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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, July 07, 1887, Image 1

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Volume xxi.
Helena, Montana, Thursday, July 7, 1887.
No. 32
Wellig Retail!.
R. E. FISK D. W. FISK. A. J. FISK.
Publishers and Proprietors.
Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana
-o
Rates of Subscription.
WEEKLY "herald :
One Year. (In advance) .............................S3 00
Hlx Month.«, I In advance)............................... 1 75
Three Months, (in advance).......................... 1 00
When not paid for in advance the re*e will be
Four Dollars per veari
Postage, in all cases, Prepaia.
DAILY HERALD:
City Subscribers.deliveredbycarrier $1.00a month
One Year, by mail, (in advance)................. 80 00
Mx Months, by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00
Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 2 50
If not paid in advance, 812 per annum.
*)r All communications should be addressed to
FISK BKOS., Publishers,
Helena. Montana.
"Oh. 11 liv Should the Spirit nl Mortal
he Proud ?"
The following la-autiful and unique little
poem was one that always charmed Mr. I.ineoln.
The philosophy and sentiment it contains
touched a responsive chord in his breast :]
< ih, why should the spirit of mortal be proud 7
I.ike a swift-lleetinK meteor, a fast-flying cloud,
A flash of the lightning, a break of the wave—
.'•Ian passes from life to his rest in the grave.
The leaves of the oak and the willow shall fade,
Be scattered around, and together be laid;
And the young and the old, and the low and the
high,
Shall mokier to dust, and together shall lie.
The infant a mother attended and loved
The mother that infant's affection who proved,
The husband that mother and infant who blest.
Mach— all are away to their dwellings of rest.
The maid on whose cheek, on whose brow, in
whose eye,
Shone beauty and pleasure—hertriumphsare by;
And the memory of those who beloved her and
praised
Are alike from the minds of the living erased.
The hand of the King tliut the sceptre hath
borne.
The brow of the priest that the miter hath worn,
The eye of the sage, and the heart of the brave,
Are hidden and lost in the depth of the grave.
The peasant whose lot was to sow and to reap.
The herdsman who climbed with his goats up
the steep.
The beg*ar that wandered in search of his
bread,
Have faded away like the grass that we tread.
The saint who enjoyed the communion of
Heaven.
The sinner who dared to remain unforgiven.
The u is« and the foolish, the guilty and just,
Jlave quietly mingled their lames in the dust.
So the multitude goes—like the flower of the
weed.
That withers away to let others succeed ;
So the multitude comes—even those we behold,
To repeat every tale that has often been told.
For we are the same our fathers have been ;
We see the same sights our fathers have seen ;
We drink the same stream and view the same
sun.
And run the same course our fathers have run.
The thoughts we are thinking our fathers would
think ;
From the death we are shrinking our fathers
would shrink ;
To the life we ace clinging they also would
cling—
But it speeds for us all like a bird on the wing.
They loved—but the story we cannot unfold ;
They scorned—hut the heart of the haughty is
cold :
They grieved—but no wail from their slumbers
may come;
They gaw d—but the tongue of their gladness is
dumb.
They died—aye they died ! and the things that
are now.
Who walk on the turf that lie« over their brow,
Who make in their dwelling a transient ataxie,
Meet the things they met on their pilgrimage
road.
Yea! hope and despondence, pleasure and pain.
We mingle together in sunshine and rain ;
And the-miles and the tears, the song and the
dirge, am
still follow eaeli other like -urge upon surge.
'Tis the wink of an eye, 'tis the draught of a
breath.
From the blossom of health to the paleness of
death,
From the gilded salon to the bier and the
shroud—
Ah, why should the spirit of mortal be proud .'
The Limekiln Club.
The secretary of the state board of health
of Illinois wanted to know what progress, if
any, the colored people of Michigan were
making in sanitary matters. Brother Gard
ner said he would like a general discussion of
the subject, and Sir Isaac Walpole arose to
remark that he was making progress. Up to
a year ago he didn't know that seven persons
and a dog sleeping in an 8x10 room with all
the windows down and the doors closed was
injurious to the human system. He supposed
the feeling of languor was brought on by non
circulation of blood in the feet.
Whalebone Howker had also progressed.
He had now learned the difference between
the smell of gunpowder and sewer gas and
the lives of his thirteen children were no
longer in peril.
Rickies Smith used to wash his feet once in
six months. Now he felt conscience stricken
if a week passed over his head that he didn't
heat up a boiler of water and soak up his
]>edals. His live dogs used to sleep in the
house. Now they either made their beds in
the doorway or stood up against the wood
shed door.
