OCR Interpretation

Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, October 06, 1887, Image 2

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036143/1887-10-06/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 2

His EmineDce, James Gibbons, Arch
bishop of Baltimore, Received
at the Cathedral.
The Recrption---\Velcoining Ad
dresses aud Responses ol thî
Cardinal Gibbons and party arrived in
Helena on the west bound train last even
ing and were met at the depot by the re
ception committee of the Cathedral con
gregation, consisting of Major Maginnis,
T. C. Power, H. F. Galen, Thomas Crnse,
John C. CnrtiD. C. L. Dahier, Major R. C.
Walker, Phil. Schmidt, Dr. N. Salvail and
Andrew O'Connell. The Cardinal was ac
companied by Bishop Brondel, of Helena,
and Rev. Dr. Cbappelle, of Washington, D.
C., who travels with him as his secretary.
The party were soon seated in the carriages
in waiting and driven to the residence of
Bishop Brondel, where His Eminence
changed his traveling dress for the Car
dinal's robes and repaired to the Cathedral,
where already a large congregation bad as
sembled in anticipation of his arrival.
The church had been newly painted and
carpeted in honor of the Cardinal's comiDg
and was brilliantly illuminated by chande
liers and candles. The altars and sanctury
were decorated with natmal llowers, among
which the flames of the wax candles
flickered, lending to the tvhole a beautiful
aspect. The newly painted pews, or what
was visible of them in the mass of people
that occupied them, and the frescoed walls
glistened under the light of the chan
deliers, and the whole interior gave evi
dence of preparation for the festive oc
Shortly after nine o'clock the Cardinal
entered the cathedral from the main por
tals and ad\anced up the aisle, accom
panied ty Bishop Brondel, Dr. Cbappelle,
Father l'alladino and other priests, pre
ceded by a train of acolytes bearing can
dles and swinging censers. The Cardinal
wore a white surplice covered by his red
cloak, his head bearing the red beretta,
the badge of his exalted office. Bishop
Brondel was vested in the cope and mitre
for evening service and officiated at bene
diction As the Cardinal's train entered the
church iLe cathedral choir of fifteen voiees
sang the first verse of the Te Deum in
English. Reaching the sanctuary, the Car
dinal opened the service with a few prayers
and then repaired to a prie dieu in Iront
of the altar, where he knelt throughout
the service. Bishop Brondel then cele
brated benediction, the choir, with Mrs.
M. H. Keefe as organist, sang tho usual
hymns, 0 Salutaris and 1'anlum Ergo.
Benediction over, the Cardinal seated
himself in the Rohop's canopied chair and
Bishop Bromicl <• ided the altar and wel
comed His Eminence in a few brief re
marks, paying a glowing tribute to the il
lustrious visitor, extending him ihe con
gratulations of the congregation and eiidmg
by introducing him to the audience.
Cardinal Gibbons arose and replied iu
the following strain:
"I was not aware until this late moment
that I would be called upon to address you
here. I understood au address would he
made at the Bishop's residence and had
made up my mind to reply to it then.
However, I am profoundly touched at the
cordial remarks of yoar Bishop and appre
ciate the welcome they accord. Truly, a
Catholic prelate is never a straDger where
ever he goes. He always finds himself at
home. He is bound to the people by ties
of a common faith and a common hope.
To-night I have experienced another evi
dence of the faith that binds ns together.
You are all strangers to me, and though 1
have met a few of your number before, still
1 have not made the acquaintance of a
great majority. But, though strangers in
a sense, I have you all in my heart as mem
bers of that large communion, for whose
welfare my daily prayers are offered.
Some of those present may not be
of our faith, but I love them too
as members ot the human family redeemed
by the blood of Jesus Christ, and more par
ticularly as loyal citizens ot this great re
Since entering yonr city I have been
struck with the substantial evidences of
the enterprise of your people, and the same
remark applies to the whole of the Ameri
can country through which I have recently
traveled. I am rejoiced to see that the
church has kept pace with the wonderful
growth and advancement of the country.
Wherever I have been I have found priests
laboring among the laymen and the latter
co-operating with them in furthering
the cause of Christ. Your own citizens,
some of whom were kind enough to meet
me at the train, are examples of this laith
lul co-operation. I cannot help but think
that God has bien pleased to send such
men to labor with the priests. In years to
come, when yot r city has grown to a com
munity of 100,0t 0 people and this church
has been replaced by a large cathedral, the
generations of that day will look hack with
pride to the pioneers of these times and
bless the people v ho sowed tin s»#d that
bore the fruit whi> h they will eij-.v.
I thank you for your warm gu < u g and
beg God's blessing upon you < «I upon
whatever work you may andertm »•. Bishop
Brondel is a faith!ill lc*ader iu jn ,r spirit
ual concerns. Aid him as much s lies in
your power. He is always with u, prays
for you, labors for y ou. Though .J/sent, he
has always your welfare at heart. It is
your duly to pray for him and render him
all the assistance in .vour power in all that
pertains to our holy religion aud say, "If I
lorget thee, O Jerusalem, may my right
hand forget its cunniDg and my tongue
cleave to the roof ol' my mouth." Once
more I thank you and—God bless you all."
