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• • • • • • • • • • • • ••••• HUH Volume xxi. Helena, Montana, Thursday, July 21, 1887. No. 34 lljfraltl. R. E. FISK D. W. FISK. A. J. FISK. Publishers and Proprietors. Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana -o Rates of Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD: One Year. (In Advance) .............................S3 00 Six Months, (In advance)............................... 1 75 Three Months, (in advance)........................... 1 00 When not paid for in advance the ra'e will be Four Dollars peryeaii Postage, in all cases, Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: (jit y Subscribers, delivered by carrier fl .00a month One Year, by mail, (in advance)................. Si* 00 Six Months, by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00 Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 2 50 If not paid in advance, 812 per annum. *#-All communications should be addressed to FISK BROS., Publisher«, Helena, Montana. OLD RUNAWAYS. It'- Billy's old whistle for you, Tom — Don't look at a fellow like that ; Ju-t K've the professor the slip, Tom. Toss out of the window your hat. Once more we'll play truant together, .< ut" iK>oks, "skip" the school for all day— Rheumatics? A lawsuit? O fudge, Tom ! P.y Jove ! you are getting gray : Grandfathers? Of course, but no matter— To-day we're off on a lark : \nd we'll ''grub" as of old for our dinners. And mind getting home before dark. How can we help skipping to-day, Tom. Unless we're old as the hills ? And even the hill- go a skipping. The hoary, bald-headed old hills. o, the perch will he hungry tT-day, Tom— Hear t' e robins! And don't you forget Your s'ing-shot and bullets. And, say. Tom, Have you a pollywog net ? We'll follow the old river road. Tom, Then off through the swamp just t«> lind The trailing arbutus Why, wade, Tom Who thought that you'd ever mind A hit of deep wading for lier, Tom ? Just think of lier smile. That will make Wet trousers and cramps and a "licking" Sweet martyrdom, all for her sake. Of course, 1 forget. Please forgive me— You know my old blundering way, O, yes. we'll go round by the graveyard— The headstones are slanting and gray— tnd it won't la- just cheerful to see 'em A watching 119 through the old wall. Like truants shut up in a corner. With never a recess at all. It's l>een a hard quarter, the last one. Long lessons, cross masters, 110 fun. And somehow we don't win tiie prizes. And here school is just about done. Make haste and shut up that ledger. I- nothing a calling but me? i>. once I had only to whistle, And out of the window you'd be. < an it be we have lived to an April That finds us with pulses so cool We've never a wish to play truant. Never a wish to break rule? All. then it's high time Tom and Billy Had done with going to school. gluing even. I 1 • : j , "I'm one o* them 'ere countrymen you fellers love to paint As senseless, howlia' lunatics—by gravy ! though, we ain't. We're in the comic papers lookin' awfully like goats. With a yard or two of under jaw a layin' on our throats; With pantaloons a foot too short—it's pretty hard, 1 swear— With Revolutionary hats, and hayseed in our hair. We have to look a little at your city sights so gay. Why that there elevated road just takes our breath away; The Statue and the Brooklyn Bridge—each one of 'em's a gem. You'd he madder than old Harry if we didn't stare at them. It isn't very pleasant when we're here a-takin' walks, To have them dirty little boys addressin' us as 'gawks;' To meet with oily gentlemen that know too much by half, Who steer us into bunco games, where we only get the laugh. But if you think we ain't revenged in quite another way. You're most considerably left—that's all I've got to say. Our folks are runnin' country board, just for the heated term; Aha! I see you're on to me, I thought Fd make you squirm ! We get our money in advance, the only plan that tells ; We jam 'em into sunny rooms, about the size of cells. Yes, huntin', bathin', fishin', is what we adver tise; We give you every one of them—we don't believe in lies. There isn't any huntin', eh? You're wrong, my friend; you're wrong; Our boarders hunt mosquitoes, and they hunt 'em all night long. There's fish and pork and apple sass, and biscuit, that's the grub; The bathin's somethin' splendid, if you bring along your tub. We've got two little frog ponds, which we adver tise as lakes; And then there's berries you can pick, if you ain't afraid of snakes ! Our