OCR Interpretation


Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, July 28, 1887, Image 4

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036143/1887-07-28/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 4

l^^lcchlÿ ferait!.
FISK BROS.
Publishers.
R. E. FISK.......Editor
THURSDAY, JULY 28, 1887.
The death of Gerard B. Allen removes
one of the most solid and enterprising of
St. Louis' citizens.
The same Ohio Democratic convention
declared in favor of local option and con
stitutional license.
The Baltimore A Ohio deal, after having
engrossed so much of the public attention,
is declared off and things are statu quo.
The recent deliverances of the Inter
state Commission are able papers and their
decisions deserve and will command re
spect. _
Standard Oil Payne was loudly
cheered by the Democratic convention that
demanded restrictions upon corporate
power. _
If some of these jealous men who kill
all their family and themselves last would
only begin by shooting themselves first it
would be a belter arrangement.
It is stated that a reception will be
given in honor of the Senatorial tourists
on their return from Alaska, when they
expect to stop in Helena for some days.
The Milwaukee Knights of Labor can t
fellowship with Powderly on the temper
ance question. They think more of their
beverage than of the interests of labor.
The J0O,UOg Grand Army people evi
dently think they are the entire nation.—
Ind> pendent.
The alien editor of the Independent doesn't
count one of anv residue.
It would appear that even Attorney
General Garland has ev pressed the opinion
that the alien act of the last Congress will
not prevent foreigners from owning stock
in American mines or working them under
leases that for alt practical purposes are
equivalent to purchase.
j
j
It is said that their hostess, Mrs. Hauser
desired to bring the recent Senatorial
guests in contact with neighliors and
friends under her hospitable roof, but un
fortunately she was too unwell during
their brief stay to give direction to the re
ception she had planned.
The government was compelled to show
its hand on the land bill, and the fact that
it has been so modified that it is acceptible
to I'arnell, shows that the Conservatives
have conceded everything to the Unionists,
and have taken note of the public pulse iu
the recent English elections.
An accident to the President's train the
other day occurred near Utica by which
the engineer lost his life. The driving rod
of the locomotive broke while at full
speed, smashing the cab in its revolutions
and killing the engineer at the second
stroke. The President and party were
transferred to another train.
A settlement of the Afghan boundary
question between Russia and England is
reported. There was not enough in the
affair to tight about. The scientific boun
dary has been exchanged for a natural one.
Russia is content with her position and
will improve the time to consolidate its
power, build railroads and strengthen its
hold on the vast region so recently ac
quired. _
Un the subject of dividing the State of
California it is said that in 1">60 the people
voted by the necessary two-thirds in favor
of division, and the result was duly certi
fied to the Governor and President. The
act has never been repealed, and it is as
serted that the consent of congress is all
that is needed. We think the question
should be resubmitted if anything is to be
done. There is a new generation on the
stage now._
James P. Ball, Jr., Esq., was this
morning admitted as an attorney to prac
tice in all the courts of the Territory, hav
ing submitted certificates of a competent
knowledge of the law and of good moral
character. During the few months of his
residence in Montana he has pursued the
occupation of photographer as a tempor
ary means of support while industriously
familiarizing himself with the principles
and practice of the common and statute
law. He intends to devote himself to the
practice of law in this city, and we be
speak for him a share of patronage, which
we believe he merits and will receive.
Ir i 9 believed that the Supreme Court
of the United States is already committed
to a decision that wonld destroy the main
feature of the interstate commerce bill. In
the case of the Union Pacific against the
United States for transportation of soldiers
between Council Bluffs and Ogden, the
claim was made that the company was
bound to carry at through rates. But the
court held that the service of transporting
from point to point on a line was not
identical with that of transporting through
passengers over the same rails. The case
is to be found in volume 117, U. S. Reports,
on page 355._
The banquet to Parnell and associates in
London by the English Liberals was a
credit to all concerned. Though out of
power, the English Liberals are doing more
for the glory and strength of England than
the Conservatives and Unionists combined.
It is the promise of constitutional relief
that the Liberals hold out to the Irish peo
ple that prevents violent disturbances and
crime in Ireland. This promise Î9 em
phasized by the results of recent elections,
showing that the English people are as
rapidly as could l>e expected taking the po
sition that justice shall be done to Ireland,
and that the tyranny and extortion of land
lord rule 6hall be tempered with justice
and restrained by law.
CENTENNIAL OF THE CONSTI
TUTION.