As the Cardinal finished speaking clergy
and laymen began to leave the church to
the strains of the "Gloria" from Mozart's
Twelfth Mass, sung by the lull choir, ac
companied on the organ by Mrs. D. W.
Fisk. Many ot those present then repaired
to the episcopal residence, where Major
Maginnis delivered an address of welcome
to the Cardinal on behalf of the congre
gation. Natural flowers and plants were
everywheie. Windows and tables bore
wreaths, festoons and bouquets of the
cbo cest flowers, blooming vines depended
from the chandeliers, while the mantles
in the two parlors were banked with rows
of the loveliest hot-house products, in
tasteful design and chosen with especial
reference to the papal and cardinal colors.
Vines and autumn leaves of most exquis
ite and varied hues draped the mantles
and bung from every available projection.
The eflVct was beautiful. Fragrance filled
the air and beauty of color adorned the
apartments. Ont&ide myriads of Japanese
lanterns hung from portico and shrubbery,
while the interior was no less brilliantly
Guests filled the two front parlors and
the Cardinal seated himself in the Bishop's
room, facing the people through folding
doors and flanked by the Bishop and
priests. Here lion. Martin Maginnis
stepped forward and addressed him as
follows :
In discharging, Your Eminence, the
pleasing duty imposed upon me of giving
you and your associates a hearty welcome
here, I but express the wish ana utter the
salutation of all the citizens of Helena
and of all the people of Montana. Re
gardless of sect or creed, their liberal and
enlightened minds recognize in you the
typical American, who has not only
reached the highest honors of his calling
in this new world ; bat as one whose learn
ing, piety and goodly life have caused him
to be chosen as one of the councillors and
cardinal princes of that church which has
its seat in the capital of old empires and
the center of ancient and advanced civili
They honor you also that you return
from foreign lands with an increased love
for yonr own, and with a greater admira
tion for its free and beneficent institutions
and especially for that religions liberty
which was first enkindled, or at least de
creed within its borders by the Catholic
founders of your native State. They re
joice in you as in the patriot priest whose
voice they have just heard resounding
from the hallowed walls of Independence
Hall, wherein Charles Carroll, of Carroll
tOD, signed the declaration which Jefferson
drew; and the benediction you there pro
Dounced upon the constitution of these
United States, is echoed by the grateful
hearts of sixty millions of people.
These valleys and mountains in which
we receive you are not strangers to the
church you represent. Its zealous mis
sionaries, who have explored every range
of mountains, crossed every desert and
traversed every sea in the world, did not
leave these wilds alone to their wild inhab
itants. They were here before us all. Of
the first comers they were the first : all
all "old timers" they are the oldest. They
came not in search of gold and silver, or of
gain ; not for the cattle on the hills or the
sheep in the fold, but inspired by the love
of God and guided by that light of the
star of Bethlehem, which still shines in
pious hearts above the clouds of error, un
belief and worldliness, came to bear the
blessings of religion to the benighted hearts
of their savage fellow men. Even in this
material age, when love of gold aud place
and honor are the ruling motives, the
worst of us can recognize the higher na
tures and sublimer aspirations which sacri
fice the selfishness of the heart on the
altars of humanity. But of such as these
many have been chosen to wear even
higher honors of their church, than its car
dinal robes or its pontifical crown, to be
clothed with the cardinal glories of martyr
dom and crowned with the halos of its
canonized saints.
To this mouotain scene of their labors we
welcome you, and we hid you God speed
on your journey across that continent,
which under the bounties of Catholic
princes a Catholic discovered, and wish you
a safe arrival on the shores of that western
sea, which received the baptism of its Pa
cific name, beneath the cross set up on the
shores of Darien, by another missionary of
the universal church whose livery you
The Cardinal acknowledged the greeting
graciously and responded briefly as follows :
Ladies and Gentlemen :
I hope I shall be excused for not making
a leDgthy reply to Mr. Maginnis' kind
words of welcome. A» I left home nine
days ago I have been traveling almost con
stantly and have had little repose. In fact
since I started the people along my route
have been killing me with kindness.
Mr. Maginnis has referred to me as an
American citizen, and if there is any title
of which I can boast and be proud it is
that. [Applause.] The proudest boast of
the Romans of old was "Civia Human us
sum," I am a Roman citizen ; they were
proud of their vast empire, their civiliza
tion, the wisdom of theirstatesmen and the
valor of their soldiers. But the Americans
of to-day have greater reason to boast of
their citizenship in this great republic than
any Roman Cicero or warrior. The more I
see of other countries, the more I rejoice
that I belong to this glorious nation. I
have been abroad aud observed
the conditions that obtain in
the greatest Earopean governments
and my jonrneys have but strengthened
the conviction that here in America we
enjoy more and greater privileges than in
any other country under the snn. Here
and here only we have the grandest con
summation of modern civilized government
—liberty without license and authority
without despotism.
And now alllow me to thank you for
your kind welcome. I only wish that the
short time I will spend in Helena might be
extended several days, but that is impos
sible. As it is I hope to make the acquain
tance of some of your hospitable people
during my brief stay.
