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cfcllj Jerald. FISK BRUS. - - - Publishers. R. E. FISK, - THURSDAY, JUNE 30, 1887. Gkovek Cleveland is a great friend of the soldiers—who fought on the other side. _ The captured Confederate standards which I'resident Cleveland desired to turn over to his Southern friends are 545 in number. _ The failure of the Fidelity Rank of Cincinnati is simply cold-blooded robbery, and if the responsible officer is not landed in the penitentiary it will be a failure of justice. 11 Mr. Cleveland had decided to return only such of the Confederate Hags as he himself or his substitute from the Frie county prison captured in battle there would have been no cause for complaint. 1 1 is not so very long before Mr. Cleve land's Soathern friends will be moving in solid procession for his re-election to the Presidency, and the return of the flags suggests the idea that he intended they should march as "an army with banners." The Morning Alien continues its labors for the political instruction of Americans with its usual success. It speaks of "that staunch old Republican journal, the New York Herald and quotes a column of its editorial approving the action of the Presi dent concerning the Hags. Now while the JI< raid has supported Republican candi dates on occasion, it has never been a Re publican paper, and was earnest in its ad vocacy of the election of Cleveland. When* the Blake lease of the Crow Res ervation for cattle-grazing was under con sideration there was a great deal of oppo sition, and it seemed to be founded on suf ficient ground- We are unable to deter mine from present information wherein the lease that has now received the sanction of the Secretary of the Interior is less objec tionable than the former one. It seems to be conceded that it will yield only $25,000 per year to the Indians, whereas Blake of fered $50,000. The secrecy with which the business has been conducted is another badge of crookedness. It is well to forget and forgive and live in the future rather than the past, but for giveness is a matter than can't be forced. If a wound heals too soon it often covers foul matter internally that needs an open way of escape. The men who took the rebel Hags are the ones to return them, if that time ever comes. If it fosters strife and division for the captors to keep the captured colors, will it not foster rebellion and false pride to restore them ? The day may come when they might be destroyed, but we never can conceive how it should be appropriate to restore them and revive the feelings that existed when they were borne and lost. The "Comedy of Errors" is still on the boards, with our colonial friend, as usual, in the leading role. This morning, in sup port of the President's order for the return of the Confederate Hags, the New York Herald is quoted as "Republican authority !" As heretofore, we charitably ascribe such blundering to ignor ance, as the Independent could hardly ex pect to deceive a single intelligent reader by the statement. As every American knows, the paper quoted is now about the only straight out administration paper left in New York since the defection of the Democratic World and Sun. Our unen franchised neighbor has a woful lack of United States education, personal, political and otherwise. Study up. It was not only foolish and unpatriotic, but it was also unlawful. If the President had looked at the Revised Statutes of the United States he would have found the following : Sec. 218. The Secretary of War shall from time to time cause to be collected and transmitted to him at the seat of govern ment all such Hags, standards and colors as are taken by the army from the enemies of the United States. It will hardly be denied that when the Hags were taken the Confederates were enemies of the United States. The Presi dent's order then involved a Hagrant vio lation of the laws of the United States, and if it had been persisted in would have been a ground for impeachment. Once in a while the law seems to assert itself in Kentucky and a decimation of desperadoes follows. Yesterday a sheriff's posse wiped from existence a whole gang ol' terrorizing, murdering vendetti. Rooking at the affair through the spectacles of a native at our elbow, we come to the con clusion that the Democracy of Kentucky can suffer but few of such reverses and expect to repeat its accustomed Bour bon majority at the coming election for Buckner. YVe are told that lawlessness like that which has long pervaded the mountain and other sections of the State has not only converted Rowan to a Repub lican county, but has turned near ly every other county of the four teen composing the Ninth Congres sional district the same way. This is also true of county alter county composing the Tenth district, and of many counties in other districts, and the revulsion of politi cal sentiment continues and threatens to overwhelm the dominant party. It seems clear that the abnormal criminal constituency of the State cannot much longer keep the Bourbons in supremacy. The better class of Democrats are in revolt and increasing thousands are yearly deserting to the Republicans and asserting their independence of party dictation and rule. The day of redemption, we should hope, will soon dawn on poor, suffering, bour bon-ridden. terror-stricken Kentucky. TUE MOST UNKINDEST. President The severest blow that Cleveland has received yet is the rebuke that Jeff Davis has passed jupon the order for the return of the captured Hags. It seems that