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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, July 14, 1887, Image 2

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A CALLED SESSION.
Governor Leslie's Proclamation Ordain*
ing an Exrtaordinary Session of
the Legislature.
It Will .Meet in Helena on August
29th, Proximo.
Following is the text of the proclama
tion yesterday issued by Governor Leslie,
calling an extra session of the Legislature:
Whereas, There was passed by the Legis
lative Assembly of the Territory of Mon
tana at the last session thereof an act en
titled "An act relating to assessment and
levy of taxes," approved March the 10th,
1887, under which and by virtue of its
provisions, chapter fifty-three of the fifth
division of the Revised Statutes of Mon
tana. relating to revenue, and all acts
amendatory thereof are from and after the
first day of September, 1887, to stand re
pealed. And the said act of March the
10th is thereafter to 1« the law under
which property in the Territory of Mon«
tana is to be assessed for taxation and the
taxes levied and collected for Territorial
and county purposes ; and,
Whereas, There are grave doubts and
much uncertainty whether the tribunal
created by said act and directed to assess
certain property for taxation, to levy the
taxes for Territorial purposes, and to equal
ize all the assessments for each county, can
under the statutes legally proceed to organ
ize and perform the duties assigned it by
said act ; and,
Whereas, All powers and functions as
sumed under doubtful authority in such
grave matters as assessment and taxation
might lead to confusion, litigation and de
lay in collecting the revenues necessary to
carry on the government ; and
Whereas, There are other confusions and
uncertainties in said act ; and,
Whereas, All laws by which the agents
of the government make demand of the
citizen for taxes should be sc clear and
certain as to preclude all doubtful construc
tions; and,
Whereas, Said assembly 'passed au act
entitled "An act to amend an act relating
to killing certain animals." approved March
5th, 1887, which, tested by practical ope
ration for three months and six days,
promises to be a ruinous drain upon the
public treasury , having within this frac
tion of a year sent to the Auditor's office
and procured warrants on the treasury for
over twenty-six thousand dollars: and,
Whereas, Its demands were increased
daring the month of Jane and the first
seven days of July .done to eighteen thou
sand dollars. And mis experience of thir
teen weeks, aud particularly that of the |
last five weeks, foreshadows and gives full
warning that it would draw from the trea
sury almost two hundred thousand dollars
within the two years before the election ,
and organization of another legislature; j
and.
Whereas, The membeis of the last as
sembly surely never contemplated impos
ing such large and questionably burdens
upon their constituents ; and,
Whereas. Serious errors appear in some
other laws passed by said legislature, which
should be speedily corrected : and,
Whereas, There are other rapidly in- ;
creasiDg demands upon the treasury under
some existing laws, which the public inter
ests require should be curtailed, aud other !
wav-s regulated by further legislation ; and, j
Whereas, The reasons for calling the '
legislature in extraordinary session were
by me submitted to the President of the
United States and were by him duly ap
proved on the thirtieth day of March, 1887.
Now, therefore. I, Preston II. Leslie,
Governor of the Territory of Montana, do
by virtue of the power vested in me by the
organic act of said Territory, and by the
approval of the President of the United
States, hereby order and call upon each
and every member of the said legislative
assembly of the Territory of Montana, to
attend and convene themselves in extraor
dinary session at Helena, the Capital of
said Territory, on Monday, the 29th day of
August, A. D. 1887, at 12 o'clock m. of said
day, to consider such important subjects of
legislation, and perform such duties as the
general welfare of the Territory may de
mand.
In testimony whereof 1 have hereunto
set my hand and caused the great seal of
the Territory to be affixed. Done at Helena,
the Capital, on this, the eleventh day of
July, in the year of our Lord one thou
sand height hundred and eightv-seven,
and of the Independence of the United
States of America the one hundred and
eleventh.
[«K.AT..J PRESTON H. LESLIE.
By tin- Governor :
Wm. B. Webb. Secretary of Montana.
TUE RAILROADS.
flnpid Advance of the Manitoba--
Northern Pacific Matters---The
Montana Central.
It is calculated that the Manitoba track,
at the end of the present week, will be ad
vanced to a point 100 miles w est of Fort
Buford. Gradinggangs in large numbers are
moving forward and covering the intervals
between Fort Assinnaboine, Benton and
Great Falls. Traffic Mamager Alexander, be
fore leaving Helena for the north, expressed
himself as confident that the track-layers
would reach Great Fallsby September 10th.
Vice President Oakes and Traffic Man
ager Hannaford, of the Northern Pacific,
are in the city, in route east ou their return
from the Cascade division and the coast.
