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FISK BROS. • S. E. FISK. - Publishers. ----j - - Editor THDESDAY, EEPTEMBEE 22, 1837. Ex-Governor Bi.ACKTHiiX, of Ken tucky. did not loDg survive the expiration of his term of office. Ax invoice of new hooka for our Free Public Library from John B. Alden, of New York, came to-day. Nicholas T. Kane, Democratic repre sentative elect from the 19th congressional district of New York, i3 dead. OVEB four millions of bonds were pur chased by the government yesterday at satisfactory rates. "What better use for the surplus? _ The Manitoba is within forty miles of Denton to-day, and but for some delay on the bridges would be at Benton before the end of another week. The work around the court house is booming since the meeting of the com missioners. The new furniture is being opened up and put in place. It will still take a little time for the law repealing the bounties to go into effect in the squirrel districts, for the law provides that one day shall be allowed for every fifteen miles from the capital. Rainy weather has delayed work on the Manitoba road for a few drys past, but it is advancing and will be at Benton by the last of this month. It is within less than two hundred miles of Helena. Hauey Palmer says the sidewalk on the Broadway front of the court house will be laid before this week is closed. It will be work that will entitle him to a vote of thanks from every one who has to travel that route day or night. The Republican Councilmen will not suffer on the ehnv"* of partisanship with any Democratic i.udj ever convened in Montana. No fairer presiding officer than President Hickman ever held the gavel in a legislative body in Montana. In the Northern Pacific election the Yillartl party voted 1)80,000 of the 725,000 shares—a majority. Private advices wired from St. Paul to-day gives assurance that there will be no change of official manage ment except that Harris will early retire from the presidency, to be succeeded by Oakes. ___ The washouts on the Southern Pacific road, where it i3 snpposed never to raiD, will be heard of with a good deal of sur prise. In fact the elements are getting badly mixed up and we hardly know in what shape or place to look for the next disaster. On one thing we may congratu late ourselves, that the destructive visita tions of cyclones have been much less fre quent this year than last. Incidents of the war sketch in to-day's Heeald were revived by a visit to the scene of contention of several comrade participants twenty-three years after. With a fellow officer the writer in 18G-1 tramped anew over the battle fields of Virginia, on the Peninsula, and about Richmond, and further south, in North Carolina, where a third comrade joined the party in viewing the grounds of conflict about New Berne and the fields of strife historically connected with the final engagements bringing the rebellion to a dose. Our soldier readers with outpost experience will be interested in the recital of "A Night Attack,'' as sketched on our first page._ The forestry department of the Agricul f mal Bureau estimates the value of forest area owned by the government at $280, 000,000, and that the annu al loss by^forest fires averages $8,000,000. The policy of withdrawing this from sale and j'iv.icgit in charge of keepers, who will ke*-*.. down the fires and superintend the saie iud cut ting of timber, is advocated earne^ily. It is blind infatuation that allows auch a waste of our forests. For a saal part of the yearly loss these forests might be preserved to our people for centuries with out diminishing the annual supply, even increasing it. Of course this increase can not be expected to keep pace with our in crease of population, but when we once ascertain the extent of onr annual supply, substitution will he found to eke out this supply. We have iron in endless quanti ties, and it will be used in connection with other durable material for houses, for fences, bridges, railroads and telegraphs. Still we have little hope that Congress will do any thing. _ Until recently it was generally con ceded that Carlisle would be the Speaker of the next House as a matter of course, but the opposition is gathering force and voice, too, and we shall not be surprised if he withdraws from the race. It is even said that the administration is urgiDg this course. The impropriety of the course of electing as a Speaker one whose seat is con tested is not strong enough to rule him cut, if there were not other and stronger con siderations. The protection Democrats will not consent to be snubbed again, as in the last Congress. They come back stronger in numbers and backbone than in the last House, and will either divide the honors or rule the situation. The admin istration is doing its best to heal the breach and find some common ground for united party action. The Virginia election is pending, and in order to save it for the Democracy it has been announced that the policy had been adopted to repeal the tobacco tax and concede the principle of protection. But the revenue reformers will not yield to this. The Democratic party will have to get down on one side of the fence or the other soon. It cannot run a free trade campaign in Ohio and a pro tection campaign in Virginia without some body will discover the incongruity and inquire which side is to be left. tion. The revenue of it-elf. We hav debt to pay for KETKENCH.IIE.NT. When a nation is running behind in its expenses, when its resources are un certain and the future is dubious, it is the highest duty ot a prudent public ad ministration to retrench, to cut down expenses, to forego any new enterprises involving expenditures; but this is not the condition of the United States, and all thi.