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TH K CARDINAL ARRIVES.
His EmineDce, James Gibbons, Arch bishop of Baltimore, Received at the Cathedral. The Recrption---\Velcoining Ad dresses aud Responses ol thî Cardinal. Cardinal Gibbons and party arrived in Helena on the west bound train last even ing and were met at the depot by the re ception committee of the Cathedral con gregation, consisting of Major Maginnis, T. C. Power, H. F. Galen, Thomas Crnse, John C. CnrtiD. C. L. Dahier, Major R. C. Walker, Phil. Schmidt, Dr. N. Salvail and Andrew O'Connell. The Cardinal was ac companied by Bishop Brondel, of Helena, and Rev. Dr. Cbappelle, of Washington, D. C., who travels with him as his secretary. The party were soon seated in the carriages in waiting and driven to the residence of Bishop Brondel, where His Eminence changed his traveling dress for the Car dinal's robes and repaired to the Cathedral, where already a large congregation bad as sembled in anticipation of his arrival. AT THE CATHEDRAL. The church had been newly painted and carpeted in honor of the Cardinal's comiDg and was brilliantly illuminated by chande liers and candles. The altars and sanctury were decorated with natmal llowers, among which the flames of the wax candles flickered, lending to the tvhole a beautiful aspect. The newly painted pews, or what was visible of them in the mass of people that occupied them, and the frescoed walls glistened under the light of the chan deliers, and the whole interior gave evi dence of preparation for the festive oc casion. Shortly after nine o'clock the Cardinal entered the cathedral from the main por tals and ad\anced up the aisle, accom panied ty Bishop Brondel, Dr. Cbappelle, Father l'alladino and other priests, pre ceded by a train of acolytes bearing can dles and swinging censers. The Cardinal wore a white surplice covered by his red cloak, his head bearing the red beretta, the badge of his exalted office. Bishop Brondel was vested in the cope and mitre for evening service and officiated at bene diction As the Cardinal's train entered the church iLe cathedral choir of fifteen voiees sang the first verse of the Te Deum in English. Reaching the sanctuary, the Car dinal opened the service with a few prayers and then repaired to a prie dieu in Iront of the altar, where he knelt throughout the service. Bishop Brondel then cele brated benediction, the choir, with Mrs. M. H. Keefe as organist, sang tho usual hymns, 0 Salutaris and 1'anlum Ergo. THE CARDINAL SPEAKS. Benediction over, the Cardinal seated himself in the Rohop's canopied chair and Bishop Bromicl <• ided the altar and wel comed His Eminence in a few brief re marks, paying a glowing tribute to the il lustrious visitor, extending him ihe con gratulations of the congregation and eiidmg by introducing him to the audience. Cardinal Gibbons arose and replied iu the following strain: "I was not aware until this late moment that I would be called upon to address you here. I understood au address would he made at the Bishop's residence and had made up my mind to reply to it then. However, I am profoundly touched at the cordial remarks of yoar Bishop and appre ciate the welcome they accord. Truly, a Catholic prelate is never a straDger where ever he goes. He always finds himself at home. He is bound to the people by ties of a common faith and a common hope. To-night I have experienced another evi dence of the faith that binds ns together. You are all strangers to me, and though 1 have met a few of your number before, still 1 have not made the acquaintance of a great majority. But, though strangers in a sense, I have you all in my heart as mem bers of that large communion, for whose welfare my daily prayers are offered. Some of those present may not be of our faith, but I love them too as members ot the human family redeemed by the blood of Jesus Christ, and more par ticularly as loyal citizens ot this great re public. Since entering yonr city I have been struck with the substantial evidences of the enterprise of your people, and the same remark applies to the whole of the Ameri can country through which I have recently traveled. I am rejoiced to see that the church has kept pace with the wonderful growth and advancement of the country. Wherever I have been I have found priests laboring among the laymen and the latter co-operating with them in furthering the cause of Christ. Your own citizens, some of whom were kind enough to meet me at the train, are examples of this laith lul co-operation. I cannot help but think that God has bien pleased to send such men to labor with the priests. In years to come, when yot r city has grown to a com munity of 100,0t 0 people and this church has been replaced by a large cathedral, the generations of that day will look hack with pride to the pioneers of these times and bless the people v ho sowed tin s»#d that bore the fruit whi> h they will eij-.v. I thank you for your warm gu < u g and beg God's blessing upon you < «I upon whatever work you may andertm »•. Bishop Brondel is a faith!ill lc*ader iu jn ,r spirit ual concerns. Aid him as much s lies in your power. He is always with u, prays for you, labors for y ou. Though .J/sent, he has always your welfare at heart. It is your duly to pray for him and render him all the assistance in .vour power in all that pertains to our holy religion aud say, "If I lorget thee, O Jerusalem, may my right hand forget its cunniDg and my tongue cleave to the roof ol' my mouth." Once more I thank you and—God bless you all." THE RECEPTION. As the Cardinal finished speaking clergy and laymen began to leave the church to the strains of the "Gloria" from Mozart's Twelfth Mass, sung by the lull choir, ac companied on the organ by Mrs. D. W. Fisk. Many ot those present then repaired to the episcopal