neighbors only need a day your history to tell. Can you get a drink on Sunday? What's the mat ter with the well? I think our boarders will remark, when we let them get away— That we're just old solid comfort—if they don't mind what they say !" Not as one unto a thousand does this rustic repre sent The blossoming Arcadia, where our summer days are spent ! — Edward E. Kidder in New York World. THE LITTLE ONE. The little tot'ring baby feet, With faltering steps and slow. With pattering echoes soft aud sweet Into my heart they go; They also go, in grimy plays. In muddy pools and dusty ways. Then through the house in trackful maze 7 They wander to and fro. The baby hands that clasp my neck With touches dear to me, Are the same hands that smash and wreck The inkstand foul to see: - They pound the mirror with a cane, They rend the manuscript in twain. Widespread destruction they ordain . In wasteful jubilee. | , «y» The- dreamy, murm'ring baby voice That coos its little tune. That makes my listening heart rejoice Like birds in leafy June, Can wake at midnight dark and still. And all the air with howling fill, That splits the ear with echoes shrill. Like cornets out of tune. •WM» . —Brooklyn Eagle. .«*•' ^ A Fatal Delay. Young Man (to magistrate)— I want a mar rage license. Magistrate— What's the young lady's name? Young Man—Miss Lulu Smith. Magistrate—-You're too slow, my boy. I ft rote that name in a license this morning for young Brown.—New York Sun. A COMFORTABLE HOUSE. HOW TO BUILD ONE THAT WILL BE PLEASANT AND ECONOMICAL. Square Houses to be Preferred to Long Ones—The Living Room in Front as Well as the I'arlor— 1 To Cost from ST,500 to S3,OOO. [Special Correspondence.] Indianapolis, July 5. —The ease and ex pense with which a house may be cared for is largely dependent upon its floor plan and general conveniences. Those who plait fac tories and mills arrange them with reference to the saving of labor. The idea in saving labor is to save money. The same saving may be effected in a house. But the appear ance of a house is not to be neglected. We may have beauty and yet add to the con venience of a home. The floor plan of a house affects the cost of living as well as the convenience of housekeeping. It makes a difference as to the amount of fuel required aud in the cost of service. JTnjlwKgoin 0 i.tr m .'SifWRocm) HjCL^iö^ocrf) Uji, r Perch xii', .Lie À ifeW y&i '• 136 / *E 1 * "pel j r,.,; BA ,ff;; 1 itSjXl " 1 s - " 1 A Ufc' GROUND FLOOR. It is a more serious problem to Luilil a house to cost from §2,000 to §4,000 than to build one which costs from §20,000 to §40,000. The man who builds the house of less cost must have all of the comforts of him who builds an expensive one. The difference in the two houses mu«t be one not of comfort, but of luxury. In considering the requirements of those who would build a house of moderate cost we assume that the family contains the father, mother and children, both boys and girls. In a two story house the natural re quirements make necessary a reception room, sitting room, dining room, kitchen, pantries, vestibule and stair hall on the first floor. On the second floor there is the bedroom of the parents, and adjoining it a bedroom for the younger children if the family contains chil dren who require the attention of the parents at night. If not this room may be given to the girls of the family, ami one more de tached to the boys. There should also be a guest room, a servant's room and the bath room. This gives four rooms on the first floor, and five, besides the bathroom, above the first floor. It is pleasant to have the parlor and sitting room in the front, while the dining room and kitchen may be in the rear of the house. The stair hall would oc cupy an intermediate position. This makes practically a square house. It has been a common practice during past years in build ing houses of moderate cost to have the stair hall along one side with its entrance in front and the parlor next to it. Back of the parlor was tne sitting room; the hall opened into the dining room, and back of the dining room was the kitchen, and so on to the extreme rear through summer kitchen, pantry, etc. This makes a long house with only one room in front on the first floor and one chamber and an alcove with a direct view to the street. When wo say that the sitting room should be in the front part of the house it does not necessarily imply that the parlor should be disturbed. As shown in the annexed plan they may both be in front. The vestibule, which is large