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FISK BROS. - - - Publishers. R. E. FISK,.....- Editor THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1387. The words of Judge Thurman tha^ "whoever preaches the doctrine of secession as a living issue is an enemy of the whole country," deserve to be printed in letters of gold, and kept continually before the eyes of old and young. Those who think Lee a greater man than Washington be cause he believed his first allegiance was due to his State rather than the whole country, are certainly deserving of being rated as enemies of the whole country. That is not the sort of home rule that is to regenerate and dominate the world. The Pioneer Preis of the 15th speaks of General Ruger's return from the Crow cam paign. The General was not inclined to be interviewed, and modestly attributed the successful issue to other circumstances than the military arrangements. After all, we think it was the sight of the abundant re sources at hand to stamp out the trouble that gave courage to all the well disposed and secured aa almost bloodless victory. The anarchists among the Crows were more efi'ectually and cheaply quelled than those of Chicago, and the chief culprit was al most the only one killed. Only eight of the mischief makers have been deported. They will take lessons for a while under a new tutor, and we may yet hear of them as college professors. It has generally been the case for many years that the late autumn has witnessed a great many belated enterprises going on that needed a prolongation of good weather for their completion. It has almost seemed presumptions oftentimes to look for such favorable weather in this far north where the days are so short and the nesting place of blizzards is not far away. As usual this year, and more so than ever before, our city has witnessed the retarded pro gress of great ent^rrises of vital import ance liable to bs arrested any day by the closing in of winter. And yet the weather has been generally propi tious, and we have seen these enterprises advance till the assurance of final success is virtually realized. Never have our peo ple had occasion to be so generally and profoundly thankful as they will have this year, not simply for the season's harvests, but for the fruition of harvests that have required years to mature, and which will endure for years to come to bear perpetual harvests. _ The Brooklyn Times sketch of Montana's original quartz king and mining magnate, James W. Whitlatch, printed in these col umns, will interest many of Helena's early timers. "Jim's" first bonanza is mentioned, and its enormous treasure yield is not ex aggerated. The Hekai.d at that time spread wide the fame of the great property and its enterprising owner, and later, in 1867, Mr. Whitlatch became a business partner and with ample means at his command added largely to the news paper plant. Subsequently, desiring to devote himself wholly to mining operations, Mr. Whitlatch disposed of his Herald interest for $16,800, and Fisk Bros, became the sole proprietors. It would be difficult to disassociate the early his tory of the Whitlatch Union mine with that of the sprightly journal of that day, which abounded in constant revelations of its wondrous riches. The good fortune which as a rule has followed Mr. Whitlatch through the later years of his mining operations gladdens the hearts of his many Montana friends, the Herald people among the number, and the hope is expressed that good luck and prosperity may always continue to favor one who deserves the best of good fortune. The visit of the Emperor of R issia to Berlin at a time w hen it has been repre sented that Russia was in alliai. < « with France and on the verge of war, seems very singular, to say the least, ant gives a refutation to those who have been predict ing inevitable impending general war, for which the whole continent was leagued on one side or the other. There is something very mysterious about this visit, and nothing at all is made public of its purpose and results or at whose solicitation it occurred. If there were a fixed purpose of w ar between 1 Cassia and Germany, we are \ery sure the vioit would not have been made. We think France has assumed too much on the Russian al liance and asserted more than the facts would warrant. It has seemed strange to us that if France were sure of Russia's active assistance she did not force the war as soon as possible, while the situation was in many respects more favorable than it can ever he expected to continue for any length of time. It seems to us that France is more in dan ger of an internal revolution than prepared for a war of revenge or reprisal upon Ger many. Internal divisions are multiplying and universal bankruptcy seems impend ing. There is nothing substantial, com manding or very hopeful about the present government of France. The members of successive governments have shown little capacity in the way of statesmanship, and scandals of all sorts are charged against the most prominent. On the other hand, Germany is united, armed to the teeth and thoroughly disciplined under trusted and competent generals, with a solidity oi credit and resources that will