Newspaper Page Text
% Millionaire Hank President Shot Down by IIi^ Step-Son. Chicago, October Hi— In the throng of , tt ,ple at the church door of one of the | u ' ost fashionable congregations in Chicago , U frI - a y haired millionaire bank president tal remorselessly shot down to-day by his step-son to avenge or shield a woman barged with continued adultery. The woman was no less a person than Sirs. Merkie Kawson, wile of the banker shot înd mother of the assailant. The banker .. derben W. Kawson, president of union Trust company of Chicago. William Lee, * e( j I? is the step-son. Kanker Kawson, with five bullets in his body and apparent ■v in a dying condition, was hastily picked f p off the blood spattered curb and bundled 'oto one of the score of carriages that had been waiting for the wealthy worshippers. Young Lee, with the empty revolver still smoking in his hand, was hurriedly thrown into a strikingly different conveyance, the blue painted, common-place wagon of the nearest police patrol, that came rattling around the corner. Away went the car r a ,. e i n one direction, off in another dashed t j, e patrol, while all around on the streets and sidewalks gaped the horror-stricken l?teD dants ot the live great churches in the \ieinity, just pouring out after the morn D .,- 3 praise of Him who commanded, "Thou shalt not kill," "Thou shalt not commit adultery. ' Slowly the crowds be gin to recover their dazed senses and recall "a detail the fearful circumstances of the crime. Young Lee had been seen tor half an :iour previous pacing a stone sidewalk on \shland avenue near Madison, fronting the Third Kresbyterion church. This is • he church of which Hr. Withrow, recently from Boston, is pastor, and which became w idely known as the charge of Dr. Kit tridge, now located in New Y'ork. Of this church Banker Kawson has long been a leading light and was still an honored member, notwithstanding he had been charged by his wife with perjury and other offenses, enough to make him, if true, a veritable whited sepulchre. He, on the other hand, alleged that she, although prominent in society and a beautiful woman in appearance, was really a dis reputable, blasphemous, devilish-tempered adventuress, who coveted only his money. For a year or more the two have been fighting each other in the divorce courts, and w ithin a week the banker has filed against her additional charges of adultery. Tittle attention was paid to young Lee as he stalked backward and forward past the church entrance. He was lost in the crowd when the gaily dressed congrega tion began to come out, among them the well known lorni ot the bank president. Mr. Kawson was about to step to his car riage, when, breaking the sweet majestic tones of the great organ, came the sharp crack of a revolver, followed by a deep groan. An earthquake could have scarely produced more confusion at the moment among the throngs of gentlemen, ladies and children and the long tiers of carriages and coachmeu that lined the sidewalks in every direction. A din of screams began but subsided almost instantly. Tbe slender, well dressed, youthful Lee was seen to quickly hut coolly steady his shining pistol with his left hand w hile with his right he again and again pulled the fatal trigger. With the stilled cry, "I am killed," the aged million aire fell prostrate on the stone tlags, up turning his agonized, white lace at the cold, set countenance of his step son. Not till the last of the five chambers had been emptied into the old man's body did Lee seem to breathe. The crowd seemed rooted to the stones in horror and helpless, till a policeman came running to the scene. Then it began a wild clamor, and Lee, turning to the officer hoarsely whispered. "Take me to jail, quick." It seemed scarcely a moment till the patrol wagon bore him away. When the dying Ranker reached his home six physicians had been called. They probed for the bullets and found that all of them had lodged in his legs or arms, save one and that had entered near the small of the back and, as near as could be judged bad plunged through his abdomen. If his lite is saved it will be little short ot a miracle. Over at the police station young Lee asked a reporter to carry to Mrs. Kawson, his mother, the news. She occupies apart ments at the Continental Hotel. The re porter sent up word that he had extremely iiu|K>rtaut business and was presented without delay to a plump, dark complex ioned, handsome woman in prime of life, the most noticeable feature of whom was a pair of snapping black eyes. Hhe was clad in a tasteful, tight fitting, dark dress and white jacket. "Well, wbat business have you?" said she. "Then you have heard nothing of your SOD?" "No. What is it?" "Well, he has got into a little trouble; he-" "Go on. What has he done?" "Well, he is arrested. He had some trouble with Mr. Kawson. "Go on and tell me what he has done. Don't keep me in suspense," eagetly broke in the woman. "He shot him, but it isn't serious," quick ly added the reporter. Aire. Kawsond closed her eyes and trem bled with excitement. The last portion of the sentence, however, caused Mrs. Raw son's eye lids to raise and she brought her head up with a jerk. "Oh, don't be alarmed; 1 am all right. Go on and tell me all, that is about all." "He shot him several times— ' "And is he dead ?" eagerly broke in the woman again. "No; but he is probably fatally injured, lie cannot recover from his wounds." There was a pause. The reporter stood and looked at Mrs. Kawson, while she «•oolly returned his look ot inquiry with a slight sneer on her dark, handsome face. "Well," she calmly and haughtily ejacu lated, "is there anything more? lu a posture of gracelul indolence, she leaned against a dressing case and dreamily watched the reporter while he was collect ing his thoughts. She looked positively sleepy. "I would like to ask you what you have to say at>out it," the young man finally re plied. "What do you think it was done for ?" In an instant Mrs. Kawson was trans lormed. Her black eyes Hashed the fire of deadly hate. She seemed to quiver from head to foot. "What do I think of it!" she cried. "I am glad of it. He deserved it." She stopped just long enough to catch her breath, and then continued ; "What was it done for? Becan.se Kawson made me ont on the streets to he a public prostitute. 