Judge Chewso had slept in a room with six
other persons, a barrel of soft soap, three
dogs, an old codfish and a limburger cheese,
but he had progressed. He used to wake up
in the morning and charge politicians with
seeking to poison him, but now he realized
that it was his ignorance of sanitary precau
tions
Several other members spoke in the same
strain, and related vivid personal experiences,
and the president finally said :
"De Seckretary will answer to de effeck dat
we ar improvin' in sanitary matters in de
rapidest manner, an' dat de time am purty
nigh at hand when a black pusson sleepin' in
de garret of a house doorin' de hot nights of
July an' August will werry probably remove
de feather bed an' dispense wid about fo'
comforters."—Detroit Free Press.
A Bushing Business.
Druggist (to customer)—There you are, sir;
a two cent stamp. Can I do anything else
for you, sir.
Customer—Well— er —would you cash a
small check? Save me the trouble of going
to the bank.
Druggist—With pleasure. Anything else,
sir?
Customer—I believe I will put one of these
almanacs in my pocket, and that is all, I
think, this morning.
Druggist—Thanks. Won't you have a
glass of soda water with me?—New York
bun.
A Fine Extempore Sermon.
Reporter (to minister)— That was a very
une extempore sermon, sir.
Minister—Ah, glad you liked it. I have the
St 1101116 ^ y ° U W1Sh *° ***—
| EARlT WCOMOTIYES.
DAVID MATTHEW, WHO RAN THE
FIRST ONE IN NEW YORK.
|
|
j
j
j
j
He Is Still Living, and Besides In Cali
fornia—His Life on the Kail and the
Quaint Drawings He Has Made of the
Old Kngines.
When a person considers that the country
is fairly gridironed with railroad tracks; that
the locomotive stands ready to take him to
nearly any point he may wish to reach; that
the continent can be crossed in less than a
week; he can scarcely realize that the pas
senger locomotive is not yet sixty years old ;
that only two generations have enjoyed the
facilities it affords, and that the engineer who
ran the locomotive of the first passenger train
in New York state, David Matthew, still
lives.
Mr. Matthew is now residing in California,
and in appearance greatly resembles the gen
eral whose portrait is found iu every southern
home—Robert E. Lee.
Mr. Matthew has devoted some time in his
declining years to preparing a series of
sketches, in which he has depicted the evolu
tion of the locomotive. These sketches have
been photograph
ed, and show every
style, from the first
crude specimen to
the magnificent
iron hoi-se of to
day. The sketches
are interspersed
with quaint de
scriptive matter,
"drawn at San
Francisco, Cal.,
July, 1855," as Mr.
Matthew says, "for
the boys by their
father, David Matthew, who ran the De Witt
Clinton, drawing the first passenger train iu
New York state, Aug. 9, 1831, Mohawk and
Hudson railroad."
The history, as written by Mr. Matthew,
commences as follows:
See the pioneer railways, with their locomotive
engines drawing their trains, the fathers, invent
ors, on them. See their names and the places that
they were first invented and introduced.
First in world—South Wales, patent 1802. Rich
ard Travithick. February, 1804. Train ten ton bar
iron. Merthyr Tydvill railway, South Wales,
1801. ' Drawingof train.)
a
DAVID MATTHEW.
ÜB
THE TOM THUMB.
Second in world—Wylam T. Hackworth and T.
Walters. 1811. R. Travithick patent. 1802. Wy
lam and Lamington railway, 1811. (Drawing of
train with huntsmen and hounds.)
Third in world—Wylam, Timothy Hackworth
and J. Foster, 1812. Two cylinder locomotives,
train sixteen cars coal, a chaldron coal in each.
A number locomotives built at Wylam railway.
This established locomotives. Wylam and Lam
ington railway, 1812.
Fourth—J. Blenkensop patent, 1811. Rack rail
and engine. Middleton, near Leeds. Messrs. Fen
ton, Wood, Murry & Jackson, builders, Leeds. A
number of these locomotives used on Middleton
and Leeds railway and Kenten and Fawdown Col
liery railway, 1812 and 1813. Aug. 12,1812. They
continued for many years to be one of the princi
pal curiosities of the day.
Mr, Matthew then sketches the Stone
bridge Lion, crossing the west branch of the
Lackawaxen river, on the Delaware and
Hudson Canal company's road, Honesdale,
Pa. Of it he says: "Stonebridge Lion. H.
Allen, all alone, crossing river, Aug. 8, 1829;
6hort run of a few miles, and then abandoned;
no further use of locomotive on railroad; lo
comotive housed for many years."
Next comes the locomotive Tom Thumb,
which was run by Peter Cooper and party on
the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, Aug 28,
1830.
