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WELCOME TO 1888.
It is probably true that any one hav ing access to the full records of every year might produce enough evidence to show that any one has been eventful, but somehow we are impressed that this new opening year of three consecutive eights is going to be more than ordi narily eventful in the history of this country and the world. It is to witness a presidential election in this country and that is in itself an important event'. Hut if it is merely a change of office bearers without a change of policy it will not in any way be remerkable. But we are impressed that our next presi dential election is going to decide a great deal more than simply who shall hold the offices and draw the salaries. If the year shall be signalized by Mon tana's admission as a State it will be to us the most eventful one in history. If at the san e time the admission of Da kota. Washington and New Mexico shall be secured, making four new States at one time, it will be a still more eventful year, something without parallel in the history ot the country. But we anticipate something more than all this in the coming election. It promises to be decisive of the internal and external policy of the country for years to come. In the question whether our country shall devote its energies and resources to raising raw material for British ships to carry abroad for British manufacturers to work up by skilled labor and reap all the higher and richer rewards are involved our future prosperity and independence. Twice the United states has been at war with Great Bri tain, once for independence on land and again for independence on the seas. In 1777 the great, glorious and decisive battle of Saratoga was fought, that did not terminate, but as all historians agree, decided the fate of the revolu tion and assured the independence ot the United States. So we believe the year 1888 is going to witness the great internal struggle to decide virtually whether we shall be a tributary province of the British empire or an independent nation, conscious of its strength, with faith enough in its own resources and enough intelligent self-interest to de velop them and become master of our own destinies and with them of the rest of tire world. With the internal policy of the coun try is naturally associated the external policy. At present we have none. We have grown strong and rich by minding our own business and letting the rest of the world do as it pleases. Such was a prudent course so long as we were young and weak and divided, but can any one pretend that this is going to be always the wisest policy? We have already be come the richest and most powerful na tion of the globe. For any direct na tional influence upon other nations the United States is a nonentity. Our min isters abroad command no respect, ex cept for their personal character and that is not always great. What little respect is shown our country comes from a conscious knowledge of what we can do if we once apply ourselves to the purpose as other nations do. The time has fully come for us to have at least a continental policy, coextensive with America, and what modifications we make in our tariff should be to foster closer commercial relations with the countries on this continent. We can well let Europe, Asia and Africa alone, but we cannot afford to be indifferent to the fate of any part of this continent. We advocate no policy of war and an nexation, but one of mutual and friendly interest, trade intercourse and commercial alliance, in the wake of which will follow similar social and mu nicipal institutions. We have in our own large domain varety and abundance of resources enough to make us inde pendent of the world. It is our business to develop them and trust to no chances that may interrupt our connections abroad. If we seek for a wider firld for our energies, as well we may with our present strength, the field is open on this continent, the finest field in the world. It concerns us much and directly who and what our neighbors are. By proper effort we can make them valuable neigh bors, bound to us by ties that no exter nal force can break. Our policy towards the countries and nations of America should be open, generous, helpful. If we cannot tell what a day will bring forth much less can we tell what a year will bring forth, but we antici pate that the coming campaign will de velope some new larger questions for public cor.sideratnS than ever before entered into a presidential canvas. So far from fearing the result and shrink ing from the contest, we welcome it with enthusiastic courage, and if we do not gain all we hope in this year 1888, we are confident of gaining a great part of it with a certainty that the rest will fol low. WK have got to have another large cen tral school building another year. There is no mistaking this fact and no postponing the work. It will involve considerable ex pense and a debt on which the people will have to pay interest. It is fall as well to think of other things that we are obliged to have while considering how much we can afford to spend on sewers in any single year. *Ve do not want to kill business or drive it away by heavy taxation. A siSTEB Helena, down in Louisiana, is reported as the victim of an overwhelming disaster. Would it not be a creditable act on the part of her younger though richer sister of the same name to send on a generous donation in honor of our common name? Our past experience with Area ought to make ns quick to sympathize with