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A CALLED SESSION.
Governor Leslie's Proclamation Ordain* ing an Exrtaordinary Session of the Legislature. It Will .Meet in Helena on August 29th, Proximo. Following is the text of the proclama tion yesterday issued by Governor Leslie, calling an extra session of the Legislature: Whereas, There was passed by the Legis lative Assembly of the Territory of Mon tana at the last session thereof an act en titled "An act relating to assessment and levy of taxes," approved March the 10th, 1887, under which and by virtue of its provisions, chapter fifty-three of the fifth division of the Revised Statutes of Mon tana. relating to revenue, and all acts amendatory thereof are from and after the first day of September, 1887, to stand re pealed. And the said act of March the 10th is thereafter to 1« the law under which property in the Territory of Mon« tana is to be assessed for taxation and the taxes levied and collected for Territorial and county purposes ; and, Whereas, There are grave doubts and much uncertainty whether the tribunal created by said act and directed to assess certain property for taxation, to levy the taxes for Territorial purposes, and to equal ize all the assessments for each county, can under the statutes legally proceed to organ ize and perform the duties assigned it by said act ; and, Whereas, All powers and functions as sumed under doubtful authority in such grave matters as assessment and taxation might lead to confusion, litigation and de lay in collecting the revenues necessary to carry on the government ; and Whereas, There are other confusions and uncertainties in said act ; and, Whereas, All laws by which the agents of the government make demand of the citizen for taxes should be sc clear and certain as to preclude all doubtful construc tions; and, Whereas, Said assembly 'passed au act entitled "An act to amend an act relating to killing certain animals." approved March 5th, 1887, which, tested by practical ope ration for three months and six days, promises to be a ruinous drain upon the public treasury , having within this frac tion of a year sent to the Auditor's office and procured warrants on the treasury for over twenty-six thousand dollars: and, Whereas, Its demands were increased daring the month of Jane and the first seven days of July .done to eighteen thou sand dollars. And mis experience of thir teen weeks, aud particularly that of the | last five weeks, foreshadows and gives full warning that it would draw from the trea sury almost two hundred thousand dollars within the two years before the election , and organization of another legislature; j and. Whereas, The membeis of the last as sembly surely never contemplated impos ing such large and questionably burdens upon their constituents ; and, Whereas. Serious errors appear in some other laws passed by said legislature, which should be speedily corrected : and, Whereas, There are other rapidly in- ; creasiDg demands upon the treasury under some existing laws, which the public inter ests require should be curtailed, aud other ! wav-s regulated by further legislation ; and, j Whereas, The reasons for calling the ' legislature in extraordinary session were by me submitted to the President of the United States and were by him duly ap proved on the thirtieth day of March, 1887. Now, therefore. I, Preston II. Leslie, Governor of the Territory of Montana, do by virtue of the power vested in me by the organic act of said Territory, and by the approval of the President of the United States, hereby order and call upon each and every member of the said legislative assembly of the Territory of Montana, to attend and convene themselves in extraor dinary session at Helena, the Capital of said Territory, on Monday, the 29th day of August, A. D. 1887, at 12 o'clock m. of said day, to consider such important subjects of legislation, and perform such duties as the general welfare of the Territory may de mand. In testimony whereof 1 have hereunto set my hand and caused the great seal of the Territory to be affixed. Done at Helena, the Capital, on this, the eleventh day of July, in the year of our Lord one thou sand height hundred and eightv-seven, and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and eleventh. [«K.AT..J PRESTON H. LESLIE. By tin- Governor : Wm. B. Webb. Secretary of Montana. TUE RAILROADS. flnpid Advance of the Manitoba-- Northern Pacific Matters---The Montana Central. It is calculated that the Manitoba track, at the end of the present week, will be ad vanced to a point 100 miles w est of Fort Buford. Gradinggangs in large numbers are moving forward and covering the intervals between Fort Assinnaboine, Benton and Great Falls. Traffic Mamager Alexander, be fore leaving Helena for the north, expressed himself as confident that the track-layers would reach Great Fallsby September 10th. Vice President Oakes and Traffic Man ager Hannaford, of the Northern Pacific, are in the city, in route east ou their return from the Cascade division and the coast. Through trains are now run to Portland, via Tacoma, passing over the Cascade switchback. Up to the present time not much of the Oregon freight and passenger traffic has been diverted from the old route down the Columbia, and probably no con siderable change in this respect will occur before the completion of