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KMCiUTS OF LABOR.
Powderly's Address Before the Min neapolis Convention. Chicago, October 2.—A prominent Knight of Labor delegate to-day eaid tLat so far as Chicago is concerned her repre sentation at the Minneapolis convention is decidedly socialistic. We are virtually in the hands ol the socialists. District num ber 21 sends George Shelling, a noted so cialistic haranguer, Charles Seib, who ran on the socialistic ticket for city treasurer, Robert Nelson, ex-socialist candidate for major and John Mahoney. The latter is a conservative. District 57 sends M. J. But ler, who will be remembered in connection with the stock yards Btrike and who was the socialist candidate for sheriff. lie un derstood Seib has in his possession resolu tions condoning the crime of the anarchists and demanding commutation of the sen tence. These resolutions will be sprung upon the convention at the eleventh hour. Master Workman Guinn of the noted New York district number 49 has been enlisted in favor of them. Minneapolis, October 1.—A large num ber of delegates to the Knights of Labor General Assembly arrived to-day. In speaking of the opposition to Powderly Richard Griffith said : ''There is a great deal more smoke than fire in the published reports. Powderly is the ideal of the Knights and more the ideal man for the position which he holds, in the estimation of the masses of the organization, than any other man could be." The credential committee continued its work to day and passed upon upwards of 200 delegates upon whose credentials no protest has been filed. The committee, it is understood, has a great surprise in store for Jas. R. Buchanan, the Denver kicker, who is one of the champions of the ex pelled Assembly, No. 126, of carpet weavers. It is stated that there is a protest filed from every Local Assembly in Colorado against the credentials of Buchanan. In case this proves to be a fact, and there is not much doubt of its truth, it is exceed ingly probable that Buchanan will not be allowed a seat in the coming convention. CHlCAtiO, October 2.—General Master Workman Powderly, of the Knights of I>abor, passed through the city to-day on his way to Minneapolis. He would not talk on any question of general interest. Prom the talk among the Chicago dele gates it is thought that strenuous efforts w ill be made to remove General Secretary Lichtman, whom they accuse of acting in bad faith in many ways. The convention will be a bitter struggle from the begin ning to the end, the anti-Powderly element l>eing represented by its ablest leaders. One of the interesting features will be the debate on socialism, which Jos. LaBadie of Detroit will bring up. It is stated that he will demand an explanation from Mr. Powderly why he, who for years was a member in good standing of the Socialistic I^bor party, ha3 gone back on his princi ples. Minneapolis, October 3 — The General Assembly of the Knights of Labor was called to order in Washington rink this morning by J. P. McGoughey, secretary of the co-operative board and chairman of the local committee of arrangements. The rink was handsomely decorated and con tained about three thousand people. McGoughey read telegrams from Pow derly and Secretary Litchman, stating that they had been unavoidably delayed and could not arrive until in the afternoon. Governor McGill had been called east, and was not able to make an address of welcome on the part of the State. McGoughey made brief remarks on the growth of the order in the Northwest, and introduced Mayor Ames, who made a for mal address of welcome. In response to Mayor Ames' address of welcome, Richard Griffiths, General Worthy Foreman, was introduced in place of Pow derly. He was followed by A. A.Carleton, ton, of the general executive board. Carle ton spoke particularly of the growth of the order, and said it would appear when the reports were all in that the order was not going to pieces, but was in reality stronger than ever. Minneapolis, October 3.—Grand Mas ter Workman Powderly, General Secretary Litchman and most of the other delayed delegates to the General Assembly arrived this afternoon. The great hall is capable of seating 15,000. There was a great crowd of people at the opening of the even ing exercises. Mr. Powderly's address was received with unbounded enthusiasm. He was announced to speak on "The World as Knighthood would make it." He said that in the beginning he could not tell them anything of the kind. The world as Knighthood would make it would take up more time than I could give to it here to night. Men say the Knights of Labor caD never attain what is aimed at in their declaration of principles. They go to church and pray for better things than the Knights ever dreamed of. The men who pray that this earth be made as the King dom of Heaven would deny ns a place in the legislative halls. The men who make these prayers lie when then make them. The Knights of Labor respects the laws and intend to take a hand in making them. Our organization is not a partisan organization, but, in the true sense of the word, it is political. "I have no objection to foreign immigra' tion, I favor it. Several land grant com panies, however, have their immigration agents. They bring in all manner of