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y -À 1111 Bi Ë m m w>*ô Volume xxi. Helena, Montana, Thursday, July 7, 1887. No. 32 Wellig Retail!. R. E. FISK D. W. FISK. A. J. FISK. Publishers and Proprietors. Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana -o Rates of Subscription. WEEKLY "herald : One Year. (In advance) .............................S3 00 Hlx Month.«, I In advance)............................... 1 75 Three Months, (in advance).......................... 1 00 When not paid for in advance the re*e will be Four Dollars per veari Postage, in all cases, Prepaia. DAILY HERALD: City Subscribers.deliveredbycarrier $1.00a month One Year, by mail, (in advance)................. 80 00 Mx Months, by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00 Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 2 50 If not paid in advance, 812 per annum. *)r All communications should be addressed to FISK BKOS., Publishers, Helena. Montana. "Oh. 11 liv Should the Spirit nl Mortal he Proud ?" The following la-autiful and unique little poem was one that always charmed Mr. I.ineoln. The philosophy and sentiment it contains touched a responsive chord in his breast :] < ih, why should the spirit of mortal be proud 7 I.ike a swift-lleetinK meteor, a fast-flying cloud, A flash of the lightning, a break of the wave— .'•Ian passes from life to his rest in the grave. The leaves of the oak and the willow shall fade, Be scattered around, and together be laid; And the young and the old, and the low and the high, Shall mokier to dust, and together shall lie. The infant a mother attended and loved The mother that infant's affection who proved, The husband that mother and infant who blest. Mach— all are away to their dwellings of rest. The maid on whose cheek, on whose brow, in whose eye, Shone beauty and pleasure—hertriumphsare by; And the memory of those who beloved her and praised Are alike from the minds of the living erased. The hand of the King tliut the sceptre hath borne. The brow of the priest that the miter hath worn, The eye of the sage, and the heart of the brave, Are hidden and lost in the depth of the grave. The peasant whose lot was to sow and to reap. The herdsman who climbed with his goats up the steep. The beg*ar that wandered in search of his bread, Have faded away like the grass that we tread. The saint who enjoyed the communion of Heaven. The sinner who dared to remain unforgiven. The u is« and the foolish, the guilty and just, Jlave quietly mingled their lames in the dust. So the multitude goes—like the flower of the weed. That withers away to let others succeed ; So the multitude comes—even those we behold, To repeat every tale that has often been told. For we are the same our fathers have been ; We see the same sights our fathers have seen ; We drink the same stream and view the same sun. And run the same course our fathers have run. The thoughts we are thinking our fathers would think ; From the death we are shrinking our fathers would shrink ; To the life we ace clinging they also would cling— But it speeds for us all like a bird on the wing. They loved—but the story we cannot unfold ; They scorned—hut the heart of the haughty is cold : They grieved—but no wail from their slumbers may come; They gaw d—but the tongue of their gladness is dumb. They died—aye they died ! and the things that are now. Who walk on the turf that lie« over their brow, Who make in their dwelling a transient ataxie, Meet the things they met on their pilgrimage road. Yea! hope and despondence, pleasure and pain. We mingle together in sunshine and rain ; And the-miles and the tears, the song and the dirge, am still follow eaeli other like -urge upon surge. 'Tis the wink of an eye, 'tis the draught of a breath. From the blossom of health to the paleness of death, From the gilded salon to the bier and the shroud— Ah, why should the spirit of mortal be proud .' The Limekiln Club. The secretary of the state board of health of Illinois wanted to know what progress, if any, the colored people of Michigan were making in sanitary matters. Brother Gard ner said he would like a general discussion of the subject, and Sir Isaac Walpole arose to remark that he was making progress. Up to a year ago he didn't know that seven persons and a dog sleeping in an 8x10 room with all the windows down and the doors closed was injurious to the human system. He supposed the feeling of languor was brought on by non circulation of blood in the feet. Whalebone Howker had also progressed. He had now learned the difference between the smell of gunpowder and sewer gas and the lives of his thirteen children were no longer in peril. Rickies Smith used to wash his feet once in six months. Now he