Through trains are now run to Portland,
via Tacoma, passing over the Cascade
switchback. Up to the present time not
much of the Oregon freight and passenger
traffic has been diverted from the old route
down the Columbia, and probably no con
siderable change in this respect will occur
before the completion of the Cascade tun
nel. The Paget Sound traffic now goes
over the direct line, being tapdled without
serious difficulty across 4Ke mountains.
Mr. Oakes' connection with the Northern
Pacific will probably not be severed, re
cent reports to the contrary notwithstand
ing. He favors a policy of progress, and
the multiplying of branch linee as feeders
to the parent road is a matter of first im
portance in bordering territory, where traf
fic can be created to an almost indefinite
extent.
Greet activity is noted in the work of
the Montana Central inside and beyond the
city limits. Graders are covering the sur
veyed line from Helena to Prickly Pear,
and gang after gang of workmen are plying
pick and shovel along most of the route
through to Butte. The gulch fill across
lower Last Chance is rising rapidly, and
the roadbed through the seventh ward is
advancing outside the city boundary. The
line less than a mile oat from the city
limits strikes pretty close to the Northern
Pacific and parallels it to Prickly Pear
crossing, and then turns and follows the
Helena and Jefferson county road to Jeffer
son City and Wickes. Another year, very
likely, will witness Northern Pacific and
Manitoba trains racing on close parallel
tracks between Helena and Batte.
A Safe Voyage.
London, July 12.— The steam yach Alvo,
with Mr. W. K. Vanderbilt and family and
friends on board, arrived at Queenstown
and proceeded to Liverpool.
OBSEQUIES OF ABRAM SANDS,
One ol the Largest Funerals Ever
Seen is Denver.
Our I>enver exchanges contain long re
ports of the funeral of the late Abram
Sands, which took place at the family
residence in that city on the 6th inst. The
Jewish community was largely represented.
The house was densely crowded with the
immediate relatives and friends of the
deceased. The veranda and lawn were
also filled with people, and the street was
crowded forj the distance of four blocks
with people and carriages. That Mr.
Sands was a widely esteemed and highly
useful man could not have been better de
monstrated than it was yesterday. His
friends flocked from far and near, and his
relatives were frantic with grief. As the
eldest brother in a large family he was
beloved and respected by a large circle of
brothers and sisters, all of whom were
plunged into the deepest grief by his un
timely death. The widow and her chil
dren were, inconsolable. The only son in
the family, Mr. Sylvester Sands, was present
and almost carried his mother to her car
riage in his arms.
Prominent citizens present included
Congressman G. G. Symes, Hon. Henry C.
Dillon, Lev. Thomas Van Ness, pastor of
Unity church, and Col. John Arkins.
Among the mourners closely allied to
the family by ties of blood and marriage
were observed Mr. and Mrs. S. L. Holz
man, Mr. and Mrs. Simon Appel, Mr. and
Mrs. Isidore Appel, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Ap
pel, the Messrs. Arkush, Mrs. Nathan, son
and daughter, and many others.
The floral pieces with which the cofliu
was laden were of the most exquisite
variety. They were of great size and each
bore in letters wrought in immortelles
some loving tribute to the dead.
A tall pillar of white hollyhocks, immor
telles, roses and daisies intermingled with
slender green leaves, was the gift of Tem
ple Emannel and bore in purple iiumor
telles the words, "Our President.''
Another beautiful design, the gift of Mr.
Sands' children, was an exquisite double
gate, made almost entirely of white roses
and placed beneath a deep floral arch of
pale roses aud green leaves. The arch
bore the word, "Father" in purple immor
telles.
A beautiful pillow in solid white roses, the
gift of a brother and sister, bore the word,
"Rest." Another exquisite pillow in pink
and white roses, edged with daisies and
smilax, bore the letters, "I. O. B. B.," and
was the last tribute of respect paid by the
Independent Order of B'nai Brith. A large
floral harp, the gift of the many nephews
and nieces of the decased, bore the one
word, "Uncle.''
Au immense floral pillow made of the
rarest flowers was sent by the Denver
Brewing Company. It bore the words.
"Employes Denver Brewing Company. We
Mourn," in red aud purple immortelles.
Another floral pillow bearing the famil
iar name "Uncle Abe," was the gilt of the
Messrs. Kline. A tall anchor, all in white
and green, was sent by Mrs. 8. M. Simpson.
The Order of B'nai Brith was present in
a body. There were present also numerous
representatives of the Masonic Lodge, of
which the deceased was a member. The
employes of the brewery and of Messrs.
