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THF OLD AM» THE NEW.
I*hoenix-Like Resurrection of Ming's Opera IIoiise--The Sen Temple of Drama to lie Reopened To-Night. Were it not that the name ot its builder deserves perpetuation in history we would suggest that Ming's Opera House lie here after dubbed the l'hoenix, for the mag niiicent new theater to be opened to-night ins arisen, as it were, Phoenix-like from the ashes of the old opera house ; and the near approach of its second opening sug gests a retrospective glance and a brief re view of the times that saw its erection and inauguration. EIGHT YEARS AGO, when, according to the federal census, the town of Helena numbered about four thousand souls, John H. Ming undertook | the erection of an opera house and carried out the project with his characteristic enterprise. A stone building, with brick iront, forty feet wide, was put up on Jack son street, and in the summer of 1880 took definite shape as a temple of drama. After the work was completed, in August of that year, Ming's Opera House, the lirst theater in Montana with boxes,pit and gallery,stood forth in all its glory as the pride and boast of Helena and all Montana. And yet it was a crude attempt at a theatre, though not so regarded in those days. The stage was small, the seats common and ill-ar ranged, the boxes supernumerary eyesores that soon degenerated into property rooms and the walls of rough coats of plaster that were loDg left in that unlinished state. Add to this defective arrangements for heating and ventilation, paucity of stage and dressing room and a more complete failure as a theatre can scarce be imagined in these days. But at that time it was re garded as the crowning triumph of our city in its march toward metropolitan greatness. It cost thousands of dollars, was clean and new and withal the people had lived here so long without anything approaching it in comfort or convenience that it entered upon its career gloriously, with the unanimous approbation of the community. In fact it was ahead of the times, and though well patronized at spells its owner found it difficult t#make it pay interest in the first few years of its exist ence THE INAUGURATION. But after this theatrical child was born the whole community rejoiced over the nativity and llocked to the christening. That auspicious event occurred on the night of September 2d, 1880, and was signalized by imposing ceremonials. The favorite little actress, Katie Putnam, supported by the Hasenwinkle dramatic company, was engaged to tread 'he boards for the first time, and I.Vikenk „real novel dramatized, ' Old Curiosity Shop, ' in which Miss Put nam appeared in the dual role of Little Nell and the Marchioness, was chosen for the opening play. The first niglit came and all Helena, with a considerable springling of Territorial vis itors, filled the opera house to overflowing. At the prices then obtaining the box re ceipts loomed up altitudinously, and the new theatre was opened to the first "thou sand dollar house" ever seen in Montana. A committee of gentlemen sat on the stage and when. the audience were all seated Hon. Martin Maginnis arose and made an eloquent address, dedicating the new tem ple to its proper deity. Then Miss Katie Putnam, charmingly attired and looking bewitchingly pretty, came from behind the scenes and, and after being greeted with enthusiastic applause, read the following local poem : POEM READ BY KATIE PUTNAM. Fair ladies please incline your shell-like ears And pin yours hack, bald-hended pioneers ! When first a pilgrim to this town I came, A very fresh and tender-footed dame, A bridge street cabin was the only stage Where Farce could roar or Tragedy could rage; An earthen lloor—the sides of unhewn logs— We charged for men—admittance free for dogs— Where tender love scenes in the tragic play Were interrupted by the pack mule's bray. And prima donna's warble clear On high "C" and upper register Was ruined by the Sunday auctioneer. Then Huntley's theatre was built on Wood And our Jirst drei : called it good. Hough were the seats—hut also were the men. And all the boys wore buckskin trousers then. And went in crowds to spend the evening hours, And cheer the actors. As there were no flowers, l 'oins and nuggets to the actress rolled. She moved— Danae— in a shower of gold. One ardent miner, struck with Flora Bray, And with lier singing curried quite away. Heaved her a hull-dog—having no bouquet. But sad to say, that temple of the Muse Flared up in "lire, like giant powder fuse. And theu Jack I.angrishe with his company. Built a new theatre, furnished gorgeously. With scenes and flies and very good attire— But all this perished in the first great Are. A bran new house arose, then, on Main street — I, arge, well appointed and complete— Where good old Couldock played for man> a night . In Caleb Plummer and deaf Milky White: And Waldron. Martin. Gross and Fannie Price, Richmond, Schiller. Kittle Griff and Kite Played many a p.tce and sang you many a And I.angrishe set the benches "cn a roar: And Mrs. I.angrishe r <ould play gushing things. Though 1 letter cast to Kittle Toddltkins. One winter's morn the deep alarum Ik- I Awoke us to a sort of mimic hell ; The wild fire blazed above the doomed t, en And wood ana stone before its touch w i-i l down, So pit ami circle, box and gallery. Went up in