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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, October 06, 1887, Image 6

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KMCiUTS OF LABOR.
Powderly's Address Before the Min
neapolis Convention.
Chicago, October 2.—A prominent
Knight of Labor delegate to-day eaid tLat
so far as Chicago is concerned her repre
sentation at the Minneapolis convention is
decidedly socialistic. We are virtually in
the hands ol the socialists. District num
ber 21 sends George Shelling, a noted so
cialistic haranguer, Charles Seib, who ran
on the socialistic ticket for city treasurer,
Robert Nelson, ex-socialist candidate for
major and John Mahoney. The latter is a
conservative. District 57 sends M. J. But
ler, who will be remembered in connection
with the stock yards Btrike and who was
the socialist candidate for sheriff. lie un
derstood Seib has in his possession resolu
tions condoning the crime of the anarchists
and demanding commutation of the sen
tence. These resolutions will be sprung
upon the convention at the eleventh hour.
Master Workman Guinn of the noted New
York district number 49 has been enlisted
in favor of them.
Minneapolis, October 1.—A large num
ber of delegates to the Knights of Labor
General Assembly arrived to-day. In
speaking of the opposition to Powderly
Richard Griffith said : ''There is a great
deal more smoke than fire in the published
reports. Powderly is the ideal of the
Knights and more the ideal man for the
position which he holds, in the estimation
of the masses of the organization, than any
other man could be."
The credential committee continued its
work to day and passed upon upwards of
200 delegates upon whose credentials no
protest has been filed. The committee, it
is understood, has a great surprise in store
for Jas. R. Buchanan, the Denver kicker,
who is one of the champions of the ex
pelled Assembly, No. 126, of carpet weavers.
It is stated that there is a protest filed
from every Local Assembly in Colorado
against the credentials of Buchanan. In
case this proves to be a fact, and there is
not much doubt of its truth, it is exceed
ingly probable that Buchanan will not be
allowed a seat in the coming convention.
CHlCAtiO, October 2.—General Master
Workman Powderly, of the Knights of
I>abor, passed through the city to-day on
his way to Minneapolis. He would not
talk on any question of general interest.
Prom the talk among the Chicago dele
gates it is thought that strenuous efforts
w ill be made to remove General Secretary
Lichtman, whom they accuse of acting in
bad faith in many ways. The convention
will be a bitter struggle from the begin
ning to the end, the anti-Powderly element
l>eing represented by its ablest leaders.
One of the interesting features will be the
debate on socialism, which Jos. LaBadie
of Detroit will bring up. It is stated that
he will demand an explanation from Mr.
Powderly why he, who for years was a
member in good standing of the Socialistic
I^bor party, ha3 gone back on his princi
ples.
Minneapolis, October 3 — The General
Assembly of the Knights of Labor was
called to order in Washington rink this
morning by J. P. McGoughey, secretary
of the co-operative board and chairman of
the local committee of arrangements. The
rink was handsomely decorated and con
tained about three thousand people.
McGoughey read telegrams from Pow
derly and Secretary Litchman, stating that
they had been unavoidably delayed and
could not arrive until in the afternoon.
Governor McGill had been called east,
and was not able to make an address of
welcome on the part of the State.
McGoughey made brief remarks on the
growth of the order in the Northwest, and
introduced Mayor Ames, who made a for
mal address of welcome.
In response to Mayor Ames' address of
welcome, Richard Griffiths, General Worthy
Foreman, was introduced in place of Pow
derly. He was followed by A. A.Carleton,
ton, of the general executive board. Carle
ton spoke particularly of the growth of the
order, and said it would appear when the
reports were all in that the order was not
going to pieces, but was in reality stronger
than ever.
Minneapolis, October 3.—Grand Mas
ter Workman Powderly, General Secretary
Litchman and most of the other delayed
delegates to the General Assembly arrived
this afternoon. The great hall is capable
of seating 15,000. There was a great
crowd of people at the opening of the even
ing exercises. Mr. Powderly's address was
received with unbounded enthusiasm. He
was announced to speak on "The World as
Knighthood would make it." He said that
in the beginning he could not tell them
anything of the kind. The world as
Knighthood would make it would take up
more time than I could give to it here to
night. Men say the Knights of Labor
caD never attain what is aimed at in their
declaration of principles. They go to
church and pray for better things than the
Knights ever dreamed of. The men who
pray that this earth be made as the King
dom of Heaven would deny ns a place in
the legislative halls. The men who make
these prayers lie when then make them.
The Knights of Labor respects the laws
and intend to take a hand in making
them. Our organization is not a partisan
organization, but, in the true sense of the
word, it is political.
"I have no objection to foreign immigra'
tion, I favor it. Several land grant com
panies, however, have their immigration
agents. They bring in all manner of
foreigners. If one of these poor creatures
raises a hand, not against the law—for he
knows none—but against what he sees just
before him, he is called an anarchist and is
punished, while the men who loaded these
poor creatures on the country go scot free.
