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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, January 05, 1888, Image 6

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COAL MINERS' STRIKE.
Determined Attitude of Both Sides.
Reading, Pa., January 2.—The coal
and freight traffic, while in full operation
on the Reading railroad, is not as brisk as
beiore the presesent labor trouble. It is
now apparent that the new men were not
able to move trains as rapidly as the old
ones. . ...
There is now no fear by the business
community that the shop hands in this
city will >trike; it is an assured fact that
they will not do >o. A circular was i>sued
by Superintendent Cable and distributed
among all the employes here, thanking
them in the name of the company for
their loyalty and faithfulness and promis
ing that their good conduct should not be
forgotten. The men in this city, while not
taking any official action at their as-embly
meeting, generally speak in denunciation
of Sharkey, Lee and other leaders, who,
they say, having now been discharged by
the company, try to foment trouble and
lead the old and laithl'ul employes, who
have no grievance, to strike.
Advices from the north to-day say that
at Cordon a full complement ot hands are
at work. Superintendent Lawler, of
Shamokin. reports that he is well supplied
with men and really has more now than
he require- to handle the trade. At Mo
honey plane the strike is more serious
but with the collerie- all idle the officials
have not experienced mnch trouble in
handling it - bu-iue ss. At all other points
on the Shamokin division everything is
reported quiet.
All the iron industries in this vicinity
are preparing to close down it the coal
strike takes place. There is not enough
coal on hand in this city to -upply private
consumers more than several weeks, and
prices are going up.
Ashland, l'a.. January 3.— The Knights
of Labor miners at a meeting last night
decided to go on a strike, and as a conse
quence there is but one Reading colliery
in this district working to-day.
Shamokin, January 3.—The miners'
strike went into effect this morning at all
the Philadelphia & Reading colleries in
this section, with the exception of North
f ranklin Nos. 1 and 2, In addition to
those at the Reading Co.'s colleries the
miners went out at the Pennsylvania,
owned by the Union Coal Co.; the Enter
prise, owned by the Enterprise Coal Co.,
and the Garfield, owned by the Garfield
Coal Co. An arrangement was entered
into at the Nelson shaft, Excelsior, Hickory
Ridge, Hickory Swamp, and Lancaster
colleries whereby the proprietors agree to
pay the old rate of wages until the strike
is settled. The colleries now idle gave
employment to 5,500 men.
Philadelphia, January 3.— The great
strike is still on, and is characterized by
the same determination on both sides to
stand firm that has marked it from the be
ginning.
Mount Carmel, Pa., January 3.— The
proprietors of the Belmore, Morris Ridge,
Mount Carmel, Centralia and Excelsior
collieries, employing two thousand hands,
have agreed to pay the eight per cent, ad
vance, on the two fifty basis, pending the
settlement by the Reading company, and
work will be resumed to-morrow.
Shamokin, Pa., January 3. —The Enter
prise coal company has agreed to pay its
miners the eight per cent, advance de
manded.
Pottsville, Pa., January 3.— A joint
committee of the Miners Amalgamated
Association and the Knights of Labor met
in this city to-day and promulgated a
counter-statement to that issued by Presi
dent Corbin. The manifesto declared that
the die is cast, and that a general strike at
the fifty-five collieries of the Reading com
pany will be inaugurated to-morrow morn
ing. ___^ _
FLINT GLASS.
The Shut Down of Manufactories.
Pittsburg. January 3.—H. Sellers Mc
Gee, a prominent Hint glass manufacturer,
in an interview, states that the number of
firms which will shut down their glass
factories on account of trouble with their
employes is forty-three, and the number of
skilled workmen employed over eight
thousand, to which should be added two
or three thousand other workmen, making
a total of ten or eleven thousand men whom
the shut down will throw out of employ
ment. The workmen, other than those
actually engaged in making and shaping
the glass, would probably work until the
stock in hand was exhausted. It is under
stood that the difficulty is to be solved by
a committee from the Flint Glass 'Workers'
Association, whose decision is to be final
for the workmen in all the factories.
New York, January 3. —The strike
among the Hint glass workers has extended
from the western manufacturers to the
eastern factories and the men who left
work in Brooklyn, Philadelphia, New Bed
ford, Boston and Corning, N. Y., failed to
return to work yesterday or to-day, with
two exceptions. In the east and west about
15,000 men are now out. A prominent
manufacturer said this afternoon that the
strike bids fair to be a long and bitter one.
He doubted the possibility for a conclusion
in 1888.