smoke wiili stage and scenery, With hanks and stores, and buildu g-, -mall and great, And left the town in ashes - desolate. But pioneers have hearls that never qu il ; The "few that's left still camp upon the trail.' Your town from ashes quickly raised her head But long the Muse remained unsheltered, And found at last a neat but flimsy shell. The best she bad—for which the thanks Saw telle. So now she steps out on this splendid scene. Pride in her eyes and rapture in lier mien. Glances with joy upon the ladies fair That find sweet comfort in the parquette chair The gallery tiers rise pleasant in hersight When^filled with friends, as she can see to-niglit. This solid temple, packed from pit to dome, She proudly hails as fitted for her home. Kong may Shakspeare's face look calmly down While I amuse and teach the listening town ; Kong may this audience live to hear and see Our pranks and jokes and laugh at comedy ; Or when pale Tragedy, with knife and bowl. Wakes passions dire and barrows up the soul. Still let your tears fall at the piteous part And take its lessons to the weeping heart. And now, e.u'tant, let our praises ring. To our good builder—M astek Joh> H. Misg. After this the orchestra played, the cur tain rolled up and the delighted audience followed the sad fortunes ot Little Nell until the curtain dropped upon the first play produced in Ming's Opera House. A better pleased or more enthusiastic audience has never since been seen within its walls. * * * Seven years went oy and the theatre was no longer an object of pride. Time left its imprint in the dingy house, the tattered scenery and stained walls, and the city improved as much as the Opera House deteriorated. Then it was that the enter prising owner, Mr. Ming, came to the front once more and determined upon another outlay to place his theatre on a footing commensurate with the growth of the city and demands of the times. Last spring Architect Wood, of Chicago, one of the noted theai-e builders of the United States, came and cast his professional eye upon Ming's Opera House, and the result was a set of plans for the remodeling of its interior that surprised all who saw them. The theatre was closed, materials ordered from the Last, the services of Mr. Robert Harvey, of Helena, the man who built the house, were called into requisition and time has wrought the rest. Ming's Opera House to day stands forth as a little gem of a theatre, sumptuously appointed, mag nificently furnished and and fitted to take first place in the ranks of Western build ings of its class. THE CHANGES MADE are so radical that they virtually make a new house ot it. The exterior remains as it was, but the interior is not recognizable as the same place. To begin with the floor has been lowered about five feet. It has also been replaced with a new one that slopes from all points toward the stage. The tiers of seats have a greater elevation alwve each other and aie supplied with elegant new chairs with iron frames, up holstered in red plush. They are larger and more comfortable than the old chairs and each seat on the floor commands a splendid view of the stage. In fact the seating arrangement is so complete that there is not a bad seat in the house. The gallery, which has been brought to the front six feet further, is provided with the chairs that were formerly used in the par quette. The first two rows of these con stitute the U lcony, and as they are excep tionally fine seats are sold by reserve. The seating capacity of the house is now about I, 000, as it will accommodate 600 below and 400 in the gallery. The most important improvement and the gem of the theatre is the proscenium. This is most artistically executed. The stage appears set in a massive square frame ofornamental woodwork. On either side rise the boxes, part of the proscenium, and of exceedingly, pretty pattern. They are circular in shape, open all around except for the rear wall, with brass rails and carved pillars, wooden curtains of dainty fret work and canopies, resplendent in blue and gold, shaped like the dome of a Moor ish pagoda. They are handsomely up holstered in velvet and plush and are draped with old gold curtains, hung by the artistic hand of Mr. Halsey, the well known decorator. Though projecting sufficiently to command a fine view of the stage, the four boxes are so built that they interfere not at all with the view from the audi torium or balcony. The stage too has been lowered, giving room for more scenery and presenting a better front to the audience. It has beefa furnished with an entire new set of scenery, manufactured in Chicago, and a handsome new drop curtain fills the place of the well worn sheet that has for so many years un folded its Italian landscape to the tired gaze of a familiar audience. Extra dress ing rooms, six in number, have been added in the rear and are furnished neatly. Brussels carpet and gas are among the dressing room improvements. A foyer has also been added to the audi torium, shutting oil' the gallery stairs from the audience and affording a variety of exits. A new door has been cut on the south side, opening into the alley, and the exits are so numerous that the house can be emptied in five minutes. The interior decorations were made by Meinhardt & Yalliant, the painters, and A. J. Holmes, the paper hanger. On tue walls and ceiling handsome paper, with