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liYERS AT THE FAIR.
lie Entire Northwest will be Iteprc rented on the Turf Next Month- IInr*e' Now on the Ground**. Tram a sporting point of view the com ing fair will be one of the most notable meetings ever held in the Northwest. It will open on Monday, August 22d next, and continue during the week. Butte's meeting will close the Saturday proceeding, and the horsemen will bring their stock immediatly over to Helena. Besides the large number of Montana horses that will participate in the Helena races, the various States and Territories of the entire Northwest will be represeted. Horses will lie present from California, Utah, Oregon, Idaho, Washington Terri tory and Colorado. It will probably be the largest and most celebrated aggrega tion of fast horses ever seen in Montana. There will be about 150 racers all told, and among them will tie the celebrities of the Northwest. The Fair Association are making exten sive preparations for the event. They have offered over $7,000 in premiums, and have arranged one of the finest racing pro grammes ever compiled. The races will not only be interesting contests between thoroucbred flyers, but will involve large amounts of money and some pretty fast records. The grounds are being put in excel lent shape and the accommodations are now undergoing improvement. A new band stand has been erected and the steps in front of the grand stand are being extended along the full length of Dew judge's stand will Fences are going up at needed points and by the time fair week arrives the grounds will lie in the liest of condition. What with the races, stock exhibits, agricultural and household displays, restaurant and refresh ment stands on the grounds, the daily at tendance of the Third Infantry band* and other accompanying attractions, the 18th annual fair will be one of the best and most successful exhibitions ever seen in Montana. HOUSES IN TRAINING. A visit to the fair grounds Saturday dis closed the fact that horsemen are already training their stock for next month's races. The following horses are now stabled at the track, most of which will enter the lists during fair week : TROTTERS. Geo. Brock's stables—Malbrino, 3 yr. old b. g., by Mambrino Diamond, dam by Claik Chief; will trot in 3 yr. old stakes. P. B. C. b. p., 2 yr. old, by Maxim, dam Angie, by Mambrino Wagenor; entered for Helena stakes. Black Jack. bl. s. 2 yrs., by Albecor, dam Adelaide, by OraCounty; owned by T.H. Kleinschm;dt and entered for Helena stakes. Ellen b. f. 2 yrs. old, by Oregon Battler, dam unknown ; owned by J. H. Bussell and entered for Helena stakes. Maidie B. b. f. 3 yrs., by Conway, dam Abdallah Maid, by Gum Elastic; not en tered yet. HUNTLEY A CLARK'S STABLES in charge of Geo. Burris. Ben Lomond, Jr. ch. s. aged, by Ben Lomond, dam by Mor gan Sumpter. Bishop, b. s., aged, by ITinceps, dam Sentry, by Sentinel. Gregory, b. h., 5 yrs., by Bishop, dam Ethel, by Contractor. Archbishop, b. c., 2 yrs., by Bishop, dam Zorayda C., by Cavalier. Harvey, b. c., 2 yrs., by Kentucky Volun tee, dam Lucy, by Kentucky Chief. Gloster, b. h. 3 yrs., by Bishop, dam In dependence by Smuggler. Bencole, b. g. 3 yrs., by Ben Lornand, dam Cardinal Maid by Cardinal. In these stables are also H. W. Child s Pilot and E. W. Bach's Iry. H. Kirkendall'sstables, in charge of Ed. Lafierty—Bolla, b. g. 6 yrs., by Clark Chief. Dolly br. m. 5 yrs. by Black Diamond, dam by Clark Chief. S. S. br. g. 4 yrs. by Kentucky Volun teer, dam Indian Maid. Besides these James Blake has Lady Don and Montana Maid, and George Piatt, Dinah, a 2 yr. old br. f. by Kentucky Volunteer. The following trotters are also stabled at the track and under training by George Breakenridge: Minute Man, br. s. 2 yrs. by Kentucky Volunteer, dam Station Girl; owned by William McComas; Hero, r. g. 4 yrs. by Bishop; owned by William McComas. Lansing S. Wells, br. g. 2 yrs., by Mam brino Diamond, dam by Broadhead ; owned by C. W. Brown. Volunteer Belle, br. m. 3 yrs., by Ken tucky Volunteer, dam Belle M.; owned by Val. Laubenheimer. Privateer, br. s. 2 yrs., by Volunteer ; owned by E. W. Bach. Albany, b. h., 6 yrs., by Commodore Belmont ; owned by W. H. Hunt. BUNKERS. H. B. Baker's stables—Vice Begent, ch. g., 5 yrs., by Begent ; dam Christine. Blue Bell, b. f. 3 yrs., by imp. True Blue, dam by Cariboo ; entered for Derby. Bed Buck, b. c. 2 yr., by Bed Boy, dam Norma. Green Preuitt, b. g. 3 yrs, by Pee Dae, dam Norma. J. B. Crawford has Post Trader, b. g. 5 yrs., by Balaklava, dam Sadie by Enquirer. George White has the following in train ing; Albert Dupee's Cariboo Chief, br. s., 7 yrs, by Cariboo; matched by another horse from northern Montana for a three quarter mile race for $1,000 a side. Ben Burnley's Monte Christo, b. g. 7 yrs. old, by Monte Christo. Louis Blanc. (Centnry.) In society the smallness of his stature combined with the youthfulness of his visage and his habit of shaving his whole face, several times lead to very exhilarat ing scenes. Even many years after his ar rival in England, he was repeatedly mis taken for a youngster. When Louis Blanc's publisher died and he temporarily found himself rather in financial straits, lectures were arranged for him, at my suggestion, in our St. John's Wood Atheneum. "Mys terious Personages and Agencies Before the French