Appel & Co. were very generally present,
and of the Congregation of Temple Eman
uel scarcely a member was missing. The
Rev. J. Mendes De Solla delivered an im
pressive fanerai address in the drawing
room of the Sands mansion. In his con
eluding words he drew an image of the
departed, sayiDg:
"I see before my mind's eye the image of
our dear departed friend, his cheerful,
smiling countenance, his benevolent heart
ever ready to sympathize with trouble and
sorrow. I feel, as it were, his hand locked
in my own, giving me the assurance of dis
interested friendship; all rise before my
imagination and till my heart with sorrow;
therefore, I say, this is the time to weep.
Yes, weep freely, thou poor disconsolate
widow, over the loss of an affectionate hus
band ; weep, ye children, because your
living father is no more, to watch over
your welfare, to admonish you with his
wise counsel, to cheer you with his sweet
voice. Weep, ye brothers and sisters, who
have lost an affectionate brother. Weep,
ye friends of the departed, who have lost a
faithful companion. Weep, congregation
Emanuel, over the loss of your president,
who was ever ready with his counsel and
with his purse to sustain our society,
Weep, ye friends of humanity, for a good
and true man has fallen in Isral, and I
weep with you. for Abraham Sands is no
more."
At the conclusion of the sermon the pall
bearers, the Messrs. Ben. Wisebart, Louis
Anfenger, Henry Frankie, John Walker,
Dr. Robbins, Ed. Siemon, Fred. Bruegge
man and J. Fleischer, took up the coffin
and deposited it in the hearse. The funeral
procession which then formed was many
blocks in length. The Order of B'nai
Brith marched to the Jewish cemetery,
where the remains were deposited, accom
panied by the empldyes of the Denver
Brewing Company. Carriages were fur
nished for the employes of Appel & Co.
At the grave a prominent member of the
B'nai Brith read the prayers of the Order,
and further prayers were read by the Rev.
J. Mendes De Solla.
A SLIM NAVY.
Uncle Sam's War Tubs on the Pacific
Coast.
Washington, July 12.—The Department
of State is still in official ignorance of the
revolution in Hawaii, and first assistant
Porter said to-day that the department did
not expect to hear anything for four or five
days yet, not until the dispatches which
Minister Merrill sent on the Mariposa shall
have been sent overland from San Fran
cisco and received in Washington. One of
the prominent officers of the department
was asked how much force the United
States had in the Pacific at present. "We
haven't any,'' was the reply, "at least none
to speak of. The Pacific squadron, with
the exception of the Alert, are wooden
sloops and carry from six to eight smooth
bore guns, worth as mach as a boy's pop
gun when compared with modern artillery.
The Alert is an old vessel of one hundred
tons and carries four guns. If the fleet
were to be mobilized it would take about
ten years, I guess, if it ever could be done.
The Adams has been at Honolulu since
Jane 14. The Vadalia is half-way between
Callao and Hawaii. The Juniata is in
Central American waters bound to China
via the Sandwich Islands. The Mohican is
on the west coast of South America, proba
bly near Pent. The Iroquois is at San
Francisco being repaired, and the Alert
most be somewhere near the Mohican.
The compliment of officers and men carried
by the Pacific fleet is about 1300. The
crew force England has in the Pacific
waters could be rapidly concentrated. All
the vessels are in good condition, bnilt after
the latest models and carry rifled cannon
of large calibre and not old smooth bores
like we have. Bat I don't think we need
fear any danger from England, as I have
always understood that a perfect under
standing exists between the United States
and England in regard to Hawaii, but Ger
many might try to have a preponderating
influence thereon. She is now engaged in
a colonial policy and is trying to extend
her power elsewhere. We can never afford
to see any other country obtain an over
shadowing influence in Hawaiian affairs,
and if necessary to prevent it we should go
i to war."
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A BLOODLE3S REVOLUTION.
The anticipated revolution in the Sand
wich Islands took place on J une 25th,
and seems to have been kept within safe
bounds and to have accomplished its
purpose without bloodshed, or any waste
of property even. The king was aban
doned even by his body guard and all
the means of defense fell at once into
the hands of the revolutionists. The
aim and scope of the revolution does not
seem to have been to change the form
of government, but to overthrow an ob
jectionable ministry that was perpetu
ating its power by every sort of corrupt
means, and was demoralizing the king,
court and all the nation.
The chief object of indignation and
attack was not the king, hut his chief
minister, Walter M. Gibson, who is
charged w ith all sorts of crimes, and who
will either be executed or banished.
Americans and English are said to he
the foremost leaders of the revolution.
The purpose seems to he no more than
to secure a more complete constitutional
monarchy, with a modest allowance for
the decent maintenance of royalty.
The Hawaiian kingdom is a small
affair considered from the area of the
islands, 7,000 square miles, or the popu
lation, 75,000, including Chinamen and
all other foreigners. But the situation
of the islands in the midst of the Pacific
ocean make the group of immense value
to the commerce of the future.