Concluding his remarks, Cardinal Gib
bons reseated himself aud received the
ladies and gentlemen who throDged forward
to meet him. The committee on introduc
tion, Major Maginnis, C. D. Curtis, T. H.
Carter àud John R. Drew, then presented
the guests to the Cardinal, and as they
passed along each individual was taken by
the hand and warmly greeted by the pre
late. The ceremony was short, as the for
mal reception was fixed for this afteinooD.
nd after it was over the company dispersed
and the Cardinal and party repaired to the
dining hall for refreshments, having a3 yet
partaken of nothing since their arrival.
The Cardinal Drives About the City
and Lnnches at .Mr. Crusc's-
Alternoon Reception.
This morning Cardinal Gibbons celebra
ted mass at the cathedral at half past sev
en o'clock and there was a large congrega
tion present at that hour to attend the ser
vice. Alter mass the Cardinal breakfasted
at Bishop Brondel's. and after breakfast
took a drive about the city with several of
our prominent citizens. He was es
corted to the placer mines and
took evident interest in watching
the process of washing gold. He also
visited the Assay Office and First National
Bank and saw the yellow metal in bullion
and nuggets, a spectacle that his eyes had
not before greeted. After visiting several
other places of interest the distinguished
visitor repaired to the home of Mr. Thomas
Cruse and lunched as the guest of that
gentleman and Mrs. F. S. Lang. The
hostess hrd an elegaut repast spread for
His Eminence and presided in person at
the table.
This afternoon a reception was held in
honor of the Cardinal at Bishop Brondel's
residence. His Eminence received his
visitors in the parlors, attired in his robes
of office. His first callers were Governor
Leslie and the other Territorial officers,
Messrs. Webb, Sullivan, and l'reuitt. With
a few other gentlemen this party made an
extended call and were entertained
by the Cardinal for some minutes
the prelate discoursing upon issues of
the day, political and economical, in a
manner that proclaimed him thoroughly
conversant with the topics of the times
He also told a few stories in an inimitable
manner, and kept his visitors in the best
of good humor.
X. Beidler called to pay his respects, as
did many other old time citizens. At three
o'clock the stream of visitors had just
faiily commenced, and indications then
pointed to a prolonged levee.
To-ßight the Cardinal will leave for
Portland, where he is to confer the paiiinm
upon Archbishop Gross. He will be ac
companied by Bishop Brondel, Dr. Cha
pelle aDd Father l'auwelyn, and at the
Dalles will be joined by Arch
bishops Glorieaux and Gross, the
whole party proceeding down the
Columbia by steamer. On leaving
Portland, the Cardinal will go to San
Francisco and thence by the Union Pacific
to the East, so that he will not retarn by
The reception ends at 5 o'clock this
evening and on its conclusion the Cardinal,
Bishop and priests will be entertained at
dinner at the Episcopal residence by the
ladies of the congregation, and after
that will be escorted to the
train. His visit has been all too
short for the Catholics of the city, who
would have been glad, had time permitted,
to attest their regard by an elaborate pro
gramme of entertainment.
The Herald has already given a sketch
of the life of Cardinal Gibbons. Nothing
remains to be said except a reference to
his personal characteristics, which have
charmed all who met him. His height is
little above the medium, bat bis spare
frame and clean cut features make him ap
pear somewhat taller. His countenance
suggests that its possessor is a student and
proclaims a high degree of intelligence.
His eyes are expressive organs of vision
and twinkle with good humor when his
kindly smile asserts itself. In manner he
is courteous, polished and refined to the
last degree, and his conversational powers
and entertaining ability are apparently
unlimited. He ha3 impressed all who
have met him most favorably, and left
many a kind word and cordial greeting
which will never be forgotten. He is, ib
fact, the ideal of a prince of the church in
learning, talent, culture and ability, and it
is no wonder he has been selected to fill
the exalted position he now occupies.
I IIow the .Honeyed Men of Helena
Worked and Lived Twenty
Years Ago.
! The Boulder Sentinel's Helena letter,
printed in its last issue, contains so many
interesting items regarding the early days
of Montana's Capital and her citizens that
we reproduce it almost in full. Its author
ship is accredited to Col. Daniel Searles,
the well known editor and writer.
Alter describing the town as it was
"twenty years ago" the letter continues :
"Twenty years ago Sam Hauser was a
modest banker on a small scale, and oc
casionally dabbled a little in politics. He
was bashfal and diffident then. C. A.
Broadwater was a slim, energetic youth,
stuck the bottom of his pants in his boots
and whooped up the great trains of the
Diamond R Company, of which he was the
leading spirit. "Broad" was a dandy
among the boys then, and made a ten
strike wherever he hit, from a horse race
to packing a political convention for a
favorite candidate. Tommy Cruse was
I frying his slapjacks in a dirt-rooted log
! cabin, little dreaming of the iortune in
i store for him. Charley Cannon had a little
bakery about where the HERALD build
j ing now stands and sold pies and peanuts
at 50U per cent, profit, all on account of
"the freight, you know." Dick Eockey
was his clerk and did up the goods of the
plain little establiahment wim the grace
and politeness of a Chesterfield. A. J.
