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i>«sence of poetry, whom it would not tie
,ood taste to praise in ms presence, has n,id us that history is a succession of vain roc rets. But if there is a regret which Vwells in our hearts to-night, it is that that number of majestic men that came into this country when it was a desert wild—that rescued it from inhospitable 'ivages— are not all here to welcome with their voices and with their presence the advent of this great improved highway into the western country. [Loud ap 11 In Closing he attained a pitch of elo uence that chained the attention of all. Following was his peroration : These varying tides of life, that seem in endless, eddving course to tend, ue currents of a mighty stream that rolls to its appointed end. I think 1 represent everybody connected w ith the Nortberen Pacific railroad in wel coming with a gladsome heart the Mani toba and the Montana Central to the town of Helena. [Applause.] If I know any thing about those gentlemen, they feel very much as the fond father did who was disc ussing the propriety of dictating to his children whom they should marry, and said. "I will never interfere with the affec tions of my daughters. If they will marry the men that I shall choose, they may love whom they please. - ' [Laughter]. Petty circumstances and petty surroundings be get petty actions and petty views, jt takes great enterprises to inspire a people and call out of them that which ,<* best within them ; and therefore it is with a gladness and exceeding joy that the (itizens of Montana, from her remotest coniines, have come here to say to this gen tleman, we welcome you to the coniines and within the Territory of Montana. [Ap plause.) The duties of to-morrow are wider than were those of yesterday; the responsibilities that devolve upon us as sober, civilized men are beyond the respon sibilities which were upon our shoulders last week. In whatever domain of activity we may be engaged, it will not do to take as a precedent the things of the past. The conditions are new, the power for useful ness is extended, and we must rise to the height of the occasion if we would acquit ourselves as true citizens of Montana. Applause. ] The poets must not write the platitudes with which they have satisfied us hereto fore : the orators must not chatter with form of eloquence that has sated our appe tites in times that are passed ; we must be elevated to a higher plane, a higher level ol action, for we liegin to act upon a stage w ide as a kingdom, and we are the ob served of all observers. The men of action, the men of muscle and the men of mind are not divided. They constitute the aggre gate which we call in our good, plain Eng lish speech, man, and there is a spot and a place for every human, for every well in tentioned activity, no matter in what do main of industry it may be. We may say with the poet : Men of thought he up and stirring, night and day, Sow the -eed. withdraw the curtain, clear the way ; Men of action aid and cheer them, as you may, There's a light at>ove the gloom, 1 s • fount «boat the stream, There's a midnight blackness changing into gray— Mt a of thought and men of action clear the way. When once the w elcome light is broken. Who shall say what the unimagined glories of the day ? Who the evil that shall perish in its way Aid its dawning tongue and pen. Aid it. liopes of honest men ; Aid it paper, aid it type, Aid it for the hour is ripe. And our earnest must not slacken into play— Men of thought and men of action clear the way. Loud applause.] Then followed Mr. E. W. Knight's happy tribute to "Our Wives and Daughters," who received the merited laudation which they always command from that gallant gentle man. Mr. T. H. Carter next succeeded on the subject ot "Mines and Mining," and paid an eloquent tribute to our mining people, their industry, enterprise and worth as well as depicted in glowing colors the vastness of our mineral wealth and the boundless resources of our mining sections. HON. I.EE. MANTLE of the Butte Inter Mountain made the fol lowing graceful speech to the toast to ' The Dress LEE MANTLE'S SPEECH. Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen:— While I esteem it a great honor, at the same time out of consideration for this brilliant assemblage, I cannot help but wish that some memder of the Press more eloquent than myself had been selected to voice the sentiment of the fraternity WON THIS HAPPY OCCASION, although, as a matter of fact, if I were Demosthenes himself, 1 should still be at a disadvantage in view of the eloquence to which we have listened this evening. And while I shall not attempt tc say very much, I shall endeavor to speak of the object which has brought us together this evening. We are gathered here to-night to participate in what has developed into A GRAND JUBILEE to rejoice over the advent within our midst ot what promises to prove an all-important factor in the future progress and develop ment of our Territory; to exchange mutual congratulations ; to show our appreciation of the splendid energy and enterprise to which this glad event is due; and to pay a just tribute of well earned praise to those rustling, brainy and nervy men who have brought about this grand result. THE PRESS OF MONTANA join hands with her citizens in this pleas urable duty. None better than they under stand the value of the blessing which has been vouchsafed to us, and none have ex tended to it a more sincere or heartier wel come. The Manitoba and the Montana Central railroads have come to us unaided and un subsidized. They have no magnificent em pire of land grant as a dowry ; no govern mental exemptions from the burdens of taxation ; no extra privileges, immunities or guarantees. They come to its as A LEGITIMATE BUSINESS PROPOSITION, paying their own way in honest coin of the realm, without