The native population was estimated
as high as 400,000 when the islands were
first discovered, but for well known
causes it has been diminishing, so that
in 1872 it was only 56,899, and i- still
less now. )
The American missionaries went to
the islands in 1820 and found the people
ready to welcome them, having volun
tarily renounced idolatry and burned
their idols. The whole people were
speedily Christianized, and but for the
corrupting influences of foreign traders
and the crews of whaling ships that
wintered there, would have become a
strong and creditable permanent acqui
sition to Christianity. But the people
were physically and morally too weak to
resist corrupton and its deadly effects.
There is little doubt that the natives
will soon disappear entirely. A stronger
race will occupy the islands. With the
rapid settlement of our west coast, aud
the grow th of our Pacific commerce, the
possession of those islands will become
a matter of necessity to the United States.
The only wonder is that the formal an
nexation has not taken place already,
for the sovereignty has been tendered
us more than once. No other nation
would dare to interfere and prevent such
a destiny. The trouble is for us to know
how to govern it. The island are too
small for a State and we have nothing
else but the poor Territorial substitute.
OUTLOOK FOR COMPETITION.
The Nineteenth Century for June has
an interesting article by James Keith on
the subject, "Our Great Competition,"
in which the disadvantages of England
in its competition with the United States
are clearly stated. The advantages of
the United States over Great Britain are
classed thus : "Invention, taxation,
education, agriculture, food, resources,"
while the only advantage that Great
Britain can claim is cheap labor. With
out cheap food England could not have
cheap labor, and without this cheap
labor its manufactures and commerce
would disappear. Hence free trade in
food supplies and the raw material for
manufactures is a matter of necessity
and not of choice to England.
In the patenting of inventions, Mr.
Keith says, the cost is twenty-six times
cheaper in the United States than in
England. As for taxation, at least na
tional taxation, the odds are out of all
comparison with the United States. So
in education, our superiority is conceded
in every respect, while it is acknowl
edged that England has no system of
free education that deserves the name.
In the other respects of food, agriculture
and resources, it is confessed that the
United States outstrips comparison, lie
says: "Everythingthat man or the hand
of man can require is to be found within
the borders of the United States, and its
people could be shut up, us it were, en
tirely out from the rest of the world,
and still live in plenty and even in super
abundance."
As to the condition of the labor
ing men, Mr. Keith admits that it
is a hundred per cent, better in the
United States than in Great Britain, be
cause in this country wages are higher,
and food in better quality and greater
variety is much cheaper.
It would would seem that such a corn
parson could bring but little satisfaction
to a Briton. It rather looks as if the
British competitor was confessing him
self already distanced. Such is really
the fact, and Britons see it more clearly
than Americans. From sheer force of
habit we still look up to England as if it
were our superior in all respects. Our
statesmanship is that of a child, while
our strength, powers and resources en
title us to assume the responsibilities of
mature manhood.
It is the most natural thing in the
world that the English aristocracy and
upper classes should hate us. Our
growth and prosperity have wrought
their overthrow and the future looks
dark enough for the maintenance of
British superiority on either land or
water.__
Thk Henry George land-confiscating, so
called labor party in New York City, claim
to have 75,000 pledged supporters among
the voters, and boast of their ability to
carry the elections without combination
with either of the old parties
EXTRA SESSION CALLED.
The Legislative Assembly of Montana
has been called to convene in extra ses
sion on the 29th of August by Governor
Leslie, with the approbation of the
President. We had ventured to hope
that this might be done during the com
ing winter, but did not anticipate its
coming so soon. But the sooner the
better, say w% The squirrel hunters
have drained the Territorial treasury of
the last penny and have only just be
gun. Before our credit is all gone and
a heavy debt piled up to oppress us all
with taxation, it is time to call a halt.
It will cost no more to convene the
Legislature in August than in January,
and the prospect is that during those
five months squirrel bounties would
amount to $75,000 or more. Every con
sideration favors the earliest possible
session. If nothing else is attempted
than the repeal of the squirrel bounty,
it would justify the calling of the ses
sion at this time, but there is something
more that demands attention. The in
sane support by private contract is an
old and steady leak that would shoal al
most any treasury, without turning in
the squirrels.
Dakota negotiates her four and a half
per cent, bonds for a premium and
Montana could easily do as well. For
$100,000 we could secure grounds and
erect all the necessary buildings so that
the support of our insane need not cost
us over $2.50 per week.
A3 the U. S. Supreme Court has re
pealed our commercial travelers license
our legislature must look somewhere else
to ^supply the loss to the revenue and
should further release our own home
merchants from the corresponding tax
that they still have to pay.
