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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, July 21, 1887, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036143/1887-07-21/ed-1/seq-2/

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TEACHEKS IS COUNCIL.
The National Convention of Teachers
that opened in Chicago on Wednesday
of hist week, is every year becoming an
occasion of greater importance and well
de-erve- to receive more attention than
ii does. To think of ten thousand
teacher- gathered into one vast assem
blage. eagerly intent upon raising higher
the standard of education and of ad
vancing it into new fields, is thrilling
and exalting. Not only is the school
master abroad, but in full force, and not
only the school master but the school
marm. for we are told that three-fourths
of the assembled teachers are ladies and
a majority from country district schools.
School teaching has not only become
a recogni/ed profession, a learned and
honorable profession, but it is fast be
coming the leading profession of the
country. Each one of these teachers is
center of influence and a representative
of a score of others. It is no mere pic
nic excursion that these teachers are on
but we are told by observers that look
into their faces, see them move
about and hear them talk, that they
are intent on business and are there to
learn -omething that they may carry
home and incorporate into their work
and experience. At these ^gatherings
they hear the best teachers give the re
sults of their own experience and it be
comes common property and tends to
make all equal to the best.
l!ut over and above all that is spoken
from the platforms and printed in the
papers and reports, the greatest work is
done through personal conversation.
Every teacher has gone up with some
stock of personal experience and lias
some problems for solution and carries
out an individual programme.
It was an honor well bestowed that
made our l'rof. Howard one of the Vice
/'residents, and we wish the people of
Helena would instruct him to invite the
Association to visit the National Park
and hold their convention in Helena.
We -hould like to see ten thousand
teachers in Helena. We would convert
every school hou-e, church and public
hall into a place of reception and pro
vide for them in some way. It would
pay us well in many ways to do thi<
very thing. Our schools and the edu
cation of our children are our foremost
interest, without which our accumu
lation of wealth will be but a curse to us.
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MORMON CONSTITUTION.
The Mormons in convention have
adopted a constitution that is apparently
all that could be desired in the wav of
securing religious liberty and clean mar
ital relations, and this constitution will
soon be submitted to vote, and will be
carried no doubt by Mormon votes. This
is all good upon its face, but it is a cheap
trick for a bad purpose. If Congress
could be cajoled into accepting this con
stitution as a pledge of abandonment of
polygamy and grant admission as a State,
it would not be twelve months before
there would be another constitutional
convention and the whole thing changed
to suit the dictates of the priesthood
and the wi-hes of the majority. This
constitution has been framed and will
be adopted for the purpose of gaining
admission, not to live under. It took
forty years waudering in the wilderness
before the children of Israel were purged
of the Egyptian defilements and were
considered fit to enter the promised land.
It would take about as long for the
Utah Mormons to show the sincerity
of what they have put into their consti
tution. Talk is cheap. Let us see if
they mean what they say. At present
the gentile population is only about
twenty-five per cent, of the total, and
not equal even to the actual polygamous
portion. Suppose the wolves >hould get
together and vote that it was wrong to
kill sheep; and should wipe their mouths
and send a copy of such resolution to
the sheep raisers and herder- and ask a
a free range of the pastures and unre
stricted joint occupancy of the sheep
sheds and corrals, there would be just as
good reason to take their word as a .-dgn
of conversion. For one we are glad to
.-ee the Mormons put themselves on
record as they are doing, but we propose
that they shall practice the new doctrine
for one good full generation before we
shall be prepared to believe in the sin
cérité of the change.
It has occurred to us that money is ac
cumulating so fast in this country, and we
are paying off our debt so fast, and rates of
interest are getting so moderate, that it
would soon be feasible for our capitalists to
go into the business of taking foreign
loans. Russia is just now hard up for
money, and national hostility runs so high
in Germany and England that Russian
loans are unpopular. Why could not our
capitalists take bold of such a loan profit
ably ? It would be a good investment,
notwithstanding all the croakings of Eng
lish and German money lenders. We
have always been on good terms with
Russia, and it would be a good stroke of
policy to cement our relations by coming
to Russia's aid in her financial straits.
Say what you will, Russian securities are
going to be good. Russia is the strongest
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nation in Europe to-day, and controls half
of Asia besides. She will have a more
liberal government in a few years, and
closer relations with our country and peo
ple would have some influence to hasten
such an event.
Ix the Mesilla valley, New Mexico, they
not only tell wonderful stories of what can
be produced by irrigation, but the climate
is so pure and dry that they can preserve
ripe watermellons, hung up in tight-fitting
baskets, for many months. At Las Cruces
one was recently cut and found perfectly
good that had thus been kept for twenty
two months. Watermellons all
round are a pretty good thing.
the
DIVISION OF DAKOTA.