residence, where Major Maginnis delivered an address of welcome to the Cardinal on behalf of the congre gation. Natural flowers and plants were everywheie. Windows and tables bore wreaths, festoons and bouquets of the cbo cest flowers, blooming vines depended from the chandeliers, while the mantles in the two parlors were banked with rows of the loveliest hot-house products, in tasteful design and chosen with especial reference to the papal and cardinal colors. Vines and autumn leaves of most exquis ite and varied hues draped the mantles and bung from every available projection. The eflVct was beautiful. Fragrance filled the air and beauty of color adorned the apartments. Ont&ide myriads of Japanese lanterns hung from portico and shrubbery, while the interior was no less brilliantly illuminated. Guests filled the two front parlors and the Cardinal seated himself in the Bishop's room, facing the people through folding doors and flanked by the Bishop and priests. Here lion. Martin Maginnis stepped forward and addressed him as follows : MAJOR MAGINN18' ADDRESS. In discharging, Your Eminence, the pleasing duty imposed upon me of giving you and your associates a hearty welcome here, I but express the wish ana utter the salutation of all the citizens of Helena and of all the people of Montana. Re gardless of sect or creed, their liberal and enlightened minds recognize in you the typical American, who has not only reached the highest honors of his calling in this new world ; bat as one whose learn ing, piety and goodly life have caused him to be chosen as one of the councillors and cardinal princes of that church which has its seat in the capital of old empires and the center of ancient and advanced civili zation. They honor you also that you return from foreign lands with an increased love for yonr own, and with a greater admira tion for its free and beneficent institutions and especially for that religions liberty which was first enkindled, or at least de creed within its borders by the Catholic founders of your native State. They re joice in you as in the patriot priest whose voice they have just heard resounding from the hallowed walls of Independence Hall, wherein Charles Carroll, of Carroll tOD, signed the declaration which Jefferson drew; and the benediction you there pro Dounced upon the constitution of these United States, is echoed by the grateful hearts of sixty millions of people. These valleys and mountains in which we receive you are not strangers to the church you represent. Its zealous mis sionaries, who have explored every range of mountains, crossed every desert and traversed every sea in the world, did not leave these wilds alone to their wild inhab itants. They were here before us all. Of the first comers they were the first : all all "old timers" they are the oldest. They came not in search of gold and silver, or of gain ; not for the cattle on the hills or the sheep in the fold, but inspired by the love of God and guided by that light of the star of Bethlehem, which still shines in pious hearts above the clouds of error, un belief and worldliness, came to bear the blessings of religion to the benighted hearts of their savage fellow men. Even in this material age, when love of gold aud place and honor are the ruling motives, the worst of us can recognize the higher na tures and sublimer aspirations which sacri fice the selfishness of the heart on the altars of humanity. But of such as these many have been chosen to wear even higher honors of their church, than its car dinal robes or its pontifical crown, to be clothed with the cardinal glories of martyr dom and crowned with the halos of its canonized saints. To this mouotain scene of their labors we welcome you, and we hid you God speed on your journey across that continent, which under the bounties of Catholic princes a Catholic discovered, and wish you a safe arrival on the shores of that western sea, which received the baptism of its Pa cific name, beneath the cross set up on the shores of Darien, by another missionary of the universal church whose livery you wear. The Cardinal acknowledged the greeting graciously and responded briefly as follows : CARDINAL GIBBONS' REPLY. Ladies and Gentlemen : I hope I shall be excused for not making a leDgthy reply to Mr. Maginnis' kind words of welcome. A» I left home nine days ago I have been traveling almost con stantly and have had little repose. In fact since I started the people along my route have been killing me with kindness. Mr. Maginnis has referred to me as an American citizen, and if there is any title of which I can boast and be proud it is that. [Applause.] The proudest boast of the Romans of old was "Civia Human us sum," I am a Roman citizen ; they were proud of their vast empire, their civiliza tion, the wisdom of theirstatesmen and the valor of their soldiers. But the Americans of to-day have greater reason to boast of their citizenship in this great republic than any Roman Cicero or warrior. The more I see of other countries, the more I rejoice that I belong to this glorious nation. I have been abroad aud observed the conditions that obtain in the greatest Earopean governments and my jonrneys have but strengthened the conviction that here in America we enjoy more and greater privileges than in any other country under the snn. Here and here only we have the grandest con summation of modern civilized government —liberty without license and authority without despotism. And now alllow me to thank you for your kind welcome. I only wish that the short time I will spend in Helena might be extended several days, but that is impos sible. As it is I hope to make the acquain tance of some of your hospitable people during my brief stay. SHAKING HANDS WITH THE CARDINAL. Concluding his remarks, Cardinal Gib bons reseated himself