Terrible Riot.
Wilkesbarbe, Pa., January 3.—A riot
between forty or more drunken Poles took
place this morning at Alden. Anthony
Spinky was stabbed five times his 'arm
was broken, two fingers cut off and one
eye gouged out. He was left lying uncon
scious on the roadway and when found was
removed to the nearest house in a dying
condition. Eight others were seriously in
jured. The fracas resulted directly from a
christening which lasted two days. The
participants were drunk.
Insurance Company Closes Up Its
Business.
Boston, January 3.— It was reported to
day that the Washington Fire and Marine
Insurance Company was about to close up
its affairs and go out of the business. Pres
ident Sweetzer admitted that the company
had reinsured its Marine risks in the Cali
fornia and Union companies, of California.
The Washington has had the largest capi
tal and has done the largest business of
any company ot its kind in this city. The
aggregate amount of fire risks said to be
already reinsured in the Niagara and Na
tional companies is about $70,000,000.
LAMAR.
Resolutions
Opposing
Urination.
His Con
New York, January 3. —The Republi
can Club of this city heldi a special meet
ing to-night, with 200 members present, to
consider the lengthy report from its com
mittee on national affairs on the nomina
tion of Secretary Lamar to the Supreme
Bench. Resolutions were adopted depre
cating his nomination, and saying : "Our
opposition to Lamar is not due to the fact
that be is a Southerner or was identified
with the late rebellion. We do not oppose
him on any political grounds. We base
our opposition upon the fact that he is not
in sympathy with the fourteenth and
fifteenth amendments to the constitution.
His political career in Mississippi since the
war demonstrates that he is totally unfit
to construe officially the amendments re
ferred to and the laws enacted to carry
out the same."
PAPAL JUBILEE.
Celebration at Rome——The Pope
Faints—Catholic Observances
Elsewhere.
Rome, January 2.— The pontifical ma.-s
to-day was a great success. Thousands of
people thronged St Peter's square early
in the morning, awaiting the opening of
the Cathedral. Sixty thousand admission
tickets have been issued, and the Cathe
dral was packed. The Pope entered at 8:30
a. m., followed by the cardinals in proces
sion. His Holiness was received with a
loud and long continued shout of "Long
Live the Pope."
The music of the mass was deeply im
pressive and many persons in the audience
were affected. The Pope blessed all pres
ent and left at 11 a. m., the whole audience
expressing its joy by clapping of hands,
waving of hats and handkerchiefs and en
thusiastic acclamations.
Later in the day King Humbert ex
pressed himself to a deputation from par
liament as being highly satisfied with the
smoothness of the ceremony, which, he
said, was the best proof of the Pope's lib
erty in Rome.
Forty-eight cardinals and two hundred
and bishops and archbishops were present
at the mass, and it is estimated that there
were 30,000 persons in the audience. The
Pope prayed for a long time in his private
chapel, and then received the homage of
the court cardinals in Sala Ducale. While
assuming the sacerdotal vestments the
Pope was overcome with emotion and
fainted. Strong salts were administered
and he returned to consciousness. Hejthen
ascended the Gestatorial chair and was
borne on the shoulders of Sediaari, at
tended by the cardinals, into St. Peter's
Cathedral. Just before he was vested for
the altar he again fainted, remaining un
conscious for a few minutes.
The mass occupied twenty-eight minutes.
After pronouncing the benediction the
Pope again seated himself in the gestato
rial chair and was borne completely around
the altar to the capella del sacraments,
where he offered up a prayer of thanks
giving.
During the ceremonies the Pope wore a
triple crown, presented to him by Emperor
William.
Rome, January 2. —At the conclusion of
the jubilee services yesterday the Pope re
tired to his private apartments and rested
for two hours. His Holiness was not feel
ing ill, however, from the effects of his ex
ertions at the mass in St. Peter's in the
morning, and to-day is in his usual health.
Yesterday he received 2,500 congratulatory
telegrams. His Holiness has informed all
special envoys that he will grant them an
audience for their leave takings whenever
they desire. He intends to send his auto
graph to several sovereigns who have
written to him. It is stated in Vatican
circles that the letter to Queen Victoria
will be of special importance.
London, January 2. —Special masses in
honor of the Pope's jubilee were celebrated
to-day in the cathedrals and other churches
throughout Great Britain. The ceremonies
were largely attended and fervent enthu
siasm was manifest.