Experience ha- taught the national
government the folly of having any great
number of license taxes. They have all
been cut off except those on liquors and
tobacco. It would.be wise to follow this
example and repeal most of our license
taxes.
We are told further that the new lien
law is working disastrously and that
mine owners refuse longer to lease their
mine>. On this question a full reconcili
ation of all conflicting interests is im
possible.
We do not want our legislature when
it meets to undertake too much. A few
bills should be ready at the opening and
to the-e attention should be confined.
A three week's session should suffice.
Governor Leslie deserves the thanks
of every citizen of the Territory for his
action, and it will not be his fault if im
pending bankruptcy and discredit are
not averted._
The Maverick National Bank has issued
a very useful manual, full of the most re
cent and reliable statistics in the financial
and industrial world, which it is distribut
ing gratnitously as an advertisement. It
is a work similar in itsnatnreand informa
tion to the American Almanac, from which
mnch of its matter is taken. It is an in
teresting and valuable work, and we are
glad to have it. But works of this kind,
like maps of our Western country, soon
get old and lose their significance. If we
turn to the table which gives the debt of
all the States and Territories, with their
population, we find that the figures used
are those from the census of 1880, in which
the population of Montana is given at 39,
000 and our Territorial debt at $64,000.
Such statistics are worse than useless;
they are false and misleading. If we turn
to the chapter on the production of copper
we shall find very little said of Montana,
compared with Lake Superior and Chili,
while it is well known that at present
the great copper mines of Montana lead
the world. But nevertheless the compila
tion of statistics is valuable to every busi
ness man and is sufficiently flattering to
the pride of an American citizen. In 1850
the total wealth of the United States was
only about one-third that of Great Britain.
In 1880 the wealth of Great Britain had
doubled, but that of the United States had
increased six-fold and was far in advance
of that of Great Britain. So in manufac
tures we have already outstripped Great
Britain, and have not yet reached the point
of supplying our home market. Judging
from the scope of the introductory chapter,
the object of the bank in circulating this
mannal is to advocate the continued pay
ment of the national debt by the purchase
of outstanding bonds at market rates. It
is said that the United States is the only
government in the world that pays its debts
at a premium. This is complimentary to
oar honesty and thrift, but is it equally so
to our wisdom ?
The presence of several influential Sen
ators in oar Territory oaght to be improved
by oar citizens to the utmost in showing oar
resources and manifesting oar convictions
and desires about admission as a State. The
disabilities that we are suffering by the
failure to survey our public lands, from
the idlenees and waste of oar school lands
from the unwise reetrictiona upon catting
timber on the public lands, upon our right
f alienation of oar mines and the restric
tion upon oar right of creating debt for
public improvements, are heavy burdens
upon ns and a hindrance to oar devel
opment These matters ought to be ex
plained. If all of our Senators and repre
sentatives would visit ns we should be con
tent with the results of their observation.
We want State rights so that we can be
masters of onr resources, and we believe
we can convince any reasonable man that
we are competent and justly entitled to
have and exercise the rights and powers of
a sovereign State.
The extraordinary occurrence of a rain
storm in Arizona is indicative to old resi
dents of a climatic change, and a system of
fish culture is in coarse of agitation. It is
proposed to try the experiment of a hatch
ery, and to commence, with each fish will
be famished a canteen in which to carry
water enongh to wriggle its tail in.
EXCOMMUNICATED.
The threatened blow of Papal excom
munication has fallen upon the devoted
head of Father McClynn. After having
threatened this penalty there was noth
ing left but to carry it into execution.
But we thiuk the Catholic church has
made a great mistake in the course it
bas taken in this matter. We have not
a particle of respect for Henry George's
land theories, and McGlynn's advocacy
of them does not change our convictions
respecting them. However, we believe
McGlynn is honest in his convictions,
and so long as he only resorts to proper
means to induce others to accept them
he is entitled to be heard and respected
for his general character. Excommuni
cation once would have been a terrible
thing, but to-day and in this country
it ,is more likely to prove a
brutem fulmen. Hence we think
it very unwise to force the issue
to such an extent as to show the
inefficiency of the punishment. Out
side of the Catholic church, McGylnn
will be regarded as a martyr, and by not
a few who have held connection with
that church. It has been said by some
that as plain Mr. McGlynn he would
he shorn of all influence and disappear
from public view. We think more like
ly it will increase his popularity and
carry favor for the erroneous doctrines
that he advocates. At any rate it will
soon show how much power the Catholic
church has in this country to control the
political opinions and affiliations of its
members. We think the church author
ities will be surprised to find the degree
of mental independence to which their
flocks have attained. In purely and
properly spiritual matters there are
thousands of good Catholics ready to
heed the advice and admonitions of their
spiritual teachers, who will warmly re
sent any intrusion beyond, which
trenches upon their independence as
citizens. _
We are sorry to say that we cannot view
the question whether Mr. Muth is still a
representative from Lewis and Clarke
connty as altogether clear and simple. We
have a high personal esteem for Mr. Muth,
as well as his character and capacity as a
legislator. And we are further sorry that
any portion of our county's representation
should be cut off or its legality involved
in doubt. Mr. Muth could have recalled
his resignation any time before it had
been acted npon by the House, but that
not having been done, the House having
accepted it, it seems to us that then the
severance was final and complete. There
was certainly an interval when the repre
sentative capacity was lost, not by the
action of the House alone, but by the con
current action of Mr. Math and the House.