-> talk about reducing the revenues and relieving the poor people of oppres sive taxation is contemptible twaddle, and we are sorry to see that Republican conventions fall into the rut to some ex tent and allow' to pass unquestioned the the necessity for some great reduction of revenues. Now' we confess that we have a higher ambition for the Republican party than to see it retire upon the capi tal of its past achievements or relax its energies for engaging in new conquests. We want a tariff for the protection of American manufactures and American laborers, and we want it high enough and broad enough to give this protec ill take care a national money that has been spent in war. It will absorb any possible surplus we would get for ten years to come. Some of the duties are possibly higher than is necessary for protection. Such only should be re duced. Rut this reduction would in crease instead of diminishing the rev enue, and on this score we like it better. Our position is, and it is the one we want to see the Republican party stand forth boldly on, that we have not a cent too much revenue to discharge the press ing duties resting upon us as a nation. Let us have free trade on this continent for the sake of political influence. Let us have a navy that will control this continent against the world. Let us build up commerce by subsidies if need be, but at all events control the policy of this continent and its commerce by every fair and honorable means, no mat ter what it costs. We favor a decided, outspoken ad vanced policy of expansion, and not of contraction, and we call on the Republi can party to come forward and lead forth the young men of this country on a career suited to our national strength, genius and resources. THE ANARCHIST DECISION. After some unexplained delay, over which the public was getting impatient, the Supreme Court of Illinois has ren dered an unanimous decision affirming the sentence of the condemned Chicago anarchists. It is good news, and the country will heave another sigh of re lief as one more advance step is taken towards the punishment of one of the most dastardly and dangerous crimes ever perpetrated in this country. Our sympathy is all reserved for those brave Chicago policemen who died in the dis charge of a duty, and saved the city from destruction. These condemned men may have been deluded and ignor ant, but it is time that such delusions were dispelled and such ignorance was taught a lesson that it will remember to the last day of the Republic. We know of no more valuable compensatory service that these men can do than by 'heir death to warn others to abjure their folly. Their exe cution will be a warning not only to those in this country who have become tinctured with this delusion, but it will serve a notice upon those of the same class in Europe to stay away, or if they come to submit to our laws. In one respect the delay of execution has been an advantage, for it has kept alive the determination to have the law vindicated. The sentiment of execra tion has spread and grown stronger, and has pervaded the whole country. In stead of a transient sentiment it has be come an abiding sentiment that "anarch ists must go.'' And as there is no place in the world where they could be sent without inflict ing an intolerable injury, the only thing left is to hang them as a warning to others and a slight reparation for the mischief they have done. Dakota is laboring heavily over the question of division, and we are somewhat amused at the arguments used. At a recent meeting at Huron a resolution was adopted which declares that the taxes are always smaller in small States ; that the people watch the government closer, and the officers feel more directly their respon sibility. What makes us smile is that the people of Dakota think they will get a small State by dividing. Either half would make a State with an area of near '<5,000 square miles, twice the area of In diana, which is not generally known as a small State. Argument on this line is thrown away by our Dakota brethren. There are good reasons against having States too large, and still better ones against having too small ones, like Rhode Island and Delaware. An area of 50,000 square miles is large enough generally. But it must be borne in mind that the tendency is of railroads bringing people together so easily, rapidly and cheaply allows a much larger area to be grouped together conven iently now than formerly. We have al ways believed that large areas with diversi fied interests were a great positive advan tage to a State with local government properly distributed. While one interest may be disastrously affected, others wonld prosper and carry the State though with out any disturbance of its financial re sources. Even if Dakota is divided, we do not apprehend that the northern part is under any special danger of being con trolled injuriously by the Northern Pacific. Already the Manitoba