the managers of a country fair in Illinois, one of those "agricultural horse trots" that are conducted after the manner of a dime museum, conceived that the ex-President of the Confederacy would be a drawing card, and so invited him to deliver the address. In declin ing the invitation, and so showing better taste than the men who gave it, Mr. I )avis uses the following language : "The order of the YVar Department to return captured flags to the late Confeder ate States was a violation of all known military precedents. The flags were cap tured by the volunteer army of the North and belong to the several States. " t It is amusing to notice how the es sentially Southern doctrine of the rights of the States obtrudes itself in the last clause of the above extract. That doc trine excludes the theory that dier- who won the triumph j Union cause constituted a national army, notwithstanding they were enlisted under authority of acts of Congress, mustered formally into the service of the United .States and commanded by general offi cers appointed by the President. How ever, we can let that pass, only observ ing that the States whose troops captur ed them clearly had a better right to the flags than the States of the Confederacy from whom they were captured. The significant feature of the expres sion which Mr. Davis has volunteered is the snub that it administers to President Cleveland. To use a familiar form of speech, that gentleman is playing in hard luck. He brought upon himself the execrations of the loyal people of the country ; he was obliged to back down in an extremely undignified man ner. and now he receives a stinging re buke from the leader of the ex-Confeder ates whom his order was obviously in tended to please. Mr. Cleveland will never succeed in convincing the people but that his action respecting the Hags had its source in his desire to secure a second term. It was wholly unnecessary and gratuitous. The Hags were doing nobody any harm, were exciting no remark and were in no way keeping alive the feelings engendered by the ♦ ar. All that was needed was that they be let alone. But the Presi dent feared that the "Solid South'' might not be as solid as he could desire in support of his renomina tion. So the brilliant idea occurred to him that he could greatly commend him self to the people of the rebellious States by surrendering to them the standards that had been won from them by the soldiers of the Union on the battle field ; and now he suffers the gall ing mortification of being rebuked by the President of the Confederacy, who was the commander-in-chief of its armies. In the language of Talleyrand, "It was worse than a crime; it was a blunder." It leaves President Cleveland in a position that is ridiculous and con temptible ; and it will probably defeat its purpose, since even the perverse folly which the Democratic party can display on occasion will hardly surpass itself by giving him a nomination. SAINT JOHN'S DAY This 24th day of June, coming as it does at or so near the summer solstice, has always been a festival season in our northern latitude, from remotest times and among the rudest peoples. Chris tianity found it so deeply rooted as a custom among the barbarous nations of Europe that instead of antagonizing and attempting to uproot it, a religious name and character was sought to be substituted therefor. It was evidently a sun festival and connected with the superstitious worship gratefully rendered to the source of light, heat, food and everything else that seemed to ren der the earth habitable and life endurable to their clouded minds. It has always seemed to us that this sun worship was the most natural and excusable of any form of heathenish religion, for every material blessing we enjoy in life is primarily or secondarily traceable to the sun. Iu our busy, bustling modern life, j when sunlight seems to be chiefly re- j garded to do most work in, there is less j disposition to stop at this season of the j year to celebrate than at others, but it was not so with those ruder people who subsisted principally upon the spon taneous products of the earth. They were always ready for a feast, and as the sun did their work for them they natur ally felt most grateful when the sun was at his meridian of power. As the festival day of St. John the Baptist, who has been accounted as one of saintly patrons of Masonry, this occasion is a Masonic feast day and generally celebrated by banquets and ap propriate ceremonies, and the installation of newly elected lodge officers. In Mon tana, however, this service occurs on the festival of St. John, the evangelist, December 27th, and hence it has come that with us little notice is taken of this day. The Fourth ol July comes so near thi ofSi. John that all the celebrating ten dencies of Americans for this midsum mer tide seem to concentrate there and it will be hard to revive this old sun festival and make it general and popu lar. Perhaps it is only a trace of our barbarous and heathenish inheritance, but we have always felt warmly towards this summer solstice as the most natural ly appropriate occasion for general fes tivitv. the sol- j of the Insane King. ! j Beim. in, June 2.".