Davidson had a little store on Main street,
with a partner by the name of Maun. J.
P. Woolman was a clerk in Hall & Hagga
dorn's store, aud didn't know hall as much
about a horse as be does now.
Col. Wilber F. Banders was a busy, hard
worktd lawyer, with a large practice, a
healthy political ambition aud with less
money and experience in defeats than he
now possesses. John Shober was a power
in political conventions, swore that Mon
tana was the "best country on God's earth"
and "camped on the trail" as he occasion
ally does now. Harry Comly was a miner
on the Yellowstone, wore "Burnside" whis
kers and afterwards become prominent in
politics. C. B. Vaughn was a compositor
in the old Gazette office while the sod over
the "Peerless Jennie" remained unbroken
as it sheltered its untold millions liom tho
gaze of the prospector.
Twenty years ago the Fisk Bros. lau
aud Major Magiunis and E. S. Wilkensou
held down tue editorial and répertoriai
chairs of the Rocky Mountain Gazette, and
received their Eastern exchanges when
they were a month old. James Ryan
owntd a small toll road in Ryan's canyon,
on the road to Corinne, and James Blake
kept a little butcher shop on Rodney street.
The Holler Bros, owned a small hardware
store on Main street, aud ran a saw mill on
Ten Mile creek. Charley Reynolds chopped
wood by the cord at the head ol Dry
gulch, aud John Zeigler was a rustler from
"way back," workmg like a beaver
to establish a livery stable iu the city.
Charlie Curtis, with a red sash around his
waist, long leggins on his lower limbs and
huge Mexican spurs cn his heels, auction
eered broken-winded, spavined cay uses not
worth $5 a dozen, at lrom $50 to §75 a
piece. Charlie was a character in those
days, and could ride faster, yell louder aud
sell more horses thau any ten men in tüe
country. Wm, Reed, now proprietor of the
Grand Central hotel, was a hard working
ranener in the Prickly Pear \ allty, aud
Harry Sykes a neighbor iu the same busi
ness. E. W. McNeal mined and merchan
dised aud he) peu prepare the way for those
who came later. Frank Pope kept an un
pretentious drug store on Main street, and
Bob Hale and Parchtn & D'Achtul each
ran modest little stores of like
character. Dan Flowerree kept the
Bank Exchange and coined
money from those who delighted in
"fighting the tiger."
"China" Clark and John Curtin, the pa
litest salesman iu America, carried a large
stock of hardware, while Kinna & Jack
competed with them tor the trade of the
country. S. C. Ashby was a clerk in the
store of I. G. Baker & Co. at Fort Benton.
Bam Word was a lawyer iu Virginia City
anti not the owner of the finest private
residence in all the Territories. Uncle
Billy EwiDg was a granger with hay seed
in his hair, and hauled his own hay lrom
his ranch in the valley. George Foote was
a surveyor ; he is now regarded as the first
miniDg lawyer in the Territory. Bchwab
& Zimmerman ran a little restaurant on
Wood street, and Eissner, of the Interna
tional, was proprietor of a modest looking
hotel at the corner of Main and Bridge
Dr. Steele was then a rancher in the
valley and divided his time in attending
to his farm and gratuitously doctoring his
neighbors when they were ill. Mary
other oldtimere were then conducting small
enterprises in the city, bat all working and
striving to make a home and a name, and
to make Helena what it is. Among them
may be named W. C. Chessman, Joe
Davis, Harvey English, John R. Watson
and Buck Hudnall.
Twenty years have shown a wondrous
cbaDge in the city and its people. Helena
to-day is one of the most beautiful, finely
built and prosperous city iu the
West. Its water works, gas works,
electric plant, fire department and
other public enterprises will compare
favorably with those of more pretentions
Eastern cities, while its people in point of
energy, enterprise and go-aheaditiveness
will discount those in the old Eastern
municipalities. Those whose names are
above mentioned are now among the
moneyed kiugs of the city and have
healthy bank accounts in one or the other
ol the half dozen great banking houses of
the place. Helena is a great little city,
with more wealth and a brighter future in
store than any other city of its size in the
world, and its daring old-timers have made
it what it is. RAMBLER.
The Third Gama for the Territorial
Championship Won by the
Ihe Helena Team Can Flay Hall.
A large and enthusiastic audience wit
nessed the third game and rubber between
the nine from the Silver City and ad
jacent mining camps and the Helena cham
pions. The first game of the series was
played at the Fair grounds in this city in
July, and was won after a close contest by
the Walkervilles. The second game took
place in Butte, and after a hard fought
battle the Helenas won. Yesterday after
noon the third and last of the series was
taken by the Helenas after the finest game
of ball ever played in the Territory.
The Walkervilles went to bat first and
went out in one, two, three order. Besserer
made a beautiful side catch of a fly ball
in this inning, which was the finest play of
the game. Dallas strack first for the Hel
enas and amused the crowd by knocking
fouls over the fence for about ten minutes.
He was given first on balls. Besserer flied
out to middle. Dallas waited ou second
* till the ball was caught and then made a
by running home before the ball was
fielded in. Kelly was given first on a dead
' ball and second on Vance's hit to right
field. The Walkervilles got in their first
kick on tHis hit, and claimed it was a foul.