aud received the ladies and gentlemen who throDged forward to meet him. The committee on introduc tion, Major Maginnis, C. D. Curtis, T. H. Carter àud John R. Drew, then presented the guests to the Cardinal, and as they passed along each individual was taken by the hand and warmly greeted by the pre late. The ceremony was short, as the for mal reception was fixed for this afteinooD. nd after it was over the company dispersed and the Cardinal and party repaired to the dining hall for refreshments, having a3 yet partaken of nothing since their arrival. TO-DAY'S DOINGS. The Cardinal Drives About the City and Lnnches at .Mr. Crusc's- Alternoon Reception. This morning Cardinal Gibbons celebra ted mass at the cathedral at half past sev en o'clock and there was a large congrega tion present at that hour to attend the ser vice. Alter mass the Cardinal breakfasted at Bishop Brondel's. and after breakfast took a drive about the city with several of our prominent citizens. He was es corted to the placer mines and took evident interest in watching the process of washing gold. He also visited the Assay Office and First National Bank and saw the yellow metal in bullion and nuggets, a spectacle that his eyes had not before greeted. After visiting several other places of interest the distinguished visitor repaired to the home of Mr. Thomas Cruse and lunched as the guest of that gentleman and Mrs. F. S. Lang. The hostess hrd an elegaut repast spread for His Eminence and presided in person at the table. THE RECEPTION. This afternoon a reception was held in honor of the Cardinal at Bishop Brondel's residence. His Eminence received his visitors in the parlors, attired in his robes of office. His first callers were Governor Leslie and the other Territorial officers, Messrs. Webb, Sullivan, and l'reuitt. With a few other gentlemen this party made an extended call and were entertained by the Cardinal for some minutes the prelate discoursing upon issues of the day, political and economical, in a manner that proclaimed him thoroughly conversant with the topics of the times He also told a few stories in an inimitable manner, and kept his visitors in the best of good humor. X. Beidler called to pay his respects, as did many other old time citizens. At three o'clock the stream of visitors had just faiily commenced, and indications then pointed to a prolonged levee. To-ßight the Cardinal will leave for Portland, where he is to confer the paiiinm upon Archbishop Gross. He will be ac companied by Bishop Brondel, Dr. Cha pelle aDd Father l'auwelyn, and at the Dalles will be joined by Arch bishops Glorieaux and Gross, the whole party proceeding down the Columbia by steamer. On leaving Portland, the Cardinal will go to San Francisco and thence by the Union Pacific to the East, so that he will not retarn by Helena. The reception ends at 5 o'clock this evening and on its conclusion the Cardinal, Bishop and priests will be entertained at dinner at the Episcopal residence by the ladies of the congregation, and after that will be escorted to the train. His visit has been all too short for the Catholics of the city, who would have been glad, had time permitted, to attest their regard by an elaborate pro gramme of entertainment. PERSONALLY SFEAKIXG. The Herald has already given a sketch of the life of Cardinal Gibbons. Nothing remains to be said except a reference to his personal characteristics, which have charmed all who met him. His height is little above the medium, bat bis spare frame and clean cut features make him ap pear somewhat taller. His countenance suggests that its possessor is a student and proclaims a high degree of intelligence. His eyes are expressive organs of vision and twinkle with good humor when his kindly smile asserts itself. In manner he is courteous, polished and refined to the last degree, and his conversational powers and entertaining ability are apparently unlimited. He ha3 impressed all who have met him most favorably, and left many a kind word and cordial greeting which will never be forgotten. He is, ib fact, the ideal of a prince of the church in learning, talent, culture and ability, and it is no wonder he has been selected to fill the exalted position he now occupies. TWO DECADES PAST. I IIow the .Honeyed Men of Helena Worked and Lived Twenty Years Ago. ! The Boulder Sentinel's Helena letter, printed in its last issue, contains so many interesting items regarding the early days of Montana's Capital and her citizens that we reproduce it almost in full. Its author ship is accredited to Col. Daniel Searles, the well known editor and writer. Alter describing the town as it was "twenty years ago" the letter continues : "Twenty years ago Sam Hauser was a modest banker on a small scale, and oc casionally dabbled a little in politics. He was bashfal and diffident then. C. A. Broadwater was a slim, energetic youth, stuck the bottom of his pants in his boots and whooped up the great trains of the Diamond R Company, of which he was the leading spirit. "Broad" was a dandy among the boys then, and made a ten strike wherever he hit, from a horse race to packing a political convention for a favorite candidate. Tommy Cruse was AN UNKNOWN PROSPECTOR, I frying his slapjacks in a dirt-rooted log ! cabin, little dreaming of the iortune in i store for him. Charley Cannon had a little bakery about where the HERALD build j ing now stands and sold pies and peanuts at 50U per cent, profit, all on account of "the freight, you know." Dick Eockey was his clerk and did up the goods of the plain little establiahment wim the grace and politeness of a Chesterfield. A. J. Davidson had a little store on Main street, with a partner by the name of Maun. J. P. Woolman was a clerk in Hall & Hagga dorn's store, aud didn't know hall as much about a horse as be does