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*!_ THE STATUe-an allegory.
There's a book which lieth open « TLat no student e'er hath read ; There's a path through woods and valleys Knowing naught of human tread; And a landscape, fair and golden, "Where beneath the branches olden , „ * Lies a mutilated head. In that book unnumbered authors __; Write as for their daily bread: • Town that unknown path are gazing Men with doubting and with dread; And forever for them calling, toothing some and some appalling. Cries that mutilated head. Eut the time comes when that volume, Written, shall be also read, And when through that haunted valley Every footstep shall have sped: Then, within the radiant portal, Will—a Statue fair, immortal— Rise the mutilated head. —John R. Tait in Lippincott's. MINE AND THINE. The maiden said: "Oh, lover mine, Tell me what is mine and thinet'' The youth made answer: "Sweetheart mine, Thine azure eyes, sure they are thine; but a their depths to gaze is mine. Thy lips so rosy red are thine; Eat then to kiss them, that is mine. Now fold me in those arms of thine— - hey join in wedlock thine and mine." —From the German of Fischer. AT STONE RIVER. Twenty-fifth Anniversary of a Ureat Battle. PHIL. SHERIDAN'S DIVISION His Brave Brigade Commanders Were All Killed. The Story of Seven Days' Fighting—In structive Military Strategy—On Doth Sides They Fought I.ike Drave Men, Long and Well—The ''Hound Forest." Portraits of Distinguished Officers. ''Old Kosy's" Victory—It Lost Ken tucky to the Confederates—Bragg's Battle Wheel. [Copyrighted by the American Tress Association.] Chri-tmas night, 1802, Col. G. W. Roberts, of the Forty-second Illinois regiment, one of the unsung heroes of the Army of the Cumber land, gave a dinner to a few broker officers. He commanded the Third brigade in Gen. Sheridan's division. He had been doing garrison duty at Nashville, but had asked to be sent where fighting was to be. His request was granted, and ho was or dered to join the brigades moving to meet Bragg at Murfreesboro. It was à time of hurrying and preparation. The only Christ mas soldiers of either army had was that which they passed in thoughts linked with the loved ones at home. However, Col. Roberts and 1ns friends made the best of it. They "played," as the children do, that it was a merry occasion; that their soldier's fare was a feast, and that nil around them wa3 light and warmth and joy. Among those present were Col. Har rington and Lieut. Col. Talliaferro. Col. Roberts w as a man of commanding pres ence, a giant in strength and stature. He had distinguished himself already for his dashing bravery- and skill, and the future was as bright before him as that of any man in the United States service that night. At the close of the frugal feast Col. Roberts rose, tall and splendid Li his strength, _______ and proposed a toast to the suc col. ROBERTS. cess of the Union arms. All knew a battle could not be long delayed. Col. Roberts made a little speech that thrilled his few hearers. He spoke of the fight which he waited for like Job's war horse. As he raised his glass he closed his speech with these words : "I, for one, will take all chances of rebel bullets!" • ".So will H" "And I!" cried Harrington and Talliaferro, as they too brought their glasses to their lij>s. The toast to victory w as drunk with cheers and enthusiasm. A week afterward, Jan. 1, 180.1, all three— Roberts, Harrington and Talliaferro—lay dead upon the battlefield of Stone river. > GEN. R03ECRANS. Oct. 4, 1 *02, Gen. William S. Rosecrans had won the battle of Corinth, Miss. The Fed eral army under Buell had, meantime, been tramping up and down Kentucky-, fruitlessly pursuing Bragg and letting him escape at last. After the battle of Perryville, Ky., Oct. 8, 1802, Buell was relieved from com mand and Gen. Rosecrans was summoned to take his place at the head of the Union army in Kentucky. The day that he was thus summoned (Oct. 25) he had just issued to his troops a dispatch congratulating them on UlGf bravery and endurance at the fight of Corinth, ^ ■ .'-v . 1 he two leading generals at this time in the west were Grant and Rosecrans. Grant commanded the Thirteenth army corps, known as the Army of the Tennessee, To Rosecrans was given the leadership of the Army of the Cumberland. His district com prised northern Georgia and Alabama and Tennessee east of the Tennessee river. Rosecrans was notîung if not energetic. Oct 30 he was at Louisville. The Federal army had been ordered to Bowling Green, Ky., after Perryville. By Nov. t its ad vance had reached there. Nov. 2 Gen. Rose crans arrived in person to take command of it William Starke Rosecrans was an Ohio man, bom in 1819. He was graduated at West Point in 1842, and entered the en gineers corpis, to which the most proficient students are assigned. He was assistant professor at West Point after his graduation. In 1854 h» resigned from the army be-£5 cause of ill health. At the beginning ^ cf the civil war, O however, he en- & r » tered the service G£ N. Rosecrans. again, was made a brigadier general of the regular army in May, 1801, and sent to West Virginia. There he made an enviable record for himself. In 1802 he went south, and in October won the battles of Iuka and Corinth. That year he became major geueral of volun teers. In December he fought and won the battle of Stone River. His career was almost an uninterrupted success up to September, 1803, when he lost the battle of Chiekamauga. He was thereupon relieved of the command of the Army of the Cumberland. In 1S04 he commanded the department of Missouri, and rendered efficient service in defeating Price. In 1607 he resigned from the army. After wards be was minister to Mexico for a short time. On assuming his new command Gen. Rose crans reorganized his army. He divided it into a right wing, center and left wing, com manded respectively by Gens. A. McD. Mo