111 stand by the boy !" she cried, raising her arm w ith a dramatic gesture. "He did no more than any boy would do. He is the Bon of his mother." Then she began to pace to and fro over toe heavily carpeted floor. "I intended to do it myself," she ex claimed, suddenly stopping in the middle of the room. ' Did your son know of your intention?' »She turned a wicked look on her ques tioner and said, sharply : "I do not know. île might have known ■t. He surely knew he deserved it.." Then she grew hungry for more details ot the bloody deed. »She inquired where Ue was shot, and some of the circum j 1 ! I ! "I am glad of it," she exclaimed. Again she asked about the details. "Did all the shots hit him ?" she ex claimed, with a look of the highest expec tancy. "Y'es, I believe they did." ' I am glad of it. He deserved all he got." At this juncture Mrs. Rawson's lawyer arrived and the reporter was promptly ex cluded. When, shortly afterward young Lee, in his cell, at the police station, saw a reporter approaching, he jumped up abruptly and, w ithout waiting a question, declared : "I have nothing whatever to say except that I am entirely responsible. It was wholly my own act. My mother knows absolutely nothing of it." "When pressed for his motive Lee would at first only say • "Yon know .1 what has been in the papers." "Being further urged he buret out : "He tried to prove my mother an adulteress, an adventuress. Now he wanted to make out my sister a bastard, and that's all I will say." The career of the young man's mother is in many respects remarkable. She has been married several times, was divorced once, and, as a department clerk in the government service at Washington, is un derstood to have been concerned in some decidedly sensational incidents. It was as the possessor of considerable real estate in Chicago that she first became acquainted with Kawson. Their marriage soon fol lowed. That was five or six years ago. Kawson was G7 years old, and his wife claims that he was physically a wreck. The matter finally went to the courts. On September 29, 1886, Mrs. Kawson along threatened bill for a legal separation from her husband was tiled. The allegations were cruelty and the refusal of her husband to support her and closing with a recital of how he had installed detectives in their home to close it up when Mrs. Kawson should leave it. Kawson had in the mean time left the house and taken up his abode with a friend. In his answer to the bill Kawson averred that his married life had been a terrible and continual drama of do mestic calamity and wretchedness, the sole cause of which was his wife's-phenomen ally awful, devilish and wicked temper and habits of profanity and blasphemy, which were not revealed to him until after his marriage. Going into her history, Kawson declared his wife had made false represent ations to him to get him to marry her when she represented that she was the widow ol Charles G. Lee, who left her comfortably oft* and the mother of two children. He further testified that his wile was married in New Orleans on April 3, 1866, to John G. slaymaker, who at the time the bill was filed was liviDg in Arka delphia, Ark., and the divorce obtained from Slaymaker a few years later was ille gal and consequently the marriage with the defendant should be declared void. On August 5, I860.. he refused to place any more money to her credit at the bank, and on September 29th she was relused admittance to his house and detectives lelt on guard to prevent her gaining an en trance. While the suit was pending^ a porter on a St. Louis sleeping car testified that Mrs. Kawson had occupied a berth with a strange man on his sleeper. This story was partially corroborated by other porters and car conductors. All these al legations were emphatically denied by Mrs. Kawson, and later the colored porter was brought up belore Justice Lyon on the charge of perjury, when he acknowl edged the untruthfulness of his former statements. Since then every point, es pecially in the matter ol alimony, has been contested with increased bitterness, the culmination being Kawson s additional charges and to-day's horrible tragedy. At 1 o'clock this afternoon Mr. Kawson called Attorney Collins and made his will. Ai midnight the wounded man's condition was unchanged, but there is very little hope of his recovery. Gen. I. N. Stiles, who has been acting as Mrs. Kawson's attorney in the divorce case, says he is not prepared to state as yet whether he will defend young Lee. He says, however, he will stand by Mrs. Raw son, as he believes he» - to have been grossly abused and wronged. Chicago, October 17.—This evening the physicians report the condition ot Banker Kason more hopeful, but they cannot yet venture an opinion as to what the result ot his wounds will be. Young Lee still de clines to discuss the matter and claims the sole responsibility for the crime, notwith standing which it is generally believed he was instigated to the crime. Wile Murderer Killed. New Orleans, October 12.—A special from l'oncatula, La., to the Picayune says . On Monday afternoon a negro drowned his wife because she refused to live with him aDy longer. While she was drowning, her j brother came upon the scene and fired twenty buckshot into his sister s murderer, 1 who sank with his victim to the bottom of ! the Amite river. Fatal Shooting Scrape. I Albuquerque, October 13.—A special from Grant, N. M., says : A shooting ! scrape took place here to-day which ended the existence of two of the participants. The trouble grew out of the ownership of a cow, which was claimed by Alcalde Pioro, a Mexican, and also by Tom Wright, two cow boys. The dispute resulted in both reaching for their arms. The Mexi can being the quickest put a bullet through Wright, killing him instantly. Where upon a young man named Bell, who was working for Wright, shot and killed l'ioro. Convicted of Murder. London, October 12.