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HONOR TO HILL!
Great art Glorious Turn-Out ii Honor of lie New EoaG. Thonsands of Citizens at the Depot— An Eutlmsiastic Greeting. A Street Parade Two Miles Long —Blare of Trumpets, Boom of Cannon and Flaring Banners. Exercises at the Opera Hoase---Iloqaent Addresses by Hon. B, P. Carpenter and Hon. Martin Maginnis. Blinding blizzards, rattling rain nor seething snow can avail to dampen the en thusiasm of Helena's citizens or lessen their ardor. This morning the driving snow and cold weather promised to check tfye agreed-upon demonstration in honor of tire arrival of the new railroad and even the stout hearts of the committee of arrangements were so appalled that they issued an order just before noon that the contemplated street parade had been aban doned. But the mass of our citizens would have none of it. With "hearts of contro versy" that brooked no delay, whether by Hood or lire, they took matters into their own hands and turned out en masse. Promptly at 1:15 o'clock the line was put in motion on Main street and,headed by the Helena Band, Company A, 1st Cavalry, Meagher Guards, Light Artillery, Grand Army, Board ol Trade and reception com mittee began their march depotwards. Down Main street, then Lawrence and lastly Cen ter the long column filed and arrived at the Montana Central depot just as President Hill's special train pulled into the depot amid the cheers of citizens, screech of locomotives, clang of bells, roar of artil lery and the howl of the elements. »Snow lell in blinding sheets and the west wind whistled like a hurricane, but the people braved it all and thronged the depot grounds by the thousand. The special ti... bearing the Third In fantry bauü from Fort »Shaw came in just ahead of the Hill train and deposited the talented musicians on the platform, where they struck up a welcoming march. The Hill train was drawn by a handsome pas senger engine, No. Ill, of the St. I'. M. & M. R. IÏ , [and consisted of four cars, in cluding two luxurious special coaches, the Manitoba and the Dakota. Bight among the tailing banks of Last Chance Gulch, tlfieir presence afiorded a novel but pleasing spectacle that evoked cheer after cheer from the multitude. The committee of reception boarded the Manitoba and greeted Mr. Hill and party. A reporter of the Herald accompanied the committee and ascertained that the party consisted of thirteen gentlemen as follows : James J. Hill, President of the Manito ba ; A. H. Wilder, of St. Paul ; P. H. Kel ley, the well-known St. Paul merchant ; E. W. Winter, general manager of the St. Paul, Minn. & Omaha railroad ; Charles Dudley Warner, of New York ; Morris Auerbach, of Auerbach, Finch & Van Slyck, St. Paul ; J. A. Wheelock, edi tor of the Pioneer Press ; D. C. Shepard, contractor and director of the Manitoba ; A. L. Mohler, freight agent ; Major Ram sey, the Bed River farmer ; J. M. Lgan, general superintendent of the Manitoba; Allen Manvel, general manager of the road ; and Mr. Elricht, a mining expert Irom New York. They were at once escorted to carriages and the parade began. The line was fully two miles in length, stretching from the depot to the foot of Bridge street. To the blare of two brass bands the procession moved up Main street amid the decorations that lined that thoroughfare for its whole length. Almost every business house on the street was festooned with Hags and bunting. At the corner of Edwards street the pageant passed under a huge tri umphal arch that spanned Main street for its whole width. The arch bore the legend "Manitoba-Montana," and on opposite ends the names of J. J. Hill and C. A. Broadwater, with the inscription "Hail to the Chiefs." Time is too limited to describe the pro cession. »Suftice it, that it contained thousands of people in carriages, on horse back and afoot ; societies, City Council, fire department, military companies and num bers of wagons representing varum* trades and industries. It paraded wi h colors Hying through the principal stre* c- >>f the city, and everywhere Mtssrs. Hill and Broadwater's carriage was recognized by lusty cheers from the willing throats of thousands of citizens who witnessed the parade from sidewalks [and windows. The gentlemen responded by lilting their hats. Despite the weather it was a grand turnout. Without doubt it eclipsed anything in the line of a public demonstration ever before attempted and proved a whole-souled, royal greeting to the Manitoba chief and his party. The procession broke at the corner of Jackson street, when the dispersed assem blage entered the Opera House and the welcoming exercises began. The house was crowded to the roof and many had to he content with standing room. A number of ladies were in the audience, the assem blage being a notable one for size and char acter. The exercises began with an over ture by Bossner's band, which was excel lently rendered and received with applause. ADDRESS OK WELCOME. In his address of welcome the President of the Day, ex-Governor B. Platt Carpenter, spoke as follows. At the request of the committee having in charge the exercises of to-day, it de volves upon me to extend, on behalf of the citizens of Helena, their most cordial wel come to the distinguished guests, who, coming over the great highway which their enterprise has constructed, have just en entered the gates of this joyous city. By other lips the pleasant duty could be per formed far more gracefully, but not more sincerely. My words will inadequately represent the intensity of gratitude that pervades the entire community. A stran ger might inquire, Why this joy and this commotion ? Why two hours ago, from the crest of Mt. Helena, from the dome of the capitol, from every roof and eminence of our city, did thirty thousand eyes peer toward the northern valley and watch with eagerness for the curling smoke that shonld herald the approach of the first train over the Montana Central? Why did] thousands upon thousands, with banners and mnsic rush to the station, capture the passengers and bring them to this temple, where speech and song and shout proclaim a day of jubilee? The answer is that the progressive spirit ot the Territory is inflamed to