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Publishers. R. E. FISK,......Editor THURSDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1887. England has been indulging in an early snow storm and by all accounts more se vere than with us. The Oregonian is one of the best and ablest edited papers in the country, what ever it may think or say about President Cleveland's trip through the West. RtSSlA continues her tight with Ger many and has interdicted the teaching of German in her schools, and all the German professors are l>eing bundled across the line. The Secretary of the Treasury did not get his full fourteen millions of bonds be fore Octolier 8, but it only fell short $623, 150. 11 is not decided whether any more bonds shall be purchased. That is nota happy comparison between President Cleveland and Carter Harrison. We know of no Democratic usage of recent date that requires a renomination. It was not accorded to Polk, Pierce or Buchanan. We see no reason wny the World or Sun should oe accounted derelict for opposing the reuomination of Cleveland. We are very much inclined to believe there have been vast frauds committed on the government in the matter of under valuation of imported wool. The home supply has not kept pace with the in creased home demand, and the low prevail ing prices indicate that Eastern manufac turer are supplying themselves from foreign countries by dishonest means. The matter needs thorough investigation. If the President was really so impressed with the growth of St. Paid and Minneap olis and endorses the sentiment that ihey are in the center of the continent, we hope he will bear this fact in mind and remem ber that Dakota joins Minnesota and is set tled by the satr.v - ,rtof people and that her growth is on the same wonderful scale. And when Dakota applies again for state hood, we hope Grover Cleveland will use his influence to secure statehood for her. One thing oar Governor forgot to men tion—the interest and importance to our people that the treaties negotiated by the Indian commission last winter, reducing our immense northern reservation, should receive the earliest attention and favorable action on the part of Congress. These vast reservations, which have been of no earthly use to the few Indians who have roved over them, are now traversed by a railroad and are needed for settlement. If Congress acts early, confirms the treaties, provides for the survey of these lands and makes them accessible to settlers, there will be hundreds of locations made the coming season. It is a very fortunate thing lor ns that the cholera and yellow fever have simul taneously appeared in this country so late in the season, that there is no danger of either spreading. It will serve to warn our people of the necessity of getting ready to face the dangers of another season in good shape. In Europe, where anything like good sanitary conditions existed, it has not been found difficult to stay the ad vance of the cholera. For three years past it has been in Southern Europe and has been kept out of the northern part of the coutinent, although there has been little interruption of intercourse. In former times it would have gone all over Europe in a single season. The Heslad prints all that is tele graphed of the Governor's report to the Interior Department embodying the Ex ecutive's statement of Montana matters and affairs. At borne here a wider dis semination of the lull text of ihe paper than the medium aflbrded by a single print would have seemed desirable, but this in large measure is preclud'd! by a narrow discrimination which allows one publication advantages withhc d from others. There are features of interest in the report, not a lew of which are present ed in intelligent form. Several of the sub jects treated are reminders that the Gov ernor is new to the country. His estimate of 130,000 population, for instance, is probably 50,000 too low. The few months' residence of the Governor has given him but slight opportunity to see the Territory or come in contact with the people to learn their number. The gist of the report is contained in the press dispatches which The Hebald is first to lay before the Helena public. The Hebald entertains no unkind feel ings towards its contemporary,or any one of its helpers or heelers. In the most friend ly spirit we yesterday admonished the editorial writer that he was off in belabor ing Pulitzer and Dana and such Demo cratic powers as they on Cleveland's ac count. With the more or less dramatic incident fresh in the memory of Mon tanians of a metaphorical boot hoisted by two hundred and eighty pounds of Presi dential avoirdupoise in undignified eject ment from the White House of a distin guished Territorial citizen who laudably aspired to executive honors, the Hebald and a host of others who have thought of his honor more than himself have been unable to understand how the Independent, under its present auspices, could so unctuously sound the hewgag and strum the tomton in consonance with Cleveland music. We again warn our beloved contemporary that it will grow to a great and wearisome task if it tries to larrup all the members of the Democratic and Republican press for refus ing, unlike itself, to toady to Cleveland and