other sufferers from the same source. A DEMOCRATIC KICK The heresies of free trade adopted by the President and now openly advocated by several of his party organs in Mon tana, including the Independent and Miner , are little relished by the Rocky Mountain Husbandman, the editors and proprietors of which are democrats and one of whom is a democratic member of the legislature. In a recent issue the Husbandman says: If there was any probability of the Cleveland tariff policy being adopted by Congress the outlook for the Montana woolgrowers would indeed be discouraging, for no one will pretend to claim that we can at the present cost of living and labor com pete with Australian wools. But we do not believe that the anti-tariff element in the nation has gained any strength since the last tariff adjustment, nor do we be lieve it is likely to gain in the future. And should it turn out, as it now seems probable, that Congress won Id ignore the President altogether it will show more forcibly than ever the weakness of the free trade movement and the weaker this is shown to be the more buoyant will be our wool markets. Montana is interested in protection to the wool 'industry to the amount of two million dollars at least, which, isasmuchasitis widely disseminated among the laboring class, cuts an impor tant figure in our Territory's prosperity. There is no branch of husbandry that dis seminates more money among the people in proportion to the capital invested than wool-growing, and there is nothing that our people would feel more sensibly than to have this cut off'. The position of minister to England seems to have a singular effect upon those sent over from this country to serve in that capacity. It made'a mugwump of Charles Francis Adams, and it has done the same for James Bussell Lowell. They were both good Bepublicans when appointed, and representatives of the best class of Americans, but when they came home after a few years of English dining and ilattery they were both more English than American, and more Democratic than Republican. There seems to be some influence about British aristoc racy that entrances and carries away cap tive the simple-minded American, un studied and inexperienced in the hypocriti cal arts of diplomacy. . It is natural for a guest in an after dinner speech to desire to say something agreeable to his enter tainers, but the result is in the end utter demoralization of personal independence and a loss of any respectable amount of nationality. There seems to be a great distance between hob-nobbing with royalty and lords and eulogizing Cleve land, but there is a steady descent, and one is the natural outcome of the other. The Democratic policy of revenue tariff' and war upon home markets and home manufactures is altogether English and en tirely un-American. England is our great and only rival, our natural enemy in all business relations and our only possi ble contestant for the empire of the seas and the ocean commerce of the world. England robs, oppresses and drives into exile the hated Irish and John Bull com placently chuckles to see those poor exiles mostly enroll themselves in the Democratic party and go to w ork lustily for their old masters, even at cheaper wages than at home. It is a sickening sight and thought, and the greatest marvel of the age. The policy of the Democratic party, if carried out, would make the United States as much of a tributary prov ince of England as Ireland is to-day. It is time that we had a home rule party in the United States. We are not infected in the slightest with Anglo-phobia, but we preach only a self-respecting self-interest which every American citizen ought to feel. We generously appreciate the noble words of Hon. Joseph Chamberlain in his speech at the recent meeting of the Toron to board of trade, in which he refused to speak of the United States as a "foreign country." It was certainly a graceful act of diplomacy, if not of the heart. But we could not help thinking that Mr. Chamber lain acts very inconsistently in joining with those at home who not only speak of Ireland as a foreign country, but do in finitely worse—treat it as a foreign coun try. Much as there is in common between the interests of Great Britain and the United States, there are influences at work that some day will bring them into collision. While settling our vast interior vacant territory, building railroads instead of ocean steamers and cultivating home manufactures, we are getting in Eng land's way every much. But the day is coming when our country will be pretty generally settled and our vast resources de veloped and our manufactures so well estab lished that we shall have to go outside of our own borders and over all seas and lands in quest of trade and investments. Then will come a grand clash of interests that will strain to the utmost if it does not tear asunder the ties of kinship. Possibly a grand alliance of all English speaking na tions may be the outcome and deliverance from this approaching collision. It will, if it comes in that shape, be a miracle not justified by any of the prophesies of his tory. _ Keokuk (Iowa) Gale City : Probably nothing makes so much indifference among American parents to their boys going to college as the fact that the college profes sors go on teaching English free trade. The graduates go out into practical life, find there is no practical sense in it and reject it All governments and national law makers outside of England reject it Aus tralia, the new England, rejects it The political economists of France and Ger many and Italy reject it. The political economists of the United States and Eng land now are not comparable in ability and scholarship to those of Germany and Italy, and the latter reject it as provisional and unscientific. It is based upon a wholly exploded philosophy both as a doctrine of thought and a doctrine of ethics. Yet English and American college professors go on teaching it all the same as though the philosophical and ethical grounds it is built upon had proven sound. Married. Winchester, Va., January 3.