We are passing through a continuous
succession of centennials. The year 1787
was an eventful one throughout. The
country had not recovered from the ex
haustion of the long war. The finances
were in a wretched condition in all of
the colonies. There was a war debt of
$38,000,000, and no power in the general
government under the confederation ex
cept for Congress to recommend the |
states to levy a tax to meet this indebt
edness. Some compiled, but others re
fused, and there was no way to compel
These principles were of .
ive birth. Even after ;
compliance. There was a perfect paraly
j sis of all government functions, and
j every one was conscious that confedera
tion was a failure. In this condition
Washington advised a convention, to
meet at Annapolis. In September, 17*0,
the delegates of five States assembled.
After mnch discussion and no conclusion,
the convention adjourned to the follow
ing year, and Congress urged the legis
latures of all the States tosend delegates.
All of the States re-ponded except Rhode
Island, and on the second Monday of
May, 1787, this convention assembled in
Philadelphia ami chose Washington as
its President.
May 29th Edward Randolph intro
duced a resolution to adopt a new con
stitution. The committee appointed,
after long and laborious efforts, pro
duced and reported the present consti
tution, which in September was adopted
by the convention.
The centennial of this year only com
memorates the birth of the present con
stitution—hardly that, for the princi
ples that it contained were many of
them born with the Declaration of in
dependence and with the articles of
confederation,
gradual succe
the adoption of the new constitution by
the convention a long contest of doubt
ful issue followed, in which every pro
vision was scanned, weighed, measured
and put to the test of adoption in the
several States. Hamilton, Madison and
Jay during this period produced those
able papers that constute the Federalist
in advocacy of the new constitution. If
the production of that instrument was
a miracle of wisdom, it was a succession
of miracles equally as grand for the
people of the several States to adopt it.
Just how this event is to be celebrated
or what will be a proper method of cele
bration. we hardly know. Certainly the
new States are as much interested in the
event to be commemorated as the older
ones, and even the incipient States and
denominated Territories have the same in
terest, for the constitution and all its
provisions extends to them as much as
to the States.
The fate and fortunes of future Mon
tana were in embryo in that constitution.
We see no more suitable testimonial
that our delegate to the approaching
celebration can offer of our interest in
the event than to present the constitu
tion for a State that our people have
framed and adopted, as an evidence that
they are no degenerate successors of
those who framed the first draft of our
national constitution. It is the only
concrete evidence that can be presented,
except our history, and our attainments
under constitutional government. It
will testify that our people are loyally
and fervently attached to the principles
of constitutional liberty and govern
ment, while our growth and achieve
ments testify to the material, intellectual
and moral prosperity that those princi
ples develop and cultivate.
AS TO THAT "INVITATION."
Editob of the Heeald: Please state
the facts of the Grand Army's revocation of
President Cleveland's invitation to attend
the national encampment and review the
parade. S. C.
No invitation was revoked by the
Grand Army for the sufficient reason
that none was extended by that organi
zation, or by any one authorized to speak
for it. Mr. Cleveland's invitation came
from a citizens' committee. Politicians
attempted to take advantage of the pres
ence of the veterans to foist Cleveland
upon them and to inveigle them into a
sem-parti-an demonstration in his honor,
contrary to the rules and regulations of
the G. A. R. Inside the Grand Army
all members, whether generals or pri
vates, stand on the same footing; but an
outsider, whether a private citizen, gov
ernor, or pre- dent, cannot be permitted
to participate in its proceedings, review
its parades, or accept its honors. That
Mr. Cleveland is President makes no
difference—be is not a member of the
Grand Array. The same rule excluded
Mr. Blaine at the Portland, Me., en
campment two years ago. It follows,
from the rules ot the organization, that
Mr. Cleveland could be represented only I
by proxy, if at all. It in the latter case, j
as recently suggested, he might send as
a substitute the man he paid to take his
place in the army.
Judging from the reports from Berlin
the Russians are about as hostile to the
Germans as the French. They are destroy
ing railroad connections, as though a state
of war already existed, and this is repre
sented as being done under an edict from
the Emperor of Russia. The refusal of the
German bankers to float the new Russian
loan has probably given the offense. It is
known that the popular hated of the Rus
sian people against the Germans is general
and intense. Nothing but the influence of
the court has kept it under restraint. This
race hostility has grown up because Ger
mans have been employed by the Russian
government and were generally preferred
for all important public positions. With
the court and people in accord against the
Germans, France seem9 to have a pretty
strong ally ready for early co-operation.
OHIO RESOLUTIONS.
We are told that the Ohio Democracy
is harmonious. The president of the
convention, Senev, said this, and con
trasted Democratic harmonv with the
imaginary war scenes to be witnessed
when the Republican convention was
held next week. The speech of Senev
and the variagated platform adopted
without a dissenting vote, 'how how
harmonv was secured. Senev eulogized
| Cleveland and denounced civil service
reform. The platform demands a
judicious reduction of the tariff and a
proper regulation of the liquor traffic and
the government. It calls for the reduc
tion of immigration to those declaring
their intention to become citizens.