enough for a hat rack and for the occupants of the house to stand while putting on their overshoes and wraps, is in front of both parlor and reception room, but yet in a way so as not to disturb the view to the street from either of these rooms. We cannot have all of the rooms in front. The kitchen we do not want there. The dining room is convenient if placed immediately in the rear of the sitting room. The kitchen is convenient if immediately adjacent to the dining room. Thus we have two rooms in front and two in the rear. This is practically a square houso. The old habit has been to place the stairway along one side of the par; lor in the hall which served as a passageway from the front to the rooms immediately in the real-. This distribution of the hall is what , SECOND STORY. has thrown the sitting room back of the narlor. In the plan here given nie change * • - vie so that the hall has relatively the same position that did the sitting room in the past, though it is by no means as large. It is essentially a stair ball, and is incidentally a passage. As it is placed we may enter it from the parlor, sitting room, dining room or kitchen. Its position is central. There are two doors I Mit ween this stair hall and the kitchen. The central jjosition of the stairway has other advantages than those just stated It makes long halls of the second floor entirely unnecessary. As we will see by looking at the floor plan, it gives two good bedrooms in front. The dining room comes immediately in the rear of the sitting room. There may be sliding doors connecting these tw o rooms, or doors three feet and a half wide, hung on hinges, make a sufficiently large opening for the dining room connection. There may be sliding doors between the parlor and sit ting room and the sitting room and dining room, as shown on the plan. The kitchen has the advantage of a certain amount of isola tion from the rest of the house for the reason that there are two doors between it and any other room. The pantries are arranged with reference to their most convenient use. In the kitchen pantry there are places for a re frigerator, flour bin, bread board, and cup board. The dining room pantry is a china closet with glass doors above and close dooi-s below. The doors connecting the dining room pantry or passage should be hung on double spring hinges so that one may pass through them from either side by merely pushing against them. The spring causes them to close noiselessly and to stay closed. The kitchen contains stationary tables, a sitik and drain board and a place for all of the usual kitchen furniture. In the plan of this house it is shown bow w e may go from the kitchen to the same landing that is used for the main stairw ay, and thus avoid the necessity for a distinctively back hall and b; ?k stairway. However, if it is so desired, it is easy to place a stairway in the rear and thus have them entirely independent. In that event a room may be placed over the pantry and be used by the servant. This part of the house can be cut off from the front rooms and the bath room on the second floor by a door. But to take the house as it is we have a combination stairway, there being two doors separating the kitchen ap proach from the common landing in the mam stair hall. On the second floor there is a hall about fourteen feet long, from which we pass to two bedrooms in front, two in the rear, the bath room and the store closer. of course every room is independent. They may be connected one with the other as family necessities would suggest. The store closet is accessible from the hall, as such a closet should be. This makes it available from any of the rooms. The bath room is directly over the kitchen. The pipe duct, ■which is in the kitchen wall, affords passage for the pi lies and also acts as a ventilator for the kitchen. Its use os a ventilator in this way serves a double purpose. It not only takes the odor laden air from the kitchen, but it also keeps the pipes warm in cold weather. Where there is an arrange ment of this kind the pipes will not freeze as long as there is heat in the kitchen. In fact the pipe duct will be the last place in the house to get cold enough to freeze. To return to the bedrooms: I 11 each there is a place for a bed, which is not always the case in liedrooms, a dressing case and a wash stand. If there is room for these things, if the dressing case bears its proper relation to the sources of light, if it is so placed that the light from the window or from the gas shines in the face