gilt de signs on a light ground, makes the interior light up splendidly—a contrast to the gloomy dinginess of yore. Then the woodwork lias been artistically touched up by the painters' bru*h and presents on all sides the happiest effects of contrast and correspondence with the walls and ceil ing. Indeed the whole interior of the house presents a cheerlul aspect and the sur roundings are such that the eye can rest on them with pleasure. The verdict of the audience to-night can not fail to ap prove of the work. The arrangements for light, heat and ventilation are of the most perfect kind. Electric devices are used for turning on and lighting the gas, which is employed with dazzling prodigality. A new furnace and cold air pipes insure an equable tem perature on all occasions. These are chief features of the improve ments. It is left for individuals to analyze the details of the acceptable transforma tion. Months have been consumed in the work, ana Mr. Ming has laid out fully $10, 000 in remodeling his theatre. THE OPENING NIGHT. This evening the new theatre will be filled to overflowing for the grand opening. The seats are all sold and every box is en gaged. The elite of the city will be out and the audience will be a representative assemblage of our wealth and fashion. The popular l'yke Opera Company, with the charming and talented Jeannie Winston, the vivacious and bewitching Louise Man fred, the statuesque Genevieve Reynolds and the irrepressible DeLange, will be on hand to play the Beggar Student. Before the opera Hon. A. F. Burleigh will deliver an address, and the orchestra will render some selections. All in all, it will Ire the night of the engagement and a memorable occasion. Ming's Opera House is to he re opened and the whole of Helena will par ticipate in the inauguration. HONOR TO WHOM HONOR IS DUE. Mr. R. V. Harvey, the expertstage archi tect who has so successfully completed the remodeling of Ming's Opera House, came from Boston and learned his trade in the Hub under A. W. Johnson, one of the recognized stage artists of the day. After the death of Mr. Johnson Mr. Harvey com pleted the unfinished work on hand and soon after erected and completed the Olym pic theater in Boston. He was then recog nized as one of the best theatrical designers in the East. After completing the Olym pic he built the following theatres : Sel ma and Ufala, Alabama; Springer Opera House, Columbus, Ga ; Ralston Opera House, Macon, Ga.; the Charleston (South Carolina) Opera House; the theatre at Portland, Massachusetts. Returning to Boston he worked under Booth & Jarrett for three years as stage machinist, and after that in New York under the management of James Fisk's Grand Opera House. From there he went to St. Joseph, Mo., and built Tootle's Opera House. the seating capacity of which is nearly three thousand. After the comple tion of that house he was sent to Montana by J. A. Stevens to take this circuit, but Helena was nearly destroyed by fire shortly after he arrived, and the theatre business played out for a time. Since coming to Helena he has built Ming's Opera House rnd remodeled it. His work on this theatre is greatly admired. He had nothing but ontline plans to go on, and originated the details with great success, owing to his vast experience in such matters. NOTES. Prof. Rossner, agent of the Mason & Hamlin pianos, has fnrnished the orches tral instrument that will be used at the new theatre. It is an upright of Mason & Hamlin manufacture, remarkable for per fect mechanism and strength and purity of tone. * * * The stage furniture, carpets, etc., of the new house were famished by A. P. Cartin, and are of handsome pattern. **■* "Judd" and "Shorty," the well known attaches, are powers behind the scenes at the new theatre. * * * It is said that gentlemen will attend the opera this evening in fall dress. As the ladies will surely be ont in magnificent toilets, their escorts might emulate their good example. * * * The scenery and drop curtain were man ufactured by Sasman it Landes, scenic artists of Chicago. * * * The interior painting of the remodeled Ming's Opera House was done by the skilled artists, Meinhardt & Yalliant, and is a creditable display of their artistic handiwork. They made the most of the opportunities offered and set off' the wood work to the best advantage. Their work needs but be seen to be appreciated. JOHN SHERMAN. The November North American Review discusses John Sherman as a possible president, in the same way that it has been considering other candidates of both parties. The writer successively enumerates twelve classes of people with whom Sherman would be a particularly acceptable and strong candidate, begin ning with the laboring men, for whom his policy has steadily secured abun dant employment at good wages in good money. This claim is well founded, as all must admit who recall the con sistent championship of Sherman for protection to home industries, the resumption of specie payments and every measure that has advanced the material interests of the country. In free trade England to-day we see the streets of London full of starving work men. while every day in the year, from every portion of the British isles, there is and has been for years a steady pro cession of exiles seeking abroad a sub sistence that cannot be found at home. Nothing like this occurs in our country. Our