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TEACHEKS IS COUNCIL.
The National Convention of Teachers that opened in Chicago on Wednesday of hist week, is every year becoming an occasion of greater importance and well de-erve- to receive more attention than ii does. To think of ten thousand teacher- gathered into one vast assem blage. eagerly intent upon raising higher the standard of education and of ad vancing it into new fields, is thrilling and exalting. Not only is the school master abroad, but in full force, and not only the school master but the school marm. for we are told that three-fourths of the assembled teachers are ladies and a majority from country district schools. School teaching has not only become a recogni/ed profession, a learned and honorable profession, but it is fast be coming the leading profession of the country. Each one of these teachers is center of influence and a representative of a score of others. It is no mere pic nic excursion that these teachers are on but we are told by observers that look into their faces, see them move about and hear them talk, that they are intent on business and are there to learn -omething that they may carry home and incorporate into their work and experience. At these ^gatherings they hear the best teachers give the re sults of their own experience and it be comes common property and tends to make all equal to the best. l!ut over and above all that is spoken from the platforms and printed in the papers and reports, the greatest work is done through personal conversation. Every teacher has gone up with some stock of personal experience and lias some problems for solution and carries out an individual programme. It was an honor well bestowed that made our l'rof. Howard one of the Vice /'residents, and we wish the people of Helena would instruct him to invite the Association to visit the National Park and hold their convention in Helena. We -hould like to see ten thousand teachers in Helena. We would convert every school hou-e, church and public hall into a place of reception and pro vide for them in some way. It would pay us well in many ways to do thi< very thing. Our schools and the edu cation of our children are our foremost interest, without which our accumu lation of wealth will be but a curse to us. 1 ' I j ! ' I MORMON CONSTITUTION. The Mormons in convention have adopted a constitution that is apparently all that could be desired in the wav of securing religious liberty and clean mar ital relations, and this constitution will soon be submitted to vote, and will be carried no doubt by Mormon votes. This is all good upon its face, but it is a cheap trick for a bad purpose. If Congress could be cajoled into accepting this con stitution as a pledge of abandonment of polygamy and grant admission as a State, it would not be twelve months before there would be another constitutional convention and the whole thing changed to suit the dictates of the priesthood and the wi-hes of the majority. This constitution has been framed and will be adopted for the purpose of gaining admission, not to live under. It took forty years waudering in the wilderness before the children of Israel were purged of the Egyptian defilements and were considered fit to enter the promised land. It would take about as long for the Utah Mormons to show the sincerity of what they have put into their consti tution. Talk is cheap. Let us see if they mean what they say. At present the gentile population is only about twenty-five per cent, of the total, and not equal even to the actual polygamous portion. Suppose the wolves >hould get together and vote that it was wrong to kill sheep; and should wipe their mouths and send a copy of such resolution to the sheep raisers and herder- and ask a a free range of the pastures and unre stricted joint occupancy of the sheep sheds and corrals, there would be just as good reason to take their word as a .-dgn of conversion. For one we are glad to .-ee the Mormons put themselves on record as they are doing, but we propose that they shall practice the new doctrine for one good full generation before we shall be prepared to believe in the sin cérité of the change. It has occurred to us that money is ac cumulating so fast in this country, and we are paying off our debt so fast, and rates of interest are getting so moderate, that it would soon be feasible for our capitalists to go into the business of taking foreign loans. Russia is just now hard up for money, and national hostility runs so high in Germany and England that Russian loans are unpopular. Why could not our capitalists take bold of such a loan profit ably ? It would be a good investment, notwithstanding all the croakings of Eng lish and German money lenders. We have always been on good terms with Russia, and it would be a good stroke of policy to cement our relations by coming to Russia's aid in her financial straits. Say what you will, Russian securities are going to be good. Russia is the strongest ; 1 i j I ! nation in Europe to-day, and controls half of Asia besides. She will have a more liberal government in a few years, and closer relations with our country and peo ple would have some influence to hasten such an event. Ix the Mesilla valley, New