has traversed its entire length, and will divide the control of transportation. Dakota will be covered with railroads inside of ten years almost as much as Iowa to-day. Both in the matter of area and in the numbers composing the legislative bodies we think there is more danger of these being too small than too large. OI K FOREIGN TRADE. President Thurber, of the United States and Brazil Steamship Company, has issued a pamphlet setting forth t the difficulties under which our mercantile marine is perishing. The sum and sub stance of it all is that all the continen tal nations, including decrepit and bank rupt old Spain, are paying large subsi dies for carrying mails, which stimulate the establishment of regular lines of steamships, which enable these lines to carry goods at rates that our vessels can not compete with. Within the last forty veai'3 England has paid over $200,000,000 in such subsidies. Free trade lias nothing to do with this question of transportation. If our for eign trade were ten times as great as it is, it would all continue to be done in foreign bottoms, so long as these foreign vessels could afford to carry it cheaper than American ship owners. Nor would it affect the question at all, though American owners were to buy these ships abroad and get them just as cheap as the cheapest. Under the policy at present controling our government, our ship owners could not compete with for eigners in the carrying trade, for their governments pay them subsidies that enable them to under bid us on every item. Patriotic considerations soon wilt and fade when connected with a losing game. It may be said that if foreigners will carry our ocean freights cheaper than we can do it for ourselves, then why not let them do it, while we use our money for that which pays better. Admitting that there is some force to this argument, it is after all a short-sighted policy when applied to the countries on this conti nent, for giving foreigners the control of all this commerce gives them a con trol of all the influences that shape foreign policy, the control of the finan ces, internal improvements and every thing else. If we want to control the commerce of this continent we can do it when we are ready to pay for it to the same extent and in the same way as other nations do. We can better afford to pay these large subsidies than any other nation and the results of controling this trade with the countries on this continent are a thousand times more important to us than to all the nations of Europe. Our government seems wedded to a short sighted, picayunish policy that would not do credit to clam. It is time that this nation came out of its shell and showed some enterprise and ambition, proportioned to its strength and resources. Guatemala has recently sent a diplo matic representative to the United States in the person of Lewis Francis Lamfrester. He represents that there is greater fear and danger of his country beiDg overrun and absorbed by Mexico, which has a large army on its borders. He says if any an nexation is to take place, the people of Guatemala would vote to be annexed to the United States. We do not want this annexation now, and perhaps never. Eut the opportunity comes to us to exert our good offices' with both Guatemala and Mexico to promote pease and cultivate friendly alliauces. Guatemala asks for re ciprocal, unrestricted commerce, and there is every reason why we should grant it, as also in the case of Venezuela. These coun tries would soon be able to supply us all the coffee that we needed, and would be glad to take our manufac tures in payment. These countries are imploring us for trade and for capital to build railroads, work their mines and lands and help to build up liberal institu tions. If once we enter upon such work in earnest, with a single one of these countries, all the others would soon follow. In the course of a single generation we could have this whole continent united commercially and financially. We need no other annexation. They wonld soon be bound to us by stronger ties than conquest. We would have a common currency. Our manufactures and commerce would soon increase so that we should surpass Europe, Asia and Africa combined in wealth and available strength. With a navy to gnard onr commerce we should soon command the wealth of the world. The overflowing population of Europe would contribute to our growing strength, and all would become republics in more than name. In fact al! America would be come a part and parcel of our great repub lic. Such a consummation so clearly for our interest cannot long be overlooked and neglected. _ The report of the government commis sioner of railroads shows a better condition of the Pacific road3 than we had antici pated. The showing for the Union Pacific is much better than that of the Central Pacific. If an extension of time is granted to pay what they owe the government, at a low rate of interest, and the companies are allowed the fall control of their re sources, they would become good paying properties, and would do a great work to develop the tributary country. The Obsequies of Governor Hartlett. San Francisco, September 16. —The obsequies of Governor Washington Bart lett, who died in office, occurred in this city to-day, his remains being taken to the Lanrel Hill cemetery. He was given a state funeral, and