— Lient Chas. C. Rogers, U. S. N., was married this morning in this city to Miss Alice Walker, daughter of Gen. J. G. Walker, ex-Con federate. APPLY TUE ARGUMENT. We noticed a few days since in the columns of a cotemporary that follows Cleveland whithersoever he wills p criti cism upon the Husbandman for standing by our wool interest against the on slaught of the President. The Husband man naturally insisted that American wool needed protection or it would be driven out of the market by the cheaper wools of Australia, Africa and South America. Ic reply the administration organ says, Let Australia raise our wool ; let our wool men get into some other business. Suppose we apply the -arne principle right at home and see what we should come to. We will begin with one who wants to take a newspaper in some Mon tana tow n or city for the general news. By a little inquiry he will find out that he can get a larger paper, with more news in it and postage paid, from some eastern city, at half the price of a home paper. Apply the same principle as in the case ol wool and every man in Montana would transfer his newspaper patronage to the eastern press and leave our home papers to starve out and await the time they could successfully compete in size, matter, ability and otherwise with metropolitan establishments. Continue the application to every article sold in our stores. The customer might find out by inquiry that the article could be bought cheaper in the East and send there for it and leave home merchants to starve out and close up. In the same way it could be found out that every article made or repaired by a home mechanic could be got cheaper in the East, and therefore should be purchased there and brought hither. * The same thing would be found true of the butter and eggs and other farm produce brought into our markets. They can be bought cheaper in the East, and should therefore be bought there. Run this thing out and apply it right and left to everything and everybody and see what the result would be ! New States would never be settled up, new towns and cities would not be built up. There would be no encouragement to any new growth anywhere, which always begins under disadvantages compensated by higher prices. Encourage home trade, home industries. "Live and let live." This is the only principle on which any new enterprise gets on its feet. The ex tra cost of maintaining home industries is more than compensated by other indi rect gains. If the people of Helena would attempt to carry out the principles of Cleveland and the Independent they would close up every store, everv shop, drive out every mechanic, starve out every ranchman in the country around, and in the end, how much would they make in the operation? They might save a few cents or dollars in the first instance, but they would in the end lose ten dollars to save one. The operations of the tariff' are the same only on a larger >cale and with the odds all in favor of the tariff which only applies to foreign products or manu factures. If the people of Helena sent to cheaper eastern markets for all they wanted the money would all be kept in the country still. Eastern producers and the railroads would get the benefit. But if we send abroad the profits would go to foreign shippers and foreign producers and would have to be paid for in gold. Suppose every mine owner should say he would not do any more work until labor is less and machinery and ma terial are cheaper ; every mine and mill would close at once and things never would get to be any cheaper. Suppose every city resident should re fuse to build until labor and material were cheaper and rates of interest were as low here as in the East, what would become of our city ? We should go into a decline from the first moment we un dertook to apply Cleveland's free trade argument. It sounds very smooth in theory to say that one should always sell where he can get the most and buy where he can get things cheapest. But it is a regular cut-throat argument that will kill any community, great or small, that attempts to carry it out. And when applied to the dealings among nations separated by oceans it is vastly worse than when applied to localities in the same country. There was a time when England stood in the same relation to the continent of Europe that we stand in to England, and it was only by a protective tariff that manufactures were built up in Eng land. Lacking the territory to become a great producer of raw material and possessing advantages for manufacture in abundant supplies of iron and coal, England deliberately sacrificed her agri cultural interests to build up her manu factures and commerce. The United States has equal facilities for both agri culture and manufactures, and we should protect both. We do not even need to go abroad for gold and silver. If any nation in the world was fitted by nature for material independence it is the United States, by variety of soil, climate and resources. All that is need ed is brains to work out the