St. Paul, January 2. —The cathedral
was packed to the doors to-day, the occa
sion being the celebration of the Pope's
jubilee. Solemn mass with an orchestral
accompaniment was celebrated by the
pastor, Rev. Stanley.
The eulogy of Leo XIII., by Bishop Ire
land, was an eloquent and masterly effort
There were special services and eulo
gies of the Pope in all other churches of the
diocese to-day, by order of the Bishop.
Philadelphia, January 2.—The Golden
Jubilee of Pope Leo XIII. was celebrated
with elaborate ceremonies in the Cathedral
of St. Peter and Paul, in this city to-day.
Rome, January 3.—The Pope addressed
the pilgrims to-day in the presence of the
whole court. After expressing joy at the
cohesion of the Catholics the Pope said :
"You have not given faith to those who,
with voice of calumny, try to persuade you
that the Pope is an enemy of Italy. The
Popes have always been the greatest
friends and benefactors of Italy. You, like
ourselves, are convinced that the chnrch,
by her holy mission, ought to be indepen
dent of whatsoever terrestial authority.
-That the church is a divine institution, and
that to try to reduce its interests to a
question of the laws of Italy can only be
the result of the most deplorable blindness,
The address was received with enthusiastic
applause.
Rome, January 3.—The Pope to-day
granted an interview to! Eugene Venillot,
a distinguished French writer. After
speaking in high praise of his efforts in
the Catholic cause, His Holiness expressed
regret at the present sad position of France,
but he said he was confident that £he
would rise again to her old place in Chris
tendom and exercise unbounded influence
in the world. *
The Pope then referred to the state of
Europe. He lamented the revolutionary
spirit formenting in many states, and said
he was preparing two encyclicals, dealing
with socialism; the license of the press
and the great power of universal suffrage,
which he considers terribly menacing.
The Pope gives the jubilee money to St.
Peter's to be expended in propogandism.
The artistic articles will be placed in the
museum of the Vatican and the objects of
worship in the vestry of St. Peter's church.
Berlin, January 3.—A papal encyclical
to the Bavarian bishop urges a better en
forcement of the concordat. It says : "The
church has observed her pledges, while the
state has neglected its pledges. It is nec
essary to guard the religious education of
the youth. Secular schools are a danger to
the state itself."
The encyclical precedes demands by the
papal nuncio for an extension of the righ ts
of priests to regulate the schools.
RAILROAD BUILDING.
The
Number of Miles Constructed
During the Y ear.
Chicago, December 29. —The Railway
Age in a review of the railway construction
for the year 1887, will say to-morrow that
1887 has surpassed all other years in the
extent of railway mileage constructed in
the United States, the total so far reported
reaching 12,734 miles and the reports yet
to come will probably swell it to not less
than 13,000 miles. This is all new main
line track, side track or relaid track not
being counted. The greater part of this
prodigious increase of railways has taken
place in a few western States. Kansas leads
with a total of 2,070 miles. Nebraska
comes next with 1,101 and Texas with
1,055. Then the following : Colorado 818,
Dakota 760, Michigan 700, Montana 616,
Missouri 554, Indian Territory 499 and so
on. Many of these lines have been very
costly, as for instance those over the Rocky
Mountains in Colorado, the Southern Paci
fic extensions in Northern California, the
Atchison, Kansas City and Chicago exten
sion, the Northern Pacific's work in the
Cascade Mountains, etc. A careful esti
mate shows not far from $325,000,000 have
been expended on the lines completed dur
ing the year, counting buildings, equip
ments, etc. The money which has thns
been expended furnished temporary em
ployment to a vast army of workmen and
has given permanent work to another army
,of probably 65,000. The extensions of the
year bring the railway mileage of the Uni
ted States to 150,710 miles.
LABOR STATISTICS.
Annual
Report of
Wright.
Commissioner
Washington, December 29.—Commis
sioner Wright has submitted to the Secre
tary of the I Interior the third annual re
port of the Bureau of Labor, which relates
entirely to the strikes and lockouts for the
six years ending December 31,1886. The
report is the result of facts concerning
strikes and lockouts for any extended
period of time. The report covers about
700 printed pages and gives the details of
each strike and lockout occurring in the
United States during the period named.
It exhibits the facts belonging to each in
dustrial »trouble for each locality "where
trouble was found without attempting to
establish or decide upon the connection
between them. A tabulated statement
shows the number of strikes occurring
during the last six yeare to have been
13,903 ; number of establishments involved
22,336, and the general average number of
establishments involved in each strike 5.7.