the occasion was ia many respects one of the most remarkable in the history of the Pacific coast. There was a complete cessation of business in this city, and this was the rale throughout the State of California. In this city buildings were heavily draped and flags were displayed at half mast from all public and nnmerous private bnildings. The remains of the dead Governor laid in state for two days at Pio neer Hall, Governor Bartlett having ar rived in thie city in 1849. After the read ing of the Episcopal burial service at Grace Church, the public escort proceeded in a body to the cemetery. This included all Federal and State Judges and public offi cials in carriages, one thousand United States troops and marines, three thousand National Guard troops, in addition to num erous civic societies, making fully ten thousand marchers. THE CONSTITUTIONAL CENTEN NIAL. While the celebration of the centen nial of the constitution is in progress in the city where that important document first saw the light, it is worth our while to participate, though so far away, and inquire what interest, direct or indirect, we have in that instrument. Who drafted the constitution ? Every one knows who drew the declaration of Independence, butjwe do not remember until recently of ever having beard or read of the author of the constitution. His tory shows that the preparation of both documents was assigned to a committee. But it is a matter of notoriety that some single person of the committee does the work. In the Life of Joel Barlow, in our Public Library, it will be found that this work is credited to Abraham Bald win, a delegate from Georgia, but a na tive of Connecticut and a brother-in-law of Barlow. It is said that this fact was engraved upon Baldwin's tombstone, in the city of Washington, where be died and was buried. This fact ought to be fully verified and justice done for the long neglect in preserving the fame for such an achieve ment. The present celebration should make note of this fact and provide for the erection of a monument to honor the name of the author and perpetuate the glory of the event. Let it be so gen erally known that every school child shall hereafter be able to answer : Who drew the Constitution? as readily as those other questions : Who dis covered America? and, Who wrote the Declaration of Independence ? It is the testimony of the greatest statesmen England ever produced that our constitution is "the greatest work of uninspired wisdom that mortal man ever produced." It was the constitution that made us a nation. Without it both the declaration and the achieve ment of independence would have been in vain. The confederation was a fail ure. The union that it formed was but a rope of sand. The present constitu tion sets out in its brief and modest preamble: "We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more permanent union, establish justice, in sure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution for the United States of North America." Every word and letter of the pream ble has a historical as well as a pro phetical significance and deserves study. The term United State* is then and there for the first time used in a sense that it had never before possessed. It was thenceforward to be the name of one people in a common country. It took a civil war to convince some people of the fact that we were a Nation instead of a confederacy of states, but the fact ap pears in the original document, for there is but one people spoken of in whose name and for whose benefit that consti tution was ordained and established. The people of Montana are just as much a part of the United States as those of New York or any other State. We are citizens of the nation that came into existence a hundred pears ago, and by every letter and the unvarying spirit of the constitution entitled to the exer cise of the same rights as citizens of other States. The word territory does not appear in the instrument except as descriptive of property, and the exercise of exclusive legislation by congress is expressly confined to a district not ex ceeding ten miles square. By the Con stitution of the United States, the people of Montana have as much right to es tablish a State government as those of Massachusetts or Virginia. Congress has nothing to say about that till it comes to the question of admission. But there is no time or space here and now for such discussion. The true in terpretation of the constitution cannot be hoped for till all the present Terri tories are admitted as States. But in truth and fact the constitution is of more value and meaning to us than to any other portion of our nation. It is a clear charter of rights that we are entitled to exercise, but of which we are deprived by the usurpation of Congress. Future commentators on our national constitution will agree that the Terri tories as organized and governed by Congress were an anomaly and a flagrant usurpation in direct violation of the constitution. The itlan Who is Smoking. [Florida News Herald.] Did you ever think of the protection which a lighted cigar holds out iu the dead hours of the night? I don't mean to the smoker himself, but to those whom he en counters. I have slackened my pace many a time, and oft when late on some dark night I have descried a slouchy gaited, sus picions looking character