clamor for the continuance of an adminis tration upon which no part of the country more than Montana has put the seal of disfavor and condemnation. I OIR GOVERNOR'S REPORT. The annual report of Governor Leslie to the Interior Department is one that does credit to the author, and in most respects is creditable to our Territory. The only criticism we feel inclined to make is that it is too conservative by far. Our population is estimated at only 130.000, an increase of only 10,G00 within a year. The people of Helena alone claim an increase equal to half that amount, and Butte claims still more. It is one thing to claim it and another to show it, but we could come pretty near to showing all that we claim. We think our Governor's estimate too low, and when we compare it with other Terri tories, it does us relative injustice. In the matter of assessments there is some thing exact and tangible. Our assess ment this year reaches sixty millions, as much as the State of Florida returned last year for all its real and personal property, fifty per cent, more than the State of Nevada, where mines and rail roads are assessed. I f we were assessed on the same basis as other States it would be at least twice as great. We could name a half dozen mines in Montana whose stock at present market prices is worth more than our entire assess ment, and these are not included at all, nor do they constitute one-half of our developed mineral wealth. Our 1,500 miles of railroad, if rated at only $20, 000 per mile, would represent an aggre gate of thirty millions. With only these two omitted items, our wealth would be increased to $150,000,000, and if our population were figured at 150,000, it would allow $1,000 for every man, woman and child in Montana. Even allowing that we have a population of 150.000, we should still be the richest people in this richest country of the world. The Governor of Idaho claims a pop ulation of 100,000, and yet at the elec tion of last year, when as full a vote was out as in Montana, the vote of Idaho was less than half that of Montana. Judged by assessment, Montana has three times the population of Idaho, and judged by the votes cast, more than twice as great. Our vote last year was nearly 4,000 greater than that of New Mexico, which claims a population of 240.000, While we have no fault to find with Governor Leslie for his conservative estimate of our population, it is possible that it may operate adversely to our claims for admission as a State, an object that is foremost in the wishes of every citizen of Montana. While Con gressmen rarely show by their votes that they ever read these executive reports, some one would be sure to quote against us the estimate of our own Governor, if the question of our admission were seriously considered and pushed in the approaching session of Congress. r •X* Another point made by our Governor deserves even more attention than it re ceives, and is one of the strongest argu ments for early admission as a State. Our school lands, that were nominally set apart for the support of public free schools more than twenty-three years ago, have never yet yielded a penny for that purpose. Children have been born and grown to manhood and womanhood in Montana without receiving the least assistance from the general government. Our people have not been allowed to de rive the little benefit that might have come from leasing these lands. But even this is not the worst. Every year the most valuable portions of these school lands have been taken up as mineral lands, and with no one to contest these misappropriations the title has passed to private hands and beyond recovery. The mere inclosure of these lands, where they are not stripped of timber or ex hausted by continued cultivation, does no harm, but irreparable loss comes from having them taken up as mineral lands and on flimsy but uncontroverted testi mony forever alienated from the sacred purpose to which they were originally dedicated. Other lands may some time be given in place of them, but they will not be worth a fraction of those that are lost. And the longer our admission as a state is deferred this robbery will con tinue to increase and the poorer will be the residue from which to claim recom pense. In this is one of the strongest argu ments for early admission as a state. The general government never has done anything and never will do anything to educate the people of territories for the duties and responsibilities of citizens. A NOTH EE railroad accident such as that reported Tuesday and detailed later will cause a shudder to creep through every individual reader. There is some thing horrible about being mangled and incinerated in this fashion. These acci dents are getting too frequent to allow the dismissal of the subject from the public mind. The public has a right to better protection of life and limb, even if it costs something. Bat in most of these cases the loss of life might have been prevented by the exercise of more care. With a tele graph lino at the service of the railroads it is simply neglect not to know where every train is at all times. Besides the tele graph the telephone might be used and danger signals should be multiplied to suit all situations of day or night. Somebody is to