A convention of those favoring the di
vision of Dakota was held at Huron
last week and of course unanimously re
solved that such was the proper thing
to be done. If the people of Dakota
want division it is proper for them to
sav so and their wishes are to be re
gpgçted. The Territory is large enough
for two good sized States and the pros
pect is that the area will be pretty
generally and evenly settled. It is
larger than Great Britain and Ireland
with a population of thirty-five mil
lion. It is not unreasonable to expect
that in a hundred years from now there
may be a population of ten millions in
what is now Dakota. But aside from
the fact that it is the general wish of the
people, we see no very strong reason
for division. It is larger than
a great many small States, but then it is
much smaller than Texas or California.
1 There is no natural division by mouu
' tain or river. The average population
I of the thirty-eight States is now about
a million and a half, and before Dakota
reaches that number the average will be
still greater. We suppose by the end of
this season and the next meeting of
j Congress there will be fully 600,000 peo
ple in Dakota. Of these perhaps 350,
! 000 will be in the southern part and
250,000 in the northern part. Either
would be entitled on the score of popu
lation for immediate admission, and no
one in or out of Congre?» would have a
right to say that the popular de-ire for
division or admission was unreasonable.
And still it is evident that the chances
for admission are diminished by this
clamor for division. It aflbrds the pre
text for postponement which certain
politicians desire for other obvious
reasons. Il Dakota would press for ad
mission unitedly, there is little doubt
but it could be carried early. It would
place those who opposed it at such dis
advantage in argument that they would
be shamed out of their opposition. Once
in the Union as a unit we do not believe
that division would again be thought of,
certainly not until the time came for
consolidating some of the small older
States.
We believe in large States with di
versified interests and interests too large
to be controlled by individuals and fam
ilies. Larger States are more economi
cally governed and are generally more
peaceful and prosperous.
The presence of Senators Vest, Cameron
and Farwell in our city, as guests ot ex
Governor Hauser, is a matter of mutual
congratulation. For the Senators it is a
good time to be away from their homes in
the States, and for us it is a boon that we
know how to prize. We have no represen
tation, not even a voice, in the upper house
of Congress, and for what little favorable
legislation we can hope to secure we de
pend upon such indirect representation as
fortune throws in our way. Unfortunately
members of the House of Representatives
have usually to spend their vacations at
home looking after a re-election or settling
accounts for a former one. The longer
terms of the Senators give them a chance
to get away and see the country that they
have to legislate for. Senator Cameron s
remark that it would be an individual as
well as a national blessing if every Con
gressman was required by law to travel
through the West once a year, is pertinent.
Most members go to Congress to legislate
in the interest of their district or State aDd
many of them care little for the rest. Yet
they have to legislate for the whole coun
try. and more fully and especially for the
Territories, which have no representation
that counts when it comes to a vote. Mem
bers of both houses of Congress should cer
tainly inform themselves in some way of j
the condition and wants of the Territories.
We fancy Senator Vest will readily admit
that the census report of 1880 gives a very
inadequate conception of Montana as well
as of Dakota. If Land Commissioner
Sparks would sptnd two weeks in the Ter
ritories he would iearn more of the duties
of his office than he will learn in forty
years in Washington. We have no pet
grievances or partial favors with which we
want to harrass our Senatorial visitors. All
we want is what we can win on our merit.
See us as we are aDd treat usas we deserve.
The Herald regret's that Her Majesty 's
subject in charge of the Independent should
so much exhibit his alien antipathy as to
characterize our citizen militia as "a body
of soldiers who never smelled powder. 1 ' So
base a slander, of course, could emanate
from no other source than one whose sym
pathies are un weaned from a foreign depen
dency to the realm of American nationality,
Not ODly are most of the officers of the
field and line of the Montana militia sol
diers of conspicuous service in numerous
battles, but many of the non-commissioned
officers and privates are veterans whose en
listments continued to the close of the late
war. The snobbish critic who asserts that
these men have ' never smsit powder" will
perhaps change his mind and learn better
when he has lived among them longer.
Lie crux axt Colonel Ross Deegan
can handle a battalion with the same grace
and proficiency that he can maneuver a
company, and in the absence of his supe
rior he can invariably be relied on to put
the regimental command through its vari
ous evolutions to the best possible purpose
and effect. He isn't as ornamental as some
officers we have seen and may not appear
as pretty as many on holiday parade,
but when it comes to a show down of prac
tical military business he will not be apt
to disappoint any one. Deegan was a
splendid choice.
