Newspaper Page Text
COAL MINERS' STRIKE.
Determined Attitude of Both Sides. Reading, Pa., January 2.—The coal and freight traffic, while in full operation on the Reading railroad, is not as brisk as beiore the presesent labor trouble. It is now apparent that the new men were not able to move trains as rapidly as the old ones. . ... There is now no fear by the business community that the shop hands in this city will >trike; it is an assured fact that they will not do >o. A circular was i>sued by Superintendent Cable and distributed among all the employes here, thanking them in the name of the company for their loyalty and faithfulness and promis ing that their good conduct should not be forgotten. The men in this city, while not taking any official action at their as-embly meeting, generally speak in denunciation of Sharkey, Lee and other leaders, who, they say, having now been discharged by the company, try to foment trouble and lead the old and laithl'ul employes, who have no grievance, to strike. Advices from the north to-day say that at Cordon a full complement ot hands are at work. Superintendent Lawler, of Shamokin. reports that he is well supplied with men and really has more now than he require- to handle the trade. At Mo honey plane the strike is more serious but with the collerie- all idle the officials have not experienced mnch trouble in handling it - bu-iue ss. At all other points on the Shamokin division everything is reported quiet. All the iron industries in this vicinity are preparing to close down it the coal strike takes place. There is not enough coal on hand in this city to -upply private consumers more than several weeks, and prices are going up. Ashland, l'a.. January 3.— The Knights of Labor miners at a meeting last night decided to go on a strike, and as a conse quence there is but one Reading colliery in this district working to-day. Shamokin, January 3.—The miners' strike went into effect this morning at all the Philadelphia & Reading colleries in this section, with the exception of North f ranklin Nos. 1 and 2, In addition to those at the Reading Co.'s colleries the miners went out at the Pennsylvania, owned by the Union Coal Co.; the Enter prise, owned by the Enterprise Coal Co., and the Garfield, owned by the Garfield Coal Co. An arrangement was entered into at the Nelson shaft, Excelsior, Hickory Ridge, Hickory Swamp, and Lancaster colleries whereby the proprietors agree to pay the old rate of wages until the strike is settled. The colleries now idle gave employment to 5,500 men. Philadelphia, January 3.— The great strike is still on, and is characterized by the same determination on both sides to stand firm that has marked it from the be ginning. Mount Carmel, Pa., January 3.— The proprietors of the Belmore, Morris Ridge, Mount Carmel, Centralia and Excelsior collieries, employing two thousand hands, have agreed to pay the eight per cent, ad vance, on the two fifty basis, pending the settlement by the Reading company, and work will be resumed to-morrow. Shamokin, Pa., January 3. —The Enter prise coal company has agreed to pay its miners the eight per cent, advance de manded. Pottsville, Pa., January 3.— A joint committee of the Miners Amalgamated Association and the Knights of Labor met in this city to-day and promulgated a counter-statement to that issued by Presi dent Corbin. The manifesto declared that the die is cast, and that a general strike at the fifty-five collieries of the Reading com pany will be inaugurated to-morrow morn ing. ___^ _ FLINT GLASS. The Shut Down of Manufactories. Pittsburg. January 3.—H. Sellers Mc Gee, a prominent Hint glass manufacturer, in an interview, states that the number of firms which will shut down their glass factories on account of trouble with their employes is forty-three, and the number of skilled workmen employed over eight thousand, to which should be added two or three thousand other workmen, making a total of ten or eleven thousand men whom the shut down will throw out of employ ment. The workmen, other than those actually engaged in making and shaping the glass, would probably work until the stock in hand was exhausted. It is under stood that the difficulty is to be solved by a committee from the Flint Glass 'Workers' Association, whose decision is to be final for the workmen in all the factories. New York, January 3. —The strike among the Hint glass workers has extended from the western manufacturers to the eastern factories and the men who left work in Brooklyn, Philadelphia, New Bed ford, Boston and Corning, N. Y., failed to return to work yesterday or to-day, with two exceptions. In the east and west about 15,000 men are now out. A prominent manufacturer said this afternoon that the strike bids fair to be a long and bitter one. He doubted the possibility for a conclusion in 1888. Terrible Riot. Wilkesbarbe, Pa., January 3.