[Thunders of applause]. I hate anarchists
and anarchy. How can the child. reared
in poverty, squalor, idle ignorance and vice,
grow up to respect the institutions of the
country.
"I say stop the agent of the steamship
company ; take home the agent of the land
company. Stop importing foreign paupers.
Let only those come to our free America
who come of their own free will, and to
make their homes here. Is that saying
anything against a foreigner. [Cries of 'No,
no, no !'] This is why I am called a crank
on the immigration question. I am also
called a crank on the temperance question.
I may be a crank on this question, but I
am not ashamed to say that I would far
rather see a man a sober man than a
drunkard. There are those who have
threatened to leave the order because of
my position on this question. To all such
I say go. I will trust the fate of this na
tion" with Bober men and women, and I
will never take back one word of what I
have said on the temperance question, so
help me God."
Mr. Powderly spoke briefly in eulogy of
Thomn3 Armstrong, w ho died at Pittsburg
a few days ago, and closed by urging every
KiJght to leave the hall determined to do
his whole duty. Let every man and woman
read and lay to heart the declaration of
principles of the order. Let them do this,
aad when their work is over they can lie
down as did that dead workman, Arm
strong, conscious that their work has been
well done. Mr. Powderly said his condi
tion was not what he would have liked to
have bad it to discuss so large a subject as
he was called upon to do. He was tired
out and compelled to be brief.
Minneapolis, October 4.—The delegates
to the K. of L. General Assembly rose late
this morning. The ball at the Washing
tan rink, the interchange of fraternal greet
ing at the various hotels and the button
holing of delegates by other delegates
with hobbies, all conspired to keep every
body up till a late hour last night. The
business session was announced to begin at
10 o'clock, but it was just 11 o'clock when
the General Master Workman rapped the
assembly to order. There were about 350
in all in the hall. The secret session lasted
the remainder of the morning.
General Master Workman Powderly
welcomed the delegates in a brief speech.
General Secretary Litchman said he de
sired to ask the convention for more time,
as it would take two or three hours to get
his papers into shape. An adjournment
was therefore taken until 3 p. m.
It has been widely reported that the
General Assembly was likely to pass a res
olution, protesting against the death sen
tence being carried out on the condemned
Chicago anarchists. That such a resolu
tion will be introduced there is no doubt,
but that it will be passed is not so certain:
in fact it is much more likely to be tabled.
A thorough canvass among the Knights
shows a strong feeling prevailing that the
Knights should let the anarchists alone.
Minneapolis, October 4.—At 3 o'clock
the general assembly of the Knights of
Labor was called to order and the report of
the committee on credentials was received.
Some one hundred and eighty-five dele
gates were favorably reported while a few
were without the endorsement of the com
mittee. The principal case was that of J.
R. Buchanan, the Denver "kicker," over his
admission. There was a warm discussion,
which was protracted till seven o'clock,
when they adjourned till to-morrow morn
ing. Powderly said this evening that the
other contested cases would easily be dis
posed of. The most important proposition
likely to come before the general assembly
is a scheme to unite the Knights of Labor
and the National Farmers' Alliance into
one organization. The plan now pro
posed is to make the Farmers' Alliance a
national trade body with the title of Na
tional District Assembly. "This would
make a team," said a "leading delegate,
"which would move the earth. With the
farmers with us we could do what we
would toward the accomplishment of the
purpose of both bodies." General Secretary
Chas. H. Litchman, who arrived to-day,
said the organization is now on a sound
business basis. The delinquents have all
been weeded out within the last year.
Every man represented in the order to-day
is entitled to membership.
Minneapolis, October 4.—In an inter
view to-day, T. V. Powderly said there was
a decrease in the membership of the
Knights of Labor, and that there were
many branches to the labor movement, but
the members understood each other better
and that the many diversified opinions
showed that the men were thinking. The
time will come when the several grand
divisions of the labor movement will unite
in one grand reform organization and a
perfect fabric will be the result. The great
working mass of the people are wrong on
the question of politics. They look too
high and wish to reach the top of the ladder
at one bound, when experience teaches that
it is folly. This is a most serious question
with which we have to deal. I advocate
that it is the small local offices that Bhould
be looked after with an eternal vigilance.
Let me elect the assessors and I care not
who elects the president. It is the princi
ple that I wish to inculcate into the minds
of all workingmen that they should at
tend to local politics and the affairs of
State will take care of themselves.
Sentiments ot the Farmers' Alliance.
Minneapolis, October 3.—The topic of
President Streeter, of the National Farmers
Aliance, was "The People Their Governor."
He began by showing that in Illinois farm
ing was now being carried on at a loss, and
the population in the rural districts is de
creasing, while the cities are growing. Chi
cago to-day had millionaires by the hun
dred, and so had all the large cities. He
asked how these large cities had grown up,
and said these wealthy men had been kill
ing the goose which laid the golden egg.
He wanted to see one grand organization of
the industrial interests of the country, and
when we do complete our organization and
are welded together by the common ties of
humanity, you will "hear something drop."