The Herald extends to the visiting
statesmen a cordial invitation to step
around and inspect the largest and best
equipped publishing house in all the Ter
ritories, and the oldest, largest, healthiest
Republican newspaper establishment in
Montana.
RAILROAD BUILDING.
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Montana has some celebrated battle
fields, but a more deserving claim to
glory lies in the fact that within her
borders the greatest feat of railroad
building ever recorded in the history of
this age of wonders ha» been performed.
The record of the Manitoba road for
July loth, 1S87, stands ahead of the
highest record of the Canadian Pacific,
July 7th, 188-3, by a full mile. The
highest record of the Union Pacific,
with the resources of the United States
treasury behind and before it. was only
five and a quarter miles in a single day.
This highest record is now only the or
dinäre* average of the unsubsidized
Manitoba, and there are boasts that
-eem irrational that this record will be
increased to ten mile- in a single day.
It would be unsafe to say that it cannot
be done. A mile a day used to be thought
an extreme record : now five days' work
are compressed into one. If ever that
ten miles a day is achieved, Montana
can claim the proudest field day in the
We will wear the
belt as it is, and it is a belt that will
stand wear. The Manitoba is skim
ming the cream of fame and fortune
from the Milk river valley.
If we turn back to the beginning of
our railroad record, we shall find that in
1830 there were only twenty-three miles
in operation in the whole United ??tates,
an extent now reached in three days'
work in Montana. As late as 1834 the
whole mileage was only 633 in the whole
country. The Manitoba will build as
much in Montana this season as all the
companies in the United States built in
the first five years after the introduction
of railroads in this country.
This is but a type and glimpse of the
rapid, sweeping march of civilization,
settlement and development over what ;
little is left of the vacant public domain, j
The advance and achievement of early ;
vears is now concentrated into davs. It I
almost takes away one's breath to stop
long enough to see what i- transpiring
before our eyes. Imagine, if you can,
the thoughts that pass through an In
dian's mind as he -tands by the track
and ;>ees miles of loaded trains sw eeping
ly where three months ago he was chas
ing wild antelope in silence and solitude!
been luxurious
The weather record for the past few days
shows phenominal heat throughout the
middle and northern States, with a heavy
death rate from sunstroke. As remarked
by the weather bureau, the heat is attend
ed with great dryness, or the effects in the
way of prostration would be more general
and fatal. That is the quality that makes
the heat of summer and the cold of winter
so much more tolerable with us in Mon
tana. There is another subject of congrat
ulation in this connectiou, and that is that
cholera and yellow fever are not ragiDg at
such a time. We had great fears that the
cholera would spread north as the season
advanced from South America, where it
has been generally prevailing, and doing
such fatal work for many months. If such
extreme heat were to continue through
August, the result would probably be that
some epidemic disease would set
in and feed the furnace with
the breath of life. But the
very extremity of this heated spell will
bring its own remedy. Cool winds from
the north and west, as well as moist winds
from the east and south, will rush in and
meet in this heated area and produce thun
der showers, if not cyclones and cloud
bursts. Extremes follow one another and
heated air rises rapidly, the more so when
it is dry. In contrast with the heated term
in the States, is the mild mannered and
weil tempered heat that we are having in
Montana after a snowy winter and rainy
spring. Our nights for a week past have
and invigorating. It is
often remarked that persons can easily en
dure the heat of the day, if only they can
rest and get refreshing sleep. That is our
case, and the wealth of our summer tem
perature is equal to that of our mines.
JL'ST at present the sight of the new
court house amidst a sea of ruins is very
peculiar. The old court house is down to
its lowest foundation stone, resolved into
its original chaotic element, bearing some
resemblance to the wreck left by a Titanic
cyclone. But even now there are signs of
returning order. The course of walks
and the walled outlines of esplanades are
beginning to appear as intimations of what
is to be. We try to look beyond this rub
bish and imagine a well grassed lawn like
that around the assay office, giving a suit
able setting to our gem of a court house.
We wonder if grass and shade trees will
soon find root aud nutriment in such a
subsoil of granite and sandstone chips.
Perhaps with a continual drenching of |
water above, verdure may lie allowed to
dwell above this mass of rock chips, but
we should have preferred the extra ex
pense of removing at least the coarser !
part of this rock rubbish and supplying ,
its place with better sub-soil. It will be
useless to plant trees over such a quarry.
