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Publishers. S. E. FISK, ...... Editor THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1887. The Treasury Department accepted offered bonds yesterday of over $3,000,000 ^ at the average price of 1.09. Hox. James H. Gablock, of Miles City, has been accepted by both parties, through their committees, as their candidate for Councilman in the place of Thompson, re signed, and the Republicans and Democrats of Custer county will to-day join in sup porting him as a non-partisan nominee. The failure of the eastern coast fish eries is going to have one result that will l»enlit the United States. It is going to transfer a large share of those who engag ed in this business to our Alaskan posses sions, and it w ill not be many years before there are more fish cured on the Pacific coast than on the northern Atlantic. The late vote of Kentucky, as returned j is 9,000 in excess of that cast at the last I'residential election. It was required to : pull Buckner through. Watterson's early story that "the Democrats didn't take interest enough in the election to go to the polls," in explanation of the closeness of the contes 1 , is unsupported by the count of the ballots. _ ENGLAND and France have an issue over the possession of the New Hebrides islands. France has proclaimed her sovereignty and England has advised the Australian colon nists to take possession and she will back them up in it. The Australian colonists are beligerent over the matter, as France intends to make a penal colony on their flanks and they have had enough of con- ! vict settlers._ When Kentuck's late millionaire, Dr. E. 1*. Standiford, married pretty Miss Scott, of l'aducah, he first wanted someone to carry her $20,000 to annul the promise to marry, &nd then, in a state of stupid intoxication he stood up by the Ddy and muttered "I do, I do," to e\ery question in the marriage rite. His children now want to keep the young widow from her estate on the ground that he was irresponsible at the time of his marriage. _ The M. E. Church has never had an abler, more popular and loveable pastor than Rev. R. E. Smith, and his election by tbe recent conference as Presiding Elder of the church in this Territory will, we think, be hailed with profound satisfaction by the congregations throughout Montana. We believe Mr. Smith will continue his resi dence in Helena, and while his new duties and responsibilities will necessarily involve his absence at times, he will probably re tain the pastorate of the Broadway Church and to a considerable extent continue to supply its pulpit. Ferdinand, of Bulgaria, is having a hard time to get recognized by anybody. Russia disowns him entirely. The Porte says he will be satisfied if the powers agree and his tribute is paid promptly. The foreign ministers and consuls would like to call on him unofficially, but he declines to receive them except in their official capaci ties. The Sobranje had better elect some dead man as king and hang up his picture in the royal palace. It will save conten tion and serve just as well, besides being less expen sive. _ It is said that Nicaragua and Costa Rica have settled tbe dispute about the boun dary, which they had agreed to refer to President Cleveland. It is reported also on seemingly good authority that the com pany is organized and ready to begin w-ork on the Nicaragua ship canal, and will have it completed within five years. The rapid growth of the Pacific coast, especially Southern California, is giving increased in terest to the isthmus transit schemes, and there are likely to be several of them com pleted before DeLessep's canal. It is reported that some Frenchman has purchased the Tortugas Island of Hayti, and has tendered its sovereignty to the United States. It would be a paying spec ulation, for the value of the property in the island would enhance enough to make a fortune. And this reminds ns that the way to acquire all the West Indis Islands is for the United States to bnild the strong est navy in the world, and all the islands of the Atlantic and the Pacific would be ours, and they would come to us as natur ally as ripe fruit falls to the ground. It seems the electors of Caster county were far from unanimous in the reported committees approval of Mr. Garlock's can didacy for the Council. The number of votes polled were comparatively few, but those cast in the several precincts heard from indicate the election of Dr. Burleigh. The precincts of Miles City, Forsyth and Hathaway voted as follows: Burleigh, 141; Oarlock, 90; Mauldin, 23. We doubt that the question of informality will be raised, as stated. Our Democratic friends will reasonably abide by the result, as pre sumably the Republicans would have done had Mr. Garlock instead of Dr. Burleigh been tne choice of a majority of the elec tors recording their preference. Geobge William Clrtis and his Mug wump confreres should carefully re read Senator Voorhees' article in the Indian apolis Sentinel, in which he says : "If you think nothing has been done to eliminate Republican partisan poison from our politi cal system, cast your mind's eye around Indiana and see how many Republicans you can find in office in this great common wealth. There is but one Presidential post office in the State which I can thiDk of at this moment where a change has not been made." Then turn to the Atlanta Consti tution and listen to Brer Henry W. Grady, who says to the people of Georgia: "We ought not to complain much on that score, as nearly every Republican office-holder in the State has been removed." LEGISLATIVE ACTION. The members of the Montana Legis lature are beginning to