The umpire decided it was fair, and Vance
scored through errors of the Walkervills.
Tutt went out aud Rodgers and McEvily
each struck for a base and scored on Hem
ingway's safe hit. Hemingway was put
out on third for too daring leading oil' from
base, and so the inniDg ended with a re
cord of five runs for the "Maroons" and a
goose egg for the West Siders.
In the second inning came the intermis
sion of
and the six hundred people who had put
up their half dollars to see baee ball played
grew excessively weary. It happened
thusiy, Moffett went out on a foul fly
Hall and Gleason got on their bases through
McIntyre's errors. Reagan went out on
strikes and Leary went to bat. He struck
to first base, McIntyre caught and held
the ball for a second or so aud then came
in collision with the runner and dropped
the ball. Air. Jackson, the umpire, de
cided the man was out. Walkervilles
wouldn't have it so, and claimed that the
two men on the bases, who in the mean
time had leisurely come home, should have
their scores counted. The Helena nine
knew they had a hard game to play and
did not wish to give up any advantage, so
the matter was argued in a friendly man
ner lor nearly an hour, much to the disgust
ol the audience.
The diflerence was finally settled by dis
placing Air. Jackson as umpire by Mr.
Bolomaa, and the game proceeded. The
game was well and quickly played from
this time out, and the umpire's decisions
satisfied everybody.
Besserer got a lile in the second inning
and scored on Vance's base hit to right.
Tutt knocked a beauty to left, but the fine
fielder, Hopkins, got under it after a hard
run and caught the ball. Vance was left
on base.
The score was now
six TO ZERO,
and so it stood with close and Lute play
ing nntil the sixth inning, in which the
Walkervilles made four tallies. Sidiey and
Moffitt got first on eirors. Gleason and
Hall struck safely for first. Reagan Hied i
out to Dallas and Gleason was put out on i
forced run. Leary got his first on an in
excusable error of Mclntire. Moffitt aud
Sibley had scored on the nrevious hits and
Hoskins knocked a daisy to middle and
brought in Leary and Kelly. The next
man went out on a Uy tip neatly caught
by Rodgers, who makes a dandy catcher.
The event of the Helena's sixth was a
double play of Hoskins and Moffitt. Dallas
knocked a fly to Hoskins, who neatly
caught it, and the runner on first, who had
taken a big lead oil', was caught napping
by Hoskins making a wonderful throw to
first and Moffitt, the ever reliable, was
there and that settled it. McEvily and
Hemingway scored in this inning and
Besserer and Kelly also made good hits
but were left on bases.
Carr and Moffitt scored in the Walker
ville's seventh. Moffitt and Gleason both
hit for two bases but Gleason was left.
Helena scored three in the seventh. Tutt
and McEvily scoring on Hemingway's
timely hit and the latter coming home by
good base running. It took about a minute
for Walkerville to play the eighth, they be
ing put out as fast as they cams to the plate.
The Helena's last was full of good hits and
three men were left on bases. Kelly scored
on ba^ throws and Vance's lick. Walkcr
ville's ninth gave them one more tally and
the game was ended with a score of
Outside of the wait, at the second in
niDg, the game was a brilliant and quick
one. Buch players as VaDce, Rogers, Moffitt,
Gleason, Tutt and Hoskins would do credit
to a league nine. With the three players,
who will in the future play with the
Helenas, (Gleason, Moffitt and Hoskinsl
our home team can safely travel on their
shape over the whole Pacific slope.
A B. R.
Dallas, »? ..........
lle-iserer, (.'apt.,
, 2b........ 5
Kellv, 3b..........
.... 5
Vance, p..........
.... 5
Tutt, If.............
.... 5
Rodgers, <•........
McEvily, n......
............. 5
Hemingway, rn............ 5
Mclntire, lb.....
............. 4
— .

A.n. r. In.

Hoskins, m......
............. 6
1 'rtrr, ss............
............ 5
Sidiey, 2b.........
............. 5
Moflet, lb.........
.... 5
Hall, rf.............
............. r»
Gleason, p........
Reagan, 3b.......
Leary, ('apt.. If.
............ 4
Kelly, c............

Huns earned
-Helena 1.
Struck out—Vance
AV 14119 fHiUUU — uuiuua L. UHIUUIV UUl- » auuu -,
Glea«on 1. Strikes called—Vance 37, Gleason 26.
Left on bases—Helena 8. Walkervilie 8. Two
base bits—Vance, Tutt. Double plays—Ileming
way-.Melntire, Iieagan-Moffet.
The follow-Dg is the score by innings:
Walkerville...............0 0 0 0 0 4 2 0 I— 7
Helena.....................5 1 0 0 0 2 3 1 *—12
What Wyoming Reports.