Cook, George H. Thomas and T. L. Critten den. X 4* -V Buell had left Neglev and Palmer at Nash ville with two divisions. Bragg, on march ing into Kentucky in the summer of '02, left in Tennessee a force of 10,030 men under Gen. John C. Breckinridge to "blockade Nash ville." He did so, and for six weeks Negley's and Palmer's caen in Nashville had no com munication with the north. After leaving Kentucky in October Bragg began concentrating his forces at Murfrees boro, rightly judging that a Federal attempt would be made to relieve Nashville. A third of Breckinridge's force was cavalry, com manded by N. B. Forrest and Joseph Wheeler, and these had harassed the garri son at Nashville not a little during the six weeks' siege, preventing them from gathering supplies from the surrounding country ex cept by raiding parties. It was just in this element of cavalry that Bragg's army was superior to Buell's, and the Union force had suffered accordingly. As soon as Rosecrans was put in command he at once demanded that this defect should be remedied. During the siege a body of Confederate troops, infantry and cavalry, 8,000 strong, under Gens. Roger Hanson and N. B. For rest, from Breckinridge's command, ap peared before Nashville with the intention of making a general battle. But just as they were about to attack an ordec came from Bragg for them to desist at once. Thor oughly angered, Forrest obeyed. This was Nov. 6. Nov. 17 the advance of Rosecrans' army, with the commander-in-chief himself, reached Nashville, and immediate prospects of cap turing it from the Union forces ceased. Rose crans established his headquarters in Nash ville. Rosecrans immediately began to put in or der the railroad from Louisville to Nashville. It was completed Nov. 26, and thereafter trains running regularly over it kept the Federal army in reach of supplies. To guard it from Confederate attack Gen. Thomas was stationed with his division at Gallatin. So iu December, 1862, Bragg's and Rose crans' armies Jay watching each other, Bragg at Murfreesboro, Rosecrans at Nashville. Gen. John M. Palmer was a brave and pop ular officer, commanding the Second division in Rosecrans' left under Crittenden at Stone River. He was bom in Ken tucky in 1817, but when a youth mi grated to Illinois, like Abraham Lin coln, and, like him, became a lawyer. In April, 1801, Palmer became t/colonel of the / ^ Fourteenth Illinois # > regiment, which gen. palmer. went to Missouri under Gen. Fremont; became a brigadier general in December, 1861, and assisted at the cayture of New Madrid and Island No. 10. He commanded a division under both Grant and Rosecrans, and l>ore such gallant part in the battle of Stone River that he was pro moted to major general. He was at the battle of Chiekamauga and commanded the Four teenth corps during the Atlanta campaign. Of the two armies lying at Murfreesboro and Nashville Bragg had 60,000 men, one third of it cavalry; Rosecrans 43,000, very little cavalry. While they thus waited an affair occurred Dec. 7 which conferred no luster on the Federal arms. At Hartsville, a few miles east of Nashville, Col. A. B. Moore had been posted to guard a ford over the Cumberland river. Early on the morning of Dec.7 John Morgan and his men appeared before the town without warning and at tacked it. His approach was a surpri-e to the Federal camp. There was sharp fighting for an hour, when Moore and his whole com mand were captured, with the loss of 150 men. For this exploit John Morgan was made a brigadier general. Dec. 22. Morgan and all his men. 4,000 strong, were off again for Kentucky. He had orders from Bragg to destroy the Louisville and Nashville railroad in Rosecrans' rear and break bis communications north. At the same time Bragg sent Forrest on a raid else where. And this was exactly the time chosen by Rosecrans, with full knowledge of the situation, to attack Bragg himself at Mur freesboro. Bragg's cavalry absent, their two armies, his own and Bragg's, would be more nearly equalized._ NASHVILLE TO MURFREESBORO. Dec. 22, Gen. Thomas moved from hi3 headquarters at Gallatin and joined the main army at Nashville. He took with him two divisions, Rousseau's and Negley's, and one brigade, Gen. Speed S. Fry's. James S. Negley was born in Pennsylvania in 1826. He was not a graduate of West Point. A considerable proportion of western army officers were not graduates of the United States Military academy. Negley, however, served in the Mexi can war. In 1861 he recruited a bri gade of volunteers in three days, and be tame their com mander. He called oè public attention to the fact that arms " " were being re gen. negley. moved from the United States arsenal at Allegheny, Pa., for Confederate use, then joined the western army with his brigade. He defended Nash ville in connection with Palmer in the sum mer of 1802, and along with that general was promoted to be a major general for gallantry at Stone River. Hé afterwards served in Georgia and Alabama. On Christmas might, 1SG2, Rosecrans sent around among his commaudere the word to march southward. Singularly enough, at that very time, Bragg was planning an at tack against RftsecranS at Nashville. , Dfec. 50, 1862, Rosecrans began his march against Bragg and 5ïiirfiées\>oro. The fight, which began there Dec. 31, is indiscriminate ly called the battle of Stone River and Mur freesboro. It is also spoken of as Stone's River. Bragg's army consisted of three corps. Hardee's corps was west of Murfreesboro; Polk's and Kirby Smith's corps were at Mur freesboro. When Rosecrans' army moved forward, McCook's corps, the right wing, advanced on the Nolinsville pike toward Triune against Hardee's corps. A glance at the map will reveal Rosecrans' plan of campaign. Imagine three lines stretching southward and slightly to the east from Nashville. They were the respective corps of McCook, Thomas and T. L. Critten den, the right wing, center and