on the pavement ahead of me. I always prefer to keep in the wake of such individuals rather than to have them in mine. But when a pedes trian of this kind tarns his head and A cheerful cigar, like a new born star, In the clasp of his lips burns brightly, I feel reassnred and brace np into my cus tomary gait. The other night (or early morning, rather,) a woman here in Jack sonville was awakened by some noise, and looking out of the window discovered a man standing directly in front of her house. As she was practically alone, she watched the man nervously, and when after a few seconds he advanced into the middle of the street and then back again to the place, she was sure he had evil designs on the premises. But all of a sudden the bright red coals of his lighted cigar momentarily lighted np the darkness, and spoke so fondly in his favor that snspicion disap peared and the mistress of the house re tired from the window with a feeling of security. No highwayman or burglar ever smokes cigars in business hours—it is con trary to the rules of the fraternity. There is too mnch light about the process, and the smoke, too, wonld be apt to disclose his presence. It may generally be set down that a man with a cigar means no mischief. a it MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS. Amending the Act of Last Winter's Session. For a newly incorporated city County Commissioners to give notice of election. Officers to he elected, Mayor, Police Magistrate, City Attorney, City Treasurer and two aldermen from each ward. City shall be divided into districts or wards and aldermen elected from each ward. May borrow money or issue bonds (to construct public buildings, sewers, water works, amount not to exceed three per cent of valuation. Proposition to issue bonds to be first submitted to electors. Not to exceed one per cent indebtedness in any one fiscal year. Cities of first class to have from three to ten wards. Second class, two to four wards. No new ward to be created unless it con tains 150 voters. CITY councils to elect by ballot City Clerk. Marshall, a Chief of Police, a Chief of the Fire De partment, a City Surveyor, and such num ber of policemen as the city may require. Council to provide compensation, suspend orjremove such officers. City Marshal's salary not to exceed $200 per month. City Attorney to be elected, bnt salary End fees to be fixed by Council. City Attorney may be removed or sus pended by Council for neglect of duties and Council to fill vacancy. Mayor to be over twenty-five years of age and a resident of the Territory for three years and a resident of the city two years. Aldermen to have been a resident of the ward one year preceeding election. Mayor of city of first class to receive a salary not exceeding $750, and aldermen to be paid $3.00 per diem, limited to five days per month. Mayor and aldermen of city of second class no compensation. City may incorporate under this act by a petition of 200 voters, that an election be held at which a majority are in favor of reincorporation. The amount of corporation taxes to be assessed in any one year on the taxable property shall not exceed three-fourths of one per centum of assessed valuation. Contracts exceeding two hundred dollars to be let to lowest bidder. The following class of property is ex empt from taxation : Mines and the pro ceeds thereof and mining claims, except patents, the surface of which is taxable according to its value, as other real estate. INCUR INDEBTEDNESS. An Act to Enable Cities of the Vnluu .tion of $1,200,OOO to do So. Aoy city having an assessed valuation of $1,200,000 or over is authorized to sub mit to qualified voters the question of issuiDg bonds on credit of the city to the amount not exceeding two per cent, of assessed valuation, for the purpose of erect ing water works, public buildings, street grades, bridges, sewers or other public im provements. Twenty days notice iu a daily news paper to be given for each particular im provement contemplated. At the election named in the notice bal lots shall read, "Bonds, Yes,'' "Bonds, No." No such election to be held oftentr than once in twelve months. If "Bonds, Yes," are a majority of the ballots cast, the city council bhall ad%er tise in a focal daily paper also in a New York city paper, for four weeks, the sale of boDds. Bonds to be of the denomination of $500 and $1,000. Bonds not to be sold at less than par. Money arising from the sale to be ex pended for such sewer or sewers as shall be determined by the city council. A tax to be levied to pay interest and create a sinking fund. Bonds to be re deemed in five years, and payable in twenty. The Treasurer-of the city shall call in bonds by advertisement in a local paper when there is money in the sinking fund to pay $1,000. Interest ceases after thirty days. MEMORIAL To the Congress of the United States. Your memorialists, the Legislative As sembly of Montana, respectfully represent to your honorable bodies that the act of Congress of June, 1878, limiting the legis lative assembly of this Territory to twelve members in the council and twenty-four in the house, was passed at a date when the number of voters in this Territory was only 9,242 and the population about 45,000, and the assessed valuation only $12,777,028; that since that date railroads have entered the Territory and are