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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, July 21, 1887, Image 1

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HUH
Volume xxi.
Helena, Montana, Thursday, July 21, 1887.
No. 34
lljfraltl.
R. E. FISK D. W. FISK. A. J. FISK.
Publishers and Proprietors.
Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana
-o
Rates of Subscription.
WEEKLY HERALD:
One Year. (In Advance) .............................S3 00
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When not paid for in advance the ra'e will be
Four Dollars peryeaii
Postage, in all cases, Prepaid.
DAILY HERALD:
(jit y Subscribers, delivered by carrier fl .00a month
One Year, by mail, (in advance)................. Si* 00
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If not paid in advance, 812 per annum.
*#-All communications should be addressed to
FISK BROS., Publisher«,
Helena, Montana.
OLD RUNAWAYS.
It'- Billy's old whistle for you, Tom —
Don't look at a fellow like that ;
Ju-t K've the professor the slip, Tom.
Toss out of the window your hat.
Once more we'll play truant together,
.< ut" iK>oks, "skip" the school for all day—
Rheumatics? A lawsuit? O fudge, Tom !
P.y Jove ! you are getting gray :
Grandfathers? Of course, but no matter—
To-day we're off on a lark :
\nd we'll ''grub" as of old for our dinners.
And mind getting home before dark.
How can we help skipping to-day, Tom.
Unless we're old as the hills ?
And even the hill- go a skipping.
The hoary, bald-headed old hills.
o, the perch will he hungry tT-day, Tom—
Hear t' e robins! And don't you forget
Your s'ing-shot and bullets. And, say. Tom,
Have you a pollywog net ?
We'll follow the old river road. Tom,
Then off through the swamp just t«> lind
The trailing arbutus Why, wade, Tom
Who thought that you'd ever mind
A hit of deep wading for lier, Tom ?
Just think of lier smile. That will make
Wet trousers and cramps and a "licking"
Sweet martyrdom, all for her sake.
Of course, 1 forget. Please forgive me—
You know my old blundering way,
O, yes. we'll go round by the graveyard—
The headstones are slanting and gray—
tnd it won't la- just cheerful to see 'em
A watching 119 through the old wall.
Like truants shut up in a corner.
With never a recess at all.
It's l>een a hard quarter, the last one.
Long lessons, cross masters, 110 fun.
And somehow we don't win tiie prizes.
And here school is just about done.
Make haste and shut up that ledger.
I- nothing a calling but me?
i>. once I had only to whistle,
And out of the window you'd be.
< an it be we have lived to an April
That finds us with pulses so cool
We've never a wish to play truant.
Never a wish to break rule?
All. then it's high time Tom and Billy
Had done with going to school.
gluing even.
I
1

:
j
,
"I'm one o* them 'ere countrymen you fellers
love to paint
As senseless, howlia' lunatics—by gravy ! though,
we ain't.
We're in the comic papers lookin' awfully like
goats.
With a yard or two of under jaw a layin' on our
throats;
With pantaloons a foot too short—it's pretty
hard, 1 swear—
With Revolutionary hats, and hayseed in our
hair.
We have to look a little at your city sights so gay.
Why that there elevated road just takes our
breath away;
The Statue and the Brooklyn Bridge—each one of
'em's a gem.
You'd he madder than old Harry if we didn't
stare at them.
It isn't very pleasant when we're here a-takin'
walks,
To have them dirty little boys addressin' us as
'gawks;'
To meet with oily gentlemen that know too much
by half,
Who steer us into bunco games, where we only
get the laugh.
But if you think we ain't revenged in quite
another way.
You're most considerably left—that's all I've got
to say.
Our folks are runnin' country board, just for the
heated term;
Aha! I see you're on to me, I thought Fd make
you squirm !
We get our money in advance, the only plan that
tells ;
We jam 'em into sunny rooms, about the size of
cells.
Yes, huntin', bathin', fishin', is what we adver
tise;
We give you every one of them—we don't believe
in lies.
There isn't any huntin', eh? You're wrong, my
friend; you're wrong;
Our boarders hunt mosquitoes, and they hunt 'em
all night long.