—King Otto, of Bavaria, has been officially declared insane. ; OK THE KANG ES. j j j j An outing of two weeks, which ex tended into the heart of the Musselshell country, enables us to speak with the assurance of eye-sight observations of the wonderful growth of vegetation this season. A greater contrast than that presented by the same country last year and this is scarcely conceivable. Then everything was dry and dusty and looked barren ; now everything is covered with verdure and flowers of rarest beauty are blushing unseen on prairie, in mountain gulches, and wasting their fragrance on desert air. What vegetation there was last year anywhere and in any form was sought out and used up. What covers the earth now is new growth. The melting snows were followed by rains, which, up to the present time, have not allowed a check to the vigorous growth, and so well has the ground been satu rated that even if we should have no more rains the grasses and crops will j generally mature. The stock that survived the winter i fast recovering flesh. Except for the persecution oi'lliesand mosquitoes, which are unusually numerous this year, the stock seem to be enjoying a perfect elysium. There is abundant, luscious feed and sweet water everywhere, and there is nothing to do but eat and grow fat. Were one to travel the length and breadth of Montana to-day, he would say that there was feed enough for all the stock iu the whole country. Not a thousandth part can be utilized were the present rate of growth tq be continued throughout the season. Experience has taught us, however, that this is not to be expected. The entire year's supply is the product of a few short weeks of in terwoven sunshine and shower. Amidst this scene of universal beauty and verdure are painful evidences of last winter's death and desolation. The bleaching bones of dead cattle, horses and sheep attest the fatal work of starv ation and piercing blizzard. The at tenuated herds look lonesome in this great wilderness of verdure, and among the survivors one looks in vain for the usual proportion of cows, heifers, calves and bulls. There are exceptions to this general rule. In the Smith River val ley some few stock men have branded the usual number of calves, but in most sections the round ups have been aban doned for the reason that there was no increase to need branding. The loss of sheep has not been so great as that of cattle, for the good reason that these had constant attention and there was some stock of hay to carry the flocks through the severest portion of the sea son, when the ranges were inaccessible. Still there were but few sheep men who did not lose more than usual, and many lost half their Hocks. The spring was late, cold and stormy, and the crop of lambs is much less than an average even in proportion to the ewes that survived. Taught by successive disasters, the last one greater than any before, we find ranchmen and stockmen of every de scription making preparation to lay up provisions iu store when there is plenty for lean seasons and hard winters. They are fencing their meadows and increasing their acreage of grain. If this purpose is steadfastly adhered to we shall never wit ness another such a disaster as befell our stock interests last winter. There will be food enough grown to maturity this year to last two years. The surplus must be stored up. The more that is cut the less will be the danger from prairie fires. Though there is promise of plenty for a year to come, without hav ing to cut at all, there will in all proba bility be other seasons like the last, when every ton of hay will be worth $50. Aside from considerations of health, it would do every Montanian good to go out and travel over the country as far and as much as possible. It is now in its prime of productiveness and beauty. He who travels widest will love Montana most and gain an idea of its productive capacity such as he never had before. .Such a growth of grass as can be seen this year is worth millions, if it can be fully utilized, and that is what we must learn to do. The sheep men are now in the midst of shearing time, and this makes it, coming close after our late lambing season, the busiest time in the year. The fleeces are generally heavy and much cleaner than last year. There is no reason in the world why wool should not command as good a price this year as last, except that the buyers paid last year so near up to the value of the wool that they left them selves no margin for a profit, and they want to make profit enough this year to cover the shortage of last. The wool de mand of the world is increasing every year out of proportion to the amount produced. The cost of production is increasing also, and there is no good reason why the price should not increase correspondingly. There was some expectation last year of a conti nental war. that did not come off. It only increases the probability of that war com ing this year. The situation has not im proved one whit. No one thinks it possi ble to avoid such a war, and every year brings it nearer. As yet there are not many buyers in the Territory, and those that are here are only offering low rates. ! We should advise every wool grower in Montana to ship hnd await the result rather than accept such offers as have been made. There is no money in sheep raising in Montana when wool is sold for less than twenty cents per pound. This year there seems to be more inducement to ship than to sell. Wool is actually worth two cents a pound more this year than last on ac count of its greater cleanliness, and cer tainly no man should be content to get less than last year. Many have incurred so much loss and expense during the winter that buyers think they are forced to sell for whatever is ofl'ered, and they are work ing on this line. HORSE STEALING. As we came through Martinsdale the