We demand in the name of the people who
produce the wealth of America that our
farmers shall not work themselves to death
for the benefit of a few. The gentlemen of
the present age have established an aris
tocracy instead of a government for the
people, but we propose to take it and make
it a government for the common people.
Mr. Streeter did not think it possible to
abolish existing events through the agency
of the old parties, and advocated a consoli
dation of the Knights of Labor and the
Farmers' Alliance in a new party.
Minneapolis, October 4.—At the after
ternoon session of the National Farmers'
Alliance Secretary Milton G. George pre
sented his report.
Mayor Ames welcomed the Alliance and
J. C. Kennedy, of Iowa, responded.
President J. A. Streeter made a short ad
dress on the report of the committee on
credentials. A brisk discussion arose as to
the number of delegates allowed for sub
ordinate Alliances. After a warm discus
sion, which came near causing a split in
the convention, a resolution was passed al
lowing the State at large a representative,
and the difficulty was satisfactorily settled.
Socialist Convention.
Chicago, September 28.—Delegates of
the Progressive or Socialistic Labor party
assembled in State convention here to-day.
The platform adopted by the couBty com
mittee was adopted, as were also the reso
lutions denouncing the violation of the
eight hour law by the federal authorities
and asking the legislature to make it
a punishable offense for corporations or
those epjoying public franchises to exact
more than eight hours labor a day. Editor
Schevitch was chosen to debate the ques
tions at issue with the United Labor party.
The following candidates were nominated :
Secretary of State—John Swinton.
State Controller—H. A. Barber.
State Treasurer—Henry E. Enrich.
Attorney General—Thaddeus B. Wake
man.
Socialist Meeting.
New Yoek, October 3.—The Tribune will
say to morrow that the socialists and anar
chists are determined to hold a meeting in
Union Hall, Wednesday night, in spite of
police interference, and that a conflict and
repetition of the Haymarket tragedy in Chi
cago are highly probable.
Successors of the Grange.
Minneapolis, October 4.—The National
Farmers' Alliance began their seventh an
nual convention here this morning with
fifty delegates present. The secretary re
ports a thousand more alliances added iia<e
the last session, and that there are 600,000
members in all. Theeouthern alliance has
been invited to send delegates and move
for the consolidation of the two.
Odd Fellows Reception.
San Francisco, October 3.—non. J. H.
White, Grand Sire ; Lieut. Gen. John C.
Underwood, Deputy Grand Sire, and party,
consisting of 30 members of the Indepen
dent Order of Odd Fellows Patriarchs
Militant, who have been attending the
annual session of the Sovereign Grand
Lodge at Denver, arrived here to-day*
They were met at the ferry by a committee
of local Odd Fellows and escorted to the
Palace Hotel. An enthusiastic reception
was tendered them to-night at the Grand
Opera House.
Live Stock.
Chicago, September 28.—Cattle—Re
ceipts, 10,000 ; steady ; fancy, 5.10©5 35 ;
stockers and feeders, [email protected]; Texans
1.50(2,2.90 ; western rangers, 2(2,3.
Sheep—Receipts, 7,000 ; steady for good ;
common 10 off ; natives, [email protected]; west
ern, 3 [email protected]; Texans, 3©3.70.
Chicago, September 28.—Cattle—Re
ceipts 1,000; 10 to 15c lower for natives;
shipping steers [email protected] ; stockers and
feeders [email protected]; Texans 1.50© 2 85; west
ern rangers 2.30(2)3.60.
Sheep—Receipts, 6,000; natives, 2 75®
4.25; western 2® 3.70 ; Texans 2 [email protected]
Chicago, September 30.—Cattle—Re
ceipts, 8,000 ; steady ; shipping steers, 2 85
@5 00; stockers and feeders, [email protected]
Texas cattle, [email protected] ; western rangers;
[email protected]
Sheep—Receipts,6,000; steady; mutton.
3 [email protected] 25 ; stockers, [email protected] 95; western.
[email protected] 17 ; Texans, 2 [email protected]
Chicago, October 3.—Cattle receipts 13,
000, fully 11,000 rangers; good natives
steady ; shipping steers [email protected] ; stocks
and feeders [email protected] 95; cows, bulls and
mixed $1.25©3.00; Texas cattle $1.50®
2 80 ; western rangers [email protected] Sheep
receipts 8,000 ; market slow; common lower;
natives [email protected] ; western $3 [email protected] ;
Texans $2 50 @3 65.
Chicago, October 4.— The Drovers' Jour
nal reports the cattle receipts at 10,000 ;
natives higher; shipping steers, [email protected];
stockers and feeders, [email protected]; cows,
bulls and mixed, [email protected]; Texas cattle,
[email protected] 60.
Sheep—Receipts, 6,000 ; steady for good,
common weak; natives, 2 [email protected]; west
ern, [email protected]; Texans, 2 40® 3.55; Iambs,
[email protected]
Wool Market.
Philadelphia, September 30.—Wcol is
quiet. Ohio and West Virginia, XX and
above, [email protected] ; X, [email protected] ; coarse, 36®38;
New York, Michigan, Indiana and western
fine, or X and XX, [email protected] ; medium, 36®
37 ; fine washed delaine, X and XX, 35®
36.