arrive in re sponse to the call of the Executive and will soon be in session. No doubt the message or address of Governor Leslie will state the grounds for his calling them together. The principal of these at least is well .known to everybody—the bounty law that has depleted the treas ury and is fast rolling up an indebted ness that is destroying the credit of the Territory. One of the first matters for consider ation will be whether the Legislature will confine itself wholly to remedial legislation, or will consider general legis lation on all subjects that may be pre- ! seated. And while there is very much general legislation that we should like to see accomplished, we see but one way for the members to take. They must ad mit all or reject all save the special mat ters for whose consideration they have been summoned. If general legislation is entered upon there is no telling when and where the work will end. There is no doubt if the Legislature were kept in session from one year's end to tbe other there would be business offered for con sideration. But it would be worse than a waste of time and money, and neither the members or tbe people have either to waste. We believe the members will become fully acquainted with the wishes of the people, to make the session short and effective, confining themselves strictly to the remedying of discovered defects in existing laws. It is the busiest time of the year for everybody, and for members of tbe leg islature as well. They are called away from work that needs their personal at tion, and it is at a sacrifice of personal interests that the members come to at tend. Their personal interests and wishes will therefore accord with the public and general interests and wishes that the work be kept within the nar narowest possible limits of subjects, time and expeuse. It will be little more than a year be fore a new legislature will be chosen. Nothing can seriously suffer in that time, and meanwhile the situation of affairs will be greatly changed by the completion of many railroads and by a large addition to our voting population, who will be entitled to have a voice in the choice of members and in shaping the course of legislation. The duty of the hour is clear and im perative. THE PILGRIMS OF MONTANA. Our response to this toast at the Press banquet did not do this subject justice. Our first reflection went astray in pur suing the lexicographic and historical conception rather than the local appli cation of this term. When presented in connection with the "Pioneers of Mon tana" the intended contrast was evident, though it took us at a disadvantage. The term pilgrim has been successively applied to all the fresh arrivals from the States, so that all have passed through the experience and either have been or are now obnoxious to the appellation. The earlier arrivals presented much more the the genuine appearance of pil grims in all except perhaps their devo tional proclivities. We do not recall to mind any any who came to Montana in response to religious vows or duties ex cept the Jesuit Fathers, and there was no shrine in these parts except the shrine of Mammon to attract the steps of foot sore pilgrims over the long and weary way as it was necessary to pursue in the early sixties. The first comers had as long, hard and dangerous a journey as those who in the eleventh century sought the sepulchre of their Saviour from the uttermost parts of Europe. Those who come now arrive in palace cars on the lightning express and are white handed and tender footed in strong contrast with the earlier pilgrims. But for the same reason that we wel come to our shores the thousands of strong-armed and stout-hearted exiles from Europe, the discarded and unap preciated wealth of the continent, so we of Montana, the pilgrims of yesterday, have even greater reason to welcome the pil grims of to-day. A few of the more envious and narrow-minded sort may secretly lament that such successive tides of new arrivals are coming to claim the lion's share of the rich heritage that their courage and toil have brought to light in these distant recesses of the Rocky Mountains, but that is a narrow view even of their self interest. Mon tana has wealth enough to divide among a million and make them all rich. What she want3 most now is men to develope her natural wealth, to work her mines, to cultivate her lands, to construct rail roads, irrigating canals, quartz mills and smelting works, to fence in her sage brush plains and substitute waving fields of grain and timothy, and instead of prickly pears to raise 'potatoes and tur nips. The buffalo have gone and it needs stock men of all kinds, with their small herds well tended, to crop the bench grass that else would go to waste. But above all we want men to make a state, men of thought,'euteprise, eduaca tion and ambition to give body, voice and push to our more rapid development. And above all we need women with their refining and elevating infiuences to make pleasant homes. The press is especially interested in the coming of thousands to become subscribers and readers of their papers. It is a profita ble exchange in every way for us to ex change our surplus of uncoined wealth for men and women, for they are, after all, what constitute the true wealth and strength of a State. THE WID DP. Concluding Meeting oi the Press Association Resolutions of Appreciation and Thanks. Interesting Report by Secretary Collins. The Grand Banquet at the Merchants. Notable Speeches by Alex. C. Botkin, Ex-Gov. Carpenter and Others. EVENING SESSION. A goodly number were in attendance at the evening sessions, aud Henry Nichols, of the Independent, was elec ted