Mexico, they not only tell wonderful stories of what can be produced by irrigation, but the climate is so pure and dry that they can preserve ripe watermellons, hung up in tight-fitting baskets, for many months. At Las Cruces one was recently cut and found perfectly good that had thus been kept for twenty two months. Watermellons all round are a pretty good thing. the DIVISION OF DAKOTA. A convention of those favoring the di vision of Dakota was held at Huron last week and of course unanimously re solved that such was the proper thing to be done. If the people of Dakota want division it is proper for them to sav so and their wishes are to be re gpgçted. The Territory is large enough for two good sized States and the pros pect is that the area will be pretty generally and evenly settled. It is larger than Great Britain and Ireland with a population of thirty-five mil lion. It is not unreasonable to expect that in a hundred years from now there may be a population of ten millions in what is now Dakota. But aside from the fact that it is the general wish of the people, we see no very strong reason for division. It is larger than a great many small States, but then it is much smaller than Texas or California. 1 There is no natural division by mouu ' tain or river. The average population I of the thirty-eight States is now about a million and a half, and before Dakota reaches that number the average will be still greater. We suppose by the end of this season and the next meeting of j Congress there will be fully 600,000 peo ple in Dakota. Of these perhaps 350, ! 000 will be in the southern part and 250,000 in the northern part. Either would be entitled on the score of popu lation for immediate admission, and no one in or out of Congre?» would have a right to say that the popular de-ire for division or admission was unreasonable. And still it is evident that the chances for admission are diminished by this clamor for division. It aflbrds the pre text for postponement which certain politicians desire for other obvious reasons. Il Dakota would press for ad mission unitedly, there is little doubt but it could be carried early. It would place those who opposed it at such dis advantage in argument that they would be shamed out of their opposition. Once in the Union as a unit we do not believe that division would again be thought of, certainly not until the time came for consolidating some of the small older States. We believe in large States with di versified interests and interests too large to be controlled by individuals and fam ilies. Larger States are more economi cally governed and are generally more peaceful and prosperous. The presence of Senators Vest, Cameron and Farwell in our city, as guests ot ex Governor Hauser, is a matter of mutual congratulation. For the Senators it is a good time to be away from their homes in the States, and for us it is a boon that we know how to prize. We have no represen tation, not even a voice, in the upper house of Congress, and for what little favorable legislation we can hope to secure we de pend upon such indirect representation as fortune throws in our way. Unfortunately members of the House of Representatives have usually to spend their vacations at home looking after a re-election or settling accounts for a former one. The longer terms of the Senators give them a chance to get away and see the country that they have to legislate for. Senator Cameron s remark that it would be an individual as well as a national blessing if every Con gressman was required by law to travel through the West once a year, is pertinent. Most members go to Congress to legislate in the interest of their district or State aDd many of them care little for the rest. Yet they have to legislate for the whole coun try. and more fully and especially for the Territories, which have no representation that counts when it comes to a vote. Mem bers of both houses of Congress should cer tainly inform themselves in some way of j the condition and wants of the Territories. We fancy Senator Vest will readily admit that the census report of 1880 gives a very inadequate conception of Montana as well as of Dakota. If Land Commissioner Sparks would sptnd two weeks in the Ter ritories he would iearn more of the duties of his office than he will learn in forty years in Washington. We have no pet grievances or partial favors with which we want to harrass our Senatorial visitors. All we want is what we can win on our merit. See us as we are aDd treat usas we deserve. The Herald regret's that Her Majesty 's subject in charge of the Independent should so much exhibit his alien antipathy as to characterize our citizen militia as "a body of soldiers who never smelled powder. 