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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, October 20, 1887, Image 4

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R. E. FISK,......Editor
England has been indulging in an early
snow storm and by all accounts more se
vere than with us.
The Oregonian is one of the best and
ablest edited papers in the country, what
ever it may think or say about President
Cleveland's trip through the West.
RtSSlA continues her tight with Ger
many and has interdicted the teaching of
German in her schools, and all the German
professors are l>eing bundled across the
The Secretary of the Treasury did not
get his full fourteen millions of bonds be
fore Octolier 8, but it only fell short $623,
150. 11 is not decided whether any more
bonds shall be purchased.
That is nota happy comparison between
President Cleveland and Carter Harrison.
We know of no Democratic usage of recent
date that requires a renomination. It was
not accorded to Polk, Pierce or Buchanan.
We see no reason wny the World or Sun
should oe accounted derelict for opposing
the reuomination of Cleveland.
We are very much inclined to believe
there have been vast frauds committed on
the government in the matter of under
valuation of imported wool. The home
supply has not kept pace with the in
creased home demand, and the low prevail
ing prices indicate that Eastern manufac
turer are supplying themselves from
foreign countries by dishonest means. The
matter needs thorough investigation.
If the President was really so impressed
with the growth of St. Paid and Minneap
olis and endorses the sentiment that ihey
are in the center of the continent, we hope
he will bear this fact in mind and remem
ber that Dakota joins Minnesota and is set
tled by the satr.v - ,rtof people and that
her growth is on the same wonderful scale.
And when Dakota applies again for state
hood, we hope Grover Cleveland will use
his influence to secure statehood for her.
One thing oar Governor forgot to men
tion—the interest and importance to our
people that the treaties negotiated by the
Indian commission last winter, reducing
our immense northern reservation, should
receive the earliest attention and favorable
action on the part of Congress. These
vast reservations, which have been of no
earthly use to the few Indians who have
roved over them, are now traversed by a
railroad and are needed for settlement. If
Congress acts early, confirms the treaties,
provides for the survey of these lands and
makes them accessible to settlers, there
will be hundreds of locations made the
coming season.
It is a very fortunate thing lor ns that
the cholera and yellow fever have simul
taneously appeared in this country so late
in the season, that there is no danger of
either spreading. It will serve to warn
our people of the necessity of getting ready
to face the dangers of another season in
good shape. In Europe, where anything
like good sanitary conditions existed, it
has not been found difficult to stay the ad
vance of the cholera. For three years past
it has been in Southern Europe and has
been kept out of the northern part of the
coutinent, although there has been little
interruption of intercourse. In former
times it would have gone all over Europe
in a single season.
The Heslad prints all that is tele
graphed of the Governor's report to the
Interior Department embodying the Ex
ecutive's statement of Montana matters
and affairs. At borne here a wider dis
semination of the lull text of ihe paper
than the medium aflbrded by a single
print would have seemed desirable, but
this in large measure is preclud'd! by a
narrow discrimination which allows one
publication advantages withhc d from
others. There are features of interest in
the report, not a lew of which are present
ed in intelligent form. Several of the sub
jects treated are reminders that the Gov
ernor is new to the country. His estimate
of 130,000 population, for instance, is
probably 50,000 too low. The few months'
residence of the Governor has given him
but slight opportunity to see the Territory
or come in contact with the people to learn
their number. The gist of the report is
contained in the press dispatches which
The Hebald is first to lay before the
Helena public.
The Hebald entertains no unkind feel
ings towards its contemporary,or any one of
its helpers or heelers. In the most friend
ly spirit we yesterday admonished the
editorial writer that he was off in belabor
ing Pulitzer and Dana and such Demo
cratic powers as they on Cleveland's ac
count. With the more or less dramatic
incident fresh in the memory of Mon
tanians of a metaphorical boot hoisted by
two hundred and eighty pounds of Presi
dential avoirdupoise in undignified eject
ment from the White House of a distin
guished Territorial citizen who laudably
aspired to executive honors, the Hebald
and a host of others who have thought
of his honor more than himself
have been unable to understand
how the Independent, under its
present auspices, could so unctuously
sound the hewgag and strum the tomton
in consonance with Cleveland music. We
again warn our beloved contemporary that
it will grow to a great and wearisome task
if it tries to larrup all the members of the
Democratic and Republican press for refus
ing, unlike itself, to toady to Cleveland and
clamor for the continuance of an adminis
tration upon which no part of the country
more than Montana has put the seal of
disfavor and condemnation.
The annual report of Governor Leslie
to the Interior Department is one that
does credit to the author, and in most
respects is creditable to our Territory.