If in that interval the bill to create the
office of examiner of accounts had been
passed, Mr. Muth would have certainly
claimed that he was not a member of the
legislature. The question is whether the
House had power, by a subsequent re
consideration of the vote accepting his
resignation, to elect him again as a repre
sentative from Lewis and Clarke county.
Even if reconsideration had been moved
in time, was this such a question as could
be reconsidered ? Was not the severance
of the relation of representative complete
and beyond recall ? Was it possible that
he could legally not have been a member
if a certain bill passed and at the same
time a member if the bill did not pass ?
There is no doubt hut a House of Legis
lature is the judge of the election and
qualifications ot its own members, but the
original election by the people is not in
question, nor the qualification of Mr. Muth
to be a member. Of the question as it now
presents itself to the House we confess that
it seems a very doubtful one whether
it is competent for the House to settle it
and by any vote, though unanimous, give
him back his seat.
Dion Boucicault, the great modern
playwright, discourses in the July North
American on "The Decline and Fall of the
Press." The theme is a large one, mach
larger than the man who attempts to han
dle it. Most people do not believe that the
press has declined and none believe that it
has fallen, and the title is altogether a
misnomer. The substance of the article is
a complaint about the venality of the press
in its art criticisms and its demoralizing
effects npon the profession. The charge is
that the press will for hire write up a poor
play aud inferior actor aud create notoriety
for them, aud for the same motive will
down a meritorious play and actor. Both
the press and the people are becoming
more intelligent and independent. The
decline is in the character of the plays
written. They are written to flatter and
minister to a shallow and depraved taste.
Yesterday was the anniversary of the
battle of the Boyne, which occurred in
1690 between the forces of King James
the Second and William III., with about
30,000 men on each side. The troops of
James were completely routed and the
Protestant sncceesion established. The
Duke of Shombers and Rev. Geo. Walker,
the heroic defender of Londonderry, were
killed in this battle. Though nearly two
hundred years have passed since, the fires
of hatred between the Irish Catholics and
Protestant Orangemen barn almost as
fierce as ever. This perpetuation of strife
has been a disgrace to religion, and has
been a serions obstacle to the united action
of the Irish people. The strife has been
fostered by England in order to keep Ire
land weakened by division.
The total production of the precious
metals from the earliest ages down to the
close of 1886 is estimated at less t han
twenty-seven billions — about fifteen
billions of gold and twelve billions of sil
ver. The whole of it together would only
suffice to pay for about one-half of the ac
cumulated wealth of the United States
At the present time this country is produc
ing more than one-third of the entire pro
duct of precious metals in the world.
COX AS A BUFFOON.
S. S. Cox, in his younger and better
days, won some distinction as a word
painter and the sobriquet of Sunset from
one of his glowing descriptions. Since
his removal from'the classic West to one
of the slum wards of New York City,
his associations seem to have demoral
ized him greatly. Glowing sunsets no
longer light up his fancy, but it seeks
more congenial material to toy with in
the braying of the donkey. By good
rights he deserves to be rechristiened
from his latest achievement, Jackass
Cox. #
It could hardly he 'expected that one
with the antecedents and surroundings
and associations of Mr. Cox would have
any refined sentimentality connected
with the battle flags. In his eye these
flags, won by valor on bloody battle
fields, are only [ rags, and dirty rags at
that. They were laying quietly enough
in the seclusion of a department attic
and pray what .reason was there for
bringing them out and making them the
occasion as claimed, for reopening the
fast healing wounds of,'our civil strife.
Those who once carried them and lost
them were not calling for them. As
one of their papers recently put
it, they did not want the
flags back, they had the "rebel yell" left
them, and that was the most they cared
for. Those who captured these flags
were not asking for their restoration.
The confederacy in whose name they
were unflurled and lost no longer existed
to receive them or be flattered by their
return. Was it best to revive the con
federacy in order to tender back these
flags ? Was it in good taste, even sup
posing the confederacy still survived in
substance and sentiment, that the tender
should come from those who had little
sympathy with the captors ? Was the
inspiration of this "generous but illegal'
tender from those who ever had any
part in the capture or sympathy in the
cause for which the captors fought ?
