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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, July 14, 1887, Image 4

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^cftlccklti Jerald
FISK BROS.
Publishers.
E. E. FISK,......Editor
THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1887.
The Manitoba will soon be tracking
along the Milky way.
It was a suddeD. unexpected, but w hole
some ( hange of heart.
Independent : We hail Woolston as the
only deliverer in sight.
No column article is enough to explain
the water flop. A full page can hardly do
it justice. _
The Grand Army encampment now
promises to be a great success. Cleveland
will not l>e there.
Colorado refutes and resents the im
putation that any poriion of her area is
suffering from drouth.
It seems to be profitable business to be a
rebel in Afghanistan. Free pardon and re
mission of two years' taxes are the rewards
offered. ___
We suspect the Judge's temperance pre
cepts had something to do in converting
our esteemed cotemporary to the advocacy
of pure water.
Sharpe gets almost as much sympathy
as if he were condemned to death for rape,
murder or bomb throwing There is lots
of misplaced sympathy in this world.
It is again announced that Brooks is to
swing next month and that further appeal
has been abandoned. This may only be a
call tor his friends to pat up more money.
Powderly's advice is good as to the
liest way to meet those who attempt to
corner the markets. It is the way our
forefathers met the imposition of the British
tea tax and stamp duty.
Powderly believes in restricting for
eign immigration. Every immigrant, he
thinks, who lands upon our shores should
be required to show that he is able to sus
tain himself for one year.
We think the President was sensible in
declining to visit St. Louis at the G. A. IL
encampment, and if any considerable por
tion of the St. Louis people feel bad alxut
it we would advise the Grand Army peo
ple to go somewhere else.
Ulobe-Demoerat : Me. POWDERLY says
that "with education free to all, as it is in
this country, ignorance is unpardonable."
In other words, there is no excuse for vot
ing the Democratic ticket when it is so
easy to learn how to do better.
lie«. .okado steps on the stage as one of
the oil producing countries, with full
fledged claims of independence of all out
side supplies. Seven hundred barrels per
day is well worth boasting of, and there is
doubtless more where that came from.
It Is no trick at all for an English yacht
to beat an English yacht. It is when the
English yacht tries to sail with an Ameri
can yacht that a worthy competitor is
found. And we note the fact that the
American boat is never second over the
course.
What do the old water people say?
They say just about this : The Herald
has been an honest opponent. It has been
consistent. It has got away with the fight.
The Independent has turned away and de
serted us. It has been perfidious. Its
treachery we despise.
It wouldn't have been pleasant to Cleve
land and far less pleasant to the soldiers
had he concluded to attend the
(.rand Army encampment. A world of
embarrassment has been spared both Grover
and the veterans in the decision of the ex
ecutive to remain away.
Vermont has lost a distinguished son in
the death of Luke P. Pollard, formerly
Senator and for several terms the leading
member of its Congressional delegation,
and chairman of several important Con
gressional committees. He was a self
made man of great native strength of char
acter, who in his prime was a powerful
leader of men, and won a foremost rank
among the statesmen of our heroic period
by personal effort and merit
The Thistle will probably i>e the craft
which will come over and attempt to
carry the Qaeens cup to England this
year. There are Yankee boats waiting for
her. Though the Thistle is doubtless a
more formidable competitor than any that
has so far been turned out by our British
cousins, yet we think the \ ankee boat is
built that can beat her. But a defeat
would not be altogether unwelcome. These
American victories are beginning to get
monotinous._
The Sew North-West has nearly rounded
out two decades of a useful lifetime. It
has occupied an isolated field compared to
other and more pretentions newspapers,
but that untoward circumstance has never
interfered with its pronounced success or
its achievement of the highest honors of
journalism. It has never had at the helm
but one editor -James H.Mills—and he stays,
as he begun, the l>est man for all purposes
of the entire press gang of Montana.
There are scores of princely paupers
banging around the principal courts of Eu
rope. waiting to be pensioned upon the
support of the people somewhere. Prince
Ferdinand is of coarse quite willing to be
come King of Bulgaria, provided the pow ers
are agreeable. But here's the mb. What
is agreeable to Germany and Austria is not
likely to be agreeable to Russia. It was
the latter power that wrestled these princi
palities from the Turk, and it did not do
so for the purpose of handing them over
to German princes.