Does it expect such a declaration to be
made before immigrants land V Would
it admit Chinamen, continental crimi
nals, paupers and lunatics if they made
such a declaration ? It demands a free
and untrammeled ballot. Where ? In
Ohio or Mississippi ? If in Ohio, is the
ballot to be so free that any one can
vote as often as he pleases and deposit
as many ballots as he pleases without
any vexatious inquiries in or out of
court ?
There is not a trace of any distinct
. National or State policy discoverable
; anywhere. It straddles every fence in
ight. It neither pledges or commits
the protection of honest labor. The art
ful dodger appears in every part of the
convention work and utterance-. It i
pig to those who want pig and pup to
those who want pup. It declares for
liberal pensions to Union sol H-rs but
leaves open the question what those who
did not think the Union worth preserv
ing mav regard as liberal. It favors
the pay of the interest and principal of
the _public debt, yet wants the revenue
reduced to the lowest point consistent
with the economical administration of
the party to anything. It raised no
issues so that harmony might be secured.
It brought forth a platform that any one
might interpret to mean what he liked
and secured its adoption without a dis
senting voice. Harmony even to unan
imity is not worth the purchase price
when everything is abandoned for which
a party should exist and could claim
the support of intelligent voters. A
party that plants itself on a platform
purposely contrived to cajole, deceive
and defraud ail except those who think
the only purpose of a party to be to
secure office, does not deserve to succeed
and cannot succeed.
A MONTANA FLAG EPISODE.
An international question is promised by
the pulling down of the Italian fiag at
Burlington, near Butte, on the Fourth of '
July. After the Italian miners had been
so playfully initiated by the Miners Union
it would seem to have been robbing them
of some of their new found rights to pull
down their flag on a holiday. But it is
only a small ripple in a tea pot. The
Italian flag is as innocuous as any other
rag, and, on the other hand, we cannot see
that it is any great insult to the Italian
nation if a lot of hoodlums in a Western
mining pull it down on a holiday oc
a
mining camp pull it down on a holiday oc
casion when it is flying from the gable end
of a saloon and the whole crowd is drunk
with beer. If the Italians ever had good
cause for complaint it was when they were
forced, under duress, to join the Miners
Union.
The foregoing, from the editorial columns
of the Independent of the 19th, is brought
to our attention by one of the Labor
Knights attending the council just closed
in this city. The Herald goes every
where and is read by everybody, and lest
they otherwise miss it. we copy the utter
ance for the especial delectation of our
good friends, editor-arbiter-orator Penrose
and Mr. President and Secretaries of the
Butte Miners Union—the gentleman first
named who discoursed from the rostrum
giving the press pointers on the lassoiDg of
a mining superintendent, and the others j
who felt constrained through the medium '
above quoted to fly to Penrose's rescue and
with slim justification censure The Heb
ALD for reports and commeuts
founded on facts. In reproducing
the Independent'» screed we desire to be
understood as no endorser of it. We
have no other than friendly feeling tor ;
the Miners' Union, its officers and members,
and whenever in the right they will find
in us a sturdy advocate. We have heard
little and know little about the "flag epi
sode." We feel bound to resent the impu
tation that the miners of the Butte L'nion
are ' a lot of hoodlums," as also their fur
ther characterization as "a crowd drunk
with beer." Stating it in its mildest form,
our contemporary is peculiarly infelicitous
in its allusions to various organizations,
the miners being no exception to the rule.
A few days ago our militiamen, composed
in good part of ex-soldiers, were belied as
"soldiers who never smelled powder." Be
fore that the Grand Army veterans were
odiously referred to as ' barn-burners' and
"coffee coolers.'' It is a poor excuse to
pj ea( j that the offending editor can t be ex
I to think well of a people to whom
j he is a straDger, or take kindly to com
munities which may at any moment dis
card him. No foreigner without his na
turalization papers as part of the creden
tials he carries in his pocket should be as
signed to a journalistic tripod to slander
his betters.
The Herald cannot credit the report
telegraphed from Helena that the judges
are troubling themselves about a successor
to Clerk Alden of the Supreme Court
Through all the years, since Chief Justice
Hosmer occupied the bench, the bar of
Montana has been unanimous, we believe,
in their preference of the veteran Alden for
the position he has continuously, ably and
acceptably filled. If that appeared to be
necessary the Hebald would caution
against exhibitions of partizanship from
the Bench. Political machinations do not
become the judiciary, and the less display
of them the better for the Bench, here as
everywhere. Let us have peace, as here
tofore, and not contention.
A FIRST CLASS NAVY.