—A riot between forty or more drunken Poles took place this morning at Alden. Anthony Spinky was stabbed five times his 'arm was broken, two fingers cut off and one eye gouged out. He was left lying uncon scious on the roadway and when found was removed to the nearest house in a dying condition. Eight others were seriously in jured. The fracas resulted directly from a christening which lasted two days. The participants were drunk. Insurance Company Closes Up Its Business. Boston, January 3.— It was reported to day that the Washington Fire and Marine Insurance Company was about to close up its affairs and go out of the business. Pres ident Sweetzer admitted that the company had reinsured its Marine risks in the Cali fornia and Union companies, of California. The Washington has had the largest capi tal and has done the largest business of any company ot its kind in this city. The aggregate amount of fire risks said to be already reinsured in the Niagara and Na tional companies is about $70,000,000. LAMAR. Resolutions Opposing Urination. His Con New York, January 3. —The Republi can Club of this city heldi a special meet ing to-night, with 200 members present, to consider the lengthy report from its com mittee on national affairs on the nomina tion of Secretary Lamar to the Supreme Bench. Resolutions were adopted depre cating his nomination, and saying : "Our opposition to Lamar is not due to the fact that be is a Southerner or was identified with the late rebellion. We do not oppose him on any political grounds. We base our opposition upon the fact that he is not in sympathy with the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments to the constitution. His political career in Mississippi since the war demonstrates that he is totally unfit to construe officially the amendments re ferred to and the laws enacted to carry out the same." PAPAL JUBILEE. Celebration at Rome——The Pope Faints—Catholic Observances Elsewhere. Rome, January 2.— The pontifical ma.-s to-day was a great success. Thousands of people thronged St Peter's square early in the morning, awaiting the opening of the Cathedral. Sixty thousand admission tickets have been issued, and the Cathe dral was packed. The Pope entered at 8:30 a. m., followed by the cardinals in proces sion. His Holiness was received with a loud and long continued shout of "Long Live the Pope." The music of the mass was deeply im pressive and many persons in the audience were affected. The Pope blessed all pres ent and left at 11 a. m., the whole audience expressing its joy by clapping of hands, waving of hats and handkerchiefs and en thusiastic acclamations. Later in the day King Humbert ex pressed himself to a deputation from par liament as being highly satisfied with the smoothness of the ceremony, which, he said, was the best proof of the Pope's lib erty in Rome. Forty-eight cardinals and two hundred and bishops and archbishops were present at the mass, and it is estimated that there were 30,000 persons in the audience. The Pope prayed for a long time in his private chapel, and then received the homage of the court cardinals in Sala Ducale. While assuming the sacerdotal vestments the Pope was overcome with emotion and fainted. Strong salts were administered and he returned to consciousness. Hejthen ascended the Gestatorial chair and was borne on the shoulders of Sediaari, at tended by the cardinals, into St. Peter's Cathedral. Just before he was vested for the altar he again fainted, remaining un conscious for a few minutes. The mass occupied twenty-eight minutes. After pronouncing the benediction the Pope again seated himself in the gestato rial chair and was borne completely around the altar to the capella del sacraments, where he offered up a prayer of thanks giving. During the ceremonies the Pope wore a triple crown, presented to him by Emperor William. Rome, January 2. —At the conclusion of the jubilee services yesterday the Pope re tired to his private apartments and rested for two hours. His Holiness was not feel ing ill, however, from the effects of his ex ertions at the mass in St. Peter's in the morning, and to-day is in his usual health. Yesterday he received 2,500 congratulatory telegrams. His Holiness has informed all special envoys that he will grant them an audience for their leave takings whenever they desire. He intends to send his auto graph to several sovereigns who have written to him. It is stated in Vatican circles that the letter to Queen Victoria will be of special importance. London, January 2. —Special masses in honor of the Pope's jubilee were celebrated to-day in the cathedrals and other churches throughout Great Britain. The ceremonies were largely attended and fervent enthu siasm was manifest. St. Paul, January 2. —The cathedral was packed to the doors to-day, the occa sion being the celebration of the Pope's jubilee. Solemn mass with an orchestral accompaniment was celebrated by the pastor, Rev. Stanley. The eulogy of Leo XIII., by Bishop Ire land, was an eloquent and masterly effort There were special services and eulo gies of the Pope in all other churches of the diocese to-day, by order of the Bishop. Philadelphia, January 2.