now. Col. Wilber F. Banders was a busy, hard worktd lawyer, with a large practice, a healthy political ambition aud with less money and experience in defeats than he now possesses. John Shober was a power in political conventions, swore that Mon tana was the "best country on God's earth" and "camped on the trail" as he occasion ally does now. Harry Comly was a miner on the Yellowstone, wore "Burnside" whis kers and afterwards become prominent in politics. C. B. Vaughn was a compositor in the old Gazette office while the sod over the "Peerless Jennie" remained unbroken as it sheltered its untold millions liom tho gaze of the prospector. Twenty years ago the Fisk Bros. lau A SMALL EVENING PAPER, aud Major Magiunis and E. S. Wilkensou held down tue editorial and répertoriai chairs of the Rocky Mountain Gazette, and received their Eastern exchanges when they were a month old. James Ryan owntd a small toll road in Ryan's canyon, on the road to Corinne, and James Blake kept a little butcher shop on Rodney street. The Holler Bros, owned a small hardware store on Main street, aud ran a saw mill on Ten Mile creek. Charley Reynolds chopped wood by the cord at the head ol Dry gulch, aud John Zeigler was a rustler from "way back," workmg like a beaver to establish a livery stable iu the city. Charlie Curtis, with a red sash around his waist, long leggins on his lower limbs and huge Mexican spurs cn his heels, auction eered broken-winded, spavined cay uses not worth $5 a dozen, at lrom $50 to §75 a piece. Charlie was a character in those days, and could ride faster, yell louder aud sell more horses thau any ten men in tüe country. Wm, Reed, now proprietor of the Grand Central hotel, was a hard working ranener in the Prickly Pear \ allty, aud Harry Sykes a neighbor iu the same busi ness. E. W. McNeal mined and merchan dised aud he) peu prepare the way for those who came later. Frank Pope kept an un pretentious drug store on Main street, and Bob Hale and Parchtn & D'Achtul each ran modest little stores of like character. Dan Flowerree kept the Bank Exchange and coined money from those who delighted in "fighting the tiger." "China" Clark and John Curtin, the pa litest salesman iu America, carried a large stock of hardware, while Kinna & Jack competed with them tor the trade of the country. S. C. Ashby was a clerk in the store of I. G. Baker & Co. at Fort Benton. Bam Word was a lawyer iu Virginia City anti not the owner of the finest private residence in all the Territories. Uncle Billy EwiDg was a granger with hay seed in his hair, and hauled his own hay lrom his ranch in the valley. George Foote was a surveyor ; he is now regarded as the first miniDg lawyer in the Territory. Bchwab & Zimmerman ran a little restaurant on Wood street, and Eissner, of the Interna tional, was proprietor of a modest looking hotel at the corner of Main and Bridge streets. Dr. Steele was then a rancher in the valley and divided his time in attending to his farm and gratuitously doctoring his neighbors when they were ill. Mary other oldtimere were then conducting small enterprises in the city, bat all working and striving to make a home and a name, and to make Helena what it is. Among them may be named W. C. Chessman, Joe Davis, Harvey English, John R. Watson and Buck Hudnall. HELENA TO-DAY. Twenty years have shown a wondrous cbaDge in the city and its people. Helena to-day is one of the most beautiful, finely built and prosperous city iu the West. Its water works, gas works, electric plant, fire department and other public enterprises will compare favorably with those of more pretentions Eastern cities, while its people in point of energy, enterprise and go-aheaditiveness will discount those in the old Eastern municipalities. Those whose names are above mentioned are now among the moneyed kiugs of the city and have healthy bank accounts in one or the other ol the half dozen great banking houses of the place. Helena is a great little city, with more wealth and a brighter future in store than any other city of its size in the world, and its daring old-timers have made it what it is. RAMBLER. THE BEST OF THE SEASON. The Third Gama for the Territorial Championship Won by the "Maroons." Ihe Helena Team Can Flay Hall. A large and enthusiastic audience wit nessed the third game and rubber between the nine from the Silver City and ad jacent mining camps and the Helena cham pions. The first game of the series was played at the Fair grounds in this city in July, and was won after a close contest by the Walkervilles. The second game took place in Butte, and after a hard fought battle the Helenas won. Yesterday after noon the third and last of the series was taken by the Helenas after the finest game of ball ever played in the Territory. The Walkervilles went to bat first and went out in one, two, three order. Besserer made a beautiful side catch of a fly ball in this inning, which was the finest play of the game. Dallas strack first for the Hel enas and amused the crowd by knocking fouls over the fence for about ten minutes. He was given first on balls. Besserer flied out to middle. Dallas waited ou second * till the ball was caught and then made a BRILLIANT FLAY by running home before the ball was fielded in. Kelly was given first on a dead ' ball and second on Vance's hit to right field. The Walkervilles got in their first kick on tHis hit, and claimed it was a foul. The umpire decided it was fair, and Vance scored through errors of the Walkervills. Tutt went out aud Rodgers and McEvily each struck for a base and scored on Hem ingway's safe hit. Hemingway was put out on third for too daring leading oil' from base, and so the inniDg ended with a re cord of five runs for the "Maroons" and a goose egg for the West Siders. In the second inning came the intermis sion of FORTY-FIVE