The time will come that shade trees will be
demanded. Perhaps a grassy lawn may
satisfy for years to come. It certainly will
want a heavy iron fence to enclose the lawn.
Our citizens should see to it that there is
a beautiful, monumental fountain provided
for the center of the grounds, in front of the
court house. It would be a rare oppor
tunity for some of our resident millionaires
to hand down their names to a greatful
posterity if such a fountain of rude sym
bolic and tasty design were presented to
the county fathers for the place and pur- !
pose. Life sized statues of Lewis and \
Clarke, with an ideal statue of Helena
would make a notable group.
In a colonel's regimentals there :s prob
ably no figure in all Montana that would
present a finer martial appearance or horse
back than W. A. Clark's.
If you please, Senators, The Herald
would suggest that Montana is about the
size of a State.
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The report of the auditor of the Post
Office Department shows that the excess of
expenditures over receipts for the third
quarter of the fiscal year were only about
a quarter of a million, and for the three
quarters only two and a half mil
lion. or about half of the deficiency
of the preceding year. Considering the
great reduction of postal rates and the
great extension of the free delivery
system, this is a satisfactory showing.
Without any changes in the law, it looks
now as if by another year the department
would be fully self-sustaining. But this is
not the most important and satisfactory in
ference. The greatest matter of congratu
lation is in the evidence afforded that our
people write and read more than they used
to do. The cheaper postal facilities en- j
courage this, and the work of our free pub- 1
lie school system is producing its natural
effect. Our national post office may prop
erly be regarded, in conjunction with our
patent office, which is also more than self
sustaining, as the chief educational de
partments of our government. Con
sidering the vast area of our country,
as compared with the densely peopled
countries of Europe, the cost of our mail
service is of course much greater, and can
only be brought near the point of self- ;
support by a corresponding increase of
patronage. The increase of population j
everywhere, the settlement of our frontier !
and vacant domain, and the extension of i
railroads will enable us speedily to reach j
the point when we can reduce the postage
on a single letter of an ounce weight to
one cent. This is the goal to which we
shall speed and which we shall expecct to
reach within the next ten years. In fact,
we believe it would be a wise step to take
much sooner. A deficiency would result
for a few years no doubt, but such a de
ficiency would in fact be only an appro
priation for the benefit of all the people,
and in no way that we can think of could
; ^e same amount of money be so gener
j aQ d beneficially bestowed. Denny
; ^ etter postage should be the popular de
mand from thia time on untl1 the b«» is
granted. Increasing correspondence, like
increasing travel, is breaking down local j
and sectional barriers, and is doing a great !
work towards making us one people as
well as the most intelligent nation in the
world.
It is with extreme regret that we learn
of the decision of our Supreme Court set
ting aside the conviction of Hart, the mur
derer of Pitts. We raise no question with
judges who have joined in the decision.
They have beyond doubt done only that
which they believed an honest discharge of
official duty required. We look simply at
the case in its general, popular aspects and
effects. The finer points that cut such a
prominent figure before the courts are not j
such as impress the popular mind. People |
reason in this way : Here is a dearly con- j
victed murderer, guilty beyond all question
of a wanton, malicious, dastardly crime. I
If any one ever deserved hanging he does.
If either the law is unable or unwilling to
do this duty, what is the use of having I
laws and courts and juries and all this ex
pense simply to let people go unwhipped i
of justice? We do not pretend to say that
this is the right or wisest way to regard |
such miscarriages of justice. Where we
have honest and competent judges, as
we have reason to think we have |
at present, we believe it is every man's I
duty tc abide steadfastly by the court's 1
decision to uphold the law. But the mass
of people overlook the steps by which le
gal results are reached, and only look at
the naked fact that guilty men by some
hook or legal crook escape j ustice. An d
in this country they are always inclined to
take into their own hands the infliction of
punishment that the cour's have failed to
inflict. They do not think of all the eonse
quences of such lawlessness, which un
doubtedly are generally demoralizing
where there is anything like settled so-,
ciety and a due administration of law. ;
Now we hope there will be no outbreak of
vengeance in this case. The miserable
murderer suffers more every hour that he
lives than he possibly could in the few
minutes that it would take to bang him.
Three judges would not certainly have
concurred in this reversal of judgment, but
for some good, substantial grounds. It will
be a mistake to take the case out of the
handsotthe law, as justice will suffer
rather than be served.