Bevolution" was their title. Quite a crowd of literary and political celebri ties were expected. By an oversight Lonis Blanc, on this his first appearance as a lecturer in the English language, himself almost became a mysterious personage to the distingushed audience, the desk being so high that his head would scarcely have been visible. Fortunately, in the nick of time, a footstool was provided on which be stood all the time when speaking. The somewha t constrained attitude imposed upon him thereby perhaps accounts to some extent for the rather formal and academic manner of his delivery. In the French assembly, too, he had to make use of a stool. The outward robe of the Pope is red and made from the wool of the lambs of the Convent of St. Agnes, near the Porta Pia. The cloak and the cape are lined with purple and trimmed with gold lace; his sombrero or hat is red and has a gold cord and tassel, Beneath the cloak he wears an alb, made also of wool of the lambs of St. Agnes and which is girt about his waist with a sash of white moire antique gar nished with gold fringe. His hands are covered with kid mittens and his feet are burdened with a pair of slippers worn over his ordinary shoes which provoke a very awkward appearance .—New York Epoch. POPULAR TRIBUNALS Volume XXXI of Historian Ban croft's series of Pacific States histories bears this significant title, and recounts the history of the origin, rise, progress and rule of what are termed vigilance committees. It is a volume of the most thrillingly interesting history ever pub lished, and all the more so from the fact that it is literal, exact recent history of a period now passed, and that in all likelihood will never be seen again in any part of the world. The first vigilance committee of San Francisco was organized in 1851. The great rush of gold seekers began in 1849, and for two or three years there was an influx from all parts of the world, es pecially of criminal classes, who always have good cause for seeking new pas tures, but to them never before had such a tempting pasture opened before them. It was a paradise for criminals, where fame and fortune awaited them, where the restraints of iaw were weak, where gold was plenty ami gambling the chief excitemeht. The opportunities of successful crime and easy escape were never before brought together so intimately. Mr. Bancroft has vividly pictured the situation that preceded the organization of the Vigilance committee. The makers and executors of the law owed their po sition in many cases to the support of the criminals and in others wereselected from the criminal class. Instead of being the protector of innocence and the minister of justice, law had come to he to all appearance the protector of crime and the minister of extortion and injus tice. Men in the highest positions of authority acknowledged their debts to the criminal classes to whom they owed their elevation. So thoroughly corrupt and perverted had the law and its administration be come that no one thought of looking to it for remedy or protection. But among the intelligent, self-reliant men who went to California to make or mend their fortunes there were remedies and resources little dreamed of in old settled couutries. The principle of self protection is the highest principle of human action, and why should not men band themselves together for that pur pose as well as criminals. Mr. Bancroft, in his admirable intro Mr. Bancroft, in his admirable intro ductory chapter, has discriminatingly set forth the distinction between the vigilance committee organization and lynch or mob law These are his words: "This, then, is vigilance ; the exercise informally of their rightful power by a people wholly in sympathy with existing forms of law." The definition is a good one. The forms of law were all right but the administration was too feeble and corrupt to answer its professed purpose. Recognizing as we do in this country the popular origin of all constitutions and laws and the reserved right of revo - lution, it « was no great strain upon vested principles for people to resume into their own hands the making and executing of laws for the protection of life and property, ignoring the paralysed or prostituted tribunals that failed of their duty. But the people of Montana need no definition or explanation of the propriety of vigilance committees. The story that Mr. Bancroft lias col lected, sifted and recorded on the pages of this volume is one that every western man at least will read with interest and applaud. We have uo fears that it will encourage lawlessness. In deed we regard this work of Mr. Ban croft as a suitable volume for any law library, public or private, in the coun try. Nor do we have any fears that it will he used abroad as a disparagement of American institutions and civiliza tion. Whatever may be the result of superficial reading and reasoning, the conclusion of those who study this vol ume profoundly will he one of respect for the innate spirit of justice of a peo ple that when occasion required could set aside law. courts and ofiicials and exe cute justice without their aid. To give even an epitome of the scenes here described would be utterly vain. It is all alike in the intensity of its nature. If this separate volume is for sale as we presume is the case, hundreds will he sold and read in