first of the week, we heard of the great raid upon the horse bands of Fergus A' | Son, and found the whole country alive with excitement. It was then reported that one Indian had been killed and many of the horses recovered. It wa> j our opinion from the first that others besides Indians were engaged in the en terprise, and we believe that it will prove in the end that more white than red thieves are among the raiders. The raid was on such a grand scale, covering property worth $20,000 or more, and be longing to such old, well-known and popular men as Mr. James Fergus and his sun, that we were satisfied that there would be no lack of ready men to an swer to the call, and unless some of the animals are killed, they will be recov ered to the last one. The Missouri river at this time is very high, and it will be a difficult matter to get the horses over the river. The sheep men are in the midst of shearing, and many are thus employed, but there are not as many as usual en gaged on the round ups. Every man who owns horses is almost as much in terested as if the stolen animals were his own. No one knows who will be the next victim. This horse stealing busi ness has been going on for years at all season.- of the year, and perpetual vigi lance has been taught by dear bought experience. Besides the Indians there have been regular organized bands ol white men engaged in stocking the British possessions with American horses. The latter have been broken up pretty thoroughly at one time and the the business made very un profitable. It seems, however, that no amount of warning will prevent others from taking up the same tempting pursuit though the venture may cost them life itself. We may readily im agine that the legitimate owners of stock, after the hardships and losing ex perience of the last winter, are iu no humor to be trifled with. There will be a grand round up of horse thieves, we are thinking, and few will blame the ranchmen for executing summary venge ance upon any raiders caught, without any distinction of color. It is a large country and there are many hiding places and avenues of escape, but the ranchers know the country well, even better than the thieves, and it will be thoroughly scoured. As the Manitoba road advances there will soon be almost a continuous line of men and moving trains which will cut off convenient escape to the north. But among the employes will also be some desperate, bad men who will foolishly think they can make a living easier than by hard work. Horsestealing has always ranked as a capital offence on the fron tiers and in this last bold venture we shall not expect any increase of court business if any of the thieves are caught. Dan. Manning, the Christopher Colum bus of Grover Cleveland, does not like the G. A. R. either. Several years ago he de manded that it lie disbanded. This is what Dan. had to say about it : "In the opinion of many citizens at the start, the Grand Army of the Republic was as likely to prove an evil as a good. Such citizens felt that it tended to prolong and increase the asperities of the interstate conflict. ****** Its prominent membership for years com prised loud, brawling men, who went to the war to escape their characters, or be cause there was money in it. The soldiers who had l*een and who are the best citi- j zens had little or no influence in the order in many places. The decorations of the graves were made the subject of 'orders' of brutality and illiteracy. Now and then the better influences get control, but the effort to keep it taxes all their energies. The pa- ! triotic citizens who were soldiers and those who were not unite in the conviction that : the organization has survived its useful- : nesss and is a part of a military spirit that ought not to be fostered among a people that would be free. * * The organization is also a standing pro hibition on politics and journalism from truth-telling about soldiers. That is fine for rascals who went to the war. That j time has come. And it is not too much to ; ask the sensible members of the Grand 1 Army of the Republic to start promptly movements to disband the organization throughout the country, and to turn over its habit of decorating the graves of the dead to civil authority. Nor is it too much to ask the civil authorities and the citizens generally to let it be known that after this year, they will prefer to contribute flowers and money for decoration and celebration purposes to governmental and popular agencies, and not to any other kind. Wherefore, that civil citizenship and its duties may have due field and chance against the division and detractions and demagogues born of civil war and taking form and force dangerous to liberty, in the military spirit, let the Grand Army of the Republic transmit its memorial work to the people at large and then disband." j 'I lie Alice's Work. Some time ago the Herald mentioned the tact that Eastern stockholders of the Alice mine were protesting through the Financial and Mining Record against the management of the Alice company. From published reports in the Butte papers the monthly bullion output of the Alice was given in large figures, and men in the East, understanding the cost of uuuc.aLauumg the cost of work--j mg expenses, could not imagine why, if | the product of the Alice was as large as reported, the company had not paid any dividends this year ; for it was patent a handsome surplus must exist after all operating expenses had been paid. To post the public. Mr. Walker, of Halt Lake, president of the Alice company, has sent the following statements of this year's re ceipts from the sale of bullion to the Record : January................................................. S 19,573 2S February.............................................. 