result and not allow Englishmen to do our think ing for us, and enough self-respect and self-reliance not to be doutent in flying as a tail of the English kite. The death of Geo. O. Wallace, of the advertising firm of N. W. Ayer & Son, Philadelphia, is announced. Mr. Wallace was noted among business acquaintances for integrity, diligence and courtesy. He leaves a widow and one child. Snow fell to the depth of three inches in Washington on New Year's day. Bv the President's proclamation it seems that the commissioners of Texas and the general government were not able to agree upon the boundary between Texas and the Indian T erritory, the former claiming the north and the latter the south fork of Bed river. In the case of any other State than Texas this would be a matter of less sig nificance, but Texas owns all its public lands and the sale of them has made it very rich, paying for its railroads, public bnildiDgs and providing for it a school fund greater than any State in this coun try or any country in the world. We hardly know how the dispute will be set tled, as it is not a question that any United States court has jurisdiction of and it is not one to be referred to foreign arbitra tion. Probably Texas thinks by making a fight congress can be induced to vote some compensation as a compromise. The coun try in controversy would be of little pres ent value and use if it is to be included in the Indian Territory. It would be settled and improved some if the Texas claim pre vailed, so that, on the whole, though Texas is large enough, we should not regret to see Texas have it. It is the opinion of our citizens—those who bear the burden of taxation—that a sewerage system should precede, or at least accompany the paving, of our streets, and that the time has arrived to institute measures to carry into effect the sanitary and other plans essential to the health and prosperity of a growing municipality The prayers of our people, submitted to the legislature, were promptly responded to, and the city is duly empowered to pro ceed in the important matter of in curring a debt in a stated amount for purposes of severage improvement. Thus empowered the city council has taken action under the law, submitting to the electors the question of a bonded in debtedness in the sum of $100,000 for "sewerage, street grades and other public improvements." The annual interest charge on the proposed bonds at the rate of 6 per cent, will amount to $9,000, a sum which the present revenues of the city, properly directed, will be sufficient to pro vide for. The proposition is to be voted on on Monday next. The election notice ap pears in our advertising columns. The Hebald believes it true that the current running expenses of the city could be considerably decreased—to an extent, indeed, that would provide enough, and more than enough, out of the present re sources to pay the interest account on the proposed loan for sewerage purposes. The interest on $150,000 at 6 per cent, would amount to $9,000, which sum, in our opin ion, could easily be spared from the city's resources as they now stand. We believe that the proposed sewerage loan could be negotiated at an interest rate cheaper than 6 per cent. The municipal loans of St Paul and Minneapolis command a premium at 4 and 4J per cent. Helena, while not as large a community as either of the cities named, is in comparison as stable, with an assessable wealth proportionately greater than the one or the other. Secretary Pettifeb, of the British Workingmen's Association, has been over in this country studying the condition of our workingmen and tbe operation of pro^ tective laws, and he says in conclusion that "there are only two courses left open to the laboring classes of Great Britain. „ One is to get protection at home ; the other is to go to some English speaking country where they have got protection.'' All of which ia respectfully referred to those political acrobats who gyrate, gesticulate and vociferate when Master Cleveland g ves the signal._ The public library has received a bill of another invoice of some 200 volumes of new books that are now on the way, in cluding a large proportion of standard works and the most interesting of recent publications._ The proposed sewerage system for Helena was favored by unanimous vote of the Board of Trade at the meeting of that body last evening. BOUNDARY DISPUTE. Warning Proclamation by the Presi* dent. Washington, January 3.— The Presi dent has issued the following proclamation Whebeas, The title to all that territory lying between the north and south forks of Red river and the hundreth degree longi tude, and the jurisdiction over the same are vested in the United States, it being part of Indian Territory, as shown by the surveys and investigation made on behalf of the United States, which tbe territory of Texas claims title to and jurisdiction over ; and 'Whebeas, Said conflicting claim grows out of a controversy existing between the United States and the State of Texas as to the point where the 100th degree of longi tude crosses Red river, as described in a treaty of February 21, 1819, between the United States and Spain, fixing the boun dary line between the two countries; and Whebeas, The commissioner appointed on the part of the United States under the act of January 31, 1885, authorizing the appointment of a . commission by the President to run and mark the boundary lines between that portion of Indian Terri tory and the State of Texas, in connection with a similar commission to be appointed by the State of Texas, have, by their report determined that the South Fork is the true Red river designated in tho treaty, the commissioner appointed on the part of said State refusing to concnr in said report ; now therefore, I, Grover Cleveland, President of these United States, do hereby admonish and warn all persons, whether claiming to act as officers of the county of Greer, in the State of Texas, or otherwise, against sell ing or disposing of, or attempting to sell or dispose of any of said lands, or from exer cising or attempting to exercise any au thority over said lands. And I also warn and admonish all persons against purchas ing any part of said territory from any person or persons whomsoever. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of these United States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington this 30th day of De cember, in the year of our Lord, 1887, and of the independence of these United States the 112th. GROVER CLEVELAND. By the President : T. F. Bayard, Secy. CONGRESS. Business to Come Up Betöre the Sen ate and House. Washington, January 3.—The unfin ished business before the Senate is the Blair educational bill, which comes up at 2 o'clock to-morrow. It ia expected that it will be informally laid aside to give Senator Sherman an opportunity to make a speech on the President's message, and that it will be again informally laid aside on Thursday to aff ord Voorhees an oppor tunity to make a tariff speech. Senator Mitchell has given notice of his purpose to address the Senate to-morrow on his resolution providing for a commis sion to select a site for a naval station on the Pacific coast. There are twenty-three bills reported from the Senate committees and awaiting action, but none of them are pressing for immediate consideration, and it is possible that the speeches of Senators Sherman and Voorhees may be the beginning of a long tariff debate. Speaker Carlisle was busily engaged this morning in finishing his committee assign ments. Although the committee list is practically completed and will in all proba bility be announced as soon as the House assembles to morrow, there is a possibility of a postponement of the announcement until the following day. The committees having been announced, there will be an effort made to have a "bill day" immediately, but as a motion to this effect would require the unanimous consent of the House, and as many members think it would be unwise to have a flood of propositions poured into the House before the formal organization of the committees, it is improbable that the effort will suc ceed. In the event of its failure the House will adjourn until Saturday, and the real work of the session will begin next Mon day. SENATE. Washington, January 4— Among the papers presented in the senate to-day was a petition handed in by Mr. Hale protest ing against; any change in the fishery trea ties and in favor of the rights of American fishermen under existing treaties and legis lation. Mr. Voorhees presented a petition in favor of the present tariff' on iumber. H )USE. Washington, January 4.— When the House re-assembled to-day, Mr. Mills, of Texas, stated that the Speaker would not announce the committees to-day, and asked unanimous consent that the members be permitted to introduce bills for reference. Consent was granted and the Speaker pro ceeded to call the States in alphabetical order. THE IRON INDUSTRY. A Gratifying Showing for America. Philadelphia, January 4. —In his re view of the American iron industry for the year 1887, General Manager James M. Swank, of the American Iron & Steel As sociation, says : The year which has just closed was one of great activity and fair prosperity for the iron trade of this country. The pro duction in ail the leading branches of the manuMcture of iron and steel was the largest in our history—larger than tbe re markable year of 1886, when all previous achievements were left far behind. We estimate our production of pig iron in 1887 at 6.250,000 gross tons, or about 600,600 tons more than in 1886. Our production of Bessemer steel rails in 1887, was about 1,950,000 gross tons, or about 375,000 tons more than in 1886. In addition to our large production of pig iron in 1887, we also consumed about 300,000 tons of imported pig iron and about 160, 000 tons of imported steel rails. Our pro duction of iron ore in 1887 was about 11, 000,000 gross tons, and our imports in the same year amounted to about 1,250,000 tons. In 1886 we produced about 10, 000,000 gross tons of iron ore and imported 1,039,483 tons Notwithstanding the decline in the de mand and prices which has been noted during the past six months, it would not be correct to assume that the new year opens with a general depression in our iron and steel industries. The shrinkage on demand is most marked in steel rails and is next noticeable in pig iron, bar iron and iron pipe. But the consumption of pig iron for miscellaneous purposes is still very large and the steel rail manufacturers know that a large quantity of steel rails will be needed in 1888 for renewals and extensions as well as for a large mileage of new road which must be built. The bridge works of the country, the foundries the machine shops, tbe car builders and the car wheel manufacturers, the locomotive builders, and many other consumers of iron and steel are very busy. New.Mineral Discoveries. Livingston, Mont., January 2.