—The Golden Jubilee of Pope Leo XIII. was celebrated with elaborate ceremonies in the Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul, in this city to-day. Rome, January 3.—The Pope addressed the pilgrims to-day in the presence of the whole court. After expressing joy at the cohesion of the Catholics the Pope said : "You have not given faith to those who, with voice of calumny, try to persuade you that the Pope is an enemy of Italy. The Popes have always been the greatest friends and benefactors of Italy. You, like ourselves, are convinced that the chnrch, by her holy mission, ought to be indepen dent of whatsoever terrestial authority. -That the church is a divine institution, and that to try to reduce its interests to a question of the laws of Italy can only be the result of the most deplorable blindness, The address was received with enthusiastic applause. Rome, January 3.—The Pope to-day granted an interview to! Eugene Venillot, a distinguished French writer. After speaking in high praise of his efforts in the Catholic cause, His Holiness expressed regret at the present sad position of France, but he said he was confident that £he would rise again to her old place in Chris tendom and exercise unbounded influence in the world. * The Pope then referred to the state of Europe. He lamented the revolutionary spirit formenting in many states, and said he was preparing two encyclicals, dealing with socialism; the license of the press and the great power of universal suffrage, which he considers terribly menacing. The Pope gives the jubilee money to St. Peter's to be expended in propogandism. The artistic articles will be placed in the museum of the Vatican and the objects of worship in the vestry of St. Peter's church. Berlin, January 3.—A papal encyclical to the Bavarian bishop urges a better en forcement of the concordat. It says : "The church has observed her pledges, while the state has neglected its pledges. It is nec essary to guard the religious education of the youth. Secular schools are a danger to the state itself." The encyclical precedes demands by the papal nuncio for an extension of the righ ts of priests to regulate the schools. RAILROAD BUILDING. The Number of Miles Constructed During the Y ear. Chicago, December 29. —The Railway Age in a review of the railway construction for the year 1887, will say to-morrow that 1887 has surpassed all other years in the extent of railway mileage constructed in the United States, the total so far reported reaching 12,734 miles and the reports yet to come will probably swell it to not less than 13,000 miles. This is all new main line track, side track or relaid track not being counted. The greater part of this prodigious increase of railways has taken place in a few western States. Kansas leads with a total of 2,070 miles. Nebraska comes next with 1,101 and Texas with 1,055. Then the following : Colorado 818, Dakota 760, Michigan 700, Montana 616, Missouri 554, Indian Territory 499 and so on. Many of these lines have been very costly, as for instance those over the Rocky Mountains in Colorado, the Southern Paci fic extensions in Northern California, the Atchison, Kansas City and Chicago exten sion, the Northern Pacific's work in the Cascade Mountains, etc. A careful esti mate shows not far from $325,000,000 have been expended on the lines completed dur ing the year, counting buildings, equip ments, etc. The money which has thns been expended furnished temporary em ployment to a vast army of workmen and has given permanent work to another army ,of probably 65,000. The extensions of the year bring the railway mileage of the Uni ted States to 150,710 miles. LABOR STATISTICS. Annual Report of Wright. Commissioner Washington, December 29.