The only criticism we feel inclined to
make is that it is too conservative by
far. Our population is estimated at only
130.000, an increase of only 10,G00 within
a year. The people of Helena alone
claim an increase equal to half that
amount, and Butte claims still more. It
is one thing to claim it and another to
show it, but we could come pretty near
to showing all that we claim. We think
our Governor's estimate too low, and
when we compare it with other Terri
tories, it does us relative injustice. In
the matter of assessments there is some
thing exact and tangible. Our assess
ment this year reaches sixty millions, as
much as the State of Florida returned
last year for all its real and personal
property, fifty per cent, more than the
State of Nevada, where mines and rail
roads are assessed. I f we were assessed
on the same basis as other States it
would be at least twice as great. We could
name a half dozen mines in Montana
whose stock at present market prices
is worth more than our entire assess
ment, and these are not included at all,
nor do they constitute one-half of our
developed mineral wealth. Our 1,500
miles of railroad, if rated at only $20,
000 per mile, would represent an aggre
gate of thirty millions. With only these
two omitted items, our wealth would be
increased to $150,000,000, and if our
population were figured at 150,000, it
would allow $1,000 for every man,
woman and child in Montana. Even
allowing that we have a population of
150.000, we should still be the richest
people in this richest country of the
The Governor of Idaho claims a pop
ulation of 100,000, and yet at the elec
tion of last year, when as full a vote was
out as in Montana, the vote of Idaho
was less than half that of Montana.
Judged by assessment, Montana has
three times the population of Idaho, and
judged by the votes cast, more than
twice as great. Our vote last year was
nearly 4,000 greater than that of New
Mexico, which claims a population of
While we have no fault to find with
Governor Leslie for his conservative
estimate of our population, it is possible
that it may operate adversely to our
claims for admission as a State, an
object that is foremost in the wishes of
every citizen of Montana. While Con
gressmen rarely show by their votes that
they ever read these executive reports,
some one would be sure to quote against
us the estimate of our own Governor, if
the question of our admission were
seriously considered and pushed in the
approaching session of Congress.
r •X*
Another point made by our Governor
deserves even more attention than it re
ceives, and is one of the strongest argu
ments for early admission as a State.
Our school lands, that were nominally
set apart for the support of public free
schools more than twenty-three years
ago, have never yet yielded a penny for
that purpose. Children have been born
and grown to manhood and womanhood
in Montana without receiving the least
assistance from the general government.
Our people have not been allowed to de
rive the little benefit that might have
come from leasing these lands. But even
this is not the worst. Every year the
most valuable portions of these school
lands have been taken up as mineral
lands, and with no one to contest these
misappropriations the title has passed to
private hands and beyond recovery. The
mere inclosure of these lands, where
they are not stripped of timber or ex
hausted by continued cultivation, does
no harm, but irreparable loss comes from
having them taken up as mineral lands
and on flimsy but uncontroverted testi
mony forever alienated from the sacred
purpose to which they were originally
dedicated. Other lands may some time
be given in place of them, but they will
not be worth a fraction of those that are
lost. And the longer our admission as a
state is deferred this robbery will con
tinue to increase and the poorer will be
the residue from which to claim recom
In this is one of the strongest argu
ments for early admission as a state.
The general government never has done
anything and never will do anything to
educate the people of territories for the
duties and responsibilities of citizens.
A NOTH EE railroad accident such as that
reported Tuesday and detailed later
will cause a shudder to creep through
every individual reader. There is some
thing horrible about being mangled and
incinerated in this fashion. These acci
dents are getting too frequent to allow the
dismissal of the subject from the public
mind. The public has a right to better
protection of life and limb, even if it costs
something. Bat in most of these cases the
loss of life might have been prevented by
the exercise of more care. With a tele
graph lino at the service of the railroads it
is simply neglect not to know where every
train is at all times. Besides the tele
graph the telephone might be used and
danger signals should be multiplied to suit
all situations of day or night. Somebody
is to blame in these cases and generally a
good many somebodies. We have never
known anybody to be hung for causing
death by criminal carelessness. Probably
punitive money damages have more pro
tective influence than imprisonment. There
is room for advanced legislation, but we
look for practical public protection more
to what railroad managers shall do in self
interest in selecting good men for all de
partments of their service, paying them
well and keeping them steadily in posi
tions so that they may be familiar with
every possible source of danger.