left wing of Rosecrans' army. McCook was on the west, Crittenden on the east, Thomas in the center. They did not leave Nashville in that order, but as they converged toward Murfreesboro they fell into position for the fight. Stone river is a stream which flows in a northwesterly direction into the Cumber land, a few miles above Nashville. Its west fork passes Murfreesboro, and flows in the general direction as the main stream. Near the ''West Fork,'' as it is called, the battle was fought. Hardee's Confederate corps was almost due west of Murfreesboro at the time McCook started southward. Cle burne's division of Hardee's corps was at Eagleville. Os TENNESSEE. Bragg learned the same day, Dec. 26, of Rosecrans' advance, and prepared for fight. He selected Stone river as his line of battle. ■ y wf, GEN. JOSEPH WHEELER. Then be directed such cavalry as he had left —-Pegram's, Wheeler's and W harton's—to annoy and delay the bead of the advancing Union columns until he should be ready. The railroad from Nashville to Chatta nooga passes through Murfreesboro, and the town is thirty miles from Nashville. Dense, almost impenetrable cedar groves rendered cavalry and artillery operations exceedingly difficult. Bragg's plan of battle was very similar to that of Rosecrans. His left wing, under Hardee, was on the west, opposite McCook's approaching corps. His center, under Polk, he kept at Murfreesboro. His right wing, under Gen. McCown, he stationed at Readys ville, east of Murfreesboro. In disposing his troops for battle, McCown's division was posted in the rear of the others as a reserve. Meantime the Confederate cavalry of Wheeler and Wharton had amply fulfilled instructions and greatly annoyed Rosecrans' advance. He said it was impeded by "clouds of horsemen." McCook was skirmishing with these clouds of horsemen all day Dec. 20. He reached Nolinsville that night, however. Wheeler's cavalry was such a thorn in the flesh to Buell's and Rosecrans' armies in the west as J. E. B. Stuart's was to the Army of the Potomac. He was Bragg's chief of cavalry, and he effectually covered that general's re treat from Ken itucky. He was ©•especially success ful in destroying and capturing Union supply trains. On some of these raids he cap tured several millions' worth of property. Joseph Wheeler was born in Georgia in 1836, graduated at West Point in 1859, and became lieutenant of cavalry. Two years later, 1861, he resigned his commission in the United States army, and cast his fortunes with the Confederacy. He was rapidly pro moted, and commanded an infantry brigade at Shiloh. Following that he was made a major general, although very young, and the command of the cavalry corps of the Con federate Army of the West was given to him. The Confederate congress and the Confed erate legislature of South Carolina gave him a vote of thanks for his services. After the death of J. E. B. Stuart, in 1SG4, Glen. Wheeler, at the age of 28, became the senior cavalry commander of all the Confed erate forces east and west. At the close of the war he settled in Alabama and studied law and became a cotton planter. Gen. Wheeler is now a member of the United States house of representatives from Ala bama. Gen. William J. llardee was the first to meet Rosecrans' advance under McCook. He formed in line of battle the night of Dec. 26 and on the morning of the 27th awaited the Federal onset. Gen. Hardee was born in Georgia, in 1S18. He was graduated at West Point in 1838, and entered the dragoons. Jan- t * uary, 1S01, he re signed from the United States ar my for the pur pose of joining the Confederacy. In ^ that service he be- ï came a brigadier general in 1861. He took brave part in the battle of Shi loh, and for it was promoted to be' a major general. In W A* iiu 11 . L GEN. HARDEE. October, 1SG2, he became a lieutenant general. He took active part in the fighting in the west until the summer of 1864. He was the commanding general at Savannah and Charleston when they were taken possession of by the Federal forces in 1865. He was with Johnston's army at its final surrender, April 27, 1865. By the night of Dec. 26, while McCook's men bivouacked at Nolinsville, Gen. Critten den's corps had reached Lavirgne, a village northeast of Nashville and Murfreeslx.ro. Lavirgne was an important strategic point. Thomas' corps was well on the way. A fog so thick that no man could tell whom he was firing at preve^ed a fight between McCook and Hardee on the morning of Dec. 27. Under its friendly cover, Hardee burned the bridge over Wilson's creek and retreated towards Murfreesboro. McCook's advance under Johnson and Sheridan repaired the bridge, crossed the creek, and encamped that night at Triune. The morning of Dec. 29 came, counting off the hours that brought the approach of the great battle. During that day McCook, leaving part of his command still at Triune, took the rest eastward over a road leading directly into Murfreesburo. Another night passed. Dec. 3u McCook brought his wùole command up. those from Triune with the rest, till he met the Confederate pickets at Murfreesboro. The first division of the First Confederate corps (Polk's) at Murfreesboro was com manded by Maj. Gen. B. F. Cheatham, of Tennessee. He was a man of great courage and ad dress. At the bat tle of Belmont. Mo., he escape»! capture by a Fed eral regiment in a unique way. He „ saw a number of * cavalrymen com ing down the road toward him. He rode forward to meet them, at tended only by an orderly. "What cavalry is that?" he asked them. "Illinois cavalry," was the answer. "Oh, all right," quickly answered Cheat ham. "Illinois cavalry, remain where you are." They stooped, and then with much outward dignity but inward scrambling, Gen. Cheatham and his orderly rode back within the Confederate lines unrecognized. By the morning of Dec. 30, McCook and the Federal right wing had advanced to within seven miles of Murfreesboro. The