Helena, Montana, Thursday, September 29, 1887.
r. £ FISK D. W. FISK. A. J. FISK
Publishers and Proprietors.
Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana
Rates of Subscription.
One Year. (In fulvanoe).............................83 00
St* Months, (In advance)............................... 1 75
Three Months, (in advance).......................... I 00
When not paid for in advance the ra'e will be
Four Dollars peryeaii
Postage, in all eases. Prepaid.
City Subscribers.delivered by carrier 81.00a month
One Year, by mail, (in advance)................. 80 00
St* Months,'by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00
Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 2 50
If not paid in advance, 812 per annum.
•«-All communication« should be addressed to
KISK BEDS., Publishero,
THE MONAKCIl'S MOTTO.
Or.ce a mighty potentate.
Placed above his palace gate,
< .olden letters—bright and clear
"None may pass, or enter here,
Who no kindly deed hath wrought
Or some pauper's blessing caught."
U arriors tierce— in blood-stained pride
Bead its words and turned aside:
Prince—rich in power and gold—
Kelt its message, clear and cold ;
All turned back, and none returned
1 ill its permit they had earned.
Soon in nil this roomy land
blessings rose on every hand ;
< ireat men made their kindness sure
Rich men helped the sick and poor.
Words and works in sweetness blent,
« 'lotlicd the land in glad content.
Men who came and turned away
Learned what gooil in kindness lay;
Hard hearts cursed its terms, but went
Finding, in its work, content ;
So, ere many years and days.
All the land was tilled with praise.
Then each heart and thankful tongue
With the monarch's praises rung.
Thankful thought and earnest prayer
Paid their tribute to his care;
Anchored in each subject's soul,
Each, a part and ail. a whole.
Rich in years but poor in pride.
There st last the monarch died ;
Wide the pearly portals flew
That his soul might enter through,
White upon heaven's arches wrought
( ; learned the same familiar thought.
so, when each his race had run,
Came his people, one by one,
Greeting with a welcome smile
Its familiar words and style.
Thus the king upon his throne,
Cave heaven s password to his own
Still iip< n the heavenly dome,
Greeting each who journeys home—
While thank-offerings angels bring—
Ami golden harps ami anthems ring
Shines the message of the king.
TO A CKICKET.
so cheerily thou chirp'st thy lulling song,
1 have no heart to harm thee,
Though near my easement, all d«b' long.
Thou, o'er and o'er, to charm me
Doth endlessly re|»eat it. Thou thy theme
Never dost try to vary.
Why not ? ' 1 is surely good, yet do I deem
If thy contemporary.
The katydid, and thou, would both submit
Unto some ' Herr Prefessor,''
The music each doth perpetrate, that it
might suit one vastly "besser."
"Nicht war ?" No, no, 1 woull not have thee
Oil ! jolly serenailer.
The old. old song, for something new mid
Not even if the invader
Rossini were, himself: 'its all too dear :
Is always so suggestive
Of da' s 1 ng gone ; brings them again so near,
1 know once more their festive
Joys, and on this waning life of mine.
So falls their dewy freshness.
That I forget it is in its dec ine ;
In the, delicious newness
lh vel, a« thou, in these late August days.
Dost revel in thy singing.
I could not, if 1 would, withhold my praise.
Though suddenly up springing.
Thou ott dost startle me. t ontine then
Thy piping shrill but cheery
My little entertaining guest, and when
The winter, ong and dreary
With bitter winds and whitely drifting snows,
Hlinll come, thou at my "ingle"
shall sing, as on the hearth, in calm repose,
of good "John Pceryhin<lo."
Ixist —many sunless years
Upon the road of life;
Old, faded relics, stained with tears,
And scarred by fruitless strife.
Lost, never to be found—
(»one, gone forevermore :
Swept on the ebbing stream of time.
To an eternal shore.
They vanished one by one.
Kach bearing on its breast
A life not lived, a work undone,
A treasure not possessed :
Something for which it seems.
My soul has vainly sought.
The waking truth of happy dreams.
That time lias never brought.
Alas ! the weary days.
Unwelcome in the past.
Are with me yet; roy skies are dark.
And night is gathering fast.