1 ' So base a slander, of course, could emanate from no other source than one whose sym pathies are un weaned from a foreign depen dency to the realm of American nationality, Not ODly are most of the officers of the field and line of the Montana militia sol diers of conspicuous service in numerous battles, but many of the non-commissioned officers and privates are veterans whose en listments continued to the close of the late war. The snobbish critic who asserts that these men have ' never smsit powder" will perhaps change his mind and learn better when he has lived among them longer. Lie crux axt Colonel Ross Deegan can handle a battalion with the same grace and proficiency that he can maneuver a company, and in the absence of his supe rior he can invariably be relied on to put the regimental command through its vari ous evolutions to the best possible purpose and effect. He isn't as ornamental as some officers we have seen and may not appear as pretty as many on holiday parade, but when it comes to a show down of prac tical military business he will not be apt to disappoint any one. Deegan was a splendid choice. The Herald extends to the visiting statesmen a cordial invitation to step around and inspect the largest and best equipped publishing house in all the Ter ritories, and the oldest, largest, healthiest Republican newspaper establishment in Montana. RAILROAD BUILDING. . ; j n ^ rcil ,°. e,n I'^ re Montana has some celebrated battle fields, but a more deserving claim to glory lies in the fact that within her borders the greatest feat of railroad building ever recorded in the history of this age of wonders ha» been performed. The record of the Manitoba road for July loth, 1S87, stands ahead of the highest record of the Canadian Pacific, July 7th, 188-3, by a full mile. The highest record of the Union Pacific, with the resources of the United States treasury behind and before it. was only five and a quarter miles in a single day. This highest record is now only the or dinäre* average of the unsubsidized Manitoba, and there are boasts that -eem irrational that this record will be increased to ten mile- in a single day. It would be unsafe to say that it cannot be done. A mile a day used to be thought an extreme record : now five days' work are compressed into one. If ever that ten miles a day is achieved, Montana can claim the proudest field day in the We will wear the belt as it is, and it is a belt that will stand wear. The Manitoba is skim ming the cream of fame and fortune from the Milk river valley. If we turn back to the beginning of our railroad record, we shall find that in 1830 there were only twenty-three miles in operation in the whole United ??tates, an extent now reached in three days' work in Montana. As late as 1834 the whole mileage was only 633 in the whole country. The Manitoba will build as much in Montana this season as all the companies in the United States built in the first five years after the introduction of railroads in this country. This is but a type and glimpse of the rapid, sweeping march of civilization, settlement and development over what ; little is left of the vacant public domain, j The advance and achievement of early ; vears is now concentrated into davs. It I almost takes away one's breath to stop long enough to see what i- transpiring before our eyes. Imagine, if you can, the thoughts that pass through an In dian's mind as he -tands by the track and ;>ees miles of loaded trains sw eeping ly where three months ago he was chas ing wild antelope in silence and solitude! been luxurious The weather record for the past few days shows phenominal heat throughout the middle and northern States, with a heavy death rate from sunstroke. As remarked by the weather bureau, the heat is attend ed with great dryness, or the effects in the way of prostration would be more general and fatal. That is the quality that makes the heat of summer and the cold of winter so much more tolerable with us in Mon tana. There is another subject of congrat ulation in this connectiou, and that is that cholera and yellow fever are not ragiDg at such a time. We had great fears that the cholera would spread north as the season advanced from South America, where it has been generally prevailing, and doing such fatal work for many months. If such extreme heat were to continue through August, the result would probably be that some epidemic disease would set in and feed the furnace with the breath of life. But the very extremity of this heated spell will bring its own remedy. Cool winds from the north and west, as well as moist winds from the east and south, will rush in and meet in this heated area and produce thun der showers, if not cyclones and cloud bursts. Extremes follow one another and heated air rises rapidly, the more so when it is dry. In contrast with the heated term in the States, is the mild mannered and weil tempered heat that we are having in Montana after a snowy winter and rainy spring. Our nights for a week past have and invigorating. It is often remarked that persons can easily en dure the heat of the day, if only they can rest and get refreshing sleep. That is our case, and the wealth of our summer tem perature is equal to that of our mines. JL'ST at present the sight of the new court house amidst a sea of ruins is very peculiar. The old court house is down to its lowest foundation stone, resolved into its original chaotic element, bearing some resemblance to the wreck left by a Titanic cyclone. But even now there are signs of returning order. The course of walks and the walled outlines of esplanades are beginning to appear as intimations of what is to be. We try to look beyond this rub bish and imagine a well grassed lawn like that around the assay office, giving a suit able