The late news that the disease of the
Crown Prince is incurable and likely to
terminate his lfte at an early day still
further complicates and renders the sit
uation an uneasy one. The aged Em
peror cannot survive much longer,
though he may possibly outlive the
Crown Prince. In the event of both
dying the scepter [»asses to the son of the
Crown Prince and Victoria's oldest
daughter, a young man of 28 years. He
is represented as every inch a soldier and
ambitious to engage in further wars to
extend and strengthen the German Em
It is not unlikely that within a year
he may be in position to carry out his
ambition. We have several times seen
it noticed that the general opinion
among military circles in Germany is
that war would be precipitated at once
but for fear that it would by its excite
ment cause the death of the old Emper
or. And now there is the further dread
that it would hasten the end of the
Crown Prince also. But in any event
there will be no disputed succession.
Besides Germany does not depend on
the life of any one man, either Emperor
or Premier like Bismark. Germany
has a policy and an organization
stronger than the power of any one who
is nominally Emperor. Bismarck has
scores of men trained to carry out his
policy, and any one of these could do
the work that is laid out. The civil ser
vice is organized like the military into
a perfectly working system.
Such is the situation of Germany in
the heart of Europe, with enemies on
either side, that it keeps the people
alert to danger, united among them
selves, and ready to bear all the burdens
of war taxation. Every German in any
[»art of the empire is about as much in
terested to maintain Bismarck's policy
as he is himself. If we remember what
Germany has already done, when less
united and much less organized and self
confident than now, we shall under
stand the calmness with which a prob
able union of France ami Russia is
viewed. If these two countries were
contiguous they would be more formid
able. Germany has the advantage of
situation and such is the organization
of the transportation service that armies
could be transferred in a few hours from
one side of the empire to the other, and
after dealing a crushing blow to France,
the same troops, within three days,
could be ready to deal a like blow to the
Russians. Notwithstanding the many
indications of Rusian fear and dislike
toward the Germans, there is not and
cannot be any close and hearty alliance
between Russia and France. The Rus
sians have not forgotten the French in
vasions and the destruction of Moscow,
nor do they look upon Europe as the
chief theatre of their future growth and
The tastes, character, habits and ambi
tions of the Russians are more Asiatic
than European. The remark of Na
poleon that Europe would he all Repub
lican or all Cossack within a hundred
years is not likely to be fulfilled. With
all her resources of men Russia is weak
iu organization and the materials of
war, without which multitudes of sol
diers are but an incumbrance.
If France was ever going to strike ef
fectively, the sooner it is done the more
likely it will be to succeed. The Rus
sian alliance is an uncertain matter. The
French finances are getting into a worse
condition every year. The French gov
ernment is weak, and in this respect
Germany has a great advantage. If war
were to begin it is more than probable
that the French would be fighting among
themselves as much as they would fight
the Germans, within three months. The
French are without*either statesmen or
military leaders that enjoy the confidence
of the people.
While we cannot admire the iron
despotism of the German empire, there
is something to admire in the grim de
termination to hold what has been won
and gain whenever opportunity offers.
There is something to admire in the
sleepless vigilance, the restless energy
that characterizes the entire German
people, from Emperor to peasant. It is
the condition of success. Whether it be
Emperor William, or Crown Prince
Frederick William, or the son of the
letter, it will be one united, strong,
thoroughly harmonized Germany when
the tocsin of war is again sounded.
Commissioner Sparks, in his report,
evidently is disappointed in the showing
that be makes. He insists that all be has
said before about frauds is just as true now
as when be first uttered it. The poor man
has evidently had a hard time of it between
the land sharks and Lamar. It is a won
der that aDy man conld be induced to
work so hard and suffer so much for the
meagre salary that he gets, only $4,000 a
year, while any ordinary railroad presi
dent gets from $10,000 to $50,000. For
about 25,000,000 ac:cs ot land sold during
the year the government gets less
than half that number of dollars.
A great display is made of
the fact that through his mighty exertions
over 30,000,000 acres of land have been
restored to the public domain. The reader
would almost think that it had been clan
destinely packed up in some foreign bag
gage to be shipped out of the country. Mr.
Sparks has nothing better to offer than to
urge the repeal of all the land laws except
the homestead law, which requires a resi
dence of five years. If Mr. Sparks is
honest and has used to advantage the op
portunities to learn that his position should
afford, he would know that there are just
as many frauds under the homestead law
as any of the land laws. This law is not
suited to the public domain that is left,
aad a very little acquaintance with the
subject would convince him of it, if he
would travel.
The Cleveland administration, as every
one knows, has treated leading Democrats
of Montana very shabbily, yet in the face
of this fact no print is more truculent and
subservient in its pandering to the Presi
dent's whims and caprices than the local
party organ. To the great number of
Democrats the toadying of our contempo
rary to Cleveland is quite too abject to suit,
and few of them indeed are willing to fol
low the organ in its obsequious cringing to
a President who has never been friendly to
our people or their interests. Just now
our neighbor is lecturing and berating va
rious of the leading journals, Democratic
and Republican, for what appears their
well warranted criticisms of the President.