Boston, September 30.—Wool is stronger
Ohio and Pennsylvania extra, [email protected] ;
XX, 3'[email protected] ; No. 36©36jj ; Michigan ex
tra, [email protected] ; No. 1 combing, [email protected]; No. 2
combing, 36® 37; medium combing, 35 ;
fine delaine, [email protected] ; fine Territory, [email protected];
medium, [email protected] Other grades un
changed.
New York, September 30.—Wool is
quiet. Domestic fleece, 26®34; pulled, 14
@32 ; Texas, [email protected]
New York, October 4.—Wool is steady
and quiet. Domestic fleece, [email protected];
pulled, [email protected] ; Texas, [email protected]
Boston, October 4.—Wool is unchanged.
Philadelphia, October 4.—Wool is un
changed.
Clearing House Report.
Boston, October 2.—The table compiled
from the specials to this port from the
managers of leading clearing houses in the
United States, shows the gross exchanges
for the week ending October 1 were $884,
663,456, a decrease of 16.5 per cent from
the corresponding week of 1886.
The Cash Box.
New York, Oct 1.—The weekly bank
statement 6hows a reserve increase of
$3,200,375. The banks now hold $9,017,
000 in excess of the 25 per cent rule.
Base Ball.
Indianapolis, October 4.—Chicago 1 ;
Indianapolis 2. Second game—Chicago 6 ;
Indianapolis 5.
Pittsburg, October 4.—Pittsburg 7 ;
Detroit 4.
Philadelphia, October 4—Philadelphia
6 ; Boston 3. Baltimore 6 ; Athletics 3.
Washington, October 4.—Washington
3 ; New York 6.
Louisville, October 4.—Louisville 9;
St. Louis 13.
New York, October 4.—Metropolitans
10 ; Brooklyn 4.
Land Office Decision.
Washington, October 4.—Commissioner
Sparks of the general land office has re
ceived from the surveyor general of Arizona
a report of his action on an application
made to his office for a preliminary survey
ol the old Peralta private land claim in
that territory, which embraces about 48,
000,000 acres, the surveyor general declines
to entertain the application for the reason
that congress has withheld from his office
the usual appropriation for the invesigation
of private land claims, and as an investiga
tion would be necessary in this case the
application is denied. This claim was dis
cussed at length by Commissioner Sparks
in his annual report of 1885, and it is be
lieved by the Commissioner he fully estab
lished its fraudulent character.
Commission Appointed.
London, October 5.—The government
has appointed a commission, headed by the
Prince of Wales, and Lord Roseberry and
Lord Harrington, to promote English and
colonial exhibits at the Melbourne exposi
tion.
We honor Grand Master Workman Pow
derly more than ever for his brave words
in regard to temperance. He has made no
mistake and can afford to stand firm.
There may be doubt and diversity of opin
ion as to other matters and the best means
of attaining them, but there is no room to
doubt the beneficial effects of temperance
among workingmen. It need not be teeto
talism, but temperance always and in all
things is best for workingmen as for all
others. Sobriety of habits will work a
greater revolution in the condition of work
ingmen than increase of wages or the short
ening of the hours of labor. If the increase
of wages is to be devoted to more drinking
and revel îbg, it will do more barm than
good, and so about the reduced hours of la
bor, if those hours are to be spent in sa
loons they had better be spent at work.
But these results need not follow and must
not follow if reforms are to succeed. Be
sides this temperance reform is entirely in
the hands of the workingmen themselves.
They will encounter no opposition except
in their own appetites and bad habits.
When they can conquer these all oth
er obstacles will disappear. When
workingmen will dedicate their increase of
wages and of leisure for the improvemen t
of themselves and the condition of their
families, the whole of the community will
aid them in all of their reasonable de
mands. Means and opportunities, as a
rule, come to those who know or learn
how to improve them. In other words, we
fully believe the condition and prospects
of the workingmen in this country aie
what they will make them for themselves.
Labor is capital, just as much or even more
than gold and silver, bonds and mortgages,
and if the workingmen of America will
make their services more valuable to their
employers and to themselves, they can
double this portion of the nation's capital
as well as any other portion of wealth can
be increased. And there is no portion of
our national wealth and resources that we
should so rejoice to see increased than
those of the workingmen. Temperance,
industry and prudence are a fortune of
themselves to young and old, rich or poor,
man or woman.
MART JAKE'S TRAVELS.
SHE "DOES UP" VIENNA WITH
MISS DICKEY.
Vienna and Paris, Two Beautiful but
Fleeting Cities — The Palaces and
Stables of Royalty—Handsome Tiennes«
Women—Dickey on the River Rhine.
[Special CorreponSence.]