—Editor Hebald: —Apropos of a recent examina tion into the geological and mineral char acter of the sandstone and limestone for mations at the base ef the carboniferous group in close proximity to Livingston, Park County, Montana, the general fea tures I find to be nearly a duplicate, as de scribed by Mr. Arnold Hague, in the U. S. Geological Reports of 1883-84, referring to the Eureka mining district of Nevada. The exception here is that the fissure, show " ing a body of quartz, etc., first discovered, which is one hundred feet in width, shows at the surface in a pea-green crystalline, metamorphic sandstone, or a rock belong ing to that series of a recent period. Un derlying it is the limestone in which the fissure occurred, as demonstrated satisfac tory by Bald Mountain, directly southeast of Livingston, and east of the Yellowstone river. My surprise and enthusiasm may be pardoned after this first discovery 'to find that I had yet to learn all, and that the main fissure, the result of that up heaval, laid across the basin adjoining, in reality the townsite on the north and west, showing along its entire length, so far as it could be traced by an outcrop of whit quartz, spar and gypsum, a uniform width of fifty to seventy feet, a direct course northwest and southeast, one of the prime characteristics of valuable and permanent mines wherever located. That a nut to crack and set anew the progress and search or- scientists is here presented the future will determine, as the search for an ore body to determine the predominating mineral character of the vein will shortly commence. On the main fissure in con tinuous location with extensions, are the Sunrise, Nellie, Queen of the West, Little Warrior, Silver King and Crevice, making a total of nine thousand feet in length on this fissure and six hundred in width on the Sunrise from t'.e surface, showing the fissure carries small percentages of gold and silver and has a true vertical dip to the east. I may at present forbear debat ing upon a panoramic future to my mind presented for Livingston and Park county with her wonderful mineral resources, east, west, north and south, in close proximity to the town, with the unlocated prospects and cross fissures, indicating auriferous pockets. With saline matter discovered in this great basin a vast, unknown and here tofore disregarded field is here presented, in which infinite and endless discoveries' will gradually be brought to light. It is a hard matter to cipher ont to-day in the West, based upon carefnl examination and ten years' observation and study, a city so liable to a sudden awakening and a growth that will be so marvelous and extensive as the Livingston, Montana, mining district 1 Frederick Carr. NEW t'EAK. Celebration of the Day in Washing« ton. Washington, January 2 —The new year came in with a bright and beautiful day in Washington. The sun shone warmly in an almost cloudless sky, and with the exception of the ice-covered sidewalks in early morning, which made walking a little difficult, tbe day was all that could be de sired. The White House was the mam point of interest to the official world and public to-day, and long before the begin ning of the President's annual reception the great iron gates closing the entrance to the grounds were surrounded with people who gazed with curiosity at the brilliantly costumed throng of diplomats and officers as it filed through into the Executive Mansion. The interior was tastefully but not lavishly decorated with potted plants, flowers and vines. All of the shades were drawn and the gas burned brightly in the crystal chandeliers, which were festooned with smilax and other graceful vines. The vestibule was almost tilled with the scarlet-coated Marine Band, which was under the direction of Prot. Toussa, discoursed pleasing music as the ceremonies progressed. A few minutes after 11 o clock the band began to play, "Hail the Chief," and the reception party descended the stair cases and entered the blue parlor. They were: Marshal Wilson and Lieut. Duval ; Miss Bayard, Mrs. Fairchild and Mrs. Whitney. The space in the rear of the reception room was filled with persons prominent in Washington official society, among them being Miss Endicott, Mrs. Lamont, Mrs Vilas. Miss Garland, Mrs. Sheridan, Miss E. Ste venson, Mrs. Leo Knott, Mrs. H. T. Thomp son. Mrs. Pruyn, Mrs. Col. Wilson, Mrs. A. A. Wilson, Miss Wilson, Mrs. Geo. Bancroit and Mrs. Stébbins. When the party had taken up its position and exchanged greet ings with the members of the cabinet, the diplomatic corps and U. S. navy led the party, followed by the President and Miss Bayard, Secretary Bayard and Mrs. Cleve land, Secretary Fairchild and;Mrs.Whitney, Secretary Endicott and Mrs. Fairchild, Postmaster General Vilas and Col. Lamont. Secretary Whitney came later and joined the party in the blue parlor. Marshal Wilson took a position at the west door of the room and introduced the officials and the public to the President, who stood at his right hand. Lieut. Duval performed a like service for the officers of the army and navy. Mrs. Cleveland stood next to the President and was assisted by Miss Bay ard, Mrs. Fairchild and Mrs. Whitney. Mrs. Cleveland wore a princess dress of olive green plush, trained and cut pompa dour at the neck. The skirt was gathered full at the waist and the rich train of plush was without a single break. On either side an d to the front were up and down stripes of ecru etruscan silk lace, the only trim ming upon the skirt. The same kind of lace was used to edge the square neck, for epaulettes upon the shoulders and down to the elbow of the sleeves, and for cuff's turned back at the