60,817 05 March.................................................. 71.639 49 April...................................................... 70,050 97 May...................................................... 73,890 17 Total product........................:......5:525.975 96 Monthly average................................ 65,195 19 It will be seen the total for May was $73,890.17, according to Mr. Walker's figures ; yet the Inter Mountain stated that its product for the same month at $196,726, and the Miner gave it even at a higher figure. If our recollection is not at fault, the local papers have stated each month's product of the Alice at figures much greater than Mr. Walker gives them. If, as supposed, the Butte papers get their in formation on such points from the express company that forwards the bullion, how is I it there is such a discrepancy between official and répertoriai figures ? THE VOICE OF THE PEOPLE. It is very evident that the loyal masses of the country do not believe in such | j j very beginning ol his Administration down methods as those favored and attempted to be carried into effect by President Cleveland to cancel the memories of the war in a fashion so unusual and so humiliating as the surrender of the cap tured confederate flags which his order a few days ago proposed. The time has not yet come, and never will come, for an acknowledgment by the people of the North that treason was not treason, and that all evidences of it should according ly be obliterated. Those who fancy that because a new generation has grown up since the war clösed, the country has passed beyond the recollection of those dark and bloody days, and is no longer sensible of the obligation- to guard and cherish the results of that awful struggle is very much mistaken. Substantially this is the view taken by the loyal press and people throughout the land, and to the imperiousness of that sentiment Mr. Cleveland suddenly bent and hurried the revocation of his order. The com ments of ? hundred leading journals are before us, and as to the matter of the re turn of the Hags the theory is that pat riotism has the first call and loyalty the first claim to approval and glorification. In the canvass of the question the Globe Democrat gets as near to the popular heart as any of the great journals in the following clear cut observations : The grave blunders of President Cleve land in the matter of the captured Con federate flags has served one good purpose, at least. It has made plain the important fact that the spirit of patriotism is still a pervasive and potent force in this country, as it was when those flags were borne in battle against the Government, and the armies of the Union were defending the national life and honor. The war ended long ago, but its sacrifices have not been forgotten nor its solemn meaning put aside as a mere dream and tradition. All the incidents of that terrible period are as vividly remembered as if they had hap pened only yesterday. It is not true, as certain superfluous chatterers would make it appear, that the loyal people of the United States are willing to let the past be so thoroughly buried that it shall be im possible to distinguish between the two causes which contended so long and des perately for the mastery. There was a vital difference, and the result was a com plete victory for the one side and a com plete defeat for the other. Those who fought for the Union were right, and those who fought against it were wrong ; and it is impossible to make history read iu any other way. The people of the North are quite will ing to concede everything that is really necessary to to the restoration of sectional harmony and confidence. They have shown a degree of generosity in that re spect which has never had a parallel in the whole history of the world. If they have erred at all, it has been in the form of ex cessive and unappreciated magnanimity. But it is a great mistake, as this affair of the flags has clearly demonstrated, to sup pose that their unexampled forbearance implies a readiness on their part to con cede that loyalty was the common posses sion of both armies, and that each fought for the country and the right. There is a limit to the Northern idea of forgiveness and forgetfulness ; and Mr. Cleveland has unintentionally and to the serious discom fiture of himself and his party caused this truth to blaze forth in a most distinct and emphatic manner. The protest against the surrender of trophies signalizing Union gallantry and triumph is general, vigorous and decided. It comes straight from the popular heart and conscience upon which the government leaned for support and vindication during the war; and the Pres ident does well to respect and obey it. The President's blunder was in perfect keeping, we regret to say, with his pre vious record in this connection. From the ! : : j ; 1 to the present time he has proceeded as if he thought the government should be so administered as to reverse the history of the last quarter of a century and to dis criminate in favor of the Confederates in j all particulars. It is to be hoped that the rebuke which he has just received will open his eyes to the fact that the people who fought to preserve the Union have su perior claims upon him, and that