felt conscience stricken if a week passed over his head that he didn't heat up a boiler of water and soak up his ]>edals. His live dogs used to sleep in the house. Now they either made their beds in the doorway or stood up against the wood shed door. Judge Chewso had slept in a room with six other persons, a barrel of soft soap, three dogs, an old codfish and a limburger cheese, but he had progressed. He used to wake up in the morning and charge politicians with seeking to poison him, but now he realized that it was his ignorance of sanitary precau tions Several other members spoke in the same strain, and related vivid personal experiences, and the president finally said : "De Seckretary will answer to de effeck dat we ar improvin' in sanitary matters in de rapidest manner, an' dat de time am purty nigh at hand when a black pusson sleepin' in de garret of a house doorin' de hot nights of July an' August will werry probably remove de feather bed an' dispense wid about fo' comforters."—Detroit Free Press. A Bushing Business. Druggist (to customer)—There you are, sir; a two cent stamp. Can I do anything else for you, sir. Customer—Well— er —would you cash a small check? Save me the trouble of going to the bank. Druggist—With pleasure. Anything else, sir? Customer—I believe I will put one of these almanacs in my pocket, and that is all, I think, this morning. Druggist—Thanks. Won't you have a glass of soda water with me?—New York bun. A Fine Extempore Sermon. Reporter (to minister)— That was a very une extempore sermon, sir. Minister—Ah, glad you liked it. I have the St 1101116 ^ y ° U W1Sh *° ***— | EARlT WCOMOTIYES. DAVID MATTHEW, WHO RAN THE FIRST ONE IN NEW YORK. | | j j j j He Is Still Living, and Besides In Cali fornia—His Life on the Kail and the Quaint Drawings He Has Made of the Old Kngines. When a person considers that the country is fairly gridironed with railroad tracks; that the locomotive stands ready to take him to nearly any point he may wish to reach; that the continent can be crossed in less than a week; he can scarcely realize that the pas senger locomotive is not yet sixty years old ; that only two generations have enjoyed the facilities it affords, and that the engineer who ran the locomotive of the first passenger train in New York state, David Matthew, still lives. Mr. Matthew is now residing in California, and in appearance greatly resembles the gen eral whose portrait is found iu every southern home—Robert E. Lee. Mr. Matthew has devoted some time in his declining years to preparing a series of sketches, in which he has depicted the evolu tion of the locomotive. These sketches have been photograph ed, and show every style, from the first crude specimen to the magnificent iron hoi-se of to day. The sketches are interspersed with quaint de scriptive matter, "drawn at San Francisco, Cal., July, 1855," as Mr. Matthew says, "for the boys by their father, David Matthew, who ran the De Witt Clinton, drawing the first passenger train iu New York state, Aug. 9, 1831, Mohawk and Hudson railroad." The history, as written by Mr. Matthew, commences as follows: See the pioneer railways, with their locomotive engines drawing their trains, the fathers, invent ors, on them. See their names and the places that they were first invented and introduced. First in world—South Wales, patent 1802. Rich ard Travithick. February, 1804. Train ten ton bar iron. Merthyr Tydvill railway, South Wales, 1801. ' Drawingof train.) a DAVID MATTHEW. ÜB THE TOM THUMB. Second in world—Wylam T. Hackworth and T. Walters. 1811. R. Travithick patent. 1802. Wy lam and Lamington railway, 1811. (Drawing of train with huntsmen and hounds.) Third in world—Wylam, Timothy Hackworth and J. Foster, 1812. Two cylinder locomotives, train sixteen cars coal, a chaldron coal in each. A number locomotives built at Wylam railway. This established locomotives. Wylam and Lam ington railway, 1812. Fourth—J. Blenkensop patent, 1811. Rack rail and engine. Middleton, near Leeds. Messrs. Fen ton, Wood, Murry & Jackson, builders, Leeds. A number of these locomotives used on Middleton and Leeds railway and Kenten and Fawdown Col liery railway, 1812 and 1813. Aug. 12,1812. They continued for many years to be one of the princi pal curiosities of the day. Mr, Matthew then sketches the Stone bridge Lion, crossing the west branch of the Lackawaxen river, on the Delaware and Hudson Canal company's road, Honesdale, Pa. Of it he says: "Stonebridge Lion. H. Allen, all alone, crossing river, Aug. 8, 1829; 6hort run of a few miles, and then abandoned; no further use of locomotive on railroad; lo comotive housed for many years." Next comes the locomotive Tom Thumb, which was run by Peter Cooper and party