blame in these cases and generally a good many somebodies. We have never known anybody to be hung for causing death by criminal carelessness. Probably punitive money damages have more pro tective influence than imprisonment. There is room for advanced legislation, but we look for practical public protection more to what railroad managers shall do in self interest in selecting good men for all de partments of their service, paying them well and keeping them steadily in posi tions so that they may be familiar with every possible source of danger. SGERMANY'S IMPERIAL LINE. The late news that the disease of the Crown Prince is incurable and likely to terminate his lfte at an early day still further complicates and renders the sit uation an uneasy one. The aged Em peror cannot survive much longer, though he may possibly outlive the Crown Prince. In the event of both dying the scepter [»asses to the son of the Crown Prince and Victoria's oldest daughter, a young man of 28 years. He is represented as every inch a soldier and ambitious to engage in further wars to extend and strengthen the German Em pire. It is not unlikely that within a year he may be in position to carry out his ambition. We have several times seen it noticed that the general opinion among military circles in Germany is that war would be precipitated at once but for fear that it would by its excite ment cause the death of the old Emper or. And now there is the further dread that it would hasten the end of the Crown Prince also. But in any event there will be no disputed succession. Besides Germany does not depend on the life of any one man, either Emperor or Premier like Bismark. Germany has a policy and an organization stronger than the power of any one who is nominally Emperor. Bismarck has scores of men trained to carry out his policy, and any one of these could do the work that is laid out. The civil ser vice is organized like the military into a perfectly working system. Such is the situation of Germany in the heart of Europe, with enemies on either side, that it keeps the people alert to danger, united among them selves, and ready to bear all the burdens of war taxation. Every German in any [»art of the empire is about as much in terested to maintain Bismarck's policy as he is himself. If we remember what Germany has already done, when less united and much less organized and self confident than now, we shall under stand the calmness with which a prob able union of France ami Russia is viewed. If these two countries were contiguous they would be more formid able. Germany has the advantage of situation and such is the organization of the transportation service that armies could be transferred in a few hours from one side of the empire to the other, and after dealing a crushing blow to France, the same troops, within three days, could be ready to deal a like blow to the Russians. Notwithstanding the many indications of Rusian fear and dislike toward the Germans, there is not and cannot be any close and hearty alliance between Russia and France. The Rus sians have not forgotten the French in vasions and the destruction of Moscow, nor do they look upon Europe as the chief theatre of their future growth and power. The tastes, character, habits and ambi tions of the Russians are more Asiatic than European. The remark of Na poleon that Europe would he all Repub lican or all Cossack within a hundred years is not likely to be fulfilled. With all her resources of men Russia is weak iu organization and the materials of war, without which multitudes of sol diers are but an incumbrance. If France was ever going to strike ef fectively, the sooner it is done the more likely it will be to succeed. The Rus sian alliance is an uncertain matter. The French finances are getting into a worse condition every year. The French gov ernment is weak, and in this respect Germany has a great advantage. If war were to begin it is more than probable that the French would be fighting among themselves as much as they would fight the Germans, within three months. The French are without*either statesmen or military leaders that enjoy the confidence of the people. While we cannot admire the iron despotism of the German empire, there is something to admire in the grim de termination to hold what has been won and gain whenever opportunity offers. There is something to admire in the sleepless vigilance, the restless energy that characterizes the entire German people, from Emperor to peasant. It is the condition of success. Whether it be Emperor William, or Crown Prince Frederick William, or the son of the letter, it will be one united, strong, thoroughly harmonized Germany when the tocsin of war is again sounded. Commissioner Sparks, in his report, evidently is disappointed in the showing that be makes. He insists that all be has said before about frauds is just as true now as when be first uttered it. The poor man has evidently had a hard time of it between the land sharks and Lamar. It is a won der that aDy man conld be induced to work so hard and suffer so much for the meagre salary that he gets, only $4,000 a year, while any ordinary railroad presi dent gets from $10,000 to $50,000. For about 25,000,000 ac:cs ot land sold during the year the