—Commis sioner Wright has submitted to the Secre tary of the I Interior the third annual re port of the Bureau of Labor, which relates entirely to the strikes and lockouts for the six years ending December 31,1886. The report is the result of facts concerning strikes and lockouts for any extended period of time. The report covers about 700 printed pages and gives the details of each strike and lockout occurring in the United States during the period named. It exhibits the facts belonging to each in dustrial »trouble for each locality "where trouble was found without attempting to establish or decide upon the connection between them. A tabulated statement shows the number of strikes occurring during the last six yeare to have been 13,903 ; number of establishments involved 22,336, and the general average number of establishments involved in each strike 5.7. In 1887, the report says, there were, accord ing to the best information obtainable, 853 strikes, the details of which are not avail able. The building trades furnished 6,060 of the total number of establishments en gaged in the strikes. The total number of employes involved in the whole number ot strikes for the entire period is shown to have been 1,318,624. The number of em ployes in all the establishments before the strikes occurred was 1,662,045, while the whole number employed in the establish ments involved after the strikes occurred was 1,636,247, a loss of 25,798. There were 103,038 .new employes engaged after the strikes and 37,383 were brought from other places than those in which the strikes oc curred. In 2,182 establishments lockouts were ordered during the period named. In these there were 173,995 employes before the lockouts occurred and 169.436 after the lockouts. While the number actually locked out was 159,548, there were 13,976 new employes secured at the close of the lockouts and 5,672 were brought from other places than those in which the lockouts occurred. The results of the strikes, so lar as the gaining of the objects sought are concerned, are shown to be as follows : Success fol lowed in 1,047 cases, or 46.59 per cent of the whole ;. partial success in 300, or 13.45 per cent of the whole, and failure followed in 7,910 cases, or 39 89 per cent. AUSTRALIAN WOOL. Report of U. S. Consul Griffin. Washington, December 28.—In his re port to the department of state upon the Australian wool clip for 1886-7, G. W. Griffin, U. S. Consul at Sydney, says the remarkable feature in connection with the clip is the decided improvement in the quality of rieece over that of the previous season. This is mainly due to the im proved condition of the natural grasses through copious rains in every part of the country. The Victoria wool sale in Lon don during November and December at tracted no small attention on account of its superb quality and lustre. A marked im provement was noticed in the condition of the clip from every one of the colonies. The total number of bales exported from every one of the colonies during the year ending May 31st last was 1,161,576 against 1,112,172 for the corresponding period of the previous year. The wool ^exports of the Austral-Asian colonies to the United Kingdom during the first four months of the present year amounted to 217,112,197 pounds against 213,127,593 pounds for the corresponding period of 1886. The increase in quantity was far sur passed by the increase in value. The value of shipments of Australian wools to the United Kingdom during the first four months of 1887 was $48,464,730, while that of the same period in 1886 was only $41,358,900. The ship ments for the month of April alone amounted to $18,959,040, against $4,430,150 for the same month last year. The direct wool export to the United States has been very small. The absence of the usual number of American buyers was noticed at all the colonial sales, especially at Sydney and Adelaide. The few that were present showed no disposition to buy against the French and German buyers for the kinds of wool desired for the American market. The only direct shipments to America consisted of 14,000 bales from Melbourne and 160 bales from Sydney. The total number of sheep in Australia for the present year amounts to 82,000,000, against 72,212, 000 in 1886. Henry C. Crouch, U. S. consul at Milan, has sent to the Department of State a re port upon the Italian silk crop of 1887. He states that notwithstanding the backwardness of the season the silk crop surpasses the unusually large crop of the preceding year. Silk worms are remark ably free from disease in spite of the un favorable weather. Silk reeling and spin ning establishments bave been making such progress that Italian raw silks possess an evenness and finish that makes them superior to hand reeled Chinese silk. The consul speaks a word of warning to American buyers. He is informed by an expert who is thoroughly acquainted with the New York market, that while ex perts can discern a difference of five per cent