Montana. There is not a more exciting story in print. And it covers the w hole field not only in Cali fornia but other states aud territories on the Pacific coast. There is a full chap ter for Montana, and those who know the facts in these cases will he easily satisfied that the other chapters are as scrupulously true. Happily the day and occasion tor such scenes has passed probably never to return, hut it still makes good reading, and the reading of this history will make no man the worse. There are chapters entire that we shall hope to publish, hut the only proper thing is to send and get the hook. It is a book that will he read without any urging when its substance is once tasted, and we doubt if a single reading will satisfy any one. Some will learn its contents by heart, and the young will lose relish for dime novels after master ing these recitals stranger than fiction. Mr. Bancroft has had several dry and dreary subjects to treat in his general survey, hut here is sensation and interest enough to season *his whole series. We shall be mistaken if it does not prove the greatest success of any book ever published on the coast. The Miners' Union of Butte started a subscription last week for the families of the late Comstock victims. The fund promises to reach several thousand dollars. Marcus Daly headed the list with $100. WARRING the protection ists. There is little doubt that Cleveland is in the field for a renomination and that the campaign is to be run for him on a policy of reducing the duties to a revenue standard. Congressmen Camp bell and Foran were both defeated for a nomination for Governor in Ohio because they voted with Randall against the Morrison bill. Thurmau says this and rejoices over the fact. It is reported too that the President is using all his in fluence to get a Democratic convention in Pennsylvania to rebuke Randall. The Ohio convention that endorsed Cleveland repudiated civil service re form and it is generally understood now that the bargain has been made and the terms accepted. Cleveland will give up all pretense of civil service reform as a consideration for his nomination and the issue is to he made on the tariff're form schedule of Carlisle and Morrison. As an evidence that Cleveland has ac cepted the terms, it is said that a large share of the delegates in the recent Ohio convention were federal officeholders in defiance of the rules of the service and the presidential orders. If this goes un rebuked it will he the signal for general action and every officeholder in the country may indulge his propensity for political work with perfect impunity. But what will be the result of a cam paign on this issue of revenue as opposed to protective tariff? Will the protection democrats of the Randall wing consent to be snubbed and continue to support the Democratic organization and nomi nees? Our conviction is very clear and posi tive that a revenue tariff policy will be \ snowed under at the next presidential | election, no matter who is the nominee ; of such a party. We do not believe that Randall and those who have voted with him will support such a party with this as its chief aim. Sure we are that if they continue any nominal suppo only in ap pearance. On this issue we should have little fear that the Republicans could easily carry New York, Connecticut, New Jersey and Indiana, States that are generally considered doubtful, hut not on this issue. New York City is gener ally considered as the tree trade strong hold, hut whatever may have been true in times past, it is not true to-day, for Xew ^ ork has become the greate>t man ufacturing city in the country. The shrewd Democratic managers think they see an opening to make political capi tal in championing a great reduction of tariff duties. The extinction of more than half of the public debt ; much talk ing about a pretended surplus in the treas I ury ; a general feeling that either the revenues may lie well reduced or some new policy of expansion undertaken that would require them, all point in some measure to a success in such a movement' Massachusetts, which was once the most extreme protection State in the Union, now shows signs of changing to the other side. She has enjoyed protection till her manufactories are well established, and now her mill owners are suffering more from rising competition in the new States than abroad. Massachusetts, which raises little wool and manufactures a great deal, would like the duties removed from wool. When issue is joined again on this question of protection to American manufactures the great centers of support and opposition will be found changed in many respects, All the great States of New York, Penn sylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois will be strong for protection. New Jersey, Mary land, Virginia,. West Virginia, Delaware and North Carolina will declare strongly in I ! j I j the same way. There will be a close, hard i fight to prevent Georgia, Tennessee and Louisiana from taking the same side of the issue. As for the great organizations of labor element, we have have confidence to think they will be found almost entire in support of protection. We know that the great railroad interests and intluence will be interested in those developments that create the bulk and life of internal com merce' We shall welcome the issue if it comes as