of the user, if the washstand is conveniently disposed and there is room at the side of it for a slop jar, then the archi tect has done his full duty, provided, how ever, that there is a large closet off from the bedroom. The room that is called the family room should be especially well cared for in the matter of closets. A hundred dollars would lath and plaster the entire attic of this house and provide a room in the front part which could be used by tbe boys or by the servant. There is no m '! - ■*' ' -Ai. ELEVATION, compromise in this except in the necessity for climbing an extra pair of stairs. The mere mention of a bedroom in tbe attic is distasteful to a great many people. It arouses their memories of hot, dusty and uncomfort able places in which they have passed the night. All this depends on the attic. Tbe roof in this house is pitched at an angle of 45 degs. Tbe houso at the narrowest point is 29 feet wide. This would make the attic at the highest point 14>£ feet. We could stud down from this and have a 9 foot story and at tbe same time a large room, one which would have none of the disadvantages of a half storv room, and which would have all the advantages of a well ventilated, com fortable bedroom summer and winter. The plastering of the attic suggests neatness. Having it well lighted by dormers exposes all disorder. In cities where the public supply of water contains a large amount of lime, or which for other reasons is said to be hard, the water tank, which is filled with cistern water, should be placed in this attic. The cellar should be something more than a hole in the ground. In the modern house it is well lighted, has a heavy cement floor, which is smoottTand easily cleaned. It is not all open from room to room, but has one apartment for the laundry, another for the fuel and furnace, and still another for vege tables and general household stores. In the matter of fuel it may be said that there is no reason why the entire winter supply of coal and kindling should not be placed in the base ment It is certainly a great deal worse to co outside of the house in winter time, out from a steamy, hot kitchen, than it is to go down cellar for the fuel. As to the cost of this house I would say that it would be from §2,500 to §3,000. One of the newspapers which published one of my letters stated that a number of houses had been built in and adjacent to their city from • -it«»* »nd that the cost had been from §100 to §500 in excess of my esti mate, but stated that as that was quite the usual thing with architects' estimates, no blame should be attached. I will venture to say that of the houses which have been built from these sketches not one of them has been exactly like the plan given. It does not take many changes to affect the cost of a house from §200 to §500. Furthermore, the ideas of those who build begin to groiv as soon as they commence to think about it, and as their idea of cost is usually formed before the house idea is fully developed, the accuracy of the estimate suffers. A-ain, the cost of a house is largely a question of business man agement. As a general thing architects'es timates are all right; it is the owners' ideas which grow. They usually exceed the es timate of the architect. In respect to this there is no basis for calculation or estimate. The development of such ideas is variable. Lewis F. Gibson. H. RIDER HAGGARD. The Young Novelist Who 11a* Risen to Sudden Popularity. The people are always interested in any thing pertaining to a man who has suddenly become famous through some unusual achievement. I 11 "days of old, when knights were bold,'' etc., the fighting man who could strike the hardest blow and bear the most fatigue was always a popular hero, and in time of war between civilized nations, suc cessful generals or exceptionally brave soldiers are invariably the subjects of popu lar adoration. But in the piping times of peace the masses turn to those who have won success in more tranquil fields and successf ul financiers, hall players, oarsmen and politicians be came subjects of general homage. / Story tellers are f//j always much 'JL talked about, and no story teller of the present absorbs more of the popu lar mind than H. kideh haggard. Rider Haggard, the young Englishman, author of ' She," whose portrait is here given. Mr. Haggard has only just passed his 31st birthday. His information regarding south African scenes and native character was gathered "or. the spot." When only 19 Mr. Hag gard accompanied Sir Henry Bui wer to