in the quality of raw silk the average American buyer hardly detects a differ ence of 25 per cent, and that unscrupulous dealers have taken advantage ot this state of affairs to palm off an interior article at higher prices. A Millionaire's Bequests. Boston, December 29. —The will of the late Wm. Hilton was filed in the probate office this afternoon. To his wife and daughter, Caroline Hilton Fiske, he leaves $300,000 each, and makes the following conditional public beques's : Fifty thou sand dollars to the Massachusetts General Hospital, $50.000 to Phillips College at Andover, $50,000 to Williams College, $50, ooo to Harvard College, $50,000 to Amherst College, $50,000 to the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, $50, 000 to the American Home Missionary Society ,$25,000 to the American Missionary Society of New York, $25,000 to the Bos ton City Missionary Society, $50,000 to the town of Salisbury, $50,000 to the Boston Dispensaiy, $10,000 to the Boston Young Women's Christian Association, $10,000 to the Home for Little Wanderers, $10,000 to the Children's Hospital, $10,000 to the Ab bott Academy of Andover. Mrs. Astor's Will. New York, December 28. —The will of the late Mrs. Charlotte Augusta Astor was filed to-day with the surrogate. After be queathing to relatives and personal friends she makes the following provisions: The Woman's Hospital of the State of New York, $25,000 ; St. Luke's Hospital, $25, 000; Young Women's Christian Associa tion of this city, $25,000 ; Children's Aid Society, $25,000 ; for an industrial school on avenue B, $10,000 ; Normal and Indus trial Institute at Hampton, Va., $25,000 ; and $25,000 to the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the P. E. chnrch of the United States of America, one-half to be applied to the education of Indian boys and girls of South Dakota and the other half to repair and enlarge the schools in the same district The bulk of Mrs. Astor's estate is bequeathed to her hus band, John Jacob Astor. Death from Apoplexy. Washington, December 29.—Mrs. Tay lor, wife of Congressman Taylor, of Ohio, died suddenly to-day of apoplexy. INTERSTATE COMMERCE,, Report of the Commission in Regard to Express Companies. Washington, December28.—The formal decision of the Interstate Commerce Com mission upon the question whether express companies are subject to the provisions of the act to regulate commerce, was an nounced to-day. The names and organiza tions of the various express companies do ing business in the United States are given, some of them being corporations under State charters ; some joint stock companies, differing a little from partnerships. some being bureaus, organized as branches of railroad service, and some a combination of several railroads for the transaction of the gross business of their lines. There is nothing in the nsture of express business which prevents its being carried on by an ordinary partnership or even by an indi vidual provided necessary contracts can be obtained with transportation lines. The most usual contract is one which pays to a railroad company 40 per cent, of the gross receipts of the express company, but vari ous other methods of settlement are em ployed. The arguments urged by the ex press companies against their being treated as subject to the act are considered in detail. The fact that they perform many other services besides the transportation of property, such as the collection of debts, etc., is not regarded as aDy reason why the act should not be treated as applying to their business as common carriers, since many railroad companies also have other business besides that of transporting. Vari ous sections of the act are considered with relation to the express business and are found to be in theory as applicable thereto as to the business of railroad companies. In fact, express companies claim that they already abide by the rules established in the act. The requiring of annual reports from express companies is said to be a matter concerning which the public have a right to be informed, and Congress may particularly desire knowledge. At present but little is known about the amount of their capital stock, their funded debt, of money invested in their plant or business. The difficulty of framing schedules for the information of the public is not found to be greater than in the case of railroad companies which have complied with the act. Three express companies have so complied and their schedules have been placed on file. The bringing of express companies within the provisions of the act is found to be practicable and on some ac counts desirable. Express companies which are simply branches of a railroad, organized