laboring men fare better than any others in the world. Mr. Sherman is therefore believed to be the strongest candidate in such doubtful States as New York, Connecticut, New Jersey, Indiana and Nevada, where the labor element is strong. Again Mr. Sherman is regarded as the strongest candidate among the colored voters. Certainly his consistent and constant advocacy of their interests ought to insure their hearty support, as much as any other who could be named, without it be the son of Abraham Lin coln. For this reason it is assumed that Sherman could carry the two Virginias and Carolinas. Not only in those States is Sherman strong with the negroes, but but with conservative men of all classes who think more of developing the re sources of the country than of fighting over past issues. The South is fast be coming more distinctly protectionist than some of the northeastern States. But it is among the business men of the country, the careful, prudent busi ness men, that Sherman is particularly strong and probably stronger for good reasons and all odds than an} - other. Even the warmest friends of other can didates generally concede tin*. On all financial and industrial questions for a generation past John Sherman has been a sound and safe supporter and leader. More than any other one man Sherman was the successful leader to restore a specie basis to our currency and to se cure the means to pay off our national debt. The lriends of hard and honest money in the great central States» where the contest is likely to be decided, ure surely counted to give Sherman a hearty support, Mr. Sherman is especially strong among those engaged in manufactures. Through the policy that he has so steadily advocated America has be come the greatest manufacturing coun try in the world, and as a result the richest and most independent. There is no contest on this point. As a friend of the soldiers, too, there is no one with a stronger and more con sistent record. Ilis friendship has never faltered during or since the war. No measure for their better payment and provision has ever lacked his ready support and powerful championship, in or out of Congress. In the matter of experience in public affairs, no one has a longer and larger record than Sherman. Experience ought to count for something, and as suredly will as our people become more intelligent and experienced themselves. As a special champion of the wool producing interest, which of itself can count a million voters, Sherman will appeal to this powerful section of voters more strongly than any other possible candidate. In many States this single interest will prove strong enough to de termine the result. Among other claims put forward for Mr. Sherman is his good standing among civil service reformers and independ ents. Probably as against some other possible candidates this might count fur something in a very close contest. Other considerations urged are Sher man's strength on the Pacific coast, his general hold on all parts of the Repub lican party and his special favor with the agricultural classes. No one will question Sherman's great strength, his ability, his just claims for the united and hearty support of the en tire republican party, and should the choice of the convention fall upon him, we believe the popular choice would fol low. We believe the same would be the case if Blaine were the nominee. Each has commanding abilities and the coun try would have reasou to be proud of such a President. Not ignoring the claims of others, these two are surely the foremost figures in connection with the next Republican nomination, and all good Republicans would be equally well content whichever way the decision goes. Gov. Gordon took a leading part in the late Confederate master at Macon and in behalf of the State of Georgia delivered the speech extending the welcome of the peo ple to Davis. An extraordinary scene en sued when the rebel colors were passed np from the Confederate procession and the Davis family in turn smothered it with kisses. "God bless the flag!" exclaimed Jeff, and the rebel yell from fifty thousand veterans echoed like the old. time about the hills of Macon. Gov. Gordon, after the great Confederate pageant, boarded the train and hastened away to the Democratic stump in Ohio. ___ Grady, the young athlete of the "New South," was knocked out in one round at Macon. And yet Jeff' Davis is declared by his Northern friends "snperanuated and in his dotage !" MORMONS IN TURKEY. The reported application of the Mor mons for liberty to locate in Turkey is good news. It would be a good thing for the Mormons to go there; it would be a good thing for the Turks and their country, and the very best thing of all for the United States to get rid of them. If we were famishing for immigrants, we would perish of such famine before extending a welcome to polygamous Mormons. We are exceedingly anxious that our wilderness wastes should be cultivated, but better a howling wilder ness than the social leprosy of polygamy. Now in Turkey there is no radical dis like to the polygamous features of murmonism. In some respects the presence and example of the Mormons would have an elevating effect upon the more degraded natives of some parts of Asia Minor. There is a beautiful coun try, full of resources, which, under stable government and intelligent culture, could, in a few