Vienna, Austria, Sept. 2.—There is a
kind of a half unexpressed opinion among
Europeans that Austria is one of ; the powers
only v sufferance, yet her capital is the
handso. est city we have seen, and there be
those who ssert that even Paris, the beautiful,
is adumbrated (if you know what that means)
by her dazzling splendor. I can't say as to
that, for we are saving Paris for the last, and
have not been there, but knowing Vienna, I
do not know how Paris can be finer. Making
a combination, however, Paris and Vienna,
without doubt, are the two most elegant
cities in Europe. As a power, France is held
in much the same esteem that Austria is, and,
on the principle that flowers are the brightest
ere they fade, and fruit the fairest ere it rots,
it is possible that there is something por
tentous in the beauty of those two great
capitals. I don't know much about even our
own politics (it isn't woman's province, you
know, whether or not she pays a thousand
fold more taxes than a lazy loafer of a voter
with a vote to sell for a drink of whisky) and
I kne w a great deal less of the foreign va
riety, but putting this and that together, I
will venture the prediction that the next war
in Europe will result in a radical change in
all the maps at present used in the public and
private schools of the world.
We have been doing the palaces of the po
tentates since getting back into the countries
under a throne, and I am daily more and
more impressed with the fact that a palace is
a cross between a barn of the winter of '47
and a "floral hali" building at a country fair,
decorated with the gilded pomp and panoply
of a last year's circus wagon. It doesn't sur
prise me a bit when I look around and walk
around these rickety old places that Ludwig of
Bavaria went crazy, and that his mania was
building new palaces. It's a wonder to me
that the entire race of rulers don't follow in
his footsteps.
Poor Ludwig I When you ask about him
in Bavaria you are answered in a whisper,
with a significant tap on the forehead and a
shake of the head, and when you go to visit
any one of the palaces he did not live to fin
ish you are charged from one to six marks
entrance money. That's the only use they
have for the palaces now, and th.*y hope in
time to take in enough money at the gate to
lift the mortgages on the buihling3, or words
to that effect.
Royalty in this regard is just a little un
royal, so 'o speak, and it usually costs 50
pfennigs (12X cents) to visit a royal stable, a
royal library, a royal tomb, or some other
undergrowth of the crown. It '-n't in the
nature of a fee either, but a straight out pur
chase of a ticket at the door, just the same as
at a dime museum.
In this line the most magnificent array of
circus wagonB I ever saw, Barnum's best not
excepted, was the late Ludwig's state pleas
ure carriages in Munich ; price, 50 pfennigs.
Ludwig was liberal, and he didn't hesitate to
spend as high as 50,000 marks on a carriage
or sleigh, and some of them are "daisies," as
Dickey would say. The lamps are electric,
the panels are painted by famous artists, and
the gilding and statuary scattered about
them are perfectly startling.
The royal palace in Vienna is a hard look
ing old concern, as usual, but Francis Joseph,
without going crazy, is building a new one,
which it will take thirty-five years to com
plete, and a good many of the people's dollars
to pay for, but they like it, and I am satisfied
if they are.
We visited the royal stables here, too,
where a couple of hundred horses are kept
for riding aud driving, and I didn't see an
American horse. I did see one, though, with
the name Napoleon on the stall, and I pointed
it out to the guide.
"Fine horse," said I. "Very much fine,"
said he.
"Named Napoleon," said I. "Yah Vohl,"
said he.
"History repeats itself," said I. "A Na
poleon of today drags the ruler of Austria
about, and a Napoleon of another day also
dragged the ruler of Austria about, only
there's a slight difference in the method of
dragging."
"Yah Vohl," said the guide blandly, "it is
a very fine history, and is a very much old
staple."
I knew he couldn't comprehend tbî sub
tlety of my argument, but I had my say, and
when a woman has that she doesn't care much
for the consequences.
Here are the finest street car horses I
ever saw. They are sleek and fat, with bob
tails and cropped manes, and they carry
themselves like Kentucky thoroughbreds. It
must be perfectly paralyzing to a well reg
ulated Viennese when he comes to America
and sees for the first time one of our gothic
street car mules.
Vienna hasn't a great deal of art in the
way of pictures and statuary, but it has
enough to stock up several American cities.
Its museum building, though, when completed,
will be one of the finest on the continent.
Much of the statuary here is in casts, and
has affected Dickey's nervous system. When
we came into our room today I noticed that
quite a large piece of plastering had been
knocked off the wall In our absence.
"Bcotts and garters," said I, "what's that?"
"What's whatî" said she.
"Look there," said I, pointing to the brake.
"Oh," said she, "that? I dont know posi
tively, but I should say it was a bust in
plaster."
I don't like puns, but that one I thought
was good enough to pickle in print for pos
terity.
In a little guide book of Viennese manu
facture, so full of broken English that the
pieces fall out when we open it, I find this:
"Vienna ladies are famous for their beauty,
the most differing types of which are being
found among them." After a dispassionate
survey of the field, such as one woman always
makes in the instance of other women's
beauty, I do not hesitate to say that the guide
book is correct, but with this emendation : that
Hungary furnishes the beauty, while Vienna
improves it and makes it a thing of joy
forever.