setting to our gem of a court house. We wonder if grass and shade trees will soon find root aud nutriment in such a subsoil of granite and sandstone chips. Perhaps with a continual drenching of | water above, verdure may lie allowed to dwell above this mass of rock chips, but we should have preferred the extra ex pense of removing at least the coarser ! part of this rock rubbish and supplying , its place with better sub-soil. It will be useless to plant trees over such a quarry. The time will come that shade trees will be demanded. Perhaps a grassy lawn may satisfy for years to come. It certainly will want a heavy iron fence to enclose the lawn. Our citizens should see to it that there is a beautiful, monumental fountain provided for the center of the grounds, in front of the court house. It would be a rare oppor tunity for some of our resident millionaires to hand down their names to a greatful posterity if such a fountain of rude sym bolic and tasty design were presented to the county fathers for the place and pur- ! pose. Life sized statues of Lewis and \ Clarke, with an ideal statue of Helena would make a notable group. In a colonel's regimentals there :s prob ably no figure in all Montana that would present a finer martial appearance or horse back than W. A. Clark's. If you please, Senators, The Herald would suggest that Montana is about the size of a State. i : 1 ' ; j I ' ! j ■ j ! The report of the auditor of the Post Office Department shows that the excess of expenditures over receipts for the third quarter of the fiscal year were only about a quarter of a million, and for the three quarters only two and a half mil lion. or about half of the deficiency of the preceding year. Considering the great reduction of postal rates and the great extension of the free delivery system, this is a satisfactory showing. Without any changes in the law, it looks now as if by another year the department would be fully self-sustaining. But this is not the most important and satisfactory in ference. The greatest matter of congratu lation is in the evidence afforded that our people write and read more than they used to do. The cheaper postal facilities en- j courage this, and the work of our free pub- 1 lie school system is producing its natural effect. Our national post office may prop erly be regarded, in conjunction with our patent office, which is also more than self sustaining, as the chief educational de partments of our government. Con sidering the vast area of our country, as compared with the densely peopled countries of Europe, the cost of our mail service is of course much greater, and can only be brought near the point of self- ; support by a corresponding increase of patronage. The increase of population j everywhere, the settlement of our frontier ! and vacant domain, and the extension of i railroads will enable us speedily to reach j the point when we can reduce the postage on a single letter of an ounce weight to one cent. This is the goal to which we shall speed and which we shall expecct to reach within the next ten years. In fact, we believe it would be a wise step to take much sooner. A deficiency would result for a few years no doubt, but such a de ficiency would in fact be only an appro priation for the benefit of all the people, and in no way that we can think of could ; ^e same amount of money be so gener j aQ d beneficially bestowed. Denny ; ^ etter postage should be the popular de mand from thia time on untl1 the b«» is granted. Increasing correspondence, like increasing travel, is breaking down local j and sectional barriers, and is doing a great ! work towards making us one people as well as the most intelligent nation in the world. It is with extreme regret that we learn of the decision of our Supreme Court set ting aside the conviction of Hart, the mur derer of Pitts. We raise no question with judges who have joined in the decision. They have beyond doubt done only that which they believed an honest discharge of official duty required. We look simply at the case in its general, popular aspects and effects. The finer points that cut such a prominent figure before the courts are not j such as impress the popular mind. People | reason in this way : Here is a dearly con- j victed murderer, guilty beyond all question of a wanton, malicious, dastardly crime. I If any one ever deserved hanging he does. If either the law is unable or unwilling to do this duty, what is the use of having I laws and courts and juries and all this ex pense simply to let people go unwhipped i of justice? We do not pretend to say that this is the right or wisest way to regard | such miscarriages of justice. Where we have honest and competent judges, as we have reason to think we have | at present, we believe it is every man's I duty tc abide steadfastly by the court's 1 decision to uphold the law. But the mass of people overlook the steps by which le gal results are reached, and only look at the naked fact that guilty men by some hook or legal crook escape j ustice. An d in this country they are always inclined to take into their own hands the infliction of punishment that the cour's have failed to inflict. They do not think of all the eonse quences of such lawlessness, which un doubtedly are