ROAD AGENTS AT WOB«
The report that our national independ
; ence day was signalized by a daring
! highway robbery of a coach load of
Park tourists will carry consternation to
all intending tourists and makes the
I question of a prompt and sufficient
1 remedy one of first importance. Know
; ing the route and country so well, our
■ only wonder is that such crimes have
not been/ff more frequent occurrence and
of a much worse description.
The parties visiting the National
Park, it is well known, include many of
wealth and not a few of distinguished
' rank from foreign countries. Our great
est fear has been that of kidnapping
and holding for ransom, as has been so
common in Italy and Greece. Our
country is full of men desperate enough
to organize and carry out such a scheme
successfully, and the places of conceal
ment and ways of escape are apparently
innumerable. If such gangs of despera
does are organized to steal horses from
our watchful and intrepid stockmen, as
we know >o well to be the case, why
should we not expect that they would
infest the ways into and through the
Park, where richer plunder is constantly
exposed to the gra-p of lawless cupidity.
If the recent crime is well considered
and its warning heeded, it may prove
fortunate, for no lives were lost and but
little money. The first thing is an inde
fatigable search and inexorable punish
ment of the guilty highwaymen. If they
escape it will embolden others. If
hunted down and summarily punished
it will discourage future attempts. Ar
ranging the time of trips so that they
w ill only be made by day light and then
in large parties attended with some
guard, will lessen the danger to some ex
tent. But we think the best security
will come from building railroads into
and through the Park, so that trains
may carry the visitors to the immediate
vicinity of the chief centers of interest.
It is true that railroad trains are some
times attacked and to anticipate this
danger some armed guards may be car
ried on every train. But it would cer
tainly lessen the opportunity and danger
of attack and lessen the area that it
would be necessary to clear and improve
with carriage roads, bridle and foot paths
and patrol w ith sen trie«.
The government has undertaken to
make this park the great pleasure
ground of the nation and of the world.
It should make it easily and cheaply
accessible to all, and provide amply for
the personal safety of all visitors. It is
a national reproach to have such visitors
robbed of their personal effects. It
would be an indelible reproach to have
lives lost or any one seized by banditti
and carried away and held for ransom
under threats of cruel death. Before
we are thus humiliated and dishonored
as a nation, it is necessary to devise and
supply ample security against such
contingency. Even the event that has
just transpired will be heralded all over
he country and the world, and t hose in
tending to visit the park will be the first
to hear of it. The effect caDnot be
otherwise than discouraging. People
do not want to go on a plea-ure excur
sion accompanied by a fear for their
personal safety, nor do they care to go
out for pleasure and be compelled to
strip themselves of all valuables and
conveniences for enjoyment of their
outing.
The action of the government has not
thus far been characterized by wisdom,
prudence or liberality suited to the trust
that has been undertaken. This can be
easily explained and pardoned, for it is
a new duty in an untried field. It has
undertaken to do more than it can do
well, and in excluding railroads from
the Park it has excluded the mass of
visitors and taken upon itself the duty
of guarding not only the grounds within
the Park, but all approaches thereto, in
creasing the discomfort and danger and
expen-e of everv visitor. What it does
undertake to open and guard should be
done so thoroughly that visitors shall
not be exposed to danger and their en
joyments dashed with fear of personal
safety.
It needs sonie permaueut commission
of the best and most experienced men
in the country to devise and report upon
some comprehensive scheme of improve
ment to be carried out without constant
change, while perhaps the General of
our Army might well be charged to fur
nish adequate protection to all visitors.
We commend this matter to the earliest
attention of those responsible as law
makers and executive officers.
The Independent is pleased to chronicle
the fact that Mr. Geo. F. Woolston is ac
tively engaged in preparing to supply the
city with an abundance of water. The
supply will come from the bed-rock gravel
in the valley, and a snitable and capacious
reservoir will be built into which to pump
the water and thence distribute it. we
hail Woolston's enterprise as a blessing to
the city. * * We hail Woolston as a
deliverer.
The above is bona ßde. It headed the
editorial columns of our cotemporary
this morning. Citizens will bear witness
to the exact words as quoted, for a copy of
the Independent was carried aronnd to
show. Public comment took much this
form of expression :
"Who said crawfish ?"
"Watter yon giving us ?"
"Where, now, is the 'wiley Woolston ?' "
"Gosh' who ever would have thought
it!"
"'A Jakey Sharpe amoog us,'did you
hear aDy one say ?"