elbow and down the front of the bodice, on either side of the fastenings. Her right hand was bared and on her arms were gold bracelets. In the lace on the side of her corsage was a coil of gold wire. In her left hand was a gray white glove and closed fan and in her hair, which was in a clytee knot, was arranged a necklace, caught with two diamond stars. Her neck was without ornament and out lining the waist line was a white silk cord, knotted in front and falling almost to her feet, ending in two tassels. Her slippers were bronze leather, embroidered with bronze beads. Miss Bayard wore a high necked dress of black dotted tulle, short skirted, trim med with black lace and open V shaped at the neck, veiled with black tulle. There were rows of white pearls about her throat and a great bunch of American beauty roses in her corsage. She held a black fan and wore black gloves Mrs. Fairchild wore a toilet of white satin. It was high in the neck, had a train of ivory white brocade and front festooned with white gauze over small frills of plaited gauze and lace. She wore a* large pearl pendant from a white ribbon that encircled her throat. Mrs. Whitney wore a French dress of antique blue brocade, with rows of silver embroidery upon folding panels. The train was full and plain. The corsage was V shaped and at the point she wore an im mense diamond star. In her ears she wore solitaires. The officers of the army and navy who Lad assembled at their respective depart ments, reached the doorway j ust as the last of the representatives passed through the blue room. Lieut. Gen. P. H. Sheridan headed the army officers, while Rear Ad miral Jewett led the naval contingent. All of tbe officers in Washington, active and retired, were in line, making a pretty pic ture with their dark blue uniforms, gilt epaulets and side arms. Next came the regents and secretary of the Smithsonian Institute, Commissioner of Agriculture, Civil Service Commissioners, Interstate Commerce Commission, Assistant Secretarys of the departments, Assistant Postmaster General, Solicitor General, the heads of the bureaus of the several departments and the president of the Columbia Institute for deaf and dumb. A notable break in the programme at this point was the non appearance of associated soldiers of the war of 1812. Last year they numbered but six, but to-day notone made his appearance. The Grand Army of the Republic, with a large number of members and the oldest inhabitants of the associ ation of the District of Columbia, were the last organized bodies to exchange greetings with the Presidential party. It was half past twelve before the western gate was thrown open and the general public ad mitted. Although people were present in large numbers the crowd was hardly equal to those of the previous years. The reception terminated at two o'clock, having passed off successful in every particular and without incident. Gov. Hill's Message. Albany, January 3.—In recommending the passage of an act abolishing the power of confirmation on the part of the senate in all those cases where it is not required by the constitution itself, the Governor says : "It is a notorious fact that for many years nom inations sent to the senate have not been disposed of npon their merits, but have either not been acted upon at all or their disposition determined upon partisan or political grounds. The confirming power has virtually nsurped the appointing power by the refusal to consider nominations upon their merits." The Governor makes another appeal for renumeration and ap portionment and says: "It is generally conceded that an enumeration followed by an honest apportionment would unques tionably result in a change in the political complexion of the legislature of the state." Casualties of a Church Collapse. 8o^toi CA f^l J v nnary 1-A Dai, y News special from Forgetown, Ala., says: A ternble catastrophe occurred last night in :Ä hr " P"* 01 » were killed outright Thi ÎÏÏ W .Ü n T, tWeDty thirty injured. Jh„rnW 0red had gathered in their church to watch the old year out and the dnrina 6 *^ 88 " **»«" custom, and Sto (""'I"« » great was th. "at the floor gave way and the sued ln fr C ° lla ^' A a®®"® of terror en Shii^ 7 A11 i 80n and Mrs. Jones and her child were taken from the wreck dead. governor foraker, His Message to the Ohio Legislature. Columbus, January 2.— Governor Fora ker'8 message, which was read to both houses of the Ohio Legislature to-day. a *. ter dealing with State questions, turns to the tariff. Under this head the Governor says : "It was generally supposed that w e had heard the last of free trade, at least for a time ; but it is not so. The recent message of the President ot tho United States commits his administration and the party be represents to the most unqualified and "hostile opposition to the entire princi pie and policy of protective tariff. seeks to make it appear that the blow he would strike is aimed only at the manu facturing and wool growing interests of the country, but it is manifest to all men of intelligence, who are acquainted with our conditions, that if his proposition prevails the consequences will be disastrous to every industry and every section of our country, and to no class more surely than to our farmers, who must rely chiefly on our borne markets for the sale of their p ro . ducts; and our laboring people, who de pend upon the continuance of that genera! prosperity that has obtained for the la„ t quarter of a century for employment at remunerative wages." Ohio Legislature. Columbus, O., January 2.