There's fish and pork and apple sass, and biscuit,
that's the grub;
The bathin's somethin' splendid, if you bring
along your tub.
We've got two little frog ponds, which we adver
tise as lakes;
And then there's berries you can pick, if you ain't
afraid of snakes !
Our neighbors only need a day your history to
tell.
Can you get a drink on Sunday? What's the mat
ter with the well?
I think our boarders will remark, when we let
them get away—
That we're just old solid comfort—if they don't
mind what they say !"
Not as one unto a thousand does this rustic repre
sent
The blossoming Arcadia, where our summer days
are spent !
— Edward E. Kidder in New York World.
THE LITTLE ONE.
The little tot'ring baby feet,
With faltering steps and slow.
With pattering echoes soft aud sweet
Into my heart they go;
They also go, in grimy plays.
In muddy pools and dusty ways.
Then through the house in trackful maze
7 They wander to and fro.
The baby hands that clasp my neck
With touches dear to me,
Are the same hands that smash and wreck
The inkstand foul to see:
- They pound the mirror with a cane,
They rend the manuscript in twain.
Widespread destruction they ordain
. In wasteful jubilee. | , «y»
The- dreamy, murm'ring baby voice
That coos its little tune.
That makes my listening heart rejoice
Like birds in leafy June,
Can wake at midnight dark and still.
And all the air with howling fill,
That splits the ear with echoes shrill.
Like cornets out of tune.
•WM» . —Brooklyn Eagle.
.«*•' ^ A Fatal Delay.
Young Man (to magistrate)— I want a mar
rage license.
Magistrate— What's the young lady's name?
Young Man—Miss Lulu Smith.
Magistrate—-You're too slow, my boy. I
ft rote that name in a license this morning for
young Brown.—New York Sun.
A COMFORTABLE HOUSE.
HOW TO BUILD ONE THAT WILL
BE PLEASANT AND ECONOMICAL.
Square Houses to be Preferred to Long
Ones—The Living Room in Front as
Well as the I'arlor— 1 To Cost from ST,500
to S3,OOO.
[Special Correspondence.]
Indianapolis, July 5. —The ease and ex
pense with which a house may be cared for is
largely dependent upon its floor plan and
general conveniences. Those who plait fac
tories and mills arrange them with reference
to the saving of labor. The idea in saving
labor is to save money. The same saving
may be effected in a house. But the appear
ance of a house is not to be neglected. We
may have beauty and yet add to the con
venience of a home. The floor plan of a
house affects the cost of living as well as the
convenience of housekeeping. It makes a
difference as to the amount of fuel required
aud in the cost of service.
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GROUND FLOOR.
It is a more serious problem to Luilil a
house to cost from §2,000 to §4,000 than to
build one which costs from §20,000 to §40,000.
The man who builds the house of less cost
must have all of the comforts of him who
builds an expensive one. The difference in
the two houses mu«t be one not of comfort,
but of luxury.
In considering the requirements of those
who would build a house of moderate cost
we assume that the family contains the
father, mother and children, both boys and
girls. In a two story house the natural re
quirements make necessary a reception room,
sitting room, dining room, kitchen, pantries,
vestibule and stair hall on the first floor. On
the second floor there is the bedroom of the
parents, and adjoining it a bedroom for the
younger children if the family contains chil
dren who require the attention of the parents
at night. If not this room may be given to
the girls of the family, ami one more de
tached to the boys. There should also be a
guest room, a servant's room and the bath
room. This gives four rooms on the first
floor, and five, besides the bathroom, above
the first floor. It is pleasant to have the
parlor and sitting room in the front, while
the dining room and kitchen may be in the
rear of the house. The stair hall would oc
cupy an intermediate position. This makes
practically a square house. It has been a
common practice during past years in build
ing houses of moderate cost to have the stair
hall along one side with its entrance in front
and the parlor next to it. Back of the parlor
was tne sitting room; the hall opened into
the dining room, and back of the dining room
was the kitchen, and so on to the extreme
rear through summer kitchen, pantry, etc.
This makes a long house with only one
room in front on the first floor and one
chamber and an alcove with a direct view to
the street.