It is time our navy was coming out of
its shell and preparing to assume and
' act the part of a first-class power in the
world. The words of YY ashington s
farewell address have been quoted and
used as authority for a policy of non
intervention in the affairs of the outer
world, until we have grown to be the
richest and strongest nation of the
world, without any sort of a foreign
policy even to the extent of self-interest
or self-protection. The policy has been
a wise one while we were gaining our
growth, bnt it is nota policy that we
can always pursue or that we ought any
longer to pursue as we have done. Be
cause children wear short clothes is no
reason why they should continue to do
so always. Now that we have become a
great nation it is our duty to act a cor
responding part. Not that we would in
terfere with or entangle ourselves with
any alliances of the Old World, but we
would by all fair and honorable means
j railroad and steamship connection and
control America, and the whole of it. by
commercial treaties, monetarv treaties.
in every other way. The first thing we
need is a navy, a first-class navy, more
numerous and powerful than any other
nation in the world. We can build it
and equip it ourselves, and in doing so
can give such an impetus, to ship build
ing that we shall soon have a commer
cial marine corresponding to the magni
tude of our internal commerce.
A great struggle is impending iu
Europe. Without a navy we shall be
idle spectators. With a powerful navy
we can turn this contest to immense ad
vantage. We can do all ftbe carrying
trade in the world and find markets for
all our products and manufactures. We
can supply arms and ammunition and
war stores to all the nations spoiling for
a fight, as long as they have the means
to pay. But we shall need a strong
"'V A
an( ^ a1 ^ l ^at we " an ^ ^ or P ur F' ose ,s
navy to do business under such circum
stances.
We are getting to a point where our
internal connection- by rail are pretty
well supplied and our manufactures are
getting so well established that we can
gradually lower our duties without re
ducing our revenues. We can pay off
our debt, pay current expenses and still
have plenty of means to build such a
navy as will command the seas and the
respect of ail nations.
It is poor policy for any great people
to confine themselves exclusively to the
consideration of domestic questions.
I.et dead issue- and past contentions
sleep forever and perish from memory.
We have reached the point where we
can grasp and easily retain and wield
the scepter of the world. What we want
a navy.
If we set about it resolutely it. will
take some years to accomplish it, but
unless we begin we shall never have it.
We prefer a navy to sea coast defenses.
A navy would be our coast defense, but
simple coast defenses would only in
simple coast defenses would only in
trench us in our isolation.
If we will offer suitable rewards to at
tract the services of the best inventive
skill in the country, we are absolutely
certain that we can soon produce better
ships than any afloat either for war or
commerce, and we can produce more ef
fective gun-.
It may, and beyond doubt it will cost
a large sum of meney, but if we go into
this purpose with a determination not to
fail, cost what it may, it will surely pay
us in the end and pay us in many ways.
All the islands of the ocean belong to
the nation with the strongest navy and
so does the ocean commerce.
We are ambitious at least that the Re
publican party should declare in favor
j of an American policy and a navy witli
' 0U { a rival,
Visitors in our city from Philipsburgh
and the Bitter Root valley represent rail
road work as booming, with the prospect of
cars running before the snow fiies. At this
very time grading is going on at the rate
; of at least ten mile3 per day. and before
the year ends probably a thousand miles of
track will be laid aud business in full blast
will be going on over the entire length. If
we count this constructed road with equip
ments at only $25,000 per mile it will mean
the addition of $25,000,000 to the perman
ently invested, productive property of Mon
tana. But this is not half of the resulting
benefit, for it will add to the value of every
acre of land contiguous, it will build up
towns, add to the value of our mines, call
iu settlement and develop new industries.
It would be no immoderate estimate that
the result of this year's work will add a
hundred million to the wealth of the Ter
ritory. And it is someiing permanent, too,
and it will give permanency and solidity
to the values of all property in the Terri
tory. It is our mines that build these
roads, and they in turn create the value of
our mines. As long as the world stands
these mines will continue to produce, not
simply one harvest a year but every day in
the year, winter as well as summer, a har
vest that neither drouth or flood will effect,
or that grasshoppers can devour. The fact
that Montana will add a thousand miles of
railroad this year to her previous posses
sions of this kind will be a worthy cen
tennial offering, the force and significance
of which eastern business men will
recognize.
Mysterious Failure.
Pittsfield, Mass., July 20.—The liabil
ities of the failed Ilurlbut Paper Company
are $300,000, and the assets are supposed
to be about 25 per cent. It was developed
to-day for the first time on their presenta
tion for record that in 1875 Hurlbut mort
gaged the mill property to A. D. Jessup, of
Philadelphia, for $120,000 and again in
1878 for $140,000. Immediately after the
recording of the mortgages a petition in
insolvency was filed. People are wonder
ing why these mortgages were withheld
from record all these years.