those who fought to destroy the Union are, strictly speaking, only so many paroled prisoners, as General Sherman character ized them not long ago. If he wishes to deal kindly with those who were on the wrong side in a controversy involving the very existence of the nation, it is his privi lege to do so, within reasonable bounds and for proper purposes : but he has no right to use his power in such a way as to imply that these paroled prisoners are the genu ine patriots, who deserve first considera tion as citizens, when the truth is that but for the surpassing forbearance of their vic torious adversaries they would not now have the least part or opportunity in our political affairs. Some THE FLAG OKDEK. Recent Expressions of Stales Exchanges. Dm Cincinnati Commercial Gazelle: The patri otic sentiment of the country is excited to indignation by this ostentatious, cold blooded insult. Cleveland Leader : These flags are a part of the nation's heritage, and the Presi dent has no more moral right to return them to the traitors from whom they were taken than he has tosend back to England the guns in our public square which were captured by Perry on Lake Erie. Syracuse Journal : The captured rebel standards are an invaluable object-lesson, not of sectional hatred, but of the odium in which treason and rebellion are held, and at th present time by the Southern | gtateg ther ^ selvea no i«** than by those which remained true to the Union. Hartford Currant : We earnestly desire the full realization of the "more perfect Union," based on universal freedom and I j ustice, on the sense of a common nation ality, and on loyal obedience to the com mon constitution. We shall continue to do all in our power to hasten its coming. But that is one affair. Vote-seeking by tuckling subserviency to the ideas and the history represented by Mr. Jefferson Davis is another. New Orleans Times-Democrat : No action better calculated to obliterate all lingering traces of sectional resentment could possi bly be devised. Nor, it may be added, could President Cleveland have bit upon a readier or more effective way to increase his popularity in the Southern States. Charleston News and Courier : Most of Sou^h Carolina's old soldiers, we believe, will prefer that the old flags shall be kept in the Capital at Columbia, where they can be preserved and displayed in a proper manner, rather than have them distributed in out-of-the-way places where they will be exposed to injury and loss. Indianapolis Journal : The flags will be received with shouts of delight and will be placed on public exhibition in the various State capitols and in othsr conspicuous places. They will be carefully preserved as sacred relics of the lost cause, and used to educate Southern youth in sentiments of disloyalty. Boston Advertiser : To return these flags will be to perpetuate respect for the cause they represent. No one can justly claim them, for the government which put them forth is dead. Better destroy these flags, if they are to be moved at all. Augusta (Ga.) Chronicle: It would have been better had President Cleveland never . mentioned the flag afl'air. If the order to return them must originate in Congress, the President should have known it before all this hue and cry was raised. If the power is vested in the executive, he should have stood by his action. Portland Oregonian : For the Southern man. sick, suffering, sorrow-stricken, the Union soldier has an open hand, an open heart and an open door, but to the South ern idea, on which rested the ark of Con federacy the Union soldier is and must ever Ire as cruel and inhospitable as that vast grave between the sections which their hands filled with our gallant dead. Louisville Courier Journal : The battle flag business, politically considered, was an exquisite folly on the part of the Adminis tration. What Mr. Cleveland most needs at his elbow is somebody who knows something. Hartford Rost : If anybody thinks old issues are dead just wait until some blun derer stirs them up. New York Tribune : Moved by Uncle Sam. seconded by the American Eagle, en dorsed by the Grand Army of the Repub lic: If any man attempts to haulaway any flags from the War Department shoot him on several spots. New York World : It is quite unfortu nate that this question should have been raised now. If there is any significance at tached to the custody of the flags, it is better that they should remain in the keep ing of the government rather than be held as symbols of a lost cause in the communi ties that have no lack of mementoes. Knoxville Journal : The latest perform ance of President Cleveland to gain popu larity with the Confederate element at the South is remarkably cheap, and we do not see how brave Confederates will view it otherwise. He has conceived the brilliant idea of returning to the States all the Con federate battle flags captured and held as trophies of war. Why return them? Whatdo»the Southern States want with them ? What are they to be used for ? How is the South to be benefitted by them ? These are questions for which we conceieve that it will be difficult to find reasonable answers. They are representa tives of a lost cause, and the universal verdict of all thinking Americans, in cluding the brave ex-Confederate solder, is that it is well it was lost. Then, we re peat, what do the Southern States care for these emblem, of State sovereignty, seces sion, rebellion, and an effort to perpetuate human slavery ? A QUESTION OF VERACITY Between the Miners' Union of