an active member. R. C. Walker moved the adoption of tbe following resolutions, which were carried : Resolved, That the thanks of this asso ciation are due and are hereby tendered to the retiring president, W. W. AldersoD, for his efficient and courteous performance of the delicate duties devolving upon a pre siding officer. On motion of R. H. Howey the following resolution was adopted : Resolved, That the thanks of this asso ciation are due and are hereby tendered to the committee on arrangements, consisting of Major R. C. Walker, J. E. Hendry and Geo. E. Boose, for the efficient manner in which they have discharged their duty. The follow ing resolution was adopted on motion of A. K. Yerkes : Resolved, That the thanks of the Mon tana Press Association are due and are hereby tendered to John Maguire theatri cal manager of the Montana circuit., for his kindness in providing tickets to the asso ciation for the play on Tuesday night. On motion of W. D. Knight the follow ing resolution was adopted : Resolved, That a committee of three he appointed by the chair to urge that the legislature change the law, so that all notices of a legal nature shall be published in a paper in addition to being posted as is at present the rule. The president appointed as such com mittee W. I). Knight, of the Yellowstone Journal, R. E. Fisk, of the Herald, aud J. E. Hendry, of the Independent. Invitations were received from Sheriff' Hathaway to go over the court house and offering his services as conductor ; from the trustees through R. H. Howew to visit the public library ; and lrom the Pioneer Asso ciation of all active members to attend the banquet Friday night, all of which invita tions were accepted and a vote of thanks tendered therefor. W. J. Penrose, of the Butte Mining Journal, offered the following resolutions, which were adopted by a unanimous risiDg vote : Whereas, The officers of the Montana Union railroad, having shown their appre ciation of the press of Montana, in furnish ing the members of this association with half-fare tickets, (good tor three days only) from Butte City to Garrison and return, we deem it a* recognition and an act of kind ness that to leave unnoticed would be in gratitude of the basest kind ; and Whereas, The same railroad company having granted the general public half fare tickets, good for one week, in order to enable them to attend the Territorial Fair; therefore be it Resolved, That we hereby tender the said Montana Union ovr heartfelt thanks and the thanks of the public generally, for the courtesies extended to us, and our secretary is instructed to mail the proper officials of the Montana Union road (postage prepaid) a copy of these resolutions. On motion of W. D. Knight, a vote of thanks was extended to Chas. S. Fee and the Northern Pacific railway company for generous courtesies conferred in the way of transportation. The question of the place of the next meeting coruiDg up, Jerry Collins extended an invitation to the association to meet next year at Great Falls, which invitation was accepted without a dissenting voice, the time of meeting beiDg left to the executive committee. Walter M. O'Dwyer, of the Great Falls Tribune ; R. C. Walker, of the Herald, and Alex. Devine, of the Independent, were elected an executive committee. Jerry Collins, previous *o final adjourn ment, presented his report as secre tary, which was so full ol good things that it was received with much applause. It is herewith presented in full : secretary's report. The secretary of an organization is usually deemed a privileged character, who, by a sort of poetic license, is permitted to report on any matters, whether or not strictly within the chalkline of his duties. I therefore avail myself of that license to offer a few observations, that may or may not be of interest. It is but a little over two years siDce the Montana Press Associ ation was organized here in the Capital City, in the old court house that has since beeD razed to the ground to make room for the new and elegant temple of justice in which our present session is held. There were then present about a dozen repre sentatives of the Territorial press, but a meeting of some interest was held and the foundation laid for the pleasant and pros perous organization of to-day, which I am confident will continue to grow in num bers and influence as the years go on. The active members now number sixty-three and nearly every newspaper in the Terri tory is represented on the roll by one or more of its eligible force. The honorary members, confined and rightly, too, to those who at some time, in some way or another, here or elsewhere, have been connected with the press, now number forty. It is a noteworthy fact that many of them rank among the intellectual giants of the Territory, the leaders of men and foremost in public spirit and enter prise. We might mention many names, such as those of ex-Delegate Maginnis, Col Sanders, Hon. W. A. Clark, A. C. Bot kin and others, whose names are house hold words in Montana, and of whom the association has a special privilege to be proud. It ought to be, too, an incentive to those of us who are now on the active roll, undergoing the unceasing grind of news paper work, to look over this honorary list occasionally and reflect upon what has been accomplished by these gentlemen. Even though fame and fortune came after they quit the tripod, it is none the less a satisfaction—a matter of encouragement at least—to know that some of them were once in the same boat we are now, and may have had to pull against the current just as hard. I doubt very much if there is another profession or avocation in Mon tana that can