Mr. Matthew appends these remarks:
Feter Cooper, locomotive and party at Rçlay
house, on Baltimore and Ohio railroad, Aug. 28,
1830. Peter abandons his locomotive engine, and
horses run the road to Ellicott Mill, on Baltimore
and Ohio railroad, Md.
He then gives "The first passenger train
hauled on a railroad in America. Charleston
and Hamburg railroad, S. C. The locomo
tive Best Friend, sjieed thirty to thirty-five
miles on hour, November 1, 1830, J. D.
Petech, M. M. , N. W. Darrell, engineer.
June 17, 1S31, exploded boiler. Nov. 3,
wheels gave out."
His picture 1 >ears in addition this inscrip
tion: "Drew this picture on 55th anniversary
of exhibiting of Best Friend by me at West
Point foundry (where she was built)."
The "Best Friend" and "West Point," also
run on the Central and Hudson River railroad,
were the two first engines made in America.
They were built, the first for E. L. Miller, and
the second for H. Allen, at the West Point
foundry shops, New York city.
y yj pa.
BBOTHER JONATHAN.
Mr. Matthew then gives a sketch of the
train first run by him on the Mohawk and Hud
son River railroad, Aug. 9, 1831. This is the
one with which the public was made familiar
at the centennial by the sketch of locomotive
and four coaches, in one of which Thurlow
Weed is to be seen. Each of the party wore a
high hat, and the engine wore the first cab
ever put on an engine. David Matthew, en
gineer; John Hampson, acting fireman.
The next sketch is of the first train drawn
by an English built engine in America, Mo
hawk and Hudson River railroad, September,
183L John Hampson, engineer; John Green,
fireman. It is labeled "second cab," and .has
a big barrel on the tender for water.
Next comes Mr. Matthew's special pride,
the first engine to run on trucks, the Brother
Jonathan, American built engine, Mohawk
and Hudson River railroad, August, 1832.
Upon this sketch Mr. Matthew inscribes
these words: "Built in West Point Foundry
Works in 1SS2. David Matthew, engineer;
John Mills, fireman." [Note.—"November,
1832, I ran the Brother Jonathan over the M.
and H. R. R., from head West Plain to head
East Plain, fourteen miles, in thirteen min
utes. She has run a mile in forty-five sec
onds. Sec. there was some fly in her. Drawn
at San Francisco, June, 1885, by the old boy.
The next sketch gives the Hudson l iver at
Albany, with a packet boat bringing the
passengers for the railroad, widen is traced
up the inclined plane west.
The old engineer then depicts Schenectady
as the birthplace of many improvements in
railroads and locomotives, and the head of
West Plain, one mile from that city, as the
spot w here the first English built engine was
put on track and drew a train of cars on the
American continent. That locomotive was
called Rebert Fulton and was afterward
changed to John Bull, while she was Ameri
canized by putting forw ard trucks under her.
The improvements mentioned are: Circu
lar engine house; large geared turn table;
hot water reservoir, increasing locomotive
capacity; system of fitting wheels and axles
to gauges and putting them on by pressure
without keys and seals. "See pioneer hand
cars, first used by the inventor and his ap
prentices to run to trout brooks and bunting
grounds on the line of the railroad then
adopted for the purpose of running dispatches
before the day of telegraphs, and for the use
of road hands. See bousing of locomotives,
steam connections for pumps to protect them
from freezing, and to make water from snow.
See locomotive snow plows with side wings,
and series of scrapers and spring poles to
clean track of snow and ice."
"See note on snow plow. Not until 1836 was a
snow plow constructed and successfully intro
duced on the Utica and Schenectady railroad. A
drawing of it was procured and taken to Austria
by the chief engineer of the Vienna railroad in
the spring of 1837. A full description of it was
sent to the Russian and Prussian governments by
Chevalier Van Uousner, the engineer of the St.
Petersburg railroad. A model was prepared at
the order of Col. Melenkoff, of the Russian Engi
neer Corps, and one was ordered by the king of
IYussia through the minister at Washington,
and one for the emperor of Austria by one of the
professors in Union college at Schenectady. All
of which were forwarded by David Matthew, the
inventor and interduser and chiefe locomotive en
gineer and machienus of the Utica and Schenec
tady railroad.''
m
THE BEST FRIEND.
Next follows the pioneer cowcatcher for
iiighu protection and pioneer mg..« .....
The cowcatcher protected the "light engines
not heavy enough to encounter stock in the
Mohawk valley, once the great huuting
grounds of the Mohawk chiefs, now passed
away."