"An eleventh hour conversion is better
than no conversion at all."
"Helena wants water as much 8s it
wanted the court house. The Independent
man has now lived here long enough to find
that out."
A FOLORN HOPE.
There is something grand and pathetic
in the present position of the greatest of
English Commoners, Gladstone. His
last great speech in opposition to the
third reading of the crimes act is clear,
forcible, eloquent and convincing as any
speech in his long career of parliamen
tary leadership, when an overwhelming
majority were ready to vote approval to
any measure that he proposed. To any
right-thinking ob-erver his present posi
tion seems grander than ever before.
Present popularity, the favor uf royalty
and of the nobility, have all been pushed
aside, as he has always declined pressing
offers of titles, tLat highest aspiration
of the average Englishman. Many of the
most prominent of the English nobility,
that for generations have been affiliated
with the Whig party, have now turned
against and are persecuting him most
bitterlv. The Marquis of Westminster
recently sold the painting of Glad-tone,
for which he paid 2,000 guineas. It is
the same with Hartington. Alienation
lias settled into bitter personal hated and
a general warfare of social persecution
has been stirred up against Gladstone,
his family, followers and sympathizers. A
weak man, almost any other man than
Gladstone would quail before such
an array of opposition, which heretofore
has been able to crush any opposition.
His prophetic eye ranges beyond the
narrow present to the good time surely
coming when the people, enlightened to
a consciousness of their power and un
awed by the glanour of titles, will come
into the permanent possession of their
own. There is not a grander character
in the world to-day than Gladstone, and
no more sublime spectacle offered to the
admiration of the present generation
than Gladstone's leadership of the for
lorn hope in the British Parliament. It
reminds us of the time when the -ante
Parliament, w ith yet stronger words and
a more compact majority, asserted the
right to tax the colonies. That was
England's great mistake. She is mak
ing even a greater one to day, and if the
empire escapes disruption and decay,
there must be a sharp turn and that
presently. The continued greatness and
future glory of England lie in the direc
tion of the pacification of Ireland and
the greater enfranchisement and eleva
tion of the English people, not in the
preservation of royalty and nobility and
the privileges of narrow-minded, selfish
landlords.
CORRECTION.
in our remarks at the court house
dedication we undertook to name some
of the most prominent attorneys who
had practiced at our bar and in the old
court house and have pas-ed away. Sub
sequent reflection and suggestion proves
that the work was very incompletely and
imperfectly done. Instead of H. F.
Williams the reference intended was to
R. H. Williams. There was another
Williams with the initial- mentioned,
but a very unworthy and disreputable
character. But we certainly should not
have forgotten to have meutioned so
brilliant and prominent an attorney as
James M. Cavanaugh, who was our Dele
gate to Congress as well. Of the older
practitioners there were II. P. A. ! 8 mith
and S. D. Ritchie. Many of our older
citizens will al-o remember Henry Bur
dick, who went from here to Chicago
and died there. Also E. M. Burson,
who came here in 1867 from California
and from here went back to his old home
in Pennsylvania. We believe, but are
not sure, that he is dead. General E. B.
Neally was the first U. S. Attorney
whom we remember, and we think he is
still living. No doubt there were still
others, and we hope to have their names
suggested. For some paper containing
a full historical sketch of these should
be prepared under the auspices of our
Bar Association. .Some mention -houhl
also have been made of that important
functionary, the Clerk of the District
Court, beginning with Charley Fowler
and covering the time to the death of
Alex. II. Beattie.
While mentioning the death of M. C.
Page, it was strange also that we should
have overlooked that of young Andrew-,
who was also U. S. Attorney, aud who -
came among us after a brilliant career
in college full of promise to meet a sad
and early death.
It is already evident that if there had 1
been time to make such a list complete
it would have been too long for the oc
casion. It should neverthele-s be done. 1
The French government is searching
diligently in every direction tor some place
to lay a new tax. and has hit upon one to !
be levied upon all foreigners resident in
the country. We do not propose to com
plain or to retaliate, but it does require
the inspiration of a prophet or the wisdom
of a sage to predict that for every dollar
gained to the treasury from such a source
ten will be lost. It will drive thousands
ont of the country, including the wealthy
who spend money profusely, and prevent
others firm coming in. It is in imitation of
the Chinese policy of exclusion against
"foreign devils," as they are politely called
in the vernacular of the "fragrant hills."