cavil or dispute; possessing a thorough knowledge and a boundless laith in our wonderful resources and a de termination to aid and assist in their de velopment. They come to us, if I may use the simile, like the fabled Knights ot old, stalwart, youthful giants, self-reliant and fearless, casting their mailed glove into the arena of competition and challenging all comers to the contest; and it is this sturdy independence, this fearless confront ing of the gigantic rivals already occupy ing the field, together with the faith and confidence which they have shown in us, that has caused the press and the people ot Montana to turn out as one man and WELCOME THEM WITH OPEN ARMS. It is these qualities and characteristics, combined with these circumstances and conditions, that have inspired the magnificent welcome which greets them here to-night. It is be cause of these qualities and conditions that our fellow citizens across the range are even now bendirg with expectant ear to catch the sounds of jubilee and rejoicing which fill the air to-night. They, too, as you have done in the past, are gazing with strained vision to catch a glimpse of the headlight of the Montana Central ; wait ing with outstretched arms to grasp the bands of Hill and Broadwater. And when that day arrives the people of Butte, for the first time in their history, will have f railroad celebration of their Jown. a period ot rejoicing over the advent of a corporation whose policy is to I3UII.D UP, FOSTER AND DEVELOP the country instead of sucking it dry like an orange and leaving the husk to rot and decay. In conclusion, [gentlemen, permit me to say, success to the Manitoba and the Mon tana Central. All hail to HILL AND BROADWATER, to whose indomitable courage and energy this grand achievement is due. All honor to the band of faithful workers and as sistants for their fidelity and zealous co operation, and, lastly, all honor and praise to the people of Helena^-residents of the capital city of the fairest, most prospérons and proudest Territory within the Ameri can Union—for their intelligent apprecia tion and générons acknowledgement ol the obligations under which they rest. Finally, I think I may truly say that so long as the policy of these new railroads shall be marked by that degree of fairness and generous treatment of the people of this Territory which character izes it now, just so long will the press eif Montana unite in holding up their hand.-' and bidding them God-speed. HON. A. C. BOTKIN, city clerk and attorney, rendered a meed of praise to our city in the following elo quent response to the toast, "The City of Helena :" hon. a. c. botkin's response. Mr. Chairman—Barring a mistake in the selection of its mouthpiece. 1 recognize the fitness of permitting the city of Helena to express its gratitude and congratulation upon the occasion that brings together this notable presence; gratitude to those who with a courage, energy and prescience that have been no more than justly commended in the eloquent words of those who have preceded me, have projected and executed this great work ; congratulation upon an event that forms an epoch of incalculable consequence in the history of our city, and gives us a new connection with the eastern part of the continent. The railroad that we greet to-day with a right hearty western welcome traverses long stretches of country that are chiefiy rich in their promise and potency ; but it finds here a city possessing the present constituents of profitable patronage. I am not handy with statistics, and when I at tempt to toy with them my love of the truth, which is at once natural and profes sional, is exposed to grave jeopardy. Still I find courage to say that a census of the city taken one year ago shows that there were over ten thousand residents within its limits. A directory now in course of publication, after a canvass completed dur ing the present month, will contain five thousand names, which, at the rate of three to a name, the approved basis of computa tion, gives the city a present population of 15,000. It has an assessed valuation of seven and a half millions of dollars, and an indebtedness of less than twenty thousand. But the resources and possibilities are by no means adequately represented in these figures. It is the political, financial and commercial capital of an imperial com monwealth, vast in area and limitless in productiveness. More than all these, it has that chiefest factor of greatness, an intelligent, energetic and public-spirited people, pulsing with the concentrated essence of all that is most characteristically American. [Applause.] There is a natural and just feeling on the part of most citizens that Helena should respond to its new conditions by a liberal policy of public improvements. There is undeniably much to be done. The genesis of a mining camp is governed by other considerations than a facile topo graphy, and its evolution from that condi tion to a metropolis cannot be compassed in a day, nor without a considerable ex penditure of money. At the same time, taxation must not lay too heavy a hand upon the interests and energies of a young community, and there are some restric tions which the law imposes that cannot be exceeded. But if I may be permitted to speak for the city government, of which I am an atomic member, it will not fail, within the limitations that have been sug gested, to proceed with all due dispatch with the works that are needed to fit Helena for the future that awaits her. So if our honored guests of this occasion will favor us with their welcome presence a year or two hence, we promise that they shall find an abundant and thoroughly distributed water supply, a complete and scientific system of sewerage, pavements upon main thoroughfares, and our streets corrected in a degree at least of their devious habits, and modified somewhat as to their angles with the horizoD. And casting your mind's eye still further into the future, we trust that you may see upon these hillsides, and stretching into yonder valley, a municipality that shall wear with merit and with grace the crown of the Queen City of the Mountains. Accident on the St. Paul. Milwaukee, November 22.