RAILROAD BUILDING.
The experience of Taylor county, Ken
tucky, and the scenes that are being en
acted there to compel the citizens to pay
interest on railroad bonds, remind us that
we are fortunate in one respect in the Ter
ritories in being under the restricted legis
lation ot Congress so that we cannot vote
subsidies if we would. All over the west
ern States the building of railroads has
been attended with this feature, that towns
and counties have been called upon to vote
large subsidies under the alternative that
some other route would be selected, leav
ing them out in the cold. It has been easy
to get the subsidies voted, even where it
was morally certain that the road would
come anyway. But no sooner is the road
built than the people who have voted the
bonds begin to complain and refuse to pay
the interest on their bonds, and seek to
evade and avoid their obligations. All the
expected benefits do not appear at once.
Those who have been benefitted sell out
and realize an advance and move away,
leaving their successors to pay for what
they have made. And so the war begins
that is digraceful and unprofitable to all
concerned. After war has been carried on
until both parties are tired out and nearly
ruined and enough has been lost and
wasted to have paid the debt honestly and
honorably many times over, in the end the
debt has to be paid, and the railroad peo
ple generally charge up all their expenses
in some form and make the people pay
them as well as the debt. Most of the old
States at the East are carrying heavy debts
incurred by aid granted to railroads, while
in the West their burden has been shifted
upon the cities and counties. Fortunately
we have neither of these incumbrances,
and we are getting railroads nevertheless.
They are built for business on business prin
ciples and run in the same way for the
mutual benefit of the people and the roads.
It is a condition of things certainly for
congratulation,
ÜN the same principle, to some extent,
it is commonly said, that it takes a
mint to work a mine, it can be still more
truthfully said that it takes a railroad to
build a railroad. We are reminded of this
by what we see now going on in our Terri
tory in the case of the Manitoba, the
Northern Pacific and the Union Pacific.
But is is suggested also by the fact that
news of a very definite character comes
that the Chicago and Northwestern is
already on the Pacific coast, having selected
Yaquina Bay as its Pacific terminus, from
which to build east through central Oregon
and Idaho to a junction with the line now
building through Wyoming. The Chicago
& Rock Island is another of tfcose solid
and enterprising corporations that are
pushing through the great American desert
for a terminus on the Pacific. They are
exploring now for a pass through the
Sierras and are reported to have found one,
the KiDg pass, that is satisfactory. This
route will open up a portion of Utah. Ne
vada and California, now beyond reach of
any existing line. This is the most
natural, economical aud effective way to
construct railroads. An orgauized com
pany with credit and business firmly
established, with all the facilities and
experience for constructing roads, doing
its own transportation, can build a
new extension for one-half the cost
that an independent company can do it,
and then as soon as it is built its business
and connections are all made and it pays
from the start. The old company can ne
I
!
;
j
j
,
!
i
!
I
1
!
|
j
j
!
!
i
i
;
j
:
j
;
from the start. The old company can ne
gotiate the bonds for any extension through
its established agents and its friends can
well afford to guarantee the bonds for the
increase of business that will come to the
older portions of the line. Less of the bonds
are sold at a discount and the means are
easily secured, without any dependence
upon sales of stock or importuning for sub
sidies, which are more easily promised and
voted than paid. Besides experience has
shown that local independent lines, how
ever built, sooner or later fall into the
hands of the larger lines that control the
conr serions. This problem has worked it
self out at least in a manner that is bene
ficial to all concerned. Especially is this
the case all over the thinly settled terri
tories where centers of business and popu
lation are not established, and railroads can
select the more feasible routes with an eye
to the resources of tributary country, with
no right of way to pay for and with all the
incidental profits that come from building
up new towns and cities and opening
mines.
There are intimations and suspicions
that a grand fraud has been perpetrated
on the general government in connection
with certain land grants aggregating be
tween two and three million acres for the
construction of wagon roads. It has been
certified by the Governor, we suppose from
evidence supplied by the companies build
ing the roads, that the work had been com
pleted and that the companies were tn
titled to the lands. But news reaches the
department that much of the work is not
done at all and none of it according to the
spirit and intent of the act. It is a won
der to us that such grants could have been
got through C'ODgress in recent years and a
greater wonder still that the construction
was not specified to be made under the su
pervision of government engineers. These
wagon roads if fairly well constructed will
get out of repair and become impassable in
a short time. When there are people
enough in a country to take care of these
roads, they will build them where they
want them and look after them when
built. If any such roads are wanted for
military purposes, the government should
build them at its own cost, with its own
men and means, and not by land grants.