Vienna is not known in Austria as Vienna,
which is a very pretty name, but os Wien,
which is a frightfully ugly one, and I can
only account for it on the principle of trans
position, which permits them to call the
Danube "the beautiful blue," when it is the
nastiest kind of a mud brindle.
When one goes east in Europe the Danube
is usually the point where she stops as the
limit, and it is the limit of our journey in that
direction, and might as well be made the limit
of this letter.
Oh. the beautiful blue Danube,
That grows to a mighty flood,
From the purling rills of Austria's hills,
And mixes them all with mud.
That's Dickey's effusion, not mine.
Mart Jane.
Prince Bismarck has taken to wearing spec
tacles.
Hoarding House French.
Mrs. A. (who is taking French lessons)—
"Now, Bridget, when Professor Blanquo
comes you must say 'entrez' to him, and he
will know what you mean and come into the
parlor."
The bell rings and Bridget goes to the door.
It is the professor.
"On' ario," says Bridget. "Will ye walk
into the parlor, sur?"
The professor walked in, and Bridget re
ported her triumph to the cook.—Harper's
Bazar.
MARY JANE'S TRAVELS.
DRESDEN, SAXONY, WHERE DDES
DEN CHINA IS MADE.
Wrong End of the Stick.
A Kingston man who carries a cane with a
silver head was considerably flurried the other
night. He had been in a neighbor s house,
and in going away he forgot his stick. He
stepped to a window, tapped on it, and asked
his friend to hand him hi3 cane. Ilis friend
did so, handing it out point first. "Thank
you, thank you," said the owner of the cane,
as lie stepped briskly away. He soon re
turned, and, tapping on the window, said he
had lost the head of his stick there. A search
was made throughout the room with no suc
cess. This wa3 reported to the man, who wa3
much chagrined. He started off again, and
after alittle while he again came back, tapped
on the window and said: 'You needn't look
any more for the head cf that cane. Good
joke, good joke, by jocks! I had hold of the
wrong end. "—Kingston Freeman.
A *>ueer Habit of Eating.
Elijah Smith, the Oregon railway magnate,
is said to have a queer habit of eating. The
great meal of the day with him is breakfast.
He takes no lunch and is careless about his
dinner, eating whatever ho may happen to
get hold of at the dinner hour. He insists on
having the best breakfast that can be served,
and starts in on every day's work with his
stomach supplied with an amount of food
which will suffice for at least ten hours.—New
York Tribuna
Excessive and Unlooked for l'olitencss «>1
the People of the German Countries.
The Sistine Madonna—Pictures, Palaces
and Porcelain.
[Special Correspondence.j
Dresden, Saxony, Sept. 9.—Dresden, Sax
ony, is my date line, but Dresden, China, is
what I wanted to write it, because a train
acquaintance of mine said the other day that
she had heard so much about Dresden china
that she thought Dresden was in China until
she discovered by the guide book that it was
in Saxony.
Dresden is called the "Florence of the
North," and it is a great place for art and
Americans, just as the other Florence is.
At first I thought our fellow citizens came
here for the love of art, and I began to flatter
mj T self that before the very far distant future
we would have in our own land of the free
and home of the buffalo a Bosto-Dresdenic, a
Dresdo-Cbicagoic ami other schools of art,
but I find that the inciting cause of Dresden's
selection as a place of residence is the re
markable cheapness of living and the small
social demands made upon the pocket books
of residents, and I am disappointed in my
art hopes, although possibly the art of cheap
living would be quite as valuable for adop
tion or cultivation in the United States as the
less material one that grows on canvas
or rises out of marble. This thing of
American cheap living in Europe is increas
ing every j'ear, and I imagine that the
time will come when the immigration of
poor Europeans to the United States will be
offset by the emigration of semi-wealthy
Americans, who, having acquired a certain
amount of fortune where money i3 plenty
and prices high, will go to a country where
money is scarce and prices low. A congress
man, for instance, with his salary of 45,000 a
year, could put on quite as much style ia
Dresden as three congressmen could in Wash
ington.
Ever since we have come into these Ger
mau countries we have been impressed with
the politeness of the people, and down in
Munich, where we met it first in its intensity,
T really thought I'd have a spasm unless some
body were rude to somebody else. On the
cars men ripped their hats and spoke to the
entire compriment coming in and going
out. On the roads in the suburbs of towns
men and women saluted each other and all
strangers; in parks the same code of recog
nition was adopted, but the funniest was to
see the Munich men's effusiveness among ac
quaintances. I havo seen men turn around,
if perchance they had passed without speak
ing, and, taking off their hats, make such a
sweeping bow as would occupy the entire
pavement. It was done in good faith, too.
I attributed it all to the famous beer of Mu
nich, which, I am free to confess, is pnffi
cientiy ambrosial in its qualities to make a
mr.n polite to a hitching post. The women
are quite os polite, too, as the men, which is
saying a good deal, for women are not so,
usually, particularly to each other, and I
have frequently had women speak to mo
when it would have been quite as good form
not to havo done so. There's a deal of inhu
manity about good form, auy way, and thal
the Germans disregard it is much more in
their favor than if they hedged a person in
with the proprieties and let her starve for
lack of the milk of human kindness.