Its displeasure on this account is directed
at ihose sterling Democratic papers, the
World and Sun, on one coast, and the
Oregonian, Republican, on the other. It
all seems so strange. It was only a.few
months ago that for his manly and bravely
spoken views on the silver and other ques
tions vital to Montana, ex-Governor Hauser,
whose ownership of the Independent is sup
posed in a manner to influence its political
and other expression, was treated with
anything but courtesy or consideration by
Cleveland. There was Major Maginnis,
too, who fared no better—the President
twice turning his back upon him and re
fusing him the Governorship, which was
not permitted to linger an hour in the oc
cupation of Hauser following the tender
of his resignation. No conspicuous Demo
crats in all the country were quite so con
temptuonslv treated as these gentlemen of
Montana—these representative leaders of
the two factions of the Democracy of the
Territory. It is difficult to divine how an
organ with which both of these prominent
political figures are generally credited with
being intimately connected should assume
the special championship of the man for a
brief tenure President of the United States
who has never missed his opportunity to
insult and do them injury. We are much
mistaken if a change of heart does not one
of these fine days come over the Independ
ent and Cleveland be spoken of with some
thing of the candor that marks the World
and Sen and many other journals of the
country. __
The Knights of Labor have said aud
done so many good things at their Minne
apolis session that it may look a little un
generous to quarrel with them over the
very foolish proposition that they endorsed
for the government to give every settler a
homestead and then loan him $500 to set
up housekeeping and begin the cultivation
of the land. The result of offering such a
premium to poverty would be to increase
poverty as a matter of coarse. The propo
sition is the wildest one ever seriously en
tertained by sane men. It would be no
kindness to the poor settlers. Money got
so easily would not be as carefully hus
banded or expended as money earned by
hard work and economy. When pay day
came around nine-tenths would want an
extension with a reduction of interest, and
probably the end would be that the gov
ernment would lose every dollar thus
loaned. If aDy attempt were made to col
lect it by law or in the form of eviction,
there would be a bowl from every dema
gogue in the land, and the easiest
way out would be to cancel the
debt. But think of the precedent, if
government once started out in this direc
tion. If it loaned to every poor man who
went out to work land, why should it not
do just as much for the poor people in the
towns and cities that did not want to cul
tivate land? There is just as much reason
why it should furnish every carpenter with
a shop and tools, and so throughout every
occupation known to society. As there is
no royal road to learning, so there is none
to wealth and competence. The experience
and knowledge gained by earning money
is necessary to use it advantageously. The
method proposed by the Knights would
certainly dispose of the surplus, but we
fear in such a way that it wonld do more
harm than good to everybody. This coun
try offers competence and wealth to every
one now by the use of proper industry, en
ergy and economy.
That is all that any reasonable being has
a right to ask, unless disabled from work
by misfortune, and in that event the coun
try is ready to bestow charity.
Those who had the privilege and pleas
ure of hearing Dr. Morris's lecture last
evening upon Palestine mu9t have been
impressed with the statement that the
poverty, desolation, ignorance and super
stition of the present inhabitants of that
country is the result of misgovernment
altogether. The country has still all the
elements and resources of prosperity that
it possessed when given as ihe choicest
epot on earth to God's chosen people.
There are the same elements of fertility in
the soil, the same abundant and timely
rains, the same delicious and healthful
climate. Almost every acre, though the
ground is mach broken op, is capable of
the highest cultivation, and under a stable
and enlightened government the country
might again become the fairest and most
fruitful portion of the world. The
people now have no inducement to
raise more than they consume from
day to day. If they seek to raise
more it is seized by the
agents of the Turkish government who are
no better than the highway robbers. Even
those who have property affect'poverty and
the inhabitants who receive anything from
foreign visitors for services or things sold,
always entreat th«r employers or patrons
not to let the government agents know it.
The fact that so many people still live in
the country and cling to it, thongh system
atically robbed, is proof of what might be
ander good government and favorable cir
cumstances, with all the inventions of
modern civilization to co-operate with the
energies and bounties of nature. We wish
some strong and enlightened nation would
get possession of Palestine. Probably the
jealousies of European powers wonld bring
them to consent to the possession of the
country by the United States. Can't some
way be found that we can get to adminis
ter on this portion of "the sick man's" es
We have carefully read all the reported
speeches of President Cleveland since he
started out on his trip and they have ap
peared to us generally common and hurt
less. It is perhaps the time, while the
matter of renomination is incubating, that
makes it seem to some as an electioneering
tour. It is certainly right that the Presi
dent should see more of the country and
we cannot but think his visit to St. Paul,
Minneapolis and Kansas City has given
him some ideas of the growth and import
ance of the new West that will do him
some good. It might have avoided some
criticism if he had made his tour earlier,
but we think there is a certain respect
that every citizen of the country, without
distinction of party, owes to the
official position of the President and
we are glad to notice that
Repnlicans and their newspapers have so
generally abstained from any partisan or
distasteful comment. We have failed to
see that the President has said or done
anything to provoke any uncivil comment.