Butte and Editor and Orator Penrose. We should be sorry to think that officers of the Miners' Union of Butte had thought lessly lent their signatures to a communi cation evidently specially prepared and published largely in the interest and for the benefit of editor and arbiter Penrose, who was recently connected by mention in these columns with Butte reports of the late affair at the Blue Bird mine. We beg leave to say to Messrs. Barker, Norris and Laity, who on the part of the union are signatory parties to the card, that we can have no issue with them further than to controvert certain misapprehensions into which they have supposedly been led dis tinct from any careful consideration or mature conclusion of their own with re spect to "misrepresentations,' alleged in the premises against the Herald. The par ticular "misrepresentation" complained of by the gentleman seems to be contained in that part of the Herald's comments which criticised the reported intimidation and violence by which the Blue Bird superin tendent was said to have been silenced. The signers declare that "there was no rope thrown around the neck of the mana ger of the Blue Bird mine and no threats were uttered toward that gentleman." Mr. Penrose, whom the Union officers declare to be "a friend to honest labor, and withal a conscientious and law-abiding citizen," was himself accepted as the principal au thority, outside of corroborative testimony, that the rope performance was not an imaginary but an actual happening. Will our union friends please give us their at tention while we quote Mr. Penrose as he is reported by the Butte Miner in his speech following the Blue Bird affair: "He (Penrose) spoke of the rope wafted by the wind that dropped on the superintendent's neck ; he didn't see any person drop the rope, but it got there all the same.'' The Miner states that this gleeful com mentary on the Blue Bird episode "was greeted with a running commentary of hearty laughter and witty comment from the audience." The Miner further reports the orator : "He (Penrose) described Mr. Booraem as taken j ust about that time with a Jit offerer and ague and said he kindly accompanied them into the works and they found the gentlemen there who came along." Now, the union officers are requested to say, in view of the foregoing excerpts re porting the words of Mr. Penrose, whether the Herald's version was or was not sub stantially correct, and whether its com ments based thereon were justified or not. We desire to believe that the union offi cers are fair and honorable men. Was the Herald mislead? Was it a party to "misrepresentation" in the light of Pen rose's own speech and boast ? There is a question of veracity, not between the union officers and the Herald with respect to this little matter, but between them and Penrose. The officers say that no such oc currence took place. Penrose says it did. The question is one that should be settled within its legitimate bounds without im plicating others who assumed on authority to state nothing but facts. One other point we would like to im- < press in a reasonable way upon our criti cising friends : Craft sometimes gets the better of caution, and one man sometimes makes tools of many. We cannot con ceive how, of their own conviction of its propriety and justice, the Union officers could append their names to an article of the nature of that prepared and printed. It does not become the dignity of labor or its advocates. Its reflections upon the Herald are warranted by no word or act of which the signers can reasonably com plain. If what we have reported is, as claimed, untrue, we give as our authority the man whom the officers themselves extol and assert to be reliable. More Fame. It would seem that Mr. Quaw, of Bel grade, whom the bard of Montana journal ism has immortalized in thedulcet verses of "How She Felt in Her First Corset," is des tined to achieve more fame in his own country, as witness the following from the Independent Thomas B. <luaw, the Bel K rade shipper and , of Matt . Aldereon s poems, is photographed at the Grand Central. r Ihe query is, has Matt, in contemplation the publication of a "revised and enlarged" edition of his poems, fully illustrated, and ornamented with a portrait of "the genial Tom Quaw ?" Or has the Grand Central secured an addition to its picture gallery ? < 0. WISE JUDGE ! 0. LEARNED IDD'jE !" So Cried the Demecracy Over the New Chief Justice, but the Clerk Ap pointment Changes Their Tone. The High Code of Moral' of Our Su. preme Court Chief. When Chief Justice McConuell came out from Tennessee to take charge of the Montana Supreme Court the Democracy of Helena resounded with the praises of the affable, eminent and accomplished jurist and openly thanked the gods that, if a "carpet bagger" had to be appointed, fate had been so supremely kind as to send them such a genial gentleman and learned judge; but for a week past laudatory com mendations have given place to mutterings of discontent among the brethren and now outspoken dissatisfaction is expressed over the action of the new Judge in the district clerk appointment and not a few of the prominent partisans of his own stripe po litically denounce that official as a "re ligious fanatic" and a "temperance crank" and proclaim his act in appointing the clerk of the district court, a contemptuous dis regard of their wishes and prayers, with out warrant or excuse. It is well known that one of the bright est and most respected young men in the Democratic ranks was