foreigners. If one of these poor creatures raises a hand, not against the law—for he knows none—but against what he sees just before him, he is called an anarchist and is punished, while the men who loaded these poor creatures on the country go scot free. [Thunders of applause]. I hate anarchists and anarchy. How can the child. reared in poverty, squalor, idle ignorance and vice, grow up to respect the institutions of the country. "I say stop the agent of the steamship company ; take home the agent of the land company. Stop importing foreign paupers. Let only those come to our free America who come of their own free will, and to make their homes here. Is that saying anything against a foreigner. [Cries of 'No, no, no !'] This is why I am called a crank on the immigration question. I am also called a crank on the temperance question. I may be a crank on this question, but I am not ashamed to say that I would far rather see a man a sober man than a drunkard. There are those who have threatened to leave the order because of my position on this question. To all such I say go. I will trust the fate of this na tion" with Bober men and women, and I will never take back one word of what I have said on the temperance question, so help me God." Mr. Powderly spoke briefly in eulogy of Thomn3 Armstrong, w ho died at Pittsburg a few days ago, and closed by urging every KiJght to leave the hall determined to do his whole duty. Let every man and woman read and lay to heart the declaration of principles of the order. Let them do this, aad when their work is over they can lie down as did that dead workman, Arm strong, conscious that their work has been well done. Mr. Powderly said his condi tion was not what he would have liked to have bad it to discuss so large a subject as he was called upon to do. He was tired out and compelled to be brief. Minneapolis, October 4.—The delegates to the K. of L. General Assembly rose late this morning. The ball at the Washing tan rink, the interchange of fraternal greet ing at the various hotels and the button holing of delegates by other delegates with hobbies, all conspired to keep every body up till a late hour last night. The business session was announced to begin at 10 o'clock, but it was just 11 o'clock when the General Master Workman rapped the assembly to order. There were about 350 in all in the hall. The secret session lasted the remainder of the morning. General Master Workman Powderly welcomed the delegates in a brief speech. General Secretary Litchman said he de sired to ask the convention for more time, as it would take two or three hours to get his papers into shape. An adjournment was therefore taken until 3 p. m. It has been widely reported that the General Assembly was likely to pass a res olution, protesting against the death sen tence being carried out on the condemned Chicago anarchists. That such a resolu tion will be introduced there is no doubt, but that it will be passed is not so certain: in fact it is much more likely to be tabled. A thorough canvass among the Knights shows a strong feeling prevailing that the Knights should let the anarchists alone. Minneapolis, October 4.—At 3 o'clock the general assembly of the Knights of Labor was called to order and the report of the committee on credentials was received. Some one hundred and eighty-five dele gates were favorably reported while a few were without the endorsement of the com mittee. The principal case was that of J. R. Buchanan, the Denver "kicker," over his admission. There was a warm discussion, which was protracted till seven o'clock, when they adjourned till to-morrow morn ing. Powderly said this evening that the other contested cases would easily be dis posed of. The most important proposition likely to come before the general assembly is a scheme to unite the Knights of Labor and the National Farmers' Alliance into one organization. The plan now pro posed is to make the Farmers' Alliance a national trade body with the title of Na tional District Assembly. "This would make a team," said a "leading delegate, "which would move the earth. With the farmers with us we could do what we would toward the accomplishment of the purpose of both bodies." General Secretary Chas. H. Litchman, who arrived to-day, said the organization is now on a sound business basis. The delinquents have all been weeded out within the last year. Every man represented in the order to-day is entitled to membership. Minneapolis, October 4.—In an inter view to-day, T. V. Powderly said there was a decrease in the membership of the Knights of Labor, and that there were many branches to the labor movement, but the members understood each other better and that the many diversified opinions showed that the men were thinking. The time will come when the several grand divisions of the labor movement will unite in one grand reform organization and a perfect fabric will be the result. The great working mass of the people are wrong on the question of politics. They look too high and wish to reach the top of the ladder at one bound, when experience teaches that it is folly. This is a most serious question with which we have to deal. I advocate that it is the small local offices that Bhould be looked after with an eternal vigilance. Let me elect the assessors and I care not who elects the president. It is the princi ple that I wish to inculcate into the minds of all workingmen that they should at tend to local politics and the affairs of State will take care of themselves. Sentiments ot the Farmers' Alliance. Minneapolis, October 3.