Washington, October 4.—The Governor
ofWyomiDg Territory, in his annual re
port to the Secretary of the Iuterior, states
that, contrary to the prevalent belief, that
territory is adapted for farming purposes as
well as for stock raising. The Governor
estimates the population at 85,000. Owing
to the fact that the railroad lands are as
sessed this year, for the first time, the tax
able values exceed last year by over a mil
lion dollars. For the ten months ending
June 30th 303,000 acres of public land were
taken up. The Governor cotes the deca
dence of the cattle business as compared
with former years and says that the hard
winters and scarcity of food is bringing
about the result of confining cattle more
closely to one locality, where they can be
sheltered and fed daring the winter. The
Governor recommends the erection of three
new land offices, to be known as Buffalo,
Snndance and Lander districts.
President Cleveland's Reception iu
Chicago, October 5. —The train bearing
President Cleveland and wife puffed slowly
into the Alton depot, on 21st street, at 9:30
o'clock this morning. There was a loud
shout from the crowd and a buzz of three
cheers as the distinguished pair walked
across the platform to their carriage. A
moment later tho carriage door was shut,
the whip encircled over the spirited horses'
heads and the President was ridiDg through
the streets of Chicago. It was only a few
moments after 7 o'clock this morning when
the people commenced to stop at the de
pot, where the President wa3 advertised to
alight from I i special train, but it was a
welcome fifctjjg of the great republic that
the President received when he landed for
the fist time at Chicago. The enthusiasm
was electrical, such crowds, snch bright
faces in the same number were never seen
before. There mast have been 15,000 meD,
women and children gathered within a few
blocks of the station.
Above the heads of the crowds could be
seen the helmeted military. They were a
fine lot of men, in all fonr companies of
artillery and cavalry. Their arrival cre
ated a sensation, which grew more and
more tumultuous as the Presidential equip
age appeared on the scene. The crowd
was entirely good natnred. Its one wish
seemed to be to express respect for the
President and his lady. .Although boister
ous at times, as all crowds are, this one
was on its good behavior and readily
enough obeyed the requests of the police to
stand back and leave a clear space through
which the President might pass. As the
President's carriage moved away the mili
tary formed around it, and the crowd, with
wild cheering, fell in behind. The Presi
dent took off his hat the moment he got
into the carriage and bowed and smiled as
a roaring cheer went up. He seemed well
pleased with his welcome, and well he
might be, for it was truly royal.
Airs. Cleveland wore a black traveling
dress, and although wearied from travel
ing, looked fresh and charming, as usual.
As the Presidential carriage, with the
fair mistress of the White House, came
into view cheer after cheer went up from
the masses that filled the street. Behind
the carriages came the Milwaukee Ligh t
Horse squadron and battery F, 4th
artillery, U. S. The crowd had yel led
itself hoarse, cheering for the President,
when the second division swung into line
at the corner of Michigan avenue and 23d
street. The people along the line of march
were packed as never before iu Chicago.
On the tops of houses and iu windows
wjre ciowds of anxious faces, and from the
roofs floated streamers evidently impro
vised hurriedly for the occasion. When
the procession reached the reviewing stand
the President alighted from his carriage.
A long line passed in review. In response
to Alayor Roche's address of welcome the
President said :
It was scon after theelection of 1884 that
an old resident of your city was earnestly
uiging me to pay you a visit. He en
deavored to meet all the ohjectioos that
were stated and insisted with unyielding
pertinacity that the invitation be accepted.
At last, and after all pereuason seemed to
fail, he vehemently broke ont with this
declaration, "The people up where I live
don't think a man is fit for President who
has never seen Chicago." I ba*e often
thought of this since that time, and some
times when I have felt that I was not
doing for the people and public welfare all
that might be done or all that I would
like to do, have wondered whether things
would have gone on better if I had visited
Indeed it has, I believe, been publicly
stated on one or more occasions lately,
when the shortcomings of the present ex
«cutive were under discussion, that nothing
lietter could be expected of a man who bad
never been west of some designated place
or river, and this I suppose means the same
thing that my Chicago friend meant, and
involves the same accusations and conclu
sions. If my alleged official crimes and
misdemeanors are thus charitably account
ed for I ëhall not complain, while I confess
that the declaration of the representative
of this city as I have given it is an evidence
of that local pride and loyalty of which
your city is a great monument. All have
heard of it, if they never have seen it, for
every one of your people seem to have or
ganized himself into a committee of one to
spread its glories abroad.
And now that I am here, I feel like say
ing, with the Queen of Sheba, that "half
was not told me " After relating the his
tory of Chicago's growth, President Cleve
land concluded as follows : "You have
said that the President ought ta see Chi
cago. I am here to see it and its hospita
ble, large-hearted people, but because your
city is so great and your interests so large
I know you will allow me to suggest that
I have left at home a city you ought to
see and know more about. In point of
fact it would be well for you to keep vour
eyes closely upon it all the time. Your
servants and agonts are there."
They are there to protect yonr interests
and aid your t Hurts, to advance your pros
perity and well being. Your bustling trade
and yonr wearying?, ceaseless activity ol
hand and brain, would not yield the re
sult you deserve unless wisdom guides the
policy of your government and unless your
needs are regarded at the Capital of the
It will be well for you not to forget that
in the petlormance of your political duties,
with calm thoughtfulness and broad
patriotism, there lies, not only a safeguard
against business disaster, but an important
obligation of citizenship.
Liverpool Prices.