If Cleveland desires a re election it is not
an unworthy ambition ; if he reads aDy
cyclopedias it is very much to his credit,
and is only what everybody else does. Un
fortunately cyclopedias give little informa
tion about the West. From a party stand
point we would be as content to see Cleve
land renominated as any one mentioned by
the Democrats. We believe that Mr.
Blaine conld beat him and so could several
others that have been named in this con
nection. The election will turn, as before,
upon the vote of New York, and from a
careful observation of the political drift
in that State, we conclude that Mr. Cleve
land has not gained in personal popularity
nor are the principles on which he has ad
ministered the government acceptable to
the majority_
Mb. Joseph Chamberlain is over in
Ulster, touring and speechifying, stirring
up strife in a city notorious for its riotous
career like Belfast, which he praises for its
"orderly, regular life." It would seem as if
intended for sarcasm, if it came from any
other source. Chamberlain has evidently
lent himself to a very discreditable piece of
business in thus seeking to stir up division
and discord in Ireland. It may serve the
present interest of the Tories, but it is at
the cost of the peace and prosperity of the
British empire. Chamberlain's, llusionsto
Irish influence in America comes with still
poorer taste from one just appointed to
negotiate a treaty with the United States.
In his negotiations he will have to meet
Secretary Bayard, who is the idol of Tam
many Hall, and either Chamberlain is very
ignorant of what he is talking about or
very imprudent. Certainly he is iu very
poor training for the duties to which he
has been assigned, and his recent displays
of poor taste and judgment argue badly for
any successful treaty making.
In this matter of the public surveys the
attention of Congress ought to be called to
the necessity of pushing them in advance
of settlement. Those who settle on unsur
veyed lands are always subjected to a great
increase of trouble and expense. Settlers
are discouraged from making locations, and
after these are made in pushing improve
ments that in the end they may lose. It
will cost no more to survey these lands
now than ten years hence, and there cer
tainly is no excuse on the ground of lack
of means, when the chief outcry is against
the accumulating surplus in the treasury.
Complaints are made against private sur
veys, but so long as the government neg
lects its duty in this respect, there is no
other resort to those who exercise ordinary
discretion in making locations and im
provements. This neglect of the public
surveys retards the settlement of the coun
try and imposes needless expense npon
our citizens, while nothing is made or
gained by the government.
We wish the telegraph would mention
the name of that mail agent who loaded
the robber with a charge of buckshot near
El Paso. We desire to take off our hat to
him and do him honor. It was one of the
best items we have heard for a long time.
A few such receptions would soon make
this coach and train robbing unprofitable
business. _
Col. Carter, ot Philadelphia, Pur
chases the Golden Circle Mines
in Idaho tor 930,000.
Dillon special, October 13th : L. C.
Fyhrie, who had a bond on the Golden
Circle group of mines at Gihbonsville,
Idaho, has effected their sale to J. F. Car
ter, of Philadelphia. The purchase in
cludes eleven distinct mines, all more or
less developed, a ten-stamp mill, a very
valuable water power, chlorination works,
and all the buildings formerly used as ac
commodations for the men and processes
used in the past for the extracting of the
gold. The improvements on the ground
represent a value of twenty thousand dol
lars, but as the processes thus far used
have proven failures and allowed the gold
to go to waste, their practical value is rep
resented by a much less amount. The
high grade ores have all been worked
out, and though large amounts of gold
have been saved, yet owing to imperfect
methods the tailings are of considerable
value, both for the amount of gold con
tained and deposits of quick-silver wasted.
The ore has run into iron pyrites, and has
proven too refractory for the methods
used. Mr. Carter is a thorough practical
miner of wide experience, who has devel
oped what he callsadissulphurizing process,
which took him six years to perfect, at a
cost of a hundred thousand dollars, which
is just suited for the treatment of this
class of ore. He has seventy thousand
ponnds of machinery in transit, and means
to push the work to immediate completion.