and operated through its ordi nary staff or by an independent bureau or by combination with other railroad com panies, are found to be covered by the pro visions of the act. In the case of indepen dently organized express companies, how ever. operating under contracts for trans portation, the language of the act, as it now stands, is found to be so framed as not to bring them distinctly within its provi sions. The words "wholly by a railroad'' in the first section do not well define the business of express companies, which use very largely the service of teams, messengers, Btage coaches and steamboats. The pool ing section applies to the pooling of busi ness of railroads. Other sections speak of railroads continually, and of depots and stations, the language not being appli cable to the business of express companies except under somewhat strained construc tion. The express business was well known at the time of the passage of the act and has been frequently mentioned by name in congressional statutes. The omis sion to name it here is significant. The preliminary investigation by the inter state commerce commission did not include express companies. Upon all these con siderations the commission has jthought it best to refer the subject to Congress, as in any case of doubtful jurisdiction it is bet ter that a legislative body should solve the doubt. CHINESE RESTRICTION. Modification of the Treaty ChinaAsked For. with San Francisco, December 29.— At a mass meeting held at the Metropolitan hall to-night for the purpose of calling upon Congress to enact a law to prevent further Chinese immigration to the United States, Mayor Pond presided and explained the objects of the meeting, favoring a modification of the treaty with China, en tirely cutting off the Chinese, and holding that the failure to pass the proper restric tion laws is largely due to the apathy of the American people, from which Califor nia is largely the sufferer. The secretary of the meeting read a let ter from Governor Waterman, expressing sympathy with the objects of the meeting and urging the adoption of acts of the most stringent character. Thomas J. Clunie and S. M. Shortridge spoke in the same strain as Mayor Pond. Resolutions were then adopted request ing Congress to at once either modify the existing laws in regard to Chinese immi gration or else enact new laws effectually excluding the Chinese from any entrance whatever into the United States; consider ing exclusion the only remedy, and trans mitting a copy to the President of the United States, the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Repre sentatives. _____ Governor Marmaduke's Funeral. St. Louis, December 29. —The funeral of Governor Marmaduke will take place at Jefferson City at 2 p. m. Saturday. The honorary pall bearers will be five ex-gov ernors of the State, Governor Morehouse and five judges of the Supreme Court. The active pall bearers will be eight personal friends from various parts of the State. A salute of seventeen guns will be fired at sunrise Saturday morning, according to the military regulations of the State. Lieutenant Governor Morehouse was sworn in as Governor to-day. The State officers held a meeting this morning and adopted resolutions, paying a high tribute to the good qualities of the deceased and extending sympathy to the family. Railroad Freight Tariff. New York, December 29.— At a meet ing to-day of the freight committee of the Trunk lines, to which body the sub-di visions of freight rates west of Chicago was referred. It was decided to ratify the scheduled tariff adopted by the sub-com mittee of the joint conference committee at a meeting held December 23d. It was left to the discretion of the several west ern commitees, representing various rail roads, to agree on an equitable division that would not effect the change in the public carrying rates and to give the west ern roads a chance to perfect their arrange ments. It was decided that the schedule should be adopted on January 9th instead of January 2d, as before agreed upon. Labor and Politics. Chicago, December 29.— At the trades and labor assemblies held to-night for the purpose of instructing delegates to the coming session of the Illinois State Labor Association at Peoria, a declaration was unanimously adopted that the time has come for independent political action by the workers. Strikes and boycotts against great corporations were pronounced to have lost all usefulness, and delegates to Peoria were instructed that the State Association should call upon all its auxilliary bodies to organize for a separate exercise of their political powers. STATE OF THE WEATHER. Extreme Cold Throughout America and Europe. Omaha, December 28.