years, be made more pro ductive than ever before in history. Such a region is the high lands of Asia Minor. Of course every Christian nation in the world would object to the Mormons go ing into any part of Palestine or close upon its borders. That land has a sa credness in the minds of all believers in the Bible that would revolt at such oc cupancy. Most of the Mormons, so far as we know, are of northern countries and would thrive better in the in terior and 'high plateau country of Asia Minor, further north than Judea. With the wealth that the Mormons could gather up and transport they could undoubtedly buy up a large tract of that thinly peopled country and in troduce all the elements of civilization familiar to them. In the course of a few years, as the Turkish government falls to pieces, the new Mormon State might emerge into independence and have a famous career. Our chief interest, of course, is to get rid of the Mormons, and there is no spot on this western continent that we want to see cursed by them. Let them go where polygamy is not distasteful and where they can make converts without degrading them. In their present location civilization is closing in around them and will grind them to powder. If the leaders are shrewd they will see that certain extinction awaits them here. By moving to Asia Minor they will be getting back to the land of the patriarchs whose primitive domestic arrangements they have adopted. It would be easy and quite natural to get out a new revelation sanctioning this move, and it would go otl' like hot cakes. For the money that is now spent in feeing lawyers and buying up congress men, they could transport the whole ca boodle of tlieir harems in ships of their own to the land where their peculiar institution is not a stench in the nostrils of surrounding peoples. HOODLUM ISM. We are not disposed to preach a cru sade against any innocent amusement of boys, nor do we want to see them dis graced by being put into jail or tlieir parents barrassed and compelled to pay fines, but on the other hand, we are still less inclined to tolerate the growth of that destructive and repulsive juvenile development known as hoodlumism. There seems to be a strong tendency in American youth in this direction and with very little latitude of allow ance it grows amazingly and branch es naturally into all sorts of crimes. Those who see how the stone wall around the court house this morning is defaced by marking and otherwise will feel that some public action is necessary at once, and that some public example should be made to teach boys to confine their sports to the proper place and time. We do not com plain of the removal of gates or mis placing boxes and lumber. The spirit of innocent fun may be indulged with some extra latitude on Hal loween, when spirits are said to walk the earth, usually in boys' clothes. But when such spirit turns to waste and to defilement of pub lic grounds and buildings, we think the bounds of silence and patience are reached, and that sharp, decisive action is necessary. Any one who will injnre, deface, defile or destroy public property ought to be punisheu doubly. We have many nice public buildings, school houses and churches and court house. There is not one of them that does not bear scars of waste and defile ment. The beauty of such places once gone, the mischief goes on more rapidly, and every public ground and building soon becomes repulsive in its appear ance. Even with all attempts at repair ing, made at a large annual expense, the original beauty is never restored. We hope our City Council will enact a stringent ordinance against waste, damage and defilement of public grouLds and buildings, and that the police will be specially charged to watch such places and arrest all offenders and pun ish them severely till the miserable habit is broken up. There is no shadow of excuse for such things. We call upon every parent in the city to make it a matter of special inquiry and injunction in their own families. Teachers and public officers of all kinds are invoked to stem this demoralizing tide. Above all we appeal to boys themselves, to ab stain themselves and prevent others from any injury to a public building. Commissioner Atkins reports progress in settling the Indians in severalty and making them self-supporting. While ap preciating moderate gains it is not one tenth of what ought to be shown for the money spent. THE PEACE MISSION. There is quite an honorable delega tion, composed chiefly of members of the British Parliament, now in Wash ington with a memorial asking our Na tion to give its formal endorsement to the plan of settling international dis putes by arbitration. It may seem to Englishmen that it is peculiarly desira ble that the United States should lead off on this line, but we doubt very much the propriety or utility of any public announcement or pledges of this sort. We know by practical experience the horrors, waste and cost of war. and the benefits and blessings of peace. As we become stronger there will be less and less danger of our being attacked by any foreign nation, and as we become more intelligent and intimately connected by railroads, telegraph and postotfices, and busily employed in more pleasant and profitable things, we shall be less and less liable to internal strife. But we doubt if any good will come from any public pledges