When wo say that the sitting room should
be in the front part of the house it does not
necessarily imply that the parlor should be
disturbed. As shown in the annexed plan
they may both be in front. The vestibule,
which is large enough for a hat rack and for
the occupants of the house to stand while
putting on their overshoes and wraps, is in
front of both parlor and reception room, but
yet in a way so as not to disturb the view to
the street from either of these rooms. We
cannot have all of the rooms in front. The
kitchen we do not want there. The dining
room is convenient if placed immediately in
the rear of the sitting room. The kitchen is
convenient if immediately adjacent to the
dining room. Thus we have two rooms in
front and two in the rear. This is practically
a square houso. The old habit has been to
place the stairway along one side of the par;
lor in the hall which served as a passageway
from the front to the rooms immediately in
the real-. This distribution of the hall is what
, SECOND STORY.
has thrown the sitting room back of the
narlor. In the plan here given nie change
* • - vie so that the hall has relatively
the same position that did the sitting room in
the past, though it is by no means as large.
It is essentially a stair ball, and is incidentally
a passage. As it is placed we may enter it
from the parlor, sitting room, dining room or
kitchen. Its position is central. There are
two doors I Mit ween this stair hall and the
kitchen. The central jjosition of the stairway
has other advantages than those just stated
It makes long halls of the second floor entirely
unnecessary. As we will see by looking at the
floor plan, it gives two good bedrooms in
front.
The dining room comes immediately in the
rear of the sitting room. There may be
sliding doors connecting these tw o rooms, or
doors three feet and a half wide, hung on
hinges, make a sufficiently large opening
for the dining room connection. There may
be sliding doors between the parlor and sit
ting room and the sitting room and dining
room, as shown on the plan. The kitchen has
the advantage of a certain amount of isola
tion from the rest of the house for the reason
that there are two doors between it and any
other room. The pantries are arranged with
reference to their most convenient use. In
the kitchen pantry there are places for a re
frigerator, flour bin, bread board, and cup
board. The dining room pantry is a china
closet with glass doors above and close dooi-s
below. The doors connecting the dining
room pantry or passage should be hung on
double spring hinges so that one may pass
through them from either side by merely
pushing against them. The spring causes
them to close noiselessly and to stay closed.
The kitchen contains stationary tables, a sitik
and drain board and a place for all of the
usual kitchen furniture.
In the plan of this house it is shown bow w e
may go from the kitchen to the same landing
that is used for the main stairw ay, and thus
avoid the necessity for a distinctively back
hall and b; ?k stairway. However, if it is so
desired, it is easy to place a stairway in the
rear and thus have them entirely independent.
In that event a room may be placed over the
pantry and be used by the servant. This
part of the house can be cut off from the
front rooms and the bath room on the second
floor by a door. But to take the house as it
is we have a combination stairway, there
being two doors separating the kitchen ap
proach from the common landing in the mam
stair hall.
On the second floor there is a hall about
fourteen feet long, from which we pass to
two bedrooms in front, two in the rear, the
bath room and the store closer.
of course every room is independent. They
may be connected one with the other as
family necessities would suggest. The store
closet is accessible from the hall, as such a
closet should be. This makes it available
from any of the rooms. The bath room is
directly over the kitchen. The pipe duct,
■which is in the kitchen wall, affords passage
for the pi lies and also acts as a ventilator
for the kitchen. Its use os a ventilator in
this way serves a double purpose. It not
only takes the odor laden air from the
kitchen, but it also keeps the pipes warm in
cold weather. Where there is an arrange
ment of this kind the pipes will not freeze as
long as there is heat in the kitchen. In fact
the pipe duct will be the last place in the
house to get cold enough to freeze.
To return to the bedrooms: I 11 each there
is a place for a bed, which is not always the
case in liedrooms, a dressing case and a wash
stand. If there is room for these things, if
the dressing case bears its proper relation to
the sources of light, if it is so placed that the
light from the window or from the gas shines
in the face of the user, if the washstand is
conveniently disposed and there is room at
the side of it for a slop jar, then the archi
tect has done his full duty, provided, how
ever, that there is a large closet off from the
bedroom. The room that is called the family
room should be especially well cared for in
the matter of closets.