MINUTES and the six hundred people who had put up their half dollars to see baee ball played grew excessively weary. It happened thusiy, Moffett went out on a foul fly Hall and Gleason got on their bases through McIntyre's errors. Reagan went out on strikes and Leary went to bat. He struck to first base, McIntyre caught and held the ball for a second or so aud then came in collision with the runner and dropped the ball. Air. Jackson, the umpire, de cided the man was out. Walkervilles wouldn't have it so, and claimed that the two men on the bases, who in the mean time had leisurely come home, should have their scores counted. The Helena nine knew they had a hard game to play and did not wish to give up any advantage, so the matter was argued in a friendly man ner lor nearly an hour, much to the disgust ol the audience. The diflerence was finally settled by dis placing Air. Jackson as umpire by Mr. Bolomaa, and the game proceeded. The game was well and quickly played from this time out, and the umpire's decisions satisfied everybody. Besserer got a lile in the second inning and scored on Vance's base hit to right. Tutt knocked a beauty to left, but the fine fielder, Hopkins, got under it after a hard run and caught the ball. Vance was left on base. The score was now six TO ZERO, and so it stood with close and Lute play ing nntil the sixth inning, in which the Walkervilles made four tallies. Sidiey and Moffitt got first on eirors. Gleason and Hall struck safely for first. Reagan Hied i out to Dallas and Gleason was put out on i forced run. Leary got his first on an in excusable error of Mclntire. Moffitt aud Sibley had scored on the nrevious hits and Hoskins knocked a daisy to middle and brought in Leary and Kelly. The next man went out on a Uy tip neatly caught by Rodgers, who makes a dandy catcher. The event of the Helena's sixth was a double play of Hoskins and Moffitt. Dallas knocked a fly to Hoskins, who neatly caught it, and the runner on first, who had taken a big lead oil', was caught napping by Hoskins making a wonderful throw to first and Moffitt, the ever reliable, was there and that settled it. McEvily and Hemingway scored in this inning and Besserer and Kelly also made good hits but were left on bases. Carr and Moffitt scored in the Walker ville's seventh. Moffitt and Gleason both hit for two bases but Gleason was left. Helena scored three in the seventh. Tutt and McEvily scoring on Hemingway's timely hit and the latter coming home by good base running. It took about a minute for Walkerville to play the eighth, they be ing put out as fast as they cams to the plate. The Helena's last was full of good hits and three men were left on bases. Kelly scored on ba^ throws and Vance's lick. Walkcr ville's ninth gave them one more tally and the game was ended with a score of TWELVE TO SEVEN. Outside of the wait, at the second in niDg, the game was a brilliant and quick one. Buch players as VaDce, Rogers, Moffitt, Gleason, Tutt and Hoskins would do credit to a league nine. With the three players, who will in the future play with the Helenas, (Gleason, Moffitt and Hoskinsl our home team can safely travel on their shape over the whole Pacific slope. HELENA. A B. R. lB. r.o. A. K. Dallas, »? .......... i l i ♦» 3 lle-iserer, (.'apt., , 2b........ 5 i i 7 3 3 Kellv, 3b.......... .... 5 2 l 4 3 G Vance, p.......... .... 5 1 2 1 3 O Tutt, If............. .... 5 1 o 1 0 0 Rodgers, <•........ 5 2 1 5 1 i McEvily, n...... ............. 5 2 2 0 O l Hemingway, rn............ 5 2 2 1 O 2 Mclntire, lb..... ............. 4 0 i 7 0 4 — . — — — — — 41 12 14 27 16 14 WALKERVILLE. A.n. r. In. P.O. A. ■ Hoskins, m...... ............. 6 O 1 3 0 1 1 'rtrr, ss............ ............ 5 2 2 2 1 0 Sidiey, 2b......... ............. 5 i i 1 3 3 Moflet, lb......... .... 5 2 i 11 2 n Hall, rf............. ............. r» i 0 1 0 l Gleason, p........ 0 2 1 4 l Reagan, 3b....... 0 0 •» 1 l Leary, ('apt.. If. ............ 4 1 0 f 2 2 Kelly, c............ 0 1 2 0 i — 42 7 8 24 13 13 Huns earned -Helena 1. Struck out—Vance o AV 14119 fHiUUU — uuiuua L. UHIUUIV UUl- » auuu -, Glea«on 1. Strikes called—Vance 37, Gleason 26. Left on bases—Helena 8. Walkervilie 8. Two base bits—Vance, Tutt. Double plays—Ileming way-.Melntire, Iieagan-Moffet. The follow-Dg is the score by innings: Walkerville...............0 0 0 0 0 4 2 0 I— 7 Helena.....................5 1 0 0 0 2 3 1 *—12 What Wyoming Reports. Washington, October 4.—The Governor ofWyomiDg Territory, in his annual re port to the Secretary of the Iuterior, states that, contrary to the prevalent belief, that territory is adapted for farming purposes as well as for stock raising. The Governor estimates the population at 85,000. Owing to the fact that the railroad lands are as sessed this year, for the first time, the tax able values exceed last year by over a mil lion dollars. For the ten months ending June 30th 303,000 acres of public land were taken up. The Governor cotes the deca dence of the cattle business as compared with former years and says that the hard winters and scarcity of food is bringing about the result of confining cattle more closely to one locality, where they can be sheltered and fed daring the winter. The Governor recommends the erection of three new land offices, to be known as Buffalo, Snndance and Lander districts. THE TOUR. President Cleveland's Reception iu Chicago. Chicago, October 5. —The train bearing President Cleveland and wife puffed slowly into the Alton depot, on 21st street, at 9:30 o'clock this morning. There was a loud shout from the crowd and a buzz of three cheers as the distinguished pair walked across the platform to their carriage. A moment later tho carriage door was shut, the whip encircled over the spirited horses' heads and the President was ridiDg through the streets