The Mullan road w as built in that way
aDd did some good service in its day.
On Whom Kests the Blame *.
St. Thomas, Ont, July 23.— The evi
dence given last night in the recent dis
aster went to show it was caused through
the failure of conductor Spetigue to test
the air brake before leaving Port Stanley.
He has been arrested and the inquest iias
been adjourned till Monday.
MINING MINUTES.
The Major Budd Under Bond but Not
!Sold--tooke City Mines Bonded-
Gold Production, Etc.
The Inter Mountain is informed, on the
I best of authority, that the reported sale of
the Major Budd mine is not based on fact.
This information comes from the bolder of
! the bond and the owners. The Major Budd
is under bond for the amount named,$110,
000, and the period of the bond is almost
; expired. A sale to St. Louis parties is un
der process of negotiation, and will un
j doubtedly be perfected, but as yet it has
not been. A miniDg expert is expected
next week from St. Louis to make an ex
j amination, aud his report wi". decide the
matter. It is believed that the sale will
be made. The new Montana Central track
will run withiu one hundred yards of the
Major Budd millsite, and this, the owners
are confident, will enhance the value of the
property. The owners of the Major Budd
are Henry, Charles and Albert Nickel, Dan
Welsh and Dr. Thompson.
, New York special: The World in an edi
torial friendly to California says: The re
! port of the director ot the miut will be
i about the most interesting and instructive
document to be issued from the govern
ment office this year. It shows that the
total production of gold in the United
States last year was$34,869,000, an increase
! of $3,068,000 over that of the previous year,
I so that instead of exhausting our mines, as
1 some ''experts'' predicted would be the case
! soon, we are actually increasing the pro
duction of the precious metal. Old Cali
| fornia, the pioneer, not content with bav
j ing come to the front as a grower of grain
j and fruit, still leads all the States in her
yield of gold, being credited last year with
! $14,720,000. Colorado furnished $4,450,
! 000: Montana, $4,425,000; Nevada, $3,090,
000; Dakota. $2,709,000; Idaho, $1,805,000,
and Arizona $1,119,000. Alaska produced
$446,000 last year, against $300,000 in 1885,
i so that if she keeps on producing gold at
i this ratio she will soon have paid lor ber
; self. Georgia, New Mexico, the Carolinas,
Oregon, L'tah and Washington aggregated
j $1,127,500.
COOKE CITY MIXES BONDED.
Harry Gassart, of Cooke City, has suc
ceeded in bonding some of the promising
mines in that locality to Butte parties.
The arrangement which he perfected is
a bond for $350,000, which is taken for six
months by St. Louis parties, represented
in Butte, on Ihe Black Warrior, the Shoo
: Fly and the Morning Star. These three
properties are located from two to four
miles west of the town of Cooke City.
None of the mines is more than a mile dis
tant from the other two. The B'aek War
rior is developed by two shafts, sixty and
one hundred feet deep. The ore body is
twenty feet in width, and two tunnels are
being driven to strike the lead at two and
j three hundred feet. A winze has been
; sunk 150 feet from the upper tunnel. The
Shoo Fly is developed by a shaft about a
hundred feet deep, and some tunnelling
has also been done. One thousand tons of
the ore have been ruu through the Repub
lic smelter and have netted about $25 to
the ton. The Morning Star has about the
same development and is of much the
same general character. The ores are
mostly carbonate and carry lead, silver and
copper, tending strongly to copper with
depth.
A mining expert will be sent out from
St. Louis in the course of a week or two to
investigate the properties thoroughly and
report to the holders of the bonds, whose
names Mr. Gassert does Dot yet care to
make public.
THE STERLING.
Says the Inter Mountain : Mr. R. B.
Says the Inter Mountain : Mr. R. B.
Wallace, superintendent of the Sterling
mine, reports favorable progress on that
property. The shaft at present is 200 feet
in depth, and when Mr. Wallace went over
a few days ago to commence operations he
found about 140 feet of water. This has
now been almost all pumped out, and the
mill will he started up in a day or two. At
present the mill has only ten stamps, but
the English company which recently pur
chased the property has iu contemplation
the erection of thirty more stamps this
season.
NAV AL DISPLAY.
|{i iti'li War Ships Steaming in Re
view.
Portsmouth, July 23.— Portsmouth and
South Sea has been thronged for days in
anticipation of the jubilee naval review
fixed for this afternoon at Spit Head.
The crowd has been immensely augmented
this morning by the arrival of innumerable
visitors from all parts of the country, who
citne by special trains from London and
other centers. The good positions for ob
serving the display were all occupied. The
weather could not be more favorable.