—After all the evi dence had been submitted in the Mitchells town inquest to-day, Harrington asked that a verdict of wilful murder be returned against head constable Brownrigg and the five policemen who had fired under his order, Harrington accusing Brownrigg of deliberately planning the murder. The jury returned a verdict of murder against Brownrigg, Sergeants Kerwan, Ryder and Brennan and Constables Gavan and Dor Outlaws Lynched. Charleston, W. Va., October 17.—A courier this morning brought i n the news that the mob of citizens and officers who are after the murderers ot Rev. Thomas P. Kyan, who was shot near Walton, Roan county, last Thursday, shot and killed Geo. Dull'and took Robert Ford and Jake Cook to the home of the Kyan family, where they were identified. Cook was hanged and Ford shot and his throat ent from ear to ear. Wm. Drake, one of the robbers, was caught and confessed that Dan Cunningham, a member of the Eureka detectives of this city, was the instigator of the affair and the balance of the gang carried out the scheme. The vigilantes started for Spencer, the county seat of Roan county, with Drake. There were over three thousand persons at Ryan's funeral. Wyoming Failure. New York, October 12— It was stated at the office of the Post Percheron Associa tion to-day that the failure of Morton E. Poet, of Cheyenne, Wyoming, who is presi dent of the company, does not i :a the least effect the company. In 188G Mr. Post ^ no then owned all the stock, sold Ç 260,0W ol it to New York capitalists. The paid m capital is $700,000. THE PI II L1C DOMAIN. Report of the Commissioner of the Land Office. Washington, October 14.— The report of the Commissioner of the Land Office shows that since March 4th, 1885, 31, 824,481 acres have been restored to the public domain. The sales, entries and selections for the fiscal year ending June 30.1887, embrace 25,111,400 acres, and of the Indian lands, 746,G37 acres, making a total of 25,858,033, an increase over the year 1886 of 3,733,474 acres, and an in crease of 4,862,524 compared with the fis cal year 1885. Receipts—From the disposal of public lands, $10,783,921 ; from the sales of In dian lands, $1,484,302 ; total, $12,268,224 ; increase over 188G, $3,237,727; compared with the fiscal year of 1885, $3,648,625, to which is to be added $80,291 on account of timber depredations, and $12,493 for certi fied copies of records, making the total re ceipts from all sources, $12,289,008. In Arizona frauds in lavor of the Atlan tic & Pacific railway in a block of land 80 by 100 miles, by which the road is given all good land, are alleged by the Surveyor General in his report to the Commissioner. The development of fraudulent return of swamp lands in the surveys heretofore made in Minnesota, render a thorough ex amination of importance. Stories of fraud ulent work also come from New Mexico, Nevada and Wyoming. »Surveyor General Field's examinations, continues the report, have developed fraudulent and defective surveys heretofore returned to an extent which renders apparent the necessity for the inspection of all preceding surveys and fully justifies the conclusions reached by this office to defer payment of the accounts for past surveys until the true character of the work shall be ascertained. The report brielly .eviews the work of the Surveyors General of Arizona, Califor nia and New Mexico in examining private land claims. About forty claims in New Mexico were examined, and in nearly every case the Surveyor General recommends their rejection, principally on the ground of fraud or non-compliance with the law. Many were found to cover areas several times as large as that of the original grant. In discussing the swamp land grants, the commissioner says : The claims under these grants have already reached the enormous amount of nearly 71 ,«700,000 acres and patents have been issued for nearly 56,745,000 acres. Investigations dnriDg the past year have demonstrated the fact that many of the swamp land claims are fraudulent. On the forfeiture of railroad land grants, the Commissioner renews his recommenda tion that forfeiture be declared in all cases iu which roads were not completed accord ing to the grant. Of fraudulent land entries, as the result of years of investigation, 2,312 entries, covering 370,000 acres, were held for can cellation, 1,153 entries, covering 180,000 acres, were cancelled lor fraud. This sub ject i6 pursued at some leugth. He says such record of crime and bold, reckless and gigantic schemes to rob the govern ment of its land are rarely to be found. They have been discovered and exposed in every State and Territory containing pub lic lands, and the Commissioner thinks he can truthfully say that in every land dis trict and county which a special agent has visited men of intelligence and high stand ing in the community, in many cases mil lionaires, were leaders in these unlawlul transactions. Over 5,000 cases have been discovered wherein perjury or subon ation of perjury was committed. Iu a majority of the cases the officers before whom the proofs or other papers were executed were largely State and Territorial officers not directly responsible to the Land Department. They were cog nizant of fraud or could have became so by ordinary diligence. Whi.e the area of fraudulent entries are gradually becoming circumscribed there still remains much to do, and an entire or general cessation of fraud cannot be expected so long as the facilities offered for its perpetration by the existing laws are so great and the means provided for their prevention so small. Upward of 10,900 unexamined cases are now on file on which fraud has been charged or indicated. One thousand and eleven cases of timber depredation or tres passes were reported on during the year, involving in timber and products 56,146,935 recoverable to the United.States. The amount actually recovered was $128,643. On the subject of reform in the public land laws, the commissioner says: All efforts to secure reform by the repeal or amendment of this particular act and its provisions have failed through opposition on the part of interests at variance with the proposed legislation. What is needed, in his opinion, is an entire reformation in the existing laws, retaining an absolute homestead and abolishing all other forms of disposal of agricultural lands. Actual residence, improvement and cultivation lor the homestead period of five years should b« the exclusive condition for acquiring title to such lands. It would also appear that the time has arrived when the privi lege of appropriating the public lands should be confined to citizens of the United States. The mineral laws should be so amended as to preserve the public right of mineral explorations to citizens of the United States, and to prevent the monopoly of the native mineral wealth by individ uals and corporations. Crown Prince's Condition. Berlin, October 14.