the Cascade tun nel. The Paget Sound traffic now goes over the direct line, being tapdled without serious difficulty across 4Ke mountains. Mr. Oakes' connection with the Northern Pacific will probably not be severed, re cent reports to the contrary notwithstand ing. He favors a policy of progress, and the multiplying of branch linee as feeders to the parent road is a matter of first im portance in bordering territory, where traf fic can be created to an almost indefinite extent. Greet activity is noted in the work of the Montana Central inside and beyond the city limits. Graders are covering the sur veyed line from Helena to Prickly Pear, and gang after gang of workmen are plying pick and shovel along most of the route through to Butte. The gulch fill across lower Last Chance is rising rapidly, and the roadbed through the seventh ward is advancing outside the city boundary. The line less than a mile oat from the city limits strikes pretty close to the Northern Pacific and parallels it to Prickly Pear crossing, and then turns and follows the Helena and Jefferson county road to Jeffer son City and Wickes. Another year, very likely, will witness Northern Pacific and Manitoba trains racing on close parallel tracks between Helena and Batte. A Safe Voyage. London, July 12.— The steam yach Alvo, with Mr. W. K. Vanderbilt and family and friends on board, arrived at Queenstown and proceeded to Liverpool. OBSEQUIES OF ABRAM SANDS, One ol the Largest Funerals Ever Seen is Denver. Our I>enver exchanges contain long re ports of the funeral of the late Abram Sands, which took place at the family residence in that city on the 6th inst. The Jewish community was largely represented. The house was densely crowded with the immediate relatives and friends of the deceased. The veranda and lawn were also filled with people, and the street was crowded forj the distance of four blocks with people and carriages. That Mr. Sands was a widely esteemed and highly useful man could not have been better de monstrated than it was yesterday. His friends flocked from far and near, and his relatives were frantic with grief. As the eldest brother in a large family he was beloved and respected by a large circle of brothers and sisters, all of whom were plunged into the deepest grief by his un timely death. The widow and her chil dren were, inconsolable. The only son in the family, Mr. Sylvester Sands, was present and almost carried his mother to her car riage in his arms. Prominent citizens present included Congressman G. G. Symes, Hon. Henry C. Dillon, Lev. Thomas Van Ness, pastor of Unity church, and Col. John Arkins. Among the mourners closely allied to the family by ties of blood and marriage were observed Mr. and Mrs. S. L. Holz man, Mr. and Mrs. Simon Appel, Mr. and Mrs. Isidore Appel, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Ap pel, the Messrs. Arkush, Mrs. Nathan, son and daughter, and many others. The floral pieces with which the cofliu was laden were of the most exquisite variety. They were of great size and each bore in letters wrought in immortelles some loving tribute to the dead. A tall pillar of white hollyhocks, immor telles, roses and daisies intermingled with slender green leaves, was the gift of Tem ple Emannel and bore in purple iiumor telles the words, "Our President.'' Another beautiful design, the gift of Mr. Sands' children, was an exquisite double gate, made almost entirely of white roses and placed beneath a deep floral arch of pale roses aud green leaves. The arch bore the word, "Father" in purple immor telles. A beautiful pillow in solid white roses, the gift of a brother and sister, bore the word, "Rest." Another exquisite pillow in pink and white roses, edged with daisies and smilax, bore the letters, "I. O. B. B.," and was the last tribute of respect paid by the Independent Order of B'nai Brith. A large floral harp, the gift of the many nephews and nieces of the decased, bore the one word, "Uncle.'' Au immense floral pillow made of the rarest flowers was sent by the Denver Brewing Company. It bore the words. "Employes Denver Brewing Company. We Mourn," in red aud purple immortelles. Another floral pillow bearing the famil iar name "Uncle Abe," was the gilt of the Messrs. Kline. A tall anchor, all in white and green, was sent by Mrs. 8. M. Simpson. The Order of B'nai Brith was present in a body. There were present also numerous representatives of the Masonic Lodge, of which the deceased was a member. The employes of the brewery and of Messrs. Appel & Co. were very generally present, and of the Congregation of Temple Eman uel scarcely a member was missing. The Rev. J. Mendes De Solla delivered an im pressive fanerai address in the drawing room of the Sands mansion. In his con eluding words he drew an image of the departed, sayiDg: "I see before my mind's eye the image of our dear departed friend, his cheerful, smiling countenance, his benevolent heart ever ready to sympathize with trouble and sorrow. I feel, as it were, his hand locked in my own, giving me the assurance of dis interested friendship; all rise before my imagination and till my heart with sorrow; therefore, I say, this is the time to weep. Yes, weep freely, thou poor disconsolate widow, over the loss of an affectionate hus band ; weep, ye children, because your living father is no more, to watch over your welfare, to