In 1887, the report says, there were, accord
ing to the best information obtainable, 853
strikes, the details of which are not avail
able. The building trades furnished 6,060
of the total number of establishments en
gaged in the strikes. The total number of
employes involved in the whole number ot
strikes for the entire period is shown to
have been 1,318,624. The number of em
ployes in all the establishments before the
strikes occurred was 1,662,045, while the
whole number employed in the establish
ments involved after the strikes occurred
was 1,636,247, a loss of 25,798. There were
103,038 .new employes engaged after the
strikes and 37,383 were brought from other
places than those in which the strikes oc
curred. In 2,182 establishments lockouts
were ordered during the period named. In
these there were 173,995 employes before
the lockouts occurred and 169.436 after the
lockouts. While the number actually
locked out was 159,548, there were 13,976
new employes secured at the close of the
lockouts and 5,672 were brought from other
places than those in which the lockouts
occurred.
The results of the strikes, so lar as the
gaining of the objects sought are concerned,
are shown to be as follows : Success fol
lowed in 1,047 cases, or 46.59 per cent of
the whole ;. partial success in 300, or
13.45 per cent of the whole, and failure
followed in 7,910 cases, or 39 89 per cent.
AUSTRALIAN WOOL.
Report of U. S. Consul Griffin.
Washington, December 28.—In his re
port to the department of state upon the
Australian wool clip for 1886-7, G. W.
Griffin, U. S. Consul at Sydney, says the
remarkable feature in connection with the
clip is the decided improvement in the
quality of rieece over that of the previous
season. This is mainly due to the im
proved condition of the natural grasses
through copious rains in every part of the
country. The Victoria wool sale in Lon
don during November and December at
tracted no small attention on account of its
superb quality and lustre. A marked im
provement was noticed in the condition of
the clip from every one of the colonies.
The total number of bales exported from
every one of the colonies during the year
ending May 31st last was 1,161,576 against
1,112,172 for the corresponding period of
the previous year. The wool ^exports of
the Austral-Asian colonies to the United
Kingdom during the first four months of
the present year amounted to 217,112,197
pounds against 213,127,593 pounds for the
corresponding period of 1886.
The increase in quantity was far sur
passed by the increase in value. The value
of shipments of Australian wools to the
United Kingdom during the first four
months of 1887 was $48,464,730, while
that of the same period in 1886
was only $41,358,900. The ship
ments for the month of April alone
amounted to $18,959,040, against $4,430,150
for the same month last year. The direct
wool export to the United States has been
very small. The absence of the usual
number of American buyers was noticed at
all the colonial sales, especially at Sydney
and Adelaide. The few that were present
showed no disposition to buy against the
French and German buyers for the kinds
of wool desired for the American market.
The only direct shipments to America
consisted of 14,000 bales from Melbourne
and 160 bales from Sydney. The total
number of sheep in Australia for the present
year amounts to 82,000,000, against 72,212,
000 in 1886.
Henry C. Crouch, U. S. consul at Milan,
has sent to the Department of State a re
port upon the Italian silk crop of 1887.
He states that notwithstanding the
backwardness of the season the silk crop
surpasses the unusually large crop of the
preceding year. Silk worms are remark
ably free from disease in spite of the un
favorable weather. Silk reeling and spin
ning establishments bave been making
such progress that Italian raw silks possess
an evenness and finish that makes them
superior to hand reeled Chinese silk. The
consul speaks a word of warning to
American buyers. He is informed by
an expert who is thoroughly acquainted
with the New York market, that while ex
perts can discern a difference of five per
cent in the quality of raw silk the average
American buyer hardly detects a differ
ence of 25 per cent, and that unscrupulous
dealers have taken advantage ot this state
of affairs to palm off an interior article at
higher prices.
A Millionaire's Bequests.
Boston, December 29. —The will of the
late Wm. Hilton was filed in the probate
office this afternoon. To his wife and
daughter, Caroline Hilton Fiske, he leaves
$300,000 each, and makes the following
conditional public beques's : Fifty thou
sand dollars to the Massachusetts General
Hospital, $50.000 to Phillips College at
Andover, $50,000 to Williams College, $50,
ooo to Harvard College, $50,000 to Amherst
College, $50,000 to the American Board of
Commissioners for Foreign Missions, $50,
000 to the American Home Missionary
Society ,$25,000 to the American Missionary
Society of New York, $25,000 to the Bos
ton City Missionary Society, $50,000 to the
town of Salisbury, $50,000 to the Boston
Dispensaiy, $10,000 to the Boston Young
Women's Christian Association, $10,000 to
the Home for Little Wanderers, $10,000 to
the Children's Hospital, $10,000 to the Ab
bott Academy of Andover.