mnster as bright a retired roll as this association. # I read a few days ago a synopsis of the proceedings of the Press Association of Dakota, the land of many newspapers. It was evidently a pleasant affair, as the at tandarce was large and the members seem* ed bent more on pleasure than the good, hard work that might have been done. As was suggested by the gentleman who bade the scribes welcome, they had turned their column rules into fishing rods and their paste—by a slight transition—into worms and were having a jolly outing. The president of the association, in his annual address, "pointed with pride to the fact that Dakota hits 310 newspapers, eighty of which are dailies. Of these 214 are in south Dakota and ninety-six in the north division of the Territory. In south Dakota, with its 214 newspapers, many of them dailies, there is a combined weekly circu lation of dailies aud weeklies of 150, (XI0 copies, and he estimates that the combined investments of the publishers of south Dakota reach nearly half a million dollars, j I thought it might be interesting to make a comparison between these figures and like estimates for Montana. The not able disparity is the nnmber of publica tions—Montana haviDg but 35 to Dakotas 310, nearly ten to one in favor of the lat ter. But everything is not in numbers. As the lioness royally and disdainfully answered the fox that drew an invidious comparison between the number of their respective litters: "Yes, you produce a great many and often, but what are they ? Foxes. My single cub, you must remember, is a lion !" Our publications do not run away up in numbers, but it might be well to remember that they are newspapers. 1 estimate that the thirty-five publica tions of this Territory, eight of which are dailies, have a combined weekly circula tion of dailies and weeklies of at least 75,000 copies, one-half the circulation claimed for the 214 papers of South Dakota. In our neighboring Territory there is a newspaper for every 1,500 inhabitants and in Montana one for every 5,000, a presenta tion of the case that would at once suggest the superiority of the Montana journals as a whole. Notwithstanding the great de ference in the number of publications in the two Territories, Montana is still by the figures, the best patron of the printing office, there beiDg a paper for every two in habitants printed in this Territory and only one for every three in Dakota. In the matter of investments the publishers of Montana have at least a quarter ol a million dollars invested in presses, types, real estate, etc. That is. our thirty-five publications have one-half the circulation of the 214 of South Dakota and the invest ments stand in the same ratio. I do not make these comparisons with any intention ol disparaging the press ol Dakota, but to show in as striking a way as possible the vantage ground held by the j publishers of Montana. Were almost any of the States selected, a like contrast would result even more favorably to Montana. The lesson to he drawn, l think, is that it is better to have a sufficient number of good papers than a much greater number, only a few of which are up to the proper standard. It is better for the publishers and for the communities and constituency which they serve. In accordance with the instructions of the Association the secretary had the reso lutions adopted at the last meeting, at the Mammoth Hot Springs, National Park, en- j grossed in duplicate and framed, and a copy : " "■'"** of each forwarded to the office of the North ern Pacific Railway Company, and to Chas. S. Fee, general passenger agent of the same. The financial status of the Association is as follows : Balance on hand at last report................ £01 85 Received seven membership fees at £4..... 2S 00 Received 22V: annual dues at .............. 15 00 Total...................................................... ?1 6 ' 85 CONTRA. Raid for engrossing and framing. SI- 'o " " printing............................ 54 25 " " postage.. ......................... 1 00 $67 75 To balance on hand..................... 1UO lb $167 .S5-$1G7 85 A considerable number of the members are delinquent on annual dues, but will probably pay upon application by the sec retary, so that the association financially is in good condition. Respectfully submitted, JERRY COLLINS, Secretary. The report was ordered printed in the proceedings and the association then ad journed sine die. The Banquet. It was after 10 o'clock, following the concluding session of the journalists in the elegant council chamber of the new county building, that members and honoraries of the Press Association, many of them ac companied by their ladies, repaired to the Merchants Hotel, and with the large num ber of invited citizen and visitor guests, filed in procession to the dining hall and were seated in their appointed places at the sumptuous banquet table. The beautifully dressed and bounteously laden board, extended to three sides of the hand some room, and every plate of the 110 pro vided was faced by its ready claimant. The magnificent spread, prepared under the personal direction of the popular steward of the Merchants, and the thoroughly polite and attentive service of his large staff of assistants, were subjects of com pliment and praise which will long redown to the credit of Mr. Taylor. Never was ampler justice done by eager appetites to tempting feast of viands, fruits, confections, to substantial and dainties, than by the hundred and more guests most joyously as sembled for two and one halt hours Wednesday evening. James H. Mills most acceptably occu pied the post of toast-master aud in the happiest manner called up the speakers assigned to respond to various sentiments. The following gentlemen were heard by the happy and enthusiastic banqueters in the order named : Our Country—Hon. J. K. Toole. The President of the United States — Hon. Sam W. Langhorne. Our Sister Territory—Hon. Chas. S. Yor hees, of Washington Territory. The Press —Hod. A. C. Botkin. Honorary Members--Hon. Martin Ma ginnis. The Pioneers of Montana—Hon. B. Platt Carpenter. The Pilgrims of Montana—Hon. Corne lius Hedges. "Should auld acquaintance be forgot ?"