— Prince Frederic is unquestionably in a precarious condition. It is now admitted that he is sufiering from a cancer of the throat known as to bacco smokers' cancer. His case is very similar to that of Gen. Grant's, in spite of all official opinions to the contrary. Ger man physicians consider the Prince already a doomed man. The very severe caustics used have destroyed not only the tissue primarily affected but the parts themselves. So severe has the treatment been that some portion of the bony tissue is now visible. Conservative Germans, Dr. Nelson said, view the probability of the Crown Prince s early demise with much alarm. The Lm peror is already past 91 years. He has had several pseudo-appoplectic seizures, though this has been industriously denied. His death is liable to occur at any moment. With the Crown Prince as the Emperor s successor, it is believed that the peaceful policy would be maintained and that Bis marck's influence would be less predomi nant ; but if he is at death's door the im perial power will soon fall to Prince wil liam, the Crown Prince's eldest son. He is a young man, 28 years old, and is said to be every inch a soldier. People who know him say he is bold, impetuous and fiery, and is ambitious to make a name as a warrior. __ Evictions in Iowa. Minneapolis, October 14.—Dr. A. M. Hamblin, one of those evicted in O'Brien county, Iowa, writes to a friend here that the half has not been told of the horrors of the evictions. Many of the families are living on public highways in tents made of qnilts and sheets. Men 70 years old, maimed soldiers and widows have lost their homes and are sleeping on the cold ground. The British syndicate have taken their teams and milch cows to pay the cost of evictions. There have been 120 families evicted. Not Guilty. New York, October 14.—The j ary in the case of policeman Hahn, on trial for the murder of the brave life saver Hussey, came in this afternoon with a verdict ol "not guilty." ! ■ i MONTANA. Annual Report of Governor Leslie. Washington, October 12.—Preston H. Leslie, Governor of Montana Territory, in his annual report to the »Secretary of the Interior, estimates the present population at 130.000, an increase of 10,000 daring the past year. The present year has been most favorable for the prod action of all staple crops. The yields without irrigation have been very large. On the subject of stock raising the Governor says that prior to the present year this industry was in a most prosperous condition, but the last terrible winter was most disastrous. In conse quence of this experience stockmen have turned their attention more to the protec tion of the grasses. The Governor esti mates the number of cattle in the territory at 1,400,000, horses 190,000 and sheep 2,000,000 ; all of a high grade. One mil lion dollars worth of wool has been pro duced and shipped this year. The total assessed value of taxable property Ls $60,200, 000. There were increased investments in mining. A conservative estimate of the yield of the mines in gold, silver, lead and copper for the last year is $26,000,000. Coal has become an important element in the mining industry of the territory. The Governor says he has information that large areas of land donated to the territory by the government for school purposes are now unlawfully occupied by persons who fence them in and live upon their products greatly to the injury of the property. He asks that all such persons be immediately compelled to vacate. He recommends the establishment of a refinery in connection with the United »States Assay Office at Helena. Of the Indians he says there has been little trouble or danger except for occa sional horsestealing raids and counter raids among the Piegans and Crows, and similar performances once in a while by the Bloods and Blackfeet, in which white men's property is occasionally stolen. These out rages, says the Governor, tend naturally to arouse a spirit of resentment, which will develop into a belligerent form in the early future, if not avoided by prompt and firm measures to prevent a recurrence of these pillaging expeditions. In conclusion the report say : Montana's interests have been greatly cramped and her progress much re tarded on account of the alien land laws. That law, it says, so far as it has or will prevent aliens from grasping and holding great and extensive areas ol land, may be unobjectionable, but the provision which excludes the foreign capitalist Irom investment in and development of our mines is a great weight and hindrance to our people. Annual Report ol Governor West. Washington, October 17.—The annual report of Caleb W. West, Governor of Utah Territory, estimates the population of the Territory at nearly 200,000 and the assessed taxable valuation of the property $65,865, 865. The commercial affairs of the Terri tory are said to be in a prosperous condi tion. Its agricultural products are abund ant and of excellent grade, its stock inter ests flourishing and its mining outlook very promising. The Governor recom mends the repeal of that part of the alien land act which relates to mines. To the discussion of the subject of Statehood ol Utah the Governor devotes much space. In the course of his remarks he says; It will be observed that the movement for Statehood was inaugurated by the Mor mon people. Their representatives alone took part iu the deliberations of the con vention and were tbe only portion of the people of the Territory favoring the sup port of it. When we remember how recently those people avowedly held and maintained the position which placed them in opposition with the federal laws, the holding of which in the