—Tuesday's bliz zard started in Manitoba on Saturday and Christmas. Howling through Montana, Dakota and the Western Territories, it struck Omaha Monday night with a velo city of thirty-two miles an hour and a temperature fourteen degrees below zero, while at Bismarck and Fort Buf rd it was twenty-two below. It has had '.ittle effect on railroad traffic, the B. & M. reporting one freight train snowed under on the Schuyler branch, but all the trains are on time on the main line. On the Union Pa cific the greatest delay was 3 hours on the east-bound flyer, all the other trains pick ing up the lost time after the storm abated. To-day the agents west of Omaha say the weather is cold and calm, with everything on time. Trains arrived late from Chicago and will delay to-day's west-bound fiyere forty minutes in starting, but they will pick up the time. St. Louis, December 28.—Another sharp change in the weather took place here. From 2 p. m. to 9 o'clock last night the mercury dropped 19°, with flurries of snow and wind blowing 34 miles an hour. Early this morning the thermometer touched zero, with a nipping but quiet atmosphere. Since then the mercury had risen to 14° above, aid the day has been bright and pleasant Highland Light, Mass., December 29.—One of the most severe southeast gales of the season prevailed here last night, and early this morning it changed to a high northwester with a rapidly fall ing temperature, and at sunset was blow ing more than sixty miles an hour. To night it is very cold. New York, December 29.—The cold wave which struck the city last evening is still here and the wind continues at a velocity of thirty miles an hour. The lowest point reached was 14° above zero, at 5 a. m. The highest velocity of wind was 48 miles an hour. Colder weather is predicted. Lynchburg, Va., December 29.—The weather was extremely cold last night and the thermometer registered 13° above zero this morning. Reports from the southwest say the weather is very cold and the ther mometor registers below zero. Halifax, N. S., December 29.—A ter rific gale prevailed here last night and caused extensive damage to shipping in the harbor. All the vessels in port were more or less injured. St. Johns. N. B., December 29.—The dying year signalized its departure by one of the severest gales experienced in this section for many years. The storm began about 7 o'clock last night and raged with out intermission till daylight this morning. The wind reached its maximum height at 1 o'clock, when it was blowing at the rate of 60 miles an hour. Quebec, December 29.—A heavy snow storm set in here yesterday and has con tinued throughout to-day and to night with unabated fury. In some places the snow is drifted to a depth of seven or eight feet. Paris, December 29.—Severe weather is being experienced in the southeast of France. There has been a heavy fall of snow at Nice. Vienna, December 29.—A heavy snow storm is prevailing here. No trains have left Pesth for Vienna since yesterday. All the railways are wholly or partially blocked. Berlin, December 29.—Most of the German rivers are frozen over. Several of the Baltic ports, including Königsberg, are closed. Southern and western rivers are all covered with shifting ice. Railway traffic is greatly interrupted. In Thurin gia and the Hartz mountains deer and other game are flocking to villages for food. Several deaths from the effects of exposure are reported in various parts of Austria. Austin, Texas, December 29.—Henry Wise was yesterday found frozen to death ten miles from this city. This is the first death from freezing that has ever occurred in this section. London, January 3—The snow storm on the continent continues. Several rail ways are blockaded, compelling the stop page of all traffic. At Bruenn eight Gyp sies were found frozen to death. At Vienna several women perished from cold. Debt Decrease. Washington, January 3.—The decrease of the national debt during the month of December was $14.584.650 ; decrease of debt since J une 30, 1887, $53,830,335 ; cash in treasury available for the reduc tion of the public debt, $295,919,424 ; re serve fund, $100,000,000; unavailable for reduction of debt, $24,383,289 ; certificates held as cash, $37,479,964; net cash balance on hand, $69,842,879 ; total cash in treas ury as shown by the Treasurer's general account, $527,625,556. Death ol' Gen. Alexander. Washington, January 3.