The word generous is altogether out of
place in this connection. A man may
be generous of his own, but when it
comes to giving what is not his own the
word is not appropriate. Any inspira
tion of generosity or patriotism in con
nection with these flags would have pre
ferred that they should remain in their
seclusion and have been allowed to he
forgotten, that they should crumble
back to dust with the cause iu which
they were once borne in battle. The
whole episode was a gigantic blunder on
Cleveland's part to say the least, and all
the buffoonery of Cox cannot belittle it
or misrepresent it as an inspiration of
generous impulse.
The recqnt elections in England indicate
very clearly a turn in the tide of popular
feeling favorable to Gladstone and home
rule. It was not expected that this change
would be precipitated this early. The jubi
lee celebrations have been cultivated as
much as possible in the interest of the
present ministry, and a revival of royal at
tachment was expected. It has not come
among the voters, who have enough intel
ligence to see that the cause of Ireland is
equally the cause of the English people,
and that of the landlord oligarchy is. that
of their oppressors. A few months' expe
rience with the crimes act may be ex
pected to work a revolution and an over
throw of the weakest and most illiberal
ministry that England has had for many
years. _
To-morrow, July 14, is the anniversary
of the capture of the Bastile, the celebrated
French political prison, which was cap
tured July 14,1789, by an insurrectionary
uprising of the people and all the inmates
liberated. It is a day sacred to revolution
ists, and it is very much feared that there
will be some violent outbreak this year
with the object of making Boulanger a
military dictator and precipitating the
conntry into a war with Germany. France
is in a volcanic condition, the government
is weak and a revolvtion any day would
not surprise us.
It is reported from Chicago that the an
arch is ta have given up all hope of a new
trial and their friends are bending their
energies to secure monster petitions to the
Governor for commutation of sentence*
They propose to pay for each name secured
to the petition, aud this circumstance ought
to render such petitions valueless to influ
ence executive action.
t
"Two-thirds of the leading newspapers
in the South are in favor of protection,"
says a prominent Democratic journal of
Alabama. But, unfortunately, this evi
dence of good sense on the part of the
newspaper in question is obscured by the
fact that about nine-tenths of these two
thirds continue to support the men and
measures of the free-trade party.
The Irish in America have sent to
their relatives and friends in Ireland $100,
000,000 within the past thirty years, and a
large share of this has gone into the
pockets of English landlords. Still these
English landlords hate the Americans be
yond measure. They want to drive all the
Irish ont of Ireland and settle their estates
with more tractable tenants.
Bkween 1850 and 1883 there were 2,412
000 persons evicted in Ireland and 3,130,
000 emigrants therefrom.
Burial of Japanese Tommy.
New York, July 12.—Thomas Durand,
aged 70 years, (colored), known as "Japa
nese Tommy," was buried to-day in Ever
green cemetery. He was a dwarf, three
feet high, and has been exhibited before
all the crowned heads of Europe. There
was no fanerai service.
Shot his Wife.
Royal Center, Ind., July 12.—W. A.
Garner was awakened last night by some
one groping around the room. Seeing a
form at the window, he thought it was a
burglar and fired at it. The body fell, and
when he got a light he found he had shot
his wife and she was dead.
RAILROADING REMARKABLE.
Tortuous Ilill Climbiug on
Helena, Boulder Valley A
Batte Railroad.
• he
The extension of the railroad from Jeffer
son to Boulder, forming with the Wickes
branch the first 35 miles of the Helena
Bonlder Valley & Butte road, presents some
remarkable railroad work. Up the canvoa
from Jefferson and across the Boulder dii
vide by the stage road route was long
very excusably considered as "no thorough
fare" for a railroad ; ibut in this age of
engineering skill nothing seems impossible
to rail.oad men, and rivers are crossed,
torents bridged and the most inaccessible
peaks bored through or gone around by
the iron horse alter the triumph of science
has paved the way. So in this canyon the
eye of the engineer ha3 discerned a feasible
route for a railroad and to-day the cars run
from Jefferson to the summit ol the Boul
der divide, hitherto crossed only by animal
power.