— Walter Matheson. Owing to the unavoidable absence of several gentlemen to whom subjects had been ass'gned for treatment, tho elaborate programme of toasts was to some extent curtailed, bat the speakers present and re sponding well occupied the limits of the banquet hoars and the evening sped away to the last moment most pleasantly and delightfully to all. Speakers Toole, Langhorne, Voorhees, Maginnis and Matheson were among the orators listened to with attention, their elo quent impromptu responses meeting with an enthusiastic reception. "The Press" speech, by Alex. C. Botkiß, was a scholarly production, and the subject treated by the accomplished journalist made it the nota ble one of the occasion. Gov. B. Platt Carpenter, in the master manner of which he is always and ever capable, treated "The Pioneers" in a vein so unique as to stir the risibles and awake the enthusiasm of re joicing hearers. Judge Hedges, in turn, spoke in characteristic style to "The Pil grims," and Mrs. Haynes, in an artistic recitation, was the lady favorite in the feast of reason in the after parts of enjoyment. ALEX. C. BOTKINS' RESPONSE. Mr. Botkin expressed his thanks to the association for remembering that he had j once been addicted to the newspaper habit and electing him an honorary member, and his regret that his dnties had prevented him from attending the sessions. There were a number of speeches to lie made, especially that which Governor Carpenter was going to make, which would be good and strictly extemporaneous. He knew that it would be good because the Gover nor was never anything else, aud he knew that it would be extemporaneous because he had seen the manuscript sticking out of his coat-tail pocket. The laudation of the power and useful ness of the press is so familiar a theme that we sometimes have occasion to pro test, "something too much of this." It ought perhaps to be omitted here, which is a gathering of the craft, though there are some exceptions, including Major Magin nis and himself, who, finding that they were growing old, repented and reformed. It is said that two Roman augurs could not look each other in the face without smiling, and perhaps those present might exchange a quiet wink as they reflected that their knowledge was not quite as encyclopaedic or their judgment as infal lible as they were willing that the confid ing public should suppose. Some years ago he had visited the battle field where Custer and his brave men met their fate. Standing on the eminence where the hero fell, and which was still strew-n with sad mementoes of that awful day, rather illogically and quite profanely he bad broken into a burst of laughter. The cause of his unseemly merriment was a sudden reflection. One night in June, 1876, he was engaged in his labors on an eastern paper when the dispatches brought the news of the massacre of Custer and his command in a far-off' region said to be within the United States and called Mon tana. So important an event had to ba made the subject of an editorial, which he thereupon proceeded to write. He "fought the battle o'er again" surely enough, and of course fought it much better than Cus ter. He reorganized the entire campaign and conducted it to a triumphant issue. Sitting there in his office on the shores of Lake Michigan, how he routed Sitting Ball and his savage cohorts and littered the valley of the Little Bighorn with the bodies of the slain until their blood might "The multitudinous seas incarnadine, Making the green one red l" It was absurd enough to make any one laugh to think of it; but its absurdity was perhaps palliated by the fact that there were probably one hundred other editors engaged at the same time in writing on the same subject who knew just as much ft about Indian warfare as he did—which was simply nothing at all. And perhaps there are thousands of editors to night writing upon subjects of which they are scarcely better fitted to express opinions. This is less a reflection upon the writers than upon the conditions that the public imposes on them. An editor is expected to discuss a range of subjects that no one man could master in a life time unless it might be one like Lord Brougham, of whom it was said that "his foible was om niscience." This also is true ; There is no class w ho could cover the field so success fully. In constant contact with the fresh est thought and latest intelligence, with their faculties sharpened by unsparing polemics, criticism aud unceasing the newspaper writers of America are better equipped for the dis cussion of current events than an equal number of men taken from any other pro fession or from all other professions. So true it is that the duties of a working journalist are in themselves a liberal edu cation. The cynical Englishman who said that America is a country governed by news papers doubtless thought that he had ex ploded a crushing sarcasm ; but he had actually paid a high complimont to the press and to the country. What he actu ally said, conveyed in other words, was that America is governed by public opinion in the moulding of which its press is the prime factor. He could have borne no higher