left wing under Crittenden was still nearer, being only three miles away from the town, on the bank of the west fork of Stone river. Thomas was in place in the center, with Negley's division of his corps next to Mc Cook and Rousseau's division next to Critten den. Dec. 30 Gen. Jeff. C. Davis' division of McCook's corps advanced quite to the west fork of Stone river, fighting its way at every step. Sheridan's division was also engaged in forcing this advance, and the two together lost 275 men. _ BATTLE OF STONE RIVER. The battle of Stone River proper began Wednesday, Dec. 31, 1862. There had been preliminary skirmishing for days before, but that day the general engagement opened. There were various fights, extending over Dec. 81, Jan. 1, Jan. 2 and Jan. 3. Thus the battle of Stone River was really several bat tles. As Bragg had formed his line of battle his center was .directly opposite the Federal right, under McCook. The night of the 30th Rosecrans ordered great campfires to be made, extending a mile to the right of Mc Cook, to give the impression that the line was longer than it was. At the same time he ordered two of his best brigades, those of Willich and Kirk, to cover the right flank, in a line nearly at right angles to Lis main line. McCook's battle line has been criticised. It was said to be too long and thin, and to be much broken, the divisions facing in differ ent directions. Tuesday. Dec. 30. Bragg changed his line of m GEN. CHEATHAM. dm BRECKINRIDGE. GE.% CHALMERS. battle somewhat. He moved his reserve di vision, McCown's, to the front, and put Hardee in command of it. Breckinridge's division formed the Confederate right. Cle burne was in his rear as a support. Cleburne's division was taken from Breckin ridge and placed in the rear of McCown's di vision on Breckinridge's left. Bragg's force was formed in two lines, the second a sixth of a mile behind the first. In front of the first were intrenebments. Meantime Thomas in the center, and Crit tenden on the left, had, like McCook, found every foot of their advance to Murfreesboro on the 28th and 29th of December contested. They converged to within supporting dis tance of each other Dec. 29. That night Rousseau's division of Thomas' corps camped at Stewartsboro, while Negley's division of the same corps advanced to within three miles of Murfreesboro. Dec. 36 Rousseau's divis ion came up. That day Crittenden's force, under a sharp fire, came within full sight of Murfreesboro. Barker's brigade, indeed, crossed Stone river to the Murfreesboro side that evening, in the face of Breckinridge's force, but was ordered to return. Bragg had weakened his right under Breck inridge to strengthen his left, where he be lieved the heaviest fighting would be. Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge, who com manded the Con federate right at Stone river, be longed to the fam ous old Kentucky family of that name. They were a handsome, finely _ developed race r'^g-g^ physically. JohnC. was born at Lex ington in 1821, was educated in hie na tive state, except a few months spent at Princeton college, New Jersey. He studied law and became a distinguished member of the bar. He likewise was a major in the Mexican war. ' After the war he returned to his home in Lexington, Ky., and died there in 1875. At Stone River he sustained a serious de feat. A brigade commander in Bishop Polk's second division at Stone river was Gen. James Ronald Chalmers, afterward famous as the representative in the United States congress from the famous "Shoestring dis trict" of Mississippi. James Ronald Chalmers was born in Hali fax county, Va., in 1831. When 8 years old he was taken to Mississippi. He was educated in South Carolina, but re turned to practice law in Mississippi. Chalmers was a member of the con vention that passed the Mississippi or dinance of seces sion. After that he entered the Con federate army as captain, and be came a brigadier general. After the war he entered law and politics. He was elected to the legislature of Mississippi iu 1876, and thence to the United States congress two terms. As the two armies faced each other Dec. 30, 1862, Bragg meant to make the strongest fight on his own left with Cleburne's and McCow n's divisions under Hardee against the Federal right under McCook. He meant to force the Federal right steadily back upon its own left at Stone river like a revolving wheel. That done, he would seize Nashville, cut ».iff Rose crans' supplies, and the whole Federal army of the west would be at his mercy. Each general gave orders to attack the other on Dec. 31, in the morning. "Breakfast at daylight and attack at 7 o'clock," were Rosecrans' orders. "Breakfast in the dark and attack at daylight," was Bragg's com mand to the Confederate army. As a consequence, perhaps, Bragg obtained the advantage on the Federal right from the beginning. Johnson's division was surprised at breakfast, with neither soldiers nor officers in their places at the moment. BATTLE OF DEC. 31. The fight of Dec. 31 was the severest of the series of four days' battles. Gen. A. Wil lich s second brigade of Johnson's division was the most completely surprised when the Confederates under McCown advanced to attack them at 6:30 o'clock. Gen. Willich himself was absent from his brigade, and at Johnson's headquarters. Some of Lis artil lery liorees were away from their guns, get ting water in the rear. Owing to a failure to execute Bragg's or ders precisely, the Confederates did not ad vance in two lines, as had been planned, but in a long single line, McCown on the left, Cleburne on the right. Kirk's brigade was the portion of the Fed eral army first attacked. Kirk called on 1\ illich's brigade, on the extreme right, for aid. Willich's brigafle ha»l no commander, and no attempt was made to respond to the call. There was sharp but short fighting, and then Johnson's division went to pieces. Kirk biinself