—The topic of President Streeter, of the National Farmers Aliance, was "The People Their Governor." He began by showing that in Illinois farm ing was now being carried on at a loss, and the population in the rural districts is de creasing, while the cities are growing. Chi cago to-day had millionaires by the hun dred, and so had all the large cities. He asked how these large cities had grown up, and said these wealthy men had been kill ing the goose which laid the golden egg. He wanted to see one grand organization of the industrial interests of the country, and when we do complete our organization and are welded together by the common ties of humanity, you will "hear something drop." We demand in the name of the people who produce the wealth of America that our farmers shall not work themselves to death for the benefit of a few. The gentlemen of the present age have established an aris tocracy instead of a government for the people, but we propose to take it and make it a government for the common people. Mr. Streeter did not think it possible to abolish existing events through the agency of the old parties, and advocated a consoli dation of the Knights of Labor and the Farmers' Alliance in a new party. Minneapolis, October 4.—At the after ternoon session of the National Farmers' Alliance Secretary Milton G. George pre sented his report. Mayor Ames welcomed the Alliance and J. C. Kennedy, of Iowa, responded. President J. A. Streeter made a short ad dress on the report of the committee on credentials. A brisk discussion arose as to the number of delegates allowed for sub ordinate Alliances. After a warm discus sion, which came near causing a split in the convention, a resolution was passed al lowing the State at large a representative, and the difficulty was satisfactorily settled. Socialist Convention. Chicago, September 28.—Delegates of the Progressive or Socialistic Labor party assembled in State convention here to-day. The platform adopted by the couBty com mittee was adopted, as were also the reso lutions denouncing the violation of the eight hour law by the federal authorities and asking the legislature to make it a punishable offense for corporations or those epjoying public franchises to exact more than eight hours labor a day. Editor Schevitch was chosen to debate the ques tions at issue with the United Labor party. The following candidates were nominated : Secretary of State—John Swinton. State Controller—H. A. Barber. State Treasurer—Henry E. Enrich. Attorney General—Thaddeus B. Wake man. Socialist Meeting. New Yoek, October 3.—The Tribune will say to morrow that the socialists and anar chists are determined to hold a meeting in Union Hall, Wednesday night, in spite of police interference, and that a conflict and repetition of the Haymarket tragedy in Chi cago are highly probable. Successors of the Grange. Minneapolis, October 4.—The National Farmers' Alliance began their seventh an nual convention here this morning with fifty delegates present. The secretary re ports a thousand more alliances added iia<e the last session, and that there are 600,000 members in all. Theeouthern alliance has been invited to send delegates and move for the consolidation of the two. Odd Fellows Reception. San Francisco, October 3.—non. J. H. White, Grand Sire ; Lieut. Gen. John C. Underwood, Deputy Grand Sire, and party, consisting of 30 members of the Indepen dent Order of Odd Fellows Patriarchs Militant, who have been attending the annual session of the Sovereign Grand Lodge at Denver, arrived here to-day* They were met at the ferry by a committee of local Odd Fellows and escorted to the Palace Hotel. An enthusiastic reception was tendered them to-night at the Grand Opera House. Live Stock. Chicago, September 28.—Cattle—Re ceipts, 10,000 ; steady ; fancy, 5.10©5 35 ; stockers and feeders, 1.60@3; Texans 1.50(2,2.90 ; western rangers, 2(2,3. Sheep—Receipts, 7,000 ; steady for good ; common 10 off ; natives, 2.75@415; west ern, 3 firstname.lastname@example.org; Texans, 3©3.70. Chicago, September 28.—Cattle—Re ceipts 1,000; 10 to 15c lower for natives; shipping steers email@example.com ; stockers and feeders 1.50@3; Texans 1.50© 2 85; west ern rangers 2.30(2)3.60. Sheep—Receipts, 6,000; natives, 2 75® 4.25; western 2® 3.70 ; Texans 2 firstname.lastname@example.org. Chicago, September 30.—Cattle—Re ceipts, 8,000 ; steady ; shipping steers, 2 85 @5 00; stockers and feeders, email@example.com Texas cattle, firstname.lastname@example.org ; western rangers; email@example.com. Sheep—Receipts,6,000; steady; mutton. 3 00@4 25 ; stockers, 2.60@2 95; western. 3.10@3 17 ; Texans, 2 20@230. Chicago, October 3.—Cattle receipts 13, 000, fully 11,000 rangers; good natives steady ; shipping steers $firstname.lastname@example.org ; stocks and feeders $1.40@2 95; cows, bulls and mixed $1.25©3.00; Texas cattle $1.50® 2 80 ; western rangers $email@example.com. Sheep receipts 8,000 ; market slow; common lower; natives $firstname.lastname@example.org ; western $3 email@example.com ; Texans $2 50 @3 65. Chicago, October 4.