Liverpool, October 5.— Flour holders
olier moderately 9s 2d ; dull. Wheat hold
ers offer sparingly'; No. 2 winter 6s 21 Ad,
firm ; do spring Gs 2}d, firm. Corn, 6pot
supply poor, futures holders offering spar
iugly, spot 4s Gjd, firm; October 4s 5jd,
firm ; November aud December 4 1 5d, firm.
The Dead Sea in Palestine has always
been an object of intense interest to us and
our government a few years ago esnt ont
an expedition to explore this famous body
of water, which the popular tradition holds
to cover the site of Sodom and Gomorrah
Dr. Rob. Morris, who is now in our city,
is capable ol giving a great amount of
interesting information, gathered from
personal experience and observation on
the ground, about the Dead Sea. We hope
some means will be taken to draw out
from him a public lecture on this theme.
We had supposed that the lake or sea, as
it is more commonly called, was gradually
drying up, but Dr. Morris tells ns that
there is no evidence that its volume has
decreased an inch in a thousand years. It
rises when, during the rainy season, the
Jordan rolls it swollen flood into it, and it
shrinks in volume and becomes saltier as
it evaporates during the dry season. In
fact the water holds in solution all the salt
that it is capable of holding. Three pounds
of the water, if evaporated, will leave a
pound of salt. When any larger amount
of salt is added it simply crystalizes and
sinks. There is a whole range of salt
mountains on one side of the sea.
W T e have never joined very profusely
in the wail over the temporary decline
of our commercial marine. If our coun
try all lay along the Alantic seaboard,
as it did in the early part of the century,
and we had to depend chiefly upon the
European markets for our manufactures,
this decline would be a calamity indeed,
llut, great as is our length of sea coast,
greater still is our vast interior, and it
was more important to us that this vast
interior should be opened up and hound
together by railroads. The railroads
that we have built in the past fifty years
are worth more than all the ships of all
nations that float the seas and compete
with one another for the ocean comme >-e.
The direct fruits of that ocean com
merce do not compare £with those of our
Especially we who live in the far in
terior are, more than any other portion
of the people in this country, the gain
ers by the choice our capitalists have
made in preferring to build transconti
nental railroads rather than ships of
commerce. Is has created all the wealth
of our lands aud of our mines. It has
breathed the breath of life into the dead
carcass and dry bones of our vast plains
and metaliferous mountains.
This good work is now so well ad
vanced that it will not need any special
nursing for the future. There is enough
sap and life iu the great trunk railroads
to go on pushing out new branches till
every square mile of our vast are is
made conveniently accessible to market.
With equal wisdom we are preferring
manufactures to foreign commerce. We
have thus created a home market lor our j
produce better than all the foreign mar
kets, and unless we are struck with judi
cial blindness we shall continue to nurse
and cultivate manufactures.
But the time is coming when we shall
he in condition to cultivate commerce on
the seas with equal advantage and it is
none too soon for our nation to begin the
creation of a navy under whose shelter
commerce will take refuge when the im
pending trouble in Europe comes.
The approaching session of the Grand
Lodge of A. F. and A. M., is to he hon
ored by the presence of that distinguish
ed Masonic scholar and poet, Doctor
Morris, familiarly known throughout the
Masonic world as Brother Rob. Morris,
of La Grange, Ky. lie has filled and
honored every position in Masonry in his
own State aud his field of labor has ex
tended to nearly every State in the coun
try, and we might almost say every
country in the world. As a Masonic
student he has made several visits to
J'alestine and has gained stores of valua
ble and interesting information which he
has given in lectures and written in
hooka, and in various other ways com
municated to his countrymen, himself
beiDg one of the causes and explanations
of the fact that more peuple from the
United States visit Palestine than from
any other Christian country.
Doctor Morris is the Poet Laureate of
Masonry, a title that he better deserves
thau any similar rank ever bestowed.
His beautiful poems are recited at every
Masonic gathering. His songs are sung
at every festival or funeral occasion.
His distinctively Masonic poems consti
tute a large body, probably more than
all his predecessors together have pro
He has given the best years of his life,
with his talents and his means, to the
strengthening, cultivating and illustrat
ing of Masonry, and certainly no one de
serves honor and emolument from the
craftsmen more than Brother Morris.
In Montana it is proposed to utilize
his visit to settle a uniformity of work,
that is considered very desirable, but
which from many causes could not here
tofore be attained.
Our people will have opportunities for
some days to cultivate and improve the
acquaintance of Bro. Morris. It is an
opportunity not likely to recur, and we
hope it may prove mutually pleasant
and profitable.
The Pacific railroad investigating com
mittee has disgusted the administration
and the whole country by its course in
borrowing money of the Central Pacific
Co. to meet expenses, aud tho fact lateiy
brought out in evidence in Washington
that the Central Pacific Co. has a bill of
several thousand dollars against the com
mission and has exhausted its credit.
Some of its transactions appear discredit
able iu the extreme, and no one expects a
particle of good will be accomplished.
With one throbbing heart of sympathy
and sorrow the people of Helena, in
thought if not in person, have been wait
iug and watching at the dying bed of John
Kinna. We did not know how we loved
aud honored him till we knew that so soon
we mast part with him forever. He was
one of our solidest, noblest and truest men.