Natal, and during the two succeeding years he served on the staff of Sir Tbeophilus Shep stone, the special commissioner to the Trans vaal. He withdrew from the colonial service in 1879, and. returning to London and mar rying the only daughter of the late Maj, Margitson, of Ditchingbam house, Norfolk, became a practicing barrister of Lincoln's Inn. Mr. Haggard's first book related to south African politics and attracted little atten tion. It was published in lSVJ. Two years later lie published "Dawn," and a year after "The Witch's Head," both stories of adven ture. In tbe autumn of 1S85 "King Solomon's Wives'' was published. "She" and "Jess," both showing that there was apparently no abatement of Mr. Haggard's invention, origi nality, ingenuity and imagination in the art of telling a story of vivid and thrilling inter est. were published this year. Mr. Haggard's novels show a wonderful inventive power, coupled with the faculty of graphic writing, and in both these respects he is more than the peer of any other author living. _ TWO NEW WAR VESSELS. Latest Additions to the Navies of Eng land ami the Argentine Republic. The navy of the Argentine Republic now consists of three first class ironclads, five cruisers, four gunboats, seven torpedo boats, three steam transports,t Lree advice boats, THE PATAGONIA. seven steamships and six sailing vessels, stronger than the navy of the United States. The latest addition to this array is the second class schooner Patagonia, built at Trieste, and shown in our illustration. This boat Las a particularly heavy armament. Forward she has a twentv-tive centimetre gun weigh in twenty-eight tons and one of fifteen centi metres, weighing five tons. The main bat tery is two guns of fifteen centimetres TV Si THE IMMORTALITE. weighing four tons and two six centimetres. On deck are four Nordenfeldt and six Gard ner repeating guns. There are six additional guns, twenty-five, fifteen and nine centi metres, and severed of rapid fire. She can navigate 1,660 miles at nine miles per hour, but her speed is fourteen knots per hour. The British have launched still another big gun boat, with all the usual cheers, compli ments, hurrahs for Britannia—and religious teervicts by a naval chaplain 1 The report says "the usual launching service'' was ob served. The new monster is called the Immortalité, hnd is 300 feet long and 56 broad, draws 19*£ feet of water forward, and 22 '^ feet aft, hav ing a load displacement of 5,000 tons. She carries twenty Whitehead torpedoes and is heavily armed with breech loading, quick firing Nordenfeld guns. Her speed is 18 knots an hour, her crew number 421 officers and men, and her total cost is set at §1,250,000. Rather an expensive toy, but if those foreign ers are making ready for general practice at mutual slaughter, it is well to have the job quickly and thoroughly done. 4 I Baby's First Words. Omaha Dame—Your baby seems very bright for his age. Kansas Mother—Oh, he's just as smart as they make 'em. "Can he say papa and mamma yet?" "No, he ain't learned that, but you just ought to hear him lisp 'weal estate.' "— Omaha World. TIIE WOMEN OF INDIA. DR. ANANDIBAI JOSHEE, WHO HAS BEEN EDUCATED IN AMERICA. A Forward Step Taken In the Matter oi Progress Among the Hiudoos—Great Interest Felt Generally as to the Re sult in India—Some Interesting Facts. The friends of humanity, and especially those who labor for the advancement ar.d freedom of the women of India, mourn the loss of Dr. Anandibai Joshee, the Hindoo woman who was graduated at the Woman's Medical college of Pennsylvania not quite two yeÿrs ago. The life and trials of this re markable woman give us a proper estimate of the immense difficulties in the way of re form in India, and the narration is of interest in itself, as she was one of the original and progressive minds of the world. Nominally there are four great castes in India, besides the outcasts or pariahs; but in effect there are so many races, re ligions, dialects and local governments that the divisions are multiplied indefinitely, and the English officials count the minor castes as high as 143. And the condition of women varies in each class, caste and race, from the hill tribes, where sue is practically free as man, to the Mohammedans, where she enjoys a qualified freedom, and the pure Hindoos of the old blood and higher caste, among whom she is a hopeless prisoner or an ignorant slave or tov. s \ Vi J M ANAKDHAAI JOSHEE and husband. Anadibai Joshee belongs to w hat might be called the upper middle class; she