The last invention of the old man was made
in 1840, and was a curiously constructed
smoke pipe and arrangement of the cylinders.
This invention does not seem to have taken
hold of the railroad men, but the reader may
well join with him in the jubilate he has ap
pended to the last of his drawings:
"What I have see is one of the greatest wonders
of this world, the first application of steam to the
locomotive engine on the American continent,
May, 1829. 1 crossed the continent 1869, and I
have seen and helped to build, harnis and train
it, the locomotive to the flying cares, when it was
a colt, weight 3J4 tons, and see it and cares run
ning and flying over valies, hills, mounting, rivers
and through mountains from ocean to ocean,
where it can be see nearly everywhere this A. D.
1864. All in the short period of fifty-five years."
1'oeiry and Prose.
%
X
a
r
f
She—YYhat a lovely summer afternoon.
Eow resplendent the bright orb of day Langs
in the blue vault above.
He— Y aas, nice day for a feller to get his
hair cut.—Texas Siftings.
Plantation Philosophy.
I b'lebe dat ef I wuz on er race boss an' had
two hours de start, debt could jump on er
cow an' obertake me. I doan un'erstan' how
it is dat some folks dat ain't got half de sense
nur nigh de jedgment dat I is ken run right
erlong outen debt, while de cut throat mort
gage has alius got its bad eye on my crap. I
uster 'low dat it wuz 'caze I w as too hones',
but sence I koteli merse'f wushin' dat I had
Mr. So-an'-So's farm, widout stoppin' to think
whut would 'come o' Mr. So-an'-So s chillun,
I'se sorter come ter de 'elusion dat er I goes
ter de po'house it won't be my honesty dat
takes me dar. You'll fin' mo' honesty 'mung
well-ter-do folks den yer will 'mung people
dat has ter lib frum han' ter mouf.—Arkansas
Traveler.
Things One Would Bather Have Left
Unsaid.
A
V
//
Yi
"X
A
She—Nol I can't give you another dance.
But I'll introduce you to the prettiest girl in
the room!
He—But I don't want to dance with the
prettiest girl in the room. I want to dance
with you.—Punch.
Montana Justice.
Montana Judge— What is he charged with?
Constable—Boldin' that his »bootin' iron
counted in a flush.
Judge—Drinks for the crowd. Next 1
Constable—This here chap calls hisse'f Mo
Cosky Butt, and says "daypo" an' i-ther an'
ni-tber.
Judge—Two hours ter git outer th'
county.—Washington Critic.
THE NEW HAVEN MONUMENT.
A Grand Memorial of Connecticut'»
Fallen Boy» In Blue.
On the 17th instant the people of Connecti
cut dedicated what is doubtless the finest
soldiers and sailors' monument in the United
States, and is certainly located on the most
commanding point—namely, the summit of
East Rock, an almost perpendicular cliff of
red brown trap, rising 500 feet above the plain
on which New Haven stands. From the sum
mit is a fine view <>f a large extent of country,
including the city of New Haven and much
• I
FA
THE NEW HAVEN MONUMENT,
of the shore, of the sound and Long Island.
The city r was beautifully decked for the oc
casion, and besides the state officials a large
crowd was in attendance. In the parade
were all the prominent military organizations
of the state, with Masons, Odd Fellows,
Knights and many other orders, including
German societies and the Fratellanza, an
Italian brotherhood.
The monument rises 110 feet from its base
to the apex of the Angel of Peace on the
summit; the shaft alone is 75 feet high and
the base 17, the latter consisting of uniform
blocks of rough faced granite. At the four
corners of this base are four bronze statues,
9 feet high, representing History, Victory,
Patriotism and Prosperity. The statue top
ping the shaft is 11 feet high. Un the "drum"
at the foot of the shaft are four beautiful
sculptui'es in relief, representing scenes in
the four great wars in which the United
States has been engaged; and around the
top of the base, below the "drum," are the
names of the principal battles. The Angel of
Peace on the summit is entirely the work of
the artist Doyle, who also designed the mon
ument. The tall shaft is but 10 feet in diam
eter at the base and tapers slightly to the
apex. The dedication was an occasion of
much interest and patriotic display.
Washington'» Negro Population.
The barbers of Washington are almost uni
formly colored, and they constitute a dili
gent, cleanly class. Perhaps the worst in
vasion bas been the use of black boys for
newsdealers in the streets. They sell news
papers as their forefathers in Africa would
have assailed a caravan. They espy a
stranger a block or two away; rush upon
him and attempt to dispose of their wares by
force. Y'et, notwithstanding the large negro
population of this city, which may be as high
as 50,000 to CO,000, it has its place in this
climate, is finding new avocations, and at a
recent exhibition of negro products I saw
there were colored cabinetmakers, wagon
makers, carriage builders, blacksmiths, tail
ors, etc. From this city go great detach
ments of colored servants to the summer
hotels all over the land. Indeed, the negroes
of Washington and Baltimore may be com
pared to the Swiss, who keep most of the
hotels in Europe, and make the best waiters.