on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, Aug 28, 1830. Mr. Matthew appends these remarks: Feter Cooper, locomotive and party at Rçlay house, on Baltimore and Ohio railroad, Aug. 28, 1830. Peter abandons his locomotive engine, and horses run the road to Ellicott Mill, on Baltimore and Ohio railroad, Md. He then gives "The first passenger train hauled on a railroad in America. Charleston and Hamburg railroad, S. C. The locomo tive Best Friend, sjieed thirty to thirty-five miles on hour, November 1, 1830, J. D. Petech, M. M. , N. W. Darrell, engineer. June 17, 1S31, exploded boiler. Nov. 3, wheels gave out." His picture 1 >ears in addition this inscrip tion: "Drew this picture on 55th anniversary of exhibiting of Best Friend by me at West Point foundry (where she was built)." The "Best Friend" and "West Point," also run on the Central and Hudson River railroad, were the two first engines made in America. They were built, the first for E. L. Miller, and the second for H. Allen, at the West Point foundry shops, New York city. y yj pa. BBOTHER JONATHAN. Mr. Matthew then gives a sketch of the train first run by him on the Mohawk and Hud son River railroad, Aug. 9, 1831. This is the one with which the public was made familiar at the centennial by the sketch of locomotive and four coaches, in one of which Thurlow Weed is to be seen. Each of the party wore a high hat, and the engine wore the first cab ever put on an engine. David Matthew, en gineer; John Hampson, acting fireman. The next sketch is of the first train drawn by an English built engine in America, Mo hawk and Hudson River railroad, September, 183L John Hampson, engineer; John Green, fireman. It is labeled "second cab," and .has a big barrel on the tender for water. Next comes Mr. Matthew's special pride, the first engine to run on trucks, the Brother Jonathan, American built engine, Mohawk and Hudson River railroad, August, 1832. Upon this sketch Mr. Matthew inscribes these words: "Built in West Point Foundry Works in 1SS2. David Matthew, engineer; John Mills, fireman." [Note.—"November, 1832, I ran the Brother Jonathan over the M. and H. R. R., from head West Plain to head East Plain, fourteen miles, in thirteen min utes. She has run a mile in forty-five sec onds. Sec. there was some fly in her. Drawn at San Francisco, June, 1885, by the old boy. The next sketch gives the Hudson l iver at Albany, with a packet boat bringing the passengers for the railroad, widen is traced up the inclined plane west. The old engineer then depicts Schenectady as the birthplace of many improvements in railroads and locomotives, and the head of West Plain, one mile from that city, as the spot w here the first English built engine was put on track and drew a train of cars on the American continent. That locomotive was called Rebert Fulton and was afterward changed to John Bull, while she was Ameri canized by putting forw ard trucks under her. The improvements mentioned are: Circu lar engine house; large geared turn table; hot water reservoir, increasing locomotive capacity; system of fitting wheels and axles to gauges and putting them on by pressure without keys and seals. "See pioneer hand cars, first used by the inventor and his ap prentices to run to trout brooks and bunting grounds on the line of the railroad then adopted for the purpose of running dispatches before the day of telegraphs, and for the use of road hands. See bousing of locomotives, steam connections for pumps to protect them from freezing, and to make water from snow. See locomotive snow plows with side wings, and series of scrapers and spring poles to clean track of snow and ice." "See note on snow plow. Not until 1836 was a snow plow constructed and successfully intro duced on the Utica and Schenectady railroad. A drawing of it was procured and taken to Austria by the chief engineer of the Vienna railroad in the spring of 1837. A full description of it was sent to the Russian and Prussian governments by Chevalier Van Uousner, the engineer of the St. Petersburg railroad. A model was prepared at the order of Col. Melenkoff, of the Russian Engi neer Corps, and one was ordered by the king of IYussia through the minister at Washington, and one for the emperor of Austria by one of the professors in Union college at Schenectady. All of which were forwarded by David Matthew, the inventor and interduser and chiefe locomotive en gineer and machienus of the Utica and Schenec tady railroad.'' m THE BEST FRIEND. Next follows the pioneer cowcatcher for iiighu protection and pioneer mg..