past had brought them into conflict with the peo ple with whom they lived in Ohio, Missouri and Illinois and the antagonism of all the people of this »State identified with them. We recall that the failure to yield that position would have cost them the political control which they have held since the organization of the Territory ; that the securing of Statehood will place in their hands and take from Congress the power that it has been compelled to exer cise to regulate and control their actions, in accordance with the moral sense of the country and Christian civilization. Before clothing them with sovereignty should not Congress wait till the action is suited to the word, till their laudable professions have had time tc ripen into praiseworthy works, and until the people and the legis lation of the Territory, in consonance with their professions, are brought into harmony with tbe general views of the country and the Territory placed in the advanced posi tion it would have attained bat for the past attitude of those who are now asking the boon of Statehood. It is more than probable that the question of Utah as a political factor in national affairs will be considered in connection with the applica tion for its admission as a State, but neither of the great political parties, Democrats nor Republicans, so far as the past history of this people is concerned, can lay claim with any degree of certainty to their support. Annual Report ot Governor Zulick. Washington, October 17.—C. Meyer Zulick, Governor of Arizona, in his annual report, estimates the population of te Ter ritory at 90,000, an increase of nearly 50,000 over the census estimate of 1880. The ag gregate assessed valuation ol taxable prop erty tor the present year is $26,313,500, an increase of nearly $6,000.000 over 1886. By reduced expenditures and increased taxa ble values and the gradual lessening of the tax rate the territory is now absolutely on a safe and healthful financial basis. The agricultural possibilities of Arizona, with proper irrigation, continues the report, can scarcely be overestimated. Its live stock interests are in a flourishing condition. Taken in the aggregate the mining inter ests of Arizona are on a safe 'and paying basis. The Governor says there are few portions of the republic, outside of Michi gan, Wisconsin and Washington Territory that contain snch extensive bodies of tim ber above the average quality. The public school system of Arizona is the subject of pride to all of her citizens and it pays to its teachers higher salaries than any other state or territory and requires a higher standard of ability. The Governor recom mends that the ,16th and 36th sections of school land in every township be sold and the proceeds applied to the school purposes of the territory. As to the Indians the report says that all the tribes in the Territory of ffie Nava joes are prosperous, intelligent and enter prising, and are doubtless the healthiest tribe in the United »States. They number about 15,000 souls and are increasing. It is estimated that they own 20,000 horses and 1,000,000 head of sheep. They farm quite extensively and raise good crops. The Apaches occupy the San Carlos reservation, containing 2,628,000 acres of the best agricultural land in the Territory. As a race they are lazy, thievish and mur derous, seemingly incapable of civilization. As long as the Apache Indians are suffered to remain within the borders of the Terri tory, continues the Governor, just so long will the peace of Arizona be insecure and her progress retarded. The Governor renews his recommenda tion of last year, that Congress make a liberal appropriation for a hydrographic survey of the Territory with a view of ob taining water for irrigating purposes by storage reservoirs. ; AMERICAN SUPREMACY. The Claim of Dominion Over Behring Sea. _ • Ottawa, October 13.—The government here is in receipt of advices from Sitka, which contain the brief understood to have been prepared in Washington and filed in the court at Sitka by A. K. Delaney as counsel for the United States in the latter's claim of exclusive dominion over KehriDg »Sea, as brought out in the existing seal fisheries dispute. Delaney takes the posi tion that Behring Sea is not a portion ot the open or high sea, but is an inland water cut off from the ocean and essen tially land-locked. The assertion that the United States upholds the idea of the three mile limit in the Atlantic ocean and op poses the same idea in the Pacific is dis posed of by Delaney as follows : Concerning the doctrine of international law establishing what is known as the ma rine league belt, which extends the juris diction of a nation into adjacent seas for the distance of one marine league, or three miles from its shores, and following the in dentations and sinuosities of its coast, there is no room at this day for discussion. It must be accepted as the settled law of na tions. It is sustained by the highest au thority of law writers and jurists and it has been sanctioned by the United States since the foundation of the government. Well founded as is this doctrine of the law of nations, it is no more firmly established as part of the international code than that other principle which gives to a nation su preme jurisdiction over its own inland waters, gulfs, bays and seas. If a sea is entirely inclosed by the terri tories of a nation and has no other com munication with the ocean than by a chan nel, of which that nation may take pos session, it appears that such a sea is no less capable of being occupied and becom ing property than the land, and it ought to follow the fate of the country that sur rounds it. The Mediterranean in former times was absolutely inclosed within the territories of the Romans, and that the people, by rendering themselves masters oftne8trait which joins it to the ocean, might subject the Mediterranean to their empire and assume dominion over it, they did not by such proceeding injure the rights of other nations iu particular, the sea being manifestly designed by nature for the use of the countries and nations that surround it. Delaney then makes numerous references to prove that Russia always asserted that the