government gets less than half that number of dollars. A great display is made of the fact that through his mighty exertions over 30,000,000 acres of land have been restored to the public domain. The reader would almost think that it had been clan destinely packed up in some foreign bag gage to be shipped out of the country. Mr. Sparks has nothing better to offer than to urge the repeal of all the land laws except the homestead law, which requires a resi dence of five years. If Mr. Sparks is honest and has used to advantage the op portunities to learn that his position should afford, he would know that there are just as many frauds under the homestead law as any of the land laws. This law is not suited to the public domain that is left, aad a very little acquaintance with the subject would convince him of it, if he would travel. The Cleveland administration, as every one knows, has treated leading Democrats of Montana very shabbily, yet in the face of this fact no print is more truculent and subservient in its pandering to the Presi dent's whims and caprices than the local party organ. To the great number of Democrats the toadying of our contempo rary to Cleveland is quite too abject to suit, and few of them indeed are willing to fol low the organ in its obsequious cringing to a President who has never been friendly to our people or their interests. Just now our neighbor is lecturing and berating va rious of the leading journals, Democratic and Republican, for what appears their well warranted criticisms of the President. Its displeasure on this account is directed at ihose sterling Democratic papers, the World and Sun, on one coast, and the Oregonian, Republican, on the other. It all seems so strange. It was only a.few months ago that for his manly and bravely spoken views on the silver and other ques tions vital to Montana, ex-Governor Hauser, whose ownership of the Independent is sup posed in a manner to influence its political and other expression, was treated with anything but courtesy or consideration by Cleveland. There was Major Maginnis, too, who fared no better—the President twice turning his back upon him and re fusing him the Governorship, which was not permitted to linger an hour in the oc cupation of Hauser following the tender of his resignation. No conspicuous Demo crats in all the country were quite so con temptuonslv treated as these gentlemen of Montana—these representative leaders of the two factions of the Democracy of the Territory. It is difficult to divine how an organ with which both of these prominent political figures are generally credited with being intimately connected should assume the special championship of the man for a brief tenure President of the United States who has never missed his opportunity to insult and do them injury. We are much mistaken if a change of heart does not one of these fine days come over the Independ ent and Cleveland be spoken of with some thing of the candor that marks the World and Sen and many other journals of the country. __ The Knights of Labor have said aud done so many good things at their Minne apolis session that it may look a little un generous to quarrel with them over the very foolish proposition that they endorsed for the government to give every settler a homestead and then loan him $500 to set up housekeeping and begin the cultivation of the land. The result of offering such a premium to poverty would be to increase poverty as a matter of coarse. The propo sition is the wildest one ever seriously en tertained by sane men. It would be no kindness to the poor settlers. Money got so easily would not be as carefully hus banded or expended as money earned by hard work and economy. When pay day came around nine-tenths would want an extension with a reduction of interest, and probably the end would be that the gov ernment would lose every dollar thus loaned. If aDy attempt were made to col lect it by law or in the form of eviction, there would be a bowl from every dema gogue in the land, and the easiest way out would be to cancel the debt. But think of the precedent, if government once started out in this direc tion. If it loaned to every poor man who went out to work land, why should it not do just as much for the poor people in the towns and cities that did not want to cul tivate land? There is just as much reason why it should furnish every carpenter with a shop and tools, and so throughout every occupation known to society. As there is no royal road to learning, so there is none to wealth and competence. The experience and knowledge gained by earning money is necessary to use it advantageously. The method proposed by the Knights would certainly dispose of the surplus, but we fear in such a way that it wonld do more harm than good to everybody. This coun try offers competence and wealth to every one now by the use of proper industry, en ergy and economy. That is all that any reasonable being has a right to ask, unless disabled from work by misfortune, and in that event the coun try is ready to bestow charity. Those who had the privilege and pleas ure of hearing Dr. Morris's lecture last evening upon Palestine mu9t have been impressed with the statement that the poverty, desolation, ignorance and super stition