« ..... The cowcatcher protected the "light engines not heavy enough to encounter stock in the Mohawk valley, once the great huuting grounds of the Mohawk chiefs, now passed away." The last invention of the old man was made in 1840, and was a curiously constructed smoke pipe and arrangement of the cylinders. This invention does not seem to have taken hold of the railroad men, but the reader may well join with him in the jubilate he has ap pended to the last of his drawings: "What I have see is one of the greatest wonders of this world, the first application of steam to the locomotive engine on the American continent, May, 1829. 1 crossed the continent 1869, and I have seen and helped to build, harnis and train it, the locomotive to the flying cares, when it was a colt, weight 3J4 tons, and see it and cares run ning and flying over valies, hills, mounting, rivers and through mountains from ocean to ocean, where it can be see nearly everywhere this A. D. 1864. All in the short period of fifty-five years." 1'oeiry and Prose. % X a r f She—YYhat a lovely summer afternoon. Eow resplendent the bright orb of day Langs in the blue vault above. He— Y aas, nice day for a feller to get his hair cut.—Texas Siftings. Plantation Philosophy. I b'lebe dat ef I wuz on er race boss an' had two hours de start, debt could jump on er cow an' obertake me. I doan un'erstan' how it is dat some folks dat ain't got half de sense nur nigh de jedgment dat I is ken run right erlong outen debt, while de cut throat mort gage has alius got its bad eye on my crap. I uster 'low dat it wuz 'caze I w as too hones', but sence I koteli merse'f wushin' dat I had Mr. So-an'-So's farm, widout stoppin' to think whut would 'come o' Mr. So-an'-So s chillun, I'se sorter come ter de 'elusion dat er I goes ter de po'house it won't be my honesty dat takes me dar. You'll fin' mo' honesty 'mung well-ter-do folks den yer will 'mung people dat has ter lib frum han' ter mouf.—Arkansas Traveler. Things One Would Bather Have Left Unsaid. A V // Yi "X A She—Nol I can't give you another dance. But I'll introduce you to the prettiest girl in the room! He—But I don't want to dance with the prettiest girl in the room. I want to dance with you.—Punch. Montana Justice. Montana Judge— What is he charged with? Constable—Boldin' that his »bootin' iron counted in a flush. Judge—Drinks for the crowd. Next 1 Constable—This here chap calls hisse'f Mo Cosky Butt, and says "daypo" an' i-ther an' ni-tber. Judge—Two hours ter git outer th' county.—Washington Critic. THE NEW HAVEN MONUMENT. A Grand Memorial of Connecticut'» Fallen Boy» In Blue. On the 17th instant the people of Connecti cut dedicated what is doubtless the finest soldiers and sailors' monument in the United States, and is certainly located on the most commanding point—namely, the summit of East Rock, an almost perpendicular cliff of red brown trap, rising 500 feet above the plain on which New Haven stands. From the sum mit is a fine view <>f a large extent of country, including the city of New Haven and much • I FA THE NEW HAVEN MONUMENT, of the shore, of the sound and Long Island. The city r was beautifully decked for the oc casion, and besides the state officials a large crowd was in attendance. In the parade were all the prominent military organizations of the state, with Masons, Odd Fellows, Knights and many other orders, including German societies and the Fratellanza, an Italian brotherhood. The monument rises 110 feet from its base to the apex of the Angel of Peace on the summit; the shaft alone is 75 feet high and the base 17, the latter consisting of uniform blocks of rough faced granite. At the four corners of this base are four bronze statues, 9 feet high, representing History, Victory, Patriotism and Prosperity. The statue top ping the shaft is 11 feet high. Un the "drum" at the foot of the shaft are four beautiful sculptui'es in relief, representing scenes in the four great wars in which the United States has been engaged; and around the top of the base, below the "drum," are the names of the principal battles. The Angel of Peace on the summit is entirely the work of the artist Doyle, who also designed the mon ument. The tall shaft is but 10 feet in diam eter at the base and tapers slightly to the apex. The dedication was an occasion of much interest and patriotic display. Washington'» Negro Population. The barbers of Washington are almost uni formly colored, and they constitute a dili gent, cleanly class. Perhaps the worst in vasion bas been the use of black boys for newsdealers in the streets. They sell news papers as their forefathers in Africa would have assailed a caravan. They espy a stranger a block or two away; rush upon him and attempt to dispose of their wares by force. Y'et, notwithstanding the large negro population of this city, which may be as high as 50,000 to CO,000, it has its place in this climate, is finding new avocations, and at a recent exhibition of negro products I saw there were colored cabinetmakers, wagon makers, carriage builders, blacksmiths, tail ors, etc. From this city go great detach ments of colored servants to the summer hotels all over the land. Indeed, the negroes of Washington and Baltimore may be com pared to the Swiss, who keep most of the hotels in Europe, and make the best waiters. —Gath's Letter. Feminine Diplomacy. "I can't understand, my dear, why it is that you, who have such an excellent man for a husband, should quarrel with him so often." "Don't you? Well, it is because he always brings me home a present at night to make up. See?"