admonish you with his wise counsel, to cheer you with his sweet voice. Weep, ye brothers and sisters, who have lost an affectionate brother. Weep, ye friends of the departed, who have lost a faithful companion. Weep, congregation Emanuel, over the loss of your president, who was ever ready with his counsel and with his purse to sustain our society, Weep, ye friends of humanity, for a good and true man has fallen in Isral, and I weep with you. for Abraham Sands is no more." At the conclusion of the sermon the pall bearers, the Messrs. Ben. Wisebart, Louis Anfenger, Henry Frankie, John Walker, Dr. Robbins, Ed. Siemon, Fred. Bruegge man and J. Fleischer, took up the coffin and deposited it in the hearse. The funeral procession which then formed was many blocks in length. The Order of B'nai Brith marched to the Jewish cemetery, where the remains were deposited, accom panied by the empldyes of the Denver Brewing Company. Carriages were fur nished for the employes of Appel & Co. At the grave a prominent member of the B'nai Brith read the prayers of the Order, and further prayers were read by the Rev. J. Mendes De Solla. A SLIM NAVY. Uncle Sam's War Tubs on the Pacific Coast. Washington, July 12.—The Department of State is still in official ignorance of the revolution in Hawaii, and first assistant Porter said to-day that the department did not expect to hear anything for four or five days yet, not until the dispatches which Minister Merrill sent on the Mariposa shall have been sent overland from San Fran cisco and received in Washington. One of the prominent officers of the department was asked how much force the United States had in the Pacific at present. "We haven't any,'' was the reply, "at least none to speak of. The Pacific squadron, with the exception of the Alert, are wooden sloops and carry from six to eight smooth bore guns, worth as mach as a boy's pop gun when compared with modern artillery. The Alert is an old vessel of one hundred tons and carries four guns. If the fleet were to be mobilized it would take about ten years, I guess, if it ever could be done. The Adams has been at Honolulu since Jane 14. The Vadalia is half-way between Callao and Hawaii. The Juniata is in Central American waters bound to China via the Sandwich Islands. The Mohican is on the west coast of South America, proba bly near Pent. The Iroquois is at San Francisco being repaired, and the Alert most be somewhere near the Mohican. The compliment of officers and men carried by the Pacific fleet is about 1300. The crew force England has in the Pacific waters could be rapidly concentrated. All the vessels are in good condition, bnilt after the latest models and carry rifled cannon of large calibre and not old smooth bores like we have. Bat I don't think we need fear any danger from England, as I have always understood that a perfect under standing exists between the United States and England in regard to Hawaii, but Ger many might try to have a preponderating influence thereon. She is now engaged in a colonial policy and is trying to extend her power elsewhere. We can never afford to see any other country obtain an over shadowing influence in Hawaiian affairs, and if necessary to prevent it we should go i to war." i j ! , ; | i , i j ; ! i . j A BLOODLE3S REVOLUTION. The anticipated revolution in the Sand wich Islands took place on J une 25th, and seems to have been kept within safe bounds and to have accomplished its purpose without bloodshed, or any waste of property even. The king was aban doned even by his body guard and all the means of defense fell at once into the hands of the revolutionists. The aim and scope of the revolution does not seem to have been to change the form of government, but to overthrow an ob jectionable ministry that was perpetu ating its power by every sort of corrupt means, and was demoralizing the king, court and all the nation. The chief object of indignation and attack was not the king, hut his chief minister, Walter M. Gibson, who is charged w ith all sorts of crimes, and who will either be executed or banished. Americans and English are said to he the foremost leaders of the revolution. The purpose seems to he no more than to secure a more complete constitutional monarchy, with a modest allowance for the decent maintenance of royalty. The Hawaiian kingdom is a small affair considered from the area of the islands, 7,000 square miles, or the popu lation, 75,000, including Chinamen and all other foreigners. But the situation of the islands in the midst of the Pacific ocean make the group of immense value to the commerce of the future. The native population was estimated as high as 400,000 when the islands were first discovered, but for well known causes it has been diminishing, so that in 1872 it was only 56,899, and i- still less now. ) The American missionaries went to the islands in 1820 and found the people ready to welcome them, having volun tarily renounced idolatry and burned their idols. The whole people were speedily Christianized, and but for the corrupting influences of foreign traders and the crews of whaling ships that wintered there, would have become a strong and creditable permanent acqui sition to Christianity. But the people were physically and morally too weak to resist corrupton and its deadly effects. There is little doubt that the natives will soon disappear