— The Drovers' Jour nal reports the cattle receipts at 10,000 ; natives higher; shipping steers, 3@5; stockers and feeders, firstname.lastname@example.org; cows, bulls and mixed, 1.25@3; Texas cattle, 1.50@2 60. Sheep—Receipts, 6,000 ; steady for good, common weak; natives, 2 email@example.com; west ern, firstname.lastname@example.org; Texans, 2 40® 3.55; Iambs, email@example.com. Wool Market. Philadelphia, September 30.—Wcol is quiet. Ohio and West Virginia, XX and above, 32@34 ; X, 31@34 ; coarse, 36®38; New York, Michigan, Indiana and western fine, or X and XX, 28@30 ; medium, 36® 37 ; fine washed delaine, X and XX, 35® 36. Boston, September 30.—Wool is stronger Ohio and Pennsylvania extra, 31@311 ; XX, 3'2@32 ; No. 36©36jj ; Michigan ex tra, 30@31 ; No. 1 combing, 37@38; No. 2 combing, 36® 37; medium combing, 35 ; fine delaine, 33@25 ; fine Territory, 15@20; medium, 21@25. Other grades un changed. New York, September 30.—Wool is quiet. Domestic fleece, 26®34; pulled, 14 @32 ; Texas, 9@22. New York, October 4.—Wool is steady and quiet. Domestic fleece, 26@34; pulled, 13@32 ; Texas, 9@22. Boston, October 4.—Wool is unchanged. Philadelphia, October 4.—Wool is un changed. Clearing House Report. Boston, October 2.—The table compiled from the specials to this port from the managers of leading clearing houses in the United States, shows the gross exchanges for the week ending October 1 were $884, 663,456, a decrease of 16.5 per cent from the corresponding week of 1886. The Cash Box. New York, Oct 1.—The weekly bank statement 6hows a reserve increase of $3,200,375. The banks now hold $9,017, 000 in excess of the 25 per cent rule. Base Ball. Indianapolis, October 4.—Chicago 1 ; Indianapolis 2. Second game—Chicago 6 ; Indianapolis 5. Pittsburg, October 4.—Pittsburg 7 ; Detroit 4. Philadelphia, October 4—Philadelphia 6 ; Boston 3. Baltimore 6 ; Athletics 3. Washington, October 4.—Washington 3 ; New York 6. Louisville, October 4.—Louisville 9; St. Louis 13. New York, October 4.—Metropolitans 10 ; Brooklyn 4. Land Office Decision. Washington, October 4.—Commissioner Sparks of the general land office has re ceived from the surveyor general of Arizona a report of his action on an application made to his office for a preliminary survey ol the old Peralta private land claim in that territory, which embraces about 48, 000,000 acres, the surveyor general declines to entertain the application for the reason that congress has withheld from his office the usual appropriation for the invesigation of private land claims, and as an investiga tion would be necessary in this case the application is denied. This claim was dis cussed at length by Commissioner Sparks in his annual report of 1885, and it is be lieved by the Commissioner he fully estab lished its fraudulent character. Commission Appointed. London, October 5.—The government has appointed a commission, headed by the Prince of Wales, and Lord Roseberry and Lord Harrington, to promote English and colonial exhibits at the Melbourne exposi tion. We honor Grand Master Workman Pow derly more than ever for his brave words in regard to temperance. He has made no mistake and can afford to stand firm. There may be doubt and diversity of opin ion as to other matters and the best means of attaining them, but there is no room to doubt the beneficial effects of temperance among workingmen. It need not be teeto talism, but temperance always and in all things is best for workingmen as for all others. Sobriety of habits will work a greater revolution in the condition of work ingmen than increase of wages or the short ening of the hours of labor. If the increase of wages is to be devoted to more drinking and revel îbg, it will do more barm than good, and so about the reduced hours of la bor, if those hours are to be spent in sa loons they had better be spent at work. But these results need not follow and must not follow if reforms are to succeed. Be sides this temperance reform is entirely in the hands of the workingmen themselves. They will encounter no opposition except in their own appetites and bad habits. When they can conquer these all oth er obstacles will disappear. When workingmen will dedicate their increase of wages and of leisure for the improvemen t of themselves and the condition of their families, the whole of the community will aid them in all of their reasonable de mands. Means and opportunities, as a rule, come to those who know or learn how to improve them. In other words, we fully believe the condition and prospects of the workingmen in this country aie what they will make them for themselves. Labor is capital, just as much or even more than gold and silver, bonds and mortgages, and if the workingmen of America will make their services more valuable to their employers and to themselves, they can double this portion of the nation's capital as well as any other portion of wealth can be increased. And there is no portion of our national wealth and resources that we should so rejoice to see increased than those of the workingmen. Temperance, industry and prudence are a fortune of themselves to young and old, rich or poor, man or woman. MART JAKE'S TRAVELS. SHE "DOES UP" VIENNA WITH MISS DICKEY. Vienna and Paris, Two Beautiful but Fleeting Cities — The Palaces and Stables of Royalty—Handsome Tiennes« Women—Dickey on the River Rhine. [Special CorreponSence.] Vienna, Austria, Sept. 2.