enable it to sustain a contest in which other nations would go to pieces. Though the aged Emperor may die any day and the Crown Prince succumb to his incurable malady, he has a son 26 years of age, capable of sustaining the burdens of empire. There can be no disputed succession and there is no thought of change in the form of government. On the whole a French revo lution just now seems more imminent than a general continental war. GIVE HIM A REST. When we wrote yesterday of Sparks' resignation we had some serious doubts whether the President would accept it, for it seemed to us that the acceptance would involve a confession on the Presi dent's part that he had changed his policy. But we are happily disappointed. The resignation is accepted and Sparks is out. He tells quite a pathetic story of his labors, sufferings and losses in the public service. Poor fellow ! how he has stood it for three years the public will wonder, when it is remembered how easily he could have resigned at any mo ment. Mr. Sparks would have the coun try believe that he has sacrificed health, comfort and money for the sole purpose of serving the public good. And the un grateful and unappreciative public only give him credit for selfish seeking popularity for a higher position to which he aspired. Sparks says he feels like a galley slave just released. How does he know? Has he ever felt of one? He says, more over, that he positively knows his course has "been a right and honest one." Pos sibly he may have been honest, but very few, besides himself, will think he has been right. If he has been right, then Lamar and the courts have been wrong. Such monumental self-assurance never before was on public exhibition. Never before in the history of our country has an executive officer undertaken, like Sparks, to suspend the operation of laws. That is something that even the President of the United States him self would not have dared to do, and yet Sparks in reviewing his admin istration is positive that his course has been not only honest but right. A man, who, as a simple land com missioner, assumed the powers of a czar, will never be entrusted with any higher office within the direct gift of the peo' pie. No doubt Sparks thought he might vilify the people in the Territories with impunity, for they had no vote in Con gress, nor vote for president. When he charged that DO per cent, of the land entries were fraudulent and tried to make his words good by suspending all entries and sending out agents to work up evi dence to sustain his false assertion, he was not laboring for the public good, but squandering public money and robbing poor settlers on the frontier to give a color of truth to his reckless assertions. That there is much dishonesty in the acquisition of land titles is probable, and we have no word of defense in its behalf, but the great mass of those who are settling our vacant domain are hon est, worthy men of small means, and Sparks' administration of his official duties has imposed extra cost, doubt, de lay and trouble upon every one of them. It is well for Sparks that he can bask so complacently in the shining approval of his own conscience, for he quits office with the general execration of all fron tier settlers. And these men upon whom he has been resting his heavy official hand and lashing his calumnious tongue and pen, are men who have come from every State in the Union in quest of a little spot of desert land, where they hoped to repair their fortunes and found a home for their children. These were men as honest and deserving as Mr. Sparks and de served the protection of the government, not the persecution to which they have been subjected. When Mr. Sparks inventories his achievements at the end of life, and we hope he will live many years to repent of his follies, he will find that his name is re membered with detestation in those sec tions where he fancies he has wrought his honest and righteous deeds in behalf of fancied public interests. But we are thankful enough for the relief that has come to let him bask quietly in the sun shine of his self-conceit. Reqviescat in pace. _ SUGAR MAKING IN LOUISIANA. This is one of the interesting topics treated instructively in the November Centurij by Eugene V. Smalley. The writer says the Americans are the great est sugar-eating people in the world and that the consumption has almost dou bled since 1867. It is said on the au thority of one of the largest cane planter, and one of the best in formed on the sugar industry that Louisiana is capable of producing 500,000 tons of sugar annually. An acre of wheat does not produce on an average more than $15 per acre ; an acre of cotton $30, but an acre of cane will produce in 3ugar and molasses from $75 to $100 per acre. To show the muta tions in prices that have demoralized the industry, it is said that the same grade of sugar that sold in New Orleans] in I860 for 151 cents per pound, sold in the same city in 18S4 for 4 V cents per pound. Still the industry continues to exist and with improved machinery and working pro cesses is making steady advancement. It supports about half a million of peo ple—among them 2,000 Manilla men, natives of the Philippine Islands. Many