Behring sea was an inland water and that the United States had always main tained the same position since the acquisi tion of title. The brief then goes on to state how Russia's title was based on "dis covery and settlement," and how the United States acquired its title. The treaty be tween the United States and Russia, as germain to the question involved iu the case, is quoted in full. In conclusion, De laney says : "The foregoing record may convey hut a meagre idea of the indomita ble energy and perseverance displayed by the Russian people in acquiring empire in North America, beginning with the dis covery of the Bebrmg sea iu 1723 and ex tending for more than a century and a -'■îarter, wherein they braved the perils of land and sea, overcame the savage native population ; laced ice and snow, storm and shipwreck to found and maintain an em pire on these rugged shores. "Enough has been said to disclose the basis of Russia's right to jurisdiction of the Behring sea under the Jaw of Dations, viz : Original possession of the Asiatic coast, followed by the discovery and posses sion of the Aleutian chain and the shores of Alaska north, not only to Behring straits, hut to Point Barrow and the frozen ocean, thus including within its territory, as within the embrace of a mighty giaDt, tbe islands and waters of Behring sea, aDd with this the assertion and exercise of domain over land and sea. Such is our understanding of'tbe law ; such is the record. Upon them the United States is prepared to abide the judgment of the courts and the opinion of the civilized world." Bankers' Convention. Pittsburg-, October 12.—In the after noon Hon. B. Wilkins, of Ohio, delivered an address on "How to avoid the accumu lation of surplus in the future." Wm. P. St. John, President of the Mercantile Na tional Bank of New Y'ork, followed in a deeply technichal paper on "Possible emer gencies in the money market." H. N. Kingman, of Chicago, read a paper and was followed by Col. Kxall, of Texas, who addressed the convention on "The progress of the South and West." A resolution was then adopted referring to the immunity enjoyed by a class of criminals known as defaulters and embez zlers by flight to Canada, and requesting tbe executive committee to appoint a com mittee to represent to the State Depart ment the great evil now existing and urge an early amendment to the treaties with Great Britain, so that the evil may be abated. Samuel Norment, of Washington, offered resolutions referring to the proposed joint celebration by the sixteen American re publics in honor of the Centennial anni versary of the inaugnratiao of consti tutional government on the Western Hem isphere, and the World's Exposition in honor of the 400th anniversary of the dis covery of America ; heartily favoring this movement toward more intimate relations between the several sister nations of the three Americas, and commending it to the people of the United States as a matter of great practical importance. The resolutions were referred to the ex ecutive committee. Pittsburg, October 13.— The report of the committee on silver came up. The committee says the American Banking Association has already taken the ground that both paper and gold are required as the money of the worlff, but that an inter national agreement on the part of a major ity of the chief commercial nations of the world can practically settle the question of the relative value of gold and silver when coined. The report refers to the action taken by foreign powers, and concludes with the recommendation that the coinage of silver dollars by the United »States be suspended till the points at issue be set tled by international agreement. The re port was adopted. Interstate Commerce Matters. Washington, October 11. —The inter state commerce commission to-day resumes its open session. The first case was Milton Evans vs Oregon Railway & Navigation Co., in which Evans alleges that the charge of 81 made by the company for trans porting a car load of wheat from Walla Walla to Portland, Ore., was unreasonably high and extortionate, and prays that the company be required to return half of the snm. The railroad company maintain that the charge i3 not extortionate for the rea son that the road between the points named has extraordinary grades and carves, is frequently obstructed by snow and earth slides, and is operated at great expense. Argument was also heard in another case of a like character, Wm. N. Keed vs. Oregon Railway & Navigation Co., wherein it is stated that the railway company made an excessive charge of 30 cents per hun dred ponnds for the conveyance of wheat between Walla Walla and Portland, Ore. The proceedings this morning in both cases relate to the cost of operating the railroad and the definition of an extortion ate charge and formal printed arguments will be presented hereafter. i CONTRACT LABOR. History of the Warren Case. New Y'ork, October 13.—U. »S. District A»tornev Walker decided to-day that the case of Rev. E. Walpole Warren, recently called from England to the rectorship of the Church of the Holy Trinity, comes under tbe contract labor law. and that he will he forced to commence suit against the vestry and wardens of the church. New Y'ork, October 13—The history of this case is in brief as follows : Some months ago a Scotch farmer named Cum miDgs came to this country under contract, and was refused permission to land on the ground that it would be a violation of the law against the immigration of persons under contract to perform labor or service in the United States. J. S. Kennedy. Pres ident of the St. Andrews Society, of this city, endeavored in vain to get permission for Cummings to land, and the farmer was sent hack to Scotland. When it became known that Rev. Mr. Warren was coming to the United States under contract to fill the pastorate of Trinity Church, Kennedy notified Collector Magone of the fact and demanded that he he not allowed to land. The protest was not heeded and the preacher landed. Then Kennedy appealed to the Secretary of the Treasury, who re plied that the matter had passed beyond his jurisdiction, which only went to the extent of preventing the landing, bat that if the laws