of Chicago. It was only a few moments after 7 o'clock this morning when the people commenced to stop at the de pot, where the President wa3 advertised to alight from I i special train, but it was a welcome fifctjjg of the great republic that the President received when he landed for the fist time at Chicago. The enthusiasm was electrical, such crowds, snch bright faces in the same number were never seen before. There mast have been 15,000 meD, women and children gathered within a few blocks of the station. Above the heads of the crowds could be seen the helmeted military. They were a fine lot of men, in all fonr companies of artillery and cavalry. Their arrival cre ated a sensation, which grew more and more tumultuous as the Presidential equip age appeared on the scene. The crowd was entirely good natnred. Its one wish seemed to be to express respect for the President and his lady. .Although boister ous at times, as all crowds are, this one was on its good behavior and readily enough obeyed the requests of the police to stand back and leave a clear space through which the President might pass. As the President's carriage moved away the mili tary formed around it, and the crowd, with wild cheering, fell in behind. The Presi dent took off his hat the moment he got into the carriage and bowed and smiled as a roaring cheer went up. He seemed well pleased with his welcome, and well he might be, for it was truly royal. Airs. Cleveland wore a black traveling dress, and although wearied from travel ing, looked fresh and charming, as usual. As the Presidential carriage, with the fair mistress of the White House, came into view cheer after cheer went up from the masses that filled the street. Behind the carriages came the Milwaukee Ligh t Horse squadron and battery F, 4th artillery, U. S. The crowd had yel led itself hoarse, cheering for the President, when the second division swung into line at the corner of Michigan avenue and 23d street. The people along the line of march were packed as never before iu Chicago. On the tops of houses and iu windows wjre ciowds of anxious faces, and from the roofs floated streamers evidently impro vised hurriedly for the occasion. When the procession reached the reviewing stand the President alighted from his carriage. A long line passed in review. In response to Alayor Roche's address of welcome the President said : It was scon after theelection of 1884 that an old resident of your city was earnestly uiging me to pay you a visit. He en deavored to meet all the ohjectioos that were stated and insisted with unyielding pertinacity that the invitation be accepted. At last, and after all pereuason seemed to fail, he vehemently broke ont with this declaration, "The people up where I live don't think a man is fit for President who has never seen Chicago." I ba*e often thought of this since that time, and some times when I have felt that I was not doing for the people and public welfare all that might be done or all that I would like to do, have wondered whether things would have gone on better if I had visited Chicago. Indeed it has, I believe, been publicly stated on one or more occasions lately, when the shortcomings of the present ex «cutive were under discussion, that nothing lietter could be expected of a man who bad never been west of some designated place or river, and this I suppose means the same thing that my Chicago friend meant, and involves the same accusations and conclu sions. If my alleged official crimes and misdemeanors are thus charitably account ed for I ëhall not complain, while I confess that the declaration of the representative of this city as I have given it is an evidence of that local pride and loyalty of which your city is a great monument. All have heard of it, if they never have seen it, for every one of your people seem to have or ganized himself into a committee of one to spread its glories abroad. And now that I am here, I feel like say ing, with the Queen of Sheba, that "half was not told me " After relating the his tory of Chicago's growth, President Cleve land concluded as follows : "You have said that the President ought ta see Chi cago. I am here to see it and its hospita ble, large-hearted people, but because your city is so great and your interests so large I know you will allow me to suggest that I have left at home a city you ought to see and know more about. In point of fact it would be well for you to keep vour eyes closely upon it all the time. Your servants and agonts are there." They are there to protect yonr interests and aid your t Hurts, to advance your pros perity and well being. Your bustling trade and yonr wearying?, ceaseless activity ol hand and brain, would not yield the re sult you deserve unless wisdom guides the policy of your government and unless your needs are regarded at the Capital of the nation. It will be well for you not to forget that in the petlormance of your political duties, with calm thoughtfulness and broad patriotism, there lies, not only a safeguard against business disaster, but an important obligation of citizenship. Liverpool Prices. Liverpool, October 5.