We are told that the French government
has so far conceded to popular clamor as
to order the experimental mobilization of
its army. Aside from the cost alone, esti
mated at eight million francs, it is a most
dangerous experiment. The mobilization
of the army is a threat to the peace of
Europe. Germany will do the same thing
and be in readiness to meet this French
host, if the whim should take them| to at
tack that country and recover back their
lost provinces and dear-paid ransom. It is
letting loose a whirl-wind with no power
to recall it or control it. There is not only
a chance that it will precipitate war. but a
very weak chance to avoid it.
GRASSHOPPERS
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drouth and
While we have been enjoying the lux
urv of abundant rains in Montana, which
have covered every portion of our Ter
ritory w ith a luxurious growth of grass,
our most important crop, other portions
of the country not far remote have been
suffering from drouth to an extreme
degree. Portions of Michigan, Wiscon
sin and Illinois are fairly burned up and
the crops injured beyond recovery if the
long deferred rains should yet come. Not
only have crops perished, but many
towns have been burned up, creating
immense lo.-s and distress. In addition
there have been timber fires almost con
stantly raring that have destroyed vast
tracts of timber, worth millions ol dol
lars. The fate that we suffered last year
1
has fallen upon others this season even j
to a greater degree, and if a severe win- j
ter follows, as it did in our case, the loss
and suffering will be still greater. It is
not alone in the States that we have
named that di-tressing drouth prevails,
but over many portions of the South
and in Colorado.
A dispatch published last evening
from Rerham, in Minnesota, concerning
the appearance of grasshoppers creates
another cause of apprehension. We
have not forgotten what Montana suf
fered for three successive season- from
this pest, and the possible chance of their
return may well cause our people some
dread. We are not in immediate dan
ger for the present season. But it will
be wise in us to anticipate their coming
another season, and while there is plenty
of grass and grain to lay up stores in
anticipation of future needs. Our ad
vice would be to cut all the hay possi
ble and stack it well, though it may not
be necessary to feed a pound of it. 80
with the grain, and even w ith the straw.
It should be stored and stacked as a
security against another such -ea-on as
last year.
There is enough grown, one season
with another, to provide plenty for all
seasons, but it needs forethought to pre
vent alternate waste and want.
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While Judge McConnell is wading into
the docket of the Third District Court,
slashing things right and left, as it were,
and creating an unusual liveliness among
lawyers and litigants, the politicians and
press of his party are active in decrying
his peculiarities and evidently aiming to
get rid of him. The New York World of
July 1st, in editorial remarks copied be
low, is believed to sound the keynote of
Democratic objections to the Judge, which
we shall not be surprised to see amplified
and extended in other forms for use against
him in Washington. Says the World :
'President Cleveland recently appointed
N' M. McConnell, of Tennessee, to be Chief
Justice of Montana. McConnell is accused
of being a ' crank." He is a prohibitionist
of the most radical kind and a bigot in
religion. He has conscientious scruples
against listening to the music of the violin;
he calls the waltz "a loathsome kind of
dance;" "card-playing," he says, "is the
invention of the devil." He recently re
fused to appoint a young man as clerk of
court because he sometimes played whist.
As may be very naturally supposed, the
Judge is not just the kind of a man wanted
to push along the fortunes of a new Terri
tory such as Montana. He is about as
popular as a black bear in a bee settlement.
It seems very clear that the "black bear
has knocked over a bee hive or turned up
a hornet's nest to produce this loud buz
zing about his ears. Of course, the Judge
understands that aside from his temperance
scruples, which The Herald thinks are
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not to his discredit, and his alleged views
with respect to the heineonsness of danc- '
ing. card-playing and that line ot amuse
ments. which are far from repugnant to the
great mass of his political consorts, there is
a strong and pronounced prejudice, not
alone confined to Democrats, against carpet
baggers, and on this score perhaps more
than aDy other he can account for a deal
of these outcroppings of party enmity. Of
the two. we think the' Judge should more
defer to his party than to the "organ,' the
utterances of which in recent controversies
great numbers of Democrats denounced
and obliged them to seek other avenues of
expression. The World's talk is pretty strong
medicine, but the Jndge can better stand
that than the sickening nostrums with
which he has been dosed by the local
quack. The Herald, which speaks for
the whole people, will fairly deal with the
Judge according to his record and deserv
ings. _
!
That veteran correspondent, Robert P.