A hundred dollars would lath and plaster
the entire attic of this house and provide a
room in the front part which could be used
by tbe boys or by the servant. There is no
m
'! - ■*' '
-Ai. ELEVATION,
compromise in this except in the necessity
for climbing an extra pair of stairs. The
mere mention of a bedroom in tbe attic is
distasteful to a great many people. It arouses
their memories of hot, dusty and uncomfort
able places in which they have passed the
night. All this depends on the attic. Tbe
roof in this house is pitched at an angle of 45
degs. Tbe houso at the narrowest point is
29 feet wide. This would make the attic at
the highest point 14>£ feet. We could stud
down from this and have a 9 foot story and
at tbe same time a large room, one which
would have none of the disadvantages of a
half storv room, and which would have all
the advantages of a well ventilated, com
fortable bedroom summer and winter. The
plastering of the attic suggests neatness.
Having it well lighted by dormers exposes all
disorder. In cities where the public supply
of water contains a large amount of lime, or
which for other reasons is said to be hard,
the water tank, which is filled with cistern
water, should be placed in this attic.
The cellar should be something more than a
hole in the ground. In the modern house it
is well lighted, has a heavy cement floor,
which is smoottTand easily cleaned. It is not
all open from room to room, but has one
apartment for the laundry, another for the
fuel and furnace, and still another for vege
tables and general household stores. In the
matter of fuel it may be said that there is no
reason why the entire winter supply of coal
and kindling should not be placed in the base
ment It is certainly a great deal worse to
co outside of the house in winter time, out
from a steamy, hot kitchen, than it is to go
down cellar for the fuel.
As to the cost of this house I would say that
it would be from §2,500 to §3,000. One of
the newspapers which published one of my
letters stated that a number of houses had
been built in and adjacent to their city from
• -it«»* »nd that the cost had
been from §100 to §500 in excess of my esti
mate, but stated that as that was quite the
usual thing with architects' estimates, no
blame should be attached. I will venture to
say that of the houses which have been built
from these sketches not one of them has been
exactly like the plan given. It does not take
many changes to affect the cost of a house
from §200 to §500. Furthermore, the ideas
of those who build begin to groiv as
soon as they commence to think about it, and
as their idea of cost is usually formed before
the house idea is fully developed, the accuracy
of the estimate suffers. A-ain, the cost of a
house is largely a question of business man
agement. As a general thing architects'es
timates are all right; it is the owners' ideas
which grow. They usually exceed the es
timate of the architect. In respect to this
there is no basis for calculation or estimate.
The development of such ideas is variable.
Lewis F. Gibson.
H. RIDER HAGGARD.
The Young Novelist Who 11a* Risen to
Sudden Popularity.
The people are always interested in any
thing pertaining to a man who has suddenly
become famous through some unusual
achievement. I 11 "days of old, when knights
were bold,'' etc., the fighting man who could
strike the hardest blow and bear the most
fatigue was always a popular hero, and in
time of war between civilized nations, suc
cessful generals or exceptionally brave
soldiers are invariably the subjects of popu
lar adoration. But in the piping times of
peace the masses
turn to those who
have won success in
more tranquil
fields and successf ul
financiers, hall
players, oarsmen
and politicians be
came subjects of
general homage. /
Story tellers are f//j
always much 'JL
talked about, and
no story teller of
the present absorbs
more of the popu
lar mind than H. kideh haggard.
Rider Haggard, the young Englishman,
author of ' She," whose portrait is here given.
Mr. Haggard has only just passed his 31st
birthday. His information regarding south
African scenes and native character was
gathered "or. the spot." When only 19 Mr. Hag
gard accompanied Sir Henry Bui wer to Natal,
and during the two succeeding years he
served on the staff of Sir Tbeophilus Shep
stone, the special commissioner to the Trans
vaal. He withdrew from the colonial service
in 1879, and. returning to London and mar
rying the only daughter of the late Maj,
Margitson, of Ditchingbam house, Norfolk,
became a practicing barrister of Lincoln's
Inn.
Mr. Haggard's first book related to south
African politics and attracted little atten
tion. It was published in lSVJ. Two years
later lie published "Dawn," and a year after
"The Witch's Head," both stories of adven
ture.