—The west bound passenger train on the La Crosse di vision of tho Milwaukee & St. Paul road, which left here at 1:30 this morning, crashed into the rear end of a freight train that was standing on the switch at Ixonia, at 3:25. Nobody was hurt, but the eDgine and six freight cars were badly wrecked. The track was blockaded for five hours. The air was so thick with smoke that the engineer could not see the freight train. The French Crisis. Paris, November 22.—M. Prison had a conference with President Grevy to day and told him that the crisis in relation to the Presidency appeared to be without a remedy. The President asked why and Brison replied that it would be painful to explain. The reason was universally ap parent. He reminded President Grevy that at an independent meeting on Sunday he had maintained that nobody was entitled to demand that the President resign. He was still ol the same opinion. The President alone, added Bris on, was entitled to raise the question. Ten Thousand More. Detroit, November 22.—The following message was cabled this morning : To Joseph Gitlis Beggar, M. P. , London : Have placed to your credit £10,000 more to-day. Will be mindful of Tory temerity in our Yankee Thanksgiving. (Signed) Charles O'Reilly. Treasurer Irish National League. Presidential Appointment. Washington, November 22--The Presi dent to-day appointed Geo. W. Parks, of Salt Lake City, to be Receiver of Public Moneys at Salt Lake City, Utah, vice A. C. Wallace, resigned. U. S. Postal Telegraph. New York, November 22.—A Washing ton special quotes Assistant Postmaster General Knott as saying that he is con vinced the government will establish a sys tem of postal telegraphy within three years. Cabinet Meeting. Washington, November 22.- -The Cab inet held a meeting to-day. All the mem bers were present, including Secretary Whitney. The President's message to Congres« and the fisheries negotiation were the principal topics of discussion. Bank Statement. New Y'ork, November 19.—The weekly statement of the associated banks shows a reserve decrease of £1,099,400. The banks now hold 17,480,000 in excess of the 2o per cent. rule. DRUM BEATS. Herdershot at the Opera House This Afternoon. A Prominent Part in the Celebration Exercises. Inspiring Railway and Bittta Imita tions. Decorations, processions, music, oratory, banquets and fireworks are part of the splendid celebration in progress to-day in honor of the completion of the great rail way—the Manitoba - Montana Central— connecting Helena by a second through steel laid highway with the Atlantic sea board. Never was so great a throDg gath ered within its walls as that crowding the Opera House to witness the afternoon ex ercises. Hundred, nay, thousands, were unable to gain admittance—not the least number of those disappointed being visit ors from a distance—from town and camp and neighborhood for a hundred or more miles about. In the magnificent parade the distinguished guests—Hill and Broad water and Grant and Manvel and Warner, and all the others, had been seen and warmly greeted. The rush now was to listen to the speeches—the address of wel come by Governor Carpenter, the response of the railroad orators, and to see Hender shot and hear his wonderfnl drum beats. The addresses and other interesting mat ters of the programme are elsewhere re ported. Here we specially speak of THE DRUMMER BOY OF THE RAPPAHAN NOCK, who lent such conspicuous service to Helena in her demonstrations of welcome. Sigual were the honors won by Hendershot. No drum mnsic equal to his was ever heard in these mountain parts. In "Helena's Favorite March - '—the March of Progress— there was rapturous applause for father and son. The railroad and battle pieces carried the immense audience by storm. Never before sounded the famous silver drum— the gift of Horace Greeley—with such music. The encore of the enthusiastic throng summoned the renowned drummer again and again—an ovation ol applause greeting his every appearance. The Her ald anticipates the wish of everybody for a sketch of the veteran whose mighty and magic taps electrified them to-day. ROBERT HENRY HENDERSHOT enlisted as a drummer in the Ninth Mich igan Infantry, August 12,1861, at the age of twelve years. He was taken prisoner at Murfreesborough, Tenn., July 13,1862,was paroled and discharged. Re-enlisted in the Eighth Michigan Infantry, September 13, 1862, and was at the battle of Fredericks burg where the incident occurred which made him famous. Readers will remem ber that Burnside's army was in the mud, and it was extremely hazardous to attempt to lay pontoons in the lace oi the enemy occupying the opposite shore. A olunteers were called for, and the first man to step from the ranks was Hendershot, the drum mer boy of thirteen years. Soon there were plentv more, and a boat was soon manned, but the captain ordered him out ot the boat and back to camp. He obeyed so far as to leave his drum on the seat, slip over the stern of the boat, shove it oil and cross the river. Soon after landing his drum was shattered by a bursting bomb, when he picked up a musket and went to a house near by. He tound it empty and set fire to it, then went out and discovered a "reb" behind a board fence, peeking through a crack, looking tor a chance to shoot. The boy drew a head on the reb, who surrendered unconditionally, and was marched back a prisoner to the landing, and reported to his commander. Two sol diers were detailed to accompany the boy captor and his man prisoner to Burnsides headquarters, where the heroic incident