—Gath's Letter.
Feminine Diplomacy.
"I can't understand, my dear, why it is that
you, who have such an excellent man for a
husband, should quarrel with him so often."
"Don't you? Well, it is because he always
brings me home a present at night to make
up. See?"—French Fun.
An Object Lesson at the Park.
"if
m
Mr. Hogan—Save me, Eileen; thim's the
same koind ov rats Oi seen the mornin' afther
Kelly's christenin'!
Mrs. Hogan—John, it's me t'inks the Lowly
mother'll absholute yez from the furnichure
yez broke."—Judge.
Got Away Safe.
Bunko Steerer—Isn't this Mr. Smith, of
Smithville?
Stranger—No; I'm Mr. Keel}', of Phila
delphia.
Bunko steerer moves off in great haste.—
New York Sun.
He, She and It.
She (parrot in one hand, dog in the other)
—Yes, Edward, we've got everything, I be
lieve—but, where's the baby?
He—Why, I gave it to you.
She—I know; and I gave it back to you.
He—Well, by thunderl if I haven't gjbe
ind left it in the parlor car.—Exchange. I
Up the River.
Visitor (to convict in penitentiary)—Are
you undergoing punishment for your first
offense?
Convict (not without pride)—No, sir; I've
been up sever'l times afore.
Visitor—Ah. Then your career must have
been a very checkered one?
Convict—No, my career has been a wery
striped one.—New York Sun.
One of the Fine Old Crusted Joke».
"We don't see you very often at the club,
Charley."
"No; the fact is I'm engaged and I can't
call an evening my own."
"Going to leave the club, then?"
"Oh, no; I shall be married in April, and
then you may look for me at least three time»
a week."—Philadelphia Call.
DEALERS IN PETROLEUM.
The New York CoiiHolidated Stock and
Petroleum Exchange.
The rapid growth of New York city's busi
ness has created a new organization known
as the Consolidated Stock and Petroleum ex
change, which is erecting a magnficent
structure at the corner of Exchange place
and Broadway, and bids fair to soon rival
the old and noted stock exchange. The new
body now has 2,403 members, and seats worth
I $900 six months ago are now held at $1,600,
! with a rising tendency. In 1880 the building
company was organized and the managers
promise to have the building ready lor occu
pancy next fall. It has a frontage on Broad
way of 90 feet 11 inches, on Exchange place
of 132 feet 4 inches and on New street of 87 feet
7 inches. It has a basement story of 15 feet,
a main story of 3C feet for the exchange, and
above that four stories for offices, of which
there are to l»e 120, to be reached l>otli by ele
vators and large stairways, without going
through the exchange. All the offices and
rooms will be lighted from an interior court
yard, and will be handsomely furnished in
hard wood, the interiors of light colors.
There will be a fine restaurant in the base
ment and all the rooms will be heated by
steam.
The new exchange is the result of a consoli
dation. The New York Mining Stock ex
change was organized in 1875 and has suc
cessively absorbed the National Petroleum
exchange, the Miscellaneous Security
board, the American Mining board
and the New York Petroleum and Stock
Ifoard—the result being the present powerful
Consolidated Stock and Petroleum exchange.
It has all the dash and vigor of a young and
growing body, and on several recent days
more shares of Reading stock were traded in
on the Consolidated than on the old stock
excLange. But the growth of business wil"
r,
£'
m
Æ.
»
THE NEW EXCHANGE BUILDING,
soon justify the existence and insure the con
tinued activity of both. At present the
membership of the new organization out
numbers that of the stock exchange by some
800.
GEN. PAINE'S NEW YACHT.
A Craft Which It I» Hope J Will Be Able
to Heat the Thistle.
The new steel yacht built for Gen. Paine
at Wilmington, DeL, is attracting much at
tention, and The New York World has just
Secured illustrations of the boat as here repro
duced. This yacht is built on entirely differ
ent lines from those of the Mayflower and
Titania. It has been compared to a floating
swordfish, a rakish and piratical looking
craft. It is thought the new boat will be
very fast, though hers is an untried model.
The keel of the new boat consists of steel
plates curved to a trough like shape, into
which fifty tons of melted lead was poured.
She will carry t wenty tons of pig lead as
movable ballast to
regulate her trim.