ecstacy over the grandest triumph of benefiecnt genius that the age has witnessed. The completion of a new railroad track is not of itself an extraordinary event, for already half a dozen lines pass through or terminate at Helena. The Northern Pa cific, buiit through the center of its own land, has incidentally and largely contributed to the advancement of the Territory, and a branch of the Union Pacific is near by; but so rapid has been the development of the mineral and other re sources ol Montana that increased facili ties lor transportation had become neces sary. The spirit of enterprise grew weary from the long trips of the transcontinental lines, and new competition was needed to produce more active locomotion. Trains loitered by the way so that a passenger from the Mississippi to the Pacific, on ar riving at the terminus, worn and haggard, would utter the sad lament—"perdidi diem." Nearly two years ago the rapid transit genius of St. Paul Hashed an eye westward across the territories, and dis covered Time, that.inexorable enemy of the race, there dragging its slow length along. It had already sapped the buoyant life of travel and transportation. He remem bered that Morse and Edison had nearly vanquished it and he determined to make short work of it. The force, however, ap peared unequal to the resistance. The twelve labors of Hercules were juvenile sport compared with the cyclopean task which this one man assumed. A weak sentimentalism insisted that the wilderness of the savage should never be traversed by the car of civilization. With energy unabated and spirit undaunted he still pushed on without land grant or subsidy. without government en dorsement or exemption, "asking only common civility, and very little of that," and with the aid of associates and coadjutors of his own stamp, amoDg whom was one scarcely less than he—the little giant of Montana—he has accomplished an unexampled feat of railroad building, and henceforth through the efforts of these public benefactors the traveler across the continent may feel on every trip that he has gained his day. With the completion of this new line of railway Helena sees greater speed, reason able rates aDd crowded thoroughfares. The inexhaustible coal fields on the north are made accessible, and every branch of busi ness will receive a new impetus. Enter prise at last has broken the tortoise shell that so long has impeded its locomotion, and the disenthralled spirit comes forth to bless a continent. That sholl may have furn ished music when swept by Apollo's fingers, but it is the deathly bane of rapid transit. Now instead of the music of the turtle shell the whizzing locomotive that shall traverse the reservations will furnish an instrumental accompaniment ^ the song of Hiawatha. The trade of tue city will extend to the Ultima Thule of America. Helena's joy, however, is vastly increased when she knows that the benefits which she receives will lie shared by every por tion of the Terri* ory, and that her fair sister, Butte, will be the next city soon to celebrate. Not the least ot these benefits will accrue from the rapid increase of popu lation, which will make Montana great as a Territory and powerful as a State. It is natural that joy should reign supreme among the recipients of this princely bene faction, and doubly blessed must be a peo ple who can celebrate two Thanksgivings in a single week. Helena's growth in wealth and popula tion has indeed been marvelous. Citizens of the Eastern States who have seen the sun set behind the Catskills or the Alleghenies, or drop into the Mississippi river, would be astonished to behold this place, only a few years removed from a mining camp, and yet containing all the modern improve ments. Here are elegant public buildings, massive business blocks and private resi dences superior to those in any other city of its size, and 500 of them have been erected during the present year. Here are four national banks with five millions of de posits. Its street railway is a convenience little expected in so new a country. Its gas lights and electric lights are not sur passed in any of the older cities. Pure crystal water from unfailing springs is abundantly supplied, and within twenty days will How through its streets in 25 miles of pipe. As the benefits conferred upon the Ter ritory by this line of railway are inesti mable, so the glory of its projectors is un bounded and imperishable. With all its resources, Montana has just been given a still greater opportunity. To the innocent beneficiaries of such a boon, it is gratifying to believe that this magnificent and costly enterprise —this construction of two great roads in continuous line, will soon reap its jnst re ward. It already has the popular good will and an abundance of those things which are garnered in heaven (for it seems an exception to the rule that a corporation is a body without a soul), and its prospects could not be more brilliant for an abund ance of the tangible things of earth. Popu lous cities and thriving villages will soon dot the whole length of the line, and it will receive a steady local support Irom the rich and beautiful agricultural country of Northern Montana. But there are still more weighty reasons which demonstrate that this road will be one of the most prosperous in America. The inexhaustible mineral resources of Montana have never been fathomed, and they will be a stand ing offer of reward and a sure reliance for the industry of a thousand years. The names Drum Lummon, Granite Mountain and Anaconda, associated with their im mence production of gold, silver and cop per, are already familiar to the financiers of two continents. These, however, are but surface indications of what our soil and rocks contain. Hundreds of valuable and well tested lodes are entirely undevel oped and have been quietly awaiting the advent of this road for means of transpor tation, while there are thousands of veins not yet located, to which will apply the adage that "There are bigger fish in the sea than were ever taken out of it." Within a radius of a hundred miles of Helena are more precious mineral deposits than all the nations have hitherto drawn from the earth. It seems as if