testimony to our institutions; that government is best which responds most promptly to an enlightened and patriotic public sentiment. Thomas Jefferson, than whom the world never seen a greater master of the scienee of civil polity, recognized this when he said, "I would rather live in a coun try without government and with newspa pers, than in a country with a government bat without newspapers." What he said was not so much for the glorification of the press as to em phasize its correlative responsibilities. The duty that attaches to power is to use it wisely for good ends and high purposes. He had no patience with those who demand of editors and publishers sacrifices that they would not think of asking of any other class; and he had but little sympa thy with that amiable lunacy which prompts some men to give communities better newspapers than they are willing to pay for. But he would have the journalists of the republic maintain high standards and "Never swerve from truth to serve the hour, Or barter with Almighty God for power," He would have them make the Ameri can sanctum the chosen home of manli ness, honor, justice, truth, and all the sweet brood of Christian graces. So should the influence of the press be built upon a firm and enduring foundation, and so should it perform its part in making the highest and brightest dreams of America proud reali zations and the permanent possessions of mankind. EX GOVERNOR CARPENTER'S RESPONSE. When a pioneer responds for the pil grims and a pilgrim for the pioneers, the transition is as marvelous as when "Jonah in the whale, Caught it by the tail And turned it inside out." They, whom we refer to as pioneers are the early settlers of Montana. They came not strictly as pilgrims for they were not guided solely by religions enthusiasm, and they sought a different kind of rock. They j were not strictly pioneers, for it was not their governing purpose simply to prepare the way for others to profit by their haz ards. They came, a conquering force, to subdue a wilderness and carve out fame and fortune for themselves, and they richly deserve the power and the glory they have won. They have not founded an independent republic nor even yet a State, but they have established a people greater in courage, enterprise, intelligence and wealth than perhaps the same associated nnmber elsewhere on the globe, and they have created opportunities to be shared by all who shall come after them until millions shall rejoice within the borders of the Territory. No like ex ample of sadden and sure prosperity has been exhibited by any inland people since the flood. The chief cause is the fact that the pioneers were a law observing people. If there was absence of law they supplied the deficiency. Recognizing the truism that "eternal vigilance is the price of liberty," they were so truly vigilant that crime soon reached the end of its rope. The pioneer had also an abiding faith in the legal maxim, Qui facit per alium, facit per se. If danger from human agency arose, he wonld boldly facit per se. When a cinnamon bear or mountain lion was encountered, tradi tion says he would even more boldly facit per alium every day in the week. In the earlier days the pilgrims of each year became the pioneers of the next. When our population shall have increased ten fold the dividing line between the two classes will be as difficult of ascertainment as it is for the naturalist to determine where the tadpole ceases and the frog be gins. The pin-feathered pilgrim of to-day will then be arrayed in the gorgeous plum age of the pioneer, and all will join in jubilee with the famous "harp of a thou sand strings, spirits of just men made per f.Ct" There are pioneers in all of our occupa tions and branches of industry. Those en titled to the highest credit are the gentle men of the press, who have been the edu cators, the illuminators and the advertisers of the Territory. Il they could collect a tithe of the gratitude that is due to them from a prosperous people, they would be of t all men the wealthiest—at least in a con tented spirit. Great has been the bentit conferred by the miners and the stockmen in their pleasant rivalry to determine whether more millions can be dug from the earth or taken trom its surface. Then come the railroads bind ing together the Territory by strong and countless ties which nothing can burst asunder. Th r ongh the inspiration of the noble band of pioneers the souls ot Mon tanians are united in one great spirit of justice, progress aud elevation. Therefore, following the example of my friend Col. Botkin, 1 may exclaim in the language of ft he bard — "United, go forward in vigor an4 health ; The grandest future before you lies. The quartzmen and ranchmen shall roll Id their j wealth. And the children all revel in juicy mud pies." The banquet ended at about the mid night hour, a stariza of the song "Suould old acquaintance be forgot," etc., rendered by Colonel Wheeler in popular form, and with cheering voices theenthusi- j astic company dispersed. FIRST COMERS' FEAST. Banqueting of the Pioneers of Mon tana. Two Hundred and More Gathered About the Festive Board Friday Evening. The Second Anniversary of the Socie ty Terminates Most Enjoyably. At the Merchants Hotel, yesterday (Fri day) evening, upwards of 200 persons were seated at the elegant banquet spread of j the Montana Pioneers and shared in the good things bountifully provided. The occasion was the finale to tbe celebration of the second anniversary, and brought to a delightful close the largely attended meeting of the early time voyageurs. A goodly number of ladies graced the ban- j quet with their presence, aud a number of j distinguished gentlemen sojourning in the city were among the invited guests. The j seating capacity of the dining hall was supposed ample, but perhaps a score or more of the later arriving participants ; failed to secure a place at table, and such shared more in the feast of reason than that of the board. As master of ceremonies, Judge Hedges announced the toasts and the gentlemen assigned to respond in the following order: PROGRAMME. There are moments of life that, we never forget, Which brighten and brighten as time steals away. They give a new charm to the happiest lot. And they shine on the gloom of the loueliest day. The President of the United States.