fell, mortally wounded, and Willich was captured as he was hurrying back to his brigade. Kirk's and Willich's brigades were nearly half of them killed, wounded or captured. Only Col. Baldwin's brigade of Johnson's division remained unshattered. It was in re serve near division headquarters. The re mains of the two beaten brigades went streaming back to the rear past Baldwin, only pausing in their flight to give informa tion of the disaster. At that Col. Baldwin quickly formed his brigade in line to meet the pursuing Confederates. They appeared in great numbers—moving clouds of men. On the front Baldwin's brigade held them gallantly back for a time, but they came on in overwhelming force and flanked him on the right, enfilading his brigade. Then he was forced back and retreated slowly, just iu time to miss having his whole brigade cap tured. What was left of the other brigades of Johnson's division was being reformed in the rear, and these Baldwin joined. On the victorious divisions of Hardee swept, so far swinging around the circle just as Bragg had planned for them. Gen. Jeff C. Davis next received the force of the ad vancing wave. Davis threw Post's brigade quickly to the right to meet them with changed front On they came, an irresistible avalanche -of men. They charged with the "rebel yell." Fresh troops from Gen. Withers' division of the Confederate center had by this time joined them. These came in a torrent against Carlin's and Woodruff's brigades of Davis' division and Sill's brigade of the right of Sheridan's division. Together the three brigades of Carlin, Woodruff and Sill made gallant resistance, and at length drove back the advancing Confederate columns. The Confederates reformed their lines almost im mediately, being re-enforced by reserves from Cheatham's division. Again they charged, and again were driven back by the three stul> born brigades. Gen. Sill charged in turn and drove back the force opposite him to their in trenebments. But in this gallant charge Sill himself « os .filled. Post's brigade of Dav'e' division had meanwhile also repulsed the at tack of Cleburne's men. After changing front Post's brigade fought nearly at right angles to their former posi tion. This made an angle of the left of Davis' division and the right of Sheridan's. Against this angle the Confederates threw all their force for the purpose of enfilading the Union ranks. Twice they had been repulsed, yet a third time they assaulted the Federal position. At that third attack the long en during brigades of Davis' division gave way and fell back into the cedar thickets behind them. Then Sheridan, next on Davis' left, was in turn obliged to protect his own right flank. CoL George W. Roberta commanded Sheri dan's left brigade. Sheridan quickly with drew Sill's brigade, whose commander bad r ..... GEN. WOOD. oeen killed, from his right and ordered Col. Roberts to take its place ana charge on the Confederates, who pursued Davis' division into the cedar grove. Roberts did so and checked their advance long enough for Sheri dan to reform Sill's brigade ami another on a new line. Roberts joined the new line with his brigade. Sheridan then attempted to re form Davis' division, but failed. Still the Confederates swept on in ever increasing waves. They at length turned Sheridan's own right. The right of the cen ter corps, Thomas', was held by Negley. Im mediately Sheridan joined his front to Neg ley's, and formed Roberts on the right, facing south. The successive positions on the right wing of the Federal force that morning may be described as two sides of a square, one facing south, the other east, forming an angle with each other. One after another the south sides of the square melted away, again to be followed by other brigades swung round to the right in the same position. The main line faced east. Sheridan at length formed his brigades in three sides of a N hollow square, plaç ai; y 1 \ ing two brigades to * face westward, at right angles to Roberts ami in the rear of Negley. Upon ail three sides of this square the Confederates -poured shot and shell at once. Three times the whole force of Hardee's ami Polk's corps, four divisions, dashed in inass against it. The artillery of the two opposing forces was in some cases not more than 600 feet apart. Each time the Confederates were repulsed, but at great cost. The gallant Col. Roberts, wlio bad defied Confederate bullets that Christmas night six days before, was shot »lead. Nearly all the horses belonging to Shafer's brigade artillery were killed. Sheri dan's men had exhausted their ammunition. They ha»l been fighting almost continuously in this terrific battle for four hours. Sheridan fell back through the cedars to the Murfreesboro pike. Negley's division, t<x>, was broken. While the fight was going thus disastrously to McCook on the right, Rosecrans waYwith the left. His headquarters were in the rear of Crittenden's corps. Rosecrans' plan was for his left to cross Stone river and sweep into Murfreesboro while bis right engaged Hardee's main force west of the river and town. Gen. Van Cleve crossed early in the morn ing with two brigades, meeting no opposition. Gen. T. J. Wood's division was following Van Cleve. A thunderous roaring on the right showed that McCook was engaged. An hour passed. The left wing was still crossing quietly to the east bank of Stone river. Suddenly one of McCook's staff role hurriedly to the cominamler-in-cbief and told him the right wing was hard pressed and nee»le»l assistance. But he was not told how badly it was going; that Johnson's division had been surprised and routed, and that Davis' brigades had been doubled up, one after the other. Rosecrans merely sent back word to McCook to hold on to the last, and then went on crossing his left. It was true the firing s»jumled more and more to the west, but McCook had been directed by Rosecrans « l»ear gradually to the west and