the alchemist mast, from the first day of creation, have em ployed his skill in this'chosen field, until, perishing in the fiood, he lelt his scattered gold behind him. The tall mountnins are the monuments of our mineral wealth and guides to its discovery. The transportation of ores alone will con stitute a lucrative business. The stock interests of the Territory will need the assistance of more than one rail road. The horse can graze and fatten through all our winter, when near the At lantic coast he would soon perish without the aid of man. The sheep industry, though in its infancy, is destined to yield more wool than did all America fifty years ago. Upon the ranges are immense herds of cattle with blood as pure as the purest blood of the Darhams and the Stuarts, and self-supporting as were the ancient buffalo. Wide coal fields yet uncovered are anxious ly looking for the daylight which this en terprise will bring. With cheap fuel, un surpassed water power and facilities tor transportation now adequate, the industries of the States,.wili be added to the more profitable pursuits of the Territory. The raw ^ material is [here, and if those who occupy the crowded factories and furnaces of the East knew that the most agreeable and healthful climate of the world has its abode on the slopes of the Bocky Moun tains, where there is but a single month of cold weather in all the year, where spring often comes two months earlier and autumn lingers two months later than in New England, there would be an influx of artisans and manufacturers who would give to our interests as great a diversity as can be found in our soil and scenery. Every traveler returning to his distant home will convey the intelligence of Mon tana's wealth and salubrity, and dispel the mistaken idea that our location is inac cessible and our climate uncongenial. The prospects are peculiarly favorable to a railroad that runs from St Paul to Hel ena with a grade so nearly level that every train may be said to proceed literally "on the even tenor of its way." Bat above all these natural advantages and adventitious circumstances, there is one thing that will always insure order and create prosperity, and that is the men who inhabit the Ter ritory. They are a cosmopolitan people, for the wide world has been their home. They are a mosaic people, for while each differs from another, they work together as a unit. They are beyond question an en terprising people. Many who came here without earnings or patrimony, could now leave with millions accumu lated in honorable pursuits, but their affections cling to the soil of Montana, the mother of their fortunes. Why should not Montana be great, when at the very foundation of her industries her mines and on her ranches one finds not only self-made and practical men, but also a large representation of college gradu ates and persons of the most elegant culture, and her cities present a social refinement not surpassed in any other places of their size. Labor and mechanic art here command the highest prices paid in America,because a prosperous people is always able to pay high prices, a decaying people never. So everywhere the unfailing index of pros perity is remunerative compensation for labor. Here, however, the amplest remu neration has thus far failed to command a sufficient supply, and the operatives who have so faithfully laid this track will be one of the best advertising mediums to bring still more intelligence and muscle to aid in future enterprises. There is something in this lofty air that begets noble aspirations and large under takings ; something so elevating and sus taining that the man who falls is sure to strike on his feet. Insolvent assignments and mortgage foreclosures are so rare that there is scarcely a lawyer who has not for gotten how to draw the one or to conduct the other. How remarkable has been the progress of a Territory that little more than twenty years ago was sheltered only by tents and divided by trails! What vol umes of praise the order and system of to day bestow upon the sturdy pioneers who crushed out the rapine of camp followers and impressed deep in the moral sense a devotion to law and good government! Three years have elapsed since, in any por tion of the Territory, the law has been vio lated by any attempt to administer justice outside of the courts. For how many »States could the same be said ? Here is a city without a beggar in its streets, and while houses ma\ r be locked to prevent the hasty or untimely intrusion of f riends, no one for ten years has heard of locking or bolting against thieves or robbers. The law is interpreted by an able and upright judiciary, everywhere honored and re spected, and the rights of the citizen are as secure as in any place under the sun. These things all conspire to aid the growth of the Territory in business and population, so that the day is near when 50,000 people will walk the streets of Helena, and 500, 000 names appear on the census list of the Territory or the »State. To accomplish so important a result the gentlemen who have constructed this new line of railway are now gloriously contributing, and in re turn that increase of business and popu lation will be likely to make this road actually and deservedly one of the richest on the continent. The St. l'anl, Minneapolis and Manito ba and the Montana Central railroads can not be dissociated in our minds. To their master spirits the people of Montana owe a debt of perpetual thanks—an obligation that must be faithfully discharged. It is the height of our pleasure to meet the men in honor of whom we were assembled, and to address them personally. And now, President James J. Hill and President Chas. A. Broadwater, the citizens of Helena, by these words of mine, extend to you their heartiest welcome and their unlimited hospitalities. You, including the distin guished associates and companions with you, must feel that this city is your own and that you have only to command. It is the wish of all that upon your pathways the bright sun may never cease to shine, and that "your shadows may never he less." Following the admirable address of ex Governor Carpenter, which was heartily applauded, came the grand