generally demoralizing where there is anything like settled so-, ciety and a due administration of law. ; Now we hope there will be no outbreak of vengeance in this case. The miserable murderer suffers more every hour that he lives than he possibly could in the few minutes that it would take to bang him. Three judges would not certainly have concurred in this reversal of judgment, but for some good, substantial grounds. It will be a mistake to take the case out of the handsotthe law, as justice will suffer rather than be served. Hon. W. A. Clabk missed the colonelcy by the narrow margin of two, the vote standing nine to eleven. Helena kept the faith and backed the Herald by a solid ballot thrown for the Butte banker. The main reason for preferring Clark was that he wanted the office and had sheckles to spend tor the title of a soldier. In the absence of available funds for the next two or three years to put the militia establish ment squarely on its feet, it was believed Mr. Clark would donate enough from the ample means at his d'sposal to supply all deficiencies for unilorming and arming the several companies. This would probably have happened had he been chosen and the eagle placed upon his instead of Captain Reynold's shoulders. Mr. Hendry might have obviated the objections raised to his entering the militia lists by taking out his papers and allying himself in a military way with "the land of the free and the home of the brave.' We trust that the proud title of American citizen and soldier will, by his own ambition and choice, be conferred at no distant day upon this good looking and deserving young man. Captain Reynolds is reported one of the most capable company commanders in the Territory. He seems to have been the preference of the militia officers for higher rank, and we have no reason to think he will otherwise than admirably become the colonelcy to which he has been elected. He lacks the sheckies of Mr. Clark, but he has received the baptism of veteran service and is every inch a soldier. Cannot a suitable vacancy be created on the Governor's staff ? A star on General Clark's shoulder would show off' to advan tage on occasions of dress«parade. j 1 ; j ! i j ! SQUIRREL SWINDLE. Intimation of Fraud in Connection ! With the Treason* Raid. Editor Herald :—Having waited some time to see if thia vexed squirrel question would receive the attention it ought to from oar carpet-bag Governor; and after being satisfied that it is not, it would relieve the minds of a very large number of taxpayers if it was ventilated and the swindle stop ped. Knowing that the Herald is ever on the right side, I take the liberty of broaching the matter. TAXPAYER. Helena. July 19. Our correspondent understands, we pre sume, that Governor T.eslie has issued his proclamation convening the Legislative Assembly in extraordinary session next month. One of the strongest reasons for the call is the magnitude of the drain on the Territorial treasury caused by the operation of the amended bounty law. The situation is truly alarmiug. the last dollar of the public funds having been exhausted weeks ago. aud a debt of la.ge proportions is promised at no distant day unless meas ures are speedily instituted to intercept and check it There is evidence in the certificates filed in the Auditor's office, on which warrants have been issued, which convinces many that frauds to no incon siderable amount have been perpetrated. This conviction, as The Herald is in formed. has led to some investigations in several cases where the suspicions were most p' onounced, and we are probably not mistaken in saying that certain certifying officers are among the number of implicated persons against whom nefarious schemes of crookedness are alleged. It is believed that arrests and prosecutions, based upon evi dence already collected, will follow, not withstanding political and other inffuences are said to have been put to work to delay and if possible prevent dealing with the offenders in court If the Governor has in his possession the evidence he is suspected to have obtained, we leel confident he will not hesitate to perform his duty in the premises and step between the people and their plunderers. The HERALDawaits with such patience as can reasonably be expect ed developments in the Executive quarter. The burning of the St Anthony eleva tor at Minneapolis, with over a million bushels of wheat, is almost a national calamity. It seems to us unwise to expose the loss of so much grain on a single risk. No matter if the owners of this grain are insured, the wheat is gone and it makes a feailul hole in the visible supply. Proba bly the owners of wheat will advance prices on account of this loss, and they will be gainers. But the loss to the coun try aud bread eaters will be more than the cash value or that wheat the day before it was burned. : ^ r I •• , : ! : 1 j j ! ; j | j I I i | | I 1 ; The death of Alfred Krupp, of Essen, is a great loss to Germany. He is not the founder of the great steel works, who was Frederick, his father, but he has developed what was a small but good be ginning into the greatest plant of the kind in the world. The works are so well or ganized that the death even of the head of the establishment will not produce