Ti t e is a bright sun and a light breeze is
blowing. Everybody is in holiday attire
Special trains brought from London the
Lords of the admiralty, members of the
House of Lords and Commons, and num
bers of representatives of foreign legations.
Minister Phelps traveled in a special
saloon coach, and was accompanied by his
wife and Mrs. Loomis. In the same coach
with the American Minister were Robert
McLane, Minister to France; Jabtz L. M.
Curry, Minister to Spain; Henry White,
second secretary of the American legation
at London, and his wife ; Lieut. Chadwick,
a naval attache of the American legation,
aud Mrs. Chadwick ; Lieut. Buckingham,
a naval attache of the American legation
at Paris, and Mrs. Buckingham : Thos. M.
Waller, U. S. Consul General at London ;
Jos. R. Hawley and Senator Frye. Minis
ter Phelps and party seemed to thoroughly
enjoy themselves, all being in the best of
spirits.
Levi P. Horton and family were aboard
a private y icht. August Jay, second sec
retary of the American Legation at Paris,
Chester A. Arthur, Mrs. Frank Leslie and
Mr. Logan Root were also afloat, aboard a
different craft. Mr. Ja/, accompanied by
Mr. Kane, were aboard the Helicon, the
riggiDg of which was well hidden by flags.
W. K. Vanderbilt's yacht, the Alva, was
conspicuous in the marine procession to
Split Head, and was beautifully decorated
with flags.
The scene at Portsmouth was one of ex
treme animation, hundreds of private crafts
1 of all descriptions, all handsomely decorat
I ed aud freighted with gaily dressed people,
being anchored here. It looked like a gi
j gantic marine picnic. The Bonnie Doon
carried scores of Americans. The crowds
1 afloat and ashore were enormous.
Noted Trotting Race.
Detroit, July 21.—The Harry Wilkes
and Johnson race, for a purse of $5,000,
was run this afternoon. The race was for
the best three out of five, Johnson being
driven to wagon and Wilkes to
harness. In the first heat Johnson was
first, Wilkes second. Time, 2:16; second
heat, Johnson first, Wilkes second; time,
2:14'< ; third heat, Wilkes first, Johnson
second ; time, 2:19 ; fourth heat, Wilkes
first, Johnson second; time, 2:18.1; fifth
heat, Wilkes first, Johnson second; time,
2:21].
Beat the Record.
London, July 21.—Morgan, of the New
\ork Bicycle Club, has broken the world's
record for u quarter of a mile, having made
the distance in 351 seconds.
ABUNDANCE OF WATER.
\\ oolston Has Strnck a Copious Flow
or the Liquid Element for the
Supply of the City.
The scene of operations on the pumping
plant for the Woolston water works was
visited last evening by a Herald reporter
for the purpose of ascertaining how the
work had advanced. A group of tents,
together with some rude frame buildings
a steam engine, machinery, derricks, etc .
are what are visible of the works from the
road to the fair grounds. They are situ
ated in the enclosure of H. F. C. Klein
schmidt and lie about midway ^between
the fair grounds and the Ester sampling
works, close to the willows fringing Ten
Mile creek. Reaching the grounds the re
porter was received by Mr. Dunbar, Mr.
Woo 1st on's right bower and superinten
dent, who has charge of the entire work on
the new water works. He has been with
Mr. Woolston nearly three years and came
here from Socorro, New Mexico, where he
put iu the new water works just completed.
He talks water aud water works with a
voluble ease that denotes the greatest
familiarity with the details and techni
calities of the business and gave the re
porter the fullest information on the Hel
ena work as far as it has progressed.
He has at present a force of 24 men en
gaged in sinking the first well. This is
now down 17 feet. It is a monstrous hole
for a well, being thirty feet in diameter.
It is walled around with dry masonry
three feet thick, which makes the interior
of the well 24 feet iu diameter. This cir
cumscribing wall is made of loose rock,
laid upon each other without any mortar.
In is built from the top. Courses are laid
above the surface and as the well deepen'
the wall sinks bodily with it. No cemert
is used, because it is calculated the loose ro k
will allow the water to percolate through
the walls into the well, which can thus
botain a flow from the sides as well as the
bottom. Of course the first few feet from
the surface will be cemented when the
well is completed. At present the paradox
is presented of men seeking for water find
ing too much of it. When the well was
six feet deep water commenced to flow in
and sinkiDg operations had to be suspended
until a pump had been erected to dispose
of the influx. This apparatus is a large
centrifugal pump, operated by a steam en
gine, and has a capacity of four million
gallons every twenty-four hours. It is now
somewhat out of order aud work has been
stopped to allow its repair. As soon
as the pump stopped the water flowed in
unrestrained, and last night there was
fourteen feet of water iu the well. The
rate of influx is constantly increasing as
depth is attained, and Mr. Dunbar calcu
lates that the water now comes into the
well at the rate of 490,000 gallons every
twenty-four hours. Two or three wells of
this description were contemplated, but he
thinks this one will be sufficient for the
whole city, at least for a year or two, if the
present rate of iDllow is kept up. The
water is clear aud pure, getting softer and
better with the depth of the well and
bubbles up through the sand and gravel,
of which the soil is composed, like spark
ling fountains. The well will be sunk to
a depth of thirty-five feet and then work
will be commenced ou another, if it is
found the first will uot furnish sufficient
water.