Mrs. Astor's Will.
New York, December 28. —The will of
the late Mrs. Charlotte Augusta Astor was
filed to-day with the surrogate. After be
queathing to relatives and personal friends
she makes the following provisions: The
Woman's Hospital of the State of New
York, $25,000 ; St. Luke's Hospital, $25,
000; Young Women's Christian Associa
tion of this city, $25,000 ; Children's Aid
Society, $25,000 ; for an industrial school
on avenue B, $10,000 ; Normal and Indus
trial Institute at Hampton, Va., $25,000 ;
and $25,000 to the Domestic and Foreign
Missionary Society of the P. E. chnrch of
the United States of America, one-half to
be applied to the education of Indian boys
and girls of South Dakota and the other
half to repair and enlarge the schools in
the same district The bulk of Mrs.
Astor's estate is bequeathed to her hus
band, John Jacob Astor.
Death from Apoplexy.
Washington, December 29.—Mrs. Tay
lor, wife of Congressman Taylor, of Ohio,
died suddenly to-day of apoplexy.
INTERSTATE COMMERCE,,
Report of the Commission in Regard
to Express Companies.
Washington, December28.—The formal
decision of the Interstate Commerce Com
mission upon the question whether express
companies are subject to the provisions of
the act to regulate commerce, was an
nounced to-day. The names and organiza
tions of the various express companies do
ing business in the United States are given,
some of them being corporations under
State charters ; some joint stock companies,
differing a little from partnerships. some
being bureaus, organized as branches of
railroad service, and some a combination
of several railroads for the transaction of
the gross business of their lines. There is
nothing in the nsture of express business
which prevents its being carried on by an
ordinary partnership or even by an indi
vidual provided necessary contracts can be
obtained with transportation lines. The
most usual contract is one which pays to a
railroad company 40 per cent, of the gross
receipts of the express company, but vari
ous other methods of settlement are em
ployed. The arguments urged by the ex
press companies against their being treated
as subject to the act are considered in
detail.
The fact that they perform many other
services besides the transportation of
property, such as the collection of debts,
etc., is not regarded as aDy reason why the
act should not be treated as applying to
their business as common carriers, since
many railroad companies also have other
business besides that of transporting. Vari
ous sections of the act are considered with
relation to the express business and are
found to be in theory as applicable thereto
as to the business of railroad companies.
In fact, express companies claim that they
already abide by the rules established in
the act. The requiring of annual reports
from express companies is said to be a
matter concerning which the public have a
right to be informed, and Congress may
particularly desire knowledge. At present
but little is known about the amount of
their capital stock, their funded debt, of
money invested in their plant or business.
The difficulty of framing schedules for
the information of the public is not found
to be greater than in the case of railroad
companies which have complied with the
act. Three express companies have so
complied and their schedules have been
placed on file. The bringing of express
companies within the provisions of the act
is found to be practicable and on some ac
counts desirable. Express companies
which are simply branches of a railroad,
organized and operated through its ordi
nary staff or by an independent bureau or
by combination with other railroad com
panies, are found to be covered by the pro
visions of the act. In the case of indepen
dently organized express companies, how
ever. operating under contracts for trans
portation, the language of the act, as it
now stands, is found to be so framed as not
to bring them distinctly within its provi
sions.
The words "wholly by a railroad'' in the
first section do not well define the business
of express companies, which use very
largely the service of teams, messengers,
Btage coaches and steamboats. The pool
ing section applies to the pooling of busi
ness of railroads. Other sections speak
of railroads continually, and of depots and
stations, the language not being appli
cable to the business of express companies
except under somewhat strained construc
tion. The express business was well
known at the time of the passage of the
act and has been frequently mentioned by
name in congressional statutes. The omis
sion to name it here is significant. The
preliminary investigation by the inter
state commerce commission did not include
express companies. Upon all these con
siderations the commission has jthought it
best to refer the subject to Congress, as in
any case of doubtful jurisdiction it is bet
ter that a legislative body should solve
the doubt.
CHINESE RESTRICTION.
Modification of the Treaty
ChinaAsked For.
with
San Francisco, December 29.— At a
mass meeting held at the Metropolitan
hall to-night for the purpose of calling
upon Congress to enact a law to prevent
further Chinese immigration to the United
States, Mayor Pond presided and explained
the objects of the meeting, favoring a
modification of the treaty with China, en
tirely cutting off the Chinese, and holding
that the failure to pass the proper restric
tion laws is largely due to the apathy of
the American people, from which Califor
nia is largely the sufferer.