—There is a kind of a half unexpressed opinion among Europeans that Austria is one of ; the powers only v sufferance, yet her capital is the handso. est city we have seen, and there be those who ssert that even Paris, the beautiful, is adumbrated (if you know what that means) by her dazzling splendor. I can't say as to that, for we are saving Paris for the last, and have not been there, but knowing Vienna, I do not know how Paris can be finer. Making a combination, however, Paris and Vienna, without doubt, are the two most elegant cities in Europe. As a power, France is held in much the same esteem that Austria is, and, on the principle that flowers are the brightest ere they fade, and fruit the fairest ere it rots, it is possible that there is something por tentous in the beauty of those two great capitals. I don't know much about even our own politics (it isn't woman's province, you know, whether or not she pays a thousand fold more taxes than a lazy loafer of a voter with a vote to sell for a drink of whisky) and I kne w a great deal less of the foreign va riety, but putting this and that together, I will venture the prediction that the next war in Europe will result in a radical change in all the maps at present used in the public and private schools of the world. We have been doing the palaces of the po tentates since getting back into the countries under a throne, and I am daily more and more impressed with the fact that a palace is a cross between a barn of the winter of '47 and a "floral hali" building at a country fair, decorated with the gilded pomp and panoply of a last year's circus wagon. It doesn't sur prise me a bit when I look around and walk around these rickety old places that Ludwig of Bavaria went crazy, and that his mania was building new palaces. It's a wonder to me that the entire race of rulers don't follow in his footsteps. Poor Ludwig I When you ask about him in Bavaria you are answered in a whisper, with a significant tap on the forehead and a shake of the head, and when you go to visit any one of the palaces he did not live to fin ish you are charged from one to six marks entrance money. That's the only use they have for the palaces now, and th.*y hope in time to take in enough money at the gate to lift the mortgages on the buihling3, or words to that effect. Royalty in this regard is just a little un royal, so 'o speak, and it usually costs 50 pfennigs (12X cents) to visit a royal stable, a royal library, a royal tomb, or some other undergrowth of the crown. It '-n't in the nature of a fee either, but a straight out pur chase of a ticket at the door, just the same as at a dime museum. In this line the most magnificent array of circus wagonB I ever saw, Barnum's best not excepted, was the late Ludwig's state pleas ure carriages in Munich ; price, 50 pfennigs. Ludwig was liberal, and he didn't hesitate to spend as high as 50,000 marks on a carriage or sleigh, and some of them are "daisies," as Dickey would say. The lamps are electric, the panels are painted by famous artists, and the gilding and statuary scattered about them are perfectly startling. The royal palace in Vienna is a hard look ing old concern, as usual, but Francis Joseph, without going crazy, is building a new one, which it will take thirty-five years to com plete, and a good many of the people's dollars to pay for, but they like it, and I am satisfied if they are. We visited the royal stables here, too, where a couple of hundred horses are kept for riding aud driving, and I didn't see an American horse. I did see one, though, with the name Napoleon on the stall, and I pointed it out to the guide. "Fine horse," said I. "Very much fine," said he. "Named Napoleon," said I. "Yah Vohl," said he. "History repeats itself," said I. "A Na poleon of today drags the ruler of Austria about, and a Napoleon of another day also dragged the ruler of Austria about, only there's a slight difference in the method of dragging." "Yah Vohl," said the guide blandly, "it is a very fine history, and is a very much old staple." I knew he couldn't comprehend tbî sub tlety of my argument, but I had my say, and when a woman has that she doesn't care much for the consequences. Here are the finest street car horses I ever saw. They are sleek and fat, with bob tails and cropped manes, and they carry themselves like Kentucky thoroughbreds. It must be perfectly paralyzing to a well reg ulated Viennese when he comes to America and sees for the first time one of our gothic street car mules. Vienna hasn't a great deal of art in the way of pictures and statuary, but it has enough to stock up several American cities. Its museum building, though, when completed, will be one of the finest on the continent. Much of the statuary here is in casts, and has affected Dickey's nervous system. When we came into our room today I noticed that quite a large piece of plastering had been knocked off the wall In our absence. "Bcotts and garters," said I, "what's that?" "What's whatî" said she. "Look there," said I, pointing to the brake. "Oh," said she, "that? I dont know posi tively, but I should say