Porter, in a recent letter to the Inter Ocean,
pays his respects to the much vaunted
civil service of Eogland and finds it a very
rotten affair. The real work of all the de
partments is done by a class of drudges
wno never earn more than $500 a year,
while the salaries are paid to officials who
do nothing but read newspapers, discuss
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politics, guzzle strong drink and draw their ;
salaries. England's splendid civil service
system, that has been held up as a model
for other nations, is all a fiction and de
lusion. Our own, in its worst estate, is
infinitely cleaner and more efficient.
The ground squirrels have gnawed to
the bottom of our Territorial treasury and
will begin now to devour the resources of
the future and our credit. Probably a
thousand dollars would have fully paid
for all the damage these squirrels would
have done to the vegetation this season.
The work, we are assured, is onlyjast
begun. If pushed to the easy capacity of
the business Montana will be a hundred
thousand dollars in debt before the next
legislature meets, unless there is an extra
session. _
Some would take exception to the state
ment that oar court house was paid for, so
long as the payment has only thus far been
made by borrowing money. Bat we can
truthfully say that it is a good, paying in
vestment In what it saves and yields in
rents it pays interest on the cost all the
time. It has added to the value of adjacent
property as much as it cost. It is worth
all it cost as a permanent investment and 1
indirectly more than twice as much. j
LAND STEALING IN NEW MEXICO
Such is the title of an egotistic article
in the July North Amer icon by George
W. Julian, Surveyor General of New
Mexico. It sets out with the idea com
mon to Sparks and Henry George that
land stealing is the great crime of the
age ; that Grover Cleveland was elected
President to prevent and punish this
crime, and that he himself (George W.
Julian) was regarded as the only man
in the country to do this great work.
According to the story told, all former
Surveyor Generals have been criminals,
and all the Republican administrations,
including the Presidents and Secretaries
and both houses of Congres:-, have been
in the con-piracy. Indeed, Mr. Julian
rather overleaps his bounds and shows
___
j:— »L- t>—: j—
that some, the worst of the frauds, were
perpetrated and the foundation of all of
them laid and some of the worst of them
confirmed before the Republicans came
into power. Indeed, Mr. .Julian is frank
enough to say the I>emocratic party in
the Territory is as much under the con
trol of the land thieves as the Republi
can party. It may be all true as Mr.
Julian state- the case, and that every
land claim in New Mexico is fraudulent.
But we are not disposed to accept the soli
tary inference that the writer of that
article would have the reader draw, that
George W. Julian is the only honest ofti.
cial that ever went to New Mexico and
that his assertions
truth of the matter,
which he says that only two cases have
been rejected out of forty-nine on which
final action has been taken, leads to the
inevitable conclusion that both houses
of Congress have been fully as guilty of
fraud as the Surveyors General or those
who have concocted the fraud- for their
own benefit.
We decline to believe any such thing
contain only the
The emphasis with ;
on the statement of any one man. even •
so great and good a man as Mr. Julian
evidently thinks him.-elf. He ha- simply 1
gone crazy on the subject of fraud.
There is no inherent fundamental basis ;
for the theory that all Mexican land
grants are frauds. It is well enough
known that Mexico was willing to give
grants in that part of the country to any
who asked and as great as they a-ked,
If there is fraud in any or all of these
claims, for heaven's sake show it up in
! the proper time and place and way.
i Fraud shown will vitiate any convey
. ance.
I Why this rushing into print and ap
\ pealing to the public over the heads of
courts and all the law officers, except for
I political effect and personal aggrandise
! ment.
If Julian thinks the Secretary of the
Interior the only officer who can honest
ly settle these cases, why does he not
address his plea to Congress ?