The secretary of the meeting read a let
ter from Governor Waterman, expressing
sympathy with the objects of the meeting
and urging the adoption of acts of the most
stringent character.
Thomas J. Clunie and S. M. Shortridge
spoke in the same strain as Mayor Pond.
Resolutions were then adopted request
ing Congress to at once either modify the
existing laws in regard to Chinese immi
gration or else enact new laws effectually
excluding the Chinese from any entrance
whatever into the United States; consider
ing exclusion the only remedy, and trans
mitting a copy to the President of the
United States, the President of the Senate
and the Speaker of the House of Repre
sentatives. _____
Governor Marmaduke's Funeral.
St. Louis, December 29. —The funeral of
Governor Marmaduke will take place at
Jefferson City at 2 p. m. Saturday. The
honorary pall bearers will be five ex-gov
ernors of the State, Governor Morehouse
and five judges of the Supreme Court. The
active pall bearers will be eight personal
friends from various parts of the State. A
salute of seventeen guns will be fired at
sunrise Saturday morning, according to the
military regulations of the State.
Lieutenant Governor Morehouse was
sworn in as Governor to-day. The State
officers held a meeting this morning and
adopted resolutions, paying a high tribute
to the good qualities of the deceased and
extending sympathy to the family.
Railroad Freight Tariff.
New York, December 29.— At a meet
ing to-day of the freight committee of the
Trunk lines, to which body the sub-di
visions of freight rates west of Chicago
was referred. It was decided to ratify the
scheduled tariff adopted by the sub-com
mittee of the joint conference committee
at a meeting held December 23d. It was
left to the discretion of the several west
ern commitees, representing various rail
roads, to agree on an equitable division
that would not effect the change in the
public carrying rates and to give the west
ern roads a chance to perfect their arrange
ments. It was decided that the schedule
should be adopted on January 9th instead
of January 2d, as before agreed upon.
Labor and Politics.
Chicago, December 29.— At the trades
and labor assemblies held to-night for the
purpose of instructing delegates to the
coming session of the Illinois State Labor
Association at Peoria, a declaration was
unanimously adopted that the time has
come for independent political action by
the workers. Strikes and boycotts against
great corporations were pronounced to have
lost all usefulness, and delegates to Peoria
were instructed that the State Association
should call upon all its auxilliary bodies
to organize for a separate exercise of their
political powers.
STATE OF THE WEATHER.
Extreme Cold Throughout America
and Europe.
Omaha, December 28.—Tuesday's bliz
zard started in Manitoba on Saturday and
Christmas. Howling through Montana,
Dakota and the Western Territories, it
struck Omaha Monday night with a velo
city of thirty-two miles an hour and a
temperature fourteen degrees below zero,
while at Bismarck and Fort Buf rd it was
twenty-two below. It has had '.ittle effect
on railroad traffic, the B. & M. reporting
one freight train snowed under on the
Schuyler branch, but all the trains are on
time on the main line. On the Union Pa
cific the greatest delay was 3 hours on the
east-bound flyer, all the other trains pick
ing up the lost time after the storm abated.
To-day the agents west of Omaha say the
weather is cold and calm, with everything
on time. Trains arrived late from Chicago
and will delay to-day's west-bound fiyere
forty minutes in starting, but they will
pick up the time.
St. Louis, December 28.—Another sharp
change in the weather took place here.
From 2 p. m. to 9 o'clock last night the
mercury dropped 19°, with flurries of snow
and wind blowing 34 miles an hour. Early
this morning the thermometer touched zero,
with a nipping but quiet atmosphere. Since
then the mercury had risen to 14° above,
aid the day has been bright and pleasant
Highland Light, Mass., December
29.—One of the most severe southeast
gales of the season prevailed here last
night, and early this morning it changed
to a high northwester with a rapidly fall
ing temperature, and at sunset was blow
ing more than sixty miles an hour. To
night it is very cold.
New York, December 29.—The cold
wave which struck the city last evening
is still here and the wind continues at a
velocity of thirty miles an hour. The
lowest point reached was 14° above zero,
at 5 a. m. The highest velocity of wind
was 48 miles an hour. Colder weather is
predicted.
Lynchburg, Va., December 29.—The
weather was extremely cold last night and
the thermometer registered 13° above zero
this morning. Reports from the southwest
say the weather is very cold and the ther
mometor registers below zero.