enjoyed a little freedom in girlhood, and at an early age imbibed the spirit of the few Hindoo women who are struggling for better things. She was married at a very early age to a Hindoo gentleman who shared her views, and after an ineffectual struggle to secure education at home she embarked for the United States, arriving at Philadelphia late in 1882, aged but 17 years. Despite the influ ence of her husband, the native prejudice against her scheme was so intense that she feared to embark at Bombay, capital and seaport of her native province, but crossed the country to Calcutta, where foreign influ ence has created more liberality. Her hus band secured a place in government employ at Seranipore, but the hostility to him and his wife was so great that she delivered a public address in defense of her design. "Why do I go to America?" she asked. "And why do I go alone? There are no schools in India where I .nay learn to benefit my sex. And shall I be excommunicated (or rather 'put out of all castes') when I return? And why do I enter on that which none of my sex have ventured? I will go as a Hin doo, live there as a Hindoo and return as a Hindoo; 1 will not increase my wants, but live as simple as did those before me. I will trust in my Almighty Father and live purely." Dr. Rachel L. Bodley, dean of the Women's Medical college, bears testimony to the strictness with which the delicate woman kept this vow. In the three years of her study in Philadelphia she made no change in her customs, food or dress, except as the severer climate made it necessary to life and health. Her husband came to Phila delphia to witness her graduation. She re ceived the degree of M. D., and before re turning to India the two visited several American cities, making addresses on the creeds and customs of the Hindoos. As the first Hindoo woman who ever took a medical degree, Dr. Joshee naturally attracted 1 HINDOO FRISCESS IN COSTUME, much attention, and on her departure for India the prayers of many Christian people went with her; but in a few months came the sad news of her death. She had already done much. While attending on a patient in the mountains, exposed to the chilly night air. Dr. Joshee contracted a disease of the lungs which soon terminated in death. But her ex ample had excited others to the same work, and her cousin, Pundita Ram&bai Saravasti, has taken the lead in laboring to gain more freedom and education for Hindoo women. The chief obstacle, of course, is habit, so long continued that it has become second nature; the women of highest caste being most see-1 uded, woman's freedom Las come to be associated in the Hindoo mind with licertious ness. Tbe wild people, the ve-y poor and the pariahs alone can afford to be free. The hidden zenana is thought the proper place for women of rank and respectability. Business in China. The merchants of China are reported to be well satisfied with last year's business. Deal ers in tea, silk and white manufactures have all made mosey. EX-ATTORNEY GENERAL SPEED. A Statesman of the War Who Has Just I'assed Away. In the recent death of ex-Attorney General James Speed the country loses one more of the galaxy of great men who surrounded Abraham Lincoln during the heroic age. James Speed was an anient American, a stanch Unionist and an uncompromising ad vocate of universal freedom; and it is a strik ing proof of the old time liberality of Ken tucky opinion that he retained his ]*ersona' popularity through his heated campaign in 1849 for the abolition of slavery in that state, that he was soon after placed in an honorable position in the state, and that after the bitter ness of the war period had passed away his talents and public services were proudly avowed by Kentuckians as a part of the com mon glory of the state. James Speed was born March 12, 1812, near Louisville, in Jefferson county, Ky. Through boyhood he worked on his father's farm, but obtained a good education by attending school during the fall and winter months; af terward he was graduated at St. Joseph's college Bardstown, K y . Though his father j j was a wealthy farmer and slave holder, Janies very James speed. early took the side of emancipation in Kentucky; he supported that cause with great zeal and ability, waa a candidate on the emancipation plat form for a seat in tho constitu tional convention of 1849 and defeated by but 200 votes. He afterward emanci pated his own slaves. Soon after his gradu ation be studied law, and attended lecturesat the Transylvania university at