Her center board
is 20x22 feet, with
a drop of about
the bow. twenty feet, so the
yacht will draw about thirty feet with it
down.
Though the Atlantic's bow lines were called
straight, these lines of Gen. Paine's boat are
straighter. To the eye the lines are as sharp
es the letter V, Abaft the shoulders, how
ever, she has more concavity than any of the
other yachts. But the inward curve begins
far below the water line. This method af
fords great beam at and for several feet below
the water line, reduces the aggregate displace
ment and places the ballast carrying area
much farther down than it has ever been
placed before in the sloop or beamy style of
boat Great increase of speed is expected
from economy of displacement, increase of
stability and hence more sail carrying power.
Her dimensions in comparison with those
of the other big sloops is shown by the fow
lowing table:
New May- Puri- Atlan- Pris

sloop.
flower.
tan.
tic.
cilia.
Length over all..
.107.0
100.0
95.0
95.1
93.0
On water line.....
. 66.0
65.0
61.1
64.0
85.0
Extreme beam...
. 23.2
23.0
22.7
232
25.2
Extreme draught.
. 10.0
9.6
8.2
9.3
8.0
Outside ballast
tons..........
. 50.0
37.0
27.0
45.0
45.0
Inside ballast —
. 20.0
11.0
18.0
5.0
45.0
Displacement.....

110.0
102.5
126.0
114.0
Sail area.........

— 7370.0
8U12.0
7/381.0
Area midship sec..
. —
82.0
82.0
102.0
86.5
THE STERN.
The frames are strips of steel five-sixteenths
of an inch thick,)
are angular, and
measure 3 by
' ~ tssL inches, placed at
the distance of
twenty-one inches
from center to
center. The reverse frames measure 2j^ by
2}f inches, and .re of quarter inch
metal. The plates re of steel, and
were made to ore er at Pittsburg.
The boat's spars were made in Boston,
where shew'?', be rigged. Her sails are in
process of making in New York. The length
of her spars and her sail area have not yet
been made public.
And now for a race with the Thistlel
F And, by the way, there is much less fear of
the Thistle on the part of American yachts
men, now that her qualities are somewhat
known, than there wa« some time ago. Read
what The New York Tribune says under the
head, "Dead Against the Thistle":
The great Scotch cutter has now appeared
in seven races, and has won five of them on
actual time. In six of these races she has had
the Genes ta as a competitor, and twice
reached the finishing line behind Sir Richard
Button's cutter. As the sailing qualities of
the Genes ta have been tested by American
yachts, it is not a difficult matter to m«lrA
comparisons between her performances in
her contests for the America's cup and in her
brushes with the Thistle, and in that way_
roundabout though it may be—make a fair
estimate of the relative speed of the Clyde
built wonder and the America's ehi»nipir.n t
the Mayflower. In her maiden race from
Southend to Harwich on May 28 the Thistle
had a remarkable run of luck and finished 44
'■ * 1 **" nf ,h * Genes ta
forty-five mile race of Harwich on May 30
was another fluke, the fog being sc dense that
the yachts were unable to find the turning
buoys. The Thistle was defeated on this
occasion, the Genes ta getting home 17
minutes ahead of her and the Irex
beating both. The first fair trial the cup
challenger had was on May 31 from Harwich
to Southend, aud then she finished first and
beat the Genesta ten minutes. The day was
a splendid one for sailing, the wind blowing
steadily from the east and the sea being
smooth. It was one of the fastest races ever
sailed over the course, the winning boat cov
ering the forty-five miles in 5h., lm. and
19s. On the next day the same easterly wind
and generally favorable conditions prevailed
and the Thistle led the racing fleet over
the Thames fifty mile course, from Lower
Hope to Mouse lightship and return, this time
finishing twenty-five minutes liefere the Ge
nesta Sir Richard Button's boat was called
back for crossing the line before the starting
gun was fired for the run over the Thames
course on June 2 and stayed out of the race,
but she was on hand June 4, when the course
was from the Nore to Dover, and beat the
Thistle 4m. 54 sec. In her last race,
over a forty-four mile triangular course off
Dover on June 0, the 8c<Äch flyer again made
a good showing und finished 10 minutes
49 seconds ahead of the Genesta. There
GEN. PAINE S YACHT.
was a brisk whole sail breeze and
everything was favorable for a good
test. Of the six races in which the
Genesta participated only four can be re
garded as affording a fair opportunity for
comparing the sfieed of the two boats. In
one of these the Thistle beat the Genesta 10
minutes, in another 25 minutes, and in an
other 10 minutes 49 seconds, while in one the
Genesta beat the Thistle 4 minutes 54 seconds.