To quote the popular proverb "Great
aches from little toe-corns grow," and
make its application to the bounty offered
by a law of oar last Legislature for ground
squirrels, is a very natural and appropriate
matter. Probably no one who voted for
the law had any conception of the conse
quences. It was a piece of well intended
legislation, but it is proving disastrous to
our Territorial finances and credit. While
on a recent trip through only a small por
tion of the Territory we must, on a con
servative estimate, have seen millions of
these animals for whose scalps the law
offers so liberal a bounty. We heard also
of organized companies of scalpers work
j n g t jj e COQn t r y witH traps, dogs, guns and
'
poison and making on an average from $3
to $10 per day to the man. If by one sea
son's campaign and the expenditure of
$100,000 this pest could be eradicated, it
might prove a good law and a good invest
ment. But our experience thus far shows
that we greatly overestimated our revenues
and underestimated the squirrel crop. If
the existence of a surplus in the national
treasury is ground even for considering the
propriety of an extra session of Congress,
which meets yearly, certainly the surer
prospect of a deficiency in the Territorial
treasury, injurious to our credit, costly and
inconvenient in every way, ought to lie
reason enough to call our Legislature to
gether again before two years pass by,
either to provide additional revenue or
reduce the bounty oa scalps. Conceding
that these animals are as great a nuisance
as the bounty advocates claim and that all
we have paid will be lost if the work is
abaudoned now, we must consider our
! ability to carry out what we have under
' taken, and as the siang phrase is. if we
have bitten off more than we can chew, let
j us spit it out._
Evidently there is for our fair city
"A divinity that shapes our end-.
Rough hew them as we will."
In spite of the most bitter, unrelenting
; opposition from some of our own people, the
splendid court house, that is the theme of
congratulation on every tongue, moved
steadily forward to completion. And now
that the new water works are progressing
with all the speed practicable for so large
an undertaking, those whoso recently were
opposing and ridiculing the scheme have
changed their notes to peans of praise for
what they term properly one of the great
est booms among the many that Helena
has gained in spite of division and fiercest
opposition at home.
Track laying on the Manitoba is fast
nearing the month of Milk river, and the
grade is reported nearly finished to Assina
boine, with only 108 miles further to bring
it to Great Falls. So far track laying has
not exceeded four miles per day. At this
rate it will take eighty-four days to lay
the track to Great Falls. There will be
needed some increase of speed to reach the
Falls by October 1st, as promised, bat we
think it can be done. When you come to
think of it, four miles of track laying in a
a single day is a big thing, and to keep
this up ODe day after another means a vast
deal of heavy work. The Northern Pa
c jg c wor ted from both ends, and we be
1 jieve its best record was only seven miles
j in any single day.
CRIME CONSUMMATED
Yesterday the English House of Com
mons passed the Irish crimes act on its
third reading by a majority of eighty
seven on a very full vote. The passage
in the House of Lords and the approval
by the Queen are mere formalities. The
deed is done that blackens the record of
British legislation even more than the
passage of the fugitive slave law stained
the history of American legislation.
There is some similarity in the character
of these two piece- of legislation aud
future historians will remark the parallel
in the results. The fugitive slave law
was a pj ece of southern bravado and de
fiance to the feelings of the North. It
accomplished no practical good to the
people of the South. More slaves es
caped after its passage than before and
more men at the North favored and aided
in their escape. It was the source of
perpetual irritation and wanton humili
ation to every man at the North. Many
who conceded the abstract right of
southern slave holders to recapture their
fugitive -laves revolted at the idea of
being called on to aid in such business.
It is now conceded that it was the most
foolish thing the South could have
possibly done. It fixed the doom of
slavery and roused that irrepressible
conflict that culminated in the civil war
and emancipation.
The same result will come from the
pa-sage of the Irish crimes act. It will
not suppress any crime. It will provoke
rather than prevent crime. It will aid
in a negative way the emancipation of
Ireland, just as the fugitive slave act
aided the emancipation of the southern
slaves. It may bear the outward form
and marks of law, but it is none the less
a crime. It is in some important respects
worse than our fugitive slave law, for it
is aimed at a free people of their own
color, race, religion, equal i» moral char
;
|
acter, in mental capacity, entitled to all
the rights of British subjects in any part
of the kingdom. The crime is all the
worse for being perpetrated in this age
of enlightenment, in the full light of
experience and history warning against
such a folly. But, after all, it is more of
a blunder than a crime. It is indirectly
aiding the object that it is trying to pre
vent. The longer Irish emancipation is
delayed the more complete it will be in
the end. It is like Rharoh's last refusal
to let the children of Israel go. At a
time when England's title as a first-class
power in the world is at -take, when her
overgrown colonies are freely discussing
independence, when Russia is aggressive
and defiant and France is hostile and
England has no ally in the world, when
her only safety lies in promoting union
and prosperity at home, at such a time
to foster discon and division, to culti
vate race and religious animosities, is
mere wanton, insane folly, and so the
result will show.