whites, principally Spanish and Italians, are employed on the sugar plantations and prove profitable and thrifty hands. About one-fourth of the sugar estates are now owned jby northern men, who have come to the State since the war. They are more successful that the old class of planters. Of the old owners before the war there are not more than one-third, and some say not more than one-tenth, still in possession of their old estates. Sandwich Island sugar is sold in New Orleans at 2 cents a pound less than in San Francisco, from whence ; .t is transported by rail at a cost of not less than 2 cents per pound. The sugar industry is one that deserves protection, but it is doubtful if it can be done by tariff as well as by bounty. We would say reduce the duty and compen sate sugar producers by an equivalent bounty. THE GRAND JURV REPORT. The report of our grand jury, rendered Tuesday, is a document of more than ordinary good sense and wise suggestion. In the matter of minors visiting saloons, parents are more to blame than others, and they have it in their power and it is their sacred duty to know where their children go and what company they keep at all times. There are always, however, some parents who seem to care nothing about the habits and welfare of their children, and it is lor these that officers of the law must look out. But it still remains true that if all well dis posed parents did their duty there would be a great deal less for the officers to do and much less juvenile depravity. The report presents a condition of our county poor farm that is a shame to all of us, even to the verge of criminality. Poverty, misfortune and poor health, though in some measure the result of bad habits, have never been reckoned as crimes to be punished by exposure to malarial and miasmatic surroundings. There is no better gage of civilization than the care taken by the public of its unfortunate and dependent members. The contract system may not be the best, but any system is liable to abuse if not carefully, continuously and syste matically supervised. Drainage and ventilation, as well as an Jample supply as pure and wholesome food and water, are more essential to hos pitals and poor houses than other places. It is the bounden, sacred duty of the responsible authorities to see that such places are put and kept in good sanitary condition all the time, and if the contract system is in vogue, no con tract should be made that did not pro vide for all these requisites for health and comfort of the inmates and patients. If the ground around the poor farm building is naturally wet, this should be and easily could be remedied by deep drainage, while the same means could provide for sewerage and the water sup ply should be from uncontaminated sources. It is a condition of things that calls for instant remedy, whoever has been at fault for their existence. It would be a good thing for some of our numerous benevolent organizations to look after the county poor. A TRIUMPH WORTH RECORDING To-dav the track of the Montana Cen tral railroad will enter our city limits. When spring opened the end of the track was at Minot, 115 miles east of the Mon tana line. Since the season permitted work it has moved forward steadily across this wide, winding interval of wilderness, and now greets us face to lace. When Roman consuls and emperors had achieved conspicuous conquests abroad, they were awarded triumphs on their return. Long trains of captives and rich spoil of wasted provinces de lighted the eyes of patrician and ple bleian alike. Days were given up to revelry and brutal sports. It is not such a triumph that we record to-day, but one infinitely superior. Ours is a triumph that has come to stay, aud the precession of trains will be endless, not of captives and rich spoil but of con querors and superfluous riches. Instead of the snow white horses that dragged the gorgeous triumphal chariot, comes the black, ponderous locomotive with the palace car. We could extend the comparison till we could satisfy the most stolid that the sight Helena witnesses to-day double-discounts the proudest tri umph Rome ever saw. But little more than a year since, September 10th, President Hill assured our people that his road would be into Helena before this season closed. Those who heard that pledge listened with more of incredulity than rejoicing, for in their hearts they did not believe it could be done. As week after week we have heard of the advance of Grant's legion of track layers the dark clouds of doubt rolled up from our horizon and the dawn of assured hope broke forth in all its power and beauty. The star of progress that in April last stood over Minot, to-day stands over Helena, the Queen City of the Rocky Mountains. The road that could not get its rails hauled at a reasonable compensation, has come and brought them for itself. It is here before Thanks giving and prepared to talk turkey. The condition of parties in the next Congress, as it now stands, shows a very close balance that bodes no easy and fruit ful work, especially of that kind on which party issues are joined. The House stands: Democrats 167, Republicans 154, and Inde pendents 4. The Senate is, Republicans 39 and