of the present inhabitants of that country is the result of misgovernment altogether. The country has still all the elements and resources of prosperity that it possessed when given as ihe choicest epot on earth to God's chosen people. There are the same elements of fertility in the soil, the same abundant and timely rains, the same delicious and healthful climate. Almost every acre, though the ground is mach broken op, is capable of the highest cultivation, and under a stable and enlightened government the country might again become the fairest and most fruitful portion of the world. The people now have no inducement to raise more than they consume from day to day. If they seek to raise more it is seized by the agents of the Turkish government who are no better than the highway robbers. Even those who have property affect'poverty and the inhabitants who receive anything from foreign visitors for services or things sold, always entreat th«r employers or patrons not to let the government agents know it. The fact that so many people still live in the country and cling to it, thongh system atically robbed, is proof of what might be ander good government and favorable cir cumstances, with all the inventions of modern civilization to co-operate with the energies and bounties of nature. We wish some strong and enlightened nation would get possession of Palestine. Probably the jealousies of European powers wonld bring them to consent to the possession of the country by the United States. Can't some way be found that we can get to adminis ter on this portion of "the sick man's" es tate? We have carefully read all the reported speeches of President Cleveland since he started out on his trip and they have ap peared to us generally common and hurt less. It is perhaps the time, while the matter of renomination is incubating, that makes it seem to some as an electioneering tour. It is certainly right that the Presi dent should see more of the country and we cannot but think his visit to St. Paul, Minneapolis and Kansas City has given him some ideas of the growth and import ance of the new West that will do him some good. It might have avoided some criticism if he had made his tour earlier, but we think there is a certain respect that every citizen of the country, without distinction of party, owes to the official position of the President and we are glad to notice that Repnlicans and their newspapers have so generally abstained from any partisan or distasteful comment. We have failed to see that the President has said or done anything to provoke any uncivil comment. If Cleveland desires a re election it is not an unworthy ambition ; if he reads aDy cyclopedias it is very much to his credit, and is only what everybody else does. Un fortunately cyclopedias give little informa tion about the West. From a party stand point we would be as content to see Cleve land renominated as any one mentioned by the Democrats. We believe that Mr. Blaine conld beat him and so could several others that have been named in this con nection. The election will turn, as before, upon the vote of New York, and from a careful observation of the political drift in that State, we conclude that Mr. Cleve land has not gained in personal popularity nor are the principles on which he has ad ministered the government acceptable to the majority_ Mb. Joseph Chamberlain is over in Ulster, touring and speechifying, stirring up strife in a city notorious for its riotous career like Belfast, which he praises for its "orderly, regular life." It would seem as if intended for sarcasm, if it came from any other source. Chamberlain has evidently lent himself to a very discreditable piece of business in thus seeking to stir up division and discord in Ireland. It may serve the present interest of the Tories, but it is at the cost of the peace and prosperity of the British empire. Chamberlain's, llusionsto Irish influence in America comes with still poorer taste from one just appointed to negotiate a treaty with the United States. In his negotiations he will have to meet Secretary Bayard, who is the idol of Tam many Hall, and either Chamberlain is very ignorant of what he is talking about or very imprudent. Certainly he is iu very poor training for the duties to which he has been assigned, and his recent displays of poor taste and judgment argue badly for any successful treaty making. In this matter of the public surveys the attention of Congress ought to be called to the necessity of pushing them in advance of settlement. Those who settle on unsur veyed lands are always subjected to a great increase of trouble and expense. Settlers are discouraged from making locations, and after these are made in pushing improve ments that in the end they may lose. It will cost no more to survey these lands now than ten years hence, and there cer tainly is no excuse on the ground of lack of means, when the chief outcry is against the accumulating surplus in the treasury. Complaints are made against private sur veys, but so long as the government neg lects its duty in this respect, there is no other resort to those who exercise ordinary discretion in making locations and im provements. This neglect of the public surveys retards the settlement of the coun