was related and the drummer boy was complimented by the commander. Return ing across the river, be was in the memor able charge upon Fredericksburg, receiving two wounds—one in the face and one in the leg. All this occurred before he was thirteen years of age. AT FREDERICKSBURG'S GEF VT BATTLE. We may well supplement the foregoing with Fred Emerson Brook's noted poem, which [faithfully recounts Hendershot's heroism* at Fredericksburg, based upon information given by Gen. O. O. Howard : 'Twas a que-tion if the nation should such ten der youth employ As Robert Henry Hendershot, the little drum mer boy ; , . , A prodigy at drumming—being only twelve vears old— ... And a prodigy of valor if you hear his story told. At Fredericksburg's great battle The soldiers heard the rattle Of his drum ! There stood Burnside witli his army in the soft December mud. With the Rappahannock rolling like a war- dividing flood ; ..... , While the batteries of Robert Lee that crowned the farther ridge. Dealing death, forbade the ouilding of the need ed pontoon bridge ! For Burnside came for battle. And they knew it by the rattle Of the drum ! When Burnside called for volunteers ta make the other bank, . . , The Rappahannock Drummer Boy was Hrst to leave the rank : ... . , And while a cheer for Hendershot went up from every throat. There followed thirty others, just enough to man the boat; He said: "I'll stem the battle ! And they heard it in the rattle Of liis drum ! "Clear out, youngster 1" said the captain : back to camp 1 bid you go ! ' . , And although he answered^ 1 c», sir, sdll lie kept on thinking ".Vo ! He was bound to cross that river, so he clung be hind the boat, ... . . With his little legs a-kicking—half a-swimnung, half afloat ; He was eager for the battle And to lead them with the rattle Of his drum ! Lee's batteries ceased firing from the heights l>e yond the town, , Or Burnside with his cannon would have knocked the village down. .... When the little boat had landed through that special storm of lead. Nearly all the men were wounded, more tlian half the braves were dead ; And a shell from out the battle Had ' busted up" the rattle Of his drum ! With a dying soldier's rifle soon he clamored up the bank . .... Looking every inch a hero though a very litte He rushed into a building just as if he'd take the town, ...... .. But finding it deserted thought it best to burn it down. Adding to the smoke of battle, And to make up for the rattle Of his drum ! Found a rebel in the garden kneeling down be hind the gate, , .. , ,__ With his gun poked through a knothole for some poor unfortunate ; . , , ... When he found he was not praying then he hit upon the plan Of hi 9 capture—so he shouted: Now surren der. mister man 1" And in his boyish treble He hade the frightened rebel Drop his gun ! Though the boy looked very little yet the gun looked very big . . . . . ... To the "Reb," whose hair kept rising like the bristles on a pig ;— And he marched before the youngster who could hardly raise his gun. And who took him o'er the [pontoon, shouting "Prisoner number one !" The youngster thinking he Had captured General Lee With bis gun ! Three cheers went up along the line, as fast the story ran. For Robert Henry Hendershot the boy who took the man ! And straight to General Burnside he took the man in grav— The chieftain hailed him proudly a9 " the hero of ihe day!" "You've fired the men for battle Much more than by the rattle Of your drum !" In the battle that succeeded he was carried from the fray Doubly wounded ;—loDg unconscious in the hos pital he lay. Horace Greeley heard the story, and witli those in his employ Gave a silver drum to honor "Rappahannock's drummer boy !" And tne people gazed in wonder To hear the storm and thunder In bis drum ! "Castle Thunder"—"Libby Prison"—twice a captive in the War ! In the list of youthful heroes he has no com petitor. Grant and Lincoln gave him honor, and the peo ple of the day Give him one wreath for his valor and another for his play ! He imitates a battle And the locomotive rattle On his dium ! As a hero and a drummer lie's the marvel of the age. " Drummer Itoy'of Rappahannock" —write it on historic page ! And let every youth remember, who the story may relate. If in life he prove a hero lie'll be honored by the great; And his deeds in lire s great battle bhall far excel the rattle Of a drum ! Such, in brief, in prose and poetry, is the story of Hendershot, the Drummer Boy of the Rappahannock. Every lad in the land should learn it by heart and remember it forever. LAND GRANTS. Opinion of Attorney General Garland. Washington, November 22. —An impor tant opinion by the Attorney General on the construction of sections 3, 4 and 5 of the act of March 3,1687, passed to provide for the adjustment of land grants made by Congress to aid in the contruction of rail roads and for the forfeiture of unearned lands and other purposes, is made public to-night. The opinion is given in reply to a question asked by the Secretary of the Interior. The opinion in substance is as follows : The first section of the act named directs the adjustment of the grants. The second provides for the restoration of title to the United States where lands have been er roneously c ertified or patented to railroads. The third section is as follows : "That if in the adjustment of said grants it shall appear that a homestead or pre-emption entry of any bona fide settler has been er roneously cancelled on account ol any railroad grant or withdrawal of public lands from market, each settler, upon application, shall be re instated in all his rights and allowed to perfect his entry by complying with the public land laws, provided that he has not located another claim or made an entry in lieu of one so erroneously cancelled ; and provided, also, that he did not voluntarily abandon said original entry ; and