Gen. Ben. Bitleb's criticism of Cleve
land about the battle flag episode, given in
his speech before the new Butler Club, at
Boston, may be applied to many acts of
the President. He said : "Now, mark me,
I do not blame the President for doing this
at all. Where conld he have gotten the
knowledge in his former life to know
enough not to do it ? It was not his fault,
but it was his misfortune, that he did not
know anything upon this snbject. He
acted according to the light he had."
The exclusion of Senators Blaine and
Hale from the Edinburg council chamber
on the occasion of the presentation of the
freedom of the city to Andrew Carnegie in
recognition of his gift of a free library,
seems to have been something of a studied
insult which no apologies will condone. It
was as much au insalt to Carnegie as to
the distinguished American visitors, and
we venture there will be a breezy time be
fore the last is heard of it.
De Lesseds announces the sum ot $40,
000,000 more of Panama canal bonds, al
though it is claimed that there are still on
hand $20,000,000 to prosecute the work
We are glad to see the work go on, thongh
it strikes us that good investments are
scarce where these bonds are marketable.
Left to his Fate.
St. Loris, July 8. — P. W. Fountleroy,
one of the attorneys of Hugh M. Brooks,
alias Maxwell, now under sentence to be
hanged August 26th for the mnrder of
C. Arthur Preller, stated to-day that he
would make no further efforts to save his
client. He has concluded not to attempt
to carry ine case to the U. S. Supreme
Court.
A Fortunate Journalist.
; Benton Press. I
Will Hanks, who has disposed of his
interest in the Great Falls Tribune, and
who retires from the business for the pres
ent at least, has fully demonstrated by his
experience the past two years that the
newspaper publisher sometimes gets his
reward. Mr. Hanks went to Great Falls
without a dollar, bat with a good-sized in
debtedness to claim his attention, and he
is now worth—well, we won t say how
many thousand dollars, but it is a good
many. He has made the T ibunc yield
good returns by hard work and good man
agement, ànd fortunate investments in
real estate did the rest. It is so seldom
that newspaper men have this sort of lack
that so remarkable a case should not go
unrecorded.
—Benton Press : Capt. Jas. H. Mills,
editor of the New Northwest, one of the
veterans of Montana journalism and its
recognized leader, has consented to deliver
the annual address before the Montana
Press Association at its meeting in Helena
next. Hugh McQuaid, the only "retired
capitalist" the association can boast of, will
read a paper relating to newspapers and
newspaper men of the early day.
—A Fort Assinnaboine special of recent
date says; There are fully two thousand
Manitoba graders in the vicinity of the
post this morning and still they are com
ing. A long line of teams extends as far
as the eye can reach in the direction of
Fort Buford. Everythin«, is life and bnstle.
Three engineer parties are now here closing
np the final survey and locating, and find
it all they can possibly do to keep ahead
of the graders.
GRAND JURY REPORTS.
Both Handed in Thia Afternoon and the
Juries Discharged.
The Territorial Body .Makes Some
Kecommendations--*Te\t of
the Report.
Töi8 afternoon the United States and
Territorial grand juries made their final
reports to the district court and were dis
charged from further attendance at this
term by His Honor. Judge McConnell.
the territorial GRAND Jl'RY.
reported as follows ;
T<> the Hon. X. W. McConnell, Judge of the
Third Judicial District of the Territory of
Montana.
The Territorial Grand Jury for the July
term, A. D. l8-*7, respectlully submit as
their report the following:
Seven cases have claimed our attention
during the present session, and all have
received proper consideration.
In the case ot the Territory against Eu
gene WeDzler, having found an indictment,
would request that the case be dismissed.
In the course of the examination into
these cases, we have discovered that mater
ial witnesses sometimes leaves the coun
try, because committing magistrates do
not take sufficient recognizances for their
appearance. Justices should not entertain
complaints except in most urgent cases,
when made as to events which occur within
the immediate township of another Jus
tice, and which if tried in the township
where the offense is charged to have been
committed would save great expense aDd
witness fees to the county. Other grand
juries have drawn the attention of parties
concerned to this fact, and we would earn
estly recommend that this duty be more
carefully observed by the officers in charge
of this business.
We visited the county Poor Farm, and
found it generally in good order and condi
tion.
The Grand Jury found the jail in as
good condition as can be expected in view
of the size of the building. We would
recommend, as the fact exists that some
persons being in destitute circumstances
are not always in a neat condition, that the
County Commissioners purchase a supply
of under clothing for the use of such per
sons while they are in confinement.