I strain my tearless eyes
To pierce the thickening gloom.
And, 'mid the shadows, seems to rise,
A vision of the tomb.
Ar d is this all—and is there
Beyond life's trouble wave
No healing baltn for broken hearts,
No hope beyonu the grave?
No haven of repose.
No bright alode of rest.
No land of promise for the soul
By earthly cares oppre-sed ?
Oh, yes ; poor fainting heart.
By stormy billows tossed.
There is a letter world than this
Whose years are never lost.
Relieve in Him who bade
The raging tempest cease
toil while eternal ages roll
Thou shall abide in peace.
The Shadows cre'p softly adown her
As she rests half burnded with sighs.
While with summer fruits we crown her.
And bask in the deeps of her eyes'
More luscious than summer, far riper,
And warm with lees of wine
She sippd when Ban, the gay piper,
Rilled the full muscadine.
s he is summertime burnt to an ember,!
she brought her naphthaline charms.
This royal perfected September
From August's well-ignited arms.
hast link of the languorous dream days,*
Iu earth's luscious fruitings fast bound;
Bright summer, with all thy soft gleamways.
Farewell. Ripe September is crowned.
COME HOME EARLY.
'»'©me home early,' a dear form lingers.
And meets you at the gate.
Hour« seem days if you are absent,
"right eyes dim if you are late.
-impie words yet deep the meaning,
"I ome home early," whispered low,
r rom the lips of tine who loves you,
1'leading, before you go.
Patient hearts grow weary waiting ,
Hearts that smother all their pain.
Ihen remem lier, "('ome home en.ly,"
Ret them never wait again.
WHERE BURNS WAS BORN.
A VISIT TO THE TOWN OF AYR
AND KIRK ALLOWAY.
How Scotland 1'eddles Out Her Great
Sights—Scott for u Shilling and Burns
for a Tuppence—The Burns Cottage as
It Is—A I.ook at Bonnie Boon.
New York, Kept. 5.—Not long ago I paid
a visit to Ayr, where the Poet Runts was
born, anti took a look at Mosgiel, where he
afterward owned a farm. Ayr is a thrifty
town of about 10,000 people.
It is full of business and it apparently
thinks its men of today fully as great, if not
greater, than the poet who has given it an in
ternational reputation. It still contains the
old Tam O'Shatiter inn, where it is said Rob
ert Burns used to drink with Kouter Johnny,
and I took a glass of ale on the second floor
of this in a low ceilinged room, the rafters of
which were smoked with the dirt of genera
tions. The landlord told me that lie had
many guests who wanted to take a drink here
because Burns had immortalized the place,
and I found his ale good, though heady.
The birthplace of Robert Burns was not in
the city of Ayr, but in a little low one story
thatched hut lying on the edge of the road
about two miles away. A few shillings paid
a bright eyed Scotch boy to drive me to it in
a one burse buggy, and the road led through
the cultivated farms and pretty bits of
Bcenery along the river Doon, which Burns
has immortaliz d in his song. The house is
of the rudest description, and it is what is
known in Scotland as an "auld clay biggin."
One lias to almost stoop to enter its front
door, and before be gets further he has to
pay a fee of tuppence to the keeper of the
turnstile, which stands there in the way. It
is a disgrace to Scotland that every one of its
sights are charged for in this petty way. If
you want to see a noted monument you pay
tour cents to get to it; if you enter the St,
Giles cathedral at Edinburgh to see where
John Knox preached, it costs you six cents,
and if you want to see where Walter Scott
lived and worked tit AbbotGford, it will cost
you a quarter.
BIRTHPLACE OF BURNS.
The sights are, of course, worth the money,
but this measuring fame by dollars and cents
is peculiar, and it takes the enthusiasm out of
one to see great heroes charged for at a penny
apiece. The birthplace of Burns shows the
intense poverty with which he had to contend
throughout his whole life. There are only
two rooms in the house outside of those used
as a barn or stable, and Burns was born in
the kitchen. The room is said to be the same
now as it was that cold January day in 1750,
when he first saw the light. It is low, and its
floor is of cold, broken flagstone. There is a
fireplace at the left, where the family cook
ing was done, and at the back of the room in
some shelves set into the wall is a collection
of plates and china of old patterns. Two
chairs and a table constitute the furniture
and the bed is made in a deep ledge in the
wall at the left. It was in that bed that
Robert Burns was born.