try and imposes needless expense npon our citizens, while nothing is made or gained by the government. We wish the telegraph would mention the name of that mail agent who loaded the robber with a charge of buckshot near El Paso. We desire to take off our hat to him and do him honor. It was one of the best items we have heard for a long time. A few such receptions would soon make this coach and train robbing unprofitable business. _ LARGE MINING SALE. Col. Carter, ot Philadelphia, Pur chases the Golden Circle Mines in Idaho tor 930,000. Dillon special, October 13th : L. C. Fyhrie, who had a bond on the Golden Circle group of mines at Gihbonsville, Idaho, has effected their sale to J. F. Car ter, of Philadelphia. The purchase in cludes eleven distinct mines, all more or less developed, a ten-stamp mill, a very valuable water power, chlorination works, and all the buildings formerly used as ac commodations for the men and processes used in the past for the extracting of the gold. The improvements on the ground represent a value of twenty thousand dol lars, but as the processes thus far used have proven failures and allowed the gold to go to waste, their practical value is rep resented by a much less amount. The high grade ores have all been worked out, and though large amounts of gold have been saved, yet owing to imperfect methods the tailings are of considerable value, both for the amount of gold con tained and deposits of quick-silver wasted. The ore has run into iron pyrites, and has proven too refractory for the methods used. Mr. Carter is a thorough practical miner of wide experience, who has devel oped what he callsadissulphurizing process, which took him six years to perfect, at a cost of a hundred thousand dollars, which is just suited for the treatment of this class of ore. He has seventy thousand ponnds of machinery in transit, and means to push the work to immediate completion. The first work will be an eleven hundred foot tunnel, which will tap the Sucker lode at a depth of eight hundred feet. This will represent an expense of ten thonsand dollars on the start, and shows the confi dence Mr. Carter has in his purchase, and he asserts his belief that were it near a railroad its value would run op in the hun dreds of thousands. $100,000 BOND. Occur d'Alene Record : The several properties on Ophir hill have been bonded to C. D. Porter, of Salt Lake City for sixty days. The total price agreed to is $100,000. It is too soon to annoance particulars re garding the intentions of the purchaser. In all probability the sale will be com pleted and the mines of Ophir hill will soon become a bee-hive of mining indnstry. This adds another bright star in the galaxy which is rapidly unfolding in the gold belt. ADJOURNMENT OE THE INSTI TUTE. At the afternoon session of the Institute yesterday the proceedings were opened by Miss Slocum, who treated the subject of physiology and hygiene in a very intelli gent manner. By the aid of blackboard diagrams she illustrated the system of cir culation of the blood and gave an interest ing explanation of her theme. Mr. Engelhorn followed with a disserta tion on penmanship and talked understand ing^ on the subject in the light of his practical experience. He explained the in tricacies of this difficult branch of teach ing and gave his views as to the best methods for advancing pupils in the art of chirography. His remarks were listened to with great interest. Superintendent Logan closed the after noon session with remarks upon his methods of teaching reading. On this subject Mr. Logan is not only thoroughly at home but at ease from long special study awarded it and his auditors received his remarks with dne deference to his great experience. He laid great stress upon the relation that sound bears to the sense in good reading and held that the inculcation of this fact was indispensible to a good reader. Miss Alice Israel, a little girl with pre cocious ability, recited a poem during the afternoon in a highly creditable manner. The closing exercises last evening were exceedingly epjoyable. Tie first feature of the programme was a vocal duet by Messrs. Osgood and Burgess, which was very well rendered. Miss Clark recited "Fra Giacomo'' in her usually excellent style, receiving the cus tomary plauditory tribute to her rare ele cutionary powers. Mr. Howey, one of the school trustees, then addressed the assemblage on the aims and objects of education and talked very entertainingly on the subject. A piano duet was then performed by Misses Slocnm and Frank and received with evident tokens of appreciation. Miss Knowles gave a recitation of "How wc Saved St. Michaels," and interpreted the favorite poem in an original and novel manner. The following resolution was offered by Mr. Carleton and adopted : "Resolved, That the thanks of this insti tute are hereby tendered to Dr. Rob Morris for his most practical and interesting dis course; to Missses Slocum, Frank, Lehman and Bach, and Messrs. Osgood and Bur gess and Mrs. Kelsey, for their kindness in furnishing us with delightful music; to Prof. R. H. Howey for his very able and instructive discourse upon education ; to the Hebald and Independent for kindly re porting the daily proceedings of the insti tute ; to Misses