provided further that if auy of said settlers do not renew their applications to be reinstated within a reasonable time, to he fixed by the Secretary of the Interior, then all such unclaimed lands shall he disposed of under the public land laws, to which priority of right isjgiven to bona fide purchasers of said unclaimed lands, if any, and if there be no such purchaser then to bona fide settlers residing thereon. The question submitted under this section was, "What class of pur chasers is referred to by the expression bona fide purchasers of such unclaimed lands?" The rights of the several classes to lands referred to in the section are suc cessive in the order stated therein. The first in right is the homestead or pre-emption settler whose entry has been wrongfully cancelled. If he elects to assert his right, and has not been disqualified by locating another claim or making another entry in lieu of that erroneously cancelled, his right is absolute and the successive rights of the remaining two clauses cannot attach if he lawfully asserts his claim. If he fails to claim the land or is diqualified under the act the second class of persons who are the bona fide purchasers of the land unclaimed by him attached and have precedence over the the third class. The bona fide pur chasers here referred to are those who, without knowledge of wrong or error, have purchased from a railway company lands which have been previously entered by a pre-emptor or homestead settler whose entry has been erroneously cancelled and which laud the pie-emptor or homestead settler did not elect to claim after recovery by the proceedings prescribed by the second section of the act. The second question was : Can the de partment, after the adjustment of a grant, issue a patent to a purchaser of such land before said land has been reconveyed by the road or title recovered by judicial proceedings ? In reply to this the Attorney General says: "Until the lands shall have been legally determined to belong to the Lnited States the right to issue patents under the 4th section does not arise. If patents should issue under the 4th section before the reconveyance or judicial recovery un der the second, and proceedings should then he instituted to cancel the patent issued to the railroad, in case of a decision adverse to the government, two patents would he outstanding at the same time for the same land." The third question was : The fifth sec tion of said act provides that when a rail road company has sold lands not conveyed to or for the use of such company, and where such lands are for any reason ex cepted from the operation of the grant of said company, it shall be lawful for the bona fide purchaser thereof from said com pany to make payment to the United States for said land. Therefore the patent shall issue thereon to said bona fide pur chaser. The question submitted under this sec tion is whether the proviso last quoted is confined in its application to lands within the primary granted limits or whether it applies to land within the indemnity lim its of which the company had made selec tion but which has not been approved. The Attorney General says the first section of the act, in the use of the word "grant," most have necessarily included both pri mary and indemnity limits in the adjust ment, as it was doubtless intended that the adjustment should be a full and final one. The protection afforded and redress granted the settler by each of the sections is fully as important in indemnity as in primary limits in order that the remedy may he adequate to redress the wrong. The word "grant' 1 in the fifth section must be construed to include, as it does in preceding sections, both primary and in demnity limits. Upon the receipt ol the opinion of Secretary Lamar, directed to the Commissioner of the General Land Office, to proceed at once and with as mach dispatch as possible adjust all land grants under the act of March 3d. Severe Drouth. Chicago, November 22. — A special to the Baity News from Plainfield, Ind, says : The long continued drouth remains un broken. If cold weather fairly sets in be fore rain comes the distressing state of affairs throughout this part of the State will be multiplied. The impurity of the water obtained is breeding typhoid fever of the worst type and in some localities it is epidemic. GRACEFUL TRIBU TES Of Tongue and Pen to the Capital on the Railroad Jubilee--Merited Encomiums on Our Fair City. Henry M. Pärchen, chairman of the in vitation committee of the celebration of the Montana Central's arrival, is in receipt of the following letters of regret from prominent parties, all couched in the most graceful and complimentary terms : FROM THE TACOMA CHAMBER OF COM MERCE. Tacoma, W. T., November 18. H. M. Panhen, Chairman, and Others : It is a source of extreme regret that the short time intervening twixt receipt of your polite invitation to be present at your festivities on the 21st inst. debars me the pleasure of beiüg with you on so memor able an occasion. The people of Puget Sound, and especially the citizens of Ta coma, have occasion to rejoice with you, as the rapid approach of the Manitoba and Montana Central to the Pacific waters must make us participants ol its blessings at an early day. The vast sums of money expended in the construction of these great highways across the northern tier ot Terri tories is ample evidence to the capitalists, manufacturers and farmers ot the eastern States, of the resources of these favored regions, which are naturally appreciated first by men of enterprise and sagacity such as those who are 'engaged in the construction of their great trans continental roads, traversing regions pregnant with mineral, pastoral and agricultural wealth; and their rapid de velopment should be proportionate to the faith and energy of those who are engaged in constructing the Manitoba and