— Flour holders olier moderately 9s 2d ; dull. Wheat hold ers offer sparingly'; No. 2 winter 6s 21 Ad, firm ; do spring Gs 2}d, firm. Corn, 6pot supply poor, futures holders offering spar iugly, spot 4s Gjd, firm; October 4s 5jd, firm ; November aud December 4 1 5d, firm. The Dead Sea in Palestine has always been an object of intense interest to us and our government a few years ago esnt ont an expedition to explore this famous body of water, which the popular tradition holds to cover the site of Sodom and Gomorrah Dr. Rob. Morris, who is now in our city, is capable ol giving a great amount of interesting information, gathered from personal experience and observation on the ground, about the Dead Sea. We hope some means will be taken to draw out from him a public lecture on this theme. We had supposed that the lake or sea, as it is more commonly called, was gradually drying up, but Dr. Morris tells ns that there is no evidence that its volume has decreased an inch in a thousand years. It rises when, during the rainy season, the Jordan rolls it swollen flood into it, and it shrinks in volume and becomes saltier as it evaporates during the dry season. In fact the water holds in solution all the salt that it is capable of holding. Three pounds of the water, if evaporated, will leave a pound of salt. When any larger amount of salt is added it simply crystalizes and sinks. There is a whole range of salt mountains on one side of the sea. CHOOSING THE BITTER PART. W T e have never joined very profusely in the wail over the temporary decline of our commercial marine. If our coun try all lay along the Alantic seaboard, as it did in the early part of the century, and we had to depend chiefly upon the European markets for our manufactures, this decline would be a calamity indeed, llut, great as is our length of sea coast, greater still is our vast interior, and it was more important to us that this vast interior should be opened up and hound together by railroads. The railroads that we have built in the past fifty years are worth more than all the ships of all nations that float the seas and compete with one another for the ocean comme >-e. The direct fruits of that ocean com merce do not compare £with those of our railroads. Especially we who live in the far in terior are, more than any other portion of the people in this country, the gain ers by the choice our capitalists have made in preferring to build transconti nental railroads rather than ships of commerce. Is has created all the wealth of our lands aud of our mines. It has breathed the breath of life into the dead carcass and dry bones of our vast plains and metaliferous mountains. This good work is now so well ad vanced that it will not need any special nursing for the future. There is enough sap and life iu the great trunk railroads to go on pushing out new branches till every square mile of our vast are is made conveniently accessible to market. With equal wisdom we are preferring manufactures to foreign commerce. We have thus created a home market lor our j produce better than all the foreign mar kets, and unless we are struck with judi cial blindness we shall continue to nurse and cultivate manufactures. But the time is coming when we shall he in condition to cultivate commerce on the seas with equal advantage and it is none too soon for our nation to begin the creation of a navy under whose shelter commerce will take refuge when the im pending trouble in Europe comes. ROUEUr MORRIS, L. L. I). The approaching session of the Grand Lodge of A. F. and A. M., is to he hon ored by the presence of that distinguish ed Masonic scholar and poet, Doctor Morris, familiarly known throughout the Masonic world as Brother Rob. Morris, of La Grange, Ky. lie has filled and honored every position in Masonry in his own State aud his field of labor has ex tended to nearly every State in the coun try, and we might almost say every country in the world. As a Masonic student he has made several visits to J'alestine and has gained stores of valua ble and interesting information which he has given in lectures and written in hooka, and in various other ways com municated to his countrymen, himself beiDg one of the causes and explanations of the fact that more peuple from the United States visit Palestine than from any other Christian country. Doctor Morris is the Poet Laureate of Masonry, a title that he better deserves thau any similar rank ever bestowed. His beautiful poems are recited at every Masonic gathering. His songs are sung at every festival or funeral occasion. His distinctively Masonic poems consti tute a large body, probably more than all his predecessors together have pro duced. He has given the best years of his life, with his talents and his means, to the strengthening, cultivating and illustrat ing of Masonry, and certainly no one de serves honor and emolument from the craftsmen more than Brother Morris. In Montana it is proposed to utilize his visit to settle a uniformity of work, that is considered very desirable, but which from many causes could not here tofore be attained. Our people will have opportunities for some days to cultivate and improve the acquaintance of Bro. Morris. It is an opportunity not likely to recur, and we hope it may prove mutually pleasant and profitable. The Pacific railroad investigating com mittee has disgusted the administration and the whole country by its course in borrowing money of the Central Pacific Co. to meet expenses, aud tho fact lateiy brought out in evidence in Washington that the Central Pacific Co. has a bill of several thousand dollars against the com mission and has exhausted its credit. Some of its transactions appear discredit able iu the extreme, and no one expects a particle of good will be accomplished. With one throbbing heart of sympathy and sorrow the people of Helena, in thought if not in person, have been wait iug and watching at the dying bed of John Kinna. We did not know how we loved aud honored him till we knew that so soon we mast part with him forever. He was one of our solidest, noblest and truest men. He was the first Alayor of our city. His loss will be irreparable. Polydore de Kuper, a Belgian by birth and a Roman Catholic in religion, has been elected Lord Mayor of London. He is the first Catholic to hold that posi tion since the Reformation. The world moves and London is becoming cosmopoli tan. _ Now that sidewalks are provided around the court house grounds, and good ones too, won't those that go in and out use them and keep off the place where the grass ought to g row, _ The improvements in Washington city for the past year aggregate $2,000,000, in dicating 4,746 new buildings. Thirty new school honses have been erected in the past eight years._ The Manitoba will be at Great Falls by the end of this week. ! I »THE RACE FOR FitI*AC Y.