— Hon. Martin Maginnis. Montana—The common shrine at which the oldest pioneer and the youngest pil grim is an equally devout worshipper.— Hon. A. C. Botkin. The Governor of Montana—Our pioneers always have a deep seated attachment for the Kentucky staple—Governor Leslie. The Congress of the United States— Whose worthy, if not contented, subjects we are—Hon. J. K. Toole. Our sister Territories of tbe Northwest, Washington and Dakota, with whom Mon tana is now joined by double links of steel, and with whom she proposes soon to waltz into the Union—Hon. C. S. Voorhees. The pioneers of Montana—our noble selves—Frank H. Woody. Our dead comrades—Gone, but not for gotten— Leaves bave tlieir time to fall. And flowers to wither at the north wind's breath, And stars to see—but all Thou hast all seasons for thine own, O, Death. —Hon. Granville Stuart. The Newspaper Press—"The power be hind the throne ;" "The great high priestess as the oracle of civilization ;" "The most enterprising and aggressive of all the Pioneers."—Hon. Wm. H. Sutherlio. Travel and Transportation—The bull team, the mule train, the jerky, the Con cord coach, aud even the steamboat on our fickle Missouri, relics of the pioneer era, give place for and pay homage to the loco motive, with its freight trains and palace cars.—C. A. Broadwater, Chief Engineer of the Diamond R. and Prime Conductor of the Montana Central. Pioneer Justice—The scripture tells us that when the law came, sin abounded. The grand jury in the miners' courts was eqnal to all occasions and administered justice according to the unwritten common law.—Wm. L. Steele. Pioneer minstrelsy— "One man that hath no music In him-elf. And is not moved with eoucord of sweet sounds. Is fit for treason, stratagems and spoils— Let no man trust him." Col. C. D. Curtis. Pioneer Merchants—Prices no object— James King. Salt and Saner Kraut—J. M. Griffiths. The Women—God bless them—Major Davenport and E. W. Knight. The absence of several of the gentlemen and the length at which some of the ora tors spoke somewhat abbreviated the pro gramme, and not all the appointed re sponses were heard. MAJOR MAGINNIS. The speaker said he had great respect for the office of President of the United States, and recited in poesy his first notions of the grandeur and dignity of that high position. It was firs: filled by that great man whose name has filled the remotest corner of the earth—George Washington. What was he ? He was a pioneer, he was a frontiersman, brought in a frontier coun try ; the surveyor of the unsurveyed ; the wearer of a buckskin suit, possessed of all the knowledge, of all the experience that is given to any of you in your wanderings or adventures on the border land of the republic. Before his name had gone abroad; before he was called upon to de fend the young republic which had just sprung into independency he was the ideal of a border man ; he was the leader of an Indian fight, and in that Indian fight sav ing and protecting the flying regu lars of Braddock, he won the first repu tation, which afterwards made him the great champion on the red field of war; and from that position he graduated to fill for the first time in history this position of President of the United States. And after him came others, nearly all of whose ex perience was in the same way. * * to surpass me in admiration lor hey past or Mr. Lincoln, the war president of ihe re public was a pioneer brought up. That great and good and kindly man who, in the very throes and agonies of civil war, had sympathies large enough and warm enough not only for the people of whom he was the head, but the people against whom he was making what headway he could. [Load applause.] That man who had in his heart charity for all and malice for none. And Grant, too, who learned his business out here in the West, and others whom 1 might mention, have shown that there is an intimate connection between men who have been the leaders of civilization upon the border, and those who have held high office. The speaker eulogized the present chief executive, and believed him to be a thor oughly honest and reliable man, controlled by the purest aspirations and the very best motives. In conclusion he said that all Montanians want their share in choosing and deciding who shall fill the office ot President. [Enthusiastic applause.] The next speaker most warmly greeted was the accomplished orator, HON. ALEX. C. BOTKIN, in response to the toast. Montana—"The common shrine of which the oldest pioneer and youngest pilgrim is equally a devoted worshipper." lie said: Ladies and Gentle men : In my aspirations to be a pioneer I seem to have played in hard luck. I was born ia Wisconsin at a very early stage of its existence as a Terrtorv, but when the pioneers of that State organized their asso ciation I found that 1 bad tailed by a few months to get myself born soon enough to be eligible lor membership. Coming to Montana I discovered that I was barred by a provision of the constitution of your