taps of Major Henderskot on his silver drum—Helena's March—which "brought down the house." Then succeeded President Hill's and Major Maginnis' responses for the Manitoba and Montana Central railways. MR. HILL'S RESPONSE. Sir. Hill said he could not express the pleasure he felt in being present and meet ing so many of the people of Helena and of other parts of Montana alter the closing up of a long summer's work. It was some three years since he had first seen the city and the beautiful mountain surroundings of the capital of the Territory. Colonel Broadwater, at that time, was particular ly anxious that he (Hill) should visit Montana and see for himself what a field there was for railroad development, and when here he was given no peace until he had rushed over the mountain ranges four times in as many days. Broadwater insisted that UNDER EV ERY STONE WAS A MINE, and he told his story so well that he (Hill) was more than half inclined to believe him right. (Laughter.) Eater on, said Mr. Hill, when it was de cided to build the Montana Central, "Broad" was asked what he wanted, what he would do, how he would get his plant out here. "I don't want anything but the rails,■' was his answer. We have got men and teams and material and everything re quired to build a railroad excepting the rails. I want to get them out here if I can." Work started, and when we were here a year ago we found it well advanced. At that time it was decided to extend the Manitoba, and if we could not get the rails here any other [way, to bring them out on our own line. [Applause.] We have had A GOOD DEAL OF FUN about the rail question one time and another, but, seriously, I think that all oc casion to allude to it hereafter will be set tled. It won't trouble us as much in the future. While the Manitoba counts more miles in the enterprise, I think it is only fair to say that the active end of it began out here ; the life was put in it from this end. We never would have started, we never coaid have started, if we had not felt that this end was taken care of, or rather that this end wanted to be taken care of, and we had to come oat here to do it. It would hardly have been fair to have left "Broad'' out here alone, with a grade the boys had to drive over and call it a railroad. [Laughter.] Y'our chairman has been far too complimentary of the enterprise which I have the honor to direct ; at least the general movement. It is true that probably to-day we are cele brating the winding np ol the FASTEST PIECE OF RAILROAD WORK that has been or may hereafter lie done on the continent ; not that there may not be men to build such lines, but I say to you that I do not believe there is another place where you could build as long a line of road so rapidly. And in coming over it now for the third time, if ever we needed confidence in the enterprise, we teel that we have it. The thing grows on us in such a way, the country, the climate, everything, that we know Montana is not to be put down hereafter alone as a miniDg or as a grazing country. My friend and fe»low director, Mr. Shepherd, has the reputation of doing all his work ; but I want to say to you privately that he has a partner uamed Sims who does the work, and Shepherd does the tall standing around. [Laughter.] He is a dangerous man, notwithstanding; he has a mild manner,but he has a long pencil. [Laughter ] Well, I want to say that Shepherd has been engaged for a good part of ten days trying to make survey of a Montana turnip. I Laughter]. He has elevations of it and profiles and diagrams, and I don't know what he will have next. He suggests that he will have a cross-section. If he does he will have to make it with a cross-cut saw, and he will have to find one long enough to do it. [Renewed laughter.] Your chairman, as I have said, has al luded to the enterprise in far too compli mentary terms. Montana, started by the pioneers seeking the yellow metal in your valleys and your mountains, has main tained A GROWTH THAT TO ME IS WONDERFUL. The perseverance, the confidence, that those pioneers exhibited in coming here over the plains, making their pilgrimages of three and four weeks of stage riding almost from the Missouri river, is a mar vel. I think there is nothing like it in the history of the country. And to-day we should not forget those pioneers whose patience and long suffering made it possi ble for us to be here. [Applause.] Our friends who would not bring our rails are not to be counted out on this occasion [Applause.] They did a great deal for Montana. And I hope that our company, coming in here over your own Montana Central road,will not be behind in contrib uting its full share to the future wealth and prosperity of the country. [Applause.] We have close by you what Montana most wants—at least this portion. Y'ou want an abundance of cheap iuel with which to melt down these mountains, if necessary, and make them DISGORGE THEIR HIDDEN WEALTH. We hope to be able to help yon in that direction, at least more than you have had heretofore, and hope we will not disappoint you. A railway is like any business enter prise in the world ; it must find money to pay its bills by either selling its transpor tation or borrowing money. Now, we are anxious to sell enough transportation, to sell enough of that which we have most of to pay all our bills and leave a good mar gin. We want to do a wholesale business, and we want to do it at such rates as will enable your people to be prosperous with us ; for without your prosperity we would be very poor indeed. [Applause.] It is just as true as that we are all here, that no railway company can ever prosper, no bus iness enterprise can ever prosper, without the business association in it, with all their differnt ramifications, prosper as well. [Applause.] And while it is our railway it is your highway, and if it is a poor rail way it will serve you poorly ; and on the other hand, if we are able to do well for you your prosperity will surely follow, The manner in which we have been re ceived here to-day is a guaranty of the good will and friendship of the people of this city, and as such I heartily accept it, and say to each one and all of you that we hope that our enterprise in