proposed. We are for protection to American manufactures and American labor. We are for using any surplus that can be spared to build an American navy that shall within a few years gain the com mand of all the sea.s. The Missouri statesmen, headed by the St. Louis mayor, waited in a body upon the l'residont yesterday and secured his promise to visit that State during the com ing autumn. The original plan contem- ) plated a trip that would briDg the Presi dent to St. Louis at the time of the Grand Army encampment, and in such manner as would give to him the prestige of receiv ing the sanction of this organization to an invitation which they had no part in ex tending. This scheme had to be aban doned, and the next best thing Mr. Cleve land's Missouri friends could do was to try and induce his attendance as the prize at traction at the St. Louis fair. Arrange ments before made precluded the carrying out of this programme, the President ad hering to his "ronnd up'' engagement through the South, which he intends first to undertake. He intends to take in Mis souri at some subsequent date hereafter to be agreed upon, and the trip may plausibly be extended through a number of the Western Stares. It was the building of the transcontinen tal railroads under charters that required | the use of American iron that gave the j great impetus to the manufacture of iron ! and steel rails in this country and has made ! us almost independent even with the ! enormous demand for the product. It will j be the same il we set ourselves resolutely i to the work of constructing a navy that will rule the seas. It would give us the skill and means to build the ships that would carry the world's commerce as well as our own. \ | ; DEFUNCT MORMON PRESIDENT John Taylor, thanks to the devotion of his dupes, was enabled to evade the officers of the law, but the messenger of death found him in his hiding place just as readily and probably the sooner. John Taylor may have been a man of great strength of character but neither his life or death showed it. He must have had considerable physical vigor to have been so much married and to have survived to such a ripe old age, but character implies something more. If Taylor really believed the false and foul doctrines of his church and had strength of character he would have stood up for his convictions and offered 1pm self as a martyr. He did not dare to tru»t his deliverance to the Lord, whose anointed prophet he pretended to be. It was a cowardly betrayal of his trust to sneak away like a felon. The objects of the law* were perhaps better served as it was. His esc ape and concealment were a confession of guilt, a confession of his imposture, and the confinement was just as close and less expensive than if shut up in a prison. Nobody was threatening him with personal suffering or indignity. He might have posed as a quasi-martyr if he had gone to jail, and his edicts, proclamations aud utterances would have had much more influence upon the honest portion of his deluded followers, if any such there be, when dated from prison, where he would ap pear to them as suffering for conscience sake. There are thousands who are not Mormons who would have had some sympathy and possibly some admiration for Taylor in prison as a w itness to his own sincerity in what he taught, hut we doubt if now he has the respect of any outside of his church or all within it, living and dying an outlaw. Some may applaud the devotion of the Mormons in not betraying his hiding place. We do not suppose any great effort was made to find him. The purpose of the law were better sub served by his abandonment of his post and professions than by open trial, con viction and incarceration. All those who helped to screen him or approved of his course show that they would do the same thing. As we look at it, John Taylor did more to break up the delu sion of his followers by his cowardly course than he could have done any other way. We know of nothing that could more show the bitterness of party spirit in England than the language used by Prof. Tyndall concerning Gladstone. Prof. Tyn dall has won distinction as a man ol science, and is deservedly respected for his attainments and achievements in his proper department. It is generally sup posed that science has a liberalizing if not a refining influence upon its votaries. Something has gone wroDg in Tyndall's care. In regard to Ireland he is the most care. In regard to Ireland he is the most ! illiberal man.in the kingdom, and has not j the decency or good sense to control the I expression of his personal hostility to Gladstone. The epithet "hoary rhetori j cian" that he roars out in his rage will not stick to the man who is conceded by all except his political foes at home to be the foremost statesman of England. So far as setting at naught the plainest dic tates of "political morality," no man living has been truer to those dic tates. Tyndall and those narrow minded and illiberal men with whose po litical fortunes he seems to have linked his own, are doing all they can to alienate Ireland and divide and destroy the British empire. Tyndall seems to think that the scattered loyalists in Ireland are the only ones worthy of consideration. Is Tyndall so foolish as to think that these scattered loyalists are in any danger of harm if home rule is granted to