Montana Central. We cannot fail to realize that every fresh link that unites our growing city to the population east must contribute to our joint prosperity. We congratulate you all on this wonder ful achievement, which for energy anil en terprise is without a parallel on this conti nent, and w 7 e look forward to the day when it will be a fresh and powerful bond of union between the first cities ol Montana and Washington. We pleasantly recall the visit ot Major Walker as representative of your Board ol Trade on the occasion of our celebration in July last, and are exceedingly sorry that the time is too short to admit of send ing a delegate to represent us at your city ou so interesting and auspicious an occasion Yours faithfully, S. A. Wheelwright, Sec. FROM JUDGE GALBRAITH. Missoula, Nov. 20th, 1887. IT. M. Pärchen, chairman, and others : Your welcome invitation to attend the celebration and banquet, in commemora tion of the completion ol the Montana Cen tral railroad to your city, is jusl received. I rejoice in the success ol this great enter prise. It cannot but confer blessings upon your city and the whole Territory. But I am sorry that I cannot be present with you to participate in your rejoicings. I am at present holding court in Missoula, which will not be concluded yet for a week. Be sides the condition of my lame limb lor bids me to travel any more than absolute neoessity requires. Yours most respectfully, Wm. J. Galbraith. FROM GENERAL WARREN. Hon. Hon. Chas. S. Warren, of Mantle & Warren, Butte, supplements his regrets with the following sentiments, addressed to Mr. Pärchen and the invitation commit tee : Butte, November 20,1887. Gentlemen: —The completion ot the Montana Central Railway to Helena is a partial realization ot the fondest hopes ol all who have the best interests of the Ter ritory at heart. As time rolls by and this great railway system is extended through out our Territory, building up new and giving life to old industries, developing all the latent interests of the country, then will all our people in a measure know the debt of gratitude they owe to C. A. Broad water and his associates, who have con structed the Montana Central railway sys tem. Montana is too prosperous, Helena is too enterprising, the Mon tana Central railway system is too great to have any local feeling except of pride for Montana, for Helena and for her enterprising citizens. With best wishes for one and all of you, and awaiting the coming of the Montana Central to the greatest mining camp on earth, I have the honor to remain Sincerely yours, Charles S. Warren. FROM HON. W. J. MCCORMICK. Missoula, November 19. II. M. Pärchen, Chairman, and others: I regret that the serious illness of my little boy prevents me from joining the citizens of Helena in celebrating the most important event in her history an event in which not only the people of Helena are deeply concerned, but one affecting the entire Territory. Missoula, lying within the range of this great railroad system in its progress to the Pacific coast, feels the pulsating throbs that quicken the life blood of your people, and begs to join with you in the celebration of this most notable event in your wonderful career of prosperity and financial stability. To Col. Broadwater, through whose untiring efforts the people of Helena are about to reap the fruits of this great rail road enterprise, too much praise cannot he given. Missoula having co-operatsd with the people of Helena in all enterprises affecting her material prosperity, it is with no little satisfaction that she looks upon the consummation of an event that not only gives her people additional railroad facilities to the East, but crowns her as the queen city of the mountains. Indulging the hope that, at no distantjday, Missoula will be directly connected with this great railroad system, making her the second city of the Territory, when we will ask the people of Helena to join us in the celebra tion of a like event, I am Very trulj yours, W. J. McCormick. The above are bat samples of a flood of correspondence that has poured in upon the invitatic a committee within a few days past. As expressing the highest com pliments, deserved tributes and best wishes for our progressive city, we take pleasure in spreading them liefore the public. The proposition of Mr. Edward Atkin son, that we settle the fisheries dispute by proposing to buy the maritime provinces of the Dominion, New Brunswick, Nova Sco tia, Prince Edward's Island, etc., by assum ing their share of the Dominion debt, is not one that will be apt to be entertained by either Great Britain or the rest of the Dominion, even if generally acceptable to the United States' It will be just as easy when the proper time comes to get the whole of the Domin ion as part of it. And if we don't hurry the matter and show too much anxiety the provinces will be glad to come in with us and bear their own shares of the common debt. When we become a nation of one hnndred millions and have the strongest navy in the world, that end will come without our seeking. MIXES AND MINERS. I he Speech of T. H. Carter, Monday Evening. T H. Carter. Etq , at the Railroad Ban quet. neati.v responded to the toast, "Mines and Miners," as follows : Mr. Chairman—The subject which you have assigned to me is as old as the hills. We find the first record of mines and min ing operationsabont the twenty-eighth page of the book of Job, so that l take it for granted that Job in his time, among other ! afflictions, was compelled to listen to a mining expert dilate upon the beautiful qualities of ajqnartz location. To give sufficient consideration to this important theme, it would become necessary for us to go back into the remote ages, for long be fore the erection of King Solomon's temple miners must have delved for gold in the hills of Palestine and Central Asia. The people