that we will not go to war under any provocation. Such a pledge would not amount to anything when the pinch came, and it might possibly lead some other nation to impose on our good nature under color of such pledges. The proper way to do this thing is by mutual obligations in treaties between nations, providing that in any case of dispute' which could not be settled be tween the two nations, they would leave it to some arbiter mutually acceptable and abide the judgment of such arbiter. As between the United States and Great Britain this plan has been tried in several cases and with general good re sults, and even without any special treaty provision it will be more likely to be repeated in future, as England has more reason to respect our strength. If we should propose with England to give up the construction of ships of war we should probably get for answer that England needed them as protection for her colonies and commerce as against other nations and we should have to ad mit the propriety of the suggestion. But it would none the less give England a temporary advantage over us in case she repudiated any treaty obligation to refer disputes to arbitration. It would prac tically amount to nothing more than an expression of an opinion by one gener ation that the next one, under different circumstances, might not entertain. Our favorable situation on a continent where we are never likely to have any rivals in power give us an assurance of peace better than all the treaty declara tions in the world. But it must be re membered that cur Republican form of government, as well as our rapid growth, are exciting the fears and jealousies of the nations of Europe, whose governing heads and administrations can have no real and enduring friendship for us. If as a result of the impending con flict of nations in Europe one great power should arise, wielding the com bined powers of all western Europe, then we should be very apt to be the object of hostilities. Again, in the course of a lew years, when our country is generally settled up and our manufactures have increased a hundredfold, it is certain that we are going to become the greatest commer cial nation in the world, and that will bring us into conflict with other powers seeking the same object. It will lead us naturally to acquire possessions out side of our own borders, which we have heretofore sedulously avoided. As the greatest nation in the world, with a navy to protect our commerce in every sea, we should be besieged by other weak nations and countries to take them under our wing. We cannot and ought not to say that we will never con sent to do this, for it may become clearly for our interests and be our highest duty to do that very thing. A day of conflict will come when by our expansion we will come in contact and direct competition with other great pow ers. No one can tell how soon this day may arrive. If a general European war should be fought out to the bitter end and continue for a term of years, we do not well see how England can avoid be ing drawn into it. Naturally the opper tuuity would come to us to do the carry ing trade for all Europe and the rest of the world. England would not allow this if by any possibility she could pre vent it. It is clearly our immediate interest and duty to construct a navy that will be able to protect our own commerce and all that will naturally seek shelter under our flag in the event of such a war in Europe. We need this navy as well to enforce respect for a policy of commer cial union with the nations on this con tinent, which ought not to be delayed a single year. If in the present conflict of parties in England there should be a Tory ascend ancy, or a union between them and that selfish commercial class that fitted out privateers to destroy our commerce and did its utmost to work our destruction, we do not see how we could avoid a con flict in arms with such a power. We could hardly expect England to surren der the control of the seas even to us without a contest. It is an interesting subject to talk about peace, but our settled conviction is that our firat duty is to prepare for war, the contest for nav^l supremacy, which will be pn us as soon as we can get ready for it. Cleveland has proclaimed and his va rious governors appointed over the Terri tories are doing the same. What is hold ing Montana's governor back ? The par don of Edmnnson is a matter of the past, and we suppose the commission of the new militia colonel has been signed. Now, then, for the thanksgive. As the time approaches for the execution of the anarchists, it seems as if the whole country were full of active sympathizers and apologists. This, to our mind, is not any reason why they should not be hang, bat an additional one why they should be, if any additional reasons were needed. Not content with appeals to sympathy, it is understood that several prominent men have received letters threatening extermi nation unless they interpose to prevent the execution. Such threats ought to be treated with contempt. It is time to know the worst that these anarchists can do. Let them fume, threaten and attempt their worst. We have no fears for the safety of society against all their machina tions and outbursts of violence. Sympa thy for such public enemies is worse than squandered. Ours are reserved for those poor policemen who stood between