Democrats 37. Riddleberger is a very uncertain element in this narrow Repub lican majority. The outlook for the ad mission of any new states is certainly very poor. _ Fbolde, the historian, like Carlyle in his decline, thinks Ireland can never be constitutionally governed. Nothing, in his opinion, will do but military government. If we thought so poorly of the future of constitutional government and the future enlightenment of the world, we should be tempted to commit suicide. How is it that the Irish in America conform to our con stitutional government, and live under it as prosperously and contentedly as other nationalities ? New York Tribune: What! Mr.Blaine killed again ? Why, wasn't he dead in 1884 — absolute'y and totally extinct ? And wasn't he killed the next year and again last year? The Mugwumps ought not to waste so much moralizing upon a political corpse, as they assume him to be. A pub lic man who has to be killed off regularly every November may be suspected of hav in considerable vitality. THE FISHERIES COMMISSION This commission, about which we have heard so much, has finally got together in Washington and we shall soon know if they can accomplish anything of ad-, vantage. If it were simply a conference between the two great nations, it would be a com paratively easy matter to arrive at satis factory results, but the presence of Can ada disturbs and confuses everything. Canada is British for revenue, prestige and protection, but American by na tural interests and necessities which are still stronger. Canada, it seems to us, is trying to profit from both, and in her dealings on ail sides is consummately mercenary and selfish. This is true of the dealings of the provinces with one another and of the Dominion with the mother country and the United States. The possibility of joining the United States is played oft' against the British government to secure almost anything that it has the cheek to ask, while in all her intercourse with the United States, it assumes airs and makes demands as if were the British government itself. Ever since it has transpired that in the last arbitration settlement of fisheries damages a deliberate fraud was prac ticed on us and on the arbitrators and our government was adjudged to pay and did pay damages that were never sustained, we have felt very much, coming to deal with Canada, like dealing with a shameless fraud. Much as we desire consolidation of the continent through reciprocity, we are in no hurry about it with Canada. We can get along very well without Canada and without intercourse with Canada in any shape. Rather than be brow-beaten and discourteously treated as we have been about harboring our criminals and refusing civilities in trade, we would much prefer complete non-intercourse. Just in proportion as we show ourselves anxious for a treaty Can ada's demands will rise in arrogance. Our true position to assume is one of studied and imperturbable indifference. The future is ours and we have better fisheries on the peaceful Pacific than those on the stormy Atlantic. If Canada wants our criminals let them go and stay there. We could spare all of them and still thrive. Before we make any treaties with any nation let us build a navy that will outmatcli any in the world and then the nations will come and treat with us on our own terms. NATIONAL FINANCES. The official report of the National Treasurer for the last fiscal year shows the receipts from all sources to have been $371,140,327 and ordinary expendi tures $267,932,179, leaving a margin of something over a hundred millions with which to pay ofi' our national debt and build a navy. If we look over any official tables of national revenues and expenditures we shall fail to find any such difference be tween the two, as in our caae. While most nations try to keep down expenses to the level of income, or rather to keep up income to the vicinity of expendi tures, there are none of them doing it. Besides, if we were to reckon at its true value in the labor markets of the world of the compulsory service rendered by those bearing arms in the countries of Europe, the actual expenditures would be nearly doubled. We do not raise half the revenue that is raised in France, though we have nearly twice the population and they are four times better able to pay taxes. Even weak and impoverished Italy raises about the same revenue as the United States. Starving India, with its hun dreds of millions working at six pence a day, pays more into the imperial treas ury. We are not a heavily taxed people, actually or comparatively. In fact, so far as our national government is con cerned, we are the lightest taxed people, directly and indirectly, in the world. Counting local taxes we pay enough, but then what we pay comes back to us in many ways. We do not spend it in supporting armies and accumulating arms and ammunition. We put most of it into something useful, such as public buildings, roads, water works, etc. We see no reason why any one should demand a reduction of national reve nues. The duty on sugar might be re duced advantageously, if a bounty were substituted to encourage home produc tion. On competing foreign wool the duty should be increased. The