—French Fun. An Object Lesson at the Park. "if m Mr. Hogan—Save me, Eileen; thim's the same koind ov rats Oi seen the mornin' afther Kelly's christenin'! Mrs. Hogan—John, it's me t'inks the Lowly mother'll absholute yez from the furnichure yez broke."—Judge. Got Away Safe. Bunko Steerer—Isn't this Mr. Smith, of Smithville? Stranger—No; I'm Mr. Keel}', of Phila delphia. Bunko steerer moves off in great haste.— New York Sun. He, She and It. She (parrot in one hand, dog in the other) —Yes, Edward, we've got everything, I be lieve—but, where's the baby? He—Why, I gave it to you. She—I know; and I gave it back to you. He—Well, by thunderl if I haven't gjbe ind left it in the parlor car.—Exchange. I Up the River. Visitor (to convict in penitentiary)—Are you undergoing punishment for your first offense? Convict (not without pride)—No, sir; I've been up sever'l times afore. Visitor—Ah. Then your career must have been a very checkered one? Convict—No, my career has been a wery striped one.—New York Sun. One of the Fine Old Crusted Joke». "We don't see you very often at the club, Charley." "No; the fact is I'm engaged and I can't call an evening my own." "Going to leave the club, then?" "Oh, no; I shall be married in April, and then you may look for me at least three time» a week."—Philadelphia Call. DEALERS IN PETROLEUM. The New York CoiiHolidated Stock and Petroleum Exchange. The rapid growth of New York city's busi ness has created a new organization known as the Consolidated Stock and Petroleum ex change, which is erecting a magnficent structure at the corner of Exchange place and Broadway, and bids fair to soon rival the old and noted stock exchange. The new body now has 2,403 members, and seats worth I $900 six months ago are now held at $1,600, ! with a rising tendency. In 1880 the building company was organized and the managers promise to have the building ready lor occu pancy next fall. It has a frontage on Broad way of 90 feet 11 inches, on Exchange place of 132 feet 4 inches and on New street of 87 feet 7 inches. It has a basement story of 15 feet, a main story of 3C feet for the exchange, and above that four stories for offices, of which there are to l»e 120, to be reached l>otli by ele vators and large stairways, without going through the exchange. All the offices and rooms will be lighted from an interior court yard, and will be handsomely furnished in hard wood, the interiors of light colors. There will be a fine restaurant in the base ment and all the rooms will be heated by steam. The new exchange is the result of a consoli dation. The New York Mining Stock ex change was organized in 1875 and has suc cessively absorbed the National Petroleum exchange, the Miscellaneous Security board, the American Mining board and the New York Petroleum and Stock Ifoard—the result being the present powerful Consolidated Stock and Petroleum exchange. It has all the dash and vigor of a young and growing body, and on several recent days more shares of Reading stock were traded in on the Consolidated than on the old stock excLange. But the growth of business wil" r, £' m Æ. » THE NEW EXCHANGE BUILDING, soon justify the existence and insure the con tinued activity of both. At present the membership of the new organization out numbers that of the stock exchange by some 800. GEN. PAINE'S NEW YACHT. A Craft Which It I» Hope J Will Be Able to Heat the Thistle. The new steel yacht built for Gen. Paine at Wilmington, DeL, is attracting much at tention, and The New York World has just Secured illustrations of the boat as here repro duced. This yacht is built on entirely differ ent lines from those of the Mayflower and Titania. It has been compared to a floating swordfish, a rakish and piratical looking craft. It is thought the new boat will be very fast, though hers is an untried model. The keel of the new boat consists of steel plates curved to a trough like shape, into which fifty tons of melted lead was poured. She will carry t wenty tons of pig lead as movable ballast to regulate her trim. Her center board is 20x22 feet, with