Hon. W. A. Clabk missed the colonelcy
by the narrow margin of two, the vote
standing nine to eleven. Helena kept the
faith and backed the Herald by a solid
ballot thrown for the Butte banker. The
main reason for preferring Clark was that
he wanted the office and had sheckles to
spend tor the title of a soldier. In the
absence of available funds for the next two
or three years to put the militia establish
ment squarely on its feet, it was believed
Mr. Clark would donate enough from the
ample means at his d'sposal to supply all
deficiencies for unilorming and arming the
several companies. This would probably
have happened had he been chosen and the
eagle placed upon his instead of Captain
Reynold's shoulders.
Mr. Hendry might have obviated the
objections raised to his entering the militia
lists by taking out his papers and allying
himself in a military way with "the land
of the free and the home of the brave.'
We trust that the proud title of American
citizen and soldier will, by his own
ambition and choice, be conferred at no
distant day upon this good looking and
deserving young man.
Captain Reynolds is reported one of
the most capable company commanders in
the Territory. He seems to have been the
preference of the militia officers for higher
rank, and we have no reason to think he
will otherwise than admirably become the
colonelcy to which he has been elected. He
lacks the sheckies of Mr. Clark, but he has
received the baptism of veteran service
and is every inch a soldier.
Cannot a suitable vacancy be created on
the Governor's staff ? A star on General
Clark's shoulder would show off' to advan
tage on occasions of dress«parade.
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SQUIRREL SWINDLE.
Intimation of Fraud in Connection !
With the Treason* Raid.
Editor Herald :—Having waited some
time to see if thia vexed squirrel question
would receive the attention it ought to from
oar carpet-bag Governor; and after being
satisfied that it is not, it would relieve the
minds of a very large number of taxpayers
if it was ventilated and the swindle stop
ped. Knowing that the Herald is ever
on the right side, I take the liberty of
broaching the matter. TAXPAYER.
Helena. July 19.
Our correspondent understands, we pre
sume, that Governor T.eslie has issued his
proclamation convening the Legislative
Assembly in extraordinary session next
month. One of the strongest reasons for
the call is the magnitude of the drain on
the Territorial treasury caused by the
operation of the amended bounty law. The
situation is truly alarmiug. the last dollar
of the public funds having been exhausted
weeks ago. aud a debt of la.ge proportions
is promised at no distant day unless meas
ures are speedily instituted to intercept
and check it There is evidence in the
certificates filed in the Auditor's office, on
which warrants have been issued, which
convinces many that frauds to no incon
siderable amount have been perpetrated.
This conviction, as The Herald is in
formed. has led to some investigations in
several cases where the suspicions were
most p' onounced, and we are probably not
mistaken in saying that certain certifying
officers are among the number of implicated
persons against whom nefarious schemes of
crookedness are alleged. It is believed that
arrests and prosecutions, based upon evi
dence already collected, will follow, not
withstanding political and other inffuences
are said to have been put to work to delay
and if possible prevent dealing with the
offenders in court If the Governor has in
his possession the evidence he is suspected
to have obtained, we leel confident he will
not hesitate to perform his duty in the
premises and step between the people and
their plunderers. The HERALDawaits with
such patience as can reasonably be expect
ed developments in the Executive quarter.
The burning of the St Anthony eleva
tor at Minneapolis, with over a million
bushels of wheat, is almost a national
calamity. It seems to us unwise to expose
the loss of so much grain on a single risk.
No matter if the owners of this grain are
insured, the wheat is gone and it makes a
feailul hole in the visible supply. Proba
bly the owners of wheat will advance
prices on account of this loss, and they
will be gainers. But the loss to the coun
try aud bread eaters will be more than the
cash value or that wheat the day before it
was burned.
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The death of Alfred Krupp, of Essen, is
a great loss to Germany. He is not the
founder of the great steel works,
who was Frederick, his father, but he has
developed what was a small but good be
ginning into the greatest plant of the kind
in the world. The works are so well or
ganized that the death even of the
head of the establishment will not produce
any effect. If need be the imperial author
ities would take the works into their own
hands. Krupp guns are one of the main
stays of the German empire.
Only by hearsay or by what they read
in The Herald do most of Helena's
twelve thousand people know of the pres
ence within their gates of three United
States Senators. The number is scattering
and far apart that can swear to have
actually seen a single one cf the distin
guished visitors.
The death of R. M. T. Hunter, once a
prominent Virginia politician, will hardly
cause a ripple in the world of politics, but
there was a time when he was an auto
crat in the politics of Virginia. He was
never distinguished by any brilliancy or
ability as a statesman. He was simply a
relic of a past age aDd a lost cause.
