought to patronize and liberally sustain. With President McMillan and others of the officers and teachers our people are too well acquainted to need any introduc tion or recommendation. A great work has already been accomplished, and we have here an institution on a solid foun dation that deserves the name of college. The list of students for the year in vari ous departments numbers about a hun dred. The course of study and the dis cipline is first-class, and many who send their children to the States pay more and get less return than if they would patronize a home institution. There is a normal and scientific course arranged, in addition to the ordinary English and classical courses. Special attention, with many facilities which have been supplied by generous patrons, is given to assaying of minerals, and students in music and art have the best of care and training. The prosperity of such an institution is the subject of rejoicing to all who ap preciate higher education under the best of moral influences. A worthier object of patronage and endowment from our own prosperous citizens does not exist in Montana._____ Since Cleveland's flag episode, which wounded the feelings of the North and his sudden revocation, which equally disgust ed the South, there has been a sensible de cline in the Cleveland boom for a renomi nation. The mention of Hill and Sparks as a possible combination, if seriously in tended, does not strike us as a strong one for the Democrats or a formidable one for ♦ he Republicans. Hill is a small politician of the Spoilsman variety, and though Sparks has some notoriety as a fraud sharp and general obstructionist to the develop t ment of the Northwest, we do not believe that the men who use and applaud him would care to advance him to any more prominent position. A few weeks ago we regarded Cleveland s nomination certain ; nc*w it is out of the case, and we may be sure if Hill gets the nomination he will get little aid from Cleveland. If New York must have the candidate, probably Hill is the stronger, but we neither think he will be the nominee or that he could by any possibility be elected. If a Northern man is nominated for Rresident by the Democrats, the South is clearly entitled to the second place. Both France and Russia have clearly and flatly refused approval of the treaty between England and Turkey in reference to the occupation of Egypt. In the case of Russia it is said that Turkey has been notified that the attempt to enforce the treaty will be regarded as a cams belli. Here is a gage of battle thrown down to England right in the midst of the jubilee celebration. It places England in an ex ceedingly awkward and humiliating posi tion. There was a time when England would not have brooked this veto upon her plans and purposes. But England, under Salisbury, is merk as a kitten and seems content to be snubbed and reduced from her rank of a first class power, in order to protect her landlords and prevent Ireland from gaining a measure of self control that would make her prosperous and an element of strength to the British empire. __ There has been much loose talk about the necessity for an extra session of Con gress to dispose of the accumulating sur plus in the treasury on the theory that the interests of the country will snfier • by so much money being withdrawn from circu lation. Careful investigation shows that there is more money in circulation by many millions than ever before, and the danger is purely imaginery from this The Washington Republic is a severe critic of the administration and especially of the Postmaster General, but it was scarcely legitimate warfare to point the caricature that it presents as a portrait of Col. Vilas. It hasn't even an accidental likeness to that gentleman. A propos, it is mentioned that the thrifty Colonel has increased his fortune by a quarter of a million during the past two years by investments in iron mines in Northern Wisconsin. In the case of Maxwell, the murderer of Preller, the Supreme Court of Missouri has dismissed his appeal and confirmed the j judgment of the court in which he was ; convicted and sentenced to be hung. An attempt will be made to take the case to ; the Supreme Court of the United States. Public patience seems often taxed beyond endurance in such cases, where there is not a doubt of guilt, and the result is beyond doubt an encouragement of extra judicial forms of trial and summary execution. In the death of ex-Rresident Mark Hop kins, of Williams College, the country has lost one of the best men it ever produced. For thirty-six years he was the head, heart and soul of the institution and hundreds of the foremost men of the country, in every walk of life, owe to him a debt of gratitude that they are proud to acknowl edge, as was President Garfield. As a testimonial to his memory it is proposed to raise an endowment fund of $150,000 for the college, and there ought not to be any difficutly in raising even a million for snch a purpose. The recent Apache outbreak is reported ended. We snrely hope the report is true, for the possibilities of mischief from snch sources are vivid in the memory of the people of Arizona. Gen. Greene : His only human weak ness, Jndge, is a quiet game of freeze-out. DESERT LANDS. The new instructions of Commissioner Sparks upon the subject of the entry of derert lands brings to our consciousness more forcibly than ever before that it is a vain boast that we live in a land where the law is king. It is the theory of our government that Congress alone has power to make laws and that courts are established to interpret those laws. But this is only theory, the