Ireland? On the con i trary, the only possible harm to which they ) circles. are exposed comes from keeping alive that race and religious warfare which Tyndall is doing all that he can to keep alive and fan into fury. In America Tyndall has had a great many admirers, but there are very few among them who do not admire Glad stone as well, as much or more, and they will feel deeply humiliated by this recent manifestation of petulance and colossal ig norance of political morality. Let us be thankful that there were twenty-eight Liberal peers in the English House of Lords who had the manhood to protest against the Irish crimes act. To be sure twenty-eight out of six hundred or more is a very small minority. But we must remember that there was a fearful pressure against these Liberal lords. They are no doubt regarded as traitors to their class and will be cut and shunued in social But if the English peerage sur vives for any considerable time, it will owe its existence more to the action of these few protestants than to all the pride, malice and selfishness of the residue. It does not look as if there could ever be much hope of passing aoy sort ot a home rule measure through such a body as the House of Lords. But a person will not have to live to be very old to see the majority of the peers humbly playing for the countenance and assistance of this noble minority to save them from the con sequences of their own folly. Even without McGarigle it seems likely that there will be plenty of evidence to convict the whole gang of Chicago bood lers. The game of extortion has been so general and bold that it was practiced with little or no attempt at concealment. Every one who furnished supplies to the city paid heavily to the ring and charged these payments into their bills, and they are all ready and willing to testify to just what was done. The average steal was about one-third of every bill and ander the re form administration there ought to be this much reduction of expenses. The proper time for a testimonial cele bration to the officers of the Manitoba road will be when the road is completed into Helena, which we have every reason to believe will not be far distant. of The escape of the convicted Chicago boodler, McGarigle, from the custody of the sheriff is the sensation of the day, and well it may be. We can hardly fancy the engrossing interest that it awakens in all circles in Chicago. Theories to account for the escape are varions, the prevailing one being that it was planned and carried out by his old associates for fear that he would squeal if not in some way delivered. It hardly seems possible that he can get away, or that the resolute men of Chicago will suffer themselves to be baffled or out witted in their purpose to clean out the gang of thieves that have been robbing them for years. McDonald is on his bonds for twenty other indictments, but would no doubt gladly pay the forfeited bonds in full rather than have the whole truth re vealed that McGarigle could tell. As the chief factor between the bloodle gang and those whom they fleeced, there are hun dreds in the city that were praying for Me Garigle's escape. Under such circum stances it looks almost like guilty com plicity in the sheriff to take him home or permit him to be out of sight and reach for an instant. The general impression is that he is afloat on Lake Michigan, hat the telegraph is everywhere, and it will be a surprise if he escapes. Even to become fugitives and vagabonds on the face of the earth is not a cheering prospect for these public robbers, but it is preferable to peni tentiary life. The London Time» makes an attempt to score a point against the United States on account of our legislation upon alien land holding in this country. It would have it appear that it was an attempt to force those aliens who hold lands and mines here to become citizens. Our citizen population is increasing as rapidly as any one here cares to have it and there is nothing that can indicate to the envious Times that there is any falling off in the throngs that volun tarily seek shelter and tender allegiance. On the contrary the feeling is growing and taking expression that immigration should by some means be prevented. Our annual rate of increase is about a million and a half, probably as much as England could show in ten years. We are quite willing to use continental capital iu connection with our own, in hastening the develope ment of our resources, but we want no nou-resident, alien landlords interested only in making money out of our growth. We want our lands for our own citizens and it is perfectly legitimate and proper that we should the desire and that we should express the desire and policy in the form of law. The Times is welcome to interpret it in any way to suit its vanity and envy. It will not disturb us or prevent us from protecting our own interests in our own way. There is consternation among the Democratic politicians of Indianapolis, growing out of the fact that Perkins, one of the men indicted for the election frauds, has turned state's evidence and given the whole thing away. He confesses to have altered the tally sheets and tel.s who were engaged with him and how it was done. There is plenty of corroborating testimony and it seems beyond question that the whole gang will be convicted and sent to the