any effect. If need be the imperial author ities would take the works into their own hands. Krupp guns are one of the main stays of the German empire. Only by hearsay or by what they read in The Herald do most of Helena's twelve thousand people know of the pres ence within their gates of three United States Senators. The number is scattering and far apart that can swear to have actually seen a single one cf the distin guished visitors. The death of R. M. T. Hunter, once a prominent Virginia politician, will hardly cause a ripple in the world of politics, but there was a time when he was an auto crat in the politics of Virginia. He was never distinguished by any brilliancy or ability as a statesman. He was simply a relic of a past age aDd a lost cause. Senator Vest has been among us be fore, and the sight of him. we are glad to be able to say, was not exclusively re stricted to the Missouri colony. Can't the political majority of Montana's Capital City have the opportunity of at least clap ping their eyes on| Senators Cameron and Farwell ? Unlock the door and let them out. _ Our Senatorial guests are seeing more of the city than its people. They like the oue and we know they would like the other if the chance was allowed them of forming a judgment on personal acquaint ance. ! 1 i j Honorables Cameron and Farwell are men of wealth as well as weight. They have interested themselves in Helena real estate to the extent of threescore thousand dollars, and they may double the amount of investments before they go away. Sensi ble men. Utah is not to be distanced by Colorado and Wyoming in the matter of coal oil de posits and much excitement exists over discoveries made ou Green River. It is time that Montana was making a strike in this line. The strain on The Herald's tow line was a trifle too much. Without the other feller it could easily have pulled Clark through. The Herald owns up for once to having tackled too big a job. Gov. Hauser is a grand host, but the people don't like to have him put the Sen atorial .isitors ander lock and key. The anticipated break in the hot weather at the East has come in a way generally anticipated, accompanied by heavy rains, winds and fearful electric displays. | I Precarion? Tenure of the Ministry. London, July 20.—Chamberlain was the principal agent in conducting the negotia tions between the government and Union ists. The Post this morning reiterates its cry for unity among Unionists. It says : The source of weakness will be apparant so long as Lord Salisbury is compelled to de clare himself in the minority. A new ap peal should be made to the Unionists to take their places in the ministry ranks. The News says: Lord Salisbury has capitulated in terms that do honor to his cynical frankness. The government has betrayed the Irish landlords for the sake of union and office. The power of the Irish commissioners to reduce judicial rents will be valid for two years, at the end of which time it is expected the purchase bill will be in operation. j ! ! DISASTROUS FIRE. The Largest Grain Elevator in the Northwest Destroyed. Minneapolis, Jaly 19.— The St. An thony elevator, a triple structure, the largest in the Northwest, located two miles east of this city, on the Manitoba Railroad, was totally destroyed by fire to-night, to gether with its contents, about one million one hundred thousand bushels of wheat. The loss on the buildiDg will be $250,000 and on the grain $325,000 ; insurance un known. The wheat destroyed was one tenth of the visible supply of the North west. outside of Duluth. The origin ol the fire is not known. Two watchmen were on duty in the engine room, but cannot tell the cause. About 591,000 bushels of the wheat burned was owned by Washburn, Crosby & Co., and was fully in sured. It is also believed that the remain der is covered by insurance. Sparks' Decision. Washington, July 19.— In reply to a : letter from a cattle owner on the tract known as "No Man's Land, asking whether a portion of the herders occupying that ^ land can form an organization and adopt laws to govern free range men, Land Com missioner Sparks states that no person, r organization or association has an/ right or color of authority to make herd regula tions, or any other regulations, in respect to the occupation of lands in a public land strip. These are public lands ol the United States, continued the commissioner, and have never been made subject to lawful occupation or entry under any of the pub lic land laws, and the military forces are instructed to remove occupants therefrom I who are not actual settlers, or who are •• using or controlling more than 160 acres. Placed on the Retired List. , Washington, July 19.