fact is that the law good for nothing and that execu tive officers can so administer them as to defeat entirely the purpose for which laws are enacted. The desert character of a country has popularly, and we believe, legally been determined by the fact whether there is sufficient average rain fall to allow the successful growth of agricultural crops. Judged by this test and confirmed by long experience and observation, Mon tana has all been properly declared to be desert land. There are possibly local exceptions, and there may be exceptional seasons when there is rain fall enough to mature a scant crop, but the general faet is that we have no agricultural land which can be cultivated with any cer tainty of bringing a crop to maturity without irrigation. The fact that a natural stream of water runs along the side of or through a piece of land does not alter this fact. The effects of the running water are not perceptible six feet away from the mar gin of the streams, and even that narrow rim of land, for other good reasons, is not capable of being plowed and culti vated. Where irrigation, is necessary for successfnl agriculture and the con struction of artificial ditches is necessary for irrigation, it is desert land within the letter aud spirit of the law and no other sensible and reasonable construction is possible. It would he just as sensible for Mr. Sparks to hold that where there is water underneath the land that can be secured by digging or boring wells, it shall not be considered desert land. We do not know whether it is Mr. j Sparks ignorance on the subject, or ' whether he is [obstinately determined j that no one shall get a title to any land ; if he can prevent it, but certainly his ' last order is out of all bounds of reason i and an immediate appeal should be j taken to the Secretary of the Interior, and if that fails, to the courts. It is a matter of vital concern to the people of Montana. We are entering upon an era of the construction of large irrigating canals and the agricultural development and general settlement of our Territory depends greatly upon the liberal and rational interpretation of this desert land law. We think this is a matter that justi fies the active interposition of our Gov ernor to set Mr. Sparks right if per chance he is honestly mistaken. Ac cording to this order of the Commis sioner if the hundredth part of a quar ter section of land touches water, or if it has a living spring that will irrigate a square rod of the whole tract and render that unfit for cultivation, then the land cannot be acquired under the desert act. Now we will submit to any reasonable man in the world that this was never the intent or meaning of the law. But wherever there is not sufficient rainfall for successful agriculture and the con struction of irrigating ditches is neces sary, whether long or short, whether the source of water thus brought on or over the land be on or off the land, near or remote, it is desert land in the fullest sense and title can be had under the desert act, without any perversion of facts, fal-e representation or hard swear ing. The law was intended to encourage the construction of water ditches. These desert lands are not given away, as the swamp lands have been, to secure their drainage, but are charged for in cash $1.25 per acre, as high as was ever charged for the best lands in the Missis sippi valley. It only gives the cultiva tor of land the greater inducement to construct water ditches, for it can be done for a section at little more cost than for a single quarter section. The Commissioner's interpretation would cut off every individual or com pany from getting to water on his own land, and thus controlling his supply. It virtually nullifies the whole law, a law that is fairer and more profitable to the government than any of the land laws, and one that is most beneficial to the public interests in every way. : I ; j j 1 ! It would be a public calamity should the report prove true that the Supreme Court of Illinois had set aside the verdict in the case of the anarchists and given them a new trial. There ought to be some thing more than a trivial technicality to justify such a decision. The people of Chicago have borne themselves with un exampled patience in this matter, in the face of a crime so aggravating that sum mary vengeance would have been gener ally applauded. With all the weary months of delay that have afforded the utmost opportunity to bring to light any substantial defense or mitigating circum stance in the case of any one of the con demned anarchists, nothing of the kind has appeared, and the verdict of the jury should be carried out. The celebration of the battle of Bunker Hill, June 19th, was a notable affair this year, signalized by a visit of the soldiers of Robert E. Lae encampment of Rich mond as guests of John A. Andrew Post of the Grand Army of the Republic. The fraternization was complete and unre served. Even snch a stalwart Republican as Senator Hoar could make a speech at the banquet that the Virginians applauded to the echo. That bloody chasm is closing up fast. j ' j ; ' i j ( ; New Northwest : The war was a great reality. It was for the preservation or de struction of this Union. The Union arms triumphed, and there are few to-day who fought for or espoused the secession canse but see and know and say that the decision of battle was for the best. The Union was preserved, and the captured standards ol war became the property of the Union Brave men fought under them for the canse of which they were the emblems, and with the failure of the cause they became the legitimate property of