Only a few days after his birth the wind was
so strong that it blew off the gable of the
cottage, and baby Burns and his mother had
to flee t,o a neighbor's cottage until it was re
paired. The old Burns clock is here kept.
The table in the room is the one which Burns
used to eat from, and the frame work of this
bed was once sold as a curiosity for $100.
The cottage and grounds are now owned by
trustees, and I doubt not they make a pretty
penny from the collection of their fees from
■ ■ / »
INTERIOR OF THE COTTAGE.
It is only a stone's throw from the cottage
to Kirk Allowav, where occurred the famous
dance of the witches which Tam O'Sbanter
saw after his drunken frolic. The old church is
a brown stone shell, covered with ivy, and
with the grass growing in its interior. The
graveyard, in which it is situated, is on a ter
race above the road, and a ragged old Scotch
man, with an accent as old as the mossgrovvn
graves, shows the visitors about and points
out the objects of interest. I greased his hand
with a few coppers and he repeated poem
after poem of Burns to me. He had them by
heart, and sang them off with a slight nasal
twang which is indescribable. Ho pointed
through the broken windows to where Tam
O'Sbanter looked in when he saw the devils
dancing, and took me ever to the "Auld Brig
o' Doon," over which Tam rode with the devils
after him. He told me that the old Kirk
was SCO years old, and pointed out the graves
of Burns' father and mother
The Burns monument at Ayr is witnin a
few yards of this River Doon, with its beau
tiful banks and braes which Robert Burns
loved so well. It is of stone and cœt about
116,000. It has beautiful grounds around it.
A gatekeeper exacts an entrance fee of six
ceuts before you are permitted to come into
It, and you pay your second money tribute
here. The room which lies under the nine
Corinthian columns which form the monu
ment contains many relics of Burns, and a
girl presides over these and sells at the same
time photographs of Burns, napkiu rings with
pictures of the cottage upon them, and other
mementoes of the place.
My guide was a very loquacious young
man, and lie talked of Burns during the w hole
of the journey as though he had known him
intimately. He told me how he used to
plough these fields as a boy of 14, and how he
got just $100 for his first volume of poems.
— » ^
■ A 'X
f - - -
He told stories of his drinking, and said he
supposed it was not so bad for a poet to get
drunk as for an ordinary man. On the way
back he said he would show me the only de
scendant of Burns yet living in Ayr. This
was, said lie, an old woman who «as in com
fortable circumstances, and w hom we would
see sitting at a window in a cottage by the
roadside. As we drove back he actually did
point out an old lady who sat and knitted at a
second story window, and solemnly assured
us that this was the lady in whose veins (low
the blood of Burns. Whether be told the
truth or not I do not know.
FIFTY-THREE YEARS ON THE STAGE.
Mrs. J. It. Vincent, of the Boston Ma
seum, Dead at the Age of 69.
Actors do sometimes grow to old age on
the stage, still active. Mrs. J. R. Vincent,
of the Boston museum, who died in Boston
recently, had 63
years of dramatic
life. She was Eng
lish, and was born
at Portsmouth on
Sept. 18, 1S18. Left
an orphan early in
life, she had a great
longing to go forth
into the world and
do something. The
stag} was her bea
con. She had just
passed her ICth
MRS. J. R. VINCENT. birthday when she
procured an engagement at the little theatre
at Cowes, with the munificent salary of a
guinea a week. She knew nothing about
theatres, had never been on the stage in any
capacity, but her whole soul was in her work,
and she, then Mary Farley, made her debut
in a piece called "The Review, or The Wags
of Windsor." Hers was a very small part,
that of a chambermaid, but she put vivacity
into it, and her work was pronounced a suc
cess. Soon she was given a higher part,
and unexpectedly the leading lady was
taken ill and Mary Farley was asked
to play her part. This she did so well that
her position as an actress was then and there
established. In a few months she married
James R. Vincent, one of the noted comedians
of the day, and her senior by nineteen years.