Clarke and Knowles for their recitations ; to Superintendents Logan and Clarke, who have provided ua the best county institute ever held in Lewis and Clarke county ; to the young ladies of the high school for furnishing flowers; and es pecially to the Rev. F. I). Kelsey for his learned essay on botany, and who was con spicuous as the only minister of the gospel in the city to honor the institute by his presence, the sincerest thanks of this insti tute are due and are hereby tendered.'' Miss Clark, who presided ably through out the session, then announced that she would examine applicants for teachers' certificates this morning, and declared the Institute adjourned. In concluding the Herald must re turn its thanks to Miss Knowles, the ac complished secretary of the Institute, for the use of her minutes during the session. The Territorial Institute, at which teachers and superintendents from all counties in Montana will be present, will be held in Helena during the holiday vaca tion. THE GOOD TEMPLARS. Opening ol the Grand Lodge at Butte. The Grand Lodge of Montana Good Templars convened in its twentieth annual session yesterday at Butte. The officers present were as follows : G.C. T.—John W. Chapman, of Melrose. G. V. T.—Mrs. Jennie M. Malloy, of Ana conda. G. S.—Massena Bullard, of Helena. G. S. J. T.—Mrs. Kate Chapman, cf Mel of in be at to R. rose. G. Treas.— P. B. Mills, ol Boulder. Pro ton. appointments were made as fol lows : P. G. C. T.—George R. Douglas, of Boul der. G. Chaplain—George C. Stall, of Ana conda. G. Marshal—Wallace Hope, of Boulder. G. G.—Mrs. F. M. Comfort, of Twin Bridges. G. Sentinel—Miles L. Tuttle. About fifty delegates were present from lodges in all parts of the erritory, Helena being represented as follows : Mrs. Susie F. Priest, Mrs. Laura Bullard. Miss Emma Hatch, Samuel R. Douglass, Oliver C. Bundy and Massena Ballard. The reports of the officers showed the order to be in excellent condition, having thirty-one lodges with 1,464 members. The financial affairs of the Grand Lodge are in a most satisfactory state. The Grand Treasurer has in his hands a cash balance of $2,596.33, which, together with accruing interest upon bank certificates and ether items, make the aggregate available assets $2.958.12. The presence of Col. John J. Hickman, of Missouri, P. R. W. G. T. of the order and widely known as one of the most dis tinguished temperance lecturers, adds in terest to the session. By invitation of G. C. T. Chapman, Col. Hickman took the chair soon after the opening of the morn ing session, and will preside at the remain ing sittings of the Grand Lodge. An elaborate banquet was given last night in honor of the Grand Lodge, at which over 200 persons were present. The Grand Lodge was welcomed by a few re marks by Matt W. Alderson ; the audience was favored with music under the direction of Miss Katie Barton ; a recitation was given by Miss Fannie Nelson, and a recita tion in character by Miss Marie E. Nelson entitled "The Jiners." The banquet was then spread, and after a feast of substan tials and indulging for an hoar in pleasant social chat, the toasts were proposed by T. J. Drum and responded to as follows : Our Guests, G. W. C. T., John W. Chap man. Montana, its Past, Present and Future, Rev. G. C. Stull. The Press, Rev. W. E. King. The Bar and the pulpit, Rev. Clampet. The Ladies, Massena Ballard. Oar Order, Col. J. J. Hickman. Yesterday morning at Butte the grand lodge of Good Templars elected the follow ing officers : G. C. T.—John R. Comfort of Twin Bridges. G. Counselor—Wm. E. Baggs of Stevens ville. G. O. T.—Miss Snsie F. Priest of Helena. G. S. J. T.—Mrs. Hattie Hunter of Boul der. G. S.—Massena Ballard of Helena. G. T.— P. B. Mills of Boulder. Wickes was selected as the next place of meeting of the grand lodge — Inter-Mountain: W. Egbert Smith and wife leave to-night for Carlifornia, where Mr. Smith expects to purchase a fruit farm and locate. He has long been identified with the best interests of Batte, and it is with regret that we learn of his intention to leave. R. to DISTRICT COURT. White Sentenced to Live Year«.--. Argument Concluded in the Beattie Case. At the atternoon session of court yester day the trial of J. P. White for sodomy was resumed. Alter the evidence was ail in the case was given to the jury, who, al ter a half hour's deliberation, returned a verdict of guilty. The prisoner was re manded to await sentence. Territory vs. Douglas J. Beahan, burg lary; plea of not guilty. The following jury was selected : George Fryatt, H. F Lidolph, J. S. Featherly, Fred Lehmar., Ben. Harris, J. Axford Harvey, Fred Buck ler, Moses Morris, Fred Tibbitts, P A. Gamer, M. L. Geary, F. C. Greinm. When the court adjourned the case was on trial. Wm. Fenn vs. Rufus Archy ; tobe ar ranged by stipulation. The judge issued an order requiring the sheriff to provide suitable lodgment for jurors while on duty. James Blake vs. C. H. Warner, attach ment; dismissed. Geo. H. Scott vs. Bertha Scott, divorce ; default of defendant entered. Mary Pearce vs. Joseph Pearce, divorce default of defendant ; divorce granted ; de cree passed, signed and filed. Territory vs. Owen Williams, obtaining money under false pretenses ; defendant appeared in person; case