—The 6-qh General Assembly convened at 10 this a. m. The house organized by electing E. L. Lampson, speaker; David Laning, clerk, and the balance of the Republican caucus nominees. Thirteen members of # the Republican senate caucus made nominations for officers Saturday night, selecting J. C. Richardson, of Hamilton, for president pro ton., and T. J. Hayes, of Lawrence, for clerk. The other Republican senators, who claimed to have been ignored in the caucus, combined with the Democratic members this morn ing and organized the senate by electing T. F. Davis, of Washington county, presi dent pro tem; Judge Lowery, of Hardin county, clerk ; Walter F. Thomas, of Dela ware, journal clerk ; S. M. Fenner, of Butler county, message clerk ; Bell S. Hanford, of Ashland, engrossing clerk ; Miss Pollie Kumoer, of Hamilton, enrolling clerk: H. L. Korte, of MuskiDgum, recording clerk ; D. W. Glenn, of Cleveland, sergeant-at arms ; A. C. Glover, of Harrison, first assis tant ; Eva N. Evans, of Hamilton, second assistant ; R. B. Crawford, of Summit, third assistant. Korte is a Democrat and was secretary of the Democratic committee two years ago. Six of the Republican caucus nomi nees were defeated and the others were elected. The Governor's message was pre sented and read in both branches this afternoon. Protest Against Lamar. Albany, January 2.—At the Republi can assembly meeting to-night the follow ing resolution was offered by Assembly man John S. Platt, of Duché SS COO Dt J, and passed : Resolved , That the nomination to a seat on the Supreme Bench of Hon. L. Q. C. Lamar, who violated his oath of allegiance to go into rebellion agaiD't tbe Union, who has declared by bis vote that the amendments to tbe constitution, which were pledges to reconstruction and em bodiment of the results of the war, are not equally binding with the rest of the con stitution, who has denied that the levying of war agaiDst the nation was treason, ami who owes his seat in the Senate ami his political power and prominence -riely to the suppression of Republican votes by violence and fraud, was an insult to the entire loyal population of this Union, and we demand of the Republican Senator from this State that they resent that in sult by voting against his confirmation. The Death Record. Kansas City, Mo., December 23.—Gov ernor Marmadnke died at Jefferson City at 9:50 to-night. Lieutenant Governor Moorehonse, of Nodaway, willj probably take the oath of office to morrow. Minneapolis, December 29.—Jno. Cro by, president of the National Millers' As sociation and active manager and senior member of the great milling firm of Wash barn, Crosby & Co., died at 2 o'clock this morning of paralysis of tbe heart. Philadelphia, January 1.—Ex Gov. Joel Parker, of New Jersey, war governor of that State, died in this city this morn ing from the effects of a paralytic stroke. Berlin, January 1.—The death is an nounced of the mother of the reigning Duke of Saxe-Meinengen. Steubenville, Ind., Janaary 1 .— James Hendricks, brother of the late Vice Presi dent, died this morning. Pittsburg, January 1.—Mrs. Anna Pen dleton Schenck, sister of Hon. George H. Pendleton, Minister to Germany, died this morning. She was the widow of the late Noah H. Schenck. St. Paul, January 2.—The Pioneer Press has news of the death, near Yankton to-day, of Rev. Melanchton Hoyt, aged 80, a pio neer in theEpiscopal ministry of the North west, and for several years pastor of the Yankton church and dean of Dakota. Pesth, Janbary 3. —Baron PaulSennyey, President of the Obertraus, is dead. The Fire Record. Kansas City, January 2. —The estab lishment of the Stevens & Brace Iron Co was burned last night. Loss $105,000 fully insured. London, Januavy 2. —The Alhambra theatre at Antwerp was destroyed by fir« at midnight last night. The theatre was a vast structure. Quebec, January 2.— A tire this morn ing destroyed the Seminary chapel, to gether with about a half million dollars worth of original oil paintings. Insurance $30.000. Tee chapel was erected in 173-5 Waterbuby, Ct., January 2.—The plant of the Seymour Manufacturing Co. at .Sey mour, eleven miles from bare, was burned to-night. The loss is heavy. New York, January 2.—By a fire to night Simon & Streblitz, importers, Bosne*" & Boos, commission, Mahler & Meytf commission, Coxton Bookbinding Co., Tsp; man & Co., auctioneers, A. S. Higgin- & Co., carpet manufacturers, and others were damaged to the extent of $100.000. Decisions by the Court of Claims. Washington, Sanuary 3.— The Court of Claims rendered a number of decision* to-day. The case of the Mississippi In road Co. against the United States b> r compensation for carrying mails before tbe war was dismissed. The claim of G. W. Williams, for salary as minister to Havti while awaiting in structions from the Department ol State, was dismissed on the ground that bn salary did not begin to run till alter he had filed a satisfactory bond. Mr. V ill' #,ui was appointed minister to Hayti by Presi dent Arthur in the closing days ol his ad ministration, but his appointment was no. satisfactory to the present administration and he was superseded before he con.i leave for his post. , The court rejected the claims ot H rs Warren and Price Connelly on the grod n that they were not loyal to the govern ment during the war. Guilty of Manslaughter. Port Townsend, W. T., December > ~~ Frank Fuller, who killed Archbishop hers on the Ynkon river, in Alaska, * December, has been fonnd guilty slaughter and sentenced to McNeills for ten years and to pay a fine of $R IX