a drop of about the bow. twenty feet, so the yacht will draw about thirty feet with it down. Though the Atlantic's bow lines were called straight, these lines of Gen. Paine's boat are straighter. To the eye the lines are as sharp es the letter V, Abaft the shoulders, how ever, she has more concavity than any of the other yachts. But the inward curve begins far below the water line. This method af fords great beam at and for several feet below the water line, reduces the aggregate displace ment and places the ballast carrying area much farther down than it has ever been placed before in the sloop or beamy style of boat Great increase of speed is expected from economy of displacement, increase of stability and hence more sail carrying power. Her dimensions in comparison with those of the other big sloops is shown by the fow lowing table: New May- Puri- Atlan- Pris • sloop. flower. tan. tic. cilia. Length over all.. .107.0 100.0 95.0 95.1 93.0 On water line..... . 66.0 65.0 61.1 64.0 85.0 Extreme beam... . 23.2 23.0 22.7 232 25.2 Extreme draught. . 10.0 9.6 8.2 9.3 8.0 Outside ballast tons.......... . 50.0 37.0 27.0 45.0 45.0 Inside ballast — . 20.0 11.0 18.0 5.0 45.0 Displacement..... — 110.0 102.5 126.0 114.0 Sail area......... — — 7370.0 8U12.0 7/381.0 Area midship sec.. . — 82.0 82.0 102.0 86.5 THE STERN. The frames are strips of steel five-sixteenths of an inch thick,) are angular, and measure 3 by ' ~ tssL inches, placed at the distance of twenty-one inches from center to center. The reverse frames measure 2j^ by 2}f inches, and .re of quarter inch metal. The plates re of steel, and were made to ore er at Pittsburg. The boat's spars were made in Boston, where shew'?', be rigged. Her sails are in process of making in New York. The length of her spars and her sail area have not yet been made public. And now for a race with the Thistlel F And, by the way, there is much less fear of the Thistle on the part of American yachts men, now that her qualities are somewhat known, than there wa« some time ago. Read what The New York Tribune says under the head, "Dead Against the Thistle": The great Scotch cutter has now appeared in seven races, and has won five of them on actual time. In six of these races she has had the Genes ta as a competitor, and twice reached the finishing line behind Sir Richard Button's cutter. As the sailing qualities of the Genes ta have been tested by American yachts, it is not a difficult matter to m«lrA comparisons between her performances in her contests for the America's cup and in her brushes with the Thistle, and in that way_ roundabout though it may be—make a fair estimate of the relative speed of the Clyde built wonder and the America's ehi»nipir.n t the Mayflower. In her maiden race from Southend to Harwich on May 28 the Thistle had a remarkable run of luck and finished 44 '■ * 1 **" nf ,h * Genes ta forty-five mile race of Harwich on May 30 was another fluke, the fog being sc dense that the yachts were unable to find the turning buoys. The Thistle was defeated on this occasion, the Genes ta getting home 17 minutes ahead of her and the Irex beating both. The first fair trial the cup challenger had was on May 31 from Harwich to Southend, aud then she finished first and beat the Genesta ten minutes. The day was a splendid one for sailing, the wind blowing steadily from the east and the sea being smooth. It was one of the fastest races ever sailed over the course, the winning boat cov ering the forty-five miles in 5h., lm. and 19s. On the next day the same easterly wind and generally favorable conditions prevailed and the Thistle led the racing fleet over the Thames fifty mile course, from Lower Hope to Mouse lightship and return, this time finishing twenty-five minutes liefere the Ge nesta Sir Richard Button's boat was called back for crossing the line before the starting gun was fired for the run over the Thames course on June 2 and stayed out of the race, but she was on hand June 4, when the course was from the Nore to Dover, and beat the Thistle 4m. 54 sec. In her last race, over a forty-four mile triangular course off Dover on June 0, the 8c<Äch flyer again made a good showing und finished 10 minutes 49 seconds ahead of the Genesta. There GEN. PAINE S YACHT. was a brisk whole sail breeze and everything was favorable for a good test. Of the six races in which the Genesta participated only four can be re garded as affording a fair opportunity for comparing the sfieed of the two boats. In one of these the Thistle beat the Genesta 10 minutes, in another 25 minutes, and in an other 10 minutes 49 seconds, while in one the Genesta beat the Thistle 4 minutes 54 seconds. In these four races, then, the Thistle proved herself to be on an