Of course, the finest picture in the Dresden
gallery is the Sistine Madonna by Raphael,
and the Dresdeners take care of it just as a
woman takes care of a handsome set of
diamonds. It occupies a room alone, and
ha3 about it a frame of special design. When
I went into its presence a dozen or more
people were there before it and not a one
spoke above a whisper. I believe the etiquette
of galleries permits conversation in the ordin
ary tones, hut somehow before this radiant
mother, standing out from the canvas as
from the clouds, with the Christ child in her
arms, one feels that silence best expresses
thought.
I met a couple of Americans the day I
reached Dresden, aud they had been in town
twenty-four hours.
"You bet," said one of them in reply to my
inquiries, "you bet we've done the town,
from Alfred to Umaha, and done it well
Pictures, palace and porcelain, the three Ps,
that's all there is to see, and we beat the
record on the porcelain. They've got 13,000
pieces in the Museum Johanncuin aud we got
there seventeen minutes before time to put
up the shutters. We sa vit all and got out
two minutes to spare—15,000 pieces in fifteen
minutes—a thousand piec* s a minute. If you
know anybody that has d me better, trot 'em
out."
I looked at the young man in astonishment,
but didn't trot anybody out, because I
couldn't, and he went on:
"Yes, and we saw the most remarkable
thing near the door of the porcelain junk
shop that wo have slapped up against on our
entire expedition."
"And pray," said I, "what was that?"
"A woman who returned me half the fee I
gave her for taking care of my umbrella."
"Is it remarkable that a woman should do
that?" said I, sharply.
"Not at all," said he, gallantly. "On the
contrarj', only a woman would have done so.
If it had been a man, my European experi
ence has taught me that he would have asked
for more."
The young fellow, after all, wasn't so tad
as I thought he was, and I am willing to for
give him tl:e sin of speed, which so besets all
American travelers.
In every country wo have visited one
friend familiar in our own country has fol
lowed us, namely, the sign of "Post no bills."
In England we found it "Stick no bills;" in
France it was "Defense d'afllciere ;" in Italy,
"E probita l'aflLsione," and in German}', "Auk
leben verboden." In Italy and in France the
sign is very common, but in Germany it is
not so, from which I conclude that the Italians
and French are better advertisers than the
Germans and they hate to see a dead wall go
to waste.
Dickey has picked up an idea. She has
seen before many front doors of residences
the Latin salutatory "Salve," and it lies so
impressed her that she is going to tak6 it to
America* and sell the copyright to all drug
gists as their own peculiar sign. 1 wonder
that the druggists hadn't adopted it earlier.
Mart Janb.
S. C. Ashby & Co.
Dealers in
■nil ii
WAGONS, CARRIAGES, BUGGIES, ETC.
We respectfully call your attention to the following list of
Standard Goods :
Mitchell Farm and Spring Wagons: KfuUetiafcer lire-.' I tue Carriage*, Rnz
gleH and Backboards; Frazier Road Carts: Derr In g * it «Urs nud Mowers;
Pennsylvania Lawn Mowers: J. H. Thomas A Kons* An i > IPy Hakes; Karst
A- Bradley Ainlkry and Ganz Plow* Cultivator* and Ha» i »»*: Standard Dl»h
Harrows: Planet, jr. Garden Drills. Cultlvnnir«Hitd Hor»< Hoes; Grass Need
Sowers: Victor Feed Mills : Horse powers and Grinding Mill*: Hand-Rakes.
Forks, Shovels, Spades. Mattocks and Hoes: Porcelain Lined F r; nips and Tub
Inz; t'hleaz« Tonzne Scrapers; Colnmhia M heel and DragSerapers ; Railroad
Gradin«: Plows : Barb Wire : Bailing Wire: Binding Twine: Heavy and Light
Team Harness; Single ahd Double Buggy Harness: Horse Blankets, Whips
Lap Robes; Tents and Awnings;; Buggy, t arriage and Wagon Cove rs; Etc.. Ele.
Tog I tier with a foil line e»f Extras ami Repairs lor Wagons, Carriages. Bag
gies, llinelers and all Macbiney. Orders by Mail receive prompt attention.
North Main Street, Helena, Montana.
SANDS BROS.
New Arrival of
WALL PAPER.
CARPETS,
HOUSE F URNISHIN G GOODS.
We carry the largest line of the above stock in Mon
tana. Orders receive prompt attention.
SANDS BROS.
Established 1864.
A. G. CLABKE. THOMAS CONRAD. J. C. CURTIN.
CLARKE, CONRAD & CURTIN
Importers of and Jobbers and Bétail Dealers in
Heavy Shelf and Building
HARDWARE.
Celebrated
SOLE AGENTS FOB THE
"Superior" and Famous Acorn
COOKING AND HEATING STOVES,
AND
f. U. Fisler's Cincinnati fronghl Iron Ranges fo r Hotels and Family Use.