entirely. A stronger race will occupy the islands. With the rapid settlement of our west coast, aud the grow th of our Pacific commerce, the possession of those islands will become a matter of necessity to the United States. The only wonder is that the formal an nexation has not taken place already, for the sovereignty has been tendered us more than once. No other nation would dare to interfere and prevent such a destiny. The trouble is for us to know how to govern it. The island are too small for a State and we have nothing else but the poor Territorial substitute. OUTLOOK FOR COMPETITION. The Nineteenth Century for June has an interesting article by James Keith on the subject, "Our Great Competition," in which the disadvantages of England in its competition with the United States are clearly stated. The advantages of the United States over Great Britain are classed thus : "Invention, taxation, education, agriculture, food, resources," while the only advantage that Great Britain can claim is cheap labor. With out cheap food England could not have cheap labor, and without this cheap labor its manufactures and commerce would disappear. Hence free trade in food supplies and the raw material for manufactures is a matter of necessity and not of choice to England. In the patenting of inventions, Mr. Keith says, the cost is twenty-six times cheaper in the United States than in England. As for taxation, at least na tional taxation, the odds are out of all comparison with the United States. So in education, our superiority is conceded in every respect, while it is acknowl edged that England has no system of free education that deserves the name. In the other respects of food, agriculture and resources, it is confessed that the United States outstrips comparison, lie says: "Everythingthat man or the hand of man can require is to be found within the borders of the United States, and its people could be shut up, us it were, en tirely out from the rest of the world, and still live in plenty and even in super abundance." As to the condition of the labor ing men, Mr. Keith admits that it is a hundred per cent, better in the United States than in Great Britain, be cause in this country wages are higher, and food in better quality and greater variety is much cheaper. It would would seem that such a corn parson could bring but little satisfaction to a Briton. It rather looks as if the British competitor was confessing him self already distanced. Such is really the fact, and Britons see it more clearly than Americans. From sheer force of habit we still look up to England as if it were our superior in all respects. Our statesmanship is that of a child, while our strength, powers and resources en title us to assume the responsibilities of mature manhood. It is the most natural thing in the world that the English aristocracy and upper classes should hate us. Our growth and prosperity have wrought their overthrow and the future looks dark enough for the maintenance of British superiority on either land or water.__ Thk Henry George land-confiscating, so called labor party in New York City, claim to have 75,000 pledged supporters among the voters, and boast of their ability to carry the elections without combination with either of the old parties EXTRA SESSION CALLED. The Legislative Assembly of Montana has been called to convene in extra ses sion on the 29th of August by Governor Leslie, with the approbation of the President. We had ventured to hope that this might be done during the com ing winter, but did not anticipate its coming so soon. But the sooner the better, say w% The squirrel hunters have drained the Territorial treasury of the last penny and have only just be gun. Before our credit is all gone and a heavy debt piled up to oppress us all with taxation, it is time to call a halt. It will cost no more to convene the Legislature in August than in January, and the prospect is that during those five months squirrel bounties would amount to $75,000 or more. Every con sideration favors the earliest possible session. If nothing else is attempted than the repeal of the squirrel bounty, it would justify the calling of the ses sion at this time, but there is something more that demands attention. The in sane support by private contract is an old and steady leak that would shoal al most any treasury, without turning in the squirrels. Dakota negotiates her four and a half per cent, bonds for a premium and Montana could easily do as well. For $100,000 we could secure grounds and erect all the necessary buildings so that the support of our insane need not cost us over $2.50 per week. A3 the U. S. Supreme Court has re pealed our commercial travelers license our legislature must look somewhere else to ^supply the loss to the revenue and should further release our own home merchants from the corresponding tax that they still have to pay. Experience ha- taught the national government the folly of having any great number of license taxes. They have all been cut off except those on liquors and tobacco. It would.be wise to follow this example and repeal most of our license taxes. We are told further that the new lien law is working disastrously and that mine owners refuse longer to lease their mine>. On this question a full reconcili ation of all conflicting interests is im possible. We do not want our legislature when