public safety and ruin and gave up their lives as a sacrifice. That diseased species of sympa thy that lavishes itself on the criminal in stead of the victims is the most disgusting spectacle of the age. Let sympathy go where it is de served. Sympathy for such men is support of anarchy and will be an incen tive to others to .imitate their murderous work. Some say these convicted ones did not throw the fatal bomb, but they caused it to be thrown none the less, and are more guilty than their poor ignorant dupes who did their bidding. There is no tampering with such social diseases without spread ing the venom through the whole system. With no thought or feeling of vengeance, we say that if any men ever deserved hang ing these condemned anarchists do, and it will be criminal cruelty to spare their lives. Thos. F. Meehan has given us a short chapter in the North American to show that English taxation has been carried on in America, and it will surprise oue to learn, who has not been familiar with the subject, of the many millions that have been sent over from this country to pay the extor tionate rents that Irish landlords have de manded and that could not be produced from the soil, and allow even the poorest living for the miserable tenants. The common way has been to send one mem ber of the family to the United States and depend upon his or her earnings here to pay the rent, while those at home had all they could do to raise enough to live on. English writers and speakers are constant ly reiterating that but for means drawn from this country the Irish Home Rule party would soon be starved out. But it is shown that for every dollar contributed for this cause hundreds have gone directly to the pockets of English landlords, and, but for this source of their revenue, they would have been starved out long ago with the poor people who are their ^tenants. Our country has a clear pecuniary interest in settling this Irish question in Ireland, so that the people there can support them selves and cut off this constant drain upon our resources. Mr. Meehan has done a good service in showing the other side of this question and Mr. Chamberlain will be very apt to be confronted with it on his first appearance on our side of the Atlan tic. To say that Andrew Carnegie's book, "Triumphant Democracy," is a false, de famatory, seditious and treasonable libel on Queen Yictoria, as was stated by the grand jury of Wolverhamp ioD, is a piece of scurrility or puerility that sounds very strange at this late day. The book is in our public library and our read ers will be curious to read a book that has eo aroused the ire of a Wolverhampton grand jury. There is nothing in it complimentary to royalty and nobility. It is possibly a dangerous book in England, for it will open the eyes of the poor, op pressed people to see how the wealth of the nation is eaten up by the support of the figure head of roy alty. The book has been widely read in England and the results of the reading are beyond question destructive of all traditional reverence for royalty. This Wolverhampton grand jury has probably done more to advertise the book than any other method Carnegie could have devised. Any attempt to in dict the anthor or suppress the book will only give them greater popularity among a majority of the people of the British Isles. There is a democracy in England that will be as triumphant when it learns its own strength and interest. a Admiral Porter recites the usual stoiy of onr defenseless seacoast. We are told that the city of the brave Lacedemonians alone of all the cities of the ancient world had no walls. Its citizens were its walls, and in something the same way we might point to onr sixty million resolute and intelligent citizens as onr coast defense. We are not in any particular danger of at tack or invasion. Any nation that under took to take advantage of our con dition to lay our coast cities under tribute or in ashes would probably find themselves in a hornets' nest and would be glad in the end to restore such ransom with interest and make good any damages inflicted. What we do want is a first class navy, superior to any in the world, and we cannot any too soon begin its construction. It i3 time we pat a stop to this prevailing practice of European na tions gobbling up all the islands of the ocean and all the coasts of the continents. The only way to stop it is to build a navy so that we can be in superior force at every point and check this grand larceny and enslavement of weak nations. Three of the anarchists appear in an open letter declining in advance any com mutation of sentence. They demand either to be hung or set at liberty. The latter is ont of the question, bnt in so reasonable a matter as preferring to be hung to any other punishment they certainly ought to be gratified. _ The decision of the U. S. Supreme Court is unanimous. The Anarchists must swing. There was scarcely room for doubt that the Supreme Court of the United State* would do just what it has done in denyin * a writ of error in the anarchist cases. No one who read the wild, buncomb speech of Butler and compared it with the solid and sustained arguments on the other side could think there was any ground for the case to stand on. The end of appeals has now been reached, except that to the Governor of Illinois for par don or commutation, the latter of