Iron, Steel, Horse and Mule Shoes, Nails, Mill Supplies, Hoes, Belt
ing, Force and Lift Pumps, Cntlery, House Furnishing Goods,
Centennial Réfrigéra Tors, lee Chests, Ice Cream Freezers,
Water Coolers Etc., Etc.
Visitor* to llio City are respectfully invited to cull and Kxwmine onr Good«
and price« before purehaaing.
ALL ORDRES RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION AND SHIPMENT.
CLARKE, CONRAD & CURTIN,
32 and 34iMain Street,.....Helena, M. T.
Spencer & Nye.
Manufacturers and Dealers in
HARNESS AND SADDLES.
HELENA,........ MONTANA.
Bond, for ZlIustrwtedL Catalogue.
ATTENTION
Purchasers of
CARPETS, WALL PAPER,and HOUSE FURN'
ISHINC GOODS,
Will Save Money by '.waiting the arrival ol
A. r. ( I RTI.VS
NEW STOCK.
Nothing like It ever before shipped to Ihla market.
Indian Troubles Feared.
Billings, M. T., October 3 —On Friday
twenty-two young Crow | Indians, under
chief Thunder-and-Lightning, returned to
the Crow agency from a successful raid
upon the Piegans living 200 miles north.
They brought borne sixty ponies they had
captnred. Agent Williamson ordered them
all arrested for horse stealing, whereupon
they began firing into the agency buildmg,
fortunately doing no damage. The agent
at once sent to Fort Caster and soon had j
four troops of cavalry on the ground. The i
Indians say they will not resist soldiers,
but they have sent out runners to bring all
the Crows into the agency and trouble is
feared when it is attempted to make the !
arrest.
Ofler of Bonds.
Washington, September 28.—To-day's j
offerings of bonds amonnted to $253.900, of |
which $153,050 were four and one-half and
$99,950 four per cents.
Washington, September 29.—To-day's ,
offering of bonds to the government aggre
gated $405.950, of which $338,400 were
fours and $67,500 four and a halfs.
Washington, September 30.—The
amount of bonds offered by the Treasury
Department to-day were less than any day
since the purchase began. This fact is re
garded at the Treasury Department as in
dicating that the government has practi
cally secured all the floating bonds that
can be obtained at the rates fixed by the
department's circular ; that the stringency
of the money market has been sufficiently
relieved for the present. To-day's offerings
aggregated $57,100, of which $46,950 were
43 and $10,150 4Fs.
Washington, October 3. — The total
amount ol bonds offered to the government
to day was $295,750, of which $242,500
were four and a half per cents and $53,250
fours.
lltempted Assassination.
Kansas City, October 2.—Information
reached here to-night of an attempt being
made last night to shoot Gov. Martin at
Atchison. He was walking home with a
friend and was accosted by Jno. M. Rey
nolds, a journalist, who used vile language.
Gov. Martin remonstrated when the fel
low drew a large pistol, bnt before he could
use it, however, a policeman disarmed him
and took him to the station.
j
i
!
j
|
,
The Mitchellstown Affair.
London, October 3.—Wm. O'Brien has
written a public letter in which he says:
"On the day of my conviction at Mitchells
town the Secretary General telegraphed in
cipher to the Crown Council: 'Mistake,
O'Brien will beat ns. Harrington most be
disbarred at onr next meeting.' This ex
plains why I received three separate sum
mons. The plot for raining Harrington i9
here disclosed with brutal candor."
In an interview Harriogton says: "Per
haps some of my words at the Mitchells
town inquest was too stroDg for some of
our English friends, bnt nothing else could
elicit the facts from the police. I was in
formed that the policy had been previous
ly oeteimined upon to give me all the
insolence possible in the witness chair. 1
would not be surprised if in Dublin the
Castle finds itself in an awkward fix when
all the facts regarding the refusal to per
mit Constable Sullivan's report in the evi
dence are placed before the English people.
Gladstone's Criticism.
London, September 28.—Gladstone has
a critique in the A'inciecnth Century on In
gram's history of the Irish Union. He
says the work is not a history at all ; it
offers no inquiry into the graver charges
against the authors ; does not show even a
rudimentary knowledge of the leading
factors in Irish affaire. Gladstone says he,
himself, after long striving to obtain ac
quaintance with unhappy Ireland, now
knows just enough to be aware that his
knowledge of it is imperfect and have an
inkling ot the magnitude and complexity
of the task of Thncyides of the Irish
Union, who has not yet mounted above the
horizon.
Directors' Meeting.
New Yokk, September 30.—The Pacific
Mail directors held a meeting to day aud
accepted the resignations of Directors Mer
terback and Vanderhoof and selected Jay
Gonld and C. P. Huntington to fill th®
vacancies. Henry Hart resigned the presi
dency of the company and his place was
immediately filled by the election ot Geo.
J. Gonld. The changes are the result ot
the committee appointed to reorganize the
company, and are said to be preliminsrv to
a resumption of the subsidy arrangenieu
with the Pacific railroads.

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