coming here will mark a new era in the prosperity of the Capital City of Montana. [Applause, loud and long continued. | RESPONSE OF MAJOR MARTIN MAGINNIS. Mr. President and Citizens of Helena : On the part of the President and officers and stockholders of the Montana Central railway I return to you their heartfelt thanks for this warm and cordial reception, and this general and joyous celebration with which you welcome the advent of their line into the heart of East Chance gulch, where it comes to replace the Humes and the sluice boxes that washed out their earlier treasure, and where we hope it will yield a greater profit to the city than all the treasures of gold that were washed from the tailings and gravel piles among which it proposes to make its convenient place of business. For these old monu ments ot the past seem to have been des tined to give to your city the cheapest and most convenient terminal facilities of any town in the West. While the men who conceived and car ried out this work—began in the spirit of the boldest enterprise, and indeed with an energy and celerity and dispatch which has cast in the shade all previous enter prises and taught new lessons as to what can be accomplished by money and skill, and wise provision and calculation and labor—would be less than human if their hearts did not swell with grateful pride at your recognition. Nor would I be entirely frank if I did not admit that under the conditions in which they come here they feel that they deserve it; that they bring you something for which no demand has been made on your resources ; that has not asked of the people of Mon tana one dollar in subscriptions or one cent in subsidies ; that it not only did not increase your indebtedness or add to your taxes, but that it adds a vast property to your assessment roll ; that it not only stands willing to pay its share of the common expenses of government and protection in future, but that it has voluntarily assumed and is liable for its due share of the indebtedness which you had contracted before its arrival. In the expressive words of Mr. Hill to a delega tion which called upon him in »St. Paul, it does not propose to take a shingle off any man's roof in Montana, but to help shiDgle many a new roof before it gets through. Consequently, these gentlemen, in buying their way and spending millions already, before, of course, they are able to earn a cent in return, they are entitled to more consideration than if they had been given the bonds of the government to place as collateral for the money to pay for the la bor, and the iron, and the right of way ; or than if that government had endowed them with a vast domain which they might mortgage as a pledge for the redemption of their bonds—instead of taking, as they have done, the money out of their own pockets or raising it on the pledges of their individual credit Not only have they made this invest ment and added this valuation to your Territory, but before they have carried a car load of freight, have by the mere fact of their coming, broken np all the old combinations and made new ones impossi ble, and will save yon this year, before the road is completed, one-third of your freight money. Thus, beginning with a bid for your patronage and good will, they hope, by an honestly constructed line, on which every dollar's measure of debt is repre sented by an honest dollar's worth of labor or material, with good grades and good service to secure such a share of your cus tom as will pay them a lair interest on their actual investment, and to which more heavily burdened competitors must adjust themselves as best they can. We are not unmindful of nor ungrateful for the past. It was undoubtedly a happy day for Helena when Mr. Oakes and Gen. Anderson, oat on a hill near the present site of the Mullan tunnel, after an exhaust ive examination of all the different routes and estimates for that part of the Northern Pacific line from the Three Forks to the mouth of the Little Blackfoot, approved the plans and specifications of Col. Dodge and ordered him to cross-section the line by way of Helena and the Malian pass. The leading men of this town, as of others, had exhibited to them the resources of the tributary country ; but no influences were brought to bear on their judgment. Bat one citizen of Helena was known to either of the gentlemen before they arrived, and he was the only one present at that final conference ; nor did he, even by the par chase of a lot, leave a trail open to disclose their determination. Upon the completion of the road financial stringency set in which prevented the carrying ont of all the plans for branches, and resulted in a com bination which kept the Northern Pacific out of Butte and the Union Pacific out of Helena. The time came when the territory grew up to these roads and needed new stimulus. Mr. Hill had for a long time been thinking ol pushing the Manitoba out to the mountains, and Mr. Broad water who had learned the transportation lessons in the bast of all schools, the old mule trains and bull teams of the Dia mond B, organized the Montana Central to bring together the coal fields and the min ing camps. It was found they could not get iron carried except at exorbitant rates and con cluded that the best way was for the Big Manitoba to push across from Devils Lake to Great Falls and help its protege out in the canyons of the mountains. These were anxious times for Mr. Broadwater, but Mr. Hill stood by him, decided that the road should go ahead, and has honored every draft made on him to pay for the work in Montana. So the Manitoba started across the route approved and recommended by Isaac I. Stevens, and which several of the gentlemen present traveled in 1866 on their way from St. Paul to Helena. He described the Park region of Minne sota as follows : We rode along in the early summer of 1806, through the beautiful park country of Minnesota, where nature had divided the woodland, the grassland and the water into equal parts and arranged them in a landscape of unparalleled loveliness. It was hard to decide whether it was a land of lakes or a sea of islands. For on every rise there was a forest, in every valley a lake, and the