average 10 minutes 11 seconds faster than the Genesta. Even if the races of May 29 and 30 be in cluded, which would be manifestly unfair for purposes of comparison, the average speed of the Scotch cutter is only 11 minutes 17 seconds greater than that of the English one. A fair idea of the difference between the speed of the Puritan and Mayflower maybe obtained from the time made by them in the trial races of 1880. In the first of these contests Gen. Paine's hand some craft covered the course 3 minutes 37 seconds quicker than the Puritan, and in the second 5 minutes 44 seconds quicker, and altogether showed herself to be 4 minutes 40 seconds faster on the average. If, then, the Puritan is 9 minutes 28 seconds faster than the Genesta. and the Mayflower is 4 minutes 40 seconds faster than the Puritan, it is the easiest sort of mathematics to add these figures together and thereby show that the Mayflower is 14 minutes 8 seconds faster than the Genesta, which has already been shown to be only 10 minutes 11 seconds slower than the Thistle. If this reasoning is approximately correct, last year's successful America's cup defender is nearly 4 minutes faster than this year's challenger, and nmy safely be relied upon to save it again. Death of W. E. Sheridan. The actor, TV. E. Shendan, who died iu Australia a short time ago, was perhaps best known as a star in the role of Louis XI, though he was noted as one of the most ver satile geniuses of the profession, and supported John T. Raymond as a com edian ; did high comedy with Julia Dean Hayne, and was at various times leading man for stars so divers ant as Lucille West ern, Charlotte? Thompson and Adele Belgarde. He began his star ring career in Hal ifax in 1879. His first Australia tour was liegun in 1882. He married Louise Davenport. In 1880, when he went to England with "The Danites," Mamie Sheridan accompanied him, though not to play. Among the victims of the Metis, which sunk in Long Island sound, was the girl born to Sarah Hayes, Sheridan's first wife, a Boston girl. Mamie Sheridan was also at one time bis wife. Sheridan, in •'The Duke's Motto," was also very successful, and critics say some of his best work was as the dialect Italian in "Our Boarding House," which he first undertook with Robson and Crane in New York. s> W. E. SHERIDAN. Another Destroyer. The British have still another torjiedo boat launched, a boat supposed to unite in the highest degree the qualities of speed and de structiveness. It is known as the Falke (the name of a class, not of one boat), and has made the extraordinary speed of twenty-six and one-half miles an hour, carrying a load of fifteen tons, and maintaining that speed FALKE TORPEDO BOAT, for two hours. The boat is 135 feet long, with fourteen feet breadth of beam, and its steering capacities are so perfect that it went around a circle with a diameter of 100 yards. The b iler is capable of developing 1,000 horse power, and there are six engines—one for driving the boat, two for compressing the air for the torpedoes, one for the dynamo that gives the electric light, one for forcing air, and one to be run with the distilling appara SBCTIOKAIt LEW. tus for supplying drinking water. There are three guns on deck and u tower carrying two torpedo guns, which can bn t lined to any angle and turned toward ii y • mit by re volving the tower. The forward Mart of the boat is thoroughly protect*« l>\- i "turtle back," within which are goo«. q.:n "ers for the crew. Altogether the Shu; . e adds some very worthy members to scientific destroyers now afloat. 7ft of The first wealth is health. Sickness is poor spirited ; it must husband its resources in order to live. But health answers it own ends, and has to spare ; runs over and inun dates the creeks and neighborhoods of other men's necessity.—Emerson. -. Xs ^-Vw - ABOUT WOMEN'S WAISTS. WHAT THEY WERE LIKE IN THE MIDDLE AGES. , When the Corset Came In—Fashion» as They Were In Day» of Old, When Knight» Were Hold and Baron» Held Their Sway. In the matter of wai>ts ladies have always ! gone to some trouble to improve on nature. ! Yet their efforts have never been rewarded I with success. Nature is a jealous as well as ! exceedingly clever dame, who resents sug | gestions and lays on penalties when >he is ' meddled with. Tight lacing took its rise back of us four or I five centuries at least. The beginning of this I evil is so remote that there is no tracing it to its source. In the fifteenth century they wrote about a pair of bodies, which probably accounts for the word "bodice. ' In the six teenth century sai«l iKxlies took the shape represented by the accompany ing picture of Cat fi el ine de Medicis. If some of us had i«een ou hand would we not