Lexington, Ky. In 1833 he formed a partnership with Hon. Thomas F. Marshall, with whom he practiced law for two years in Louisville, after which he was the law partner of Hon. Henry Pistle for seventeen years. In 1847 lie was elected to the legislature; from 1856 to 1858 he was professor in the law department of tho University of Louisville, and in 1861 he was chosen to the state senate. Then came the day of trial. The embar rassing question of state allegiance did not rise in Kentucky, as the state adhered to the Union; but for a few weeks there was an at tempt on the part of the state authorities to maintain neutrality. Against this position Mr. Speed assumed a determined stand and employed ail his energy and ability to place Kentucky in active support of the Union cause. With him in this work wen. his brother-in-law, Gen. Lovell Rousseau, Judge Harlan and many others, the result being that at the election that year Kentucky's vote was nearly three to one against secession, and the legislature then elected hastened to put the state on a war footing. Mr. Speed was named mustering officer for Kentucky by President Lincoln, and in that capa city enrolled over 70,060 men in the Union ranks. His brother, Joshua Speed, had been the room mate of Abra ham Lincoln when the latter began the practice of law in Illinois. In 1864 tbe president appointed James Speed attorney general of the United States, which position be held until July, 1866, when he resigned on r ecount of his disagreement with President Johnson on the policy of reconstruction. He continued an active Republican till all the issue? growing out of the war were settled, then became again professor of law in the Louisville university, and thereafter lived a retired life. For a few years he has been failing fast, and his death, at an early hour of June 25, was due to general debility. He was one of the truly great men of Kentucky and the nation, an ardent patriot and inoon-uptible pub lic servant, a capable official and a brave, consistent man. The portr it here given shows him in the prime of life—as he appeared when holding the office of attorney general. HON. FREEMAN CLARK. Mr. Lincoln's Controller of the Cur rency—His Public Life. Hon. Freeman Clark, who recently died at his home in Rochester, N. Y., was among the last of the "Old Line Whigs," of whom we used to hear so much, and it seems like opening a chapter of ancient history to recall the days when he and such men as Alexander Ste phens and the Bells, of Tennessee, kept step together in polities. Between these days and Mr. Clark's later public services a great gulf was fixed; for he was made con troller of the cur rency in 1865 b 7 President Lincoln, and was an active member of the FREEMAN CLARK. Thirty-eighth, Forty-second and Forty-third congresses. As a Whig lie was active, being vice president of the New York state conven tion in 1850, and delegate to the national convention of 1852. But he was still more widely and favorably known for various business activities. Born in Troy, N. Y., March 22, 1809, he began active life as a merchant, and from 1837 to 1845 was president of a bank in Al bion. He then moved to Rochester, where he 1 ccame president successively of three banks, taking an active part in establish ing the national bank system. He was prominently identified with tho formation of the Western Union Telegraph company, was one of the first directors of the Fourth Na tional bank of New York city, and was trus tee and vice president of the Union Trust company, after which he entered public life as above stated. The cut is from a photograph by Kent, of Rochester, N. Y. Too Much Enthusiasm. "Teaching, to me," said an enthusiastic young school ma'am, "is a holy calling. To sow in the young mind the seeds of future knowledge and watch them as they grow and develop is a pleasure greater than I can telL I never weary of my work. I think only of" "I am very sorry," interrupted the young man to whom she was talking, "that you are so devoted to your profession. Miss Clara I had hoped that some day I might ask you— in fact I called to-night to—but I hardly dare go on, in the light of what you" "You may go on, Mr. Smith," said the young lady, softly. "I'm a little-too enthusi astic at times, perhaps."