water and the woods were connected by gentle declivities on which the wild grasses and the prairie flowers waved in the rich June sunshine, and were mirrored in the saphire waters full of ducks and geese, white breasted pelicans and graceful wild swans. He also described the route across the plains and through the Bad Lands and up the Missouri valley. And how at Fort Union they struck the trail of the pioneer freighter, Colonel Broadwater, and fol lowed it up the Milk river valley, around the corner of the Bear Paw mountains to Fort Benton and thence via the Bird Tail divide and Prickly Pear canyon to Helena. This was the route originally selected for the N. P., which is now occupied by the Manitoba. He condemned the holding of this land as an Indian reservation, and related the history of the attempt to get a right of way through it, which was once vetoed and then signed by Grover Cleveland, and regretted the fact that a Western man (Senator Vest) was the only man who ob jected to the consideration of the bill. I |lle described the onward march of the Manitoba; the work of Egan, the Grants, and the contractors, »Shepard & Winston and Bobt. Simms, and congratu lated them upon their successful work. He also congratulated the Territory that this great line was here to build up Mon tana and fill all the intervening plains with a sturdy yeomanry, who would be lovers and supporters of liberty, and haters of violence and anarchy. He described in glowing terms the effect of this road upon the prosperity of Helena, and how it would add to the graml business houses and already beautiful homes of the Queen City of the Mountains. Mr. Maginnis counseled a liberal policy and that Helena should be the leader in all plans for the development of other portions of the Territory, and concluded something as follows : "This Montana Central does not end here. It is going on to Butte, the great mining town in which we all take so much pride—the finest city of its class in the world. It will send branches and tenta cles into every camp that promises busi ness enough to be developed by liberal policies and low rates. It will aid to fill the valleys with people, and to load the echoes ot the hills with .a continual freightage ot the sounds of industry. It will give Montana population and standing, and assist her admission into the Union, where she will go not as an in ferior, but as the Queen of the Mountain Territories and the equal, for years and de velopment, of the best of all the States. Each new enterprise brings others. It does more, it reanimates all the old ones. The pioneer roads of the Territory to-day are making promises of public convenience of which they did not dream till they felt the prick of this new competition. The ways of Montana will not be much longer among the rocks of territorial subjection, and the thorns of future indifference and neglect, but her march shall henceforth be onward ! onward to prosperity and wealth and population, to liberty and self government, till she stands in her own sovereignty, the peer of her sisters in the Union of the States. Major Maginnis was frequently cheered during the delivery of his speech, and at its conclusion there was generous applause. The Festival Hymn, by the Encore Club, was admirably rendered and rapturously received by the great audience. The railroad imitations by Hendershot was one of the soul-stirring features of the programme, and elicited a storm of ap plause. Encores that could not be refused brought out the great battle piece. The thnnderous drum was thunderously greeted. The exercises closed with the "»Star Spangled Banner," sung with grand effect by the Encore Club, and the assemblage dispersed with enthusiastic cheers for Hill and Broadwater—for the Manitoba and Montana Central. Over 13,000 Bales of Cotton De stroyed. Memphis, November 17.— The most dis astrous fire that ever visited this city oc curred to-night and resulted in the com plete destraction of 13,200 bales of cotton, compressera Nos. 4 and 5, of the Merchants Cotton Compress and Storage Company, and forty cars belonging to the Chesapeake & Ohio and Southwestern railway. The cotton destroyed was principally for ex port. It was valued at $630,000. The amount of the insurance cannot be ascer tained to-night, bat in all probability it will not exceed CO per cent of the loss. The presses and buildings of the Cotton Press Co. were valued at $125,000, which were also partially insured. The flames covered an area of three blocks and lighted up the entire city. The fire is supposed to be incendiary, and Walter Mendenhall, a railway employee has been arrested on suspicion. Town Destroyed by Fire. Glasgow, November 17. —Tompkins ville, the county seat of Monroe county, was almost entirely destroyed by fire last night. It was discovered to-day that Nelson Brothers safe had been robbed of a large amount of greenbacks and silver. It is supposed that the burglar started the fire to attract attention. THE GRAND BANQUET. THree Hundred Guests GatDered Around He Festive Board—A Feast of Reason and Flow of foul. Toasts and Responses--- Eloquent Speeches by Prominent Orators. East evening at nine o'clock the invited guests to the grand banquet given in honor of the Manitoba and Montana Central offi cials and in commemoration of the comple tion of the latter road to Helena, began to assemble at the Knights of Labor hall, north Main street, where the sumptuous repast was spread. The large hall was beautifully decorated lor the occasion. Evergreens and bunting, with a graceful commingling of the national colors, draped the walls. At the head of the hall, spanning the table u. ; .ed by the guests of honor, was a large arch of evergreens taste fully ornamented with brilliant festoons and natural flowers and bearing an inscrip tion of welcome to the Manitoba and Mon tana Central. Underneath this the head table was spread, running transversely across the hall. Joining this at right angles four long tables extended their array of spotless damask far towards the entrance. Covers were laid for three hun dred people and every seat was occupied, the room made an excellent banqueting hall. The long rows of tables arrayed in simple but elegant