so ciety, which yon had placed beyond the reach of amendment. Now to punish your pride aud exclusiveness, I wish to remind you that "pioneer" is a relative term, and that if you were to compare yourselves to Lewis and Claike you are only pilgrims, and you ought to be looking at your feet to see if the bbsters are still there. Pro ceeding upon these liues, and w hen your ranks have thinned, as, alas, they must, I intend to organize a society to be called "the deputy pioneers of Montana,' and I will include in this organization all those who came into this Territory on a bull team or jerky. Bound together by the recollection of common sufferings, we will permit no one to ask what the reasons were that induced us to leave our former homes, or what were our names in the States. Mr. Chairman : I recognize that I have no fitness for the task of responding for Montana, unless it be that I permit no one interest in her future. The period of un rest, when so many within our borders re garded their residence here as a temporary expedient, has passed away and given place to a proud content, That we have an area of 144,000 square miles or over 90,000,000 of acres ; that within that area we have mineral wealth richer and more varied than in any equal portion of the globe; that our valleys aud hillsides, with their wonderful fertility of soil, could produce food for an unlimited population ; that we have a peo ple equalled by few for their intelligence, cultivation, energy, and enterprise; that we have here "The splintered rid^e Tbht parts the northern showers." that we have the headwaters of two mighty systems of water communication that here kiss and part to tell the world that the vast domain through which they flow is and shall forever be one and inseparable— this is but a simple recital of facts that are within the knowledge of us all. But when we confront the task of estimating what the future may be, the boldest imagination may wisely halt. Among the class of men who are recognized as benefactors of their race, custom and reason give the foremost rank to the conditorcs imperii, the founders of empires; and you who through toil, hard ships and privation have made the present actual, and future possible, will have in the future of Montana a prouder monu ment than "storied urn or animated bust." This is a fitting occasion for that which should indeed be urged in tes son and out ol season, until our just demand is conceded, the demand for the admission of Montana into the Union ot the States. We have recently been visited by a number of eminent congressmen ironi the East, and I wondered when they saw this city, with its churches and school houses, and all the appliances ol an ad vanced civilization, and reflected that it is the capital of a commonwealth of 150,000 souls, equal to them in thrifr. enterprise and enlightenment—I wondered how they could reconcile it to their sense ot right that this people should be deprivtd ol some of the most precious rights that attach to American citizenship. It is a happy cir cumstance that you have with you to-night a Samuel Adams and a Patrick Henry, who will not fail to reiterate the demand that the people of the West shall be emanci pated from their colonial condition, ami that before these pioneers about me shall have passed away, and given place to another generation, they shall be permitted to stand erect in the lull stature of political man hood. Mr. Chairman, 1 close by express ing the hope that through all the succes sive changes that are to be, Montana will prove loyal to her traditions aud worthy of her pioneers. Delegates Toole and Voorhees. succeed ing speakers, were heard with much atten tion. These gentlemen are close personal friends, and in their very happy public ad dresses never fail to give each other a good political send off. Their responses were in the main excellent, and were generously applauded. Frank Woody, president-elect of the Pioneers, pleasantly recited his experiences as an early timer. He traveled to the mountains in 1856, and was among ihe first to settle in the Bitter Root 1 alley. His capital was fifty-two cents and his other worldly possessions a pair of buck skin pants and a copy of Milton's "Para dise Lost." It took tour months to bring the news of Buchanan's election lrom Olympia, Washington Territory, in early days people were glad to travel in a bull team ; now they wanted palace cars and sleepers and lower berths, and then were not content. Calicos were titty cents per yard ; now the girls kick because they are six cents. Others have made plenty ol money and forget the fact that they once were pioneers and had to rustle and scratch pretty close for subsistence; they should bear the old times in mind and still thiDk of the poor pioneer who is still rustling. He closed with a recital of his lite. nar rating in detail an account ot his trials acd tribulations from the year 1856 to the present day. At 1 o'clock, with the programme in some respects incomplete, the grand com pany of old times rose from table and to the music of "Home, Sweet Home, dis persed. ^ Take Notice. The members of the Pioneer Association should bear in mind that it is their dut) to furnish the corresponding secretary a short sketch of their lives, especially that part connected with their coming to Mon tana and their experiences and resident since, together with their photographs. Cornelius Hedges is corresponding secre tary and makes entry in the Pioneer régis ter of all these personal sketches. Historical Society is now permanen .> quartered in the court house and will P vide safe custody for all the Pioneer ru 1 and contributions that may be made.