it meets to undertake too much. A few bills should be ready at the opening and to the-e attention should be confined. A three week's session should suffice. Governor Leslie deserves the thanks of every citizen of the Territory for his action, and it will not be his fault if im pending bankruptcy and discredit are not averted._ The Maverick National Bank has issued a very useful manual, full of the most re cent and reliable statistics in the financial and industrial world, which it is distribut ing gratnitously as an advertisement. It is a work similar in itsnatnreand informa tion to the American Almanac, from which mnch of its matter is taken. It is an in teresting and valuable work, and we are glad to have it. But works of this kind, like maps of our Western country, soon get old and lose their significance. If we turn to the table which gives the debt of all the States and Territories, with their population, we find that the figures used are those from the census of 1880, in which the population of Montana is given at 39, 000 and our Territorial debt at $64,000. Such statistics are worse than useless; they are false and misleading. If we turn to the chapter on the production of copper we shall find very little said of Montana, compared with Lake Superior and Chili, while it is well known that at present the great copper mines of Montana lead the world. But nevertheless the compila tion of statistics is valuable to every busi ness man and is sufficiently flattering to the pride of an American citizen. In 1850 the total wealth of the United States was only about one-third that of Great Britain. In 1880 the wealth of Great Britain had doubled, but that of the United States had increased six-fold and was far in advance of that of Great Britain. So in manufac tures we have already outstripped Great Britain, and have not yet reached the point of supplying our home market. Judging from the scope of the introductory chapter, the object of the bank in circulating this mannal is to advocate the continued pay ment of the national debt by the purchase of outstanding bonds at market rates. It is said that the United States is the only government in the world that pays its debts at a premium. This is complimentary to oar honesty and thrift, but is it equally so to our wisdom ? The presence of several influential Sen ators in oar Territory oaght to be improved by oar citizens to the utmost in showing oar resources and manifesting oar convictions and desires about admission as a State. The disabilities that we are suffering by the failure to survey our public lands, from the idlenees and waste of oar school lands from the unwise reetrictiona upon catting timber on the public lands, upon our right f alienation of oar mines and the restric tion upon oar right of creating debt for public improvements, are heavy burdens upon ns and a hindrance to oar devel opment These matters ought to be ex plained. If all of our Senators and repre sentatives would visit ns we should be con tent with the results of their observation. We want State rights so that we can be masters of onr resources, and we believe we can convince any reasonable man that we are competent and justly entitled to have and exercise the rights and powers of a sovereign State. The extraordinary occurrence of a rain storm in Arizona is indicative to old resi dents of a climatic change, and a system of fish culture is in coarse of agitation. It is proposed to try the experiment of a hatch ery, and to commence, with each fish will be famished a canteen in which to carry water enongh to wriggle its tail in. EXCOMMUNICATED. The threatened blow of Papal excom munication has fallen upon the devoted head of Father McClynn. After having threatened this penalty there was noth ing left but to carry it into execution. But we thiuk the Catholic church has made a great mistake in the course it bas taken in this matter. We have not a particle of respect for Henry George's land theories, and McGlynn's advocacy of them does not change our convictions respecting them. However, we believe McGlynn is honest in his convictions, and so long as he only resorts to proper means to induce others to accept them he is entitled to be heard and respected for his general character. Excommuni cation once would have been a terrible thing, but to-day and in this country it ,is more likely to prove a brutem fulmen. Hence we think it very unwise to force the issue to such an extent as to show the inefficiency of the punishment. Out side of the Catholic church, McGylnn will be regarded as a martyr, and by not a few who have held connection with that church. It has been said by some that as plain Mr. McGlynn he would he shorn of all influence and disappear from public view. We think more like ly it will increase his popularity and carry favor for the erroneous doctrines that he advocates. At any rate it will soon show how much power the Catholic church has in this country to control the political opinions and affiliations of its members. We think the church author ities will be surprised to find the degree of mental independence to which their flocks have attained. In purely and properly spiritual matters there are thousands of good Catholics ready to heed the advice and admonitions of their spiritual teachers, who will warmly re sent any intrusion beyond, which trenches upon their