it was a bust in plaster." I don't like puns, but that one I thought was good enough to pickle in print for pos terity. In a little guide book of Viennese manu facture, so full of broken English that the pieces fall out when we open it, I find this: "Vienna ladies are famous for their beauty, the most differing types of which are being found among them." After a dispassionate survey of the field, such as one woman always makes in the instance of other women's beauty, I do not hesitate to say that the guide book is correct, but with this emendation : that Hungary furnishes the beauty, while Vienna improves it and makes it a thing of joy forever. Vienna is not known in Austria as Vienna, which is a very pretty name, but os Wien, which is a frightfully ugly one, and I can only account for it on the principle of trans position, which permits them to call the Danube "the beautiful blue," when it is the nastiest kind of a mud brindle. When one goes east in Europe the Danube is usually the point where she stops as the limit, and it is the limit of our journey in that direction, and might as well be made the limit of this letter. Oh. the beautiful blue Danube, That grows to a mighty flood, From the purling rills of Austria's hills, And mixes them all with mud. That's Dickey's effusion, not mine. Mart Jane. Prince Bismarck has taken to wearing spec tacles. Hoarding House French. Mrs. A. (who is taking French lessons)— "Now, Bridget, when Professor Blanquo comes you must say 'entrez' to him, and he will know what you mean and come into the parlor." The bell rings and Bridget goes to the door. It is the professor. "On' ario," says Bridget. "Will ye walk into the parlor, sur?" The professor walked in, and Bridget re ported her triumph to the cook.—Harper's Bazar. MARY JANE'S TRAVELS. DRESDEN, SAXONY, WHERE DDES DEN CHINA IS MADE. Wrong End of the Stick. A Kingston man who carries a cane with a silver head was considerably flurried the other night. He had been in a neighbor s house, and in going away he forgot his stick. He stepped to a window, tapped on it, and asked his friend to hand him hi3 cane. Ilis friend did so, handing it out point first. "Thank you, thank you," said the owner of the cane, as lie stepped briskly away. He soon re turned, and, tapping on the window, said he had lost the head of his stick there. A search was made throughout the room with no suc cess. This wa3 reported to the man, who wa3 much chagrined. He started off again, and after alittle while he again came back, tapped on the window and said: 'You needn't look any more for the head cf that cane. Good joke, good joke, by jocks! I had hold of the wrong end. "—Kingston Freeman. A *>ueer Habit of Eating. Elijah Smith, the Oregon railway magnate, is said to have a queer habit of eating. The great meal of the day with him is breakfast. He takes no lunch and is careless about his dinner, eating whatever ho may happen to get hold of at the dinner hour. He insists on having the best breakfast that can be served, and starts in on every day's work with his stomach supplied with an amount of food which will suffice for at least ten hours.—New York Tribuna Excessive and Unlooked for l'olitencss «>1 the People of the German Countries. The Sistine Madonna—Pictures, Palaces and Porcelain. [Special Correspondence.j Dresden, Saxony, Sept. 9.—Dresden, Sax ony, is my date line, but Dresden, China, is what I wanted to write it, because a train acquaintance of mine said the other day that she had heard so much about Dresden china that she thought Dresden was in China until she discovered by the guide book that it was in Saxony. Dresden is called the "Florence of the North," and it is a great place for art and Americans, just as the other Florence is. At first I thought our fellow citizens came here for the love of art, and I began to flatter mj T self that before the very far distant future we would have in our own land of the free and home of the buffalo a Bosto-Dresdenic, a Dresdo-Cbicagoic ami other schools of art, but I find that the inciting cause of Dresden's selection as a place of residence is the re markable cheapness of living and the small social demands made upon the pocket books of residents, and I am disappointed in my art hopes, although possibly the art of cheap living would be quite as valuable for adop tion or cultivation in the United States as the less material one that grows on canvas or rises out of marble. This thing of American cheap living in Europe is increas ing every j'ear, and I imagine that the time will come when the immigration of poor Europeans to the United States will be offset by the emigration of semi-wealthy Americans, who, having acquired a certain amount of fortune where money i3 plenty and prices high, will go to a country where money is scarce and prices low. A congress man, for instance, with his salary of 45,000 a year, could put on quite as much style ia Dresden as three congressmen could in Wash ington. Ever since we have come into these Ger mau countries we have been impressed with the politeness of the people, and down in Munich, where we met it first in its intensity, T really thought I'd have a spasm unless some body were rude to somebody else. On the cars men ripped their hats and spoke to the entire compriment