Halifax, N. S., December 29.—A ter
rific gale prevailed here last night and
caused extensive damage to shipping in
the harbor. All the vessels in port were
more or less injured.
St. Johns. N. B., December 29.—The
dying year signalized its departure by one
of the severest gales experienced in this
section for many years. The storm began
about 7 o'clock last night and raged with
out intermission till daylight this morning.
The wind reached its maximum height at
1 o'clock, when it was blowing at the rate
of 60 miles an hour.
Quebec, December 29.—A heavy snow
storm set in here yesterday and has con
tinued throughout to-day and to night
with unabated fury. In some places the
snow is drifted to a depth of seven or eight
feet.
Paris, December 29.—Severe weather is
being experienced in the southeast of
France. There has been a heavy fall of
snow at Nice.
Vienna, December 29.—A heavy snow
storm is prevailing here. No trains have
left Pesth for Vienna since yesterday. All
the railways are wholly or partially
blocked.
Berlin, December 29.—Most of the
German rivers are frozen over. Several of
the Baltic ports, including Königsberg, are
closed. Southern and western rivers are
all covered with shifting ice. Railway
traffic is greatly interrupted. In Thurin
gia and the Hartz mountains deer and
other game are flocking to villages for
food. Several deaths from the effects of
exposure are reported in various parts of
Austria.
Austin, Texas, December 29.—Henry
Wise was yesterday found frozen to death
ten miles from this city. This is the first
death from freezing that has ever occurred
in this section.
London, January 3—The snow storm
on the continent continues. Several rail
ways are blockaded, compelling the stop
page of all traffic. At Bruenn eight Gyp
sies were found frozen to death. At
Vienna several women perished from cold.
Debt Decrease.
Washington, January 3.—The decrease
of the national debt during the month of
December was $14.584.650 ; decrease of
debt since J une 30, 1887, $53,830,335 ;
cash in treasury available for the reduc
tion of the public debt, $295,919,424 ; re
serve fund, $100,000,000; unavailable for
reduction of debt, $24,383,289 ; certificates
held as cash, $37,479,964; net cash balance
on hand, $69,842,879 ; total cash in treas
ury as shown by the Treasurer's general
account, $527,625,556.
Death ol' Gen. Alexander.
Washington, January 3.—Gen. E. V.
Alexander of St. Paul, Minn., died in this
city last night, aged 86 yeare. He was a
graduate of West Point in 1823. In 1847
he was breveted Major for gallant services
at Cerro Gordo during the Mexican war.
He was in recruiting service during the late
war and was breveted Brigadier General.
Live Stock.
Chicago, December 30; —Cattlee—Re
ceipts, 11,000 ; weak, 10015 lower ; choice,
505.40; inferior to good, 304.75; stackers
and feeders, 2.2503.40; Texas steers,
2.4003.
Sheep—Receipts, 6,000 ; slow, 10015
lower; natives, 305.15; western, 3.5005;
Texans, 2.5003.75.
Chicago, December 28. —Cattle receipts
7,000 ; strong and 10c higher ; choice 5.25
05.45 ; shipping steers 3.2505.00 ; stock
era and feeders k 2.2503.40 ; Texas cattle
1.7503.20.
Sheep—Receipts 4,000 ; higher ; natives
3.0005.25; western 3.5005.10; Texans
2.5003.50.
Chicago, December 29.—Cattle—Re
ceipts, 9,000 ; steady ; stockera and feeders,
1.5003 ; Texas cattle, 1.7502.75.
Sheep—Receipts, 3,500 ; strong ; choice,
505 50 ; inferior to good, 304.75 ; west
ern, 3.5005.15 ; Texans, 2.5003.75.
Chicago, January 3. —Cattle—Receipts
6,500. Fancy 5.2005.50 ; good steers 30
4 90; Stockers and feeders 2*2003.40;
Texas 2.4003.25.
Sheep—Receipts 3,000 ; slow and steady;
fancy muttons 505.25; inferior to good
304.75 ; western 3 5005 ; Texans 2 500
37G. _
Wool Market.
Boston, December 30. —Wool.—Demand
quiet but good ; Ohio and Pennsylvania
extra fleeces 30031; XX 31 J 0321 ; XX
and above |321033 ; No. 1,35 ; Michigan
fleeces 28029; No. 1 combing 38040;
Ohio delaine 35 ; Michigan delaine 34 ;
California fall scoured 38039 ; other grades
unchanged.