Senator Vest has been among us be
fore, and the sight of him. we are glad to
be able to say, was not exclusively re
stricted to the Missouri colony. Can't the
political majority of Montana's Capital
City have the opportunity of at least clap
ping their eyes on| Senators Cameron
and Farwell ? Unlock the door and let
them out. _
Our Senatorial guests are seeing more of
the city than its people. They like the
oue and we know they would like the
other if the chance was allowed them of
forming a judgment on personal acquaint
ance.
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Honorables Cameron and Farwell are
men of wealth as well as weight. They
have interested themselves in Helena real
estate to the extent of threescore thousand
dollars, and they may double the amount
of investments before they go away. Sensi
ble men.
Utah is not to be distanced by Colorado
and Wyoming in the matter of coal oil de
posits and much excitement exists over
discoveries made ou Green River. It is
time that Montana was making a strike in
this line.
The strain on The Herald's tow line
was a trifle too much. Without the other
feller it could easily have pulled Clark
through. The Herald owns up for once
to having tackled too big a job.
Gov. Hauser is a grand host, but the
people don't like to have him put the Sen
atorial .isitors ander lock and key.
The anticipated break in the hot weather
at the East has come in a way generally
anticipated, accompanied by heavy rains,
winds and fearful electric displays.
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Precarion? Tenure of the Ministry.
London, July 20.—Chamberlain was the
principal agent in conducting the negotia
tions between the government and Union
ists.
The Post this morning reiterates its cry
for unity among Unionists. It says : The
source of weakness will be apparant so
long as Lord Salisbury is compelled to de
clare himself in the minority. A new ap
peal should be made to the Unionists to
take their places in the ministry ranks.
The News says: Lord Salisbury has
capitulated in terms that do honor to his
cynical frankness. The government has
betrayed the Irish landlords for the sake of
union and office. The power of the Irish
commissioners to reduce judicial rents will
be valid for two years, at the end of which
time it is expected the purchase bill will
be in operation.
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DISASTROUS FIRE.
The Largest Grain Elevator in the
Northwest Destroyed.
Minneapolis, Jaly 19.— The St. An
thony elevator, a triple structure, the
largest in the Northwest, located two miles
east of this city, on the Manitoba Railroad,
was totally destroyed by fire to-night, to
gether with its contents, about one million
one hundred thousand bushels of wheat.
The loss on the buildiDg will be $250,000
and on the grain $325,000 ; insurance un
known. The wheat destroyed was one
tenth of the visible supply of the North
west. outside of Duluth. The origin ol
the fire is not known. Two watchmen
were on duty in the engine room, but
cannot tell the cause. About 591,000
bushels of the wheat burned was owned by
Washburn, Crosby & Co., and was fully in
sured. It is also believed that the remain
der is covered by insurance.
Sparks' Decision.
Washington, July 19.— In reply to a
: letter from a cattle owner on the tract
known as "No Man's Land, asking whether
a portion of the herders occupying that
^ land can form an organization and adopt
laws to govern free range men, Land Com
missioner Sparks states that no person,
r organization or association has an/ right
or color of authority to make herd regula
tions, or any other regulations, in respect
to the occupation of lands in a public land
strip. These are public lands ol the United
States, continued the commissioner, and
have never been made subject to lawful
occupation or entry under any of the pub
lic land laws, and the military forces are
instructed to remove occupants therefrom
I who are not actual settlers, or who are
•• using or controlling more than 160 acres.
Placed on the Retired List.
, Washington, July 19.— The Army Re
: tiring Board, of which Quartermaster Gen
eral Holabird is president, has recommend»
ed the retirement of Capt. J. F. Simpson,
! of the Third Cavalry, who is now under
treatment at the government hospital for
the insane. Captain Simpson is the officer
who created the scandal in Arizona a few
years ago by his conduct with the "notori
ous woman." He was court martialled and
: sentenced to dismissal. President Arthur,
however, disapproved of the findings of the
court and ordered the officer's restoration
1 to duty. He was ostracised by his brother
j officers, and was subsequently seDt to the
j insane asylum for treatment. He will
! probably be released as soon as a vacancy
; occurs in the retired list.
Reward of Merit.
Washington, July 19. —The Secretary
of State has received, through tue German
minister at Washington from the Emperor
of Germany, a check for $1,000 and two
handsome gold watches embellished with
! the likeness and monogram of the em
1 peror, with the request that the money be
divided equally among the families of five
members of the life saving crew at Dam
Neck Mills station, Virginia, who lost their
lives in attempting to rescue the crew of
the German ship Elizabeth on the 8th of
January last, and that the watches be pre
sented to Frank Tedeford and James
Etheridge, the only survivors of the life
saving crew. The money and watches
have been turned over to General Superin
tendent Kimball for distribution.