coming in and going out. On the roads in the suburbs of towns men and women saluted each other and all strangers; in parks the same code of recog nition was adopted, but the funniest was to see the Munich men's effusiveness among ac quaintances. I havo seen men turn around, if perchance they had passed without speak ing, and, taking off their hats, make such a sweeping bow as would occupy the entire pavement. It was done in good faith, too. I attributed it all to the famous beer of Mu nich, which, I am free to confess, is pnffi cientiy ambrosial in its qualities to make a mr.n polite to a hitching post. The women are quite os polite, too, as the men, which is saying a good deal, for women are not so, usually, particularly to each other, and I have frequently had women speak to mo when it would have been quite as good form not to havo done so. There's a deal of inhu manity about good form, auy way, and thal the Germans disregard it is much more in their favor than if they hedged a person in with the proprieties and let her starve for lack of the milk of human kindness. Of course, the finest picture in the Dresden gallery is the Sistine Madonna by Raphael, and the Dresdeners take care of it just as a woman takes care of a handsome set of diamonds. It occupies a room alone, and ha3 about it a frame of special design. When I went into its presence a dozen or more people were there before it and not a one spoke above a whisper. I believe the etiquette of galleries permits conversation in the ordin ary tones, hut somehow before this radiant mother, standing out from the canvas as from the clouds, with the Christ child in her arms, one feels that silence best expresses thought. I met a couple of Americans the day I reached Dresden, aud they had been in town twenty-four hours. "You bet," said one of them in reply to my inquiries, "you bet we've done the town, from Alfred to Umaha, and done it well Pictures, palace and porcelain, the three Ps, that's all there is to see, and we beat the record on the porcelain. They've got 13,000 pieces in the Museum Johanncuin aud we got there seventeen minutes before time to put up the shutters. We sa vit all and got out two minutes to spare—15,000 pieces in fifteen minutes—a thousand piec* s a minute. If you know anybody that has d me better, trot 'em out." I looked at the young man in astonishment, but didn't trot anybody out, because I couldn't, and he went on: "Yes, and we saw the most remarkable thing near the door of the porcelain junk shop that wo have slapped up against on our entire expedition." "And pray," said I, "what was that?" "A woman who returned me half the fee I gave her for taking care of my umbrella." "Is it remarkable that a woman should do that?" said I, sharply. "Not at all," said he, gallantly. "On the contrarj', only a woman would have done so. If it had been a man, my European experi ence has taught me that he would have asked for more." The young fellow, after all, wasn't so tad as I thought he was, and I am willing to for give him tl:e sin of speed, which so besets all American travelers. In every country wo have visited one friend familiar in our own country has fol lowed us, namely, the sign of "Post no bills." In England we found it "Stick no bills;" in France it was "Defense d'afllciere ;" in Italy, "E probita l'aflLsione," and in German}', "Auk leben verboden." In Italy and in France the sign is very common, but in Germany it is not so, from which I conclude that the Italians and French are better advertisers than the Germans and they hate to see a dead wall go to waste. Dickey has picked up an idea. She has seen before many front doors of residences the Latin salutatory "Salve," and it lies so impressed her that she is going to tak6 it to America* and sell the copyright to all drug gists as their own peculiar sign. 1 wonder that the druggists hadn't adopted it earlier. Mart Janb. S. C. Ashby & Co. Dealers in ■nil ii WAGONS, CARRIAGES, BUGGIES, ETC. We respectfully call your attention to the following list of Standard Goods : Mitchell Farm and Spring Wagons: KfuUetiafcer lire-.' I tue Carriage*, Rnz gleH and Backboards; Frazier Road Carts: Derr In g * it «Urs nud Mowers; Pennsylvania Lawn Mowers: J. H. Thomas A Kons* An i > IPy Hakes; Karst A- Bradley Ainlkry and Ganz Plow* Cultivator* and Ha» i »»*: Standard Dl»h Harrows: Planet, jr. Garden Drills. Cultlvnnir«Hitd Hor»< Hoes; Grass Need Sowers: Victor Feed Mills : Horse powers and Grinding Mill*: Hand-Rakes. Forks, Shovels, Spades. Mattocks and Hoes: Porcelain Lined F r; nips and Tub Inz; t'hleaz« Tonzne Scrapers; Colnmhia M heel and DragSerapers ; Railroad Gradin«: Plows : Barb Wire : Bailing Wire: Binding Twine: Heavy and Light Team Harness; Single ahd Double Buggy Harness: Horse Blankets, Whips Lap Robes; Tents and Awnings;; Buggy, t arriage and Wagon Cove rs; Etc.. Ele. Tog I tier with a foil line e»f Extras ami Repairs lor Wagons, Carriages. Bag gies, llinelers and all Macbiney. Orders by Mail receive prompt attention. North Main Street, Helena, Montana. SANDS BROS. New Arrival of WALL PAPER. CARPETS, HOUSE F URNISHIN G GOODS. We carry the largest line of the above stock in Mon tana. Orders receive prompt attention. SANDS BROS. Established 1864. A. G. CLABKE. THOMAS CONRAD. J. C. CURTIN. CLARKE, CONRAD & CURTIN Importers of and Jobbers and Bétail Dealers in Heavy Shelf and Building HARDWARE. Celebrated SOLE AGENTS FOB THE "Superior" and Famous Acorn COOKING AND HEATING STOVES, AND f. U. Fisler's Cincinnati fronghl Iron Ranges fo r Hotels and Family Use. Iron, Steel, Horse and Mule Shoes, Nails, Mill Supplies, Hoes, Belt ing, Force and Lift Pumps, Cntlery, House Furnishing Goods, Centennial Réfrigéra Tors, lee Chests, Ice Cream Freezers, Water Coolers Etc., Etc. Visitor* to llio City are respectfully invited to cull and Kxwmine onr Good« and price« before purehaaing. ALL ORDRES RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION AND SHIPMENT. CLARKE, CONRAD & CURTIN, 32 and 34iMain Street,.....Helena, M. T. Spencer & Nye. Manufacturers and Dealers in HARNESS AND SADDLES. HELENA,........ MONTANA. Bond, for ZlIustrwtedL Catalogue. ATTENTION Purchasers of CARPETS, WALL PAPER,and HOUSE FURN' ISHINC GOODS, Will Save Money by '.waiting the arrival ol A. r. ( I RTI.VS NEW STOCK. Nothing like It ever before shipped to Ihla market. Indian Troubles Feared. Billings, M. T., October 3 —On Friday twenty-two young Crow | Indians, under chief Thunder-and-Lightning, returned to the Crow agency from a successful raid upon the Piegans living 200 miles north. They brought borne sixty ponies they had captnred. Agent Williamson ordered them all arrested for horse stealing, whereupon they began firing into the agency buildmg, fortunately doing no damage. The agent at once sent to Fort Caster and soon had j four troops of cavalry on the ground. The i Indians say they will not resist soldiers, but they have sent out runners to bring all the Crows into the agency and trouble is feared when it is attempted to make the ! arrest. Ofler of Bonds. Washington, September 28.—To-day's j offerings of bonds amonnted to $253.900, of | which $153,050 were four and one-half and $99,950 four per cents. Washington, September 29.—To-day's , offering of bonds to the government aggre gated $405.950, of which $338,400 were fours and $67,500 four and a halfs. Washington, September 30.—The amount of bonds offered by the Treasury Department to-day were less than any day since the purchase began. This fact is re garded at the Treasury Department as in dicating that the government has practi cally secured all the floating bonds that can be obtained at the rates fixed by the department's circular ; that the stringency of the money market has been sufficiently relieved for the present. To-day's offerings aggregated $57,100, of which $46,950 were 43 and $10,150 4Fs. Washington, October 3. — The total amount ol bonds offered to the government to day was $295,750, of which $242,500 were four and a half per cents and $53,250 fours. lltempted Assassination. Kansas City, October 2.—Information reached here to-night of an attempt being made last night to shoot Gov. Martin at Atchison. He was walking home with a friend and was accosted by Jno. M. Rey nolds, a journalist, who used vile language. Gov. Martin remonstrated when the fel low drew a large pistol, bnt before he could use it, however, a policeman disarmed him and took him to the station. j i ! j | , The Mitchellstown Affair. London, October 3.—Wm. O'Brien has written a public letter in which he says: "On the day of my conviction at Mitchells town the Secretary General telegraphed in cipher to the Crown Council: 'Mistake, O'Brien will beat ns. Harrington most be disbarred at onr next meeting.' This ex plains why I received three separate sum mons. The plot for raining Harrington i9 here disclosed with brutal candor." In an interview Harriogton says: "Per haps some of my words at the Mitchells town inquest was too stroDg for some of our English friends, bnt nothing else could elicit the facts from the police. I was in formed that the policy had been previous ly oeteimined upon to give me all the insolence possible in the witness chair. 1 would not be surprised if in Dublin the Castle finds itself in an awkward fix when all the facts regarding the refusal to per mit Constable Sullivan's report in the evi dence are placed before the English people. Gladstone's Criticism. London, September 28.—Gladstone has a critique in the A'inciecnth Century on In gram's history of the Irish Union. He says the work is not a history at all ; it offers no inquiry into the graver charges against the authors ; does not show even a rudimentary knowledge of the leading factors in Irish affaire. Gladstone says he, himself, after long striving to obtain ac quaintance with unhappy Ireland, now knows just enough to be aware that his knowledge of it is imperfect and have an inkling ot the magnitude and complexity of the task of Thncyides of the Irish Union, who has not yet mounted above the horizon. Directors' Meeting. New Yokk, September 30.—The Pacific Mail directors held a meeting to day aud accepted the resignations of Directors Mer terback and Vanderhoof and selected Jay Gonld and C. P. Huntington to fill th® vacancies. Henry Hart resigned the presi dency of the company and his place was immediately filled by the election ot Geo. J. Gonld. The changes are the result ot the committee appointed to reorganize the company, and are said to be preliminsrv to a resumption of the subsidy arrangenieu with the Pacific railroads.