north in the fight, in military parlance to refuse more and more to the right, and this seemed in accord ance with instructions. Rosecrans' plan of battle also comprised somewhat the idea of a revolving wheel. At length another messenger arrived, tell ing the commander that the whole right wing was in retreat. It was a time for swift action. Van Cleve's brigades were recalled and sent quickly to the center. Rousseau was sent into the cedar thickets to aid Sheridan and Negley. Van Cleve and W<xxl were ordered to cease crossing the river an»l come up on the double quick. Gen. Palmer's division was the only one of the left wing that had not moved to cross the river. It was chiefly on the west side of the Murfreesboro pike. Gen. W. B. Hazen's brigade lay partly across the pike. Gen. Hazen died while chief of the L T nite»l States signal service. Rose crans at oni'e began to form a new line in place of that which had been broken. As the victorious Confederates rushed on, still turning the circle of the wheel, they encountered Hazen's and Cruft's brigades of Palmer's division. They met gallantly the outset of the enemy while Rosecrans was forming his new line. Rousseau's division, meantime, cut its way through the Confederates to the rear of the cedar thicket, and with Negley's division formed in line, with their batteries upon a slight hill to the rear. Palmer's division was on Negley's left, and here, with Rous seau's and Negley's divisions, and Hazeu's and Cruft's brigades of Palmer's division, was some of the most desperate fighting of that bloody day. From the little hill Guenther's and Loomis' batteries poured double shotted canister upon the Confederate masses. Four determined assaults were made to break the Union line in front of Rous seau, but each was repulsed. In a charge against Cruft's brigade Chalmers was se ver ely wounded. Palmer had one more brigade left in his division— Grose's. It formed his reserve at first, j but was at length drawn into action on Hazen's left, and lost half its number at a point called "Round Fqr-> est," against 'which the Confederates especi ally directed their force. Still further to the left Gen. Wood's division became engaged hotly by Breckinridge, but the attempt to drive Wood from his position was unsuccess ful. Previous to this all of Bragg's army had been engaged but Breckinridge, and now every one of his divisions was in the battle. There was fighting all along the hue, desper ate fighting, too. One unsuccessful assault was made on Wood at 2 o'clock, another at 4. A terrific, but also ineffectual, assault, was made on the Federal right and ceçter late in the afternoon. Then darkness fell and the firing ceased. Detachments came out from each side to bury the dead. Both armies slept upon the field. Rosecrans showed himself that day a gal lant leader of men. Riding hither and thither on the front line he was constantly exposed to danger. At the time of the assault of Breckinridge's men against "Round Forest," Rosecrans was there with his staff, being anxious for his left A shell from the enemy burst near them. A piece grazed Rosecrans, just missing him, and took off the head of his chief of staff, Col. Garesche. Col. Julius P. Garesche was a Cuban and a gallant officer, greatly beloved, and his death was profoundly lament ed by his comrades. On that day of fighting Gen. Thomas, on the center, first had op- • portunity to mani- ^ ~ fest on a large scale 5 those staying quali- ! ties which after-' ward made him fa mous. Through all the fiery ordeal of Stone River he stood cool and unmoved, giv ing orders, and to him Rosecrans turned as to a rock of dependence. It was the formation of his new line of bat tle that saved the day for Rosecrans Dec. 3L The battle of Stone River was fought on the m >v : j** *0* GEN. W. B. HAZEN. COL. GARESCHE. west and north of Murfreesboro. Rosecrans' line faced to the east and south Dec. 31 in the morning. The new line was northwest of the old one und faced more toward the west. The successive positions of the Federal and Con federate lilies at Stone River is an interesting and instructive study in military science. In the evening of the 31st Rosecrans and his generals met and considered the situation. Gen. Wo»xi had been wounde»! in the foot early in the day, but had never left the addle till 7 at night. Then he took fron, the wounded foot his boot and held it upside down. Blood poured from it like water. In that comiition the general had sat upon his horse and given orders all day. w FM if I Vv. MW* m Ml la / At f yi VL I M. STONE RIVER BATTLE GROUND. Some of the officers wished to give up the fight and retire to Nashville. Rosecrans re fused. That night he completed his new line an»l prepared for the fight of JAN. 1, 1863. The first day of the new year was Thurs day. Early in the morning the Confeder ates tried without success to force Thomas' line in the center. The attempt was several times renewed equally in vain. There was also some cavalry skirmishing. In the after noon Bragg massed his troops heavily toward the Federal right, but no attack was made by either general. (Jn the Fe*leral side dur ing the day Van Cleve's division again crosse»l the river to the Murfreesboro side, and here was continued skirmishing between his men and Polk's corps. Some other slight changes in the Union tr<x>ps were made. BATTLE OF JAN. 2. At daylight on Friday Gen. Bragg opened fire on the Federal center. He also opened fire on McCook on the right. He was en deavoring, as he had been the day before, to end whether Rosecrans was retreating. A heavy artillery fire speetlily convinced him to the contrary. At the same time he made the discovery that Van Cleve's division had obtained a posi tion to enfilade Polk's whole line. Breckin ridge's division was ordered to dislotlge him. It advaiu'e*! in two lines, Pillow's and Gen. Roger M. Hanson's brigades in the first line, Preston's