*" - The Tribune publishes from advance shets of the North American Review for October an article by the editor of that magazine on "The race for Primacy" between Great Britain and the United States during the period covered by the reign of Victoria. During that time the population of Great Britain has in creased handsomely from 40 to 50 per cent., but that of the United States has increased five fold. When this Victo rian reign began we had less than half the population of Great Britain, now we have nearly double the population. But populatios does not determine primacy, we know very well, or a hun dred thousand Englishmen would not hold two hundred and fifty million Hin doos in subjection. But man for man, take the two countries and descendants of the early settlers of the American colonies will compare favorably with the best of those who came over with either of the Williams. Our people, as a whole, are more intelligent, prosperous, contented, energetic. There is more union between our North and South, though so recently arrayed in deadly conflict, than there is between England aud Ireland. Discontent is not confined to Ireland alone. People do not emigrate when they are doing well, when they are prosperous and con tented. But Englishmen do emigrate but little lp3s than Irishmen. True, they always retain a pride and attach ment to the land of their birth rather more than most nations, for the English people are plucky, pugnacious and very proud, but this feeling of attachment is not transmitted, and you can never find a thorough going Englishman born in any part of the colonial world. Now, in our country every child is proud of the land of his hirtli. Patriotism is more general among our sixty millions than among the thirty-six millions ol England. We have not the ships of war, the standing army or the collection of war material that England has. In the first three months of a war we should be at a disadvantage with England, but never after that time. Our wealth is not on the seas nor on the sea coast in as great proportion as formerly. Such are the changes constantly going on that it is doubtful if a country is any stronger for trying to accumulate war material. When put to a final test all this old ma terial may prove worse than useless. A single dynamite cartridge well aimed would sink the largest war ship afloat* Inventive genius is worth more than big guns and heavy plated ships, and we surely have more of that than all the other nations .together. If this inven tive genius is turned to produce means of destruction we know that it could succeed equally as well as in other di rections. If we have not large armies we have the materials for them, and just so with all the weapons aud materia! of war. Our national credit can create armies aud navies. The generous provision that we have always made for our soldiers would fill our ranks in any war that might ever occur. England is defended as we are by its ocean, but unlike us, England could not long survive when shut up behind her defenses. Her soil will not produce hall enough to feed her people, and a close blockade would soon force a surrender. We could never be starved into surren der, though all the nations of the world were to attempt at the same time to cou quor us. England is on the whole still increas ing in nominal wealth, but it is the kind of wealth that can take to itself wings. Her lands are decreasing in value, as are her mines. Sources of prod .tion are failing, and the more they are worked the faster they will fail. The very growth and prosperity of the British colonies only increase the cer tainty that these colonies will soon be come independent States. Instead of growing stronger, the imperial tie is constantly grov.ing weaker. We have only noticed a single feature of this article and comparison. We commend it for careful study. The vote in Dakota on division in No vember we hope will be a full as well as a decisive one. We cannot spy that we are particularly interested which way they vote on the division question, but we are interested to see a full vote so that the peo ple of the United States may see how many citizens of the Union are disfran chised in one Territory. We fear that the indifference of many on the division issue may prevent their voting. There is qui e a lively campaign going on, but so far cs we can judge by indications the division sentiment is not as great as it was. Alany of the obstacles that eariy suggested and supported division sentiment have been removed by the building of railroads. There will be no trouble about easy, cheap, convenient intercommunication. The fear of the people of South Dakota of being dominated by the Northern l'acific is not a strong card. If there were any danger of the whole of Dako ta beiDg subjugated to the power of this great corporation, it would he cruel and unreasonable to turn over the more thinly peopled northern part to its do minion. There is no evidence that the people of Northern Dakota are afraid of this overshadowing influence. The Mani toba road is a good checkmate, and at the rate the country is being settled the peo ple will soon he masters of their own des tinies, even if the government at ash iogton does not devise legislation that shad keep railroads within reasonable bounds. AIinneapolis divides with St. Louis the attention of the country to-day. 1° t ^ e former the Knights of Labor are in session and the latter is entertaining the l >re8 ' dent.