were violated it was the duty of the United «States District Attorney to begin an action against the Rev. Mr. War ren's employers and against the captain of the ship which brought him here to re cover the penalty ot $1,000 lor a violation of the laws. Kennedy appealed to the Dis trict Attorney, who this afternoon made known bis decision. He says it is plain that the law does not refer merely to man ual labor, for it expressly exempts profes sional actors, artists, lecturers and singers, and as the Rev-. Warren is neither of these, he falls plainly within the law. The Dis trict Attorney intimates a rather poor opin ion of the law, hot declares that it is his duty to enforce it. Mr. Kennedy says he has no feeling either against the Rev. War ren or Trinity Church, but he proposes merely to make a test ease, in order to briDg the obnoxious law into disrepute, and he writes to the clerks of Trinity parish, saying that in case the church is mulcted in the sum of $1,000 damages, he (Ken nedy) will make the amount good to it. Or; A COMBINE. anization to Protect the Lead In dustry. St. Louis, October 14.—An account is published here to-day of the probable or ganization of the lead and smelting firms of the West with a view to forming a com pact to sustain the American lead mar kets. The move is said to have been very quietly pushed to a successful issue, and the details are now being perfected. It will be known as the National Lead Trust Co., with headquarters in St. Louis. Among the chief promoters named are Thompson & Co., owners of the »St. Louis »Smelting and KefiniDg Co.; Gustave Bil lings. of the Socorro, N. M. Reduction Woks; the owners of the Harrison Reduc tion Works of Lead ville; several Utah smeltors and plant owners; St. Louis white lead manufacturers, and the princi pal lead ore dealers of Zacatcas and City of Mexico. On the other hand W. H. Gregg, President of the Southern White Lead Co., of St. Louis, says his concern will not enter tbe trust, and that he knew of five of the largest white lead companies in the United States that are not in it. GEN. KILPATRICK. Disposition of the Remain* of the Dashing Trooper. New Y'ork, October 13. —The steamer Newport lrom Aspinwall, having the re mains of the late Gen. Kilpatrick onboard, was docked early this morning. Mrs. Kil patrick and her two daughters, who accom panied the body, went to a hotel. A num ber of friends of the deceased were on the i dock when the boat arrived. It was first supposed the remains would lie interred in the family plot at DickerstowD, N. J., but Mrs. Kilpatrick informed thq gentlemen interested in the funeral arrangements that it was the General's wish to have his body j laid at rest in the U. S. military cemetery at West Point. Gen. Sherman has volun teered to speak at the funeral. Funeral ofMinister Manning. New Y'ork, October 11.—The funeral: services over the remains of Minister Manning were held this morning at Trinity chapel. Bishop Whipple officiated. The pall bearers were Gen. Sherman, Gen. Beauregard, J. Floyd King, E. L. Viele, It. W. Gilder, Percy Roberts, J. Pierrepont Morgan, Henry K. Jackson, Gov. Green, of New Jersey; Rosewell P. Flower, Wm. Dorisheimer, George Preston and Dr. Wm. Polk. After the services the body was sent by express to New Orleans, whither the widow, unaccompanied, went this after- ; noon, and where interment will take place, j Died. London, October 13.—The death is an- j uouncedof Mrs. Craig, Dinah Maria Mnlock, ! the authoress. Pittsburg, October 14.—Rev. Daniel R. Kerr, D. D., editor of the United Presby terian and one of the foremost preachers of his church, died at 9:30 a. m. to-day after a prolonged illness. Dr. Kerr was in his 70th year. Drowned. Peoria, October 15.—While out on the lake in company with a small party on the steamer Lotus this evening, Miss Carrie Worthington, daughter of ex-Congressman E. Worthington, fell overboard and was drowned. Insane Asylum Burned. Cleveland, October 12.—A lire broke out this evening in the Northern Ohio in sane asylum during the weekly dance given the more tractable of the patients. While they were eDjoyiDg themselves the cry of fire was raised and the flames and smoke suddenly poured into the dancing hall, creating a fearful panic among the 350 inmates. As soon as the first xcitement had abated the attendants made a courageous dash and moved the unfortunates who had been overcome. The bodies of six women who had suffocated were recovered and three more fonnd in an injured condition. Two of the dead were unrecognizable, the others were Mrs. Margaret Pitts, Miss Jen nie Hamm. Miss Evelyn Scribner and Mrs. Charlotte Knowlton. One of the injured may die. But for the heroic conduct of the physicians and attendants, who rushed into the blinding smoke and flames and dragged the terror stricken insane people from the hall, the loss of life must have been terri ble. The fire started in the laundry, a one story building which adjoins the wing in which the chapel is located. The piompt response and active work of the firemen prevented a disastrous spread of the flames and the loss of property will fall below $25,000. Had the fire occurred any other night of the week there would have been no loss of life. Railitoad Leased. Concord, N. H., Oetober 13.—The Sen ate this morning passed the Hazen bill, or the Boston & Maine railway hill, about which such a scandal has been raised, by a vote o Ç 16 to 8. The bill permits a lease to the Boston & Maine railway ot the Boston & Lowell railway and its New Hampshire system. BANK CLOSED. The Cashier a Defaulter to a Large Amount. Stafford .Spf.ings, Conn , October 12.