and Adams' in the second. They were protected by cavalry on the right. Van Cleve's division was commanded by Col. Samuel Beatty. Negley's division was placed in position on the west bank of the river as a reserve, to support Beatty in case of nee»l. At the same time Gen. Crittenden massed his artillery on the west bank oppo site Breckinridge's division, and prepared to rake the Confederates as they came on to attack. They moved up gallantly, in spite of the cannonading, and opened a heavy fire. Van Cleve's division retired across the river. They slipped between the men of Negley's line and went to the rear to reform. The Feder» 1 fortunes were here saved by the strategy of Col. John F. Miller, command ing Negley's right brigade. Negley himself was absent in the rear. Col. Miller ordered the division to lie down behind the bluff of the river till Van Cleve's men had passed over and behind them. Then, as Breckinridge's men »-ame on in pursuit, the recumbent soldiers were to sise suddenly and pour a deadly fire in their faces. The order was carrie»! out to the letter. Breckinridge recoiled and fell back. "Charge across the river!" was Miller's next order. It was done and the Confederates were driven to their intrenchments. 'While at the river Col. Miller received an order not to cross. Bure of victory, however, he took the liberty of ignoring tbe order, knowing the situation better than his commander. The Confeder ates were broken and the colore of the Twenty-sixth Tennesse» were numbered among the captured Confederate battle flags. "If we don't charge the rebels, they'll charge us," Col. Miller had said before cross ing the river. After it was done, and Hazen's brigade an»l Davis' division were follow ing on after his men, then Miller obeyed his orders, went back to the west si»le of the river and took position on his old line. Bragg sent Anderson's brigade across to the east side of the river to join Breckin ridge. But Rosecrans presently crossed Crit tenden's whole corps, who took position on the bluffs of the east bank. The morning of Jan. 3 Bragg began heavy picket firing again, to ascertain how large a force was in Lis front. Once more the an swer was not satisfactory. Tbe night be fore, Polk and his division commanders bad sent Bragg a letter advising him to retreat. He decided to do so. By 11 at night, Jan. 3, his forces were in motion southward, and Rosecrans had won a famous victory. Mon day, Jan. 5, Gen. Thomas entered Murfrees boro. The Confederate generals. Rains and Han son, were killed at Stone River. So, also, were every one of Sheridan's brigade coiu mandefs—Sill ? Shafer aqd Roberts. Of the forces engaged, Rosecrans ha»l 43, 400; Bragg, 46.600. Each lost about 25 per cent, of his w hole army in killed, wounded and captured. For the Federal cause this seven days' fighting between Nashville and Murfreesboro had great. isults. It lost Ken tucky to the Confederacy beyond hope, also Nashville. The Stone River fight was one of the great battles of the war, if ne t of the world Austrian Army Notions. Titles of nobility are likely to become cheap in Austria l>efore long'. A new army minute provides that every ol licer of irreproachable conduct who has worn the imperial uniform for thirty years unimerrupte»lly, and has gone through at least one campaign, will, upon demand, be ennobled by the kaiser and the fees usually payable upon ennoblement will be remitted. Another regulation estab lished by the same minute deals w ith a very different matter—the easy recognition of of ficers and men who fall in battle. In future, whenever the Austro-Hungarian army is mobilized, each combatant is to have de livered to him a small strip of parchment in scribed with his name, rank and regiment; and this ticket of identity is to be kept in a pocket which will be purposely ma»le in every pair of breeches. After a battle the tickets would be taken from tbe bodies of the dead and forwarded to headquarters. Some such system has long been in operation in the Ger man army.—St. James' Gazette. The Yosemlte on Trust. Have you ever done the Yosemite? If not, postpone your departure Yntil the latest pos sible moment, and then stay where you are. Go to an ait gallery and buy some views of the valley; they will give you more satisfac tion than taking the journey and you will save money. Although we went under the most favorable conditions—our jxirty of ten just filling the stage, with no outsiders and no crowding—still, unless one is blessed with a perfect digestion, no nerves, the patience of Job, the amiability of an angel, and ihe constitution of a gorilla, one had better taka the Yosemite on trust—New York Co/runer cial Advertiser. A polished floor 'is kept so by wiping it .with a cloth saturated with milk, cr with oo^l oiL FRIGHTFUL K. K. ACCIDENT. Collision of Trains--Twentv Person*! Killed and Hounded. Lexington, Ky , January 1.—The colli sion on the Cincinnati Southern railroad near Greenwood, Ky., on a sixty loot em bankment, reported briefly last night, is now known to have resulted in the death of the following person.» : Lee Withrow, baggagtmaster; James L. Severenä, postal clerk ; T. C. Candee, fire man ; Lawrence Callan, baggagemaster W. B. Powell, express messenger; Miss Jessie Green of Chattanooga, passenger. Fifteen passengers and train hands, whose names have not been secured, are known to have been seriously and some of them fa tally injured. In addition to them the north bound train this evening carried, to Cincinnati five or six badly injured passen gers. The railroad officials here refused the Associated Press reporters access to them and would not give their names. The collision was caused by Conductor Shrutnm misreading orders delivered to him at Win field. He mistook Summit for Summerset and hurried the train down grade at fifty miles an hour to make that point. Con ductor Bennett ran up to Shrumm after the collision and said, ''I'm not to blame tor this; read your orders and see." Shrumm took out his orders and, looking at them, threw up his hands and exclaimed, "Oh, my God, I've made a mistake." The baggage car and smoker of train No. 2 rolled down the embankment and the ladies car was thrown on the eDgine, the inmates being thereby scalded. The two engines collided with such force that they were virtually welded together ami could not be pulled apart to day. Louisville, January 1.