From that day to this Mary Farley was
known as Mrs. J. R. Vincent, a name that is
as familiar to a Bostonian as the old South
church or any of the well known landmarks
of the Hub.
The Vincents considered an offer from the
manager of the old National theatre, in
Boston, and sailed for the western world on
Oct. 21, 1S4C, on the old steamer Britannia,
which Dickens immortalized in his "Amer
At first Mrs. Vincent disliked America so
heartily that she incessantly entreated her
husband to take her back to England. This
he promised to do, hut put her off from week
to week, until her antipathy vanished, and
she learned to like the country. So well did
she learn to like it that she passed the rest of
her life on this side of the Atlantic.
Mr. Vincent died in 1850. After the burning
of the National Mrs. Vincent became a mem
ber of the Museum company, and with this
theatre she has ever since been connected.
She celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of her
stage debut April 25, 1SS5, as Mrs. Malaprop,
in "The Rivals."
We give today a portrait of Frank Mc
Nielly, the boy defaulter, of Saco, Me., of
whose deeds you have all road and whose
daring and skill
fulness as a crim
inal put to shame
the oldest and
thieves of that par
ticular sort on
record. The story
of his crime and
his escape have
already been told
in full, and it but
remains to point
out the fact that
though his banged
hair is combed
FRANK m'neilly. tionably, his face
is net apparently the face of a thief.
She Wanted to Know.
Eugenia De Montagne was seeking a hus
band with money. One day she heard a lady
friend say that the newly married Ludolph
Remarts was as rich as Croesus.
"Er— by the way," interposed Eugenia,
"would you mind telling me if this Mr.
Croesus is a married man?''—TiJ Bits.
An Important Toint.
Old Lawyer—I don't like that case and am
sorrv that you took bold of it.
Young Lawyer—Oh, it's all right. We'll
"Have you arranged for the w itnesses?"
"No, but I have arranged for the jury."—
A GERMAN SCHOOL,
JUBILEE OF THE GOETTINGEN UNI
VERSITY FITLY CELEBRATED.
The Institution was Founded 150 Years
Ago anil is Flourishing Still—The
Griinm Brothers—Something About the
Duels of German Students.
The present may be called the era of jubi
lees. Germany, especially, seems of late to
be seized with a veritable rage to revel in ju
bilees and kindred festivals, the latest of
which was the recent celebration of the 150th
anniversary of the founding of the University
of Goettingen, a city of about 22,000 inhabit
ants, in the Prussian province of Hanover.
The University of Goettingen was founded
in the year 1737 by George II, king of Eng
land and elector of Hanover, and its history
has consequently more than common interest
for those of our readers whose ancestors were
English. The city of Goettingen occupied as
such, in mediaeval times, a far more promi
nent position than it does now. It was a
member of the mighty Hansa bund, a
DUEL EIGHTY YEARS AGO.
From an old print.
sors who had been secured for the new uni
versity possessed talents of the first order,
Goettingen gradually becamo a much pre
ferred seat of learning, which so ex
cited the envy and anxiety of other
governments that they enjoined their profes
sors from accepting calls to Goettingen. The
success of the university was principally
owing to the wise administration of Baron
Adolph von Munchhausen, the minister of
George II, who had intrusted him with this
important, task. Munchhausen selected suit
able men and availed himself of the most
efficient means for the furthering of the
One of the foremost professors who lent
luster to the renowned university was Chris
tian Gottlob lleyne, who was born Sept. 25,
1720, the son of a poor weaver. For a long
time misfortune pursued him, so that in those
turbulent war times he even lost his books.
When he was found and engaged for a pro
fessorship he was very poor and lived in
some out of the way place. But the man
became a star of the first magnitude for
Georgia-Augusta—the official name of the
university—and faithfully continued with it
for almost fifty years, notwithstanding ho
repeatedly received the most tempting calls
to other places. But he would not swerve
from the promise given to Munchhausen not
to leave his post. Heyne was a famous anti
quarian, and was the first one to introduce
scientific treatment for Greek mythology.
Of him it is said that he spoke the Latin
language as well as his mother tongue.
Another celebrated professor of the uni
versity was Karl Friedriclt Gauss, who be
came professor there and director of the as
STUDENTS OF 1737.