In tbe autumn of 1S85 "King Solomon's
Wives'' was published. "She" and "Jess,"
both showing that there was apparently no
abatement of Mr. Haggard's invention, origi
nality, ingenuity and imagination in the art
of telling a story of vivid and thrilling inter
est. were published this year.
Mr. Haggard's novels show a wonderful
inventive power, coupled with the faculty of
graphic writing, and in both these respects
he is more than the peer of any other author
living. _
TWO NEW WAR VESSELS.
Latest Additions to the Navies of Eng
land ami the Argentine Republic.
The navy of the Argentine Republic now
consists of three first class ironclads, five
cruisers, four gunboats, seven torpedo boats,
three steam transports,t Lree advice boats,
THE PATAGONIA.
seven steamships and six sailing vessels,
stronger than the navy of the United States.
The latest addition to this array is the second
class schooner Patagonia, built at Trieste,
and shown in our illustration. This boat Las
a particularly heavy armament. Forward
she has a twentv-tive centimetre gun weigh
in twenty-eight tons and one of fifteen centi
metres, weighing five tons. The main bat
tery is two guns of fifteen centimetres
TV
Si
THE IMMORTALITE.
weighing four tons and two six centimetres.
On deck are four Nordenfeldt and six Gard
ner repeating guns. There are six additional
guns, twenty-five, fifteen and nine centi
metres, and severed of rapid fire. She can
navigate 1,660 miles at nine miles per hour,
but her speed is fourteen knots per hour.
The British have launched still another big
gun boat, with all the usual cheers, compli
ments, hurrahs for Britannia—and religious
teervicts by a naval chaplain 1 The report
says "the usual launching service'' was ob
served.
The new monster is called the Immortalité,
hnd is 300 feet long and 56 broad, draws 19*£
feet of water forward, and 22 '^ feet aft, hav
ing a load displacement of 5,000 tons. She
carries twenty Whitehead torpedoes and is
heavily armed with breech loading, quick
firing Nordenfeld guns. Her speed is 18 knots
an hour, her crew number 421 officers and
men, and her total cost is set at §1,250,000.
Rather an expensive toy, but if those foreign
ers are making ready for general practice at
mutual slaughter, it is well to have the job
quickly and thoroughly done. 4 I
Baby's First Words.
Omaha Dame—Your baby seems very
bright for his age.
Kansas Mother—Oh, he's just as smart as
they make 'em.
"Can he say papa and mamma yet?"
"No, he ain't learned that, but you just
ought to hear him lisp 'weal estate.' "—
Omaha World.
TIIE WOMEN OF INDIA.
DR. ANANDIBAI JOSHEE, WHO HAS
BEEN EDUCATED IN AMERICA.
A Forward Step Taken In the Matter oi
Progress Among the Hiudoos—Great
Interest Felt Generally as to the Re
sult in India—Some Interesting Facts.
The friends of humanity, and especially
those who labor for the advancement ar.d
freedom of the women of India, mourn the
loss of Dr. Anandibai Joshee, the Hindoo
woman who was graduated at the Woman's
Medical college of Pennsylvania not quite
two yeÿrs ago. The life and trials of this re
markable woman give us a proper estimate
of the immense difficulties in the way of re
form in India, and the narration is of interest
in itself, as she was one of the original
and progressive minds of the world.
Nominally there are four great castes
in India, besides the outcasts or pariahs;
but in effect there are so many races, re
ligions, dialects and local governments that
the divisions are multiplied indefinitely, and
the English officials count the minor castes as
high as 143. And the condition of women
varies in each class, caste and race, from the
hill tribes, where sue is practically free as
man, to the Mohammedans, where she enjoys
a qualified freedom, and the pure Hindoos of
the old blood and higher caste, among whom
she is a hopeless prisoner or an ignorant slave
or tov.
s \
Vi J
M
ANAKDHAAI JOSHEE and husband.
Anadibai Joshee belongs to w hat might be
called the upper middle class; she enjoyed a
little freedom in girlhood, and at an early
age imbibed the spirit of the few Hindoo
women who are struggling for better things.