taste, loaded with fruits, flowers and ornamental confections fairly glis tened under the brilliant gas light, while the surrounding decorations served to ! heighten th6 pleasing effect. Truly the scene was a tempting one and the festive board most alluringly magnificent. In the gallery were stationed the orchestra of the Third Infantry band, those excellent musicians who always make melody of the passing hours. During the evening they rendered some superb selec tions and their presence aflorded the guests unbounded pleasure. Who would not like to eat, drink and he merry at a banquet while the strains of beautiful music per meated the air ? Nonesuch were present, at all events, last evening and the whole affair was most heartily enjoyed by each participant. Notable orchestral selec tions rendered included fine solos by the French horn [and xylophone, both of which were applauded, and the latter heartily encored. No better idea could have been conceived than to fill in the in tervals between the courses with such music. The party took their places at table at W:30 o'clock, and congregated at the board were a notable gathering, representing the intellect, talent and wealth of Montana, Minnesota and New York. Never before has Helena witnessed such a large and dis tinguished assemblage on an occasion of the kind. Tfie learned professions, rail roads, banks and mercantile pursuits were represented by giants of their respective classes, and altogether the party served to illustrate and exemplify the force of Col. .Sanders' graceful quotation, "men of thought and men of action." A signal from Mr. J. B. Clayberg, who admirably performed the duties of toast master, seated the party, who at once fell to discussing the menu, which comprised the delicacies of home and foreign mark ets. Several courses were served and wines accompanied each. The latter were ex cellent and generous were the libations. White and red wines accompanied the supper, while the last course and the toasts went oil' to the accompaniment of spark ling "Pomery Sec."' The repast was boun tiful and excellent, well served and uni versally enjoyed. It reflects great credit on the experienced caterers, O'Brien & Son, of the Merchants Hotel, who prepared it. THE TOASTS. The first toast of the evening was "The President of the United States," and to it the company quaffed their beakersstanding, while the "Bed, White and Blue," sung by the whole party with orchestral accompani ment, served as a response. Then the following toasts were pledged and responded to in the order noted : The Territory of Montana—Besponse by Chief Justice McConnell. The Manitoba and its Chief—Besponse by James J. Hill. The Montana Central—Response by Col. Broadwater, whom Air. Hill dubbed "the bow-legged financier of the Bocky Moun tains." Literature and Arts—Besponse by Chas. Dudley Warner, of New York. The State of Minnesota—Besponse by A. H. Wilder, of St. Paul. Pilgrims and Pioneers—Response by Col. Sanders. Our Wives and Daughters—Besponse by E. Yv T . Knight. Mines and Mining—Besponse by T. H. Carter. The City of Helena—Besponse by Hon. A. C. Botkin. The Press—Besponse by Hon. Lee Man tle, of Butte. The Glorious Occasion—Hon. Martin Maginnis. At the commencement of the toasting, Toast Master Clayberg opened the ball with a very neat preliminary address, which he concluded in the following facetious strain: "We have a few toasts here, and I hope all those gentlemen who may be called upon to respond will be duly surprised, [laughter] and for the purpose of saving time, and for the purpose of avoiding any repetition, I desire here and now, in behalf of the gentlemen who will speak, to tender to all of you their apologies for being thor oughly unprepared, and for all embarrass ment which may ensue because of their being called upon. [Laughter and ap plause.] Each one called upon is sup posed to make an impromtn speech, and I hope that each of yon will have it so well prepared that you will deliver it grace fully." THE RESPONSES. Judge McConnell's vigorous eloquence fairly electrified his hearers and enthnsed them to the degree of vociferous applause. His remarks to the toast, The Territory of Montana, were as follows : THE CHIEF JUSTICE'S SPEECH. Gentlemen : Any apologies of mine are cut off by the facetious remarks of the chairman of the evening. To talk about so great a country as this is and to attempt to do justive or even to enter upon it to any considerable extent daring the two or three minutes that respone to a toast is circum scribed by would be folly. I want to say for this country that, geologically, it is the newest country upon the American conti nent. It was the last made and the crown ing work of tho Creator. [Applause.] It has the youngest rivers and the young est mountains. The most precious of the metals was made here and hidden in the bowels of the great mountains. [Applause.] I had heard a great deal about this coun try before I came here, but I am like the Queen of Sheba when she greeted Solo mon—the half ha3 not been told me of boundless wealth and resources of this great country. This is the finest climate that it has ever been my experience to live in. I believe, as Mr. Smalley, of the Korthvcest Magazine , says, the atmos ! phere here is the very ambrosia of the gods. But the greatest feature of this country is its people. I» 3 K i or . ious men and royal women. plause. ) I believe that in the development of mankind, that an overruling providence reserved the great and last grand act for the American continent ; and for ages past the physical conditions were being laid in this new world for the growth and the development of the grandest civ ilization that the world shall ever know. [Cheers.] There commingles in the veins of the men and women of this great country all the purest and best blood of the best races of the world and nowhere in these United States and Territories do you find such a commingling of the bloods as you find in this new Territory. [Applause.] Men of energy, men of intelligence, men of courage are those who have sought this new world from the distant East and brought here the richest, purest and grandest blood of all the East to develop and find