dismissed and de fendant discharged. Territory vs. Henry Klein et al ; dis missed. In re Empire Mining Co. for appointment of commissioners to assess damages, etc; ordered that the clerk pay to S. A. Balliet. attorney for Nichols, $150, the sum awarded in the above matter. J. B. Taylor vs. John B. Ketchum et al., contract ; leave to file amended complaint granted. THE BEATTIE CASE. At 10:30 this morning the case of Mar garet C. Beattie vs. F. W. Beattie et al., for cancellation of deed, was called. It came up on a demurrer to the complaint and Judge Wade, of Wade, Toole & Wallace, opened for the defendants, sustaining his position on demurrer by alleging that the allegations of fraud in the complaint were not sufficient cause of action ; that plain tiff was an executrix and in position to know as much about the estate as defend ants, etc. Judge Wade argued and cited authorities until noon, when the court took a recess. This afternoon ex-Governor Carpenter, of Carpenter, Buck & Hunt, was to reply on behalf of the plaintif!. The arguments on demurrer will probably be concluded to-morrow by Mr. Toole for the defendants and Mr. Hunt for the plain tiff. The fine of Col. W. F. Sanders for con tempt of court, imposed some years ago. was ordered entered as satisfied. We be lieve this is a relic of a legal battle fought some years ago by Col. Sanders and Col. Woolfolk, in the course of which each bar rister stretched the amenities of court eti quette to such an extent that the Judge fined each $100 for confempt of court. A. M. Holter et a), vs. Dennis Sheehy : demurrer overruled. Richard Locky vs. Lewis and Clarke county commissioners, appeal ; dismissed at plaintiffs cost. Territory vs. Joseph Pauliet and Frank Dantinell, forgery ; demurrer sustained : exception taken. Territory vs. Belle Crafton, appeal ; dis missed. Territory vs. J. P. White, sodomy : de fendant brought into court and sentenced to five years in the penitentiary at hard labor. The light sentence is out of con sideration for the age of the defendant, who is 67 years old. The following causes were continued for the term : N. P. R. R. Co. vs. Mont. Central R. R. Co.; appeal. (Three cases, i J. W. Wade et al. vs. Mont. Central Ry. Co.; appeal. Con. Ten Mile M. & R. Co. vs. Mont. Cen tral Ry. Co.; appeal. Mont. Central Ry. Co. vs. Helena & lied Mountain R. R. Co.; injunction. C. A. Broadwater vs. Helena & Red ML R. R. Cô. et al.; injunction. N. P. R. R. Co. vs. Mont. Central Ry. Co; appeal. C. A. Broadwater vs. Helena & Red Mt. R. R. Co.; appeal. C. A. Broadwater vs. Helena & Red Mt. Ry. Co.: appeal. The tollowing were dismissed : Adolph Speckert et al. vs. Henry Florence, contract. Eliza Jane Shaw et al. vs. M. Bakker et al., foreclosure. A. Kleinschmidt Com. Co. vs. Dougherty Bros., contract. Empire Mining Co. vs. G. A. Brown it al.; injunction. First National Bank, of Helena, vs. Wm. H. Guthrie ; contract. In the case of Geo. W. Taylor vs. Geo. Rausch et al., the death of defendant was suggested and Eliza Rausch, administra trix substituted as parly defendant. J. P. Flick et al. vs. Gold Hill & Lee Mt. M. Co. et al.; quiet title ; leave granted to amend complaint. Cottrell & Henderson vs. W. B. Great honse, attachment ; motion filed to quash summons. At half past ten this morning the argu ment in the Beattie case was resumed and closed on the demurrer by W. E. Cullen for defendants. The Judge now has the mat ter under advisement, but as it will re quire considerable investigation he will not decide it lor some time. The case is ended for the present until the decision of the court is made known. If the demurrer ia sustained the case goes out of court and the plaintiff will be compelled to institute a new action. If it is overruled the case will go on tria, as now constituted, unless the defendants should take it up to the su preme court cn demurrer— au unusual pro ceeding. The jury in the Beahan burglary case were still out at noon, unable to agree. They have been deliberating upon the case since Thursday evening. Court adjourned this afternoon until Monday. Judge McConnell and Judge McLeary change off next week, the former going to Virginia City to hold court and the latter remaining to continue the term here. At 3:30 o'clock this afternoon the j ary in the Beahan case reported that they were unable to agree upon a verdict and were discharged by the Judge. SUPREME COURT. Murray Fined 9500 for Contempt** Youns Word Appointed ClerK. The Supreme Court met at the court house this afternoon at three o'clock, with Chief Justice McConnell and Associate Judges McLeary and Bach on the bench. The opinion in the case of James A. Murray, of Butte, for contempt of court was delivered by the Chief Justice, holds Murray guilty of contempt in sent ing a fraudulent dispatch to a newsp*P er with the evident intention ol inlluencinP the court. The judgment of the court is that James A. Murray pay a fine ot - ihe maximum penalty under the law, a costs (about $300) and Murray to stai> committed until paid. ■ Chief Justice McConnell then annoum» that the Supreme Court had elected R® Lee Word, son of Hon. Sam W urd, of the Supreme Court to succeed 1 Alden, who had resigned ; the api ment to take effect November Is Court then adjourned sine die.