From au old print.
powerful organization of free cities of Ger
many, and lier cloths, velvets and silks were
greatly sought after in far distant lands. It
was also one of the chief wine emporiums of
Germany. Above all other things, Goettin
gen was renowned for the warlike spirit of
its inhabitants, who were almost continually
embroiled in some feud with the nobles
of the neighborhood, and sometimes
with the ruler of the Ian' even,
whom the city would never fully
acknowledge. But in the beginning of the
Sixteenth century the pestilence ravaged
Goettingin and half of the population died;
and upon the heels of that came the thirty
years' an l the seven years' wars, entailing
fearful misery upon the city, and Goettingen
has never recovered her former prominence
as a comaiercial place.
During the first years of her existence the
new university labored under great difficul
ties. The place was then so impoverished
that scarcely tolerably decent quarters could
be found for the professors ; the 400 students,
who were mostly rich and scions of nobility,
had to be quartered in all sorts of holes that
hardly deserved the name of lodgings.
The astronomical observatory was in an
old tow er and the lecture hall for anatomy
was in a cellar. However, year by year the
circumstances improved, and as the profes
STUDENTS OF 1S87.
tronomical observatory in 1807 and died in
1855. It ever any one deserved the name of
a learned man it was he. When but a boy
he readily solved the most difficult arithmeti
cal problems. liis observations and inven
tions concerning astronomical science are
from year to year more appreciated and bet
ter understood. He is also the real inventor
of the electric telegraph, which he and AY eher
as early os the year 1833 constructed between
the observatory and the university's cabinet
of physics, about a mile distant.
Famous professors, too, were the two
brothers Grimm, of w hom the elder, Jacob
Ludwig Grimm, born ou Jan. 4, 1785, was
one of the greatest philologists the world has
ever seen—he was the author of the famous
Grimm dictionary of the German tonguo—
while the younger brother, Wilhelm Grimm,
bom Feb. 24, 1780, was equally great as a
writer and collector of folk lore.
A SWORD OF PRICE.
The Wise Fly.
Once upon a time several flics flew into a
kitchen t lirougli a window. They were looking
for something nice to eat, but they were not
particular. They were willing to put up with
anything they could find.
The first fly took a sip at some dough w hich
the cook had left in the pan. It tasted very
nice, but in a short time the insect was racked
with a dreadful pain in his abdomen, and in a
short time he breathed his last in great agony.
His bowels could not stand the alum with
which the flour had Leen carefully adulter
The second fly took a sip tit some coffee
dregs, and immediately liis head began to
swim, and he experienced a sensation of
nausea. After a few fearful contortions, the
fly held up his legs and was relieved from
bis sufferings by death. Oxide of iron, with
w hich the coffee was adulterated, was more
than the fly constitution could stand.
The third fly tried the syrup and dropped
dead into the pitcher. Unless a fly is pro
vided with Bessemer steel bowels he should
never inhale sulphuric acid. It's not healthy.
The fourth fly had a massive, sixty-five
ounce brain. He had studied the nature of
his fellow insect, r.ian, and was up to his
tricks and devices. Noticing a box of Rough
on Flies, which was labeled "Poison," ho flew
gayly to it and fed voraciously on its con
tents. The fly never experienced evil effects,
for, like everything else, the fly poison was
Deer are being slaughtered right and left
in the Sierras, about the head of the Ameri
WILHELM AND JACOB GRIMM.
We also present here representative stu
dents of the University of Goettingen, in the
costumes worn in 1737, ami as they appear
now, as well as a graphic picture of a stu
dents' duel fought at the beginning of the
Nineteenth century. The duel is still in vogue
there among a very considerable part of the
A faet worth mentioning is that the stu
dents of Goettingen have always been
great lovers of dogs, at different times over
2,000 dogs having l>een kept there by them.
Presented Recently to tien. Nelson A.
Biles by Arizonans.
The Arizona admirers of Brig. Gen. Nelson
A. Aides presented him a superb ornamental
sword on the anniversary of the surrender of
Geronimo and the hostile A parlies. The fund
was raised by civil
ians within tho
boundaries of Ari
zona, who alono
were permitted to
The shield of the
guard of the sword
is formed by three
eagle heads ami
tion; on one of the
w ings, and caught
by a few feathers,
are the initials **N.