the victor. Their return could accomplish no good results. The late seceding States that have again raised the Stars and Stripes as their emblem of government and loyal ty, could have no use for them. Iho Union flag does not permit a divided allegiance. The military organizations to which they once belonged have long since dissolved. The men who carried them have professed a new allegiance. Why should they be taken from the custody of the Union and distributed where, if they do anything, they will revive a spirit of allegiance that now belongs ODly to the Stars and Stripes ? They were captured in honorable warfare. They were deposited with and belong to this Nation, and no Congress should, as no officer has a right to, yield them up. Presi dent Cleveland, who never served under the Union colors to maintaintain their supremacy, and put a substitute in the place he should have filled, may not have or regard the sentiment of those who did, or those thoroughly in sympathy with them, but he has found an expression of indignation at this last aff r ont he has sought to put upon Union soldiers that lie will remember. ; ! 1 j ! I I I ! The gatherer of the Associated Press dispatches got off wide of the mark in announcing that the recent meeting of present and past Grand Masters of Masons in Chicago was for the purpose of forming 1 ; a Supreme Grand Council. Some few may have desired such a result, but it was , never regarded as practical, possible or even desirable by those who know most of j the situation. Every State and Territory, save Alaska, has now now an independent j Grand Lodge, and this arrangement will continue beyond all question and give the most satisfaction. We doubt if there is a 1 Grand Lodge in the country that would vote to surrender its severeignty, and cer- i tainly there would by no power in those that might form such a general Grand Lodge to compel the adherence of others. j ! It was thought by those who suggested this Chicago meeting that it might pro mote more unity of action on some mat- ; ters on which there is now diversity of opinion and action. The convention was not generally favored or attended and ac I complished nothing. The fact that five Navajo Indians killed a white man does not imply that there is to be a general war by the whole tribe, i The Navajos number al'out 10,000. They are comparatively well advanced in civili- , j zatiou aud possess considerable property, j The Navajos are related to the Apaches, and have at times been hostile, which per- , haps gives some cause for present anxiety, but there are more and stronger reasons to think that there will be no general trouble, . and we have no doubt the murderers will be given up on demand, or will become fugitives from the tribe and outlaws. We Indian wars. They are I want no more Indian wars, they are | costly, losiDg allairs in e\ery instance, and we believe they can all be avoided. j I I ! Surveyor General Greene, having lost his chief clerk in the appointment of Mr. Keerl to the clerkship of the district court, is said to have telegraphed to Ala bama ofi'ering the vacant position to one of his Southern friends. The Surveyor General does not change in the conviction that he is under no obligation to the Mon tana Democracy for his office and he reso lutely stands by his determination to give the preference for places under him to friends from his own section of the coun try. If the General was a Republican the Herald might feel disposed to object, but being a Democrat we cannot see our way clear to interfere in his choice. Gen. Greene is a man of his own mind and don't care a continental for the Democrats who call him a carpet-bagger. The visit of the Civil Service Commis sioners to the Northwest can have no other object or effect than to give those gentle men a junketing t>ur at the expense of the government, one of the commission ers, then in office, came here about two years ago and held an examination. Sev tral young gentlemen were examined and passed creditably, but we have not learned that any one of them has received an ap pointment. We are glad to have any representatives of the administration widen their views by a visit to Montana ; .but so far as the ostensible purpose of their trip is concerned it is little more than a mockery. If Secretary Lamar is really desirous of a seat on the Supreme Bench, we have little doult that he can secure it. He is 61 years old, aud at one time was reported to be in feeble health. But since then he has married, and the presumption is that he has recovered. Cleveland's term will soon be ont, and the future is uncertain. No donbt Lamar would like to chage his pres ent position for a longer termed office. Oar chief regret over the change would be the loss to the Interior Department. Lamar has proved a valuable check on Sparks, aud we should have fears that a new in cumbent would give the great fraud sharp a looser reim _ The mouth of Big Muddy has been passed by the track layers on the Manitoba road, and all the hands are now working at their best in these long days to push the end of the track farther into Montana. Poplar creek will be the next pdint reached. The rains and high water may cause some delay in the matter of patting in bridges, but the season affords good opportunity to show how the ronte should be selected and the grades and bridges constructed to avoid danger and damage from the high water in the future. The courtesy of the use of the Herald columns were yesterday tendered to and accepted by Jndge McConnell as a medium for the publication of a card through which to present the reasons governing his action i*: the