have raid: I, Y "Take any shape * \ but that?" Then, as now, male wit lings expended > y their humor upon, these " whalebone prisons." In the light of the present Catherine de medicis. it was very clumsy humor, but it suited the times, no doubt Pictures of court dames made in the Fif teenth century have waists so small that only corsets of the most unyielding type could have produced them. Ami one artist was kind enough to leave us the picture of a woman in the act of lacing a garment similar to the corset It is no worse, not so bad as what can be seen in real life to this day at an English woman tailor's. Fashionable Eng lish women cannot fasten their gowns with out the aid of a long handled button hook. After they are fastened there is no such thing as breathing "below the belt." It may be a surprise to some of "the young, the gay, the fair, in pleasure's re«'kless train," to know that something like the Jersey of to day was in use by the upper class in the Eleventh, Twelfth and Thirteenth centuries, and is of eastern origin. It was called tho "bliaus," was long and tigLt fitting and was of elastic material. It covered the waist and extended over the abdomen, and was figured in a honeycomb pattern. It revealed the fig ure perfectly, and no corset was worn beneath it either. From the word "bliaus," our word "blouse" evidently originated. A book compiled in 1371 reveals the fact that women then painted their faces, bleached their hair w ith wine, pulled out hairs to make their foreheads high and went into the vain and frivolous in costuming to great lengths. One woman has "honorable mention" in the book because she had eighty gowns. In those days great ladies bowed to tailors. One is spoken of as having said that she was better pleased to bow to a tailor than to a lord. The Normans -ntroduced the corset into England. It can be traced back to the Twelfth century. A caricaturist represented the Devil as a fashionable lady, making the corset con spicuous by putting it on the outside of his clothes. Slen der waists pre vailed in the me diaeval ages, as we might expect, since intellect was then in a decline. Me diaeval romances drip with allusions to the small w aists of ladies, who, ac cording to the ideal of the day, must have "gentyll bodies and middles small." A knight, too, if he filled the requirements of so ciety, must be sien- lw| der about his body. Aldermen with swelling abdomens girdled. would have cut no figure in those days. Girdles were conspicuous adjuncts of the toilets in the Middle Ages, and were often made of the costliest mate rials. Gold and precious stones orna mented them when they belonged to per sons of high rank. Girdles are "in" now. Tea gowns have ribbon ones, and they are strung on every possible gown. Bernhardt's Roman costumes in "Theodora" have given them popularity. Girdles were worn low in the Twelfth century. The form of the girdle indicated the subjugation of woman. If it encircled the waist and had a piece depend ing therefrom, it signified that the wearer was bound to a man who had the right to lead her about at will. In the earlier Middle Ages they never pinched their waists. During the Eighth and Ninth centuries they wore looeely fitting robes which concealed the figure, in the lower Roman empire the classic costume pre vailed. Classic waists were never small. And to day, among some of the more intellectual women, there is a tendency to return to the "big classic waist" and abjure the corset altogether. Poets are to blame for keeping up the interest in slim waists. They are al w°"' rhyming about them. Even Tennyson in he Miller's Daughter" says: And I would be the girdle Round her dainty, dainty waist. -r Frederick Douglas» in Koine. \\ ith that admirable conscience so charac teristic of the foreign press a Milan paper says of Frederick Douglass: "There is at the present time in Federigo Douglass, the rebel slave, the author, the celebrated orator, the United States senator, the man perhaps the most popular of his country on account of his daring, his tenacity, and of the trials he has suffered." It is evident that the Italian biog raphers of the great Douglass are somewhat unfamiliar with the newspaper files of the United States.—New York World. Puzzled Sign Painter». The term "&c." and its Latin equivalent "etc." are great stumbling blocks to the illit erate sign painter. A Swan street sign reads: "Groceries, provisions and &c." Another east side sign has it "&tc." Still other forms noted by the "Arounder" in his perambula tions are "and Etc.," "& soforth," "Et &c." A Black Rock man, who believes in giving his customers their choice from a large stock, hangs out the sign: "Drygoods, Et Cetera! Etc., &c."—Buffalo Courier.