independence as citizens. _ We are sorry to say that we cannot view the question whether Mr. Muth is still a representative from Lewis and Clarke connty as altogether clear and simple. We have a high personal esteem for Mr. Muth, as well as his character and capacity as a legislator. And we are further sorry that any portion of our county's representation should be cut off or its legality involved in doubt. Mr. Muth could have recalled his resignation any time before it had been acted npon by the House, but that not having been done, the House having accepted it, it seems to us that then the severance was final and complete. There was certainly an interval when the repre sentative capacity was lost, not by the action of the House alone, but by the con current action of Mr. Math and the House. If in that interval the bill to create the office of examiner of accounts had been passed, Mr. Muth would have certainly claimed that he was not a member of the legislature. The question is whether the House had power, by a subsequent re consideration of the vote accepting his resignation, to elect him again as a repre sentative from Lewis and Clarke county. Even if reconsideration had been moved in time, was this such a question as could be reconsidered ? Was not the severance of the relation of representative complete and beyond recall ? Was it possible that he could legally not have been a member if a certain bill passed and at the same time a member if the bill did not pass ? There is no doubt hut a House of Legis lature is the judge of the election and qualifications ot its own members, but the original election by the people is not in question, nor the qualification of Mr. Muth to be a member. Of the question as it now presents itself to the House we confess that it seems a very doubtful one whether it is competent for the House to settle it and by any vote, though unanimous, give him back his seat. Dion Boucicault, the great modern playwright, discourses in the July North American on "The Decline and Fall of the Press." The theme is a large one, mach larger than the man who attempts to han dle it. Most people do not believe that the press has declined and none believe that it has fallen, and the title is altogether a misnomer. The substance of the article is a complaint about the venality of the press in its art criticisms and its demoralizing effects npon the profession. The charge is that the press will for hire write up a poor play aud inferior actor aud create notoriety for them, aud for the same motive will down a meritorious play and actor. Both the press and the people are becoming more intelligent and independent. The decline is in the character of the plays written. They are written to flatter and minister to a shallow and depraved taste. Yesterday was the anniversary of the battle of the Boyne, which occurred in 1690 between the forces of King James the Second and William III., with about 30,000 men on each side. The troops of James were completely routed and the Protestant sncceesion established. The Duke of Shombers and Rev. Geo. Walker, the heroic defender of Londonderry, were killed in this battle. Though nearly two hundred years have passed since, the fires of hatred between the Irish Catholics and Protestant Orangemen barn almost as fierce as ever. This perpetuation of strife has been a disgrace to religion, and has been a serions obstacle to the united action of the Irish people. The strife has been fostered by England in order to keep Ire land weakened by division. The total production of the precious metals from the earliest ages down to the close of 1886 is estimated at less t han twenty-seven billions — about fifteen billions of gold and twelve billions of sil ver. The whole of it together would only suffice to pay for about one-half of the ac cumulated wealth of the United States At the present time this country is produc ing more than one-third of the entire pro duct of precious metals in the world. COX AS A BUFFOON. S. S. Cox, in his younger and better days, won some distinction as a word painter and the sobriquet of Sunset from one of his glowing descriptions. Since his removal from'the classic West to one of the slum wards of New York City, his associations seem to have demoral ized him greatly. Glowing sunsets no longer light up his fancy, but it seeks more congenial material to toy with in the braying of the donkey. By good rights he deserves to be rechristiened from his latest achievement, Jackass Cox. # It could hardly he 'expected that one with the antecedents and surroundings and associations of Mr. Cox would have any refined sentimentality connected with the battle flags. In his eye these flags, won by valor on bloody battle fields, are only [ rags, and dirty rags at that. They were laying quietly enough in the seclusion of a department attic and pray what .reason was there for bringing them out and making them the occasion as claimed, for reopening the fast healing wounds of,'our civil strife. Those who once carried them and lost them were not calling for them. As one of their papers recently put it, they did not want the flags back, they had the "rebel yell" left them, and that was the most they cared for. Those who captured these flags were not asking for their restoration. The confederacy in whose name they were unflurled and lost no longer existed to