Postal Revenues.
Washington, July 19.—The report of
the Sixth Auditor of the Postofiice Depart
ment for the third quarter of the last fiscal
year shows that the receipts were $130,
120,480; expenditures, $130,372,508, a de
ficiency of $260,021. The deficiency for
the first three quarters of the year was
$2,539,538, against $1,890,494 for the same
period of the year ending June 30, 1886,
and $5,241,917 for the last three quarters
of the year ending June 30, 1895.
The Telegraph Cable Scheme.
San Francisco, July 19.—At a meeting
of the members of the Chamber of Com
merce to-day the following resolution? were
unanimously adopted :
Whereas, The political and commer
cial relations of the United States with the
Hawaiian islands, the South Pacific islands
and Australia are rapidly increasing; and,
Whereas, The laying of a telegraphic
cable on this ocean route is accompanied
with grave financial aDd scientific ques
tions, which will prevent the use of ex
clusively private capital therein ; there
fore be it
Resolved , That the Chamber of Com
i merce of San Francisco forward to the en
suing Congress a memorial earnestly peti
tioning our government to offer such in
j ducemeDts that capital may be attracted to
this great enterprise to the commercial and
political advantage of the whole country.
Whisky Syndicate.
Chicago, July 19.—A large number of
distillers met here to-day to discuss the
organization of a whisky trust on the plan
of the Standard Oil Company, the plan
being to unite in mouopoly all distilleries
west of the Ohio river. As understood the
scheme will be in full operation in a
month, and that the name adopted is the
Western Distillers & Cattle Feeders.' Trust.
Stock will be apportioned among members
according to the value of their plant, in
stead of capacity. The amount of stock to
be issued, it is said, will be about four
times the value of the combined, plants,
which is estimated to be $10,000.000, and
it is to be listed, if possible, in New York
and Chicago stock exchanges. The trus
tees will have absolute control of produc
tion.
Ready to Hear Argument».
Washington, July 19.—Three express
companies have tiled their schedule with
the Inter State Commission. To the others
letters have been scut stating that, in the
opinion of the commissioners, it is obvious
that neglect to ffle is intentional. The
commission had not yet entertained con
sideration as to whether or not express
companies are common carriers or not, sub
ject to the Iuter-State act, but notifies them
it is now ready to hear arguments, if de
| sired, and requests compliance with the
I law. •
Died.
Richmond, Va., July 19 — M. T. Hun
j ter, Speaker of the National House of Rep
sentatives in 1839, subsequently United
States Senator and for a time Confederate
Secretary of State and Confederate Sena
tor, died yesterday.
! Trenton, N. J., July 19.—Dorithy L.
Dix, who had a national reputation as a
philanthropist, died in the State Lunatic
Asylum to-day. She was over 80 years old.
Beat the Record.
Trenton, N. J., July 19.—Dr. Carver to
day broke his previous record of breaking
1,000 glass balls in 451 minutes. He ac
complished the feat in 41' minutes, and
only missed 24 out of 1,036. He used a
repeating rifle, two men loading besides
himself.
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SEVE RE ST ORM.
Great Destruction of Propert> and
Loss ot Life.
Wheeling, W. Va., July 19.— The tx
cessive heat culminated last night in a ter
rific storm. The rain and wind were
heavy, demolishing shade trees and fences
and for an hour there was not a second of
intermission between flashes of lightning
At Grafton it was the most severe eve:
experienced. Mrs. W. T. Carr was sitting
in her room with her three children when
the house was struck by lightning, which
set fire to the bed in the room. Neighbors
running to extinguish the flames, fourni
Mrs. Carr had been instantly killed, and
her three children severely burned by an
electric bolt. The residence of George
Dien was also struck and a large hole
knocked in it. The inmates were slightly
stunned. A great number of barns in the
country were struck and partially de
molished. The loss aggregates considerable
The Temperature.
Washington, July 19.—It rained here
heavily last night, and this morning the
thermometer registered 75 3 , a drop of 11
from the previous morning. At the signal
office it was stated that the temperature
has failen all over the country during the
past twenty-four ho r s except in the New
England States and a small portion of the
Atlantic coast along South Carolina and
Georgia.
CINCINNATI, July 19.—There weie re
ported at the police headquartes up to
midnight for the entire day forty-fl to cases
of sunstroke, six of which were fatal. Al
though the hot spell was broken last night
and the thermometer only reached 98 to
day, there were thirteen deaths reported
to-day. Most of these were persons Wi.o
were prostrated yesterday.