which is contemptuously denied. Now let justice be done, and if there are others who think they are right and give the same cause for being huDg, let them be hung too. This business of terrifying the public with threats of murder and incen diaryism might just as well, and a good deal better, be settled right away. Any one who doesn't want to live under our laws and society is at liberty to leave, and no obstacle will be interposed and no tears shed. But if they want to stay they must obey the laws that the majority make. November opens in good shape, with just the kind of weather for railroad con struction and housebuilding, although the days are getting short at both ends. nThe Manitoba is reported to be within fifty miles of our city gates, which are wide open for its coming. The progress of this road îeminds us of Buchanan Read's poem of Sheridan's ride up the Shenandoah valley. With every day's end the road is considerably nearer, and our people will soon be riding out to the end of the track and f.oon after be watching for the smoke of the locomotive. Thanksgiving and an other railroad set down for this month give promise that it will be both an event ful and an enjoyable one. If more were needed it is the prosper! of having an abundant supply of water. The Governor of Alaska thinks he has one of the richest provinces of the United States in mineral resources and is not with out pretention in agriculture. But the fisheries are the interest that will first be developed, and will bring both population and wealth with independence to the pro vince. Beyond doubt the Alaska Commer cial Company is a grasping monopoly, like all others. Not content with what is con ceded them, they are attempting to control the whole country, and all the inhabitants and officials. But it will uot, ou the other hand, do to allow an indiscriminate slaugh ter of the seals, which would soon extermi nate them, as the buffalo has been extermi nated in this country. Gov. Gordon in his speech at Cincinnati said there was not to exceed a dozen rebel Hags in the Macon procession and said peo ple were color blind not to have seen the stars and stripes which floated in the town. He raw no wrong in cbeeriDg for Jeff. Davis. Davis had done no worse than he (Gordon) had done, and he wouldn't turn his back on the decrepid old man. He apologized for the South goiDg into the war as they were educated in the doctrine of state's rights. The Georgia negroe voted in state elections, but did not waet to vote in national elections because they had no desire to perpetuate the rule of the "carpet bagger." ^ _ Commissioner Coleman gives a glow ing account of the suppression of the cattle disease. We think he is too confident by far at having suppressed the disease, but we are not the less thankful for what he has done, and heartily second the motion for liberal appropriations to prosecute the work. The importation of diseased cattle from abroad should also be stopped at all cost and hazard. THE WRIT DENIED. Last Hope cl the Chicago Anarchies Gone. Washington, November 2.— The Chief Justice is now reading the opinion in the case of the Chicago anarchists. The de cision as to whether the writ is granted or denied has not yet been announced, but the constitutionality of the Illinois jury law is sustained. Later—The Supreme Court denies the writ of error in the Chicago anarchists case. POINTS OF THE DECISION. The Chief Justice Covers the »»hole Ground. Washington, November 2. —The de cision in the United States Supreme Court upon the petition for a writ of error in the case of the Chicago anarchists was an nounced this afternoon by Chief Justice Waite in a long and carefully prepared opinion, which occupied thirty-five min utes in reading. The court hold in briet First. That the first ten amendments to the constitntion are limitations upon Federal and not upon State action. Second. That the jury law of Illinois is upon its face valid and constitutional. Third. That it does not appear in record that upon evidence in the trial the court should have declared juror Sanford incom petent. Fourth. That the objection to the ad mission of the Johann Most letter and the cross examination of Spies, which the counsel for the prisoners maintained vir tually compelled them to testily against themselves, were not objected to in the trial in court, and that, therefore, no founda tion was laid for the exercise ot this court s jurisdiction. Fifth. That the questions raised by Gee. Entier, in the cases of Spies and Fielden, upon the basis of their foreign nationality, were neither raised or decided in the State court and therefore cannot be considered The writ of error prayed for must conse quently be denied. There was no dissent iDg opinion. The Anarchists l nmoved. Chicago, November 2. —The jail author ities did not evince any surprise when m formed of the anarchist decision. "R just what was expected," said Jailer 1 ai The anarchists received the news unmoveu and refused to express any opinion in matter. __ Found Guilty. Cleveland, November 2.— The jnrj in the case of "Blinky" Morgan, on at Revenna, Ohio, for the murder o tective H. Hulligan, returned a venin guilty of murder in the first degree. Increase of Capital Stock. Albany, N. Y„ November 2 .-Theto^ mercial Cable Co. yesterday ,; - e ' y r0B j cate to increase its capital s $4,000,000 to $6,000,000.