—New York Sun. JACOB SHARP. The Boodle King and the Justice That Has at Last Overtaken Him. Through his career as a lobbyist at Albany and as a railroad manipulator in New York, Jacob Sharp, just convicted of bribery in New York, may be regarded as the most prominent worker of the kind in the country. His prominence in New York was such that not until many of his tools had been found guiltv and were convicted did it dawn on the public mind that something could be done toward punishing the ringleader. His trial has been the most notable in the history of New m •*4 JACOB SHARP AT THE TRIAL York courts with the single exception of me trial of William M. Tweed. Sharp is a rich man, and has been credited with most stren uous efforts to assist the aldermen to w hom vengeance was meted out. Much sympathy has been felt for him lo cally. He has for many years been one of those characters familiar to everybody around town, a kind hearted, genial, ap proachable and affable man in his personal characteristics, devoted to his family and prominent in affairs. He was indignant, and remonstrated vigorously when arrested on the morning of Oct. 19, and to the last pro tested his innocence. For many years schemes have been on foot for securing a Broadway railway franchise. A. T. Stewart offered to pay §1,000.000 for the privilege. These schemes amounted to nothing, however, until a few men, by alleged bribery, secured the pas sage of what is termed the Broadway' railway bill. Governor Cleveland was at the time gravely criticised for signing the bill, but it is said he was favorably advised to it hy Daniel Manning and other trusted friends against whom no charges of venality have been made in connection with the matter. The hurried grant given by the New York aldermen is familiar. Of these Jaehne, Mc Quade and O'Neill are in Sing Sing; De Lacy, Dempsey-, Rothman and Say les are in exile; Duffv, Fullgraff and Waite became inform ers; McCabe is in sane and in an asy lum; Kenny and McLaughlin are dead, and the re maining members, with the exception of Cleary, in whose case there was dis agreement, are un der indictment for conspiracy and bri-*W bery. Jacob Sharp has been regarded ^ as the head and >\\ ?\ front in obtaining^ the passage of tbe bill by the legisla- de lancy nicoll. ture and of securing the Broadway franchise from the board of aldermen. Much uncertainty was felt in New York as to the outcome of the Sharp case, and the dis trict attorney and his assistants say they by no means felt sure of the conviction of the de fendant. They were at work on the case weeks before it came to trial. As Sharp was the first man to be tried in New York on the charge of having given a bribe, the case pi e sented many difficulties. For information as to precedents Mr. Martine secured all possi ble details about the trials of the Chicago Anarchists, of the Pennsylvania Mollie Ma guire cases and of the Star route trials. Mr. Nicoll, who was the active attorney in the prosecution, disclaims much of the credit >t PRESIDING JUDGE BAr.RETT. given him. Without Mr. Martine's great help Mr. Nicoll says he could have accom plished nothing. There were seventy , wo witnesses in the case, almost all of them se cured with great difficulty. The jury in tho Sharp trial is said to hare been of unusual intelliget.ee. The foreman, Mr. Canfield, is u printer, and prints The Weekly Law Digest; Owen O. Schimmel is in tho preserve business in Warren street, a typical German; Jacques Kahn is a dealer in mirrors, of Austrian birth: Mr. Clarke is a broker; Rudolph Wolff is a pock et book maker; Mr. Mead an architect; Howard Hopping is a graduate of Trinity, Hartford, and a vestryman of Zion church; David Clarkson is a commission merchant; Mr. Feder a capitalist; Mr. Kaufielu is a mer chant ; Samuel Palmer a gro> er, an English man; Col. Marvin is a bachelor, and con nected with the Duryea Zouaves. All the jurymen are worthy and representative citi zens. It is noted that all of the jurymen are temperate: only a few of them smoke, and Done of them chew tobacco. "I wender which Mi'S. Simper ton loves most, her bull terrier or her baby?" "How can you ask? You know babies are not fashionable."—Town Topics. The question is being asked, "Why does a man eat before he is banged ?" Perhaps it is to prevent his dying from starvation.—Pitts burg Chronicle. We don't question the statement that George Washington never told a lie, but he certainly was never asked by a fond mother what he thought of her cute little baby._ Washington Critic. Canada boasts a printer 103 years old. He remembers having seen a clean office towel when he was a boy.—Burlington Free Press. How to spend a holiday—One nice way is to he under a big tree and dream that some rich old duffer has left you §50,000.— New York Journal.