its grandest achievements in this new-coming »State ot Montana. [Applause] If I had been dropped down here from the skies and had never seen a man or woman in this coun try, when I saw the physical features of this country, I could have said that it con tained a bold, enterprising and intelligent population. We commemorate to-night a physical achievement—the building of a great rail road ; and there is nothing that man has ever devised, or that the mind of man has ever invented, that is such a potent factor in the rapid advancement of the people of the present age to a higher and more glorious civilization than ever was achieved before, than the railroad. [Applause.] Commerce, the intermingling of people in intercourse, in business, the friction of in tellect with intellect, is what makes the fire of genius light up our pathway of life. He who makes the desert blossom as the rose is as much obeying the divine com mand when Adam and Eve were sent out of the garden to occupy and sub lue this earth, as be who takes the Bible in his hand and evangelizes the world. This country, then, as the theatre of this great and growing civilization, has the armored forces of strong and vigorous men and the subduing influences of beauti ful and intelligent women. And I say it not because of flattery, but I see the great, the magnificent forces around me in this Territory that will one day pro duce one of the grandest States in the Fed eral Union. [Applause] After awhile universities will spring up here, great learning will go hand in hand with the material development to develop the intel lectual, the moral and the spiritual in man. Lest, gentlemen, I should make[ a speech. I will stop right here and now. [Applause j MR. HILL'S REMARKS in response to the toast, the Manitoba and its Chief, were characteristic of that gentle man. They were imbued with a vein of humor that always peivades his happy speeches. He prefaced his remarks by say ing that, in anticipation of this event, he had prepared two speeches in advance. One of them he had delivered at the Opera House but the other bail been stolen by no less a personage than his friend Mr. Wilder, of St. Paul. If that gentleman should spring it upon the company later on he begged the party to remember that it was his (Hill's) speech. [Laughter.] Col. Broadwater, he said, had always been boasting to him of the climate and resources of Montana, contending that it was in the banana belt, had no cold weather and was unlimited in agricultural possibilities. Coming through the Sun River country once late in the fall with Broadwater they observed a farmer mow ing hay in his meadows. "There," said Broadwater, "you can't do that this time of the year in the East." So I told him that he might have saved his money ; there was no use hiring that man to go out there with his mower just for me to see, for I saw through the whole scheme. [Laugh ter.] Mr. Hill closed his remarks in a serious vein, extending his thanks for the cordial reception given him, and expressing his deep gratitude for the same. He said he should never forget the day's events and had never been so impressed before. He promised the people of Helena the grave consideration of the Manitoba, and expressed his con viction that our city should be materially benefitted by the new road. He sat down amidst a storm of applause and the waving of handkerchiefs. COL. BROADWATER was called upon to respond to "The Mon tana Central," but with his usual modesty seemed disinclined to speak. But the up roar and cheers and calls for "Broad." soou brought him to his feet, when he expressed his thanks for such a cordial greeting. He then took his seat with the remark that as "he had hired Maginnis by the year to do his talking he would turn the matter over to him." [Applause and calls for Maginnis.] Major Maginnis made a few witty re marks and then the toasting proceeded. CHARLES DUDLEY WARNER, the noted writer and author of New York, arose to respond to the toast, "Literature and Arts." He turned the subject most happily to this his first trip to the Bocky Mountains, and described his surprise and pleasure at the character of the country and the enterprise, liberality and many excellent qualities of its people. His re marks were brief, but pointed with a re fined humor that greatly pleased his hear ers. MR. A. H. WILDER of »St. Paul, being asked to reply to "The State of Minnesota," arose after repeated calls and in a few happy phrases neatly turned Mr. Hill s joke against himself. He said that Mr. Hill was quite correct in stating that he had stolen his speech. He had the manuscript. But Mr. Hill must have committed it to memory beforehand, for he had repeated it word for word in his evening's speech. [Laughter.] COL. W. F. SANDERS, ena'8 silver tongued orator, in reply to lgrims and Pioneers," commanded un nded admiration, charmed the sense warmed the hearts of his hearers by ripplesofhis eloquence. His appear e created a perfect storm of applause the uproar continued for several min } before he was permitted to speak. W e ret that lack of space forbids the pnbli on of his .entire speech, as it excelled leauty of thought and grace of diction, opened his remarks as follows : Ir. President and Gentlemen:—It is a 1 known fact in projectiles that there is hing so deadly as the speech of a Mon a orator. [Laughter.] It will go fa»" r and surer than anything that human ius invented during the . ate civil war. recognition and memory of that tact, : year ago last fall, when we sought to come ^n this town Mr. Hill and his irades, as soon as we had arrived at the of speech-making fromonrhome taleDt, t is called, Mr. Hill retreated. [Laugh ] It was a happy thought ot the co J tee of arrangements that has charge n ) festival, to transfer it from the Mer nth Hotel to the Knights of Labor hall, the ustic qualities of which are so bad t a >ody can be heard for twenty teet. am refore there is a safe place of retrea lughter.] Called upon to respond to a it, "The Pioneers and Pilgrims of Mon a," the alpha and the omega, the begin g and the end of our history, as_ tar w is written, I am mindful that ne . m >osed upon me a task greater than nnaia In nprfVirm. ( CfieS Of ■