He was the first Alayor of our city. His
loss will be irreparable.
Polydore de Kuper, a Belgian by
birth and a Roman Catholic in religion,
has been elected Lord Mayor of London.
He is the first Catholic to hold that posi
tion since the Reformation. The world
moves and London is becoming cosmopoli
tan. _
Now that sidewalks are provided around
the court house grounds, and good ones too,
won't those that go in and out use them
and keep off the place where the grass
ought to g row, _
The improvements in Washington city
for the past year aggregate $2,000,000, in
dicating 4,746 new buildings. Thirty new
school honses have been erected in the past
eight years._
The Manitoba will be at Great Falls by
the end of this week.
The Tribune publishes from advance
shets of the North American Review for
October an article by the editor of that
magazine on "The race for Primacy"
between Great Britain and the United
States during the period covered by the
reign of Victoria. During that time the
population of Great Britain has in
creased handsomely from 40 to 50 per
cent., but that of the United States has
increased five fold. When this Victo
rian reign began we had less than half
the population of Great Britain, now we
have nearly double the population.
But populatios does not determine
primacy, we know very well, or a hun
dred thousand Englishmen would not
hold two hundred and fifty million Hin
doos in subjection. But man for man,
take the two countries and descendants
of the early settlers of the American
colonies will compare favorably with the
best of those who came over with either
of the Williams. Our people,
as a whole, are more intelligent,
prosperous, contented, energetic. There
is more union between our North and
South, though so recently arrayed in
deadly conflict, than there is between
England aud Ireland. Discontent is
not confined to Ireland alone. People
do not emigrate when they are doing
well, when they are prosperous and con
tented. But Englishmen do emigrate
but little lp3s than Irishmen. True,
they always retain a pride and attach
ment to the land of their birth rather
more than most nations, for the English
people are plucky, pugnacious and very
proud, but this feeling of attachment is
not transmitted, and you can never find
a thorough going Englishman born in
any part of the colonial world. Now,
in our country every child is proud of
the land of his hirtli. Patriotism is
more general among our sixty millions
than among the thirty-six millions ol
We have not the ships of war, the
standing army or the collection of war
material that England has. In the first
three months of a war we should be at a
disadvantage with England, but never
after that time. Our wealth is not on
the seas nor on the sea coast in as great
proportion as formerly. Such are the
changes constantly going on that it is
doubtful if a country is any stronger for
trying to accumulate war material.
When put to a final test all this old ma
terial may prove worse than useless. A
single dynamite cartridge well aimed
would sink the largest war ship afloat*
Inventive genius is worth more than big
guns and heavy plated ships, and we
surely have more of that than all the
other nations .together. If this inven
tive genius is turned to produce means
of destruction we know that it could
succeed equally as well as in other di
If we have not large armies we have
the materials for them, and just so with
all the weapons aud materia! of war.
Our national credit can create armies aud
navies. The generous provision that we
have always made for our soldiers would
fill our ranks in any war that might ever
England is defended as we are by its
ocean, but unlike us, England could not
long survive when shut up behind her
defenses. Her soil will not produce hall
enough to feed her people, and a close
blockade would soon force a surrender.
We could never be starved into surren
der, though all the nations of the world
were to attempt at the same time to cou
quor us.
England is on the whole still increas
ing in nominal wealth, but it is the kind
of wealth that can take to itself wings.
Her lands are decreasing in value, as
are her mines. Sources of prod .tion
are failing, and the more they are worked
the faster they will fail.
The very growth and prosperity of the
British colonies only increase the cer
tainty that these colonies will soon be
come independent States. Instead of
growing stronger, the imperial tie is
constantly grov.ing weaker.
We have only noticed a single feature
of this article and comparison. We
commend it for careful study.
The vote in Dakota on division in No
vember we hope will be a full as well as a
decisive one. We cannot spy that we are
particularly interested which way they
vote on the division question, but we are
interested to see a full vote so that the peo
ple of the United States may see how
many citizens of the Union are disfran
chised in one Territory. We fear that the
indifference of many on the division issue
may prevent their voting. There is qui e
a lively campaign going on, but so far cs
we can judge by indications the division
sentiment is not as great as it was. Alany
of the obstacles that eariy suggested and
supported division sentiment have been
removed by the building of railroads.
There will be no trouble about easy, cheap,
convenient intercommunication. The fear
of the people of South Dakota of being
dominated by the Northern l'acific is
not a strong card. If there were
any danger of the whole of Dako
ta beiDg subjugated to the power
of this great corporation, it would he cruel
and unreasonable to turn over the more
thinly peopled northern part to its do
minion. There is no evidence that the
people of Northern Dakota are afraid of
this overshadowing influence. The Mani
toba road is a good checkmate, and at the
rate the country is being settled the peo
ple will soon he masters of their own des
tinies, even if the government at ash
iogton does not devise legislation that shad
keep railroads within reasonable bounds.
AIinneapolis divides with St. Louis the
attention of the country to-day. 1° t ^ e
former the Knights of Labor are in session
and the latter is entertaining the l >re8 '

xml | txt