receive them or be flattered by their return. Was it best to revive the con federacy in order to tender back these flags ? Was it in good taste, even sup posing the confederacy still survived in substance and sentiment, that the tender should come from those who had little sympathy with the captors ? Was the inspiration of this "generous but illegal' tender from those who ever had any part in the capture or sympathy in the cause for which the captors fought ? The word generous is altogether out of place in this connection. A man may be generous of his own, but when it comes to giving what is not his own the word is not appropriate. Any inspira tion of generosity or patriotism in con nection with these flags would have pre ferred that they should remain in their seclusion and have been allowed to he forgotten, that they should crumble back to dust with the cause iu which they were once borne in battle. The whole episode was a gigantic blunder on Cleveland's part to say the least, and all the buffoonery of Cox cannot belittle it or misrepresent it as an inspiration of generous impulse. The recqnt elections in England indicate very clearly a turn in the tide of popular feeling favorable to Gladstone and home rule. It was not expected that this change would be precipitated this early. The jubi lee celebrations have been cultivated as much as possible in the interest of the present ministry, and a revival of royal at tachment was expected. It has not come among the voters, who have enough intel ligence to see that the cause of Ireland is equally the cause of the English people, and that of the landlord oligarchy is. that of their oppressors. A few months' expe rience with the crimes act may be ex pected to work a revolution and an over throw of the weakest and most illiberal ministry that England has had for many years. _ To-morrow, July 14, is the anniversary of the capture of the Bastile, the celebrated French political prison, which was cap tured July 14,1789, by an insurrectionary uprising of the people and all the inmates liberated. It is a day sacred to revolution ists, and it is very much feared that there will be some violent outbreak this year with the object of making Boulanger a military dictator and precipitating the conntry into a war with Germany. France is in a volcanic condition, the government is weak and a revolvtion any day would not surprise us. It is reported from Chicago that the an arch is ta have given up all hope of a new trial and their friends are bending their energies to secure monster petitions to the Governor for commutation of sentence* They propose to pay for each name secured to the petition, aud this circumstance ought to render such petitions valueless to influ ence executive action. t "Two-thirds of the leading newspapers in the South are in favor of protection," says a prominent Democratic journal of Alabama. But, unfortunately, this evi dence of good sense on the part of the newspaper in question is obscured by the fact that about nine-tenths of these two thirds continue to support the men and measures of the free-trade party. The Irish in America have sent to their relatives and friends in Ireland $100, 000,000 within the past thirty years, and a large share of this has gone into the pockets of English landlords. Still these English landlords hate the Americans be yond measure. They want to drive all the Irish ont of Ireland and settle their estates with more tractable tenants. Bkween 1850 and 1883 there were 2,412 000 persons evicted in Ireland and 3,130, 000 emigrants therefrom. Burial of Japanese Tommy. New York, July 12.—Thomas Durand, aged 70 years, (colored), known as "Japa nese Tommy," was buried to-day in Ever green cemetery. He was a dwarf, three feet high, and has been exhibited before all the crowned heads of Europe. There was no fanerai service. Shot his Wife. Royal Center, Ind., July 12.—W. A. Garner was awakened last night by some one groping around the room. Seeing a form at the window, he thought it was a burglar and fired at it. The body fell, and when he got a light he found he had shot his wife and she was dead. RAILROADING REMARKABLE. Tortuous Ilill Climbiug on Helena, Boulder Valley A Batte Railroad. • he The extension of the railroad from Jeffer son to Boulder, forming with the Wickes branch the first 35 miles of the Helena Bonlder Valley & Butte road, presents some remarkable railroad work. Up the canvoa from Jefferson and across the Boulder dii vide by the stage road route was long very excusably considered as "no thorough fare" for a railroad ; ibut in this age of engineering skill nothing seems impossible to rail.oad men, and rivers are crossed, torents bridged and the most inaccessible peaks bored through or gone around by the iron horse alter the triumph of science has paved the way. So in this canyon the eye of the engineer ha3 discerned a feasible route for a railroad and to-day the cars run from Jefferson to the summit ol the Boul der divide, hitherto crossed only by animal power. Leaving Jeft'erson the railroad runs up the canyon a mile or two and then deflects t to [the left, crossing the gulch on a high trestle built on a 16 degree curve and then climbing the hill on the opposite side on a three per cent, grade It runs back towards Helena on that side on a continual ascent until it rounds the mountain with another sharp