clerkship matter. The Judge pre ferred this method of fully stating his side of the case in preference to that of an interview, as being more likely to secure an exact report of his words, and yesterday evening we announced the card for appearance in to day's issue. This morning His Honor iu formed the Herald representative who called upon him that he had changed his mind, and that while he had prepared the card with the intention of giving his version of the matter, he |had concluded upon further reflection to with hold it. The Herald has endeavored to act altogether fairly in the premises, and we desire it to be understood that no obstacle of ours has been thrown in the way of the Judge's statement, as he himself will admit. His first impulse was probably the be3t one, and his after thought will he apt as much to surprise the public as the final action adopted in the clerk appointment. We can only sur mise that the squib in this morning's paper may have had something to do in altering the purpose of Ilia Honor and deterring him from appearance in print. Knowing some what by hearsay of the incisiveness of the Judge in argument and his cleverness as a writer, we were calculating that his article would present him to advantage and much to his credit. We trust the Judge may still see his way clear to an explanation from his standpoint of the controversy. The Herald holds open the inviting hos pitality of its columns. j ; i , j , . I The pestiferous little alien, who takes advantage of the absence of his employer to toady to position and humiliate and de grade his party, whimpers at The Herai.h because Democrats are permitted the hear ing they fail to command in the Indepen dent. The Herald refuses to discriminate against citizens when principle is involved and grievances are to be redressed. Politics cuts but little figure and is the least to lie considered when a community Is stirred by events like those of recent occurrence. At such times The Herald can at least sympathize with Democrats, though our contemporary may not, and furnish to neighbors politically at variance an aveni e of public expression. In the clerk con troversy the Independent is arrayed again it its party, against its proprietor, against tie Bar of Helena, and in slurring the candi date and justifying his rejection, it gravely reflects upon them all. The Judge may have acted from the best of motives and may have acted right, (and in the, exercise of an indejiendent choice we may finally be convinced he did quite the proper thing,) but in view of all thecirci instances the Independent could least and last afford to say the half of that. The tenure of judgeships is sometimes as precarious as that of editorships. The prejudice against carpet-baggers, whether on the bench or iu the sanctum, is confined to no party ; it is as strongly defined in Montana as elsewhere, and if it is once fairly aroused the conse quences may be surmised and arrangements should be timely to prepare for them. The credit of the State of Connecticut stands enviably high. Last week for a | j oan 0 f 0 ne million at 3j per cent, seven millions were tendered, and the Ætna life insurance took one-half of the amount at j 3j premium. It was not a long loan either. It comes due in ten years, and is payable sooner at the will of the treasurer. The fact is that our country is getting so full of money that the holders do not know what to do with it. We believe a govern ment loan could be negotiated easily at 2J, possibly at 2 per cent, to pay off all the outstanding debt, and the effort sorely ought to be made. If Montana were ad mitted as a State at the next session of Congress, no doubt all the money we needed to build an insane asylum, and all I other public buildings, could be had at ! I per cent. _ There are desperate attempts being made to save Jake Sharp from the verdict ! of conviction that surely awaits him. It is represented that he is dying and that a ! verdict of any kind will sureiy precipitate I his death. There are other and better rea | sons than this that probably iuduced his ! attorneys to keep him from testifying. ! They knew well that he could not testify fully and truthfully without convicting It would be an unprecedented proceeding for a judge to withdraw a ca?e y,i in * H P if I fr om the jury for fear that the verdict might kii! the accused. We know of no law or precedent that would justify such action by a j udge. Fiat justicia, runt on - ium. Many' of our people will be interested in the result of the trial of Simmons, the manager of the Del Monte hotel, who is believed to have set fire to the building At last accounts the State's evidence was closed, and the attorneys lor Simmons de c B ne d to produce any evidence or make any plea to the jury. It is believed there is some plan by which they expect to dear their client. It looks as if the interstate commission had a pretty clear case for action in the charges for wheat transportation from Walla Walla to Portland. Thirty cents per hundred would be a heavy charge from Walla Walla to Liverpool. Before the promise of appointment was broken, the agreement was exacted that Mr. Marshall should voluntarily relinquish the court clerkship next spring in favor oi Judge McConnell's sou. So The Herald is informed. There are strong threateniDgs of Demo cratic interference with Judge McConnells confirmation.___ Cleveland's presidential traiu has flagged and side-tracked. Another Carpet-Bagger Provided lor. Washington, June 29.—The President to-day appointed Francis F. Patterson, oi Salem, N. C., Register of the Land Office» 1 Lewiston, Idaho, viee Patrick inston resigned.