of antiquity were a mining people to some extent, and when not engaged in robbing each other, or whenever that occupation became unprofitable, they di rected their attention to mining enter prises more earnestly. Among the peo ples of ancient times who are known to have engaged in this industry might lie classified the Phu-nicians, the Egyptians and the Carthaginians ; but the most ex tensive mining enterprises of those early times are to he found in the history of Rome. The Roman people did not work and develope their own mines, but en gaged in the business of mine jumping, and when Julius Casar jumped the mines of Cornwall, in England, Rome had become possessed of all the mines of antiquity ; and notwithstanding the fact that nearly four thousand years had been devoted to mining industries, it is recorded as a fact that at the time of the discovery of this new continent there existed on the face of the earth in gold hut £155,000,(100 of actua value. This amount was the result of all the centuries of mining in which the ancients had been engaged, and it is re ported with precision and certainty that within the eighteen months preceding the 1st of January, 1887, the production ex ceeded in amount that of twenty or forty centuries preceding the discovery of America. The mines of the United States are to-day conspicuously known as the chief mineral producing properties, and principal among the mining regions of the United States ranks our own Territory of Montana; and of the £103,000,000 pro duced by the United States, we ourselves enjoy the distinction of producing in ex cess of one-fifth of the entire amount, or something in the neighborhood of £21, 000,000, and this amount, it is gratifying to know, was produced from within a radius of 150 mile of the point where we are enjoying ourselves to night. [Ap plause.] But I am admonished that my time is limited, and I desire to pay some atten tion to the other branch of my subject— that of miners. In this regard permit me to go to the limits of my text. We have had in Montana what is known as the bar-room miner, who is provided with a small piece of quartz and a few mining shares that he is willing to dispose ot for the benefit of his friends. We have gold miners, silver miners, salt miners, and we have had in times past mine salters. This latter class of people, however, in the early days were ranked with horse thieves and road agents, and in attempting to practice their nefarious callings they were sometimes forced to cultivate the acquaintanceship of a limb of a tree and the end of a rope, and in this manner, while their advantages for astro nomical observations were greatly increased, their understandings were greatly dimin ished. Miners, as a class, possess an innate sense of justice, equal if not superior to that of men engaged in any other vocation in life. Their experience in establishing order in the early history of Montana arose from necessity and not from any lack of human sympathy or respect for human lives. Our people to a large extent are a mining people, and to no class of its citi zens is Montana more largely indebted for its prosperity than to its mining popula tion. [Applause.] _ THE BANQUET. The banquet tendered last evening by our Board of Trade to the distinguished and welcome guests who have given us the rich boon of an eastern and northern connection combined was a splendid and enjoyable affair, and apparently ap preciated to the fullest extent by the three hundred guests present. For the banquet itself the Knights of Labor hall was well chosen. It gave ample room for all without any crowding, but for easy speaking it was a failure, par tially remedied by those present in mov ing their seats nearer to the head of the table. Where every one feels in good humor, as they did last evening, a banquet never fails of success. The tables were con veniently arranged, abundantly supplied with substantial and delicacies, tasteful ly decorated and well served. The music was as delicious as the viands and the Fort Shaw band won new laurels. The "Drummer Boy of the Rappa hannock" gave one of his enthusing dis plays of skill, which so electrified the audience at the Opera House in the afternoon. Besides this there were oc casional songs not provided in the pro gramme, but that burst forth uncon trolably from the superfluity of inspir ation. The speeches were all good, but of this our readers are better able to'judge for themselves by the publised substance of the most important ones. Some of the speakers evidently were confused by their inability to gauge their voice to the size of the room. And it is impos sible in the most accurate reports to re produce the effects of tlie personal pres ence of the speaker. When Edison gets his phonograph completed, the business of reporting post-prandial speeches will be much simplified and improved, so that the general public can have and epjoy the peculiar tones of each speaker's voice. The subjects were well chosen and as signed and the sources of inspiration were abundant. Of course there are al ways some on such occasions whose super-inspiration kicks over the traces of programme propriety, but in the general success of good feeling these are readilv forgiven [and forgotten, except by the unlucky ones who made the faux pas. Besides the banquet for our distin guished guests, it would have been a happy thought if another had been pro vided for the poor, hard working men who labored on the Manitoba road so faithfully and dilligently. Our ladies would have lent willing hands to pro vide and serve such a banquet, if the suggestion had been made in time. The occasion is worthy of many ban quets, and Thanksgiving week is a good time to have them out. all in If of on no Its to of ty ITS EFFECT IN STATEHOOD. .Several of the speakers yesterday mentioned without dwelling upon the fact that the