surplus of annual revenue should be equally divided between reducing the debt and constructing a navy until we had the strongest and best in the world. _ FARM MORTGAGES. An article in the Pioneer Press of recent date, commenting upon inverti gations of this subject, has greatly inter ested us, for it silences a general fear that we have long entertained that our farming class in the western States were generally involved in debt, for which the facilities are so great, and that a large portion of those who once got thus involved ultimately lost their farms. Mr. Edward Atkinson, one of the most careful statisticians of the country, having occasion in reply to some Eng lise critics to look up this matter, syste matically interviewed ten of the great firms engaged in placing western loans and the summary of replies shows that out of 200,000 mortgages representing an aggregate of loans of $180,000,000. One hundred and nine teen thousand had already been paid up and the 81,000 still remaining unsettled represented about $75,000,000. Only 1,000 foreclosures had been found neces sirv, and the amounts realized had on the whole more that made good the claims. This is certainly a much smaller proportion of ultimate losers than any one would have ventured to estimate. Better still, the investigation shows a great reduction in the rate of interest and commission. The interest rate has fallen from an average of 10 per cent to 7ij and the commission rate that used to be 10 per cent has disappeared entirely It shows, contrary to general impres sion, that our farmers are getting out of debt and becoming independent owners of their farms, and in a large propor tion of cases becoming money lenders themselves. In the older Western States the business of loaning on farm mort gage is virtually closed. ROOM FOR ALL. There was a ripple of excitement on yesterday, when word was sent up that the Northern Pacific was obstructing the advance of the Manitoba to its depot grounds. There was enough to give foundation to the story, but better coun sels prevailed and it is of little use to consider what trouble might have been made or how it would have resulted. That the Northern Pacific people feel sore over what they consider an invasion of their territory at its most vital point by a powerful rival is only natural and must be regarded with proper allowance. If the Union and Central Pacific roads had occasion to complain and charge breach of faith in the govern ment for encouraging and aiding the construction of other roads across the continent, where they expected a per petual monopoly, the Northern Pacific has probably similar and equal grounds to complain. There is room and busi ness. too, for all these roads and for others that surely will be built. It is a comfortable and convenient thing to have a monopoly of any kind, and it is not in average human nature not to try and make the most of it. The outlook of hearty welcome given to the advent of the Manitoba to our city is quite as natural and the general results to the growth of business and ac celerated development of the country will in our opinion fully justify all the jubilation, and when other roads come there will be an equal welcome for them. Instead of having to divide its present business with the new comer at reduced rates of profit, we predict that there will be such an increase of business within a few months that the Northern Pacific will show an increase of business and at rates that will satisfy it. There will be increased activity and zeal on the part of the old road, a study to con ciliate and satisfy patrons and to create new business. The influx of population will lead to new developments of busi ness. The vast mineral resources of the Territory, which have languished so long, will be explored with the aid of abundant and ready capital and the re sults of such systematic exploration and developement, we cannot doubt, will bring to light and to rich production hundreds of other rich-paving mines. We have never known it to fail in this country that the reduction of rates and the breaking up of monopolies worked not only for the general good but for the ultimate benefit of those who resisted the changes most obstinately and fore saw only impending ruin. Thousands of instances might be men tioned to illustrate this principle, but we will only cite the instance of the Postoffice Department. We need not go back but a few years to reach the time when it cost 25 cents to send a letter one third the distance that it is now carried for 2 cents. At every reduction made there were those who predicted that it would bankrupt the government. Of course there were temporary defi ciencies, but they never were as great as even the friends of the change antici pated, and the steady growth of business and improved means of transportation in every instance soon brought up the business to a self-sustaining basis. Now everybody anticipates the day when a letter will be carried to any part of the country for a single cent, and many will live to see the de partment self-sustaining at that rate. The reserved and recuperating powers and resources of this country are always underestimated. There is no one of mature years