Augusta, Ga., July 19.—The excesshe
heat terminated to-day by a heavy wind
storm. During the past six days there
were several fatalities from heat, the mer
cury ranging from 100° to 104 '.
Fearful Mortality Among Children.
Pittsburg, July 19.—The mortality
among children in Pittsburg and A1
legheny during the past six weeks is some-
thing appalling. On July 5th 69 children
under 5 years of age died, and since the 1st
inst. there has been 68 death?, making the
total 1,137 in six weeks. Of this number
nearly 75 per cent, were babies under 2
years of age.
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Gil Works Burned.
Jersey City, N. J.. July 19.—A fire m
the Standard Oil works, at Constable Hook
broke out at 12:30 o'clock this morning.
The flames are spreading and half of the
town and all of the factories are threaten
ed. The loss will reach $1,000,000.
At 3 a. m. the tire was still raging The
barrel factory, supply house and ware
houses are entirely consumed. The small
buildiDgs and tanks in the yards are afire.
The w hole tire department is at work
There were six heavy explosions but no
lives were lost. Hundreds of workmen
will be thrown outol employment. Booth s
lumber yard aDd the Standard match fac
tory are in danger. The cause of the fire
is unknown.
New York, July 19.—The Sun says the
fire at Constable Hook has spread to the T.
aDd S. 'White Sulphur Co.'s factory, and
that when it went to press, it looked as if
lhe whole place would go.
At 4 a. m. no additional particulars of
the Constable Hook fire were received. The
flames are visible ' am the Associated
Press office and are spreading rapidly.
New York, July 20.—By 6 o'clock this
morning the great fire at the Standard Oil
Works at Constable Hook, N. J., was under
control. Two large warehouses, three tanks,
four big docks, and over ten thousand bar
rels of oil were burned. The Standard oil
folks estimate the loss at $1.000,000. There
was no insurance.
Turf Topics.
CHICAGO, July 19.—The suspension ot
Edward Corrigan by the executive com
rnittee of the Washington Park Club, de
barring him from all tracks controlled by
the American turf congress, called forth a
great deal of comment to-day. Secretary
Brewster claims there was no animosity
against Corrigan, but ou the other haud it
is asserted that Corrigan and one of the
judges—L. P. Tariton, of Kentucky,—are
not on speaking terms. The inference is
that Corrigan, seeing his horse being ad
dressed by Tariton. was not open to severe
criticism for bursting out with an order to
p->y no attention to the judge's remarks.
The refusal of the managers of the club to
act in flagrant cases, in which Hankins
horse Jacobin was pulled, undoubtedly it
is said for gambling purposes, is beim:
strongly contrasted with the measures
taken against Corrigan, whose honesty has
not at all been questioned.
Blaine's Sentiments.
Edinburg, July 19.—At the unveiling
of_the Dunfermline statue Blaine delivered
an address. He said: At first thought
the aspect presented by an American en
gaged in the ceremony of raising a monn
ment to a king seemed out of place, hot
the harm doue is Dot so serious, consider
ing that King Alexander lived before
America was discovered. America. Blaine
added, sympathized with .Scotland in all
the great things done in literature and art
for the protection and welfare of the
people.
Planted the Tree.
Elmira, N. Y - , July 19.—The President
and Mrs. Cleveland and Secretary and Mrs.
Fairchild arrived at 10 o'clock this evening.
They came from Cazenovia, a distance ot
one hundred and four miles, since 6:30 p
m. The car did net stop, but was taken to
the south part of the station, where the
chief executive and party went aboard a
Pullman car on the regular train for Wash
ington. The President and Mrs. Cleveland
planted at Lincklaen place, Ca/.enovia, this
afternoon, a white pine tree, in honor ol
s his visit to the home of his boyhood.
Import Duty Increased.
Washington, July 19.—Dispatch*»
have been received at the Department ot
State from the United States minister to
Belgium, announcing that the government
! of that country has increased the import
duty on cofiee. cattle and meat, and that
! after January 1st next .jeat will not be
permitted to enter Belgium except in the
form of whole animals and halves and tore
quarters of animals, and then only when
lungs are attached.
Mrs. Langtry.
San Francisco, July 19.—JusticeFie^
of the United States Supreme Court, thi»
morning decided that Mrs. Langtry
have to return to this city and appear
j court in person if she desired to period
! citizenship. Her former declaration
! made at her residence, and J ustice -»■ !
for a re '
would
in
thought there was no occasion
moval of the books from court and
there was a question as to the lega. U
procedure.

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