— The Army Re : tiring Board, of which Quartermaster Gen eral Holabird is president, has recommend» ed the retirement of Capt. J. F. Simpson, ! of the Third Cavalry, who is now under treatment at the government hospital for the insane. Captain Simpson is the officer who created the scandal in Arizona a few years ago by his conduct with the "notori ous woman." He was court martialled and : sentenced to dismissal. President Arthur, however, disapproved of the findings of the court and ordered the officer's restoration 1 to duty. He was ostracised by his brother j officers, and was subsequently seDt to the j insane asylum for treatment. He will ! probably be released as soon as a vacancy ; occurs in the retired list. Reward of Merit. Washington, July 19. —The Secretary of State has received, through tue German minister at Washington from the Emperor of Germany, a check for $1,000 and two handsome gold watches embellished with ! the likeness and monogram of the em 1 peror, with the request that the money be divided equally among the families of five members of the life saving crew at Dam Neck Mills station, Virginia, who lost their lives in attempting to rescue the crew of the German ship Elizabeth on the 8th of January last, and that the watches be pre sented to Frank Tedeford and James Etheridge, the only survivors of the life saving crew. The money and watches have been turned over to General Superin tendent Kimball for distribution. Postal Revenues. Washington, July 19.—The report of the Sixth Auditor of the Postofiice Depart ment for the third quarter of the last fiscal year shows that the receipts were $130, 120,480; expenditures, $130,372,508, a de ficiency of $260,021. The deficiency for the first three quarters of the year was $2,539,538, against $1,890,494 for the same period of the year ending June 30, 1886, and $5,241,917 for the last three quarters of the year ending June 30, 1895. The Telegraph Cable Scheme. San Francisco, July 19.—At a meeting of the members of the Chamber of Com merce to-day the following resolution? were unanimously adopted : Whereas, The political and commer cial relations of the United States with the Hawaiian islands, the South Pacific islands and Australia are rapidly increasing; and, Whereas, The laying of a telegraphic cable on this ocean route is accompanied with grave financial aDd scientific ques tions, which will prevent the use of ex clusively private capital therein ; there fore be it Resolved , That the Chamber of Com i merce of San Francisco forward to the en suing Congress a memorial earnestly peti tioning our government to offer such in j ducemeDts that capital may be attracted to this great enterprise to the commercial and political advantage of the whole country. Whisky Syndicate. Chicago, July 19.—A large number of distillers met here to-day to discuss the organization of a whisky trust on the plan of the Standard Oil Company, the plan being to unite in mouopoly all distilleries west of the Ohio river. As understood the scheme will be in full operation in a month, and that the name adopted is the Western Distillers & Cattle Feeders.' Trust. Stock will be apportioned among members according to the value of their plant, in stead of capacity. The amount of stock to be issued, it is said, will be about four times the value of the combined, plants, which is estimated to be $10,000.000, and it is to be listed, if possible, in New York and Chicago stock exchanges. The trus tees will have absolute control of produc tion. Ready to Hear Argument». Washington, July 19.—Three express companies have tiled their schedule with the Inter State Commission. To the others letters have been scut stating that, in the opinion of the commissioners, it is obvious that neglect to ffle is intentional. The commission had not yet entertained con sideration as to whether or not express companies are common carriers or not, sub ject to the Iuter-State act, but notifies them it is now ready to hear arguments, if de | sired, and requests compliance with the I law. • Died. Richmond, Va., July 19 — M. T. Hun j ter, Speaker of the National House of Rep sentatives in 1839, subsequently United States Senator and for a time Confederate Secretary of State and Confederate Sena tor, died yesterday. ! Trenton, N. J., July 19.—Dorithy L. Dix, who had a national reputation as a philanthropist, died in the State Lunatic Asylum to-day. She was over 80 years old. Beat the Record. Trenton, N. J., July 19.—Dr. Carver to day broke his previous record of breaking 1,000 glass balls in 451 minutes. He ac complished the feat in 41' minutes, and only missed 24 out of 1,036. He used a repeating rifle, two men loading besides himself. ' ! j ! ; 1 ! l I , 1 i j ■ I ! | , 1 j ; s ! ! j ! ! SEVE RE ST ORM. Great Destruction of Propert> and Loss ot Life. Wheeling, W. Va., July 19.— The tx cessive heat culminated last night in a ter rific storm. The rain and wind were heavy, demolishing shade trees and fences and for an hour there was not a second of intermission between flashes of lightning At Grafton it was the most severe eve: experienced. Mrs. W. T. Carr was sitting in her room with her three children when the house was struck by lightning, which set fire to the bed in the room. Neighbors running to extinguish the flames, fourni Mrs. Carr had been instantly killed, and her three children severely burned by an electric bolt. The residence of George Dien was also struck and a large hole knocked in it. The inmates were slightly stunned. A great number of barns in the country were struck and partially de molished. The loss aggregates considerable The Temperature. Washington, July 19.