In these four races, then, the Thistle proved
herself to be on an average 10 minutes 11
seconds faster than the Genesta. Even
if the races of May 29 and 30 be in
cluded, which would be manifestly unfair
for purposes of comparison, the average
speed of the Scotch cutter is only
11 minutes 17 seconds greater than that of
the English one. A fair idea of the difference
between the speed of the Puritan and
Mayflower maybe obtained from the time
made by them in the trial races of 1880. In
the first of these contests Gen. Paine's hand
some craft covered the course 3 minutes 37
seconds quicker than the Puritan, and in the
second 5 minutes 44 seconds quicker, and
altogether showed herself to be 4 minutes 40
seconds faster on the average. If, then, the
Puritan is 9 minutes 28 seconds faster than
the Genesta. and the Mayflower is 4 minutes
40 seconds faster than the Puritan, it is the
easiest sort of mathematics to add these
figures together and thereby show that the
Mayflower is 14 minutes 8 seconds faster than
the Genesta, which has already been shown to
be only 10 minutes 11 seconds slower than the
Thistle. If this reasoning is approximately
correct, last year's successful America's cup
defender is nearly 4 minutes faster than this
year's challenger, and nmy safely be relied
upon to save it again.
Death of W. E. Sheridan.
The actor, TV. E. Shendan, who died iu
Australia a short time ago, was perhaps best
known as a star in the role of Louis XI,
though he was noted as one of the most ver
satile geniuses of
the profession, and
supported John T.
Raymond as a com
edian ; did high
comedy with Julia
Dean Hayne, and
was at various
times leading man
for stars so divers
ant as Lucille West
ern, Charlotte?
Thompson and
Adele Belgarde.
He began his star
ring career in Hal
ifax in 1879. His
first Australia tour was liegun in 1882. He
married Louise Davenport. In 1880, when
he went to England with "The Danites,"
Mamie Sheridan accompanied him, though
not to play. Among the victims of the
Metis, which sunk in Long Island sound, was
the girl born to Sarah Hayes, Sheridan's first
wife, a Boston girl. Mamie Sheridan was
also at one time bis wife.
Sheridan, in •'The Duke's Motto," was also
very successful, and critics say some of his
best work was as the dialect Italian in "Our
Boarding House," which he first undertook
with Robson and Crane in New York.
s>
W. E. SHERIDAN.
Another Destroyer.
The British have still another torjiedo boat
launched, a boat supposed to unite in the
highest degree the qualities of speed and de
structiveness. It is known as the Falke (the
name of a class, not of one boat), and has
made the extraordinary speed of twenty-six
and one-half miles an hour, carrying a load
of fifteen tons, and maintaining that speed
FALKE TORPEDO BOAT,
for two hours. The boat is 135 feet long,
with fourteen feet breadth of beam, and its
steering capacities are so perfect that it went
around a circle with a diameter of 100 yards.
The b iler is capable of developing 1,000 horse
power, and there are six engines—one for
driving the boat, two for compressing the air
for the torpedoes, one for the dynamo that
gives the electric light, one for forcing air,
and one to be run with the distilling appara
SBCTIOKAIt LEW.
tus for supplying drinking water. There are
three guns on deck and u tower carrying two
torpedo guns, which can bn t lined to any
angle and turned toward ii y • mit by re
volving the tower. The forward Mart of the
boat is thoroughly protect*« l>\- i "turtle
back," within which are goo«. q.:n "ers for
the crew. Altogether the Shu; . e adds
some very worthy members to
scientific destroyers now afloat.
7ft of
The first wealth is health. Sickness is
poor spirited ; it must husband its resources
in order to live. But health answers it own
ends, and has to spare ; runs over and inun
dates the creeks and neighborhoods of other
men's necessity.—Emerson. -. Xs ^-Vw -
ABOUT WOMEN'S WAISTS.
WHAT THEY WERE LIKE IN THE
MIDDLE AGES.
, When the Corset Came In—Fashion» as
They Were In Day» of Old, When
Knight» Were Hold and Baron» Held
Their Sway.
In the matter of wai>ts ladies have always
! gone to some trouble to improve on nature.
! Yet their efforts have never been rewarded
I with success. Nature is a jealous as well as
! exceedingly clever dame, who resents sug
| gestions and lays on penalties when >he is
' meddled with.
Tight lacing took its rise back of us four or
I five centuries at least. The beginning of this
I evil is so remote that there is no tracing it to
its source. In the fifteenth century they
wrote about a pair of bodies, which probably
accounts for the word "bodice. ' In the six
teenth century sai«l
iKxlies took the
shape represented
by the accompany
ing picture of Cat fi
el ine de Medicis.