Work is likewise going on at the reser
voir and on the ditch from the pumping
plant. The first consignment of ma ns f s
now due aud pipe-laying will be com
menced as soon as they arrive. By Mon
day masons will begin work on the foun
dations lor the pump and engine houses
near the well, which are to be built of
stone.
The good work progresses last in all de
partments and warrants the opinion that
Mr. Woolston is bent upon fulfilling his
promise of getting water into Helena this
fall.
REAL ESTATE SALES.
An Important Week-*--Li't ot the
T ransfers.
The week just closing has been an im
portant one in real estate circles. It has
seen the $64,000 transfer to the Senators,
which the Herald has already chronicled.
Besides this a sale, not yet recorded, is the
purchase of 115 Jots in the Easterly addi
tion by A. J. Samuels. Altogether the
transactions have been larger and more
numerous than usual and will foot up in
the aggregate to about $105,000.
N. 1*. ADDITION.
In the Northern Pacific Addition there
has been unwonted activity during the past
week, and Lockey, Matheson & Douglas,
agents for the sale of lots theie, have been
kept busy in showing intending purchasers
over the ground, and making sales of nu
merous lots. It is ouly of late that inves
tors have awakened to the fact that with
the very encouraging outlook ahead of this
city, lots in this addition at $200 and $250
are a desirable investment. The result of
such reasoning during the past ten days
has been that over 100 lots have been sold
in that addition. A movement is said to
be on foot by a local syndicate to buy up
all the lots remaining unsold in this addi
tion, and put them on the market again at
enhanced prices.
TRANSFERS OF RECORD.
Following is a list of deeds recorded this
week:
N. P. R. li. to Daniel Hawkes, $240, N
S W j sec. 5, T. 10 N. R. 3 W.
A. J. Samuel, trustee, to Anton Horsky.
$3,500, lots 5 and 6 block 21 Hauser add.
First National Bank to Oscar Bradford,
$8,000, 1 int. in N W \ S E ] and S E ot
S W j sec. 23, T 10 N R 4 W.
S. T. Hauser et nr. to Oscar Bradford.
$8,000, ' int. as above.
Hoback & Cannon to W. P. McManamy.
$450, lot 11 block 601 H. & C. acid.
E. W. Knight et nx. to L. E. Ritten, $2,
150, 80x175 ft. in N W j of N E ] sec. 30.
T 10 N R 3 W.
E. H. Foster et al. to Chas. Allen. $500,
part of lot 12 block 3 H. T.
Frank L. Sizer et ux. to W. L. Loveland,
j int. in E j of S W ] of N E S W sec.
24, T 10 N R 4 W—five acres.
Henry Lehman to Franz Koch, $800, lot
59 block 29 H. T.
Henry Brooks et al. to R. T. Bayliss, $5,
000, 15 acres placer mine Ottawa district.
Edward Parent et nx. to Jos. Parent, $L
200, lots 1 and 2 S E j of N E sec. 31, T 11
N R 3 W\ and also W I of N E j of N W i
and W «7 of E ' of N E 1 of N W j sec. 31,
T 11 N R 3 W.
John Fioher to Henry Fisher, $5. int.
Blue Bell lode. Scratch Gravel dist.
N. Kessler to Peter Kessler. $2,600, lot •>
block C, Blake add.
James Finnie to B. O. Skounord, $l,2->0.
lot 2 block 7 Marysville.
B. O. SkoDnord to L. W. Barrett, r I m
part of lot 2 block 7 Marysville.
Chas. Mavger to St. Louis M. & M Co.
$1, St. Louis lode ami millsite Stemple dis
R. B. Harrison et al. to Oscar Bradford et
al., $4,800, N of X E 1 and S W i of M;
î sec. 28, T 10* N R 3 W, and S E \ of S E ,
sec. 22, T 10 N R 3 W.
J. J. Lawrence et al. to Emil New, >
lot 12 block 29 N. P. add.
W. A. Chessman to Jos. Cox, $500, water
right in Dry Gulch.
J. F. Ratbbone to Chas. Rathbone. fl
int. in Rubell lode Stemple d:st.

xml | txt