penitentiary. The party that resorts to frauds to carry any election ought to be beaten every time, we care not what party it is or where or how the frauds are perpe trated. If we cannot have free honest elections, then free governmout is impos sible. It lies at iiu foundation of all good government and frauds upon the ballot are the worst and greatest frauds than can be committed in this country and we must have a public opinion that will not wink at or condone them, that will not tolerate or apologize for, or forgive them. The minaral products of the country during the year 1886 showed a handsome interest of $37,000,000 over the previous year, but the increase was mostly in the useful a3 distinguished from the precious metals. In silver there was actually a falling away. It is better for us as a nation that the interest should be where it is in those metals that enter into the arts and industries bodily aud give employment to labor aud capital in production and in be ing fitted for use and then in their use. Oarretrrns of imports still show a large influx of iron and steel from Europe. We are far from being able yet to supply home demands, and the markets of the outside world are beyond our reach. Duluth has worked up a large conven tion at Sault Ste Maria, the object of which is to create a public opinion to compel Congress to appropriate a larger lock to ac commodate larger vessel passing between the lakes. The government has already built this lock larger once, but it is not yet on a scale with the ambition of Duluth. If that international railroad bridge is j built, probably the present lock will do well enough for a few years for all the ! commerce that will go by water. The railroad will run all the year around, while the lake is frozen up much of the time. The New York World says that Powell, the Ohio Democratic nominee for Gover nor, is an experienced machine politician, trained in the Standard oil school, and prominent in defeating Pendleton. It fur ther says he is not strong with the people and has no particular qualification for the office. Thi3 judgment of the World is likely to be endorsed by the people of Ohio. A dispatch to the Minneapolis Tribune dated July 19th says the Manitoba was then running 789 miles west of Minneapo lis and within 373 miles of Helena. By to-day the end of the track would be within 350 miles of Helena. At the rate of five miles per day this would only take seventy working days, aud would bring the cars into Helena early in October. The wheat harvest has already begun in Dakota. It is not uniformly good. 1 hat Throat Trouble. Berlin, July 27. —Reports on the con dition of Crown Prince Frederick William are to the effect that he is progressing rapidly. He has no difficulty in speaking but his physicians advise him to exercise care. JOHN AND MARTHA. A Tragedy of Early California Mining Life. "In all the southern mines," says Mr. Bancroft in his Popular Tribunals, I., "there was no lovelier town than Columbia, Cali fornia, in early mining times; but during the reign of the bowie-knife and pistol it was the scene of many formance." year '55. A gambler named John Barclay married a public woman called Martha. On the 10th of October (they had been married less than two months), the event was celebrated while Martha was absent at an agency of hers at Chinese Camp. It was there that Barclay first met her. On the date before mentioned a miner named Smith got on a rousing spree. While in Martha's saloon he accidentally broke a pitcher which was standing on the counter. A fistic skirmish followed, and high words arising from the accident, Martha was getting the worst of it, when Barclay en tered, drew a pistol, and shot Smith dead. The miners were fnrious and immedi ately called a meeting to decide what to do with Barclay. Jack Heckendorn, editor of the Columbia Clipper, was nominated judge and a jury of twelve appointed. The sheriff and his subordinates were easily overcome, the jail doors were beaten in with axes and crowbars, and the prisoner was brought forth. Barclay well knew the meaning of it all, and on reaching the jail door made a desperate effort to escape. But on him, all at once, fell fifty men amidst horrible imprecations and cries of "Hang him!" "Up with him!" "Put him through!" "Swing him up!" Beneath the ominous beams of the Tuolumne Water Company's flume, where it crosses the Gold Springs road, the turbu lent tribunal assembled and sat. Here a ring was formed, and the prisoner, with John Oxley, who had been appointed his counsel, placed within it. There were also the judge and jury, with lawyer Coffroth as prosecuting attorney, though he would gladly have seen Barclay free. John Ward moved that the jury be sworn, when the crowd shouted : "No humbug! Go ahead!" The formality of swearing the jurors being over, the wit nesses were then called. It proved a sim ple case : Smith was drunk, and Martha, angry that he should break her pitcher, him. The whole affair did not occupy live minutes. Meanwhile the crowd unlovely per _ ... . ,.,! One ot the noteworthy incidents to which the above paragraph alludes, occured in the aDplied abusive epithets, whereupon Smith seized and handled her roughly, and Barclay, entering at that moment, shot impatient. Martha Barclay was called by the defense to testify. Then the mob be gan afresh, "No, no!" "Away