If some of us had
i«een ou hand would
we not have raid:
I, Y "Take any shape
* \ but that?" Then,
as now, male wit
lings expended
> y their humor upon,
these " whalebone
prisons." In the
light of the present
Catherine de medicis. it was very clumsy
humor, but it suited the times, no doubt
Pictures of court dames made in the Fif
teenth century have waists so small that only
corsets of the most unyielding type could
have produced them. Ami one artist was
kind enough to leave us the picture of a
woman in the act of lacing a garment similar
to the corset It is no worse, not so bad as
what can be seen in real life to this day at
an English woman tailor's. Fashionable Eng
lish women cannot fasten their gowns with
out the aid of a long handled button hook.
After they are fastened there is no such
thing as breathing "below the belt."
It may be a surprise to some of "the young,
the gay, the fair, in pleasure's re«'kless train,"
to know that something like the Jersey of to
day was in use by the upper class in the
Eleventh, Twelfth and Thirteenth centuries,
and is of eastern origin. It was called tho
"bliaus," was long and tigLt fitting and was
of elastic material. It covered the waist and
extended over the abdomen, and was figured
in a honeycomb pattern. It revealed the fig
ure perfectly, and no corset was worn beneath
it either. From the word "bliaus," our word
"blouse" evidently originated.
A book compiled in 1371 reveals the fact
that women then painted their faces, bleached
their hair w ith wine, pulled out hairs to make
their foreheads high and went into the vain
and frivolous in costuming to great lengths.
One woman has "honorable mention" in the
book because she had eighty gowns. In those
days great ladies bowed to tailors. One is
spoken of as having said that she was better
pleased to bow to a tailor than to a lord.
The Normans -ntroduced the corset into
England. It can be traced back to the Twelfth
century. A caricaturist represented the Devil
as a fashionable lady, making the corset con
spicuous by putting
it on the outside of
his clothes. Slen
der waists pre
vailed in the me
diaeval ages, as we
might expect, since
intellect was then
in a decline. Me
diaeval romances
drip with allusions
to the small w aists
of ladies, who, ac
cording to the ideal
of the day, must
have "gentyll
bodies and middles
small." A knight,
too, if he filled the
requirements of so
ciety, must be sien- lw|
der about his body.
Aldermen with
swelling abdomens girdled.
would have cut no figure in those days.
Girdles were conspicuous adjuncts of
the toilets in the Middle Ages, and
were often made of the costliest mate
rials. Gold and precious stones orna
mented them when they belonged to per
sons of high rank. Girdles are "in" now.
Tea gowns have ribbon ones, and they are
strung on every possible gown. Bernhardt's
Roman costumes in "Theodora" have given
them popularity. Girdles were worn low in
the Twelfth century. The form of the girdle
indicated the subjugation of woman. If it
encircled the waist and had a piece depend
ing therefrom, it signified that the wearer
was bound to a man who had the right to
lead her about at will.
In the earlier Middle Ages they never
pinched their waists. During the Eighth
and Ninth centuries they wore looeely fitting
robes which concealed the figure, in the
lower Roman empire the classic costume pre
vailed.
Classic waists were never small. And to
day, among some of the more intellectual
women, there is a tendency to return to
the "big classic waist" and abjure the corset
altogether. Poets are to blame for keeping
up the interest in slim waists. They are al
w°"' rhyming about them. Even Tennyson
in he Miller's Daughter" says:
And I would be the girdle
Round her dainty, dainty waist.
-r
Frederick Douglas» in Koine.
\\ ith that admirable conscience so charac
teristic of the foreign press a Milan paper
says of Frederick Douglass: "There is at the
present time in Federigo Douglass, the rebel
slave, the author, the celebrated orator, the
United States senator, the man perhaps the
most popular of his country on account of his
daring, his tenacity, and of the trials he has
suffered." It is evident that the Italian biog
raphers of the great Douglass are somewhat
unfamiliar with the newspaper files of the
United States.—New York World.
Puzzled Sign Painter».
The term "&c." and its Latin equivalent
"etc." are great stumbling blocks to the illit
erate sign painter. A Swan street sign reads:
"Groceries, provisions and &c." Another
east side sign has it "&tc." Still other forms
noted by the "Arounder" in his perambula
tions are "and Etc.," "& soforth," "Et &c."
A Black Rock man, who believes in giving
his customers their choice from a large stock,
hangs out the sign: "Drygoods, Et Cetera!
Etc., &c."—Buffalo Courier.

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