—A special to the Courier-Journal from Somerset, Ky, says: Your correspondent visited the scene of the wreck this morning. There is no doubt that several persons were burned to death. A number of charred bodies were found where the smoking car of No. 1 was burned. Innumerable telegrams are pass ing over the wires inquiring for relatives and friends on the fatal train and a num ber of the passengers imjuired alter cannot be found. Early this morning the charred remains of what is supposed to be Fireman Candee were dragged out of the debris. The only things left unburned were his lioots. Cincinnati, January 3 —J. H. Aurie, one of the victims of tlm railroad accident on the southern road, died at his residence in Covington, Kentucky, and his wife is re ported to be in a dangerous condition. The other wounded are doing well. A special from Greenwood, Ky., says The fear grows hourly that the most terri ble part of the story of Saturday's wreck remains to be told. As time wears on and, the wreck is being cleared the presence of more victims in the debris becomes ap parent. When the wreck occurred a number of passengers who were in the ladies' »roach and smoking car on the north bound train succeeded in making their escape from the cars with trifling injuries. Just who they are and how many is not known Last night the horrible mistake was dis covered when the bones of two of the un fortunates were found reduced almost to ashes buried with the burned cars. There is absolutely nothing by which they can be identified, and it is not certain whether the bones are those of a male ; female or both. C. Gillespie of Beaver, a small settle ment near this place, visited the wreck last night. While digging in the ruins he dis covered the hair attached to the scalp of a woman ; the flesh, of course, was burned away, but the beautiful loog locks are in a good state of preservation, and almost in the same spot where the hair was found Gillespie found a child's shoe. The other shoe has not yet been found, neither has any account been given of the loss of a child. A little deeper in tbe debris in tbe same spot where the hair and shoe were found, Gillespie picked up a letter. It was written in a good, plain feminine hand, dated at St. Augustine, Fla., addressed to "Dear Lulu" and was signed Bena. There is nothing in the letter to give any clue to the name of the writer or receiver, and the envelope unfortunately cannot be found. After the accident a search was made for an unknown man, who was seen to enter the toilet room of the ladies coach in the north bound train an instant before tbe crash came. He was never seen again, and all efforts to locate him prove futile. It is believed that he was unable to get out of the apartment and was burned to death ; u the car. It is believed that the bones found last ni^ht are those of a man and woman. The child was probably with its mother and died with her, its body being burned in the debris. The suspicion grows that there are more people buried in the wreck than were extricated. HOLD HU KULAKS. Robbery of the Residence of a Catho lic Priest. New Brighton, Pa., January 2.— Une of the most daring robberies in Beaver county occurred this morniDg at the resi dence of Rev. Father Beigham, pastor of St. Joseph's Catholic church, of this place. Mrs. Crosby, the housekeeper, had been sick and was occupying a room with Miss Mary McNally, who acted in the capacity of nurse, and her your? niece, about 14 years of age. At the hour named Mrs. Crosby awoke and discovered two masked men in her room. The robbers then drew their revolvers and demanded her money. She replied that she had none. At this juncture Miss Gertie Clarke, the niece, awoke and seeing the men she began to scream. Mrs. Crosby, taking advantage of the confusion, pressed an electric beli, which rang in Father Beigham 's room. The priest, suddenly aroused, confused and half asleep, rushed out into the hallway thinking the woman had been taken violently ill and that his services were re quired. One of tbe robbers rushed to the hall and forced the Reverend gentleman into his room, where he at once hid his valuables, money and watch. The burglar then told him to open the door or he would batter it down, and father Be.'gham re pled: "I will shoGt you through the door," but the villain had prepared for this by taking the young lady out of bed and holding her before him, where she called to the well nigh frantic priest not to shoot, as she would sorely receive the shot. The priest then hid his revolver and opened the door, when the burglar made a search of the room but failed to find anything of much value. He became so exasperated that he dealt Father Beigham a blow with a revolver, which felled him to the floor. The robbers then forced the fonr occupants of the house to walk down stairs and at the point of a revolver compelled the priest to open the safe and give him the contents, amounting to $115, which had been taken in collections. The pair then departed. Several hours later detectives arrested three men, two of whom were positively identified as the men who com mitted the robbery. Excitement in Oil. New Yükk, January 3.—There is great excitement in the oil market and the crowd around the oil ring is one of the largest ever seen there. There is evidently a corner on the shorts and they are trying to cover with none bat other shorts to bay from. The first sale was made at 90,!, which advanced to 932.