A. M.," modeled
after a study from
the Arizona cactus-,
and on the other
wing the letters
"U. S.," in the same
The guard is
formed of eagle
which is entwined
the American flag,
and at the end fin
ished by a portrait
head of the Indian
Chief Natchez. The
extreme top of the
hilt is covered with
in which is set a
large sapphire as
teria, weighing fif
ty-six and a half GEN '- MII - KS SWORD,
carats. East Indian tradition has it that this
stone imparts courage to the wearer and pre
serves him from evil spirits. In front of this
top is an eagle whose wings encircle it, who
holds in his extended talons a pipe and a
tomahawk, emblems of peace and war.
The grip is of white enamel banded with
fine lines of beaded gold. On the blade ap
pears in relief, on one side, "General Nelson
A. Miles;" on the other side, ".Presented Sep
tember 4th, 1887, at Tucson, Arizona."
The scabbard, which is of solid gold, is
decorated with Indian scenes, commencing
with a representation of an Indian camp and
reservation, a consultation of officers, a start
of infantry and cavalry in pursuit of
Apaches, a surprise of Indians in ambush, the
fight, the capture of Geronimo, and the tak
ing of captives to the railroad station for
transportation back to the reservation. The
reverse side of the scabbard bears the inscrip
tion : "Presented by the people of Arizona,
in grateful acknowledgment of distinguished
services in the capture and removal of Ge
ronimo and the hostile Apaches."
The toe, or extreme end of the scabbard, is
a carefully modeled portrait of Chief Ge
ronimo. The entire sword, with tho excep
tion, of course, of the blade, is of gold of a
subdued color, or what is termed nugget
The sword represents the gratitude of the
civilians of Arizona for the capture of the
THE NEW SOOTH
AS SHE IS TO BE SHOWN AT THE
COMING ATLANTA EXPOSITION.
Interview with Ilenry AY. <> r.nly. Who
Believes in the Future of the South
Without Deserve—The Invitation to
President Cleveland—Other Butters.#
Atlanta, Ga., Sept. 12. —The possibilities
of the south continue to occupy the w hole
attention of her people. Since the almost
magical growth of cities in the mineral sec
tion here, tlie people are taking the more re
cent developments as a matter of course, and
instead of wondering what is coming next,
they are looking about to see if their own
neighborhood w ill not disgorge some of the
treasures which have built up tho present in
dustrial centers of southern population.
The activity just now reminds one of a party
cf bee hunters after honey. Indeed, the
mineral section of the south seems to be a
veritable beehive, where capital, as an em
ployer of brain atid sinew, is delving into the
honeycomb of the Apalacbian chain of moun
tains to bring forth from its storehouse the
products which go to makeup a rich country.
Although this activity is yet in its swaddling
clothes, it is no myth, and indications point to
this section as entering an era of great pros
perity. This is due to several causes—the ad
vent of capital, the tendency of emigration
southward, and the ceaseless vigilance [and
tireless energy of the men w ho are develop
ing its resources. To use a southern expres
sion, the jieople want to make the present
activity a "sure enough" boom.
MAIN EXPOSITION BUILDING.
I called on Henry YY. Grady, the well
«mown editor, the other day to obtain some
figures regarding the increase of wealth in
this section during the past few years. Grady
is doubtless one of the best posted men on
this subject south of Alason and Dixon's line.
He has made it a sUidy, and has southern
statistics at his tongue's end. In conversa
tion he said:
"In seven years the south has increased her
manufactures $213.000.000. By this I mean
that in 1887 she has dug out of the ground
or manufactured from the raw material
$213,000.000 worth of products that in 1SS0
she had to do without br buy from the north
and west. This does not include the gain in
her agricultural product. It simply means
ores, minerals, marbles and manufactured
goods. This statement is amazing. Its de
tails are even more so."
"And the details are?"