Leaving Jeft'erson the railroad runs up
the canyon a mile or two and then deflects
t to [the left, crossing the gulch on a high
trestle built on a 16 degree curve and then
climbing the hill on the opposite
side on a three per cent, grade
It runs back towards Helena on that
side on a continual ascent until it rounds
the mountain with another sharp curve,
goes through a small tunnel and once more
heads for Bonlder, still traversing the
mountain on the east side of the gulch and
still climbing a steep grade. This piece of the
road forms a gigantic letters, and the three
lines, parallel to each other, but each rising
perceptibly over the former, can be seen
from the stage road. Further up, the can
yon is again crossed by a huge, curving
trestle, and the road pursues a devious course
over steep grades aud through tunnels on
the west side of the gulch until it reaches
the summit, crossing it by a short tunnel
which lies directly beneath and about
sixty feet below the point where the si vge
road gains the tip top of the mountain.
Thence it curves to the right, following
down the mountain and doubling the Boul
der basin by winding along the foot hills
until it gets down to the level of Boulder
City. Half way down it crosses over the
Montana Central a short distance from the
point where that road issues from the
Wickes tunnel, and the two roads run side
by side into Boulder.
The work on the Helena, Boulder Val
ley & Butte road is a marvel of railroad
ing. There is a large amount of bridging
on it and the delay in getting timbers to
complete trestles on the other side of the
divide is the only thing that prevents the
cars from running into Boulder to-day. is
it is the track is now laid beyond the sum«
mit and is stretching down hill towards
Boulder, only seven miles distant. This
gap will soou be covered and next month
the cars will be running into the county
seat of Jefferson county. The road docs
not stop at Boulder but will continue ou
up the canyon, fourteen miles further on
the way to Butte, where the terminus will
be made for the present season.
The new road will be a favorite with
tourists, aside from the large freight traffic
it will secure by tapping the rich ore sec
tions of Basin and Boulder, hitherto un
touched by the railroad. As a scenic line
it will be unsurpassed aud with the sum
mer travel to the Boulder Hot Springs and
other resorts and the regular traffic with
Butte it will open up with a large passen
ger patronage.
Hebrew Convention.
Pittsburg, July Î2. — The Bieunial
Council Union of American Hebrew con
gregations opened here this morning. The
principal object of the convention is to in
crease the efficiency of the Hebrew Union
College at Cincinnati by increasing the
accommodations. About 100 delegates,
representing every Hebrew center in the
United States, were present. A permanent
organization was effected by electing Josiah
Cohen, of this city, chairman. The balance
of the session was occupied by the reports
of the officers.
Pittsburg, July 12.—In the afternoon
session of the Hebrew convention Presi
det L. Loth, in his report, speaking of the
Hebrew Union College at Cincin
nati, said the results were praiseworthy
and as the college had at present 35 stt
dents in attendance, he asked that a smai
fund be raised to defray expenses. In con
clusion he said : "By the present treaty
existing between the United States and
Russia, no American citizen of the Hebrew
creed is permitted to establish himself in
Russia. I therefore recommend that this
great wrong be brought to the notice ol
Congress by this council.
* The report of the secretary shows the
order to in a good financial condition,
with receipts of $23,403 in excess of the
disbursements.
In discussing the financial question, the
Union Secretary claimed that $70,00* 1
should be raised and the Union supported
and an income derived therefrom.
FIDELITY BANK FAIL! HE.
Assets Put in the Hands ol a Re
ceiver and its Charter Forfeited.
Cincinnati, July 12.—Somewhat unex
pectedly a final decree was entered by order
of Judge Sales this afternoon against the
Fidelity National Bank and its director'
and officers to forfeit the charter ol the
bank. Demurrers had been filed by Presi
dent Briggs, Swift and others, and there
was an appearance of lengthy legal argu
ment Upon a mutual understanding, the
argument was dropped and a decision was
agreed upon by all parties, which dismisses
the action against tue directors and officers,
but finds that the bank had violated the
banking laws of the United States by loan
ing money to D. A. Fitzpatrick and other*
up security of the capital stock, and by
permitting its cash on hand to fall belo*
the required twenty-five per cent, of its
circulation and deposits, and by incurring
new obligations while in this insolvent
condition. The charter of the bank is
therefore declared forfeited. This action
puts all the assets in the hands of Eeceiver
Armstrong and dissolves all attachments
npon its property made since the bank was
seized by the government.
The Bastile Anniversary.
Faris, July 13.— The German residents
have been ordered to remain in doors to
morrow, as it is feared they would be at
tacked if they appeared on the streets dur^
ing the celebration of the anniversary o
the fall of the Bastile. The Patriotic Leagu«
have announced that they will ma * e ,
demonstration to-morrow in the Place de^
Concorde and another at the Bois de bp •
logue in the afternoon. It is feared i
these meetings will give rise to d^° r
and the police and military authorities
making preparations to maintain peace
Refuses to Sign.
Constantinople, July 13 .—The
persists in his refusal to sign tue co
tion with England, in reference to if. '
• .. . r ___1__»„UWanrlinZ W

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