She was married at a very early age to a
Hindoo gentleman who shared her views,
and after an ineffectual struggle to secure
education at home she embarked for the
United States, arriving at Philadelphia late
in 1882, aged but 17 years. Despite the influ
ence of her husband, the native prejudice
against her scheme was so intense that she
feared to embark at Bombay, capital and
seaport of her native province, but crossed
the country to Calcutta, where foreign influ
ence has created more liberality. Her hus
band secured a place in government employ
at Seranipore, but the hostility to him and
his wife was so great that she delivered a
public address in defense of her design.
"Why do I go to America?" she asked.
"And why do I go alone? There are no
schools in India where I .nay learn to benefit
my sex. And shall I be excommunicated (or
rather 'put out of all castes') when I return?
And why do I enter on that which none of
my sex have ventured? I will go as a Hin
doo, live there as a Hindoo and return as a
Hindoo; 1 will not increase my wants, but
live as simple as did those before me. I will
trust in my Almighty Father and live
purely." Dr. Rachel L. Bodley, dean of the
Women's Medical college, bears testimony to
the strictness with which the delicate woman
kept this vow. In the three years of her
study in Philadelphia she made no change in
her customs, food or dress, except as the
severer climate made it necessary to life
and health. Her husband came to Phila
delphia to witness her graduation. She re
ceived the degree of M. D., and before re
turning to India the two visited several
American cities, making addresses on the
creeds and customs of the Hindoos.
As the first Hindoo woman who ever took a
medical degree, Dr. Joshee naturally attracted
1
HINDOO FRISCESS IN COSTUME,
much attention, and on her departure for
India the prayers of many Christian people
went with her; but in a few months came the
sad news of her death. She had already done
much. While attending on a patient in the
mountains, exposed to the chilly night air.
Dr. Joshee contracted a disease of the lungs
which soon terminated in death. But her ex
ample had excited others to the same work,
and her cousin, Pundita Ram&bai Saravasti,
has taken the lead in laboring to gain more
freedom and education for Hindoo women.
The chief obstacle, of course, is habit, so long
continued that it has become second nature;
the women of highest caste being most
see-1 uded, woman's freedom Las come to be
associated in the Hindoo mind with licertious
ness. Tbe wild people, the ve-y poor and the
pariahs alone can afford to be free. The
hidden zenana is thought the proper place for
women of rank and respectability.
Business in China.
The merchants of China are reported to be
well satisfied with last year's business. Deal
ers in tea, silk and white manufactures have
all made mosey.
EX-ATTORNEY GENERAL SPEED.
A Statesman of the War Who Has Just
I'assed Away.
In the recent death of ex-Attorney General
James Speed the country loses one more of
the galaxy of great men who surrounded
Abraham Lincoln during the heroic age.
James Speed was an anient American, a
stanch Unionist and an uncompromising ad
vocate of universal freedom; and it is a strik
ing proof of the old time liberality of Ken
tucky opinion that he retained his ]*ersona'
popularity through his heated campaign in
1849 for the abolition of slavery in that state,
that he was soon after placed in an honorable
position in the state, and that after the bitter
ness of the war period had passed away his
talents and public services were proudly
avowed by Kentuckians as a part of the com
mon glory of the state.
James Speed was born March 12, 1812, near
Louisville, in Jefferson county, Ky. Through
boyhood he worked
on his father's
farm, but obtained
a good education
by attending school
during the fall and
winter months; af
terward he was
graduated at St.
Joseph's college
Bardstown, K y .
Though his father
j j was a wealthy
farmer and slave
holder, Janies very
James speed. early took the side
of emancipation in Kentucky; he supported
that cause with great zeal and ability, waa
a candidate on the emancipation plat
form for a seat in tho constitu
tional convention of 1849 and defeated
by but 200 votes. He afterward emanci
pated his own slaves. Soon after his gradu
ation be studied law, and attended lecturesat
the Transylvania university at Lexington,
Ky. In 1833 he formed a partnership with
Hon. Thomas F. Marshall, with whom he
practiced law for two years in Louisville,
after which he was the law partner of Hon.
Henry Pistle for seventeen years. In 1847 lie
was elected to the legislature; from 1856 to
1858 he was professor in the law department
of tho University of Louisville, and in 1861
he was chosen to the state senate.