The first work will be an eleven hundred
foot tunnel, which will tap the Sucker
lode at a depth of eight hundred feet. This
will represent an expense of ten thonsand
dollars on the start, and shows the confi
dence Mr. Carter has in his purchase, and
he asserts his belief that were it near a
railroad its value would run op in the hun
dreds of thousands.
$100,000 BOND.
Occur d'Alene Record : The several
properties on Ophir hill have been bonded
to C. D. Porter, of Salt Lake City for sixty
days. The total price agreed to is $100,000.
It is too soon to annoance particulars re
garding the intentions of the purchaser.
In all probability the sale will be com
pleted and the mines of Ophir hill will
soon become a bee-hive of mining indnstry.
This adds another bright star in the galaxy
which is rapidly unfolding in the gold belt.
At the afternoon session of the Institute
yesterday the proceedings were opened by
Miss Slocum, who treated the subject of
physiology and hygiene in a very intelli
gent manner. By the aid of blackboard
diagrams she illustrated the system of cir
culation of the blood and gave an interest
ing explanation of her theme.
Mr. Engelhorn followed with a disserta
tion on penmanship and talked understand
ing^ on the subject in the light of his
practical experience. He explained the in
tricacies of this difficult branch of teach
ing and gave his views as to the best
methods for advancing pupils in the art of
chirography. His remarks were listened
to with great interest.
Superintendent Logan closed the after
noon session with remarks upon his
methods of teaching reading. On this
subject Mr. Logan is not only thoroughly
at home but at ease from long special
study awarded it and his auditors received
his remarks with dne deference to his great
experience. He laid great stress upon the
relation that sound bears to the sense in
good reading and held that the inculcation
of this fact was indispensible to a good
Miss Alice Israel, a little girl with pre
cocious ability, recited a poem during the
afternoon in a highly creditable manner.
The closing exercises last evening were
exceedingly epjoyable. Tie first feature
of the programme was a vocal duet by
Messrs. Osgood and Burgess, which was
very well rendered.
Miss Clark recited "Fra Giacomo'' in her
usually excellent style, receiving the cus
tomary plauditory tribute to her rare ele
cutionary powers.
Mr. Howey, one of the school trustees,
then addressed the assemblage on the aims
and objects of education and talked very
entertainingly on the subject.
A piano duet was then performed by
Misses Slocnm and Frank and received with
evident tokens of appreciation.
Miss Knowles gave a recitation of "How
wc Saved St. Michaels," and interpreted the
favorite poem in an original and novel
The following resolution was offered by
Mr. Carleton and adopted :
"Resolved, That the thanks of this insti
tute are hereby tendered to Dr. Rob Morris
for his most practical and interesting dis
course; to Missses Slocum, Frank, Lehman
and Bach, and Messrs. Osgood and Bur
gess and Mrs. Kelsey, for their kindness in
furnishing us with delightful music; to
Prof. R. H. Howey for his very able and
instructive discourse upon education ; to
the Hebald and Independent for kindly re
porting the daily proceedings of the insti
tute ; to Misses Clarke and Knowles for
their recitations ; to Superintendents Logan
and Clarke, who have provided ua the best
county institute ever held in Lewis and
Clarke county ; to the young ladies of the
high school for furnishing flowers; and es
pecially to the Rev. F. I). Kelsey for his
learned essay on botany, and who was con
spicuous as the only minister of the gospel
in the city to honor the institute by his
presence, the sincerest thanks of this insti
tute are due and are hereby tendered.''
Miss Clark, who presided ably through
out the session, then announced that she
would examine applicants for teachers'
certificates this morning, and declared the
Institute adjourned.
In concluding the Herald must re
turn its thanks to Miss Knowles, the ac
complished secretary of the Institute, for
the use of her minutes during the session.
The Territorial Institute, at which
teachers and superintendents from all
counties in Montana will be present, will
be held in Helena during the holiday vaca
Opening ol the Grand Lodge at Butte.
The Grand Lodge of Montana Good
Templars convened in its twentieth annual
session yesterday at Butte.
The officers present were as follows :
G.C. T.—John W. Chapman, of Melrose.
G. V. T.—Mrs. Jennie M. Malloy, of Ana
G. S.—Massena Bullard, of Helena.
G. S. J. T.—Mrs. Kate Chapman, cf Mel
G. Treas.— P. B. Mills, ol Boulder.
Pro ton. appointments were made as fol
lows :
P. G. C. T.—George R. Douglas, of Boul
G. Chaplain—George C. Stall, of Ana
G. Marshal—Wallace Hope, of Boulder.
G. G.—Mrs. F. M. Comfort, of Twin
G. Sentinel—Miles L. Tuttle.
About fifty delegates were present
from lodges in all parts of the
erritory, Helena being represented as
follows : Mrs. Susie F. Priest, Mrs.