being constructed in all portions thereof. The mining and agricultural resources have been developed to a wonderful extent and the country is rapidly being settled. The numbers of voters at the last general election was 32,262. The population is about 150,000, and the assessed valuation is over FIFTY-FIVE MILLIONS of dollars, while the number of counties in the Territory has increased from ten in 1878 to fifteen in 1887. The apportioment of members of the legislative assembly has become a difficult task ; it is impossible to make the apportionment so that political divisions of this Territory may be equally represented. That just and equitable rep resentation is dear to a FREE AND ENLIGHTENED people. That such representation may be more perfectly made, your memorialists would earnestly pray that the number of members in this Legislative Assembly be increased to twenty-tour in the council and forty-eight in the house, and your memor ialists will as in duty hound ever pray. MECHANIC'S LIENS. Aitieudiug the Act Passed by the Last Session. Any person wishing for benefits of law to file with the recorder of the county in which buildiDg, mine, etc., is situated and within forty-five days of when the work was done an account of the amount due and description of the property on which the labor was performed and make affidavit thereto. Liens shall extend to land to the extent of one acre if outside of towns or cities, and to one whole lot upon which the property is situated if in a city or town and the land belongs in fee simple to the person owning the property attached, if not only the owner's interest is attached. Other liens filed within thirty days of the first shall share pro rata upon sale of property nnder foreclosure. After thirty days liens filed become a second class and shall share pro raia after the first class have been satisfied. Liens have precedence over mortgages or other claims Guardians, married women, companies, associations and corporations not tenants or lessees shall he deemed owners or pro prietors for the purposes of this act. Relating to County Attorneys. That hereafter county attorneys shall not attend or try cases in the supreme court in any case where the Territory or connty is a party thereto, nor shall they receive mileage for attendance or fees for trying cases therein. Terms of Connty Assessors. That no person who shall have served five terms successively in any connty shall be eligible to the next succeeding tens. ATTORNEY GENERAL. An Act Creating the Office lor the Territory of Montana. That the office of Attorney General is created. The Governor, by and with the consent of the Council, shall appoint, and said officer shall enter upon his duties within twenty days after his appointment. Hold office for two years. Give boud of $2,000. The Attorney General shall re side at the capital. Shall receive a salary of $2,000 per annum ; also $500 for travel ing and other expenses. Is entitled to all reports, laws and public documents free, hut shall turn the same over to his suc cessor. His duty is to prosecute and de fend all actions in the Supreme Court in which the Territory is interested, or in other courts when requested by the Gover nor or Assembly when the Territory is a party to the suit. Shall advise and prose cute suits relative to the executive and other departments of the Territory. Shall keep a register of all actions. FEES OF COUNTY CLERKS. Amending Sections 535 and 591 of the Revised Statutes. County clerks and recorders shall be en titled to receive and demand the following fees : Filing and recording first folio, 30 cents, each additional, 15 cents ; entry in index, 10 cents ; certificate of record, 50 cents ; acknowledgment and seal, 50 cents ; copies of record, 15 cents per folio ; abstract of title, first conveyance 50 cents, each sub sequent 25 cents ; abstract from original entries, 50 cents ; search of record, 25 cents ; cancelling mortgage or other lein, 25 cents ; filing affidavit of brands of cattle slaughter ed, 25 cents ; record'ng town plats, two hundred lots or less, $10, each additional lot 5 cents ; filing and indexing chattle mortgage or other lein or paper, $1 ; affi davit lode representation, $1.00; annual statement of corporations, $1 ; any paper not provided for, 25 cents. FEES OF ADMINISTRATOR. Amending Section 253 of the Com piled Statutes. When no compensation is provided in a will or the executor renounces all claims he may be allowed a commission on all sums of money, only actually received from the sale of property of the estate. For first $1,000 seven per cent.; exceeding $1,000 at four per cent. Public adminis trators are allowed the same commission. Probate Judge may allow further compen sation for extraordinary services, hut not to exceed the rates of this iaw. [ For the Herald.] Source and Nature of Supplies. It Y REV. F. D. KELSEY. The Book of Inspiration urges men to err not in their view of God's dealings with them. We find ourselves surrounded by material entities, which prove strong temp tations to evil, yet "Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God, for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man. * Do not err, my beloved brethren ; every good gift and every perfect gift is from above and cometh down from the Father of lights." Do not err in this ; remember that