who lias not had occasion to feel ashamed of his want of faith in the resources of the country. We think naturally of what the few now in Mon tana can produce under present circum stances, but we fail to think of what will be produced when these hundreds now here are changed to thousands and tens of thousands, with improved facili ties and means of production and with increased zeal, industry and ambition. There is nothing truer than that com petition is the life of business of any kind. It suggests and inspires all the inventions that increase productive power, improves methods and prevents waste. Monopoly of any sort arrests development. We say in the interest of every one, beat down the barriers of mo nopoly and let development have full swing and play. The resources of the country and the human mind and soul are beyond any limit or power to esti mate. _ De Lesseps, in his last communication to the French Premier, seems to have changed his canal plans and now aims to make a water connection, probably not a sea level one, as soon a possible and com plete the work out of the canal revenues. Indian Outbreak. Fort Worth, Texas, November 18.— News was received here to-night to the effect that the Indians were bnming the Oklahoma country. No cause is assigned for the alleged outbreak. The supposition is that there is an uprising against the "boomers." THE LIMITED EXPRESS. Exact Time of Its Arrival at Helena- Other Railroad Notes. The general officAf the Northern Pacific at Helena this morniDg received the fol lowing dispatch from Superintendent Gil bert, of the Rocky Mountain division, rela tive to the new passenger schedule : Tacoma, W. T., November 17,1887. The new passenger time card over the Northern Pacific will take effect on Sunday, November 20th, at 1 o'clock a. m. No. 1 limited (west bound mail and passenger) will leave Helena at 9:20 a. m. The through passenger, No. 5, west bound, will leave Helena at 6:30 a. m. No. 2 limited (east bound mail and pas senger) will arrive at Helena at 11:40 p. m. The through passenger No. 6, east bound, will arrive at 3:30 p. m. The Butte and Helena express, Nos. 7 and 8 (old numbers 5 and 6) will run on same time as at present. The Marysville passenger train on the Helena & Northern will leave Helena at 7:20 a. m. and returning will arrive at Helena at 5:40 p. m. In addition to this a freight train will be put on between Helena and Marysville. "Trains on the Rimini branch will run on about the same time as at present. F. W. Gilbert." The above contains some good news for our citizens. Not the least noticeable item in it is the change on the Helena & North ern. The new time will allow our people to leave here in the morning, spend a few hours at Marysville and return in the evening of the same day. UNION PACIFIC FAST TRAIN. A new double daily fast train service, known as "The Overland Flyer," was inau gurated by the Union Pacific company on the 13th instant between Council Blnffs, Omaha, Kansas City, Portland, San Fran cisco, Los Angeles and all California points. These trains leave Council Bluffs daily at 10:05 a. m. and 7:55 p. m ; Omaha 10:30 a. m. and 8:20 p. m ; Kansas City 6:40 p. m. and 10:40 a. m., arriving at Granger 10:20 p. m. and 2:18 a. m ; Portland 1:30 p. m.; Ogden 6,00 a. m. and 7:45 a. m.; Sacra mento 1:45 a. m. and 3:30 p. m.; San Fran cisco 6:40 a. m. and 7:30 p. m., and Los An geles at 7:20 p. m. and 11:40 a. m , thus saving an entire day over the time made heretofore. , NOTES. The commission of appraisers, Messrs. Francis Pope, C. F. Ellis and Jno. C. Curtin, appointed to assess damages for right of way of the Montana Central Railway through the city limits, met at the court house this morning and heard various claims from the laud owners affected by the passage of the road. Col. Sanders ap peared on behalf the Northern Pacific, and several other attorneys were present in the interests of various clients. This after noon the commission went out to the Child ranch, on the Prickly Pear, to assess the damages to that property. * * It is not yet determined whether the Montana Central will or will not iron their branches this season. Upon Mr. Hill's arrival the question will be definitely set tled. It seems probable that the company will lay the track on the Rimini and Marysville branches this year, if the pres ent fine weather holds out. * * * W. A. Haven, formerly chief engineer of Northern Pacific construction in Montana, who is now in the city, is about to leave for Tacoma to take charge of railroad con struction for the N. P. on the western end of the road. * * * Daily dispatches from St. Paul announce the convalescence of Traffic Manager Han naford, of the Northern Pacific. It is thought he will be ready for business again in two weeks. * * * General manager bhelby, of the Mon tana Central, has removed his office from the third to the second floor of the Mon tana National Bank building, and is now located in room No. 5. GOOD CHEER. Friendlv Holds from Herald Readers. Herald readers everywhere have a cheerful way of speaking of their favorite paper. J. M. Largent, pastor of the Christian Church, Gilroy, Cal., writes, enclosing his subscription : "I find I am lost without the