with her!" "Off, off!" "Put her away !" "Bring a hyena to testify !" And these great Ameri can justice-lovers would not let the hated object come near the ring. Heckendorn, fearing that the crowd would become frantic, then announced that the counsel on either side would address the jury. "Cut it short!" came from the rabble. "One minite apiece !" "Quick !" "Short !" Croffrotb, for the prosecution, opened were noisy and , . „ „ ^ Martha's !" They yelled, "Let us rip the house down!" "Down with it!" Hurrah '°°J 8 anfl away went a large number of ^e more bloodthirsty members of the mob. Arriving at Marthas they broke the win Croffrotb, prosecution, opened and was listened to with attention and ap plause, for, though the prisoner was his friend, the eyes of the camp were upon him. Oxley, for the defense, could scarcely be heard at all. He begged them to con sider what they were about to do. "Enough, enough !" was the reply. He spoke of the laws, when he was interrupt ed with, "Damn the laws!" "No, no ! up with him !" While a letter was being written for Barclay to his home the county sheriff' ar rived at the scene and made a fruitless at tempt to rescue the prisoner. He called upon the people to assist him in the dis charge of his duty. With almost super human efforts he beat down the rabble be tween himself and Barclay, and with a kuife attempted to cut the rope which held him, when he received a severe blow from a pistol ou his head and was caught and dragged back into the crowd. The re mainder of this disgraceful tragedy is thus described by an eye witness ; The hanging scene was one of the most terrible and brutal ever witnessed by man. The rope had been lowered from the flume above and haltered around Barclay's ueck without the humane precaution of pinion ing the wretch's bands and arms. A dozen men hauled away ou the rope, and as the writhing body weut up a yell broke lonh from the mass of men below. The impre cations were horrible and gestulations brutally expressive. The mob was now frantic, murderous, mad. As the howling demons abc. e hauled on the rope Barclay, in the intensity of his despair, grasped the cord over his head with both hands and clung to it for a few moments with the tenacity of desperation. Those who were hauling attempted to shake Barclay's grip by raising the rope aud let ting it lall suddenly, and one of his executors, a man named Terry leaned over the edge of the flume and shouted, "Let go, you damned fool! let go!" Finally one hand weakened and fell to his side ; then the other gave way, and a few convulsive quivers ran through his frame as his breath was strangled by the tightming cord. Then all was still, the body hanging motionless forty feet above the surging mass of men beneath. For an instant an awful calm fell upon the mob ; they seemed to realize the full extent of their horrible work, and men spoke in whispers as they gazed upward at the shape dangling between heaven and earth. Then the reaction came. The swaying body lost its interest and the hoarse yells dows only. They then proceeded to a place called Pike's, and behaving like a pack of mad fools, shouting and dancing, performed iu the same insane manner in front of what was known as the "China houses." One by one the surfeited mob disappeared, and shortly after midnight all was quiet in Columbia. Saratoga Racing Events. Saratoga, July 27.— At the meeting to day the first race, a purse of $400, one mile, was won by Swift; Harry Russell, second Gallatin, third; time, 1:47. Pools—Swift, $25; Harry Russell, $10; Leiex, Middlesex, Gallatin, Safe Ban, and Vosburg, $11. Second race—Alabama stakes; three year-old fillies, one mile and a furlong; Grisette won; Flageoletta, second; Flori more, third. Pools—Warv and Florimore, $100; Flageoletta, $36: Grisette, $32; Edesto, $10. Time, 2:30. Third race-—Handicap sweepstakes, all ages, $25 each, with $500 added, second to receive $100 out of stakes, one mile and a half fnrlong; Wahoo won; Harwood, second; Lewis Clark, third. Time, 1:541. Fourth race, two-year-olds, three quar ters of a mile, Ritter won ; Hermosa second, and Kingcrab third. Time, 1:191. Fifth race—Handicap steeple chase of about 2] miles. Abraham won, Wheatley second, Beachmore third. Time, 4:32. Bonnie Duke fell during the race and Bonrke Cochrane stumbled and threw his rider. OHIO REPUBLICANS. Sherman to be Endorsed by the Con. veution. Toledo, July 27.— The delegates to the Republican State convention, which begins at 4 o'clock this afternoon, are all here. After the organization is completed, the Sherman resolution will be introduced ami be referred to the committee on resolutions i and 1)6 re P° rted M P art of the platform. ; The convention will then adjourn until lo o'clock to morrow morning. Tremendous , pre8gare hag been bronght to bear upon the > delegates opposed to the resolution, and it is confidently claimed that there will be no open opposition on the floor of the con vention. Senator Sherman will be perma nent chairman of the convention, and will make a speech on taking the chair defining his position. A caucus of the opponents of the Sher man resolution was held a 2 o'clock this afternoon under the lead of Judge West, of Belle fontaine, who nominated Blaine at Chicago in 1884. It was resolved that this afternoon when the Sherman resolu tion is offered in the convention to offer a substitute in the natnre of a tribute to Sherman for his services in the past, and express entire confidence in him, but make no promises for the future. If it fails, the matter will lie fought at every step ou the floor of the convention. Maryland Democrats in Convention. Baltimore. Md., July 27.