what comes from God's hands unto us is good and perfect ; there is no evil in it except the user of it make evil of it. Fire is a gift of God ; it has been the grandest of grand blessings in human hands. So easy is it for us to strike a match and get a fire when wanted, we lit tle realize what it means to he unable; to obtain fire when wanted. But fire in a ruffian's hands, fire burning down a dwell ing or consuming a ship at sea, or sweep ing over a western prairie, burning a mar tyr at the stake, is out of its place, is mis used, or raging in a form which men should have guarded against. Even some of the apparently disastrous ragings in Nature are blessings ia disguise, and though for a season and to a few they bring sorrow and necessary pain and loss, take the world at large and even this severe calamity is the means of the great est good to the greatest numbers, and sa is in reality benevolent and wise and in the highest degree holy, good and blessed. In nature many things prove tempta tions, which are evil only as we ourselves make them evil, and we do greatly err who accuse these things in nature instead of ourselves. God made nature, and made it very eood. "Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights." The eyes are good and can feast them selves on things of exquisite beauty. Yet fine arts have run into the sensual, the nude, the licentious ; and what God made as a blessing sinful men have twisted into temptations to lust and sensuality. Many a licentious boy and ruined girl can trace the hour of downfull to some statuary in the hall, some picture in the art gallery, or some custom of woman's dress which in stead of being ornamental is low. nude, or suggestive of animal nassion. God gave the eyes, but wicked man himself has turned them into temptations. God gave us our bodily senses and appe tites These have proven the great instru mentalities of Satan to lead men astray. And because of their natural strength many men have erred in laying the blame of their sin upon their Maker, saying blasphemously, "Why hast thou made me thus?" But men forget the great wisdom, art, and benificence displayed by God in the creation of the sentient world. Each natural desire, each fleshly craving, each bodily appetite, has subtending it a good end of marvelous wisdom and benevolence. The strongest passions have underlying them deepest principles of good and not of evil. Men are often led by the love of fleshly gratifications to lead animal lives, subordinating higher, nobler things to flesh and lust, led by animalism instead of by the spirit and by the higher laws—but the blame is on the man, who misuses his body, rather than on the God, who made the body and made it 30 wonderful as to be the admiration and astonishment of a ; world of students. Of one thing we may be sure, that the gifts of nature, of Providence and of Grace are all good and perfect gifts. Man may turn any or all of them into agencies of evil, bnt the fact ever remains, God has done his work well. Do not err, my be loved brethren ; every good gift and every perfect gift is from above and cometh down from the Father of lights. Yes, and even that element in nature which proves dangerous, because oat of it proceed temptations which have proved so strong, is in itself benevolent and wise and good ; the ultimate object of them is to test, prove, develope and form moral char acter, and a necessary means to this noble, righteous and benevolent end is a moral universe.like the present in which men are placed in a moral probation of good and evil. "Do not err, my beloved brethren;" men sin, men are drawn into sin by nat ural desires and objects, bnt Nature and God are not to blame for human misuse and abase of these good and perfect gifts of his providence, love, power and grace : "But every man is tempted when he is drawn away of his own lust and enticed." Die1. Louisville, September 14—Ex-Gov Luke P. Blackburn died at Frankfort, Ky., to-day. Tboy, N. Y., September 14.—Congress man-elect Kane died to-night. J ; ; ; ; j I i I ; SUNDAY BALL PLAYING. J A Back wood 's Pastor's Fervid Dis course on the Subject. While base ball is at fever heat and Sun day game playing has invaded the church ly precincts of Montana's Christian capi tal, the following pnlpit dessertation re ported by the Oil City Derrick will be read with a good deal of interest: The Rev. Mr. Woolsack, popularly known as "The Deacon." ia h:s sermon up the creek last Sunday, made a few remarks pertinent to base ball. Pointing out of the window at a game in progress on the ad joining Wilson flats, he said: "See that loafer with the bird cage on his head stand ing like a straddle-hug behind the bat. He is not desecrating the Sabbath day by playing ball, because he isn't playiDg hall. He can't play. He imagines he 2 an, of course, and goes through ail the painful ; contortions of a real ball player, but in the devil's score book he is charged ten times over for every error he makes, and a nice ; record he will have when the season is j over and the time for his eternal rest I should be at hand. It will be a sorry rest i for him." Just theu some one made a long hit and a shout went up from the crowd. "Yes, hoopla !" yelled the Deacon, rais ing his voice above the dm; "hoopla till the cows come home, hut unless you raise your voices in hosannas to