Herald, which formerly came to me at Dodge, Mont. Outside of climate, Cali fornia is not what many think it is. I have a longing desire for Montana." L. H. Childs, Avoca, Iowa : "Find en closed $5, renewal my subscription to Weekly Herald. As I am an old-timer of Helena, I cannot get along without the Herald, which regularly brings the news from the old home." Charles H. Perrine, Ubet, Mont.: "En closed find $4, pay for Herald for the past year. I like the Herald very much." J. W. Matkin, Great Falls, Mont.: "Here is my check for $3 for the Weekly Her ald for one year in advance. Send to Benson & Mclves, Great Falls, Mont." The foregoing are sample letters pouring in upon The Herald from every part of the country daily. We have several times in years past published columns of these friendly missives, but the news and adver tising pressure upon our space precludes any such pleasant indulgence now. The good words and good offices of the Herald constituency, old and new, we desire to say, are appreciated, and we are hopeful of an opportunity to note publicly and at length their friendly tokens. District Court. City of Helena vs. Geo. Ringwald, ap peal ; dismissed at plaintiff's cost. City of Helena vs. Lee Sing, appeal on conviction for smoking opium; jury re turned a verdict of guilty and assessed a fine of $25. Territory vs. Mamie Williams ; motion to compell prosecution to elect overruled set for 25th inst. Franklin Farrell vs. O. J. Salisbury ; con tinued as per stipulation. James Kerwin vs. Joseph O'Neill ; cause reinstated and judgment rendered in favor of plaintiff. Territory vs. Fred Decker, two cases ; defendant pleads not guilty and trial set for 26 th inst. W. H. H. Scott vs. John Scannell ; tried to court and case taken under advisement. Territory vs. Leroy Protzman, grand larceny; jury returned a verdict of not guilty. In another case a nolle pros, was entered. One of the important features of this morning's session was the decision of the court in the case of the N. P. R. R. Com pany vs. C. W. Cannon et al. for the pos session of certain ground on the West Side. The demurrer and motion to strike out were both overruled, and the case will go to trial on its merits. A. M. Holter & Bro. vs. Patrick Mc Knight ; jury returned a verdict in favor of defendant. Edward Jordan vs. James McFarland ; dismissed at plaintiff's cost. Sanford & Evans vs. J. H. Coniy et al.; demurrer withdrawn and leave to answer in five d^ys. L. E. Guillow vs. Marcus E. Downs ; two cases ; dismissed at plaintiff's cost. BAKING POWDERS. Report of the Ohio State Food Com mission. Analyses of the Ohief Brands Sold in the West. Their Strength and Value Officially Ascertained. The Ohio State Dairy and Food Com missioner, Gen. S. H. Hurst, has made public (Circular No. 6) the results of the Commissioner's iniestigatiou of baking powder. This Commission was formed by the Legislature, with instructions to make an examination of the food supply of the State, and to give a report of 9uch exami nation to the public. The examination of the baking powders was made by Pro fessor H. A. Weber, State Chemist, and, relating as it does to an article of daily use in the food of almost every one, is of particular interest. The rather startling fact is brought out by the report that ot the thirty different brands of baking powder analyzed, com posing about all those sold in the State, twenty of them were made from alum, a substance declared by the highest medical authorities to be injurious to health when used in food. The Commissioner classifies the baking powders into three general divisions, ac cording to their value : 1st. Cream of Tartar Baking Powders. 2d. Phosphate Baking Powders. 3d. Alnm Baking Powders. The object of baking powders is, when mixed in the flour and subjected to mois ture, to generate a leavening ga9 in the dough, which will raise the bread and cause it to be porous and light. The Com missioner explains that the best baking powder is that which, the ingredients being healthful, gives off the largest amount of leavening gas and leaves the smallest amount of residuum in the bread. A small amount of carbonate of ammonia, which is considered healthful, is used in some of the cream of tartar powders to give them a higher strength. The Commission say that pure alum is undoubtedly a hurtful salt, and that the resultant salts from its com bination with soda as formed in the bread, can scarcely be less hurtful. The report ranks the powders and shows the amount in each of inert resultants, which in using it would appear as a residuum in the bread, as follows : CREAM OF TARTAR POWDERS. Per Cent inert, ot Name. Residuum. 1. Royal....................................................... 7.25 2. Dr. Price's...............................................12.66 3. Pearson's.................................................14 39 4. Cleveland's..............................................10.18 5. Snow Drift..............................................17.54 6. UpDer Ten............................................... 9.22 7. De Land's................................................32.52 8. Sterling...................................................12.63 PHOSPHATIC BAKING POWDERS. 