New York, December 30. —Wool— In
light request ; domestic fleece 26034 ;
pulled 14032 ; Texas 9022.
Philadelphia, December 30.—Wool
Dull and nominal.
Philadelphia, January 3.— The wool
market is dull ; prices nominal.
Boston, January 3. —Wool is steady ;
Ohio ad Pennsylvania X 30031 ; XX 311
0321 ; 33 for XX and above ; No. 1 350'
36 ; Michigan X 28029 ; No. 1 34035.
Bank Statement.
New York, December 41.— The weekly
bank statement shows a decrease in the
reserve of $477,270. The banks now hold
$8,559,159 in excess of the 25 per cent. rule.
SANDS BROS.
New Arrival of
WALL PAPER,
CARPETS,
HOUSE F URNISHIN G GOODS.
We carry the largest line of the above stock in Mon
tana. Orders receive prompt attention.
SANDS BROS.
Spencer & Nye.
Manufacturers and Dealers in
HARNESS AND SADDLES.
HELENA,......... MONTANA.
Send for Xllxistr»teci Cataloftiio._
T. P. F1IILEB.
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'VAN" WROUGHT IRON HANGES.
Opposite First National Bank, Helena.
Established 1864.
A. G. CLABKE. THOMAS CONRAD. J. C. CURTIN.
CLARKE, CONRAD & CURTIN,
Importers of and Jobbers and Retail Dealers in
Heavy Shelf and Building
HARDWARE.
SOLE AGENTS FOR THE
Celebrated "Superior" and Famous Acorn
COOKING AND HEATING STOVES,
AND
W. G. Fisher's Cincinnati ffroibl Iron Banges for Hotels and Family Use.
-- o--
Iron, Steel, Horse and Mule Shoes, Nails, Mill Supplies, Hoes, Belt
ing, Force and Lift Pumps, Cutlery, House Furnishing Goods,
U entennial Refrigerators, lee Chests, Ice Cream Freezers,
Water Coolers Etc., Etc.
Visitor« lo the City are respectfully invite«! to call an«l Examine our Coculs
anti prices before purchasing.
ALL ORDRES EE0EIVE PE0MPT ATTENTION AND SHIPMENT.
CLARKE, CONRAD & CURTIN,
32 and 34!Main Street, ----- Helena, M. T.
S. C. Ashby & Co.
Dealers in
WAGONS, C ARRIAGES, BUGGIES, ETC.
We respectfully call your attention to the following list of
Standard'Goods ;
Mitchell Farm and Spring*Wagons: Ktndctiaker Bros. - Fine.Carriage*, Eng
gles and Bnekboard*; Frazier Road Cart*: Deerlng Binders and Mower*;
Pennsylvania Lawn Mowers ; J. H. Themas A Sons', bulky Bay Rakes: Fnrst
4 Bradley Snlhey and Gang Plows Cultivators and Harrows: Standav«! Bisk
Harrows: Planet, jr. Garden Drills. Cultivators and Horse Hoes : Grass Seed
Sowers; Victor Feed Mills ; Horse «towers and Grin«ling Mills: Hand-Rakes,
Forks, Shovels, Spades. Mattocks and Hoes: Porcelain Lined Pnmps and Tnb
ing; Chicago Tongne Scrapers; Colombia Wheel and DragSerapers : Railroad
Grading Plows: Rarb Wire; Balling Wire; Rinding Twine; Heavy and Light
Team Harness; Single ahd Double Buggy Harness: Horse Blankets, Whips
Lap Rubes; Tents and Awnlngsf; Buggy, Carriage and Wagon Covers: Etc., Ele.
Togther with a full line of Extras anti Repairs for Wagons, Carriages. Bng*
gies, Binders and all Machiney. Orders by Mail receive prompt attention."^ "*
North Main Street, Helena, Montana.
URPEE'S
FARM ANNUAL F0R1888
Will be sent FREE to all who write for it.- It is a
Handsome Book of 138 pp„ with hundreds of lllua
and tells all about the
BEteTGARtfEN, FARM, and FLOWER
ATLEE BURPEE
ouiplete Catalogue published,
CO.. PHIUDELPHIA. PAJ
• -A-T T E IV T I O IV!
Purchasers of
CARPETS, WALL PAPER,and HOUSE FURN
ISHINC GOODS,
Will.Save Money by awaiting tha arrival of
A. P. miTJS'di
NEW STOCK.
Nothing like It ever before shipped to thie market.

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