the Lord you will never reach the shining home plate of everlasting life. That was a long hit to center, and I give his nibs there credit for taking it in; but the devil will take him in just as slick on the last inning of all. You may send iu your curved balls, and smash the leather in the nose to the right or to the left field ; you may steal from bag to bag and slide in home on your panta loons, hut finally you will get a goose egg in the kingdom to come. Aye, pound on the pearly gates with your base ball bat, if there is a shadow of a Sunday game on it down to the eternal roast you go. Saint Peter careth not whether you belong to the Snapdragons or Whangdoodles; if yon swing your festive willow and pound the hags Sunday, salt petre will not save you. There goes up another long hit to left, and another howl goes up from the assembled multitude of dudes and loafers. Chase the ball ; aye, leg it until your ungodly heels beata tattoo on your coat-tails, but my word for it the devil w ill never get away from your elbow. Old Clootie is a base runner and ball chaser himself, and he will stay with you until his own dominions freeze over and have to be abandoned for an ice pond." The dea con made a few more remarks, exhorting his hearers to shun the seductive ball field and trout pond Sunday, and announced services next Sabbath morniug and even ing at the red school house in Sugar creek. STUDIO OF FINE ARTS. A Corner tor Connoisseurs---Arrivals from Picture Land. Helena has wealth, homes of plenty, and mansions delightful to look upon. It has not the patrons of art it should have. There are comparatively few judges of a canvass, an etching ■ r an engraving. How ever, the city is not altogether without its connoisseurs in art, and more are studying up, educating their tastes, and becoming more and more appreciative of the pencil and brush. Keeping pace with this pro gress in the cultivation of art, collections of the works of many of the best artists are coming here. Galleries are being estab lished and frequented. Mr. Halsey, on Broadway, has innumerable gems aad is adding to them daily. His walls and windows are a pleasure to look upon. Some special attractions are well worth enumer ating: A superb etching is the great Oak of Lausanne by Alexis Foret. He calls this etching "A Portrait of a Tree." It is a study of a famous old oak in the environs of his native city. The effect of summer sunshine in this landscape is very fine. Other etchings by the same artist are on exhibition, notably, "Close of a Summer Day" and "The Cathedral of Lausanne." Several picturesque etchings by Full wood, a rising yooDg English etcher, are bold, strong, painter-like and thoroughly original, including "Devonshire Hayfield," "Scotch Twilight," etc. "The Lake of Como," (after Corot) etched by Lucien Gautier. This beautiful plate won high praise of the Paris salon. It is specially recommended for its fidelity to the original painting, which is one of Corot's best. Among the very finest etchings are those of Peter Moran, the celebrated landscape and animal painter. "Going to the Fair" and "The Return of the Flock" are truly remarkable works. Their technical quali ties have won the very highest praises in Paris, where, if anywhere, good etching is understood and prized. Their pictorial qualities are so great that the eye most ignorant of art must be charmed by them. Among the collection are several other well known : Dollett's "Going to Work," (after Millet,), Ravier's "Faithful and Faithless," Gilbert's "La Sortie," Van Meydon's "Bengal Tigers," etc., etc. A dainty little paintiDg of pansies by Miss Ricker is a marvel of soit coloring. Her work is siDgularly honest and earnest, and that of a true artist. Another attractive work, a dog's head, painted in oil by Miss Stella Smith, is direct, emphatic and bold. The result is very fine. Miss Birdsall's large canvas "Jersey Cows" attracts very general attention aud is certainly a masterpiece of animal paint ing. Numbers of our people have expressed the desire that it might be photographed and copies be placed within the reach of those of moderate means. BACK FROM HELENA. The Ball players Return from their Trip Satisfied with the Result. [Spokane Falls Review, 1 Ith inst.l Yesterday afternoon the Great Eastern ball club returned from their visit to Hel ena, well satisfied with the record they made, having succeeded in defeating the club that they traveled three or four hun dred miles to meet, and the one previous to last Sunday had been known as the Helena ball club. The first game was againBt a picked nine of the Territory, and defeat was the result, but on the second day, when pitted against Helena players alone, the Spokane nine won the victory. The ball players desire to ac knowledge the courtesy of Mr. P. D. Sulli van, who commenced umpiring for the second game of hall, and filled the position so fairly that the Helena club and crowd demanded a change, which was at last made. Death of Maik Skinner. Chicago, September 17.—Mark Skinner, of this city who, as president of the Sani tary Commission, collected and distributed $500,000 to the sick and wounded soldiers daring the civil war, died last night at Manchester, Vermont, aged 74 years. He had been in feeble health for some tune. One million dollars was left by him to bis wife and four daughters.