9. Horsford's...............................................36.19 10. Wheat.....................................................86.33 AI.UM BAKING POWDERS. 11. Empire...................................................31.26 12. Gold........................................................30.34 13. Veteran..................................................23.36 14. Cook's Favorite.......................................34.92 15. Sun Flower.............................................35.6' 16. Kenton....................................................38.17 17. Patapsco..................................................40 08 18. Jersey......................................................16.06 19. Buckeye..................................................29.,<> 20. Peerless...................................................26.28 21. Silver Star...............................................31.88 22. Crown.....................................................16.69 21. Crown (Special).......................................25.09 24. One Spoon...............................................58.6s 25. Wheeler's No. 15....................................27.73 26. Carleton..................................................30.94 27. Gem.......................................................36.57 28. Scioto.....................................................18.25 29. Zipp's Grape Crystal.............................11.99 30. Forest City............................................24.04 The large amount of inert matter or residuum in both the phosphate and alum powders will be noted. This in the phos phate powders is largely of lime ; in the alum powders it is chiefly alum. It will be gratifying to the public to observe that the powder in most general use, the Royal, is also the purest. In comparing the first two powders on the list, for instance—the Royal and Dr. Price's—the inert matter in Price's is seen to be about five in seven more than in the former, a difference of 71 3-7 per cent., the Royal being purer than Price's by a corresponding figure. The carbonic or leavening gas produced by the powders indicates their strength ; and their true value may be ascertained by considering the amount of this gas in con nection with their inert matter or residuum as shown above. The higher the percent age of gas and the lower the percentage of residuum the better the baking powder. These percentages, as found in some of the most familiar powders, are given as follows: Per Cent, of Per Cent, of Name. Leavening Gas. Residuum. Royal.......................11.80................................7.2> Price's.................... .10.50................ ................12.66 De Land's.............. .10 ................. . 8.45............. Forest City, Alum.. . 7.80................ ................24 .Ot . 6.90................ ................31.88 Kenton. Alum........ . 6.20................ ................38.17 Patapsco, Aum....... 6................................. 40.08 Empire, Alum......... 5.80................................34.26 Cook's Fav'te, Al'm 5.80................................34.92 One Spoon, Alum... 5.75................................58 68 With the foregoing explanation the study of these figures will readily give consumers a knowledge of the comparative value of the different brands. To illustrate with the percentages given the two powders be fore compared, the Royal containing 11.8 parts of leavening gas to 10 5 in Price's, its excess of strength is 1.3 in 10.5, cr 12.4 per cent Royal is therefore 12.40 per cent stronger, as well as 71 per cent purer than Price's, etc. The relative strength and purity of all the powders can be computed in like manner. Belter at Corn Juice Thau at Corns. The following is how the Corvallis Netc Idea touches up the ubiquitous corn doctor: An itinerant chiropodist is at work on the horny pedal extremities of the citizens of Bitter Root. "Com3 Extracted Without Pain" is his sign board. If he can extract corns as easily as he can imbibe corn ex tract, it would be a pleasure to bave Doc. finish up our hoofs. He took a few old Missouri corns from the feet of Uncle Amos Chaffin the other day and the atmos phere is still Mue around the meat market, but will probably clear in a few days. Appointed Keceiver. New York, November 19.—Francis O. Boyd has been appointed receiver of the wholesale liquor firm of Horace Wet)ster & Co., of this city, Chicago, Phila delphia and San Francisco, on the application of Horace Webster, who has began suit against his partner, Chas. W. Lawrence, Alexander C. Horne, and the assignee, Frederick N. Lawrence. Mr. Webster alleges that he remained in San Francisco and relied upon his partners to continue the business properly, and that the assignment made by the firm was a great surprise to him and he believed the firm to be sound. He valued his interest in the con cern at $100,000. He at once came to this city and made an examination of the books. He discovered that on the day before the assignment was made Chas. N. Lawrence drew out $27, for his own use and went to Europo on November 17. Webster claims the assign ment was made for the purpose ot detrain ing their creditors and asks that it be se aside.