completion of the new road would hasten the day we all look for ward to so ardently, when Montana shall become a State and her people not only masters ot their resources at home, but entitled to some share in shaping the Nation's destiny. Foremost among these direct in fluences of the new road may be men tioned the fact that it has penetrated that portion of our Territory heretofore covered by Indian reservations and will have the certain effect to open up these reservations to settlement, and what has been a blank on the map of Montana and a blank to civiBzed industry will soon be dotted over with towns and villages and waving with abund ant harvests. The Manitoba has taken the route that will fill the blanks of Montana and make it all significant for settlement and produc tive industry. Without the Manitoba in prospect it is doubtful if the work of reducing these reservations would have been begun in many years. With the Manitoba completed it is equally certain that these reservations will be more cer tainly, promptly and largely reduced. Already it is in contemplation to remove these Indians entirely from this portion of our Territory, where they pass and repass the national boundary on their foraging parties with stolen stock and create constant trouble. If the line of the Manitoba is speedily settled this result will follow beyond all question and we may reasonably expect that this section, large enough to include several of the older States, will iu a few years become the most thickly settled and generally cultivated. Its soil, climate and situation insure this. It is of the same general character as Dakota. Every quarter section is capable ot cul tivation. The same tide of settlement that is overspreading Dakota will push on with its ever increasing volume and velocity. The time and all the circum stances are favorable. Again, the Manitoba is not burdened and harrassed with a land grant. It has no motive to keep back the tide of settlement and cultivation in order to realize on the rise of the lands. Its interests in this respect are identical with our interests, to have every quarter section occupied and cul tivated, and for this work it is prepared to offej the best facilities enjoyed by any portion of Montana. Here beyond the limits of land grands, where there is no waste land and were land can be had at the lowest rates, we may soon expect to see the most rapid settlement and the greatest transformation. ( )f incalcula ble value for this purpose is the fact that the Manitoba road has no divided interests to divert its attention from the main business and only proper business of such corporations, that of transporta tion. It has only one way to make money and that is by doing business for others. As President Hill tersely and truthfully stated the case, his road can not prosper except through the prosperi ty of the country and its people. Con gress has no excuse to defer or delay ac tion on the treaties that have been nego tiated. Here is a large country now ready for settlement and the settlers are ready to enter in and occupy it. The Manitoba has not only come itself, unsubsidized and by a route more favor able for cheap and permanent uses, and where it can do us more good, but its coming lias imposed upon the Northern Pacific the necessity of a policy more favorable to us and the settlement and development of our country. The policy of the one must be largely the policy of the other. The result is two roads actively competing in the good work of creating business and bringing in settlers and capital. Such cG-operatiDg influences cannot but hasten greatly the day when state hood can no longer be refused us on any decent pretext. A Colorado correspondent of the Inter Ocean suggests ihat Hawley and Harrison would be a winning Republican ticket for 1888, insuring the votes of Con necticut and Indiana and making just the number necessary to elect without New York. It is worth thinking of. Haddock Murder Trial. Sioux City, la., November 22.—A sen sational feature of the Arensdorf murder trial occurred to day in the evidence of Benjamin Joseph, his son, and Louisa, his wife. They were delivering milk on the night of the murder and their suspicions being aroused they watched a crowd ot men gathering on the corner of Fourth and Water streets. Both knew Arensdorf well and both swear positively that it was he who advanced to meet and murdered Haddock. Their testimony corroboratea that of Leavitt and Bismarck, the informers. The State rested its case at 4 o'clock this afternoon. __ "Typewriter Paralysis." That new conditions create new types and new diseases is a well known fact in physi ology. One of the latest to develop in Wash ington is a "typewriter paralysis." This dis ease doesn't attack the machine, as the name given to it might imply, but the bright eyed young woman who runs it. With an evi dence of acute discrimination and good taste hardly to be expected in one so new, it de votes its attention to the aforesaid young woman, and leaves the machine to the tender mercies of "stuttering," "skipping," "slip ping," and all the other failings to which its cast iron flesh is heir. Several of the expert typewriters in the departments tell me that they are victims of the new fangled disease. It first appears in their slender wrists. If their wrists are not slender—which of course is the exception rather than the rule—it de velops there just the same. The right wrist succumbs first, as that is also used in writ ing with the pen. The hand is useless for a while and throbs with pains that shoot op into the wrist and forearm. Sometimes it results in partial paralysis of the side. It Beems to differ in this from the ordinary tele grapher's paralysis, which, I am told, inter feres with the use of the hand for telegraph ing only, and leaves its skill in other ways unimpaired.—New York Tribune.