—It rained here heavily last night, and this morning the thermometer registered 75 3 , a drop of 11 from the previous morning. At the signal office it was stated that the temperature has failen all over the country during the past twenty-four ho r s except in the New England States and a small portion of the Atlantic coast along South Carolina and Georgia. CINCINNATI, July 19.—There weie re ported at the police headquartes up to midnight for the entire day forty-fl to cases of sunstroke, six of which were fatal. Al though the hot spell was broken last night and the thermometer only reached 98 to day, there were thirteen deaths reported to-day. Most of these were persons Wi.o were prostrated yesterday. Augusta, Ga., July 19.—The excesshe heat terminated to-day by a heavy wind storm. During the past six days there were several fatalities from heat, the mer cury ranging from 100° to 104 '. Fearful Mortality Among Children. Pittsburg, July 19.—The mortality among children in Pittsburg and A1 legheny during the past six weeks is some- thing appalling. On July 5th 69 children under 5 years of age died, and since the 1st inst. there has been 68 death?, making the total 1,137 in six weeks. Of this number nearly 75 per cent, were babies under 2 years of age. ----- - Gil Works Burned. Jersey City, N. J.. July 19.—A fire m the Standard Oil works, at Constable Hook broke out at 12:30 o'clock this morning. The flames are spreading and half of the town and all of the factories are threaten ed. The loss will reach $1,000,000. At 3 a. m. the tire was still raging The barrel factory, supply house and ware houses are entirely consumed. The small buildiDgs and tanks in the yards are afire. The w hole tire department is at work There were six heavy explosions but no lives were lost. Hundreds of workmen will be thrown outol employment. Booth s lumber yard aDd the Standard match fac tory are in danger. The cause of the fire is unknown. New York, July 19.—The Sun says the fire at Constable Hook has spread to the T. aDd S. 'White Sulphur Co.'s factory, and that when it went to press, it looked as if lhe whole place would go. At 4 a. m. no additional particulars of the Constable Hook fire were received. The flames are visible ' am the Associated Press office and are spreading rapidly. New York, July 20.—By 6 o'clock this morning the great fire at the Standard Oil Works at Constable Hook, N. J., was under control. Two large warehouses, three tanks, four big docks, and over ten thousand bar rels of oil were burned. The Standard oil folks estimate the loss at $1.000,000. There was no insurance. Turf Topics. CHICAGO, July 19.—The suspension ot Edward Corrigan by the executive com rnittee of the Washington Park Club, de barring him from all tracks controlled by the American turf congress, called forth a great deal of comment to-day. Secretary Brewster claims there was no animosity against Corrigan, but ou the other haud it is asserted that Corrigan and one of the judges—L. P. Tariton, of Kentucky,—are not on speaking terms. The inference is that Corrigan, seeing his horse being ad dressed by Tariton. was not open to severe criticism for bursting out with an order to p->y no attention to the judge's remarks. The refusal of the managers of the club to act in flagrant cases, in which Hankins horse Jacobin was pulled, undoubtedly it is said for gambling purposes, is beim: strongly contrasted with the measures taken against Corrigan, whose honesty has not at all been questioned. Blaine's Sentiments. Edinburg, July 19.—At the unveiling of_the Dunfermline statue Blaine delivered an address. He said: At first thought the aspect presented by an American en gaged in the ceremony of raising a monn ment to a king seemed out of place, hot the harm doue is Dot so serious, consider ing that King Alexander lived before America was discovered. America. Blaine added, sympathized with .Scotland in all the great things done in literature and art for the protection and welfare of the people. Planted the Tree. Elmira, N. Y - , July 19.—The President and Mrs. Cleveland and Secretary and Mrs. Fairchild arrived at 10 o'clock this evening. They came from Cazenovia, a distance ot one hundred and four miles, since 6:30 p m. The car did net stop, but was taken to the south part of the station, where the chief executive and party went aboard a Pullman car on the regular train for Wash ington. The President and Mrs. Cleveland planted at Lincklaen place, Ca/.enovia, this afternoon, a white pine tree, in honor ol s his visit to the home of his boyhood. Import Duty Increased. Washington, July 19.—Dispatch*» have been received at the Department ot State from the United States minister to Belgium, announcing that the government ! of that country has increased the import duty on cofiee. cattle and meat, and that ! after January 1st next .jeat will not be permitted to enter Belgium except in the form of whole animals and halves and tore quarters of animals, and then only when lungs are attached. Mrs. Langtry. San Francisco, July 19.—JusticeFie^ of the United States Supreme Court, thi» morning decided that Mrs. Langtry have to return to this city and appear j court in person if she desired to period ! citizenship. Her former declaration ! made at her residence, and J ustice -»■ ! for a re ' would in thought there was no occasion moval of the books from court and there was a question as to the lega. U procedure.