We have had brought to our notice the
existence of shafts upon property located
a short distance from the public highway,
and the Grand Jury deem it necessary that
snch shafts should be properly covered, in
order to protect the public from the danger
arising from their existence.
The Grand Jury has learned with some
surprise that there is no statute of the
Territory of Montana adequately punish
ing persons guilty of wrecking or derail
ing. or attempting to wreck or derail rail
road trains. This omission of the Legis
lature is probably due to the fact that only
recently have railroads been constructed
within the limits of the Territory ; but a
crime of such magnitude should be pun
ished with the severesv penalties known
to our law. Whereas, it seems in the ex
isting condition of the statute it can only
be considered as a minor misdemeanor.
In concluding their report the Grand
Jury desire to express their high appreci
ation of the commodious, spacious and
beantiful court house where their sessions
are held, and also to thank all of the
County Commissioners connected with this
enterprise foi the able and thorough man
ner in which this duty has been performed.
The services in this matter of the Messrs.
Palmer, builders, and T. W. Welter, super
vising architect of the building, also receive
our commendation.
J. P. WOOLMAN, Foreman.
Chas. F. Eli.is, Clerk.
Helena, Mont., July 8,1887.
MINING MINUTES.
Dram Lummon Output and Dividend-
Other Records of Properties Near
Helena.
Marysville, July 7, 1887.
The Hkrald, Helena : Gentlemen :—
The following is the ouput of the Drum
Lummon mine for the month of June
Tons.
Yield.
10 «tanin mill crushed ...._
...... 404
$31,200
50 " *' " .........
26W
121.400
60 " " (low grade;.....
......:«6j
51,200
Total for month.........
......6450
$203,800
Working expenses............
$56,000
Yours faithfully.
R. T. BAYLISS.
The above letter was received last even
ing and gives another exhibit of the
bonanzic status of the great Drum Lum
mon mine. The amount of bullion turned
out last month is the largest with one ex
ception fer any month in the mine's his
tory, last fall, we believe, the output ag
gregating about $203,000 in thirty days.
It is but another evidence of the value of
the property as well as an indication of its
vigorous and excellent management under
the present board of directors, manager
and superintendent.
The Montana Company has just de
clared another dividend for the current
half year of th.ee shillings per share, pay
able on July 13th inst. This is at the rate
of thirty per cent, per aDDum on the capi
tal stock. The gross yield of the Drum
Lummon for the first six months of 18*7
was $1,100,000. an increase of $303.311
over the same period of last year.
EMPIRE AND EI.K HORN.
The output of the Empire for the month
of June was $15,000. The 15 stamps ran
294 days and crushed 615 tons of ore.
making a saving of $24 40 per tOD.
The Eikhorn paid its regular monthly
dividend of $5,000 on the first ot July.
Last month there was very little bullion
turned out, as the mill was shut down a
great part of the time and much trouble
experienced with water.
h. m. a R. work.
Secretary Hill furnishes the Iinancin 1
and Mining Record with the following state
ment of the production of the Helena
Mining & Reduction Co. at W ickes from
January 1 to June 1,1887 :
Value.
$s2,61( 22
85,089 1»
1CWJ.72* «
128.727 60
98,818 50
$498,945 (I
THE STERLING.
Inter Mountain : K. B. Wallace len last
evening to take charge of the Sterling mine,
which is situated about four miles troni
Marysville. He goes in behalf ot a syndi-
cate of English capitalists, who have con-
summated the purchase for the sum 0 :
$100,000. The property is situated not far
from the Penobscot. The shaft on tne
Sterling is 200 feet down. There is a ten
stamp mill on the property, through wnoo
about 10,000 tons of the rock has been run.
The ore is gold bearing and iree moling-
The company will proceed at once to t e
erection of a mill with a capacity 01 th' r -
stamps. Mr. Wallace takes charge as snp 1
intendent, and will probably spend
- - ■ time tnr the ensuiC-
Gold
Silver
I,ead
dwts.
ounce
pounds.
Jan., 1887.
.10,408
17.902
599.199
Feb. " .
.13.547
UjBB ■
676.220
Mar. *' .
..17,467
50,833
871.406
A pi. " •
.17.938
67.222
1,158,64'.
May. " .
.10,582
50,432
850,685
T'l 3 mos..
69,942
260,412
4,156,1-56
i (roo tor norf nf

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