curve, goes through a small tunnel and once more heads for Bonlder, still traversing the mountain on the east side of the gulch and still climbing a steep grade. This piece of the road forms a gigantic letters, and the three lines, parallel to each other, but each rising perceptibly over the former, can be seen from the stage road. Further up, the can yon is again crossed by a huge, curving trestle, and the road pursues a devious course over steep grades aud through tunnels on the west side of the gulch until it reaches the summit, crossing it by a short tunnel which lies directly beneath and about sixty feet below the point where the si vge road gains the tip top of the mountain. Thence it curves to the right, following down the mountain and doubling the Boul der basin by winding along the foot hills until it gets down to the level of Boulder City. Half way down it crosses over the Montana Central a short distance from the point where that road issues from the Wickes tunnel, and the two roads run side by side into Boulder. The work on the Helena, Boulder Val ley & Butte road is a marvel of railroad ing. There is a large amount of bridging on it and the delay in getting timbers to complete trestles on the other side of the divide is the only thing that prevents the cars from running into Boulder to-day. is it is the track is now laid beyond the sum« mit and is stretching down hill towards Boulder, only seven miles distant. This gap will soou be covered and next month the cars will be running into the county seat of Jefferson county. The road docs not stop at Boulder but will continue ou up the canyon, fourteen miles further on the way to Butte, where the terminus will be made for the present season. The new road will be a favorite with tourists, aside from the large freight traffic it will secure by tapping the rich ore sec tions of Basin and Boulder, hitherto un touched by the railroad. As a scenic line it will be unsurpassed aud with the sum mer travel to the Boulder Hot Springs and other resorts and the regular traffic with Butte it will open up with a large passen ger patronage. Hebrew Convention. Pittsburg, July Î2. — The Bieunial Council Union of American Hebrew con gregations opened here this morning. The principal object of the convention is to in crease the efficiency of the Hebrew Union College at Cincinnati by increasing the accommodations. About 100 delegates, representing every Hebrew center in the United States, were present. A permanent organization was effected by electing Josiah Cohen, of this city, chairman. The balance of the session was occupied by the reports of the officers. Pittsburg, July 12.—In the afternoon session of the Hebrew convention Presi det L. Loth, in his report, speaking of the Hebrew Union College at Cincin nati, said the results were praiseworthy and as the college had at present 35 stt dents in attendance, he asked that a smai fund be raised to defray expenses. In con clusion he said : "By the present treaty existing between the United States and Russia, no American citizen of the Hebrew creed is permitted to establish himself in Russia. I therefore recommend that this great wrong be brought to the notice ol Congress by this council. * The report of the secretary shows the order to in a good financial condition, with receipts of $23,403 in excess of the disbursements. In discussing the financial question, the Union Secretary claimed that $70,00* 1 should be raised and the Union supported and an income derived therefrom. FIDELITY BANK FAIL! HE. Assets Put in the Hands ol a Re ceiver and its Charter Forfeited. Cincinnati, July 12.—Somewhat unex pectedly a final decree was entered by order of Judge Sales this afternoon against the Fidelity National Bank and its director' and officers to forfeit the charter ol the bank. Demurrers had been filed by Presi dent Briggs, Swift and others, and there was an appearance of lengthy legal argu ment Upon a mutual understanding, the argument was dropped and a decision was agreed upon by all parties, which dismisses the action against tue directors and officers, but finds that the bank had violated the banking laws of the United States by loan ing money to D. A. Fitzpatrick and other* up security of the capital stock, and by permitting its cash on hand to fall belo* the required twenty-five per cent, of its circulation and deposits, and by incurring new obligations while in this insolvent condition. The charter of the bank is therefore declared forfeited. This action puts all the assets in the hands of Eeceiver Armstrong and dissolves all attachments npon its property made since the bank was seized by the government. The Bastile Anniversary. Faris, July 13.— The German residents have been ordered to remain in doors to morrow, as it is feared they would be at tacked if they appeared on the streets dur^ ing the celebration of the anniversary o the fall of the Bastile. The Patriotic Leagu« have announced that they will ma * e , demonstration to-morrow in the Place de^ Concorde and another at the Bois de bp • logue in the afternoon. It is feared i these meetings will give rise to d^° r and the police and military authorities making preparations to maintain peace Refuses to Sign. Constantinople, July 13 .—The persists in his refusal to sign tue co tion with England, in reference to if. ' • .. . r ___1__»„UWanrlinZ W