Laura Bullard. Miss Emma Hatch,
Samuel R. Douglass, Oliver C. Bundy and
Massena Ballard.
The reports of the officers showed the
order to be in excellent condition, having
thirty-one lodges with 1,464 members. The
financial affairs of the Grand Lodge are in
a most satisfactory state. The Grand
Treasurer has in his hands a cash balance
of $2,596.33, which, together with accruing
interest upon bank certificates and ether
items, make the aggregate available assets
The presence of Col. John J. Hickman,
of Missouri, P. R. W. G. T. of the order
and widely known as one of the most dis
tinguished temperance lecturers, adds in
terest to the session. By invitation of G.
C. T. Chapman, Col. Hickman took the
chair soon after the opening of the morn
ing session, and will preside at the remain
ing sittings of the Grand Lodge.
An elaborate banquet was given last
night in honor of the Grand Lodge, at
which over 200 persons were present. The
Grand Lodge was welcomed by a few re
marks by Matt W. Alderson ; the audience
was favored with music under the direction
of Miss Katie Barton ; a recitation was
given by Miss Fannie Nelson, and a recita
tion in character by Miss Marie E. Nelson
entitled "The Jiners." The banquet was
then spread, and after a feast of substan
tials and indulging for an hoar in pleasant
social chat, the toasts were proposed by T.
J. Drum and responded to as follows :
Our Guests, G. W. C. T., John W. Chap
Montana, its Past, Present and Future,
Rev. G. C. Stull.
The Press, Rev. W. E. King.
The Bar and the pulpit, Rev. Clampet.
The Ladies, Massena Ballard.
Oar Order, Col. J. J. Hickman.
Yesterday morning at Butte the grand
lodge of Good Templars elected the follow
ing officers :
G. C. T.—John R. Comfort of Twin
G. Counselor—Wm. E. Baggs of Stevens
G. O. T.—Miss Snsie F. Priest of Helena.
G. S. J. T.—Mrs. Hattie Hunter of Boul
G. S.—Massena Ballard of Helena.
G. T.— P. B. Mills of Boulder.
Wickes was selected as the next place of
meeting of the grand lodge
— Inter-Mountain: W. Egbert Smith
and wife leave to-night for Carlifornia,
where Mr. Smith expects to purchase a
fruit farm and locate. He has long been
identified with the best interests of Batte,
and it is with regret that we learn of his
intention to leave.
White Sentenced to Live Year«.--.
Argument Concluded in the
Beattie Case.
At the atternoon session of court yester
day the trial of J. P. White for sodomy
was resumed. Alter the evidence was ail
in the case was given to the jury, who, al
ter a half hour's deliberation, returned a
verdict of guilty. The prisoner was re
manded to await sentence.
Territory vs. Douglas J. Beahan, burg
lary; plea of not guilty. The following
jury was selected : George Fryatt, H. F
Lidolph, J. S. Featherly, Fred Lehmar.,
Ben. Harris, J. Axford Harvey, Fred Buck
ler, Moses Morris, Fred Tibbitts, P A.
Gamer, M. L. Geary, F. C. Greinm. When
the court adjourned the case was on trial.
Wm. Fenn vs. Rufus Archy ; tobe ar
ranged by stipulation.
The judge issued an order requiring the
sheriff to provide suitable lodgment for
jurors while on duty.
James Blake vs. C. H. Warner, attach
ment; dismissed.
Geo. H. Scott vs. Bertha Scott, divorce ;
default of defendant entered.
Mary Pearce vs. Joseph Pearce, divorce
default of defendant ; divorce granted ; de
cree passed, signed and filed.
Territory vs. Owen Williams, obtaining
money under false pretenses ; defendant
appeared in person; case dismissed and de
fendant discharged.
Territory vs. Henry Klein et al ; dis
In re Empire Mining Co. for appointment
of commissioners to assess damages, etc;
ordered that the clerk pay to S. A. Balliet.
attorney for Nichols, $150, the sum awarded
in the above matter.
J. B. Taylor vs. John B. Ketchum et al.,
contract ; leave to file amended complaint
At 10:30 this morning the case of Mar
garet C. Beattie vs. F. W. Beattie et al., for
cancellation of deed, was called. It came
up on a demurrer to the complaint and
Judge Wade, of Wade, Toole & Wallace,
opened for the defendants, sustaining his
position on demurrer by alleging that the
allegations of fraud in the complaint were
not sufficient cause of action ; that plain
tiff was an executrix and in position to
know as much about the estate as defend
ants, etc. Judge Wade argued and cited
authorities until noon, when the court
took a recess. This afternoon ex-Governor
Carpenter, of Carpenter, Buck & Hunt,
was to reply on behalf of the plaintif!.