Then came the day of trial. The embar
rassing question of state allegiance did not
rise in Kentucky, as the state adhered to the
Union; but for a few weeks there was an at
tempt on the part of the state authorities to
maintain neutrality. Against this position
Mr. Speed assumed a determined stand and
employed ail his energy and ability to place
Kentucky in active support of the Union
cause. With him in this work wen. his
brother-in-law, Gen. Lovell Rousseau, Judge
Harlan and many others, the result being
that at the election that year Kentucky's vote
was nearly three to one against secession, and
the legislature then elected hastened to put
the state on a war footing. Mr. Speed was
named mustering officer for Kentucky by
President Lincoln, and in that capa
city enrolled over 70,060 men in
the Union ranks. His brother, Joshua
Speed, had been the room mate of Abra
ham Lincoln when the latter began
the practice of law in Illinois. In
1864 tbe president appointed James
Speed attorney general of the United
States, which position be held until July,
1866, when he resigned on r ecount of his
disagreement with President Johnson on the
policy of reconstruction. He continued an
active Republican till all the issue? growing
out of the war were settled, then became
again professor of law in the Louisville
university, and thereafter lived a retired life.
For a few years he has been failing fast, and
his death, at an early hour of June 25, was
due to general debility. He was one of the
truly great men of Kentucky and the nation,
an ardent patriot and inoon-uptible pub
lic servant, a capable official and a brave,
consistent man.
The portr it here given shows him in the
prime of life—as he appeared when holding
the office of attorney general.
HON. FREEMAN CLARK.
Mr.
Lincoln's Controller of the Cur
rency—His Public Life.
Hon. Freeman Clark, who recently died at
his home in Rochester, N. Y., was among
the last of the "Old Line Whigs," of whom
we used to hear so much, and it seems like
opening a chapter of ancient history to recall
the days when he
and such men as
Alexander Ste
phens and the Bells,
of Tennessee, kept
step together in
polities. Between
these days and Mr.
Clark's later public
services a great
gulf was fixed; for
he was made con
troller of the cur
rency in 1865 b 7
President Lincoln,
and was an active
member of the
FREEMAN CLARK.
Thirty-eighth, Forty-second and Forty-third
congresses. As a Whig lie was active, being
vice president of the New York state conven
tion in 1850, and delegate to the national
convention of 1852. But he was still more
widely and favorably known for various
business activities.
Born in Troy, N. Y., March 22, 1809, he
began active life as a merchant, and from
1837 to 1845 was president of a bank in Al
bion. He then moved to Rochester, where
he 1 ccame president successively of three
banks, taking an active part in establish
ing the national bank system. He was
prominently identified with tho formation of
the Western Union Telegraph company, was
one of the first directors of the Fourth Na
tional bank of New York city, and was trus
tee and vice president of the Union Trust
company, after which he entered public life
as above stated.
The cut is from a photograph by Kent, of
Rochester, N. Y.
Too Much Enthusiasm.
"Teaching, to me," said an enthusiastic
young school ma'am, "is a holy calling. To
sow in the young mind the seeds of future
knowledge and watch them as they grow and
develop is a pleasure greater than I can telL
I never weary of my work. I think only
of"
"I am very sorry," interrupted the young
man to whom she was talking, "that you are
so devoted to your profession. Miss Clara I
had hoped that some day I might ask you—
in fact I called to-night to—but I hardly dare
go on, in the light of what you"
"You may go on, Mr. Smith," said the
young lady, softly. "I'm a little-too enthusi
astic at times, perhaps."—New York Sun.
JACOB SHARP.
The Boodle King and the Justice That
Has at Last Overtaken Him.
Through his career as a lobbyist at Albany
and as a railroad manipulator in New York,
Jacob Sharp, just convicted of bribery in
New York, may be regarded as the most
prominent worker of the kind in the country.
His prominence in New York was such that
not until many of his tools had been found
guiltv and were convicted did it dawn on the
public mind that something could be done
toward punishing the ringleader. His trial has
been the most notable in the history of New
m
•*4
JACOB SHARP AT THE TRIAL
York courts with the single exception of me
trial of William M. Tweed. Sharp is a rich
man, and has been credited with most stren
uous efforts to assist the aldermen to w hom
vengeance was meted out.