— The Demo cratic State convention, to nominate candi dates for Governor, Comptroller and At torney General, assembled in this city to day. Resolutions were adopted endorsing the administration of President Cleveland urging the members in Congress to work for the reduction of taxation ; opposing the introduc tion of foreign paupers and convicts ; in favor of an election law embodying features of the Tilden law and such other provisions as will insure the purity of elec tions. Thus far the names of James Hodges, L. Victor Baughman, Frank Brown, Stephenson Archer and Elihue Jackson have been presented to the con vention for the nomination of Governor, but no ballot has been taken. Later —Elihue Jacksou has been nomi nated by the Democrats for Governor. An Ottawa Sensation. New York, July 27.— Au Ottawa special says: The announcement that a , . A , Tr 1 messenger in the House of Commons named | B®H has entered an action against Charles Tupper, Minister of Finance, on behalf of his wife for detective services that she performed for »Sir Charles is caus ing a great sensation here. Bell said yes terday that Sir Charles having charged him with attempted blackmail, he is now pub lishing a pamphlet in which he intends to show up the character ot Sir Charles and a member of Parliament named Colyb, who were at^one time boarders at his house. Invited to Kansas City. Washington, July 27. A delegation from Kansas City called at the White House shortly after noon to-day to invite House shortly after noon to-day to invite the President to visit that city during his western tour iu October. The President accepted the invitation. The date, to be hereafter fixed, will be between the l>t and 15th of October. Savings Dank Suspended. St. Louis, July 27.—A special from Leavenworth, Kansas, says : The Citizens Savings Bank assigned this morumg and the cashier has absconded. Paid the Fine. Gloucester, Mass., July 27. A fine of $400 imposed upon the schooner Annie W. Hodgdon for an alleged violation of the Canadian customs law has been paid by the agent of the vessel. Who Are These Traffickers? (Detroit Tribune.] "These traffickers in sectional hate." Thus speaks Grover Cleveland of Com mander Fairchild of the G. A. R Gov, Foraker and others who protested .against the return of the flags. Let us see about that. Not long ago the city and suburbs of Charleston, S. C., were rocked by terrible earthquakes. Calamity worse than war fell upon that fair city. Great buildings swayed and tumbled. Shock followed shock and the terror stricken people saw nothing but death and ruin. Massive blocks, tall churches and beautiful homes were crumbled to the earth aud hundreds of lives were lost. Many of the living were worse off than the dead. Homeless aud penniless they pleaded for help. Who was the first to respond to this cry of distress? Not President Cleveland, who heard but couhl not leave his rod and reel; not Secretary Endicott, not any member o! the cabinet nor any other part of the ad ministration. Who is he who started promptly for the stricken city to ascertain and relieve the wants of the suffering? Commander Fairchild of the Grand Army of the Republic! Who spoke to the loyal North, and said to the boys in blue : "Here, comrades, are thousands of your fellow citizens in sore distress. Save or they perish." Commander Fairchild of the G. A. R ! Who appealed with quick aud generous results to every Grand Army post of the North to send means to comfort the sick, heal the wounded, provide shelter for the homeless aud feed the starving ? Commander Fairchild of the G. A. R. Who was the first man to offer tents to shelter the unsheltered of the stricken city ? That other "trafficker in sectional hate —Gov. Foraker 1 Who were among the very last—who ought to have been the very first—to re spond to the cry for help ? President Cleveland and »Secretary Endi cott. While the President was fishing and enjoying the comforts of life all uncon cerned, the hoys in blue and patriotic peo ple of the great north were pouring out their treasure for the relief of the sufferers in Charleston, sending, with their substan tial aid, assurances of heartfelt sympathy and love. Among the first to go to their relief were Gov. Foraker, Commander Fairchild and the gallant veterans of the G. A. R. And these are the men whom Cleveland stigma - tizes as "traffickers in sectional hate." To prove the assertion cowardly we have only to appeal to the records. The Charleston sufferers found no truer friends than these men whom President Cleveland has so cruelly slandered and abused. While he was fishing and paying no heed to the cry of distress, they were answering the prayers of distress with active service and liberal contributions. And history will call any man a liar who says it is not true. More Unjust Discrimination. Omaha Girl—Oh! oh! Chicago Girl—What's the matter? "That man winked at mu" "That handsome man over there? "Yes, the brute." .. "Brute; I should say he was a brute. *-» didn't even look at me.' —Omaha World