"Why, this for example: She now has
about forty iron furnaces in blast, making
750.000 tons of iron a year. She is now ac
tually building thirty-one new furnaces, with
a capacity of more than 1,000,000 tons a
year, so that her iron output w ill be more
than doubled when the furnaces now being
built go into blast. In 1S80 she produced
450.000 tons of iron; in 1S80, 750,000 tons; in
1889, she will produce 1,800,000 tons. The
furnaces now being built will add $20,000,000
a year to her income dug from her iron beds
and made into cash."
"Does the increase in other lines compara
with that in iron?"
"Yes. In the six years following the Cot
ton exposition she built 113 new cotton mills,
putting over 1,000,000 netz spindles in motion.
The cottonseed oil mills grew in the past six
years from 46 to 146, and ten new mills are
now being built at a cost of $1,250,000. One
third of tue crop of cottonseed now runs
through the mills, yielding $8,000,000 worth
of crude oil. In fertilizer factories the same
Increase is noticed. Georgia bought ICO,000
tons of fertilizer seven years ago, every ton
of which was bought in the north. Last
year 125,000 tons were manufactured in
Georgia, and this capacity will be doubled iu
another year. Atlanta supplies half a dozen
»out hern states with trunks and valises. She
sends agricultural implements into Mexico,
paper bags into California, and razors over a
dozen states. A few years ago we sent north
for as simple a thing as coffins. Now a
coffin factory in Atlanta keeps a hundred
men at work. There are not less than a
dozen furniture factories scattered about the
city, reaching up to fine grades of furniture.
r // i
Z 1 J \ y
y / t * /
ENTRANCE TO PIEDMONT PARK.
Six years ago there was hardly a broom fac
tory in the south. Now there are a dozen
broom factories in Atlanta. For these smaller
manufactured articles, in which labor is the
main cost, in which raw product is made val
uable, and iu w hieb small capital is needed,
the south, formerly relying entirely on the
north, now relies almost entirely on herself."
"You are utilizing your raw material?"
"Y es. U*e are just picking up our buried
resources. Fully $2,000,000 has been invested
in the past three years in marble quarries in
north Georgia, w hich are now selling marble
by the train load through the north and West.
A Georgia granite company has just closed a
$600,000 contract for four months' delivery of
blocks to the streets of Cincinnati. The same
company paved the streets of Columbus, Ohio.
Our Bessemer ores are being shipped by the
train load to Carnegie Brothers, of Pittsburg,
and other buyers. Our pines and hard w oods
are being exported to every available port.
Every day develops some new mineral or ore
valuable to industry or commerce. Pro
specting through the south has the charm of
speculation and discoveries, and the land is
full of prospectors. It is a new section of ex
ceeding fatness and richness, and is being
rapidly found out."
"Are the farmers prospering?"
i "Undoubtedly. Their crops last year ag
gregated $715,000,000. The cotton crop alone,
the best money crop that can be grown,
averages more than $400,000,000 a year.
When our people learn to raise the supplies
that make Uns crop, and Keep its enoi
revenue at home, they will be the richest
people in the world. Every farmer who
does that now becomes prosperous and rich.
You may take 1,000 who raise their own
meat and bread, and make cotton the surplus
crop, and 990 of them w ill be prosperous men.
The best formula and opportunity for farm
ing this earth affords is offered in the south
to the man who w ill raise his own meat and
bread, and make cotton his surplus crop."
"Will your Piedmont exposition show the
; resources of tho south?"
"Admirably. Birmingham, Anniston, Do
cat ir, Sheffield, Gadsden, Rome and the other
j cities that have become famous in the past
! few years will each make collective exhibits
I of their minerals, woods and industries at the
j exposition. The railroads running through
the Piedmont section will make collective ex
hibits of everything produced along their
j lines. Twenty or thirty counties will make
f their agricultural products, in
\;'iing produced in the county
Humming bird's egg to a Durham
livery variety of grass and grain will
be show n by sample, with statistics as to the
land on which it was grown, the climate,
soil and price. It will be such an epitome of
the resources of the south as no man has ever
seen, classified and brought together so that
an investor or homo seeker can by two or
three days' study, get the capacity of out
lands, and the chances of investment, and
the habits of our people as thoroughly as he
could by traveling six months through the
byways of the south."
"Will he meet the people there?"