an applicant for the position of clerk of this district court, and as soon as the new Judge arrived testimo nials and petitions poured in, attest ing the good character of the appli can and asking his appointment. The bar of Helena almost to a unit endorsed the young man ; the war horses of the Democracy urged his appointment by letter and personal interview with the Chief Jus tice ; monied men among them ofl'ered to go on his bond for twice the amount re quired. In fact no testimonial or en couragement was lacking anil everyone thought that, with such universal support, his appointment was a foregone conclusion. It was given out that he would be ap pointed and in a recent conversation the Judge told the vonng man that his ap pointment was as good as settled. In fact he even stated the conditions, telling the applicant that he, the Judge, would reserve the right to name the deputy clerks and proceeding to designate whom he desired appointed at Benton, Boulder and Helena. So the interview terminated. Two days later, last Monday, the young man was summoned to the presence of the Chief Jnätice. It was evident that some influence antagonistic to the applicant had been brought to bear on the Judge since the last interview. He began by asking the young man if he gambled or drank. The latter protested that he did not, when the Judge is said to have remarked : "I have been told that at a game of poker Swede Sam bet $25, you raised him $125 and when it came to a "show down you held only a pair of deuces." The young man denounced the state ment as false and unhesitatingly branded the man that had uttered it as a liar. The conversation continued in this pleasant strain, and the Judge learned from the ap plicant's lips that in past times he had tasted liquor and indulged occasionally in a social game of poker, but that be bad abandoned both. Whereupon the Judge is reported to have said : "I don't consider you a fit man for the place. The clerk is responsible for large sums, running as high as $55,000, and as you are untrustworthy, I would not con sider it safe in your hands. No man who plays poker can hold a position under me I want a young man pure and spotless in that position, and I am sorry to say I can not lind such in Helena. The morals of this city are far below my standard. My son will lie out here next spring, and to him I could safely confide the trust." Then the Judge, we are told, gave his visitor the benefit of some of his religious views. He held that cards in themselves were evil, because they led to evil, and could not countenance any one who used them. Other religious profundities were expounded for the edification of the visitor, but, notwithstanding, the interview ended with anything but a religious aspect and the applicant left with his temper nowise improved by the conference. Since then the appointment has hung fire. A few days since it was understood that the Judge was about to appoint a lawyer of well known temperance proclivities to the position, but, upon learning that the statutes prohibited a member of the bar from bolding that position, he abandoned the intention. Other names bave been mentioned since, but yesterday the matter was brought to au issue by Mr. B. H. Tatem, the present clerk, who banded in his resignation, to take effect this evening. Accordingly the Judge made his appoint ment last night, selecting for his clerk Mr. James S. Keerl, chief clerk in the Surveyor General's office. This morning, since the appointment has been made public, confirming the re jection and ignoring the applicant above mentioned, the latter's friends and hackers, all strong Democrats, too, are loud in their execrations of the Chief Justice's impolitic policy. Several notable Democrats stig matize the occurrence as the outcome of strained fanatical notions of temperance and religion. In fact, one of the best known Democrats in town, an eminent lawyer and jurist of acknowledged ability, said last night : "That man ( the Judge is a crank, whom the people of Tennessee had no use for on account ot his fanaticism and the President sent out to Montana to get rid of." So progresses the new Chief Justice iu winning the affections of his Montana con stituents, and meanwhile the Republicans, totally disinterested parties, look on with amused equanimity and watch the evolu tions and intricacies of Democratic har mony and the filial love of Territorial civilians for "carpet bag" officials. CATTLEMEN IN CONVENTION. Protest Against a Change ol Rates in Stock Shipments. Chicago, June 23—A Springfield, 111., special says: Many of the leading breed ers and shippers of cattle of the central portion of the State held a meeting to-day and effected a formal organization for the purpose of cambatting the proposed change in rates for the shipment of cattle from the car lot plan to the plan of shipment by weight. A memorial was adopted for transmission to the Secretary of the Treas ury setting forth that contagious pleuro pneumonia exists to an alarnrng extent in Scotland ; th*at cattle from the infected dis tricts are allowed to land in Canadian ports, and that as the Treasury Department ot the United States bas scheduled against the importation of such cattle lrom Scot land, they request that the shipmeut ol cattle from Canada to the United States be prohibited until the Dominion authorities take such action in regard to the shipmeut of cattle from Scotland as shall insure cer tain immunity to the United States from their importation through Canadian terri torv.