Much sympathy has been felt for him lo
cally. He has for many years been one of
those characters familiar to everybody
around town, a kind hearted, genial, ap
proachable and affable man in his personal
characteristics, devoted to his family and
prominent in affairs. He was indignant, and
remonstrated vigorously when arrested on
the morning of Oct. 19, and to the last pro
tested his innocence.
For many years schemes have been on foot
for securing a Broadway railway franchise.
A. T. Stewart offered to pay §1,000.000 for
the privilege. These schemes amounted
to nothing, however, until a few
men, by alleged bribery, secured the pas
sage of what is termed the Broadway'
railway bill. Governor Cleveland was at the
time gravely criticised for signing the bill,
but it is said he was favorably advised to it
hy Daniel Manning and other trusted friends
against whom no charges of venality have
been made in connection with the matter.
The hurried grant given by the New York
aldermen is familiar. Of these Jaehne, Mc
Quade and O'Neill are in Sing Sing; De Lacy,
Dempsey-, Rothman and Say les are in exile;
Duffv, Fullgraff and Waite became inform
ers; McCabe is in
sane and in an asy
lum; Kenny and
McLaughlin are
dead, and the re
maining members,
with the exception
of Cleary, in whose
case there was dis
agreement, are un
der indictment for
conspiracy and bri-*W
bery. Jacob Sharp
has been regarded ^
as the head and
>\\
?\
front in obtaining^
the passage of tbe
bill by the legisla- de lancy nicoll.
ture and of securing the Broadway franchise
from the board of aldermen.
Much uncertainty was felt in New York as
to the outcome of the Sharp case, and the dis
trict attorney and his assistants say they by
no means felt sure of the conviction of the de
fendant. They were at work on the case
weeks before it came to trial. As Sharp was
the first man to be tried in New York on the
charge of having given a bribe, the case pi e
sented many difficulties. For information as
to precedents Mr. Martine secured all possi
ble details about the trials of the Chicago
Anarchists, of the Pennsylvania Mollie Ma
guire cases and of the Star route trials. Mr.
Nicoll, who was the active attorney in the
prosecution, disclaims much of the credit
>t
PRESIDING JUDGE BAr.RETT.
given him. Without Mr. Martine's great
help Mr. Nicoll says he could have accom
plished nothing. There were seventy , wo
witnesses in the case, almost all of them se
cured with great difficulty.
The jury in tho Sharp trial is said to hare
been of unusual intelliget.ee. The foreman,
Mr. Canfield, is u printer, and prints The
Weekly Law Digest; Owen O. Schimmel is
in tho preserve business in Warren street, a
typical German; Jacques Kahn is a dealer in
mirrors, of Austrian birth: Mr. Clarke is a
broker; Rudolph Wolff is a pock et book
maker; Mr. Mead an architect; Howard
Hopping is a graduate of Trinity, Hartford,
and a vestryman of Zion church; David
Clarkson is a commission merchant; Mr.
Feder a capitalist; Mr. Kaufielu is a mer
chant ; Samuel Palmer a gro> er, an English
man; Col. Marvin is a bachelor, and con
nected with the Duryea Zouaves. All the
jurymen are worthy and representative citi
zens. It is noted that all of the jurymen are
temperate: only a few of them smoke, and
Done of them chew tobacco.
"I wender which Mi'S. Simper ton loves
most, her bull terrier or her baby?" "How
can you ask? You know babies are not
fashionable."—Town Topics.
The question is being asked, "Why does a
man eat before he is banged ?" Perhaps it is
to prevent his dying from starvation.—Pitts
burg Chronicle.
We don't question the statement that
George Washington never told a lie, but he
certainly was never asked by a fond mother
what he thought of her cute little baby._
Washington Critic.
Canada boasts a printer 103 years old. He
remembers having seen a clean office towel
when he was a boy.—Burlington Free Press.
How to spend a holiday—One nice way is
to he under a big tree and dream that some
rich old duffer has left you §50,000.— New
York Journal.

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