"In enormous numbers. President Cleve
land and his wife and several members of his
cabinet will be present for three days, and
the president will make an address. Tho
governors of almost every southern state will
be there, and the people will come in multi
tudes. The largest parade of volunteer sol
diery that the south has ever seen will be met
and reviewed by President Cleveland. The
old soldiers who fought on tho battle fields
from Chattanooga to Atlanta have been in
vited to come and revisit the scenes through
which they carried the Union flag. Kenesaw
mountain will be illuminated handsomely and
its crest covered with artillery, and a grand
pyrotechnic display will be had there. There
will be racing, balloon ascensions, bicycle
races and all the attractions of a great show,
so that the people will be out in great num
bers, and will be glad to welcome their
friends from the north and west"
After leaving Grady I noticed tho format
invitation to President Cleveland displayed
in the window of a leading jeweler. It is a
unique and striking piece of work. Grady
bore it to the president in person on liis re
cent trip to Washington. It is made of four
leaves of Georgia gold, about the size of a
12mo book, bound with clasps of Georgia
silver, and eacli elasp set with a Georgia
diamond. The invitation is inclosed in a box
made of sixty-eight samples of Georgia wood,
polished and joined with exceeding skill.
The box is imbedded in a block of Georgia
marble of every shade from black to white.
On the cover leaf of the invitation are en
graved portraits of the president and Mrs.
Cleveland, the monogram of the Exposi
tion company ami a picture of tho
club house of the Piedmont Driving club.
On the third page is the invitation
of the Driving club. On the fourth
or last cover page is the engraved picture of
the main building of the exposition, which is
here given. In presenting the invitation,
Mr. Grady made no formal address, but
stated that it was designed to make it, in
some sense, significant of the resources of
Georgia, in whose capital city tho first expo
sition of the famous Piedmont country will
YVhatever may bo the result of these south
ern expositions, there seems to be an enthu
siasm among the people here that smacks of
western enterprise and pluck, and a determi
nation to add to the south's hitherto sole in
dustry of agriculture that of manufacturing.
AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION.
HON. G. G. WRIGHT.
Sketch and Portrait of Its President,
George Grover Wright.
Hon. George Grover Wright, who was
elected president of the American Bar asso
ciation at its recent meeting in Saratoga, N.
Y., was born at Bloomington, Ills., March
34,1820, his parents having settled there in
1817. His brother Joseph, now deceased, held
various positions of trust uuder the Federal
government and was a member of congress.
George G. Wright has been somew hat of a
cripple from childhood, rheumatism having
marked him for its
own at the early
age of 5. He was
educated at the
Indiana State uni
versity and was
graduated iu 1S39;
studied law at
with his brother;
went to Iowa in
1840, and was elect«
ed public prosecu-jî
tor of Van Boren
county in 1845.
Three years later
he was made a state senator as a whig and
served four years. In 1855 he was made
chief justice of the supreme court of Iowa
by the legislature, filling this position till
1860. Some time later—having in the
meantime declined a renomiuation—upon
the death of Judge Stockton he was
again appointed to the position of chief
justice, and served till 1870, when he was
elected to the United States senate as a Re
publican, in which body he served six years,
and being placed on the finance, judiciary,
claims and other committees. He declined a
renomination to the senate, and, having re
moved to Des Moines, in 1805, re-entered
upon the practice of law. For five years
now Judge Wright has been retired "from
active life. For five years he was president
of the Iowa Agricultural society, and for
some time ho was one of the trustees of the
Ion a Agricultural college. In 1865 lie as
sisted in organizing the Iowa college of law
at Des Moines, which institution, after the
graduation of three classes, was merged with
the State university, at Iowa City, where it
is still in operation and where Judge Wright
still delivers lectures. Judge Wright has
always been an enthusiastic supporter of
popular education, and was a school officer
before he became of age.
lie Woulil Be a Cannoneer.
Recruit—If the request is not out of order,
sir, I wish you would assign me to duty with
the Gatiing gun squad.
Captain—The squad is already full. Have
you any special reason for the request?
Recruit—Only that I think I am qualified
to make a good cannoneer, sir. I run tho
coffee grinder for Shark & Bilford when I'm
in the city.—Judge
xml | txt