The arguments on demurrer will probably
be concluded to-morrow by Mr. Toole for
the defendants and Mr. Hunt for the plain
The fine of Col. W. F. Sanders for con
tempt of court, imposed some years ago.
was ordered entered as satisfied. We be
lieve this is a relic of a legal battle fought
some years ago by Col. Sanders and Col.
Woolfolk, in the course of which each bar
rister stretched the amenities of court eti
quette to such an extent that the Judge
fined each $100 for confempt of court.
A. M. Holter et a), vs. Dennis Sheehy :
demurrer overruled.
Richard Locky vs. Lewis and Clarke
county commissioners, appeal ; dismissed
at plaintiffs cost.
Territory vs. Joseph Pauliet and Frank
Dantinell, forgery ; demurrer sustained :
exception taken.
Territory vs. Belle Crafton, appeal ; dis
Territory vs. J. P. White, sodomy : de
fendant brought into court and sentenced
to five years in the penitentiary at hard
labor. The light sentence is out of con
sideration for the age of the defendant,
who is 67 years old.
The following causes were continued for
the term :
N. P. R. R. Co. vs. Mont. Central R. R.
Co.; appeal. (Three cases, i
J. W. Wade et al. vs. Mont. Central Ry.
Co.; appeal.
Con. Ten Mile M. & R. Co. vs. Mont. Cen
tral Ry. Co.; appeal.
Mont. Central Ry. Co. vs. Helena & lied
Mountain R. R. Co.; injunction.
C. A. Broadwater vs. Helena & Red ML
R. R. Cô. et al.; injunction.
N. P. R. R. Co. vs. Mont. Central Ry. Co;
C. A. Broadwater vs. Helena & Red Mt.
R. R. Co.; appeal.
C. A. Broadwater vs. Helena & Red Mt.
Ry. Co.: appeal.
The tollowing were dismissed :
Adolph Speckert et al. vs. Henry
Florence, contract.
Eliza Jane Shaw et al. vs. M. Bakker et
al., foreclosure.
A. Kleinschmidt Com. Co. vs. Dougherty
Bros., contract.
Empire Mining Co. vs. G. A. Brown it
al.; injunction.
First National Bank, of Helena, vs. Wm.
H. Guthrie ; contract.
In the case of Geo. W. Taylor vs. Geo.
Rausch et al., the death of defendant was
suggested and Eliza Rausch, administra
trix substituted as parly defendant.
J. P. Flick et al. vs. Gold Hill & Lee
Mt. M. Co. et al.; quiet title ; leave granted
to amend complaint.
Cottrell & Henderson vs. W. B. Great
honse, attachment ; motion filed to quash
At half past ten this morning the argu
ment in the Beattie case was resumed and
closed on the demurrer by W. E. Cullen for
defendants. The Judge now has the mat
ter under advisement, but as it will re
quire considerable investigation he will not
decide it lor some time. The case is ended
for the present until the decision of the
court is made known. If the demurrer ia
sustained the case goes out of court and the
plaintiff will be compelled to institute a
new action. If it is overruled the case will
go on tria, as now constituted, unless the
defendants should take it up to the su
preme court cn demurrer— au unusual pro
The jury in the Beahan burglary case
were still out at noon, unable to agree.
They have been deliberating upon the case
since Thursday evening.
Court adjourned this afternoon until
Monday. Judge McConnell and Judge
McLeary change off next week, the former
going to Virginia City to hold court and
the latter remaining to continue the term
At 3:30 o'clock this afternoon the j ary
in the Beahan case reported that they
were unable to agree upon a verdict and
were discharged by the Judge.
Murray Fined 9500 for Contempt**
Youns Word Appointed ClerK.
The Supreme Court met at the court
house this afternoon at three o'clock, with
Chief Justice McConnell and Associate
Judges McLeary and Bach on the bench.
The opinion in the case of James A.
Murray, of Butte, for contempt of court
was delivered by the Chief Justice,
holds Murray guilty of contempt in sent
ing a fraudulent dispatch to a newsp*P er
with the evident intention ol inlluencinP
the court. The judgment of the court is
that James A. Murray pay a fine ot -
ihe maximum penalty under the law, a
costs (about $300) and Murray to stai>
committed until paid. ■
Chief Justice McConnell then annoum»
that the Supreme Court had elected R®
Lee Word, son of Hon. Sam W urd,
of the Supreme Court to succeed 1
Alden, who had resigned ; the api
ment to take effect November Is
Court then adjourned sine die.

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