— A great sensation was created here this afternoon when tLe fact beearne known that R. S. Hicks, cashier of the Stafford National Bank, was a defaulter to a large amount. Upon the bank's door was a notice that the institution was closed pend ing an investigation. National Bank Ex aminer Forman said to an Associated Press correspondent: "When I examined the Stafford Bank I discovered that checks had been drawn by R. S. Hicks, treasurer, on the Third National Bank of Springfield. Mass., to the amount of $13,200. I then suspected something decidedly wrong in the bank's affaire, and upon further inves tigation discovered that the cashier only had $300 to his credit. The exact amount of his deficit can be ascertained when all the checks that nave been drawn on New Y'ork and Boston banks are presented and statements rendered by those banks. The total loss to the institution will be over $100,000, and of this amount the cashier confesses to having taken $73,000. The capital stock of the bank is $200,000 and surplus $24,000, while the undivided profits amount to over $3,000. A large number of false entries appear on the books, consisting of overstatements ol amounts due the bank from New York and Boston correspondents. The falsity ot these entries have been clearly shown by a careful comparison of his books with the accounts of the New \ ork and Boston hanks." The latest investigation shows that the hank is practically ruined, having only $11,000 on hand. Hicks has resided here tweDty years, was an influential member of the Episcopal church and a public spirited citizen. He is 40 years old and married. It is asserted that he has been interested in speculation for an extended period. Stafford Springs, Conn., October 13.— The excitement over the downfall ot the »Stafford Springs National Bank continues high. United States Bank examiner For man says the shortage grows bigger and bigger.' The latest investigation reveals the fact that the deficit is $S0,000, but there is no doubt that it is in excess of that amount. Aside from the above, the bad debts amount to $75,000, in addition to what is recorded in the books in tbe way of notes, making an aggregate of over $159,000. Bank Examiner Forman continued his investigation into the affairs of the bank to-day. He has informed the Comptroller of the Currency that a receiver should be appointed at once. The impression is tha very little of the $200,000 capital will be left. It has been discovered that the de faulter sent $75,000 of the stolen funds to one New York stock broker within three months. ASSIGNMENT. Liabilities of the Niobrara Cattle Co. Belleville, 111., October 15.—The deed of assignment of the Niobrara Cattle Co., which did business at the National »itock Yards, East »St. Louis, has been filed in the County Recorder's office, signed by H. L. Newman, President. Edward L. Thomas, a prominent Belleville attorney, is named as the assignee. The document does not dis close anything with regard to their lia bilities or the names of jts creditors, The assets are set down as follows : A United States contract, in the name olJohnN. Simpson, to deliver 4,062,500 pounds ot beef, of which 811,410 pounds have been delivered and remain unpaid for. Vouch ers amounting to $16,402 67 in favor ol Josepn S. Smith, issued by the U. S. agency ; contract of sale of 80 horses at Rosebud agency, made with Edward Hord; about 100 horses at Rosebud agency ; 70 horses at the Cheyenne river Indian agency ; ab». at 10,000 head of cattle, on the range, in Caster county, ' Montana ; two houses and lots in Miles City, Montana ; wagons and tents, camping outfits, etc, at Rose bud agency ; certain desert entries in Cus ter county, Montana, on which the com pany has expended $25,000 in the payment of entries and ditches, but which are of no value except for the use and occupation of the company's herds. TO EXPEDITE TRAVEL. Quicker Time Between New York and Mexico. Mexico, (via Galveston) October 14.— It is announced that Huntington's Interna tional road, which runs from Eagle Pass to a point on the Central railway, will be completed next month, that the rolling stock will be ready in January and that a fast mail service between New York and Mexico can then be had. It is said that if quicker time can he had on the imme diately connecting roads, the time between the City of Mexico and New York will be reduced for passengers and mails to four days and a half. This would be a gain of three days and a half over the present time. Capital Stock Increased. Chicago, October 13. — The capital stock of the Pullman Palace Car Co, al ready at the enormous total of $15,920,000, was to-day increased 25 per cent., making the aggregate amount nearly $20,000,900. This action was taken at the annual meet ing of the company. An examination of the financial statement showed the surplus for the year to be $1,536,884. An increase of stock was recommended by President Pnllman, who stated it to be for the pur pose of providing the capital reqniied to meet the cost of additional equipment and for farther extension in tbe near future. Incidentally it was stated in the president's address that the number of persons em ployed by the company in the operating and manufacturing departments was 9,066. and the wages paid during the year 15,0-tl, 633. The earnings from operating care \ere $5,621,017, and from manufacturing, etc., $820,114. W. U. T. Report. New York, October 12. — The main facts contained in the annual report of the Western Union are; Gross earnings for the year ending June 30. $17,191,909, operating expenses $13,154,628, net earnings $4,037, 281. interest and sinking fund $533,065, balance $3,504,216, dividends $811,864, sur plus from the year's business $2,692,352. The last feature is a vital one, as it com pares with the deficit in meeting charges last year of $14,169. The report concludes by saying that the facilities and advantages afforded by the addition ot the Baltimore & Ohio system it is confidently believed will largely increase the revenues. This acquisition and others made since the close of the fiscal year, and not inclnded in the report, will swell the company's plant to about 162,000 miles of line and over 580, 000 miles of wire. The contract with the Baltimore & Ohio was ratified and an issne of $5,000,000 of new stock was authorized. Refused a Charter. Austin, October 14.—TheMatodor Land and Cattle Co., incorporated in »Scotland with a capital of €400,000, has been refused a charter to do business in Texas. At torney General Hogg decides that to grant a charter would be clearly repugnant to public interests and declares that even a domestic corporation coaid not get a char ter for the purpose of purchasing and own ing real estate in Texas, when snch is their main purpose.