—Gen. E. V. Alexander of St. Paul, Minn., died in this city last night, aged 86 yeare. He was a graduate of West Point in 1823. In 1847 he was breveted Major for gallant services at Cerro Gordo during the Mexican war. He was in recruiting service during the late war and was breveted Brigadier General. Live Stock. Chicago, December 30; —Cattlee—Re ceipts, 11,000 ; weak, 10015 lower ; choice, 505.40; inferior to good, 304.75; stackers and feeders, 2.2503.40; Texas steers, 2.4003. Sheep—Receipts, 6,000 ; slow, 10015 lower; natives, 305.15; western, 3.5005; Texans, 2.5003.75. Chicago, December 28. —Cattle receipts 7,000 ; strong and 10c higher ; choice 5.25 05.45 ; shipping steers 3.2505.00 ; stock era and feeders k 2.2503.40 ; Texas cattle 1.7503.20. Sheep—Receipts 4,000 ; higher ; natives 3.0005.25; western 3.5005.10; Texans 2.5003.50. Chicago, December 29.—Cattle—Re ceipts, 9,000 ; steady ; stockera and feeders, 1.5003 ; Texas cattle, 1.7502.75. Sheep—Receipts, 3,500 ; strong ; choice, 505 50 ; inferior to good, 304.75 ; west ern, 3.5005.15 ; Texans, 2.5003.75. Chicago, January 3. —Cattle—Receipts 6,500. Fancy 5.2005.50 ; good steers 30 4 90; Stockers and feeders 2*2003.40; Texas 2.4003.25. Sheep—Receipts 3,000 ; slow and steady; fancy muttons 505.25; inferior to good 304.75 ; western 3 5005 ; Texans 2 500 37G. _ Wool Market. Boston, December 30. —Wool.—Demand quiet but good ; Ohio and Pennsylvania extra fleeces 30031; XX 31 J 0321 ; XX and above |321033 ; No. 1,35 ; Michigan fleeces 28029; No. 1 combing 38040; Ohio delaine 35 ; Michigan delaine 34 ; California fall scoured 38039 ; other grades unchanged. New York, December 30. —Wool— In light request ; domestic fleece 26034 ; pulled 14032 ; Texas 9022. Philadelphia, December 30.—Wool Dull and nominal. Philadelphia, January 3.— The wool market is dull ; prices nominal. Boston, January 3. —Wool is steady ; Ohio ad Pennsylvania X 30031 ; XX 311 0321 ; 33 for XX and above ; No. 1 350' 36 ; Michigan X 28029 ; No. 1 34035. Bank Statement. New York, December 41.— The weekly bank statement shows a decrease in the reserve of $477,270. The banks now hold $8,559,159 in excess of the 25 per cent. rule. SANDS BROS. New Arrival of WALL PAPER, CARPETS, HOUSE F URNISHIN G GOODS. We carry the largest line of the above stock in Mon tana. Orders receive prompt attention. SANDS BROS. Spencer & Nye. Manufacturers and Dealers in HARNESS AND SADDLES. HELENA,......... MONTANA. Send for Xllxistr»teci Cataloftiio._ T. P. F1IILEB. W < È* ö H i r S'., TUI in w > o E-h Xfl « o o n a < 'VAN" WROUGHT IRON HANGES. Opposite First National Bank, Helena. Established 1864. A. G. CLABKE. THOMAS CONRAD. J. C. CURTIN. CLARKE, CONRAD & CURTIN, Importers of and Jobbers and Retail Dealers in Heavy Shelf and Building HARDWARE. SOLE AGENTS FOR THE Celebrated "Superior" and Famous Acorn COOKING AND HEATING STOVES, AND W. G. Fisher's Cincinnati ffroibl Iron Banges for Hotels and Family Use. -- o-- Iron, Steel, Horse and Mule Shoes, Nails, Mill Supplies, Hoes, Belt ing, Force and Lift Pumps, Cutlery, House Furnishing Goods, U entennial Refrigerators, lee Chests, Ice Cream Freezers, Water Coolers Etc., Etc. Visitor« lo the City are respectfully invite«! to call an«l Examine our Coculs anti prices before purchasing. ALL ORDRES EE0EIVE PE0MPT ATTENTION AND SHIPMENT. CLARKE, CONRAD & CURTIN, 32 and 34!Main Street, ----- Helena, M. T. S. C. Ashby & Co. Dealers in WAGONS, C ARRIAGES, BUGGIES, ETC. We respectfully call your attention to the following list of Standard'Goods ; Mitchell Farm and Spring*Wagons: Ktndctiaker Bros. - Fine.Carriage*, Eng gles and Bnekboard*; Frazier Road Cart*: Deerlng Binders and Mower*; Pennsylvania Lawn Mowers ; J. H. Themas A Sons', bulky Bay Rakes: Fnrst 4 Bradley Snlhey and Gang Plows Cultivators and Harrows: Standav«! Bisk Harrows: Planet, jr. Garden Drills. Cultivators and Horse Hoes : Grass Seed Sowers; Victor Feed Mills ; Horse «towers and Grin«ling Mills: Hand-Rakes, Forks, Shovels, Spades. Mattocks and Hoes: Porcelain Lined Pnmps and Tnb ing; Chicago Tongne Scrapers; Colombia Wheel and DragSerapers : Railroad Grading Plows: Rarb Wire; Balling Wire; Rinding Twine; Heavy and Light Team Harness; Single ahd Double Buggy Harness: Horse Blankets, Whips Lap Rubes; Tents and Awnlngsf; Buggy, Carriage and Wagon Covers: Etc., Ele. Togther with a full line of Extras anti Repairs for Wagons, Carriages. Bng* gies, Binders and all Machiney. Orders by Mail receive prompt attention."^ "* North Main Street, Helena, Montana. URPEE'S FARM ANNUAL F0R1888 Will be sent FREE to all who write for it.- It is a Handsome Book of 138 pp„ with hundreds of lllua and tells all about the BEteTGARtfEN, FARM, and FLOWER ATLEE BURPEE ouiplete Catalogue published, CO.. PHIUDELPHIA. PAJ • -A-T T E IV T I O IV! Purchasers of CARPETS, WALL PAPER,and HOUSE FURN ISHINC GOODS, Will.Save Money by awaiting tha arrival of A. P. miTJS'di NEW STOCK. Nothing like It ever before shipped to thie market.